Convergent validity and responsiveness of the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure for the evaluation of therapeutic outcomes for patients with carpometacarpal osteoarthritis
This is a longitudinal, observational, multicenter, cohort study. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - September 17, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Cantero-Tellez Raquel, Jorge Hugo Villafa ñe, Ivan Medina-Porqueres, Santiago Garcia-Orza, Kristin Valdes Source Type: research

A long-term effect of distal radius fracture on the sensorimotor control of the wrist joint in older adults
Sensorimotor control can be disturbed because of pain and trauma. There is scarce comprehension about which component of the sensorimotor system would benefit the most from treatment in distal radius fracture (DRF). (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - September 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Marijn Muurling, Freek J.B. L ötters, Jinne E. Geelen, Alfred C. Schouten, Winfred Mugge Source Type: research

Patient satisfaction of hand therapy services
This study utilized a cross-sectional cohort design that used survey techniques for data collection. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - September 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kristin Valdes, Stephanie Kannas, Sanjeev Kakar, Jessica Veneziano, Taylor Dake, Freid Sierra Source Type: research

Comparative efficacy of the dorsal application of Kinesio tape and splinting for carpal tunnel syndrome: A randomized controlled trial
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) symptoms are problematic especially when signs and symptoms are not substantial enough to require surgical intervention. Conservative treatments have mixed effectiveness, yet are one of the best options for mild to moderate CTS. Kinesio tape is an emerging modality, as it provides biomechanical support while allowing movement. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - September 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Donnamarie Krause, Shawn C. Roll, Heather Javaherian-Dysinger, Noha Daher Source Type: research

Concurrent musculoskeletal complaints in elbows, shoulders, and necks after common hand and forearm injuries or conditions: A cross-sectional study among 600 patients
This is a cross-sectional study among 600 patients. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - September 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lukasz Maciej Winiarski, Jane Dorthea Livoni, Poul Verner Madsen, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Peter Larsen Source Type: research

Carpometacarpal and metacarpophalangeal joint collapse is associated with increased pain but not functional impairment in persons with thumb carpometacarpal osteoarthritis
Due to the complex shape of the carpometacarpal (CMC) joint, a fixed joint collapse deformity of the thumb CMC (CMC1) and metacarpophalangeal (MCP1) joint can present in advanced stages of CMC1 osteoarthritis (OA), resulting in adduction of the first metacarpal (MC1) and hyperextension of the MCP1. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - September 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Vicky Duong, Sarah R. Robbins, Leticia A. Deveza, Anne Wajon, Ray Jongs, Elisabet Hagert, David J. Hunter Source Type: research

Tensile load on the flexor digitorum profundus tendon during palmar and lateral blocking exercises: Influence on blocking force and distal interphalangeal joint flexion angle
This is a basic science research. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - September 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Yukihiro Osanami, Mitsuhiro Aoki, Rikiya Shirato, Yuki Saito, Egi Hidaka, Hiroki Miyamoto, Eiichi Uchiyama Source Type: research

The long-term effect of neurodynamics vs exercise therapy on pain and function in people with carpal tunnel syndrome: A  randomized parallel-group clinical trial
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common disorder that limits function and quality of life. Little evidence is available on the long-term effect of neurodynamics and exercise therapy. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - September 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hayat Hamzeh, Mohammad Madi, Alia A. Alghwiri, Ziad Hawamdeh Source Type: research

Hand therapists' knowledge and practice-related beliefs about pain science: A survey study
Identifying hand therapists' knowledge and beliefs about pain can illuminate familiarity with modern pain science within hand therapy. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - September 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Brocha Z. Stern, Tsu-Hsin Howe Source Type: research

Remote self-measurement of wrist range of motion performed on normal wrists by a minimally trained individual using the iPhone level application only demonstrated good reliability in measuring wrist flexion and extension
This is a reliability study using the intraclass correlation coefficient. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - August 31, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sunni L. Alford Source Type: research

Design and fabrication of the Cubital Tunnel Control Orthosis (CTCO)
Cubital tunnel syndrome (CuTS) involves ischemia or damage to the ulnar nerve through compression, friction, or stretching and is the second most common neuropathy of the upper extremity.1-4 Symptoms commonly reported include paresthesia of the small finger and ulnar half of ring finger, difficulty maintaining grasp on objects and difficulty sleeping.5,6 Multiple causes have been identified within the literature to cause CuTS including but not limited to systemic diseases, occupational activities, external sources of compression, fractures and dislocations of the medial epicondyle and elbow deformities after trauma. (Sourc...
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - August 25, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jill M. Cancio, Kelly A. Jones, Brandon Stanley, Chelsea Truax, Julia A.V. Nuelle Source Type: research

