The Winners and the Losers: Tax Incidence of Gambling in Finland
This study shows that different socio-demographic factors have diverse association with the decisions whether or how much to gamble. The results also suggest that more disadvantaged, i.e. lower income, less educated and rural area living, individuals are expected to be the “losers” of the Finnish gambling taxation system. In other words, the Finnish gambling system is found to be regressive by nature. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 3, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Social Capital and Gambling: Evidence from Australia
AbstractThe prevalence of problem gambling in many countries necessitates research that examines factors influencing excessive and addictive consumption. We consider how social capital impacts gambling participation for a large representative sample of the Australian population. Specifically, we examine the association between social capital and gambling addiction using data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey. We address the endogeneity of social capital by instrumenting for social capital using an urban/rural reversed measure of ethnic diversity. Our main findings suggest that higher levels...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 2, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Ability to Discriminate Online Poker Tilt Episodes: A New Way to Prevent Excessive Gambling?
This study aims to explore the relation existing between the frequency of Tilt episodes, the player’s perception of these episodes and excessive gambl ing in online poker. The sample is composed of 291 adult French-speaking online poker players. All participants completed an online self-assessment questionnaire. The results of the classification analysis showed that the sample could be divided into three groups. The first group, named ‘‘player s in control’’ included low excessive gambling tendencies with low perceived and measured Tilt frequencies. The two other groups showed high measured ti...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 2, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Behavioral Intention to Gamble Among Adolescents: Differences Between Gamblers and Non-gamblers —Prevention Recommendations
AbstractGambling is a rapidly growing phenomenon among adolescents associated with negative psychosocial effects. To prevent this public health problem, it is necessary to identify the factors that cause and maintain adolescent gambling. Based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB), structural equation models were used in a sample of 1174 adolescents (aged 12 –20 years) to study the effect of attitudes, subjective norms and self-efficacy on gambling intention in adolescent gamblers (n = 432) and non-gamblers (n = 742). Measurement invariance was assessed and then structural model was...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - October 31, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Risk of Gambling Problems in the General Population: A Reconsideration
AbstractWe examine the manner in which the population prevalence of disordered gambling has usually been estimated, on the basis of surveys that suffer from a potential sample selection bias. General population surveys screen respondents using seemingly innocuous “trigger,” “gateway” or “diagnostic stem” questions, applied before they ask the actual questions about gambling behavior and attitudes. Modeling the latent sample selection behavior generated by these trigger questions using up-to-date econometrics for sample selection bias correction l eads to dramatically different inferences...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - October 18, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling and the Role of Resilience in an International Online Sample of Current and Ex-serving Military Personnel as Compared to the General Population
AbstractCompared to the general population, military personnel are particularly vulnerable to developing gambling problems. The present study examined the presentation of gambling —including gambling frequency, personal thoughts on reducing gambling and recommendations from others to reduce gambling—across these populations. Additionally, the study measured the association between gambling and various psychosocial risk and protective factors—including psychological dist ress, suicidal ideation, external encouragement to reduce substance use, days out of role, personal wellbeing, resilience, social support...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - October 16, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Cross-Cultural Study of Weekly Sports Bettors in Australia and Spain
This study aims to examine a sample of Australian (n  = 738) and Spanish (n = 361) weekly sports bettors to assess their similarities and differences concerning sociodemographic characteristics, channels (i.e., online vs. offline) and devices used, in-play betting, and problem gambling severity. The findings showed high problem gambling scores among sports bettors in both countries, and consistent similarities in the association between problem gambling, in-play betting, and offline betting. Also, clear trends were observed between problem gambling, higher educational level, and female sport bet...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - October 12, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Social Representations of People with Gambling Problems: The Influence of Prevention Classes on Non-gamblers
AbstractIn the present study, we examine the impact of prevention classes on non-gambling males. Specifically, we measure whether attending a prevention class influences how non-gambling participants perceive people who gamble problematically. Participants (N  = 545) were all lifetime non-gamblers, and were all conscripts attending a two-day military recruitment program. On the first day participants either attended or did not attend a gambling prevention class. On the second day, they all completed a questionnaire that contained questions on how the y perceived people who gamble problematically. Results show...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 28, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling-Related Cognitive Distortions in Residential Treatment for Gambling Disorder
