Morphometry of organization of middle meningeal artery through the analysis of bony canal in human & #39;s skull: A clinico-anatomical and embryological insight
Conclusions: Morphometry of the bony canal of MMA shall be important for safely expose and preserve the artery during craniotomy with careful drilling and shall be useful for those who have interest in this anatomical site. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - July 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Thittamaranahalli Muguregowda Honnegowda Vineeth Dineshan Ashwini Kumar Source Type: research

Posterior occiput-cervical fixation for metastasis to upper cervical spine
Conclusion: C2 body is the most common site of metastasis. Occiput-cervical fusion for unstable upper cervical metastasis offers a good palliative treatment for pain relief and improved quality of life. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - July 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tarush Rustagi Hazem Mashaly Ehud Mendel Source Type: research

Cervical rotation before and after hinge-door cervical laminoplasty for cervical spondylotic myelopathy
Conclusion: Cervical laminoplasty preserves cervical ROM and is a motion-preserving surgery as far as axial rotation is concerned. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - July 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sachin A Borkar Ravi Sreenivasan Ravi Sharma Sumit Sinha S Leve Joseph Ajay Garg Shashank Sharad Kale Source Type: research

Over 70 & #176; thoracic idiopathic scoliosis: Results with screws or hybrid constructs
Conclusions: The posterior approach proved to be an excellent technique for obtaining good clinical and radiographic results if the surgeon adopts the third-generation high-density implants. Level of Evidence: III. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - July 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Pasquale Cinnella Alessandro Rava Antonio Abed Mahagna Federico Fusini Alessandro Masse Massimo Girardo Source Type: research

Posterior instrumented fusion surgery for adult spinal deformity: Correction rate and total balance
Conclusions: The surgical concept of ASD focusing on correction of LL was demonstrated. Although the surgery of ASD is still challenging, posterior instrumented fusion surgery using posterior side-loading system may be well applied for mild or moderate ASD without hyper-TK. The posterior side-loading system is practical and can be one of the surgical choices. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - July 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Toru Yamagata Herve Chataigner Pierre-Marie Longis Toshihiro Takami Jo & #235;l Delecrin Source Type: research

Prevention of lumbar reherniation by the intraoperative use of a radiofrequency bipolar device: A case & #8211;control study
Conclusions: The low reherniation rate in patients treated by the coblation-assisted microdiscectomy suggests that this technique may reduce the reherniation risk. Clinical outcomes for pain and function at 4 years follow-up compared favorably with literature data. Randomized controlled trial could confirm these results. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - July 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Giovanni Grasso Fabio Torregrossa Alessandro Landi Source Type: research

A limited unilateral transpedicular approach for anterior decompression of the thoracolumbar spinal cord in elderly and high-risk patients
Conclusion: The procedure described presents a compromise that fits the more elderly patient that might not be able to tolerate major deformity correction and at the same time provides similar results in the short and medium term to more extensive procedures. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - July 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Khalid Alsaleh Amjad Alduhaish Source Type: research

Torticollis and rotatory atlantoaxial dislocation: A clinical review
Atul GoelJournal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine 2019 10(2):77-87 Rotatory atlantoaxial instability can manifest as an acute episode following subtle or minor injury or even following a gentle tap on head in young children and can manifest as a painless deformity of the head. Goel technique of direct surgical opening of the atlantoaxial facet joint, manual manipulation of the facets can lead to reduction of rotatory atlantoaxial dislocation and recovery from torticollis. Torticollis can be a protective natural phenomenon in response to atlantoaxial instability and related basilar invagination. Only atlantoaxial fixa...
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - July 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Atul Goel Source Type: research

Is the term degenerative & #8220;spinal canal stenosis & #8221; a misnomer ?
Atul GoelJournal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine 2019 10(2):75-76 (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - July 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Atul Goel Source Type: research

& #8220;Only fixation & #8221;: Can it be the single remedy for all ?
Asifur RahmanJournal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine 2019 10(1):72-74 (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Asifur Rahman Source Type: research

Symptomatic extradural spinal arachnoid cyst: More than a simple herniated sac
Conclusion: One should aim for preoperative or intraoperative localization of dural communication and try to disconnect the extradural cyst from the intradural connection to prevent recurrence. Surgical treatment is complete excision of the cyst. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Suyash Singh Kamlesh Singh Bhaisora Jayesh Sardhara Kuntal Kanti Das Gagandeep Attri Anant Mehrotra Arun Kumar Srivastava Awadesh Kumar Jasiwal Sanjay Behari Source Type: research

