Predictors and prognostic impact of secondary mitral regurgitation in myocardial infarction with preserved ejection fraction
AbstractBackgroundSecondary or functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) has been reported associated with poor prognosis in patients with ischemic or non-ischemic cardiomyopathy. Prognostic impact of the FMR in myocardial infarction with preserved ejection fraction (MIpEF) is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate predictors and prognostic impact of FMR in MIpEF.MethodsA total of 556 patients with MIpEF were selected from the Bell Land General Hospital MI (BELAMI) registry (n = 953). Patients were grouped according to the presence or absence of severe FMR. Clinical endpoint was all-cause death.Results...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - November 6, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Detection of abnormal myocardial deformation during acute myocardial ischemia using three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography
ConclusionsAmong 3D myocardial deformation parameters, area change ratio demonstrated better detectability of acute coronary flow reduction than conventional strain components. Area change ratio may be a useful parameter for detecting acute ischemia by 3D speckle tracking echocardiography. (Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - October 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Multimodality imaging for cardiac lymphoma
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - October 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Comparison of transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography for transcatheter aortic valve replacement sizing in high-risk patients
AbstractBackgroundUntreated symptomatic high-grade aortic stenosis remains a lethal disease requiring individually adapted valve replacement. High-risk surgical patients benefit from transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), but there is no uniform standard for patient selection and valve sizing and it is still unclear whether transthoracic (TTE) or transesophageal (TEE) echocardiography is superior in preprocedural aortic annulus sizing. As preprocedural sizing of the native aortic annulus diameter is crucial to outcome and survival, we report the results of a direct comparison between preprocedural sizing with TTE a...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - October 19, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Heart failure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: assessment with echocardiography and effects of antihyperglycemic treatments
AbstractHeart failure is one of the major cardiovascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and increases the risk of morbidity and mortality. Although active management for heart failure is needed in patients with T2DM, traditional treatment and some new class of antihyperglycemic drugs, such as glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists or dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors, could not reduce the risk of heart failure. Recent major trials demonstrated sodium –glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors improve prognosis of T2DM patients through prevention of heart failure. Both heart failur...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - October 15, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Interaction between VA-ECMO and Impella
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - October 11, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Effusion in transverse sinus: a primary echocardiographic sign for aortic annular rupture in transcatheter aortic valve replacement
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - September 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Cor triatriatum dexter associated with atrial septal defect and mitral valve regurgitation
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - September 23, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Incorporating three-dimensional echocardiography into clinical practice
AbstractThree-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) has many advantages over two-dimensional echocardiography, such as (1) improved visualization of the complex shapes and spatial relations between cardiac structures, (2) improved quantification of the cardiac volumes and function, and (3) improved display and assessment of valve dysfunction. The aim of this review article is to focus on the current clinical utility of 3DE. (Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - September 11, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Isolated abdominal aortic tortuosity diagnosed by fetal echocardiography
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - September 7, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiographic imaging of an unusual congenital left ventricular diverticulum
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - August 26, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Hepatopulmonary syndrome presenting as unexplained dyspnea after ventricular septal defect closure
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - August 26, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Usefulness of paravertebral approach for evaluation of descending thoracic aorta aneurysm
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - August 26, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Clinical significance of end-diastolic opening of pulmonary valve in a case complicating left ventricular systolic dysfunction
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - August 3, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Large infero-basal left ventricular aneurysm with organized thrombus
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - July 31, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Echocardiographic assessment of cardiac structure and function in chronic renal disease
AbstractChronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global health problem and is independently associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). The presence and severity of CKD is strongly related to the progression of coronary atherosclerosis, ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, valvular calcification, and cardiac conduction system abnormalities. Echocardiography plays a major role in the assessment of structural and functional cardiac abnormalities in CKD including abnormal left-ventricular (LV) geometry, LV diastolic dysfunction, valvular disease, and left atrial dilatation, which are very frequently pre...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - July 8, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Evaluation of hepatic congestion in patients with heart failure using shear wave and strain imaging
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - June 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The significance of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography assessment for aortic wall papillary fibroelastoma
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - June 25, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Pulmonary thromboembolism along with an impending paradoxical embolism across patent foramen ovale
