Current Knowledge and Opinions of Medical Trainees Regarding PSA Screening
AbstractAfter 2008 and 2012 USPSTF recommendations against PSA screening, studies revealed a decline in screening rates and trend towards more advanced disease at presentation. After revision of this recommendation in 2017, PSA screening guidelines remain inconsistent and controversy still exists about its clinical utility. We seek to better understand the knowledge of medical trainees regarding this fundamental controversy and gain better insight into what they are being taught regarding this topic. Participants were medical students (n = 66) and residents (n = 60) from a single institution. RE...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 22, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Assessing Dental Students ’ HPV Health Literacy and Intention to Engage in HPV-Related Oropharyngeal Cancer Prevention
This study aims to identify current HPV-related curricula taught across US dental schools and evaluate HPV health literacy and intention to engage in HPV prevention among US dental students. The dental school curricula included responses from 40 Academic Deans (61% response rate). The 4-item survey focused on understanding HPV-related content in dental school curricula and was administered via Qualtrics. A 31-item paper survey was administered to dental students (N = 109) at a southeastern dental school assessing HPV health literacy, scope of practice, willingness to administer HPV vaccine, self-efficacy in HPV...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 21, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Rapid Adaptation of Cancer Education in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evaluation of a Live Virtual Statistics and Research Skills Workshop for Oncology Trainees
This study aimed to evaluate trainee opinions around the educational value of the workshop, logistical aspects and impact on interactivity. A post-course on-line survey was completed by 26/42 trainee attendees (response rate 62%). For five pre-specified learning outcomes (LO), 58 to 69% of trainees agreed that the LO was completely or largely met (Likert scores 6 and 7 on a scale 1  = not met at all; 7 = completely met). All trainees felt that logistical aspects of the workshop including organisation, accessibility to the platform and sound/image quality were good or excellent. With regard to op...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 21, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Cancer Screening Among Hopi Men
This study evaluated cancer screening behaviors in 102 Hopi men who were 50  years of age or older from the Hopi Survey of Cancer and Chronic Disease. Reported cancer screening frequencies were 15.7%, 45.1%, and 35.3% for fecal occult blood test (FOBT), colonoscopy, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, respectively. Among men who reported having had a FOBT, 81.2% had the test more than 1 year ago. Among men who reported a colonoscopy, 60.8% had colonoscopy within the past 3 years. Similarly, among men who reported having had PSA, 72.3% had PSA within the past 3 years. “No one told me” w...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 20, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Early Melanoma Detection in Primary Care: Clinical Recognition of Melanoma is Not Enough, One Must Also Learn the Basics
This study aimed to determine whether the adjunct of teaching basic knowledge of pigmented skin lesions (PSL) to the training in melanoma diagnosis improves the GPs ’ diagnostic accuracy of melanoma. An interventional prospective study was conducted over a 3-month period where GPs attended a 2-h training course. The 1st session taught clinical melanoma recognition and the 2nd session instructed basic knowledge of PSL. Prior to training, after the 1st, and after the 2nd session, GPs were asked to select the malignant or benign nature of 15 clinical images associated to their clinical history. In total, 56 GPs particip...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 19, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Knowledge of Oral Cancer Amongst Dental Patients Attending Public Clinics in South East Queensland, Australia
This study aimed to assess the knowledge of oral cancer and to ascertain socio-demographic factors that influence knowledge amongst adult dental patients attending public clinics in Brisbane, Australia. A convenience sample of 213 adult dental patients who attended the Herston and Stafford public health clinics in Brisbane, Australia, between July and August 2019 participated in the self-administered questionnaire. Multivariate analyses were performed to identify predictors for oral cancer knowledge. Patients were well informed of smoking as a risk factor (n = 135; 84.4%), whereas only 53.8% (n =&thins...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 17, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Re-approximated: a Medical Student ’s Reflection on the Surgical Approach to Cancer Treatment
AbstractMedical school clerkship offers third year medical students multiple opportunities to acquire clinical experience through real patient interactions and integration into the healthcare teams of different specialities. As part of the general surgery rotation, medical students are invited to scrub in to assist with surgeries —a chance to simultaneously gain medical knowledge while developing technical skills. They learn that there is a possibility of inflicting harm to the patient at every step of any surgery; from making the first skin incision to tying up the final suture, the importance of staying alert is em...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 17, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A Survey of Therapeutic Radiographers ’ Knowledge, Practices, and Barriers in Delivering Health Behaviour Advice to Cancer Patients
AbstractTherapeutic radiographers (TRs) are well-placed to deliver advice to cancer patients; however, limited research exists on their practices in providing advice on healthy lifestyle behaviours. Through an online survey, this study aimed to explore TRs ’ current practices, barriers, and facilitators around delivering healthy behaviour advice to cancer patients. An online survey was sent to 72 radiotherapy departments in the UK and 583 TRs responded to the survey. Findings showed that levels of enquiry and provision of advice on healthy behaviour s were low, with less than 25% advising patients on physical activit...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 15, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Educational Program for Healthcare Providers Regarding Fertility Preservation for Cancer Patients: a Systematic Review
