Findings from the Frontiers of Fascia Research Insights into ‘Inner Space’ and Implications for Health
The fifth International Fascia Research Congress (FRC) was held in Berlin, Germany November 14th and 15th 2018, with a sold-out audience of almost 1,000 registrants. FRC5 was preceded by a ‘Think Tank’ meeting of the distinguished keynote speakers who are preparing a paper to spell out future directions for fascia research. Excitement amongst the internationally diverse and multi-modal conference attendees was palpable, with many sessions filled to capacity. This editorial will fo cus on material presented by the eight keynotes, with reference to research of a few additional speakers. (Source: Journal of Bodywo...
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - December 12, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Susan Shockett, Thomas Findley Source Type: research

Regarding: Update on fascial nomenclature - An additional proposal by John Sharkey MSc, Clinical Anatomist.
The author of this proposal suggests including bones into the collection of tissues described by a future definition of fascia. Here we respond to this suggestion, as our group has worked on a consensus process related to fascia nomenclature, which included several publications in this journal1-3. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - December 7, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Robert Schleip, Sue Adstrum, Gil Hedley, Carla Stecco, Can A. Yucesoy Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

We shall not cease from exploration
And the end of all our exploring will be to arrive where we started and know the place for the first time (Eliot, 1943). (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - December 3, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Sasha Chaitow Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Leon Chaitow ’s legacy, a ‘Light upon paths’
Exactly 10 years on from the first appearance of the Prevention and Rehabilitation Section in the Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies (JBMT), this January 2019 editorial marks the significant contribution of Leon Chaitow. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - December 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Warrick McNeill, Matt Wallden, Craig Liebenson Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Report from the 5th International Fascia Research Congress, Berlin, Germany.
Following the successful conclusion of the 5th International Fascia Research Congress (IFRC) it is apt to say that the study of anatomy generally, and fascia specifically, is similar to looking out of the window of an aircraft at several thousand feet. Fascia anatomy is about scale and perspective. With current technological advances we can focus our attention on the terrain in question to see details not possible from a distance. Fascia anatomy, however, offers no assurance that the terrain being viewed from above is the final destination; for as soon as one appears to reach terra firma, new technology such as probe-based...
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - December 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: John Sharkey Source Type: research

Regarding: Update on fascial nomenclature-An additional proposal by John Sharkey MSc, Clinical Anatomist.
"It is very clearly apparent from the admonitions of Galen how great is the usefulness of a knowledge of the bones, since the bones are the foundation of the rest of the parts of the body and all the members rest upon them and are supported, as proceeding from a primary base. Thus if any one is ignorant of the structure of the bones it follows necessarily that he will be ignorant of very many other things along with them."-- Niccolo Massa, 1559 (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - November 30, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: John Sharkey Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The Deficit Reverse Lunge
Coaches and therapists seeking to customize training to the individual need a broad repertoire of movements on which they can then build proper progress. This does not mean anyone should go looking to invent new forms of exercise – there is nothing new out there. Instead, the goal should be to become exceptional at the basics. As Bruce Lee said, “I fear not the man who has practiced 10,000 kicks once, but I fear the man who has practiced one kick 10,000 times.” (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - November 20, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Fred Duncan, Craig Liebenson Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

A critical overview of the current myofascial pain literature  – November 2018
This is the first issue of this review column since the passing of Dr. Leon Chaitow. We would like to take a brief moment to acknowledge how much his mentorship, friendship, and confidence have meant to us. Leon was a force in osteopathic and naturopathic medicine and his influence reaches to all corners of the musculoskeletal realm crossing over many disciplines through his lectures, workshops, and of course, his many books, editorials, and articles. In the foreword to one of his books, Jan Dommerholt wrote that “Leon Chaitow […] continued the work of Travell and Simons, but also of many others, whose contrib...
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - November 15, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Jan Dommerholt, Todd Hooks, Li-Wei Chou, Michelle Finnegan Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

