A Comparison of Two GameSense Implementation Approaches: How Program Awareness and Engagement Relate to Gambling Beliefs and Behaviors
AbstractDespite the size and scope of responsible gambling (RG) programs in the U.S., relatively few studies have evaluated these programs. Using survey data from 4795 subscribers to a casino loyalty program, we examined respondents ’ awareness of and engagement with the GameSense RG program, and gambling beliefs and behaviors. We compared how differences in the implementation structure and visibility of the GameSense program (i.e., state-regulated with a standalone, branded GameSense center vs. corporate-integrated as part of loyalty program desks) was associated with GameSense awareness and engagement, percept...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 23, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Rare Loot Box Rewards Trigger Larger Arousal and Reward Responses, and Greater Urge to Open More Loot Boxes
AbstractLoot boxes are a purchasable video-game feature consisting of randomly determined, in-game virtual items. Due to their chance-based nature, there is much debate as to whether they constitute a form of gambling. We sought to address this issue by examining whether players treat virtual loot box rewards in a way that parallels established reward reactivity for monetary rewards in slots play. Across two sets of experiments, we show that loot boxes containing rarer items are more valuable, arousing, rewarding and urge-inducing to players, similar to the way slots gamblers treat rare large wins in slots play. Importantl...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 14, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Brief Online Self-help Program for Concerned Gamblers
This study shows that it is relatively easy to recruit participants to an online program for concerned gamblers in the context of a gambling helpline. However, since few users logged in to the program more than once, we suggest futu re online programs to have open modules with all content accessible at once. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 9, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Multilevel Contextual Analysis of Poker Cash Game Gambling
This study reveals the significance of contextual factors as a fundamental element in gambling behaviors and highli ghts the need for prevention strategies that target specific high-risk contexts rather than individually based interventions. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 4, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Lottery-Purchasing Adolescents: Gambling Perceptions, Problems, and Characteristics
AbstractGambling on the lottery is a prevalent behavior, and lottery products are increasingly available in online and electronic formats. As lottery-purchasing is prevalent in adolescents, this study systematically examined relationships between lottery-purchasing and problem-gambling severity and gambling perceptions and attitudes, as well as differences in the relationships between problem-gambling severity and measures of health/functioning and gambling characteristics among lottery-purchasing groups. Participants were 1517 Connecticut high-school adolescents with past-year gambling. Chi-square and logistic regression ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling at Work: A Qualitative Study of Swedish Elite Athletes, Coaches, and Managers
This study explores how male athletes, coaches, and sports managers experience gambling activities and problems in their sports. Interviews were conducted with 30 male elite athletes, coaches, and managers in four sports. The interviews were analysed using content analysis, and the results indicated two main themes: 1) desire for and concerns with money and 2) in the shadow of performance, and three categories. The first main theme emerged as a result of the respondents recurring reference to money as the reason to different actions: It is important to win money, ’too little’ or ‘too much’ money is ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Frequent Gamblers ’ Reasons for and Against Completing a Problem Gambling Screener
This study provides insight into w hy many individuals who engage in risky levels of gambling behavior do not seek out helping resources. In addition to creating practically accessible helping resources, researchers should focus on techniques that can make help-seeking a less distressing and more acceptable experience. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Pathological Gambling, Gambling Disorder, and Problem Gambling Among the Chinese Ethnic Population Living in Western Countries: Is Culture a Sufficient Explanation for the Reported Excess Rates?
