YouTube Videos as a Source of Information on Colorectal Cancer: Problem of the Correctness of the Contents
(Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 2, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Mapping the Current State of Canadian Medical School Oncology Interest Groups
AbstractCancer is the leading cause of mortality in Canada. Undergraduate medical education therefore must ensure adequate oncology education for all physicians and inspire some to make oncology their career specialty, in an effort to ensure public care needs are met in the future. Medical student-led oncology interest groups (OIGs) are a subset of specialty interest groups that supplement formal didactic and clinical learning to increase exposure to oncology and access to mentors. We conducted a survey of OIG leaders to ascertain their goals, activities, barriers, future directions, and perceptions about employment prospe...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 27, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Communicating Actively, Responding Empathically (CARE): Perceptions of Cancer Health Professionals Attending Communication Training Workshops
This study aimed to examine the experiences of health professionals who had participated in either a 1-day communication skills training workshop focusing on experiential learning or a 2-h workshop in which participants discussed different communication styles demonstrated on purpose-designed videotapes. Twenty health professionals comprising ten from each workshop type participated in a semi-structured interview with an interpretative descriptive design. Participant characteristics were summarised using descriptive statistics. Thematic analysis was conducted. Consistent themes across both groups were the importance of goo...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 26, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Hidden Curriculum in Postgraduate Medical Education: a Commentary
AbstractThe hidden curriculum is the set of implicit influences which occur within health care organizations. The hidden curriculum has a tremendous impact on medical trainees and practicing physicians alike due to its influence in the domains of policy development, evaluation, resource allocation and institutional slang. We explore and reflect on the various ways in which the hidden curriculum impacts medical trainees and professionals in academic medical institutions. (Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 26, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A Qualitative Study to Explore Healthcare Providers ’ Perspectives on End-of-Life Patients’ Dignity. How Can Dignity Be Defined, and Which Strategies Exist to Maintain Dignity?
This study aimed to explore various HCPs’ perspectives on end-of-life patients’ dignity by collecting different testimonies about what dignity entails and which strategies HCPs use to maintain patients’ dignity. A sample of 104 participants was intervie wed using two open questions to collect qualitative data. Content analysis was performed to identify the central themes among answers. Regarding the first question (“What comes to your mind when I say “Dignity” in relation to your patients?”), nine themes emerged. The majority sampled stated that dignity means respecting the patient...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 25, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Developing a Cancer Prevention Health Education Resource: a Primer of Process and Evaluation
This report provides a framework for cancer prev ention researchers who are developing health education materials for vulnerable populations. (Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 25, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Healthcare Professionals ’ Perspectives on Adapting a Community Health Worker Model to Facilitate Lung Cancer Screening for Chinese For-Hire Vehicle Drivers
This study describes a community needs assessment to inform the adaptation of an existing CHW intervention to facilitate LCS among Chinese FHV drivers. Interviews were conducted until saturation with 13 Chinese-serving health professionals to determine the community ’s needs, priorities, and preferences. Transcripts were qualitatively analyzed using Atlas.ti. Seven frequently occurring themes were identified: knowledge of guidelines/access to LCS, acceptability of CHW program, CHW role in screening process, qualities of an ideal CHW, barriers to LCS, challeng es to implementing a CHW program, and adaptations to CHW p...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 25, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Oral and Subcutaneous Anticancer Therapy Training Course for Non-physician Healthcare Professionals: a Survey Evaluating the Relevance of its Content and its Implications in the Practice of Cancer Care
AbstractThe creation of antitumor agents with an oral or subcutaneous route of administration has had important positive implications in the development of drugs to treat cancers, but issues such as false drug intake, uncontrolled side effects, and limited supervision may jeopardize the ability of these agents to improve treatment. A potential solution is the recruitment of non-physician healthcare professionals (i.e., nurses and physician assistants) and a special training course for them that focuses on the improvement of patient compliance. We developed and implemented three special professional training modules for non...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 25, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Educating Primary Care Providers and Associate Care Providers About Hepatitis C Screening of Baby Boomers: a Multi-practice Study
AbstractChronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) increases the risk for hepatocellular carcinoma. Despite higher prevalence of HCV in persons born 1945 –1965 (baby boomer), screening has not been widely adopted. Both primary care providers (PCPs) and associate care providers (ACPs) need to be educated about the rationale and methods to screen for HCV. In five Federally Qualified Health Centers serving low-income Hispanic communities, PCPs and ACP s attended a 50-min training lecture about HCV epidemiology, screening methods, and evaluation. Using a 12-item questionnaire, knowledge and attitudes were compared for PCPs and ACPs...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 25, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Medicare Decision-making, Understanding, and Satisfaction Among Cancer Survivors
This study illustrates the ongoing challenges with educating Medicare beneficiaries regarding benefits, coverage, and financial obligations of the program. For cancer patients, in-depth and meaningful educational opportunities are critical as is access to multiple components of the Medicare program that can prove vital to the treatment and management of their disease. (Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 23, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Clinical Trial on Mindfulness with Family Caregivers for Patients with Cancer
AbstractTo examine the effectiveness of a brief mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) and educational interventions (EI) on self-efficacy and burden among family caregivers (FCs) of patients with cancer in Jordan. A quasi-experimental design was conducted. Two interventions were performed: the brief MBIs and the EIs were applied. A sampling of 138 FCs completed the study interventions. The FCs in the mindfulness group demonstrated a significant improvement in measures of self-efficacy and reduction in burden scores. Furthermore, in the EI group, only self-efficacy was significantly higher in the post-test. Burden reductio...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 23, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Awareness Levels of the Link Between Oropharyngeal Cancer and HPV Infection Among Spanish Women: a Hospital-Based Cross-sectional Study
AbstractSeveral observational studies have demonstrated the increased awareness of human papillomavirus (HPV) as an etiological factor of oropharyngeal cancers (OPCs). The incidence of OPCs has increased in recent times, particularly among younger women, and the efficacy of the HPV vaccine in preventing these cancers has gained attention among the medical community. The aim of this study was to explore the health literacy of Spanish adult women regarding factors associated with HPV and its link to OPCs, as well as their awareness of the HPV vaccination. A survey was distributed to 508 women, and 409 (70.5%) were considered...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 23, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Knowledge Levels of Kindergarten Teachers About Skin Cancer, Sun Protection Behaviors, and Affecting Factors
AbstractThe aim of this study was to determine the knowledge level of kindergarten teachers regarding skin cancer, the sun protection behaviors they exhibit for themselves/their students, and the affecting factors. This descriptive study was carried out in the Mediterranean region in a province located by the sea. The universe of the study consisted of 181 teachers working in kindergartens, and data were collected from the 81% who agreed to participate in the study. The mean Skin Cancer and Sun Knowledge Scale of the teachers was 12.50  ± 3.27 (range 0–25) and the mean Sun Protection Behavior Sca...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 21, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Role of Vaccination Interventions to Promote HPV Vaccine Uptake Rates in a College-Aged Population: a Systematic Review
AbstractThis systematic review provided synthesized evidence regarding the effectiveness of the interventions promoting the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination in college-aged population. The HPV infection is the most prevailing sexually transmitted disease. Despite the availability and effectiveness of the 9-Valent HPV vaccine, the vaccine coverage among young adults remained low. In witness to the increasing burden of HPV-related infections and cancers, research focused on the vaccination interventions should be conducted to determine the effectiveness of the vaccination strategy and address the gap. The search was co...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 21, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Decision Aid in Men with Localized Prostate Cancer: a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial at Tertiary Referral Hospitals in an Asia Pacific Country
This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a PDA modified to the local context in improving patients ’ knowledge, decisional conflict, and preparation for decision making among men with localized prostate cancer. Sixty patients with localized prostate cancer were randomly assigned to control and intervention groups. A self-administered questionnaire, which evaluate the knowledge on prostate cance r (23 items), decisional conflict (10 items) and preparation for decision-making (10 items), was given to all participants at pre- and post-intervention. Data were analyzed using independentT test and pairedT test. The...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 20, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Implementing Community-Based Prostate Cancer Education in Rural South Carolina: a Collaborative Approach Through a Statewide Cancer Alliance
