Correction to: Self-Regulation, Marital Climate, and Emotional Well-Being among Japanese Older Couples
Corrections are needed to the published version of this article. (Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology)
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - September 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Self-Regulation, Marital Climate, and Emotional Well-Being among Japanese Older Couples
This study examined the relationships of self-regulation and marital climate with the emotional well-being of both actors and partners among older Japanese couples. Through a mail survey, 498 older couples with husbands (aged in their 70s) and their wives (aged 60 or over) responded to a questionnaire comprising measures of selective optimization with compensation (SOC), tenacious goal pursuit and flexible goal adjustment, marital climate, and emotional well-being. The results of hierarchical linear modeling showed that positive interpretation was associated with not only their own lower depressive symptomatology and highe...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 28, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Community-Engaged Research with Vietnamese Americans to Pilot-Test a Dementia Caregiver Intervention
This study examined the feasibility and acceptability of a pilot intervention for Vietnamese American dementia caregivers. A secondary, exploratory aim was to examine post -intervention effects on AD knowledge and psychosocial outcomes. Of the 87 individuals contacted, 32 met inclusion criteria. Of this number, 14 enrolled in the study with 11 caregivers completing the intervention, and 10 of the 11 completing 3-month follow-up data. Caregivers provided positive feedb ack on the intervention and had higher scores on AD knowledge and self-efficacy in seeking support services post-intervention, with the effect on self-effica...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 21, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Menopause and Midlife Aging in Cross-Cultural Perspective: Findings from Ethnographic Research in China
AbstractBased on longitudinal mixed methods ethnographic research conducted in China from the mid-1990s to 2018, this article argues that Chinese lay language use divides what Americans and Canadians refer to as “menopause” into two distinct though overlapping concepts of the narrowjuejing or end of menstruation and the broader non-gender-specificgengnianqi or “transition between middle and old age.” While comparison with research done by Lock in Japan shows that Japanese language uses a similar set of two overlapping yet distinct terms calledheikei andk önenki, there are important differences ...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 10, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Life-Space and Cognitive Decline in Older Adults in Different Social and Economic Contexts: Longitudinal Results from the IMIAS Study
We examined the longitudinal association between life-space mobility and changes in cognitive function in community-dwelling older adults in different social settings of North and South America and Europe. We used data from 1486 participants of the International Mobility in Aging Study (IMIAS) conducted at five sites: Tirana (Albania), Natal (Brazil), Manizales (Colombia), Kingston and Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada). Life-space mobility was assessed using the Life-Space Assessment (LSA) questionnaire at baseline (2012), and the Leganes Cognitive Test was used to evaluate cognitive function at baseline and follow-up (2016). The Q...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - July 28, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Recruitment of African American and Non-Hispanic White Older Adults for Alzheimer Disease Research Via Traditional and Social Media: a Case Study
This study retrospectively examined the effectiveness and differences in using both traditional and social media materials for the recruitment of African American (AA) versus non-Hispanic white (NHW) participants for a prospective, longitudinal study examining preclinical AD and driving outcomes. Participants needed to be at least 65  years old, drive at least an average of once weekly, own a vehicle that was manufactured in 1996 or later, and agree to cognitive testing, psychometric testing, brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), brain amyloid positron emission tomography (PET), and cerebrospinal fluid collection vi...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - July 25, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

“Gambling Can’t Be Positive, Can it?”: Gambling Beliefs and Behaviors Among Older Korean Immigrants
AbstractAfter migrating to the United States, older Korean immigrants may increase their gambling participation and be at higher risk for problem gambling. However, not much is known about their experiences and beliefs on gambling. The purpose of the present study was to explore gambling behaviors and shared beliefs about gambling among older Korean immigrants residing in New York City. A total of 20 semi-structured in-depth interviews (10 men and 10 women) were conducted in Korean. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using a thematic analysis approach. The findings revealed three major categories among older...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - July 10, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Images of Older Adults among University Students: a Comparison between Japan and Korea
This study investigated the differences between Japanese and Korean college students ’ images of the elderly. Japan is the most aged society worldwide, while South Korea has the highest rate of aging. Japan has a more advanced elderly welfare system than Korea. The datasets included responses from 320 Japanese students (collected in 2009) and 384 Korean students (collected in 2011 ). A semantic difference scale of 50 pairs of items was adopted. The chi-square test and logistic regression analyses were utilized. The five most prevalent images among Korean students were generally negative, whereas the most common image...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - July 3, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Beyond Just Giving Care: Exploring the Role of Culture in Chinese American Personal Care Aides ’ Work
