The effects of the neck stabilization exercise on the muscle activity of trunk respiratory muscles and maximum voluntary ventilation of chronic stroke patients.
Authors: Lee MH, Jang SH Abstract BACKGROUND: Unstable neck posture, muscle imbalance, and segmental instability can cause neck pain and decrease the respiratory function. OBJECTIVE: To examine effects of a neck stabilization exercise on respiratory muscle activity and maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV) in patients with a chronic stroke. METHODS: A total of 40 patients with a chronic stroke participated in this study. They were randomly divided into two groups (20 in each group). However, ten patients dropped out of the experiment (5 in each group). The experimental group (n= 15) performed a 15-minute neck...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of iloprost on human mature osteoblasts in vitro.
CONCLUSION: Our results could not confirm a modulatory effect in mature osteoblasts. On the basis of the present work we could not verify any growth-stimulating effect by Iloprost in mature osteoblasts in vitro. Admittedly, effects had been shown previously during osteogenesis, but we do exclude an effect on mature osteoblasts which have already differentiated. PMID: 30958330 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Individuals with low back pain improve in standing tolerance and sagittal plane muscle activation following exercise intervention.
Authors: Ingerson E, Renfrow C, Aragon E, Ferger N, Olson B, Sachs A, Nelson-Wong E Abstract BACKGROUND: Healthy individuals who develop low back pain (LBP) during standing (standing intolerant) respond favorably to stabilization-based exercise interventions. People with clinical LBP meeting clinical prediction rules for stabilization-based exercise share characteristics with standing intolerant individuals. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of stabilization-based exercise on standing tolerance, muscle activation and clinical measures in individuals with LBP meeting clinical prediction rules for stabilizatio...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Percutaneous injection of autologous platelet-rich fibrin versus platelet-rich plasma in sacroiliac joint dysfunction: An applied comparative study.
CONCLUSIONS: Participants who received SIJ PRF experienced significant clinical improvement compared to those who received PRP in the late follow-up. PMID: 30958332 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The outcome of total hip arthroplasty in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip.
Authors: Akbaba YA, Can A, Erdogan F Abstract BACKGROUND: The optimal rehabilitation program for patients with post-total hip arthroplasty (THA) after developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes, to define a postoperative rehabilitation program, and to report the complication rate of THA in patients with DDH. METHODS: DDH hips (n= 89) were recruited. The transverse proximal femoral shortening osteotomy was applied to all patients. The rehabilitation program was performed on the first day immediately after operation t...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of virtual reality exercise versus conventional exercise on balance in patients with functional ankle instability: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: This study has shown that VR exercise is more effective in the overall direction (static) and medial-lateral direction (dynamic) of balance than conventional method in patients with FAI. PMID: 30958334 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 10, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effectiveness of trigger point treatment in rotator cuff pathology: A randomized controlled double-blind study.
CONCLUSION: A six-week course of IC helps treat active MTrPs. A standard conservative treatment program reduced pain and increased function; the addition of MTrP treatment did not improve clinical outcomes in patients with rotator cuff pathologies. PMID: 30932877 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 3, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Influence of quadriceps angle on static and dynamic balance in young adults.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study showed that QA and dynamic balance have a significant relationship. To reduce musculoskeletal injury risk, the dynamic balance should be assessed in young adults who have lower QA. PMID: 30932878 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 3, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effectiveness of high intensity laser therapy in the management of spinal disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Authors: Alayat MSM, Alshehri MA, Shousha TM, Abdelgalil AA, Al-Attar WS, Alhasan H, Khayyat OK Abstract BACKGROUND: Spinal disorders are common health problems which include wide categories of diseases that affect the spinal soft tissues, joints and bone. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of high intensity laser therapy (HILT) on pain and function in patients with spinal disorders. METHODS: Six databases were searched up to the end of February 2018 including PubMed, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Physiotherapy Evidence Dat...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - April 3, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of using the Flexi-Bar tool on erector spinae muscle activation under different standing weight-bearing conditions.
CONCLUSION: The current study showed that the Flexi-Bar might be used for muscle activation and reeducation, as well as for specific exercise therapy in spinal muscle imbalance. PMID: 30883330 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 20, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Kinesio taping versus dry needling in the treatment of myofascial pain of the upper trapezius muscle: A randomized, single blind (evaluator), prospective study.
