Effects of global postural reeducation exercise and anti-TNF treatments on disease activity, function, fatigue, mobility, sleep quality and depression in patients with active Ankylosing spondylitis: A prospective follow-up study.
CONCLUSIONS: Anti-TNF therapy and exercise were efficient in both groups on improving all clinic parameters. However, the improvements in pain, function, and mobility were greater in the active AS patients with GPR exercise method. Therefore, motivated patients should be encouraged to perform this method. PMID: 30412478 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 10, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Ultrasound therapy: Dose-dependent effects in LBP treatment.
Authors: Cisowska-Adamiak M, Mackiewicz-Milewska M, Szymkuć-Bukowska I, Hagner W, Beuth W Abstract BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) affects most people at least once in their lives. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound therapy (UD) in patients with LBP receiving two different treatment dosages. METHODS: The study design was a randomized prospective study. Patients were subjected to UD for two weeks. All persons in the study were evaluated at the Outpatient Rehabilitation Clinic at the Antoni Jurasz University Hospital in Bydgoszcz, Poland. Inclusion criteria were lumbosacral pain lasting more t...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 10, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Generalized hypermobility syndrome (GHS) alters dynamic plantar pressure characteristics.
Authors: Simsek IE, Elvan A, Selmani M, Cakiroglu MA, Kirmizi M, Angin S, Bayraktar BA Abstract BACKGROUND: In the relevant literature generalized hypermobility syndrome (GHS) has been shown to alter the kinetic and kinematic patterns of the human movement system. Although GHS affects the general body biomechanics of individuals, the body of knowledge in plantar pressure distribution in GHS is far from sufficient. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine whether individuals with joint hypermobility syndrome have abnormal plantar pressure distribution during normal gait compared to healthy individuals. ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 10, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of "Mannitol plus Vitamins B" in the management of patients with piriformis syndrome.
Effect of "Mannitol plus Vitamins B" in the management of patients with piriformis syndrome. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2018 Oct 30;: Authors: Huang ZF, Lin BQ, Torsha TT, Dilshad S, Yang DS, Xiao J Abstract BACKGROUND: Piriformis syndrome (PS) is an entrapment of the sciatic nerve by the piriformis muscle, or myofascial pain from the piriformis muscle. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of "Mannitol plus Vitamins B" regime in the management of PS. METHODS: Twenty two patients were included in this study and received 250 ml of mannitol 2...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 10, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Visual and instrumental diagnostics using chromokinegraphics: Reliability and validity for low back pain stratification.
Authors: Giesche F, Krause F, Niederer D, Wilke J, Engeroff T, Vogt L, Banzer W Abstract BACKGROUND: Low back pain patients have been suggested to exhibit dysfunctional spinal movement patterns. However, there is a lack of clinically applicable but valid and reliable assessment tools, helping to discriminate normal and pathologically altered movement. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine whether kinematic parameters determined with an ultrasound-based motion analysis and thereof derived chromokinegraphical angle-time matrices (CATMAs) are able to discriminate between non-symptomatic and symptomatic movement behaviour...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 10, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Analysis of the ratios of medial-lateral and proximal-distal muscle activities surrounding the hip joint in the step-up and step-down positions.
CONCLUSIONS: The transverse angle of the hip joint has a greater effect on the medial-lateral balance of the muscles surrounding the hip joint. Muscle activation in the medial hamstring is greater in the step-down position; in the adductor, muscle activation is greater in the step-up position. The step-down position is more appropriate for those with proximal weakness, as it can promote muscle activation in the gluteus maximus while maintaining biceps femoris activation. PMID: 30347585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 24, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Usability evaluation of communication service robot for the elderly.
CONCLUSIONS: Development indicators cover a wider area of user experiences of the communication service robot and are a good measurement tool to help both the users and developers of the service robot for elderly people. PMID: 30347586 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 24, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Can an unipedicular approach replace bipedicular percutaneous vertebroplasty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture?
