Environmental Challenges in the Home for Ageing Societies: a Comparison of Sweden and Japan
The objective of the present study was to provide a background to environmental challenges in the home, related to demographic ageing. Specific aims were to compare: 1) demography and household composition 2) physical housing stocks 3) indoor accidents and 4) housing adaptations between the two countries. Descriptive analyses were conducted using secondary data sources. Demographic ageing is projected to accelerate faster in Japan compared to Sweden, with overall lower fertility rates expected in Japan. In 2050, 39% of the Japanese population is projected to be aged 65  years or older, compared to 23% of the Swedish p...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - September 10, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Characterising Long Term Care Needs among Chinese Older Adults with Cognitive Impairment or ADL Limitations
This study analyses long-term care needs (LTC) in the context of older adults who face limitations in activities of daily living (ADL) or with cognitive impairment (CI), and thus need aids to fulfil daily activities. Drawing on data from three waves (2002, 2005, 2008/09) of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS), this study shows that the older adults aged 65 to 99 with ADL limitation declined over the years from 8% to 5% but those with CI increased from 11% to 17%. Overall, about 16% of the older adults reported LTC needs in the baseline year of 2002, and this subsequently increased to 20% in 2008/09. R...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 17, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Differences within Differences: Gender Inequalities in Caregiving Intensity Vary by Race and Ethnicity in Informal Caregivers
AbstractAmong the 50+ million informal caregivers in the US, substantial gender, racial/ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in caregiving intensity are well-documented. However, those disparities may be more nuanced: gender disparities in caregiving intensity may vary by race/ethnicity (White, Black, and Hispanic) and socioeconomic status (SES). We used data from the 2011 National Study of Caregiving and applied generalized linear models to estimate associations between three measures of caregiver intensity (ADLs, IADLs, and hours caregiving/month) and the three sociodemographic factors with their interaction terms. Blac...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 12, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Aging and the Hidden Costs of Going Home to Mexico
In this study, we examine the health risk profiles and healthcare utilization for Mexican return migrants and the non-migrant population. We examine how these outcomes are affected by both the migration and return migration experience of the returnee population, while paying c lose attention to age-group differences. We employ inverse probability weighting regression adjustment (IPWRA) and logistic regression analysis of a sample of 348,450 respondents from the 2014 National Survey of Demographic Dynamics (ENADID) to test for differences in health conditions between those Mexican return migrants and non-migrants. We then t...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Later-Life Trajectories of Cognitive Functioning among Married and Widowed Older Men and Women of Mexican Origin
This study also shows that health and social integration might shape cognitive functioning among older adults of M exican descent. (Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology)
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 3, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Characteristics and Consequences of Family Support in Latino Dementia Care
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to explore variations in family support for Latino dementia caregivers and describe the role of the family in dementia caregiver stress processes. Content analysis is utilized with themes derived inductively from 16 in-depth interviews with Latino caregivers recruited in California from 2002 to 2004. Three types of family support are described: extensive (instrumental and emotional support from family,n = 3), limited (instrumental support from one family member,n = 7), and lacking (no support from family,n = 6). Most caregivers report limited su...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - July 25, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Cultural Adaptation of a Community-Based Hearing Health Intervention for Korean American Older Adults with Hearing Loss
This study is the first to report the cultural adaptation process of a hearing care model into older KAs and its methodology may be applied to other minority groups. (Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology)
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - July 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Family-Centred Interventions for Elder Abuse: a Narrative Review
AbstractInformation about elder abuse has not only been sparse due to factors such as underreporting or lack of standardized research, but also in defining elder abuse. However elder abuse is commonly understood to be a single/repeated act, or lack of appropriate action, occurring within any relationship which embodies an expectation of trust, which causes harm or distress to elderly individual. In elder abuse, the relationship of trust usually entails the family, as it family members who are noted to be the most likely perpetrators of elder abuse With the increased prevalence of elder abuse in developed countries and a pr...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - June 22, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Do Income Supplemental Programs for Older Adults ’ Help Reduce Primary Caregiver Burden? Evidence from Mexico
