Gambling Industry Employees ’ Experiences with an Onsite Responsible Gambling Program
We examined gambling venue employees ’ experiences with GameSense, an onsite responsible gambling information center designed to be a resource for casino employees as well as patrons. Participants included 492 employees who reported on their engagement with, and opinions and knowledge of, the GameSense information center and its staf f (i.e., GameSense Advisors), as well as their own employment department and gambling involvement. A minority of participants (33.5%) reported having spoken with a GameSense Advisor about responsible gambling or problem gambling; the remaining 66.5% either did not ever speak to a GameSen...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - August 2, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Understanding the Relation Between Social Behaviors and Daily Fantasy Sports Risk Behavior
AbstractIn daily fantasy sports (DFS) contests, participants form a roster of athletes scheduled to perform in a pre-determined list of sporting contests or games. Each participant has the opportunity to win cash prizes, depending on the performance of the athletes on their roster and the performances of the athletes on the other participants ’ rosters. Some contests have higher variances than others (i.e., lower percentages of participants winning and higher payouts versus higher percentages of participants winning and lower payouts) and can be considered riskier propositions. DFS operators have mechanisms for inter...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Scratch Card Near-Miss Outcomes Increase the Urge to Gamble, but Do Not Impact Further Gambling Behaviour: A Pre-registered Replication and Extension
AbstractScratch card near-misses, outcomes in which two out of three required jackpot symbols are uncovered, have been shown to erroneously increase the urge to continue gambling. It remains unknown if and how these outcomes influence further gambling behaviour. Previous studies examining the influence of near-misses on purchasing behaviour offered a low-stakes gamble to participants after experiencing a near-miss or a regular loss. We sought to investigate the influence of these outcomes on scratch card purchasing behaviour with a stronger test of participants ’ gambling behavior by having them either “cash ou...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling Research and Industry Funding
AbstractThis paper discusses the relationship between investigative credibility and the sources of funding associated with gambling research. Some researchers argue against accepting funding from gambling industry sources; similarly, they decline to participate in activities directly or indirectly sponsored by gambling industry sources. In contrast, these anti-industry investigators evidence less resistance toward accepting funds from sources other than industry, for example, governments, because they believe that they have greater independence, reliability, and validity, and less undue influence and/or interference. We or...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Encouraging Gamblers to Think Critically Using Generalised Analytical Priming is Ineffective at Reducing Gambling Biases
AbstractGambling has been associated with an array of fallacious beliefs that foster risky gambling decisions. Research into other belief systems suggests that the endorsement of non-evidence based beliefs, such as the paranormal or conspiracy theories, can be reduced when people think more analytically. The purpose of this study was to explore whether an intervention designed to elicit analytical thinking was effective in altering the gambling beliefs and simulated gambling behaviour of 178 regular electronic gaming machine (EGM) gamblers (102 males, 76 female). Participants were randomly allocated to complete either an a...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Exposure to Gambling and Alcohol Marketing in Soccer Matchday Programmes
AbstractThe UK ’s Premier League and Championship are two of the most well attended soccer leagues worldwide; however, little is known regarding exposure to gambling marketing through the matchday experience. The current study sought to quantify exposure to gambling and alcohol marketing, and responsible gamblin g messages within matchday programmes. Programmes for each team in the English Premier League and Championship were analysed across consecutive matchday weekends, made available to 1,269,404 match-going fans. Direct adverts for, and incidental exposure to, gambling, alcohol, and responsible gambling marketing...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

How Can Partners Influence the Gambling Habits of Their Gambler Spouse?
