Measuring Behavioural Dependence in Gambling: A Case for Removing Harmful Consequences from the Assessment of Problem Gambling Pathology
AbstractBehavioural dependence (BD) for gambling has traditionally been subsumed under the concept of ‘problems’: a hybrid construct that includes both indicators of BD, and adverse consequences (harm) arising from excessive time and money expenditure. Although progress has been made towards specific measurement of harm, dedicated measures of BD do not exist. Theory led us to expect that (1) dep endence and harm are measurably distinct constructs, (2) harm mediates the relationship between dependence and wellbeing, and finally, that (3) separate measures should be more effective than a unidimensional problems m...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Does Gambling Identity Predict Unique Variance in Negative Gambling-Related Outcomes: An Examination of Direct and Interactive Associations
AbstractResearch from other addiction-related domains have reported identity-related constructs to be positively associated with substance use-related outcomes (e.g., frequency, quantity, and/or problems). Moreover, substance use identity has also been found to be predictive of unique variance in substance use-related outcomes. Given the similarities between substance use and behavioral addictions, it may also be the case that gambling identity is predictive of unique variance in negative gambling-related outcomes (e.g., frequency, expenditure, and gambling problem severity). The current study was conducted to examine whet...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Predicting Intention to Play Random and Skill-based Electronic Gambling Machines Using the Theory of Reasoned Action
AbstractHybrid gambling machines (HGMs) are a new gambling activity that combine the skill element of traditional video games with the random pay-out schedule of electronic gaming machines (e.g., slots). Developed to increase gambling by younger generations that favor video games, there is currently no empirical evidence regarding consumer views of HGMs to guide policy-decision making related to this new gambling activity. We use the theory of reasoned action (TRA) to investigate factors that motivate intentions to play these machines in two studies: (1) among 43 casino patrons and (2) among 184 US online participants resi...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling, Substance Use and Violence in Male and Female Adolescents
AbstractThe study systematically examined the link between history of gambling, and substance-use and violence-related measures in male and female adolescents, and compared association differences between genders in representative youth risk behavior surveillance data. An anonymous survey was administered to 2425 9th- to 12th-grade students in the state of Connecticut to assess risk behaviors that impact health. Reported past-12-months gambling was the independent variable of interest. Chi squares and adjusted odds-ratios were computed to determine gambling associations with demographic variables, substance-use, and violen...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Recovery Capital and Symptom Improvement in Gambling Disorder: Correlations with Spirituality and Stressful Life Events in Younger but Not Older Adults
AbstractAlthough age-related differences have been reported in gambling disorder, prior studies have not examined how age may influence recovery in gambling disorder. Recovery may be influenced by positive factors (e.g., spirituality and recovery capital) and negative factors (e.g., depression, anxiety, and stressful life events). The current study examined associations between these positive and negative factors and gambling disorder DSM-5 symptom improvement in younger and older adults. Younger (less than 55  years of age; n = 86) and older (55 years or older; n = 54) adults, with li...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Predictors of Dropout in Disordered Gamblers in UK Residential Treatment
The original version of this article contained errors in Table  1. The numbers (N) and percentages (%) in the ‘completed treatment’ column were incorrect. It is now corrected with this erratum. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Gambling Research and Funding Biases
Unfortunately, the original publication contains errors. The authors would like to correct the errors. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Web-Based Intervention and Email ‑Counseling for Problem Gamblers: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial
The article “Web-Based Intervention and Email-Counseling for Problem Gamblers: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial” was written by Benjamin Jonas, Fabian Leuschner, Anna Eiling, Christine Schoelen, Renate Soellner and Peter Tossmann. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Adolescent Problem Gambling in Rural Ghana: Prevalence and Gender Differentiation
AbstractProblem gambling among young people is now a public health challenge in sub-Saharan Africa. However, the behaviour remains understudied, particularly, among rural-dwelling young people in countries within the subregion. We aimed to  estimate the 12 months prevalence of problem gambling and to describe the overall and gender differences and commonalities in personal factors and social adversities associated with problem gambling among adolescents in rural Ghana. We conducted a cross-sectional survey involving a random sample of 1101 in-school adolescents aged 10–19 years in a rural district...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Advertising Games of Chance in Adolescents and Young Adults in Spain