Authors: Wang W, Duan K, Ma M, Jiang Y, Liu T, Liu J, Hao D Abstract AIM: To compare outcomes of unipedicular versus bipedicular approach for percutaneous vertebroplasty for the treatment of thoracolumbar acute osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (AOVCF). METHOD: From November 2014 to September 2015, 382 patients with AOVCF were randomly assigned to the unipedicular and bipedicular groups. Clinical outcomes and complications were compared. RESULTS: Both groups were comparable with respect to bone cement leakage and adjacent vertebral fractures (P> 0.05). Although the bipedicular approach was foun...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 24, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Assessment of sexual function and quality of life in patients with lower limb amputations.
The objective is to evaluate sexual functions in male patients with LLA and to identify factors that might contribute to sexual dysfunction. The hypothesis is that male patients with LLA would experience worse sexual and emotional functioning and consequently emotional impairment that consequently influenced the sexual function. METHODS: Sixty men with traumatic LLA and 60 healthy men were assessed according to the international index of erectile function (IIEF) scoring system. Emotional state was assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and the quality of life by the Short...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 24, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Capture the vertebral fracture: Risk factors as a prediction.
Authors: Zvekic-Svorcan J, Aleksic J, Jankovic T, Filipovic K, Cvetkovic M, Vuksanovic M, Filipov P Abstract OBJECTIVE: Vertebral fractures are the most common osteoporotic fractures occurring due to low bone mineral density, as well as other risk factors. The aim of the paper is to investigate risk factors for vertebral osteoporotic fracture occurrence in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data pertaining to 651 postmenopausal women obtained from the National Osteoporosis Registry of Serbia was conducted. Further analyses were performed on 217 osteoporotic women identified from those reco...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 24, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Acute effects of centrally- and unilaterally-applied posterior - Anterior mobilizations of the lumbar spine on lumbar range of motion, hamstring extensibility and muscle activation.
CONCLUSIONS: CPA and UPA mobilizations increase lumbar and hamstring ROM whilst reducing local muscle activity. These effects appear to be greater for UPA mobilizations when compared with CPA. PMID: 30347590 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 24, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Sleep quality, pain, anxiety, depression and quality of life in patients with frozen shoulder1.
Authors: Toprak M, Erden M Abstract BACKGROUND: Nocturnal shoulder pain could play an essential role in frozen shoulder (FS) and can lead to disturbed sleep, anxiety, depression and reduced quality of life (QoL). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine anxiety, depression, sleep quality and quality of life in patients with FS and compare these to healthy controls. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated 148 participants (76 FS patients and 72 healthy controls). We obtained Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) pain score, Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Pittsburgh Sle...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 24, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of blood platelet distribution width and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio in patients with different grades of knee osteoarthritis.
Authors: Büyükavcı R, Aktürk S, Sağ S Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare platelet distribution width (PDW) and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) values in mild-to-moderate and severe knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients with knee OA according to the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grading system. Of 465 patients, 231 were excluded (62 due to not meeting the inclusion criteria and 169 due to the lack of simultaneous haemogram and radiographic evaluations). Demographic characteristics and PDW and NLR values were recorded. The patients we...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 24, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Clinical spinal instability: 10 years since the derivation of a clinical prediction rule. A narrative literature review.
CONCLUSION: Stabilization exercises seem to decrease chronic low back pain, although it is not clear that this pain has to be caused by clinical spinal instability. Caution should be exercised when using CPRs in the clinic; they are not meant to be strict treatment guidelines, but rather a tool that helps facilitate clinical decision-making. PMID: 30347593 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 24, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of core stability exercises on postpartum lumbopelvic pain: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Core stability exercises in addition to conventional treatment significantly decreased pain and improved function for women with postpartum LPP. PMID: 30282349 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 6, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Epicardial adipose tissue thickness as a new risk factor for atherosclerosis in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated increased EATT in patients with AS compared with a healthy population, which was positively correlated with disease duration and BASFI. PMID: 30248026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Balance and fall risk in peritoneal dialysis patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Balance was impaired in patients undergoing PD in comparison to healthy subjects. Fall risk may be evaluated using the Tetrax® instead of BBS for this population. Serum glucose level, BMI and age appear to affect balance and fall risk. Therefore, optimization of body weight and normalization of serum glucose levels are important factors for improving balance. The duration of PD, blood pressure, and Kt/Vurea do not affect balance system. PMID: 30248027 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of core training on dynamic balance and agility among Indian junior tennis players.
