Cochrane Rapid Reviews Methods Group offers evidence-informed guidance to conduct rapid reviews
To develop methods guidance to support the conduct of rapid reviews (RRs) produced within Cochrane and beyond, in response to requests for timely evidence syntheses for decision-making purposes including urgent health issues of high priority. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - October 14, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Chantelle Garritty, Gerald Gartlehner, Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit, Valerie J. King, Candyce Hamel, Chris Kamel, Affengruber L, Adrienne Stevens Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

High-dimensional propensity score improved the control of indication bias in surgical comparative effectiveness studies
To evaluate the performance of high-dimensional propensity scores (hdPS) for controlling indication bias as compared to propensity scores (PS) in surgical comparative effectiveness studies. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - October 13, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: C écile Payet, Stéphanie Polazzi, Jean-François Obadia, Xavier Armoiry, José Labarère, Muriel Rabilloud, Antoine Duclos Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Access to data from clinical trials in the COVID-19 crisis: open, flexible, and time-sensitive
(Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - October 13, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Michael Ewers, John P.A. Ioannidis, Nikolaus Plesnila Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

A prognostic model predicted deterioration in health-related quality of life in older patients with multimorbidity and polypharmacy
To develop and validate a prognostic model to predict deterioration in health-related quality of life (dHRQoL) in older general practice patients with at least one chronic condition and one chronic prescription. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - October 13, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ana I. Gonz ález-González, Andreas D. Meid, Truc S. Dinh, Jeanet W. Blom, Marjan van den Akker, Petra JM. Elders, Ulrich Thiem, Daniela Küllenberg De Gaudry, Karin MA Swart, Henrik Rudolf, Donna Bosch-Lenders, Hans-Joachim Trampisch, Joerg J. Meerpohl, Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Authors should clearly report how they derived the overall rating when applying AMSTAR 2 – a cross-sectional study
A measurement tool to assess systematic reviews 2 (AMSTAR 2) allows for deriving the overall confidence in a systematic review. We investigated how authors derived the overall confidence rating and whether different schemes lead to different results. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - October 10, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Dawid Pieper, Robert C. Lorenz, Tanja Rombey, Anja Jacobs, Olesja Rissling, Simone Freitag, Katja Matthias Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A framework for practical issues was developed to inform shared decision-making tools and clinical guidelines
To develop and test feasibility of a framework of patient-important practical issues. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - October 10, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Anja Fog Heen, Per Olav Vandvik, Linn Brandt, Victor M. Montori, Lyubov Lytvyn, Gordon Guyatt, Casey Quinlan, Thomas Agoritsas Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Frankenstein ’s article…how the reviews of peers can create a monster
(Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - October 8, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Clovis Mariano Faggion Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Erratum to Controversy and debate series on core outcome sets. Paper 3:debate on paper 1 from the perspective of GRADE[ Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation] ’ [Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 125C (2020) 216-221]
An error was introduced in the title of this article during the proofing process. The correct title is “Controversy and Debate Series on Core Outcome Sets: The SOLAR (Standardized Outcomes Linking Across StakeholdeRs) system and hub and spokes model for direct core outcome measures in health care and its relation to GRADE.” The editors regret this error. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - October 8, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Holger J. Sch ünemann, Sean Tunis, Robby Nieuwlaat, Wojtek Wiercioch, Tejan Baldeh Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of FeNO and asthma symptoms increased when evaluated with a superior reference standard
To determine the impact of changing reference standards (RS), namely spirometry versus whole body plethysmography (WBP), on estimation of the diagnostic accuracy of Fractioned exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) and clinical signs and symptoms (CSS) as index tests regarding asthma diagnosis. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - October 6, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Christina Kellerer, Stefan Wagenpfeil, Luke Daines, Rudolf J örres, Alexander Hapfelmeier, Antonius Schneider Source Type: research