In this study, education session content focused on PrCA risk factors, symptoms, screening, healthy diet and exercise, treatment options, and provider communication strategies. Forty individuals participated and completed pre/post-education program surveys to assess changes in PrCA knowledge and cancer decision-making. Participants showed improvements in education and awareness following the session, and overall impressions of the program were consistently positive as exhibited by participants ’ answers on a satisfaction survey. The findings demonstrate the real need both in terms of research to understand the underl...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 20, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Connection Between Social Determinants of Health and Human Papillomavirus Testing Knowledge Among Women in the USA
This study examines awareness and knowledge that US women possess regarding HPV testing using the social determinants of health (SDOH) framework. Women aged 30 to 65 years, without hysterectomy, completed an online survey (N = 812). The outcome variables included HPV testing awareness and HPV testing knowledge, a six-item validated scale. Predictor variables included three domains of the Healthy People 2020 SDOH framework: economic stability, education, and health and healthcare. Other important sociodemographic pr edictors were also included. Multiple logistic and linear regression identified variables ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 20, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Expanding Our Reach: the Value of Massage Therapists in Melanoma Identification
We present the results of a study in which students were given access to a 30-min self-driven web-based learning module designed to teach the high yield points of melanoma demographics and clinical features. The students completed pre- and post-testing, the results of which indicated improved knowledge levels and improved confidence in detecting suspected melanoma. We conclude that a 30-min learning module may be sufficient to improve massage therapists ’ ability and comfort level in identifying melanoma. The ease of delivery of web-based modules may make this an important approach in ensuring that massage therapists...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 20, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Acceptability and Feasibility of a Guided Biopsychosocial Online Intervention for Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy
This study examined the feasibility and acceptability of a guided biopsychosocial online intervention for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy (OPaCT). A pre-post, within-participant comparison, mixed-methods research design was followed. Patients starting chemotherapy at the outpatient clinic of the National Center for Tumor Diseases in Heidelberg, Germany, were enrolled. Feasibility and acceptability were evaluated through intervention uptake, attrition, adherence and participant satisfaction. As secondary outcomes, PHQ-9, GAD-7, SCNS-SF34-G and CBI-B-D were administered. A total ofN = 46 patients partic...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 18, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Discussing Sexual Health with Adolescent and Young Adults with Cancer: a Qualitative Study Among Healthcare Providers
This study aims to gain insight into perspectives of healthcare providers in facilitating AYAs ’ needs regarding sexual health. A qualitative study was performed. Six doctors and eight nurses from eight Dutch hospitals, specialized in AYA care, participated in semi-structured interviews. All interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using a thematic analysis approach. Interv iews with the healthcare providers revealed five themes concerning the discussion of sexual health: (1) being responsible for bringing up the topic of sexual health, (2) finding optimal timing to discuss sexual health, (3) acquiri...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 17, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Development and Evaluation of a Patient Educational Resource for Cancer-Related Cognitive Dysfunction
This study describes the development and evaluation of a CRCD resource for cancer patients. An educational booklet was developed in accordance with multiple evidence-based guidelines for cancer patient education. Cancer patients on chemotherapy (N  = 113; 34% men; median age 55, range 19–85) reviewed the booklet and self-reported CRCD knowledge before and after reading the booklet. They also gave ratings on general impressions of the booklet. Seventy-five percent of participants reported that the resource increased their self-reported C RCD knowledge. A Wilcoxon signed-rank test demonstrated that exposu...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 17, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Impact of Continuity of Care on Cervical Cancer Screening: How Visit Pattern Affects Guideline Concordance
AbstractCervical cancer can be prevented and highly curable if detected early. Current guidelines recommend women to receive cervical cancer screening starting at age 21. Our study aims to investigate how improving continuity of care (COC) may influence guideline concordance of cervical cancer screening. Using the eligibility and claims data, we created a person-month panel data set for women who were enrolled in Oregon Medicaid for at least 80% of the period from 2008 to 2015. We then selected our study cohort following the cervical cancer screening guidelines. Our dependent variable is whether a woman received cervical c...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 15, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Tailored Messages About Research Participation: Using an Interactive Information Aid to Improve Study Recruitment