A critical overview of the current myofascial pain literature – November 2018
This is the first issue of this review column since the passing of Dr. Leon Chaitow. We would like to take a brief moment to acknowledge how much his mentorship, friendship and confidence have meant to us. Leon was a force in osteopathic and naturopathic medicine and his influence reaches to all corners of the musculoskeletal realm crossing over many disciplines through his lectures, workshops, and of course, his many books, editorials, and articles. In the foreword to one of his books, Jan Dommerholt wrote that Leon Chaitow [ …] continued the work of Travell and Simons, but also of many others, whose contributions ...
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - November 15, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Jan Dommerholt, Todd Hooks, Li-Wei Chou, Michelle Finnegan Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Electromyographic activity of the hip and knee muscles during functional tasks in males with and without patellofemoral pain
Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common overuse injury in physically active individuals. It is characterized by anterior knee, retropatellar, or prepatellar pain associated with activities that increase patellofemoral joint stress such as squatting, stair ascending and descending, running, jumping, prolonged sitting, and kneeling. The etiology of PFP is believed to be multifactorial. Recently, proximal factors have been shown to influence the biomechanics of patellofemoral joint. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - November 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Gholam Hassan Mirzaie, Abbas Rahimi, Mehrnaz Kajbafvala, Farideh Dehghan Manshadi, Khosro Khademi Kalantari, Ahmad Saidee Tags: Experimental Study Source Type: research

Electromyograghic activity of the hip and knee muscles during functional tasks in males with and without patellofemoral pain
Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is a common overuse injury in physically active individuals. It is characterized by anterior knee, retropatellar, or prepatellar pain associated with activities that increase patellofemoral joint stress such as squatting, stair ascending and descending, running, jumping, prolonged sitting, and kneeling. The etiology of PFP is believed to be multifactorial. Recently, proximal factors have been shown to influence the biomechanics of patellofemoral joint. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - November 8, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Gholam Hassan Mirzaie, Abbas Rahimi, Mehrnaz Kajbafvala, Farideh Dehghan Manshadi, Khosro Khademi Kalantari, Ahmad Saidee Tags: Experimental Study Source Type: research

Fascial manipulation vs. standard physical therapy practice for low back pain diagnoses: A pragmatic study
Connective tissue mobility alters motor unit recruitment, but the restoration of fascial mobility allows for optimal motor function. The Fascial Manipulation ® (FM®) method is a multiplanar approach that assesses and treats the mobility of deep fascia in specific anatomical locations where motor units converge. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - November 3, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Brent Harper, Larry Steinbeck, Adrian Aron Tags: Experimental Study Source Type: research

“Fascial Manipulation vs. Standard Physical Therapy Practice to Low Back Pain Diagnoses: A Pragmatic Study”
Connective tissue mobility alters motor unit recruitment, but the restoration of fascial mobility allows for optimal motor function. The Fascial Manipulation ® (FM®) method is a multiplanar approach that assesses and treats the mobility of deep fascia in specific anatomical locations where motor units converge. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - November 3, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Brent Harper, Larry Steinbeck, Adrian Aron Tags: Experimental Study Source Type: research

The addition of neurodynamic exercises to extension-oriented exercises among patients with chronic back-related leg pain: a study protocol.
Patients with back-related leg pain exhibit nociceptive and neuropathic characteristics. Few studies have investigated the combination of interventions considering these characteristics. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - November 3, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Luis F. Sousa Filho, Marta M. Barbosa Santos, Jader P. de Farias Neto, Walderi M. da Silva Junior Tags: Randomized Clinical trial Source Type: research

Impact of yoga on psychopathologies and quality of life in persons with HIV: A randomized controlled study
Evidence suggests that individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) often exhibit poor physical and mental health, which contributes to a reduced Quality of Life (QoL). Yoga is a form of alternative therapy that has positive influences on general health and QoL. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Asha Kuloor, Sony Kumari, Kashinath Metri Tags: Randomized Controlled Trial Source Type: research

