Impulsivity, Consciousness and Defense Mechanisms of the Ego Among Pathological Gamblers
This study aims to find out whether there are differences between gamblers and the control group among the dependent variables (impulsivity, conscientiousness, and defense mechanisms). According to the literature, impulsivity and low conscientiousness are specific features to pathological gamblers. A second goal is to check if there are one or more defense mechanisms defining gamblers. A recent study (Waqas et al., Waqas et al., Psychiatry Research 243:463 –468, 2016) about the association of defense mechanisms and the problematic use of the Internet identified the following defense mechanisms: projection, denial, pa...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 14, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Within-Subject Pilot Feasibility Study of a Gambling Specific SBIRT Intervention Delivered in an Urban HIV/Primary Clinic
ConclusionsA gambling specific SBIRT intervention was feasible to deliver and acceptable to participants. Gambling specific outcome measures were reduced at 1-month follow-up. A randomized control trial to evaluate the efficacy of the intervention is a recommended next step. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 12, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Empirical Evidence Relating to the Relative Riskiness of Scratch-Card Gambling
AbstractScratch cards (SCs) or tickets are lottery-based games which are played by scratching to reveal numbers, letters or symbols to win prizes. Such activities have sometimes been likened to paper-based slot-machines, but relatively little systematic analyses have been conducted to examine the risk or harm associated with these activities. In this paper, we provide a narrative review of the peer-reviewed literature relating to the potential association between SCs and problem gambling and what is known from publically available data sources (e.g., prevalence studies and treatment data). Evidence is analysed within the c...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Contrasting Mind-Wandering, (Dark) Flow, and Affect During Multiline and Single-Line Slot Machine Play
AbstractSlot machines are a very popular form of gambling in which a small proportion of gamblers experience gambling-related problems. These players refer to a trance-like state that researchers have labelled ‘dark flow’—a pleasurable, but maladaptive state where players become completely occupied by the game. We assessed 110 gamblers for mindfulness (using the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale), gambling problems (using the Problem Gambling Severity Index), depressive symptoms (using the Depressio n, Anxiety, and Stress Scale), and boredom proneness (using the Boredom Proneness Scale). Participants play...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 6, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Financial Literacy and Gambling Behavior in the United States
AbstractProblem gambling is becoming a growing concern in the United States because of the proliferation of, and state support for, gambling opportunities. The economic cost along with the physical and mental health problems associated with problem gambling make it necessary to study how problem gambling can be reduced. Our study examines whether financial literacy could be a means to reducing gambling frequency in the United States. We use data from the Preference Parameter Study of Osaka University, Japan, and apply instrumental variable probit regression models. The results show that, generally, financial literacy does ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Depression Symptoms, Problem Gambling and the Role of Escape and Excitement Gambling Outcome Expectancies
This study tests the assumption that gambling for escape and excitement may either mediate or moderate the relationship between depression and problem gambling. To test these propositions, 282 adults who gambled at least once a month were recruited to complete an online survey that assessed depression severity, the gambling outcomes expectancies of escape and excitement and problem gambling. The study did not find evidence for a mediation effect for either escape or excitement, although escape moderated the relationship between depression and problem gambling. In particular, there was not a relationship between depression ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 3, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Protective Action and Risky Beliefs: The Relationship Between Religion and Gambling Fallacies
AbstractA number of studies have explored the relationship between religious beliefs and gambling (including gambling fallacies and gambling harm) but report seemingly contradictory findings. While some studies have found religious belief to be positively associated with gambling fallacies, others have found it to be a protective factor from gambling harms. One explanation for these differing effects is that gambling fallacies and metaphysical religious belief share properties of supernatural and magical thinking. Nevertheless, social support and moral strictures associated with religion might help protect against an unhea...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Comprehensive Model for Gambling Behaviors: Assessment of the Factors that can Contribute to the Vulnerability and Maintenance of Gambling Disorder
This study aimed to apply a Comprehensive Model of Addiction and to delve deeper the dimensions involved in the vulnerability and maintenance of the disease. Therefore, the effect of alexithymia and traumatic experiences in mediating the relationship between insecure attachment and dissociation, as well as the roles of impulsiveness and compulsiveness in influencing obsessiveness were explored in pathological gamblers. A sample composed of 253 individuals with a mean age of 47.8  years (SD = 12.4) with a diagnosis of Gambling Disorder (82.6% males, 17.4% females) completed the battery of measures. Result...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 12, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: A Composite Measure of Gambling Exposure: Availability, Accessibility or Both?
A correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10899-021-10026-1 (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 9, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: The Relative and Interactive Effects of Actual and Perceived Gambling Exposure on Gambling Behaviour
A correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10899-021-10018-1 (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 5, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Predictors of Problem Gambling for Sports and Non-sports Gamblers: A Stochastic Search Variable Selection Analysis
AbstractDifferences in the psychological characteristics and gambling behaviors of sports bettors and non-sports bettors were examined with a view to identifying predictors of problem gambling severity. A survey was completed by 1,280 participants, 596 of whom had placed bets on a sporting event in the last year. We found that sports bettors are at greater risk of problem gambling due to differences in attitudes towards gambling, personality traits, thinking styles, erroneous cognitions, and gambling motivations. Moreover, our findings suggest that the difference between individuals who bet on sports and those who do not i...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

“Show Me the Money”: Preliminary Lessons from an Implementation of Intervention Tools at the Payment Gateway Level
AbstractTraditional approaches that seek to study Responsible Gambling (RG) mainly focus on evaluating platform-based intervention tools applied on gambling operator sites. This paper reports on the implementation, at the payment-solution level, of an intervention tool that gambling customers used to deposit their bets. The approach pre-commits customers to set a single-point spending limit on their payment gateway account, effectively enabling them to apply their budget setting on all gambling platforms on which they choose to play. Ten users who have used the provision for at least six months and on two different gamblin...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 24, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Online Gambling in Iranian Social Media Users: Prevalence, Related Variables and Psychiatric Correlations
AbstractThe exponential increase in Internet use has been associated with dangers and harms. Recently, the prevalence of online gambling is increasing in various countries. Online gambling can be a prelude to gambling disorder. No study has been conducted in this field in Iran yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of online gambling (without disorder and pathological), and its relationship with demographic variables and psychiatric symptoms. 3252 people participated in this study online. Research tools included gambling disorder screening questionnaire-Persian (GDSQ-P), brief symptom inventory (BSI),...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 20, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Indigenous Gambling and Problem Gambling in Canada
AbstractThe present study provides a profile of Canadian Indigenous gambling and problem gambling using the 2018 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) (n = 23,952 adults; 1,324 Indigenous) and an online panel survey of 10,199 gamblers (n = 589 Indigenous). The relative popularity of different types of gambling was similar between Indigenous and non-Indigenous samples. However, there was higher Indigenous participation in electronic gambling machines (EGMs), bingo, instant lotteries, overall gambling and a higher rate of problem gambling (2.0% versus 0.5%). Variables predictive of Indigenous pr...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 17, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Review and Prospect of the Research on Occupational Health Psychology of Casino Employees
AbstractThe occupational specialty of casino employees brings about the problem of long-standing severe emotional exhaustion and stress management challenges. Therefore, it is of great significance to pay attention to their occupational health psychology (Du& Li, in Psych Res 7(1):46 –50,2014). Based on the relevant researches on occupational health psychology of casino employees at home and abroad in recent years, this paper reviews and outlines the previous research results in a systematic way from environmental and occupational, organizational as well as individual dimensions, and figures out the factors that ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 16, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Negative Recovery Capital in Gambling Disorder: A Conceptual Model of Barriers to Recovery
This study develops a model that maps and conceptualizes the elements that impede recovery from gambling disorder (GD). In the current study, 133 individuals with a lifetime GD were interviewed about the factors that have hindered their recovery. A content analysis identified 14 NRC categories that were classified into four domains: Human NRC (urges and uncontrolled urges, cognitive distortions, inaction, sensation seeking, stressful life events, negative emotions, ability to conceal, a lack of motivation to recover), Social NRC (lack of social or familial networks, conflictual or dangerous social networks), Community NRC ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Online Gambling Activity, Pay-to-Win Payments, Motivation to Gamble and Coping Strategies as Predictors of Gambling Disorder Among e-sports Bettors
This study presents the results of the first research in Poland (N = 438) on esports betting (ESB). ESB is compared to other forms of e-gambling and involvement in pay-to-win games. The aim was to build a predictive model of gambling disorder among people betting on esports. A predictive model of gambling disorder based on ordinal regression was built, includi ng sociodemographic variables, involvement in esports betting, involvement in other Internet activities connected to ESB, as well as psychological variables—motivation to gamble and coping strategies. The results showed that gambling disorder amon...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Interventions in Indigenous Communities, from Theory to Practice: A Rapid Qualitative Review of the Literature
