Students ’ Perceptions of Justice: Application of Sanctions, Guilt, and Responsibility in Campus Sexual Assault Cases
AbstractDespite growing attention to adjudication of campus sexual assault cases, little is known how students perceive “justice” for such cases. The present study examined whether victim, perpetrator, and assault characteristics influenced students’ perceptions of: whether a sanctionable violation occurred; the type of sanction to be applied; perceived severity of the sanction; proportion of guilt attributable to the victim and perpetrator; and level of responsibility of the victim and perpetrator. Fourteen factors pertaining to potential negative evaluation of rape victims were derived; thus, a non-fact...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - January 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

One Organization ’s Approach to Balancing Survivor Empowerment with Mandated Child Abuse Reporting
AbstractThere is a long-standing history of tension between the domestic violence and child welfare fields. Domestic violence advocates, whose mission is to empower individual experiencing domestic violence, are often placed in the role of gatekeeper to the child welfare system as they decide whether or not to report potential child abuse and neglect to the state. This commentary serves to open a dialogue concerning how domestic violence organizations can build capacity to bridge the gap between the domestic violence and child welfare fields. Utilizing Goodman et al. (2019) framework highlighting theinward-facing, survivor...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - January 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mentoring Multi-College Bystander Efficacy Evaluation – an Approach to Growing the Next Generation of Gender-Based Interpersonal Violence Intervention and Prevention (VIP) Researchers
AbstractThe Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provided funding (U01  CE002668) to evaluate bystander program efficacy to reduce gender-based violence on college campuses (Aim 1) and to create a mentoring network (Aim 2) for young campus-based researchers interested in violence intervention or prevention (VIP). While an evaluation of this mentoring program is ongoin g, our purpose here was to document the strategies used to create, implement, and begin evaluation of this national multi-college mentoring network. As each public college was recruited into this evaluation named multi-college Bystander Efficacy Ev...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - January 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Long Shadow of Family Separation: a Structural and Historical Introduction to Mandated Reporting in the Domestic Violence Context
This article aims to review briefly the broader social, historical, and structural contexts of mandated reporting and the linked phenomena of parent ing surveillance and the forced separation of families of color. Centering these broader legacies of violence and other harms expands our capacity to ask the right research questions and support survivors more effectively as they seek help from systems they need for safety and healing, but that they also rightly fear. (Source: Journal of Family Violence)
Source: Journal of Family Violence - January 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Intersections of Stalking and Technology-Based Abuse: Emerging Definitions, Conceptualization, and Measurement
This article describes stalking and technology-based abuse across three samples of intimate partner violence survivors. Over a period of 6  years (2012–2018), data were collected from survivors of intimate partner violence (n = 1137) receiving services from domestic violence programs (including shelter). Three forms of data collection were employed across two studies: pen-and-paper surveys, web-based surveys, and qualitative semi-structured interviews. Data were combined and analyzed to document and compare women’ s reports of stalking and technology-based abuse. Across the two quantitative s...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - January 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Pathways from Early Family Violence to Adolescent Reactive Aggression and Violence Victimization
AbstractThe current study examined how early childhood (EC) family violence and risk (i.e., maternal aggression, sibling aggression, environmental risk) predicted early adolescent (EA) reactive physical and relational aggression and violence victimization through middle childhood (MC) parenting (i.e., guilt induction, power assertive discipline). Mother-infant dyads (N = 216; 72% African American) were recruited as part of a larger longitudinal study on prenatal cocaine and other substance exposure. Observations, interviews, and maternal and child self-report measures were collected from dyads in early childh...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - January 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Malicious Reports of Child Maltreatment as Coercive Control: Mothers and Domestic and Family Violence
This article explores the phenomenon of abusive partners or ex-partners making malicious false reports of child maltreatme nt to child protective services as an aspect of coercive control and systems abuse. The article draws on interviews with 65 women who have been victims of DFV, focusing on the experiences of 11 of the interviewees who have been maliciously reported, or received threats that they will be reported, to child protection services by an abusive ex-partner. Those interviewees who had been the victim of malicious reports of child maltreatment by an abusive partner or ex-partner experienced substantial negative...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - January 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Group Compassion-Based Therapy for Female Survivors of Intimate-Partner Violence and Gender-Based Violence: a Pilot Study