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - June 22, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

An iatrogenic right to left shunt in a patient with acute right heart failure
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - June 19, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Subepicardial left ventricular aneurysm with ventricular septum perforation
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - June 13, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Sonographer quality management
ConclusionsRegistered sonographer with systematic quality checking system of their work will be achieved improving the high-quality echocardiogram and leading to the high-quality patient care. (Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - June 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Double-chambered left ventricle: a diagnosis made by multimodality imaging
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - May 29, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Coronary to left ventricle blood drainage in isolated myocardial non-compaction: novel findings from intracoronary echo-contrast myocardial imaging
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - May 16, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Percentile curves for left ventricle structural, functional and haemodynamic parameters obtained in healthy children and adolescents from echocardiography-derived data
ConclusionThis study provides RIs for echocardiography-derived haemodynamic, LV (structural and functional) and aortic parameters in children, adolescents and young adults considering data obtained from the largest Argentinean database. In early stages of life an adequate interpretation of echocardiography-derived LV and aortic parameters requires considering age, BH, BW, BSA and/or sex-specific RIs. (Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - March 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The “Broad Beans in Pod Sign” of echocardiography for myocardial infiltration of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - March 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Collapsed right atrium as an early sign of hypovolemia in VA ECMO
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - March 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Biventricular takotsubo cardiomyopathy with asymmetrical wall motion abnormality between left and right ventricle: a report of new case and literature review
We present a case of 70-year-old female with dyspnea persisting for 2 days. Electrocardiogram showed symmetrical T-wa ve inversion in leads V2–V4. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) revealed diffuse hypo-kinesis except for the apical inferior LV and LV ejection fraction of 32%. Hyper-kinesis of the right ventricular (RV) basal segment and dys-kinesis of the RV apical segment. 2 weeks after admission, coronary angiography showed no evidence of significant stenosis. LV ejection fraction improved to 51% and wall motion abnormalities of the RV basal and apical segments were ameliorated to normo-kinesis. Elect...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - March 23, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Sequential speckle tracking imaging to detect early stage of cancer therapeutics-related cardiac dysfunction in a patient with breast cancer
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - February 27, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Enhancing ventricular contractility by post-extra-systolic potentiation is useful for predicting projected aortic valve area in low-flow low-gradient aortic stenosis: a case report
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - February 20, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Echocardiographic guidance for transcatheter mitral valve repair using edge-to-edge clip
AbstractPercutaneous intervention for mitral valve disease has been established as an alternative to open surgical repair in high risk and inoperable candidates. Edge-to-edge leaflet plication with Mitraclip (Abbott, Menlo Park, CA, USA) is indicated for primary and secondary mitral valve diseases. Echocardiography provides a better understanding of mitral valve anatomy and allows us to classify and quantify mitral regurgitation. Transesophageal echocardiography is essential in patient screening, intraprocedural guidance, and post-procedure evaluation for patients undergoing edge-to-edge plication with MitraClip. (Source: ...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - February 15, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Noninvasive assessment of left-ventricular diastolic electromechanical coupling in hypertensive heart disease
AbstractBackgroundThere is a need to stratify patients who may develop heart failure because of the current “heart failure pandemic”. We hypothesized that noninvasive assessment of diastolic electromechanical coupling by electrocardiography and Doppler echocardiography may be clinically useful for risk stratification of hypertensive patients who may develop heart failure.MethodsWe measured the time from the peak to end of the T wave (TpTe) as an electrophysiological parameter, and peak early diastolic mitral flow (E) and lateral annular (e′) velocities as mechanical parameters in 109 patients with hyperte...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - February 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Role of echocardiography in assessing cardiac amyloidoses: a systematic review
AbstractCardiac amyloidosis is a manifestation of one of several systemic amyloidoses, and is characterized by increased left-ventricular (LV) wall thickness and normal or decreased LV cavity size. Congestive heart failure in cardiac amyloidosis is characterized by a predominant diastolic LV dysfunction, and systolic dysfunction occurs only in late-stage disease. Echocardiography is a noninvasive, reproducible method for assessing cardiac morphology and function in cardiac amyloidosis, and some echocardiographic indices are prognostic for amyloidoses. This review describes the advances in echocardiography and its role in t...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - February 11, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Prediction of trastuzumab-induced cardiotoxicity in breast cancer patients receiving anthracycline-based chemotherapy: methodological issues
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - February 7, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Disruption of blood flow in the outflow graft is a valuable marker for detecting suction events in patients with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - February 6, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Echocardiographic changes in diastolic filling and stroke volume during postural alterations and ankle exercise in a patient with congenital defect of the pericardium
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - February 6, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Multiple calcified amorphous tumors in a patient with end-stage renal disease
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - January 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Elusive Taussig –Bing anomaly/aortic valve atresia: a rare case of congenital heart disease—correlation of fetal and neonatal echo images and direct anatomical photographs