AbstractIndigenous populations globally experience problem gambling at higher rates than mainstream communities, often leading to adverse outcomes in social, cultural, and health domains (The term ‘indigenous’ within this paper refers to all first nations people from the specified countries. When capitalised, this refers to Australian Indigenous people specifically.). Problem gambling in indigenous communities has been linked to relative poverty and social disadvantage. The sweeping impac ts of problem gambling for indigenous communities are holistic in nature and are felt throughout many aspects of the communi...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 10, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Perception of Gamblers: A Systematic Review
This article therefore summarises empirical evidence on the perception of gamblers and provides directions for future research. A systematic literature review based on the relevant guidelines was carried out searching three databases. The databases Scopus, PubMed and BASE were used to cover social scientific knowledge, medical-psychological knowledge and grey literature. A total of 48 studies from 37 literature references was found. The perspective in these studies varies: Several studies focus on the perception of gamblers by the general population, by subpopulations (e. g. students or social workers), or by gamblers on t...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Multi-Method Investigation of Normative and Pathological Personality Across the Spectrum of Gambling Involvement
AbstractPathological Gambling (PG) has been linked to both specific personality traits and personality disorders (PDs). However, previous studies have used a wide variety of research designs that preclude clear conclusions about the personality features that distinguish adults with PG from other groups. The current investigation seeks to advance this research by using a sample including adults who do not gamble, who gamble socially, and who exhibit PG, using self-report, informant-report, and interview-rated measures of personality traits and disorders. A total of 245 adults completed measures of gambling behaviour and pro...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 3, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Public Perceptions of Harm for Nine Popular Gambling Products
AbstractGambling causes significant levels of harm globally and is recognised as a serious public health issue. To reduce gambling-related harm, various strategies and policies have been recommended, including decreasing the availability of gambling products, restricting gambling advertising, and implementing public education campaigns. Government willingness to implement such strategies will be influenced by levels of public support, which in turn will be dependent on public perceptions of the harm caused by gambling products. The aim of the present study was to assess public perceptions of the harm associated with indivi...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 26, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Comparison of Two GameSense Implementation Approaches: How Program Awareness and Engagement Relate to Gambling Beliefs and Behaviors
AbstractDespite the size and scope of responsible gambling (RG) programs in the U.S., relatively few studies have evaluated these programs. Using survey data from 4795 subscribers to a casino loyalty program, we examined respondents ’ awareness of and engagement with the GameSense RG program, and gambling beliefs and behaviors. We compared how differences in the implementation structure and visibility of the GameSense program (i.e., state-regulated with a standalone, branded GameSense center vs. corporate-integrated as part of loyalty program desks) was associated with GameSense awareness and engagement, percept...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 23, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Rare Loot Box Rewards Trigger Larger Arousal and Reward Responses, and Greater Urge to Open More Loot Boxes
AbstractLoot boxes are a purchasable video-game feature consisting of randomly determined, in-game virtual items. Due to their chance-based nature, there is much debate as to whether they constitute a form of gambling. We sought to address this issue by examining whether players treat virtual loot box rewards in a way that parallels established reward reactivity for monetary rewards in slots play. Across two sets of experiments, we show that loot boxes containing rarer items are more valuable, arousing, rewarding and urge-inducing to players, similar to the way slots gamblers treat rare large wins in slots play. Importantl...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 14, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Brief Online Self-help Program for Concerned Gamblers
This study shows that it is relatively easy to recruit participants to an online program for concerned gamblers in the context of a gambling helpline. However, since few users logged in to the program more than once, we suggest futu re online programs to have open modules with all content accessible at once. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 9, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Multilevel Contextual Analysis of Poker Cash Game Gambling
This study reveals the significance of contextual factors as a fundamental element in gambling behaviors and highli ghts the need for prevention strategies that target specific high-risk contexts rather than individually based interventions. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Lottery-Purchasing Adolescents: Gambling Perceptions, Problems, and Characteristics
