Time Use, Unemployment, and Well-Being: An Empirical Analysis Using British Time-Use Data
AbstractWe use nationally representative data from the UK Time-Use Survey 2014/2015 to investigate how a person ’s employment status is related to time use and cognitive and affective dimensions of subjective well-being. We do not find clear indications that employed and unemployed persons experience different average levels of emotional well-being when they engage in the same kinds of activities. For the e mployed, working belongs to one of the least enjoyable activities of their day. They also spend a large share of their time at work and on work-related activities. The unemployed, instead, spend more time on leisu...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Giving Thanks is Associated with Lower PTSD Severity: A Meta-Analytic Review
AbstractA rising interest in the psychological community in resilience has spurred research examining psychological resources that promote resilience to psychopathologies such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). One such psychological resource is gratitude, or one ’s perception of a positive outcome resulting from an outside entity. The present study is a meta-analytic review of the relationship between gratitude and PTSD in order to determine whether the current literature is consistent with gratitude acting as a possible protective factor against PTSD sev erity as well as a possible intervention mechanism. A c...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Why Do People with High Dispositional Gratitude Tend to Experience High Life Satisfaction? A Broaden-and-Build Theory Perspective
AbstractLife satisfaction refers to people ’s overall judgements on their own life experiences, which is considered to be a relative stable aspect of subjective well-being. Though a robust of literature has identified that gratitude predicts life satisfaction positively, the underlying mechanism remains to be explored from a powerful theor etical perspective. Following the broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions, this study explored the mediation role of benign envy, malicious envy and mindfulness in the relationship between dispositional gratitude and life satisfaction among 991 Chinese undergraduates (692 fem...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Are Cognitive, Affective, and Eudaimonic Dimensions of Subjective Well-Being Differently Related to Consumption? Evidence from Japan
This study is the first to examine directly whether the consumption–SWB relationship differs between affective, cogn itive, and eudaimonic SWB measures. We adopt the following four SWB indices: life satisfaction, the Cantril ladder, affect balance, and eudaimonia. In addition, on the consumption side, we consider both material and relational consumption. Nonparametric analysis of our uniquely collected survey resu lts in Japan suggests that total consumption contributes to cognitive measures of SWB and eudaimonia, while there is a certain threshold for affective measures. However, once material versus relational cons...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 26, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The & quot;Efficiency & quot; Effect of Conceptual Referents on the Generation of Happiness: A Cross-National Analysis
This study shows that the concept of happiness shapes how individuals value the same inputs. “Stoicism”, “virtue” and “enjoyment” emerge as the most efficient referents. Also, we observe that cross-country differences in the level of perceived happiness are associated with differences in the prevalence of conceptual referents. In the USA, where less efficient definitions prevai l, people report lower levels of happiness. (Source: Journal of Happiness Studies)
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment of Well-Being: A Systematic Review and Recommendations for Future Studies
AbstractFeelings of well-being and happiness fluctuate over time and contexts. Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) studies can capture fluctuations in momentary behavior, and experiences by assessing these multiple times per day. Traditionally, EMA was performed using pen and paper. Recently, due to technological advances EMA studies can be conducted more easily with smartphones, a device ubiquitous in our society. The goal of this review was to evaluate the literature on smartphone-based EMA in well-being research in healthy subjects. The systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Sys...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Beyond the U-Shape: Mapping the Functional Form Between Age and Life Satisfaction for 81 Countries Utilizing a Cluster Procedure
AbstractClassifying and explaining the causal and functional relationship between age and life satisfaction, especially in an international context, is still a major open question in demographics and happiness-research. Especially the debate whether to include sociodemographic control variables in these models has received much attention and deserves more discussion. The current contribution takes a cross-country perspective and attempts to sort countries into larger clusters, depending on their specific functional form. Using cross-sectional data from 81 countries with more than 170,000 respondents, the analyses demonstra...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dealing with the Ups and Downs of Life: Positive Dispositions in Coping with Negative and Positive Events and Their Relationships with Well-Being Indicators
AbstractIn a four-wave, longitudinal study (N  = 323), we tested the relationships between five positive dispositions—mindfulness, self-compassion, gratitude, hedonism, and eudaimonism—and time-varying negative affect, positive affect, life satisfaction, and meaning in life. These relationships were tested while controlling for the ups and downs in life across three months, operationalized as the effects, for a respondent, of having experienced more frequent and intense positive and negative events compared to other individuals in the sample (inter-individual variation) and of having experienced m...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Well-Being and Pluralism