AbstractIn countries such as Mexico without formal public long-term care policies, informal care becomes the main source of support for older adults. Alternative social programs, such as supplemental income programs, for older adults could alleviate caregiver burden, especially if supplemental income were to be used for paid care or to compensate non-paid family caregivers. This work is the first to analyze the effects of a supplemental income program for older adults on primary caregiver burden. To identify how such a program might affect caregiver burden, we analyze rich panel data on 433 adults 70  years and older ...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - June 5, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Overcoming a Bad Day: a Qualitative Look into the Dementia Caregiving Experiences of Mexican-Origin Women in East Los Angeles
This study explores how Mexican origin women experience dementia caregiving, and the coping strategies they use to manage their caregiving situations. Nine wo men were identified as caregivers of a family member with AD or dementia from a larger study on caregiving. Interviews with them were collected and subsequently analyzed using a modified grounded theory approach to reduce the data to identify thematic content. All but one participant described careg iving as “tiring,” “wearing,” or “hard.” They reported suffering from stress, insomnia, nervousness, migraines, and/or depression beca...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 27, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Rural Native and European American Custodial Grandparents: Stressors, Resources, and Resilience
AbstractNative American grandparents by tradition are expected to play a role in rearing grandchildren. However, in many Native grandfamilies, grandparents are rearing grandchildren not by choice or tradition, but as the result of family crises that necessitated grandparent intervention. European American grandparents have likewise been called to rear their grandchildren when their adult children are unable or unwilling to perform parental duties. Less is known about these custodial grandparents ’ resilience pathways, particularly among rural grandfamilies. Guided by the Resiliency Model of Family Stress, Adjustment,...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 27, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Cognitive Advantages in Adult Turkish Bilingual Immigrants – a Question of the Chicken or the Egg
AbstractA number of studies suggest both cognitive disadvantages and advantages of bilingualism. In the current study, it is attempted to provide an account of the cognitive advantages associated with bilingualism in a Turkish immigrant population in Denmark.The total sample consisted of 71 middle-aged and older adults born and raised in Turkey who had migrated to Denmark in their teenage years or later. All participants were assessed with a neuropsychological test battery and degree of Turkish-Danish bilingualism was estimated via rater assessment according to a three-point scale. Associations between bilingualism and cog...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 22, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Attitudes Towards and Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) Among Older Adults in Italy and Sweden: the Influence of Cultural Context, Socio-Demographic Factors, and Time Perspective
In conclusion, between-person differences in time perspective organization are an important factor to account for variability in attitudes towards and use of ICTs in old age, and appears to exert an influence over and beyond other significant predictors, such as cultural context, age/cohort membership, and educational level. (Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology)
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 11, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Planning Ahead for End-of-Life Healthcare among Iranian-American Older Adults: Attitudes and Communication of Healthcare Wishes
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine relationships between attitudes toward planning for end-of-life (EOL) care and social supports, spirituality, distrust of the US healthcare system, and acculturation; and to investigate a relationship between attitudes and communication of EOL wishes in Iranian-American older adults. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was used. Older adults (N = 135) were surveyed using Qualtrics online software. The participants were new immigrants to the U.S., highly educated, and insured with a generally positive self-reported health status. Of this sample, 47.4% reported ...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 9, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Early Hour, Golden Hour: an Exploration of Slovenian Older People ’s Meaningful Occupations
