Cross-cultural adaptation, validity, and reliability of the Neck OutcOme Score (NOOS-Ar) among the Saudi Arabian populace.
Authors: Alqahtani M Abstract BACKGROUND: To date the Neck OutcOme Score (NOOS) was not cross-culturally adapted, validated or available in the Arabic language, although it was available in other languages. OBJECTIVE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Arabic version of the Neck OutcOme Score (NOOS-Ar) and study its psychometric properties. METHODS: A sample of 146 subjects with chronic neck pain filled in the NOOS-Ar questionnaire to determine the Cronbach's alpha (α) for internal consistency, test-retest reliability by intraclass correlation coefficients(2,1) [ICC(2,1)], inter-item correlat...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Efficacy of risk factor education on pain intensity and disability in office workers with nonspecific neck or low back pain: A pilot cluster randomized clinical trial.
CONCLUSION: Risk factor education was not more effective than the home-based exercise program in terms of pain intensity or disability reduction in workers with nonspecific neck or low back pain. PMID: 33185585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

In-depth analysis of life values and their corresponding inhibitors and facilitators in chronic low back pain patients: A mixedmethod approach.
CONCLUSIONS: The perceived importance and success of life values and their related inhibitors and facilitators may differentially affect CLBP patients. Considering such individual aspects is therefore of utmost importance to improve patient care, as they enable treatment goals and the therapeutic strategies to be adapted accordingly. PMID: 33185586 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The efficacy of physiotherapy interventions in the treatment of adhesive capsulitis: A systematic review.
CONCLUSION: The empirical evidence suggests that certain physical therapy techniques and modalities are strongly recommended for pain relief, improvement of ROM, and functional status in patients with adhesive capsulitis, while others are either moderately or mildly recommended. However, the efficacy of one treatment modality over another is uncertain. The poor methodological rigors demonstrated in most of the reviewed studies emphasize the urgent need of properly conducted, adequately sampled randomized controlled trials with adequate follow up to determine the superior combination of treatment. PMID: 33185587 [PubMed...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Assessment of sleep quality in fibromyalgia syndrome and its effect on postural balance and functional status.
CONCLUSION: This study showed that the prevalence of sleep and balance disorders is higher in FMS patients. A relationship was reported between the sleep quality and balance and functional status and frequency of falls. PMID: 33164921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 12, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Core qualities of an educational program to reduce fears and beliefs of GPs about low back pain: Results of a GPs, experts and literature survey.
CONCLUSIONS: Data source triangulation revealed that the core qualities of an educational program targeting fears and beliefs about LBP among GPs should include evidence-based information, web-based interventions and a multidisciplinary panel of experts. Our findings will help us to design a provisional targeted educational intervention. This will be further assessed in a mixed-method feasibility study and then in a randomized controlled trial. PMID: 33164922 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 12, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of muscles energy technique in the management of chronic mechanical low back pain: A scoping review.
CONCLUSIONS: Generally there exists a scarcity of published articles on the effect of MET in chronic MLBP. However, the analysis of the retrieved articles showed that the MET procedure is a favourable intervention that is safe (i.e. no adverse effects) and can be effective as a standalone treatment or in combination with other treatment strategies for patients with chronic MLBP with the potential to provide numerous physical and psychosocial benefits. PMID: 33164923 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 12, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Can scoliosis lead to spinal cord ischaemia? Early diagnosis and rehabilitation: A paradigmatic case report and literature review.
DISCUSSION: Early detection and management of spinal curvature disorders are essential in preventing long-term complications of scoliosis. Although the aetiology of spinal cord ischaemia in severe scoliosis should be better clarified, this rare case report suggests that scoliosis might be involved in its pathogenesis. Thus, we recommend early diagnosis of spinal curvature disorders and adequate rehabilitative treatment in order to prevent potential subsequent neurological complications. PMID: 33164924 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 12, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Medial femoral plate with cannulated screw for Pauwels type III femoral neck fracture: A meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: Medial femoral plate combined with cannulated screw for Pauwels type III femoral neck fracture can shorten healing time, reduce postoperative complications, and improve the postoperative Harris score. PMID: 33164925 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 12, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Multiple measures of muscle function influence Sorensen test performance in individuals with recurrent low back pain.