CONCLUSION: Core training programs can be incorporated safely with players' regular training to improve their dynamic balance and agility, which can eventually lead to better performance. PMID: 30248028 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The approach of physiatrists to low back pain across Europe.
CONCLUSION: The present study is a preliminary report that presents the attitudes of European physiatrists in the management of low back pain. Further researches are warranted to standardize the conservative management of LBP. PMID: 30248029 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Short-term effects of the suboccipital muscle inhibition technique and cranio-cervical flexion exercise on hamstring flexibility, cranio-vertebral angle, and range of motion of the cervical spine in subjects with neck pain: A randomized controlled trial.
This study aimed to determine the short-term effects of SMI technique and CCFE, which represent passive and active exercise programs, respectively, and whether these improve the straight leg raise (SLR) test results, popliteal angle (PA), cranio-vertebral angle (CVA), and cervical range of motion (CROM) and are equally effective in immediate enhancement of such measures in neck pain subjects. METHODS: Twenty subjects with neck pain were randomly allocated to the SMI and CCFE groups (n= 10 each). The outcomes were evaluated via clinical evaluation and SLR, PA, CVA, and CROM measurement before and after intervention. ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of vascular arterial stiffness parameters of adolescent wrestlers with healthy subjects: Is heavy training harmful for wrestlers?
CONCLUSION: Bradycardia is an expected condition for sportsmen. SBP and DWS were found to be high in wrestlers, suggesting that arterial tissue is more susceptible to stress. The low IMT indicates the protective effect of regular exercise against atherosclerosis. It is known that regular exercise is a good thing for the vascular structure of individuals who have a sedentary lifestyle, while heavy exercise puts a load on the vascular structure. The fact that the elastic modulus, compliance, and distensibility do not differ between the groups suggests that structural changes in the adolescents have no effect on the vascular ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in patients with diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of MSDs was found among diabetic patients with the hand and shoulder being the most frequently reported areas affected. However, future studies with a larger sample and the relevant type of diabetes are required. PMID: 30248032 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Tragus-to-wall: A systematic review of procedures, measurements obtained, and clinimetric properties.
CONCLUSIONS: The TTW test is a simple objective indicator of forward flexed posture supported by research on its validity and reliability. More specific information on responsiveness and age-specific norms would increase the value of this nonspecific postural indicator. PMID: 30248033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of burn severity on functional capacity in patients with burn injury.
Authors: Ozkal O, Yurdalan SU, Seyyah M, Acar HA Abstract BACKGROUND: Burns are traumatic injuries that result in severe tissue damage. A reduction in exercise capacity is the most common functional impairment, although it is not clear to what extent the severity of the burn injury affects the exercise capacity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the physiological responses to exercise and to evaluate exercise capacity according to burn severity. METHODS: The study included a total of 64 burn patients, comprising 33 with moderate injuries (Total body surface area: 9.93 ± 4.73%; mean age:...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Treatment of disability associated with chronic non-specific low back pain using core stabilization exercises in pakistani population.
Authors: Waseem M, Karimi H, Gilani SA, Hassan D Abstract BACKGROUND: Chronic non-specific low back is the most common musculoskeletal complaint that significantly affects the general population. Exercises are advocated as the main part of treatment for chronic low back pain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of workouts of the core musculature and routine physical therapy exercise training for the treatment of disability caused by chronic low back pain. METHODS: In this single-blinded, randomized, controlled trial, 120 patients with non-specific low back pain were examined in ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Does rigid spinal orthosis carry more psychosocial implications than the flexible brace in AIS patients? A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that patients treated with the rigid brace assess their vitality, physical function, emotional and social functioning better and are less critical towards body curve, in comparison to patients treated with the SpineCor. PMID: 30248036 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Evaluation of balance after surgery for cerebellopontine angle tumor.
