Patterns of transitions between relapse to and remission from heavy drinking over the first year after outpatient alcohol treatment and their relation to long-term outcomes.
Conclusions: That many individuals can remit from heavy drinking following one or more relapses to heavy drinking may be of direct interest to individuals in recovery from AUD. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - December 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Preventing eating disorders in young women: An RCT and mixed-methods evaluation of the peer-delivered Body Project.
The objective of this study was to evaluate using mixed-methods the Body Project program when peer-delivered among high school women. Method: Three studies were conducted among young women in high school in the United States: (a) an open trial evaluation of a peer-delivered Body Project program (n = 112), (b) a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing the Body Project with assessment-only control (n = 74), and (c) a qualitative investigation of participants’ experiences (n = 131). Results: Open trial participants reported significant reductions in eating disorder risk factors and improvements in mood and sel...
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - December 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Mechanisms of improvements and maintenance in online relationship programs for distressed low-income couples.
Conclusions: These results indicate that both programs improve targeted mechanisms during the intervention period and support the role of these constructs as mechanisms of improvements in broader relationship functioning. Moreover, findings on mechanisms of maintenance highlighted the importance of including an emphasis on communication and emotional support to better maintain program gains. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - December 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychiatric outcomes following severe deprivation in early childhood: Follow-up of a randomized controlled trial at age 16.
Objective: Early psychosocial deprivation is associated with increased risk for psychopathology, yet few studies have examined outcomes in adolescents. Method: At baseline (M age 22 months), 136 children from Bucharest, Romania, living in large institutions, were randomized into foster care (FCG) or to care as usual (CAUG). Caregivers completed psychiatric interviews regarding their children (52 FCG; 51 CAUG) at age 16 years (M = 16.67 years; SD = 0.78) to assess past year diagnoses and symptom counts. In addition, never-institutionalized community comparison children (n = 47) were included. Results: Ever-institutionalized...
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - December 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Clinician training, then what? Randomized clinical trial of child STEPs psychotherapy using lower-cost implementation supports with versus without expert consultation.
Conclusions: The findings suggest that effective implementation of a complex intervention in clinical practice may be supported by procedures that are less costly and logistically challenging than expert consultation. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - December 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The effectiveness and acceptability of empirically supported treatments in gender minority youth across four randomized controlled trials.
Conclusions: While findings suggest that empirically supported treatments may effectively address many mental health problems for gender minority youth, they also underscore the need for treatment enhancements that improve acceptability and outcomes. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - December 28, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Supporting Teen Problem-Solving (STEPS) 3 year outcomes: Preventing diabetes-specific emotional distress and depressive symptoms in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.
Conclusions: Results from the 3-year outcomes assessment demonstrate the robust effects of PRP T1D in adolescents with declines in distress and depressive symptoms. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - November 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pain education for people with chronic pain: Tests of treatment mechanisms.
Conclusions: Results suggest a complex set of mechanistic relationships. Instead of a unidirectional path from designated mechanism to designated outcome, our results suggest reciprocal influences whereby cognitive changes may beget outcome improvements and vice versa. Results also suggest that cognitive changes do not occur solely in a treatment that uses cognitive restructuring to foster such changes but may occur as a function of providing people with detailed information regarding the biopsychosocial nature of chronic pain. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - November 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Temporal relations among sleep, depression symptoms, and anxiety symptoms during intensive cognitive–behavioral treatment.
Conclusions: These finding suggest the potential value of examining sleep behaviors associated with sleep timing and circadian rhythms as important transdiagnostic factors during treatment for anxiety and depression. We discuss the implications for future studies of the relations between sleep and psychopathology symptoms and understanding individuals’ experiences in the context of cognitive–behavioral treatment. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - November 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reassessing evidence-based content in popular smartphone apps for depression and anxiety: Developing and applying user-adjusted analyses.
Conclusions: The potential impact of MH apps on mental health may be best evaluated via assessment that combines tallies of evidence-based content with data on the content users are actually accessing. Given wide variation in the popularity of MH apps, findings weighted by usage data may differ markedly from findings based on raw tallies alone. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - September 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

E-mental health interventions for the treatment and prevention of eating disorders: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis.
Conclusion: Digital interventions are a promising approach to ED treatment and prevention, but improvements are still needed. Three key recommendations are provided. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - August 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Moderators of treatment response to an intervention for nonsuicidal self-injury in young adults.
Conclusion: Previous research has shown that T-SIB is more effective than TAU overall; the current study suggests that T-SIB may be effective for individuals with more frequent NSSI and those with elevated anxiety. A larger evaluation of T-SIB is supported. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - August 20, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Treatment receipt patterns among individuals with co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders.