In this study, 302 cancer patients and survivors evaluated an interactive information aid (IA) designed to inform their decision to join a research study or clinical trial by providing tailored information to patients ’ responses to questions pertaining to seven key barriers or facilitators of clinical trial participation. The development of the IA was done with input from the authors’ Clinical Translational Science Institute; linked components of the IA were vetted by members and leaders of the institution’ s NCI-designated comprehensive cancer center. Results of the study indicated that the information ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 13, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Improving Representation of Underrepresented Minority (URM) Students in Oncology Biomedical Research Workforce: Outcome Evaluation from the ReTOOL Program
AbstractThe Research Training Opportunities for Outstanding Leaders (ReTOOL) program was implemented in 2012 to increase the representation of racial and ethnic minorities in the biomedical workforce. Specifically, the ReTOOL program aims to foster the capacity for scientific research among underserved populations as well as address the cultural appropriateness of research projects. This paper describes the impact of the ReTOOL program in enhancing the research training of underrepresented minority (URM) students. Forty URM students who completed the ReTOOL program between 2012 and 2019 were invited to participate in the p...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 13, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Use and Perceptions of Opioids Versus Marijuana among Cancer Survivors
This study examined use motives and perceived barriers in relation to opioid and marijuana use and interest in use among US adult cancer survivors. Self-administered surveys were distributed using social media to assess use motives and perceived barriers among participants living with cancer. Overall, 40.9% of cancer survivors reported current (past 30-day) use of opioids, 42.5% used marijuana, and 39.7% used both. The most common use motives for either/both drugs were to cope with pain and stress/anxiety (>70%). Highest-rated barriers to using either/both drugs were missing symptoms of worsening illness and not wanting...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 12, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Demographic and Socioeconomic Disparities Among Cancer Survivors in Clinical Trials Participation, USA, 2016 –2018
We report the direct age-adjusted demographic and socioeconomic disparities in clinical trial participation among cancer survivors using the most recent national survey data. In 2018, 7.1% of cancer survivors reported participating in the clinical trial as a part of their cancer treatment. The participation rate was significantly higher among younger adults (age 18 –24, 19.1%), male (8.5%), black (19.8%), and Hispanic (14.4%) cancer survivors, while rate was lower among female (4.2%), and white (5.4%). By marital status, 8.5% of unmarried and 3.5% of married cancer survivors reported clinical trial participation. The...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 11, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Support for Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients —a Systematic Review
AbstractOur study objective was to evaluate existing evidence on different types of support received by metastatic breast cancer patients as well as the need for support expressed by such patients. We searched Medline and EMBASE up to January 2019 for survey studies that aimed to assess any type of support among women of any age, with metastatic breast cancer diagnosis. Two reviewers independently screened titles and abstracts, then full texts of retrieved records against inclusion/exclusion criteria, and extracted the data and assessed the quality of included studies with AXIS tool. From a total of 2876 abstracts, we sele...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 10, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Effect of Video-Assisted Education Prior Intrathecal Chemotherapy on Anxiety and Knowledge Enhancement
This study aims to determine whether the use of video instructions could enhance learning outcomes and decrease anxiety levels in patients ’ caregivers. A prospective trial was conducted in pediatric hematology for 1 year. Thirty-seven respondents were randomly assigned to two groups wherein one group was given conventional educational leaflets and verbal instructions, while the other group received the same information through an e ducational video presentation before the intrathecal chemotherapy procedure. Knowledge enhancement in the two groups was evaluated using the summative assessment method and measured ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 9, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Homogenizing the Teaching of Engaged Medical Examinations to Large Numbers of Students: the Experience of the Digital Rectal Examination
AbstractThis project aims to complement and homogenise the teaching of indications and technique of digital rectal examination (DRE) through the use of simulators, and subsequently analysed the level of satisfaction with the training and skills acquired. The students were distributed into small groups. One of the workshop ’s coordinators synthesised indications and procedures of DRE. A teaching video was made with all the contents and was distributed between the trainers. During the workshop, trainers explained the indications and the method of performing the DRE. Then, the selected clinical cases were presented, f o...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 9, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Knowledge, Practice, and Skills in Cytology-Based Cervical Cancer Screening: Impact Assessment of Training Workshop for the Pathologists