In this study, two focus groups were conducted with ten immigrant CA-PCAs and conventional content analysis was used to analyze the qualitative data. Seven cultural themes were identified, including guanxi (relationship), renqing (favor), mianzi/lian (face), hierarchy and authority, communication, harmony, and elder respect. By drawing attention to the idiosyncratic cultural landscape and entailed challenges faced by underrepresented CA-PCAs, the investigators corroborate the importance of cultural sensitivity for working with ethnic minority non-familial caregivers. The findin gs shed light on cultural factors that can be...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - June 25, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Perceived Caregiver Stress, Coping, and Quality of Life of Older Ugandan Grandparent-Caregivers
This study highlights the stress perceived by Ugandan grandparent-caregivers, its impact on their overall quality of life, and the coping strategies they use to manage their stress. Thirty-two grandparent-caregivers (age 50  years and older) were recruited from urban and rural areas in Uganda and individually interviewed in 2016. Using constructivist grounded theory as the qualitative methodology, the narratives generated from the semi-structured, one-on-one interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed u sing both open and axial coding as well as reflexive and analytic memoing. Descriptions of caregi...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - June 21, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Lived Experiences of the Elderly in Ghana: Analysis of Ageing Policies and Options for Reform
AbstractGhana is one of the countries in sub-Sahara Africa that is experiencing rapid growth of its elderly population. The elderly phase of life is often associated with degenerative conditions that affect the human capacity to function effectively and requires specialized care and income support to ensure the elderly do not suffer poverty, neglect and rejection. In 2008, policy makers in the country introduced a three-tier pension system to provide income security in old age and a cash transfer program to lift the poorest among the elderly out of poverty. In addition, the country ’s health insurance scheme grants e...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 22, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Aging, Health and Place from the Perspective of Elders in an Inuit Community
In this study twenty Inuit aged between 50 to 86, from one community in Nunavut, participated to in-depth qualitative interviews. Themes discussed included aging and health, housing conditions, community conditions, land-based activities, medical and leisure travel outside of the community, and mobility and accessibility. Preliminary analyses of the qualitative data were validated in the community through a focus group with four participants and an interpreter. Interviews and the focus group transcripts were analysed using thematic content analyses and NVivo 12 qualitative data analysis program (QSR International Pty Ltd.2...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 15, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Correction to: “I was Confused About How to Take Care of Mom Because this Disease Is Different Everyday”: Vietnamese American Caregivers’ Understanding of Alzheimer’s Disease
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. (Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology)
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 13, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

“With Age Comes Wisdom:” a Qualitative Review of Elder Perspectives on Healthy Aging in the Circumpolar North
AbstractCross-cultural research has shown marked variation in health outcomes across the world ’s older adult populations. Indeed, older adults in the Circumpolar North experience a variety of health disparities. Because aging is a biological process rooted in sociocultural context, there exists great variation in the ways older adults define and experience healthy, or “successful,” agi ng in their communities. The aim of this analysis was to synthesize qualitative research among older residents (aged 50+ years) in the Circumpolar North to identify a definition of healthy aging common in the region. A tho...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 7, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

“I was Confused About How to Take Care of Mom Because this Disease is Different Everyday”: Vietnamese American Caregivers’ Understanding of Alzheimer’s Disease
This study explored how Vietnamese American caregivers understand AD and provide care to family members with AD. Twenty caregivers who have provided care to a family member with AD participated in a semi-structured qualitative interview. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Several themes were identified in the caregivers’ understanding of AD:(a) “Now I know:” the disruptions, shocks and surprises leading up to the initial diagnosis; (b) The frustrations of managing family members’ cognitive impairments; (c)“Going with the flow:” challenges in managing personality and behavioral c...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - February 28, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Bereaved Families ’ Perspectives of End-of-Life Care. Towards a Bicultural Whare Tapa Whā Older person’s Palliative Care Model
AbstractThe views of family carers who provide end of life care to people of advanced age are not commonly known. We conducted a bicultural study with bereaved New Zealand M āori (indigenous) and non-indigenous family carers who, on behalf of their older family member, reflected on the end of life circumstances and formal and informal care experienced by the older person. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 58 people (19 Māori and 39 non-Māori), who cared for 52 family members who died aged over 80 years. A Kaupapa Māori thematic analysis of family/whānau perspectives identified examples of good holis...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - February 20, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Acknowledgement of Reviewers for Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology , 2018 and 2019
(Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology)
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - February 10, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Migrating in Later Lives: Collective Identities of Russian-Speaking Women in Finland
