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The belief in redeemability – version 2 (BiR-2) scale and its relation to desistance
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 4, Page 300-312, December 2017. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to test the relationship between the belief in redeemability – Version 2 (BIR-2) Scale and desistance from crime. It also seeks to explore how patterns of responding on the BIR-2 with offenders compare to previous patterns of responding in the general public. Design/methodology/approach The authors report the results of a study of offenders using the beli ef in redeemability – Version 2 (BiR-2) scale. In total, 180 offenders under the supervision of the Community Correctio...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - November 23, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

US public views toward biosocial risk factors for criminality: a brief report
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 4, Page 294-299, December 2017. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present preliminary survey data measuring attitudes of members of the US public on the importance, existence, and potential legal use of biological risk factors for criminality. Design/methodology/approach Survey data were collected from an online sample of US public in conjunction with an experiment not included in this report. Findings Data suggest that the public generally agrees that there are certain biological characteristics that make one more likely to exhibit criminality. ...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - November 23, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Compassion focussed working in secure forensic care
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 4, Page 287-293, December 2017. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe practices associated with compassion focussed therapy (CFT) in a secure forensic setting for men with a learning disability and personality disorder. The values of this model for both therapeutic work and the organisation of residential practices in a secure setting are considered. Design/methodology/approach The paper presents a conceptual discussion of the use of CFT with an offender population. Findings The paper describes the use of CFT as a framework for working with ...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - November 23, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Why corrections? Motivations for becoming a Canadian provincial or territorial correctional officer
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 4, Page 274-286, December 2017. Purpose The growing prison population and challenges related to recruiting and retaining suitable correctional officers (COs) in Canada provided the impetus for the current study. Recruitment efforts in provinces and territories often rely on a variety of diverse testing, ranging from physical fitness to in-person interviews. However, despite such efforts, turn-over rates remain high and insight into what motivates people to seek a career in correctional work continues to require elucidation. By investigating the career ...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - November 23, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Deferring felony prosecution: a process evaluation of an innovative Cook County State ’s Attorney’s Office program
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 4, Page 261-273, December 2017. Purpose The Cook County State Attorneys ’ Deferred Prosecution Program (DPP) is a pre-trial diversionary program that accepts first-time, non-violent defendants charged with a felony crime. The purpose of this paper is to document the development, implementation, and program patterns of the DPP to better understand the program’s scope and reach in diverting defendants from traditional criminal prosecution. Design/methodology/approach The approach to evaluating Cook County’s DPP is primarily qualitative....
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - November 23, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Identifying potential offenders on the basis of police records: development and validation of the ProKid risk assessment tool
This study confirms the value of official police records for assessing the risk of future offending for preventive purposes. Originality/value The present study de monstrates the validity of a risk assessment tool based on Dutch police records for both non-offenders and offenders. (Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice)
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - November 23, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

The belief in redeemability – version 2 (BiR-2) scale and its relation to desistance
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 4, Page 300-312, December 2017. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to test the relationship between the belief in redeemability – Version 2 (BIR-2) Scale and desistance from crime. It also seeks to explore how patterns of responding on the BIR-2 with offenders compare to previous patterns of responding in the general public. Design/methodology/approach The authors report the results of a study of offenders using the beli ef in redeemability – Version 2 (BiR-2) scale. In total, 180 offenders under the supervision of the Community Correctio...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - November 23, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