Impact of yoga on psychopathologies and QoLin persons with HIV: A randomized controlled study
Evidence suggests that individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive, often exhibit poor physical and mental health, which contributes to a reduced Quality of Life (QoL). Yoga is a form of alternative therapy that has positive influences on general health and QoL. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 26, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Asha Kiloor, Sonykumari, Kashinath Metri Tags: Randomized Controlled Trial Source Type: research

The management of shoulder impingement and related disorders: A  systematic review on diagnostic accuracy of physical tests and manual therapy efficacy
Diagnostic accuracy of physical tests and effectiveness of musculoskeletal rehabilitation of shoulder disorders are still debated. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 24, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tiziano Innocenti, Diego Ristori, Simone Miele, Marco Testa Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The management of shoulder impingement and related disorders. A systematic review on diagnostic accuracy of physical tests and manual therapy efficacy
Diagnostic accuracy of physical tests and effectiveness of musculoskeletal rehabilitation of shoulder disorders are still debated. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 24, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tiziano Innocenti, Diego Ristori, Simone Miele, Marco Testa Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Injury in yoga asana practice: Assessment of the risks
The risk of injury from modern yoga asana practice is poorly characterized in the scientific literature, but anecdotal reports in the lay literature and press have posed questions about the possibility of frequent, severe injuries. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 24, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Christine Wiese, David Keil, Anne S. Rasmussen, Rikke Olesen Tags: Original Research study Source Type: research

Immediate biomechanical, systemic, and interoceptive effects of myofascial release on the thoracic spine: a randomised controlled trial
Myofascial release (MFR) is used to restore tissue extensibility of the fascia tissue and is considered to be useful in a number of clinical settings such as low back pain, ankle injuries, fibromyalgia and headaches. There is, however, despite the popularity of MFR in manual therapy, little consensus on whether it leads to biomechanical, systemic or interoceptive outcomes. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 24, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ellie Cathcart, Terence McSweeney, Ross Johnston, Hayley Young, Darren J. Edwards Tags: Randomized Controlled Trial Source Type: research

Walking meditation promotes ankle proprioception and balance performance among elderly women
This study investigates the WM's effects on ankle proprioception and balance among the elderly. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 24, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Apsornsawan Chatutain, Jindarut Pattana, Tunyakarn Parinsarum, Saitida Lapanantasin Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Influence of adhesion-related fascial gliding restrictions on dermal and articular movement
Introduction: The fascia is a connective tissue that covers the tissue of the body. It maintains the relative positions of visceral organs and skeletal muscles, comprising the frame of the inner parts of the body. Under the skin, the superficial adipose tissue, superficial fascia, deep adipose tissue, and deep fascia are present. This structure plays a role in external mechanical force absorption, facilitating skeletal muscle contractions regardless of external forces (Nakajima et al 2004; Stecco 2015). (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Hidetaka Imagita, Taiko Sukezane Source Type: research

Is there a fascial canal for the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve?
Introduction: Meralgia paresthetica (MP) is characterized by symptoms of pain, numbness, or itching at the anterolateral thigh, commonly caused by mechanical entrapment of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) and associated with various sports and physical activities. The mechanical entrapment site is believed to be at the point where the nerve exits the pelvis around the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS). The aim of this study was to reveal the fascial configuration around the LFCN in the inguinal and upper thigh region. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ming Zhang, Zhaoyang Xu, Yanyan Zheng, Lili Tu, Xiaohui Ma Source Type: research

Differences between dog and horse fascia: A histological investigation
Introduction: Whilst fascia research continues to interest the field of veterinary medicine, there remains a dearth of information about differences in both the macro and micro anatomical structures of fascia in diverse species of animals. The aim of this study, therefore, is to compare the fascia of the horse and the dog in three specific regions at the microscopic level. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Waqas Ahmed, Marta Kulikowska, Trine Ahlmann, Adrian Paul Harrison, Vibeke S ødring Elbrønd Source Type: research