AbstractIt is a commonly expressed sentiment that the science and philosophy of well-being would do well to learn from each other. Typically such calls identify mistakes and bad practices on both sides that would be remedied if scientists picked the right bit of philosophy and philosophers picked the right bit of science. We argue that the differences between philosophers and scientists thinking about well-being are more difficult to reconcile than such calls suggest, and that pluralism is central to this task. Pluralism is a stance that explicitly drives towards accommodating and nurturing the richness and diversity of we...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Loneliness and Well-Being During the Covid-19 Pandemic: Associations with Personality and Emotion Regulation
AbstractThe present study examined how neuroticism, extraversion, and emotion regulation were related to loneliness and well-being during 6  weeks of major public life restrictions in the Covid-19 pandemic in Switzerland. Cross-sectional results from 466 participants showed that neuroticism and emotion regulation strategies were associated with higher loneliness and lower well-being. However, in contrast to prior research, associations of extraversion with loneliness and well-being were weak and were qualified by interactions with emotion regulation. For introverts, maladaptive cognitive strategies such as rumination ...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Age and Gender Differences in Eudaimonic, Hedonic, and Extrinsic Motivations
This study assessed adults ’ motivations in the pursuit of well-being at different ages across the adult lifespan, examining females and males separately. We studied four major well-being motivations: eudaimonic motivation (seeking meaning, authenticity, excellence, and growth), hedonic pleasure motivation (seeking pleasure , enjoyment, and fun), hedonic comfort motivation (seeking comfort, relaxation, ease, and painlessness) and extrinsic motivation (seeking money, power, status, popularity, and image). A sample of 1324 North American adults, aged 18–87, was stratified to ensure sufficient sample sizes at diff...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“ Andrà tutto bene ”: Associations Between Character Strengths, Psychological Distress and Self-efficacy During Covid-19 Lockdown
This study focuses on the protective role of character strengths in sustaining mental health and self-efficacy during lockdown. Data were collected from 944 Italian respondents (mean age  = 37.24 years, SD = 14.50) by means of an online survey investigating character strengths, psychological distress and Covid-19-related self-efficacy one month after lockdown began. Using principal component analysis, four strengths factors were extracted, namely transcendence, interpersona l, openness and restraint. Regression models with second-order factors showed that transcendence strengths had a stron...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

An Integrated Look at Well-Being: Topological Clustering of Combinations and Correlates of Hedonia and Eudaimonia
AbstractSubjective measures of well-being are increasingly seen by scholars and policy makers as valuable tools to assess quality of life.Hedonic accounts focus on people ’s experience of life in positive ways whileeudaimonic accounts are concerned with realization of personal potential. However, to what extent do an “enjoyable” and a “flourishing” life overlap? Using an innovative clustering-and-projection technique (Self-Organized Map), the joint distributional patterns of multiplehedonic andeudaimonic well-being indicators were examined in a nationally representative longitudinal study of U...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Correction to: The Relationship Among the Components of Self-compassion: A Pilot Study Using a Compassionate Writing Intervention to Enhance Self-kindness, Common Humanity, and Mindfulness
We reported that total self-compassion only improved significantly for the common humanity and mindfulness conditions, but not for the self-kindness condition. (Source: Journal of Happiness Studies)
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Just-World Beliefs Increase Helping Intentions via Meaning and Affect
AbstractOur research examines the relationship between just-world beliefs and helping. Specifically, we pose that the belief in just world increases helping intentions via perceptions of meaning in life. Consistently, across two studies we found that higher levels of just-world beliefs corresponded with stronger helping intentions. In Study 1, individual differences in just-world beliefs correlated positively with helping intentions. In Study 2, experimentally induced higher (vs. lower) levels of just-world beliefs led to stronger intentions to help others. In both studies, we found that the presence of meaning in life med...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - October 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Direct and Indirect Links Between Religious Coping and Posttraumatic Growth Among Muslims Who Lost Their Children Due to Traffic Accidents
This study applied a cross-sectional design and used a sample of 204 Muslim parents who lost their children due to traffic accidents, to answer two questions: (1) do positive religious coping (PRC) and negative religious coping (NRC) predict posttraumatic growth (PTG) among Muslims?; (2) are the links between the two types of religious coping and PTG direct or indirect? Three potential mediators between religious coping and PTG were examined: meaning in life, self-control, and social support. Analyses showed that: (1) a direct, moderate positive link existed between PRC and PTG, and; (2) the link between NRC and PTG was in...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - September 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Personal Life Satisfaction as a Measure of Societal Happiness is an Individualistic Presumption: Evidence from Fifty Countries