AbstractGambling-related cognitive distortions are associated with gambling disorder severity, but few studies have provided an in-depth examination of the interrelationship between cognitive distortions, gambling severity, psychiatric comorbidity and treatment outcomes. The present study sought to identify factors associated with elevated cognitive distortions among problem gamblers entering residential treatment, examine changes in cognitive distortions through treatment, and explore the association between cognitive distortions and treatment outcomes. Pre- and post-treatment data were extracted from the charts of 125 in...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 27, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Web-Based Intervention and Email-Counseling for Problem Gamblers: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial
This study investigated the efficacy of two interventions for problem gamblers provided online by the German Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA). The first intervention is the guided program “Check Out” (CO), the second is email counselling (EC). A web-based randomized controlled trial with follow-up surveys after 3, 6 and 12 months was conducted. Participants were allocated to CO, to EC or to a waitlist (WL). Outcomes were the degree of problem gambling according to the Problem Ga mbling Severity Index, the number of days gambled in past 30 days, the highest stake during the past 30 days ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 27, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

What ’s the Message? A Content Analysis of Emails and Texts Received from Wagering Operators During Sports and Racing Events
AbstractPrevious research has established direct messages (such as emails and text messages) are a widely seen form of advertising and are highly influential on sports betting and race betting behaviour. Nevertheless, few studies have examined the specific content of these messages, and whether their content is related to account-holders ’ betting behaviour. The current study used an ecological momentary assessment design to examine direct messages received from wagering operators during the week around major Australian sports and racing events. Respondents completed a baseline survey followed by short daily surveys ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 26, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Predictive Role of Attachment, Coping, and Emotion Regulation in Gambling Motives of Adolescents and Young People
AbstractGambling disorder may be linked with different gambling motives such as enhancement, social, and coping motives, and vulnerability factors such as attachment, emotion regulation and coping. The aim of this study was to measure the link between gambling motives and vulnerability factors in adolescents. The sample comprised 472 students recruited from high schools and vocational education centers (mean age 15.6, SD  = 1.33). Gambling motives, gambling severity, parent and peer attachment, coping strategies, and difficulties in emotion regulation were assessed. The results showed that parent and peer att...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 18, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Near-Miss Effect in Slot Machines: A Review and Experimental Analysis Over Half a Century Later
AbstractIn games of chance, a near miss is said to occur when feedback for a loss approximates a win. For instance, obtaining “cherry–cherry–lemon” on a slot machine could be considered a near miss. Sixty-six years ago, B.F. Skinner first proposed the idea that near-miss events might reinforce continued play in slot machines, and despite some inconsistencies in the experimental literature, belief in this “near-mi ss effect” has remained strong. In the present manuscript, we will review this literature and present experimental assessments of the near-miss effect on the frequency of the ga...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 14, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

What Can be Done to Reduce the Public Stigma of Gambling Disorder? Lessons from Other Stigmatised Conditions
AbstractGambling is embedded in Australian cultural history, and perceived as a normal, legitimate leisure activity. Despite this normalisation, people who experience gambling problems are heavily stigmatised which can lead to a variety of harms that extend beyond the individual. The stigma from the general public appears to be based on a stereotype of a typical “problem gambler”—selfish, greedy, impulsive and irresponsible. However, research suggests that people experiencing gambling problems have widely varying characteristics and do not conform to this stereotype. Regardless of whether the stigma is ju...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Adolescent Gambling, Gambling Expenditure and Gambling –Related Harms in Finland, 2011–2017
We examined changes in adolescents ’ gambling, gambling expenditure and gambling–related harms from 2011 to 2017. Comparable cross-sectional biennial survey data were collected in 2011, 2013, 2015 and 2017 among 12–18-year-olds (N = 18,857). The main measures were self-reported six-month gambling, average weekly gambling expenditure (€) and harms due to gambling. Data were analyzed using cross-tabulations, χ2-tests and linear regression analysis. A significant decline in gambling among minors (aged 12 –16-year-olds) was found (β = − 0.253), whil...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Making EGMs Accountable: Can an Informative and Dynamic Interface Help Players Self-regulate?