Ligamental compartments and their relation to the passing spinal nerves are detectable with MRI inside the lumbar neural foramina
Introduction: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most frequently occurring symptoms in clinical practice. A person has a 50-70% lifetime probability of developing LBP. Therefore, precise knowledge of this anatomical region is indispensable. The lumbar spinal nerves (SN) course next to the intraforaminal ligaments (IFL) in the intervertebral foramina. Previous studies used manual dissection to examine the IFL. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Dina Wiersbicki, Anna V ölker, Christoph-eckhard Heyde, Hanno Steinke Source Type: research

Anatomical and functional relationships between external abdominal oblique muscle and posterior layer of thoracolumbar fascia
Introduction: The abdominal muscles are important for the stability of the lumbar region through the thoracolumbar fascia (TLF). However, the mechanisms of transmission of tension through the abdominal muscles contributing to vertebral stability are unclear. In particular, there is not full agreement regarding the posterior transversal continuity of the external abdominal oblique muscle (EO) with the TLF (Barker et al 2004; Schuenke et al 2012). (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Chenglei Fan, Caterina Fede, Nathaly Gaudreault, Andrea Porzionato, Veronica Macchi, Raffaele De Caro, Carla Stecco Source Type: research

Role of fasciae around the median nerve in pathogenesis of carpal tunnel syndrome: microscopic and ultrasound study
Introduction: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is the most common hand problem affecting 1-3% of the population (Atroshi et al 1999), while recurrence of CTS following surgery is reported to be between 7-20% (Jones et al 2012). However, the relationship between the fasciae around the median nerve (MN) and pathogenesis is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the connection between myofascial structure, epineurium, and paraneural sheath of MN to evaluate a possible role of fascia in the pathogenesis of CTS. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Chenglei Fan, Caterina Fede, Federico Giordani, Nathaly Gaudreault, Carlo Biz, Veronica Macchi, Raffaele De Caro, Carla Stecco Source Type: research

Pelvic orthosis effects on the kinematics of the posterior pelvis
Introduction: The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is a well-known source of low back pain, with increasing interest for both conservative and surgical treatment. Alterations in the kinematics of the pelvis have been hypothesized to be a major cause of SIJ pain. Pelvic orthoses are one option for non-surgical treatment, but their effects on the pelvis are not well understood. The present study aimed at investigating pelvic orthosis effects in a cadaveric model. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Niels Hammer, Stefan Klima, Mario Scholze, Thomas Seidel, Michael Werner, Ronny Grunert Source Type: research

Distinct viscoelastic behavior of internal and external rectus abdominis fascia, consequences for our notion of abdominal wall function.
Introduction: In recent decades fascia has gained scientific interest, underpinning its unique role in physical function. Several studies consider the abdominal fascia as a stabilizer of the spine (Hodges et al 2003; Stokes et al 2010). From an evolutionary perspective, this is peculiar because bone developed much later than fascia (Perry et al 2010). Should it not be the other way around: the spine as subordinate to fascia? To explore this notion we need a better understanding of the function of fascia. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Jan-paul van Wingerden, Inge Ronchetti, Gert-Jan Kleinrensink Source Type: research

Denonvilliers ’ fascia: Gender differences of its fascial architecture
Introduction: Whereas the existence of Denonvilliers ’ fascia (DVF) in either sex remains controversial, its identification at operation is considered important when mobilizing the distal rectum for cancer or during radical retropubic prostatectomy or rectocoele. The original description of the fascia was based exclusively on Denonvilliers’ findin gs in 12 adult male cadavers though Denonvilliers gave no account of its existence in women. Much of the controversy in the literature concerns the origin and development of the fascia, which is said to arise from a “fusion,” a “condensation of embry...
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ming Zhang, Pierre Chapuis, Les Bokey, Zhaoyang Xu Source Type: research