AbstractGambling on the lottery is a prevalent behavior, and lottery products are increasingly available in online and electronic formats. As lottery-purchasing is prevalent in adolescents, this study systematically examined relationships between lottery-purchasing and problem-gambling severity and gambling perceptions and attitudes, as well as differences in the relationships between problem-gambling severity and measures of health/functioning and gambling characteristics among lottery-purchasing groups. Participants were 1517 Connecticut high-school adolescents with past-year gambling. Chi-square and logistic regression ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling at Work: A Qualitative Study of Swedish Elite Athletes, Coaches, and Managers
This study explores how male athletes, coaches, and sports managers experience gambling activities and problems in their sports. Interviews were conducted with 30 male elite athletes, coaches, and managers in four sports. The interviews were analysed using content analysis, and the results indicated two main themes: 1) desire for and concerns with money and 2) in the shadow of performance, and three categories. The first main theme emerged as a result of the respondents recurring reference to money as the reason to different actions: It is important to win money, ’too little’ or ‘too much’ money is ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Frequent Gamblers ’ Reasons for and Against Completing a Problem Gambling Screener
This study provides insight into w hy many individuals who engage in risky levels of gambling behavior do not seek out helping resources. In addition to creating practically accessible helping resources, researchers should focus on techniques that can make help-seeking a less distressing and more acceptable experience. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Pathological Gambling, Gambling Disorder, and Problem Gambling Among the Chinese Ethnic Population Living in Western Countries: Is Culture a Sufficient Explanation for the Reported Excess Rates?
AbstractA significant gap remains in the understanding of the psychosocial and cultural factors and processes in the development and maintenance of pathological gambling, gambling disorder, and problem gambling among the Chinese ethnic population living in the Western countries. This narrative reviews papers on gambling and pathological gambling among the Chinese ethnic group in Western countries to provide a deeper understanding of the cultural and psychosocial factors and processes that lead to the development and maintenance of pathological gambling, gambling disorder, and problem gambling. The factors leading to develo...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Behaviour: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Relation with Acculturation in 2007 –2018 North Cyprus Adult Household Surveys
In this study, the prevalence of gambling behaviors among the North Cyprus (NC) in 2018 is compared with the data of 2007, 2012, 2014 and the relationship between acculturation and problem and pathological gambling (PPG) is examined. The population of the study consists of Turkish-speaking individuals between 18 and 65  years of age living in NC. 799 people were consequently selected according to gender, age and geographical region with a multi-stage stratified (randomized) quota. For the collection of the data, a demographic questionnaire, the Turkish version of the Revised South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS) and cultu...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Prevalence and Clinical and Sociodemographic Factors of Problem Online Gambling: A Systematic Review
AbstractThe emergence and spread of new technologies have allowed for the introduction of new forms of gambling. Problem online gambling has specific characteristics, and its prevalence may differ from traditional forms of gambling. This paper systematically reviews studies that include data relevant to problem online gambling and to the sociodemographic and comorbidity variables related to it. A systematic literature search was conducted from Medline database. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement, preliminary search resulted in 427 articles, from which 20 were included...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Graded Exposure Therapy for Online Mobile Smartphone Sports Betting Addiction: A Case Series Report
AbstractAdvances in technology and increased usage of electronic mobile devices over the past decade have changed the way gamblers engage with online gambling. The convenience of mobile electronic devices is understood to be a major contributor to the increase of online gambling, which in turn has been implicated in the growth of sports betting. Emerging evidence suggests several sources of differentiation between mobile and other online gambling, which have important psychological implications. Given the inherent differences, we cannot conclude that evidence for the effectiveness of treatment for non-smartphone problem ga...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Association Between Problem Gambling and Suicidal Ideations and Attempts: A Case Control Study in the General Swedish Population
AbstractThe association between problem gambling and suicidal behaviours is well established in treatment seeking populations, but less explored among sub-clinical problem gamblers in the general population. The aim of this study was to examine the association between problem gambling (including moderate risk gambling) and suicidal ideations/suicide attempts, in the general Swedish population. Another aim was to compare problem gamblers with and without suicide ideation/attempts. A case-control study nested in the Swelogs cohort was used. Both ideations and attempts were about twice as frequent among the cases compared to ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 25, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

An Exploratory Analysis of Predictors of Course in Older and Younger Adults with Pathological Gambling: A Non-Treatment Sample