US public views toward biosocial risk factors for criminality: a brief report
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 4, Page 294-299, December 2017. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present preliminary survey data measuring attitudes of members of the US public on the importance, existence, and potential legal use of biological risk factors for criminality. Design/methodology/approach Survey data were collected from an online sample of US public in conjunction with an experiment not included in this report. Findings Data suggest that the public generally agrees that there are certain biological characteristics that make one more likely to exhibit criminality. ...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - November 23, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Compassion focussed working in secure forensic care
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 4, Page 287-293, December 2017. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe practices associated with compassion focussed therapy (CFT) in a secure forensic setting for men with a learning disability and personality disorder. The values of this model for both therapeutic work and the organisation of residential practices in a secure setting are considered. Design/methodology/approach The paper presents a conceptual discussion of the use of CFT with an offender population. Findings The paper describes the use of CFT as a framework for working with ...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - November 23, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Why corrections? Motivations for becoming a Canadian provincial or territorial correctional officer
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 4, Page 274-286, December 2017. Purpose The growing prison population and challenges related to recruiting and retaining suitable correctional officers (COs) in Canada provided the impetus for the current study. Recruitment efforts in provinces and territories often rely on a variety of diverse testing, ranging from physical fitness to in-person interviews. However, despite such efforts, turn-over rates remain high and insight into what motivates people to seek a career in correctional work continues to require elucidation. By investigating the career ...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - November 23, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Deferring felony prosecution: a process evaluation of an innovative Cook County State ’s Attorney’s Office program
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 4, Page 261-273, December 2017. Purpose The Cook County State Attorneys ’ Deferred Prosecution Program (DPP) is a pre-trial diversionary program that accepts first-time, non-violent defendants charged with a felony crime. The purpose of this paper is to document the development, implementation, and program patterns of the DPP to better understand the program’s scope and reach in diverting defendants from traditional criminal prosecution. Design/methodology/approach The approach to evaluating Cook County’s DPP is primarily qualitative....
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - November 23, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Identifying potential offenders on the basis of police records: development and validation of the ProKid risk assessment tool
This study confirms the value of official police records for assessing the risk of future offending for preventive purposes. Originality/value The present study de monstrates the validity of a risk assessment tool based on Dutch police records for both non-offenders and offenders. (Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice)
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - November 23, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Introduction to the special issue of the Journal of Criminological Research, Policy, and Practice: terrorism and political violence
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 3, Page 153-157, September 2017. (Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice)
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - September 12, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

The future of the draft UN Convention on international terrorism
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 3, Page 233-247, September 2017. Purpose The paper is meant to analyse the debate over the revival of a comprehensive convention on international terrorism. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that a United Nations (UN) Convention on international terrorism is still necessary – provided that it is updated considering the new challenges that have recently emerged – and could be complemented by an annex containing the list of terrorist organisations, the determination of which is of common concern of the entire international community...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - September 12, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Splitting to survive: understanding terrorist group fragmentation
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 3, Page 222-232, September 2017. Purpose From Al-Qaeda to the IRA, almost all terrorist organisations have experienced splits in some shape or form. This can spell the dawn of violent spoiler groups, but it may equally play a significant role in the overall politicisation of a group. The purpose of this paper is to provide a greater understanding of these splits by assessing the issue from a political organisational perspective. Design/methodology/approach The author proposes that by addressing splits through the lens of organisational survival, we may...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - September 12, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

The study of terrorist leadership: where do we go from here?
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 3, Page 208-221, September 2017. Purpose Despite the recognition of the importance of leaders for the formation and ongoing success of social and political movements, the study of leadership in terrorist groups remains underdeveloped. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to stimulate additional research into terrorist leadership in three main ways: by providing a broad overview of the theoretical perspectives that scholars have used to examine terrorist leadership, by critically reviewing the current state of the academic literature on terrorist le...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - September 12, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Understanding modern terror and insurgency through the lens of street gangs: ISIS as a case study
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 3, Page 192-207, September 2017. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to use nearly a century ’s worth of gang research to inform us about modern terrorist groups, specifically the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). Design/methodology/approach A case study approach is employed, comparing and contrasting the competing theoretical frameworks of gangs and terrorist organisations to und erstand group structure, demographics, patterns of behaviour (e.g. territoriality, strategic, and instrumental violence), goals, and membership patterns of ISIS....
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - September 12, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Preventing successful assassination attacks by terrorists: an environmental criminology approach
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 3, Page 173-191, September 2017. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to use an environmental criminology and situational crime prevention (SCP) framework to study global assassinations carried out by terrorists. The authors set forth a series of hypotheses to explain successful and unsuccessful assassination incidents. Design/methodology/approach The authors use assassination data from the Global Terrorism Database from 1970 to 2014 to estimate a series binary logistic regression models. Findings Results indicate that various situational factors contr...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - September 12, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Beyond the crime-terror nexus: socio-economic status, violent crimes and terrorism
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 3, Page 158-172, September 2017. Purpose The literature on terrorism suggests a strong link between criminal offending and terrorism – the crime-terror nexus. Building upon a strain theory perspective, the purpose of this paper is to suggest that devalued socio-economic status (i.e. limited education and unemployment) and criminal past define the pool of people from which violent and terror offenders may be recruited. Design/ methodology/approach The current study compares three sources of data on educational and employment characteristics of vio...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - September 12, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Introduction to the special issue of the Journal of Criminological Research, Policy, and Practice: terrorism and political violence
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 3, Page 153-157, September 2017. (Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice)
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - September 12, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