AbstractCombining insights from transnational anthropology, anthropology of postsocialism, and the narrating identity approach in cultural gerontology, this paper investigates how Russian-speaking migrant women living in Finland account for their ageing. It is based on ethnographic fieldwork in an urban-based club for Russian-speaking seniors, including written and oral life stories. The research shows that Russian-speaking women have a very strong sense of collective identity that is anchored in master stories of (post) socialism, their transnational life trajectories, and families. First, women ’s active participat...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - January 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Embracing Cultural Diversity – Leadership Perspectives on Championing Meaningful Engagement for Residents Living with Advanced Dementia
AbstractResource constraints and high staff turnover are perceived as substantial barriers to high quality residential aged care. Achieving relationship-focused, person-centered care (PCC) is an ongoing challenge. This paper reports on an international project that explored how residential care leadership understand meaningful engagement for residents with dementia from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds. This paper critically appraises the process, and outcomes, of an adapted Delphi method. Participants were the residential care leadership (i.e. staff in supervisory capacity) from four international ...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - December 20, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

An Approach to Improve Dementia Health Literacy in Indigenous Communities
AbstractThis project aims to improve health literacy in Indigenous communities through the development of evidence-based culturally relevant health promotion materials on dementia that bridge the gap between Indigenous and Western perspectives of the illness. The research team worked in partnership with Health Canada ’s First Nations and Inuit Home and Community Care Program (FNIHCC) and consulted with Indigenous elders to utilize a two-eyed seeing framework that draws upon Indigenous knowledge and Western biomedicine. A consolidated review of materials and research involving Indigenous perspectives of Alzheim er&rsq...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - December 18, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Cultural Dimensions of Diabetes Management: a Qualitative Study of Middle Eastern Immigrants in the U.S.
This study examined how aspects of culture, social support, isolation, and loneliness are perceived as influences in chronic illness management by pre-diabetic (Glycated hemoglobin A1c levels between 5.7 and 6.4) or Type 2 diabetic patients (A1c levels between 6.4 and 8). Twenty-eight Middle Eastern immigrants in the greater Philadelphia area were interviewed using a semi-structured approach. Results were consistent with other research which suggests that patients benefit from family and community support in the management of their illness. However, findings also suggest that even in the presence of strong family and socia...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - December 17, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Measuring Perceived Receipt of Filial Piety among Chinese Middle-Aged and Older Adults
In conclusion, the PRFPS is found to be a reliable and valid measure of perceived filial piety receipt among Chinese parents. Theoretical implications and suggestions for further scale development and research is discussed. (Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology)
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - December 2, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Aging and Migration: the Value of Familism for Spanish Speakers
This study investigates the caregiving expectations of a group of nineteen older Spanish speakers living in Australia from the perspective offamilism. Speakers participated in audio-recorded interviews about their caregiving expectations late in life and four key themes were identified: (1) tension between value of familism and the self-reliance approach encouraged in Australian society; (2) fear of burdening their “westernized” children, which resulted in shifted care expectations; (3) fear of ending up in an aged care facility; and (4) the importance of religion in coping with uncertainty about future care ar...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - December 2, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Ageing and the Case of Democratic Medicine in Japan
AbstractAging populations present serious challenges to societies for the provision of care and support for their eldest members. These include increased demands on families for care at home, shortages of professional care workers and facilities, and financial strains on governmental budgets. However, these conditions also provide space for the elderly to adapt institutions to secure care and support. This essay examines the ways the elderly work through Min-Iren, a federation of medical institutions in Japan, to meet their needs. Premised on a “democratic” model of solidarity, Min-Iren institutional structure ...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - November 28, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Potentially Inappropriate Prescribing among Elderly Patients at a Primary Care Clinic in Oman
AbstractDrug prescribing to the elderly increases the risk of potential adverse drug reactions as well as potentially inappropriate medications. The goal of this study was to describe drug prescribing patterns in elderly patients and to measure the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medications using updated Beers ’ criteria and the STOPP criteria. This was a retrospective cross-sectional study for all patients aged ≥65 years who attended regularly a primary care clinic at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital in Oman. Data of 377 patients were analyzed using the software Statistical Package for Social Scien...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - November 28, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Coping Strategies Utilized by Middle-Aged and Older Latino Caregivers of Loved Ones with Alzheimer ’s Disease and Related Dementia