AbstractPeople are occupational beings and enabling older people to engage in meaningful occupations contributes to their health and well-being. Experiences of engagement and meaning in an occupation may differ in different socio-cultural contexts. The aim of this study was to explore Slovenian older people ’s individual experiences of engagement in occupation, with a particular emphasis on their meaningful occupations. The study employed a phenomenological research approach. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten Slovenian older adults, living independently in their home environment. Int erpretative Phen...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - May 6, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

“I Go Upstairs and Eat in Front of the Television:” the Cooking and Eating Behaviors of Mexican Older Women Living Alone
AbstractThe increasing tendency of older people living alone may pose a number of challenges including factors related to food insecurity, such as functional impairment, social isolation, and financial vulnerability. The purpose of this study was to explain the cooking and eating behaviors of Mexican older women living alone using a life course perspective. A qualitative research methodology was chosen and deductive thematic analysis was used to examine accounts given by 14 older women through one-on-one interviews. Findings showed that age-related transitions, role changes, and the social context in which older women are ...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - April 25, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Risk and Resiliency in the Relationship Between Widowhood and Depressive Symptoms Among Older Mexican Americans
This study examined the association between widowhood and depressive symptoms and the extent to which the association is contingent upon risk and resiliency, including immigration status, functional limitations, financial strains, and intergenerational support, among older Mexican Americans. The sample included 344 parent-child pairs reported by 83 respondents. Clustered regression analysis showed that widowhood elevated risks for depressive symptoms. We found that having some functional limitations, having more children and living in the same city with children exacerbated the adverse effects of widowhood on depressive sy...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - March 22, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Geographic Disparities in the Relation between English Proficiency and Health Insurance Status among Older Latino and Asian Immigrants
This study examines whether English proficiency and geographic context explain health insurance status among older Latino and Asian immigrants in the U.S. Drawn from the 2010 –2012 ACS PUMS, 57,936 Latino and 47,742 Asian immigrants aged 65 and older were selected. Logistic regression analysis was conducted for the U.S. as a whole and separately by geographic region. In the entire U.S., having limited English proficiency (LEP) and being proficient in English (EP) incre ased odds of being uninsured among Latino immigrants, whereas LEP and EP decreased odds of being uninsured among Asian immigrants. In the stratified a...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - March 2, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Let us Meet Online! Examining the Factors Influencing Older Chinese ’s Social Networking Site Use
AbstractThis paper aims to examine the factors influencing older Chinese ’s social networking site (SNS) use and to help older people live a better life in this technology-oriented world. A proposed model composed of eight hypotheses was built according to Diffusion of Innovation Theory and was tested via 726 valid data points. The empirical results show that technical compatibility and relative advantages as technical factors and Internet self-efficacy as a personal cognitive factor promote older people’s SNS use. Technical complexity as a technical factor and Internet anxiety as a personal cognitive factor hi...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - February 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Developing a Tool for Evaluating Ageism in Nursing Care of Older People in Kashan/Iran
The objective of this study was to develop a tool to assess ageism in nursing care in Kashan/Iran 2015. This psychometric study was carried out in four stages: literature review for item generation; content validity testing; exploratory factor analysis (EFA) for evaluation of construct validity; and reliability assessment. The data analyzed with SPSS version 16. The final questionnaire had 24 items. The total CVI and CVR were 0.88 and 0.57. Explanatory factor analysis identified 3 factors of respecting older adult in nursing care (14 items); age discrimination and negative views towards older adults (5 items); attention to...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - February 14, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Cultural Context of Family Religiosity/Spirituality among Korean-American Elderly Families
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to explore the cultural context of family religiosity/spirituality among Korean-American elderly families, and how this changed after families immigrated to the USA. Fifty one first-generation Korean-Americans participated in one or two hour, in-depth interviews in Korean at a participant ’s home or church. These included 27 older adults and 24 family members living together or within a radius of one-hour transit time from their elders, residing in the Southeastern United States. A thematic and interpretive method was used to analyze transcribed interviews. Three themes were ident...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - January 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Low Socioeconomic Status but Resilient: Panacea or Double Trouble? John Henryism in the International IMIAS Study of Older Adults