Conclusions: Most people with lifetime PTSD and SUD have sought either SUD or MH treatment or both, with substantially greater receipt of MH treatment. This comorbid group has complex clinical presentations that differ depending upon treatment subgroup, and for most, their PTSD persisted despite high rates of treatment engagement. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - August 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Applying experimental therapeutics to examine cognitive and chronological vulnerabilities as mediators of acute outcomes in cognitive-behavioral therapy and light therapy for winter depression.
Conclusions: CBT-SAD promoted decreases in SAD-specific negative cognitions, and these changes were related to decreases in symptoms. Consistent with the theory that LT corrects misaligned circadian rhythms, LT reduced eveningness, but this did not correspond to symptom improvement. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - July 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A randomized controlled trial of central executive training (CET) versus inhibitory control training (ICT) for ADHD.
Conclusions: Results support the use of CET for treating executive function deficits and targeting ADHD behavioral symptoms in children with ADHD. Findings for ICT were mixed at best and indicate the need for continued development/study. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - July 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A multiple baseline study of a brief alcohol reduction and family engagement intervention for fathers in Kenya.
Conclusion: Results provide preliminary evidence that a BA-MI intervention developed for lay providers may reduce alcohol use and improve family outcomes among men in Kenya. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - July 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Direct and indirect effects of a couple-focused preventive intervention on children’s outcomes: A randomized controlled trial with African American families.
Conclusions: This couple-focused prevention program has positive indirect effects on several child outcomes through the intervening processes of promoting improvements in couple functioning and better parent–child relations. These findings provide cautious optimism regarding the possible benefits of couple-focused programming on participants’ children while suggesting ways in which future couple-focused interventions could yield stronger effects on these youth. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - July 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Community-based randomized controlled trial of psychological first aid with crime victims.
Conclusion: Paraprofessional victim advocates have the capacity to deliver PFA. Conclusions regarding the effectiveness of PFA for crime victims vary depending on the nature of the scored outcome variable (individual vs. global), highlighting the importance of careful outcome measurement considerations in future research on PFA. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - July 23, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Patterns of change and their relationship to outcome and follow-up in group and individual psychotherapy for depression.
Conclusion: The greater the impairment that patients present at baseline, the more likely they are to benefit from individual therapy after group therapy. A diagnosis of fibromyalgia can be considered a risk factor for therapy failure in the treatment of depression. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - June 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Self-determination theory interventions for health behavior change: Meta-analysis and meta-analytic structural equation modeling of randomized controlled trials.
Conclusion: The present review indicates that SDT interventions have a significant but small effect on health behavior change and suggests several directions for future research. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - May 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Theory-specific patient change processes and mechanisms in different cognitive therapies for depression.
Conclusions: Results suggest that therapists might improve long-term depression outcome by fostering both emotional processing (via emotion-focused techniques as included in EBCT) and cognitive restructuring (by using general CBT techniques included in both treatments), which operate either directly or through varied treatment-common mechanisms (e.g., greater self-efficacy and reduced cognitive-behavioral avoidance). (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - April 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A randomized controlled trial of motivational interviewing tailored for heavy drinking latinxs.
Conclusions: Participants in both groups improved with no significant differences between groups. Moderation effects suggest that cultural adaptation has particular benefit for more vulnerable individuals and support the theory of change in this adaptation model. MI is efficacious with Latinx heavy drinkers and should be used to mitigate health disparities related to alcohol misuse. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - August 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy for significant others of treatment-refusing problem gamblers: A randomized wait-list controlled trial.
Conclusion: The results confirm earlier studies’ findings that affecting the gambler via a CSO is challenging, but it is possible to increase the CSO’s coping and well-being. The trial’s outcome data and scripts are available for download (https://osf.io/awtg7/). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - August 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

GROUPS 4 HEALTH reduces loneliness and social anxiety in adults with psychological distress: Findings from a randomized controlled trial.
Conclusions: Findings suggest that G4H can be a useful way to treat loneliness and highlight the importance of attending to group memberships when tackling this important social challenge. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - August 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Randomized trial of a dissonance-based transdiagnostic group treatment for eating disorders: An evaluation of target engagement.
Conclusions: Results provide novel evidence that BPT affected the hypothesized intervention targets and reduced variables that are putatively secondary to pursuit of the thin ideal, including body dissatisfaction, negative affect, and eating disorder symptoms. Symptom reductions were smaller than in past trials, suggesting that it may be optimal to reduce valuation of the thin ideal before asking participants to reduce disordered eating behaviors that are used to pursue this ideal. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - August 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A randomized controlled trial of inhibitory control training for smoking cessation and reduction.