AbstractEmotional disorders are common in survivors of gender-based violence, especially intimate partner violence (IPV), and are often maintained by shame and self-criticism. Compassion-based therapies target shame and self-criticism but have not been evaluated in this population to date, nor in any low- or middle-income country. Ten Colombian females reporting recent gender-based violence and clinical levels of emotional disorder(s) completed a 5-session group compassion-based therapy intervention. Measures of symptoms and hypothesized mediators were applied 5  weeks before treatment (baseline), pre-treatment, post-...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - January 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Posttraumatic Stress and Parenting Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Emotion Regulation
AbstractMaternal trauma has been linked with problematic parenting, including both harsh and permissive behaviors. However, little is known about mechanisms accounting for this association. The current study examined the potential impact of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and emotion regulation on dysfunctional parenting behaviors in a sample of community mothers. We hypothesized a mediation model wherein PTSD would be associated with dysfunctional parenting (i.e., lax and overreactive behaviors) indirectly through deficits in maternal emotion regulation. Seventy-eight community mothers of 18- to 36-month-old children...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Pilot Study Evaluation of a Parent Group for Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence
AbstractIntimate partner violence (IPV) poses significant health consequences to individuals, families, and society. For women, IPV can negatively influence their individual well-being, parenting, and the parent-child relationship. Researchers have identified a need for IPV interventions to focus on open communication, healthy relationships, creating social support, seeking resources, and developing strategies for both mothers and children to manage and cope with their emotions. The purpose of this mixed methods pilot study was to evaluate a 12-week parent group designed to educate mothers about their children ’s exp...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Using a Multiphase Mixed Methods Triangulation Design to Measure Bystander Intervention Components and Dose of Violence Prevention Programs on College Campuses
AbstractAs mandated by the 2013 Campus Sexual Violence Elimination Act, bystander programs to reduce sexual and intimate partner violence are being adopted in college communities throughout the United States. However, little is currently known about how bystander programs are selected, implemented and experienced by staff and students. In the Multi-College Bystander Efficacy Evaluation (mcBEE) project, we seek to evaluate the relative efficacy of bystander programs at multiple college campuses. In this paper, we describe our mixed methods strategies as a critical first step in achieving our overall goal. We are employing a...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Prevalence and Patterns of Intimate Partner Violence in a Nationally Representative Sample in Lithuania
AbstractThis representative study examines the prevalence of psychological, economic, physical, or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV), the main patterns of IPV exposure, and the interconnections between IPV and socio-demographic characteristics. The participants of the current cross-sectional study were 1173 women from a nationally representative survey. The data were collected using in-person interviews. The reported lifetime prevalence of any IPV (physical, sexual, psychological, and economic abuse) in Lithuania is 51.2%. For women who experienced abuse, the lifetime prevalence of psychological, economic, physical, a...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Young Women ’s Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence – Narratives of Control, Terror, and Resistance
AbstractMost research on Youth Intimate Partner Violence (YIPV) has focused on prevalence rates and associated factors. Less attention has been given to how victimization manifests itself in young women ’s lives. The aim of this paper is to further our understanding of the dynamics of violence and abuse by investigating the contextual, situational, and relational aspects of IPV among young women. We specifically ask what meanings are attributed to the abuse and what role digital media plays. Fina lly, to develop our understanding, we apply Johnson’s typology of violence.Semi-structured interviews were performed...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric Analyses of Stalking Measures from the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey
This study examined the psychometric properties of stalking victimization and related fear-based measures in the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) to better understand the ability of these items to produce valid estimates and comparisons across gender groups. This analysis used data from 9086 women and 7421 men in the 2010 NISVS conducted by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Descriptive, reliability, and dimensionality statistics were examined for seven measures of stalking behaviors and four indicators of fear. The structure of each measure was then examined using item respons...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cisgender Teen Dating Violence: Differential Associations with Various Substances Used
