Predictors of transitions in firearm assault behavior among drug-using youth presenting to an urban emergency department
AbstractRisk and protective factors for firearm assault (FA) have been established, but little is known about factor preceding transitions in FA behavior. We modeled covariate effects on individuals ’ transitions in FA behavior (Yes/No) using inhomogeneous, continuous-time, Markov Chains. 3287 assessments were made across five initial biannual follow-ups, and two additional biannual follow-ups (an average of 2.2 years later) from a follow-on study; 2687 pairs of transitions were observed (24 14 No-FA → No-FA; 89 No-FA → FA; 121 FA → No-FA; 63 FA → FA). Non-firearm peer violence (HR = 2.31, 95% ...
Source: Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factors contributing to homicide-suicide: differences between firearm and non-firearm deaths
AbstractThe primary aim of this study is to determine the relationship between situational factors, method of death, and homicide-suicide deaths, specifically comparing method of death (firearm vs. nonfirearm) across these factors. We used data from the national violence death reporting system, a reporting system for violent deaths that links data from multiple sources. We included incidents that involved at least one homicide death followed by perpetrator suicide in the 42 states from 2013 to 2016. In addition to univariate analyses, we compared proportions of incidents that included a firearm to non-firearm incidents by ...
Source: Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Firearm-related behaviors following firearm injury: changes in ownership, carrying and storage
This study highlights the need for further examination of firearm-related behavior change among GSW patients and development of interventions to promote firearm safety among this population. (Source: Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Characteristics and behavioral risk factors of firearm-exposed youth in an urban emergency department
We describe self-reported firearm access and the associated behavioral risk factors and demographic characteristics in a cross-sectional study conducted in the emergency department of an urban pediatric hospital from June 2013 to June 2014. A total of 2258 adolescents received a behavioral health survey to assess access to firearms inside and outside the home, mental health symptoms, and risk behaviors. One of 6 patients in our sample (15%) endorsed access to a firearm. Male gender, lifetime alcohol use, lifetime marijuana use, and lifetime other drug use were associated with access. Participants reporting access were more...
Source: Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The association of firearm laws with firearm outcomes among children and adolescents: a scoping review
AbstractWe conducted a scoping review to determine the current state of knowledge and areas for advancements in research on the association of firearm laws with child and adolescent firearm-related outcomes. We queried Scopus, EMBASE, Pubmed, and CJ Abstracts for English language original empirical research articles on policies affecting child and adolescent firearm-related outcomes published between January 1, 1985 and July 1, 2018. Data were abstracted, and methodologic quality assessed. Twenty articles met inclusion criteria. Among the policies studied were child access prevention laws (12 studies) and minimum age restr...
Source: Journal of Behavioral Medicine - July 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research