AbstractThere is a paucity of trained cytopathologists in low-resource settings for effective cervical cancer screening. There has been no documented report of the impact of a dedicated training program in cervical cytology on pathologists ’ knowledge and skill in this field. The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the regularly conducted training workshops on the attending pathologists’ knowledge, practice, and skills in cervicovaginal smear reporting. Our institute, a premier cancer research institute, has conducted 10 cytology-based cervical cancer screening workshops for pathologists with pre- a...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 8, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Perception of Breast Density Information Among Women in Miami, FL: a Qualitative Study
AbstractThe US Food and Drug Administration has proposed requiring that all women undergoing mammography receive written information about their breast density. Past research suggests many women may misperceive the meaning of breast density. Additionally, women with dense breasts may not understand the risks and benefits of pursuing additional imaging studies. The goal of this study was to explore women ’s beliefs about breast density and their preferences for how this information is conveyed. Women with increased breast density detected on mammography at a university-based breast imaging center in South Florida were...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 6, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Changing the Landscape of Medical Oncology Training at the National University Hospital in the Philippines during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic
AbstractServing as one of the few training institutions of medical oncology in the Philippines, the University of the Philippines-Philippine General Hospital was faced with challenges brought by the coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19) pandemic. With the dismantling of routines and practices in the hospital, training activities such as daily rounds, conferences, and examinations were temporarily put on hold. Recognizing that the strength of any clinical training program is its wealth of patients, the immediate resumption of patient services, albeit limited at first, had been instrumental in ensuring the continuation of trai...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 5, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Implementation and Impact of a Serious Illness Communication Training for Hematology-Oncology Fellows
AbstractEffective communication between providers and patients with serious illness is critical to ensure that treatment is aligned with patient goals. We developed and tested an implementation strategy for incorporating the previously developed Serious Illness Conversation Guide (SICG), a clinician script, into hematology-oncology fellowship training at a single US academic medical center. Between December 2017 and April 2018, we trained 8 oncology fellows to use and document the SICG. The training included associated communication skills —such as handling emotion and headlining—over 7 didactic sessions. Imple...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 5, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Effective Educational Approaches to Training Physicians About Lung Cancer Screening
This study aims to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of implementing an interactive, group-based learning (GBL) curriculum to teach physicians about LCS. A prospective study was conducted at two nearby institutions from 2017 to 2019 comparing GBL with a lecture format as measured by total knowledge about LCS, acceptability of the educational format, and ease of implementation. We surveyed participants regarding total knowledge and format acceptance. Results were compared to determine whether GBL is an effective and feasible educational strategy for LDCT and LCS education. Residents and faculty participating in GBL d...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 5, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Reflections: a Daughter ’s Experience of Parental Cancer and the Beginnings of Un Abrazo Para La Familia ™
AbstractThe author describes her impetus and journey in developingUn Abrazo Para La Familia™ [Embracing the Family] (Abrazo), 3 hours of cancer information presented in an educational and modular format and designed for low-income informal caregivers who are co-survivors of cancer. A rehabilitation-informed preventive intervention, Abrazo reflects the importance of family, culture, and socioeconomic background in its approach. (Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 4, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Quality of Life During Treatment for Cervicofacial Non-melanoma Skin Cancer
AbstractNon-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), despite its low mortality, can impose a significant psychological burden on patients. The aim of the present study is to examine the evolution of the quality of life (QOL) in patients with cervicofacial NMSC during treatment. This prospective cohort study was conducted to a group of patients with cervicofacial NMSC, confirmed by skin biopsy. These patients completed the Skin Cancer Index questionnaire at the time of diagnosis and at 1  week, 1 month and 6 months after treatment began. Data for these patients’ demographic characteristics and variables related to ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 4, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Development and Validation of the Polish Version of Questionnaire for the Assessment of Psychosocial and Functional Effects of Metastatic Breast Cancer
