Are the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire and Oswestry Disability Index interchangeable in patients after lumbar spinal fusion?
J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2021 Feb 10. doi: 10.3233/BMR-200206. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common health problem for which there are several treatment options. For optimizing clinical decision making, evaluation of treatments and research purposes it is important that health care professionals are able to evaluate the functional status of patients. Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are widely accepted and recommended. The Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) are the two mainly used condition-specific patient reported outcomes. Co...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 1, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: R F M R Kersten J Fikkers N Wolterbeek F C Öner S M van Gaalen Source Type: research

A study on the immediate effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on the corticospinal tract excitability of the infraspinatus muscle
CONCLUSIONS: NMES application to the infraspinatus muscle increases CST excitability without producing immediate changes in the neuromuscular junction or muscle hypertrophy.PMID:33646142 | DOI:10.3233/BMR-200298 (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 1, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Naoto Endo Daisuke Ishii Kiyoshige Ishibashi Satoshi Yamamoto Kotaro Takeda Yutaka Kohno Source Type: research

Are the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire and Oswestry Disability Index interchangeable in patients after lumbar spinal fusion?
J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2021 Feb 10. doi: 10.3233/BMR-200206. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Low back pain is a common health problem for which there are several treatment options. For optimizing clinical decision making, evaluation of treatments and research purposes it is important that health care professionals are able to evaluate the functional status of patients. Patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) are widely accepted and recommended. The Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) are the two mainly used condition-specific patient reported outcomes. Co...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 1, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: R F M R Kersten J Fikkers N Wolterbeek F C Öner S M van Gaalen Source Type: research

A study on the immediate effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on the corticospinal tract excitability of the infraspinatus muscle
CONCLUSIONS: NMES application to the infraspinatus muscle increases CST excitability without producing immediate changes in the neuromuscular junction or muscle hypertrophy.PMID:33646142 | DOI:10.3233/BMR-200298 (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - March 1, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Naoto Endo Daisuke Ishii Kiyoshige Ishibashi Satoshi Yamamoto Kotaro Takeda Yutaka Kohno Source Type: research

Developmental dysplasia of the hip and associated risk factors in Saudi children: A retrospective study.
Authors: Ibrahim AI, Mortada EM, Alqahtani SA, Alkathri H, Alsayyed R, Abualait TS, Alwhaibi R Abstract BACKGROUND: Studies investigating the association between developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and risk factors in Saudi Arabia are rare. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the association between DDH and several risk factors among Saudi children. METHODS: The medical records of 82 children born in or admitted to King Abdul Aziz Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia with clinical suspicion of hip dislocation (HD) were included. The association between DDH and the following risk factors was investigated: age
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - February 10, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Single-segment central lumbar spinal stenosis: Correlation with lumbar X-ray measurements.
Authors: Yang F, Wang Y, Ma Y, Hu X, Li X, Ma Z, He X, Gao Y, Yang Y, Kang X Abstract BACKGROUND: Lumbar X-rays are usually preferred in patients with lower back pain, but lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) cannot be directly observed on lumbar X-ray films. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to explore the correlation between the degree of single-segment central LSS and lumbar X-ray measurements. METHODS: The data of 60 male patients aged 39-78 years with single-segment central LSS were analyzed. Linear correlation analysis was used to determine the correlation between the single-segment central LSS and the ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - February 10, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of screw-home mechanism in the unloaded living knee subjected to active and passive movements.
Authors: Jeon JW, Hong J Abstract BACKGROUND: The screw-home mechanism (SHM) plays an important role in the stability of the knee. Accordingly, the analysis of tibial rotation patterns can be used to elucidate the effect of SHM-related factors. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the magnitude of the angle and the pattern of SHM between passive and active movements. METHODS: We studied twenty healthy males, of which the angle of knee flexion-extension and tibial longitudinal rotation (TLR) during active and passive movements were measured using the inertial measurement unit. Student's t-test...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - February 10, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of low power laser and kinesio taping for the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome: A prospective randomized study.
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with CTS, both LPLT and KT were effective treatments. However, the LPLT group had significantly better improvements than the KT group. PMID: 33554885 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - February 10, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Balance and functional disorders in geriatric patients after total hip prosthesis removal.
CONCLUSIONS: Several stability parameters showed significantly worse results in patients after hip prosthesis removal. Special attention should be paid and focused physiotherapy should be undertaken for patients with a stability disorder and functional status to prevent falls and improve functioning. PMID: 33554886 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - February 10, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effectiveness of arthroscopic management of idiopathic shoulder stiffness: A meta-analysis.