AbstractNumerous studies document that societal happiness is correlated with individualism, but the nature of this phenomenon remains understudied. In the current paper, we address this gap and test the reasoning that individualism correlates with societal happiness because the most common measure of societal happiness (i.e., country-level aggregates of personal life satisfaction) is individualism-themed. With the data collected from 13,009 participants across fifty countries, we compare associations of four types of happiness (out of which three are more collectivism-themed than personal life satisfaction) with two differ...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - September 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Negative Life Events and Life Satisfaction: Exploring the Role of Family Cohesion and Self-Efficacy Among Economically Disadvantaged Adolescents
This study examined how uncontrollable and controllable NLEs related to adolescent LS and whether family cohesion and self-efficacy mediated the association between NLEs and LS. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the two-wave nationally representative sample consisting of 956 Taiwanese junior high school students from economically disadvantaged families. The findings revealed that controllable NLEs were associated with LS, while uncontrollable events did not a ffect LS. The association between controllable NLEs and LS was mediated by family cohesion rather than by self-efficacy. However, self-efficacy was pos...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - September 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Salivary Cortisol and α-Amylase Production at Awakening is Associated with Positivity (POS) Levels in Healthy Young Subjects
AbstractA large variety of positive outcomes including social adjustment, psychological well-being and health, have been recently closely associated with positivity (POS). On the assumption that differences in the POS degree might be associated with different individual neuroendocrine assets that enables people to cope effectively with stress, the present study examined the association between POS, salivary cortisol and α-Amylase (α-Amy) production in a group of healthy male volunteers university students, respectively scoring high (POS-H,N = 10) and low (POS-L,N = 10) in POS. Partic...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - September 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

College as a Growth Opportunity: Assessing Personal Growth Initiative and Self-determination Theory
AbstractAlthough college presents a time for personal and vocational development, little research has examined individuals ’ intentional use of college as a growth opportunity. Consequently, the current study assessed relationships among personal growth initiative (an individual’s active desire to grow in personally relevant domains), basic needs satisfaction at college, and positive outcomes in samples of students from a large, public, predominantly White institution (n = 818) and a small, private, minority-majority college (n = 195). Using structural equation modeling, we examined ...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - September 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Identity Formation Among Gay Men, Lesbian Women, Bisexual and Heterosexual Samples: Associations with Purpose in Life, Life Satisfaction, Pathways to Purpose and Implications for Positive Sexual Minority Identity
AbstractPrevious research has demonstrated that coherent identity formation is promotive of purpose in life and positive well-being outcomes, such as lower depression and anxiety, and higher self-esteem. However, research is needed to understand how these associations operate concerning specific identities. The current study sought to examine whether sexual identity commitment, in-depth exploration, and reconsideration were predictive of life satisfaction, purpose in life, and pathways to purpose outcomes. A sample of 273 participants (age:  M = 43.49, SD = 17.35) was recruited in Cana...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - September 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How Adverse Childhood Experiences Relate to Subjective Wellbeing in College Students: The Role of Resilience and Depression
AbstractThe enduring and detrimental impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on later health and wellbeing is now well established. However, research on the relationship between ACEs and subjective wellbeing, along with the potential risk and protective factors, is insufficient in the context of developing countries. The current study therefore, examined the mental health of young adults from a wellbeing perspective in a community emerging from a longstanding war. A national representative sample of college students was withdrawn from the Eritrean Institutions of Higher Education using a stratified systematic sampli...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - September 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Hope Mediates the Relation between Income and Subjective Well-Being