AbstractThe emerging discipline of oncofertility advocates for the timely provision of fertility preservation (FP) to all cancer patients of childbearing age by healthcare providers. A lack of practice due to limited FP-related knowledge was found among healthcare providers. A systematic review was undertaken on the educational programs on FP for healthcare providers. An initial search was performed in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, PubMed, and Scopus databases in October 2019. This review was guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. Among the 160 articles that...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 15, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A Multicentered Academic Medical Center Experience of a Simulated Root Cause Analysis (RCA) for Hematology/Oncology Fellows
We report on a multicentered experience utilizing a simulated RCA educational module in an attempt to provide fellows with the tools needed to participate in a live RCA and to increase awareness of the need to analyze patient safety events. The 2-h module included a didactic session explaining the basics of an RCA including common terminology, effective chart review, and personal interviews. The fellows assessed a patient safety event of a missed coagulopathy and created an event flow map and fishbone analysis. They then formed root cause/contributing factor statements and proposed a solution. Twenty-three fellows from two...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 14, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Cost of Patient Education Materials Development: Opportunities to Identify Value and Priorities
AbstractThe study aim was to evaluate the costs associated with developing and reviewing patient education materials (pamphlets) across Ontario cancer centers. While patient education often produces a positive return on investment, limited efforts have been dedicated to optimizing the personnel, time, and capital dedicated to this feat across healthcare systems. Patient education leaders at 14 cancer centers completed a survey measure, estimating the number of hours spent developing and reviewing pamphlets and identifying the personnel involved in each procedural step. The time expended per center in each step was then com...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 10, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Awareness of Self-Examination, Screening, and Risk Factors for Breast Cancer Among Women Awaiting Care at the Outpatient Clinic of a Mastology Unit
This study aimed to evaluate the awareness and practice of breast self-examination (BSE) and the awareness of screening and risk factors for breast cancer among patients from a mastology clinic and to associate such findings with sociodemographic factors of that population. A total of 202 randomly selected patients from the outpatient clinic of the Mastology Unit of S ão Paulo School of Medicine were interviewed. A structured questionnaire was used and included questions regarding sociodemographic variables, questions to assess the knowledge and practice of BSE, and knowledge of mammographic screening and risk facto...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 9, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Last Request
AbstractThis essay is a personal reflection highlighting the importance of spirituality in the care of cancer patients and their families especially at the end-of-life. (Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 7, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

User-Centered Development and Patient Acceptability Testing of a Health-Coaching Intervention to Enhance Cancer Survivorship Follow-up in Primary Care
We describe an iterative three-phase approach used to develop a cancer survivorship health-coaching intervention to guide self-management and follow-up care for post-treatment breast, colorectal, and prostate cancer survivors. Informed by theory (e.g., Cognitive-Social Health Information Processing Model (C-SHIP)), relevant literature, and clinical guidelines, we engaged in a user-centered design process. In phase I, we conducted depth interviews with survivors of breast (n = 34), prostate (n = 4), and colorectal (n = 6) cancers to develop a health coaching prototype. In phase II, we utilized user-testing interviews (n = 9...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 6, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Healthcare Professional and Service User Perspectives on Formal Educational Programmes for Children and Young People with Cancer in the UK
This study explored the educational gaps in caring for children and young people with cancer. To address this, a mixed methodology approach was adopted in two phases. Phase one was a questionnaire circulated to healthcare professional members (n = 850) of the Children’s Cancer and Leukaemia Group and Managed Service Network, Scotland. Response rate (n = 121) (14%) was achieved. In phase two of the study, a focus groups (n = 4) was conducted with young people in Scotland through the Managed Service Network. This was to gain a critical understanding from service user perspectiv...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 6, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Sun Protection Policies and Practices in Preschool and Elementary Schools in Andalusia (Spain)
AbstractSun exposure in childhood is a major risk factor for the development of skin cancer as an adult. School children spend much of their time outdoors exposed to ultraviolet radiation during recreational and sports activities. Skin cancer incidence tripled from 1978 to 2002 in Spain. Andalusia, the largest and sunniest region of Spain, lacks data on the sun protection measures taken in schools. To address this deficit, the aim of this study was to determine photoprotection practices and policies in preschools and primary schools in Andalusia. This descriptive study involved the administration of an online questionnaire...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 5, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

