Analysis of Domestic Violence Related Homicides in Los Angeles County: Media Portrayals, Demographics, and Precipitating Circumstances
This study examined documented IPH in Los Angeles County during 2017, analyzing if precipitating circumstances, victim demographics, victim/suspect relationship, and weapon type were related to how often a homicide was reported in online media stories. Cases were identified from the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS), and standardized internet searches identified media articles associated with each case. Victim demographics from NVDRS and media articles were compared using Chi Square tests. Media report frequency, within different categorical predictor values, were examined using ANOVA models. 44 incidents wer...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - September 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Prevalence and Screening of Intimate Partner Violence and Association with Neonatal Low Birth Weight
AbstractIn an effort to understand the relationship between intimate partner physical and psychological violence (IPV) victimization during pregnancy and low birth weight (LBW), we analyzed screening and prevalence of IPV among women with LBW and covariates associated with IPV and LBW. A sample of women with a live birth between April 2014 and May 2016 was drawn randomly from a state registry of birth certificates over sampling for LBW births. Utilizing SAS 9.4, weighted prevalence chi-square and logistic regression analyses were conducted. Among 3393 women with singleton births, higher prevalence of a LBW outcome was observed among women
Source: Journal of Family Violence - September 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Consequences of the COVID-19 Lockdown on Stalking Victimisation
AbstractStalking involves repeated unwanted communication, harassment, and intrusive behaviour. This brief report draws on a service evaluation undertaken immediately prior to and during the 2020 COVID-19 crisis. The pandemic creates a paradox when considering safety in the home, but it is important to recognise the dangers this presents to many victims of stalking. The information presented in this report is based on existing literature and early evidence from semi-structured interviews and discussions with 15 victims and six practitioners. Whilst lockdown measures might appear to be a time when victims are less accessibl...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - September 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Statewide Implementation of Fathers for Change: a Fathering Intervention for Families Impacted by Partner Violence
This study presents a program evaluation for a statewide implementation of a fatherhood focused individual and family treatment for men referred by the child welfare system and provided by six community mental health agencies. Data from 204 fathers and their coparents referred to Fathers for Change (F4C) were analyzed to assess a) the feasibility of F4C and b) the impact of the intervention on IPV as measured by mothers’ reports on the Abusive Behavior Inventory, children’s ex posure to conflict on the Coparenting Relationship Scale, and fathers’ symptoms. Completion rates for the program were 73%. Age, r...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - September 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Influence of the Ongoing COVID-19 Pandemic on Family Violence in China
AbstractThe unprecedented outbreak and continuous spread of the COVID-19 virus starting in December 2019 resulted in a strict lockdown and nationwide long-term home isolation, which has possibly led to increased levels of family violence in China. This commentary aims to explore two issues related to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on family violence in China, with intimate partner violence as its most common form. These two issues are whether the COVID-19 pandemic has indeed had a negative impact on family violence and, if so, what its specific influences upon family violence in China have been. This commentary is la...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - September 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

An Introduction to the Special Issue: Family Violence and Youth Violence – Examining the Connections from Interdisciplinary Perspectives (an Extension of Anna Costanza Baldry’s Legacy)
AbstractFamily violence and youth violence have received a significant amount of research attention over the years. A large body of research findings has substantiated a significant association between experiences in family violence, such as maltreatment and exposure to parental violence, and youth violence, such as bullying, fighting, dating violence, gang violence. In honor of the late Dr. Anna Costanza Baldry, this special issue brings together scholars from a variety of disciplines (psychology, criminal justice, social work, and health science) to explore how family violence and youth violence are interrelated. (Source...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - September 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mediating Effects of Parental Stress on Harsh Parenting and Parent-Child Relationship during Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic in Singapore