AbstractGambling advertising can influence attitudes and gaming behavior of adolescents and young adults (A&Y). To study the effect of advertising on the attitudes and gaming behavior of a sample of 2887 Spanish A&Y (12 –22 years old), by means of a self-report assessment. On average, participants show a weak effect of advertising, however there are great variations, estimating that 11% of A&Y acknowledge being influenced by advertising and 5% recognize being severely affected. Men see themselves more impacted than women, without age differences. Those who play videogames signal a stronger effect of ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling, Family Dysfunction and Psychological Disorders: A Cross- Sectional Study
AbstractThe present study aimed to identify predictors and effects of problem gambling and examine the moderating role of family dysfunction between problem gambling and its effects. A sample of 104 gamblers (all were men, Mean  = 26.2, SD = 6.8), was recruited from gambling venues in an urban area of Musanze district, Northern Province of Rwanda. Participants were aged above the legal age of 16 years. Data were collected using the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI), the Brief Michigan Alcoholism Screening Tes t (Brief MAST), Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST-10), the Psychopathy Checklis...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Instant Gratification Behavior Among Gambling Individuals in Uganda
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The corrected details are given below. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - October 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Behaviors in Adolescent Male and Female Regular and Non-Regular Gamblers: A Study of Central Italian Adolescents
AbstractGambling is a widespread and popular phenomenon among adolescents. However, little is known specifically about adolescent gambling behaviors in Italy. The aim of the present study was to explore the prevalence and frequency of gambling behaviors, the types of bets most frequently chosen, the amount of money spent on gambling, and the more frequent problem gambling behaviors, taking into account the type of gambler (regular and non-regular), gender, and age. For this propose, 1255 adolescents (59.1% males) aged 13 to 19  years (M = 16.06; SD = 1.47), were recruited for the study. Res...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - October 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Assessment of the Effectiveness of Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in Reducing Pathological Gambling
This study examined the effectiveness of group cognitive-behavioural therapy (GCBT) on pathological gambling among Nigerian students. The study used a group randomised controlled trial design to assign participants to intervention and control groups. A total of 40 undergraduate students, aged 18 –30, were classified as pathological gamblers (participants) in this study. Participants completed self-report scales titled South oaks gambling screen and Gambling Symptom Assessment Scale at three-time points. The intervention lasted for 8 weeks. The data collected were statistically analysed u sing repeated-measures A...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - October 10, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Disorder and Childhood Trauma: A Complex Association
AbstractGambling disorder (GD) is classified as a behavioural addiction and has some phenotypic similarities with substance use disorders (SUDs). Childhood adversity and life stressors are associated with increased risk for SUDs in adulthood. However, there is limited research investigating the association between childhood trauma, stressors and behavioural addictions such as GD. In this case –control cross-sectional study, 31 adult patients with GD were compared to 31 matched healthy controls (HCs) in terms of exposure to early adversity using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-SF). In addition, past 12-month s...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling in Transition: Assessing Youth Narratives of Gambling in Nigeria
This study therefore argues the need to situate the discourse of youth gambling within the social, cultur al, and economic context in which they are located in Nigeria. In addition, the authors provide a framework for understanding the complexity of youth gambling in Nigeria. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 28, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Role of Narcissism, Hyper-competitiveness and Maladaptive Coping Strategies on Male Adolescent Regular Gamblers: Two Mediation Models
AbstractThe present study aimed to explore the unique and common role that some cognitive, personality and relational characteristics play in male adolescents ’ regular gambling behavior. Participants were 273 male adolescents and young adults aged 15–19 recruited in sports betting centers. They completed the South Oaks Gambling Screen, the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire, the Hypercompetitive Attitude scale, and The Coping Strategy Indicator. The relationship between narcissistic rivalry and gambling was mediated by hyper-competitiveness and avoidant coping strategy. These findings suggest th...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Measuring Gamblers ’ Behaviour to Show That Negative Sounds Can Reveal the True Nature of Losses Disguised as Wins in Multiline Slot Machines