AbstractWe aimed to explore the coping strategies utilized by Latino caregivers of people with Alzheimer ’s disease or related dementia (ADRD). We conducted 16 semi-structured interviews with Latinos family caregivers. The interviews explored the caregivers’ experiences utilizing coping strategies. Coping strategies were identified based on a direct content analysis of the interviews. Participants were 50 to 75 years old, majority female, and from Mexico. The most common coping strategies adopted were: rationalization, social interactions, physical activity, and leisure activities. Other strategies used in...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - November 8, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Religious Attendance and the Social Support Trajectories of Older Mexican Americans
AbstractIn this paper, we directly assessed the extent to which the association between religious attendance and the social support trajectories of older Mexican Americans is due to selection (spurious) processes related to personality, health status, and health behavior. We employed seven waves of data from the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly (1993 –2010) to examine the association between religious attendance and perceived social support trajectories (n = 2479). We used growth mixture modeling to estimate latent classes of social support trajectories and mul...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - November 7, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Community Gerontology Model for Healthy Aging Developed in Mexico Framed in Resilience and Generativity
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the addition of resilience and generativity in the CMHA contributed to the active participation of older adults in the maintenance of functioning and the prevention and control of diseases linked to aging. (Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology)
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - November 5, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Environmental Challenges in the Home for Ageing Societies: a Comparison of Sweden and Japan
The objective of the present study was to provide a background to environmental challenges in the home, related to demographic ageing. Specific aims were to compare: 1) demography and household composition 2) physical housing stocks 3) indoor accidents and 4) housing adaptations between the two countries. Descriptive analyses were conducted using secondary data sources. Demographic ageing is projected to accelerate faster in Japan compared to Sweden, with overall lower fertility rates expected in Japan. In 2050, 39% of the Japanese population is projected to be aged 65  years or older, compared to 23% of the Swedish p...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - September 10, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Characterising Long Term Care Needs among Chinese Older Adults with Cognitive Impairment or ADL Limitations
This study analyses long-term care needs (LTC) in the context of older adults who face limitations in activities of daily living (ADL) or with cognitive impairment (CI), and thus need aids to fulfil daily activities. Drawing on data from three waves (2002, 2005, 2008/09) of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS), this study shows that the older adults aged 65 to 99 with ADL limitation declined over the years from 8% to 5% but those with CI increased from 11% to 17%. Overall, about 16% of the older adults reported LTC needs in the baseline year of 2002, and this subsequently increased to 20% in 2008/09. R...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 17, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Differences within Differences: Gender Inequalities in Caregiving Intensity Vary by Race and Ethnicity in Informal Caregivers
AbstractAmong the 50+ million informal caregivers in the US, substantial gender, racial/ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in caregiving intensity are well-documented. However, those disparities may be more nuanced: gender disparities in caregiving intensity may vary by race/ethnicity (White, Black, and Hispanic) and socioeconomic status (SES). We used data from the 2011 National Study of Caregiving and applied generalized linear models to estimate associations between three measures of caregiver intensity (ADLs, IADLs, and hours caregiving/month) and the three sociodemographic factors with their interaction terms. Blac...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 12, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Aging and the Hidden Costs of Going Home to Mexico
In this study, we examine the health risk profiles and healthcare utilization for Mexican return migrants and the non-migrant population. We examine how these outcomes are affected by both the migration and return migration experience of the returnee population, while paying c lose attention to age-group differences. We employ inverse probability weighting regression adjustment (IPWRA) and logistic regression analysis of a sample of 348,450 respondents from the 2014 National Survey of Demographic Dynamics (ENADID) to test for differences in health conditions between those Mexican return migrants and non-migrants. We then t...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Later-Life Trajectories of Cognitive Functioning among Married and Widowed Older Men and Women of Mexican Origin
This study also shows that health and social integration might shape cognitive functioning among older adults of M exican descent. (Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology)
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 3, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Characteristics and Consequences of Family Support in Latino Dementia Care
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to explore variations in family support for Latino dementia caregivers and describe the role of the family in dementia caregiver stress processes. Content analysis is utilized with themes derived inductively from 16 in-depth interviews with Latino caregivers recruited in California from 2002 to 2004. Three types of family support are described: extensive (instrumental and emotional support from family,n = 3), limited (instrumental support from one family member,n = 7), and lacking (no support from family,n = 6). Most caregivers report limited su...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - July 25, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Cultural Adaptation of a Community-Based Hearing Health Intervention for Korean American Older Adults with Hearing Loss
