Educational Opportunities for Down-Staging Breast Cancer in Low-Income Countries: an Example from Tanzania
AbstractWhile more than 90% of breast cancer patients in western countries survive for at least 5  years, the survival rate in Tanzania is less than 45% because of late stage at presentation. The aim of this study was to identify patient and health system factors related to early or late stages of a breast cancer diagnosis. The study was conducted at the Ocean Road Cancer Institute (ORCI) in Da r es Salaam, Tanzania, and included interviews with 196 breast cancer patients diagnosed with early (stage I/II,n = 44) or late (stage III/IV,n = 152) stage who were referred to ORCI from January 2016 to...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 21, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

2019 International Cancer Education Conference Program and Abstracts with EACE 2019 Annual Meeting Abstracts Appended
(Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 16, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

What Cancer Patients Want to Know? Questions from Oncologic Patients in a Brazilian Private Cancer Center
AbstractTo establish the more relevant questions oncologic patients may have during cancer treatment. Cross-sectional observational study with all patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy for cancer in a Brazilian health institution. A questionnaire with open and close questions about cancer diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis was applied. A total of 198 patients were evaluated of whom 122 (62%) were female and 80% of the patients were between 50 and 89  years old. Sixty-one percent of women and 62% of men had questions about cancer diagnosis and treatment. Although questions about nutrition were the most freq...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 15, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Cancer Awareness and Understanding of Students in Japan: What Do Students Having Close Relatives with Cancer Think About the Disease?
This study examined cancer awareness and understanding among students aged 10 to 16 or more. A cross-sectional nationwide survey was conducted using a self-administered question naire. Cancer awareness and cancer understanding were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire. We collected a total of 9139 questionnaires and excluded those with missing data. Thus, we analyzed the responses of 8701 students: 2135, 2902, and 3664 from elementary, junior, and high school, r espectively. Data were analyzed using a multivariable model adjusted for gender and grade. Approximately 30% of respondents had parents/relatives with ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 15, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Integrating Concept Maps into a Medical Student Oncology Curriculum
AbstractExpanding frontiers of knowledge have prompted medical schools to reconsider how best to promote learning in the face of information overload. Concept mapping (CM) promotes knowledge retention and integration. Students have perceived CM positively in prior studies, but the feasibility and utility of integrating CM into a medical student oncology curriculum as a learning and assessment tool have not been described. At the University of California, San Francisco, 152 medical students in a second-year hematology/oncology course produced concept maps about a single cancer type over 4  weeks. We collected student e...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 14, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Effect of Health Education Given to Syrian Refugee Women in Their Own Language on Awareness of Breast and Cervical Cancer, in Turkey: a Randomized Controlled Trial
AbstractIn general, refugees have an increased cancer burden because of living in difficult conditions and having low income. Refugee women may have difficulty in accessing healthcare services because of the fear of uncertainty, security concerns, language barriers, cultural differences, and economic problems. For this reason, it is thought that health education given to Syrian refugee women by overcoming the language problem (given in their own language —Arabic) increases the awareness of breast and cervical cancer. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of health education given to refugee women in their o...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 14, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Development and Validation of a Mexican Version of the Champion ’s Health Belief Model Scale for Breast Cancer Screening
AbstractAlthough the Champion ’s Health Belief Model Scale for breast cancer screening has been adapted and validated in different populations worldwide, a Spanish version for the Latin American population is still not available. The aim of this study was to adapt and validate the Spanish version of the Champion’s Health Bel ief Model Scale for mammograms for use with Mexican women and determine the sociodemographic, clinical, and health belief model variables which influence undergoing a mammogram. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was designed. Participants included 612 women aged 40 years and above w...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 13, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Small Private Online Course in Teaching Oncology —Feedback After 1 Year: What Lessons?
