Effects of Partners Together in Health Intervention on Physical Activity and Healthy Eating Behaviors: A Pilot Study
Conclusions: The couple-focused PaTH intervention demonstrated promise in offsetting the decline in dietary adherence typically seen 6 months after CR. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - February 14, 2015 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Development and Validation of an Arrhythmia-Specific Scale in Tachycardia and Arrhythmia With Focus on Health-Related Quality of Life
Background: Arrhythmias can cause a profoundly negative impact on a person’s daily life, leading to impaired health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Assessment of HRQOL can provide valuable information before, during, and after healthcare interventions for arrhythmias. Objective: The aim was to develop and validate a disease-specific scale evaluating HRQOL in patients with different forms of arrhythmia. Methods: The Arrhythmia-Specific questionnaire in Tachycardia and Arrhythmia (ASTA HRQOL) was developed from a literature review, patient interviews, and expert panel evaluations. This version was then psychometricall...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - February 14, 2015 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Institute of Medicine Report on the Future of Nursing: Considerations for Cardiovascular Nursing
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - February 14, 2015 Category: Nursing Tags: DEPARTMENTS: Editorial Source Type: research

Report From the Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - February 14, 2015 Category: Nursing Tags: DEPARTMENTS: American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing Source Type: research

Working Together to Bridge the Disparity Gap in Cardiovascular Health
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - February 14, 2015 Category: Nursing Tags: DEPARTMENTS: Progress in Prevention Source Type: research

PCNA News
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - February 14, 2015 Category: Nursing Tags: PCNA News Source Type: research

Motivating Parents to Promote Cardiovascular Health in Children
Conclusions: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends lipid screening once for all children between 9 and 11 years of age. In this study, outlining recommendations for good health and identifying modifiable CVD risk factors showed a positive effect on parental intent to encourage lifestyle changes. Further research is needed to advance the science of CVD prevention and risk reduction in children. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles: Online Only Source Type: research

Symptom Perceptions and Self-care Behaviors in Patients Who Self-manage Heart Failure
Conclusions: Despite the wide dissemination of HF evidence-based guidelines, important components of symptom self-management remain suboptimal. Because most of HF self-management occurs in the postdischarge environment, research is needed that identifies how patients interpret symptoms of HF in the specific contexts in which patients self-manage their HF. These findings suggest the need for interventions that will help patients expeditiously recognize, accurately interpret, and use appropriate and safe self-care strategies for symptoms. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles: Online Only Source Type: research

