Evidence for Revising the Adverse Childhood Experiences Screening Tool: a Scoping Review
AbstractThe relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and risky behavior, chronic illness, and premature mortality is well documented. Despite this evidence, screening for ACEs in primary care settings remains limited. Objections to widespread screening include concerns that the original ACE screening tool limited childhood adversities to family and household dysfunction. The purpose of this scoping review is to describe current knowledge for expanding ACEs categories and revising the formatting and scoring of the screening tool. With the assistance of a medical librarian, we used a two-step process to cond...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - May 6, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Assessing the Effects of Childhelp ’s Speak Up be Safe Child Abuse Prevention Curriculum for High School Students
ConclusionsHigh school students in the CHSUBS group appeared to gain both child maltreatment knowledge and resistance skills. Future studies on prevention programming for high school students might show results that lead to a reduction in child maltreatment and an increase in better health outcomes for adolescents. (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - May 3, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Ego Control Mediates the Effect of Maltreatment on Child Depression
Conclusions: These findings point to the longitudinal paths to early depressive symptoms in maltreated children and the mediating effect of children ’s ego control which could be a target for intervention. (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - April 24, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Needle Fear among Children during Mass Measles Rubella (MR) Injectable Vaccination Campaign in North India: an Observational Study
AbstractThe cross-sectional observational study evaluated the prevalence and predictors of needle-fear among school-going children during mass Measles-Rubella (MR) immunization campaign (year 2017) in the north Indian city of Chandigarh. Fear of needle was assessed using a single-item self-report global question, anxiety was assessed using the Likert scale (score 1 –5) and the standardized “Children Faces Scale” where facial responses were graded from 0 to 4. Out of a total sample of 2568 school children, 1225 (47.7%) reported needle fear (95% CI: 45.8%–49.6%) on a global single item assessment. On ...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - April 24, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Cyberbullying Victimisation among Colombian High-School Adolescents
AbstractThe study ’s purpose was to examine the prevalence and explore some factors associated with cyberbullying in high-school adolescents at ​​Santa Marta, Colombia. A cross-sectional study was designed, which participated in students between 13 and 17 years. Participants completed the item for being a vict im of cyberbullying of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey for high school students designed by the Center for Disease Control of the United States. A total of 1462 students answered the questionnaire (M = 14.4 years, SD = 0.8). 19.6% (n = 287) reported lifetime ...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - April 22, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

TF-CBT Informed Teletherapy for Children with Autism and their Families
AbstractA diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often puts a child in a vulnerable position. While the research of the effects of trauma on children diagnosed with ASD is limited, we know children diagnosed with ASD presenting with a comorbid diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have an increased risk of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. TF-CBT is an empirically validated treatment for trauma; in this paper, we provide adaptions for using this treatment with children diagnosed with ASD and using this method for teletherapy. These adaptions include recognizing trauma behaviors and ASD behaviors, the use o...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - April 20, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Psychopathology and Dissociation among Boarding School Students in Eastern Turkey
AbstractA subset of boarding schools for adolescents was established in 1993 in the rural sections of Eastern Turkey to provide equity in terms of availability of education. Even though these schools were beneficial in many respects, implementation of this institutional model gave rise to many challenges such as weaker relationships with parents and defiance of authority figures. Failure to develop a mature response to these challenges could lead to the development of psychopathologies such as depression, psychosis, and dissociation. The main objective of this study is to assess the incidence of psychopathology and dissoci...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - April 16, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Emotional Aspects of Pediatric Post-Intensive Care Syndrome Following Traumatic Brain Injury
AbstractChildren with traumatic brain injury (TBI) requiring neurocritical care are at risk for neurocognitive, emotional, physical, and psychosocial difficulties, collectively known as Post-Intensive Care Syndrome. Our study assessed parent-reported emotional functioning and identified risk factors for emotional sequelae in the acute recovery phase. Fifty-three children between 5 and 18  years old hospitalized for TBI were assessed 1-month following discharge. Relevant injury-, child-, and family-specific variables were collected. Emotional functioning was assessed using PROMIS Parent Proxy Report Short Forms for Anx...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - April 6, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of Virtual Reality vs. Standard-of-Care During Pediatric Laceration Repair