This study is the first to report the cultural adaptation process of a hearing care model into older KAs and its methodology may be applied to other minority groups. (Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology)
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - July 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Family-Centred Interventions for Elder Abuse: a Narrative Review
AbstractInformation about elder abuse has not only been sparse due to factors such as underreporting or lack of standardized research, but also in defining elder abuse. However elder abuse is commonly understood to be a single/repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship which embodies an expectation of trust, which causes harm or distress to elderly individual. In elder abuse, the relationship of trust usually entails the family, as it family members who are noted to be the most likely perpetrators of elder abuse With the increased prevalence of elder abuse in developed countries and a pr...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - June 22, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Do Income Supplemental Programs for Older Adults ’ Help Reduce Primary Caregiver Burden? Evidence from Mexico
AbstractIn countries such as Mexico without formal public long-term care policies, informal care becomes the main source of support for older adults. Alternative social programs, such as supplemental income programs, for older adults could alleviate caregiver burden, especially if supplemental income were to be used for paid care or to compensate non-paid family caregivers. This work is the first to analyze the effects of a supplemental income program for older adults on primary caregiver burden. To identify how such a program might affect caregiver burden, we analyze rich panel data on 433 adults 70  years and older ...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - June 5, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Overcoming a Bad Day: a Qualitative Look into the Dementia Caregiving Experiences of Mexican-Origin Women in East Los Angeles
This study explores how Mexican origin women experience dementia caregiving, and the coping strategies they use to manage their caregiving situations. Nine wo men were identified as caregivers of a family member with AD or dementia from a larger study on caregiving. Interviews with them were collected and subsequently analyzed using a modified grounded theory approach to reduce the data to identify thematic content. All but one participant described careg iving as “tiring,” “wearing,” or “hard.” They reported suffering from stress, insomnia, nervousness, migraines, and/or depression beca...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 27, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Rural Native and European American Custodial Grandparents: Stressors, Resources, and Resilience
AbstractNative American grandparents by tradition are expected to play a role in rearing grandchildren. However, in many Native grandfamilies, grandparents are rearing grandchildren not by choice or tradition, but as the result of family crises that necessitated grandparent intervention. European American grandparents have likewise been called to rear their grandchildren when their adult children are unable or unwilling to perform parental duties. Less is known about these custodial grandparents ’ resilience pathways, particularly among rural grandfamilies. Guided by the Resiliency Model of Family Stress, Adjustment,...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 27, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Cognitive Advantages in Adult Turkish Bilingual Immigrants – a Question of the Chicken or the Egg
AbstractA number of studies suggest both cognitive disadvantages and advantages of bilingualism. In the current study, it is attempted to provide an account of the cognitive advantages associated with bilingualism in a Turkish immigrant population in Denmark.The total sample consisted of 71 middle-aged and older adults born and raised in Turkey who had migrated to Denmark in their teenage years or later. All participants were assessed with a neuropsychological test battery and degree of Turkish-Danish bilingualism was estimated via rater assessment according to a three-point scale. Associations between bilingualism and cog...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 22, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Attitudes Towards and Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) Among Older Adults in Italy and Sweden: the Influence of Cultural Context, Socio-Demographic Factors, and Time Perspective
In conclusion, between-person differences in time perspective organization are an important factor to account for variability in attitudes towards and use of ICTs in old age, and appears to exert an influence over and beyond other significant predictors, such as cultural context, age/cohort membership, and educational level. (Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology)
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 11, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Planning Ahead for End-of-Life Healthcare among Iranian-American Older Adults: Attitudes and Communication of Healthcare Wishes
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine relationships between attitudes toward planning for end-of-life (EOL) care and social supports, spirituality, distrust of the US healthcare system, and acculturation; and to investigate a relationship between attitudes and communication of EOL wishes in Iranian-American older adults. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was used. Older adults (N = 135) were surveyed using Qualtrics online software. The participants were new immigrants to the U.S., highly educated, and insured with a generally positive self-reported health status. Of this sample, 47.4% reported ...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Early Hour, Golden Hour: an Exploration of Slovenian Older People ’s Meaningful Occupations