Reliability of modified adheremeter and digital pressure algometer in measuring normal abdominal tissue and C section scars
This study tested inter- and intra-rater reliability of the digital pressure algometer and modified adheremeter and concurrent validity in the algometer in both normal abdominal tissue and in chronically painful C-section scars. The algometer is used to measure pressure-pain threshold (PPT). The adheremeter is a tool to measure tissue extensibility. Painful abdominal scars are being treated successfully with soft-tissue techniques yet reliable measurement tools for this tissue have not been reported. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Rachel Kelly-Martin, Laura Doughty, Marina Garkavi, Jennifer B. Wasserman Source Type: research

The influence of an instrument-assisted, myofascial treatment on structural and functional properties of the lower back in female soccer players: study design of a placebo-controlled RCT
Introduction: In terms of myofascial treatment, there is an increasing use of instruments to reach myofascial tissue in a deeper, larger, and more targeted manner. Previous goals of such instrument-assisted treatments are increasing blood flow and generating shear forces, relying on the increased accumulation of growth factors and inflammatory mediators for regeneration and stimulating wound healing (Nielsen et al 2007; Sevier& Stegink-Jansen 2015), but scientific data of the benefits are sparse. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Patrick Weber, Robert Schleip, Werner Klingler, Nadine Kr ämer, Christine Graf Source Type: research

Assessing the implementation of myofascial techniques in patients with symptoms of accessory nerve damage after oncologic treatment in the head and neck regions
Introduction: The analysis of outcomes of surgical treatment in patients with head and neck tumours indicates as much as 60% incidence of dysfunction of the trapezius muscle, leading to reduced ROM of the shoulder girdle and the neck. As therapeutic options for those patients are not extensively reported, some alternatives are sought. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Maciej G órecki, Sławomir Marszałek, Mateusz Szewczyk, Janusz Doś, Wojciech Golusinski Source Type: research

Interrater reliability of ultrasound elastography to examine the stiffness and elasticity of muscles and fascia of the lower extremity in healthy adults
Introduction: Ultrasound elastography is one of the first real-time imaging techniques to quantify mechanical tissue properties. With the help of ultrasound elastography, therapists' palpation techniques can be further developed diagnostically, and different muscular and fascial tissue  stiffness can be shown objectively and visually (Brandenburg et al 2014). (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Christopher B öttner Source Type: research

Quantitative analysis of gliding between subcutaneous tissue and vastus lateralis - influence of the dense connective tissue of the myofascia
Introduction: It is reported that the thickness of connective tissue, including loose connective tissue (LCT), is associated with neck pain (Stecco et al 2013). However, the relationship between fascial thickness and gliding remains unclear. We decided to examine the association between muscular gliding and thickness of both myofascial and subcutaneous tissue (SCT). (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kengo Kawanishi, Shintarou Kudo Source Type: research

Effects of manual inter-structural release on gliding ability of the biceps brachii and brachialis during passive supination of the forearm
Introduction: Application of an inter-structural release (ISR) procedure to skeletal muscles is thought to attenuate adhesions between muscles. However, objective evidence demonstrating the effects of ISR on muscle behavior is limited. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effect of ISR on the gliding properties of the biceps brachii and brachialis in asymptomatic healthy young adults. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kazuyoshi Gamada, Tomoko Yamashita, Shohei Tani, Hiroshi Ito, Kenji Hoshi Source Type: research

The effects of dry cupping therapy on muscle thickness and elasticity of upper back muscles
Introduction: Cupping is an ancient method used for various diseases in different cultures. In recent years, the use of cupping therapy has increased. Mechanically, cupping increases local blood flow (Wei et al 2013), stimulates mechanosensitive receptors, and provides pain relief (Rozenfeld& Kalichman 2016). Although the receiver of cupping therapy feels relaxed, no detailed studies have assessed how the therapy affects elastic properties of the muscles. We aimed in this study to evaluate how 10 minutes of cupping affects the thickness and stiffness of the upper back muscles (middle trapezius and paraspinals) of healt...
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Omer Batin Gozubuyuk, Sergen Devran, Mahsum Akikol Source Type: research