The objective of this study was to compare VR to standard of care (SOC) in a pediatric Emergency Department (ED) for pain management and anxiety among children needing a laceration repair procedure. We conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial in a tertiary pediatric ED (NCT03681717) with children 6 –16 years of age going through a laceration repair procedure. Intervention was low-cost VR goggles with a free roller coaster application during the procedure or SOC in the ED during the same time (1:1). The primary outcome was post-procedure pain (Faces Pain Scale – Revised (FPS-R)), and secon dary o...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - March 26, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Working Relationally with Adolescents Who Have Experienced Complex Interpersonal Trauma: an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
AbstractThe study explores practitioners ’ experiences of working with adolescents with complex interpersonal trauma. Five mental health professionals were recruited via purposive and snowball sampling. Semi-structured interviews were conducted, audio-recorded and transcribed. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was employed to iden tify themes related to the research question. Three superordinate themes emerged: “The distance-relationship dynamic”; “The unknown self”; “Practitioners’ presence”. Participants reported the fragility of their relationships with clients, enh...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - March 24, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Understanding Adolescent Girls in Custody Using the Multidimensional Inventory of Development, Sex, and Aggression (MIDSA)
This article is one of the first to assess a wide range of traits and characteristics of girls in custody. The Multidimensional Inventory of Development, Sex, and Aggression (MIDSA) was administered to 30 girls in custody at a juvenile detention facility in California. Individual narrative reports were generated, and their aggregate results were analyzed. Results are first presented at an aggregate level and details from some individual cases are used to provide an especially rich description of particular circumstances, behaviors, and motivations of these girls. Preliminary findings illustrate the chaotic family backgroun...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - February 27, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

When Did I Become a Victim? Exploring Narratives of Male Childhood Sexual Abuse
This report presents narrative data of adult men self-identifying as victims of sexual abuse occurring in childhood or adolescence (CSA). Preliminary data were derived from written public stories posted by men to the Internet (n = 90). Many of these accounts indicate same-sex sexual abuse (male victim, male perpetrator). The primary research question: “how have adult male victims of childhood sexual abuse constructed written narratives of victimization?” The men in this study who posted public narratives about thei r sexual abuse demonstrated evidence in of two (turmoil and taking control) of six ...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - February 24, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A New Vision for the Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma
(Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - February 17, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Treatment Mediators and Outcomes of Latent Classes of Youth in Psychiatric Residential Treatment
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to examine differences in discharge outcomes between latent classes of youth in psychiatric residential treatment. The mediating effect of family therapy, behavioral management incidents, and length of stay on class membership and treatment outcomes were examined. The sample included 447 youth assigned to one of four classes. Guided by Thornberry and Krohn ’s (2005) interactional theory of continuity and change, change in functional impairment was predicted based on the composition of risk versus protective factors that comprised the latent classes. A manual 3-step approach was u...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - February 11, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Bullying, Victimization, and Resiliency: An Introduction to the Special Issue
AbstractThis special issue focuses on bullying and victimization in young adults and factors that contribute to resiliency. The articles take into consideration cultural factors, gender, and trauma history. Several of the research studies illustrate the complexity of the factors involved in bullying and the traumatic effects of the victimization, and authors highlight targeted ways for intervention and prevention. This special issue also highlights some of the international work being conducted in these areas. The intention of this special issue is to stimulate discussion among researchers, policy makers and practitioners ...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - February 10, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Dominic Interactive in a Sample of French Canadian Sexually Abused Children
This study aimed to explore the reliability and validity of the Dominic Interactive with a sample of sexually abused children. The sample consisted of 687 children aged from 6 to 11 recruited in specialized intervention centers in Quebec. We conducted confirmatory factor analysis to assess the factorial structure of the questionnaire and assessed the internal consistency of the subscales with Cronbach alphas and McDonalds omegas. Subscales of theDominic Interactive showed good fit with the factorial structure and met the prescribed criteria, except forSpecific Phobias andSeparation Anxiety subscales that showed high interi...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - January 27, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Sensory Modulation Dysfunction in Child Victims of Trauma: a Scoping Review
AbstractDue to the high level of violence globally, providing intervention for child victims of trauma has become a priority for various government departments and health professionals including occupational therapists. Child appropriate sensory modulation intervention, which has its theoretical origins within the occupational therapy profession, has been suggested as a suitable treatment approach for children who are victims of trauma, since the initial experience of trauma occurs on a somatosensory level. Advances in trauma care indicate that children may experience the effects of trauma as an inability to appropriately ...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - January 26, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Resiliency in Young Adulthood and Associations among Retrospective Peer Victimization and Internalizing Problems