Authors: Doğan N, Şengül İ, Akçay-Yalbuzdağ Ş, Kaya T Abstract BACKGROUND: Although a number of therapeutic interventions for trigger-point inactivation have been studied, it remains controversial which intervention is better. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of the kinesio taping and dry needling methods in patients with trigger-point related myofascial pain syndrome of the upper trapezius muscle. METHODS: A total of 42 patients were randomly allocated to the kinesio taping group (n= 23) and dry needling group (n= 19). The patients were assessed for pain, pressure pain threshold (PP...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 20, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Site-dependent thenar compound muscle action potential: Comparison between surface and needle recordings.
CONCLUSION: The optimal recording site for APB derived thenar CMAP is the site-I and for FPB is the site-III. The CMAPs registered by the needle recordings are much robust than the surface ones. PMID: 30883332 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 20, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effects of familiarization with loading, weight and size of loading on neuromuscular responses during sudden upper limb loading in chronic low back pain patients.
CONCLUSION: Several motor control changes were observed in the CLBP patients. These patients showed decreased trunk muscle activity as well as too early and too delayed responses compared to asymptomatic subjects. PMID: 30883333 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 20, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effects of shock wave and dry needling on active trigger points of upper trapezius muscle in patients with non-specific neck pain: A randomized clinical trial.
Authors: Manafnezhad J, Salahzadeh Z, Salami M, Ghader F, Ghojazadeh M Abstract BACKGROUND: Chronic neck pain is associated with various myofascial trigger points (MTrPs). OBJECTIVE: A single-blind randomized clinical trial was designed to compare the effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) with dry needling (DN) techniques on the upper trapezius muscle trigger point in patients with non-specific neck pain (NSNP). METHODS: Seventy patients with NSNP and active MTrPs of the upper trapezius muscle were randomly divided into two groups: an ESWT group (n= 35) and a DN group (n= 35). Treatment sessio...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 20, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The relationship between pain severity, kinesiophobia, and quality of life in patients with non-specific chronic neck pain.
CONCLUSION: TSK scores showed a correlation with gender, education level, and SF-36 general health scores. We conclude that as the education level decreases, kinesophobia scores increase, and as kinesophobia scores increase, the quality of life decreases. PMID: 30856099 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Which trunk exercise most effectively activates abdominal muscles? A comparative study of plank and isometric bilateral leg raise exercises.
Authors: Park DJ, Park SY Abstract BACKGROUND: Various forms of trunk exercise have been used for increasing abdominal strength. The plank exercise and bilateral leg raise exercise are one of these trunk exercises. However, there are few studies that compared the effects of these exercise variations. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate how effectively the trunk muscles during plank and bilateral leg raise exercises are activated. METHOD: Surface electromyography responses of the rectus abdominis, internal oblique, and erector spinae muscles were investigated during the plank and bilateral leg ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Histochemical and histological changes of paraspinal muscles in patients with thoracic and lumbar spine fractures treated with open and minimally invasive stabilisation.
Authors: Matejka J, Zeman J, Belatka J, Zeman P, Matejka T Abstract BACKGROUND: Histological and histochemical analyses of muscle samples were used to determine the intensity of paraspinal muscle injury during open (OPEN) and minimally invasive (MIS) procedures due to spinal trauma. OBJECTIVE: A randomised prospective study design was chosen. According to our hypothesis, OPEN procedures will lead to more intensive microscopic changes than MIS. METHODS: Muscle samples were collected during the primary surgery - fracture surgery (FRS) from the left and during material extraction (EXS) from the right side. Com...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 13, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Factors associated with non-specific low back pain in children aged 10-12 from Bucaramanga, Colombia: A cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: High prevalence of low back pain was found in children between 10 and 12 years old. The study of the decisive factors of low back pain is important to identify children at risk, as well as to develop efficient primary prevention programs. PMID: 30814343 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 4, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Differences in beliefs about pain control after surgery due to lumbar or cervical discopathy and degenerative spine disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Cognitive-behavioral interventions, concerning depression and beliefs about pain control, may be appropriate for both lumbar and cervical surgical populations, to improve post-surgical functioning. PMID: 30814344 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 4, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Potential risk factors for back pain in children.
Authors: Strikovic V, Krasnik R, Zvekic-Svorcan J, Demesi DC, Kuhajda D, Ivanic J, Vuklis D Abstract OBJECTIVES: Back pain often develops in early childhood and becomes more frequent during adolescence. The aim of this study was to determine potential risk factors and the therapy effects on back pain in children. METHODS: This retrospective study included 96 boys and girls treated for back pain in outpatient and hospital setting in the 1.1.2016-31.12.2016 period at the Institute of Child and Youth Health Care of Vojvodina, Serbia. The influence of sex, age, physical activity and presence of concomitant locomoto...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 4, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Diurnal variation of body height in children with idiopathic scoliosis.