Authors: Wang YD, Ming YX, Pang YH, Chen WN, Zong XH, Wu JY, Deng YK Abstract BACKGROUND: Persisting shoulder stiffness adversely affects quality of life by causing pain and motion restrictions especially in patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of arthroscopic capsular release in patients with idiopathic shoulder stiffness. METHOD: A literature search was conducted in electronic databases and studies were selected by following precise eligibility criteria. Random-effects meta-analyses were performed to estimate the changes at latest follow-up in scores of the...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - February 10, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of autogenic and reciprocal inhibition muscle energy techniques on isometric muscle strength in neck pain: A randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Osama M Abstract BACKGROUND: The neck is one of the most common sites of musculoskeletal symptoms, and muscle shortening and weakness is observed to be a common cause of neck pain and disability. OBJECTIVE: To compare the immediate and short term effects of static stretching (SS), autogenic inhibition (AI) and reciprocal inhibition (RI) muscle energy techniques (MET) on isometric muscle strength in the management of mechanical neck pain. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 78 participants with neck pain randomly allocated to SS, AI-MET and RI-MET groups. All the participants rec...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - February 3, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of equine riding on static and dynamic mechanical contraction of the thighs and trunk muscles in inactive women.
CONCLUSIONS: This study did not find any particular differences in a static muscle test in inactive women, but showed improvements in the dynamic mechanical properties of the thighs and trunk, which are major muscle groups related to spinal alignment. PMID: 33523037 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - February 3, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Paravertebral intramuscular ozone therapy in lumbar disc hernia: A comprehensive retrospective study.
In this study, we analyzed the impact of paravertebral ozone treatment (OT) injection treatment on distress and disability in patients with lumbar disc hernia (LDH). METHODS: The records of 432 patients with L4-5 and L5-S1 LDH were examined retrospectively. 298 patients who met the inclusion criteria and who provided written informed consent were divided into two groups. Each group received 15 sets of physiotherapy at a rate of five sets every week (study group (n= 139), control group (n= 159)). Six OT injections were applied solely to the study group, two days per week. A visual pain score (VAS) was set up for distres...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - February 3, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Inspiratory muscle training in neuromuscular patients: Assessing the benefits of a novel protocol.
CONCLUSIONS: This protocol showed significant improvements on pulmonary muscles function and might be considered as an adjunct treatment to neuromuscular treatment. However, these positive results require larger further studies to validate the clinical benefits long-term. PMID: 33523039 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - February 3, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Acute effects of dynamic stretching and post-activation potentiation enhancement warm-up strategies on physical performance and flexibility in elite tennis players.
CONCLUSION: DS seems to be more effective than HL when performing a short warm-up protocol in elite tennis players. PMID: 33492271 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 27, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Analysis of neck and back muscle activity during the application of various pillow designs in patients with forward head posture.
CONCLUSIONS: Feasibly, the ability to appropriately modify a pillow configuration without creating undesired muscle activation was limited to those exhibiting FHP. Therefore, specially designed pillows or mattresses should be investigated in terms of their relevance to muscle fatigue and potential musculoskeletal pain in FHP patients. PMID: 33492272 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 27, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The Glittre Activities of Daily Living Test in patients with acromegaly: Associations with hand function and health-related quality of life.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with acromegaly exhibited a reduced functional capacity as assessed by the GA-T. Additionally, an association was identified between the total GA-T time and both hand function and quality of life. PMID: 33492273 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 27, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effects of differences on sagittal kinematics and muscle coordination during step up and step down in patients with spinal stenosis.
Authors: Shin SS, Yoo WG Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a common spinal disorder that causes patients to assume a forward-trunk posture. Spinal alignment affects swing limb angles and stance limb muscle activities. Therefore, we investigated the effects of differences in step up (SU) and step down (SD) tasks on the kinematics of the trunk and swing limb as well as stance limb muscle coordination in patients with LSS. METHODS: Nine elderly female patients diagnosed with LSS were recruited for this study. The sagittal kinematics of the trunk and swing limb and isolated contract...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 27, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Cervical flexion relaxation phenomenon in patients with and without non-specific chronic neck pain.
This study aimed to investigate the incidence or absence of FRP in cervical erector spinae (CES) and upper trapezius muscles in patients with chronic neck pain (CNP). METHODS: Twenty-five patients with CNP and 25 healthy volunteers were recruited. They accomplished cervical flexion and extension from a neutral position in four phases in the sitting position. The surface electromyography activity of both CES and upper trapezius muscles was recorded in each phase. Cervical flexion and extension movements were simultaneously measured using an electrogoniometer. RESULTS: FRP in CES was observed in 84% and 36% of health...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 27, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of sarcopenia in the clinical outcomes following stand-alone lateral lumbar interbody fusion.