AbstractAdolescent substance use and teen dating violence (TDV) are both significant public health concerns. Yet, less research has examined the intersection of different substances used with differing TDV experiences or types. More scholarship is needed examining how these two behaviors relate A subset of data (n = 2099) fromTechnology, Teen Dating Violence and Abuse, and Bullying in Three States, 2011 –2012 (Zweig and Dank2016) was used to explore group differences in TDV victimization, perpetration, or mutual violence within different TDV types (physical, psychological, sexual, and online) on various...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Incarcerated Girls, Criminal Pathways and Multiple Forms of Abuse
AbstractResearchers have long been concerned with the reasons that lead young people into a life of crime, yet most of this work has focused on the experiences of males and how they end up behind bars or eventually leave a life of crime. Mainstream criminological thought often lacks an inclusive understanding about the experiences that lead girls into the criminal justice system. With this study, the researchers seek to add to the understanding of how girls end up behind bars, specifically exploring the relationship between experiences of abuse and juvenile justice. Using two years of ethnographic research with incarcerate...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Advocacy Responses to Intimate Partner Stalking: Micro, Mezzo, and Macro Level Practices
AbstractDomestic violence victim advocacy is an integral part of the response to intimate partner stalking (IPS). However, research specifically examining the strategies that advocates use to support survivors of stalking is limited. The present study aims to expand the knowledge base on advocates ’ practices with survivors of IPS. Through inductive analysis of interviews with 26 domestic violence victim advocates, advocates’ responses to IPS were examined. Findings indicated that advocates used macro, mezzo and micro level practices to respond to IPS. Micro level responses included advis ing clients to create ...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Intimate Partner Stalking among College Students: Examining Situational Contexts Related to Police Notification
This study seeks to better understand the situational contexts of this social phenomenon among a high-risk population - college students - and explores how elements of the situational context of intimate partner stalking relate to police notification.Using data from college students attending 24 universities in the United States, logistic regression analyses are supplemented with conjunctive analyses of case configurations (CACC), which allow for the construction of situational contexts of intimate partner stalking and a comparison of contexts that are and are not reported to the police.Overall, police notification for int...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Use of Support Services and Help-Seeking Behaviors Among Abused Ghanaian Women with Disabilities
AbstractIn spite of the high rates of violence against women with disabilities, many factors hinder abused women with disabilities from seeking help either from social support or professional services. The aim of this study was to investigate the help-seeking behaviors of abused women with mobility and visual impairments who have been abused by caregivers and their use of support services in Asokore Mampong District, Ghana. We employed a qualitative exploratory design to elicit the views of participants. Interview protocols were used for the data collection. Interview transcripts were analyzed and presented thematically. T...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Examining the Role of Safety Planning and Firearms in Community Professional ’s Advice and Perceived Helpfulness for Female IPV Victims
AbstractWhen IPV victims contact justice system or victim service professionals they are often advised on safety actions. Yet, there is limited research on what advice victims receive and how that advice might differ depending on where one lives (e.g., a rural versus urban area) or who is giving the advice (e.g., law enforcement versus victim advocates). The current study surveyed 133 justice system and victim service professionals who work with IPV victims in rural and urban communities. Three primary research questions were analyzed: (1) what advice do professionals give IPV victims with protective orders that had been v...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Sex Differences in Problem Alcohol Use in High School as a Function of Recent Sexual Violence Victimization or Perpetration
AbstractTo investigate sex differences in associations between sexual violence victimization (SVV), sexual violence perpetration (SVP), and binge drinking and/or alcohol problems among high school students. While SVV has been linked to problem alcohol use among young women, little research has addressed the unique associations of SVV and SVP on alcohol use/problems within both sexes. A cross-sectional analysis of 16,992 high school students ’ self-reports of past-year SVP and SVV was used where SVV/SVP was defined by three tactics (sexual coercion, drug/alcohol-facilitated or incapacitated sex, and physically forced ...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Examining the Association between Severity of Child Neglect and Quality of Parenting
