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Efficacy of corrective exercise strategy in subjects with hyperkyphosis.
Authors: Senthil P, Sudhakar S, Radhakrishnan R, Jeyakumar S Abstract BACKGROUND: Age-related hyperkyphosis causes deleterious effects on health, physical function, and quality of life. Recently, health care providers recognized it as a major health concern. OBJECTIVE: To identify the effect of corrective exercise strategy on hyperkyphosis and compare it with that of conventional exercise. METHODS: Subjects were randomly categorized into two groups. Each group comprised 30 subjects. Group A received the corrective exercise strategy, and group B received conventional exercises for 8 weeks of the study durati...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 4, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Efficacy of kinesiotape on functional disability of women with postnatal back pain: A randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Mohamed EA, El-Shamy FF, Hamed H Abstract BACKGROUND: Postpartum low back pain harmfully affects all parts of women's life. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of kinesiotape on women with postnatal backache. METHODS: Thirty participants were randomly allocated to either group (A; n= 15), treated by kinesiotape with exercise program, or the group (B; n= 15), treated by exercise program. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Back Pain Function Scale (BPFS) were evaluated.at baseline and after 2 weeks of intervention. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant changes between group A and group B...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 4, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Validity and reliability of ankle dorsiflexion measures in children with cerebral palsy.
Authors: Kim DH, An DH, Yoo WG Abstract PURPOSE: We compared a goniometer method in a non-weight-bearing position with a tape measure method in a weight-bearing position to determine which was more reliable for assessing dorsiflexion range of motion (ROM) in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Ankle dorsiflexion ROM was measured using goniometer and tape measure methods in non-weight- and weight-bearing positions, respectively. RESULTS: In the test-retest reliability of ankle dorsiflexion ROM using a universal goniometer, the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) varied from 0.75 to 0.96 and the ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 4, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparative evaluation of the electrophysiological, functional and ultrastructural effects of alpha lipoic acid and cyanocobalamin administration in a rat model of sciatic nerve injury.
CONCLUSIONS: While both vitamin B12 and ALA produced improvements after sciatic nerve injury, ALA was more functionally effective. The unique ultrastructural effects of vitamin B12 and ALA treatment should be considered in future studies. PMID: 28968230 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 4, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Pustulotic arthro-osteitis (Sonozaki Syndrome): A rare case report.
We describe the case of a 43-year-old male patient diagnosed with pustulotic arthro-osteitis. PMID: 28968231 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 4, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of Kinesio ® taping on pain, functionality, mobility and endurance in the treatment of chronic low back pain: A randomized controlled study.
CONCLUSIONS: Kinesio® taping in chronic low back pain is an easy and effective method which increases the effectiveness of the treatment significantly in a short period when applied in addition to exercise and electrotherapy methods. PMID: 28968232 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 4, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Professional football players at risk for non-acute groin injuries during the first half of the season: A prospective cohort study in The Netherlands.
CONCLUSIONS: A professional club with a squad of 25 players can expect on average two non-acute groin injuries per season with an average time-loss of 35 days. Players are more at risk in the first half of the season. In Dutch professional football, ultrasound is commonly used to diagnose non-acute groin injury, while manual therapy is the most commonly applied treatment. PMID: 28946513 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Upper-limb motor and sensory function in patients with hip fracture: Comparison with community-dwelling older adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Most upper-limb functions are impaired in the patients with hip fracture. Thus, upper-limb function of patients with hip fracture should be considered during treatment. PMID: 28946514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of biofeedback versus switch-triggered functional electrical stimulation on sciatica-related foot drop.
This study aims to clarify the effects of functional electrical stimulation on foot drop caused by peripheral nerve compression resulting from lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: Fifty patients were enrolled in our study; of whom 25 were treated with EMG triggered electrical stimulation (EMG-FES) and 25 with heel-floor sensor triggered electrical stimulation (SWITCH-FES) during normal gait cycle. Patients received functional electrical stimulation (with a pulse of 60 Hz and phase duration of 200 ms) once a day, for 30 minutes during 5 consecutive days, over a period of 4 weeks. Electrical diagnostic tests (nerve conductio...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of stabilization exercise training on pain and functional status in patients with cervical radiculopathy.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that stabilization exercise training could be an effective intervention for decreasing pain and improving quality of life and posture in patients with cervical radiculopathy. PMID: 28946516 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Evaluation of the effect of heel lift on postural stability and symmetry of muscle activity.
