Transcultural Adaptation and Psychometric Validation of a European Spanish Language Version of the Falls Behavioral Scale
Background and Purpose: The Falls Behavioral Scale (FaB) is considered a valid and reliable tool for measuring fall risk factors related to behavior among older people. It was originally developed and validated in Australia by Clemson et al. The purpose of this study was to perform a transcultural adaptation and validation of the FaB to European Spanish. Methods: The transcultural adaptation of the questionnaire followed the methodology structured and validated by Beaton et al. The prefinal version in European Spanish was tested in a pilot study utilizing 15 participants. A total of 167 participants older than 60 year...
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - September 18, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Recognizing Elder Abuse: An Interprofessional Simulation Experience With Prelicensure Health Care Students
This study utilized a mixed-methods research design. A sample of convenience of nursing and physical therapy students (n = 143) from 3 institutions in southwest Virginia was utilized for this study. Participants' perceptions were assessed using the Interprofessional Socialization and Valuing Scale (ISVS) and through focus group interviews. Results: Students demonstrated a statistically significant improvement based on the Wilcoxon matched pairs test (P (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - September 18, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Proximity of the Carotid Bifurcation to the Laryngeal Prominence: Results of a Cadaver Study and Recommendations for Safe Pulse Palpation
Conclusions: Based on this cadaver sample, CPP below the level of the LP in a supine individual would be unlikely to compress the CB and thus unlikely to trigger the baroreflex or occlude the region of greatest atherosclerotic buildup. If a pulse is not palpable below the LP, moving vertically up to 1 cm above the LP in a supine individual would be likely to compress the CB in only a small number of cases. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - September 18, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Strength of Plantar- and Dorsiflexors Mediates Step Regularity During a High Cognitive Load Situation in a Cross-sectional Cohort of Older and Younger Adults
Conclusion: The knowledge of the regularity behavior of human movement can expand physical therapists' treatment approaches to promote further interactivity and coordination across body systems that model behavior of healthy young individuals. Targeting strength during therapy may provide additional benefits for gait performance under HCLS. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - September 18, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Exercise for Nonagenarians: A Systematic Review
Background: Physical exercise has been identified as a health promotion strategy for the oldest old. However, scientific evidence regarding the benefits of exercise on nonagenarians is scarce. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the characteristics and methodological quality of investigations that have examined the effects of physical exercise on nonagenarians. Methods: A systematic review and evidence synthesis were conducted. The MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, and Cochrane Library were systematically searched up to November 2018. Investigations were included if they tested the effects of an exerci...
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - September 18, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research

A Survey on the Division of Therapeutic Interventions Between Physical and Occupational Therapists in Skilled Nursing and Long-Term Care Facilities
Conclusion: The present study suggests that the responsibility for upper extremity care was delegated to OT, while lower extremity care was delegated to PT in both skilled nursing and long-term care facilities in the geographic area included in the study. The reason for this division remains unclear. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - September 18, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

A Comparison of the Responsiveness of the Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke and the Berg Balance Scale in Patients With Severe Balance Deficits After Stroke
Conclusions: Compared with the BBS, the PASS was better able to detect balance improvements in patients having severe balance deficits. The PASS is recommended as an outcome measure to detect change in balance in patients with stroke who have severe balance deficits. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - September 18, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Outcomes of a Physical Therapist-Led, Statewide, Community-Based Fall Risk Screening
Conclusions: Screening and education using the STEADI toolkit during community-based screenings result in short- and long-term behavior change to reduce fall risk among older adults, particularly those with moderate to high fall risk. Further research is needed to identify barriers and incentives among participants who do not make fall-related behavioral changes after screening. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - September 18, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Use of the BESTest and the Mini-BESTest for Fall Risk Prediction in Community-Dwelling Older Adults Between 60 and 102 Years of Age
Conclusion: The BESTest and the Mini-BESTest are good tools for predicting fall risk in the 6 months following an initial evaluation in community-dwelling Brazilian older adults. The study also determined that cutoff values vary for different age groups. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - September 18, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Evaluating Effectiveness of an Acute Rehabilitation Program in Hospital-Associated Deconditioning
Conclusion: These promising results suggest that a more rigorous evaluation of this acute rehabilitation program in the management of hospital-associated deconditioning is warranted. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - September 18, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Editor's Message: Cause for Celebration
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - September 18, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: From the Editor Source Type: research

We Can Do Better: Aging and the Value of Physical Therapy: 2020 Carole B. Lewis Distinguished Lecture: Address to the APTA Geriatrics Membership at the Combined Sections Meeting, Denver, CO, February 13, 2020
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: CAROLE B. LEWIS DISTINGUISHED LECTURE 2020 Source Type: research