AbstractThe social-ecological diathesis-stress model and related empirical work suggests that individuals who experienced peer victimization in childhood are at risk of revictimization and internalizing problems in young adulthood. The current study examined the association between retrospective and current reports of traditional and cyber victimization and internalizing problems, and the buffering effect of resiliency among 1141 young adults. Results indicated that retrospective traditional victimization was positively associated with current traditional and cyber victimization. Retrospective cyber victimization, however,...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - January 25, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Trauma during Early Adolescence and Boys ’ Social Behavior: A Focus on Teen Dating Violence
AbstractAlthough early adolescence is increasingly recognized as commencing a sensitive period for social development, little research exists on the impact of trauma exposure during this juncture. We hypothesized that trauma experienced during early adolescence would be particularly disruptive to the acquisition of social skills necessary for healthy future relationships. Among 1500 boys from the National Comorbidity Study Adolescent Supplement, we examined trauma exposure across developmental periods on interpersonal outcomes in late adolescence. Most (62.3%) participants reported prior exposure to at least one potentiall...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - January 21, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The Role of Trauma-Informed Training in Helping Los Angeles Teachers Manage the Effects of Student Exposure to Violence and Trauma
AbstractExposure to trauma, such as community violence, has far-reaching effects on childrens ’ learning and behavior. While schools are a critical place to provide positive and safe spaces for students, teachers have self-reported a lack of knowledge on how to work effectively with traumatized students. In response to this, there has been an increase in teacher training on trauma-related topics. However, it is unclear how training impacts teachers’ trauma knowledge and difficulty responding to traumatized students in the classroom. As such, this exploratory study used a survey (N = 94) with Los A...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - January 18, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The Role of Resilience in Ethnic Minority Adolescent Navigation of Ecological Adversity
AbstractAdverse childhood experiences and health disparities profoundly affect the health of ethnic minority adolescents and influence their overall well-being. In light of current health disparities and civil unrest, this secondary analysis sought to better understand resilience among ethnic minority adolescents living in rural eastern North Carolina (NC). Using Ungar ’s (2013) Theory of Resilience and Seven Tensions, the two tensions that depicted the most adversity for these adolescents were social justice and power and control. Racism and discrimination were identified as prevalent risk factors. Four tensions in ...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - January 9, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Trauma-Informed Children ’s Ministry: a Qualitative Descriptive Study
AbstractOver half of American children will experience at least one traumatic event, and nearly one in six will experience four or more events. These traumatic events affect children ’s physical and mental health throughout their lives. Consequently, organizations which serve children, including local religious congregations, are urged to adopt the principles of trauma-informed care. The purpose of this study was to describe specific ways in which trauma-informed principles ar e applied by church children’s ministries. We gathered interview, focus group, and observational data from nine different children&rsquo...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - January 6, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Filipino Children and Adolescents ’ Stories of Sexual Abuse: Narrative Types and Consequences
AbstractThere is a paucity of qualitative research on children ’s and adolescents’ perceptions of their sexual abuse experiences. This paper aims to describe the narrative types and consequences of sexual abuse stories among ten female Filipino children and adolescents. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed using dialogical nar rative analysis. Results show that three narrative types appear in the stories of the survivors. These are the tragic resistance narrative, rescued slave narrative, and heroic saga narrative, and each of these narratives has idiosyncratic effects on the iden...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - January 6, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Gender Differences in Childhood Maltreatment: A Comparative Study of Nightmare Sufferers and Non-sufferers
AbstractChild maltreatment has been identified as a significant problem, both within India and outside. According to UNICEF, over the last decade, there has been a growing recognition about this, but the problem has remained unresolved largely due to being underreported and undocumented. Previous research in this area has reported inconsistent gender differences across the world. Besides, there are shreds of evidence to suggest that childhood maltreatment would be associated with nightmares later in life, but a handful of studies exist in this context. Moreover, there is a paucity of research concerning the interaction eff...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - January 5, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

A Causal Model of Children ’s Vicarious Traumatization
AbstractChildren may be vicariously traumatized from learning about the trauma of family and friends. To date, a causal model of children ’s vicarious traumatization has not been empirically validated in the literature. This paper fills the gap in the literature by reporting on the direct effect of vicarious trauma on children independent of caregiving impairment. Data for the study came from the National Survey of Children’s Expo sure to Violence I (NATSCEV I). This unique dataset features two indicators of vicarious trauma exposure: (1) family victimization and (2) community violence. Hierarchical multiple re...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - January 4, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Adverse Childhood Experiences, Depression, Resilience, & amp; Spirituality in African-American Adolescents
