Anti-phospholipid syndrome and valvular pathology
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - July 18, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Impaired global longitudinal strain in elderly patients with preserved ejection fraction is associated with raised post-exercise left ventricular filling pressure
AbstractBackgroundThe purpose of this study was to evaluate whether impaired resting global longitudinal strain (GLS) in elderly patients with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) is associated with raised post-exercise LV filling pressure estimated by the ratio of early diastolic transmitral flow velocity to annulus velocity (E/e′).MethodsSeventy elderly patients (age  = 74 ± 6 years, male 40 patients) who underwent treadmill stress echocardiography were studied. All patients had normal sinus rhythm, normal LV wall motion at rest, and had preserved LVEF&thins...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - July 8, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

In reply to the Letter to the Editor “Leadership to improve consistency in echocardiography date”
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - June 4, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Leadership to improve consistency in echocardiography data
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - June 4, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Systolic anterior motion of the posterior mitral leaflet in obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with Noonan syndrome
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - May 27, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Assessment of myocardial viability using echocardiographic strain imaging in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction: comparison with cardiac PET imaging
ConclusionsThe resting and post-dobutamine stress STE strain and strain rate parameters can assess the viability in akinetic segments. (Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - May 27, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Aortopulmonary window: a rare presentation with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - May 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Rapid aortic and mitral valve thickening and regurgitation with complete atrioventricular block due to myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - May 23, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Sonographer safety issues during the COVID-19 pandemic
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - May 19, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Diagnosing anomalous circumflex origin by 3D echocardiography
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - May 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Volcano-like ruptured posterior mitral valve aneurysm due to infective endocarditis caused by Streptococcus agalactiae
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - May 4, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Study protocol for prospect trial to elucidate the utility of echocardiography-based cardiac output in acute heart failure (PREDICT)
ConclusionsThe PREDICT is expected to provide large data set to test the predictive value of echocardiographic LV output for early WHF in ADHF patients. (Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - April 20, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Elderly Japanese Standard Data of Echocardiography; From J-LONG study
AbstractBackgroundAge-related changes in cardiac morphology and function have not been unknown in the elderly. The Japanese eLderly data Of Normal echocardioGraphy (J-LONG) study is a prospective multicenter cohort study and aimed to investigate the echocardiographic data in the healthy Japanese elderly.MethodsThirty domestic facilities participated in this study, and 130 healthy subjects (57 men, 73 women, 79.6  ± 4.7 years, range 75–98 years, interquartile range 76–82 years) were enrolled in this cohort. Echocardiographic and clinical data sets were obtained in each facilit...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - April 18, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The role of echocardiography for diagnosis and prognostic stratification in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
AbstractHypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most frequent cardiac disease with genetic substrate, affecting about 0.2 –0.5% of the population. While most of the patients with HCM have a relatively good prognosis, some are at increased risk of adverse events. Identifying such patients at risk is important for optimal treatment and follow-up. While clinical and electrocardiographic information plays an important ro le, echocardiography remains the cornerstone in assessing patients with HCM. In this review, we discuss the role of echocardiography in diagnosing HCM, the key features that differentiate HCM from other...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - April 16, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Right ventricular three-dimensional echocardiography: the current status and future perspectives
AbstractThis review focused on right ventricular (RV) three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) and discussed the following agenda. First, we summarized the clinical RV anatomy and function-related RV3DE use followed by the explanations about 3DSTE image acquisition, including pitfall. Next, we reviewed the reliability and feasibility of RV volume and RV ejection fraction measurements during the last decade. Besides, we described the techniques that might overcome the dropout images at RV anterior and out tract including the current limitations. Finally, speckle tracking echocardiography by RV3DE and novel RV shape assessme...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - April 2, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The clinical application of the ratio of transmitral early filling velocity to early diastolic strain rate: a systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractBackgroundThe ratio of transmitral early filling velocity to early diastolic strain rate (E/eʹsr) has recently emerged as a novel and accurate non-invasive measure of left ventricular (LV) filling pressure. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to give an overview of the possible clinical implications ofE/eʹsr.MethodsWe conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of all studies involvingE/eʹsr. Of 598 identified studies, 16 met our inclusion criteria. Studies involvingE/eʹsr either investigated its prognostic value (n = 9) or its correlation with invasively measured LV filling pressur...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - March 18, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

A case of acute myocardial infarction caused by a giant thrombus derived from an aneurysm of the sinus of valsalva and a bioprosthetic aortic valve
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - March 12, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Sizing of mitral annuloplasty rings using real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography and the difference between patients with and without recurrent mitral regurgitation: retrospective cohort study
This study retrospectively reviewed 92 patients who underwent mitral annuloplasty for degenerative. The IC distance and anterior leaflet height of the A2 segment of the mitral valve were measured by 3D-TEE at the end-systole. The annuloplasty ring size was measured by the surgeons using specific ring sizers. We compared the IC distance measured by 3D-TEE with the implanted annuloplasty size. We also investigated differences in IC distance, A2 height, and ratio of A2 height to IC distance in patients with and without recurrent mild to moderate MR for 36  months.ResultsThere was a significant correlation between the IC ...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - March 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