AbstractPeople are occupational beings and enabling older people to engage in meaningful occupations contributes to their health and well-being. Experiences of engagement and meaning in an occupation may differ in different socio-cultural contexts. The aim of this study was to explore Slovenian older people ’s individual experiences of engagement in occupation, with a particular emphasis on their meaningful occupations. The study employed a phenomenological research approach. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten Slovenian older adults, living independently in their home environment. Int erpretative Phen...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 6, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

“I Go Upstairs and Eat in Front of the Television:” the Cooking and Eating Behaviors of Mexican Older Women Living Alone
AbstractThe increasing tendency of older people living alone may pose a number of challenges including factors related to food insecurity, such as functional impairment, social isolation, and financial vulnerability. The purpose of this study was to explain the cooking and eating behaviors of Mexican older women living alone using a life course perspective. A qualitative research methodology was chosen and deductive thematic analysis was used to examine accounts given by 14 older women through one-on-one interviews. Findings showed that age-related transitions, role changes, and the social context in which older women are ...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - April 25, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Risk and Resiliency in the Relationship Between Widowhood and Depressive Symptoms Among Older Mexican Americans
This study examined the association between widowhood and depressive symptoms and the extent to which the association is contingent upon risk and resiliency, including immigration status, functional limitations, financial strains, and intergenerational support, among older Mexican Americans. The sample included 344 parent-child pairs reported by 83 respondents. Clustered regression analysis showed that widowhood elevated risks for depressive symptoms. We found that having some functional limitations, having more children and living in the same city with children exacerbated the adverse effects of widowhood on depressive sy...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - March 22, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Geographic Disparities in the Relation between English Proficiency and Health Insurance Status among Older Latino and Asian Immigrants
This study examines whether English proficiency and geographic context explain health insurance status among older Latino and Asian immigrants in the U.S. Drawn from the 2010 –2012 ACS PUMS, 57,936 Latino and 47,742 Asian immigrants aged 65 and older were selected. Logistic regression analysis was conducted for the U.S. as a whole and separately by geographic region. In the entire U.S., having limited English proficiency (LEP) and being proficient in English (EP) incre ased odds of being uninsured among Latino immigrants, whereas LEP and EP decreased odds of being uninsured among Asian immigrants. In the stratified a...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - March 2, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Let us Meet Online! Examining the Factors Influencing Older Chinese ’s Social Networking Site Use
AbstractThis paper aims to examine the factors influencing older Chinese ’s social networking site (SNS) use and to help older people live a better life in this technology-oriented world. A proposed model composed of eight hypotheses was built according to Diffusion of Innovation Theory and was tested via 726 valid data points. The empirical results show that technical compatibility and relative advantages as technical factors and Internet self-efficacy as a personal cognitive factor promote older people’s SNS use. Technical complexity as a technical factor and Internet anxiety as a personal cognitive factor hi...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - February 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Developing a Tool for Evaluating Ageism in Nursing Care of Older People in Kashan/Iran
The objective of this study was to develop a tool to assess ageism in nursing care in Kashan/Iran 2015. This psychometric study was carried out in four stages: literature review for item generation; content validity testing; exploratory factor analysis (EFA) for evaluation of construct validity; and reliability assessment. The data analyzed with SPSS version 16. The final questionnaire had 24 items. The total CVI and CVR were 0.88 and 0.57. Explanatory factor analysis identified 3 factors of respecting older adult in nursing care (14 items); age discrimination and negative views towards older adults (5 items); attention to...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - February 14, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Cultural Context of Family Religiosity/Spirituality among Korean-American Elderly Families
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to explore the cultural context of family religiosity/spirituality among Korean-American elderly families, and how this changed after families immigrated to the USA. Fifty one first-generation Korean-Americans participated in one or two hour, in-depth interviews in Korean at a participant ’s home or church. These included 27 older adults and 24 family members living together or within a radius of one-hour transit time from their elders, residing in the Southeastern United States. A thematic and interpretive method was used to analyze transcribed interviews. Three themes were ident...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - January 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Low Socioeconomic Status but Resilient: Panacea or Double Trouble? John Henryism in the International IMIAS Study of Older Adults
AbstractJohn Henry (JH) theory provides a framework for understanding the physiological toll exerted on low socioeconomic status (SES) individuals as they overcome psychosocial stressors imposed by their environments. This theory suggests that resilience, a seemingly positive social adaptation, may in fact be physically deleterious. JH theory has been well-described in low-SES rural male African Americans, however it is currently unclear whether validity of this theory extends to women, other races and outside the rural US. We assessed whether, in individuals with low income, there is an association between self-mastery/re...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - December 19, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research