The Association Between Admiration of Antisocial Peers and Past 30-Day Opioid Misuse Among Justice-Involved children.
Conclusions: Cultivating positive peer interactions and providing positive peer role models may help to reduce illicit opioid use among JIC. PMID: 33033427 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - October 11, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Understanding Daily Depression, Drinking, and Marijuana Use among Homeless Youth using Short Message Service Surveying.
Authors: Tyler KA, Olson K, Ray CM Abstract We used short message service surveying (SMS) with 150 homeless youth to examine the time ordering of feeling depressed with drinking alcohol, using marijuana, and using substances with friends. Multilevel binary logistic regression results revealed that youth who were depressed earlier in the day were more likely to drink alcohol later that day. Among depressed youth, heterosexual youth were less likely to drink alcohol than lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth. Depressed youth had increased odds of using marijuana by a factor of 1.6, while heterosexual youth, compared...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - October 6, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Problem Solving Reduces Sexual Risk Associated with Sensation Seeking, Substance Use, and Depressive Symptoms Among African-American Adolescents.
Authors: Dunne EM, Norris AL, Romer D, DiClemente RJ, Vanable PA, Valois RF, Brown LK, Carey MP Abstract Objective: African-American adolescents experience higher rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) compared to same-age Caucasian peers. Substance use, sensation seeking, and depression have all been linked to risky sexual practices. Theory suggests that problem-solving skills may help to buffer against these risk factors. Method: To test this hypothesis, we used data from African-American adolescents (N = 1018; M age = 16.7, SD = 1.1; 58% female) who participated in a prevention trial. Results: N...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - September 22, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

"It just depends on the environment": Patterns and decisions of substance use and co-use by adolescents.
This study used rich qualitative data to examine the role that social and physical contexts play in decision-making related to simultaneous use of alcohol and marijuana among adolescents. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 adolescents who used alcohol and marijuana within several hours of each other. Decisions about whether to use alcohol and marijuana simultaneously as well as use patterns (e.g. the sequence in which substances were used) were informed by the context and the desired effect of the substance(s). Also, simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use was described as occurring in multiple cont...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - April 24, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Child Maltreatment, Relationship with Father, Peer Substance Use, and Adolescent Marijuana Use.
Authors: Dubowitz H, Roesch S, Metzger R, Arria AM, Thompson R, English D Abstract This longitudinal prospective study examined the relationship between child maltreatment as per reports to child protective services (CPS) and adolescent self-reported marijuana use, and the association between relationships with mothers and fathers and use of marijuana. The association between relationships with parents early in childhood (ages 6-8 years) and during adolescence with adolescent marijuana use were also probed. Another aim examined whether relationships with parents moderated the link between child maltreatment and you...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - November 19, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

An Experimental Test of Reward & Reminder as a Stand-Alone Program to Prevent Alcohol Sales to Underage Youths.
In this study, we addressed that gap. Data were collected as part of a randomized trial of a school- and community-based prevention program. Our analysis included 23 vendors in control communities and 33 vendors in intervention communities. We visited each vendor at least two times, and vendors in intervention communities received the Reward & Reminder protocol. Using McNemar's Test, which evaluates the degree to which the outlets in each condition moved to a different cell in the contingency table from the first visit to the second (i.e., from yes to no or vice versa), we found that the control outlets did not change ...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - November 2, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Age of Drinking Initiation as a Mediator of the Relationship between Sensation Seeking and Heavy Drinking among High School Seniors.
Authors: Doumas DM, Turrisi R, Miller R, Esp S, Flay B Abstract Sensation seeking has been identified as a significant risk factor for adolescent alcohol use. Little is known, however, about the process by which sensation seeking impacts heavy alcohol use. The current study used structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine the relationships among sensation seeking, age of drinking initiation, and heavy alcohol use in a sample of high school seniors (N = 221). Results supporting age of drinking initiation as a mediator of the relationship between sensation seeking and heavy alcohol use. Implications include providi...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - September 6, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Long-Term Outcome of a Brief Intervention to Address Adolescent Drug Abuse in a School Setting.
