Mobilisation efficacy in young patients with different stages of degenerative disc disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Applied treatments improved patient outcomes and were statistically significant in both groups, however, better outcomes were observed in the EXT group during follow-up. Mobilisation was a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of DDD. PMID: 32568172 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - June 24, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Efficacy of intensive, hospital-based rehabilitation in cases of thoracic outlet syndrome that failed to respond to private-practice physiotherapy.
CONCLUSION: An intensive, multidisciplinary, hospital-based rehabilitation programme was associated with improvements in the great majority of patients with TOS - even after private-practice physiotherapy had failed. PMID: 32444532 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - May 25, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Efficient predictors for the decline of activities of daily living in patients with hip fracture one year after surgery: A multicenter prospective cohort study.
Authors: Umehara T, Tanaka R, Nagao S, Tomiyama D, Kawabata Y, Nagano Y, Takeuchi Y, Kakehashi M Abstract BACKGROUND: Previous studies have examined when activities of daily living (ADL) recovery more than six months after surgery can be predicted, and how much accuracy the predictors have. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the predictors of ADL decline and evaluate their accuracies one year post-operation for hip-fracture patients. METHODS: We studied patients who underwent hip fracture surgery and were able to walk independently pre-operatively. The predictors of ADL declined one year ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - May 25, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effects of dry needling on pain relief and functional balance in patients with sub-chronic low back pain.
Authors: Loizidis T, Nikodelis T, Bakas E, Kollias I Abstract BACKGROUND: Pain relief is important both for the movement of patients suffering from low back pain and the quality of life. Dry needling is effective on myofascial trigger points but its effect on the area of pain and the functional balance is not fully known. OBJECTIVE: To examine the immediate effect of dry needling on pain and functional balance of patients suffering from low back pain. METHODS: Twenty five patients with sub-chronic low back pain were randomly divided into two groups: the intervention or control group. Needles were used for t...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

A cross-sectional study on foot loading patterns in elite soccer players of different ages.
CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to adult elite soccer players, adolescents demonstrate asymmetric foot loading patterns with increased peak loads in the lateral aspects of the nonpreferred foot. Our results may provide some explanation for MT V stress fractures that occur in elite adolescents. PMID: 32310157 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Lumbosacral immobilization following glucocorticoid intradiscal injection in patients with chronic low back pain and active discopathy: A feasibility study.
CONCLUSIONS: We found high rates of refusal and early withdrawal of the lumbosacral immobilization using a pantaloon cast following GC IDI in people with nonspecific cLBP and active discopathy. PMID: 32310158 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Quadriceps strengthening with blood flow restriction for the rehabilitation of patients with knee conditions: A systematic review with meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: BFR could be a useful option for patients with knee conditions where conventional quadriceps strengthening program exacerbate knee symptoms. Future investigations should compare different BFR protocols to help establish better guidelines for clinicians. PMID: 32310159 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 22, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Reliability, standard error of measurement, and minimal detectable change of the star excursion balance test in children with cerebral palsy.
Authors: Kim DH, An DH, Yoo WG Abstract PURPOSE: The present study aimed to estimate the reliability, standard error of measurement (SEM), and minimum detectable change (MDC) of the star excursion balance test (SEBT) in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Eight children with CP (four boys and four girls, sixteen legs) participated in this study. Each child carried out the SEBT and was assessed by two examiners. To determine intra-rater reliability, the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) model (3, 3) was calculated. To determine the inter-rater reliability, the ICC model (2, 3) was computed. R...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Efficacy of electrotherapy in Bell's palsy treatment: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Due to the diverse methodologies used and the small number of individuals included in the studies, we could not fully prove the efficacy of electrotherapy for treating Bell's Palsy. Future studies with larger samples and homogenous populations should be performed to obtain conclusive results. PMID: 32144972 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of conservative treatment with and without neural mobilization for patients with low back pain: A prospective, randomized clinical trial.
Authors: Kurt V, Aras O, Buker N Abstract BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common problem that causes pain, disability, and gait and balance problems. Neurodynamic techniques are used in the treatment of LBP. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of electrotherapy and neural mobilization on pain, functionality, gait, and balance in patients with LBP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 41 patients were randomly assigned to either the neural mobilization group (NMG, n= 20) or electrotherapy group (ETG, n= 21). Assessment tools used were Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain, Oswestry D...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Long-term effects of intra-articular oxygen-ozone therapy versus hyaluronic acid in older people affected by knee osteoarthritis: A randomized single-blind extension study.