In this study, we examine whether the positive effect of income gains on subjective well-being (SWB) can in part be explained by the improved future prospects that are generated by a more solid financial situation. Using three-wave panel data from the US, we inspect the relation between changes in income, hope and SWB using a fixed-effects model. Results show that hope indeed partially mediates the relation between income and SWB, but only for monthly incomes over $1800. Positive expectations, on the other hand, mediate the relation for all income levels. From the two components of hope, agency, the belief that we can achi...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - September 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Does Life Satisfaction Vary with Time and Income? Investigating the Relationship Among Free Time, Income, and Life Satisfaction
AbstractTime and income are distinct and critical resources needed in the pursuit of happiness (life satisfaction). Income can be used to purchase market goods and services, and time can be used to spend time with friends and family, rest and sleep, and other activities. Yet little research has examined how different combinations of time and income affect life satisfaction, and if more of both  is positively associated with greater levels of life satisfaction. We investigate whether life satisfaction significantly varies with time and income using data from the American Time Use Survey and its well-being module, which...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - September 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Passion in University: The Role of the Dualistic Model of Passion in Explaining Students ’ Academic Functioning
This study aimed to identify passion profiles toward one’s studies and to compare students’ academic functioning (burnout, engagement, satisf action, dropout intentions, and achievement) as a function of their passion profile. Results of latent profile analysis demonstrated the presence of four profiles:High (high harmonious and obsessive passions),Moderate (moderate harmonious and obsessive passions),Low (low harmonious and obsessive passions), andOptimal (high harmonious passion and low obsessive passion) in a sample of 460 university students. Overall, highly passionate students (High andOptimal profiles) re...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - August 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

On Emotion Regulation Strategies and Well-Being: The Role of Passion
AbstractEmotion regulation entails using specific strategies to manage emotions, impacting on well-being. Research has uncovered important factors that may affect one ’s use of emotion regulation strategies. Because passionate individuals experience positive and negative emotions while engaging in the activity that they deeply care about (Vallerand in The psychology of passion: a dualistic model, Oxford University Press, New York, 2015), it was proposed that th ey should be more likely to make use of emotion regulation strategies. Using the Dualistic Model of Passion (Vallerand et al. in J Personal Soc Psychol 85:756...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - August 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Does Active Leisure Improve Worker Well-Being? An Experimental Daily Diary Approach
This study explored whether an active leisure intervention among employees improves daily leisure domain-specific need fulfillment and enjoyment, which subsequently promotes workers ’ global subjective well-being. This study used an experimental daily diary approach, which randomly assigned employed participants (N = 79) to engage in either an active leisure intervention for 1 week or receive no intervention. Using multilevel path analysis, we found that participants in the active leisure intervention group experienced higher levels of life satisfaction and general positive affect after 1 week...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - August 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of Social Movement Participation on Political Efficacy and Well-Being: A Longitudinal Study of Civically Engaged Youth
AbstractSocial movement has been recognized as a driving force of structural and/or policy changes in the broader society; however, its psychological effects on the movement participants have rarely been examined. Grounded in psychopolitical validity framework, the present study utilized a longitudinal prospective design to follow a group of civically engaged youth and examined how social movement participation is linked to their political efficacy and well-being. A total of 490 youth participating in the Umbrella Movement in Hong Kong were recruited during the occupation period of the movement and were followed up for thr...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - August 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How and Why Social Media Affect Subjective Well-Being: Multi-Site Use and Social Comparison as Predictors of Change Across Time
AbstractHow and why does the widespread use of social media affect happiness? The present study examined whether the three components of subjective well-being —positive affect, negative affect, and life satisfaction—were impacted by use of three of the most popular social network sites in the U.S. (Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram), using the experience sampling method. Over 10 days, greater everyday use of social media resulted in lower subjective well-being—specifically, by increasing negative affective states rather than by decreasing positive states or life satisfaction—a pattern evide...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - August 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dyadic Associations Between Grandparent –Child Relationship Quality and Well-Being in Chinese Left-Behind Families: Mediating Role of Resilience