Authors: Canbaz N, Atılgan E, Tarakcı E, Papaker MG Abstract BACKGROUND: The origin of about 10% of tumors located in the intracranial region is the cerebellopontine angle. Therefore Cerebellopontine Angle (CPA) tumors affect patients' balance. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the balance in individuals who underwent surgery for CPA tumors with healthy individuals. METHODS: Thirty patients who were being followed-up by the Department of Neurosurgery and had been operated on CPA tumor and 31 healthy individuals were included in the study as group 1 and group 2, respectively. The participants...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Trunk and pelvic alignment in relation to postural control in children with cerebral palsy.
CONCLUSIONS: Increased trunk imbalance, lateral deviation of the spine and pelvic tilt may be associated with decreased postural control ability in children with diplegic CP. PMID: 30248038 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of mulligan mobilization on pain and life quality of patients with Rotator cuff syndrome: A randomized controlled trial.
This study was conducted on 30 patients with Rotator cuff syndrome. The patients were randomized into Mulligan and control group. All the patients participating in this study were treated with conventional physiotherapy. Additionally, the Mobilization with movement (MWM) technique was used in the Mulligan group. Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH), goniometer for the normal range of motion (ROM) and Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaires were used for assessment. RESULTS: Statistically significant improvement was found in the post-treatment VAS, DASH, SF-36, and ROM values signif...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of effectiveness of the home exercise program and the home exercise program taught by physiotherapist in knee osteoarthritis.
Authors: Yilmaz M, Sahin M, Algun ZC Abstract BACKGROUND: Home-based exercise therapy is effective in reducing pain and improving function in adults with osteoarthritis of the knee. OBJECTIVE: To investigate and compare the effectiveness of the home exercise program and the home exercise program taught by a physiotherapist in knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: The study was conducted with 80 patients with knee osteoarthritis. The patients were randomized into two groups. The first group was given the home exercise brochure by the orthopedist, while the second group did home exercises under the guidance of the ph...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Evaluation of rational drug use knowledge level in patients with musculoskeletal disorders.
In this study, we aimed to evaluate the Rational Drug Use Knowledge Level (RDUKL) in patients with musculoskeletal disorders and some relevant factors. METHOD: The study was carried out in October 2017 on patients treated in the Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Hospital in Turkey. The prepared questionnaire and RDUKL scale were administered to 239 patients by face-to-face interviews. The ANOVA test, chi-squared test and logistic regression model were used for the statistical evaluation. RESULTS: Forty-three percent of the study group was found to have Rational Drug Use Knowledge (RDUK). The patients who used medicin...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of responsiveness of Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire, and Duru öz Hand Index in patients with traumatic hand injury.
CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that MHQ, DASH, and DHI are very responsive questionnaires for detection of treatment-induced changes in patients with traumatic hand injury. We suggest that when it is only intended to assess hand disability or when a quick assessment is desirable, DASH or DHI are more suitable, whereas MHQ will be more useful when a more detailed assessment including pain and aesthetical concerns is required. PMID: 30248042 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Turkish validity and reliability of the patient satisfaction scale in physiotherapy for patients with musculoskeletal pain.
Authors: Erden A, Topbaş M Abstract BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction is a key point in evaluating the quality of physiotherapy services. OBJECIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the Turkish language validity and reliability of the Patient Satisfaction Scale in Physiotherapy (PSSP). METHODS: The study included 168 participants, aged 18-74 years, with musculoskeletal pain. The PSSP, which comprises 14 items in the four sub-dimensions of treatment, admission, logistics and general satisfaction, was applied to all participants. Structural validity was assessed using the principal components method with...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 26, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Ultrasonographic imaging of the effects of continuous, pulsed or sham ultrasound treatments on carpal tunnel syndrome: A randomized controlled study.