AbstractElectronic gaming machines (EGMs) are recognised as one of the most harmful gambling forms, because they promote high-speed repetitive gambling and automatically reinvest winnings. These features, amongst others, make it difficult for EGM gamblers to keep track of their play. Tools to assist gamblers exist, but have limited effectiveness because they require user registration and manual activation, leading to low uptake. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of a more informative interface (including removal of automatic reinvestment of winnings) and pop-up messages on gambling behaviour, and on player exp...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 12, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Religiosity and Chance Beliefs in Persons with DSM-IV Pathological Gambling Enrolled in a Longitudinal Follow-Up Study
This study investigates the association of public, private and intrinsic religiosity and chance beliefs (superstition, illusion of control) with gambling behavior in a longitudinal follow-up study of younger and older adult subjects with DSM-IV pathological gambling (PG) and an older adult comparison group without PG. One-hundred sixty-three subjects were enrolled including 60 younger adults with PG ( ≥ 18/
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - August 3, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Materialism, Financial Motives and Gambling: Examination of an Unexplored Relationship
The objective of the present study was to explore the links between materialism and gambling disorder (GD) and whether this relationship is mediated by financial motives for gambling. We compared 65 pathological gamblers (PGs) seeking treatment to 65 matched non-problem gamblers. The data collection included socio-demographics, gambling characteristics, theMaterialism Values Scale, theGambling Motives Questionnaire—Financial, and theRosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The statistical analysis included linear mixed models and Structural Equation Modelling. The level of materialism was significantly higher for the PGs, except...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - August 3, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

An Exploratory Study of Relationships Among Five-Factor Personality Measures and Forms of Gambling in Adults With and Without Probable Pathological Gambling
AbstractThe present study explored relationships between personality domains and gambling forms in individuals with and without probable pathological gambling (PPG). Associations among personality domain scores obtained from the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised, endorsements of gambling activities on the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS), and PPG as determined by the SOGS were examined with bivariate and logistic regression analyses. Compared to recreational gamblers, those with PPG scored significantly higher in neuroticism and lower in agreeableness and conscientiousness. Agreeableness was inversely associated with gamb...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - August 3, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Graphical Depiction of Statistical Information Improves Gambling-Related Judgments
In conclusion, the results of the current study demonstrate how judgments in a scratch card gambling domain can be improved by simply changing the presentation format of a single piece of information. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - August 3, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Betting Practices Among Players in Portuguese Championships: From Cultural to Illegal Behaviours
AbstractThe growth of the online sports betting market has generated new risk areas and threats to sport integrity, such as match-fixing. In recent years, institutional concern to fight against the phenomenon has been intensified and a set of countermeasures has been adopted. One of the most widely implemented measures to protect integrity in sport is to ban athletes and sports players from betting on the competitions in which they are involved. In some countries, such as Portugal, this practice has become a crime under the new legislation. Despite the legal and sporting restrictions and the prevention programmes carried o...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 30, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Segmenting Chinese Gamblers Based on Gambling Forms: A Latent Class Analysis
AbstractSegmentation of gamblers is useful for understanding their distinctive characteristics and enforcing customized measures in harm minimization work. Previous research has commonly adopted gambling motivation and involvement as segmentation criteria. However, these criteria are less identifiable through observation. Gambling forms, used in recent gambling segmentation research, are more observable, facilitating the prevention and treatment work of governments and practitioners, as the identified segments have distinctive gambling disorder symptoms. As gambling is widespread in the Chinese population and little is kno...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 19, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Staff Perceptions of Responsible Gambling Training Programs: Qualitative Findings
AbstractStaff training in responsible gambling forms an integral component of industry measures designed to respond to and minimize gambling-related harms. Research suggests that venue staff members have the capacity to identify behavioral indicators of problem gambling among patrons, but often are reluctant or fail to respond to patrons unless directly approached for assistance. Understanding the barriers preventing staff from proactively intervening with identified patrons is necessary if a positive shift toward greater levels of assistance for at-risk individuals is to be achieved. A series of focus groups were conducte...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 17, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Predictors of Dropout in Disordered Gamblers in UK Residential Treatment