CONCLUSIONS: Isolated TE muscle endurance is only one of several factors with similar influence on Sorensen Test-TFF, thus LBP rehabilitation strategies should consider other factors, including TE strength, anthropometrics and perceived disability. PMID: 33136088 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 4, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of elastic tape in pregnant women with low back pain: A randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Chamnankrom M, Manimmanakorn N, Manimmanakorn A, Kongwattanakul K, Hamlin MJ Abstract BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common problem in pregnant woman. Elastic tape is an alternative method that may reduce low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of elastic tape to placebo tape in the treatment of low back pain in pregnant women. METHODS: Forty pregnant women were allocated into two groups: elastic group (n= 20) and placebo group (n= 20). All participants were taped by either stretched (elastic group) or non-stretched (placebo group) Kinesio tape at the lower back area for one week. RESU...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 4, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Association among pain, disability, and functional capacity in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain: A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: The association among pain intensity, disability level, functional capacity, and demographic data suggests that apart from pain and disability level, functional capacity is associated with pain, which can be recommended for objective assessment regarding some demographic variables that can contribute to clinical outcome measures. PMID: 33136090 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 4, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

A three-week intervention emphasized diagonal eccentric contraction on balance and joint position sense and ankle strength in subjects with ankle instability: A randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Park DJ, Kim BJ, Kim YH, Park SY Abstract BACKGROUND: Problems related to ankle instability, decreased proprioceptive sensation, altered static and dynamic balance abilities are suggested as major representative factors that contribute to the recurrence of ankle sprains. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a three-week intervention (intervention emphasizing diagonal eccentric contraction (IEDEC) and intervention of general exercise (IGE)) on static and dynamic balance abilities, ankle strength and joint position sense at pre- and post-intervention, and at two- and three-week post-intervention. METHO...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 27, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of lumbar facet joint injection levels on spinopelvic parameters and functional outcome.
CONCLUSIONS: Multilevel lumbar facet injections are clinically more effective than only two-level lower level lumbar injections. Pelvic tilt changes positively correlate with the ODI score changes. PMID: 33104017 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 27, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Differences in psychological factors, disability and fatigue according to the grade of chronification in non-specific low back pain patients: A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: RLBP patients are more disabled than HC, but have a tendency towards a general positive psychological state of mind. Non-continuous CLBP patients would most likely present a negative psychological mindset, become more disabled and have prolonged fatigue complaints. Finally, the continuous CLBP patients are characterized by more negative attitudes and believes on pain, enhanced disability and interference of pain in their daily lives. PMID: 33016899 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 7, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Immediate changes in trunk muscle activation patterns during a lifting task following an abdominal drawing-in exercise in subjects with recurrent low back pain.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest a possibility that the abdominal drawing-in exercise might be effective in improving the muscle recruitment pattern in people with rLBP. PMID: 32986651 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 30, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

An 18-month follow-up study on the effect of a neuromuscular stabilization technique on Cobb's angle in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A single-blind, age-matched controlled trial.
Authors: Won SH, Oh DW, Shen M Abstract BACKGROUND: The benefits of spinal realignment and stabilization in scoliosis need to be examined. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the long-term effect of a neuromuscular stabilization technique (NST) on Cobb's angle in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: Twenty females recruited from two hospitals participated in this study. On the basis of convenience of location, participants were allocated to either the experimental group (EG) that underwent the NST, or the control group (CG) that received education for a home exercise program. The NST for t...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 30, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

An ultrasonographic and electromyographic evaluation of jumping stump possibly due to a neuroma in a patient with transradial amputation: A case report.
CONCLUSION: This report confirms that neuromas are clearly associated with jumping stump. Ultrasonographic and electromyographic assessments are necessary to reveal the features of this pathology for treatment planning. PMID: 32986653 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 30, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Arabic version of the Back Pain Attitudes Questionnaire: Translation, cross-cultural adaptation, and psychometric properties.
CONCLUSION: The Arabic version of the Back-PAQ has adequate validity and reliability properties. PMID: 32986654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 30, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effects of clinical pilates exercises on functional disability, pain, quality of life and lumbopelvic stabilization in pregnant women with low back pain: A randomized controlled study.
CONCLUSIONS: Pilates exercises can be recommended as an effective and safe method for increasing lumbopelvic stabilization, reducing pain and disability, improving physical mobility and sleep problems in pregnant women with LBP. PMID: 32986655 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 30, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Sagittal standing spinal alignment and back pain in 8 to 12-year-old children from the Region of Murcia, Spain: The ISQUIOS Program.
Authors: Santonja-Medina F, Andújar P, Collazo M, Pastor A, Santonja-Renedo F, Martinez-Romero MT, Aparicio-Sarmiento A, Cejudo A, de Baranda PS Abstract BACKGROUND: The child's spine shows changes in posture and balance of its curvatures during growth and musculoskeletal spinal conditions are likely to develop, such as back pain (BP). OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were (a) to describe the sagittal spinal alignment in a relaxed standing position and (b) to analyze its association with BP among 8 to 12-year-old children. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 731 elementary scho...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 16, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Morel-Lavall ée Lesion of the knee after low-energy impact in the healthy non-athlete.