CONCLUSIONS: The results point out the benefits of using the newly applied indices in patients with the LLI. Both methods may become useful tools for the evaluation of the physical state of patients with the LLI in a medical practice. PMID: 28946517 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of 25-hidroksi Vitamin D serum concentrations in patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.
CONCLUSION: The literature does not show significant differences between the PS and PsA groups in terms of serum 25-OHD levels and a prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency. Besides, PASI scores were higher in the PS group. CRP values in the PsA group were higher than in the PS group. There was a poor negative correlation between CRP and serum 25-OHD levels in the PsA group. This correlation was not found in the PS group. PMID: 28946518 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Analysis of peak plantar pressure and center of pressure oscillation in individuals with chronic neck pain: A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSION: Individuals with chronic neck pain with mild disability did not differ from a control group in terms of peak plantar pressure or center of pressure oscillation. PMID: 28946519 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation applied to optimal points on the lower abdomen and lumbar paraspinal region changes gait parameters in patients with lumbar degenerative kyphosis.
Authors: Jung GS, Chang MC, Seo SW, Lee DG, Kwak SG, Cho HK, Ahn SH Abstract BACKGROUND: Lumbar degenerative kyphosis (LDK) is characterized by sagittal imbalance resulting from degenerative loss of lumbar lordosis. The ability of transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) to activate deep lumbar stabilizing muscles has been demonstrated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of transcutaneous NMES applied to optimal points on the lower abdomen and lumbar paraspinal region on gait problems in patients with lumbar degenerative kyphosis (LDK). METHODS: Twenty-one patient...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal pain symptoms among allied health professions' students: Prevalence rates and associated factors.
CONCLUSIONS: MPS in AHP students are prevalent and statistically higher among females. Students are advised to adhere to different conservative precautions and follow prevention programs. Future studies are needed to assess actual mechanisms causing MPS among AHP students and designing effective prevention programs specific to AHP students. PMID: 28946521 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of manual therapy and exercise in patients with chronic low back pain: Double blind randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Ulger O, Demirel A, Oz M, Tamer S Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of spinal stabilization exercises (SSE) and manual therapy methods on pain, function and quality of life (QoL) levels in individuals with chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: A total of one-hundred thirteen patients diagnosed as CLBP were enrolled to the study. The patients allocated into Spinal Stabilization group (SG) and manual therapy group (MG), randomly. While SSE performed in SG, soft tissue mobilizations, muscle-energy techniques, joint mobilizations and manipulations were performed in MG. While the...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Difference in trunk stability during semicircular turns with and without a bag in elderly women.
CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that a light additional arm load and increased arm swing contributes to trunk stability and efficient walking during semicircular turning by elderly women. PMID: 28946523 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Are the alterations in body posture related to decreased trunk muscle endurance in healthy young adults?
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicated that the alterations of the body posture was significantly related to lower lateral trunk muscle endurance scores. These findings support the importance of trunk muscles, especially lateral trunk musculature to have a better body posture. PMID: 28946524 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Diastasis of rectus abdominis muscles in low back pain patients.
CONCLUSIONS: DRA and LBP may be interrelated, especially among men. This may be a function of greater BMI in individuals with chronic LBP. Understanding the association between DRA, LBP, and BMI may have important implications for treatment of LBP and for intervention. PMID: 28946525 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) following transforaminal percutaneous endoscopic discectomy (TPED) for lumbar disc herniation: A prospective cohort study - early results.
Authors: Kapetanakis S, Giovannopoulou E, Charitoudis G, Kazakos K Abstract BACKGROUND: Lumbar discectomy is among the most frequently performed procedures in spinal surgery. Transforaminal percutaneous endoscopic discectomy (TPED) is a minimally invasive technique that gains ground among surgeons in the recent years. TPED has been studied in terms of effectiveness, however little is known about its overall impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of the patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the progress of HRQoL following TPED. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-six (76) patients were enrolled in the stud...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Sex differences in passive lateral and medial patellar mobility in healthy young adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Sex differences in LPD/PW and LPD/HT at a 30∘ knee flexion were detected in healthy subjects. Although the knee extension angle related to both the lateral and medial direction of the patellar mobility, the relations were only fairly correlated in asymptomatic young subjects. PMID: 28946527 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

PNF and manual therapy treatment results of patients with cervical spine osteoarthritis.