Fabrication of the external rotation abduction thermoplastic shoulder orthosis for infants and children with birth-related brachial plexus injuries
Birth-related brachial plexus injuries occur between 0.5 and 5.8 per 1000 live births worldwide.1 During early life, secondary deformities of the shoulder develop due to muscle imbalances that create functional consequences despite expected neurological improvements.2 Orthosis fabrication with the shoulder in external rotation and abduction allows for secondary releases and soft tissue lengthening for infants with fixed glenohumeral joint contractures undergoing primary nerve surgery, while removing any tension on the transferred or grafted nerves. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - August 23, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tania Buchanan, Kathleen O'Grady, Jaret L. Olson Source Type: research

Tactile stimulation programs in patients with hand dysesthesia after a peripheral nerve injury: A systematic review
This is a systematic review performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses standards. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - August 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Isabelle Quintal, Alexis Carrier, Tara Packham, Daniel Bourbonnais, Joseph-Omer Dyer Source Type: research

Normative data for the Baseline ® 5 position hydraulic pinch meter and the relationship between lateral pinch strength and pinch span
The Baseline ® 5 position hydraulic pinch meter allows pinch strength assessment at five different pinch spans. The present study used this newly developed meter to assess where pinch span force is the greatest as previous literature is conflicting. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - July 5, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Nancy Hock, Debra Lindstrom Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Instructions for authors
(Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Hand therapy and responding to change in a pandemic
The rapid emergence of COVID-19 reinforces our need to think globally and act locally. It has highlighted some gaps and flaws in our medical and social systems; and communications between jurisdictions to act quickly when a new infectious agent arises. The impact is worldwide. I have spoken to hand therapy colleagues around the world who have been affected on a professional level by being seconded to different duties, usually higher risk, duties for example COVID-screening, or having their practices entirely shut down with devastating financial consequences. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Joy C. MacDermid Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial Board / Masthead / ASHT Officers
(Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Alterations in forearm muscle activation patterns after scapholunate interosseous ligament injury: A dynamic electromyography study
Case control. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 30, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: İrem Eraktas, Cigdem Ayhan, Mutlu Hayran, Abdullah Ruhi Soylu Source Type: research

The role of biceps loading and muscle activation on radial head stability in anterior Monteggia injuries: An in  vitro biomechanical study
Little evidence-based information is available to direct the optimal rehabilitation of patients with anterior Monteggia injuries. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 26, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Armin Badre, Clare E. Padmore, David T. Axford, Carolyn Berkmortel, Kenneth J. Faber, Graham J.W. King, James A. Johnson Source Type: research

Exercise handout and one-on-one hand therapy for management of stiffness after plaster cast immobilization of simple phalangeal and metacarpal fractures in children: A randomized, noninferiority trial
This is a noninferior, single-blind, randomized controlled trial. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Cheng Tan, Julie Depiazzi, Natasha Bear, Lewis Blennerhassett, Rohan Page, Noula Gibson Source Type: research

Normative data for handgrip strength in Serbian children measured with a bulb dynamometer
This is a cross-sectional study. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Neboj ša Trajković, Danilo Radanović, Dejan Madić, Slobodan Andrašić, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Draženka Mačak, Boris Popović Source Type: research

Response to  Letter to editor about the article “Hosbay et al. Reliability and validity of the brachial plexus outcome measure in children with obstetric brachial plexus palsy. J Hand Ther. 2019 32(3):382-387
Thank you for the opportunity to respond to the comments of Ko ç and Oskay. We appreciate your interest in our work and the opportunity for a dialog. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Zeynep Ho şbay, Safiye Özkan, Müberra Tanrıverdi, Atakan Aydın Source Type: research

Postoperative management and rehabilitation after the supercharged end-to-side anterior interosseous nerve to ulnar motor nerve transfer: A report of 3 cases
Compressive ulnar neuropathy at the elbow is the second most common compressive neuropathy. Nerve transfers are used for severe ulnar neuropathies as a means of facilitating recovery. Hand therapy and rehabilitation after nerve transfers have not been extensively explored. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Philemon Tsang, Juliana Larocerie-Salgado, Joy C. MacDermid, Thomas A. Miller, Christopher Doherty, Douglas C. Ross Source Type: research

The use of wearable inertial sensors effectively quantify arm asymmetry during gait in children with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy
This is a retrospective pilot study of 14 individuals (8 men, 6 women) with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy (USCP), aged 3 to 28 years, and with a mean age  = 13 ± 7.8. The inclusion criteria included USCP individuals who ambulate without an assistive device. The exclusion criteria included individuals who are nonambulatory, ambulate with a device, or are unable to follow instructions. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Aviva Wolff, Andrew Sama, Mark Lenhoff, Aaron Daluiski Source Type: research