Conducting Quality of Life Research in People With Coronary Artery Disease in Non–English-Speaking Countries: Conceptual and Operationalization Issues
Conclusions: Ferrans’ definition of quality of life and the Wilson and Cleary Revised Model of Patient Outcomes were selected to guide the research. Selection of variables/instruments flowed directly from the conceptualization of constructs identified in this model. Our study, “Examining HRQOL in Thai People With Coronary Artery Disease Following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention,” serves as an exemplar to illustrate the conceptual and operational challenges associated with conducting quality of life research in Thailand. Clinical Implications: The ultimate goal of cardiovascular nursing is to help patie...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Influence of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms on Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Atrial Flutter
Background: The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL) is an important issue in cardiovascular health management. Determinants of poor HRQoL of AF/AFL patients require further elucidation. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influencing factors related to the HRQoL of AF/AFL patients. Methods: In 150 consecutively recruited patients in a multicenter, cross-sectional study from April 2010 to February 2011, depression and anxiety were measured with the Beck Depression Inventory II and the State Trait Anxiety Inventory, respectively, wher...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Association Between Self-reported Adherence to a Low-Sodium Diet and Dietary Habits Related to Sodium Intake in Heart Failure Patients
Conclusion: Self-report of adherence to a low-sodium diet is not reliable among patients with HF, who associate the idea of following a low-sodium diet mainly with not using salt for cooking or at the table but not with reducing frequency of intake of high-sodium processed foods. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Examining the Effects of Remote Monitoring Systems on Activation, Self-care, and Quality of Life in Older Patients With Chronic Heart Failure
Conclusion: Our preliminary data show that the use of an RMS is feasible and effective in promoting activation, self-care, and QOL. A larger-scale randomized clinical trial is warranted to show that the RMS is a new and effective method for improving clinical management of older adults with chronic HF. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Adherence to a Low-Sodium Diet in Patients With Heart Failure Is Best When Family Members Also Follow the Diet: A Multicenter Observational Study
Background: Adherence to a low-sodium diet (LSD) is difficult without continuous support from spouses or family members. Whether having a family member follow an LSD improves patient adherence has not been tested objectively. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of family adherence to an LSD on patient adherence to an LSD and to examine whether this effect differed by relationship status and living arrangement. Methods: In this secondary data analysis, we analyzed data from 379 outpatients with heart failure who had objective evidence of adherence to an LSD (ie, a 24-hour urinary sodium excretion). Th...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Use of mHealth to Deliver Tailored Messages Reduces Reported Energy and Fat Intake
Background: Evidence supports the role of feedback in reinforcing motivation for behavior change. Feedback that provides reinforcement has the potential to increase dietary self-monitoring and enhance attainment of recommended dietary intake. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of daily feedback (DFB) messages, delivered remotely, on changes in dietary intake. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of the Self- Monitoring And Recording using Technology (SMART) Trial, a single-center, 24-month randomized clinical trial of behavioral treatment for weight loss. Participants included 210 obese adults (me...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Cholesterol Screening in US Adults and Awareness of High Cholesterol Among Individuals With Severe Hypertriglyceridemia: National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2001–2008
Conclusions: Most adults in the United States have had their cholesterol checked; however, only half of those with SHTG were aware of having high cholesterol. Awareness is the first step in implementing strategies to attenuate the health risks associated with dyslipidemia. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Does Knowledge of Coronary Artery Calcium Affect Cardiovascular Risk Perception, Likelihood of Taking Action, and Health-Promoting Behavior Change?
This study used a descriptive prospective design with 174 high-risk adults (≥3 major risk factors) recruited at a radiology center offering CAC scans. Baseline self-report surveys using the Perception of Risk of Heart Disease Scale, the Benefits and Barriers Scale, the Quality of Life Index, and the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II were completed immediately after a screening CAC scan but before results were known. Follow-up occurred 3 months later using mailed packets. Results: Participants’ mean age was 58 years; 62% were men, 89% were white, and most were well educated. There was no significant change in r...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Antihypertensive Drug Therapy for Mild-to-Moderate Hypertension During Pregnancy: Summaries of Nursing Care-Related Systematic Reviews From the Cochrane Library
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: DEPARTMENTS: Cochrane Nursing Care Corner Source Type: research

20 Things You Didn’t Know About Blood Transfusion
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: DEPARTMENTS: 20 Things You Didn't Know Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Women: Reducing the Major Threat to Women’s Health
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: DEPARTMENTS: Progress in Prevention Source Type: research

PCNA News
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - December 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: PCNA News Source Type: research

Translation and Validation of the Self-care of Heart Failure Index Into Persian
Conclusion: The pSCHFI is a valid instrument with an acceptable reliability for evaluating self-care in Persian patients with heart failure. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - October 9, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles: Online Only Source Type: research