This study explored associations between severity of child neglect perpetration through coding of child protective services case records; and quality of observed parenting, using observational, mic ro-social coding of parenting behaviors. Regression analyses showed that high severity neglecting mothers displayed significantly less warm, affiliative parenting than lower severity neglecting and non-CM mothers, and more harsh, controlling parenting relative to their non-CM peers. Further, there w ere no differences between low severity neglect and non-CM mothers in the amount of warm, affiliative parenting observed. These fin...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Emotional Abuse and Adolescents ’ Social Anxiety: the Roles of Self-Esteem and Loneliness
AbstractWhile emotional abuse has effects on social anxiety, little is known about mechanisms of this relationship, particularly in China. To address this gap, this cross-sectional study estimated mediating roles of self-esteem and loneliness in the relationship between emotional abuse and social anxiety in Chinese culture. 569 adolescents and pre-adolescents (aged between 10 and 15  years, M = 11.68, SD = 0.83; 50.62% boys) completed a series of questionnaires inquiring about emotional abuse, social anxiety, loneliness, and self-esteem. Structural equation modeling was used to examine medi...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Impact of Mandatory Reporting Laws on Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence: Intersectionality, Help-Seeking and the Need for Change
AbstractResearch illustrates the importance of help-seeking for intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors. However, mandatory reporting (MR) laws can affect help-seeking by requiring some sources of support to report survivors to formal systems. This convergent mixed methods study of 2462 survivors surveyed through the National Domestic Violence Hotline explores how MR laws impact survivors ’ help-seeking, the outcomes of their help-seeking, and whether their race, gender, and/or sexual orientation influenced their experiences. Findings indicated that MR laws reduce help-seeking for over a third of survivors, provide...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Lessons Learned in Creating a College Consortium
AbstractThis paper  offers lessons learned in evaluating the reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act (2013) requirement that colleges receiving Title IX funds provide bystander programming to reduce sexual violence. To conduct this evaluation a national college consortium was created [multi college bystander efficacy evaluation (mcBEE)]. Through this consortium 24 public colleges were recruited and their choices regarding bystander programming options were queried. Concurrently, rates of violence perpetration and victimization were measured over 4  years among undergraduate students at each college. Des...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Factors for Formal Help-Seeking among Female Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence
This study attempted to fill this gap by using a nationally representative dataset that collected data on multiple consequences of viole nce and formal sources of help. This study used the National Crime Victimization Survey to examine factors for female survivors’ help-seeking (n = 474). The main variables were formal help-seeking (medical, legal), types of victimization and consequences, and demographics. All were examined through logistic regression analyses. Black/African American survivors sought more formal help than their White counterparts. Sexually victimized su rvivors used less legal help tha...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Examining Stalking Experiences and Outcomes for Men and Women Stalked by (Ex)partners and Non-partners
This study examined stalker gender, course-of-conduct, threats and safety efficacy, and the association of those factors on stalking-related fear and mental health outcomes for men (n = 218) and women (n = 478) stalked by (ex)partners (n = 285) and non-partners (n = 411) within the past 5 years. Results showed that women had higher stalking-related-fear; but they were also more likely to be targeted by male (ex)partner stalkers than men. Even so, men who were stalked by males had higher stalking-related fear, after controlling for other factors, than me n who wer...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“It Makes Me Step Back a Little…Check Myself”: Parental Identity and Mandated Participation among Parents Involved with the Child Welfare System
AbstractThe child welfare system (CWS) is designed to protect children from maltreatment. One avenue through which the CWS aims to do so is by mandating participation in parenting interventions. There are notable challenges associated with mandated services, however, and participant drop out is a key concern. Researchers have examined factors associated with retention, and participants ’ beliefs about parenting and their parental identity may be linked with intervention engagement. Although theory and research on parental identity is growing, little of this work is specific to parents involved with the CWS. Therefore...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - December 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

How Do Practitioners and Program Managers Working with Male Perpetrators View IPV? A Quebec Study