Authors: Li H, Li J, Ma Y, Li F, Xu Z, Chen Q Abstract BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia has been found to affect the postoperative outcomes of lumbar surgery. The effect of sarcopenia on the clinical outcomes in patients who underwent stand-alone lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) has not yet been examined. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether sarcopenia affects the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and visual analog scale (VAS) score for back pain following single-level stand-alone LLIF. METHODS: Patients who underwent a single level stand-alone LLIF for lumbar diseases were retrospectively investigated. Sarcopenia w...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 27, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Flywheel or free weight training for improvement of lower limbs strength?
Authors: Arsenis S, Gioftsidou A, Smilios I, Malliou P, Chatzinikolaou A, Ispyrlidis I, Beneka A Abstract BACKROUND: New training methods are constantly used to improve the ability of skeletal muscles to develop strength. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of half-squat training with free weights and flywheel device on isokinetic knee muscle strength for well-trained amateur soccer players. METHODS: Forty eight players were randomly divided into three groups (n= 16 each): Desmotech Training group (DT), Free Weight Training group (WT) and one Control Group (CON). DT and WT ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 27, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Predictive factors of response in radial Extracorporeal Shock-waves Therapy for Myofascial and Articular Pain: A retrospective cohort study.
Authors: Sugawara AT, da Cunha Lima M, Dias CB Abstract BACKGROUND: Myofascial Pain Syndrome causes disability in daily life activities and despite all efforts, it continues to be a challenge, perpetuating suffering, overloading services and costs. New treatment options need to be tested. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to quantify the rESWT short-term analgesic effect and identify the success predictors through results comparisons achieved in MPS and Articular Pain (AP). METHOD: Retrospective cohort study of 1,580 patients with Myofascial Pain Syndrome or Articular Pain underwent two weekly radial Extracorporeal Shock...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 27, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The factors of non-specific chronic low back pain in nurses: A meta-analysis.
Authors: Sun W, Zhang H, Tang L, He Y, Tian S Abstract BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have investigated factors for non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) in nurses, and have reached different conclusions. Evidence-based recommendations are required for the prevention and treatment of NSCLBP in nurses. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aimed to systematically review and quantify the factors of NSCLBP in nurses. METHODS: Eleven databases were searched. The odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled using meta-analysis, and either a fixed-effect or random-effect model was used based on he...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 27, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Accuracy of the Orebro Musculoskeletal Pain Questionnaire and Work Assessment Triage Tool for selecting interventions in workers with spinal conditions.
CONCLUSIONS: All tool recommendations had poor accuracy, however the OMPQ demonstrated significantly better results. PMID: 33492280 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 27, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Isometric and isokinetic muscle strength measurements of the lumbar flexors and extensors with BioniX Sim3 Pro in patients with chronic low back pain: A pilot study.
Authors: Vanhauter N, van Erck A, Anciaux M, Pollefliet A, Joos E Abstract BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization states that low back pain is the leading cause for disability worldwide. Patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) show important decreases in lumbar strength and can now be assessed by using the new isokinetic dynamometer BioniX Sim3 Pro which offers very detailed measurements. OBJECTIVE: To compare lumbar flexion and extension strength values, as well as extension-flexion ratio (EFR) based on isokinetic velocity and gender, for patients with CLBP on the BioniX Sim3 Pro. METHODS: A retrospe...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 27, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Effect of resistance exercises applying maximum expiration on the respiratory muscle strength of elderly women.
This study aimed to investigate the effects of resistance exercises combined with breathing exercises on the respiratory-muscle strength of elderly women. METHOD: This study included 26 elderly woman, who were randomly divided into two sub-groups of 13 participants each. The experimental group performed breathing exercises and dynamic upper- and lower-extremity exercises, and the control group practiced only dynamic upper- and lower-extremity exercises. The maximum expiratory pressure (MEP) and maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP) were measured both before and at the end of the six-week study. RESULTS: In both groups...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 21, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Reliability of pressure pain threshold to discriminate individuals with neck and low back pain.
The objective of this study was to determine the test-retest reliability of PPT in the neck and low back regions to discriminate individuals with neck or low back pain from healthy individuals. Additionally, one secondary aim was to establish the minimum detectable change (MDC) and the standard error of measurement for future clinical studies and interventions. METHODS: In this reliability study, 74 individuals (15 individuals from the neck pain and 17 from the neck control group; 21 individuals from the low back pain and 21 from the low back control group). PPT was measured in the neck region (suboccipital, trapezius ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 21, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Impact of high-heeled and sport shoes on multi-joint external load profile during walking.