We examined the association of baseline social, demographic, and clinical predictor variables with course in 48 older ( ≥ 60 years) and 57 younger (
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 25, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Patterns and Problem Gambling Among Youth in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review
This study highl ights the need for additional good quality studies focusing on gambling related behaviors and prevalence levels among the continent’s youth. Additionally, the findings reported herein emphasise the need for implementing social policies alongside effective public health interventions to tackle gamb ling addiction. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 23, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Efficacy of a Voluntary Self-exclusion Reinstatement Tutorial for Problem Gamblers
This study was designed to determine the efficacy of a tutorial created with the intent of reducing the risk of harm to those who reinstate. People who wished to be reinstated were asked to complete a survey on gambling related issues and then watch the tutorial video. An online video-based tutorial designed to reduce gambling related harm and to provide information about treatment services was developed. The control group (N  = 131) consisted of people who reinstated in the year prior to the implementation of the online tutorial. The experimental intervention group (N = 104) were those who rein...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 23, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Relative and Interactive Effects of Actual and Perceived Gambling Exposure on Gambling Behaviour
This study used Zero-Inflated Poisson regression analyses to assess the relative and interactive effects of actual and perceived exposure on problem gambling risk and severity. Data from the 2008 and 2009 Social and Economic Impacts of Gambling in Alberta surveys indicated actual exposure was significantly associated with problem gambling risk while perceived exposure was significantly associated with problem gambling severity. These associations differ for gamblers from emerging and mature areas. Further, actual and perceived exposure had significant interaction effects on problem gambling severity but not on risk. Implic...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 22, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Are Comorbid Disorders Associated with Changes in Gambling Activity? A Longitudinal Study of Younger and Older Subjects with DSM-IV Pathological Gambling
This study investigates the association of comorbid disorders with gambling activity in a longitudinal follow-up study of younger and older adult subjects with DSM-IV pathological gambling (PG). The subjects included 57 younger adults with PG ( ≥ 18/ 
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 21, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Examining Player Engagement with and Attitudes Toward a Gambling Play Management System
This study examined gaming patrons ’ reported use of and attitudes towards the PlayMyWay play management system. We report upon the results of a survey of 1951 Marquee Rewards cardholders, including 153 individuals who were currently or previously enrolled in PlayMyWay. Users who did not enroll in PlayMyWay, despite knowing about i t, typically said they did so because they believed that they did not need reminders and warnings about gambling. Although PlayMyWay users generally found the system easy to use, most reported that they paid little attention to notifications and tended to react negatively to them. Users wh...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 19, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Using the Risk-Return Model to Explain Gambling Disorder Symptoms in Youth: An Empirical Investigation with Italian Adolescents
AbstractHistorically, individual differences research has sought to explain problem-gambling severity in adolescence by means of unitary “risk-taking” traits, such as sensation seeking and impulsivity, implying that these personality traits account for risk-taking tendencies across different types of behaviors and situations. However, increasing empirical evidence suggests that risk taking seems to be better conceptualized as a d omain-specific construct. In the current study, we adopted a psychological risk-return framework, which posits that perceptions of perceived risks and benefits predict gambling risk at...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 3, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Self-compassion Buffers Impaired Decision-Making by Potential Problem Gamblers in a Casino Setting
AbstractSelf-compassionate individuals treat themselves kindly when undergoing stress. The present study examined self-compassion ’s relationship to risky decision-making on a gambling task by 240 problem and non-problem gamblers who were tested in a casino setting. Multi-level modeling analyses showed that participants expressed differential rates of learning to avoid risks on the gambling task, depending on their status as potential problem/non-problem gamblers and their level of self-compassion. Among potential problem gamblers, participants higher in self-compassion showed significant gains in performance over de...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Association of Near-Miss with Two Erroneous Gambling Cognitions and Betting Intention: Evidence from Nigerian Adolescents
AbstractEvidences show increase of positive attitudes of Nigerian adolescents towards gambling in the past decade. Nigerian adolescents have been shown to spend significant part of their academic time and resources on Soccer bets. This behaviour could act as a predisposing factor for poor academic performances and problem gambling at adulthood. The present study drew from the cognitive distortion model to examine the mediational role of near-miss in the erroneous cognition-betting intention association through a survey study design. Male adolescents (N = 237; Mean age = 17.37 years;SD&thins...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Is Subtyping of Gamblers Based on the Pathways Model of Problem and Disordered Gambling Valid? A Systematic Review