Exploring the Relationship Between Timed Up and Go Test Times and Fall History in an Inpatient Geriatric Psychiatry Unit: A Retrospective Case-Control Study
Background and Purpose: Inpatient geriatric psychiatry units have the highest fall rates in the acute care setting and most falls in this population occur during the mobility tasks of transfers and ambulation. The Timed Up and Go (TUG) test includes these 2 specific functional tasks and has been used to predict falls in other geriatric populations but has never been tested in an inpatient geriatric psychiatry unit. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the TUG time measurements of inpatient geriatric psychiatry patients were associated with falling. Methods: The study was a retrospective chart review usin...
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Caring Rehabilitation Climate, the Tripartite Efficacy Framework, and Adherence to Rehabilitation Programs Among Individuals With Parkinson's Disease: A Multiple Mediation Analysis
Conclusions: Several practical implications can be gleaned from the current study. First, practitioners should strive to enhance the caring climate of their clinic by employing techniques reported in previous literature, such as creating a supportive atmosphere, displaying benevolence, and paying attention. In addition, the results suggest that individuals' RISE perceptions, in particular, could be a viable target for enhancing adherence. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Do Sociodemographic Factors Relate to Walking Ability in Individuals Who Underwent Total Knee Arthroplasty?
Conclusions: Our results suggest that age, type of surgery, severity of osteoarthritis, and sex are related to Timed Up and Go time during the acute stage following TKA and need to be assessed. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

A Knowledge Translation Intervention Designed and Implemented by a Knowledge Broker Improved Documented Use of Gait Speed: A Mixed-Methods Study
Discussion: Documentation of the 4-meter walk test significantly improved from the 3-month retrospective chart audit at baseline (0% IE, 0% discharge) to months 0 to 2 at IE (mean = 71%, SD = 31 %, F = 9.30, P (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Pain-Reducing Effects of Physical Therapist-Delivered Interventions: A Systematic Review of Randomized Trials Among Older Adults With Dementia
Conclusions: The evidence supporting pain-reducing physical therapy interventions for patients with dementia is limited. There is a clear gap in knowledge related to evidence-based physical therapy for managing pain in this population. Future studies should examine active physical therapist-delivered interventions and utilize interactive pain measures. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Source Type: research

Modified 30-Second Sit-to-Stand Test: Reliability and Validity in Older Adults Unable to Complete Traditional Sit-to-Stand Testing
Conclusion: The m30STS is a reliable, feasible tool for use in a general geriatric population with a lower level of function. The m30STS demonstrated concurrent validity with the Berg Balance Scale and modified Barthel Index but not with knee extensor strength to body weight ratio. One repetition of the m30STS was established as the MDC90 as change beyond error. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Improving Interpretation of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Physical Function Scale for Specific Tasks in Community-Dwelling Older Adults
Conclusions: The PROMIS PF T-scores showed convergent validity with physical performance and aligned with published normative data. While the findings are not predictive of individual performance, they improve clinical interpretation by estimating a range of expected performance for walking, stair ascent, and sit to stand. These findings support application of T-scores in physical therapy testing, goal setting, and wellness plans of care for community-dwelling older adults. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Does Hands-on Guarding Influence Performance on the Functional Gait Assessment?
Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that hands-on guarding does not significantly influence performance on the FGA when the guarding is provided by an experienced PT and the participant is a community-dwelling older adult. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Development and Evaluation of a Post–Hip Fracture Instructional Workshop for Caregivers
Conclusions: Caregivers in this study stated that the workshop was useful and satisfactory. Because caregivers play such a vital role in recovery after hip fracture, providing knowledge and skill development as part of health care delivery may support more person-centered care. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

Stand Tall—A Virtual Translation of the Otago Exercise Program
Conclusions: Results support that an avatar-delivered version of the OEP is effective, feasible, viable, and enjoyable for community-dwelling older adults. These types of platforms should be considered as potential mechanisms to increase availability of fall prevention programs. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research

The Value of Geriatric Physical Therapy: Excerpts from ‘We Can Do Better’: 2020 Carole B. Lewis Distinguished Lecture: Address to the APTA Geriatrics Membership at the Combined Sections Meeting, Denver, CO, February 13, 2020
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: CAROLE B. LEWIS DISTINGUISHED LECTURE 2020 Source Type: research

Editor's Message: What Lack Within Us?
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - July 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: FROM THE EDITOR Source Type: research

The Additive Effects of Creatine Supplementation and Exercise Training in an Aging Population: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials
Conclusions: Creatine monohydrate is safe to use in older adults. While creatine in conjunction with moderate- to high-intensity exercise in an aging population may improve skeletal muscle health, additional studies are needed to determine the effective dosing and duration paradigm for potential combined creatine and exercise effects on bone and cognition in older adults. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - April 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Systematic Reviews Source Type: research