AbstractThe aim of this study is to adapt culturally and validate a questionnaire assessing experiences of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients in Poland. The questionnaire development was divided into three phases: bidirectional translation of the survey, testing it for acceptability and relevance, and field testing. In the field study, 320 women with MBC completed the questionnaire, 50 of them twice for retest. Basic psychometric properties of the items used in questionnaire were analyzed. Test-retest reliability was assessed using kappa coefficient. In case of some items, known-group validity was verified. We made mi...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 3, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

On the Transition to Attendinghood
AbstractMedical education and training consists of a series of stepped transitions, each marked by increasing autonomy and responsibility. Perhaps the most formidable transition begins upon the completion of one ’s training and stretches well into the first year of “attendinghood.” This period is often defined by colossal changes that can extend far beyond the workplace and that are largely inconceivable beforehand. These changes can have important implications for job satisfaction, well-being, and re silience, especially in oncology, where rates of work-related burnout are particularly high. Unfortunatel...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 2, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Results of Engineering, Primary Care, Oncology Collaborative Regarding a Survey of Primary Care on a Re-Engineered Survivorship Care Plan
This study’s objective was to assess primary care clinicians’ perceived usefulness with are-engineered SCP previously developed by applying engineering approaches and informed by primary care preferences. An emailed survey of primary care clinicians assessed perceived usefulness with there-engineered SCP. Clinicians were recruited across the USA from primary care practice-based research networks (PBRNs) with high concentrations of rural practices. Over 90% of respondents(n  = 111) agreed that (1) there-engineered SCP was useful(n  = 95) and (2) they would want to receive a similar SC...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 2, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A Critical Appraisal and Targeted Intervention of the Oncology Experience in an Internal Medicine Residency
AbstractMost oncology education is provided to residents on an inpatient oncology service, with limited outpatient exposure. There exists considerable need to develop effective education strategies to teach resident physicians basic concepts in oncology. We created a 2-hour small-group interactive workshop, using interactive cases, followed by a number of questions regarding curability, survival, and possible treatment options. All residents were asked to fill out optional questionnaires before and after this workshop. A total of 64 residents participated in this study with an average of 16 residents per session. Significa...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - May 22, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Leader Village Health Volunteers Training Program on Preventing Cholangiocarcinoma in Thailand: Advantages for High-Risk Area with Limited Public Health Personnel
AbstractCholangiocarcinoma (CCA) still affects the health of rural people in northeast Thailand. Most people had a high level of overall risk according to CCA risk assessment in 2014. The question is how to make prevention of CCA as cost-effective as possible. The most appropriate answer is that someone should become a health leader to transfer knowledge to the public. This is the reason for developing the training program for village health volunteers (VHVs) —who play the role of change agents—to transfer knowledge to villagers. As for the evaluation of success, it is not evaluated if VHVs have increased knowl...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - May 22, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Assessing the Feasibility of an Online Training Designed to Enable Community Health Workers to Deliver a Comprehensive, Evidence-Based Weight Loss Intervention for Rural African Americans of Faith
AbstractObesity is a critical modifiable risk factor in cancer prevention, control, and survivorship. Comprehensive weight loss interventions (e.g., Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP)) have been recommended by governmental agencies to treat obesity. However, their high implementation costs limit their reach, especially in underserved African American (AA) communities. Community health workers (CHWs) or trusted community members can help increase access to obesity interventions in underserved regions facing provider shortages. CHW-led interventions have increased weight loss. However, in-person CHW training can be costly to ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - May 21, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Developing a Novel Framework for an Undergraduate Cancer Research Education and Engagement Program for Underrepresented Minority Students: the Florida-California CaRE 2 Research Education Core (REC) Training Program
AbstractLack of substantive research experiences and technical skills mentoring during undergraduate studies leaves many underrepresented minority (URM) students unprepared to apply to competitive graduate programs. As a part of our ongoing effort to increase the pipeline for the development and training of successful URM scientists in biomedical sciences with focus on reducing cancer health disparities, the Florida-California Cancer Research Education and Engagement (CaRE2) Health Equity Center was launched in 2018. Funded through an NIH/NCI U54 grant mechanism, the CaRE2 Center is a triad partnership among Florida Agricu...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - May 19, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Information Sources Used by Oncologists to Understand Multi-marker Tumor Panel Tests for Cancer Patients