This study highlighted the empowerment of participants after this kind of teaching, but the network between participants was not enhanced. (Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 13, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Genetic Education for Men (GEM) Trial: Development of Web-Based Education for Untested Men in BRCA1/2- Positive Families
AbstractCascade testing for hereditary breast/ovarian cancer is an important public health priority. Increasing attention has been paid to the relevance of testing for men withinBRCA1/2-positive families given that such testing may provide important information about their cancer risks, particularly for prostate cancer, and risks to their offspring. However, men are much less likely to seek genetic counseling and testing than their at-risk female relatives. To facilitate access to pre-test information and testing, we developed a web-based intervention (WI) for men that we are evaluating in a pilot randomized controlled tri...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 11, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Odds of Meeting Cancer Prevention Behavior Recommendations by Health Information Seeking Behavior: a Cross-Sectional HINTS Analysis
AbstractPeople who seek health information frequently may be more likely to meet health behavior goals; however, people use many different information sources. The purpose of this paper is to assess how different sources of health information influence likelihood of meeting cancer prevention behavior guidelines. Logistic regression of cross-sectional data from 6  years of the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) was conducted. Independent variables included first source of health information, gender, age, race, education level, income, cancer history, general health, and data year; dependent variables wer...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 8, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Symptom Experience, Management, and Outcomes According to Race and Social Determinants Including Genomics, Epigenomics, and Metabolomics (SEMOARS + GEM): an Explanatory Model for Breast Cancer Treatment Disparity
We present an evidence-based overview and an explanatory model for racial disparity in the symptom experience during BC chemotherapy that may lead to a reduction in dose intensity and a subsequent disparity in outcomes. This explanatory model, the Symptom Experience, Management, Outcomes and Adherence according to Race and Social determinants + Genomics Epigenomics and Metabolomics (SEMOARS + GEM), considers essential factors such as social determinants of health, clinician communication, symptoms and symptom management, genomics, epigenomics, and pharmacologic metabolism as contributory factors. (Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 8, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Experience of Chemotherapy Teaching and Readability of Chemotherapy Educational Materials for Women with Breast Cancer
AbstractChemotherapy is one of the most common forms of treatment for women with breast cancer. While chemotherapy is often effective, managing side effects can be challenging. Chemotherapy education is critical in assisting patients to manage side effects and to improve the treatment experience. However, materials are often not thoroughly assessed for readability and format which could be problematic for patients learning self-care while in treatment. We used a mixed-method design to illuminate chemotherapy teaching and focused on readability and format of education materials. We scored the materials using three readabili...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 7, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Primary Care Providers ’ Knowledge, Attitudes, Beliefs, and Practices Regarding Their Preparedness to Provide Cancer Survivorship Care
AbstractRecent cancer care delivery models and clinical practice guidelines have expanded the role of primary care providers (PCPs) in routine follow-up of cancer survivors. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of PCPs affiliated with a large healthcare system to (1) examine practices, attitudes, and beliefs regarding preparedness to provide survivorship care and (2) explore predictors of confidence managing cancer survivors. We distributed a self-administered online survey to 1069 clinical affiliates providing primary care services within the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center system. Associations between PCPs &rsqu...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 6, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Quantitative Assessment of Learning Behaviors for Oncology Providers
AbstractHow health care providers select topics and activities for learning is key to meeting their needs. The goal of this study was to investigate how oncology providers identify knowledge gaps and choose learning activities. An online focus group within a larger longitudinal study was conducted between November 2015 and August 2016. Participants were chosen by convenience and stratified random sampling of diverse types of oncology providers. Providers were asked monthly to identify learning needs, explain how they identified those needs, and describe the learning activity they chose to meet those needs. Thirty-two oncol...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 3, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Impact of Education on Knowledge Attitude and Practice of Breast Self-Examination Among Adolescents Girls at the Fiwasaye Girls Grammar School Akure, Nigeria