Hip Muscle Strengthening for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review of Literature
Conclusion: The current review identified strong, high-quality evidence to recommend hip muscle strengthening in the conservative management of persons with knee OA. Further research is needed to establish the underlying mechanisms for the clinical benefits. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - April 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Systematic Reviews Source Type: research

Muscle Strength Is Associated With Muscle Mass in Patients With Esophageal Cancer Awaiting Surgery
Discussion: A tertiary referral center referred 125 individuals to physiotherapy who were eligible for the study; we finally included 93 individuals for statistical analysis. Multiple backward regression analysis showed that gender (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.05-33.82), weight (95% CI, 0.39-1.02), age (95% CI, −0.91 to −0.04), left handgrip strength (95% CI, 0.14-1.44), and inspiratory muscle strength (95% CI, 0.08-0.38) were all independently associated with muscle surface area at L3. All these variables together explained 66% of the variability (R2) in muscle surface area at L3 (P (Source: Journal of G...
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - April 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Ranking Barriers, Motivators, and Facilitators to Promote Physical Activity Participation of Persons With Dementia: An Explorative Study
Conclusions: The results of this study suggest a difference in perspective between the more optimistic view of persons with dementia and their informal caregivers and the more critical view of physiotherapy experts regarding the most important factors that influence PA participation. In addition, there was a strong focus on the individual characteristics that influence PA behavior that warrant personalized interventions to promote PA in persons with dementia. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - April 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Characteristics of Older Adults Who Are Unable to Perform a Floor Transfer: Considerations for Clinical Decision-Making
Background and Purpose: The ability to get down to and up from the floor or to perform a floor transfer (FT) is a vital and useful skill for older adults at risk of falling. Little is known about the health-related factors that separate older adults who can perform FT independently from those who cannot. Therefore, the specific aims of this cross-sectional study are to (1) describe and compare health-related factors among older adults who were independent, assisted, or dependent in FT performance; and (2) establish the parallel reliability between self-reported and actual performance of FT. Methods: A total of 46 comm...
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - April 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Medication Status and Gait Mechanics in Older Adults: A Multivariate Analysis
Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that certain abnormal gait parameters in participants with a history of falls are associated with taking 4 or more medications. Future studies should examine the extent to which gait changes and medications interact to predict falls. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - April 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Editor's Message: Journal Status and Reviewer Appreciation 2020
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - April 1, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Assessment of Gait Speed in Older Adults
Conclusion: A standardized measurement protocol is proposed for measuring gait speed in older adults. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - December 10, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Systematic Reviews Source Type: research

Tai Chi Combined With Resistance Training for Adults Aged 50 Years and Older: A Systematic Review
Conclusions: The review supports that Tai Chi in combination with resistance training improves physical function and muscle strength in adults aged 50 years and older. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - December 10, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Systematic Reviews Source Type: research

Center of Pressure Trace and Sensory Components of the Limits of Stability Test in Older Adults With Vertebral Compression Fractures
Conclusions: Both musculoskeletal degeneration and sensory integration impairment may contribute to poor direction control and a longer reaction time in patients with VCF. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - December 10, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Validity and Reliability of Jump Height Measurements Obtained From Nonathletic Populations With the VERT Device
Background and Purpose: Vertical jump (VJ) is commonly used to assess lower extremity power in athletic populations. A portable device called the VERT has been validated for this population, but not in nonathletic populations. We sought in this study to assess the clinimetric properties of VJ height measurements obtained with the VERT from older and younger nonathletes. Methods: Twenty-eight participants (14 older, 14 younger, evenly split between male and female) completed 2 submaximal and 3 maximal VJ trials wearing the VERT during 2 sessions separated by 5 to 9 days. During the first session, their VJ heights were ...
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - December 10, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Validity of Visual Assessment of Sit to Stand After Hip Fracture
Conclusion: Judgments of lower limb ground reaction force output during STS based on observation alone are not valid and may need to be supplemented with quantitative data. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - December 10, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Effects of a Multimodal Exercise Program Plus Neural Gliding on Postural Control, Pain, and Flexibility of Institutionalized Older Adults: A Randomized, Parallel, and Double-Blind Study
Conclusions: This study suggests that adding neural gliding to a multimodal exercise program has no additional benefit. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - December 10, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Editor's Message: A Time for Every Purpose
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - December 10, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Pain Provocation and the Energy Cost of Walking: A Matched Comparison Study of Older Adults With and Without Chronic Low Back Pain With Radiculopathy
Conclusions: Among older adults with CLBPR, pain provocation drives increases in the energy cost of walking. Because high energy cost of walking is predictive of mobility decline, clinicians may focus on effective pain management strategies during walking, which may potentially decrease the risk of mobility decline. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Cognitive Function and Falls in Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Conclusions: Executive function and delayed recall, 2 cognitive domains reported to influence glycemic control and disease management in those with T2DM, are associated with an increased fall risk and should be included in the assessment of fall risk in this population. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Relationships Between Body Mass Index and Static and Dynamic Balance in Active and Inactive Older Adults
Conclusion: We conclude that the amount of physical activity performed is a potential contributing factor affecting the association between body mass index and balance in older persons. These findings could be of importance when identifying the main factors that influence postural control among older adults with obesity. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Social Participation Determines Quality of Life Among Urban-Dwelling Older Adults With Stroke in a Developing Country
Conclusion: Social participation and cognition were strong determinants of QoL among urban-dwelling older adults with stroke. Social and recreational activities and cognitive rehabilitation should therefore be evaluated as potential strategies to improve the well-being of older adults affected by stroke. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Objectively Assessed Physical Activity in the Oldest Old Persons With Coronary Artery Disease
Conclusions: The existing threshold values according to Copeland had the highest sensitivity and specificity to identify at least moderate intensity and are valid for use in the oldest old persons with CAD. Using accelerometry as an objective measurement for physical activity can help further improve our understanding of free-living physical activity behavior and to assess relationships between free-living physical activity and health outcomes among the oldest old persons with CAD. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