Authors: Abedi B, Reardon S, Winters KC, Lee S Abstract The present study used data from a randomized controlled trial on brief interventions with adolescents to identify distinct longitudinal patterns of substance use and identify predictors, as well as outcomes associated with those use patterns. Data were originally collected for the purpose of evaluating two brief intervention conditions with adolescents who had been identified in a school setting as abusing alcohol or other drugs (total sample, N = 315). Adolescents were randomly assigned to a two-session adolescent only brief intervention (BI-A), a two-sessio...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - August 21, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Psychiatric Symptoms, Substance Use, Trauma, and Sexual Risk: A Brief Report of Gender Differences in Marijuana-Using Juvenile Offenders.
Authors: Conrad SM, Queenan R, Brown LK, Tolou-Shams M Abstract Given the continued increases in proportion of young girls entering the juvenile justice system, identifying factors to incorporate into gender responsive programming for these youth is of paramount importance to improving their behavioral health and legal outcomes. Psychiatric factors, including sexual abuse, marijuana use and HIV/STI sexual risk behaviors have been studied, but among detained youth. With increased emphasis on diverting young girls from incarceration, informing prevention and intervention programs about girls' psychiatric symptom prof...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - July 5, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Emotion Regulation Enhancement of Cognitive Behavior Therapy for College Student Problem Drinkers: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.
Authors: Ford JD, Grasso DJ, Levine J, Tennen H Abstract This pilot randomized clinical trial tested an emotion regulation enhancement to Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) with 29 college student problem drinkers with histories of complex trauma and current clinically significant traumatic stress symptoms. Participants received eight face-to-face sessions of manualized internet-supported CBT for problem drinking with or without trauma-focused emotion regulation skills (Trauma Affect Regulation: Guide for Education and Therapy, TARGET). Both interventions were associated with sustained (at one-month follow-up) reduct...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - April 4, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Alcohol treatment goal choice predicts longitudinal drinking outcomes in adolescent substance users.
Authors: Buckheit K, Moskal D, Spinola S, Maisto SA, Chung T Abstract Social cognitive theory suggests that when individuals select their own goals, they work harder to achieve them as compared to clinician-imposed goals. Moreover, achieving goals during the course of treatment may increase self-efficacy, which could positively predict outcome. Research in clinical samples of adults with alcohol use disorder supports the utility of treatment goal choice in predicting longitudinal outcomes; a total abstinence (TA) goal choice has been associated with better clinical outcomes (e.g. greater percentage of days abstinen...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - March 26, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

A Clinician's Guide to Co-occurring ADHD among Adolescent Substance Users: Comorbidity, Neurodevelopmental Risk, and Evidence-based Treatment Options.
This article introduces neurodevelopmental and clinical considerations for treating adolescents with co-occurring Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and substance use (ASU) in outpatient settings. We first describe neurobiological impairments common to ADHD and ASU, including comorbidity with conduct disorder, that evoke a profile of multiplicative developmental risk. We then present two evidence-based options for targeting ADHD-related problems during ASU treatment. Medication integration interventions utilize family ADHD psychoeducation to prompt decision-making about ADHD medication and integrate medication...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - March 6, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Contextual Factors that Influence Alcohol Use Behaviors.
This study tests a multilevel model of factors that affect adolescents' decisions to use alcohol. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to estimate the variance in alcohol use accounted for by the influences of individual, social, and neighborhood factors. Social factors are significant predictors of alcohol use across several models tested, while selected neighborhood factors were generally not. Results indicate that social and community contexts have important effects on adolescent alcohol use, and that social influences were more significant predictors of alcohol use than neighborhood factors for this sample. PMID: ...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - March 6, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Alcohol Consumption Milestones: Comparing First- Versus Last-Reported Age of Onset.
Authors: Rogers ML, Jackson KM Abstract Multiple assessments of age of onset of alcohol use milestones may produce inconsistent reports, yielding potentially different results, depending on the report utilized. Using data from a prospective study of 1,023 middle-school students, we modeled risk of onset of four drinking milestones as a function of multiple correlates of alcohol use and compared models using first versus last reported age for each milestone. . While forward telescoping was evident, no significant differences were obtained for any models examined. Substantive conclusions about associations of correla...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - February 20, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Trajectories of Adolescent Alcohol Use: The Effect of Individual and Social Risk Factors by Race.