AbstractBreast cancer is the second most common cancer in women aged 15 –45 after the non-melanoma of the skin. Lack of knowledge and practice of breast self-examination (BSE) have been blamed for the high morbidity and mortality associated with breast cancer among women and adolescents in particular. The study assessed the impact of education on knowledge, attitude a nd practice of breast self-examination among adolescent girls. A quasi-experimental study of only one group was conducted among school-going adolescents at Fiwasaye Girls Grammar School in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. Data were collected using a self-dev...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 3, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Integrating Simulation with Art-Based Teaching on Attitudes of Oncology Fellows for Learning Communication Skills: a Pilot Study
AbstractIntegration of simulated practice with art-based teaching strategy can be effective for learning communication skills. This pilot study outlines the effect of integrating simulation with art-based teaching strategies on the attitudes of oncology fellows toward learning communication skills. The study was conducted in Iran using a quasi-experimental method. The participants were the oncology fellows of Tehran University of Medical Sciences (n = 19). The intervention was 1-day workshop, followed by integrating simulation with different types of art-based teaching methods. The Communication Skills Attitu...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 2, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A Framework for Culturally Relevant Online Learning: Lessons from Alaska ’s Tribal Health Workers
AbstractCulturally relevant health promotion is an opportunity to reduce health inequities in diseases with modifiable risks, such as cancer. Alaska Native people bear a disproportionate cancer burden, and Alaska ’s rural tribal health workers consequently requested cancer education accessible online. In response, the Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium cancer education team sought to create a framework for culturally relevant online learning to inform the creation of distance-delivered cancer education . Guided by the principles of community-based participatory action research and grounded in empowerment theory, ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - August 1, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Capacity Building of Gynecologists in Cancer Screening Through Hybrid Training Approach
AbstractTraining health care professionals (HCPs) is one of the most challenging and key factors for the success of a cancer screening program. In order to make this onerous task possible, a hybrid training model, combining the online knowledge-sharing tool of ECHO (Extension of Community Health Outcomes) and in-person training, was proposed by the National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research (NICPR). The main aim of this article is disseminating our experience on the effectiveness of this hybrid model in training health care providers in cancer prevention. A group of gynecologists was trained using a structured cu...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 30, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Evaluating the Effect of a Video Education Curriculum for First Time Breast Cancer Patients: a Prospective RCT Feasibility Study
AbstractNewly diagnosed breast cancer patients seek information through a variety of sources. In this small pilot study, we evaluated the feasibility of providing personalizable breast cancer video education prior to the first oncology consultation and compared outcomes to patients receiving standard of care educational materials. Personalized videos included detailed information on a patient ’s specific grade, stage, and tumor subtype (e.g., grade 2, stage 3, triple negative breast cancer) in addition to general videos that defined the terms of grade, stage, and cancer subtype. Newly diagnosed breast cancer patients...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 29, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Effect of an Educational Intervention Based on PRECEDE Model on Oral Cancer Prevention Behaviors in Hookah Users
AbstractEducational intervention about oral cancer prevention is essential for all people, especially in hookah users. The aim of this study is investigating the effect of an educational intervention based on PRECEDE model on oral cancer prevention in hookah users living in Fasa, Fars Province, Iran, in 2017 –2018. In this quasi-experimental study, 360 hookah users were selected and divided into experimental and control groups (180 subjects for each group). Educational intervention was performed for experimental group in 12 sessions. A questionnaire consisting of items evaluating demographic informati on and PRECEDE ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 29, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

An Opportunity to Share
(Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 26, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Spreading Ideas: TED Talks ’ Role in Cancer Communication and Public Engagement
AbstractTechnology, Entertainment, Design (TED) Talks have represented a broad source of health communication since 1984. However, to date, no studies exist on how this tool addresses the question of cancer. In this paper, we aim to illuminate two major issues: (1) Are TED Talks a good source for cancer communication? (2) How does the public respond to cancer-related TED Talk lectures? To this end, we searched for the keyword ‘cancer’ on theTED.com website in January 2018. All transcripts were obtained along with related information such as numbers of views, like and dislike rates. We also analysed a sample of ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 26, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Twenty-first Century Bedside Manner: Exploring Patient-Centered Communication in Secure Messaging with Cancer Patients