AbstractResearch shows that exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) is common among adolescents and that exposure to ACEs is associated with an increased risk of depression in adolescents. Furthermore, it is unknown whether resilience and spirituality moderate the association between ACEs and depression in African-American adolescents. Thus, the present study examined the prevalence of ACEs and the association between ACEs and the risk for depression in African-American adolescents and examined whether this association is moderated by resilience and spirituality. Survey data were collected from African-American ad...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - January 4, 2021 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Factors Predictive of Behavioural and Emotional Dysfunction in Adolescents in a Secure Children ’s Home
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to investigate what factors are predictive of behavioural and emotional dysfunction in adolescence. A sample of 60 young people accommodated under a welfare or youth custody service order in a UK secure children ’s home between 2016 and 2018 was used. Data regarding young people’s Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE’s) history, scores on standard assessments and factors thought to indicate behavioural and emotional dysfunction were collected from file information. Correlations and regression models wer e used to analyse the data. Analyses found that young people in ...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - November 17, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Founding Editor-in-Chief Acknowledgments and Introduction to Special Issue
(Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - November 14, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Implementation of an Evidence-Based Psychotherapy for Trauma-Exposed Children in a Lower-Middle Income Country: the Use of Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in El Salvador
The objective of this project was twofold: 1) to train providers in El Salvador in Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) as part of a clinical implementation project within a non-governmental organization, and 2) to conduct program evaluation to determine the feasibility of implementation and the effectiveness of the treatment. Fifteen Salvadoran psychologists were trained in TF-CBT who then provided TF-CBT to 121 children and adolescents ages 3 –18 in community-based locations. The mean number of traumas reported by youth was 4.39. Results demonstrated large effect sizes for reduction in youth-reporte...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - November 7, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Pilot Randomized Control Trial: Efficacy of a Group-Based Psychosocial Program for Youth with PTSD in the Brazilian Favelas
In conclusion, TRT was found to be effective for child ren with PTSD and Depression who experienced drug violence in a Brazilian favela. TRT is recommended for future delivery. Larger scale RCTs are needed in Brazilian favelas. (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - November 2, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Faith-Based Medical Neglect: for Providers and Policymakers
AbstractA substantial minority of Americans have religious beliefs against one or more medical treatments. Some groups promote exclusive reliance on prayer and ritual for healing nearly all diseases. Jehovah ’s Witnesses oppose blood transfusions. Hundreds of thousands of schoolchildren have religious or conscientious exemptions from immunizations. Such exemptions have led to personal medical risk, decreases in herd immunity, and outbreaks of preventable disease. Though First Amendment protections for religious freedom do not include a right to neglect a child, many states have enacted laws allowing religious objecto...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - October 9, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Correction to: Systematic Review of School-Wide Trauma-Informed Approaches
Figure 1 contains incomplete texts. (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - October 6, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Risk and Protective Factors for Common Mental Disorders among Urban Somali Refugee Youth
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to explore exposure to trauma as well as demographic and psychosocial factors as predictors of mental health symptoms among Somali refugees in Kenya. Participants were recruited via snowball sampling to complete a survey and included 86 Somali refugee youth, aged 15 to 34  years, who were living in Eastleigh. We measured trauma using a total traumas experienced variable as well as four trauma types categories (pre-migration/migration trauma, post-migration trauma, family trauma, and individual trauma). We measured anxiety and depression symptoms using the Hopkins Sy mptom Checklis...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - September 27, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Systematic Review of School-Wide Trauma-Informed Approaches
This study aimed to investigate empirical evidence for school-wide trauma-informed approaches that met at least two of the three essential elements of trauma-informed systems defined by SAMSHA (2014).SAMHSA ’s concept of trauma and guidance for a trauma-informed approach. HHS Publication No. (SMA) 14-4884. Rockville: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.https://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content/SMA14-4884.pdf) and consider commonalities in approaches, drivers of change, challenges and learnings related to implementation, sustainability and outcomes for students. A systematic review searching foremost...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - September 24, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Don ’t Hesitate – Vaccinate!