AbstractChinese left-behind families (CLBF) refers to families in which both parents are rural-to-urban migrant workers while their children remain in rural regions under the care of grandparents. CLBF has become an issue of growing public concern. However, the role of relationship quality and personal resilience in promoting grandparents ’ and children’s well-being in these families has not been fully recognized. Informed by the family systems theory and the ecological view of well-being, this study aimed to investigate how grandparent–child dyads show reciprocal associations between relationship quality...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - August 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Personality, Attachment, and Well-Being in Adolescents: The Independent Effect of Attachment After Controlling for Personality
AbstractAlthough there is evidence that parental attachment and personality interact during development and exert mutual influences on one another, studies describing how parental attachment and personality dimensions interact in predicting well-being are scarce. Studies that help clarify the shared and unique variance on well-being explained by these two constructs are required, and as such, the objective of the present study was to describe the relationships between personality, attachment, and well-being. A total of 336 adolescents participated in this study (M age  = 15 years;SD = 1.73)...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 31, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Household Crowding Measures: A Comparison and External Test of Validity
AbstractAnalysts may have multiple measures of household crowding, and so need to know which measure to emphasise. We analyse the relationships between alternative subjective and objective crowding measures and assess how well these alternative measures predict a measure of residential satisfaction. Statistically, a perceived crowding (PC) measure outperforms the people per bedroom (PPBR) measure, an objective measure of crowding. However, there may be bias in the relationship between PC and the residential satisfaction variable. Amongst objective measures, the Canadian National Occupancy Standard also outperforms PPBR. Ne...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Hartz and Minds: Happiness Effects of Reforming an Employment Agency
This study applies difference-in-difference estimations and finds a decrease in life satisfaction after the reforms that is more pronounced for male unemployed in west Germany. The effect is driven by income and income satisfaction, b ut not by the unemployment rate. Also unemployed persons who exogenously lost their jobs are affected by the reforms. In line with the structure of the reforms, the effect is stronger on long-term and involuntarily unemployed persons. (Source: Journal of Happiness Studies)
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the Fun For Wellness Online Behavioral Intervention to Promote Subjective Well-Being in Adults with Obesity: A Randomized Controlled Trial
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Fun For Wellness to increase subjective well-being in adults with obesity in the United States of America in a relatively uncontrolled setting. The data described in this manuscript were collected within a more broadly focused trial: the Well-Being and Physical Activity Study (ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier: NCT03194854,https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03194854). The study design was a large-scale, prospective, double-blind, parallel group randomized controlled trial. Participants were recruited through an online panel recruitment company. Data collecti...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How Would You Describe a Mentally Healthy Person? A Cross-Cultural Qualitative Study of Caregivers of Orphans and Separated Children
AbstractThe researcher-driven conceptualizations of mental health that undergird flourishing measures have not been extensively studied qualitatively for acceptance by people in low and middle income countries. We conducted in-depth interviews with caregivers of orphaned and separated children (OSC) in five geographic regions (Kenya; Ethiopia; Cambodia; Hyderabad, India; and Nagaland, India). Sixty-two participants answered open-ended questions including, “What does mental health mean to you? What does it mean to be mentally healthy?” We coded responses using a priori and data-driven codes and analyzed coded te...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Minimal Social Interactions with Strangers Predict Greater Subjective Well-Being
AbstractPast empirical work has repeatedly revealed that positive social interactions including expressing gratitude and socializing are associated with greater happiness. However, this work predominantly focused on prolonged interactions with close relationship partners. Only a few studies demonstrated hedonic benefits of forming social connections with strangers. The present research investigated whether minimal social interactions with strangers —just taking a moment to greet, thank, and express good wishes to strangers—contribute to happiness of individuals who initiate these interactions. Study 1 (N&thinsp...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Sport Participation and Happiness Among Older Adults: A Mediating Role of Social Capital
AbstractAs the global population ages rapidly, from a positive aging view, promoting later life through sport participation has been recognized as strategies for maintaining and boosting the social and psychological health of older people. To better understand the role of sport participation among older adults, the primary purpose of the study was to explore the mediating role of social capital on the relationship between sport participation and happiness among older adults. A convenience sample of 208 pickleball participants aged from 50 to 83  years completed a survey. A level of pickleball participation was measure...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Development of the Positive Emotion Assessment of Contentment Experience (PEACE) Scale