Authors: Czaprowski D, Tyrakowski M, Bloda J, Waś J, Dembińska A, Ewertowska P, Kotwicki T Abstract BACKGROUND: Body height (BH) measurement is an important part of the clinical evaluation of children with idiopathic scoliosis (IS) as its progression is defined based on the observation of a growth spurt. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess diurnal variation of BH in children with IS. METHODS: BH was measured in 98 children with IS (Cobb angle: 10∘-52∘, mean 21.2∘± 9.9∘) both in standing and sitting position. The measurements were performed 4 times a day - between: (1) 7:00 and 8:00...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

A 4-week community aquatic physiotherapy program with Ai Chi or Bad Ragaz Ring Method improves disability and trunk muscle endurance in adults with chronic low back pain: A pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: A 4-week aquatic physiotherapy program with Ai Chi or BRRM resulted in significant pre- to post-treatment improvements in disability and global core muscle endurance. Ai Chi appeared to have an additional benefit of improving single-leg standing balance and BRRM an additional benefit of reducing pain. PMID: 30689551 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Explanatory multivariate modeling for disability, pain, and claims in patients with spine pain via a physical therapy direct access model of care.
CONCLUSION: Females and higher initial disability predicted favorable outcomes. The novel introduction of claims into the prognostic modeling supports that active interventions and avoiding imaging may reduce claims. PMID: 30689552 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 29, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of active versus passive upper extremity neural mobilization combined with mechanical traction and mobilization in females with cervical radiculopathy: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Both active and passive neural mobilization is effective in the management of cervical radiculopathy. One of the intervention is not superior to the other. PMID: 30664500 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 23, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Superficial peroneal nerve schwannoma presenting as lumbar radicular syndrome in a non-competitive runner.
CONCLUSION: This case report describes the history, assessment and treatment of a runner with a rare cause of leg pain. After surgery excision, treatment focused on education and loading the tissues over many weeks through a graded program of loaded exercises and running retraining. PMID: 30664501 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 23, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comprehensive non-surgical treatment decreased the need for spine surgery in patients with spondylolisthesis: Three-year results.
CONCLUSIONS: CNT is effective in spondylolisthesis and more successful in DS than SS. CNT may decrease the need for surgery, particularly in patients who report pain relief greater than 70% for average five months after TFEs. PMID: 30664502 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 23, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of electromyographic biofeedback on learning the short foot exercise.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that visual EMG biofeedback is an effective method of increasing the EMG activity of the ABH during the SF exercise in a short practice time. PMID: 30636725 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Acute muscle stretching and the ability to maintain posture in females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Prior muscle stretching has a negative effect on the ability to preserve body positional alignment during posture exercise. The present findings should be considered by practitioners when designing protocols for scoliosis-specific exercises. Stretching immediately prior to posture maintenance exercises should be avoided. PMID: 30636726 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Linking physical therapy outcome measures to the Brief international classification of functioning core set for hand conditions in subjects with ulnar wrist pain.
CONCLUSIONS: The Brief ICF Core Set for Hand Conditions can be a useful abridged list of categories relevant to functioning and health in subjects with ulnar wrist pain. PMID: 30636727 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of segmental stabilizing exercises augmented by pelvic floor muscles training on women with postpartum pelvic girdle pain: A randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS: PFM training should be an essential part in rehabilitation programs of PGP postpartum. PMID: 30636728 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of dry needling on the active trigger point of upper trapezius muscle: Eliciting local twitch response on long-term clinical outcomes.
CONCLUSION: DN without eliciting LTR has superiority over the DN along with eliciting LTR while the treatment aimed to receive long-term effects. PMID: 30636729 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 16, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The intra- and inter-observer reliability of interface pressure measurements of the Milwaukee brace in adolescents with hyperkyphosis.
CONCLUSIONS: The modified sphygmomanometer is a reliable tool to measure the pad pressure of the Milwaukee brace for adolescents with SK. PMID: 30614789 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of exercise on static balance and Cobb angle during the weaning phase of brace management in idiopathic scoliosis and hyperkyphosis: A preliminary study.