Authors: Pino-Ortega J, Oliva JM, Gómez-Carmona CD, Rojas-Valverde D, Bastida-Castillo A, Moreno-Pérez V, Nakamura FY Abstract BACKGROUND: Previous studies have analysed the effect of wearing high-heeled shoes (HHS) on gait analysis, balance and its relation to health. However, further research is needed to study its effect on the difference of chain reactions in the transfer of body impacts from the lower to the upper limbs. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present research were: (a) to compare the effects of wearing HHS on impacts across body joints during walking with sport shoes (SS) as a reference...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 21, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The Igbo Brief Illness Perceptions Questionnaire: A cross-cultural adaptation and validation study in Nigerian populations with chronic low back pain.
CONCLUSION: This study provides evidence of some aspects of validity and reliability of the Igbo-BIPQ. PMID: 33459695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 21, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Evaluation attempt of own body sensing amongst persons with and without scoliosis.
Authors: Szczygieł E, Gigoń A, Chudyba IC, Joanna G, Edward G Abstract BACKGROUND: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a common structural spine deformity affecting 2%-4% of adolescents. Due to the unknown cause of idiopathic scoliosis, its therapy is a long-term and often unsatisfactory process. In the literature, it is often suggested that problems related to the feeling of one's own body are caused by AIS. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the feeling of one's own body among children with and without scoliosis on the example of feeling the head position, pelvis shape and balance. METH...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 21, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Investigating women's chest size, trunk muscle co-contraction and back pain during prolonged standing.
CONCLUSIONS: Thoracolumbar co-contraction determined in this study may be a potential mechanism contributing to increased back pain development for women with large chest sizes during prolonged standing. This pain mechanism could be targeted and addressed in future non-invasive musculoskeletal rehabilitation to improve back pain for women. PMID: 33459697 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 21, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Using reactive hyperemia to investigate the effect of cupping sizes of cupping therapy on skin blood flow responses.
The objective of this study was to compare the effect of three cupping sizes of cupping therapy on SBF responses. METHODS: Laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) was used to measure SBF on the triceps in 12 healthy participants in this repeated measures study. Three cup sizes (35, 40 and 45 mm in diameter) were blinded to the participants and were tested at -300 mmHg for 5 minutes. Reactive hyperemic response to cupping therapy was expressed as a ratio of baseline SBF. RESULTS: All three sizes of cupping cups resulted in a significant increase in peak SBF (p
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 21, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Acute effect of strength training on pain in women with fibromyalgia: A brief report.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that there is no harmful effect on the pain of women with FM after an acute session of ST. We emphasize that despite the promising results, more studies on the subject are needed to help understand pain in patients with FM. PMID: 33427730 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 13, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Metal-induced oxidative stress level in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome and its contribution to the severity of the disease: A  correlational study.
Metal-induced oxidative stress level in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome and its contribution to the severity of the disease: A correlational study. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 2020 Dec 29;: Authors: Shukla V, Das SK, Mahdi AA, Agarwal S, Alok R, Ansari JA, Khandpur S Abstract BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is an extra-articular rheumatological disease characterised by widespread chronic musculoskeletal pain. Metal-induced oxidative stress contributes to the severity of FMS. AIMS: First, this study evaluated the association between plasma levels of toxic heavy metals and essentia...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 13, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

No Pain, no Gain? (Re)opening up research in 2021.
Authors: PMID: 33427732 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - January 13, 2021 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Non-operative orthobiologic use for rotator cuff disorders and glenohumeral osteoarthritis: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Orthobiologics offer a relatively safe management option with inconclusive evidence for or against its use for rotator cuff pathology. No studies on glenohumeral osteoarthritis met the inclusion criteria. Adoption of standardized preparation reporting and consistent use of functional outcome measures is imperative for future studies to consider. PMID: 33361581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 29, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Assessment of disability levels in patients with low back pain based on the type of lumbar spinal disorder.
CONCLUSION: In patients with lumbar spine lesions, ODI is significantly correlated with age, BMI, work experience, smoking, and the type of disorder (discopathy, spondylolysis, and spondylolisthesis). Regular exercise is associated with lower levels of disability. PMID: 33325383 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Rasch validation of the Depression Scale in patients with low back pain.