Defining Rapid Reviews: a systematic scoping review and thematic analysis of definitions and defining characteristics of rapid reviews
Rapid reviews were first mentioned in the literature in 1997, when Best et al. described the rapid health technology assessment program in the south and west regions of England but did not provide a formal definition. More recently, the only consensus around a rapid review definition is that a formal definition does not exist. The primary aim of this work is to create a repository of existing definitions and to identify key themes, which may help the knowledge synthesis community in defining rapid review products. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - October 6, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Candyce Hamel, Alan Michaud, Micere Thuku, Becky Skidmore, Adrienne Stevens, Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit, Chantelle Garritty Tags: Review Source Type: research

The NNTnet metric is not new, not easy to use, and not routinely applied in medical research
(Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - October 6, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ralf Bender Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Reply to Kelly Farrah and David Kaunelis regarding our study “Validation of five search filters for retrieval of clinical practice guidelines produced low precision”.
(Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - October 4, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Carole Lunny, Douglas M. Salzwedel, Barbara Mintzes, Lorri Puil, Tracy Liu, Cynthia Ramasubbu, Savannah Gerrish, James M. Wright Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

“Vicarious thinking” was a key driver of score change in Delphi surveys for COS development and is facilitated by feedback of results
The objectives of this nested study were to (1) assess whether changes in scores between rounds altered the final degree of consensus achieved in three Delphi surveys conducted as part of COS development projects (anal, gastric and prostate cancer), and (2) explore participants ’ reasons for changing scores between rounds (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 29, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Rebecca Fish, Steven MacLennan, Bilal Alkhaffaf, Paula R. Williamson Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Addressing harms of screening – a review of outcomes in Cochrane reviews and suggestions for next steps
To investigate if Cochrane reviews that assess screening interventions address their major harms. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 29, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Minna Johansson, Franciszek Borys, Hanna Peterson, Giulia Bilamour, Matteo Bruschettini, Karsten Juhl J ørgensen Tags: Review Source Type: research

Developing trustworthy recommendations as part of an urgent response (1-2 weeks): a GRADE concept paper GRADE Rapid Guidelines project group
To propose an approach for developing trustworthy recommendations as part of urgent responses (1-2 weeks) in the clinical, public health, and health systems fields. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 29, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Elie A. Akl, Rebecca L. Morgan, Andrew A. Rooney, Brandiese Beverly, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Arnav Agarwal, Brian S. Alper, Carlos Alva-Diaz, Laura Amato, Mohammed T. Ansari, Jan Brozek, Derek K. Chu, Philipp Dahm, Andrea J. Darzi, Maicon Falavigna, Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

GRADE guidelines: 29. Rating the certainty in time-to-event outcomes – Study limitations due to censoring of participants with missing data in intervention studies
To provide Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) guidance for the consideration of study limitations (risk of bias) due to missing participant outcome data for time-to-event outcomes in intervention studies. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Marius Goldkuhle, Ralf Bender, Elie A. Akl, Elvira C. van Dalen, Sarah Nevitt, Reem A. Mustafa, Gordon H. Guyatt, Marialene Trivella, Benjamin Djulbegovic, Holger Sch ünemann, Michela Cinquini, Nina Kreuzberger, Nicole Skoetz, GRADE Working Group Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Citation screening using crowdsourcing and machine learning produced accurate results: evaluation of Cochrane ’s modified Screen4Me service
To assess the feasibility of a modified workflow that uses machine learning and crowdsourcing to identify studies for potential inclusion in a systematic review. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Anna Noel-Storr, Gordon Dooley, Lisa Affengruber, Gerald Gartlehner Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Changing research culture towards more use of replication research: A narrative review of barriers and strategies
The aim of this paper is to review the literature on barriers to conducting replication research and strategies to increase its use and promotion by researchers, editors and funders. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Brigitte Vachon, Janet A. Curran, Sathya Karunananthan, Jamie Brehaut, Ian D. Graham, David Moher, Anne E. Sales, Sharon E. Straus, Michele Fiander, P. Alison Paprica, Jeremy M. Grimshaw Tags: Review Source Type: research

