Comparison of signs on magnetic resonance image of shoulder between patients with stage 4 chronic kidney disease and hemodialysis patients with healthy controls.
CONCLUSIONS: Increased shoulder tendon thickness and effusion were detected in symptomatic dialysis patients, while greater effusion areas were detected in asymptomatic dialysis patients and in stage 4 CRD patients who do not require dialysis compared to healthy controls. PMID: 31450486 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Subgrouping patients with chronic low back pain: What are the differences in actual daily life behavior between patients classified as avoider or persister?
CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that activity-related behavioural style categorization by consultants in rehabilitation medicine is not expressed in objectively measured detailed outcomes of daily physical behaviour. PMID: 31450487 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Convergent validity of clinical tests which are hypothesized to be associated with physical functioning in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain.
CONCLUSION: The current study was able to provide evidence that multimethod and multidimensional approaches should be used as a more comprehensive assessment of physical function in patients with nonspecific CLBP. PMID: 31450488 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Impact of sagittal spine-pelvis-leg alignment and muscle strength on quality of life and low back pain in rural Japanese community- dwelling middle-aged and elderly persons.
CONCLUSIONS: Knee flexion compensated for lumbar kyphosis, but affected physical QOL scores negatively; BES was the most reliable contributor to QOL and the RDQ. PMID: 31403934 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 15, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Continuity of physical activity practice from childhood to adolescence is associated with lower neck pain in both sexes and lower back pain in girls.
CONCLUSION: Girls with physical activity practice during childhood to adolescence were less likely to develop neck pain and back pain when compared to girls who did not maintain practice of physical activity. Similar results were observed in boys considering neck pain. PMID: 31403935 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 15, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal problems in academicians and related factors in Turkey.
This study's purpose was to investigate the musculoskeletal problems distribution and related factors among academicians. METHODS: This study was performed by using a personal and professional information questionnaire, the Extended Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form. RESULTS: The study was completed with 142 academicians (89 female, 53 male). Mean age was 39.91 ± 8.90 years, physical activity level was 1067.31 ± 1866.95 MET-minute/week, and work time was 13.73 ± 9.15 years. Neck and lower back pain were mostly seen in academicians ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 15, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Expression and role of Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptors in intervertebral disc degeneration.
CONCLUSIONS: The results show that an the expression of S1PRs in degenerative discs is down-regulated as degeneration, and S1P can inhibit the inflammation response induced by IL-1β in NP cells, implicating that S1P/S1PR may contribute to IVD degeneration. PMID: 31403937 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 15, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Mechanisms involved in the arthrofibrosis formation and treatments following bone fracture.
Authors: Wang MM, Feng YS, Xing Y, Dong F, Zhang F Abstract Arthrofibrosis is a common complication for patients with bone fracture following external and internal fixation. In this review, we summarize the related factors and significant pathways for joint adhesion following fracture surgery. Moreover, the different types of treatments and related preventive measures are also discussed. Many factors related to the development and treatment of arthrofibrosis are discussed in this review in order to provide possible clues for the prospective targets to develop new medication or treatments for preventing or reducing ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 15, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Adaptations in pelvis, hip and knee kinematics during gait and muscle extensibility in low back pain patients: A cross-sectional study.
Authors: Jiménez-Del-Barrio S, Mingo-Gómez MT, Estébanez-de-Miguel E, Saiz-Cantero E, Miguélez AIS, Ceballos-Laita L Abstract OBJECTIVES: To compare pelvis, hip and knee kinematics during gait and extensibility of hip muscles between low back pain (LBP) and asymptomatic subjects. METHODS: Forty adult volunteers (11 men and 29 women) between 18 to 30 years from university population were included in this study. Twenty patients with LBP formed the LBP group, and 20 asymptomatic subjects formed the control group. Pelvic tilt and knee valgus, peak hip and knee joint excursion, and tempor...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 15, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Prevalence of low back pain in young Brazilians and associated factors: Sex, physical activity, sedentary behavior, sleep and body mass index.
This study aimed to identify the prevalence of LBP and to explore the existence of associated factors (sex, physical activity, sedentary lifestyle, sleep, body mass index and waist circumference). METHODS: This study considered all complaints of the lumbar region (acute or chronic) as LBP, which can irradiate to the backside and legs, lasting a minimum of 24 hours. Youngsters aged 15 to 18 years from a school in the south of Brazil were evaluated. Descriptive statistics was used, in particular Chi-square, Mann-Whitney U tests and binary logistic regression. A significance level of p
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 30, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Conservative management in a patient with massive rotator cuff tear and rheumatoid arthritis.