This study examined racial differences across African American, Hispanic, and White participants in the impact that individualand social risk factorshave on drinking behaviortrajectories.Data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health was usedfrom 7-9th graders (N = 4,372).Participants reported on frequency of drinking across the four waves and risk factors at wave 1. Growth mixture modeling revealed four trajectories for alcohol use that includedAbstainers, Early Starters, Late Starters, and De-Escalators. Social and individual indicators of risk were differently predictive of group membership to the proble...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - February 13, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Distilling the Core Elements of Family Therapy for Adolescent Substance Use: Conceptual and Empirical Solutions.
This article describes several barriers to widespread dissemination of manualized family-based treatments for adolescent substance use (ASU). We then offer a highly promising solution for adopting and sustaining family therapy in usual care: distilling the core practice elements of empirically validated family therapy models for ASU. We present a conceptual distillation of family therapy for ASU grounded in existing observational fidelity measures for three manualized models, a process that yielded four core elements: Family Engagement, Relational Reframing, Family Behavior Change, and Family Restructuring. We then introdu...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - February 3, 2019 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Working Memory Training for Adolescents With Cannabis Use Disorders: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Authors: Sweeney MM, Rass O, DiClemente C, Schacht RL, Vo HT, Fishman MJ, Leoutsakos JS, Mintzer MZ, Johnson MW Abstract Adolescent cannabis use is associated with working memory impairment. The present randomized controlled trial assigned adolescents ages 14 to 21 enrolled in cannabis use treatment to receive either working memory training (experimental group) or a control training (control group) as an adjunctive treatment. Cognitive function, drug use, and other outcomes were assessed before and after training. We observed few differences in cognitive, functional, or self-reported drug use outcomes as a function...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - December 15, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Alcohol-Related Injuries Among Eastern Croatian University Students.
Authors: Miskulin I, Peek-Asa C, Miskulin M Abstract The aim of this study was to describe the alcohol consumption patterns and to identify the association of injury with excess drinking among Croatian students. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 845 university students by the use of the WHO AUDIT questionnaire. A total of 39.9% of the university students reported some level of excess drinking and 21.3% reported that injury to themselves or others occurred as a result of their alcohol use. Conclusively, these results demonstrate a significant need for comprehensive programs to reduce alcohol intake and ...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - May 9, 2018 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Motivation Precedes Goal Setting in Prediction of Cannabis Treatment Outcomes in Adolescents.
This study tested direct and indirect associations of motivation and goal setting with cannabis use frequency over 12 month follow-up among treated adolescents. A longitudinal study of 163 adolescents enrolled in intensive outpatient substance use treatment (mean age = 16.69, 34% female, 87% Caucasian) provided repeated assessment of motivation, goal setting, and cannabis use. Path analysis tested direct and indirect effects of motivation and goal setting on cannabis use. A comparison of two path models that tested motivation and goal setting independently showed that goal setting had better model fit and accounted for mor...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - December 16, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

The Effects of Perceived Racial/Ethnic Discrimination on Substance Use Among Youths Living in the Cherokee Nation.
We examined frequency and intensity of racial/ethnic discrimination and the longitudinal relationship to substance use. The sample included (N = 1,421) American Indian, American Indian and White, and White adolescents. A high frequency of perceived racial discrimination was associated with an increased risk for heavy alcohol use, prescription drug misuse, and other illicit drug use. Experiences of perceived racial discrimination high in intensity were associated with further increased risk of prescription drug misuse and other illicit drug use. Race/ethnicity did not moderate the relationship between perceived racial discr...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - December 12, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

The Availability of Substances in Adolescence: Influences in Emerging Adulthood.