“Teachable Moment”: Effects of an Educational Program on Knowledge and Quality of Life of Korean Breast Cancer Survivors
This study utilized a single-arm pretest-posttest design. Participants were tested before and after an educational program to measure changes in knowledge. To measure QOL change, we conducted a QOL survey at the time of enrollment and again 6  months later. Regarding the knowledge test, mean scores increased from 9.62 to 14.74 points following education (p 
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - October 5, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

“My Husband Affects Me More Than My Cancer”: Reflections on Simultaneous Intimate Partner Violence and Breast Cancer Experience in a 48-Year-Old Woman
AbstractIn this paper, we present the case of a 48-year-old woman diagnosed with early breast cancer. As candidate for mastectomy, she refused immediate reconstruction. She was referred to a psycho-oncologist for further evaluation and support. Psychological sessions helped reveal a history of intimate partner violence and helped clarify the reason for her refusal to undergo immediate reconstruction. Experience with this case highlights the importance of a multidisciplinary practice in which collaboration between surgeons, oncologists, and mental health professionals leads to a more in-depth understanding of the apparently...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 29, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Return on Investment of a Breast Cancer Screening Program in Tanzania: Opportunity for Patient and Public Education
AbstractBreast cancer is the second incident and second cause of cancer mortality among women in Tanzania due to late-stage presentation. The screening clinic at the Ocean Road Cancer Institute (ORCI) can help detect cases early and reduce cost of treatment. We calculated the return on investment (ROI) of the ORCI breast screening clinic. Screening and treatment data of all newly diagnosed breast cancer patients seen at ORCI during 2016 –2018 were abstracted from the medical records. Also, data on time, resources, and cost of screening and treatment were obtained. The cost of treating screened patients was compared w...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 26, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A Pilot Study for the Development and Evaluation of an Educational Program to Reduce Stigma Toward Cancer and Cancer Survivors: Focusing on Dating and Marriage After Cancer Diagnosis
AbstractThe marriage rate of cancer survivors is lower than that of the general population and their siblings. This appears to be attributable to negative images and stigma in society regarding cancer and cancer survivors. In order to improve images and decrease stigma regarding cancer and cancer survivors, this study aimed to develop an educational program that primarily focuses on dating and marriage after cancer diagnosis. The education program was conducted for university students, and among 67 participants who attended the education program, 61 participants completed a self-report questionnaire both before and after t...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 25, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

An Iterative Formative Evaluation of Medical Education for Multiple Myeloma Patients Receiving Autologous Stem Cell Transplant
AbstractMultiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable cancer characterized by abnormal plasma cells in the bone marrow, resulting in increased risk of infection. Autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) is the most effective treatment for MM, but successful transplant requires the patient and caregiver to learn and independently implement medical tasks. The Ready for Transplant (R4T) ethnographic-based formative evaluation includes evaluation of ongoing patient education and the addition of novel supplemental educational videos that patients can review before in-person transplant education. To evaluate R4T, a formative evaluation in...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 24, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Amplifying Their Voices: Advice, Guidance, and Perceived Value of Cancer Biobanking Research Among an Older, Diverse Cohort
This study was design ed using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach and involved eight FGDs with 67 older (65–74 years old) black and white residents from Baltimore City and Prince George’s County, MD. FGDs lasted between 90 and 120 min, and participants received a $25 Target gift card for their p articipation. Analysis involved an inductive approach in which we went through a series of open and axial coding techniques to generate themes and subthemes. Multiple themes emerged from the FGDs for the development of future cancer-related biobanking research including (1) expectations/anticipated...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 24, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Enhancing the Pre-Clerkship Residency Exploration Program (PREP): Medical Students ’ Suggestions
(Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 24, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Impact of Cancer Survivorship Care Training on Rural Primary Care Practice Teams: a Mixed Methods Approach
AbstractWith the increasing numbers of individuals surviving a diagnosis of cancer, an aging population, and more individuals experiencing multi-morbidity, primary care providers (PCPs) are seeing more patients with a history of cancer. Effective strategies are needed to adequately prepare the primary care workforce for the phase of cancer care now widely recognized as survivorship. A survivorship education program for rural primary care practices was developed using a community engagement process and delivered at the practice level by community health liaisons. A mixed method approach was used to evaluate the program impa...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 24, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Overview of Undergraduate Oncology Interest Groups: Medical Students ’ Insights from a National Collaborative Network
(Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 23, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Virtual Reality-Based Education for Patients Undergoing Radiation Therapy
AbstractWe built a virtual reality (VR) application that runs on a commercially available standalone VR headset that allows patients to view a virtual simulation of themselves receiving radiotherapy. The purpose of this study was to determine if this experience can improve patient understanding of radiotherapy and/or reduce patient anxiety. We created software that reads data from our clinical treatment planning system and renders the plan on a life-size “virtual linear accelerator.” The patient’s CT simulation data is converted into a 3D translucent virtual human shown lying on the treatment table while ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 23, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Cancer Risk Perceptions Among People Who Check Their Skin for Skin Cancer: Results from the 2017 U.S. Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS)
AbstractWhen detected early, melanoma is highly treatable and rarely fatal. Self-skin checks can identify changes in moles that could be an indicator of melanoma. Cancer risk perceptions may influence the uptake of important preventive health behaviors such as self-skin checks. The purpose of this study is to examine cancer risk perception factors associated with those who have checked their skin for signs of skin cancer using the 2017 HINTS data. Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults using the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS). Logistic regressions were...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 23, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Strategies for Maintaining Educational Standards in Medical Oncology Residency Training in the Era of COVID-19: Experience from a Canadian Cancer Centre
(Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 23, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Level of Awareness Regarding Cervical Cancer Among Female Syrian Refugees in Greece
AbstractNowadays, prevention, control and treatment of cervical cancer are a worldwide public health priority. Primary objective of this study was to evaluate the level of awareness of female Syrian refugees who have recently settled in Greece regarding the warning signs and the risk factors of cervical cancer. This is a descriptive, cross-sectional study that was conducted in two facilities of the Hellenic Red Cross. The Cervical Cancer Awareness Measure questionnaire was addressed to 176 female Syrian refugees, aged between 18 and 50. Syrian women presented low awareness both for risk factors and warning signs. The most ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 21, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The “Day Zero Talk”: the Initial Communication of a Pediatric Oncology Diagnosis by Primary Care Physicians and Other Primary Care Providers
AbstractWhile much is known about the initial communication of a definitive pediatric cancer diagnosis by the child ’s pediatric oncologist, little is known about the discussions leading up to this formal conversation, which are often had with nononcologists. We sought to describe these initial conversations regarding the possibility of a child’s oncologic diagnosis, from the perspective of both the patient/f amily as well as the provider. Semistructured interviews were performed with individuals involved with a child with recently diagnosed cancer at a quaternary care institution in an urban, mid-Atlantic city...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 17, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Perception of Oncology Evaluated by Medical Students (P.O.E.M.S) —a Single Institutional Study
AbstractRising incidence of cancer coupled with lack of structured oncology teaching in the undergraduate (UG) medical curriculum could be detrimental by generating unmet needs in the proper care of cancer patients in the future. To determine the orientation amongst undergraduate medical students regarding Oncology as a specialization and future career option, a  cross-sectional, single institutional study was conducted amongst 950 undergraduate students by using an online survey over 2 months. The perception of the subject of Oncology as a career option and the opinion regarding the need for inclusion in the und...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 16, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Exploring the role of healthcare organisations in increasing women ’s participation in breast-screening in the United Arab Emirates
AbstractThe study explored the role of healthcare organisations in Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates, in improving women ’s breast cancer awareness and screening participation in a multi-cultural society. In-depth interviews were conducted with eight representatives from five healthcare organisations involved in breast cancer campaigns in RAK including hospitals, clinics, and universities. The interviews were analys ed using thematic analysis. The organisations’ campaigns focused on breast cancer awareness, providing free doctor consultations or clinical breast examinations, and where possible, offering free...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 16, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Treatment Decision-making Preferences of Patients with Prostate Cancer Should Be Recorded in Research and Clinical Routine: a Pooled Analysis of Four Survey Studies with 7169 Patients
AbstractDifferent patients want to take different roles in the treatment decision-making process; these roles can be classified as passive, collaborative, and active. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between decision-making preferences among patients with prostate cancer and personal, disease-related, and structural factors. In four survey studies, we asked 7169 prostate cancer patients about their decision-making preferences using the Control Preferences Scale (CPS) and collected clinical, psychological, and quality-of-life measures. Most patients (62.2%) preferred collaborative decision-making, wh...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 16, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Indepth Interviews ’ on Acceptability and Concerns for Human Papilloma Virus Vaccine Uptake among Mothers of Adolescent Girls in Community Settings in Ibadan, Nigeria