AbstractA significant gap remains in the understanding of the psychosocial and cultural factors and processes in the development and maintenance of pathological gambling, gambling disorder, and problem gambling among the Chinese ethnic population living in the Western countries. This narrative reviews papers on gambling and pathological gambling among the Chinese ethnic group in Western countries to provide a deeper understanding of the cultural and psychosocial factors and processes that lead to the development and maintenance of pathological gambling, gambling disorder, and problem gambling. The factors leading to develo...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Behaviour: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Relation with Acculturation in 2007 –2018 North Cyprus Adult Household Surveys
In this study, the prevalence of gambling behaviors among the North Cyprus (NC) in 2018 is compared with the data of 2007, 2012, 2014 and the relationship between acculturation and problem and pathological gambling (PPG) is examined. The population of the study consists of Turkish-speaking individuals between 18 and 65  years of age living in NC. 799 people were consequently selected according to gender, age and geographical region with a multi-stage stratified (randomized) quota. For the collection of the data, a demographic questionnaire, the Turkish version of the Revised South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS) and cultu...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Prevalence and Clinical and Sociodemographic Factors of Problem Online Gambling: A Systematic Review
AbstractThe emergence and spread of new technologies have allowed for the introduction of new forms of gambling. Problem online gambling has specific characteristics, and its prevalence may differ from traditional forms of gambling. This paper systematically reviews studies that include data relevant to problem online gambling and to the sociodemographic and comorbidity variables related to it. A systematic literature search was conducted from Medline database. Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement, preliminary search resulted in 427 articles, from which 20 were included...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Graded Exposure Therapy for Online Mobile Smartphone Sports Betting Addiction: A Case Series Report
AbstractAdvances in technology and increased usage of electronic mobile devices over the past decade have changed the way gamblers engage with online gambling. The convenience of mobile electronic devices is understood to be a major contributor to the increase of online gambling, which in turn has been implicated in the growth of sports betting. Emerging evidence suggests several sources of differentiation between mobile and other online gambling, which have important psychological implications. Given the inherent differences, we cannot conclude that evidence for the effectiveness of treatment for non-smartphone problem ga...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 29, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Association Between Problem Gambling and Suicidal Ideations and Attempts: A Case Control Study in the General Swedish Population
AbstractThe association between problem gambling and suicidal behaviours is well established in treatment seeking populations, but less explored among sub-clinical problem gamblers in the general population. The aim of this study was to examine the association between problem gambling (including moderate risk gambling) and suicidal ideations/suicide attempts, in the general Swedish population. Another aim was to compare problem gamblers with and without suicide ideation/attempts. A case-control study nested in the Swelogs cohort was used. Both ideations and attempts were about twice as frequent among the cases compared to ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 25, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

An Exploratory Analysis of Predictors of Course in Older and Younger Adults with Pathological Gambling: A Non-Treatment Sample
We examined the association of baseline social, demographic, and clinical predictor variables with course in 48 older ( ≥ 60 years) and 57 younger (
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 25, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Patterns and Problem Gambling Among Youth in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review
This study highl ights the need for additional good quality studies focusing on gambling related behaviors and prevalence levels among the continent’s youth. Additionally, the findings reported herein emphasise the need for implementing social policies alongside effective public health interventions to tackle gamb ling addiction. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 23, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Efficacy of a Voluntary Self-exclusion Reinstatement Tutorial for Problem Gamblers
This study was designed to determine the efficacy of a tutorial created with the intent of reducing the risk of harm to those who reinstate. People who wished to be reinstated were asked to complete a survey on gambling related issues and then watch the tutorial video. An online video-based tutorial designed to reduce gambling related harm and to provide information about treatment services was developed. The control group (N  = 131) consisted of people who reinstated in the year prior to the implementation of the online tutorial. The experimental intervention group (N = 104) were those who rein...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 23, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Relative and Interactive Effects of Actual and Perceived Gambling Exposure on Gambling Behaviour
This study used Zero-Inflated Poisson regression analyses to assess the relative and interactive effects of actual and perceived exposure on problem gambling risk and severity. Data from the 2008 and 2009 Social and Economic Impacts of Gambling in Alberta surveys indicated actual exposure was significantly associated with problem gambling risk while perceived exposure was significantly associated with problem gambling severity. These associations differ for gamblers from emerging and mature areas. Further, actual and perceived exposure had significant interaction effects on problem gambling severity but not on risk. Implic...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 22, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Are Comorbid Disorders Associated with Changes in Gambling Activity? A Longitudinal Study of Younger and Older Subjects with DSM-IV Pathological Gambling