AbstractPatient-centered communication (PCC) is integral to providing high-quality health care and is recommended to be incorporated during face-to-face consultations. Electronic communication, such as the use of secure messaging (SM) within patient portals, is a popular form of patient-provider communication, but preliminary studies have shown that PCC is rarely utilized by providers in SM. As a consequence, the patient-provider relationship can be negatively affected, especially for cancer patients who have greater electronic health information needs than the general population. Therefore, our objective was to determine ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 24, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Knowledge of Cervical Cancer, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and HPV Vaccination Among Women in Northeast China
This study aimed to research the understanding and knowledge of cervical cancer, human papilloma virus (HPV), and HPV vaccination, and the acceptance of HPV vaccination, among a population of women in northeastern China. A cross-sectional survey was carried out by questionnaire to investigate knowledge of cervical cancer, HPV, and HPV vaccination. The 230 female participants were native residents of northeastern China, and their ages ranged between 18 and 65  years. Questionnaires were randomly acquired by the respondents from online and paper questionnaire distribution. The questionnaire included questions on three m...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 24, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Skin Cancer Prevention: Psychosocial Predictors of Sunscreen Use in University Students
AbstractSkin cancer has the most prevention potential among all cancers. Sunscreen use is an effective method in reducing the risk prevalence of skin cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the cognitive determinants of sunscreen use among university students based on the health belief model (HBM). This cross-sectional study was conducted among 301 university students in the west of Iran. Students were randomly selected to participate voluntarily in the study. Participants filled out a self-administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 16 using appropriate statistical tests including correlation and...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 23, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Knowledge of the Relationship Between Breastfeeding and Breast Cancer Risk Among Racial and Ethnic Minority Women
AbstractResearch indicates breastfeeding can reduce the risk of breast cancer in women. Black and Hispanic women are more likely to die from breast cancer than non-Hispanic white women and are least likely to breastfeed. The current study was designed to evaluate women ’s knowledge of the link between breastfeeding and decreased breast cancer risk among a racially diverse cohort of pregnant women. Pregnant women 18 and older (N = 89; 48.4% black; 28% Hispanic) were recruited during a prenatal visit to complete a survey. Women indicated limited understanding of the association between breastfeeding and b...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 23, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Oncology and Radiation Oncology Awareness in Final Year Medical Students in Australia and New Zealand
This study aimed to determine final year students ’ core oncology and radiation oncology knowledge and attitudes about the quality of teaching in medical programmes delivered in Australia and New Zealand. Does the modern medical programme provide core oncology skills in this leading global cause of mortality and morbidity? An online survey was di stributed between April and June 2018 and completed by 316 final year students across all 21 medical schools with final year cohorts in Australia and New Zealand. The survey examined teaching and clinical exposure, attitudes and core knowledge for oncology and radiation onco...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 22, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Websites, Websites Everywhere: How Thyroid Cancer Patients Use the Internet
This study aims to characterize thyroid cancer patient Internet use and search patterns, usability of online resources, and effects on clinical care. From May to December 2017, inclusive, patients with thyroid cancer attending two tertiary cancer centers were invited to complete a survey about Internet use. Thirty-nine of 72 questionnaires were returned (54%). Ninety-seven percent of participants used the Internet, and 87% had looked for thyroid cancer information. The majority (94%) searched on Google. Patients most often looked for information about treatment (94%) and symptom management (76%). Many patients evaluated co...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 22, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Correction to: 2018 International Cancer Education Conference Late-Breaking Abstracts
The original e-online version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The correct title would be “2018 International Cancer Education Conference Late-Breaking Abstracts”. (Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 18, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Discussions About Lifestyle Risk Factors Following a Cancer Diagnosis: Findings from a Sample of Australian Cancer Outpatients