AbstractBecause of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, “Circuit-breaker” safety distancing was implemented in Singapore from April to May 2020. Schools and workplaces were closed and parents had to balance telecommuting with parenting responsibilities. Coupled with the high degree of economic uncertainty and reduced social support, these circumstanc es are hypothesized to increase parenting stress. Based on the Parental Stress Model, this study aims to understand how parents’ perceived impact of COVID-19 increased harsh parenting and reduced parent-child relationship closeness through the mediating effec...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - September 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cultural or Institutional? Contextual Effects on Domestic Violence against Women in Rural China
AbstractDomestic violence against women is a critical social problem due to its long-lasting harmful effects on women ’s health and wellbeing. Previous studies have examined the individual and household-level determinants of domestic violence, yet there remains limited research on the effects of community-level factors, especially in rural China. To address this research gap, this study investigated the relations hip between cultural and institutional factors and the risk of domestic violence against women in this context. Drawing data from the nationally representative China Women Social Status Survey (CWSS), multil...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - September 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Link between Childhood Maltreatment, Prostitution, and Victimization of Physical Intimate Partner Violence: an Examination of Female Inmates in Taiwan
AbstractResearch has indicated victimization is pervasive among incarcerated women. Yet, there is little research that examines the linkage between various victimization among female prisoners. The empirical aim of this study is to examine the association between childhood maltreatment and victimization from physical intimate partner violence among incarcerated women in Taiwan. To understand the various pathways to victimization of physical intimate partner violence, we also assess the mediating effects of risky life styles, low self-control, and prostitution on victimization from physical intimate partner violence. Data w...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence and Association with Wealth in Myanmar
This study explores the prevalence of physical, sexual and emotional intimate partner violence in Myanmar, attitudes towards violence, and the association between wealth and intimate partner violence. We analysed a nationally representative sample of 3425 married women aged 15 –49 years from Myanmar Demographic and Health survey 2015–2016. In this cross-sectional study, data was collected by in-person interviews using a standardized questionnaire. Wealth was operationalized into five groups depending on how much the household owns. Intimate partner violence was measu red based on the standard methods of De...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Interpersonal Victimization of Latino Youth: a Latent Class Analysis
This study identifies latent classes of interpersonal victimization among Latino youth using a national sample and then compares these latent classes on demographic characteristics, mental health (depression, anxiety, and hostility), and delinquency. We used data from the Dating Violence Among Latino Adolescents (DAVILA) study that surveyed 1525 Latino teens and their caregivers across the USA, by phone, from September 2011 to February 2012. Participants completed modified versions of the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire and the Conflict Tactics Scales 2- Short Form. Latent class analysis examined victimization types a...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Advancing Knowledge about Youth Violence: Child Maltreatment, Bullying, Dating Violence, and Intimate Partner Violence
AbstractViolence, in all its different manifestations, is a universal problem affecting individuals of different age groups, of different ethnic and religious backgrounds, and of different sexual orientations. Family violence and youth violence are interconnected. This special issue advances knowledge about child maltreatment, bullying, youth violence, dating violence, and intimate partner violence. This commentary critically discusses the contributions to the special issue in the context of the most recent research developments in family and youth violence. It concludes that long-term longitudinal studies with frequent as...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 17, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Guns and Intimate Partner Violence among Adolescents: a Scoping Review
ConclusionOur review suggests that adolescence may confer a unique blend of risk factors for both firearm and relationship violence, yet the intersection of these issues has received relatively little attention compared to gun violence in adult relationships. Areas for future inquiry involve increased surveillance of this issue and interventions addressing the shared risks for gun carrying/access and TDV. (Source: Journal of Family Violence)
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Feasibility Test of an Online Class to Prevent Dating Violence for Autistic Youth: a Brief Report
AbstractThe purpose of this brief report is to share the results of a feasibility test of a six-session online class on dating violence prevention for autistic adolescents. The feasibility of delivering the online intervention was tested with a sample ofN = 11 autistic youth ages 15–19 years old. The intervention was delivered once a week for 6 weeks. Participants completed self-report surveys at baseline and approximately 6 weeks after baseline. Participants also participated in one-on-one telephone interviews approximately 2 weeks after the intervention. It was feasible to teach an...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Trapped and Resistant Body: Everyday Practices of Women in Taiwan in the Context of Intimate Partner Violence