CONCLUSION: Pain education in combination with exercise therapy was effective for improving pain and function in a full-thickness tear of Supraspinatus and Infraspinatus tendon in a patient also suffering from rheumatoid arthritis. PMID: 31356189 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 30, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Predicting treatment adherence and outcome to outpatient multimodal rehabilitation in chronic low back pain.
CONCLUSIONS: Assessment and consideration of patient pre-treatment characteristics is of great importance as they may enable therapists to identify patients with a good prognosis or at risk for non-responding to outpatient multimodal rehabilitation. PMID: 31356190 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 30, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effectiveness of patient education in improving pain, disability and quality of life among older people with low back pain: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Patient education improved pain and had positive effects on disability and quality of life among older people with LBP. However, due to the limited number of RCTs more studies are needed to provide evidence for its effectiveness. PMID: 31356191 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 30, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The reliability and reproducibility of sagittal spinal curvature measurement using the Microsoft Kinect V2.
CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that the Microsoft Kinect sensor has a reproducible method with high intra-rater and inter-rater reliability. The difference between the means over repeated measures suggest the second image capture is more consistent. It is a reproducible and quick method in clinical and research settings. PMID: 31356192 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 30, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The immediate effect of neurodynamic techniques on jumping performance: A randomised double-blind study.
CONCLUSION: The neurodynamic techniques were found to provide an immediate increase in VJ performance. Neurodynamic techniques are generally used in patient populations to improve treatment outcomes. According to these study results, neurodynamic techniques can be safely used to provide an immediate increase in performances of individuals with no lower extremity problems. PMID: 31282392 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Analysis of the association between selected factors and outcomes of treadmill gait training with biofeedback in patients with chronic stroke.
CONCLUSION: Age, duration of time from stroke onset, and sex do not affect outcomes of gait re-education based on treadmill training in patients at a chronic stage post-stroke and Brunnstrom recovery stage 3-4. Side of paresis significantly differentiates rehabilitation outcomes measured with speed test. The best scores in all the performance measures before rehabilitation were identified in the group 3-6 years after stroke. PMID: 31282393 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of spinal decompression therapy and core stabilization exercises in management of lumbar disc prolapse: A single blind randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: A combination of SDT with CSE has proven to be more significant when compared with CSE alone to reduce pain and disability in subjects with chronic LDP. PMID: 31282394 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Are oropharyngeal exercises effective in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome?
This study has been conducted to examine the effects of posture, cervical region and oropharyngeal exercises in patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). METHOD: Thirty patients with OSAS have been randomly divided into two groups. The first group received supervised exercise program including oropharyngeal, posture and cervical region exercises for 12 weeks. The patients in the control group have been informed about the posture but the exercise was not recommended. Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Short Form 36 (SF-36), International P...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Gender-based age differences in hip and knee kinematics of chinese adults during walking and running.
Authors: Chen S, Cheng G, Lin Y Abstract BACKGROUND: Many studies have presented lower limb kinematics in Western countries, but few have concentrated on gender and age differences for Chinese populations. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate three-dimensional hip and knee kinematics especially for elderly Chinese during walking and running, as well as to analyze age differences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty healthy volunteers, including 40 young and 20 elderly adults, were divided into 2 groups by gender and instructed to perform walking and running in a comfortable manner. The hip and ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Joint position sense error and muscle torque ratios of agonist and antagonist muscles in the ankle and knee joints of young adults.
CONCLUSIONS: JPS error of lower extremity joint may be more related with agonist/antagonist torque ratio rather than peak torque. Therefore, people who will have training for reducing JPS error need to consider torque ratio, too. PMID: 31282397 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

A comparison of physical characteristics, functions and quality of life between breast cancer survivor women who had a mastectomy and healthy women.
This study aimed to compare the physical characteristics, upper extremity functions and quality of life of breast cancer survivors and healthy women. METHODS: A total of 66 women participated in this study: breast cancer survivors (n= 33) and healthy counterparts (n= 33) participated in this study. The Lateral Scapular Dyskinesia Slide Test was used to evaluate scapular dyskinesia, the hand-held dynamometer was used to measure upper extremity muscular strength, the Angle Reproduction Test was used to measure upper extremity position sense, the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire was used to assess ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Relationships among the lumbar lordosis index, sacral horizontal angle, and chronic low back pain in the elderly aged 60-69 years: A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: The lumbar lordosis index, but not the sacral horizontal angle, was significantly associated with CLBP in the subjects. PMID: 31282399 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Looking into the joint when it is frozen: A report on dynamic shoulder ultrasound.