Authors: Bidari S, Kamyab M, Ahmadi A, Ganjavian MS Abstract BACKGROUND: Exercises are usually prescribed in association with orthotic intervention for management of idiopathic scoliosis, however the role of these exercises on the efficacy of brace and/or balance is not clear yet. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of exercise (the Blount and Moe protocol) on static balance and Cobb angle changes in adolescents with spinal deformities during weaning from brace. METHODS: Seventeen brace users were allocated into 3 groups (good, moderate, and weak), according to their exercise quality and quantity Static bal...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Validity and reliability of two Smartphone applications to measure the lower and upper cervical spine range of motion in subjects with chronic cervical pain.
CONCLUSION: The two Smartphone applications used in this study showed an excellent validity compared to the CROM. The intra and inter reliability is excellent for all movements, except for the upper cervical spine flexion. PMID: 30614791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of hip extension and rotation range of motions in young elite tennis players with and without history of low back pain.
Authors: Moreno-Pérez V, López-Valenciano A, Ayala F, Fernandez-Fernandez J, Vera-Garcia FJ Abstract BACKGROUND: Although low back pain (LBP) is known to be multi-factorial, certain studies have suggested that a deficit in hip extension and rotation range of motion (ROM) may be associated with LBP in athletes. OBJETIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare hip extension and rotation ROMs in elite tennis players with and without a history of LBP. METHODS: Forty-two male young and 22 female young elite tennis players completed this study. Participants were divided into two groups: (1) 32 wit...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 9, 2019 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of two different aquatic exercise trainings on cardiopulmonary endurance and emotional status in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
CONCLUSIONS: Exercise therapy consisting of only lower extremity exercises in water might be more effective in improving exercise capacity and depression levels in comparison to upper extremity and trunk added exercises or conventional physical therapy. PMID: 30584113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 27, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Between-side differences in trunk rotational power in athletes trained in asymmetric sports.
This study compares peak and mean values of power during trunk rotations on the dominant and non-dominant side in golfers, ice-hockey players, tennis players, and an age-matched control group of fit individuals. METHODS: Groups of 17 golfers, 17 ice-hockey players, 21 tennis players, and 39 fit individuals performed standing trunk rotations to each side with a bar weight of 5.5, 10.5, 15.5, and 20 kg placed on the shoulders. Peak power and mean power in the acceleration phase of trunk rotations were measured using the FiTRO Torso Premium system. RESULTS: Peak power and mean power in the acceleration phase of trunk ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 27, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Acute effects of distal fibular taping technique on pain, balance and forward lunge activities in Chronic Ankle Instability.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that distal fibular taping reduces pain intensity, postural control and dorsiflexion range of motion in individuals with Chronic Ankle Instability. Further studies are needed with participants with a lower functional level and a higher pain intensity. PMID: 30584115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 27, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of repeated application of rigid tape on pain and mobility deficits associated with sacroiliac joint dysfunction.
Authors: Allah NHN, Sigward SM, Mohamed GA, Elhafez SM, Emran IM Abstract BACKGROUND: Sacroiliac joint dysfunction (SIJD) accounts for up to 30% of patients with low back pain. Rigid taping techniques are often used for conservative treatment of SIJD related symptoms; however, its effectiveness has not been systematically evaluated. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of rigid tape on pain, malalignment and mobility deficits associated with anterior innominate SIJD. METHODS: Two groups (n= 37; experimental and control) diagnosed with SIJD participated in a randomized, controlled t...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 27, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Investigating the relationships between quality of life, fatigue and leisure time physical activity in prostate cancer patients.
Authors: Ozdemir K, Keser I, Sen I, Tan MO Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the parameters of fatigue, quality of life and leisure time physical activity in prostate cancer (PCa) patients. This is the first study in the literature to report interaction between these parameters from the perspective of physiotherapy and rehabilitation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight out-patients were enrolled in this study. In an oncologic rehabilitation unit, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue Questionnaire (FACIT-F), Functional Assessment of Cancer ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 27, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Upper cervical and upper thoracic spine mobilization versus deep cervical flexors exercise in individuals with forward head posture: A randomized clinical trial investigating their effectiveness.
This study aimed to investigate the effects of upper cervical and upper thoracic spine mobilization versus deep cervical flexors exercise (DCFE) in individuals with FHP. METHODS: Thirty-one participants with FHP were randomized into the mobilization (n= 15) or exercise (n= 16) group. The treatment period was 4 weeks with follow-up assessment at 4 weeks and 6 weeks after the initial examination. Outcomes assessed included the craniovertebral angle (CVA), numeric pain rating scale (NPRS), respiratory function, and the global rating of change (GRC). RESULTS: Participants in the mobilization group demonstrated significant improvements (p
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 27, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Psychological and physical factors related to disability in chronic low back pain.