Is Health-Related Quality of Life a Predictor of Hospitalization or Mortality Among Women or Men With Atrial Fibrillation?
Background: Little is known about predictors of mortality or hospitalization in women compared with men in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Although there are established gender differences in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), differences have not been established in AF. Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine clinical and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) predictors of mortality and 1-year hospitalization in women compared with men with AF. Methods: Limited-use data from the National Institutes of Health/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Atrial Fibrillation Follow-up Investigation o...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - October 9, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Decline in Health-Related Quality of Life 6 Months After Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery: The Influence of Anxiety, Depression, and Personality Traits
Conclusion: There is evidence that increased symptoms of psychological distress is a strong predictor of no change-deterioration trajectories in HRQoL and that this relationship is influenced by personality trait Type D. We conclude that mediating factors, especially increased anxiety and depression, should be treated adequately in post-CABG clinical routine. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - October 9, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Left Ventricular Noncompaction: A Cardiomyopathy With Distinct Characteristics and Risks
Conclusions: Left ventricular noncompaction is present at birth but can remain clinically silent for decades. It is found both in isolation and as a part of other congenital cardiac, extracardiac, neuromuscular, and genetic syndromes. Left ventricular noncompaction is associated with the major complications of heart failure, tachyarrhythmias, and systemic thromboembolism. Clinical Implications: Transthoracic echocardiography will likely remain the initial screening modality, but modality limitations, questionable findings, and clinical presentations suspicious for noncompaction should be followed up promptly with cardiac m...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - October 9, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Reduction of Heart Failure Rehospitalization Using a Weight Management Education Intervention
Background: Previous investigators have demonstrated that patient adherence to optimal weight monitoring resulted in fewer heart failure (HF)–related rehospitalizations. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether a weight management (WM) intervention can improve patients’ WM ability and cardiac function and reduce HF-related rehospitalizations. Methods: Heart failure patients were randomly assigned to an intervention group (n = 32) or a control group (n = 34). The intervention group received the WM intervention, including education about regular daily weight monitoring and coping skills when dete...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - October 9, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Family Context Influences Psychological Outcomes of Depressive Symptoms and Emotional Quality of Life in Patients With Heart Failure
Background: Although family influences in heart failure (HF) care are considered important, little evidence is available regarding relationships between the family context and specific outcomes for patients with HF. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the relationships of patient perceptions of family functioning, autonomy support, and perceived criticism, as well as their family member’s (FM) HF knowledge, with patient outcomes of depressive symptoms and HF quality of life (QOL). Methods: Participants (n = 117) with HF were enrolled in a family partnership intervention study. Self-report questionnaires m...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - October 9, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Comparison of Coping Strategy and Disease Knowledge in Dyads of Parents and Their Adolescent With Congenital Heart Disease
Background: Adolescents with congenital heart disease adopt their illness as a part of their lives using their own knowledge and coping strategies. Those who use task-oriented coping strategies, such as relying on education to obtain sufficient disease-related knowledge, demonstrate much higher resilience. However, most health providers tend to provide information about congenital heart disease mainly to the parents instead of the child, and many parents tend to be uncomfortable talking about the disease with their child. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare adolescent patients’ and their...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - October 9, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Relationship Between Physical Activity and Metabolic Syndrome in People With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Conclusion: Metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent in people with COPD, and greater physical activity and less sedentary time are associated with lower rates of metabolic syndrome. This suggests that interventions to decrease the risk of metabolic syndrome in people with COPD should include both reducing sedentary time and increasing the time and intensity of physical activity. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - October 9, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Effects of Internet Addiction on Heart Rate Variability in School-Aged Children
Conclusions: Internet addiction is associated with higher sympathetic activity and lower parasympathetic activity. The autonomic dysregulation associated with Internet addiction might partly result from insomnia, but the mechanism still needs to be further studied. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - October 9, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Predicting Coronary Heart Disease Events in Women: A Longitudinal Cohort Study
Conclusions: Both the MAPMISS PS scores and number of PS were significantly associated with cardiac events, independent of risk factors, suggesting that there are specific PSs that can be easily assessed using the MAPMISS. This instrument could be an important component of a predictive screen to assist clinicians in deciding the course of management for women. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - October 9, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

20 Things you Didn’t Know About the Human gut Microbiome
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - October 9, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: DEPARTMENTS: 20 things you didn't know about heart failure Source Type: research

Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors: The Importance of Individual and Population Approaches
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - October 9, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: DEPARTMENTS: Progress in Prevention Source Type: research

From the Editors
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - October 9, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: DEPARTMENTS: Editorial Source Type: research

PCNA News
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - October 9, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: PCNA News Source Type: research

Novel Approach to Cardiac Alarm Management on Telemetry Units
Background: General medical-surgical units struggle with how best to use cardiac monitor alarms to alert nursing staff to important abnormal heart rates (HRs) and rhythms while limiting inappropriate and unnecessary alarms that may undermine both patient safety and quality of care. When alarms are more often false than true, the nursing staff’s sense of urgency in responding to alarms is diminished. In this syndrome of “clinical alarm fatigue,” the simple burden of alarms desensitizes caregivers to alarms. Noise levels associated with frequent alarms may also heighten patient anxiety and disrupt their per...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles: Online Only Source Type: research

Lomitapide and Mipomersen: Novel Lipid-Lowering Agents for the Management of Familial Hypercholesterolemia
Conclusions: Lomitapide and mipomersen are 2 agents with novel mechanisms of action and the ability to significantly lower LDL-C, apolipoprotein B, and non–high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. A black box warning exists for lomitapide and mipomersen regarding the risk for transaminase elevations and hepatic steatosis. Furthermore, these agents are currently restricted for use only in patients with HoFH and have been required by the FDA to participate in a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy. Clinical Implications: These new agents offer additional treatment options for clinicians managing patients with Ho...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles: Online Only Source Type: research