This study used Michel de Certeau ’s concepts of strategies, tactics, and space to explore the power struggle between female survivors and IPV perpetrators, family members, and institutions. This study used data collected in semi-structured interviews between 2016 and 2018 with 24 women (30 to 54 years of age) in Taiwan who exper ienced IPV from their male partners. Thematic analysis was used to identify and organize themes based on the concepts of strategies, tactics, and spatial actions. Three coders analyzed the data based on the conceptual framework, and inter-rater reliability was evaluated to ensure the qu...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Beyond ‘Safeguarding’ and ‘Empowerment’ in Hong Kong: Towards a Relational Model for Supporting Women Who Have Left their Abusive Partners
AbstractThis project explores the post-separation needs of Chinese women in Hong Kong who have left their abusive partners and how they might be addressed The project aims to provide insights for improving the local domestic violence service, whose main focus is on crisis intervention. Cooperative Grounded Inquiry (CGI) was developed as a novel participatory action research methodology (PAR) for fostering collaboration between social work practitioner-researchers and women service users. Its purpose is to generate useful knowledge and provide support for abused women and their children. The project involved 7 Hong Kong Chi...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Examining the Role of Child Protection Services in Domestic Violence Cases: Lessons Learned from Tragedies
AbstractExposure to domestic violence (DV) reports account for a significant portion of child welfare cases. However, there is a lack of resources for specifically working with cases that present a high-risk for lethality. The present study examined the involvement of child protection services (CPS) prior to domestic homicide cases. A retrospective case analysis was conducted utilizing cases reviewed by a domestic violence death review committee in Ontario, Canada. The study also examined the recommendations made by the committee to the child welfare sector. Overall, less than one-quarter of the homicide cases with childre...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Unpacking Adolescent Masculinity: Relations between Boys ’ Sexual Harassment Victimization, Perpetration, and Gender Role Beliefs
This study examines the nuances in those associations specifically for sexual harassment victimization, perpetration, and masculine gender role beliefs in a rural sample of adolescent boys. A convenience sample of 236 boys ’ responses to an electronic survey completed at school were examined using multiple regression analysis to explore the relation of perpetration with victimization and four gender-related attitudes, specifically male power, relationship control, acceptability of violence, and apathy toward others. Consistent with prior research, victimization was strongly related to perpetration; however, this link...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Child Maltreatment and Adjustment to Confinement: an Exploratory Study of Male Juvenile Offenders in China
AbstractWhereas Western research has shown that childhood maltreatment experiences may have a negative impact on inmates ’ adjustment to confinement, such studies are rare in China. The present study aims to address the respective research gap. In a two-wave longitudinal project, 514 male juvenile offenders were interviewed in a centralized provincial juvenile reformatory in southwest China regarding their childhood maltreatment experiences, incarceration experiences, and their pre-incarceration at-risk behaviors or experiences. While controlling for demographic characteristics and variables derived from correctional...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Pathways from Child Sexual and Physical Abuse to Sexual and Physical Intimate Partner Violence Victimization through Attitudes toward Intimate Partner Violence
This study provides novel insights regarding the links between sexual and physical child abuse and revictimization in adulthood, suggesting that supporting attitudes toward IPV may be seen as vulnerability factor for revictimization. The moderating role of gender is especially discussed. (Source: Journal of Family Violence)
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Pathways from Childhood Maltreatment to Unsupportive Emotion Socialization: Implications for Children ’s Emotional Inhibition
AbstractAdults who have experienced child maltreatment report problems with emotion regulation (ER) and parenting difficulties, which have been associated with maladaptation in the next generation. However, parental emotion socialization is understudied in survivors of child maltreatment. The aim of the present study was to examine whether childhood polyvictimization would influence parental ER skills and parents ’ use of unsupportive contingencies in response to anger, sadness, and anxiety. A secondary aim was to determine whether these variables would predict children’s emotional inhibition. Parents (n&thinsp...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - August 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Covid-19 and Domestic Violence: an Indirect Path to Social and Economic Crisis
Conclusion: Domestic violence increase resulting from Covid-19 is an indirect driver of economic and social crisis. This brief note proposes certain policy changes and strategies required to reduce domestic violence incidence during this turbulent time. (Source: Journal of Family Violence)