AbstractContentment is an emotion that arises from the perception of completeness in life. Through a series of validation studies, the purpose of this work was to develop a scale of dispositional contentment, The Positive Emotion Assessment of Contentment Experience (PEACE) Scale. The PEACE Scale demonstrated favorable psychometric properties, including single factor structure, high internal consistency ( α = .93), temporal reliability (r = .86), and construct and predictive validity. Scores on the PEACE Scale were positively correlated with all Big Five personality traits except for neuro...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Materialism and the Experience of Flow
AbstractThe need to locate ways of living that can be both beneficial to personal well-being and ecologically sustainable is becoming increasingly important. Flow experiences show promise for the achievement of personal and ecological well-being. However, it is not yet understood how the materialistic values promoted by our consumer cultures may impact our ability to experience flow. A cross-sectional survey of 451 people demonstrated that materialistic values and an individual ’s tendency to experience flow were negatively correlated (Study 1). Next we showed that experimentally priming a materialistic mind-set led ...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Different Roles of Hedonic and Eudaimonic Motives for Activities in Predicting Functioning and Well-Being Experiences
AbstractResearch on hedonic and eudaimonic orientations has previously focused on their effects on well-being experiences. Very little is known about their associations with functioning. A preliminary objective of the study was to establish the factorial validity of the Hedonic and Eudaimonic Motives for Activities –Revised (HEMA-R) on an Italian sample (N = 461) through a confirmatory factor analysis. The main objective was to study the distinctive patterns of correlates between different types of orientations to well-being and several outcome measures of positive experiences (flourishing, life satisfa...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Is Mental Well-Being in the Oldest Old Different from That in Younger Age Groups? Exploring the Mental Well-Being of the Oldest-Old Population in Europe
AbstractThe oldest-old population is increasing in Europe, and greater focus is placed on promoting mental well-being (MWB) in this population. The European Welfare Models and Mental Wellbeing in Final Years of Life project aims to develop a better understanding of how best to promote positive MWB in the oldest-old population. Using a resources approach, the present study aimed to provide empirical evidence about the structure of MWB in the 80  + year age group and to compare this with the structure of MWB in the old (65–79 years) and adult (18–64 years) population. Twenty-eight items reflectin...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Social Needs and Happiness: A Life Course Perspective
We examined age-graded differences in (a) the fulfilment of the need for affection, status, and behavioral confirmation, (b) disharmonious profiles of need fulfillment (e.g., high affection but low status), and (c) the associations between these needs and happiness. Data from 11,406 Dutch respondents (age range 18 –87 (M = 44.82,SD = 14.62), 67% female) were collected viahoegekis.nl and categorized over six age groups (early, young, middle-aged and late adults, young-old and oldest-old). Age-graded differences in social need fulfilment and their link to happiness were examined using regres...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 9, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Happiness in Physical Activity: A Longitudinal Examination of Children Motivation and Negative Affect in Physical Activity
AbstractPhysical activity has beneficial effects on health and is extremely recommended for children's well-being. Understanding risk factors that could cause negative affect in children practicing physical activity is hugely relevant, and there is a growing consensus that autonomous and controlled motivation in the self-determination theory (SDT) framework could offer a broader perspective. Consequently, this study aims to examine the longitudinal relations between autonomous motivation, controlled motivation, and negative affect in physical activity, using a sample of children that regularly participate in physical activ...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 8, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dispositional Mindfulness and Serenity: Their Unique Relations with Stress and Mental Well-being
This study used a cross-sectional design with  N = 506 undergraduates. We suggested that dispositional serenity reflected a positive inner strength and peace that would complement dispositional mindfulness in promoting mental health. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses indicated that higher dispositional mindfulness significantly predi cted both lower stress and higher MWB, consistent with the literature. Contributing to the literature, faith, humility, and gladness from the first serenity measure significantly predicted both lower stress and greater MWB, over and above the face...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“In Good Times and in Bad, in Sickness and in Health”: A Longitudinal Analysis on Spousal Caregiving and Life Satisfaction
This study aims to fill this gap by focusing on spousal caregivers ’ life satisfaction before, during, and after episodes of caregiving. We apply a dynamic perspective which enables further understanding of the adaptation of caregivers to the changed situation over time, distinction of different subdimensions of satisfaction, and consideration of the transition o ut of caregiving that can be driven by death or recovery of the partner. Using rich panel data of the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (GSOEP), we find that transition into caregiving has a lasting negative impact on the caregivers’ life satisfaction....