AbstractLosses disguised as wins (LDWs) are slot machine outcomes where players gain fewer credits than they wager. Despite being losses, slot machines celebrate LDWs with positive sounds and animations, leading gamblers to respond to them as wins. It is unknown how manipulating the sound following LDWs may influence gamblers ’ behaviour. In Experiment 1, participants played two conditions on a realistic slot machine simulator: a (standard) positive sound condition (LDWs paired with positive sound, losses paired with silence), and a negative sound condition (LDWs and losses paired with negative sound). We measured pa...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Transmission of Problem Gambling Between Adjacent Generations
AbstractWe investigate the extent to which gambling problems at age 20 are linked to parental gambling behaviour during childhood, employing data from a longitudinal study (ALSPAC) which has followed parents and children from Avon, England since pregnancy. 1058 children completed a problem gambling screen at age 20. When those children had been age 6, each of their parents was asked about their own gambling. We used regression to estimate the effect of parental gambling behaviour at child age 6 on the child ’s problem gambling risk at age 20. Parental gambling participation at child age 6 was not a predictor of offsp...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Feasibility, Acceptance, and Safety of Metacognitive Training for Problem and Pathological Gamblers (Gambling-MCT): A Pilot Study
AbstractApproximately 90% of problem and pathological gamblers remain untreated. This treatment gap may be diminished by the implementation of low-threshold treatment programs. As cognitive distortions play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of gambling problems, interventions targeting gambling-related biases may be particularly effective. The aim of the present study was to examine the feasibility, acceptance, and safety of a novel metacognitive training for individuals with gambling problems (Gambling-MCT). Twenty-five participants were included in an uncontrolled pilot trial with two assessment points (i...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Reaching Out to Big Losers: How Different Types of Gamblers are Affected by a Brief Motivational Contact Initiated by the Gambling Provider
This report examines how different subtypes of gamblers, based upon patterns of play, are differentially affected. A randomized controlled trial design with three conditions (n  = 1003 in each): feedback intervention by letter, telephone or a no-contact control condition. Subtypes of gamblers were derived by latent class analyses (LCA) based upon gambling behavior pre intervention. The participants were customers of Norsk Tipping gambling platforms. 1003 statistical t riplets from the top 0.5% of customers based upon annual expenditure, matched on sex, age, and net losses. Primary outcome measure was gam...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Does Losing on a Previous Betting Day Predict How Long it Takes to Return to the Next Session of Online Horse Race Betting?
This study examined how recent losses predict the frequency of play in online betting. Previous studies have suggested that players tend to decrease betting volume and consequently take on less risk after a losing session. We used a daily panel of actual gambling data and survival regression to investigate how incurring losses predicts the duration to the next betting day. Our main findings were that, after a losing betting day, a bettor typically abstained from betting for a 27% longer time than after a day he or she broke even. Further, we found that either untypically high wins or loses significantly predicted the amoun...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Instant Gratification Behavior Among Gambling Individuals in Uganda
This study adopted a cross-sectional quantitative research design. Data was collected from 257 bettors in 26 betting firms, and a census survey was found appropriate to achieve a response rate of 98%. The research findings indicate that low-income earners are more likely to engage in sports betting. Secondly, individuals with jobs where they have too much free time and inadequate supervision are most likely to participate in sports betting. We, therefore, recommend that both private and public organizations should be concerned about the impact of sports betting on their performance and employees. Most entities don ’t...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Exploring the Predictive Value of Gambling Motives, Cognitive Distortions, and Materialism on Problem Gambling Severity in Adolescents and Young Adults
AbstractGambling motives and cognitive distortions are thought to be associated because both coping and financial motives to gamble appear to be predictors of gambling related cognitive distortions. Therefore, there is an argument to be made that gambling motives, cognitive distortions, and materialism share common attributes and might be related to problem gambling severity. The present paper aims to examine the relationship between these three variables, both in a clinical and community setting, to see if they can predict gambling severity. A sample of 250 participants from the general population and 31 participants from...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - August 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Why Do Individuals Engage in In-Play Sports Betting? A Qualitative Interview Study
AbstractIncreasing technological advancements and changing consumer behavior has resulted in individuals having access to a wider range of online gambling markets and sporting events than ever before. Sports betting in real time has been aided by the accessibility of smartphone devices. Consequently, the popularity of live sports betting (i.e., ‘in-play’ betting) has spread across Europe and around the rest of world. The aim of the present exploratory study was to examine attitudes and opinions towards online sports betting. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 17 males and 2 females aged between 21 and 3...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - August 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Comparison of Gambling-Related Cognitions and Behaviors in Gamblers from the United States and Spain