Authors: de Sire A, Stagno D, Minetto MA, Cisari C, Baricich A, Invernizzi M Abstract BACKGROUND: There is little evidence for intra-articular (IA) treatment in knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and a lack of long-term follow-up studies. OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term effectiveness and safety of IA oxygen-ozone (O2O3) and hyaluronic acid (HA) in terms of functioning in KOA patients over a 31-week period. METHODS: Patients aged ⩾ 60 years with KOA were randomly allocated to receive 4 IA knee injections (1/week) of O2O3 or HA (T0-T3) and a follow-up visit 4 weeks after the fourth injection (T4). In this extensi...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Responsiveness of the Turkish KOOS-PS and HOOS-PS in knee and hip joint arthroplasty patients.
CONCLUSIONS: The Turkish versions of the KOOS-PS and HOOS-PS exhibited strong responsiveness to change in the arthroplasty patients. PMID: 32144975 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Short-term effects of an upper cervical spine traction-manipulation program in patients with cervicogenic dizziness: A case series study.
Authors: Carrasco-Uribarren A, Rodríguez-Sanz J, Hidalgo-García C, Tricás-Moreno JM, Balboa-López D, Cabanillas-Barea S Abstract BACKGROUND: Damage on the somatosensory system could cause sensation of dizziness, a condition known as cervicogenic dizziness (CD). Manual physical therapy has shown beneficial effects, relieving the symptoms of cervicogenic dizziness. However, the effect of upper cervical spine manipulation is unknown, as this is a technique that respects the International Federation of Orthopedic Manipulative Physical Therapists (IFOMPT) safety criteria. OBJETIVE: To ass...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effects of curl-up exercise in terms of posture and muscle contraction direction on muscle activity and thickness of trunk muscles.
Authors: Ha SY, Shin DC Abstract BACKGROUND: The curl-up exercise is widely used in clinical practice for strengthening abdominal muscles, but has been applied without a systematic method. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the most effective method considering the angle and muscle contraction direction during the curl-up exercise. METHODS: Fourteen healthy males performed the curl-up exercise according to contraction direction (concentric and eccentric) and angle (30∘, 60∘, and 90∘). The muscle activity of the rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique (EO), internal oblique (IO), and...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Can BAI be better than BMI to estimate the increment of lumbar lordosis for Caucasians population?
Authors: Zwierzchowska A, Tuz J, Grabara M Abstract BACKGROUND: One of the complications of obesity is low back pain, frequently associated with postural disorders. Body adiposity index (BAI) can be calculated without weighing, which may be rendered useful in settings where measuring accurate body weight is problematic. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare two indices of somatic structure, i.e., BAI and BMI regarding their accuracy (specific and sensitive) in predicting postural aberrations. METHODS: The study group comprised of 1281 participants aged 20-22 years, who were students from univ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Long-term effect of high-intensity laser therapy for persistent shoulder pain: A case report.
DISCUSSION: Results indicate the suitability of developing new research lines which will optimize the use of HILT. PMID: 31929134 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The impact of mobilization on hip osteoarthritis.
CONCLUSIONS: Mobilization increases hip range of motion, decreases pain and improves hip function more than non-weight bearing exercises. PMID: 31929135 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of lumbar segmental stabilization exercise and respiratory exercise on the vital capacity in patients with chronic back pain.
This study aimed to identify the effectiveness of breathing exercises and lumbar segmental exercises on the vital capacity of lumbar instability patients. METHOD: Fifty-nine patients suffering from chronic low back pain participated in this study. They were randomly divided into three groups: experiment group 1 performed breathing and segmental stabilization exercises (n= 20), experiment group 2 performed segmental stabilization exercises (n= 20), and the control group performed the modality treatment (n= 19). The measurements were assessed on vital capacity. RESULTS: The difference in the forced vital capacity, ma...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The identification of preliminary prognostic indicators that predict treatment response for exercise therapy in patients with nonspecific chronic low back pain: A multiple-arm cohort study design.
CONCLUSIONS: The most important variables were the prone instability test, pelvic tilt test, straight leg raise, body weight, visual analogue scale and the short form 36 health survey. PMID: 31929137 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The 'Global Postural Re-education' in non-specific neck and low back pain treatment: A pilot study.
Authors: Cavalcanti IF, Antonino GB, Monte-Silva KKD, Guerino MR, Ferreira APL, das Graças Rodrigues de Araújo M Abstract BACKGROUND: Spinal pain is an important public health issue that brings biopsychosocial problems. Among its treatments, we have the Global Postural Re-education (GPR). OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effects of GPR on pain, flexibility, and posture of individuals with non-specific low back pain and/or neck pain for more than six weeks. METHODS: The study enrolled 18 individuals, which were randomized into two groups: GPR group (GPRG; n= 09), submitted to 10 sessions of GPR and cont...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Gait training using the Honda Walking Assist Device ® for individuals with transfemoral amputation: A report of two cases.