Authors: Ricci V, Özçakar L Abstract Frozen shoulder is a common disorder characterized by pain and limitation of the glenohumeral joint motions. While it is usually clinically diagnosed, as it can also mimic several other painful shoulder pathologies, imaging techniques can contribute to the differential diagnosis. In the literature, static and dynamic ultrasonographic findings have been reported to better characterize this condition and plan for treatment. We studied a 50-year-old male patient with capsular stiffness of the shoulder on whom Ultrasound (US) examination was performed. Our study exemplif...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Interleukin-6 serum concentration in the elderly undergoing total knee arthroplasty: A potential predictor of the early postoperative knee joint range of motion.
Authors: Zhao M, Wang F, Shi L, Xue Q Abstract PURPOSE: To analyze the relevance between serum IL-6 with the early postoperative (post-op) knee joint range of motion (ROM) in the elderly undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). To evaluate the factors affecting early post-op knee joint ROM in the elderly after TKA. METHODS: One hundred and forty-three patients undergoing TKA were included. The patients' general data, perioperative knee joint ROM and serum IL-6, pre-op HSS, WOMAC, SF-36 scores and Wells scores were collected. Repeated data variance analyses were performed to analyze the relevance between serum ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of Tai Chi versus Taekkyon on balance, lower-extremity strength, and gait ability in community-dwelling older women: A single-blinded randomized clinical trial.
This study aimed to compare the effects of TC and Taekkyon exercise programs on the lower-extremity strength, balance, and gait ability of community-dwelling older women as a fall prevention method. METHODS: Community-dwelling older women were randomly allocated into the TC group (n1= 23) and the Taekkyon group (n2= 23). Both groups completed 1 h of either TC or Taekkyon exercises twice weekly for 12 consecutive weeks (24 sessions in total). We measured the Timed Up and Go test (TUG), Functional Reach test (FR), one-leg standing test (OLS), Five Times Sit-to-Stand test (5 × STS), 30 Second Sit-to-Stand test (30&n...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Quadratus Femoris muscle causing deep gluteal syndrome: A rare cause of refractory sciatica of extraspinal origin in the presence of an anatomic variation.
CONCLUSIONS: Differential diagnosis of sciatica of extraspinal origin must rule out sacroiliac and hip joint so as deep gluteal space structures. Among these, quadratus femoris muscle is often overlooked as a pain-generator. Ultrasonography-guided intramuscular injections and a program of stretching and strengthening exercises can achieve durable control on the symptoms. PMID: 31282403 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - July 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of spinal bracing on stability in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Authors: Kavyani M, Nasiri E, Karimi MT, Fatoye F Abstract BACKGROUND: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) may change the physical orientation of body segments and affect balance in individuals. Spinal/trunk brace is commonly used for the management of idiopathic scoliosis. The aim of this study was to compare the standing stability of AIS patients with and without a brace, and to compare them with healthy subjects. METHOD: Twenty subjects (10 healthy subjects and 10 AIS with thoracolumbar/lumbar curve) were recruited for the study. Stability of the scoliotic subjects was evaluated while standing with and wit...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - May 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of oscillatory mobilization as compared to sustained stretch mobilization in the management of cervical radiculopathy: A randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Hassan F, Osama M, Ghafoor A, Yaqoob MF Abstract BACKGROUND: Cervical radiculopathy is a relatively common musculoskeletal disorder resulting in a significant social and occupational impact. Manual therapy is thought to provide relief in cervical radiculopathy; however, evidence is lacking regarding the comparison of different manual therapy concepts. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of Maitland's oscillatory mobilization as compared to Kaltenborn's sustained stretch mobilization in the management of cervical radiculopathy. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted at Fauji Foundation...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - May 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Association of COPD with osteoporosis in male smokers: A case control study in a tertiary medical college hospital in Bangladesh.