In reply to “ECMELLA: a call for passionate monitoring of hemodynamic effects”
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - February 18, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Ultrasound molecular imaging: insights into cardiovascular pathology
AbstractSimilar to what has already occurred in cancer medicine, the management of cardiovascular conditions will likely be improved by non-invasive molecular imaging technologies that can provide earlier or more accurate diagnosis. These techniques are already having a positive impact in pre-clinical research by providing insight into pathophysiology or efficacy of new therapies. Contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEU) molecular imaging is a technique that relies on the ultrasound detection of targeted microbubble contrast agents to examine molecular or cellular events that occur at the blood pool-endothelial interface. CEU mo...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - February 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Relationships among pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, dry weight and natriuretic peptide in patients undergoing hemodialysis: a three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography study
AbstractBackgroundAlthough the evaluation of fluid status in hemodialysis (HD) patients is useful, relationship among pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP), dry body weight (DW) and natriuretic peptide has not been elucidated. In addition, there has been no objective marker for instantaneously monitoring hemodynamic improvement in response to HD. We previously reported that PCWP and time constant of left ventricular pressure decline (Tau) can be noninvasively estimated (ePCWP and eTau) by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE). The aim of this study was to elucidate the relationship among ePCWP, eTau, DW and natriuret...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - January 29, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Left atrial appendage morphology and cardiac function in patients with sinus rhythm
In this study, we evaluated the correlation between LAA morphology and cardiac function by transthoracic echocardiography in patients with sinus rhythm.Methods and ResultsWe studied 55 patients (36 men, 70  ± 11 years) who underwent cardiac computed tomography and transthoracic echocardiography. The following 4 different morphologies were used to categorize LAA by computed tomography: chicken wing (CW), windsock, cactus, and cauliflower. These morphologies were also classified into CW and non-CW (nonCW) types. There were no significant differences in the left ventricular ejection fraction (63% vs ...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - January 16, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The role of echocardiography in management of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
AbstractHypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, characterized by increased left ventricular wall thickness. Echocardiographic studies are essential for establishing the diagnosis, evaluating the extent of disease, and risk stratification. Echocardiography is also recommended in regular screening of the genotype-positive relatives. Two-dimensional, M-mode, and Doppler echocardiography are standard modalities in HCM diagnosis. Newer echocardiographic techniques as tissue Doppler, strain, and three-dimensional echocardiography are now widely used and can reveal subtle changes in the H...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - December 19, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Patent foramen ovale and the platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome detected by transesophageal echocardiography
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - December 16, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

“Hidden” takotsubo cardiomyopathy in cardiac care unit
ConclusionTakotsubo cardiomyopathy may develop in critically ill cardiac diseases but are often underdiagnosed. Careful echocardiographic examination is needed to unveil these “hidden” TC. (Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - December 13, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Significance of left atrial overload by electrocardiogram in the assessment of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction
AbstractBackgroundAlthough assessment of left ventricular (LV)  diastolic function (DF) using echocardiography is important, it is not always feasible in the clinical practice. On the other hand, left atrial (LA) overload shown by electrocardiogram (ECG) indicates LA pressure rise and LA dilatation. The purpose of this study is to examine whether LA overload b y ECG can be used as an aid for evaluation of LVDF.MethodsThere were 117 subjects who underwent echocardiography and ECG on the same day. The duration of P-wave (P-duration) in lead II, the amplitude and duration of P-wave negative phase in lead V1 were measured...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - December 7, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

ECMELLA: a call for repetitive echocardiography and passionate monitoring of hemodynamic effects
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - December 7, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