CONCLUSIONS: Gait training using the HWA was safe and effective for improving the gait of two TF amputees. PMID: 31929139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Erratum.
Authors: PMID: 31929140 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 15, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Mortality among immigrant patients 20-45 years of age with chronic back pain in primary care in Sweden: A 15-year follow-up cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Being unmarried and receiving TLSA were associated with significantly higher ACM in this highly marginalized group of immigrant patients. PMID: 31903979 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 7, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of mechanical bed massage on biochemical markers of exercise-induced back muscle fatigue in athletes: A randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Zhong H, Eungpinichpong W, Wang X, Chatchawan U, Wanpen S, Buranruk O, Wang C Abstract BACKGROUND: Many previous studies have explored the effects of manual massage on back muscle fatigue, and most of the mechanical massage techniques imitate manual massage. However, it is unknown whether mechanical and manual massage have the same functions for exercise-induced back muscle fatigue. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of mechanical bed massage on the biochemical markers of exercise-induced back muscle fatigue in male collegiate athletes. METHODS: Twenty-eight male collegiate athletes who met the ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 7, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Electrostimulation has a positive effect on the knee function after knee arthroscopic surgery: A randomized trial.
CONCLUSION: Application of mild electrostimulation using the BodyFlow device has a positive impact on the swelling in the knee joint region, range of motion, extensor and flexor strength as well as physical, psychological, and social functioning. PMID: 31868656 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 24, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Associations between the severity of disability level and fear of movement and pain beliefs in patients with chronic low back pain.
In this study, we investigated the associations between the severity of disability and fear of movement and pain beliefs as well as the impact of the fear of movement and pain beliefs on the quality of life in patients with chronic LBP. METHODS: A total of 89 patients (42.29 ± 16.05 years) with chronic low back pain were included in the study. The instruments used in the assessments include the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), the Tampa Kinesiophobia Scale (TKS), the Pain Belief Questionnaire (PBQ), and the SF 36-Short Form. Patients were assigned into three groups by disabi...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 24, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Efficiency  of active therapy for low back pain in elderly men.
CONCLUSION: The conducted analyses confirmed that a functional restoration process improved spinal mobility in all planes of movement, decreased pain and functional limitations, and reduced the level of depression. PMID: 31868658 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 24, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The determination of the cross-sectional area of the lumbar erector spinae muscles of Olympic style weightlifting athletes by using MRI1.
CONCLUSIONS: From the study findings, we might conclude that trainings of Olympic style weightlifting possess a hypertrophic effect on the cross-sectional area of erector spinae muscles of Olympic style weightlifting athletes. PMID: 31868659 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 24, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

A sonographic comparison of the effect of dry needling and ischemic compression on the active trigger point of the sternocleidomastoid muscle associated with cervicogenic headache: A randomized trial.
Authors: Togha M, Bahrpeyma F, Jafari M, Nasiri A Abstract BACKGROUND: Cervicogenic headache (CeH) is among the common types of headache which has an undesirable influence on the quality of life. The myofascial trigger point (MTrP) within the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle is one of the most important causes of CeH. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of dry needling (DN) and ischemic compression (IC) on the headache symptoms as well as MTrP-related features in subjects with CeH originating from MTrPs of the SCM muscle using a sonographic method. METHODS: A total of 29 female su...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 11, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Assessment of the musculoskeletal performance with squat tests and performance-oriented measurements in older adults.
Authors: Uysal I, Korkmaz NC, Cavlak U Abstract BACKGROUND: Balance and mobility impairments, declined musculoskeletal strength and performance, limited range of motion, and poor flexibility are fairly common among older adults. OBJECTIVES: To determine the lower extremity muscle force and to verify the correlation with the gait characteristics and balance in community dwelling older adults. METHODS: Seventy-five adults with a mean age of 75.07 ± 6.28 years were included in the study. All participants were evaluated with the following tests: half squat (HS), decline squat (DS), foot print analysis (s...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 11, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The relationship of hip rotation range, hip rotator strength and balance in healthy individuals.
Authors: Kim Y, Kang S Abstract BACKGROUND: Few studies have explored the relationship between muscle strength, range of motion (ROM), and balance in the horizontal plane of the hip joint using three-dimensional (3D) motion analysis. OBJECTIVE: We investigate the relationships of hip internal rotation (IR) and external rotation (ER) ROM, measured using a 3D motion capture system, with hip internal and external rotator strength and single-leg standing balance. METHODS: The participants were 40 healthy adults. Kinematic data on hip ROM were collected using an eight-camera motion analysis system. Hip rotationa...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 11, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The incidence of impingement syndrome in cases of cervical radiculopathy: An analysis of 220 cases.