Reply to letter to the editor ‘The NNTnet metric is not new, not easy to use, and not routinely applied in medical research’
(Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Guowei Li, Lehana Thabane, Mitchell A.H. Levine Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

The impact of the coronavirus disease of 2019 on research.
(Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 28, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Dr. Najla F. Alsiri, Dr. Meshal A. Alhadhoud, Shea Palmer Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Combining Charlson and Elixhauser scores with varying lookback predicated mortality better than using individual scores
To investigate variation in the presence of secondary diagnosis codes in Charlson and Elixhauser comorbidity scores and assess whether including a one-year lookback period improved prognostic adjustment by these scores individually, and combined, for 30-day mortality. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Emma Pritchard, Nicola Fawcett, T. Phuong Quan, Derrick Crook, Tim EA. Peto, A. Sarah Walker Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

An algorithm provided as initial guidance for reporting registry records and published protocols in systematic reviews
(Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Julia Bidonde, Jose F. Meneses-Echavez, Angela J. Busch, Catherine Boden Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Pre-randomization run-in periods in randomized controlled trials of chronic diseases: a methodological study
To systematically review the epidemiology of pre-randomization run-in periods in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of chronic diseases. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: David Collister, Jennifer C. Rodrigues, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, P.J. Devereaux, Gordon Guyatt, William Herrington, Michael Walsh Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

PCORnet ® 2020: Current State, Accomplishments, and Future Directions
To describe PCORnet, a clinical research network developed for patient-centered outcomes research on a national scale. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Christopher B. Forrest, Kathleen M. McTigue, Adrian F. Hernandez, Lauren W. Cohen, Henry Cruz, Kevin Haynes, Rainu Kaushal, Abel N. Kho, Keith A. Marsolo, Vinit P. Nair, Richard Platt, Jon E. Puro, Russell L. Rothman, Elizabeth A. Shenkman, Lemuel Russell Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Individual point-of-care trials: a new approach to incorporate patient ’s preferences into personalized pragmatic clinical trials.
Although Evidence-based medicine (EBM) and Patient-centered medicine (PCM) are often perceived as two conflicting paradigms that speak the language of populations and the language of individuals, respectively, both share the common objective of improving the care of individual patients. As physicians should not practice an EBM that is away from the individual patient nor a PCM that is not based on the best available evidence, it is crucial to connect and combine both movements, promoting the fruitful and natural interaction between research and care. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 27, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Jos é A. Sacristán, J. André Knottnerus Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