Authors: Bari MZJ, Patwary I, Hussain D, Islam SM, Rasker JJ Abstract OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may increase the risk of osteoporosis and resulting fractures can contribute to disability and mortality of patients. We intended to evaluate the frequency of osteoporosis in male smokers with and without COPD and study whether any correlation existed between osteoporosis and COPD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study was carried out in the Department of Medicine, Sylhet M.A.G. Osmani Medical College Hospital, Sylhet, Bangladesh between July 2013 and June 2015. Seventy four ma...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - May 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Platelet rich plasma in osteoarthritis the efficiency of platelet rich plasma treatment in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
Authors: Elik H, Doğu B, Yılmaz F, Begoğlu FA, Kuran B Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment on pain, functionality, quality of life, and cartilage thickness in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Sixty patients with chronic knee pain were randomly separated into two groups. The first group was administered 4-ml PRP intra-articularly (IA) in three doses at one-week intervals, and the second group had only one dose of a 4-ml saline solution IA. The patients' pain was measured using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS); functional...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - May 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Reliability and concurrent validity of a mobile application to measure thoracolumbar range of motion in low back pain patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The mobile application may be considered a valid and reliable tool to assess thoracolumbar ROM for both asymptomatic and chronic low back pain subjects. PMID: 31127756 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - May 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of resistive jaw opening exercise in stroke patients with dysphagia: A double- blind, randomized controlled study.
Authors: Park JS, An DH, Kam KY, Yoon T, Kim T, Chang MY Abstract BACKGROUND: The resistive jaw opening exercise (RJOE) was suggested as a potential remedial treatment for patients with dysphagia. However, clinical evidence is insufficient. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of RJOE on hyoid bone movement, aspiration, and oral intake level in stroke patients with dysphagia. METHODS: Forty stroke patients with dysphagia were randomly allocated into either the experimental group (n= 20) or placebo group (n= 20). The experimental group performed RJOE using a portable device, while the placebo group performed...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - May 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The influence of gestational trimester, physical activity practice and weight gain on the low back and pelvic pain intensity in low risk pregnant women.
CONCLUSIONS: Sedentary pregnant women have 30% more chances to have higher pain intensities when compared to the active women, regardless of the gestational trimester and weight gain. PMID: 31104004 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - May 20, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effects of Mulligan's mobilization with movement technique in patients with lateral epicondylitis.
Authors: Reyhan AC, Sindel D, Dereli EE Abstract BACKGROUND: Lateral epicondylitis (LE) is a common problem of the arm. Mulligan has proposed the use of mobilization with movement for LE. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of Mulligan's mobilization with movement (MWM) in LE. METHODS: Forty patients were included in the study and randomly assigned to group 1 (n= 20), who received MWM, exercise and cold therapy, or group 2 (n= 20), who received exercise and cold therapy. The sessions were conducted five times a week for two weeks. All measures were conducted at baseline, after treatment, at 1st and 3rd m...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - May 20, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of early enteral nutrition in elderly patients with hip fracture during the perioperative period.
This study aimed to assess the effects of early enteral nutrition (EN) in elderly patients with hip fracture. METHODS: The patients were classified into two groups (with and without EN). We compared the pre- and postoperative albumin (ALB) and inflammatory marker levels of each group and the time spent in bed and quality of life 3 months after surgery between the two groups. RESULTS: The pre- and postoperative IL-6 levels of the experimental group (61.68 ± 51.80 pg/L) were lower than those of the control group (233.11 ± 206.31 pg/L) (P
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - May 20, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Reference values for hand muscle strength evaluation methods in healthy young adults.
This study determined the hand muscle strength parameters and reference values in healthy subjects using the Nicholas Manual Muscle Tester (NMMT) and Manual Muscle Test (MMT) and compared these methods. METHODS: The study was carried out with 200 (102 males, 98 females) healthy adults aged between 18-25 years. Muscle strength evaluations of the hand were performed to determine hand motor ability using both NMMT and MMT. RESULTS: The mean values of age, weight, height and body mass index (BMI) were 19.48 ± 0.95 years, 60.66 ± 8.82 kg, 165.30 ± 7.95 cm and 22.14 ± 2.25 kg/m2, respectively,...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 30, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The acute effects of two different rigid taping methods in patients with hallux valgus deformity.
Authors: Akaras E, Guzel NA, Kafa N, Özdemir YA Abstract BACKGROUND: Hallux valgus (HV) is one of the most common deformities of the foot, and it causes great difficulties for the patients. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effects of different rigid taping techniques on HV angle, foot motor performance, balance and walking parameters. METHODS: Twenty-two voluntary individuals (12 males, 10 females) with flexible HV deformities between 18 and 35 years of age were included in the study. All measurements were done before and after placebo, athletic and Mulligan tapings were applied. After a three-da...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 30, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Do the exercises performed with a theraband have an effect on knee muscle strength balances?
Authors: Aktug ZB Abstract BACKGROUND: In the current literature, exercises performed using fitness equipment and body weight have been used in order to decrease the bilateral deficit (BLD) and increase the hamstring-quadriceps (H/Q) ratio. No studies have previously investigated the effect of therabands, which are both portable and practical to be used anywhere, in regard to the BLD and H/Q ratio. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of several 10-week lower extremity exercises performed through therabands on the BLD and H/Q ratio. METHODS: Twenty-seven voluntary male soccer ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 30, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Examination of touch-coordinate errors of adolescents with unilateral spastic cerebral palsy at an aiming-tapping task.