AbstractWithin the cohort of individuals who seek treatment for disordered gambling, over half fail to complete treatment. The current study sought to identify predictors of treatment dropout in a sample of gamblers attending a residential treatment facility for disordered gamblers in the UK and to report differences in voluntary and enforced dropout. Data on 658 gamblers seeking residential treatment with the Gordon Moody Association (GMA) was analysed, collected between 2000 and 2015. Measurements included demographic data, self-reported gambling behavior, (including the Problem Gambling Severity Index), mental and physi...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

An Exploratory RCT to Support Gamblers ’ Intentions to Stick to Monetary Limits: A Brief Intervention Using Action and Coping Planning
AbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and impact of an action and coping planning intervention deployed in gambling venues to improve adherence to expenditure limits. We conducted a 2-group parallel-block randomised controlled trial comparing one 20-min session of action and coping planning to an assessment alone. Gamblers who were intending to set a monetary limit on EGMs (n  = 184) were recruited in venues and administered the intervention prior to gambling. Measures were adherence to self-identified gambling limits and adherence to expenditure intentions at 30-days post-intervent...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Research and Funding Biases
This study empirically synthesizes the outcomes of a larger sample of the scientific gambling literature to determine the generalizability of these original results. Our goal was to determine the extent to which funding sources might differentially influence characteristics of research design and outcomes. We conducted a comprehensive review of 18 research databases and examined studies published between January 2008 and August 2018. For four gambling-related journals, we reviewed all of the available studies. For 14 addiction-related journals, we examined only studies that examined gambling-related outcomes. To be include...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 12, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Associations Between Maladaptive Personality Traits, Craving, Alcohol Use, and Adolescent Problem Gambling: An Italian Survey Study
AbstractAlthough gambling disorder (GD) criteria do not explicitly address craving, it has received increased attention because it has been found to be a significant predictor of gambling severity. Furthermore, recent findings have suggested that both alcohol consumption and maladaptive personality traits may be risk factors among adult GD. To date, no study has evaluated the relative contribution of these factors in adolescent gambling behavior. Consequently, the present study investigated the relationship between gambling severity, craving, maladaptive personality traits, and alcohol use among adolescents. The sample com...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 12, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Application of Health Belief Model to Practice of Responsible Gambling
AbstractResponsible gambling (RG) strategies seem to be effective only to some people and it is unclear why some gamblers are more likely to adhere to RG practices (e.g., self-exclusion and setting limits). The current study investigated whether cognitive factors, including RG awareness and Health Belief Model (HBM) factors (i.e., perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefit, perceived barrier, cue to action, and self-efficacy), accounted for individual differences in adherence to ten common RG practices. Eight hundred and ninety-six community-dwelling adults were recruited to participate in a telephone ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 28, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Types of Emotion Regulation and Their Associations with Gambling: A Cross-Sectional Study with Disordered and Non-problem Ecuadorian Gamblers
AbstractThis cross-sectional study was aimed at investigating the role of emotional regulation in regular gambling in a sample of 197 disordered and non-problem gamblers from Ecuador. Two proxies were used as measures of behavioral signs ofgeneralized emotion dysregulation (UPPS-P emotion-driven impulsivity) andintentional emotion regulation strategies (ERQ), and their associations with gambling cognitions (as measured by the GRCS questionnaire), gambling behavior (SOGS), and comorbid alcohol and drug misuse (MultiCAGE), were explored. For analyses, impulsivity traits, including emotion-driven impulsivity scores, were used...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 19, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Cognitive Distortions in Gamblers and Non-gamblers of a Representative Spanish Sample
AbstractCognitive biases or distortions related to gambling, present in all people, are considered a relevant factor in the development of gambling-related problems. Objective: to establish whether the presence of these biases or cognitive distortions, in gamblers and non-gamblers, is related to the presence of gambling problems. Method: 3000 people aged 18 –81 years, representative of the Spanish adult population, underwent a structured survey. Results: the presence of distortions was relevant to distinguish gamblers according to their level of gambling engagement and problems. There is a constant and significa...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 17, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Cue-Reactive Imagery Mediates the Relationships of Reward Responsiveness with Both Cue-Reactive Urge to Gamble and Positive Affect in Poker-Machine Gamblers