AbstractAn increasing number of clinical and empirical studies document the coping strategies used by partners of pathological gamblers (PGs). A postulate for this is that they may be useful for dealing with their partner ’s problematic gambling behaviors. Despite a widespread endorsement of this postulate, no study has yet documented their effectiveness: does the use of these coping strategies impact the gambler’s behavior? To answer this question, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 participants ( 8 couples comprising one PG and his or her partner, one partner of a PG, and 2 PGs). Qualitative an...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Examining Change in Self-Reported Gambling Measures Over Time as Related to Socially Desirable Responding Bias
AbstractSocially desirable responding is a response bias that can affect the accuracy of self-reports. It is especially likely when questions address sensitive topics, such as gambling attitudes, problems and behaviours. A sample of 321 participants were recruited from Amazon ’s mTurk crowdsourcing platform for a randomized controlled trial investigating an online gambling intervention. Data from this study was used to examine the influence of socially desirable responding on gambling self-report measures over time. At baseline, self-deception (SD), a factor of sociall y desirable responding, was significantly higher...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 31, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling and Attachment: The Mediating Role of Alexithymia in Adolescents and Young Adults
This study demonstrated that adolescent and young adult problem gamblers show higher comorbid addictions than non-problem gamblers, in the same way as higher levels of alexithymia and poorer father attachment. Given that higher comorbidity in early ages is associated with worse prognosis and higher psychopathology in adult life, early detection and treatment purposes becomes essential. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 30, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Mentalizing Failures, Emotional Dysregulation, and Cognitive Distortions Among Adolescent Problem Gamblers
AbstractOver the past decade, several studies have investigated the relationship between cognitive distortions and emotion regulation among adolescent gamblers, demonstrating the exacerbating role of alcohol consumption when co-occurring with gambling problems. An important construct, that to date has been largely neglected, is mentalizing (i.e. the ability to reflect on one's own and others' mental states). The aim of the present study was (for the first time)  to investigate the relative contribution of mentalization, emotional dysregulation, cognitive distortions, and alcohol consumption among adolescent gamblers. ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 27, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Excitement-Seeking Gambling in Adolescents: Health Correlates and Gambling-Related Attitudes and Behaviors
AbstractMotivational characteristics such as excitement-seeking are key components of models of addiction, including problem gambling. Previous studies have established associations between excitement-seeking and problem gambling in youth. However, these studies have employed dimensional psychological assessments which are unlikely to be routinely administered. Other approaches to conceptualize excitement-seeking could be of value. In the present study, we employed a single question (What are the reasons that you gamble?) to identify adolescents who reported excitement-seeking motivation for gambling. Cross-sectional data ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Online Problem Gambling: A Comparison of Casino Players and Sports Bettors via Predictive Modeling Using Behavioral Tracking Data
In this study, the differences in behavior between two groups of online gamblers were investigated. The first group comprised individuals who played casino games, and the second group comprised those who bet on sports events. The focal point of the study was on problem gambling, and the objective was to identify and quantify both common and distinct traits that are characteristic to casino and sports problem gamblers. To this end, a set of gamblers from  the gaming operator LeoVegas was studied. Each gambler was ascribed two binary variables: one separating casino players from sports bettors, and one indicating w...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Online Gambling-Related Harm: Findings from the Study on the Prevalence, Behavior and Characteristics of Gamblers in Spain
AbstractOnline gambling has grown into a global social and economic phenomenon. It is, however, regarded as a risky practice, as it may be connected to the development of gambling-related disorders. Literature has shown a growing interest to determine the direction of the relationship between online gambling participation and gambling-related harm, as it raises some endogeneity concerns. This paper aims to contribute to the study of this relationship. Using data from the prevalence study of gambling users in Spain, a two-stage approach with instrumental variables is proposed to address these endogeneity concerns. An ordere...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 19, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

“It Runs in Your Blood”: Reflections from Treatment Seeking Gamblers on Their Family History of Gambling
AbstractThere are considerable gaps in our understanding of the familial transmission of gambling problems. This convergent mixed-methods study aimed to explore the: (1) sources of heterogeneity in the familial (paternal, maternal, and sibling) transmission of gambling problems; (2) degree to which family-of-origin characteristics are associated with family-of-origin problem gambling; and (3) beliefs of gamblers about the nature of the familial transmission of problem gambling. The sample consisted of 97 treatment-seeking gamblers in Australia. One-quarter (25.5%) of participants reported that at least one family member (1...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 15, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Effect of Skeuomorphic Digital Interfaces on the Illusion of Control over Gambling Outcomes
AbstractThe current research focuses on how the use of “skeuomorphs” in digital design interacts with an illusion of control to influence gambling behavior. Skeuomorphism is a design concept in which an aspect of a modern item is made to represent its outdated counterpart, even if this representation serves no functional purpose, such as hands “de aling” cards or horses “racing” on the screen of a digital machine. It is proposed that the inclusion of these non-essential links to physical objects in digital gambling games interacts with a player’s illusion of control over the outcom...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

A Family Study of Trauma and Coping Strategies in Gambling Disorder
AbstractFamily studies can provide a wealth of information regarding risk factors in psychological disorders. No studies have compared the trauma experiences and coping strategies of problem gamblers with those of their first-degree relatives. Therefore, in this study, childhood trauma and coping strategies were investigated among participants with gambling disorder, their first-degree biological relatives, and community controls. Participants completed diagnostic interviews and symptom severity assessments. Participants also completed the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) which assesses history of abuse and neglect, an...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Parental Gambling as a Moderator of the Child Delinquency –Gambling Relationship: Does Having a Role Model in the Home Make a Difference?