AbstractFew studies have compared the clinical characteristics of gambling disorder (GD) from a cross-cultural perspective. In the present study, we aimed to examine differences in gambling-related cognitions, gambling preferences, GD severity and other clinical and sociodemographic variables in individuals with GD in the United States and Spain. Two groups of participants with GD (from the United States of America (US; n  = 109) and Spain (n = 243) were compared using the South Oaks gambling screen and the gambling-related cognitions scale. In Spain, the prevalence of participants who reported ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - August 7, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Industry Employees ’ Experiences with an Onsite Responsible Gambling Program
We examined gambling venue employees ’ experiences with GameSense, an onsite responsible gambling information center designed to be a resource for casino employees as well as patrons. Participants included 492 employees who reported on their engagement with, and opinions and knowledge of, the GameSense information center and its staf f (i.e., GameSense Advisors), as well as their own employment department and gambling involvement. A minority of participants (33.5%) reported having spoken with a GameSense Advisor about responsible gambling or problem gambling; the remaining 66.5% either did not ever speak to a GameSen...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - August 1, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Understanding the Relation Between Social Behaviors and Daily Fantasy Sports Risk Behavior
AbstractIn daily fantasy sports (DFS) contests, participants form a roster of athletes scheduled to perform in a pre-determined list of sporting contests or games. Each participant has the opportunity to win cash prizes, depending on the performance of the athletes on their roster and the performances of the athletes on the other participants ’ rosters. Some contests have higher variances than others (i.e., lower percentages of participants winning and higher payouts versus higher percentages of participants winning and lower payouts) and can be considered riskier propositions. DFS operators have mechanisms for inter...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Scratch Card Near-Miss Outcomes Increase the Urge to Gamble, but Do Not Impact Further Gambling Behaviour: A Pre-registered Replication and Extension
AbstractScratch card near-misses, outcomes in which two out of three required jackpot symbols are uncovered, have been shown to erroneously increase the urge to continue gambling. It remains unknown if and how these outcomes influence further gambling behaviour. Previous studies examining the influence of near-misses on purchasing behaviour offered a low-stakes gamble to participants after experiencing a near-miss or a regular loss. We sought to investigate the influence of these outcomes on scratch card purchasing behaviour with a stronger test of participants ’ gambling behavior by having them either “cash ou...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Research and Industry Funding
AbstractThis paper discusses the relationship between investigative credibility and the sources of funding associated with gambling research. Some researchers argue against accepting funding from gambling industry sources; similarly, they decline to participate in activities directly or indirectly sponsored by gambling industry sources. In contrast, these anti-industry investigators evidence less resistance toward accepting funds from sources other than industry, for example, governments, because they believe that they have greater independence, reliability, and validity, and less undue influence and/or interference. We or...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Encouraging Gamblers to Think Critically Using Generalised Analytical Priming is Ineffective at Reducing Gambling Biases
AbstractGambling has been associated with an array of fallacious beliefs that foster risky gambling decisions. Research into other belief systems suggests that the endorsement of non-evidence based beliefs, such as the paranormal or conspiracy theories, can be reduced when people think more analytically. The purpose of this study was to explore whether an intervention designed to elicit analytical thinking was effective in altering the gambling beliefs and simulated gambling behaviour of 178 regular electronic gaming machine (EGM) gamblers (102 males, 76 female). Participants were randomly allocated to complete either an a...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Exposure to Gambling and Alcohol Marketing in Soccer Matchday Programmes
AbstractThe UK ’s Premier League and Championship are two of the most well attended soccer leagues worldwide; however, little is known regarding exposure to gambling marketing through the matchday experience. The current study sought to quantify exposure to gambling and alcohol marketing, and responsible gamblin g messages within matchday programmes. Programmes for each team in the English Premier League and Championship were analysed across consecutive matchday weekends, made available to 1,269,404 match-going fans. Direct adverts for, and incidental exposure to, gambling, alcohol, and responsible gambling marketing...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

How Can Partners Influence the Gambling Habits of Their Gambler Spouse?