AbstractGamblers are a heterogenous group in terms of the presence of comorbid psychopathology, maladaptive personality traits, and motivation to gamble. The Pathways Model, the most promising comprehensive framework to explain this heterogeneity, classifies gamblers into three subtypes. The aim of this review was to determine whether or not subtyping of gamblers based on the Pathways Model of problem and disordered gambling is valid. A literature review was conducted using the following online databases: Academic Search Complete, PubMed, Web of Science, and PsychINFO. Studies were selected or excluded based on meeting pre...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Relative Deprivation and Hope: Predictors of Risk Behavior
AbstractThe belief that one is in a worse situation than similar others (Relative Deprivation) has been associated with involvement in a range of maladaptive escape behaviors, including excessive risk taking. Yet not everyone scoring high on measures of relative deprivation makes maladaptive choices. We hypothesized thathope may ameliorate the negative effects of relative deprivation. In two laboratory-based experiments using a novel risk-taking task (N = 101) we show that hope reduces risk-taking behavior in relatively deprived participants. A third study (N = 122) extended the moderating effec...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - December 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Measuring Behavioural Dependence in Gambling: A Case for Removing Harmful Consequences from the Assessment of Problem Gambling Pathology
AbstractBehavioural dependence (BD) for gambling has traditionally been subsumed under the concept of ‘problems’: a hybrid construct that includes both indicators of BD, and adverse consequences (harm) arising from excessive time and money expenditure. Although progress has been made towards specific measurement of harm, dedicated measures of BD do not exist. Theory led us to expect that (1) dep endence and harm are measurably distinct constructs, (2) harm mediates the relationship between dependence and wellbeing, and finally, that (3) separate measures should be more effective than a unidimensional problems m...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Does Gambling Identity Predict Unique Variance in Negative Gambling-Related Outcomes: An Examination of Direct and Interactive Associations
AbstractResearch from other addiction-related domains have reported identity-related constructs to be positively associated with substance use-related outcomes (e.g., frequency, quantity, and/or problems). Moreover, substance use identity has also been found to be predictive of unique variance in substance use-related outcomes. Given the similarities between substance use and behavioral addictions, it may also be the case that gambling identity is predictive of unique variance in negative gambling-related outcomes (e.g., frequency, expenditure, and gambling problem severity). The current study was conducted to examine whet...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Predicting Intention to Play Random and Skill-based Electronic Gambling Machines Using the Theory of Reasoned Action
AbstractHybrid gambling machines (HGMs) are a new gambling activity that combine the skill element of traditional video games with the random pay-out schedule of electronic gaming machines (e.g., slots). Developed to increase gambling by younger generations that favor video games, there is currently no empirical evidence regarding consumer views of HGMs to guide policy-decision making related to this new gambling activity. We use the theory of reasoned action (TRA) to investigate factors that motivate intentions to play these machines in two studies: (1) among 43 casino patrons and (2) among 184 US online participants resi...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling, Substance Use and Violence in Male and Female Adolescents
AbstractThe study systematically examined the link between history of gambling, and substance-use and violence-related measures in male and female adolescents, and compared association differences between genders in representative youth risk behavior surveillance data. An anonymous survey was administered to 2425 9th- to 12th-grade students in the state of Connecticut to assess risk behaviors that impact health. Reported past-12-months gambling was the independent variable of interest. Chi squares and adjusted odds-ratios were computed to determine gambling associations with demographic variables, substance-use, and violen...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Recovery Capital and Symptom Improvement in Gambling Disorder: Correlations with Spirituality and Stressful Life Events in Younger but Not Older Adults
AbstractAlthough age-related differences have been reported in gambling disorder, prior studies have not examined how age may influence recovery in gambling disorder. Recovery may be influenced by positive factors (e.g., spirituality and recovery capital) and negative factors (e.g., depression, anxiety, and stressful life events). The current study examined associations between these positive and negative factors and gambling disorder DSM-5 symptom improvement in younger and older adults. Younger (less than 55  years of age; n = 86) and older (55 years or older; n = 54) adults, with li...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Predictors of Dropout in Disordered Gamblers in UK Residential Treatment
The original version of this article contained errors in Table  1. The numbers (N) and percentages (%) in the ‘completed treatment’ column were incorrect. It is now corrected with this erratum. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research