AbstractTo document the viewpoints on intimate partner violence (IPV) of Qu ébec practitioners working with violent partners and of program managers of batterer intervention programs (BIPs). Based on Loseke’s (2003) theory of the construction of social problems, a qualitative study was carried out with 25 practitioners working with violent partners and with18 program managers of BIPs so as to explore their conceptions of IPV and their representations of perpetrators and victims. Study participants primarily defined IPV as a way of taking control, while nonetheless noting other motivations. They also insisted o...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - November 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Exposure to Family Violence and Adolescent Aggression in Multiple Social Contexts: Classroom Social Resources as Moderators
AbstractUsing a risk and resilience framework, the present study examined perceived classroom social resources (teacher control, teacher-student support, and supportive student-student relationships) as moderators of the association between family violence (parent-to-child physical violence, intimate partner violence (IPV) between parents) and aggression toward parents, schoolteachers, and dating partners. Data were drawn from a large self-report school survey of ninth grade students in Lower Saxony, Germany (n = 10,638) from which three subsamples were generated (n = 3548,n = 3534, andn = 4351). Controlling for demographi...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - November 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Role of Adverse Childhood Experiences and Corporal Punishment in Early Adulthood Depression and Substance Use among Ukrainian College Students
AbstractViolence against children is a worldwide problem, and a large body of research demonstrates both short-term and long-term negative outcomes. The present study employs structural equation modeling to examine the pathways from parents ’ use of corporal punishment and childhood adverse experiences to depression and substance use in adulthood. Cross-sectional data were collected from a sample of 944 students (Mage = 19.16, 69% females) attending ten public universities in 27 Ukrainian regions. The model provided a good fit for the data: χ2 (59,N = 944) = 189.49,p 
Source: Journal of Family Violence - November 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Young Adults Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence in Childhood: the Qualitative Meanings of this Experience
This study focuses specifically on the 18 –25 age group and seeks to answer the following questions: 1) How do young adults exposed to IPV explain what IPV meant to them? 2) In their opinion, which experiences in their life course contributed to construction of meanings?. Semi-structured interviews using an adaptation of the Life History Calendar were conducted with 35 young adults who were exposed to IPV in their childhood. Analysis was based on the Life Course Theory. Overall, the specific life courses of each young adult exposed to IPV helped us to better understand the nuances in the meanings they gave to IPV. Th...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - November 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Longitudinal Trajectories of Child-to-Parent Violence through Adolescence
This study examines the level and shape of the trajectory of child-to-mother violence (CMV) and child-to-father violence (CFV) throughout adolescence and associations with exposure to family violence and substance use. An accelerated longitudinal design was used to assess the trajectories of CMV and CFV from age 13 to 17 in 1415 adolescents (712 boys). Measures were collected at four periods that were a year apart. Adolescents completed measures of CMV and CFV at each wave and measures of exposure to family violence and drug abuse at the beginning of the study. The results indicate a negative linear trend, which consists o...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - November 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Good Call?: Contextual Factors Influencing Mandated Reporting in Domestic Violence Programs
AbstractDomestic violence shelter advocates closely guard the confidentiality of survivors in their shelter programs, yet they are simultaneously mandated reporters of child abuse and neglect. The mandate to report child abuse and neglect may include a child ’s exposure to domestic violence, which may be disclosed when assessing danger for program entry. The purpose of this study is to understand what decision making factors influence domestic violence shelter advocates’ decision to override survivor’s confidentiality and report child abuse and ne glect. A survey of 142 domestic violence shelter advocates...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - November 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Adverse Childhood Experiences Among Asian/Pacific Islander Sexual Minority College Students
In this study, we examined whether ACEs were more frequent among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) API college students compared to majority students. We used data from the 2015 College Student Health Survey to estimate the prevalence of ACEs among respondents and compared ACE prevalence between LGB and heterosexual students by race. LGB students reported a higher mean in overall ACE exposure than heterosexual counterparts, regardless of race (2.8 and 1.8 for LGB API vs. heterosexual API, respectively,p 
Source: Journal of Family Violence - September 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Youth Reentry from Prison and Family Violence Perpetration: the Salience of Family Dynamics