AbstractJohn Henry (JH) theory provides a framework for understanding the physiological toll exerted on low socioeconomic status (SES) individuals as they overcome psychosocial stressors imposed by their environments. This theory suggests that resilience, a seemingly positive social adaptation, may in fact be physically deleterious. JH theory has been well-described in low-SES rural male African Americans, however it is currently unclear whether validity of this theory extends to women, other races and outside the rural US. We assessed whether, in individuals with low income, there is an association between self-mastery/re...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - December 19, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Language and Culture in the Caregiving of People with Dementia in Care Homes - What Are the Implications for Well-Being? A Scoping Review with a Welsh Perspective
AbstractThe loss of language skills is one of the most challenging aspects of living with dementia. This is particularly true for bilingual individuals, who have difficulty in maintaining fluency in more than one language. Language and culture overlap greatly, with potential implications for the well-being of people with dementia (PWD) being cared for in their ‘second’ language or culture. Our aim was to review the available relevant literature, together with an examination of the potential effects of linguistic incongruity on healthcare in general for Welsh speakers in Wales. A literature search yielded 50 art...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - November 27, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Age at First Birth, Parity and History of Hysterectomy Are Associated to Frailty Status: Cross-Sectional Analysis from the International Mobility in Aging Study -Imias
This study aims to examine associations between age at first childbirth, lifetime parity, and history of hysterectomy with frailty status in community dwelling older women. This is a cross-sectional study of 1047 women participating in the International Mobility in Aging Study at baseline (2012, aged between 65 and 74  years old). Fried’s phenotype of frailty was used to identify frail, pre-frail and non-frail groups. Measured reproductive history variables include age at first birth (before 20 years old; 20 years old or older), lifetime parity (0; 1–2 children; 3–4 children; 5 children or ...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - October 29, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Promoting Age-Friendly Communities: an Integrative Review of Inclusion for Older Immigrants
(Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology)
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - October 20, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Volunteering among First-Generation Asian Ethnic Groups Residing in California
This study was a cross-sectional investigation of volunteer activity among four distinct Asian ethnic subgroups —Chinese, Filipino, Korean, and Vietnamese—who have immigrated to the United States. Data from the 2011–2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) were used with an analytic sample of Chinese (n  = 547), Filipino (n  = 229), Korean (n  = 490), and Vietnamese (n  = 546) adults 50 and older. A series of logistic regression models were estimated to examine differences and similarities across the four ethnic groups in volunteer activity. Consistent...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - September 28, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Strengthening Community: Older Asian Immigrants ’ Contributions to New Zealand Society
This study sought to uncover the process through which older Chinese, Indian and Korean immigrants residing in Auckland, New Zealand contribute to, and participate in, local community. There is a paucity of literature addressing the everyday activities of older Asian immigrants living in New Zealand. The few studies that do exist focus solely on one ethnic group with little discussion ofhow community participation occurs. Grounded theory methodology was employed. Focus groups and individual interviews with 76 Chinese, Indian or Korean older immigrants were recorded, transcribed, translated, and analysed using grounded theo...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - September 12, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

‘No Sweet in Sex’: Perceptions of Condom Usefulness among Elderly Yoruba People in Ibadan Nigeria
This study explores the views of elderly Yoruba men and women (60+) on condoms use and its suitability against sexual infections. The research design was a sequential exploratory mixed method that consisted of vignettes based focus group discussion and a structured questionnaire. Twelve vignettes based Focus Group Discussion and a survey of 252 elderly Yoruba people (aged 60+) were carried out. The findings revealed limited awareness and experience with condoms. Few of the male (20.4%) and 2.8% of the female respondents felt condom use can prevent sexually transmitted infections. A marginally proportion of the females (29....