New horizon of fusion imaging using echocardiography: its progress in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease
AbstractCardiac imaging modalities are essential for the management of cardiac diseases. Multimodality imaging, such as echocardiography, cardiac computed tomography (CT), cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, and fluoroscopy, is required for assessing cardiac condition. In recent years, fusion imaging, which integrates different imaging modalities on the same screen, has been developed. Because the fusion imaging is able to merge the advantages of each modality, it has the potential to be valuable for accurate diagnosis as well as the planning of therapeutic strategies. In the clinical setting, the fusion imaging of real-ti...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - November 25, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Functional mitral regurgitation, updated: ventricular or atrial?
AbstractLone atrial fibrillation (AF) can cause functional mitral regurgitation (MR), commonly referred to as “atrial functional MR (AFMR).” This type of MR has recently received much attention as an important cause of heart failure, and it represents a considerable therapeutic target in heart failure patients with AF. Mitral annular dilatation due to left atrial (LA) dilatation can be recognized as an original cause of AFMR, whereas the exact cascade of AFMR etiologies has not been established. AFMR is typically classified as Carpentier type I, and is likely to have a central jet. In contrast, a proportion of ...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - November 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Giant right atrium: case report of a rare congenital disease in adulthood
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - November 8, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Predictors and prognostic impact of secondary mitral regurgitation in myocardial infarction with preserved ejection fraction
AbstractBackgroundSecondary or functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) has been reported associated with poor prognosis in patients with ischemic or non-ischemic cardiomyopathy. Prognostic impact of the FMR in myocardial infarction with preserved ejection fraction (MIpEF) is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate predictors and prognostic impact of FMR in MIpEF.MethodsA total of 556 patients with MIpEF were selected from the Bell Land General Hospital MI (BELAMI) registry (n = 953). Patients were grouped according to the presence or absence of severe FMR. Clinical endpoint was all-cause death.Results...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - November 6, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Detection of abnormal myocardial deformation during acute myocardial ischemia using three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography
ConclusionsAmong 3D myocardial deformation parameters, area change ratio demonstrated better detectability of acute coronary flow reduction than conventional strain components. Area change ratio may be a useful parameter for detecting acute ischemia by 3D speckle tracking echocardiography. (Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - October 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Multimodality imaging for cardiac lymphoma
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - October 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Comparison of transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography for transcatheter aortic valve replacement sizing in high-risk patients
AbstractBackgroundUntreated symptomatic high-grade aortic stenosis remains a lethal disease requiring individually adapted valve replacement. High-risk surgical patients benefit from transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), but there is no uniform standard for patient selection and valve sizing and it is still unclear whether transthoracic (TTE) or transesophageal (TEE) echocardiography is superior in preprocedural aortic annulus sizing. As preprocedural sizing of the native aortic annulus diameter is crucial to outcome and survival, we report the results of a direct comparison between preprocedural sizing with TTE a...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - October 19, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Heart failure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: assessment with echocardiography and effects of antihyperglycemic treatments
AbstractHeart failure is one of the major cardiovascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and increases the risk of morbidity and mortality. Although active management for heart failure is needed in patients with T2DM, traditional treatment and some new class of antihyperglycemic drugs, such as glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists or dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, could not reduce the risk of heart failure. Recent major trials demonstrated sodium –glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors improve prognosis of T2DM patients through prevention of heart failure. Both heart failur...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - October 15, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Interaction between VA-ECMO and Impella
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - October 11, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Effusion in transverse sinus: a primary echocardiographic sign for aortic annular rupture in transcatheter aortic valve replacement
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - September 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Cor triatriatum dexter associated with atrial septal defect and mitral valve regurgitation
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - September 23, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Incorporating three-dimensional echocardiography into clinical practice
AbstractThree-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) has many advantages over two-dimensional echocardiography, such as (1) improved visualization of the complex shapes and spatial relations between cardiac structures, (2) improved quantification of the cardiac volumes and function, and (3) improved display and assessment of valve dysfunction. The aim of this review article is to focus on the current clinical utility of 3DE. (Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - September 11, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Isolated abdominal aortic tortuosity diagnosed by fetal echocardiography
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - September 7, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic imaging of an unusual congenital left ventricular diverticulum
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - August 26, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Hepatopulmonary syndrome presenting as unexplained dyspnea after ventricular septal defect closure
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - August 26, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Usefulness of paravertebral approach for evaluation of descending thoracic aorta aneurysm
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - August 26, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical significance of end-diastolic opening of pulmonary valve in a case complicating left ventricular systolic dysfunction
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - August 3, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Large infero-basal left ventricular aneurysm with organized thrombus
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - July 31, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Echocardiographic assessment of cardiac structure and function in chronic renal disease
AbstractChronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem and is independently associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The presence and severity of CKD is strongly related to the progression of coronary atherosclerosis, ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, valvular calcification, and cardiac conduction system abnormalities. Echocardiography plays a major role in the assessment of structural and functional cardiac abnormalities in CKD including abnormal left-ventricular (LV) geometry, LV diastolic dysfunction, valvular disease, and left atrial dilatation, which are very frequently pre...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - July 8, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Evaluation of hepatic congestion in patients with heart failure using shear wave and strain imaging
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - June 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The significance of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography assessment for aortic wall papillary fibroelastoma
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - June 25, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Pulmonary thromboembolism along with an impending paradoxical embolism across patent foramen ovale
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - June 22, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

An iatrogenic right to left shunt in a patient with acute right heart failure
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - June 19, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research