The objective was to identify the psychological and physical factors associated with CLBP disability in patients and assess differences between asymptomatic subjects and CLBP patients through physical tests and psychological self-reports. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed. Total sample of 80 participants were classified into two groups: patients with CLBP (n= 49) and asymptomatic subjects (i.e. the control group) (n= 31). The physical tests included lower back range of motion (LBROM), postural stability, lower back strength (LBS), and lumbopelvic motor control tests. The psychological self-reports included...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 27, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of pressure release, phonophoresis and dry needling in treatment of latent myofascial trigger point of upper trapezius muscle.
Authors: Tabatabaiee A, Ebrahimi-Takamjani I, Ahmadi A, Sarrafzadeh J, Emrani A Abstract BACKGROUND: Latent myofascial trigger point (LMTP) is a small hypersensitive area in skeletal muscles that becomes painful under compression or stimulation. LMTPs are relevant for various musculoskeletal disorders. Although several treatments have been introduced to treat LMTP, the most efficient one is yet to be found. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of the present study was to compare pressure release, phonophoresis of betamethasone and dry needling on the upper trapezius latent myofascial trigger point. METHODS: Sixty pa...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 27, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Osteosarcopenia increases hip fracture risk: A case-controlled study in the elderly.
CONCLUSION: According to this study, GMV have an impact on bone mineral density. The risk of hip fracture should not be assessed by only examining bone density in patients over 65 years of age. The clinical relevance is that increasing the gluteal muscle volume above cut-off value in elderly individuals may help to reduce hip fracture risk. PMID: 30584121 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 27, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of Kinesio taping on clinical symptoms in people with fibromyalgia: A randomized clinical trial.
Authors: Espí-López GV, Inglés M, Ferrando AC, Serra-Añó P Abstract BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a disorder characterized by chronic widespread pain and muscle soreness. Because of its high prevalence, many therapeutic approaches have been proposed with the aim of improving overall physical function and reducing pain. Since low adherence is one of the major limitations among these patients, treatments that do not interfere with their daily routines, such as KT, would be a feasible option. OBJECTIVE: The main goal of this study was to analyze the effect of Kinesio...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 13, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The physical features suitable for classical ballet training.
This study involves defining the physical ability and determining physical fitness by using Eurofit tests including the Flamingo Balance test (FB), Plate Tapping (PT), Sit and Reach (SITR), Standing Broad Jump (SBJ), Handgrip test (HG), Sit Up in 30 Seconds (SU) and Shuttle Run 10 × 5 meter (SR), Heath-Carter somatotyping method and anthropometric measurements which determine ballet students' body type and physical abilities. Sixty-nine girls between 8-11 years old who applied for ballet education at the State Conservatory Ballet Main Art Branch were included in the study. While the average of age, height and weight ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 13, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Developing a shoulder pain scale for wheelchair basketball players.
CONCLUSIONS: This newly developed valid, reliable scale allows assessment of the shoulder pain of WC basketball players. PMID: 30530961 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 13, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Does ergonomics training have an effect on body posture during computer usage?
CONCLUSIONS: According to RULA scores, training on ergonomics was effective in reducing the risk level of musculoskeletal disorders. MCFRF scores showed that ergonomics training had no effect on posture during computer usage. Nevertheless, MCFRF evaluates only posture and does not calculate approximate forces that body parts were exposed to. Thus, these areas of MCFRF required improvement. Our study emphasized the importance of the long-term effects of ergonomics training for preventive purposes before musculoskeletal problems manifest. PMID: 30530962 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Mus...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 13, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Low back pain among nursing professionals in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: Prevalence and risk factors.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated that nurses working in Jeddah exhibit a high prevalence of lower back pain. In order to reduce the risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among nurses, the physical therapist's role is vital and nurses' practice of relaxation and stretching exercises in between work schedules is mandatory. PMID: 30530963 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 13, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Easy method for measuring stretching intensities in real clinical settings and effects of different stretching intensities on flexibility.
CONCLUSIONS: High-intensity and moderate-intensity stretching increases flexibility compared with low-intensity stretching. Furthermore, high-intensity stretching was superior to moderate-intensity stretching in terms of maintaining flexibility over time. PMID: 30530964 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 13, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research