CONCLUSION: MLL of the knee should be a differential diagnosis of traumatic knee swelling, even in low-energy trauma and in patients without bleeding diatheses. Ultrasound is a readily available and rapid modality that can aid both in the diagnosis and management of such lesions. PMID: 32924980 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 16, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of an eight-week shoulder rehabilitation intervention programme on pain and function, range of motion and muscle strength among teachers: A pilot study.
Authors: Nyawose ZZ, Naidoo R Abstract BACKGROUND: Teachers present with shoulder musculoskeletal disorders, which result in pain and poor shoulder function. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of an eight-week shoulder rehabilitation intervention on pain and function, range of motion and muscle strength among teachers. METHODS: Thirty teachers presenting with shoulder pain were recruited and divided into equal control and experimental groups. The intervention group participated in an eight-week rehabilitation programme. Pre- and post-intervention measurements included the scapular position test, range of mo...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 16, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of ELDOA and post-facilitation stretching technique on pain and functional performance in patients with piriformis syndrome: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that the post-facilitation stretching technique shows more improvement in pain, muscle length, SLR, and LEFS in patients with PS as compared to ELDOA. PMID: 32894238 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of aerobic exercise training on postmenopausal patients with knee osteoarthritis.
This study aimed to determine the impact of aerobic exercise on functional limitation, exercise tolerance, and performance tests in postmenopausal women with knee OA. METHODS: A total of 50 women (aged between 48-78) with grade 2-3 knee OA according to the Kellgren-Lawrence radiographic scale were enrolled. OA-specific physical performance tests (40 m Fast-Paced Walk Test (40mFPWT), 30 s Chair Stand Test (30sCST), Stair Climb Test (9-step SCT)), six-minute walk test (6MWT), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were performed. Fifty patients we...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Predictors and prevalence of lower quadrant work-related musculoskeletal disorders among hospital-based nurses: A cross-sectional study.
Authors: Almhdawi KA, Alrabbaie H, Kanaan SF, Oteir AO, Jaber AF, Ismael NT, Obaidat DS Abstract BACKGROUND: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) represent a significant problem for nurses. It is thus important to investigate nurses' WMSDs prevalence and comprehensive predictors including motor, mental, and lifestyle factors. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and predictors of lower quadrant WMSDs among Jordanian nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional design, using self-administered questionnaires, was utilized. Outcome measures included Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ), Depression A...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 2, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effectiveness of high-intensity laser therapy in the management of patients with knee osteoarthritis: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
CONCLUSION: The effectiveness of HILT on pain, stiffness, and function in patients with knee osteoarthritis is promising. However, due to the limited number of studies, further randomized controlled trials with large, well-designed samples are needed. PMID: 32831189 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 25, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Optimal activation ratio of the scapular muscles in closed kinetic chain shoulder exercises: A systematic review.
Authors: Mendez-Rebolledo G, Morales-Verdugo J, Orozco-Chavez I, Habechain FAP, Padilla EL, de la Rosa FJB Abstract BACKGROUND: Muscle synergies contribute to scapular position during arm movement. The trapezius and serratus anterior (SA) muscles are the main stabilizers and are therefore the main target muscles of therapeutic exercises. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the current literature investigating the optimal activation ratio of the scapular muscles during a range of closed kinetic chain exercises. METHODS: A systematic review search was conducted to identify studies reporting shoulder electromy...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 25, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Normal response to tibial neurodynamic test in asymptomatic subjects.
CONCLUSIONS: This study describes the sensory responses of asymptomatic subjects resulting from the TNT. Our findings indicate that TNT responses are independent of the influence of sex or leg dominance. PMID: 32831191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 25, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Study on the relationship between low back pain and emotional state, sleep and quality of life in postmenopausal women1.
