Dose of psychotherapy and long-term recovery outcomes: An examination of attendance patterns in alcohol use disorder treatment.
Conclusions: With some exceptions, attending all sessions in CBT, TSF, and MET was related to the most favorable heavy drinking and alcohol-related consequences outcomes. Alcoholics’ Anonymous and other mutual help groups may be attended differently based on the form and dose of psychotherapy (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - January 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Subtyping patients with binge-eating disorder by dietary restraint and negative affect: Characteristics and treatment outcome.
Conclusions: DR–HNA served as a predictor of poorer maintenance of BED therapeutic improvement. Future directions to better sustain outcomes among patients with DR–HNA include developing a brief measure to assess for the full construct of NA prior to and throughout treatment, enhancing BED interventions by focusing more on NA, and augmenting treatment dose. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - January 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the Body Project eating disorder prevention program for different racial and ethnic groups and an evaluation of the potential benefits of ethnic matching.
Conclusions: Results suggest that the Body Project produced relatively similar effects for racial/ethnic minority groups relative to White participants, that the effects were sometimes larger for Asian and Hispanic participants, and that recruiting Black participants at higher risk may contribute to larger effects for this racial group. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - January 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Comparing the effectiveness of three substance use interventions for youth with and without homelessness experiences prior to treatment.
Conclusions: Overall, all three substance use interventions appear to be effective in reducing substance use and related problems. TAU and MET/CBT may be particularly effective for YEH in treatment settings. Implications for future research and practice are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - January 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A randomized controlled trial for identifying the most suitable treatment for depression based on patients’ attachment orientation.
Conclusion: The findings support the clinical utility of patients’ attachment orientation in selecting the most suitable treatment for individuals and demonstrate the methodological utility of RCTs predesigned to test theoretically based models of personalized treatment. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - January 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Smartphone-delivered multicomponent lifestyle medicine intervention for depressive symptoms: A randomized controlled trial.
Conclusions: The smartphone-delivered multicomponent LM intervention Lifestyle Hub may serve as a primary modality for managing depressive symptoms. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - January 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A comparison of the effects of sudden gains and depression spikes on short- and long-term depressive symptoms in a randomized controlled trial of behavioral activation and cognitive behavioural therapy.
Conclusions: The short- and long-term impact of discontinuous change varied by type of treatment package. Identifying strategies within treatment packages and client processes that are associated with gains and spikes may help to inform treatment planning and clinical decision-making. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - January 13, 2022 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Extracurricular involvement in the school-age period and adolescent problem behavior among low-income youth.
Objective: The present study tested the protective role of youth’s school-age extracurricular involvement and multiple informants’ reports of adolescent internalizing and externalizing problems in a sample of youth from low-income households. Method: Participating youth (n = 635, 49% female, 49% White, 28% Black/African American, 14% biracial, 8% other race, 13% Hispanic/Latinx) were drawn from the Early Steps Multisite Study. At ages 7.5, 8.5, and 9.5, primary caregivers reported the number of extracurricular activities for which youth participated (Parent Aftercare Survey). At ages 14 and 16, measures of inte...
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - December 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Neurocognitive predictors of treatment outcomes in psychotherapy for comorbid PTSD and substance use disorders.
Conclusions: Individuals with lower verbal memory functioning had less robust PTSD and SUD symptom reductions in PTSD/SUD psychotherapy, with differences that were generally small in magnitude. Those with better working memory functioning had worse SUD outcomes. Together with prior literature, findings suggest that neurocognitive functioning may impact the effectiveness of PTSD and SUD treatment. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - December 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Treating adults with a dual diagnosis of borderline personality disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder related to childhood abuse: Results from a randomized clinical trial.
Conclusion: Both DBT-PTSD and CPT emerged as promising treatment options for simultaneously addressing the full spectrum of core symptoms in patients diagnosed with BPD + PTSD. Differential efficacy was in favor of DBT-PTSD as participants randomized to the DBT-PTSD arm improved more with respect to both their BPD and PTSD symptoms. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - December 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Interpersonal cognitions as a mechanism of change in cognitive behavioral therapy for generalized anxiety disorder? A multilevel dynamic structural equation model approach.
Conclusions: The results present evidence supporting changes in interpersonal cognitions and self-related cognitions as relevant change mechanisms in CBT for GAD. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - December 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of competence feedback on therapist competence and patient outcome: A randomized controlled trial.
Conclusion: Competence feedback improves therapists’ independently rated competence, but there is no evidence that competence feedback in CBT leads to better outcome. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - December 9, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Efficacy of internet-based treatment for genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder: Results of a randomized controlled trial.