This study investigates the association of comorbid disorders with gambling activity in a longitudinal follow-up study of younger and older adult subjects with DSM-IV pathological gambling (PG). The subjects included 57 younger adults with PG ( ≥ 18/ 
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 21, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Examining Player Engagement with and Attitudes Toward a Gambling Play Management System
This study examined gaming patrons ’ reported use of and attitudes towards the PlayMyWay play management system. We report upon the results of a survey of 1951 Marquee Rewards cardholders, including 153 individuals who were currently or previously enrolled in PlayMyWay. Users who did not enroll in PlayMyWay, despite knowing about i t, typically said they did so because they believed that they did not need reminders and warnings about gambling. Although PlayMyWay users generally found the system easy to use, most reported that they paid little attention to notifications and tended to react negatively to them. Users wh...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 19, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Using the Risk-Return Model to Explain Gambling Disorder Symptoms in Youth: An Empirical Investigation with Italian Adolescents
AbstractHistorically, individual differences research has sought to explain problem-gambling severity in adolescence by means of unitary “risk-taking” traits, such as sensation seeking and impulsivity, implying that these personality traits account for risk-taking tendencies across different types of behaviors and situations. However, increasing empirical evidence suggests that risk taking seems to be better conceptualized as a d omain-specific construct. In the current study, we adopted a psychological risk-return framework, which posits that perceptions of perceived risks and benefits predict gambling risk at...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 3, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Self-compassion Buffers Impaired Decision-Making by Potential Problem Gamblers in a Casino Setting
AbstractSelf-compassionate individuals treat themselves kindly when undergoing stress. The present study examined self-compassion ’s relationship to risky decision-making on a gambling task by 240 problem and non-problem gamblers who were tested in a casino setting. Multi-level modeling analyses showed that participants expressed differential rates of learning to avoid risks on the gambling task, depending on their status as potential problem/non-problem gamblers and their level of self-compassion. Among potential problem gamblers, participants higher in self-compassion showed significant gains in performance over de...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 2, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Association of Near-Miss with Two Erroneous Gambling Cognitions and Betting Intention: Evidence from Nigerian Adolescents
AbstractEvidences show increase of positive attitudes of Nigerian adolescents towards gambling in the past decade. Nigerian adolescents have been shown to spend significant part of their academic time and resources on Soccer bets. This behaviour could act as a predisposing factor for poor academic performances and problem gambling at adulthood. The present study drew from the cognitive distortion model to examine the mediational role of near-miss in the erroneous cognition-betting intention association through a survey study design. Male adolescents (N = 237; Mean age = 17.37 years;SD&thins...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Is Subtyping of Gamblers Based on the Pathways Model of Problem and Disordered Gambling Valid? A Systematic Review
AbstractGamblers are a heterogenous group in terms of the presence of comorbid psychopathology, maladaptive personality traits, and motivation to gamble. The Pathways Model, the most promising comprehensive framework to explain this heterogeneity, classifies gamblers into three subtypes. The aim of this review was to determine whether or not subtyping of gamblers based on the Pathways Model of problem and disordered gambling is valid. A literature review was conducted using the following online databases: Academic Search Complete, PubMed, Web of Science, and PsychINFO. Studies were selected or excluded based on meeting pre...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - January 1, 2021 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Relative Deprivation and Hope: Predictors of Risk Behavior
AbstractThe belief that one is in a worse situation than similar others (Relative Deprivation) has been associated with involvement in a range of maladaptive escape behaviors, including excessive risk taking. Yet not everyone scoring high on measures of relative deprivation makes maladaptive choices. We hypothesized thathope may ameliorate the negative effects of relative deprivation. In two laboratory-based experiments using a novel risk-taking task (N = 101) we show that hope reduces risk-taking behavior in relatively deprived participants. A third study (N = 122) extended the moderating effec...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - December 16, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Measuring Behavioural Dependence in Gambling: A Case for Removing Harmful Consequences from the Assessment of Problem Gambling Pathology
AbstractBehavioural dependence (BD) for gambling has traditionally been subsumed under the concept of ‘problems’: a hybrid construct that includes both indicators of BD, and adverse consequences (harm) arising from excessive time and money expenditure. Although progress has been made towards specific measurement of harm, dedicated measures of BD do not exist. Theory led us to expect that (1) dep endence and harm are measurably distinct constructs, (2) harm mediates the relationship between dependence and wellbeing, and finally, that (3) separate measures should be more effective than a unidimensional problems m...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Does Gambling Identity Predict Unique Variance in Negative Gambling-Related Outcomes: An Examination of Direct and Interactive Associations