This study examines how the availability of substances in the home during adolescence and its influence on substance use in young adulthood. Data are drawn from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (ADD Health). The final sample consisted of approximately 15,000 cases from waves 1, 3 and 4. Multivariate analyses indicate that the availability of substances in the home affects young adult substance use and substance use in later young adulthood. We also find that the availability of substances in the home during adolescence is associated with an earlier age at first substance use. This study offers further e...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - December 6, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Alcohol Use and Sexual Risk Behaviors among Adolescents with Psychiatric Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Cunningham K, Martinez DA, Scott-Sheldon LAJ, Carey KB, Carey MP, MASH Research Team Abstract Adolescents with psychiatric disorders appear to be at increased risk for acquiring HIV and other sexually transmitted infections; however, little is known about the prevalence of behavioral risk factors in this population. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the prevalence of alcohol use and sexual risk behaviors among adolescents with psychiatric disorders. Electronic database searches identified studies sampling adolescents diagnosed with psychiatric disorders and assessing both alcohol and sexual risk behaviors...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - December 6, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Forecasting Disparities with Early Substance-Use Milestones.
Authors: Roberts ME, Spillane NS, Colby SM, Jackson KM Abstract Substance use contributes to health disparities across race/ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status (SES). Although adolescent research indicates group-based differences in regular use, few studies have examined patterns when initiation is just beginning. Using a sample of 917 Rhode Island middle schools students (54% female, 26% non-Hispanic White), we collected demographic information at baseline (M age 12.2); we then examined ever-puff (cigarettes), ever-sip (alcohol), and ever-use (marijuana) behaviors three years later. For cigarette use, we f...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - October 25, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

The prevalence and marketing of electronic cigarettes in proximity to at-risk youths: An investigation of point-of-sale practices near alternative high schools.
This study examines the point-of-sale marketing practices used to promote electronic cigarettes at stores near schools that serve at-risk youth. One hundred stores selling tobacco products within a half mile of alternative high schools in Southern California were assessed for this study. Seventy percent of stores in the sample sold electronic cigarettes. Convenience stores heavily frequented by youth had the highest number of interior ads for e-cigarettes and were the most likely to employ in-store product placement strategies. Increased exposure to the promotion of these products at the point-of-sale poses a challenge for...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - October 12, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Adolescent Male Conduct-Disordered Patients in Substance Use Disorder Treatment: Examining the "Limited Prosocial Emotions" Specifier.
In conclusion, LPE, as operationalized here, does not identify a distinct subgroup of patients based on psychiatric comorbidity, SUD diagnoses, or demographics. PMID: 28979087 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - October 7, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Clinical and Social/Environmental Characteristics in a Community Sample of Children With and Without Family Histories of Substance Use Disorder in the San Antonio Area: A Descriptive Study.
Authors: Ryan SR, Acheson A, Charles NE, Lake SL, Hernandez DL, Mathias CW, Dougherty DM Abstract This is a descriptive study of the recruitment and clinical/environmental characteristics of a child cohort (ages 10-12) established to test transmission of impulsivity in children with (FH+; n = 305) and without (FH-; n = 81) family history of substance use disorder. Among this cohort FH(+) children had more emotional and behavioral symptoms, worse family relationships, and more deviant peers compared to FH(-) children. This cohort of children was established prior to the initiation of regular substance use and signif...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - September 26, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Parent and Youth Engagement in Court-Mandated Substance Use Disorder Treatment.
Authors: Mauro PM, McCart MR, Sheidow AJ, Naeger SE, Letourneau EJ Abstract While juvenile drug courts (JDCs) require treatment participation, youth and parent engagement in treatment cannot be mandated. We compared youths' and parents' self-reports of engagement in Risk Reduction Therapy for Adolescents (RRTA) and Treatment as Usual (TAU) in JDCs. Parents and youth receiving RRTA were more likely than those receiving TAU to report high engagement in treatment. High parent engagement in RRTA early in treatment predicted fewer missed appointments and lower youth substance use at 3 months. Emphasizing therapeutic tec...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - September 26, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Recent Alcohol, Tobacco, and Substance Use Variations between Rural and Urban Middle and High School Students.