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an internet-based treatment for Genito-Pelvic Pain/Penetration Disorder (GPPPD) which adversely affects women’s sexuality and is associated with reduced well-being and mental health comorbidities. Method: Two-hundred women with GPPPD (no penetrative intercourse ≥6 months) were randomly allocated to the intervention group (IG) or a waitlist control group (WCG). The intervention included eight modules and one booster session and was delivered through an eHealth platform. Participants were supported by an eCoach regarding treatment adherence. The primar...
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - November 29, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Seeing the forest for the trees: Predicting attendance in trials for co-occurring PTSD and substance use disorders with a machine learning approach.
Conclusions: Results demonstrate the potential of data-driven methods to identifying meaningful predictors as well as the dynamic contribution of symptom change during treatment to understanding RCT attendance. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - November 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Estimating prevalence of PTSD among veterans with minoritized sexual orientations using electronic health record data.
Conclusions: VHA-using veterans with MSO were twice as likely to have “likely PTSD” and exposure to MST than veterans with non-MSO. Veterans with MSO were less likely to be service connected for PTSD than non-MSO counterparts. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - November 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Prospective associations between bi+ minority stressors and internalizing symptoms: The mediating roles of general and group-specific processes.
Conclusions: Findings indicate that bi+ stressors prospectively predict increases in internalizing symptoms and rumination may play a mechanistic role. Further, findings suggest that internalized and anticipated bi+ stigma may play mechanistic roles in the associations between enacted bi+ stigma and internalizing symptoms. Interventions targeting rumination, internalized stigma, and anticipated bi+ stigma may help to reduce internalizing symptoms among bi+ individuals. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - November 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mindfulness-based online intervention to improve quality of life in late-stage bipolar disorder: A randomized clinical trial.
Conclusions: In people with late-stage BD, an online mindfulness-based intervention was not superior to psychoeducational control in improving QoL. Online delivery was found to be safe and acceptable. Future interventions may need to be higher intensity, address engagement challenges, and target more symptomatic individuals. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - November 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Change in negative attention bias mediates the association between attention bias modification training and depression symptom improvement.
Conclusion: When effective, ABMT may improve depression in part by reducing an attentional bias for sad stimuli, particularly early on during ABMT. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - November 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive remediation therapy in anorexia nervosa—A randomized clinical trial.
Conclusions: CRT as an adjunct to inpatient TAU for AN was not efficacious in improving clinical and cognitive outcomes. The results do not support routine employment of CRT in inpatient treatment for AN. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - November 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Enhancing efficacy of a dissonance-based obesity and eating disorder prevention program: Experimental therapeutics.
Conclusions: Results suggest that implementing Project Health in single-sex groups with food response inhibition and attention training produced the largest body fat loss effects, as well as significant reductions in eating disorder symptoms, suggesting that efforts to disseminate this prevention program are warranted. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - November 22, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Family-centered prevention buffers the effect of financial strain on parenting interactions, reducing youth conduct problems in African American families.
Conclusions: The ProSAAF prevention program buffered the negative effect of youth-reported financial strain on protective parenting interactions and reduced its indirect effect on youth conduct problems. These findings suggest that family-focused prevention has the potential to promote resilience among African American youth perceiving family financial strain. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - September 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Long-term cross-over effects of the family check-up prevention program on child and adolescent depression: Integrative data analysis of three randomized trials.
Conclusion: FCU effects on depression across trials were attained with a relatively brief parenting program designed to reduce behavior problems and improve relational functioning that emphasized parental motivation to change while supporting positive parenting strategies. Implications of these results are discussed, along with directions for future work in this area. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - September 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Exploring termination setback in a psychodynamic therapy for panic disorder.
Conclusions: This study provides evidence of a TS in PDT. Resurgence of symptoms as termination approached was more common in PFPP than in PCT. Studies involving weekly assessment of primary and comorbid symptoms, as well as qualitative analyses of the patient experiences of the therapeutic process during termination, in different forms of PDT, are warranted. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - September 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

In-session reflective functioning in psychotherapies for borderline personality disorder: The emotion regulatory role of reflective functioning.
Conclusions: Asking patients to consider mental states has a down-regulatory effect on patients’ arousal in psychotherapies for BPD. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - September 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Does cognitive behavioral therapy for depression target positive affect? Examining affect and cognitive change session-to-session.
We examined cognitive change (CC) and these two affect variables across the course of CBT. Method: Patients (N = 125; M age = 31.7, SD = 13.35; 60% female; 83% Caucasian) participated in 16 weeks of CBT for depression. They completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and the Immediate Cognitive Change Scale at each session and a measure of affect before and after each session. Results: NA decreased (rate of change p (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - September 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dropout from psychological interventions for refugees and asylum seekers: A meta-analysis.
