Lactobacillus DNA usage in differentiation of normal vaginal fluids in premenopausal and postmenopausal females
Publication date: August 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, Volume 66Author(s): Shimaa Ahmed Alsaeed, Abeer Ahmed Zayed, Mohamed Adly Mohamed, Mokhtar Fathy Abdel-Satar, Walaa IbrahimAbstractThe presence of vaginal fluid as a bio-stain in the crime scene of sexual assaults provides pivotal evidence. The vaginal secretions are known to be rich in Lactobacillus; hence the current work aims to identify vaginal secretions via detection and quantification of Lactobacillus DNA in pre and postmenopausal females and to test its stability over storage time using Critical Threshold method applied by Polymerase chain...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - June 20, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Challenges associated with investigating a mass grave at the koriĆani cliffs in central bosnia
Publication date: Available online 17 June 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Anes Jogunčić, Adis Salihbegović, Emina Spahić, Nermin SarajlićAbstractMore than 200 men were killed at the Korićani Cliffs on Mount Vlašić in central Bosnia during the Bosnian war. The location of this mass grave remained unknown for a long time following the war, until 2008, when the Missing Persons Institute discovered a site containing the remains of approximately 60 individuals. Later, in September 2017, a new mass grave was identified at this location that had not been robbed and skeletal remains rema...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - June 18, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

The impact of forensic nursing course on students’ knowledge level on forensic evidence
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Dilek Özden, Hüsna Özveren, İlkin YilmazAbstractThe study is designed as quasi experimental including pre-test and post-test. The sample of the study is consisted of 98 students who are taking the Forensic Nursing course in the second year of the School of Nursing at a university.The mean score obtained from the test on the knowledge of forensic evidence before the training was 23.63±5.24 while the mean score after the training was 33.32±4.54. A statistically significant difference was found...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - June 18, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Claims about medical malpractices resulting in neonatal and maternal impairment in Iran
ConclusionConsidering this fact that medical malpractice was confirmed in a large proportion of some preventable and important complications, therefore, results of this study can be used for developing educational programs for related healthcare providers to prevent those complications. (Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - June 18, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Claims about medical malpractices resulting in neonatal and maternal impairment in Iran in 2 years
ConclusionConsidering this fact that medical malpractice was confirmed in a large proportion of some preventable and important complications, therefore, results of this study can be used for developing educational programs for related healthcare providers to prevent those complications. (Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - June 17, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Australian no-body homicides: Exploring common features of solved cases
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Claire Ferguson, Kamarah PooleyAbstractOffenders successfully disposing of a homicide victim’s body creates challenges to the criminal justice process, yet no research literature exists on no-body homicide cases. We explored 25 solved homicides in Australia where no part of the victim’s body was recovered. Coroners’ findings, case law, and media reports from 1983 to 2017 were examined qualitatively and descriptively. Features of the cases differed based on whether the homicide was related to organized c...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - June 15, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Fashion for a reason: Oral jewellery to aid forensic odontology
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Farrukh Farrukh, Scheila MânicaAbstractJewellery along with other personal effects have been used for human identification and acknowledged in the INTERPOL (The International Criminal Police Organization) DVI (disaster victim identification) forms. It is hypothesised that modified oral jewellery has scope haas a unique personal effect that can be used in combination with other identifiers. The main aim of this study was to investigate the opinions on the use of modified tooth/oral jewellery items among 90 subjects....
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - June 15, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Digital restoration of fragmentary human skeletal remains: Testing the feasibility of virtual reality
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Mikoláš Jurda, Petra Urbanová, Jiří ChmelíkAbstractExperts in forensic anthropology and medicine have become gradually accustomed to examining components of the human body in the virtual workspace. While the computer-assisted approach offers numerous benefits, the interactions with digital three-dimensional biological objects are often problematic, particularly if conducted with mouse, keyboard and flat-panel screen. The study focusses on feasibility of a virtual reality (VR) system fo...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - June 14, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