AbstractPrevious research has demonstrated that gambling cues (e.g., flashing lights on poker-machines) can trigger an urge to gamble in poker-machine gamblers. However, the psychological mechanisms that promote the urge to gamble remain poorly understood. The present study explored whether reward responsiveness predicted urge to gamble and positive affect, and whether cue-reactive rationality, volitional control and imagery mediated these relationships. Ninety-three (45% male and 55% female) Australian regular poker-machine gamblers aged between 18 and 77 participated in an online cue-reactivity experiment. Participants i...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 8, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Predicting Gambling Propensity and Behavior: The Role of Social Axioms and Distortive Beliefs
AbstractTheory and research have revealed the impact of cognitive factors on propensity for gambling, but the role of generalized beliefs and their underlying mechanisms receive little attention. In the present research, we operationalized generalized beliefs as social axioms (Leung et al. in J Cross Cult Psychol 33:286 –302,2002) and tested how the axiom factors of fate control and social cynicism affected the likelihood to gamble in hypothetical scenarios (Study 1) and the actual behaviour of gambling (Study 2). In Study 1, we found that both fate control and social cynicism positively predicted the propensity to p...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 8, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Contrasting Effects of Gambling Consumption and Gambling Problems on Subjective Wellbeing
AbstractMost research on gambling focuses on the negative consequences associated with excessive consumption, which implicitly leads to a reduction in health and wellbeing. However, few studies have measured subjective wellbeing with respect to gambling involvement, and almost none has attempted to distinguish the separate effects of consumption and problems. We used the Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI) in two surveys with different recruitment criteria. Study 1 (N  = 1524, 50.6% female) was designed to compare differences in personal wellbeing among gamblers, and Study 2 (N = 1586, 70.2% female) ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 8, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Prevalence and Characteristics of Sports Betting in a Population of Young Students in Madrid
The objective of this study is to identify and characterise the situation in which young students in Madrid participate in sports betting. A Sports Betting Evaluation Questionnaire was given to a convenience sample of 735 young students from Madrid (aged 18 –25), both live (face-to-face) and on-line. 42.6% of the sample admitted having placed sports bets at one time; 81% of those who had bet were men and 78% had bet live, versus 18% who had done so on-line and 5% using both systems. Men were found to bet more frequently and spend more money and more time doing so than women. Those who bet on-line do so more frequentl...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 7, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Proximal and Distal Risk Factors for Gambling Problems Specifically Associated with Electronic Gaming Machines
This study used an EGM-specific measure (PGSI-EGM) to achieve its aim of identifying risk factors specifically associated with problematic EGM play. By removing nuisance effects from other gambling forms that higher-risk gamblers typically engage in, this approach provides a more accurate assessment of the determinants of EGM-related problems. An online survey was completed by 1932 at-least monthly EGM players in Australia. It measured demographics, EGM gambling behaviour, motiv ations, gambling urges, gambling fallacies, trait self-control, alcohol misuse, and the PGSI-EGM. A penalised regression model identified the most...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 6, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Systematic Review of Preventive Programs for Reducing Problem Gambling Behaviors Among Young Adults
The objective of this study was to summarize the existing literature on the effectiveness of prevention programs aimed at reducing the prevalence of gambling problems in young adults. A systematic review was conducted following the Preferred R eporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Six electronic academic databases were consulted in order to examine the studies conducted during the last 20 years. After removing duplicates and adhering to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, nine studies were includ ed in this review. All studies targeted college or university students and fo...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Australia ’s Gambling Epidemic: The Role of Neighbourhood Ethnic Diversity
AbstractGambling is a popular leisure activity but also a significant public health issue in Australia. The severity of gambling in Australia is characterised by unprecedented gambling expenditures and losses representing the highest gambling rates in the world, which has led to renewed interests in understanding the factors influencing gambling behaviours. We contribute to the debate on the determinants of gambling by providing the first study that examines the impact of ethnic diversity on gambling. Using data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey, we find that ethnic diversity is positively ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Problem Gambling in Greece: Prevalence and Risk Factors During the Financial Crisis