AbstractIndividuals with a previous cancer diagnosis are at risk of cancer recurrence. However, many cancer survivors do not adhere to lifestyle recommendations to reduce cancer risk. Little is known about the extent to which cancer patients are asked about lifestyle risk factors by healthcare providers following diagnosis. The aim of this study is to determine among Australian cancer survivors the (1) proportion asked about smoking, alcohol consumption, nutrition and physical activity; (2) total number of lifestyle risk factors asked about; and (3) factors associated with being asked about fewer risk factors. A cross-sect...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 18, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Creating a Workplace Culture of Preventive Health: Process and Outcomes of the Colon Cancer –Free Zone at Virginia Cooperative Extension
AbstractColorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death in the USA, yet is highly preventable and detectable at an early stage through screening. Virginia Cooperative Extension (VCE) implemented a worksite colon cancer awareness program to increase colorectal cancer screening rates and preventive lifestyle behaviors among its employees. The Colon Cancer –Free Zone program is designed using best practice principles of worksite health programs and includes information sessions covering the topics of colorectal cancer, screening guidelines, insurance coverage, and preventive lifestyle behaviors. It is condu...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 15, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Nursing Care in Dermatologic Oncology: a Qualitative Study
AbstractNurses in hospital dermatology departments must increasingly provide care for patients with skin cancer. Although the experience of oncology nurses in numerous specialties has been widely explored, no study has focused on the experience of nurses in dermatologic oncology. We aimed to explore how nurses experience their care for patients with skin cancer. This is an inductive, exploratory study employing semi-structured interviews and focus groups with nurses, followed by thematic analysis. The study included purposive sample of 14 nurses practicing in different sectors of this dermatology department. Data were coll...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 13, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Health Care Providers ’ Perspectives on End-of-Life Patients’ Sense of Dignity. A Comparison Among Four Different Professionals’ Categories
This study aimed to investigate the perspectives on end-of-life patients’ sense of dignity among four different categories of professionals: nurse assistants, nurses, psychologists, and physicians. A sample of 306 HCPs completed the Patient Dignity Inventory-Italian Version (PDI-IT) adapted for them and an ad hoc semi-structured wr itten interview. Their responses were then analyzed using frequencies of the answers to the PDI-IT, a multivariate analysis of variance, Pearson’s correlation index,t tests, and content analysis. All HCPs scored the relevance to the dignity-related physical aspects highly, followed b...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 13, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A Hope-Based Intervention to Address Disrupted Goal Pursuits and Quality of Life Among Young Adult Cancer Survivors
AbstractOver 70,000 US young adults are diagnosed with cancer annually, disrupting important life transitions and goal pursuits. Hope is a positive psychology construct associated with better quality of life (QOL) that focuses on goal-oriented thinking. We developed and tested Achieving Wellness After Kancer in Early life (AWAKE), a scalable 8-week app-based program consisting of educational videos, mood/activity tracking, and telephone-based coaching to promote hope and QOL in young adult cancer survivors (YACS, 18 –40 years old). A two-arm RCT was used to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and potential e...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 11, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Introducing Decision Aids into Routine Prostate Cancer Care in The Netherlands: Implementation and Patient Evaluations from the Multi-regional JIPPA Initiative
AbstractUptake of decision aids (DAs) in daily routine is low, resulting in limited knowledge about successful DA implementation at a large scale. We assessed implementation rates after multi-regional implementation of three different prostate cancer (PCa) treatment DAs and patient-perceived barriers and facilitators to use a DA. Thirty-three hospitals implemented one out of the three DAs in routine care. Implementation rates for each DA were calculated per hospital. After deciding about PCa treatment, patients (n = 1033) completed a survey on pre-formulated barriers and facilitators to use a DA. Overall DA i...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 5, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Access to Personal Health Records and Screening for Breast and Cervical Cancer Among Women with a Family History of Cancer
We examined the association between access to PHRs and the use of a recommended mammography and a Pap smear testing among women with a FHC using data from the 2015 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS 4-cycle 4) and the 2016 Area Health Resource Files. The study sample was comprised of 1250 women aged 20 –75 years with a FHC, a subsample of 3677 survey respondents. Of the 1250 women, 64.96% received a mammogram, and 75.44% underwent a Pap testing. Among women with a FHC, there was a significant and positive association between access to PHRs and the receipt of a mammogram (adjusted odds ratio (aO R) ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - July 1, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Knowledge, Attitude, and Self-Reported Behaviors of Oncology Physicians Regarding Fertility Preservation in Adult Cancer Patients