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Correlates of Help-Seeking Intentions among Airmen in the Context of Family Maltreatment Perpetration: Practical Barriers as a Moderating Influence
AbstractEfforts are warranted to understand correlates of formal help-seeking among active-duty military members self-reporting family maltreatment perpetration. Drawing from the Integrated Model of Determinants of Behavioral Intentions, we evaluate a hypothesized model in which the intention to seek formal services is associated with a set of plausible social-psychological variables. Practical barriers to help-seeking is assessed as a moderating influence. A representative sample of 5326 Airmen (88% male) from the 2011 Air Force Community Assessment Survey who self-reported recent family maltreatment perpetration is used ...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“I Realized that I couldn’t Act Normal”: a Qualitative Study of Sexual Assault Survivors’ Experiences of Workplace Disclosure
AbstractSexual assault results in psychological, physical, and financial consequences for survivors. The distress caused by sexual assault can lead to work-related consequences such as loss of productivity, lost wages, or a decline in job performance. Work-related consequences or other assault-related factors may lead survivors to disclose to someone in their workplace. Research has examined help-seeking, disclosure, and social reactions, but has neglected to study disclosure and social reactions in survivors ’ places of employment as well as the impact of workplace social reactions on survivor recovery. Using a comm...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Family Environment Characteristics and Mental Health Outcomes for Youth in Foster Care: Traditional and Group-Care Placements
This study highlights the importance of utilizing multiple reporters, particularly when examining foster care environments. Results showed that family characteristics were differentially associated with mental health outcomes. Findings suggest that family cohesion is particularly salient for internalizing symptoms of youth living in traditional foster homes. (Source: Journal of Family Violence)
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 10, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Physical Violence and Property Damage towards Parents, Committed by Adult Children with Drug Problems
AbstractDrug use has previously been identified as a risk factor for child-to-parent abuse. We examine how common it is for parents to be exposed to physical violence and property damage by adult children with drug problems, and whether such victimization varies based on factors related to the parents and the adult children, respectively. A self-report questionnaire on victimization was completed by 687 parents of adult children with drug problems. The data were collected via a postal questionnaire to members of the Parents Against Drugs association and a web-based questionnaire to persons recruited via social media, treat...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Prevalence of Child Maltreatment and the Effects of the Intergenerational Transmission of Violence on Attitudes towards Domestic Violence in Chinese Police Cadets
AbstractIn 2015, China passed legislation that criminalized domestic violence/child maltreatment and provided protections to victims of child maltreatment. Consistent with the intergenerational transmission of violence, prior cross-national research has demonstrated that the experience of child maltreatment is positively associated with supportive attitudes toward domestic violence. However, research conducted within China among Chinese police cadets has not found a relationship between child maltreatment and attitudes toward dating violence. The goals of the current study were to: 1) provide prevalence estimates of child ...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Predicting Police Endorsement of Myths Surrounding Intimate Partner Violence
AbstractPolice endorsement of IPV myths may adversely influence police responses where survivors feel stigmatized, invalidated, or blamed and thus, can limit victim participation and aggravate case attrition. Little research has focused on predictors of police IPV myth endorsement. The purpose of the present study was to assess police endorsement of IPV mythology and identify predictors of these myths, filling a gap in existing literature. 523 survey responses from police personnel commissioned at a large, urban police department in one of the fifth most populous and diverse US cities were employed to assess IPV myth endor...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A Path Analysis Investigating the Relationships between Family Violence, Addictive Behaviors, and Trauma among Adolescents in China
This study examined specific mental and behavioral health outcomes of family violence exposure including trauma symptoms and addictive behaviors using a nationally representative sample of adolescents in China. Cross-sectional, self-report data were collected from 16,254 adolescents (M = 15.89 years of age, 47.69% female) using a self-administered survey. More than two-thirds of the sample reported having been exposed to child abuse or IPV at home. Adolescents who were exposed to child abuse and/or IPV were significantly more likely to misuse substances, engage in gambling a ctivities and exhibited more ...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Does Trauma Help Explain the Need for Power and Control in Perpetrators of Intimate Partner Violence?