CONCLUSION: This study provided insight into the touch screen performance of adolescents with USCP, who performed an aiming-tapping task with a tablet. Results showed that both affected and unaffected hand performance of touch screen tasks was impaired in adolescents with USCP. PMID: 31033458 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 30, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Change in the circulation and activity of the lower erector spinae muscles after repeated trunk extension movement.
CONCLUSIONS: In healthy individuals, hemodynamics improved up to second repetition of SBEE. PMID: 31033459 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 30, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Relationship between straight leg-raising test measurements and area of fat infiltration in multifidus muscles in patients with lumbar disc hernation.
CONCLUSION: SLR may be used as an important sign for dysfunction of LMM and can identify the more severe side. PMID: 31006661 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 24, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of obesity on pain and disability in chronic shoulder pain patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Shoulder pain may associated with obesity and we recommend the addition of weight control to the treatment of patients with shoulder pain. PMID: 31006662 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 24, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effects of the neck stabilization exercise on the muscle activity of trunk respiratory muscles and maximum voluntary ventilation of chronic stroke patients.
Authors: Lee MH, Jang SH Abstract BACKGROUND: Unstable neck posture, muscle imbalance, and segmental instability can cause neck pain and decrease the respiratory function. OBJECTIVE: To examine effects of a neck stabilization exercise on respiratory muscle activity and maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV) in patients with a chronic stroke. METHODS: A total of 40 patients with a chronic stroke participated in this study. They were randomly divided into two groups (20 in each group). However, ten patients dropped out of the experiment (5 in each group). The experimental group (n= 15) performed a 15-minute neck...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of iloprost on human mature osteoblasts in vitro.
CONCLUSION: Our results could not confirm a modulatory effect in mature osteoblasts. On the basis of the present work we could not verify any growth-stimulating effect by Iloprost in mature osteoblasts in vitro. Admittedly, effects had been shown previously during osteogenesis, but we do exclude an effect on mature osteoblasts which have already differentiated. PMID: 30958330 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Individuals with low back pain improve in standing tolerance and sagittal plane muscle activation following exercise intervention.
Authors: Ingerson E, Renfrow C, Aragon E, Ferger N, Olson B, Sachs A, Nelson-Wong E Abstract BACKGROUND: Healthy individuals who develop low back pain (LBP) during standing (standing intolerant) respond favorably to stabilization-based exercise interventions. People with clinical LBP meeting clinical prediction rules for stabilization-based exercise share characteristics with standing intolerant individuals. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of stabilization-based exercise on standing tolerance, muscle activation and clinical measures in individuals with LBP meeting clinical prediction rules for stabilizatio...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Percutaneous injection of autologous platelet-rich fibrin versus platelet-rich plasma in sacroiliac joint dysfunction: An applied comparative study.
CONCLUSIONS: Participants who received SIJ PRF experienced significant clinical improvement compared to those who received PRP in the late follow-up. PMID: 30958332 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The outcome of total hip arthroplasty in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip.
Authors: Akbaba YA, Can A, Erdogan F Abstract BACKGROUND: The optimal rehabilitation program for patients with post-total hip arthroplasty (THA) after developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes, to define a postoperative rehabilitation program, and to report the complication rate of THA in patients with DDH. METHODS: DDH hips (n= 89) were recruited. The transverse proximal femoral shortening osteotomy was applied to all patients. The rehabilitation program was performed on the first day immediately after operation t...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of virtual reality exercise versus conventional exercise on balance in patients with functional ankle instability: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: This study has shown that VR exercise is more effective in the overall direction (static) and medial-lateral direction (dynamic) of balance than conventional method in patients with FAI. PMID: 30958334 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effectiveness of trigger point treatment in rotator cuff pathology: A randomized controlled double-blind study.
CONCLUSION: A six-week course of IC helps treat active MTrPs. A standard conservative treatment program reduced pain and increased function; the addition of MTrP treatment did not improve clinical outcomes in patients with rotator cuff pathologies. PMID: 30932877 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 3, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Influence of quadriceps angle on static and dynamic balance in young adults.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study showed that QA and dynamic balance have a significant relationship. To reduce musculoskeletal injury risk, the dynamic balance should be assessed in young adults who have lower QA. PMID: 30932878 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 3, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research