The unexpected effect of Syrian civil war in Turkey: Change of forensic postmortem case pattern
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Ramazan Akçan, Mahmut Şerif Yildirim, Abdurrahman Isak, Ali Rıza TümerAbstractIn the last decade, the whole world has witnessed a chaotic process characterized by uprisings, revolutions, and wars in the Middle East. The Syrian civil war, with its local and global consequences, is the most destructive of these events. Social and economic aspects of the effects of the Syrian civil war were discussed in detail. However, the change in forensic postmortem case pattern of neighboring countries remains unclear. He...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - June 14, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Lactobacillus DNA usage in defrrentiation of normal vaginal fluids in premenauposal and post menopausal females
Publication date: Available online 13 June 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Shimaa Ahmed Alsaeed, Abeer Ahmed Zayed, Mohamed Adly Mohamed, Mokhtar Fathy Abdel-Satar, Walaa IbrahimAbstractThe presence of vaginal fluid as a bio-stain in the crime scene of sexual assaults provides pivotal evidence. The vaginal secretions are known to be rich in Lactobacillus; hence the current work aims to identify vaginal secretions via detection and quantification of Lactobacillus DNA in pre and postmenopausal females and to test its stability over storage time using Critical Threshold method applied by Polymeras...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - June 14, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

The persistent problem of drowning - A difficult diagnosis with inconclusive tests
Publication date: Available online 13 June 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Lilli Stephenson, Corinna Van den Heuvel, Roger W. ByardAbstractAlthough the diagnosis of drowning may appear straightforward the reality is that it is sometimes one of the most difficult in forensic pathology. To begin with, there is no universal agreement on what constitutes drowning with some definitions using the term in the absence of a lethal outcome. Next are the significant problems that arise in finding immersed bodies and in assessing the death scene. Prolonged post mortem intervals are associated with artefact...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - June 14, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: July 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, Volume 65Author(s): (Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - June 14, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

The experiences of sexually assaulted people attending Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre for a forensic medical examination
This study aims to explore the experiences of people who have attended Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre (SARC) for a forensic medical examination (FME). Within the United Kingdom, SARCs support complainants following a sexual assault, delivering specialised care and gathering medico-legal evidence for court proceedings. To date, there has been limited research evaluating SARCs responses towards complainants. 863 Feedback and Evaluation forms, from a three-year period, completed by clients who accessed Saint Mary's SARC's forensic medical examination service were evaluated. Descriptive statistical analysis found ...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - June 6, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

The CSI Effect(s no one?)
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): David Errickson, Stephanie Giles, Graeme Horsman (Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - June 5, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Tracheal perforation from non-fatal manual strangulation
This article considers the limited science known about the injuries sustained from non-fatal manual strangulation, much of which is extrapolated from case reports in the literature. (Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 31, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

A Descriptive Medico-legal Study of Female Deaths in Cairo Governorate, Egypt
Conclusionand recommendations: Females in the third decade of life with blunt injuries to the head and neck were the majority of adult female autopsies. Homicide was the most common manner of female death using sharp instruments after domestic arguments mainly by a spouse or relative. Accidental death came second mainly due to post-operative complications. In cases of suicide, falling from height was the commonest cause followed by poisoning. These findings could be useful for forensic pathologists and healthcare promoters in predicting and preventing female deaths. Moreover, this emphasizes the need for raising public awa...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 31, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

First report of Heleomyzidae (Diptera) recovered from the inner cavity of an intact human femur
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Francesco Sessa, Elena Varotto, Martina Salerno, Stefano Vanin, Giuseppe Bertozzi, Francesco Maria Galassi, Francesca Maglietta, Monica Salerno, Fabiola Tuccia, Cristoforo Pomara, Pietrantonio RicciAbstractOne of the main characteristics of the Mafia of Gargano is their use of ritual murders: they shoot their victims in the face and then conceal the corpses in the numerous natural ravines present in the Gargano area. Skeletal remains are often recovered in a poor state of preservation under particular conditions related t...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 31, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