AbstractAn increasing number of clinical and empirical studies document the coping strategies used by partners of pathological gamblers (PGs). A postulate for this is that they may be useful for dealing with their partner ’s problematic gambling behaviors. Despite a widespread endorsement of this postulate, no study has yet documented their effectiveness: does the use of these coping strategies impact the gambler’s behavior? To answer this question, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 participants ( 8 couples comprising one PG and his or her partner, one partner of a PG, and 2 PGs). Qualitative an...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Examining Change in Self-Reported Gambling Measures Over Time as Related to Socially Desirable Responding Bias
AbstractSocially desirable responding is a response bias that can affect the accuracy of self-reports. It is especially likely when questions address sensitive topics, such as gambling attitudes, problems and behaviours. A sample of 321 participants were recruited from Amazon ’s mTurk crowdsourcing platform for a randomized controlled trial investigating an online gambling intervention. Data from this study was used to examine the influence of socially desirable responding on gambling self-report measures over time. At baseline, self-deception (SD), a factor of sociall y desirable responding, was significantly higher...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling and Attachment: The Mediating Role of Alexithymia in Adolescents and Young Adults
This study demonstrated that adolescent and young adult problem gamblers show higher comorbid addictions than non-problem gamblers, in the same way as higher levels of alexithymia and poorer father attachment. Given that higher comorbidity in early ages is associated with worse prognosis and higher psychopathology in adult life, early detection and treatment purposes becomes essential. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 29, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Mentalizing Failures, Emotional Dysregulation, and Cognitive Distortions Among Adolescent Problem Gamblers
AbstractOver the past decade, several studies have investigated the relationship between cognitive distortions and emotion regulation among adolescent gamblers, demonstrating the exacerbating role of alcohol consumption when co-occurring with gambling problems. An important construct, that to date has been largely neglected, is mentalizing (i.e. the ability to reflect on one's own and others' mental states). The aim of the present study was (for the first time)  to investigate the relative contribution of mentalization, emotional dysregulation, cognitive distortions, and alcohol consumption among adolescent gamblers. ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 26, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Excitement-Seeking Gambling in Adolescents: Health Correlates and Gambling-Related Attitudes and Behaviors
AbstractMotivational characteristics such as excitement-seeking are key components of models of addiction, including problem gambling. Previous studies have established associations between excitement-seeking and problem gambling in youth. However, these studies have employed dimensional psychological assessments which are unlikely to be routinely administered. Other approaches to conceptualize excitement-seeking could be of value. In the present study, we employed a single question (What are the reasons that you gamble?) to identify adolescents who reported excitement-seeking motivation for gambling. Cross-sectional data ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 19, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Online Problem Gambling: A Comparison of Casino Players and Sports Bettors via Predictive Modeling Using Behavioral Tracking Data
In this study, the differences in behavior between two groups of online gamblers were investigated. The first group comprised individuals who played casino games, and the second group comprised those who bet on sports events. The focal point of the study was on problem gambling, and the objective was to identify and quantify both common and distinct traits that are characteristic to casino and sports problem gamblers. To this end, a set of gamblers from  the gaming operator LeoVegas was studied. Each gambler was ascribed two binary variables: one separating casino players from sports bettors, and one indicating w...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 19, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Online Gambling-Related Harm: Findings from the Study on the Prevalence, Behavior and Characteristics of Gamblers in Spain
AbstractOnline gambling has grown into a global social and economic phenomenon. It is, however, regarded as a risky practice, as it may be connected to the development of gambling-related disorders. Literature has shown a growing interest to determine the direction of the relationship between online gambling participation and gambling-related harm, as it raises some endogeneity concerns. This paper aims to contribute to the study of this relationship. Using data from the prevalence study of gambling users in Spain, a two-stage approach with instrumental variables is proposed to address these endogeneity concerns. An ordere...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

“It Runs in Your Blood”: Reflections from Treatment Seeking Gamblers on Their Family History of Gambling
AbstractThere are considerable gaps in our understanding of the familial transmission of gambling problems. This convergent mixed-methods study aimed to explore the: (1) sources of heterogeneity in the familial (paternal, maternal, and sibling) transmission of gambling problems; (2) degree to which family-of-origin characteristics are associated with family-of-origin problem gambling; and (3) beliefs of gamblers about the nature of the familial transmission of problem gambling. The sample consisted of 97 treatment-seeking gamblers in Australia. One-quarter (25.5%) of participants reported that at least one family member (1...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Effect of Skeuomorphic Digital Interfaces on the Illusion of Control over Gambling Outcomes
AbstractThe current research focuses on how the use of “skeuomorphs” in digital design interacts with an illusion of control to influence gambling behavior. Skeuomorphism is a design concept in which an aspect of a modern item is made to represent its outdated counterpart, even if this representation serves no functional purpose, such as hands “de aling” cards or horses “racing” on the screen of a digital machine. It is proposed that the inclusion of these non-essential links to physical objects in digital gambling games interacts with a player’s illusion of control over the outcom...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Family Study of Trauma and Coping Strategies in Gambling Disorder
AbstractFamily studies can provide a wealth of information regarding risk factors in psychological disorders. No studies have compared the trauma experiences and coping strategies of problem gamblers with those of their first-degree relatives. Therefore, in this study, childhood trauma and coping strategies were investigated among participants with gambling disorder, their first-degree biological relatives, and community controls. Participants completed diagnostic interviews and symptom severity assessments. Participants also completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) which assesses history of abuse and neglect, an...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Parental Gambling as a Moderator of the Child Delinquency –Gambling Relationship: Does Having a Role Model in the Home Make a Difference?