AbstractThe relationship between delinquency and gambling has drawn significant attention from researchers in the behavioral and social sciences, yet there are aspects of this relationship that remain largely unexplored. The role of “third variables” in moderating the connection between child delinquency and gambling involvement is one such aspect. Accordingly, the current study set out to examine the impact of parent gambling involvement on the child delinquency–gambling relationship in a sample of 3089 adolescents (1576 males, 1513 females) from Cohort K of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Online Survey of Gambling Participation and Problem Gambling in Chiba City: Problem Gambling Rates May be Strongly Influenced by the Administration Mode
AbstractPrevalence studies on gambling participation and problem gambling in Japan have been limited. To obtain data showing the current status of gambling in Japan, we conducted an online survey on gambling participation and problem gambling among residents in Chiba City. The online data collection was conducted through an Internet research firm. Questionnaires were consisted of personal demographics, past-year gambling participation and severity of gambling risks. The Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) was used as a survey instrument. Males (51.5%) were significantly more likely than females (25.5%) to have gambled i...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - July 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Gambling Event Frequency, Motor Response Inhibition, Arousal, and Dissociative Experience
AbstractSpeed of play has been identified as a key structural characteristic in gambling behaviour, where games involving higher playing speeds enhance the experience of gambling. Of interest in the present study is the consistent finding that games with higher event frequencies are preferred by problem gamblers and are associated with more negative gambling outcomes, such as difficulty quitting the game and increased monetary loss. The present study investigated the impact of gambling speed of play on executive control functioning, focusing on how increased speeds of play impact motor response inhibition, and the potentia...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Effect of Gambling Motivation of Sport Spectators on Propensity for Violence in Sport
In conclusion, it can be said there is a relation between gambling motivation and aggression and propensity for violence. Moreo ver, it can be thought the fact that the perceived fandom level of gambler sport spectators is high causes the increase in aggression and propensity for violence. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Loot Boxes and Gambling: Similarities and Dissimilarities in Risk and Protective Factors
This study uses data from large, random samples of American youth to regress both gambling and loot box purchasing (as well as purchasing other downloadable content) on previously established risk and protective factors of gambling. Results suggest that, aside from gender differences, loot boxes share little in common with traditional forms of gambling. The data also indicate that youth gamers are less likely to have purchased loot boxes in comparison to previously estimated adult gamer prevalence rates. (Source: Journal of Gambling Studies)
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - June 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Severity of Gambling and Gambling Related Cognitions as Predictors of Emotional Regulation and Coping Strategies in Adolescents
This study examines the relationship between gambling severity and gambling-related cognitions with coping strategies and emotion regulation. Also, it explores how accurately gambling severity and gambling-related cognitions were able to predict emotion regulation and coping strategies. Two groups were recruited and analyzed: a community sample comprising 250 adolescents and young adults from secondary e ducation schools, and a clinical sample of 31 patients with similar age characteristics seeking treatment for GD. The participants from the clinical sample scored higher on gambling severity, emotion dysregulation, cogniti...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 20, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Measuring Gambling Harm: The Influence of Response Scaling on Estimates and the Distribution of Harm Across PGSI Categories
This study was designed to examine how estimates of self-reported harm are affected by the methodology used. A particular focus was on how harm estimates for low and higher risk gambling (as classified by the PGSI) varied when respondents were able to make more graded attributions of their harm to gambling. An online panel sample of 554 gamblers responded to a brief survey that included the PGSI, measures of gambling harm drawn from Browne et al. (Assessing gambling-related harm in Victoria: a public health perspective, Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation, Melbourne, 2016) as well as questions about demographics and ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Exploring the prevalence of gambling harm among active duty military personnel: a systematic scoping review