In fear of the most loved ones. A comprehensive review on Capgras misidentification phenomenon and case report involving attempted murder under Capgras syndrome in a relapse of a schizophrenia spectrum disorder.
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Maria Valeria Karakasi, Maria Markopoulou, Maria Alexandri, Athanasios Douzenis, Pavlos PavlidisAbstractThe present paper aims to describe a case of a schizophrenia spectrum disorder relapse leading to attempted murder, review literature, and investigate the epidemiological data and expression of violent behavior among Capgras-related incidents. 109 case reports deriving from various scientific areas dating from 1971 to 2017 were evaluated and juxtaposed with an equivalent comparison group of random psychiatry inpatients,...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 31, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Vehicle-assisted ligature decapitation: a case report and a review of the literature
We report the case of a 43-year-old man who used a long steel rope, attached between his neck and a streetlight, and started his vehicle, causing a complete decapitation. The results of the autopsy provided information on the morphology of the cervical lesions, but also on the causes of death. In spite of decapitation, the histological examination of the organs confirmed the presence of asphyxiation process by a mechanical origin that occurred before decapitation. (Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 24, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Profile of unnatural mortalities in Northern part of Ghana; a forensic-based autopsy study
ConclusionRoad traffic accident is therefore the leading cause of unnatural traumatic deaths as it accounted for more than half of all unnatural traumatic death cases reported in the forensics department. Men, especially the youth are also more prone to violent unnatural deaths compared to women in general. It is shown that, men die more in the various categories than women. Males are likely to die on the average, 3 times more than the females by any of the manner of deaths. (Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 24, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

A fatal case of self-poisoning through the ingestion of oleander leaves
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Elena Azzalini, Marzia Bernini, Sara Vezzoli, Anna Antonietti, Andrea Verzeletti (Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 24, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

A cut-off value of third molar maturity index for indicating a minimum age of criminal responsibility: older or younger than 16 years?
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Sudheer B. Balla, Subramanyeswara S. Chinni, Ivan Galic, Aditya Mohan Alwala, Pramod Machani, Roberto CameriereAbstractProviding appropriate legal mechanisms, that evaluate the progression of development from the age of childhood innocence to maturity and full responsibility, considered one of the difficult areas of criminal justice policy. The minimum age of criminal responsibility (MACR) in children varies among countries and differs widely owing to history and culture. Due to rising and brutality of criminal offenses, ...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 24, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Epidemio-toxicological profile of poisoning cases - A five years retrospective study
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Utsav Parekh, Sanjay GuptaAbstractPoisoning is recognized as a major factor for deaths in majority of low-income and middle- income countries. Although it is considered as a global burden, the nature of poisoning may vary in different areas across the world. The Charutar region in the state of Gujarat in western India has a unique topography and cultivation practises which sets it apart from the rest of the state. Due to the dearth of studies pertaining to the access of the population at this area to different types of po...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 24, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Teaching forensic science under conditions of humanitarian crisis: Toward a critically-informed experiential approach
This article examines the use of critical pedagogy practices for teaching students the forensic science of migrant death and identification in the US borderland. Critical pedagogy, a philosophy of education that centers issues of social justice and human rights in the classroom, insists that teaching is inherently political, and challenges students to recognize and address power structures which perpetuate an unjust status quo. Drawing examples from qualitative data gathered during two field seasons in South Texas with the University of Indianapolis Forensic Science Team and narrative analysis of students team members' dai...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 24, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Fatal intoxication of a regular drug user following N-ethyl-hexedrone and ADB-FUBINACA consumption
In this report, we characterize the case of a 23-year-old male regular drug user who died a few hours after NEH and ADB-FUBINACA consumption. His medical history showed arrhythmia in childhood, and some seizures. Autopsy found he had a BMI of 42.9, a hypertrophic and dilated heart, severe atherosclerosis of the valves, coronaries and the arteries, and edema of the internal organs. Histology confirmed those findings. Postmortem blood levels of NEH were 285 ng/ml, along with 0.08 ng/ml ADB-FUBINACA and five ADB-FUBINACA metabolites. Based on the blood concentrations measured in suspected drug users (≤83.9 ng/ml) we ...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 24, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

The risk of emerging new psychoactive substances: The first fatal 3-MeO-PCP intoxication in The Netherlands
We present the first fatal case in the Netherlands and one of the few worldwide. Postmortem biological samples and the presumed abused unknown substance, sold as ant poison, were obtained. 3-MeO-PCP was detected, and the resulting concentration was 152 μg/l in whole blood. The presumed taken unknown sample was identified as 3-MeO-PCP and thus linked to the victim. The cause of death was a combination of 3-MeO-PCP, amphetamine, and alcohol. Improved diagnostic skills are necessary to face these emerging novel psychoactive substances also in light of public health and social risks. (Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 21, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Violent deaths among elderly in Attica, Greece: A 5-year survey (2011–2015)
Publication date: July 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, Volume 65Author(s): Theodora Nikitopoulou, Konstantinos Moraitis, Maria Tsellou, Maria Stefanidou-Loutsidou, Chara Spiliopoulou, Stavroula PapadodimaAbstractAccording to World Health Organization (WHO) estimations, approximately 6 million people lose their lives yearly due to some kind of injury, while one-third of these incidents are due to violent acts. Violent deaths include accidents (road traffic accidents, drownings, falls, heat effects etc), suicides as well as homicides. Elderly people seem to be at greater risk due to their special characte...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 19, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