Authors: Warren JC, Smalley KB, Barefoot KN Abstract The use of addictive substances by adolescents is a major public health concern; however, rural vs. urban variations are poorly understood. The purpose of the current study was to examine rural-urban differences in the prevalence of recent use of 11 substances in grades 6-12 in a statewide sample of students from the Georgia Student Health Survey II (n = 513,909). We found that rural-urban differences in substance use depend largely upon grade level, with rural middle school students demonstrating higher rates of alcohol, smoking tobacco, and chewing tobacco use,...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - September 13, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Efficacy of the Young Women's CoOp: An HIV Risk-Reduction Intervention for Substance-Using African-American Female Adolescents in the South.
Authors: Wechsberg WM, Browne FA, Zule WA, Novak SP, Doherty IA, Kline TL, Carry MG, Raiford JL, Herbst JH Abstract HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk-reduction interventions are needed to address the complex risk behaviors among African-American female adolescents in disadvantaged communities in North Carolina. In a two-group randomized trial, we reached 237 sexually active, substance-using African-American female adolescents, to test a risk-reduction intervention, the Young Women's CoOp (YWC), relative to a nutrition control. In efficacy analyses adjusting for baseline condom use, at three-month follow...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - August 30, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Bacon Brains: Video Games for Teaching the Science of Addiction.
Authors: Epstein J, Noel J, Finnegan M, Watkins K Abstract Researchers have developed many different computerized interventions designed to teach students about the dangers of substance use. Following in this tradition, we produced a series of video games called Bacon Brains. However, unlike many other programs, ours focused on the "Science of Addiction," providing lessons on how alcohol and other drugs affect the brain. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of our games in teaching students our science-based curriculum. We enrolled over 200 students and randomly assigned them to pla...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - June 15, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Gender Differences in Patterns of Substance Use and Delinquency: A Latent Transition Analysis.
This study explores gender-specific patterns and transitions of adolescent substance use and delinquency in a sample of youths at ages 12, 15, and 18 (N = 803). Latent transition analysis identified "Primary Delinquent," "Delinquency and Substance Use," and "Low Risk" classes. Females were less likely to be in the "Primary Delinquent" class at age 12 than males. From 15 to 18, females were approximately equally likely to transition from "Primary Delinquent" to both other classes, whereas males were more likely to transition from "Primary Delinquent" to "Delin...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - June 14, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Usefulness of the CRAFFT to Diagnose Alcohol or Cannabis Use Disorders in a Sample of Emerging Adults with Past-Month Alcohol or Cannabis Use.
Authors: Bagley SM, Anderson BJ, Stein MD PMID: 28553066 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - May 31, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

A Multigroup, Longitudinal Study of Truant Youths, Marijuana Use, Depression, and STD-Associated Sexual Risk Behavior.
Authors: Dembo R, Krupa J, Wareham J, Schmeidler J, DiClemente RJ Abstract Truant youth are likely to engage in a number of problem behaviors, including sexual risky behaviors. Previous research involving non-truant youth has found sexual risk behaviors to be related to marijuana use and depression, with differential effects for male and female youth. Using data collected in a NIDA funded, prospective intervention project, results are reported of a male-female, multi-group, longitudinal analysis of the relationships among truant youth baseline sexual risk behavior, marijuana use, and depression, and their sexual ri...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - May 17, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Profiles of Youth with PTSD and Addiction.
Authors: Chasser YM PMID: 28377669 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - April 8, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Anger and its Association with Substance Use Treatment Outcomes in a Sample of Adolescents.
This study explored anger as a predictor of treatment outcomes in a large sample of adolescents. Data were extracted from the Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Study for Adolescents (DATOS-A). An anger profile was created based on adolescents' pre-treatment responses to four items assessing history of temper outbursts and aggression. Individuals were classified as High Anger (n = 506) and Normal/Low Anger (n = 2,326) based on their pattern of responses to these items. High Anger at baseline was associated with several poor outcomes at the 12-month follow-up point, including a greater likelihood of experiencing delirium tremens,...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - April 6, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Use of the Internet to Obtain Drugs without a Prescription Among Treatment-involved Adolescents and Young Adults.
We examined this issue in a convenience sample of 1,860 adolescents and young adults from 24 residential and outpatient treatment programs. Few individuals obtained drugs from the Internet (n = 26, 2.3%). Pain relievers were the most frequently purchased type of drug. The majority of adolescents and young adult online purchasers made the purchases from their own or a friend's house. PMID: 28194089 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - February 16, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

The Relationship between Emotion Regulation, Social Support, and Alcohol-Related Problems among Racially Diverse Adolescents.