AbstractThe prevalence of gambling harm among active duty military personnel is a largely unexplored topic. With different forms of social gambling often found within (or in close proximity to) military bases around the world, understanding the extent of gambling activities and consequent harms occurring within military contexts warrants further attention. This review aims to identify, describe and thematically synthesise published literature on gambling harm and related issues among active duty military personnel. Scoping review methods were applied in order to understand this relatively under-researched population and un...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 14, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

High Recreational Gamblers Show Increased Stimulatory Effects of an Acute Laboratory Gambling Challenge
AbstractGambling in moderation is a socially acceptable behavior and over 60% of the Swedish population gambles every year. It has been seen that slot machines are one of the most addictive and problematic forms of gambling and contribute highly to an addictive behavior. It is unclear why some individuals intensify their gambling behavior over time to extreme levels while others do not. Initial positive response of a drug or as in this case a gambling behavior, most likely influences the likelihood of continuing use in non-addicted individuals. Therefore, we wanted to investigate if recreational gamblers show an altered ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Exploration of Intervention Strategies to Reduce Public Stigma Associated with Gambling Disorder
This study explored the effectiveness of video intervention styles, that have been used to reduce public stigma for conditions such as mental illness and substance use disorders. This was done to determine which would be most suitable, considering the unique characteristics of gambling disorder. An online survey of 164 people living in Australia was conducted which examined attitudes toward gamblers experiencing problems before and after an intervention. Participants were randomly allocated to one of three interventions (contact, education, advocacy) or a control video. The study found that each intervention was associated...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Craving for Gambling Predicts Income-Generating Offenses: A Pathways Model of a Japanese Prison Population
AbstractThe links between gambling and criminal offenses have been frequently reported, but the pathways from gambling to a particular offense have not. Our study applied a pathways model to predict participants ’ income-generating, drug-related, and violent offenses stemming from their craving for gambling. The participants were 332 male inmates in a Japanese local prison. They answered questionnaires on gambling behavior, alcohol addiction, Internet addiction, impulsivity, and psychopathy. Their officia l records with information on their current offense, sentence length, number of imprisonments, and length of educ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Efficacy of a Gambling Prevention Program Among High-School Students
AbstractYouth problem gambling has become an emergent public health issue, and adolescents constitute a vulnerable age group for the development of gambling-related problems. Although there is research concerning the risk factors of youth problem gambling, rigorous evaluations of the effectiveness of preventive initiatives is still rare. The present study evaluated the efficacy of an integrative intervention to prevent youth problem gambling based on a multidimensional set of factors including gambling-related knowledge, misconceptions, attitudes, gambling frequency, amount of money spent, total hours spent gambling per we...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gender Differences in Gambling Exposure and At-risk Gambling Behavior
This study aimed to evaluate the differences in gambling exposure and onset of gambling problems among male and female gamblers by comparing their demographic and behavioral profiles. This study utilized data from the gambling section of the First Brazilian National Alcohol Survey and Related Behaviors. Interviews were conducted with 3007 participants who were recruited after screening for at-risk gambling behaviors. Individuals who tested positive for at-risk gambling behaviors completed the Gambling Progression Questionnaire comprising items on games of chance, and were evaluated using the DSM-IV pathological gambling cr...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling with Your Health: Associations Between Gambling Problem Severity and Health Risk Behaviours, Health and Wellbeing
AbstractThe current study examined the association between gambling problem severity and health risk behaviours, health and wellbeing. A cross-sectional survey (including representative population and supplementary convenience samples) was conducted with 2303 adult residents  of a British Island. Gambling problem severity was assessed using the Problem Gambling Severity Index. The EQ-5D-5L, WEMWBS and AUDIT-C were used to measure general health, mental wellbeing and alcohol use, respectively. Other measures included diet, physical exercise and tobacco use. Difference s between gambling severity levels for ea...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - May 12, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Embedded Gambling Promotion in Football: An Explorative Study of Cue-Exposure and Urge to Gamble