This study was a qualitative study that assessed mothers’ acceptability and concerns regarding uptake of HPV vaccine by their adolescent daughters. In-dept h interviews were conducted with 20 mothers of adolescents girls aged 9–15 years. A snowballing sampling technique was adopted to select the mothers within the community. Consent was obtained for the use of audiotapes, which were transcribed verbatim with thematic analysis of data. Mothers were b etween the ages of 30–49 years and most of them were traders. Almost all of the women have heard about cervical cancer, but their knowledge about ce...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 15, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Caring for the Caregivers: Mental and Spiritual Support for Healthcare Teams During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond
(Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 14, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Enhancing International Cancer Organization Collaborations: King Hussein Cancer Center and Princess Margaret Cancer Centre Model for Collaboration
AbstractCollaborative partnerships, which link two health organizations with shared characteristics to achieve common goals and to improve healthcare quality, are becoming increasingly common in oncology. The purpose of this study is to review the collaboration between King Hussein Cancer Center (KHCC) and Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (PM). The context, input, process, and product (CIPP) model, a quasi-experimental form of program evaluation, has been applied to the KHCC-PM collaboration. This model is well suited to evaluate complex collaborations as it does not assume linear relationships. Data sources include stakeho...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 13, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Lack of Knowledge, the main Stumbling Block of Fertility Preservation Promotion in China
AbstractThe aim of this study is to evaluate fertility preservation (FP) popularization in China among female cancer patients in terms of awareness of fertility, knowledge about FP, and attitudes toward FP. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted among female cancer patients in Tongji Hospital in China from March 2019 to July 2019. The 29 fertility-related issues, which were presented in either five-point Likert scales or “yes or no”, in this questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristic and disease-related situation, awareness of fertility, knowledge about FP, and attitudes toward FP. Participants w...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 11, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Digesting the Contents: an Analysis of Online Colorectal Cancer Education Websites
This study aims to provide the most in-depth and comprehensive examination of online colorectal resources to date. An internet search using the terms “colorectal cancer,” “colon cancer,” and “rectal cancer” were performed, with meta-search engines “Dogpile,” “Yippy,” and “Google.” A total of 741, 759, and 703 websites were returned by the search engines respectively. A list of the “top 100 websites” was compiled by pla cing the sites in average rank order. The websites were evaluated using a validated structured rating tool. Inter-rater rel...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 8, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Learning Outcomes of Diverse Oncology Professionals After the TEAM Cultural Competency Training
This study compared changes to self-reported cultural competence as measured by the Cultural Competency Assessment (CCA); Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Development of Clinical Skills Scale (LGBT-DOCSS); and Interprofessional Socialization and Valuing Scale (ISVS). The primary aim of the study was to assess changes to self-reported cultural competence; the secondary aim was to examine changes to interprofessional valuation from baseline to post-intervention. Results indicated statistically significant improvements in self-reported Cultural Competency Behaviors (p = .055), a subscale of the CCA, and A...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 8, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Interventional Cancer Education Programs for School Students Aged 8 –19 Years: a Systematic Review
AbstractThe implementation of effective interventional cancer education programs in schools could help to reduce delays in diagnosis and improve cancer survival by increasing awareness of risk factors and symptoms among students. The aim of this review was to determine the effectiveness of interventional cancer education programs delivered to school students aged 8 –19 years. Various databases were searched to identify controlled and uncontrolled studies published in English language articles between January 2000 and January 2020. Selected publications were then critically appraised using the Joanna Briggs Insti...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 6, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Internet-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Psychoeducation Program for Patients with Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
This study had an experimental pre-test post-test design with a control group. Ninety-nine patients were randomly allocated to an Internet-delivered cognitive program (n = 50) or psychoeducation control group (n = 49). Participants completed the questionnaires at three time points (pre-test, post-test, and 3-month follow-up). Twenty-seven participants completed the intervention. A significant interaction effect between groups and time was found for general fatigue [F(2, 28)  = 8.2,p 
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 6, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Identification and Characterization of Peer Support for Cancer Prevention and Care: A Practice Review