A potential for seamless designs in diagnostic research could be identified.
New diagnostic tests to identify a well-established disease state must undergo a series of scientific studies from test construction to finally demonstrating a societal impact. Traditionally, these studies are performed with substantial time gaps in between, resulting in a long time period from the initial idea to roll out in clinical practice including reimbursement. Seamless designs allowing us to combine a sequence of studies in one protocol may hence accelerate this process. Currently, a systematic investigation of the potential of seamless designs in diagnostic research is lacking. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 25, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Vach W, E. Bibiza, O. Gerke, P.M. Bossuyt, T. Friede, A. Zapf Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Two different invitation approaches for consecutive rounds of a Delphi survey led to comparable final outcome
This study aimed to investigate the effect of invitation approach on the response rate and final outcome of a Delphi survey. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 25, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Anne Boel, Victoria Navarro-Comp án, Robert Landewé, Désirée van der Heijde Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Using an Evidence-Based Research approach before a new study is conducted to ensure value
There is considerable actual and potential waste in research. The aim of this paper is to describe how using an Evidence-Based Research approach before conducting a study helps to ensure that the new study truly adds value. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Hans Lund, Carsten B. Juhl, Birgitte N ørgaard, Eva Draborg, Marius Henriksen, Jane Andreasen, Robin Christensen, Mona Nasser, Donna Ciliska, Mike Clarke, Peter Tugwell, Janet Martin, Caroline Blaine, Klara Brunnhuber, Karen A. Robinson, the Evidence-Bas Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Reporting of prior clinical studies in Investigator ’s Brochures did not adhere to the basic principles of evidence synthesis: A cross-sectional study
This study examined the adherence of IBs to the basic principles of evidence synthesis when compiling prior clinical studies. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Johannes Schwietering, Daniel Strech, Merlin Bittlinger Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Agreement of risk of bias varied in systematic reviews on acupuncture and was associated with methodological quality
To evaluate the consistency of risk of bias assessments for overlapping randomised controlled trials (RCTs) included in systematic reviews (SRs) on acupuncture. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Youlin Long, Shanxia Luo, Rui Chen, Wenzhe Xiao, Xin Wang, Tengyue Hu, Qiong Guo, Liu Yang, Yifan Cheng, Yifei Lin, Jin Huang, Liang Du Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A practical guide for using a survey about attitudes and behaviours to inform health care decisions
This article provides guidance for how to appraise and use a survey to answer health care questions. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Nancy Santesso, Elie Akl, Mohit Bhandari, Jason W. Busse, Deborah J. Cook, Trisha Greenhalgh, Paola Muti, Holger Sch ünemann, Gordon Guyatt Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Supporting effective participation in health guideline panels: The Guideline Participant Tool
In this study, we present the Guideline Participant Tool (GPT) to support effective participation in guideline panels, in particular those using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Thomas Piggott, Tejan Baldeh, Elie A. Akl, Mats Junek, Wojtek Wiercioch, Rita Schneider, Miranda W. Langedam, Joerg Meerpohl, Jan Brozek, Holger J. Sch ünemann Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Protocols for meta-analysis of intervention safety seldom specified methods to deal with rare events
Meta-analyses of rare events often generate unstable results, and selective reporting of the results may mislead the healthcare decision. Developing a synthesis plan for rare events in protocol may help to formulate the reporting. We aim to investigate whether existing protocols specified methods to deal with rare events. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: You Zhou, Bo Zhu, Lifeng Lin, Joey S.W. Kwong, Chang Xu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Measuring importance of outcomes to patients: a cross-sectional survey for the German anal cancer guideline
We aimed to generate evidence on patients ’ values and preferences to inform the development of the German national Evidence-based Anal Cancer Guideline. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ricardo N. Werner, Matthew Gaskins, Corinna Dressler, Alexander Nast, Corinna Schaefer, Felix Aigner, Robert Siegel Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A systematic review finds core outcome set uptake varies widely across different areas of health
The aim of our review was to bring together studies that had assessed the uptake of core outcome sets (COS) to explore the level of uptake across different COS and areas of health. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Karen L. Hughes, Mike Clarke, Paula R. Williamson Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A validation study revealed differences in design and performance of search filters for qualitative research in PsycINFO and CINAHL
Search filters can support qualitative evidence information retrieval. Various search filters are available for the bibliographic databases PsycINFO and CINAHL. To date, no comparative overview of validation results of search filters verified with an independent gold standard exists. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Stefanie Rosumeck, Mandy Wagner, Simon Wallraf, Ulrike Euler Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Empirical research must be replicated before its findings can be trusted
(Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Lex M. Bouter, Gerben ter Riet Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Methodologically rigorous risk of bias tools for non-randomized studies had low reliability and high evaluator burden
To assess the real-world inter-rater reliability (IRR), inter-consensus reliability (ICR) and evaluator burden of the Risk of Bias (RoB) in Non-randomized Studies (NRS) of Interventions (ROBINS-I), and the ROB Instrument for NRS of Exposures (ROB-NRSE) tools. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Maya M. Jeyaraman, Rasheda Rabbani, Leslie Copstein, Reid C. Robson, Nameer Al-Yousif, Michelle Pollock, Jun Xia, Chakrapani Balijepalli, Kimberly Hofer, Samer Mansour, Mir S. Fazeli, Mohammed T. Ansari, Andrea C. Tricco, Ahmed M. Abou-Setta Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