Cranially migrated lumbar intervertebral disc herniations: A multicenter analysis with long-term outcome
Conclusions: Extraligamentous intervertebral disc fragments migrate more cranially than subligamentous intervertebral fragments. The anatomy of the PLL that varies along the corpus is the main reason for the weakness of the resistance of the disc material to the dorsolateral region, direction of discrete force vectors, and orientation of the disc fragment due to torsional vertebral movements. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sait Ozturk Hakan Cakin Fatih Demir Serdal Albayrak Bekir Akgun Yahya Turan Fatih Serhat Erol Metin Kaplan Source Type: research

Is cast an option in the treatment of thoracolumbar vertebral fractures ?
Conclusions: Closed reduction and casting is still a reliable treatment option in selected thoracolumbar fractures without spinal cord involvement. A correct fracture evaluation, patient compliance, and motivation are essentials. Level of evidence: IV. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Alessandro Rava Federico Fusini Pasquale Cinnella Alessandro Mass & #232; Massimo Girardo Source Type: research

Planning C2 pedicle screw placement with multiplanar reformatted cervical spine computed tomography
Conclusions: Findings of the current work suggest that preoperative imaging analysis or navigation can be useful adjuncts when anatomical variants are present. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Casey T Davidson Patrick F Bergin Elliot T Varney LaRita C Jones Marion S Ward Source Type: research

Superficial anterior atlanto-occipital ligament: Anatomy of a forgotten structure with relevance to craniocervical stability
Conclusion: The SAAOL was a constant structure of the anterior atlanto-occipital joint. This ligament seems to be a secondary stabilizer of the CCJ by limiting the extension of CCJ. Knowledge of this ligament may help in further understanding of craniocervical stability. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Shogo Kikuta Joe Iwanaga Koichi Watanabe R Shane Tubbs Source Type: research

Proposal of a new anatomical landmark to identify the disc space in endoscopic lumbar discectomy
Conclusion: Knowing the accurate distance between the insertion of LF and disc space contributes to reducing the average duration of the surgical procedure to avoid empirical search of disc space by a surgeon and avoiding unnecessary and excessive LF and bone removal. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Keyvan Mostofi Morad Peyravi Babak Gharaei Moghaddam Reza Karimi Khouzani Source Type: research

Lumbar rocking test: A new clinical test for predicting lumbar instability
Conclusion: Clinical tests can be used effectively for the diagnosis of lumbar spine instability. Rocking test was found to be accurate and sensitive for detecting subtle lumbar instability. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Ashok Keshav Rathod Bipul Kumar Garg Varun Mukesh Sahetia Source Type: research

Clinical presentation and outcome after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for degenerative cervical disc disease
Conclusions: A significant proportion of patients with degenerative cervical disc disease show remarkable recovery after ACDF. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Ninad N Srikhande V A. Kiran Kumar NA Sai Kiran Amrita Ghosh Ranabir Pal Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar V Anil Kumar Vishnu Vardhan Reddy Amit Agrawal Source Type: research

Effect of posterior fusion surgery on idiopathic scoliosis in Iran
Conclusion: Postoperative complications are common among patients with idiopathic scoliosis who underwent posterior fusion surgery with instrumentation; in addition, pulmonary complications are the most common postoperative complication among these patients. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Masih Falahatian Mohammad Farid Masaeli Source Type: research

Is cervical instability the cause of lumbar canal stenosis ?
Conclusion: The report highlights the possibility of recovery in lumbar canal stenosis related symptoms following cervical spinal stabilization surgery for associated cervical spinal stenosis. We conclude that in select cases, cervical spinal instability may be the cause of clinical and radiological observations in cases having lumbar canal stenosis. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Atul Goel Ravikiran Vutha Abhidha Shah Survendra Rai Abhinandan Patil Source Type: research

Effectiveness of titanium plate usage in laminoplasty
Conclusions: Laminoplasty with plate utilization is an effective treatment for cervical myelopathy. The similarity in outcomes and complications between these two similar cohorts suggests plate usage in laminoplasty is an attractive alternative to other methods. We hope that future efforts will continue to demonstrate the effectiveness and perhaps superiority of plate utilization in laminoplasty. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Arya Nick Shamie Hamed Yazdanshenas Source Type: research

Diffusion tensor imaging as an additional postoperative prognostic predictor factor in cervical myelopathy patients: An observational study
Conclusion: DTI tractography of the spinal cord will be a helpful objective prognostic factor for patients in whom surgery is planned. However, a study with larger subject size is required to increase the accuracy of determination of regression coefficient. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sunil Bhosale Pramod Ingale Sudhir Srivastava Nandan Marathe Prajakta Bhide Source Type: research