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - September 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

“We Raise our Grandchildren as our Own:” Alaska Native Grandparents Raising Grandchildren in Southwest Alaska
This study explores continuity and change in the roles of rural Alaska Native grandparents, describing their importance in contemporary Yup ’ik social life and structure. The study is distinctive in its focus on the experiences of Yup’ik grandparents who are primary caregivers raising their grandchildren in Southwest Alaska. Qualitative data were gathered using a semi-structured interview from 20 Yup’ik grandparents, ages 46 to 95 , who raised their grandchildren as the primary caregiver for at least one year. Content analysis was used to establish a culturally grounded understanding of the role of a gran...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - September 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Mothers ’ Selection of Future Primary Caregivers in Rural West Java, Indonesia
This study analyzes mothers ’ preference of a future primary caregiver by using within-family analysis approach in the context of Sundanese population in rural West Java, Indonesia. This is a cross-sectional study involving healthy mothers (60–69 years old) with a perfect score of Instrumental Activity of Daily Living (IA DL), and who had at least two living children. The within-family analysis of a selection of future caregivers was conducted based on the report from 177 mothers of their 904 children using multilevel modeling with binomial outcome. Being a daughter, older, emotionally the closest to the m...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - September 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

End of Life Care for Older Russian Immigrants - Perspectives of Russian Immigrants and Hospice Staff
AbstractThis pilot study examined immigrant Russian seniors and adult children ’s views on end-of-life care, and hospice staff members’ experiences providing care to diverse immigrant clients, in areas of North Carolina with a high proportion of immigrants. Data were collected through individual in-depth interviews with informants, including Russian immigrant seniors, Russ ian adult children, and hospice staff, and analyzed by qualitative techniques. Findings indicate that there is little awareness of end-of-life care options among the Russian immigrant community in North Carolina. End-of-life care is rarely di...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - September 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Caring and Uncaring Encounters between Assistant Nurses and Immigrants with Dementia Symptoms in Two Group Homes in Sweden-an Observational Study
Conclusion: Encounters could be caring, uncaring, and carried out using a person-centered approach. Communication and relationships could be facilitated using the same language but also through learning to interpret residents ’ needs and desires. (Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology)
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - September 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Self-Report of Aerobic Activity among Older African Americans with Multiple Chronic Conditions
This study examined the influence of chronic conditions on aerobic activity among a sample of community-dwelling, older African Americans with a self-reported diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and other chronic conditions, such as hypertension and arthritis. Findings indicate that regardless of age, the number of chronic conditions was a significant influence in self-report of aerobic activity. Successful self-management of type 2 diabetes and other chronic conditions may promote physical activity among sedentary older African Americans with multiple chronic conditions. Furthermore, research that considers a life course epidemi...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - September 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Characterizing Beliefs about Stroke and Walking for Exercise among Seniors from Four Racial/Ethnic Minority Communities
We described and compared seniors ’ stroke-related health beliefs among four racial/ethnic communities to inform a culturally-tailored stroke prevention walking intervention. Specific attention was paid to how seniors combined pathophysiology-based biomedical beliefs with non-biomedical beliefs. We conducted twelve language-concor dant, structured focus groups with African American, Chinese American, Korean American, and Latino seniors aged 60 years and older with a history of hypertension (n = 132) to assess stroke-related health beliefs. Participants were asked their beliefs about stroke mechanism ...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 23, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

‘No Sweet in Sex’: Perceptions of Condom Usefulness among Elderly Yoruba People in Ibadan Nigeria
This study explores the views of elderly Yoruba men and women (60+) on condoms use and its suitability against sexual infections. The research design was a sequential exploratory mixed method that consisted of vignettes based focus group discussion and a structured questionnaire. Twelve vignettes based Focus Group Discussion and a survey of 252 elderly Yoruba people (aged 60+) were carried out. The findings revealed limited awareness and experience with condoms. Few of the male (20.4%) and 2.8% of the female respondents felt condom use can prevent sexually transmitted infections. A marginally proportion of the females (29....