This study is first to describe the knowledge level, attitude, and practice behaviors among physicians concerning fertility preservation in adult cancer patients in China. A cross-sectional survey with 30-item was conducted to assess Chinese oncology physicians ’ knowledge, attitude, and behaviors regarding fertility issues. Of 360 oncology physicians, 206 (57.2%) submitted valid questionnaires. With possible overall scores for knowledge and attitude of 9 and 15, respectively, physicians’ responses to the questionnaires were 3.91 ± 1.67 and 12.29  ± 1.23. Only 49.5% of ...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 29, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

My Kaleidoscope Life: Interconnected Roles as Teacher, Researcher, and Cancer Survivor
AbstractSurviving cancer dramatically alters one ’s perception of the world. “My Kaleidoscope Life” reflects on the interconnected roles as teacher, researcher, and cancer survivor. It provides a personal narrative and perspective on the challenges, successes, and lessons learned from having cancer. It emphasizes how surviving cancer can shi ft priorities, connect with others, and enhance the quality of life. (Source: Journal of Cancer Education)
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 28, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Low-Intensity Resistance Training and Compression Garment in the Management of Breast Cancer –Related Lymphedema: Single-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial
AbstractThere is limited evidence regarding the combined effect of exercise and compression garment on breast cancer –related lymphedema (BCRL). Therefore, we investigate the effect of low-intensity resistance training alone or in combination with a compression garment on lymphedema volume, self-reported lymphedema symptoms, and shoulder mobility and function. A total of 60 women with unilateral BCRL were random ly assigned to low-intensity resistance exercises (Rex group,n = 30) or exercises and compression garment (Rex-Com-group,n = 30). Both groups take part in exercises program consist...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 26, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Attitudes Towards Research During Residency Training: a Survey of Canadian Radiation Oncology Residents and Program Directors
AbstractRadiation oncologists require clinical appraisal and research methodology skills, yet it is unclear how to develop these competencies during residency. We sought to attain a deeper understanding of the barriers that limit, as well as the factors that promote, engaging in research/scholarly activity during radiation oncology residency training in Canada. Following ethics approval, online surveys were circulated to all Canadian Radiation Oncology program directors and residents. Unidentifiable demographics, prior research experience, and descriptions of current research environment and barriers to engaging in researc...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 25, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the MICRA Questionnaire in Portuguese Individuals Carrying SDHx Mutations
This study aims to present the translation and cultural adaptation, as well as the psychometric characteristics of the Portuguese version of the Multidimensional Impact of Cancer Risk Assessment (MICRA) questionnaire in individuals withSDHx mutations. The questionnaire was translated and culturally adapted in accordance with the process recommended by the World Health Organization. As per suggestion of the authors of the original instrument, a joint, universal European and Brazilian Portuguese version of the MICRA was created. Ninety-six (asymptomatic or affected) patients withSDHx mutations nationwide completed the adapte...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 21, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Mouse Mammary Gland: a Tool to Inform Adolescents About Environmental Causes of Breast Cancer
AbstractAdolescence is a vulnerable period of breast development, and environmental chemical exposures that occur during this period can increase the risk of breast cancer in adulthood. Discussing breast health with adolescent girls can be difficult for several reasons. In this project, we worked to not only inform adolescent researchers about environmental risks for breast cancer but to also involve them in research studies. We taught adolescents about the stages of mammary gland development using samples collected from mice, with a specific focus on pre-pubertal and pubertal stages of development. Our analysis shows that...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 21, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

A Multi-state Evaluation of Oral Health Students ’ Knowledge of Human Papillomavirus-Related Oropharyngeal Cancer and HPV Vaccination
This study included the participation of students from 15 dental programs (n = 380) with an overall response rate of 28%. Although the results cannot be generalized to the entire population of dental students in the USA, most students had inadequate overall HPV knowledge (65%), HPV-OPC knowledge (80%), and HPV vaccination knowledge (55%). While all student groups displa yed adequate general HPV knowledge levels (≥ 70% correct responses), gender, racial, religious, age, and regional differences were observed. Future dental professionals need to have adequate levels of HPV knowledge to aid in reducing...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 20, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Discussing Sexual Health in the Medical Oncologist ’s Practice: Exploring Current Practice and Challenges