Treatment algorithm for spontaneous spinal infections: A review of the literature
Conclusion: A multidisciplinary approach involving both a spinal surgeon and an infectious disease specialist is necessary to better define the treatment strategy. Based on literature findings, a treatment algorithm for the diagnosis and management of primary spinal infections is proposed. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Fabrizio Gregori Giovanni Grasso Giancarlo Iaiani Nicola Marotta Fabio Torregrossa Alessandro Landi Source Type: research

Is central atlantoaxial instability the nodal point of pathogenesis of & #8220;idiopathic & #8221; dorsal spinal kyphoscoliosis ?
Atul GoelJournal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine 2019 10(1):1-2 (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - April 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Atul Goel Source Type: research

Giant cell glioblastoma with spinal and spinal leptomeningeal metastasis in a child: A rare presentation of a rare tumor
Mahmood Dhahir Al-MendalawiJournal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine 2018 9(4):286-286 (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi Source Type: research

Isolated enchondroma of the atlas
We reported an even more infrequent occurrence of a periosteal enchondroma in the cervical spine of a 19-year-old girl. During the operation, a giant (>8 cm × 5.5 cm × 5 cm) ossified periosteal enchondroma with involvement of posterior structures and muscles of the axis was resected. The pathological examination revealed that the tumor consisted of enchondroid tissue with typical chondrocytes, confirming the diagnosis of periosteal enchondroma. Early identification of the initial lesion should be coupled with total surgical resection, as a definitive treatment, to prevent malignant transformation. Enchondroma...
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Necati Ucler Source Type: research

Unprecedented complication of odontoid regeneration after transoral odontoidectomy
We report the case of odontoid regeneration in a 12-year-old girl. She presented with torticollis and symptoms of brainstem dysfunction and upper cervical cord compression with syringohydromyelia and underwent transoral resection of dens and posterior occipitocervical fusion at the age of 7 years. Post surgery, clinically and radiologically, the resolution was evident till the age of 11 years when the child started to have relapse and worsening of the previous symptoms. The computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging shows regeneration of the odontoid process compressing the brain stem with an increase in syringohydromy...
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Manish Garg MS Sridhar Saurabh Verma Jitendra Bhadoria Source Type: research

Performing the screw fixation from C3 to odontoid process in a patient with Klippel-Feil syndrome and type II odontoid fracture
Mustafa Ogden, Ulas Yuksel, Ibrahim Akkurt, Bulent BakarJournal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine 2018 9(4):277-279 A 56-year-old female patient was admitted with a history of pain during neck movements after cervical injury. Computerized tomography scan revealed type II odontoid fracture and fusion anomaly between C2 and C3 vertebrae. At surgery, the anteroinferior part of C2 vertebra corpus could not be reached; therefore, transodontoid screw was advanced from C3 vertebra toward odontoid process. At follow-up examination, the complaints of the patient had recovered, and fracture line was completely fused. Advancing ...
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Mustafa Ogden Ulas Yuksel Ibrahim Akkurt Bulent Bakar Source Type: research

Autostabilization of neglected high-grade fracture & #8211;dislocation in the cervical spine
We report two cases of neglected/untreated fracture–dislocation at subaxial cervical spine. They presented with exertional neck pain. Computed tomography scan showed bony fusion at involved level. The patient was treated nonsurgically with favorable outcome at long-term follow-up. Our cases depict autostabilization in a case of neglected traumatic cervical spine injury, which is never been reported. Such patients do well with nonsurgical treatment, thus obviating need for extensive deformity correction. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Kunal Shah Akshay Gadiya Abhay Nene Source Type: research

Transthoracic approach for ventrally situated paraspinal extradural hydatid cyst of the dorsal spine
Mohnish P Dighe, Srikant Balasubramaniam, Trimurti D NadkarniJournal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine 2018 9(4):271-273 A 40-year-old female presented with back pain without any neurological deficits. Radiological investigations revealed a ventrally situated paraspinal lesion causing widening of the right D4 neural foramen. She underwent a right posterolateral thoracotomy and excision of the lesion in toto, which was reported as a hydatid cyst on histology. Ventrally situated paraspinal extradural hydatid cysts are rare. A Transthoracic surgical exposure offers a direct approach for complete excision of the lesion, m...
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Mohnish P Dighe Srikant Balasubramaniam Trimurti D Nadkarni Source Type: research