Authors: Dernek B, Aydoğmuş S, Duymuş TM, Adıyeke L, Yardımcı MY, Kesiktaş FN, Sindel D, Ketenci A Abstract BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that cervical radiculopathy (CR) has a role in subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS) etiology, which cannot be directly connected to anatomical causes. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the presence of cervical radiculopathy in patients with SAIS diagnosed clinically and radiologically. METHODS: Patients who had a clinical and radiological SAIS diagnosis between 2014 and 2016 were included in the study. Patients with secondary causes that led to SAIS were excluded...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 11, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

A patient-specific finite element analysis of the anterior cruciate ligament under different flexion angles.
CONCLUSIONS: The results have implications not only for understanding the stresses and strains within the ACL under different flexion angles, but also for providing preliminary data for the biomechanical and medical experts in regard of the injuries which may occur to the ACL at relatively higher flexion angles. PMID: 31815688 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 11, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

An assessment of the effects of variations in the Palmaris longus tendon and the fifth superficial flexor digitorum on pinch and grip strength.
CONCLUSION: Based on the findings of the present study, it seems that absence of the Palmaris longus tendon is associated with a reduction in pinch strength but has no effect on grip strength, and the variations in the fifth superficial flexor digitorum (flexor digitorum superficialis, or FDS) have no effect on pinch and grip strengths. PMID: 31796660 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 6, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Total knee arthroplasty for patients with medial knee osteoarthritis improves trunk movement during gait.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that after TKA, the trunk movements of knee osteoarthritis patients were approximately equal to those of controls, with improvement in clinical outcomes such as knee extension limitation and pain. PMID: 31796661 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 6, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Fitness for health assessment in unilateral lower limb amputation: A study on the Evam1 battery.
CONCLUSIONS: PPF is of great importance, since the basic physical capabilities are altered due to long immobilization and hospitalization periods, inadequate postures, alteration of basic daily activities, and decrease in participation in sports, recreational, and work activities. This is a fundamental proposal, given that the procedures for FFH assessment of PPULLA have been rarely addressed, thus limiting the information on assessment methods, processes and/or tests established for these procedures. PMID: 31796662 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 6, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The impacts of internet addiction on depression, physical activity level and trigger point sensitivity in Turkish university students.
In this study, we investigated the impact of internet addiction on depression, physical activity level, and latent trigger point sensitivity in Turkish university students. METHODS: A total of 215 university students (155 females and 60 males) who were between 18-25 years of age participated in the study. Using the Addiction Profile Index Internet Addiction Form (APIINT), we identified 51 people as non-internet-addicted (non-IA) (Group 1: 10 male/41 female) and 51 as internet-addicted (IA) (Group 2: 7 male/44 female). APIINT, International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short-Form (IPAQ), Beck Depression Inventory (BD...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Co-contraction of the core muscles during Pilates exercise on the Wunda Chair.
Authors: Panhan AC, Gonçalves M, Eltz GD, Villalba MM, Cardozo AC, Bérzin F Abstract BACKGROUND: The co-contraction of the core muscles has been reported as the key mechanism towards spinal stability. Classic Pilates exercises aimed at these muscles are known to improve the stability and strength of the trunk without damaging the deep structures of the spine. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the co-contraction of the mobilizing (rectus abdominis; longissimus) and stabilizing (multifidus; internal oblique) trunk muscles during Pilates exercises - going up front, mountain climber, and swan. METHODS: Sixte...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Assessment of knee osteoarthritis by ultrasonography and its association with knee pain.
CONCLUSION: Ultrasound as a modality that is easily accessible, inexpensive and without radiation exposure is helpful to demonstrate factors related to pain in knee osteoarthritis by allowing assessment of soft tissue structures. PMID: 31771037 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effectiveness of knee osteoarthritis treatment by arthroscopic microfracture technique in combination with autologous bone marrow stem cells transplantation.
CONCLUSION: Treatment of osteoarthritis by a combination of arthroscopic microfracture and transplantation of autologous bone-marrow stem cells was an invasive, safe and effective method which showed an improvement in the clinical symptoms (VAS score) and knee functions (KOOS points). PMID: 31771038 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of balance taping using kinesiology tape in a female with patellofemoral pain syndrome: A case report.