Acute effects of foam rolling on passive stiffness, stretch sensation, and fascial sliding: a randomized controlled trial
Introduction: Foam Rolling (FR), an intensive self-massage treatment, aims to mimic the effects of manual therapy and tackle dysfunctions of the skeletal muscle and connective tissue. It has been shown to induce improvements in flexibility, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to further elucidate the acute, systemic, and tissue-specific responses evoked by FR. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Frieder Krause, Jan Wilke, Daniel Niederer, Lutz Vogt, Winfried Banzer Source Type: research

Fascia lata numerical model with discrete element method: relationship between micro and macroscale for tensile tests until rupture
Introduction: Numerical models are useful to better understand the mechanical response of various tissues and materials. With the discrete element method, it is possible to model complex structures with simple elements: small mass elements connected with springs. The macroscopic response of the tissue can then be explained by its microscopic description (Roux et al 2016). We propose to model tensile tests on fascia lata using this method because of its structure composed of two layers of collagen fibers connected by a proteoglycan matrix (Pancheri et al 2014). (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Christophe Muth-Seng, Anthony Roux, S ébastien Laporte, Laure-Lise Gras Source Type: research

Effect of tensile load on ERK 1/2 and p38 signaling pathways in rat subcutaneous fascia
Introduction: A biomechanical phenomenon called “needle grasp” is defined as the winding of connective tissue and has been proposed as an action mechanism of acupuncture manipulation. The nature of the acupuncture signal and its transmission remain elusive. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of mechanical tensile load on acupuncture signals and its transmission in rat facial connective tissue. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Chun Yang, Yi-kuan Du Source Type: research

Self-myofascial vibro-shearing: A randomized controlled trial of biomechanical and related changes in male breakdancers
Introduction: This randomized controlled trial explored the practicality and effectiveness of a novel tool-assisted self-help device, one that combines vibrational oscillation, leverage, and the shearing effect from the edges, for promoting meaningful changes in key biomechanical tissue indices and related parameters. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Christopher-Marc Gordon, Sophie Manuela Lindner, Niels Birbaumer, Pedro Montoya, Rachel Ankney, Frank Andrasik Source Type: research

The role of intra- and epimuscular fasciae beyond being passive structural elements: MRI analyses indicate that they interfere with and affect muscle ’s active mechanics
Introduction: Contractile properties are central to skeletal muscles' contribution to joint range of movement (JROM) and force production. However, the contractile apparatus is integral to intramuscular fasci æ, which are continuous with epimuscular fasciæ. Altered properties of these due to pathological changes also affect activated muscles' mechanics (Yucesoy& Huijing 2007). This is not simply because the force developed in passive fasci æ is added to muscle force. Instead, mechanics of intra- and epimuscular fasciæ also affect sarcomeres (Yucesoy 2010). (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Omer Batin Gozubuyuk, Agah Karakuzu, Uluc Pamuk, Can A. Yucesoy Source Type: research

Fascial waves transmit forces to distant points
Introduction: Pain over the distal tibia was relieved by massage of the proximal anterior tibialis muscle with a FAKTR instrument. Waves move in a sinusoidal pattern through air, liquid, and solids (Fleisch& Kinnaman 2015). It is hypothesized that fascial waves are transmitted to pain receptors in distant fascia and the periosteum. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Walter Folger Source Type: research

Macro-mechanobiology of scarring: In vivo human study of scar stiffness using shear-wave elastography
Introduction: Mechanobiology research using in vitro and animal models have demonstrated that increased matrix stiffness and/or increased tissue strain promotes excessive scar formation (Duscher et al 2014). In addition to scarring, a burn injury increases the risk of developing chronic musculoskeletal disorders (Randall et al 2015). This research investigates the hypothesis that a bi-directional mechanical continuum exists between the dermal and subcutaneous connective tissues influencing scar formation and functional recovery following a burn. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Helen DeJong, Steven Abbott, Marilyn Zelesco, Brendan Kennedy, Lisa Martin, Mel Ziman, Fiona Wood Source Type: research