CONCLUSION: The PNF method proved to be more effective in both short (after two weeks) and long (after three months) term. PMID: 28946528 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Management of refractory sciatic neuropathic pain using ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency.
CONCLUSION: We concluded that the PRF treatment is a very useful treatment technique for patients with refractory sciatic neuropathy. PMID: 28946529 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Reliability and validity study of the Gujarati version of the Oswestry Disability Index 2.1a.
CONCLUSION: The Oswestry disability index version 2.1a was successfully translated into Gujarati language, showing excellent psychometric properties. Therefore, it can be used in evaluating the disability amongst Gujarati population with LBP for both clinical and research purposes. PMID: 28946530 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of cupping therapy for low back pain: A meta-analysis based on existing randomized controlled trials.
CONCLUSIONS: Cupping therapy can significantly decrease the VAS scores and ODI scores for patients with LBP compared to the control management. High heterogeneity and risk of bias existing in studies limit the authenticity of the findings. PMID: 28946531 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

A randomized controlled study on the efficiency of soft tissue mobilization in babies with congenital muscular torticollis.
Authors: Keklicek H, Uygur F Abstract BACKROUND: Soft tissue mobilization techniques (STM) are used in clinical practice in treatment of congenital muscular torticollis(CMT).However, little is known about its effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether using STM to manage CMT in babies with mild to moderate head tilt was effective or not. METHODS: Twenty-nine babies with CMT aged between 0-6 months, who had a head tilt from 5 to 20 degrees were allocated to two groups. Both groups received a baseline home program (positioning, handling strategies, stretching and strengthening exercises, environmental ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Reliability of skin impedance in subjects with chronic neck pain.
CONCLUSION: The measurement of skin impedance of the upper and lower limbs and torso in individuals with chronic neck pain has acceptable reliability values when considered at different times and by different examiners. PMID: 28946533 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effects of balance and postural stability exercises on spa based rehabilitation programme in patients with ankylosing spondylitis.
Authors: Gunay SM, Keser I, Bicer ZT Abstract BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) can cause severe functional disorders that lead to loss of balance. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of balance and postural stability exercises on spa based rehabilitation programme in AS subjects. METHODS: Twenty-one participants were randomized to the study (n= 11) and control groups (n= 10). Patients balance and stability were assessed with the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go (TUG) Test, Single Leg Stance Test (SLST) and Functional Reach Test (FRT). AS spesicied measures were us...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Extracorporeal shockwave therapy vs. kinesiotherapy for osteoarthritis of the knee: A pilot randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Lizis P, Kobza W, Manko G Abstract BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is a degenerative, painful pathology, needing conservative treatment for symptoms' relief. OBJECTIVE: Comparing the effects of Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) and Kinesiotherapy (KIN) on perceived health and range of motion (ROM) of the affected knee. METHOD: A pilot randomized controlled trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding, intention-to-treat analysis. Forty participants, aged 40-75 with OA of the knee were randomized to an ESWT and a KIN groups. The ESWT group completed 5 interventions for 5 week...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Test-retest reliability and validity of a motion capture (MOCAP) system for measuring thoracic and lumbar spinal curvatures and sacral inclination in the sagittal plane.
CONCLUSION: The MOCAP system delivered consistently reliable and valid results for standing curvatures compared with a radiographic technique. This system could be used with confidence in research and clinical environments for sagittal spinal curvature measurements. PMID: 28946536 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The posture of adolescent male handball players: A two-year study.
CONCLUSIONS: A two-year period of handball training did not result in posture asymmetries in young male handball players. The observed changes in the shape of anteroposterior spinal curvatures might be related both to sports training and somatic parameters. PMID: 28946537 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of footrest heights on muscle fatigue, kinematics, and kinetics during prolonged standing work.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggests that a footrest height of 10% of the body height can be recommended as a normalized height for prolonged standing work in subjects with a history of non-specific lower back pain during prolonged standing. PMID: 28946538 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of breathing exercises combined with dynamic upper extremity exercises on the pulmonary function of young adults.
