Negative item memory and associative memory: Influences of working memory capacity, anxiety sensitivity, and looming cognition
Publication date: Available online 17 March 2020Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental PsychiatryAuthor(s): Noboru Matsumoto, Jun Kawaguchi (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - March 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A pilot study augmenting cognitive behavioral therapy for panic disorder with attention bias modification: Clinical and psychophysiological outcomes
Publication date: Available online 17 March 2020Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental PsychiatryAuthor(s): A.W. Baker, S.N. Hellberg, R.J. Jacoby, O.M. Losiewicz, S. Orr, L. Marques, N.M. Simon (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - March 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Side effects of induced lateral eye movements during aversive ideation
Publication date: Available online 4 March 2020Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental PsychiatryAuthor(s): Arne Leer, Iris M. Engelhard (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - March 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Modulating disgust in mental contamination: Experimental evidence for the role of disgust
Publication date: Available online 5 March 2020Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental PsychiatryAuthor(s): Zhi Hui Fong, Oliver Sündermann (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - March 5, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effects of the video game ‘Mindlight’ on anxiety of children with an autism spectrum disorder: A randomized controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 3 March 2020Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental PsychiatryAuthor(s): Lieke A.M.W. Wijnhoven, Daan H.M. Creemers, Ad A. Vermulst, Ramón J.L. Lindauer, Roy Otten, Rutger C.M.E. Engels, Isabela Granic (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - March 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Medically unexplained symptoms in children and adolescents: Illness-related self-concept and parental symptom evaluations
Publication date: Available online 2 March 2020Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental PsychiatryAuthor(s): Stefanie M. Jungmann, Michael Witthöft (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - March 3, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Remembering the past to live better in the future: A feasibility randomised controlled trial of memory specificity training for motivation in psychosis
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that guided autobiographical memory retrieval may be an effective way tool for targeting motivation in people with psychosis. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - February 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The association between current maternal psychological control, anxiety symptoms, and emotional regulatory processes in emerging adults
ConclusionsFindings might have implications for targeting both psychological control and emotion regulation difficulties in personalized anxiety interventions during this high-risk developmental period. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - February 22, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Jumping to conclusions in the less-delusion-prone? Preliminary evidence from a more reliable beads task
ConclusionsConsidering the well-established association between the JTC bias and clinical delusions, the current finding may reflect a relationship that differs between non-clinical and clinically significant delusional groups, or one which reverses sign at some level of delusion-proneness. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - February 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effects of cognitive load during interpretation bias modification on interpretation bias and stress reactivity
ConclusionsAdding cognitive load to interpretation bias modification does not alter training-induced change in interpretation bias or emotional reactivity. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - February 19, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effect of an upright (vs. stooped) posture on interpretation bias, imagery, and emotions
ConclusionsPosture interacts with mechanisms involved in the maintenance of depression, as well as with depression-related emotions. This study has clinical implications that should be continued explored in order to clarify the role of manipulating the posture in individuals with depressive symptomatology. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - February 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: June 2020Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Volume 67Author(s): (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - February 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Acknowledgment of Reviewers
Publication date: June 2020Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Volume 67Author(s): (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - February 13, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Moderators of treatment efficacy in individualized metacognitive training for psychosis (MCT+)
ConclusionsPatients with low self-esteem and those who are prone to jumping-to-conclusions seem to particularly benefit from MCT+. Our results can help inform clinical practice as they provide specific criteria for selecting patients for whom MCT+ is most appropriate. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - January 7, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Nightmare distress revisited: Cognitive appraisal of nightmares according to Lazarus’ transactional model of stress
Publication date: September 2020Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Volume 68Author(s): Annika Gieselmann, Nina Elberich, Jonas Mathes, Reinhard PietrowskyAbstractAim of the current research was to newly conceptualize nightmare distress. The special focus was on the appraisal of nightmare distress while applying a theory-driven approach based on Lazarus’ transactional model of stress. It was argued that individuals feel the more distressed the more they feel threatened and harmed by their nightmares (primary appraisal according to Lazarus) and the more they lack of adequate coping skills ...