This study aimed to describe cancer peer support programs in “real world” (i.e., non-research) settings. A web search identified 100 programs in a wide variety of settings and locations; 48 published contact information on their website and were invited to participate in semi-structured interviews. Twenty-nine program leaders participated. From the interv iews, we observed eight primary themes, which centered on challenges and responses regarding training and content of peer support services as well as program organization and support. Obstacles include inconsistent funding, reliance on volunteers, and physicia...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 4, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Medical Hematology/Oncology Fellows ’ Perceptions of Online Medical Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic
AbstractIn response to the COVID-19 social distancing guidelines, residency and fellowship programs transitioned to virtual instruction to deliver didactics and continue with medical education. The efficacy of such a fully online learning environment, however, remains unknown. To investigate its impact on medical education, this study surveyed hematology/oncology fellows at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center on their attitudes regarding the online-based lecture program. Fellows were emailed a 19-question survey with questions on demographics, ease of technical access to the online platform, level of comfort ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 4, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Improving Colon Cancer Prevention in Poland. A Long Way Off
AbstractThe aim of this study was to analyse knowledge on colon cancer prevention among patients of primary care and identify their sources of information. The questionnaire study was conducted among patients of 36 primary healthcare clinics in Poland between September 2018 and February 2019. Patients were interviewed separately by trained researchers. Over 39% of the primary health patients declared that their knowledge about colon cancer prevention is unsatisfactory. Information about colon cancer prevention varied according to sex, age and BMI. Men declared lower level of knowledge than women: 46% of men thought it was ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 3, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Assessing the Impact of a Patient Navigator Intervention Program for Vietnamese-American Women with Abnormal Mammograms
This study assesses the impact of a patient navigator program for Vietnamese-American women who received abnormal mammograms. Ninety-six Vietnamese-American participants with abnormal mammograms were assigned a Vietnamese patient navigator to provide emotional support, education, translation, and assistance with medical bills and doctor’s appointments. Data collected from pre-test, post-test (1 year after initial enrollment in program), and 3-month f ollow-up surveys measured psychosocial outcomes and participant satisfaction. All 96 participants attended follow-up appointments for their abnormal mammograms. Psy...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 2, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Breast Cancer Awareness Based on Health Information Literacy and Influential Factors among Female Nursing Students in China
AbstractThis investigation aimed to study breast cancer awareness based on health information literacy and influential factors of breast cancer awareness among female nursing students in Changchun city in China. A four-part self-report questionnaire including the participants ’ general demographic characteristics, the participants’ specialized characteristics concerning breast cancer screening, the Chinese version of the Breast Cancer Awareness Measurement (C-BCAM), and the Chinese version of the Health Information Literacy Self-rating Scale (HILSS) was designed to i nvestigate breast cancer awareness and healt...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 1, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Mapping Information Needs over the Diagnosis, Treatment, and Survivorship Trajectory for Esophago-gastric Cancer Patients and Their Main Supporters: a Retrospective Survey
This study reports preliminary data about the information needs of esophago-gastric cancer survivors and their supporters across diagnosis and treatment by identifying time-specific needs and whether the information provided aligned with the needs at each time point. Survivors (n = 26) and supporters (n = 15) were recruited from a public teaching hospital in South Australia. Both groups provided recall data describing personal information domain challenges at 6 clinically significant time points ranging from diagnosis to>  2 years post diagnosis. Responses were analyzed using desc...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - September 1, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Rural Cancer Health During the COVID-19 Pandemic
(Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 27, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

An Analysis of U54 Partnerships to Advance Cancer Health Equity (PACHE) Publications
AbstractUsing document review, we identified 963 publicly accessible NIH RePORT publications across the 16 funded U54 Partnerships to Advance Cancer Health Equity (PACHE) center programs. Using the 868 publications that met criteria, we determined the frequency of publications across the funded PACHE programs by longevity; reported the frequency of studies focused on cancer health disparities; determined the proportion of institutions serving underserved health disparity populations, underrepresented students (ISUPS), and co- and lead-authored works; and categorized the scope of studies by commonalities in their reported p...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 26, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Evaluating a Transition Workbook for Childhood Cancer Survivors: a Pilot Study
AbstractMany childhood cancer survivors (CCS) could benefit from improved knowledge about their cancer diagnosis, the treatments received, and associated risks during the period when they transition into adult aftercare. Interventions that support the transition from pediatric to adult care have showed high patient satisfaction. We developed an educational workbook,“Life After the Janeway, ” to support CCS transition into adult care. We evaluated its understandability, actionability, and overall acceptability, using an online survey based on the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s Patient Educati...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 25, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research