A case of Jack Russel Terrier scavenging: Images and three dimensional models for forensic interpretation
Publication date: Available online 15 May 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Fabio De-Giorgio, Simone Grassi, John William BerketaAbstractDistinguishing between ante-mortem and post-mortem domestic dog injuries is fundamental in order to correctly find the cause of the death. Although fatal aggressions are chiefly perpetrated by pit bull-type dogs, small dogs are responsible for a significant share of animal bites and can cause high-degree injuries. On the other side, indoor and outdoor scavenging can hinder forensic investigation, consuming parts of the body where crucial forensic features like b...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 16, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Epidemiological and Toxicological Profile of Homicide Victims in a Legal Medicine Unit in Brazil
This study aimed to evaluate the profile of these victims.Methods and materialA cross-sectional retrospective study was performed on homicide victims in 2014 with a sample composed of all homicide cases in 2014 for which toxicology had been performed in an Official Forensic Laboratory (Minas Gerais- Brazil).Results1382 homicide victims composed the sample. The group with a positive toxicology test (N=943) presented higher proportions of men (p = 0.003), black/brown skin (p
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 15, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Evidences of trauma in adult African enslaved individuals from Valle da Gafaria, Lagos, Portugal (15th-17th centuries)
Publication date: Available online 13 May 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Maria Teresa Ferreira, Catarina Coelho, Eugénia Cunha, Sofia N. WasterlainAbstractThe aim of this work is to discuss the frequency of traumatic bone injuries in a quite unique skeletal assemblage of enslaved people from Valle da Gafaria, Lagos, Portugal (15th-17th centuries). In all, 30 males, 58 females, and 15 individuals of unknown sex were included in the study. The skeletal remains were macroscopically observed for traumatic lesions. When present, the traumatic bone injuries were classified as having occurred ...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 15, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Violent Deaths among Elderly in Attica, Greece: A 5-year Survey (2011-2015)
Publication date: Available online 13 May 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Theodora Nikitopoulou, Konstantinos Moraitis, Maria Tsellou, Maria Stefanidou-Loutsidou, Chara Spiliopoulou, Stavroula PapadodimaAbstractAccording to World Health Organization (WHO) estimations, approximately 6 million people lose their lives yearly due to some kind of injury, while one-third of these incidents are due to violent acts. Violent deaths include accidents (road traffic accidents, drownings, falls, heat effects etc), suicides as well as homicides. Elderly people seem to be at greater risk due to their special ...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 15, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Stature Estimation from Hand Anthropometric Measurements in Bangladeshi Population
Publication date: Available online 14 May 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Md. Asadujjaman, Md. Babor Ali Molla, Sk Nahid Al NomanAbstractThe aim of this research was to generate a standard formula for estimating stature in the Bangladeshi population from hand anthropometric measurements. Arbitrarily selected a total of 150 male and 150 female healthy subjects within the age range 18 to 60 years participated in this study. Stature and nine hand parameters were taken using a standard tape and a digital slide calipers for each subject. The results indicate that in male Bangladeshi population, the ...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 15, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Revisits of Forensic Cases to the Emergency Department
In this study, it was aimed that to determine characteristics of these cases and to investigate factors associated with forensic revisits.MethodsAll forensic cases who presented to emergency department of a secondary care hospital in Turkey were evaluated between July 2017 and June 2018, retrospectively. During a year study period, 7580 visits were performed by 5870 forensic cases in the ED. Characteristics of cases which were gender, age, injury patterns, number of revisits, outcomes, and total cost were noted. Factors associated with forensic revisits were identified by multivariate logistic regression analysis.ResultsDu...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 15, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Postmortem water contents of major organs with regard to the cause of death
In conclusion, we recommend the measurement of tissue water content because it is easy to perform and appears to be useful for evaluating the pathophysiology of systemic circulatory failure.Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 12, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Septic myocardial calcification: A case report
We present a rare case of sepsis-related myocardial calcification.Here we report a case involving a 72-year-old white male who was admitted to a hospital for a polytrauma caused by a motorbike accident. On the 110th day of hospitalization, the patient was diagnosed with a septic process and a subsequent transesophageal echocardiogram revealed the presence of a calcification on the right atrial wall. According to the medical history of the patient there were no systemic factors predisposing to calcium crystals deposition in tissues. Patient died due to multi-organ failure in the course of multimicrobial septic shock during ...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 11, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