AbstractSexuality is a significant quality-of-life concern for many cancer patients. Patients may be disadvantaged if they are not informed and not offered sexual health care. We sought to reveal oncologists ’ current practice and opinions concerning sexual counselling. The aim of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitude and practice patterns of Dutch medical oncologists regarding treatment-related sexual dysfunction. Questionnaires were sent to 433 members of the Dutch Society of Medical Onc ology. The majority (81.5%) of the 120 responding medical oncologists (response rate 30.6%) stated they discussed sex...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 17, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Predictors of Mammography Uptake Among Italian Women Aged 50 –69: a Cross-sectional Study
AbstractScreening coverage is of concern in several countries, including Italy. The aim of the study is to assess predictors of participation in the mammography screening program at the Local Health Unit RMA (Rome, Italy). A telephone-based questionnaire was administered to randomly selected eligible women. The study population was interviewed by the personnel of the health center. Five hundred two women were interviewed, of which 264(52.6%) have attended the breast cancer screening program at least once. The attendees received the invitation letter more often than the non-attendees (88.3% vs. 77.7%;p = 0.002...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 11, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Involving Patients in the Development and Evaluation of an Educational and Training Experiential Intervention (ETEI) to Improve Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer Treatment Decision-making and Post-operative Self-care: a Mixed Methods Approach
This study aims to describe the acceptability and feasibility of an educational and training experiential intervention (ETEI) we developed to enhance muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) patients with treatment decision-making and post-operative self-care. Twenty-five patients were randomized to a control group (N = 8) or ETEI group (N = 17). ETEI group participated in a nurse-led session on MIBC education. The control group received diet and nutrition education. Study questionnaires were completed at baseline and at 1-month post-intervention. Our results showed acceptable recruitment (58%) and...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 7, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Self-efficacy of the First-degree Relatives of Patients with Breast Cancer in the Prevention of Cancer: Using the Health Belief Model
AbstractBreast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women. The best method to fight this disease is early diagnosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of education based on the health belief model on self-efficacy of the first-degree relatives of patients with breast cancer. This randomized clinical trial was conducted in Tehran in 2016 on 80 first-degree relatives of patients with breast cancer. After purposive sampling, the subjects were assigned to interventions and control groups using the randomized block design. The data collection tool was a questionnaire including questions about demographi...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 6, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Increasing Undergraduate Exposure to Oncology: the Role of Oncology Interest Groups
This study describes a medical school oncology interest group (OIG) and assesses its influence on student perceptions of oncology, interest in pursuing oncology as a career, and comfort levels with oncology topics such as breaking bad news. From 2015 to 2017, the OIG annual event took place at a satellite campus of a larger Canadian undergraduate medical school. The event provided a question and answer period with a panel of physicians from multiple oncology specialties —discussions focused around lifestyle, training, clinical work, lifestyle, and career focus. Small physician-led groups taught breaking bad news usin...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 4, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Radiation Oncology Online: Quality, Strategies, and Disparities
AbstractAlthough much is known about the quality of online health information (OHI) for many malignancies, the availability of high-quality OHI for oncologic treatments remains undefined. Furthermore, search strategies that improve quality of radiation oncology OHI, and disparities in availability of high-quality OHI, are not well-described. Forty phrases describing malignancies and their treatment modalities (radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery), and 57 phrases describing radiation oncology treatments, including abbreviations for some treatments and translations in different languages, were generated. The Health on the N...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 3, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Internal Medicine Residents ’ Perception of Cancer Prognosis
AbstractCancer is the second leading cause of death in the USA. Many internal medicine physicians feel uncomfortable having to prognosticate; however, oncology patients often ask this of them. The inability to provide an accurate prognosis could lead a patient to make a treatment decision incongruent with their true wishes. We conducted this study to assess resident and attending physicians ’ knowledge of cancer prognosis and to establish the source of residents’ knowledge. We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional study to assess internal medicine resident and attending physician knowledge of median survival...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - June 3, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research