It's always about numerators and denominators (N/D)
A both fundamental and seemingly simple methodological requirement in clinical epidemiology, and more generally in research and care, is the adequate handling of numerators, denominators, and their interrelationship N/D. This implies not just good arithmetic, but primarily conceptual understanding. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 24, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: J. Andr é Knottnerus, Peter Tugwell Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

GRADE Guidelines 30: The GRADE Approach to Assessing the Certainty of Modelled Evidence - an Overview in the Context of Health Decision-making
To present the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) conceptual approach to the assessment of certainty of evidence from modelling studies (i.e. certainty associated with model outputs). (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 23, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Jan L. Brozek, Carlos Canelo-Aybar, Elie A. Akl, James M. Bowen, John Bucher, Weihsueh A. Chiu, Mark Cronin, Benjamin Djulbegovic, Maicon Falavigna, Gordon H. Guyatt, Ami A. Gordon, Michele Hilton Boon, Raymond C.W. Hutubessy, Manuela A. Joore, Vittal Kat Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Methods for Prospectively Incorporating Gender into Health Sciences Research
Numerous studies have demonstrated that sex (a biological variable) and gender (a psychosocial construct) impact health and have discussed the mechanisms that may explain these relationships. Funding agencies have called for all health researchers to incorporate sex and gender into their studies; however the way forward has been unclear to many, particularly due to the varied definition of gender. We argue that just as there is no standardized definition of gender, there can be no standardized measurement thereof. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 22, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Christina P. Tadiri, Valeria Raparelli, Michal Abrahamowicz, Alexandra Kautzy-Willer, Karolina Kublickiene, Maria-Trinidad Herrero, Colleen M. Norris, Louise Pilote, GOINGFWD Consortium Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

What Evidence-Based Research is and why is it important?
There is considerable actual and potential waste in research. Evidence-Based Research ensures worthwhile and valuable research. The aim of this series, which this paper introduces, is to describe the Evidence-Based Research approach. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 22, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Karen A. Robinson, Klara Brunnhuber, Donna Ciliska, Carsten Bogh Juhl, Robin Christensen, Hans Lund, the Evidence-Based Research Network Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Using an Evidence-Based Research approach to place your results into context after the study is performed to ensure usefulness of the conclusion.
There is considerable actual and potential waste in research. Using evidence-based research can ensure the value of a new study. The aim of this paper, the third in a series, is to describe an evidence-based research (EBR) approach to putting research results into context. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 22, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Hans Lund, Carsten B. Juhl, Birgitte N ørgaard, Eva Draborg, Marius Henriksen, Jane Andreasen, Robin Christensen, Mona Nasser, Donna Ciliska, Peter Tugwell, Mike Clarke, Caroline Blaine, Janet Martin, Jong-Wook Ban, Klara Brunnhuber, Karen A. Robinson, t Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Integrating Travel History via Big Data Analytics Under Universal Healthcare Framework for Disease Control and Prevention in the COVID-19 Pandemic
(Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 21, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Kevin Sheng-Kai Ma, Shin-Yi Tsai Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

The quality of evidence for medical interventions does not improve or worsen: a metaepidemiological study of Cochrane reviews
The objective of the study was to determine the change in quality of evidence in updates of Cochrane reviews that were initially published between January 1, 2013 and June 30,  2014. We used the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system to document evidence quality. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - September 1, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Jeremy Howick, Despina Koletsi, Nikolaos Pandis, Padhraig S. Fleming, Martin Loef, Harald Walach, Stefan Schmidt, John P.A. Ioannidis Tags: Review Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - August 28, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - August 28, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Clinical trials are only as good as the patient- important outcome measures assessed
Core Outcome Sets are agreed-on standardised sets of patient –important outcomes that should be measured in all trials of a given condition. This allows patients, clinicians and policy makers to ‘compare like with like’ [apples with apples]. Their development has become a major clinical epidemiology activity of many groups around the world. The methods are still in evolution as demonstrated in the seven paper Controversy and Debate Series in this issue in response to challenges by Chevance et al. (Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - August 28, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Editorial Source Type: research