An Investigation of the Predictors of Comfortable and Fast Gait Speed in Community-Dwelling Older Adults
Conclusions: Gait speed is an important indicator for many outcomes such as fall risk, mortality, and functional status. Understanding that key variables of strength and balance comprise a large portion of gait speed allows clinicians to better direct their care and optimize rehabilitation outcomes. This study specifically used functional measures of strength and balance that can be easily implemented in the clinical setting. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

The High Precision of Functional and Neuromuscular Measures to Classify Sarcopenia in Older Women
Discussion: Regression analyses revealed 3 significant models accounting for 93.8%, 91.1%, and 86.4% of the variance in DXA-derived ASM. Paired-samples t tests revealed no significant differences between model-derived and DXA-derived ASM for each model, and each model was significantly correlated to DXA-derived ASM (P (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Reliability, Validity, and Ability to Identity Fall Status of the Berg Balance Scale, Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest), Mini-BESTest, and Brief-BESTest in Older Adults Who Live in Nursing Homes
Conclusion: All balance tests presented similar reliability, reproducibility, and validity. This suggests that any of these tests can be used in clinical practice. However, the Brief-BESTest is the quickest and easiest test to perform. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Reliability and Validity of Seated Hip Extensor Strength Measurement by Handheld Dynamometer in Older Adults
This study examined the reliability and validity of the sitting measurement by a handheld dynamometer in older adults. Methods: Participants were 40 older adults (age [SD] = 82.4 [4.3] years). Measurements of isometric hip extensor muscle strength using a handheld dynamometer in 3 positions (sitting, standing, and prone) were conducted twice. A surface electromyogram was used to measure the activity of the gluteus maximus and the semitendinosus muscles. The reliability of muscle strength in each posture was examined with Cronbach α coefficient, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs1,1), and Bland-Altman analys...
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Minimal Detectable Change in Dual-Task Cost for Older Adults With and Without Cognitive Impairment
Conclusions: Our study provides MDCs for DTC that physical therapists may use to assess change in older adults who engage in DT training. Persons with low cognition who are receiving DT training must exhibit greater change in DTC before one can be confident the change is real. Also, greater change must be observed for more challenging DTs. Thus, cognitive level and task difficulty should be considered when measuring change with DT training. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Normative Values of Knee Extensor Isokinetic Strength for Older Women and Implications for Physical Function
Discussion: As expected, mean strength values significantly decreased with advancing age groups. Isokinetic percentile groups are presented according to age. Individuals in the lower percentile strata showed significantly reduced performance in both the Timed Up and Go and 5 times Sit-to-Stand tests (P (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

The Applicability of a High-Intensity Functional Exercise Program Among Older People With Dementia Living in Nursing Homes
Conclusion: A group-based, supervised, and individualized high-intensity functional exercise program seems to be applicable with regard to attendance, achieved intensity, and adverse events during the exercise sessions, in people with mild to moderate dementia in nursing homes. Effective strategies to enhance motivation to participate in exercise, as well as prevention and treatment of pain and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia, are important when promoting exercise participation in this population. (Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy)
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research