AbstractIn Greece no study has ever been conducted on the prevalence of problem gambling. Therefore, a cross-sectional survey was carried out amid the recession aiming to (1) estimate past year prevalence of problem gambling, (2) explore socio-economic and demographic differences among gamblers and non gamblers, (3) explore socio-economic and demographic differences among gamblers who started gambling prior and during the downturn and (4) identify its risk factors with a special interest in the influence of the recession. To this end, data emanating from a telephone and patron survey were combined. A random and representat...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Can Positive Social Perception and Reduced Stigma be a Problem in Sports Betting? A Qualitative Focus Group Study with Spanish Sports Bettors Undergoing Treatment for Gambling Disorder
AbstractThe way society perceives problem gambling, and its effects on how problem gamblers perceive themselves have significant consequences on the wellbeing of people experiencing gambling disorder. Associated with social perception, stigma and other social perception-related features have an impact on the way problem gamblers identify themselves, seek for help, and recover. However, not all gambling types are identically perceived by the society. The present paper examines the case of the social perception of sports betting in the context of Spain. A total of 43 male sports bettors undergoing treatment for gambling diso...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 14, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Where ’s the Bonus in Bonus Bets? Assessing Sports Bettors’ Comprehension of their True Cost
AbstractWagering inducements with bonus bets are prominently marketed and often have play-through conditions requiring further expenditure. However, these conditions are not usually presented in the inducement advertisement and may be difficult to locate. The play-through conditions themselves are complex and may lead bettors to miscalculate the inducement ’s true cost. Therefore, in relation to inducements with bonus bets, this study aimed to assess: (1) whether their perceived attractiveness varies with the amount and type of information provided about their play-through conditions; (2) bettors’ comprehension...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 14, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Video Gaming, Gambling, and Problematic Levels of Video Gaming and Gambling
AbstractThe relationship between video gaming and gambling was examined in a large cross-sectional sample of 3942 Canadian online panelists who responded to a solicitation recruiting individuals who regularly gambled or played video games. Most past year video gamers reported gambling in the past year (78.5%) and most past year gamblers reported playing video games in the past year (70.7%). However, frequency of involvement in gambling as well as all individual types of gambling was only weakly correlated with frequency of involvement in video games. Problem gamblers and problem gamers were found to have similar demographi...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 14, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Job Insecurity, Occupational Future Time Perspective, and Psychological Distress Among Casino Employees
AbstractThe primary goal of this study was to examine job insecurity as a work stressor predicting psychological distress (i.e. depression, anxiety, and stress) among casino employees in Macao, China. The study was also the first one to test whether occupational future time perspective mediated the above relations. We recruited 1014 participants, who voluntarily took part in an anonymous survey in October 2016. Results suggested that job insecurity was positively related to psychological distress (i.e. depression, anxiety and stress). In line with our hypothesis, we also found that occupational future time perspective sign...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 8, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Implicit Memory Associations and Gambling
AbstractAssociations that people report in response to words or phrases ( ‘implicit associations’) may provide information about their interest and engagement in certain activities that might not have been reported if they had been directed asked. The present study investigated the word and behavioural associations reported by 494 university undergraduates to words an d phrases that could be construed as having gambling-related connotations. These reported associations were then related to each student’s level of gambling involvement and his or her problem gambling status. Results showed there to be a sig...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 6, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory and Problem Gambling in a General Population Sample
This study examined the impact of revised reinforcement sensitivity theory (r-RST) on two measures of problem gambling. Using 112 general population adult participants, two measures of r-RST, the reinforcement sensitivity theory of personality questionnaire (RST-PQ) and Jackson 5, were used to predict problem gambling operationalised using the South Oaks Gambling Screen and the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). Hypotheses were that the behavioural approach system (BAS) would positively predict problem gambling and the behavioural inhibition system (BIS) would negatively predict problem gambling. Results found that the BIS negative...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Can Slot-Machine Reward Schedules Induce Gambling Addiction in Rats?