AbstractLimited research has evaluated the psychological effect of sports-betting advertising (such as embedded promotion) upon consumers considered ‘higher-risk’. Students are often considered a higher-risk group given the numerous gambling-related risk factors associated with their lifestyle. Furthermore, students studying sports-related subjects may possess a bespoke vulnerability to sports-betting risk, due to contextual factors such as (mis)perceptions regarding advantages of sports-related knowledge. The pilot study investigated whether exposure to embedded gambling promotions during televised football, e...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 23, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Do EGMs have a Stronger Association with Problem Gambling than Racing and Casino Table Games? Evidence from a Decade of Australian Prevalence Studies
AbstractAlthough it is often assumed that electronic gaming machines (EGMs) are associated with the highest level of risk, it has proved difficult to find reliable evidence in support of this proposition. In this paper, we analysed statistics from major Australian community prevalence studies for the period 2011 –2020 to investigate whether EGMs (in comparison to racing and casino table games) have a stronger association with problem gambling. All prevalence studies reviewed used telephone sampling and the Problem Gambling Severity Index to assess problem gambling. In this paper, we examine the principal hypothesis u...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Role of Virtual Communities in Gambling and Gaming Behaviors: A Systematic Review
AbstractGambling opportunities are facilitated by the growth of the Internet and social media platforms. Digital games also increasingly include monetary features, such as microtransactions, blurring the line between gambling and gaming. The Internet provides a variety of virtual communities for gamblers and gamers, but comprehensive research on these communities and their relevance in gambling and monetary gaming behaviors remains scarce. This paper summarizes research of online gambling and monetary gaming communities based on a systematic literature review. A systematic literature search was conducted from five database...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Gambling in Young Adults Aged 17 –24 Years: A Population-Based Study
AbstractA large contemporary UK cohort study, the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, was used to investigate gambling behavior and to explore the antecedents of regular gambling in the 17 –24-year age group. Participants completed computer-administered gambling surveys in research clinics, on paper, and online. The sample sizes were 3566 at age 17 years, 3940 at 20 years, and 3841 at 24 years; only 1672 completed all three surveys. Participation in gambling in the last year was reported by 54% of 17-year-olds, rising to 68% at 20 years, and 66% at 24 years, with little overall v...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 18, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Uncovering Underlying Processes Before Illusion of Control Begins in Gambling Disorder: A Pilot Study
AbstractGambling Disorder (GD) is characterized by persistent betting even in face of accruing debts and psychosocial hardship. Gambling Disorder behavior has been linked to conditioning, cognitive distortions and superstitious behavior. Previous studies have demonstrated that during response-outcome analytical tests (ROAT), non-gambling individuals are precluded from response extinction when failure feedback is suppressed, and develop superstitious behaviors and illusion of control instead. Gambling can be regarded as a ROAT paradigm in which disordered gamblers (DGs) fail to compute failure feedback; hence they do not ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Evaluating for Differences by Race/Ethnicity in the Association Between Income and Gambling Disorder
AbstractMultiple studies show an increased prevalence of gambling disorder among African Americans compared to whites. However, few studies take an analytic approach to understanding differences in risk factors by race/ethnicity. Income is inversely associated with gambling disorder; we hypothesized that this association would vary by race/ethnicity. The main objective was to evaluate whether the association between income and gambling disorder varies by race/ethnicity. With data from the baseline visit of a prospective cohort study, Prevention and Etiology of Gambling Addiction Study in the United States, we used multivar...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 9, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Impulsive Sports Betting: The Effects of Food or Substance Consumption
AbstractThe present study aimed to explore how food or substance consumption (e.g., experiencing hunger, or having consumed alcohol or recreational drugs) could shape consumer impulsive spending on sports betting products. Based on a large online sample of Australian sports bettors, we found that participants with higher hunger level, or having consumed more alcohol or recreational drugs, tended to have increased impulsive bet size. These impulsiveness effects had both direct and indirect effect components. The significant direct effects confirmed that positive relationships directly existed between hunger, alcohol consump...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 8, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Why Some Sports Bettors Think Gambling Addiction Prevented Them from Becoming Winners? A Qualitative Approach to Understanding the Role of Knowledge in Sports Betting Products