Authors: Woods-Jaeger BA, Nobles RH, Warren L, Larimer ME PMID: 28190949 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - February 14, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Pharmacotherapy for Substance Use Disorders in Youths.
This article provides a review and synthesis of relevant published clinical trials focusing on youth SUDs and co-occurring/comorbid psychiatric and substance use disorders. It offers recommendations for clinical practice and further research based on the limited findings to date. PMID: 28082828 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - January 15, 2017 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Longitudinal Effects of a Second-Order Multi-Problem Factor of Sexual Risk, Marijuana Use, and Delinquency on Future Arrest Among Truant Youths.
Authors: Dembo R, Wareham J, Schmeidler J, Winters KC Abstract Based on problem-behavior theory (Jessor & Jessor, 1977), a second-order problem behavior model of delinquency, marijuana use, and risky sexual behavior over five waves was estimated among truant adolescents. The study also investigated the influence of the problem factor on future arrest charges and the effect of socio-demographics on problem behavior and future crime. Results confirm the existence of a second-order latent factor of problem behaviors. Problem behaviors predicted more future arrest charges. Age was related to problem behaviors and f...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - December 28, 2016 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Ethnic and Gender differences in Strategies Used by Adolescents when Attempting to Quit or Reduce Smoking.
Authors: Yurasek AM, Robinson LA, Parra G Abstract Few adolescent smoking cessation programs have been able to match the success rate found in adult programs. The current study identified smoking cessation strategies used by adolescents and whether strategies differed as a function of ethnic, gender, or individual smoking-level. Participants were 136 high school students who made an attempt to quit or reduce their smoking. Logistic regressions revealed that individuals making an actual quit attempt and African American adolescents used cessation strategies presumed to be more effective. Adolescents are more likely ...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - December 6, 2016 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Clinician Perspectives on Treating Adolescents with Co-occurring Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Substance Use, and Other Problems.
Authors: Adams ZW, McCauley JL, Back SE, Flanagan JC, Hanson RF, Killeen TK, Danielson CK Abstract Clinicians (n=138) who treat adolescents with co-occurring posttraumatic stress and substance use disorders (PTSD+SUD) were surveyed about their attitudes and practice behaviors. Most providers were trained in PTSD treatment; fewer were trained in SUD or PTSD+SUD treatments. PTSD+SUD treatment was rated more difficult than treatment of other diagnoses. Providers typically addressed symptoms of PTSD and SUD separately and sequentially, rather than with integrated approaches. There was no consensus about which clinical ...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - November 16, 2016 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

The Impact of Abuse Trauma on Alcohol and Drug Use: A Study of High-Risk Incarcerated Girls.
This study examines the impact of abuse trauma (physical and sexual) on alcohol and drug use of high-risk girls (12-18 years of age) who were surveyed within the first two weeks of their incarceration. One-way ANOVA analyses and Tukey post-hoc tests indicate physical abuse with a weapon was associated with higher marijuana use and number of drugs used. Sexual abuse, especially within the past year increased marijuana use, alcohol use, number of drugs used, and alcohol and other drug (AOD) problems. Policy implications reflect the need for treatment protocols within substance abuse programs to address abuse trauma, particul...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - November 2, 2016 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Informed Assent Recall Among Adolescents in Substance Use Disorder Treatment Research.
CONCLUSION: Those collecting assent should be aware that heavily-using males involved in the criminal justice system are prone to make more errors, and should use procedures such as assent quizzes to enhance their understanding of study procedures. Future research should investigate the impact of motivation and consider using experimental designs to test adolescent recall of study procedures under various assenting conditions. PMID: 27721646 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - October 13, 2016 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Impact of Brief Intervention Services on Drug-Using Truant Youths' Self-Reported Delinquency and Arrest Charges: A Longitudinal Study.