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - January 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Prognostic significance of residual functional mitral regurgitation in hospitalized heart failure patients with chronic atrial fibrillation and preserved ejection fraction after medical therapies
ConclusionsA substantial proportion of patients hospitalized due to heart failure with chronic AF have residual functional MR at discharge, even with pEF after medical therapies, and the MR is related to future heart failure events. (Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - December 19, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Atypical localization of a papillary fibroelastoma in the ligament of Marshall
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - December 18, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Cardiac involvement of malignant lymphoma presenting intra-ventricular-wall nodules
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - November 30, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Contribution of the left atrial remodeling to the elevated pulmonary capillary wedge pressure in patients with WHO Group II pulmonary hypertension
AbstractBackgroundThe contribution of progressive left atrial (LA) enlargement to elevated pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) in patients with WHO Group II pulmonary hypertension (PH) has not been well studied. We hypothesized that progressive LA enlargement is associated with increased PCWP.MethodsA cross-sectional retrospective cohort consisted of 166 patients with HF and WHO Group II PH, confirmed by right heart catheterization (RHC). LA anteroposterior dimension and volume were measured on TTE. PCWP and other hemodynamic parameters were measured by RHC. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - November 24, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The transition from transesophageal to transthoracic echocardiography during transcatheter aortic valve replacement: an evolving field
AbstractThe advent of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has dramatically transformed the clinical approach to severe aortic stenosis. Over the last decade, several trials have shown the equivalence or even superiority of transcatheter valve replacement over the conventional surgical approach. As a result, TAVR as a treatment for severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis has rapidly extended from inoperable or prohibited-risk patients to intermediate-risk patients. The success of TAVR has led to the wide adaptation of this technique and, subsequently, a significant increase in the number of these procedures performed ...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - November 21, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Malignant spindle cell cardiac tumour: one of the rarest of rare cardiac tumour
(Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - November 16, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Utility of strain imaging in conjunction with heart failure stage classification for heart failure patient management
This article reviews the utility of strai n imaging, especially GLS in conjunction with HF stage classification, and future perspectives for HF patient management. (Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - November 15, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Feasibility and safety of exclusive echocardiography-guided intravenous temporary pacemaker implantation
ConclusionsEchocardiography-guided temporary cardiac pacing is a feasible and safe alternative to fluoroscopy-guided approach and significantly lowers the need for in-hospital transfer. (Source: Journal of Echocardiography)
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - November 13, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Echocardiographic assessment of left ventricular systolic function
AbstractLeft ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF) is the most validated and commonly used echocardiographic measure of systolic function. LVEF has a unique position in cardiology having severed as selection criteria for therapeutic trials that constitute the evidence base of today ’s treatment recommendations. Assessment of LV systolic function by global longitudinal strain (GLS) from speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) is a sensitive and feasible method that overcomes many of the limitations of LVEF, including reproducibility issues of serial testing and detection of L V dysfunction in pathologically rem...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - November 2, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Association between left atrial strain and left ventricular diastolic function in patients with acute coronary syndrome
AbstractBackgroundLeft ventricular diastolic function is an important prognostic marker in acute coronary syndrome. However, classification of the dysfunction grade using isolated echocardiographic parameters remains difficult. Therefore, it is necessary to combine multiple data in diagnostic algorithms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the capacity of left atrial strain (LAS) components to classify left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (DD) grade.MethodsCross-sectional study with 109 consecutive patients admitted to the emergency room with acute coronary syndrome. Patients were referred for echocardiographic eva...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - October 31, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Prognostic value of exercise stress echocardiography in patients with secondary mitral regurgitation: a long-term follow-up study
AbstractBackgroundSecondary mitral regurgitation (MR) remains a challenging problem in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with heart failure. Although it is well known that secondary MR is dynamic, the impact of the severity of MR during exercise on long-term outcome has not been fully evaluated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prognostic value of exercise stress echocardiography (ESE) in patients with secondary MR.MethodsThis prospective study included 118 consecutive patients with secondary MR and left ventricular dysfunction (mean ejection fraction at rest: 38  ± 14%) who un...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - October 29, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Measurement of cardiac function by cardiac time intervals, applicability in normal pregnancy and twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome
ABSTRACTBackgroundTo detect early cardiac deterioration, a simple and stable tool is needed. Measurement of time intervals in a simple 4-chamber view using color-coded tissue Doppler imaging is a relatively new approach to assess fetal cardiac function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of this modality and to construct reference ranges for cardiac time intervals.MethodsWe performed a prospective longitudinal cohort study in healthy fetuses. We used linear mixed models to construct age-adjusted reference ranges for shortening time (St) and lengthening time (Lt) in three cardiac regions: global heart a...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - October 20, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research