AbstractSports betting products rely upon a balance between their knowledge and chance based structural characteristics. The emphasis by bookmakers on mastering the knowledge-based elements to become winners poses significant challenges for those seeking help for gambling disorder. Bettors find difficulties in integrating their preconceptions about the role of knowledge and skills in winning, into the new cognitive restructuring fostered by cognitive-behavioural therapy. Using a grounded theory approach, this study collected data from 43 Spanish sports bettors undergoing treatment for gambling disorder. The results suggest...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Explicit and Implicit Emotional Expression in Gambling Disorder Measured by a Serious Game: A Pilot Study
AbstractBehavioral addictions have been related with biased emotional reactions to risky choices. However, few studies have analyzed the role of both explicit and implicit emotional expression in gambling disorder (GD). This pilot study aims to examine emotion regulation in treatment-seeking patients with GD. The sample includedn  =  35 participants classified into three groups: patients with current GD, patients with GD in remission, and a control group without GD. Implicit emotional expressions were evaluated through a serious videogame (Playmancer) and explicit emotions were measured through self-reports. ...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - April 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

High Rollers: Correlates of Problematic Cocaine Use Among a Community Sample of Gamblers
AbstractOver half of problem gamblers (PGs; i.e., individuals with an impulse to gamble despite negative consequences) experience a substance use disorder. Explanations for this high rate of comorbidity have included shared clinical and personality factors. While gambling has been associated with substance use disorders in general, relatively few studies have examined the comorbidity of gambling and cocaine use disorders. The current study aimed to address this gap in the literature by comparing the demographic (age, gender, ethnicity, marital status, educational attainment, and employment status), gambling (time and money...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 26, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Beliefs About Gambling Mediate the Effect of Cognitive Style on Gambling Problems
AbstractProblem gambling is often accompanied by a range of irrational cognitions that promote excessive gambling. The cognitive basis for these beliefs has been largely overlooked in the gambling literature. Dual process theory suggests there are two parallel cognitive processing systems, an intuitive and an analytic system, and that there are potential individual differences in preference for one or the other cognitive style. The current study explored whether people ’s cognitive styles are an important factor in the development of specific beliefs about gambling that in-turn contribute to gambling problems. The sa...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 25, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

The Effects of Perceived Gambling Availability on Problem Gambling Severity
AbstractThe aim of this study was to determine the moderating effects of sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, and psychosocial problems on the relationship between perceived gambling availability and problem gambling severity. Bivariate and multivariate regression analyses of the 2008 and 2009 Social and Economic Impacts of Gambling in Alberta surveys  found problem gambling severity was 1.25–1.39 times higher for those reporting gambling opportunities were ‘too widely available’. Factors such as age, gender, place of residence, and psychosocial problems had significant moderating effects...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 19, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Confounding Bias in the Relationship Between Problem Gambling and Crime
AbstractAlthough the relationship between problem gambling and criminal behavior has been widely researched, concerns over the causal nature of this association remain. Some argue that problem gambling does not lead to crime; instead, the same background characteristics that predict problem gambling also predict criminal behavior. Yet, studies suggestive of a spurious association often rely on small, non-random, and cross-sectional samples; thus, the extent to which the findings are generalizable to the broader population is unknown. With this in mind, the present study uses data from The National Longitudinal Study of Ado...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Financial Literacy and Gambling Behavior: Evidence from Japan