This study examined whether power and control-related cognitions explain the relationship between trauma (i.e. trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress symptoms) and IPV perpetration. D uring the intake assessment at a community-based IPV intervention program, male IPV perpetrators (N = 195) provided data on trauma exposure, post-traumatic stress symptoms, relationship problems, and IPV perpetration. A composite measure of power and control-related cognitions was created using existing intake items from several measures through theoretical and statistical considerations, inc luding factor analysis and intern...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Parenting Style and Bullying and Victimization: Comparing Foreign-Born Asian, U.S.-Born Asian, and White American Adolescents
This study highlights the importance of understanding the association between types of parenting style s and adolescent bullying and victimization. (Source: Journal of Family Violence)
Source: Journal of Family Violence - July 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Firearm Relinquishment within Civil Protection Orders: Processes and Observations from Delaware Family Court
AbstractResearch and national data illustrate that female victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) are more likely to be killed if their abuser has access to a firearm (Campbell et al.Trauma, Violence& Abuse, 8(3), 246 –69,2007; GwinnEvaluation Review, 30(3), 237 –44,2006; SorensonEvaluation Review 30, 361,2006). A crucial part of protecting victims lies with the state ’s ability to successfully track and remove firearms from Civil Protection Orders (CPO). While recent research on the court’s responses to firearms and IPV is robust (Fleury-Steiner et al.Violence Against Women, 1-12,2016; Stock...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - June 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence against Women Who Married as Child Brides in Ghana
This study fills this important research gap. The study used 15 semi-structured, qualitative, in-depth interviews collected from Ghanaian women who married as children to examine their IPV experiences, and the factors which according to these women, contributed to these experiences. The women in this study came from the Bawku West district in the Upper East region of Ghana. Data were analyzed using thematic content analysis with QDA Miner —a computer-assisted qualitative research software. Most indicated they had experienced physical, emotional, sexual, and economic abuse from their intimate partners. Respondents als...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - June 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Parental Burnout and Child Maltreatment During the COVID-19 Pandemic
AbstractThe novel coronavirus (COVID-19) has spread across the United States, resulting in significant changes in almost all aspects daily life. These changes place parents at increased risk for parental burnout. Parental burnout is a chronic condition resulting from high levels of parenting-related stress due to a mismatch between the demands of parenting and the resources available for parents to meet those demands. Research on parental burnout has suggested that parents who experience burnout are more likely to engage in child abuse and neglect, placing children at risk for detrimental short- and long-term outcomes. The...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - June 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Variation in Exposure to Violence in Early Adolescence Distinguishes between Intimate Partner Violence Victimization and Perpetration among Young Men Involved in the Justice System
AbstractEarly exposure to violence (ETV) has been repeatedly linked to violence in intimate relationships later in life. However, this association has rarely been explored among young men involved in the justice system, a group that is of significant policy concern.Methods. Drawing from four waves of data collected from 808 young men with histories of serious offending, this study examined rates of physical and emotional intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization and perpetration. Next, the rates of IPV victimization-perpetration overlap were examined. Lastly, the associations between IPV in young adulthood and ETV in e...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - June 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19): Violence, Reproductive Rights and Related Health Risks for Women, Opportunities for Practice Innovation
AbstractWhile the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) has broad health implications across the globe, being overlooked in response and policy debates is the impact on women ’s reproductive rights and violence risk. This is especially salient for minoritized women. In this commentary, we describe the potential negative impact of mandates such as shelter-in-place for domestic violence victims, and how public reproductive health policy is being shaped to disadvantage wo men, especially minoritized women. We argue that now is the time for violence prevention leaders to advocate for bold action. This includes prioritizing the ne...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - June 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Association between Husband ’s Alcohol Consumption and Women’s Physical Violence Experience in Nigeria: Moderating Role of Husband’s Controlling Attitudes