The derivation of predictive equations to speculate the post-mortem interval using cases with over 20-mL pleural effusion: A preliminary study
Publication date: Available online 9 May 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Yosuke Usumoto, Keiko Kudo, Akiko Tsuji, Yoko Ihama, Noriaki IkedaAbstractOften, pleural effusion is noted at autopsy when the cause of death is drowning or diseases such as heart, renal and liver failure. Several studies have established a correlation between the concentrations of electrolytes in pleural effusion and the post-mortem interval (PMI) or those concentrations and drowning site. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between the amount of pleural effusion, concentrations of electrolytes and tota...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 10, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Fatal intoxication of a regular drug user following N-ethyl-hexedrone and ADB-FUBINACA consumption.
In this report, we characterize the case of a 23-year-old male regular drug user who died a few hours after NEH and ADB-FUBINACA consumption. His medical history showed arrhythmia in childhood, and some seizures. Autopsy found he had a BMI of 42.9, a hypertrophic and dilated heart, severe atherosclerosis of the valves, coronaries and the arteries, and edema of the internal organs. Histology confirmed those findings. Postmortem blood levels of NEH were 285 ng/ml, along with 0.08 ng/ml ADB-FUBINACA and five ADB-FUBINACA metabolites. Based on the blood concentrations measured in suspected drug users (≤ 83.9 ng/ml) we hypot...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 7, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Timing of fatal BASE jumping incidents: 1981–2018
Publication date: Available online 3 May 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Jeremy W. Sieker, Edward M. Castillo, Gary M. VilkeAbstractBASE jumping, or fixed object parachuting, is a high-risk sport that has evolved significantly since its inception in the 1960s. Differences in parachute technology, teaching methods, jumping locations, practices, and popularity, among other factors, have qualitatively transformed the sport, particularly since 2000. The current study seeks to better understand how the rate of BASE jumping fatalities have changed as BASE jumping has grown. Using data from the BASE F...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - May 4, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: May 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, Volume 64Author(s): (Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - April 30, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Accreditation of forensic science service providers
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Carole McCartney, Emmanuel Nsiah AmoakoAbstractShort commentary on the new UK Accreditation of Forensic Service Providers Regulations 2018. (Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - April 27, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

A novel approach for sex determination using palmar tri-radii: A pilot study
Publication date: July 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, Volume 65Author(s): Ashish Badiye, Neeti Kapoor, Swati Dubey MishraAbstractPalmprints are often encountered on the scene of crime. It can play a key role in sex determination (male or female), which may help in the process of elimination and hence in narrowing down the suspect pool during forensic investigation. In the present study, 300 bilateral palmprints collected from 150 healthy consenting adults (75 males and 75 females) belonging to heterogeneous population of central India were examined. The distance between the palmar tri-radii (deltas) 'a...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - April 25, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Homicide victims and mechanisms in Lithuania from 2004 to 2016
Publication date: Available online 21 April 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Sigitas Chmieliauskas, Sigitas Laima, Dmitrij Fomin, Eleonora Jurolaic, Algimantas Jasulaitis, Jurgita Stasiuniene, Dainius Characiejus, Algirdas UtkusAbstractA retrospective analysis of 2000 intentional homicide cases from the State Forensic Medicine Service (Vilnius, Lithuania) was carried out in order to evaluate the portrait of homicide victims and mechanisms of death between 2004 and 2016. The definition of intentional homicide appears to be quite straightforward, as a homicide occurs when one person’s cause ...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - April 22, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Lip print identification: Current perspectives
Publication date: Available online 20 April 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Gabriel M. Fonseca, D.D.S. Jorge Ortíz-Contreras, C.D.R. Carlos Ramírez-Lagos, Sandra López-Lázaro AntrAbstractLip print identification has been proposed as an additional tool for crime investigation because of the supposed uniqueness of labial grooves; however, critics of the validity and reliability for methods and techniques redefined standards and requirements in order to consider this discipline a real forensic identification science. During our research we identified recent literature, ...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - April 21, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