AbstractThe central role of family within the process of juvenile reentry from a term of incarceration has been well documented by researchers and practitioners alike. However, family violence among previously incarcerated youth remains alarmingly high across the United States. Drawing from differential coercion and social support theory, we examine how family dynamics may simultaneously promote and/or inhibit family violence perpetration among youth undergoing the process of reentry. Four waves of panel data from the male-only youth subsample of the Serious and Violent Offender Reentry Initiative are analyzed using a seri...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - September 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Gender Differences in the Use of Parental Alienating Behaviors
We examined whether there are gender differences in the use of these behaviors by analyzing data from two samples: interviews with parents who have been the target of parental alienating behaviors, and family law appellate court rulings in which parental alienation was found. In both studies, mothers used significantly more indirect than direct parental alienating strategies. In contrast, fathers tended to use similar levels of both indirect and direct parental alienating strategies. Further, fathers did not use more direct forms of this type of aggression than mothers. Better standards of practice for the assessment of pa...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - September 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Coercion: Measurement Invariance in a Population-Based Sample of Male and Female High School Students
AbstractThough researchers have documented that adolescents are vulnerable to coercion focused on reproductive and sexual autonomy, measures to assess this type of coercion for both adolescent females and males have not been validated in a population-based sample. The present study used secondary data collected from high school students across Kentucky (n = 16,137 from two independent samples in 2010 and 2014) to 1) determine if five items measuring adolescent reproductive and sexual coercion (ARSC) are appropriate for use among both females and males; and 2) estimate prevalence of identified ARSC factors by ...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Trajectories of Alcohol Use and Alcohol Intoxication in Young Adults Exposed to Childhood Violence and Later Problematic Drinking Behavior
This study examines the alcohol use and alcohol intoxication trajectories for victims of childhood violence over time and the potential pathways of relational difficulties and revictimization for the association between childhood abuse and problematic drinking behavior. The sample included 681 respondents (aged 19 –37 years) from a follow-up study (2017) conducted via phone interviews derived from a community telephone survey collected in 2013. Individuals who were exposed to violence (n = 298) had higher starting levels of alcohol intoxication at age 16, but the controls (n = 383) ha...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Intimate Partner Violence in the Military: an Investigation of Reporting Crimes to Law Enforcement Officials
AbstractAlthough awareness of intimate partner violence (IPV) has increased, acknowledging that American military members and their families are particularly vulnerable to these forms of violence has been relatively recent. While scholars have shown that victims of IPV are unlikely to report their victimizations to the police (VenemaJournal of Interpersonal Violence, 31(5), 872 –899,2016), virtually no attempts have been made to explore reporting crimes to the police by those in the military and/or victimized by someone in the military. In this paper, the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) data from 1992 to 2...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Household Chaos Moderates Indirect Pathways Involving Domestic Violence, Parenting Practices, and Behavior Problems among Preschool Children
This study examined the moderating role of household chaos in indirect pathways involving domestic violence (DV), parenting practices (punitive discipline and responsive), and preschool children ’s internalizing and externalizing symptoms. We hypothesized that high levels of household chaos would amplify links between domestic violence and parenting difficulties, and that parenting difficulties would in turn predict child behavior problems. Participants in this multimethod (survey, semi-s tructured interview, child protection records) study included 274 preschool children (Mage = 50.86 months) and ...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

What ’s in a Name? A Synthesis of “Allyship” Elements from Academic and Activist Literature
AbstractWithin men ’s activism to address gender inequities and prevent gender-based violence, and social justice movements more broadly, questions about the usefulness and limitations of the term ‘allyship’ have surfaced. Moreover, studies demonstrate that social justice activists with privilege often perpetuat e inequalities, perhaps despite their best intentions. To explicate the current understanding of allyship and to apply it to male activism, this paper synthesized the primary elements of allyship as defined by 40 activist and academic sources. Eight unique and discrete themes surfaced: constant ac...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“You Don’t Need Nobody Else Knocking you Down”: Survivor-Mothers’ Experiences of Surveillance in Domestic Violence Shelters
AbstractFor survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV), the act of seeking help from a domestic violence (DV) shelter can incur enormous costs. One cost is what we refer to as “parenting surveillance:” that is, DV advocates can monitor, evaluate, and sometimes control survivors’ parenting—activities given weight through their mandated reporter role. Although surveillance has long been a feature of state intervention into family life, particularly for low-income wo men of color, it is largely unexplored in the DV shelter system. This is a striking gap: Though most DV programs are committed to suppo...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Interpersonal Violence Prevention Considerations for Sexual Minority College Students: Lower Campus Connection, Worse Perceptions of Institutional Support, and more Accurate Understandings of Sexual Consent