3D-printed custom-designed prostheses for partial hand amputation: Mechanical challenges still exist
This is a technical report involving evaluation of two 3D-printed custom-designed prosthetic prototypes for an adult male with partial amputation of his dominant hand. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 19, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lisa O'Brien, Emma Cho, Aarjav Khara, Jim Lavranos, Luuk Lommerse, Chao Chen Source Type: research

Distal biceps tendon rupture: Is surgery the best course of treatment? Two case reports
Repeated case study. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Pulak Parikh, Joy C. MacDermid, Vikas Tuli, Michelle Manley Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Client buy-in: An essential consideration for graded motor imagery in hand therapy
This is a cross-sectional survey research. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Priya Bakshi, Wen-Pin Chang, Thomas F. Fisher, Brandi Andreae Source Type: research

An investigation into the reliability and methodology of the Linburg-Comstock anomaly clinical test
This is a cross-sectional study. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Karen A. Leyva, Steve Laslovich, Terri Roberts, Edward Kane Source Type: research

Grip strength is more sensitive to changes in elbow position than isolated wrist extension strength in patients with lateral elbow tendinopathy
This is an observational study. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Greg Pitts, Tim L. Uhl, Joseph M. Day Source Type: research

Intervention reporting and dissemination of information for the management of hand osteoarthritis
A variety of exercise programs are recognized to be effective for the management of hand osteoarthritis (HOA). It is important to report the essential elements of these exercise programs for clinicians to replicate properly and facilitate their implementation with individuals who suffers from HOA, especially if they are found to be effective programs. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jennifer O'Neil, Daniel McEwen, Bhavjot K. Kang, Michelle Dorion, Lucie Brosseau, Aline Mizusaki Imoto, Inmaculada C. Álvarez Gallardo, Marie Deanna Westby Source Type: research

Home exercise in the dart-throwing motion plane after distal radius fractures: A pilot randomized controlled trial
This is an intrasubject cross-sectional study. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Yael Kaufman-Cohen, Yafi Levanon, Jason Friedman, Yona Yaniv, Sigal Portnoy Source Type: research

Sensory interventions on motor function, activities of daily living, and spasticity of the upper limb in people with stroke: A randomized clinical trial
This is a single-blinded clinical trial study. Clinical Trial Number registry: IRCT201610223551N4. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Maryam Derakhshanfar, Parvin Raji, Hossein Bagheri, Mahmood Jalili, Hosein Tarhsaz Source Type: research

Comments on “The patient-rated wrist and hand evaluation was successfully translated to Persian”
I read with great interest the article by Farzad et  al entitled “The patient-rated wrist and hand evaluation was successfully translated to Persian”.1 The aim of the study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the questionnaire. I congratulate the authors for making considerable contributions to this work. There are some concerns that I would like to address. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - June 18, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Fatih Özden Source Type: research

Virtual reality hand therapy: A new tool for nonopioid analgesia for acute procedural pain, hand rehabilitation, and VR embodiment therapy for phantom limb pain
Affordable virtual reality (VR) technology is now widely available. Billions of dollars are currently being invested into improving and mass producing VR and augmented reality products. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - May 29, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hunter G. Hoffman, David A. Boe, Eric Rombokas, Christelle Khadra, Sylvie LeMay, Walter J. Meyer, Sam Patterson, Ann Ballesteros, Stephen W. Pitt Source Type: research

Design and development of a sensored glove for home-based rehabilitation
Descriptive. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - May 23, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Vinesh Janarthanan, Md Assad-Uz-Zaman, Mohammad Habibur Rahman, Erin McGonigle, Inga Wang Source Type: research

Medical virtual reality
“Meet me for dinner on the Holodeck” is a familiar scenario from the television series Star Trek. It is a fictional space where participants engage with different virtual reality (VR) environments and allows for interaction with a variety of locations and characters that might not otherwise be p ossible. The Holodeck has an advantage of being a safer alternative to reality where there is an experience between human and computer in a simulated and immersive environment. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - May 22, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ophelie Puissegur Dennis, Rita M. Patterson Source Type: research

Evaluation of individual finger forces during activities of daily living in healthy individuals and those with hand arthritis
Measuring finger forces during activities of daily living and how these forces change for individuals with pathologies such as arthritis is valuable to our understanding of hand function. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - May 21, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Michael Riddle, Joy MacDermid, Sydney Robinson, Mike Szekeres, Louis Ferreira, Emily Lalone Source Type: research