This article provides an expert opinion by Dr. Paul A. Offit a renowned and highly respected pediatric infectious disease physician, to consider non-vaccination of healthy children as a form of neglect. (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - September 22, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Computed Tomography Practice Standards for Severe Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury in the Emergency Department: a National Survey
AbstractAcute medical management of traumatic brain injury (TBI) can be challenging outside of the resuscitation bay, specifically while obtaining a computed tomography (CT) scan of the brain. We sought out to determine the management practices of Canadian traumatologists for pediatric patients with severe TBI requiring CT in the emergency department (ED). In 2019, surveys were sent to trauma directors in hospitals across Canada to ascertain their clinical practices. Team members present in the CT scan included physicians (89%), registered nurses (100%), and respiratory therapists (38%). The average time to and from the CT...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - September 17, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Sleep as a Moderator of Young Children ’s Traumatic Stress and Behavior Problems: a Treatment-Referred Sample
AbstractEmpirical evidence suggests young children who have experienced trauma are at risk of developing sleep problems and behavior difficulties, but it is unclear of the specific relation between these behavioral health concerns. The primary purpose of the study is to determine whether sleep problems moderate the relation between traumatic stress and behavior problems in a sample of young children referred for treatment. A secondary purpose is to explore if sleep problems also moderate the relation between specific domains of traumatic stress (i.e., intrusion, avoidance, arousal) and behavior problems. Data from 170 pres...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - September 15, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Medical Neglect in Childhood
AbstractThis introduction provides an overview to the special issues on medical neglect in childhood guest edited by Barbara L. Knox, MD, FAAP, Clinical Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, The Children ’s Hospital at Providence, Medical Director of Alaska Child Abuse Response and Evaluation Services; Randell C. Alexander, MD, PhD, FAAP, Professor and Chief, Division of Child Protection and Forensic Pediatrics at the University of Florida-Jacksonville; Francois M. Luyet, MD, Clinical Assistant Pr ofessor, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health; and Debra D. Esern...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - September 13, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Facing Forced Displacement: Overcoming Adverse Childhood Experiences
This study aimed to explore the experience of displacement of the participating refugee children and their ways of coping based on their personal narratives and stories. Fifteen refugee children were interviewed about their experiences of forced displacement in Greece. Qualitative analysis was used based on the principles of interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). Three overarching themes emerged from the data: (a) losses and pains, (b) pressure from multiple sources and (c) life ’s lessons from stressful experiences. The themes represent children’s stress experiences, whereas the latter reflects the wa...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - August 16, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Making the “C-ACE” for a Culturally-Informed Adverse Childhood Experiences Framework to Understand the Pervasive Mental Health Impact of Racism on Black Youth
AbstractThe high prevalence and psychological impact of childhood exposure to potentially traumatic events (PTE) is a major public health concern in the United States. Considerable evidence has demonstrated the significant racial disparities that exist with respect to PTE exposure, indicating that Black youth are particularly burdened by these harmful experiences. Racism may serve a unique role in explaining why Black youth are disproportionately exposed to PTEs, and why mental health disparities are more likely to occur following such experiences. Despite clear evidence acknowledging racism as a major life stressor for Bl...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - August 10, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The Effects of Adverse Childhood Experiences on Internalizing and Externalizing Behaviors among Black Children and Youth
AbstractThere is limited research on the short-term effects of ACEs on Black children and youth. Black children and youth are disproportionately exposed to abuse, neglect, and other victimizations (Drake et al.2009; Wade et al.Journal of Family Issues, 17(3), 283 –316,2014). Investigating ACEs will provide a broader understanding of childhood trauma on developmental processes. The current study investigates how ACES impacts psychological distress, substance use, and delinquency among Black children and youth. Hypotheses were tested using a subsample of longitudinal data from 265 participants who were recruited from s...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - July 1, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Cultural Betrayal as a Dimension of Traumatic Harm: Violence and PTSS among Ethnic Minority Emerging Adults
AbstractAccording to cultural betrayal trauma theory, within-group violence confers a cultural betrayal that contributes to outcomes, including symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSS). Close relationship with the perpetrator, known as high betrayal, also impacts PTSS. The purpose of the current study is to examine cultural betrayal trauma, high betrayal trauma, and PTSS in a sample of diverse ethnic minority emerging adults. Participants (N = 296) completed the one-hour questionnaire online. Hierarchical linear regression analyses revealed that when controlling for gender, ethnicity, and interracial ...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - June 21, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Childhood Trauma History and Negative Social Experiences in College