AbstractResearch from other addiction-related domains have reported identity-related constructs to be positively associated with substance use-related outcomes (e.g., frequency, quantity, and/or problems). Moreover, substance use identity has also been found to be predictive of unique variance in substance use-related outcomes. Given the similarities between substance use and behavioral addictions, it may also be the case that gambling identity is predictive of unique variance in negative gambling-related outcomes (e.g., frequency, expenditure, and gambling problem severity). The current study was conducted to examine whet...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Predicting Intention to Play Random and Skill-based Electronic Gambling Machines Using the Theory of Reasoned Action
AbstractHybrid gambling machines (HGMs) are a new gambling activity that combine the skill element of traditional video games with the random pay-out schedule of electronic gaming machines (e.g., slots). Developed to increase gambling by younger generations that favor video games, there is currently no empirical evidence regarding consumer views of HGMs to guide policy-decision making related to this new gambling activity. We use the theory of reasoned action (TRA) to investigate factors that motivate intentions to play these machines in two studies: (1) among 43 casino patrons and (2) among 184 US online participants resi...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling, Substance Use and Violence in Male and Female Adolescents
AbstractThe study systematically examined the link between history of gambling, and substance-use and violence-related measures in male and female adolescents, and compared association differences between genders in representative youth risk behavior surveillance data. An anonymous survey was administered to 2425 9th- to 12th-grade students in the state of Connecticut to assess risk behaviors that impact health. Reported past-12-months gambling was the independent variable of interest. Chi squares and adjusted odds-ratios were computed to determine gambling associations with demographic variables, substance-use, and violen...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Recovery Capital and Symptom Improvement in Gambling Disorder: Correlations with Spirituality and Stressful Life Events in Younger but Not Older Adults
AbstractAlthough age-related differences have been reported in gambling disorder, prior studies have not examined how age may influence recovery in gambling disorder. Recovery may be influenced by positive factors (e.g., spirituality and recovery capital) and negative factors (e.g., depression, anxiety, and stressful life events). The current study examined associations between these positive and negative factors and gambling disorder DSM-5 symptom improvement in younger and older adults. Younger (less than 55  years of age; n = 86) and older (55 years or older; n = 54) adults, with li...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Predictors of Dropout in Disordered Gamblers in UK Residential Treatment
The original version of this article contained errors in Table  1. The numbers (N) and percentages (%) in the ‘completed treatment’ column were incorrect. It is now corrected with this erratum. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Gambling Research and Funding Biases
Unfortunately, the original publication contains errors. The authors would like to correct the errors. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Web-Based Intervention and Email ‑Counseling for Problem Gamblers: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial
The article “Web-Based Intervention and Email-Counseling for Problem Gamblers: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial” was written by Benjamin Jonas, Fabian Leuschner, Anna Eiling, Christine Schoelen, Renate Soellner and Peter Tossmann. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Adolescent Problem Gambling in Rural Ghana: Prevalence and Gender Differentiation
AbstractProblem gambling among young people is now a public health challenge in sub-Saharan Africa. However, the behaviour remains understudied, particularly, among rural-dwelling young people in countries within the subregion. We aimed to  estimate the 12 months prevalence of problem gambling and to describe the overall and gender differences and commonalities in personal factors and social adversities associated with problem gambling among adolescents in rural Ghana. We conducted a cross-sectional survey involving a random sample of 1101 in-school adolescents aged 10–19 years in a rural district...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Advertising Games of Chance in Adolescents and Young Adults in Spain
AbstractGambling advertising can influence attitudes and gaming behavior of adolescents and young adults (A&Y). To study the effect of advertising on the attitudes and gaming behavior of a sample of 2887 Spanish A&Y (12 –22 years old), by means of a self-report assessment. On average, participants show a weak effect of advertising, however there are great variations, estimating that 11% of A&Y acknowledge being influenced by advertising and 5% recognize being severely affected. Men see themselves more impacted than women, without age differences. Those who play videogames signal a stronger effect of ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling, Family Dysfunction and Psychological Disorders: A Cross- Sectional Study
AbstractThe present study aimed to identify predictors and effects of problem gambling and examine the moderating role of family dysfunction between problem gambling and its effects. A sample of 104 gamblers (all were men, Mean  = 26.2, SD = 6.8), was recruited from gambling venues in an urban area of Musanze district, Northern Province of Rwanda. Participants were aged above the legal age of 16 years. Data were collected using the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI), the Brief Michigan Alcoholism Screening Tes t (Brief MAST), Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST-10), the Psychopathy Checklis...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - November 3, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Correction to: Instant Gratification Behavior Among Gambling Individuals in Uganda
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The corrected details are given below. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - October 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Behaviors in Adolescent Male and Female Regular and Non-Regular Gamblers: A Study of Central Italian Adolescents