What does hand rehabilitation look like in 50 years?
To close out this special issue on innovation and technology, we asked the American Society for Hand Therapists members to look into the future and answer this question, “What does hand rehabilitation look like in 50-years.” We collated the answers and then independently reviewed and categorized the answers into two themes: technology advances and practice changes. As some of our members looked into the future and shared their vision, they welcomed these potenti al changes, indicating that there would be more collaboration and treatment successes, and thus increased patient satisfaction with advances in technol...
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - May 16, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Rita M. Patterson, Victoria Priganc Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

A pilot study on the design and validation of a hybrid exoskeleton robotic device for hand rehabilitation
An iterative design process was used to obtain design parameters that satisfy both kinematic and dynamic requirements for the hand exoskeleton. This design was validated through experimental studies. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - May 16, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Mahdi Haghshenas-Jaryani, Rita M. Patterson, Nicoleta Bugnariu, Muthu B.J. Wijesundara Source Type: research

Three-dimensional printed assistive devices for addressing occupational performance issues of the hand: A case report
This is a case report. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - May 16, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Robin Janson, Katie Burkhart, Cassandra Firchau, Kelly Hicks, Molly Pittman, Michaela Yopps, Samantha Hatfield, Alissia Garabrant Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Gamification in rehabilitation of metacarpal fracture using cost-effective end-user device: A randomized controlled trial
This is a two-group randomized controlled trial. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - May 16, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Jun Wei Then, Sachin Shivdas, Tunku Sara Tunku Ahmad Yahaya, Nor Izzati Ab Razak, Pee Terh Choo Source Type: research

Automated 3D-printed finger orthosis versus manual orthosis preparation by occupational therapy students: Preparation time, product weight, and user satisfaction
Intra-subject cross-sectional study. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - May 15, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sigal Portnoy, Nina Barmin, Maayan Elimelech, Balsam Assaly, Simma Oren, Reem Shanan, Yafa Levanon Source Type: research

A case report: Transhumeral amputee treatment with osseointegrated prosthesis and rehabilitation
This report described the results in the first experience with one patient who suffered a work accident in Chile in a long-term following up 7 years after discharge, who take the choice for osteointegrated prosthesis training for amputation at the proximal transhumeral level and hybrid system (electrical elbow and body-power hook), the patient has previous experience with conventional body-power prosthesis and caps. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - May 10, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Banda Ricardo, Castillo Jessica, Velez Juan Carlos Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Effective self-stretching of carpal ligament for the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome: A double-blinded randomized controlled study
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common nerve entrapment syndrome worldwide. There are limited studies on the effectiveness of carpal ligament stretching on symptomatic and electrophysiologic outcomes. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - May 3, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kazuko Shem, Joseph Wong, Benjamin Dirlikov Source Type: research

Cost, profile, and postoperative resource use for surgically managed acute hand and wrist injuries with emergency department presentation
Retrospective cost-of-illness study. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - April 29, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Luke Steven Robinson, Ted Brown, Lisa O'Brien Source Type: research

The clinical utility of a decision-aid to facilitate the use of the hand in real-life activities of patients with distal radius fractures:  A case study
Occupation-based intervention (OBI) in hand therapy has shown superior benefits in patient-reported performance and physical measures; however, only a few studies have used OBI. We developed a decision-aid to promote the use of an injured hand in the real world (Aid for Decision-making in Occupation Choice for hand; ADOC-H) (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - April 27, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kanta Ohno, Kazuo Saito, Hirotaka Matsumoto, Kounosuke Tomori, Tatsunori Sawada Source Type: research

Utilizing multi-user virtual reality to bring clinical therapy into stroke survivors' homes
Lifespans after the occurrence of a stroke have been lengthening, but most stroke survivors will experience chronic impairment. Directed, repetitive practice may reduce deficits, but clinical access is often limited by a variety of factors, such as transportation. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - April 26, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kelly Thielbar, Nicole Spencer, Daria Tsoupikova, Mohammad Ghassemi, Derek Kamper Source Type: research

Predictors of functional outcome after peripheral nerve injury and compression
Retrospective cohort study. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - April 22, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Macyn M. Stonner, Susan E. Mackinnon, Vicki Kaskutas Source Type: research

The Patient-Rated Elbow Evaluation and the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons —Elbow form capture aspects of functioning that are important to patients with elbow injuries
This is a cross-sectional study. (Source: Journal of Hand Therapy)
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - April 20, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Joshua I. Vincent, Joy C. MacDermid, Graham J.W. King, Ruby Grewal Source Type: research