AbstractWhile there is literature documenting the association between childhood trauma and later sexual assault or interpersonal violence victimization, less is known about risk of less severe, but still negative, victimization experiences such as sexual harassment, hazing, and bullying in college. The goal of this study was to explore the association between self-reported childhood trauma (both personally experienced and witnessed) and negative social experiences in college-age adults (e.g., sexual harassment, hazing, and bullying), and the role that internalizing difficulties (i.e., depression and stress) plays in this a...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - June 18, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Roles of Emotional Reactions and Potency in Coping with Abusive Experiences of Indian Adolescent
AbstractVictimized children ’s perceptions of the severity of abusive incidents have been found to be associated with their willingness to disclose. However, the relationship between perceptions, disclosure, and coping processes of abused Indian adolescents, has rarely been studied. To explore the roles of emotional reaction s associated with disclosure, and potency on individuals’ perception of the severity of abusive incidents, reluctance to disclose, and posttraumatic stress symptoms. A randomly selected sample, consisting of 324 adolescents (aged 12 to 16) in Kolkata, India was included. Of these, 170 adole...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - June 12, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Simultaneous Heart Rate Variability and Electroencephalographic Monitoring in Children in the Emergency Department
This study suggests that high consent rates are possible with the adequate research infrastructure and physiologic variables may offer an early, non-invasive marker for injury st ratification and prognosis in children. (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - June 9, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) Predict Increased Arterial Stiffness from Childhood to Early Adulthood: Pilot Analysis of the Niagara Longitudinal Heart Study
AbstractAn association among adults between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and arterial stiffness and between arterial stiffness and cardiovascular disease has been established. Recent cross-sectional evidence suggests that ACEs is linked to the development and progression of arterial stiffness, but it remains unclear when these changes begin to manifest. We examine the relationship between ACEs and changes in arterial stiffness from childhood into adulthood using population-based longitudinal data. The Niagara Longitudinal Heart Study (NLHS) pilot data included 76 young adults (females  = 44), with an ...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - May 29, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Intergenerational Trauma among Families in El Salvador: an Exploratory Study
This study aimed to examine intergenerational trauma exposure among a sample of parents living in a semi-urban Salvadoran community and the relationship between child trauma exposure with maternal perceived discrimination, internal strengths and external support. Survey data was collected from 49 mothers residing in El Salvador. Bivariate analyses and multivariate linear regression analyses were used to examine the relationship between children ’s exposure to adverse childhood events and parents’ exposure to adverse childhood events, while controlling for discrimination. The results of the regression analysis i...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - May 27, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Correction to: Medical Neglect as a Contributor to Poorly Controlled Asthma in Childhood
The corresponding author has the wrong affiliation. The correct one is written below. (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - May 18, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

The Relationship Between ACEs, Trauma-Related Psychopathology and Resilience in Vulnerable Youth: Implications for Screening and Treatment
This study examined the impact of ACEs in vulnerable adolescents and assessed whether resilience would have a moderating impact on psychological functioning. Participants included 40 youth, aged 12 –17 identified as having experienced family violence and who were referred for treatment at the San Diego Center for Counseling (SD-CC). The relationship between ACEs, trauma-related symptomology, and psychological functioning was examined using results from the Child Posttraumatic Stress Scale (C PSS) and the Personality Assessment Inventory for Adolescents (PAI-A). The Child Youth Resiliency Measure was utilized to asses...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - May 7, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Self-Blame Mediates the Link between Childhood Neglect Experiences and Internalizing Symptoms in Low-Risk Adolescents
This study aimed to explore individual differences in response to the continuum of severity of neglect in community adolescents, as well as the role of specific cognitive emotion regulation strategies (CERSs) as mediators between childhood neglect and current internalizing symptoms. Low-risk adolescents (12 –19 years old;M age 15.88  years;N = 123; 64 Females) completed questionnaires assessing these experiences. We employed a regression model and a simple mediation analyses. Findings indicate a positive association between childhood neglect, internalizing behaviors, and the adoption of self-b...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma - April 28, 2020 Category: Child Development Source Type: research