The repair using a fibular graft of cervical vertebral collapse due to renal cell carcinoma: Late results with a case report
In this study, we emphasized the importance of resection of metastasis together with a primary tumor in a metastatic RCC case to cure the patient and provide the desired quality of life. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Vaner Koksal H & #252;seyin Eren Hasan G & #252; & #231;er Source Type: research

Recurrent lumbar disc herniation: Is there a correlation with the surgical technique ? A multivariate analysis
Conclusions: The recurrence of an LDH is one of the most feared complications following surgery. Although the standard discectomy has been considered more protective toward the recurrence compared to herniectomy, our data suggest that there is no significant correlation between the surgical technique and the risk of LDH recurrence. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Alessandro Landi Giovanni Grasso Cristina Mancarella Demo Eugenio Dugoni Fabrizio Gregori Giorgia Iacopino Harrison Xiao Bai Nicola Marotta Andrea Iaquinandi Roberto Delfini Source Type: research

Clinical and radiological union rate evaluation of type 2 odontoid fractures: A comparison between anterior screw fixation and halo vest in elderly patients
Conclusions: Both treatments are equivalent in terms of clinical outcomes, and they are a valuable choice in the management of type II odontoid fracture. However, it must be considered that patients could slightly tolerate HV and may need a change of treatment. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Massimo Girardo Alessandro Rava Giosu & #232; Gargiulo Angela Coniglio Stefano Artiaco Alessandro Mass & #232; Federico Fusini Source Type: research

A novel technique for the subfascial insertion of magnetically controlled growing rods & #8211; The Alder Hey technique
Conclusion: The use of a chest drain during subfascial passage of magnetically controlled growing rod is a safe, reliable, reproducible novel technique. This shortens overall time of surgery in our experience. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sudarshan Munigangaiah Phil Brown Mohamed Mohamed Colin E Bruce Jayesh M Trivedi Neil T Davidson Source Type: research

On the linear sizes of vertebrae and intervertebral discs of children in the beginning of puberty
Conclusions: The acquired data both reflect the process of spine growth and can serve for building correct mathematical models of a healthful or diseased spine. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Mikhail Dudin Yuri Baloshin Igor Popov Nikita Lisitsa Stepan Bober Source Type: research

Ability of magnetic resonance imaging to accurately determine alar ligament integrity in patients with atlanto-occipital injuries
Conclusion: The use of MRI to detect upper cervical ligament injuries in AOD is imperfect. Our results show inconsistent and unsatisfactory interobserver and intraobserver reliability in evaluation of alar ligament injuries. While MRI has immense potential for detection of ligamentous injury at the craniovertebral junction, standardized algorithms for its use and interpretation need to be developed. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Adam R Dyas Thomas E Niemeier Gerald Mcgwin Steven M Theiss Source Type: research

Lumbar disk herniation: How far should efforts go to minimally invasive procedure ?
Conclusion: Analysis of the data demonstrates that the results obtained are equivalent and comparable in different used techniques for the treatment of disc herniation, we do not need to perform discectomy in all cases in a systematic way. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Keyvan Mostofi Babak Gharaei Moghadam Morad Peyravi Reza Karimi Khouzani Source Type: research

Who benefits more in osteoporotic fractures: Pedicle screw instrumentation or kyphoplasty for American Society of Anesthesiologists II/III patients ?
Conclusions: BKP is a safe and effective therapy including also fractures with posterior wall defects while PSI showed advantages in restoring the sagittal realignment but higher complication and revision risk. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tjark Tassemeier Marcel Haversath Moritz Schutzbach Marcus J & #228;ger Source Type: research

Timing for surgical intervention in DISHphagia
Conclusion: DISH syndrome as a cause of dysphagia is commonly underlooked. Surgical resection of the offending osteophytes through an anterolateral approach is a safe and effective procedure. For patients who are fit for surgery, older age or longer duration of dysphagia might be associated with less favorable surgical outcome. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Waeel Ossama Hamouda Source Type: research

Preliminary results of anterior cervical arthroplasty by porous alumina ceramic cage for cervical disc herniation surgery
Conclusion: The results from the present study corroborate that implementing of PACC is a good alternative treatment for the patient operated by ACA for cervical disc herniation or foraminal cervical stenosis. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Keyvan Mostofi Babak Gharaei Moghaddam Morad Peyravi Reza Karimi Khouzani Source Type: research

Suboccipital pain in Chiari formation: Its cause and significance
Atul GoelJournal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine 2018 9(4):221-222 (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Atul Goel Source Type: research