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - December 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

D-cycloserine as adjunct to brief computerised CBT for spider fear: Effects on fear, behaviour, and cognitive biases
ConclusionsThese findings do not provide evidence for information-processing biases relating to treatment outcome following computerised CBT for spider fear or augmentation with DCS. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - December 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A personalized approach-avoidance modification intervention to reduce negative body image. A placebo-controlled pilot study
ConclusionsTaken together, our study did not provide evidence that training approach-avoidance tendencies is effective in improving negative body image. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - December 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Disgust regulation between menstrual cycle phases: Differential effects of emotional suppression and reappraisal
ConclusionsSuppression may be a more effective strategy than reappraisal for reducing verbal disgust in the follicular phase but not those in the luteal phase. The implications of these findings for the treatment of disgust-based disorders among women are discussed. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - December 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Context matters: The role of subjective arousal during Attentional Bias Modification targeting socially anxious students
ConclusionsThis study did not provide support for the moderating role of arousal in ABM training effects. Replications with more effective mood induction procedures and more power are needed as a trend finding was observed suggesting that higher levels of arousal improved the direct ABM effects on attentional bias. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - December 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Affect variability and emotional reactivity in generalized anxiety disorder
Conclusions: These findings suggest that individuals with GAD symptoms experience higher levels of affective arousal variability, even when the stimuli presented are held constant. Assessing variability in affective arousal may be helpful in both conceptualizing and treating individuals with GAD symptoms. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - December 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reappraisal is an effective emotion regulation strategy in children with Tourette syndrome and ADHD
ConclusionsCognitive reappraisal appears to be a beneficial ER strategy for children regardless of diagnostic status. Our findings indicate that children can learn and employ an adaptive ER strategy when instructed in the technique, even in the presence of attention problems, which is highly relevant to therapeutic approaches to dysregulated behavior. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - December 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The influence of ruminative processing mode on the trajectory of intrusive memories following a negative mood induction
ConclusionsIn contrast to previous findings, our results suggest that any form of rumination about an event (whether in an abstract or concrete mode) may temporarily result in fewer intrusive memories in comparison to distraction. Processing mode does not appear to predict particular trajectories of intrusions following a mood induction. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - November 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Volume 66Author(s): (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - November 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Temporal trends in attention disengagement from social threat as a function of social anxiety
ConclusionsFindings suggest that social anxiety is associated with an initial delay in attention disengagement from social threat that resolves over the course of repeated exposures to such stimuli. Treatment implications are discussed. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - November 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prospective intolerance of uncertainty is associated with maladaptive temporal distribution of avoidance responses: An extension of Flores, López, Vervliet, and Cobos (2018)
ConclusionsThese results suggest that excessive avoidance is also driven by uncertainty of threat timing and highlight the relevance of P-IU as a vulnerability factor for excessive and outspread avoidance behaviors. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - November 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Establishing the dose of memory support to improve patient memory for treatment and treatment outcome
ConclusionsTreatment providers appear to deliver a suboptimal amount of memory support. Delivering the optimal dose of memory support could improve treatment outcome. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - November 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Attentional bias modification with a new paradigm: The effect of the Detection Engagement and Savoring Positivity (DESP) task on eye-tracking of attention
ConclusionsThe DESP task offers promising perspectives for sustainably improving attention to positive information. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - November 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Gazing rituals in body dysmorphic disorder
ConclusionsOur findings support the cognitive-behavioral models for BDD and indicate that therapists may extend therapeutic interventions like mirror retraining by specific perceptual retraining with photographs of the patients. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - November 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Costly avoidance in anxious individuals: Elevated threat avoidance in anxious individuals under high, but not low competing rewards
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that a weaker impact of rewards competing with threat during approach-avoidance behavior contributes to elevated threat avoidance in anxious psychopathology. Costly avoidance may thus be a factor involved in anxious psychopathology. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - October 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Time intensive cognitive behavioural therapy for a specific phobia of vomiting: A single case experimental design
ConclusionsTime intensive CBT including an ImRs component may be an effective and acceptable treatment in reducing SPOV symptomatology. Further research using larger sample sizes in a RCT is needed. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - October 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Investigating the therapeutic potential of cognitive bias modification for high anxiety sensitivity
ConclusionsWhen considered within the context of previous research, the experimental effects and therapeutic potential of CBM-I for high AS appear to be minimal. However, methodological questions need to be resolved before such a conclusion can be considered definitive. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - October 13, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Avoidance of all feedback? Attention allocation during and after public speech in social anxiety
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that only in highly anxious social situations, socially anxious individuals lack the attentional preference toward positive feedback that individuals with low anxious have. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - October 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A randomised controlled trial of computerised interpretation bias modification for health anxiety
ConclusionsThis study is the first to evaluate the effect of internet-delivered CBM-I training targeting benign interpretations of bodily symptoms on health anxiety. Further research is needed before this intervention is disseminated. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - October 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Short-term affective consequences of specificity of rumination about unresolved personal goals
ConclusionsGreater levels of goal-focused rumination were associated with unhelpful affective consequences only when rumination was low in specificity. Specificity of thought content may be an important determinant of whether goal-focused rumination has helpful or unhelpful effects. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - October 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Nightmares distress revisited: Cognitive appraisal of nightmares according to Lazarus’ transactional model of stress
Publication date: Available online 26 September 2019Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental PsychiatryAuthor(s): Annika Gieselmann, Nina Elberich, Jonas Mathes, Reinhard PietrowskyAbstractAim of the current research was to newly conceptualize nightmare distress. The special focus was on the appraisal of nightmare distress while applying a theory-driven approach based on Lazarus’ (1966) transactional model of stress. It was argued that individuals feel the more distressed the more they feel threatened and harmed by their nightmares (primary appraisal according to Lazarus) and the more they lack of adequat...