The future of the draft UN Convention on international terrorism
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 3, Page 233-247, September 2017. Purpose The paper is meant to analyse the debate over the revival of a comprehensive convention on international terrorism. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate that a United Nations (UN) Convention on international terrorism is still necessary – provided that it is updated considering the new challenges that have recently emerged – and could be complemented by an annex containing the list of terrorist organisations, the determination of which is of common concern of the entire international community...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - September 12, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Splitting to survive: understanding terrorist group fragmentation
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 3, Page 222-232, September 2017. Purpose From Al-Qaeda to the IRA, almost all terrorist organisations have experienced splits in some shape or form. This can spell the dawn of violent spoiler groups, but it may equally play a significant role in the overall politicisation of a group. The purpose of this paper is to provide a greater understanding of these splits by assessing the issue from a political organisational perspective. Design/methodology/approach The author proposes that by addressing splits through the lens of organisational survival, we may...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - September 12, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

The study of terrorist leadership: where do we go from here?
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 3, Page 208-221, September 2017. Purpose Despite the recognition of the importance of leaders for the formation and ongoing success of social and political movements, the study of leadership in terrorist groups remains underdeveloped. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to stimulate additional research into terrorist leadership in three main ways: by providing a broad overview of the theoretical perspectives that scholars have used to examine terrorist leadership, by critically reviewing the current state of the academic literature on terrorist le...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - September 12, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Understanding modern terror and insurgency through the lens of street gangs: ISIS as a case study
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 3, Page 192-207, September 2017. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to use nearly a century ’s worth of gang research to inform us about modern terrorist groups, specifically the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS). Design/methodology/approach A case study approach is employed, comparing and contrasting the competing theoretical frameworks of gangs and terrorist organisations to und erstand group structure, demographics, patterns of behaviour (e.g. territoriality, strategic, and instrumental violence), goals, and membership patterns of ISIS....
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - September 12, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Preventing successful assassination attacks by terrorists: an environmental criminology approach
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 3, Page 173-191, September 2017. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to use an environmental criminology and situational crime prevention (SCP) framework to study global assassinations carried out by terrorists. The authors set forth a series of hypotheses to explain successful and unsuccessful assassination incidents. Design/methodology/approach The authors use assassination data from the Global Terrorism Database from 1970 to 2014 to estimate a series binary logistic regression models. Findings Results indicate that various situational factors contr...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - September 12, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Beyond the crime-terror nexus: socio-economic status, violent crimes and terrorism
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 3, Page 158-172, September 2017. Purpose The literature on terrorism suggests a strong link between criminal offending and terrorism – the crime-terror nexus. Building upon a strain theory perspective, the purpose of this paper is to suggest that devalued socio-economic status (i.e. limited education and unemployment) and criminal past define the pool of people from which violent and terror offenders may be recruited. Design/ methodology/approach The current study compares three sources of data on educational and employment characteristics of vio...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - September 12, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Alcohol-related harms and street service care in entertainment districts
This study examines factors associated with receiving street service care for alcohol intoxication, alcohol-related injury or violence among young people in a night-time economy (NTE). Design/methodology/approach Participants included 217 young adults, 135 of whom required street service care on a Friday or Saturday evening in an Australian entertainment district. The remaining 88 young adults were a matched control sample. Participants were surveyed and provided a breathalyser sample. A multinomial logistic regression was conducted to examine the relationship between Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) level, subjective intoxicat...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - April 28, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Policing child abuse: challenges and opportunities for specialist units
This article has been informed by a recent evaluation of a new national unit that was set up to investigate suspected child abuse in Scotland. This unit was established as part of the transition from eight regional police services in Scotland to a single national police service, Police Scotland. An important part of this evaluation was to consider the messages from previous research into the development of national police units and the role of the police in child protection investigations more generally. Findings What was uncovered were the challenges that police officers face in the current context of child abuse investi...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - April 28, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Improving police risk assessment and management of family violence through a collaboration between law enforcement, forensic mental health and academia
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2017. Purpose Police play an essential role in reducing harms associated with family violence by identifying people at increased risk of physical or mental health-related harm from family violence and linking them with support services. Yet police are often poorly trained and resourced to conduct the kind of assessments necessary to identify family violence associated with increased risk. Design/methodology/approach This paper describes a multi-project collaboration between law enforcement, forensic mental health, and academia that has over thr...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - April 28, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Multi-agency mentoring pilot intervention for high intensity service users of emergency public services: The Isle of Wight Integrated Recovery Programme
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2017. Purpose This paper describes the design, implementation and evaluation of a small UK case study of a mentoring style pilot intervention integrating a specially trained police officer alongside mental health professionals to support highly intensive service users of emergency services. Design/methodology/approach The development of the conceptual framework informing the mentoring intervention is described and its implementation evaluated using a range of qualitative and quantitative outcome measures. Findings The four high intensity servic...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - April 28, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