AbstractWhile research has established that sexual minority college students are at increased risk for sexual violence and dating violence, less research has explored their attitudes and beliefs related to bystander self-efficacy, perceptions of institutional support, connectedness to the university, or understandings of sexual consent. These attitudes and beliefs are central to violence prevention and intervention programming and are well-researched among heterosexual students. Minority stress theory suggests that sexual minority people may have different attitudes and beliefs about violence due to these experiences with ...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Police Response to Violence and Conflict between Parents and their Minor Children
This study examines the nature of all domestic violence incidents involving parents and their minor children to which police in Philadelphia responded during the 2013 calendar year. We use a retrospective design to explore the nature and outcome of parent-child incidents to which police are summoned. Incidents that officers determined met the state statute definition of child abuse are not included. Of 54,456 domestic violence incidents in the city of Philadelphia in 2013, 2,361 involved a verbal incident or physical altercation between a minor child and at least one parent. Most reports (83.3%) identified the child as the...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

S í, Yo Puedo (Yes, I Can) Curriculum and Empowerment Program for Immigrant Latina Women in Group Settings: Utilization of the Program at a Police Department
This study builds upon a previous mixed-method study conducted at a police department between 2016 and 2017 in a Midwestern state. This study examines immigrant Latinas ’ experiences with a culturally specific curriculum,S í, Yo Puedo, designed to foster self-esteem and provide education on interpersonal violence and healthy relationships. Nineteen immigrant Latinas participated in three educational groups undergoing the curriculum. Pre/post 36-item surveys inclusive of nine demographic questions and two measurement scales were used to examine differences in self-esteem and attitudes and knowledge toward inter...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Barriers to Disclosing Elder Abuse and Taking Action in Australia
This study aimed to understand older people ’s experiences of elder abuse and the barriers to reporting it. Twenty-eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with clients of Seniors Rights Victoria (SRV) who had a case opened and closed between 2012 and 2015, or had made two or more calls to SRV between this period. Thematic analysis w as undertaken of the qualitative data. Older people who are being abused by their adult children may be reticent to seek help due to fear of adverse consequences for their adult child. The parental bond frequently prevented participants from speaking to others, asking for help, or...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Sexual Assault Experiences Vary for Active Duty Military Women Depending on their Relationship to the Perpetrator
This study analyzed weighted data from a 2016 survey representative of active duty Service members regarding their sexual assault experiences in the past year. Independent sample t-tests compared experiences based on the nature of the relationship between the victim and perpetrator. Military women sexually assaulted by intimate partners were more likely than those assaulted by non-intimate partners to indicate multiple incidents of sexual assault, penetrative sexual assault, stalking and sexual harassment before and after an incident, and a history of sexual assault in their lifetime. Military women sexually assaulted by i...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Help Seeking Experiences of Survivors of Intimate Partner Violence in Canada: the Role of Gender, Violence Severity, and Social Belonging
AbstractUsing data from the 2009 Canadian General Social Survey-Victimization main file, this study assessed the association between intimate partner violence (IPV) victims ’ socio-demographic characteristics, violence characteristics, sense of social belonging, and help seeking behaviors. In a nationally representative study, we conducted hierarchical binary logistic regression to evaluate the relationship between IPV victims’ (n = 900; 385 males and 515 females) sense of social belonging and their engagement with seeking help from informal (family members, friends/neighbors, co-workers) and form...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Sexual Victimization and Sexual Harassment among College Students: a Comparative Analysis
This study explores how the situational contexts, which include self-reported consequences and responses to victimization, compare between incidents ofnon-contact sexual harassment (SH) andcontact sexual victimization (CSV) (e.g., unwanted sexual contact, sexual coercion, and rape). Conjunctive analyses compare the commonality and variation among situational contexts of incidents of SH and incidents of CSV from a sample of survivors from 24 different colleges. Both forms of sexual violence negatively impact college students. Respondents who experienced SHonly (i.e., did not also experience CSV)  in the past year and t...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research