CONCLUSION: Consequently, we came up with result that breathing exercise with dynamic upper extremity exercise improves pulmonary function. Our findings indicate that the breathing and dynamic upper extremity exercise described here should be considered in patients who require breathing therapy, since it seems to have beneficial effects on pulmonary function. PMID: 28946539 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effectiveness of kinesio taping in addition to conventional rehabilitation treatment on pain, cervical range of motion and quality of life in patients with neck pain: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: A protocol of manual therapy and physical exercises, significantly improved pain and mobility in patients with neck pain. We obtained no evidence of additional benefits from the use of KT in this population. PMID: 28946540 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of two proprioceptive training programs on ankle range of motion, pain, functional and balance performance in individuals with ankle sprain.
Authors: Lazarou L, Kofotolis N, Pafis G, Kellis E Abstract BACKGROUND: Following ankle sprain, residual symptoms are often apparent, and proprioceptive training is a treatment approach. Evidence, however, is limited and the optimal program has to be identified. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of two post-acute supervised proprioceptive training programs in individuals with ankle sprain. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a physiotherapy center for ankle sprain rehabilitation. In a pre-post treatment, blinded-assessor design, 22 individuals were randomly allocated to a balance or a propriocepti...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Reduction in handgrip strength and electromyographic activity in women with breast cancer.
CONCLUSIONS: Decreased grip strength and lower electromyographic activity of upper limb affected by surgery for breast cancer, when the side affected was not the dominant this loss was greater. PMID: 28946542 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

A misdiagnosed case of osteoid osteoma of L5.
Authors: Sheng X, Cai G, Gong X, Yao Z, Zhu Y Abstract Clinically, it is difficult to differentiate osteoid osteoma, more than 50% of which occur in the fibia or tibia, from other diseases, i.e. spinal degenerative diseases, inflammatory and noninflammatory arthritis. In this case report, we presented an unusual case of lumbar osteoid osteoma in a 38-year-old male, who experienced low back pain and sciatica as initial symptoms. The patient was initially misdiagnosed as lumbar disc herniation for more than 10 years. With the usage of computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the patient was fina...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Successful return to play following adductor longus proximal tendon rupture in professional soccer without re-injury at 12 months: A case report.
We present a case of a professional soccer player who experienced a rupture in his left adductor longus proximal tendon during a game and was treated conservatively. This case was followed-up during clinical assessment, imaging and strength testing until and after return to play. Primary outcome measure was the return to standard play condition at his pre-injury level without any functional deficits, measured by isokinetic testing. Second outcome measure was the recurrence. No recurrence was observed during the first year of follow-up. Total ruptures are very challenging for both the physician and the player to make a quic...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Impact of foot pronation on postural stability: An observational study.
Authors: Koura GM, Elimy DA, Hamada HA, Fawaz HE, Elgendy MH, Saab IM Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of foot pronation on the dynamic balance including overall stability index (OAI), anteroposterior stability index (APSI) and mediolateral stability index (MLSI). METHODS: Forty participants from both sexes were selected from the Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, with a mean age of 23.55 ± 1.74 years. Subjects were divided into two groups: group A (8 males and 12 females) with foot pronation, and group B (9 males and 11 females) with normal feet. The Navicular Drop Test (NDT) wa...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation and kinesio taping applications in children with cerebral palsy on postural control and sitting balance.
Authors: Elbasan B, Akkaya KU, Akyüz M, Oskay D Abstract BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT), neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), and Kinesio Taping (KT) applications are separately used to improve postural control and sitting balance in children with cerebral palsy (CP). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to examine the combined effect of NDT, NMES and KT applications on postural control and sitting balance in children with CP. METHODS: Forty five children, in 3 groups, between the ages 5-12 years were included in the study. Group 1 received NDT; group 2 received NDT + NMES; and t...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 5, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

In vivo effects of limb movement on nerve stretch, strain, and tension: A systematic review.
CONCLUSION: The heterogeneity of included studies, including wide variety of nerves tested, measurement location and joint position prevented comparisons between studies and also amalgamation of data. Limb movement induces complex biomechanical effects of which nerve elongation plays only a minor role. PMID: 28869435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 5, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Design and analysis of a novel fall prevention device for lower limbs rehabilitation robot.