Authors: Dembo R, Schmeidler J, Wareham J, Briones-Robinson R, Winters KC, Ungaro R Abstract The issue of delinquency among truant youth is insufficiently documented in the literature. There is a need to elucidate this issue, and assess the efficacy of interventions to reduce this problem behavior. The present, NIDA-funded study addressed this gap by examining the impact of a Brief Intervention (BI), originally designed to address youth substance use, on their delinquent behavior over an 18-month follow-up period (for self-reported delinquency) and a 24-month follow-up period (for official record delinquency). A nu...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - September 14, 2016 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Low Other-Regard and Adolescent Addiction.
Authors: Pagano ME, Swaringen SE, Frank SH Abstract Although 12-step literature posits inconsiderate behaviors to characterize alcoholics and addicts, there is little data to support this association among adolescent populations. Using a matched-pair study design with 579 youth aged 14-18 (52% female, 30% minority), a significant, dose-response relationship was found between greater alcohol and drug use severity and increased likelihood of driving under the influence, having unprotected sex with and without a history of sexually transmitted incidence, and low volunteerism among boys. Findings suggest that alcohol a...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - August 3, 2016 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Extreme Consumption Drinking Gaming and Prepartying Among High School Students.
Authors: Tomaso CC, Zamboanga BL, Haas AL, Kenney SR, Ham LS, Borsari B Abstract Drinking games and prepartying (i.e., drinking before going to a social gathering/event) have emerged as high-risk drinking behaviors in high school students. The present study examines the current prepartying behaviors of high school students who report current participation in extreme consumption games (e.g., Chugging) with those who do not. High school students (N=182) reporting current drinking games participation completed anonymous surveys. Gamers who prepartied frequently (vs. those who did not) were approximately 1.5 times more...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - June 29, 2016 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Substance Use and Depressive Symptoms among Adolescents Treated in a Pediatric Emergency Department.
Authors: Hernandez L, Cancilliere MK, Graves H, Chun TH, Lewander W, Spirito A Abstract The current study examined associations between substance use and depressed mood by gender and type of substance used (no use, alcohol, marijuana or both alcohol and marijuana) in a sample of 713 adolescents (Mage = 15.3) recruited from a Pediatric Emergency Department (PED). Adolescents who reported any marijuana use had higher overall depressed mood scores compared to all other adolescents. When examined by gender, females with both alcohol and marijuana use reported the highest overall depressed mood symptoms. These results s...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - May 8, 2016 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Symptoms Predict Alcohol Expectancy Development.
CONCLUSIONS: Childhood hyperactivity prospectively and positively predicted expectancies regarding the arousing properties of alcohol, independent of inattention and ODD/CD symptoms, as well as other key covariates. Even in the absence of explicit alcohol engagement, youths with elevated hyperactivity may benefit from targeted intervention given its association with more positive arousing alcohol expectancies. PMID: 27110089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse)
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - April 27, 2016 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Jello Shot Consumption among Underage Youths in the United States.
Authors: Siegel M, Galloway A, Ross CS, Binakonsky J, Jernigan DH Abstract We sought, for the first time, to identify the extent of jello shot consumption among underage youth. We conducted a study among a national sample of 1,031 youth, aged 13 to 20, using a pre-recruited internet panel maintained by GfK Knowledge Networks to assess past 30-day consumption of jello shots. Nearly one-fifth of underage youth have consumed jello shots in the past 30 days and jello shots make up an average of nearly 20% of their overall alcohol intake. Jello shot users in our sample were approximately 1.5 times more likely to binge d...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - April 20, 2016 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research

Testing a Dynamic Automated Substance Use Intervention Model for Youths Exiting Foster Care.
Authors: Braciszewski JM, Stout RL, Tzilos GK, Moore RS, Bock BC, Chamberlain P Abstract With an ever increasing gap between need and availability for substance use services, more scalable and efficient interventions are needed. For youth in the foster care system, this gap is dramatic and expands as they leave care. Effective prevention services are strongly needed for this group of vulnerable young people. We propose a novel technology-driven intervention for preventing problematic substance use among youth receiving foster care services. This intervention approach would extend the work in brief computerized inte...
Source: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse - April 18, 2016 Category: Addiction Tags: J Child Adolesc Subst Abuse Source Type: research