From & #8220;only decompression & #8221; to & #8220;only fixation: & #8221; A century-long journey of surgical treatment for spinal spondylosis
Atul GoelJournal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine 2018 9(4):219-220 (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - January 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Atul Goel Source Type: research

Nonunited secondary ossification centers of the spinous processes of vertebrae at multiple levels presenting as aberrant articulations in an adult
Reddy Ravikanth, Rijesh PottangadiJournal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine 2018 9(3):216-217 (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - October 8, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Reddy Ravikanth Rijesh Pottangadi Source Type: research

Basilar impression in osteogenesis imperfecta treated with staged halo traction and posterior decompression with short-segment fusion
We report a patient with OI (Sillence type III) with basilar impression treated with halo traction followed by posterior surgery. The patient was a 12-year-old female with a presentation of hiccups and change in upper extremity function. Diagnostic imaging revealed syringomyelia, compensated hydrocephalus, basilar impression, and Chiari type I malformation. The patient was treated with halo traction followed by posterior decompression fusion from the occipital bone to C2. Bone fusion and improved syrinx were evident on images during the 5 years of follow-up. Five years after surgery, syrinx recurred and the fourth ventricu...
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - October 8, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Mutlu Cobanoglu Jennifer M Bauer Jeffrey W Campbell Suken A Shah Source Type: research

Rare manifestation of common disease with an unique method of minimally invasive spine stabilization: Cervical 2 & #8211;3 facet lesion
We present a case of cervical 2–3 facet joint lesion which was managed by a minimally invasive technique with a favorable outcome. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - October 8, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Parichay J Perikal Umesh Srikantha Aniruddha T Jagannath Kiran Khanapure Ravi Gopal Varma AS Hegde Source Type: research

Giant cell tumor with pathological fracture of C2 with C1-C2 instability: A rare case with review of literature
Abhijeet B Kadam, Ashok K Rathod, Anoop C DhamangaonkarJournal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine 2018 9(3):205-208 Giant cell tumor (GCT) or osteoclastoma is a benign, locally aggressive tumor with a tendency to recur. Involvement of the axial skeleton is very rare and majority of them are seen in the sacrum. The authors report a rare case of a 19-year-old female who presented with a C2 dens GCT with a pathological fracture and atlantoaxial dislocation. The patient was operated in two stages: first stage, with posterior instrumentation and stabilization followed by the second stage, tumor resection by anterior transor...
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - October 8, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Abhijeet B Kadam Ashok K Rathod Anoop C Dhamangaonkar Source Type: research

Giant cell glioblastoma with spinal and spinal leptomeningeal metastasis in a child: A rare presentation of a rare tumor
Rituparna Biswas, Subhash Gupta, KP Haresh, Anirban Halder, GK RathJournal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine 2018 9(3):202-204 Giant cell glioblastoma (GCG) is a rare subtype of classic glioblastoma multiforme with favorable prognosis and little is known about its metastatic potential. We hereby present a unique case of GCG in a 7-year-old child who developed spinal and spinal leptomeningeal metastasis during adjuvant therapy. She succumbed to it in spite of salvage therapy. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - October 8, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Rituparna Biswas Subhash Gupta KP Haresh Anirban Halder GK Rath Source Type: research

Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with expandable cages: Radiological and clinical results of banana-shaped and straight implants
Conclusions: Expandable titanium implants show similar improvements in restoring segmental and global lordosis. Banana-shaped expandable cages offer higher potency restoring the intervertebral DH and show less rates of subsidence compared to straight expandable cages. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - October 8, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tjark Tassemeier Marcel Haversath Marcus J & #228;ger Source Type: research

Percutaneous endoscopic ventral facetectomy: An innovative substitute of open decompression surgery for lateral recess stenosis surgical treatment ?
Conclusions: PEVF implementation in nonelderly patients with LRS was displayed to be safe and effective, providing alongside considerable improvement in HRQoL 2 years postoperatively. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - October 8, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Stylianos Kapetanakis Nikolaos Gkantsinikoudis Jannis V Papathanasiou Georgios Charitoudis Tryfon Thomaidis Source Type: research

Modified high cervical approach for C3-4 anterior pathology in difficult neck patients
Conclusion: The modified high cervical technique is a good surgical option to prevent pharyngo-tracheo-laryngeal complications in cases of anterior C3-4 pathology when operating of patients with difficult neck. (Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine)
Source: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine - October 8, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Shyam Sundar Krishnan Pulak Nigam Adarsh Manuel Madabushi Chakravarthy Vasudevan Source Type: research