AbstractThe relationship between delinquency and gambling has drawn significant attention from researchers in the behavioral and social sciences, yet there are aspects of this relationship that remain largely unexplored. The role of “third variables” in moderating the connection between child delinquency and gambling involvement is one such aspect. Accordingly, the current study set out to examine the impact of parent gambling involvement on the child delinquency–gambling relationship in a sample of 3089 adolescents (1576 males, 1513 females) from Cohort K of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Online Survey of Gambling Participation and Problem Gambling in Chiba City: Problem Gambling Rates May be Strongly Influenced by the Administration Mode
AbstractPrevalence studies on gambling participation and problem gambling in Japan have been limited. To obtain data showing the current status of gambling in Japan, we conducted an online survey on gambling participation and problem gambling among residents in Chiba City. The online data collection was conducted through an Internet research firm. Questionnaires were consisted of personal demographics, past-year gambling participation and severity of gambling risks. The Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) was used as a survey instrument. Males (51.5%) were significantly more likely than females (25.5%) to have gambled i...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 7, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Gambling Event Frequency, Motor Response Inhibition, Arousal, and Dissociative Experience
AbstractSpeed of play has been identified as a key structural characteristic in gambling behaviour, where games involving higher playing speeds enhance the experience of gambling. Of interest in the present study is the consistent finding that games with higher event frequencies are preferred by problem gamblers and are associated with more negative gambling outcomes, such as difficulty quitting the game and increased monetary loss. The present study investigated the impact of gambling speed of play on executive control functioning, focusing on how increased speeds of play impact motor response inhibition, and the potentia...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Effect of Gambling Motivation of Sport Spectators on Propensity for Violence in Sport
In conclusion, it can be said there is a relation between gambling motivation and aggression and propensity for violence. Moreo ver, it can be thought the fact that the perceived fandom level of gambler sport spectators is high causes the increase in aggression and propensity for violence. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Loot Boxes and Gambling: Similarities and Dissimilarities in Risk and Protective Factors
This study uses data from large, random samples of American youth to regress both gambling and loot box purchasing (as well as purchasing other downloadable content) on previously established risk and protective factors of gambling. Results suggest that, aside from gender differences, loot boxes share little in common with traditional forms of gambling. The data also indicate that youth gamers are less likely to have purchased loot boxes in comparison to previously estimated adult gamer prevalence rates. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 7, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Severity of Gambling and Gambling Related Cognitions as Predictors of Emotional Regulation and Coping Strategies in Adolescents
This study examines the relationship between gambling severity and gambling-related cognitions with coping strategies and emotion regulation. Also, it explores how accurately gambling severity and gambling-related cognitions were able to predict emotion regulation and coping strategies. Two groups were recruited and analyzed: a community sample comprising 250 adolescents and young adults from secondary e ducation schools, and a clinical sample of 31 patients with similar age characteristics seeking treatment for GD. The participants from the clinical sample scored higher on gambling severity, emotion dysregulation, cogniti...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 19, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Measuring Gambling Harm: The Influence of Response Scaling on Estimates and the Distribution of Harm Across PGSI Categories
This study was designed to examine how estimates of self-reported harm are affected by the methodology used. A particular focus was on how harm estimates for low and higher risk gambling (as classified by the PGSI) varied when respondents were able to make more graded attributions of their harm to gambling. An online panel sample of 554 gamblers responded to a brief survey that included the PGSI, measures of gambling harm drawn from Browne et al. (Assessing gambling-related harm in Victoria: a public health perspective, Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation, Melbourne, 2016) as well as questions about demographics and ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Exploring the prevalence of gambling harm among active duty military personnel: a systematic scoping review
AbstractThe prevalence of gambling harm among active duty military personnel is a largely unexplored topic. With different forms of social gambling often found within (or in close proximity to) military bases around the world, understanding the extent of gambling activities and consequent harms occurring within military contexts warrants further attention. This review aims to identify, describe and thematically synthesise published literature on gambling harm and related issues among active duty military personnel. Scoping review methods were applied in order to understand this relatively under-researched population and un...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research