This study examines the relationship between financial literacy, financial education, and gambling behavior (me asured as gambling frequency) among the Japanese population. We hypothesize that financially literate and financially educated people who use their knowledge to make sound financial decisions are less likely to gamble. The data used in this study are from a nationwide survey in Japan from the Prefer ence Parameters Study of Osaka University in 2010 (n = 3687). To control for endogeneity bias between financial literacy and gambling behavior, we use the education of respondents’ fathers as an in...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Clustering Gambling Disorder Patients with Lotteries as a Preferred Form of Gambling
This study aimed to explore empirical subgroups of treatment-seeking patients who endorsed lotteries as their preferred form of gambling. The sample includedn  =  342 patients who were included in two-step cluster analysis procedures using sociodemographic and clinical measures as indicator variables. Three clusters were identified: (a) Cluster 1 (labeled as “severely impaired young men”,n  =  108, 31.6%) included mainly single young men that were employed, with short disorder duration, high gambling severity and high levels of comorbid psychopathology; (b) Cluster 2 (labeled as &ldq...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Neurophysiological Correlates of the Near-Miss Effect in Gambling
This study comprised 23 healthy voluntary participants (10 women) with ages ranging between 19 and 34  years (M = 22.5;SD = 3.65). All participants completed the South Oaks Gambling Screen and played a computerized slot machine, programed to induce the near-miss effect and specifically designed for an ERP study. By splitting the near-miss effect in two subtypes (before and after the payline), increased feedback-re lated negativity (FRN) was found for the near-misses after the payline in comparison to losses and also to near-misses before the payline. Results also indicated an increased P300...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 13, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Unguided Chatbot-Delivered Cognitive Behavioural Intervention for Problem Gamblers Through Messaging App: A Randomised Controlled Trial
AbstractInternet-delivered intervention may be an acceptable alternative for the more than 90% of problem gamblers who are reluctant to seek face-to-face support. Thus, we aimed to (1) develop a low-dropout unguided intervention named GAMBOT integrated with a messaging app; and (2) investigate its effect. The present study was a randomised, quadruple-blind, controlled trial. We set pre-to-post change in the Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI) as the primary outcome and pre-to-post change in the Gambling Symptom Assessment Scale (G-SAS) as a secondary outcome. Daily monitoring, personalised feedback, and private messages...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - March 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Use of Consumer Protection Tools on Internet Gambling Sites: Customer Perceptions, Motivators, and Barriers to Use
AbstractInternet gambling has been widely legalised in recognition of its capacity to, and the importance of, providing consumer protection tools to prevent and minimise gambling-related harms. Most licensed Internet gambling sites are required to provide consumer protection tools, including activity statements, deposit limits, and time-outs (temporary self-exclusion). However, few Internet gambling customers engage with the tools. An online survey of 564 customers of Australian Internet gambling sites aimed to understand the extent to which consumer protection tools are used, characteristics of those using these tools, an...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Influence of Demographic and Psychological Factors on Attitudes Toward Sport Betting Among Young Adults in Southwest Nigeria
This study, therefore, examined the influence of gender, age, sports betting knowledge and peer-based gambling on attitudes toward sports betting among young adults in Nigeria. The ex-post facto design was adopted in this cross-sectional survey. The participants were 749 students (42.9% females) of a large tertiary institution in southwest Nigeria. A standardized questionnaire comprising demographics and measures of attitudes toward sports betting, sports betting knowledge and perception of peer gambling behavior was utilized in the study. Results revealed that attitudes toward sports betting are positive for older males w...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research

Problem Gambling Risk Among Older Francophones in Ontario Canada: Surprising Results that Contradict Previous Findings of Gambling in Minority Groups
AbstractGambling is a popular activity among older adults. Despite this increase in popularity little research has examined gambling among this group. This is especially true for minority older adults, like Francophones in Ontario. The purpose of this study was to better understand gambling in a sample of older Francophones from North-Eastern Ontario, the first study to do so. A sample of 181 older (over 55  years) Francophones from Northeastern Ontario (M age = 68.7, SD 7.6) was recruited. This sample was compared to a sample of older adults with English as their native language that had been previously...
Source: Journal of Gambling Studies - February 17, 2020 Category: Addiction Source Type: research