A focus for mental health training for police
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2017. Purpose To propose a focus for mental health training efforts to better equip officers to provide interventions and supports to help facilitate improved outcomes for people experiencing mental health crises. Design/methodology/approach A reflection on key evidence relating to mental health training programs delivered to police, focussing on Australia, the United States and Canada. Findings While there are a number of similarities in the core content of mental health training programs offered internationally, the availability and uptake of...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - April 28, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Exploring law enforcement and public health as a collective impact initiative: lessons learned from Tasmania as a case study
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2017. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the potential benefits as well as some of the practical barriers to the implementation of a collective impact initiative in law enforcement and public health (LEPH) in Tasmania, Australia. Design/methodology/approach The paper is based on a review of programs, agencies and initiatives that are at the intersection of law enforcement and public health in Tasmania, through (i) an analysis of the findings in evaluation reports, and (ii) the views of practitioners identified at a workshop on LEP...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - April 28, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Editorial
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2017. (Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice)
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - April 28, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Alcohol-related harms and street service care in entertainment districts
This study examines factors associated with receiving street service care for alcohol intoxication, alcohol-related injury or violence among young people in a night-time economy (NTE). Design/methodology/approach Participants included 217 young adults, 135 of whom required street service care on a Friday or Saturday evening in an Australian entertainment district. The remaining 88 young adults were a matched control sample. Participants were surveyed and provided a breathalyser sample. A multinomial logistic regression was conducted to examine the relationship between Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) level, subjective intoxicat...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - April 28, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Policing child abuse: challenges and opportunities for specialist units
This article has been informed by a recent evaluation of a new national unit that was set up to investigate suspected child abuse in Scotland. This unit was established as part of the transition from eight regional police services in Scotland to a single national police service, Police Scotland. An important part of this evaluation was to consider the messages from previous research into the development of national police units and the role of the police in child protection investigations more generally. Findings What was uncovered were the challenges that police officers face in the current context of child abuse investi...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - April 28, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Improving police risk assessment and management of family violence through a collaboration between law enforcement, forensic mental health and academia
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2017. Purpose Police play an essential role in reducing harms associated with family violence by identifying people at increased risk of physical or mental health-related harm from family violence and linking them with support services. Yet police are often poorly trained and resourced to conduct the kind of assessments necessary to identify family violence associated with increased risk. Design/methodology/approach This paper describes a multi-project collaboration between law enforcement, forensic mental health, and academia that has over thr...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - April 28, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Multi-agency mentoring pilot intervention for high intensity service users of emergency public services: The Isle of Wight Integrated Recovery Programme
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2017. Purpose This paper describes the design, implementation and evaluation of a small UK case study of a mentoring style pilot intervention integrating a specially trained police officer alongside mental health professionals to support highly intensive service users of emergency services. Design/methodology/approach The development of the conceptual framework informing the mentoring intervention is described and its implementation evaluated using a range of qualitative and quantitative outcome measures. Findings The four high intensity servic...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - April 28, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