AbstractGambling is a widespread and popular phenomenon among adolescents. However, little is known specifically about adolescent gambling behaviors in Italy. The aim of the present study was to explore the prevalence and frequency of gambling behaviors, the types of bets most frequently chosen, the amount of money spent on gambling, and the more frequent problem gambling behaviors, taking into account the type of gambler (regular and non-regular), gender, and age. For this propose, 1255 adolescents (59.1% males) aged 13 to 19  years (M = 16.06; SD = 1.47), were recruited for the study. Res...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - October 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Assessment of the Effectiveness of Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in Reducing Pathological Gambling
This study examined the effectiveness of group cognitive-behavioural therapy (GCBT) on pathological gambling among Nigerian students. The study used a group randomised controlled trial design to assign participants to intervention and control groups. A total of 40 undergraduate students, aged 18 –30, were classified as pathological gamblers (participants) in this study. Participants completed self-report scales titled South oaks gambling screen and Gambling Symptom Assessment Scale at three-time points. The intervention lasted for 8 weeks. The data collected were statistically analysed u sing repeated-measures A...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - October 10, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Disorder and Childhood Trauma: A Complex Association
AbstractGambling disorder (GD) is classified as a behavioural addiction and has some phenotypic similarities with substance use disorders (SUDs). Childhood adversity and life stressors are associated with increased risk for SUDs in adulthood. However, there is limited research investigating the association between childhood trauma, stressors and behavioural addictions such as GD. In this case –control cross-sectional study, 31 adult patients with GD were compared to 31 matched healthy controls (HCs) in terms of exposure to early adversity using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-SF). In addition, past 12-month s...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling in Transition: Assessing Youth Narratives of Gambling in Nigeria
This study therefore argues the need to situate the discourse of youth gambling within the social, cultur al, and economic context in which they are located in Nigeria. In addition, the authors provide a framework for understanding the complexity of youth gambling in Nigeria. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 28, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Role of Narcissism, Hyper-competitiveness and Maladaptive Coping Strategies on Male Adolescent Regular Gamblers: Two Mediation Models
AbstractThe present study aimed to explore the unique and common role that some cognitive, personality and relational characteristics play in male adolescents ’ regular gambling behavior. Participants were 273 male adolescents and young adults aged 15–19 recruited in sports betting centers. They completed the South Oaks Gambling Screen, the Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire, the Hypercompetitive Attitude scale, and The Coping Strategy Indicator. The relationship between narcissistic rivalry and gambling was mediated by hyper-competitiveness and avoidant coping strategy. These findings suggest th...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Measuring Gamblers ’ Behaviour to Show That Negative Sounds Can Reveal the True Nature of Losses Disguised as Wins in Multiline Slot Machines
AbstractLosses disguised as wins (LDWs) are slot machine outcomes where players gain fewer credits than they wager. Despite being losses, slot machines celebrate LDWs with positive sounds and animations, leading gamblers to respond to them as wins. It is unknown how manipulating the sound following LDWs may influence gamblers ’ behaviour. In Experiment 1, participants played two conditions on a realistic slot machine simulator: a (standard) positive sound condition (LDWs paired with positive sound, losses paired with silence), and a negative sound condition (LDWs and losses paired with negative sound). We measured pa...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Transmission of Problem Gambling Between Adjacent Generations
AbstractWe investigate the extent to which gambling problems at age 20 are linked to parental gambling behaviour during childhood, employing data from a longitudinal study (ALSPAC) which has followed parents and children from Avon, England since pregnancy. 1058 children completed a problem gambling screen at age 20. When those children had been age 6, each of their parents was asked about their own gambling. We used regression to estimate the effect of parental gambling behaviour at child age 6 on the child ’s problem gambling risk at age 20. Parental gambling participation at child age 6 was not a predictor of offsp...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 21, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Feasibility, Acceptance, and Safety of Metacognitive Training for Problem and Pathological Gamblers (Gambling-MCT): A Pilot Study
AbstractApproximately 90% of problem and pathological gamblers remain untreated. This treatment gap may be diminished by the implementation of low-threshold treatment programs. As cognitive distortions play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of gambling problems, interventions targeting gambling-related biases may be particularly effective. The aim of the present study was to examine the feasibility, acceptance, and safety of a novel metacognitive training for individuals with gambling problems (Gambling-MCT). Twenty-five participants were included in an uncontrolled pilot trial with two assessment points (i...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Reaching Out to Big Losers: How Different Types of Gamblers are Affected by a Brief Motivational Contact Initiated by the Gambling Provider
This report examines how different subtypes of gamblers, based upon patterns of play, are differentially affected. A randomized controlled trial design with three conditions (n  = 1003 in each): feedback intervention by letter, telephone or a no-contact control condition. Subtypes of gamblers were derived by latent class analyses (LCA) based upon gambling behavior pre intervention. The participants were customers of Norsk Tipping gambling platforms. 1003 statistical t riplets from the top 0.5% of customers based upon annual expenditure, matched on sex, age, and net losses. Primary outcome measure was gam...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Does Losing on a Previous Betting Day Predict How Long it Takes to Return to the Next Session of Online Horse Race Betting?