Conclusions: These findings suggest that, in contrast to widespread assumption, the estimated average dropout rate is comparable to those reported in nonrefugee populations. However, more research is needed to establish the underlying mechanisms of dropout, which may differ across populations. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - September 30, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Motivational interviewing technical and relational skills, change talk, and alcohol outcomes—A moderated mediation analysis.
Conclusions: This study provides partial support for the MI technical and relational process models. Interestingly, support was found regarding the negative side of client ambivalence (ST) in this highly precontemplative sample. Accordingly, MI therapists should work cautiously with ST when clients are at early stages of motivational readiness. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - September 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Group cognitive remediation therapy prior to behavioral weight loss treatment for adults with severe obesity: A randomized clinical trial (CRT study).
Conclusions: Group CRT versus no treatment prior to real-world BWL treatment in adults with Class II and III obesity does not improve weight loss. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - September 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Impact of a self-guided, eHealth program targeting weight loss and depression in men: A randomized trial.
Conclusions: A self-guided, eHealth program that combined behavioral weight loss advice with mental health support decreased weight and depressive symptoms in men. Integrated interventions targeting physical and mental health may be an effective strategy to engage and support men with overweight or obesity and low mood. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - September 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Treatment effect modifiers in a randomized trial of the good behavior game during middle childhood.
Conclusions: These findings highlight the importance of optimizing implementation and demonstrate the utility of CRE as a theoretically informed approach to subgroup moderator analysis. Implications are discussed and study strengths and limitations are noted. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - September 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Economic evaluation of an online single-session intervention for depression in Kenyan adolescents.
Conclusions: Shamiri-Digital is a low-cost intervention for reducing depression symptomatology. The public health benefit of empirically supported SSIs is especially important in low-income countries, where funding for mental health care is most limited. Future research can compare the cost-effectiveness of online SSIs to higher-cost treatments and estimate the robustness of Shamiri-Digital’s effects over a longer time horizon. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - September 2, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Condition or cognition? Mechanism of change in fatigue in a randomized controlled trial of graded exercise therapy or cognitive behavior therapy for severe fatigue in patients with advanced cancer.
Conclusions: The effect of CBT was attributable to changes in cognition, that is, increased self-efficacy led to reduced fatigue severity. No significant mediators for GET were found. The findings inform further refinement of interventions for fatigue in this seriously ill population. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - August 26, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Correction to Lehavot et al. (2021).
Conclusions: Both DESTRESS–WV and phone monitoring resulted in significant improvements in women Veterans’ PTSD symptoms. DESTRESS–WV may be an appropriate care model for women Veterans who can engage in the demands of the treatment and have higher baseline symptoms. Future research should explore characteristics of and the methods of reliably identifying women Veterans who are most likely to benefit. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - August 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A controlled trial of two mind–body interventions for grief in widows and widowers.
Conclusions: Results support the feasibility and acceptability of MT and PMR for widow(er)s as well as the preliminary efficacy of PMR for improving grief severity in widow(er)s compared to a wait-list control condition. With replication, PMR could be a standalone intervention for non-disordered grief or a component of treatment for disordered grief. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - August 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A randomized trial comparing group mindfulness-based cognitive therapy with group supportive sex education and therapy for the treatment of female sexual interest/arousal disorder.
Conclusions: Results support the efficacy of both group MBCT and group supportive sex education for improving symptoms of SIAD with 12-month retention of improvements. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - August 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effects of methylphenidate on cognitive functions in boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Does baseline performance matter?
Conclusions: We conclude that MPH can enhance executive functioning, visual memory, reaction time, and general cognitive function in boys with ADHD. These improvements are not dependent on baseline cognitive performance. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - August 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Main outcomes of M-bridge: A sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART) for developing an adaptive preventive intervention for college drinking.
Conclusions: Although overall effects were not significant, students at high risk (i.e., entering fraternities/sororities) did benefit more from the intervention. Furthermore, the resource email was effective for heavier drinkers. A technology-based strategy to deliver targeted resource-light interventions for heavy drinkers may be effective for reducing binge drinking during the transition to college. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - August 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Internet-delivered interpretation training reduces worry and anxiety in individuals with generalized anxiety disorder: A randomized controlled experiment.
Conclusions: In this randomized controlled study, we found that fully online interpretation training ameliorated core features of GAD in individuals with or without comorbid depression up to 3 months posttraining. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - August 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive restructuring, behavioral activation and cognitive-behavioral therapy in the treatment of adult depression: A network meta-analysis.
Conclusions: Results suggest that CR or BA alone and their combination (CBT) may be effective interventions in comparison to WL and CAU in the treatment of adult depression. There was no evidence suggesting differences in effectiveness among the three treatments. More research is needed to derive conclusions about the performance of CR. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - July 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Tracking positive and negative affect in PTSD inpatients during a service dog intervention.