Conclusions: Although participants in both conditions reduced their daily cigarette consumption, the intervention task was no more successful than the control task was in achieving cigarette abstinence or reduction. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - July 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Intensive group behavioral treatment (IGBT) for children with selective mutism: A preliminary randomized clinical trial.
Conclusions: Findings provide the first empirical support for the efficacy and acceptability of IGBT for SM. Further study is needed to examine mechanisms of IGBT response, and other effective SM treatment methods, in order to clarify which treatment formats work best for which affected children. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - July 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Is improving sleep and circadian problems in adolescence a pathway to improved health? A mediation analysis.
Conclusions: TranS-C exerts effects on reducing risk in multiple mental and physical health domains through reducing sleep and circadian problems in evening chronotype adolescents. Further research of TranS-C in other samples to assess its benefits for sleep and circadian problems as well as mental and physical health is warranted. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - June 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The therapeutic alliance in individual resiliency training for first episode psychosis: Relationship with treatment outcomes and therapy participation.
Conclusions: A stronger alliance was related to improved treatment outcomes in FEP. Future work should consider examining mediators of the alliance-outcome relationship as well as how changes in the alliance relate to changes in outcomes over time. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - June 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Model complexity improves the prediction of nonsuicidal self-injury.
Conclusions: Results parallel recent findings in suicide research and highlight the complexity that underlies NSSI. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - June 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Internalizing symptoms and cannabis and alcohol use: Between- and within-person risk pathways with coping motives.
Conclusion: Findings suggest that alcohol coping motivates exacerbate rather than ameliorate depression symptoms, which, in turn, leads to greater reliance on alcohol to cope. There was more consistent support for associations with substance use-related problems for depression than for social anxiety. Both between- and within-person associations may be useful for identifying targets and timing of coping-oriented interventions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - June 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Interpersonal profiles in emotional disorders predict the importance of alliance negotiation for early treatment outcome.
Conclusions: Results support the importance of personalized approaches using patients’ interpersonal profiles to determine the importance of alliance negotiation for early treatment outcome. Findings should be replicated in randomized controlled trials using strategies to manipulate alliance negotiation. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - June 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Sexual orientation differences in psychological treatment outcomes for depression and anxiety: National cohort study.
Conclusions: The reasons for treatment outcome inequities for bisexual patients and lesbian women (e.g., 30–70% increased risk of not recovering) need investigation. Health services should address these inequalities. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - June 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Predictors of treatment attendance in cognitive and dynamic therapies for major depressive disorder delivered in a community mental health setting.
Conclusions: Very early termination from services was higher in CT compared with DT. Including techniques to improve engagement in both therapies and matching patients to treatment based on predictors/moderators may be effective ways to optimize treatment engagement. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - June 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Therapist-assisted online treatment for child conduct problems in rural and urban families: Two randomized controlled trials.
Conclusions: It is concluded that the effects of the therapist-assisted online parenting interventions for the treatment of child conduct problems were similar to a FTF intervention, providing evidence for the effectiveness of an accessible treatment for rural and remote families. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - June 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Anger and depression among incarcerated male youth: Predictors of violent and nonviolent offending during adjustment to incarceration.
Conclusions: Given that juveniles’ self-report of emotional distress, particularly anger, is predictive of their violent and nonviolent infractions, focused intervention programs could reduce behavior problems during incarceration that add to juveniles’ maladjustment and continued exposure to adversities. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - June 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A multimethod, multi-informant investigation of maternal validation and invalidation of female adolescents who engage in self-inflicted injury.
Conclusions: We failed to find support for the hypothesized parenting deficits in mothers of female adolescents engaging in SII. Adolescent perceptions of their mothers’ high levels of invalidation and low levels of validation were associated with higher levels of adolescent psychopathology. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The association of maternal alcohol use and paraprofessional home visiting with children’s health: A randomized controlled trial.
Conclusion: These findings support the need for sustained interventions to reduce alcohol use, especially for mothers who exhibit problematic drinking. Maternal drinking influences children’s health and development over time. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - May 23, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A randomized clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of a brief alcohol intervention supplemented with a substance-free activity session or relaxation training.
Conclusion: Two-session (plus booster) interventions that combine BMI and either substance-free activity enhancement or RT can result in enduring reductions in alcohol misuse among college drinkers. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - May 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Therapeutic alliance trajectories and associations with outcome in psychodynamic child psychotherapy.