AbstractThe current study examined whether husband ’s controlling and domineering attitudes moderated the association between husband’s alcohol consumption and women’s physical violence experience. Using data from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), a total of 20,101 nationally representative married women in Nigeria reported on h usband-perpetrated physical violence, husband’s alcohol consumption, and husband’s controlling and domineering attitudes. Weighted data were analyzed using zero-inflated negative binomial (ZINB) regression models. The models revealed that women whose hus...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - June 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Trait Anger Moderates the Relation Between Facial Affect Recognition Ability and Perpetration of Male-to-Female Physical and Psychological Intimate Partner Aggression
AbstractResearchers have sought to identify deficits in affect recognition as a precipitating factor in intimate partner aggression (IPA) perpetration, but results from these studies have produced mixed findings. This may be due to the unlikelihood that deficits in affect recognition abilities would prompt perpetration of IPA without affective predispositions toward aggression, such as trait anger. The current study sought to examine the relation between negative affect recognition ability and men ’s past perpetration of physical and psychological IPA across levels of trait anger. Heterosexual couples (N =&thi...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - May 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Assessing The Evidence: How Systems That Address Intimate Partner Violence Evaluate The Credibility And Utility Of Research Findings
AbstractDespite advances in practitioner-researcher partnerships, barriers to the uptake of research evidence in practice sectors that address intimate partner violence (IPV) persist. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine how practitioners across victim services, criminal justice, and law enforcement systems assess the usefulness and credibility of research evidence to their practice and policy-related decision making. Data were derived through qualitative interviews with 37 representatives of victim services, criminal justice, and law enforcement organizations in the state of Washington. Practitioners were ...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - May 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Intimate Partner Violence Prevention and Intervention Group-Format Programs for Immigrant Latinas: a Systematic Review
We examined specific group-format programs and curricula conducted at community-based agencies with social services across the country. Qualitative analysis of the 10 articles that met search crit eria (i.e., programs must be culturally specific, designed to serve IL, conducted in group-format, focused on IPV intervention or prevention) generated information regarding the nature of group interventions addressing this issue and population. Several themes emerged upon completion of the qualitat ive review describing key characteristics of each intervention. All reviewed articles reported generally positive outcomes using a v...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - May 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Challenges with and Recommendations for Intimate Partner Stalking Policy and Practice: a Practitioner Perspective
AbstractInformed by the perspectives of two practitioners with over ten years of experience addressing stalking issues and a researcher from the field of violence against women, this paper will highlight the trajectory of the United States ’ response to intimate partner stalking by first discussing advancements that have been made in stalking laws. This will be followed by the practical challenges that law enforcement and service providers continue to face when encountering this crime, despite this progress. There are four major cha llenges to addressing intimate partner stalking: a) stalking remains a very misunders...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - May 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Guest Editor Introduction: Special Issue on Intimate Partner Stalking
This article introduces a special issue on intimate partner stalking (IPS) focused on the current state of research, practice, and policy on IPS. Articles were solicited for inclusion in this special issue throughout 2018 and underwent multiple rounds of peer review. Nine articles were selected for inclusion in this special issue focusing on innovative research methods and analyses related to IPS and identification of current gaps in research and practice. Practitioner perspectives are also offered across multiple articles. There continues to be a dearth of rigorous research on IPS and this special issue highlights emergin...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - May 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Coercive Control During Pregnancy, Birthing and Postpartum: Women ’s Experiences and Perspectives on Health Practitioners’ Responses
This article explores the complexity of women ’s experiences of coercive control during childbearing, birthing and postpartum and investigates the importance of health practitioners’ responses to women’s experiences. Research questions were: “What cues, from women’s lived experiences, indicate that coercive control is being exerted by their partners?” and “how can health practitioners recognise coercive control during pregnancy, birthing and post-partum?”. The qualitative study drew on relational empowerment to access rich data. Sixteen women in Australia participated in the ...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - May 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Innovations in Interpersonal Violence Prevention: Research, Collaboration and Opportunities