Authors: Çatalbaş N, Akkaya N, Atalay NS, Sahin F Abstract BACKGROUND: Clinical and electrophysiological effects of therapeutic ultrasound (US) were researched in many studies on patients with CTS with conflicting results. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of continuous and pulsed US treatments by ultrasonographic imaging in addition to clinical and electrophysilogical parameters in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHOD: Fifty-four patients with idiopathic CTS were randomly divided into three groups. All patients used night splints for two weeks. In addition to splint therapy, continuous...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 20, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Dysphagia and aspiration pneumonia in elderly hospitalization stroke patients: Risk factors, cerebral infarction area comparison.
CONCLUSION: In stroke inpatients over sixty years of age, it is necessary to distinguish the patients with multiple previous cerebral infarctions, high NIHSS score, masticatory muscle paralysis, abolition of gag reflex for early detection and rehabilitation of dysphagia. PMID: 30223382 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 20, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of the demographic and clinical characteristics, functional status and quality of life of lower extremity amputees to identify the reason for undergoing amputation.
Authors: Aydın A, Atiç R Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare clinical and demographic characteristics, functional status and quality of life among patients who underwent amputation for the most common reason in our region. METHODS: Demographic data, level of and reasons for undergoing amputation and clinical data on the use of prostheses in 126 patients were recorded. The amputees were divided into three groups: vascular, trauma and landmine. Variables related to clinical and demographic characteristics, daily life activities and quality of life were investigated. Durati...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 20, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Treatment of chronic back pain using indirect vibroacoustic therapy: A pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: The preliminary findings showed that passive application of low frequency sound wave stimulation therapy through both hands and feet was effective in alleviating pain and improving functional ability in patients with chronic back pain. PMID: 30149436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 29, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The relationship of the pain on the upper extremity functions and quality of life in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome.
CONCLUSIONS: As a result while we found statistical differences between pain and symptomatic status; there were no statistical differences between functionality, daily living activities and QoL. Appropriate rehabilitation programs should be taken into consideration to help patients obtain functionality, daily living activities and QoL. PMID: 30149437 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 29, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Left/right limb judgement task performance following total knee replacement.
This study aimed to investigate if: 1) Total Knee Replacement (TKR) patients perform LRLJ tasks with reference to their WBS; 2) patients have a disrupted WBS following a TKR for the replaced knee compared to the contralateral knee; and 3) lower limb-based LRLJ task performance changes following post-surgical rehabilitation using change in upper limb-based LRLJ task performance as a control. METHODS: In a convenience sample (n= 18, age 69 ± 7 yrs, 12F 6M) of TKR patients
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 29, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of minimal invasive techniques and physiotherapy on pain and disability in elderly: A retrospective study.
Authors: Demirel A, Oz M, Ulger O Abstract BACKGROUND: Low back pain is one of the major musculoskeletal problems seen in elderly, and it's the fifth common cause for hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study has determined whether minimal invasive techniques or physiotherapy methods are effective for decreasing pain and improving functions in the geriatric population. METHODS: A retrospective design was used in this study. Sixty-one patients aged ⩾ 65, who were referred to physiotherapy enrolled in the study. The patients were divided into 2 groups; Group 1 received minimal invasive techniques...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 29, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Regenerative injection therapy and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in primary fibromyalgia treatment: A comparative study.
CONCLUSION: RIT had the advantage in clinical and functional improvement in fibromyalgia patients, while rTMS had better results regarding depression and the cortical component of AEPs. These results might draw attention to the evaluability of a combination of both techniques for a better therapeutic response. PMID: 30149440 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 29, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Learning effect of dynamic postural stability evaluation system.
CONCLUSIONS: The study showed that balance test scores stabilized at different sessions from 1st to 3rd assessment period. Maximum normalized scores were reached at the third trial. PMID: 30149441 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 29, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Trunk muscle endurance in Chinese adults.
CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to describe trunk muscle endurance reference data in Chinese people. Individuals with a summed endurance time of
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 15, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Deep heating therapy via MF radiowaves versus superficial heating therapy in the treatment of nonspecific chronic low back pain: A double blind randomized trial.
CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence of the positive effects of MF radio waves diathermy in the treatment of CLBP. PMID: 30103299 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 15, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Does clinically measured ankle plantar flexor muscle strength or weakness correlate with walking performance in healthy individuals?
Authors: Akalan NE, Kuchimov S, Apti A, Temelli Y, Ören M, Nene A Abstract Muscle strength is usually measured using isometric hand-held dynamometers (HHDs) in the clinic. However, during functional activities, the muscle acts more dynamically. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between clinically measured plantar flexor (PF) muscle strength (PFMS) and laboratory measurements of peak ankle plantar flexion power generation (APFPG), peak ankle moment (PAM), peak plantar flexion velocity (PFV) and mean gait velocity in healthy participants. METHODS: The maximum PFMS on non-dominant sides in...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 15, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Forward head posture (FHP) angle and plantar pressure resulting from oscillatory stimulation training of the shoulder joint: A randomized controlled trial.
This study aimed to investigate the difference in average distribution of plantar pressure resulting from changes in the forward head position (FHP) angle caused by controlling muscle activity in the neck and shoulders through Bodyblade. METHODS: The subjects were divided into an experimental group (Bodyblade, n= 15) and a control group (general physiotherapy, n= 15). Eighteen sessions of exercise were implemented. Craniovertebral angle (CVA) and cranial rotation angle (CRA) were measured to evaluate the change of FHP. The Gaitview AFA-50 (Alfoots Co, Korea) was used to measure the plantar pressure distribution. RE...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 1, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparative study of the effects of two inhibitory suboccipital techniques in non-symptomatic subjects with limited cervical mobility.
Authors: González-Rueda V, López-de-Celis C, García-Barrull A, Cid-Quintas M, Bonnet A, Carrasco-Uribarren A, Barra-López ME Abstract BACKGROUND: Hypomobility on a cervical segment is a frequent finding which is sometimes asymptomatic. The effects of inhibitory suboccipital techniques on cervical mobility have not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect on cervical mobility, of pressure maintained suboccipital inhibition manual technique versus a self-treatment using an Occipivot cushion, in asymptomatic subjects with limited mobility assessed by the flexion-rotation test. ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 1, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Lower back pain and healthy subjects exhibit distinct lower limb perturbation response strategies: A preliminary study.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that particular reactive movement patterns may indicate muscular deficits in subjects with hLBP. Identification of these deficits may aid in developing specific rehabilitation programs to prevent future LBP recurrence. PMID: 30056411 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 1, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of hippotherapy simulator on pain, disability and range of motion of the spinal column in subjects with mechanical low back pain: A randomized single-blind clinical trial.
Authors: Rahbar M, Salekzamani Y, Jahanjou F, Eslamian F, Niroumand A, Dolatkhah N Abstract BACKGROUND: Hippotherapy is a form of therapeutic exercise for conservative treatment of lumbar spine segmental instability and/or hypomobility in subjects with low back pain (LBP). OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluates the effects of a hippotherapy simulator on pain, disability, and range of motion (ROM) of the spinal column in subjects with mechanical LBP. METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial, 80 subjects were randomly assigned to either the control or intervention groups. All subjects underwent routine physiot...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 1, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Muscle dysfunction is associated with poorer health-related quality of life in adults with sickle cell anaemia.
Authors: Gonçalves CEA, Silva PO, Soares MS, Bunn PS, Lima CMA, Lopes AJ Abstract BACKGROUND: It is known that episodes of microvascular obstruction and oxidative stress in sickle cell anaemia (SCA) can damage muscle tissue. As a consequence, deterioration in muscle function may potentially contribute to poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in subjects with SCA, particularly those who do not use long-term treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate muscle function in adults with SCA, to study the correlations between muscle function and HRQoL and to analyse the impact of hydroxyurea treatment. METHODS:...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 1, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research