Using Brief Motivational Interviewing to Address the Complex Needs of a Challenging Patient With Heart Failure
Conclusions: With the use of this brief motivational interviewing approach, the patient reported an increase in her motivation and ability to change and developed a postdischarge plan for incorporating self-care behaviors in her daily routine. Clinical Implications: Motivational interviewing may be an effective method of increasing the self-care behaviors of patients with HF. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles: Online Only Source Type: research

Effect of a Transtheoretical Model-Based Stage-Matched Exercise Intervention on Exercise Behavior and Angina in Patients With Coronary Heart Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial: Retraction
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: DEPARTMENTS: Retraction Source Type: research

Meanings of People’s Lived Experiences of Surviving an Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest, 1 Month After the Event
Conclusions: Surviving an OHCA with validated MI etiology meant waking up and realizing that one had experienced a cardiac arrest and had been resuscitated. These survivors had memory loss and a need to know what had happened during the time they were dead/unconscious. They searched for a reason why they experienced an MI and cardiac arrest and had gone from being “heart-healthy” to having a lifelong illness. They all had the experience of passing from life to death and back to life again. For the participants, these differences led to a revaluation of what is important in life. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Cardiac Rehabilitation Services in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Scoping Review
Conclusion: Although patients similarly benefit from CR, few programs are available in LMICs. Policies need to be implemented to increase provision of tailored CR models at the global and national level, with evaluation. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Inverse Correlation Between Cardiac Injury and Cardiac Anxiety: A Potential Role for Communication
Discussion: Cardiac anxiety in ACS patients is associated with more psychological distress but lower severity of cardiac injury as indicated by ST-elevated myocardial infarction and troponin level. Two explanations seem likely for this latter finding. First, anxious persons might seek help earlier, thus being diagnosed more often with minor cardiac pathology. Second, cardiac anxiety might partly be caused by diagnostic uncertainty. Future research should focus on communication strategies to reassure patients more efficiently. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Link of Unintentional Weight Loss to Cardiac Event–Free Survival in Patients With Heart Failure
Background: Patients with heart failure (HF) commonly have unintentional weight loss, depressive symptoms, and elevated levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP). Each of these variables has been independently associated with shorter cardiac event–free survival. However, little data exist on the relationships of unintentional weight loss, hsCRP level, and depressive symptoms to cardiac event–free survival. Objective: The aims of this study were to determine (1) whether depressive symptoms and elevated hsCRP level predicted unintentional weight loss and (2) whether unintentional weight loss predicted...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Factors Associated With Delay in Seeking Care for Acute Decompensated Heart Failure
Conclusions: The response of patients (wait-and-see) and others (eg, don’t worry) contributed to delay, as did living in a rural environment. Evaluative characteristics of attribution and understanding were not significant determinants of delay, suggesting that patient education alone will not effectively decrease delay. Instead, interventions directed toward decision making in response to symptoms and inclusion of family members in such discussions may be more effective. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Rural Patients’ Knowledge About Heart Failure
Conclusions: Patients who are at risk for poor self-care because of low levels of HF knowledge can be identified. Older patients, men, and, patients with HF with preserved systolic function may require special educational strategies to gain the knowledge required for effective self-care. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Heart Failure Symptom Relationships: A Systematic Review
Conclusions: The findings of this systematic review provide support for the presence of heart failure symptom clusters. Depression was related to several of the symptoms, providing an indication to clinicians that individuals with heart failure who experience depression may have other concurrent symptoms. Some symptom relationships such as the relationships between fatigue and anxiety or sleep or pain were dependent on the symptom characteristics studied. Symptom prevalence in the sample and restricted sampling may influence the robustness of the symptom relationships. These findings suggest that studies defining the pheno...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Background and Design of the Profiling Biobehavioral Responses to Mechanical Support in Advanced Heart Failure Study
Conclusions: Research findings from the PREMISE study will be used to enhance shared patient and provider decision making and to shape a much-needed new breed of interventions and clinical management strategies that are tailored to differential symptom and pathogenic responses to VAD implantation. (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

PCNA 20th Annual Symposium: Poster Abstracts
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: DEPARTMENTS: PCNA Annual Symposium Abstracts Source Type: research

20 Things You Didn’t Know About Women and Heart Disease
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: DEPARTMENTS: 20 Things You Didn't Know About Heart Failure Source Type: research

A Missed Opportunity? Recognizing Pregnancy-Associated Cardiovascular Risk Factors
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: DEPARTMENTS: Progress in Prevention Source Type: research

PCNA News-PCNA SPECIAL
No abstract available (Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing)
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: PCNA News Source Type: research