Authors: Duymaz T, Yagci N, Gayef A, Telatar B Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of low back pain in the postmenopausal period and the relationship between low back pain and emotional state, sleep and quality of life. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 368 postmenopausal women between 40 and 65 years old. The frequency and severity of low back pain were recorded for all participants, as well as depressive symptoms and anxiety, quality of life and sleep quality. RESULTS: 90.2% of the participants reported low back pain. As low back pain severity in...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Efficacy of the lumbar stabilization and thoracic mobilization exercise program on pain intensity and functional disability reduction in chronic low back pain patients with lumbar radiculopathy: A randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Kostadinović S, Milovanović N, Jovanović J, Tomašević-Todorović S Abstract BACKGROUND: Exercise programs in the treatment of chronic lumbar pain are quite diverse, but it has been proven that stabilization exercises are the most effective. OBJECTIVE: We compared the lumbar stabilization exercise program in a closed and open kinetic chain (LSCO) and lumbar stabilization exercises and thoracic mobilization program in a closed kinetic chain (LSTMC), and evaluated the clinical effectiveness of each program. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, controlled trial in 80 chronic low back pain (CLBP...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Mobilisation efficacy in young patients with different stages of degenerative disc disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Applied treatments improved patient outcomes and were statistically significant in both groups, however, better outcomes were observed in the EXT group during follow-up. Mobilisation was a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of DDD. PMID: 32568172 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - June 24, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Efficacy of intensive, hospital-based rehabilitation in cases of thoracic outlet syndrome that failed to respond to private-practice physiotherapy.
CONCLUSION: An intensive, multidisciplinary, hospital-based rehabilitation programme was associated with improvements in the great majority of patients with TOS - even after private-practice physiotherapy had failed. PMID: 32444532 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - May 25, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Efficient predictors for the decline of activities of daily living in patients with hip fracture one year after surgery: A multicenter prospective cohort study.
Authors: Umehara T, Tanaka R, Nagao S, Tomiyama D, Kawabata Y, Nagano Y, Takeuchi Y, Kakehashi M Abstract BACKGROUND: Previous studies have examined when activities of daily living (ADL) recovery more than six months after surgery can be predicted, and how much accuracy the predictors have. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of ADL decline and evaluate their accuracies one year post-operation for hip-fracture patients. METHODS: We studied patients who underwent hip fracture surgery and were able to walk independently pre-operatively. The predictors of ADL declined one year ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - May 25, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effects of dry needling on pain relief and functional balance in patients with sub-chronic low back pain.
Authors: Loizidis T, Nikodelis T, Bakas E, Kollias I Abstract BACKGROUND: Pain relief is important both for the movement of patients suffering from low back pain and the quality of life. Dry needling is effective on myofascial trigger points but its effect on the area of pain and the functional balance is not fully known. OBJECTIVE: To examine the immediate effect of dry needling on pain and functional balance of patients suffering from low back pain. METHODS: Twenty five patients with sub-chronic low back pain were randomly divided into two groups: the intervention or control group. Needles were used for t...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

A cross-sectional study on foot loading patterns in elite soccer players of different ages.
CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to adult elite soccer players, adolescents demonstrate asymmetric foot loading patterns with increased peak loads in the lateral aspects of the nonpreferred foot. Our results may provide some explanation for MT V stress fractures that occur in elite adolescents. PMID: 32310157 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Lumbosacral immobilization following glucocorticoid intradiscal injection in patients with chronic low back pain and active discopathy: A feasibility study.
CONCLUSIONS: We found high rates of refusal and early withdrawal of the lumbosacral immobilization using a pantaloon cast following GC IDI in people with nonspecific cLBP and active discopathy. PMID: 32310158 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Quadriceps strengthening with blood flow restriction for the rehabilitation of patients with knee conditions: A systematic review with meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: BFR could be a useful option for patients with knee conditions where conventional quadriceps strengthening program exacerbate knee symptoms. Future investigations should compare different BFR protocols to help establish better guidelines for clinicians. PMID: 32310159 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Reliability, standard error of measurement, and minimal detectable change of the star excursion balance test in children with cerebral palsy.
Authors: Kim DH, An DH, Yoo WG Abstract PURPOSE: The present study aimed to estimate the reliability, standard error of measurement (SEM), and minimum detectable change (MDC) of the star excursion balance test (SEBT) in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Eight children with CP (four boys and four girls, sixteen legs) participated in this study. Each child carried out the SEBT and was assessed by two examiners. To determine intra-rater reliability, the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) model (3, 3) was calculated. To determine the inter-rater reliability, the ICC model (2, 3) was computed. R...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Efficacy of electrotherapy in Bell's palsy treatment: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Due to the diverse methodologies used and the small number of individuals included in the studies, we could not fully prove the efficacy of electrotherapy for treating Bell's Palsy. Future studies with larger samples and homogenous populations should be performed to obtain conclusive results. PMID: 32144972 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of conservative treatment with and without neural mobilization for patients with low back pain: A prospective, randomized clinical trial.