Vibration based shearing technique (vibro-shearing) versus rolling technique in terms of tissue hydration, stiffness, elasticity, and thermography: A double controlled, standardized study
Introduction: Self-Myofascial Release is receiving increased attention in physical therapy as well as in sports. The aim of this study is to compare the practicality and effectiveness of two tool-assisted self-myofascial release tools. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Christopher-Marc Gordon, Robert Schleip, Pedro Montoya, Frank Andrasik, Miriam Schweisthal Source Type: research

Mechanical evaluation of the role of intra-abdominal pressure within the thoracolumbar fascia in postural asymmetry: A finite element study
This study invests a 2D Finite Element Model that works towards a better understanding of the IAP role when an asymmetric posture is induced. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Khaled El-Monajjed M.Eng, Mark Driscoll Eng. Source Type: research

Efficacy of fascial manipulation and eccentric exercise for lateral elbow pain
Introduction: Lateral Elbow Pain (LEP) is a common painful condition affecting the working population, however, its aetiology and best treatments remain as yet unknown. Wrist extensor intratendinous modifications are commonly reported (Obuchowicz& Bonczar 2016), although changes in the innervation and vascularization of the fascial layers superficial to the tendon itself have been observed too (Spang& Alfredson 2017). Common treatment of LEP includes exercise therapy, targeting the wrist extensor ’s tendinopathy (Cullinane et al 2014). (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Pietro Iogna Prat, Dariusz Cibrowski, Andrea Zuliani, Antonio Stecco Source Type: research

Investigations on muscle composition and muscle power in older people
Introduction: Age-related loss in muscle strength and power may lead to significant impairment in daily functioning (Manini& Clark 2012). The cause of this reduction has traditionally been explained by diminished muscle mass. However, decreased muscle mass is also often associated with an increase in intramuscular fibroadipose tissue (Zoico et al 2013). The accumulation of this non-contractile tissue has been shown to impair the force-generating capacity of muscles in the elderly in experimental studies (Kragstrup et al 2011). (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Julia Wearing, Eling D. deBruin, Maria Stokes Source Type: research

The effect of manual inter-structural release on glenohumeral internal rotation range and gliding between the infraspinatus and posterior deltoid
Introduction: Shoulder pain in overhead athletes may be related to posterior tightness of the glenohumeral joint, which may be caused by the posterior deltoid, infraspinatus, and teres minor along with the capsule. One method of relieving posterior tightness is “sleeper stretch” in which the arm is inwardly rotated during shoulder joint flexion. However, adhesion may require a more direct intervention such as manual inter-structural release (ISR) to improve the durability of post-intervention effects. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Kazuyoshi Gamada, Tomoko Yamashita, Makihiro Kajihara, Kazuya Ito, Kenji Hoshi Source Type: research

Immediate effects of myofascial induction of quadratus lumborum in postural orientation of standing asymptomatic subjects
Introduction: Standing represents a challenging posture that requires upright orientation of body segments (Winter 1995). The thoracolumbar fascia (TLF), a complex network of fascial layers that establishes a direct relationship with several trunk muscles (Willard et al 2012), might be a privileged structure to influence standing posture, either by the direct transmission of forces to the muscle fibers (Turrina et al 2013; Willard et al 2012), influencing its tension, or by the inputs to the central nervous system, ultimately influencing body schema and motor control. (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - October 1, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ana Rita Pinheiro, Christine Cunha, Ana Rita Fernandes, Tiago Pastilha, Vanessa Catarino Nuno, Carlos Crasto, Cl áudia Silva, Rubim Santos, Paulo Carvalho Source Type: research