Though popular across many audiences, engagement with a service dog has undergone limited empirical evaluation as a complementary or alternative treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The present study took advantage of a service dog training intervention underway in a Department of Veterans Affairs residential PTSD treatment program to perform a within-subjects comparison of a range of phenotypic markers. The present report considers negative and positive affect, assessed throughout the day, contrasting weeks when participants were or were not accompanied by their service dog. Fifty-four veterans were studied...
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - July 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A randomized controlled trial of the Transdiagnostic Intervention for Sleep and Circadian Dysfunction (TranS-C) to improve serious mental illness outcomes in a community setting.
Objective: To determine if the Transdiagnostic Intervention for Sleep and Circadian Dysfunction (TranS-C) improves functional impairment, psychiatric symptoms, and sleep and circadian functioning. Method: Adults diagnosed with serious mental illness (SMI) and sleep and circadian dysfunction (N = 121) were randomly allocated to TranS-C plus usual care (TranS-C + UC; n = 61; 8 individual weekly sessions) or 6 months of Usual Care followed by Delayed Treatment with TranS-C (UC-DT; n = 60). Schizophrenia (45%) and anxiety disorders (47%) were common. Blind assessments were conducted pre-treatment, post-treatment, and 6 months ...
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - July 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Exploring the relations between interpersonal risk and adolescent suicidality during treatment.
Conclusions: In the first half of treatment, baseline PB predicted fewer reductions in SI suggesting that PB initially moderated adolescents’ response to treatment. However, in the last half of treatment, initial reductions in SI predicted subsequent reductions in PB suggesting that adolescents’ initial response to treatment decreased their perceptions of burdening others. The clinical and treatment implications of these bidirectional findings are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - July 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Systematic review and meta-analysis of noninstitutional psychosocial interventions to prevent juvenile criminal recidivism.
Conclusion: This systematic review did not find any one noninstitutional psychosocial intervention to be more effective than control treatments in reducing future criminality among juvenile offenders aged 12–17. We discuss the implications of the present findings for social work and child and adolescent psychiatry practices. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - July 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The efficacy of the PSYCHOPATHY.COMP program in reducing psychopathic traits: A controlled trial with male detained youth.
Conclusions: Findings indicate that the PSYCHOPATHY.COMP is a promising treatment approach to reduce psychopathic traits among male detained youth, suggesting that interventions targeting these traits should be considered in their rehabilitation, as the absence of tailored interventions may increase the levels of psychopathic traits and their associated risks. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - July 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The prospective impact of adverse childhood experiences on justice-involved youth’s psychiatric symptoms and substance use.
Conclusions: Implications for trauma-responsive juvenile justice reform are discussed, including screening for ACEs and their sequelae at first court contact and considering the role of masculine norms. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - July 15, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

To be mindful of the breath or pain: Comparing two brief preoperative mindfulness techniques for total joint arthroplasty patients.
This study compared two, promising, mindfulness-based pain management techniques. Method: We conducted a single-site, three-arm, parallel-group randomized controlled study conducted at an orthopedic clinic among patients undergoing TJA of the knee or hip. TJA patients (N = 118, M age = 65, female = 73, Caucasian = 110) were randomized to either a preoperative mindfulness of breath (MoB), mindfulness of pain (MoP), or cognitive-behavioral pain psychoeducation (CB) intervention, approximately 3 weeks before surgery. Each intervention was delivered in a single, 20-min session during a 2-hr, preoperative education program. Cha...
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - June 24, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Efficacy of individual and group cognitive processing therapy for military personnel with and without child abuse histories.
Conclusions: In this primarily male, primarily physically abused sample, active-duty military personnel with PTSD who endorsed childhood abuse benefitted as much as those who did not endorse abuse. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - June 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Comparing recidivism rates among domestically violent men enrolled in ACTV versus Duluth/CBT.
Conclusions: ACTV shows great promise for reducing recidivism compared to TAU. The present study represents the first time this intervention has been implemented in a state other than where it was developed and provides initial evidence for its generalizability and robustness. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - June 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Specific and common mediators of gastrointestinal symptom improvement in patients undergoing education/support vs. cognitive behavioral therapy for irritable bowel syndrome.
Conclusion: Findings suggest that CBT-induced GI symptom improvement may be mediated by a constellation of CBT-specific (IBS-SE) and nonspecific (task agreement, treatment expectancy) processes that reciprocally influence each other in complex ways to catalyze, improve, and sustain IBS symptom relief. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - June 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Interpretation bias modification for hostility: A randomized clinical trial.
Conclusions: Overall, we found modest support for CBM-I as an intervention for hostility, with some evidence of its efficacy for hostile interpretation bias and aggression. We discuss study limitations as well as directions for future research. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - June 14, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research