This study examined how recent losses predict the frequency of play in online betting. Previous studies have suggested that players tend to decrease betting volume and consequently take on less risk after a losing session. We used a daily panel of actual gambling data and survival regression to investigate how incurring losses predicts the duration to the next betting day. Our main findings were that, after a losing betting day, a bettor typically abstained from betting for a 27% longer time than after a day he or she broke even. Further, we found that either untypically high wins or loses significantly predicted the amoun...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Instant Gratification Behavior Among Gambling Individuals in Uganda
This study adopted a cross-sectional quantitative research design. Data was collected from 257 bettors in 26 betting firms, and a census survey was found appropriate to achieve a response rate of 98%. The research findings indicate that low-income earners are more likely to engage in sports betting. Secondly, individuals with jobs where they have too much free time and inadequate supervision are most likely to participate in sports betting. We, therefore, recommend that both private and public organizations should be concerned about the impact of sports betting on their performance and employees. Most entities don ’t...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - September 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Exploring the Predictive Value of Gambling Motives, Cognitive Distortions, and Materialism on Problem Gambling Severity in Adolescents and Young Adults
AbstractGambling motives and cognitive distortions are thought to be associated because both coping and financial motives to gamble appear to be predictors of gambling related cognitive distortions. Therefore, there is an argument to be made that gambling motives, cognitive distortions, and materialism share common attributes and might be related to problem gambling severity. The present paper aims to examine the relationship between these three variables, both in a clinical and community setting, to see if they can predict gambling severity. A sample of 250 participants from the general population and 31 participants from...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - August 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Why Do Individuals Engage in In-Play Sports Betting? A Qualitative Interview Study
AbstractIncreasing technological advancements and changing consumer behavior has resulted in individuals having access to a wider range of online gambling markets and sporting events than ever before. Sports betting in real time has been aided by the accessibility of smartphone devices. Consequently, the popularity of live sports betting (i.e., ‘in-play’ betting) has spread across Europe and around the rest of world. The aim of the present exploratory study was to examine attitudes and opinions towards online sports betting. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 17 males and 2 females aged between 21 and 3...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - August 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Comparison of Gambling-Related Cognitions and Behaviors in Gamblers from the United States and Spain
AbstractFew studies have compared the clinical characteristics of gambling disorder (GD) from a cross-cultural perspective. In the present study, we aimed to examine differences in gambling-related cognitions, gambling preferences, GD severity and other clinical and sociodemographic variables in individuals with GD in the United States and Spain. Two groups of participants with GD (from the United States of America (US; n  = 109) and Spain (n = 243) were compared using the South Oaks gambling screen and the gambling-related cognitions scale. In Spain, the prevalence of participants who reported ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - August 7, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Industry Employees ’ Experiences with an Onsite Responsible Gambling Program
We examined gambling venue employees ’ experiences with GameSense, an onsite responsible gambling information center designed to be a resource for casino employees as well as patrons. Participants included 492 employees who reported on their engagement with, and opinions and knowledge of, the GameSense information center and its staf f (i.e., GameSense Advisors), as well as their own employment department and gambling involvement. A minority of participants (33.5%) reported having spoken with a GameSense Advisor about responsible gambling or problem gambling; the remaining 66.5% either did not ever speak to a GameSen...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - August 1, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research