A focus for mental health training for police
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2017. Purpose To propose a focus for mental health training efforts to better equip officers to provide interventions and supports to help facilitate improved outcomes for people experiencing mental health crises. Design/methodology/approach A reflection on key evidence relating to mental health training programs delivered to police, focussing on Australia, the United States and Canada. Findings While there are a number of similarities in the core content of mental health training programs offered internationally, the availability and uptake of...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - April 28, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Exploring law enforcement and public health as a collective impact initiative: lessons learned from Tasmania as a case study
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2017. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the potential benefits as well as some of the practical barriers to the implementation of a collective impact initiative in law enforcement and public health (LEPH) in Tasmania, Australia. Design/methodology/approach The paper is based on a review of programs, agencies and initiatives that are at the intersection of law enforcement and public health in Tasmania, through (i) an analysis of the findings in evaluation reports, and (ii) the views of practitioners identified at a workshop on LEP...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - April 28, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Editorial
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2017. (Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice)
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - April 28, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Cost-benefits of a domestic abuse program for Australian offenders
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 1, March 2017. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to determine recidivism costs and benefits for 1030 community based male offenders enrolled in a Domestic Abuse Program (DAP) compared to an untreated control group (n=1030) matched on risk factors. Design/methodology/approach Study time frame was 1st October 2007 to 30th of June, 2010 with reconvictions measured to 31st December 2010. Follow-up averaged 19 months. Controls received standard community supervision, but no domestic violence group interventions. Follow-up measures included court costs f...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - January 19, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Developmental factors and drug use in young offenders
This study aimed to explore the relationship between these factors and drug use. Design/methodology/approach This study used self-report questionnaires on a sample of 105 incarcerated young offenders. Findings Attachment styles did not differentiate drug users from non-drug users. Drug users were found to be no more likely than non-drug users to use avoidant coping styles. However, they were more likely to have emotional coping styles. Drug users had more EMS, and overall, those with insecure attachments had more EMS. Individuals with emotional coping styles scored higher than those with rational coping styles on several ...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - January 19, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Validation of the Paulhus Deception Scales (PDS) in the UK and examination of the links between PDS and personality
This study aimed to evaluate the Paulhus Deception Scales (PDS, Paulhus, 1998) for use in the UK. Given the forensic use of the PDS, this study aimed to examine whether the subscales of impression management (IM) and Self Deception Enhancement (SDE) predict anti-social personality and narcissistic personality respectively. Design/methodology/approach A UK general population sample completed the PDS and the IPDE personality screening tool (Loranger, 1999). Findings were compared to original Canadian/US norms. Exploratory Structured Equation Modelling (ESEM) and factor analytic techniques were applied to the data. Finding...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - January 19, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Relationship between crime and economic affluence in India: an empirical study from 1982 to 2013
This study is first of its nature to investigate the bi-directional linkage between crime and economic affluence in India. This study helps us to understand that controlling crime rate is the urgent need of the hour to alleviate the pace of long run economic affluence in India. (Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice)
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - January 19, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Exploring the belief systems of domestic abuse victims: an exploratory study
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 1, March 2017. Purpose Support service provisions for domestic abuse victims has typically focused on the immediate risk and etiological factors associated with abuse. Consequently, there is limited research exploring more persistent and pervasive factors involved in this cycle of abuse, such as subjective experiences and beliefs held by victims of domestic abuse. The current study is a preliminary exploration of the individual experience of domestic abuse including the belief systems of participants. Increasing our understanding of key factors and bel...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - January 19, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

The prevalence and nature of sexual harassment and assault against women and girls on public transport: an international review
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 1, March 2017. Purpose This paper reports on the findings from a study commissioned by the British Transport Police and the Department for Transport for England and Wales concerning sexual offences and harassment on public transport worldwide. Specifically, it aims to explore the prevalence of such behaviours, through a review of existing survey and interview data regarding women and girls ’ experiences. Design/methodology/approach A Rapid Evidence Assessment (REA) was used, the function of which is to: search the literature as comprehensively as...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - January 19, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Editorial
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 1, March 2017. (Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice)
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - January 19, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Cost-benefits of a domestic abuse program for Australian offenders
Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice,Volume 3, Issue 1, March 2017. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to determine recidivism costs and benefits for 1030 community based male offenders enrolled in a Domestic Abuse Program (DAP) compared to an untreated control group (n=1030) matched on risk factors. Design/methodology/approach Study time frame was 1st October 2007 to 30th of June, 2010 with reconvictions measured to 31st December 2010. Follow-up averaged 19 months. Controls received standard community supervision, but no domestic violence group interventions. Follow-up measures included court costs f...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - January 19, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Developmental factors and drug use in young offenders
This study aimed to explore the relationship between these factors and drug use. Design/methodology/approach This study used self-report questionnaires on a sample of 105 incarcerated young offenders. Findings Attachment styles did not differentiate drug users from non-drug users. Drug users were found to be no more likely than non-drug users to use avoidant coping styles. However, they were more likely to have emotional coping styles. Drug users had more EMS, and overall, those with insecure attachments had more EMS. Individuals with emotional coping styles scored higher than those with rational coping styles on several ...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - January 19, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Validation of the Paulhus Deception Scales (PDS) in the UK and examination of the links between PDS and personality
This study aimed to evaluate the Paulhus Deception Scales (PDS, Paulhus, 1998) for use in the UK. Given the forensic use of the PDS, this study aimed to examine whether the subscales of impression management (IM) and Self Deception Enhancement (SDE) predict anti-social personality and narcissistic personality respectively. Design/methodology/approach A UK general population sample completed the PDS and the IPDE personality screening tool (Loranger, 1999). Findings were compared to original Canadian/US norms. Exploratory Structured Equation Modelling (ESEM) and factor analytic techniques were applied to the data. Finding...
Source: Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice - January 19, 2017 Category: Criminology Source Type: research