CONCLUSION: Considering the outcome of the study, we recommend balance taping as a complementary treatment method for PFPS. PMID: 31771039 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The longitudinal effects of a physical activity programme on the physical fitness and disability of back pain patients: Service evaluation.
Authors: Bloxham SR, Layden J, Jane B, Peers C, Scragg S Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the longitudinal effect of a group physical activity service to help patients self-manage un-resolving back pain. BACKGROUND: Back pain is one of the most common and costly conditions. Large scale trials have demonstrated a role for less traditional treatment including exercise, yet the long term effects of patient centred, group physical activity programmes remains unclear. METHODS: One hundred and eighty-one un-resolving back pain patients (aged 53 ±17 years) completed a 6 × 2 h physical activity pro...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Technological rehabilitation versus conventional rehabilitation following hip replacement: A prospective controlled study.
Authors: Aprile I, Iacovelli C, Cruciani A, Simbolotti C, Loreti S, Galli G, Vulpiani MC, Padua L Abstract BACKGROUND: Among new technological rehabilitation systems, there are proprioceptive platforms. These could be useful to improve static and dynamic balance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate technological proprioceptive rehabilitation compared to conventional rehabilitation in patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Sixty-four patients after THA were divided in two groups: a conventional group (CG) and a technological group (TG) treated with proprioceptive platforms. Before (T0) and after 20 session...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Predictability of the effects of epidural injection in lumbar spinal stenosis by assessment of lumbar MRI scans.
CONCLUSIONS: Although MRI is crucial for evaluating lumbar spinal stenosis, it cannot replace but is rather complementary to a good patient history and clinical examination or the results of local diagnostic injections. PMID: 31743983 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effectiveness of superimposed neuromuscular electrical stimulation combined with strengthening exercises on patellofemoral pain: A randomized controlled pilot trial.
This study was planned as a single blind randomized controlled pilot study. A total of twenty-seven patients diagnosed with PFP were randomly assigned into 2 groups. Patients received superimposed NMES in addition to the standardized program (Group I) or only the standardized program (Group II). The patients in both groups were treated 3 times a week for 6 weeks and followed at 12 weeks. Primary outcome measure was quadriceps isokinetic muscle strength. The changes in dependent variables before treatment, 6th, and 12th weeks were analyzed using a 2 × 3 mixed-model analysis of variance. RESULTS: There were signifi...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Seasonal evaluation of skeletal muscle damage and hematological and biochemical parameters of Greco-Roman wrestlers from the Kyrgyzstan national team before the 2016 Summer Olympic Games.
Authors: Demirhan B, Günay M, Canuzakov K, Kılıç M, Güzelbektes H, Patlar S Abstract BACKGROUND: Regular exercise activities affect blood cells. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the seasonal evaluation of some hematological and biochemical parameters of the Olympic Greco-Roman wrestlers. METHODS: A total of 3 measurements were performed on wrestlers: immediately before the training period, three months and six months after the training session. Hematological and biochemical parameters were analyzed by taking sufficient blood samples from the athletes before and after e...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Functional muscle balance assessment in multiple sclerosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed the presence of a structural and functional asymmetry explained by the tendency of increasing the tonus at mRF level in order to compensate the knee stability. We noticed a decrease in Tc value at the mRF level, but close to the value of the two lower limbs. TMG analysis revealed the asymmetry of the muscle composition at the level of the antagonist muscle groups of the thigh, with an increase in the percentage of type II fibers in the previous group, which became hyperton, and a decrease in the percentage of type I fibers in the posterior group. PMID: 31743986 [PubMed - as supplied by pub...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of ultrasound-guided platelet rich plasma, prolotherapy, and corticosteroid injections in rotator cuff lesions.
Authors: Sari A, Eroglu A Abstract BACKGROUND: Injections is a good alternative to conventional treatment-resistant cases with rotator cuff (RC) lesions before operation. Currently, different injection methods are used in RC lesions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of different injection methods (platelet-rich plasma [PRP], corticosteroid [COR] and prolotherapy [PRO]) in RC tendon lesions. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-nine patients were divided into 4 groups as PRP, COR, PRO and the lidocaine group. Subacromial injection was applied to all groups. They were evaluated using the Visual Analogue Scale (...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 21, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of pads on foot morphology in athletes with medial tibial stress syndrome.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study results suggest that changes in foot morphologies because of the use of a pad can be measured objectively in patients with MTSS. PMID: 31707365 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 11, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Reliability and criterion validity of the "Gyroscope" application of the iPod ™ for measuring lumbar range of motion.
CONCLUSION: Our results provide evidence that the iPod "Gyroscope" application can be used to assess lumbar ROM for all movements. PMID: 31658035 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - October 30, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research