Authors: Ji J, Guo S, Song T, Xi FJ Abstract BACKGROUND: Most stroke survivors are suffering from physical motor impairments and confronting with the risk of falls, and well trunk stability is essential for balance during daily functional activities. OBJECTIVES: Current fall prevention devices have various limits to the efficient recovery of balance function of the trunk. To provide hemiplegic patients after stroke with the retraining of trunk position sense and a safety environment, a novel fall prevention device is proposed. METHODS: Firstly, the structure of the device is introduced and this work is a fi...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 5, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Influence of spine surgery on the ability to perform an emergency stop while driving a car.
CONCLUSION: Although most patients performed adequately, about one third presented critical braking performance. Risk factors for impaired braking may include scheduled multisegmental fusion surgery, female sex, and pain. PMID: 28854497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 1, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Dorsal scapular nerve injury after trigger point injection into the rhomboid major muscle: A case report.
CONCLUSION: Clinicians should pay attention to the occurrence of dorsal scapular nerve injury when performing trigger point injection into the rhomboid muscle. PMID: 28854498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 1, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Persian adaptation of Quality of Life Profile for Spinal Deformities questionnaire.
This study aimed to examine the validity and reliability of a Persian version of the QLPSD through patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and Scheuermann's kyphosis. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used to determine the validity and reliability of the Persian version of the QLPSD based on the IQOLA protocols. RESULTS: The QLPSD was successfully culturally adapted, showing acceptable internal consistency (cronbach's α= 0.88) and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC = 0.91). Concurrent validity was supported by comparing scores on corresponding dimensions of the Persian versions of QLPSD and th...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 1, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Efficacy of high intensity laser therapy in treatment of patients with lumbar disc protrusion: A randomized controlled trial.
This study aims to evaluate the effect of high intensity laser therapy (HILT) in patients with lumbar disc protrusion (LDP). METHODS: This study included 63 patients suffering from protrusion of lumbar intervertebral disc; they were divided into Groups 1 (n= 32) and 2 (n= 31). Group 1 was treated with HILT and spinal decompression system (SDS). Patients in Group 2 received SDS alone. Evaluations were conducted on Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), lumbosacral portion pain, and lower limb radiation pain with visual analogue scale (VAS) of two patient groups before treatment, two weeks after treatment, and 1 month after fo...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 1, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Clinical predictors of the medical interventions provided to patients with low back pain in the emergency department.
CONCLUSIONS: Most patients present to the ED with acute exacerbations of chronic low back pain. Risk factors for a serious condition are common, but rarely do they develop. Racial disparities and psychosocial factors had concerning relationships with clinical decision-making. PMID: 28854501 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - September 1, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The efficacy of manual therapy and exercise for treating non-specific neck pain: A systematic review.
CONCLUSION: This systematic review updates the evidence for MT combined or not with exercise and/or usual medical care for different stages of NP and provides recommendations for future studies. Two majors points could be highlighted, the first one is that combining different forms of MT with exercise is better than MT or exercise alone, and the second one is that mobilisation need not be applied at the symptomatic level(s) for improvements of NP patients. These both points may have clinical implications for reducing the risk involved with some MT techniques applied to the cervical spine. PMID: 28826164 [PubMed - as su...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 24, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Factors predicting publication of spinal cord injury trials registered on www.ClinicalTrials. gov.
CONCLUSION: The current publication rate of spinal cord injury trials is only 47.6%, though this rate is similar to the publication rate for trials in other fields. NIH-funded trials are significantly more likely to become published than industry-funded trials, which could indicate that some trials remain unpublished due to undesirable results. However, it is also likely that many trials on spinal cord injury yield negative results, as treatments are often ineffective. PMID: 28826165 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 24, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effectiveness of myofascial trigger point therapy in chronic back pain patients is considerably increased when combined with a new, integrated, low-frequency shock wave vibrotherapy (Cellconnect Impulse ®): A two-armed, measurement repeated, randomized, controlled pragmatic trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Combining MT with the Cellconnect Impulse enhances the physiotherapeutic effectiveness of treating chronic back pain. PMID: 28826166 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - August 24, 2017 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research