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 20, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

End of Life Care for Older Russian Immigrants - Perspectives of Russian Immigrants and Hospice Staff
AbstractThis pilot study examined immigrant Russian seniors and adult children ’s views on end-of-life care, and hospice staff members’ experiences providing care to diverse immigrant clients, in areas of North Carolina with a high proportion of immigrants. Data were collected through individual in-depth interviews with informants, including Russian immigrant seniors, Russ ian adult children, and hospice staff, and analyzed by qualitative techniques. Findings indicate that there is little awareness of end-of-life care options among the Russian immigrant community in North Carolina. End-of-life care is rarely di...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 14, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

The Effects of Religious Participation and Familial Assistance on Mental Health among Older Chinese and Korean Immigrants: Multiple Mediator Analyses
AbstractOlder Asian immigrants are one of the fastest growing segments of the U.S. population and a growing number of them reside in non-traditional destination cities. However, there is a paucity of research on older Asian immigrants living in these non-traditional destination cities, and how this residential choice impacts their stress and mental health. In the current study, we examined how stressors and social support contribute to the overall mental health of older Asian immigrants who lack access to culturally responsive formal social support services. Using a convenience sample of older Chinese (n = 12...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 6, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Mothers ’ Selection of Future Primary Caregivers in Rural West Java, Indonesia
This study analyzes mothers ’ preference of a future primary caregiver by using within-family analysis approach in the context of Sundanese population in rural West Java, Indonesia. This is a cross-sectional study involving healthy mothers (60–69 years old) with a perfect score of Instrumental Activity of Daily Living (IA DL), and who had at least two living children. The within-family analysis of a selection of future caregivers was conducted based on the report from 177 mothers of their 904 children using multilevel modeling with binomial outcome. Being a daughter, older, emotionally the closest to the m...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - August 6, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Caring and Uncaring Encounters between Assistant Nurses and Immigrants with Dementia Symptoms in Two Group Homes in Sweden-an Observational Study
Conclusion: Encounters could be caring, uncaring, and carried out using a person-centered approach. Communication and relationships could be facilitated using the same language but also through learning to interpret residents ’ needs and desires. (Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology)
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - June 21, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

The Emergence of an Elder-Blaming Discourse in Twenty-First Century China
AbstractTo people familiar with Confucian teachings about revering elders, it may be surprising that, over the last decade and a half, a discourse has emerged and spread widely in China in which elders are denigrated as out-of-date and corrupt. Using newspaper articles, commentaries and videos, this paper first traces the emergence of intergenerational conflicts over bus seats, along with related phenomena that have become flashpoints in the new elder-blaming discourse. Second, this paper delineates and challenges popular and academic notions that intergenerational differences in values and dispositions entirely account fo...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - June 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Long-Term Care Needs in the Context of Poverty and Population Aging: the Case of Older Persons in Myanmar
AbstractMyanmar is one of the poorest and least healthy countries in Southeast Asia. As elsewhere in the region, population aging is occurring. Yet the government welfare and health systems have done little to address the long-term care (LTC) needs of the increasing number of older persons thus leaving families to cope on their own. Our study, based on the 2012 Myanmar Aging Survey, documents the LTC needs of persons aged 60 and older and how they are met within the context of the family. Nearly 40% of persons in their early 60s and 90% of those 80 and older reported at least one physical difficulty. Spouses and children c...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - June 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

The Role of NGOs in Enabling Elderly Activity and Care in the Community: a Case Study of Silver Wings in South Korea
In this study I argue that community-based care of the elderlyin the community should be seen as complementary to, and arguably more fundamental than, enhancing long-term care services per se. Based on qualitative interviews and observations, this paper presents a case study of Silver Wings, the community-based initiative of local non-governmental organization(NGO) Saerom to provide older people ’s self-help groups with support from HelpAge Korea. The study analyzes the activities and capacities of local NGOs in promoting “aging-in-community” and the findings suggest that such initiatives can certainly co...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - June 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Preparing for an “Insured” Old Age: Insurance Purchase and Self-Support in Old Age in Rural China
This article explores an emerging trend among young and middle-aged rural couples in Northeast China who have purchased recently marketized commercial insurance as a way to prepare for self-support in old age. It discusses how the commercial insurance industry has created a rural elder-care market among a population that traditionally relied on family for support in old age. It also delves into the ways in which the transformations of intergenerational exchange and family structure and a lack of health care access have contributed to the preparation for self-support in old age and have thus fostered the creation of a rural...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - June 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Contextual Challenges and the Mosaic of Support: Understanding the Vulnerabilities of Low-Income Informal Caregivers of Dependent Elders in Singapore
AbstractInformal caregivers play an increasingly important and demanding role in providing and ensuring long-term care for elders. To date, few studies have qualitatively explored the challenges and coping strategies adopted by informal caregivers of dependent elders from lower-income households in Singapore. Based on data from in-depth interviews with 19 respondents, this study provides detailed and nuanced accounts of the lived experiences of low-income informal caregivers. The strains associated with the scarcity of resources among low-income caregivers are compounded by contextual challenges such as fractured familial ...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - June 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Introduction to Special Issue of Journal of Cross Cultural Gerontology on Elder-Care Issues in Southeast and East Asia
(Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology)
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology - June 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research