AbstractIntimate partner and sexual violence (IPV and SV) remain significant public health problems for young women and men, and both IPV and SV have short and long-term psychological and physical health impacts for all. Through consistent direction and support from Centers for Disease Control ’s National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), IPV/SV violence prevention research has shown its potential to prevent these forms of violence. This change is highly significant; many did not believe it was possible to prevent rape and intimate partner violence. In recognition of thi s emerging field of study, the...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - May 16, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Assessing the Effects of Witnessed Parental Conflict and Guilt on Dating Violence Perpetration among South Korean College Students
AbstractAggression in dating relationships is a serious problem that can have long-term negative consequences. While research had been increasing in western societies concomitant with an increasing awareness of intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration, studies in Asian societies are still few and far between. This paper examines dating violence perpetration among college students in South Korea. Overall violence, emotional, and physical violence are examined respectively. Witnessed parental conflict is used as the main explanatory variable consistent with much of the literature on intimate partner violence perpetration...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - May 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Employment in Women Reporting Abuse: 5-Year Data from a Longitudinal Study
AbstractIntimate partner violence (IPV) is a common public health problem that has serious consequences for women in terms of health and functioning. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the major health issues that women face after experiencing intimate partner violence. There is evidence that sufficient and sustainable employment might decrease risk for PTSD in women who have experienced violence. The purpose of this study is to investigate if variables related to employment (i.e., income, hours worked per week, job benefits) affect risk for PTSD over 5  years after women left abusive relationships. Data ...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - May 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Opportunity – VAWA 2013 Reauthorization Provides a Natural Experiment for Bystander Efficacy Evaluation
AbstractThis methods paper describes the fractional factorial design within the context of an evaluation of campus bystander programming. Prior evaluations include relative program comparisons, but do not reflect campus implementation of specific aspects of prevention programming. Campuses use combinations of programs, delivered across modalities, audiences, intensity, and degrees of requirement. Bystander program evaluation, in a natural experiment, must consider combinations of these components. This evaluation offers a novel application of the fractional factorial framework, considering combinations of program component...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - May 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

‘Web of Violence’, Depression, and Impairment in a Clinical Sample of Adolescents
AbstractYouth exposure to ‘web of violence’ is associated with impairments in mental and physical health. The current study aimed to identify subgroups of violent events, such as maltreatment, bullying perpetration and peer victimization and explore how these relate to depressive symptoms, hopelessness, and impairment am ong a sample of clinically-referred youth. A sample of 151 adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18 years was evaluated at a mood disorders program in an outpatient hospital-based clinic. Cluster analysis was used to identify subgroups based on ‘web of violence’ experiences. G...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - May 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Domestic Abusers: Expert Triangulators, New Victim Advocacy Models to Buffer Against It
AbstractDomestic abusers use triangulation to manipulate, coerce, intimidate, isolate and exploit their victims. This triangulation continues when abusers are behind bars, through voice or video calling or writing victims from jail. New, emerging models of system response demonstrate that timely, competent, readily available professional advocacy services and options —delivered through electronic pathways—can buffer against this triangulation. We use case examples to illustrate how detained abusers use triangulation to manipulate and tamper with their victim, along with successful intervention by victim advocat...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - May 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Spirituality and Parenting among Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence
AbstractWhile spirituality and parenting have been examined among caregivers experiencing adversity, less research has explored these factors among mother survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV). Given the potentially protective role of spirituality, understanding how parenting is associated with spirituality is important. The current study explored parenting practices, parent-child communication, and spirituality among 175 women caregivers who had experienced recent IPV. Hierarchical linear regression was used to examine associations between maternal age, education, HIV status, and illicit substance use (model 1); ch...
Source: Journal of Family Violence - April 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research