The demographics of dog bites due to K-9 (legal intervention) in the United States
ConclusionsIn the US, 1.1% of all ED visits for dog bites are due to K-9 intervention with no change in incidence, even though this study spanned the time when it was encouraged to change K-9 intervention; from “find and bite” to “find and bark”. The K-9 dog bite patient is nearly always male, more commonly Black, occurred away from home, and has a 3.7% hospital admission rate. Bites to the head/neck are less common compared to the non K-9 dog bite group. (Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - April 21, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

A novel approach for Sex determination using palmar tri-radii: A pilot study.
Publication date: Available online 16 April 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Ashish Badiye, Neeti Kapoor, Swati Dubey MishraAbstractPalmprints are often encountered on the scene of crime. It can play a key role in sex determination (male or female), which may help in the process of elimination and hence in narrowing down the suspect pool during forensic investigation. In the present study, 300 bilateral palmprints collected from 150 healthy consenting adults (75 males and 75 females) belonging to heterogeneous population of central India were examined. The distance between the palmar tri-radii (...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - April 18, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Prediction of injury risks and features among scooter riders through MADYMO reconstruction of a scooter-microvan accident: identifying the driver and passengers
This study aimed to reconstruct the kinematics of a scooter–microvan accident involving three riders and explored the differences in injury risks and characteristics of the scooter driver and passengers. We reconstructed a real accident by using MADYMO multi-body simulation software. Moreover, we designed two-variable simulation experiments to analyze how the velocity and impact angle of the microvan are related to the injuries of the three riders. When the microvan speed is set at 18 km/h and that of the scooter is set at 28.8 km/h, the simulated kinematics correlates well with real accident data, and the impact pos...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - April 18, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Forensic Pathological Study of Complex and Complicated Suicides: A twelve-year case series in Genoa (Italy).
Publication date: Available online 16 April 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Rosario Barranco, Carole Diana, Francesco VenturaAbstractGenerally, the term complex suicide refers to a form of suicide in which more than one traumatic method is applied, simultaneously or consecutively, through multiple self-injurious actions using different methods and involving various bodily sites.A distinctive feature of complicated suicides is the failure of the initial attempt of the self-suppressive method that, nonetheless, results in death due to a subsequent accidental occurrence. In such cases, forensic pa...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - April 16, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

The contribution of mental health services to a new strategic direction for sexual assault and abuse services
Publication date: Available online 11 April 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Charlie Brooker, Amanda Edmondson, Liz HughesAbstractA new strategy for sexual assault and abuse services was published by NHS England earlier this year. It called for better coordination of services along the Sexual Assault Referral Centre (SARC) pathway following a sexual assault including mental health services for children, young people and adults. Previous research has highlighted the fact that up to two-thirds of those attending SARCs either have a history of mental health problems or are being currently treated f...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - April 12, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Cause, Manner and Age of Death in a Series of Decedents with Tattoos Presenting for Medicolegal Autopsy
Publication date: Available online 8 April 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Lilli Stephenson, Roger W. ByardAbstract:Tattoos have been previously linked to high-risk behaviours involving drug use, sexual promiscuity, mental health disorders such as depression and subsequent suicidality, aberrant personality traits including lack of sociability and reduced inhibition, psychopathy and schizophrenia. All of these have been associated with violent and early deaths. Given the recent increase in numbers of individuals being tattooed in Western communities, a retrospective study was undertaken of 100 c...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - April 10, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research

Coroners court and directions to juries in Article 2 inquests
Publication date: Available online 9 April 2019Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal MedicineAuthor(s): Zia AkhtarAbstractArticle 2 of the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR) protects the Right to Life that is invoked in an inquest where the diseased has expired in circumstances of custody or control by an agency of state. The High Court in 2012 ordered the second inquest in the Hillsborough case where the correct directions to the jury were read as to when there is a breach of such a duty. The inquest findings resulted in criminal charges being brought against two former senior police officers, who were indicted li...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - April 10, 2019 Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research