Authors: Kurt V, Aras O, Buker N Abstract BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common problem that causes pain, disability, and gait and balance problems. Neurodynamic techniques are used in the treatment of LBP. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of electrotherapy and neural mobilization on pain, functionality, gait, and balance in patients with LBP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 41 patients were randomly assigned to either the neural mobilization group (NMG, n= 20) or electrotherapy group (ETG, n= 21). Assessment tools used were Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain, Oswestry D...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Long-term effects of intra-articular oxygen-ozone therapy versus hyaluronic acid in older people affected by knee osteoarthritis: A randomized single-blind extension study.
Authors: de Sire A, Stagno D, Minetto MA, Cisari C, Baricich A, Invernizzi M Abstract BACKGROUND: There is little evidence for intra-articular (IA) treatment in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and a lack of long-term follow-up studies. OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term effectiveness and safety of IA oxygen-ozone (O2O3) and hyaluronic acid (HA) in terms of functioning in KOA patients over a 31-week period. METHODS: Patients aged ⩾ 60 years with KOA were randomly allocated to receive 4 IA knee injections (1/week) of O2O3 or HA (T0-T3) and a follow-up visit 4 weeks after the fourth injection (T4). In this extensi...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Responsiveness of the Turkish KOOS-PS and HOOS-PS in knee and hip joint arthroplasty patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The Turkish versions of the KOOS-PS and HOOS-PS exhibited strong responsiveness to change in the arthroplasty patients. PMID: 32144975 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Short-term effects of an upper cervical spine traction-manipulation program in patients with cervicogenic dizziness: A case series study.
Authors: Carrasco-Uribarren A, Rodríguez-Sanz J, Hidalgo-García C, Tricás-Moreno JM, Balboa-López D, Cabanillas-Barea S Abstract BACKGROUND: Damage on the somatosensory system could cause sensation of dizziness, a condition known as cervicogenic dizziness (CD). Manual physical therapy has shown beneficial effects, relieving the symptoms of cervicogenic dizziness. However, the effect of upper cervical spine manipulation is unknown, as this is a technique that respects the International Federation of Orthopedic Manipulative Physical Therapists (IFOMPT) safety criteria. OBJETIVE: To ass...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effects of curl-up exercise in terms of posture and muscle contraction direction on muscle activity and thickness of trunk muscles.
Authors: Ha SY, Shin DC Abstract BACKGROUND: The curl-up exercise is widely used in clinical practice for strengthening abdominal muscles, but has been applied without a systematic method. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the most effective method considering the angle and muscle contraction direction during the curl-up exercise. METHODS: Fourteen healthy males performed the curl-up exercise according to contraction direction (concentric and eccentric) and angle (30∘, 60∘, and 90∘). The muscle activity of the rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO), and...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Can BAI be better than BMI to estimate the increment of lumbar lordosis for Caucasians population?
Authors: Zwierzchowska A, Tuz J, Grabara M Abstract BACKGROUND: One of the complications of obesity is low back pain, frequently associated with postural disorders. Body adiposity index (BAI) can be calculated without weighing, which may be rendered useful in settings where measuring accurate body weight is problematic. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare two indices of somatic structure, i.e., BAI and BMI regarding their accuracy (specific and sensitive) in predicting postural aberrations. METHODS: The study group comprised of 1281 participants aged 20-22 years, who were students from univ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Long-term effect of high-intensity laser therapy for persistent shoulder pain: A case report.
DISCUSSION: Results indicate the suitability of developing new research lines which will optimize the use of HILT. PMID: 31929134 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The impact of mobilization on hip osteoarthritis.
CONCLUSIONS: Mobilization increases hip range of motion, decreases pain and improves hip function more than non-weight bearing exercises. PMID: 31929135 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of lumbar segmental stabilization exercise and respiratory exercise on the vital capacity in patients with chronic back pain.
This study aimed to identify the effectiveness of breathing exercises and lumbar segmental exercises on the vital capacity of lumbar instability patients. METHOD: Fifty-nine patients suffering from chronic low back pain participated in this study. They were randomly divided into three groups: experiment group 1 performed breathing and segmental stabilization exercises (n= 20), experiment group 2 performed segmental stabilization exercises (n= 20), and the control group performed the modality treatment (n= 19). The measurements were assessed on vital capacity. RESULTS: The difference in the forced vital capacity, ma...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The identification of preliminary prognostic indicators that predict treatment response for exercise therapy in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain: A multiple-arm cohort study design.
CONCLUSIONS: The most important variables were the prone instability test, pelvic tilt test, straight leg raise, body weight, visual analogue scale and the short form 36 health survey. PMID: 31929137 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research