This study investigated therapeutic alliance (TA) trajectories, their demographic and symptomatic predictors, and associations with outcome in psychodynamic child psychotherapy. Method: The sample included 89 Turkish children (Mage = 6.87, SD = 2.11, 46% girls) with internalizing (37.11%), externalizing (21.14%), and comorbid (38.20%) problems; 12% of the children were in the nonclinical range. Independent raters coded 328 sessions from different phases of treatment using the Therapy Process Observational Coding System–Alliance Scale. Outcome measures were collected at intake and termination (Children’s Behavio...
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - May 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Utilization of and barriers to treatment among suicide decedents: Results from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience Among Servicemembers (Army STARRS).
Conclusions: Many suicide decedents used some form of mental health care at some point in their lives; however, they also were more likely than propensity-matched controls to perceive barriers that may have prevented service use. The lack of differences between suicide ideators and decedents suggests that more information is needed, beyond knowledge of treatment utilization or perceived barriers, to identify and intervene on those at highest risk for suicide. These findings underscore the importance of reducing attitudinal barriers that may deter suicidal soldiers from seeking treatment, and also improving risk detection a...
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - April 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Distress tolerance trajectories following substance use treatment.
Objective: Distress tolerance (DT), the ability to withstand aversive internal states, represents an important risk factor for substance use relapse and a potential treatment target. Neurobiological research in substance using populations suggests that continued substance use could erode DT, whereas abstinence could bolster it. The current study characterized trajectories of behavioral and self-reported indices of DT and examined the prospective effect of substance use on DT trajectories among those seeking treatment for substance use. Method: Individuals (N = 263, Mage = 42.68, SD = 11.8, 70.7% male, 94.7% African America...
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - April 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Efficacy and mediators of a group cognitive–behavioral therapy for hoarding disorder: A randomized trial.
Conclusion: Brief Group CBT is an efficacious and feasible treatment for adults with HD, and is partially mediated by reductions in maladaptive beliefs about possessions. Superiority trials comparing CBT to active treatments, and additional research into mechanisms of treatment outcome, are warranted. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - April 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Dyadic support and affect in patient–caregiver dyads following hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation: A diary study.
Conclusions: The findings highlight the costs, benefits, and complexities of daily support transactions in dyads following HSCT, thus indicating the practical implications of the study: the importance of screening for support needs and abilities in both patients and caregivers. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - April 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Examining race as a predictor and moderator of treatment outcomes for binge-eating disorder: Analysis of aggregated randomized controlled trials.
Conclusion: Despite disparities in treatment-seeking reported in epidemiological and RCT studies, Black individuals appear to have comparable or better treatment outcomes in BED treatment research compared with White individuals, except they were less likely to attain 5% weight loss at post treatment. This suggests that disseminating evidence-based treatments for BED among diverse populations holds promise and treatments may not require further adaptation prior to dissemination. Implementation research is needed to test treatment effectiveness across diverse providers, settings, and patient groups to improve understanding ...
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - April 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Preventive cognitive therapy versus care as usual in cognitive behavioral therapy responders: A randomized controlled trial.
Conclusion: Adding PCT was significantly more effective than CAU alone in delaying time to relapse/recurrence of depression over a period of 15 months among CBT responders. After response on CBT, therapists should consider providing PCT to recurrently depressed patients. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - April 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Estimating outcome probabilities from early symptom changes in cognitive therapy for recurrent depression.
Conclusions: Outcomes of CT for depression are predictable from early symptom changes. Clinicians may find nonresponse and remission probability estimates useful in the informed consent process and in choosing whether to continue, augment, or switch treatments for CT patients with recurrent MDD. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - April 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Sudden gains in the alliance in cognitive behavioral therapy versus brief relational therapy.
Conclusions: The findings support the potential role of gains in alliance as a specific mechanism of change in BRT versus CBT. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - April 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Are there any robust predictors of “sudden gainers,” and how is sustained improvement in treatment outcome achieved following a gain?
Conclusions: The findings provide first evidence of the presence of an ingredient responsible for the sustained effect of sudden gains, using a within-patient mediation model. The findings support the important role alliance may play in the consolidation and subsequent expansion of the effect of sudden gains. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - April 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive versus behavioral skills in CBT for depressed adolescents: Disaggregating within-patient versus between-patient effects on symptom change.
Conclusions: Analyses highlight the importance of the acquisition and use of behavioral skills in CBT for depressed adolescents. Findings also underscore the importance of disentangling within-patient from between-patient effects in future studies, an approach infrequently used in process-outcome research. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology)
Source: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology - April 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research