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - September 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effects of processing positive memories on posttrauma mental health: A preliminary study in a non-clinical student sample
ConclusionsNarrating and processing specific positive memories had a beneficial impact on PTSD symptom severity, posttrauma maladaptive cognitions, and affect; such results provide an impetus to examine positive memory interventions in trauma clinical work. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - September 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effects of awareness material featuring individuals with experience of depression and suicidal thoughts on an audience with depressive symptoms: Randomized controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2019Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental PsychiatryAuthor(s): Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Benedikt TillAbstractBackground and objectiveSuicide prevention plans support individuals with personal experience of mental disorders and suicidality to provide their narratives of coping in the media. The evidence how such portrayals impact on individuals with similar symptoms is limited and there are concerns about unwanted side effects.MethodsThis was a double-blinded randomized controlled online trial conducted from August to November 2018. N = 158 young adults ag...
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - September 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Combining oxytocin and cognitive bias modification training in a randomized controlled trial: Effects on trust in maternal support
ConclusionsThis study combined a social learning paradigm with oxytocin in children. CBM training was effective at an automatic level of processing. Oxytocin did not enhance CBM effects or independently exert effects. Research in larger samples specifying when oxytocin might have beneficial effects is necessary before oxytocin can be used as intervention option in children. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - September 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Disrupted joint action accounts for reduced likability of socially anxious individuals
ConclusionReduced joint action may explain why socially anxious individuals tend to be perceived less positively by others. The findings emphasise the importance of taking an interpersonal and holistic approach to understanding aspects of social anxiety disorder. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - September 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Implicitly measured aggressiveness self-concepts in women with borderline personality disorder as assessed by an Implicit Association Test
ConclusionsThis study extends prior findings on aggression in BPD in that women with BPD do not only explicitly conceive themselves as more aggressive, but also exhibit implicitly more aggressive self-concepts than healthy controls. Because implicit and explicit self-related operations are related, but distinct processes, our results may hold clinical and therapeutic implications. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - September 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social anxiety and the interpretation of morphed facial expressions following exclusion and inclusion
ConclusionsOur findings support and refine cognitive theories of SA, suggesting that interpretation biases for facial information in SA may be especially pronounced following exclusion. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - September 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A plea for more attention to mental representations
Publication date: Available online 27 August 2019Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental PsychiatryAuthor(s): Arnoud ArntzAbstractIn this invited essay I plead for a renewed attention to mental representations in research into psychopathology and its treatment. With the cognitive revolution in the second half of the previous century most psychological models of psychopathology were based on people's capacity to form mental representations of the world. However, much research effort was put into investigating cognitive biases instead of investigating mental representations, and attention shifted towards such bi...
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - August 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Volume 65Author(s): (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - August 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Does approaching puppies and avoiding a dead cat improve the effectiveness of approach-avoidance training for changing the evaluation of feared stimuli?
ConclusionsBoth a typical and an adjusted version of the AAT procedure proved successful to change conditioned negative evaluations. We compare our findings to previous studies showing limited effectiveness of the AAT procedure with feared stimuli. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - August 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Publisher's Note
Publication date: Available online 8 August 2019Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental PsychiatryAuthor(s): (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - August 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Immediate and short term effects of values-based interventions on paranoia
ConclusionsThe findings suggest that focusing on a deeply held value and setting goals in line with that value reduced paranoia. This intervention may be most beneficial for individuals with low self-esteem. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - July 27, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Attentional biases in dysphoria when happy and sad faces are simultaneously presented
ConclusionsThese results support the need for further research on the processing of competing emotional stimuli in depression. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - July 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Targeting separate specific learning parameters underlying cognitive behavioral therapy can improve perceptual judgments of anger
ConclusionsThis study demonstrates that specific decision parameters underlying perceptual judgment can be experimentally manipulated. Although our study failed to show diagnosis specific effects, it suggests that individual parameter “estimation” deficits may be experimentally isolated and potentially targeted, with the ultimate goal of developing an objective approach to personalized intervention targeting biased perceptual judgments in anxiety disorders. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - July 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Borderline personality disorder traits and affect reactivity to positive affect induction followed by a stressor
ConclusionsOur results do not support models postulating BPD-specific affective hyperreactivity. HAP and LAP have different trajectories, depending on the degree of psychopathology. The resilience-enhancing potential of a PA-focus in psychotherapy needs further research. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - July 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reduced automatic approach tendencies towards task-relevant and task-irrelevant food pictures in Anorexia Nervosa
ConclusionPatients with AN are characterized by weakened automatic approach of high caloric food. This might ‘help’ restrict their food-intake even in a condition of starvation. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - June 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research