AbstractSimilar to drugs of abuse, random-ratio reward schedules are highly motivating and, in humans, are thought to foster gambling addiction. Animal gambling models, however, have not yet demonstrated the compulsivity so characteristic of drug addiction. Three criteria have been used to evaluate addiction-like behavior in drug models: (1) response inhibition when reward is not available, (2) persistence under a progressive ratio schedule, in which the response-to-reward ratio is stretched, and (3) persistence in spite of punishment. We tested whether prolonged exposure (6  weeks) to a gambling-like reward schedule ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 2, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Quantification of the Net Consumer Surplus from Gambling Participation
AbstractGambling exposes people to risk for harm, but also has recreational benefits. The present study aimed to measure gambling harm and gambling benefits on similar scales using two novel methods adapted from the Burden of Disease approach (McCormack et al. in Psychol Med 18(4):1007 –1019,1988; Torrance et al. in Health Serv Res 7(2):118 –133,1972) to find whether gambling either adds or subtracts from quality of life. A Tasmanian population-representative survey of 5000 adults (2534 female) from random digit dialling (RDD) of landline telephones in Tasmania (50%), as well as pre-screened Tasmanian RDD mobil...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 29, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Problem Gambling and Psychiatric Comorbidity —Risk and Temporal Sequencing Among Women and Men: Results from the Swelogs Case–Control Study
AbstractIt is well known that many problem gamblers also suffer from other psychiatric conditions. However, knowledge regarding the temporal sequencing of the conditions is lacking, as well as insight in possible gender specific patterns. The aim of this study was to examine the risk for psychiatric comorbidity among problem gamblers compared to non-problem gamblers in the general Swedish population, as well as the age of onset and the temporal sequencing of problem gambling and the comorbid psychiatric conditions among lifetime problem gamblers. A case –control study nested in the Swelogs cohort was used. For b...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 25, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Return-to-Player Percentage in Gaming Machines: Impact of Informative Materials on Player Understanding
This study aimed to investigate the extent to which players understand the concept return to player percentage presented in different educative formats. A sample of 112 university students were randomly allocated to one of four co nditions pertaining to a different mode of information delivery; infographic, vignette, brochure, or mandated legislation (control). Participants completed post-intervention measures to determine changes in knowledge. As predicted, participants exhibited a lack of understanding of the concept of ret urn to player at baseline. However, contrary to predictions, exposure to any of the experimental c...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 25, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Self-Limitation and Gambling Behavior Among German Gambling Arcade Visitors
AbstractSlot machine gambling enjoys great popularity in Germany. In 2016, electronic gambling machines in arcades and pubs had a market share of 51.7% in the regulated gambling market with a gross gambling revenue of EUR 5600 million. To decrease the risks of this type of gambling, pre-commitment tools are a frequently used harm-minimization strategy. Germany has not established any formalized self-limitation program for electronic gambling machines yet. Nevertheless, many gamblers use self-initiated limits as a voluntary control strategy. This paper uses a sample of 503 German arcade gamblers to analyze the differences i...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 23, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: The Effects of Social Class on Individuals ’ Decision-Making Tendencies in a Prestige-Money Game: Social Value or Instrumental Value?
The original version of this article contained an error in the co-author name and e-mail address. The author name should read as “Chen-Hao Tan” instead of “Cheng-Hao Tang”. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 9, 2019 Category: Addiction Source Type: research