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Intermarriage Life Satisfaction Premium
AbstractResearch on the consequences of intermarriage is almost exclusively looking at immigrants ’ labour market outcomes, with little attention given to non-economic indicators. Drawing from set-point theory and taking on a dynamic approach, the authors examine whether having a different- versus a same-origin partner is subject to a selection on life satisfaction, or associated with a greate r short-term improvement in migrants and natives’ subjective well-being (SWB). The paper also aims to investigate whether gains from exogamy diminish at a faster rate than those from endogamy, and whether intermarriage pr...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - July 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Role of Income and Social Capital for Europeans ’ Well-Being During the 2008 Economic Crisis
AbstractWe investigate whether the correlation of income and social capital with well-being changes in times of economic crisis. Both subjective well-being and social capital may decline during a crisis, and their correlation can change: if social capital becomes a scarce good, it may correlate more with well-being. Alternatively, people may find that in times of crisis other things matter more for well-being and its association with social capital should decrease. To account for these possibilities, we apply a Blinder –Oaxaca decomposition and regression analysis with interaction effects to European Social Survey da...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - June 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How Does Trait Gratitude Relate to Subjective Well-Being in Chinese Adolescents? The Mediating Role of Resilience and Social Support
AbstractAlkozei et al. (J Happiness Stud 19(6):1 –24, 2017) proposed a cognitive model and a psycho-social model for understanding the link of trait gratitude to subjective well-being. The present study examined the two models by testing the mediating role of social support and resilience in the trait gratitude-subjective well-being link in Chin ese adolescents. A total of 1445 adolescents (mean age = 15.03 years,SD = 1.95) completed the Gratitude Questionnaire, Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale, Multi-Dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Satisfaction with Life Scale, a...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - June 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Immigration Attitudes and Subjective Well-Being: A Matter of Identity?
AbstractDrawing on previous literature that has found individuals ’ subjective well-being (SWB) to be correlated with social and political attitudes, we study the relationship between individuals’ attitudes towards immigration and their SWB. We treat immigration attitudes as an aspect of individuals’ self-image and hypothesize that, through a mechanism of mo ral satisfaction, greater immigration-friendliness is associated with greater SWB (H1). We further hypothesize that greater disparity of immigration attitudes yields social antagonism and as such is associated with less SWB (H2). Finally, we hypothesi...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - June 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Multilevel Approach Linking Entrepreneurial Contexts to Subjective Well-Being: Evidence from Rural Chinese Entrepreneurs
This study introduces a multilevel theoretical framework that explains spatially bounded relationships between social and institutional factors and entrepreneurs ’ subjective well-being. Using a sample of 4600 Chinese entrepreneurs running agribusinesses in rural areas across 31 Chinese provinces, we find that the evaluation of subjective well-being, in terms of job and life satisfaction, is higher for entrepreneurs who have higher levels of family support and institutional trust, and for those who reside in provinces with higher levels of family support and institutional trust. Additionally, entrepreneurs’ tru...
Source: Journal of Happiness Studies - June 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research