This study aimed to (1) describe information sources used by oncologists to learn about new genomic tests and (2) examine characteristics associated with the use of ea ch information source. The National Cancer Institute’s National Survey of Precision Medicine in Cancer Treatment surveyed a nationally representative sample of oncologists about MMTP testing. We examined the use of 11 information sources among oncologists that reported using MMTP tests (n = 1222). Bivariate analyses were used to examine whether information sources differed by oncologist- and practice-level characteristics and type of MMTP...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - May 15, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Correction to: Communication about Hereditary Cancers on Social Media: a Content Analysis of Tweets about Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer and Lynch Syndrome
The original version of this article unfortunately contained mistakes. (Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - May 15, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Exploring Health Literacy and the Correlates of Pap Testing Among African Immigrant Women: Findings from the AfroPap Study
AbstractAfrican immigrant (AI) women have low rates of Pap testing. Health literacy plays a pivotal role in health behaviors. Sources and types of health information could shape health literacy and inform the Pap testing behaviors of AI women. However, the influences of health literacy, sources, and types of health information along with cultural and psychosocial correlates on the Pap testing behaviors of AI women are poorly understood. To examine how sources and types of health information impact health literacy, and in turn, how health literacy and cultural and psychosocial factors influence the Pap testing behaviors of ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - May 14, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Unmet Supportive Care Needs and Associated Factors: a Cross-sectional Survey of Chinese Cancer Survivors
AbstractTo assess cancer survivors ’ unmet supportive care needs and associated factors. Limited evidence is available about the supportive care needs of Chinese cancer survivors to inform future service planning. A cross-sectional survey was conducted (STROBE cross-sectional checklist used for report). Standardized questionnaires were administered to 364 cancer survivors. Using the Supportive Care Framework as conceptual framework, factors concerning individuals’ cognitive appraisals of their situation and social resources were examined to explore their association with unmet supportive care needs. The most co...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - May 13, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Assessment of Psychosocial and Functional Effects of Metastatic Breast Cancer in Tarnow Region of Poland and Among the Social Media Polish Group —Results from the Survey from Patients
AbstractThe aim of the study was a comprehensive assessment of metastatic breast cancer patients ’ needs in Poland. We conducted and culturally adapted and validated “Count Us, Know Us, Join Us” Metastatic Breast Cancer Survey between November 2018 and July 2019. Two hundred ten patients treated in Tarnów completed the paper questionnaires distributed conveniently by healthcare professio nals, and 110 patients completed the online survey. Almost all patients believe that new therapies are necessary, and over a half find their options of treatment limited. Support from family, friends, and healthcar...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - May 13, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Greek Traditional Dance as a Practice for Managing Stress and Anxiety in Cancer Patients
AbstractStress and anxiety levels in cancer patients tend to decrease by performing bodily-kinesthetic and musical activities. The hypothesis of the present study is that attending lessons in Greek traditional dance is an effective method for managing anxiety and stress in patients diagnosed with cancer of any type both during and after treatment. The study was conducted on 300 cancer patients (150 experimental subjects, 150 controls) selected by Attica hospitals and nonprofit cancer patients ’ organizations. Each patient in the experimental group attended an 8-week Greek traditional dance lesson program. Lessons wer...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - May 9, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Understanding Verbosity: Funding Source and the Length of Consent Forms for Cancer Clinical Trials
AbstractConsent forms are an important educational tool that helps cancer patients decide on whether or not to enroll on a clinical trial, but wordiness potentially detracts from their educational value. This single-institution study examined word counts of consent forms for all phase I, II, and III solid tumor clinical trials between 2004 and 2010. Consent forms were categorized by trial funding source: (1) pharmaceutical company; (2) National Clinical Trials Network (NCTN); (3) R01- or other non-government grants; and (4) mixed (funding from multiple sources). Three hundred fifteen consent forms were studied; these inclu...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - May 8, 2020 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research