CONCLUSIONS: This study supports the validity of the DEPS for screening depressive symptoms in patients with degenerative spinal disease. PMID: 33285622 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Radiological (Magnetic Resonance Image and Ultrasound) and biochemical effects of virtual reality training on balance training in football players with chronic low back pain: A randomized controlled study.
CONCLUSION: The results show that virtual reality training has positive effects on the radiological and biochemical aspects in university football players with chronic low back pain. PMID: 33285623 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Ground reaction force analysis for assessing the efficacy of focused and radial shockwaves in the treatment symptomatic plantar heel spur.
CONCLUSIONS: Both FSWT and RSWT are efficacious in the treatment of symptomatic heel spur and their therapeutic effects are comparable. Objective data registered by force platforms during walking are not useful for tracing the progress of treatment applied to patients with symptomatic heel spur between consecutive procedures. PMID: 33285624 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of neutral and target lumbar positioning tests in subjects with and without non-specific lower back pain.
Authors: Alahmari KA, Reddy RS, Samuel PS, Tedla JS, Kakaraparthi VN, Rengaramanujam K Abstract BACKGROUND: Proprioception, one's sense of movement and position, is a common term used in back rehabilitation. Kinesthetic rehabilitation may be useful in managing lower back pain; however, reliable measures are required to quantify lumbar proprioception sense. OBJECTIVE: To investigate intrarater and interrater reliability of neutral lumbar positioning (NLP) and target lumbar positioning (TLP) tests and compare the position sense errors in subjects with non-specific low back pain and healthy controls. METHODS: ...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis screening: Could a school-based assessment protocol be useful for an early diagnosis?
CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our findings show that this school-based screening protocol had a very high specificity in early diagnosis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. PMID: 33285626 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 9, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Cross-cultural adaptation, validity, and reliability of the Neck OutcOme Score (NOOS-Ar) among the Saudi Arabian populace.
Authors: Alqahtani M Abstract BACKGROUND: To date the Neck OutcOme Score (NOOS) was not cross-culturally adapted, validated or available in the Arabic language, although it was available in other languages. OBJECTIVE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Arabic version of the Neck OutcOme Score (NOOS-Ar) and study its psychometric properties. METHODS: A sample of 146 subjects with chronic neck pain filled in the NOOS-Ar questionnaire to determine the Cronbach's alpha (α) for internal consistency, test-retest reliability by intraclass correlation coefficients(2,1) [ICC(2,1)], inter-item correlat...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Efficacy of risk factor education on pain intensity and disability in office workers with nonspecific neck or low back pain: A pilot cluster randomized clinical trial.
CONCLUSION: Risk factor education was not more effective than the home-based exercise program in terms of pain intensity or disability reduction in workers with nonspecific neck or low back pain. PMID: 33185585 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

In-depth analysis of life values and their corresponding inhibitors and facilitators in chronic low back pain patients: A mixedmethod approach.
CONCLUSIONS: The perceived importance and success of life values and their related inhibitors and facilitators may differentially affect CLBP patients. Considering such individual aspects is therefore of utmost importance to improve patient care, as they enable treatment goals and the therapeutic strategies to be adapted accordingly. PMID: 33185586 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The efficacy of physiotherapy interventions in the treatment of adhesive capsulitis: A systematic review.
CONCLUSION: The empirical evidence suggests that certain physical therapy techniques and modalities are strongly recommended for pain relief, improvement of ROM, and functional status in patients with adhesive capsulitis, while others are either moderately or mildly recommended. However, the efficacy of one treatment modality over another is uncertain. The poor methodological rigors demonstrated in most of the reviewed studies emphasize the urgent need of properly conducted, adequately sampled randomized controlled trials with adequate follow up to determine the superior combination of treatment. PMID: 33185587 [PubMed...
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 18, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Assessment of sleep quality in fibromyalgia syndrome and its effect on postural balance and functional status.
CONCLUSION: This study showed that the prevalence of sleep and balance disorders is higher in FMS patients. A relationship was reported between the sleep quality and balance and functional status and frequency of falls. PMID: 33164921 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 12, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Core qualities of an educational program to reduce fears and beliefs of GPs about low back pain: Results of a GPs, experts and literature survey.
CONCLUSIONS: Data source triangulation revealed that the core qualities of an educational program targeting fears and beliefs about LBP among GPs should include evidence-based information, web-based interventions and a multidisciplinary panel of experts. Our findings will help us to design a provisional targeted educational intervention. This will be further assessed in a mixed-method feasibility study and then in a randomized controlled trial. PMID: 33164922 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 12, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of muscles energy technique in the management of chronic mechanical low back pain: A scoping review.
CONCLUSIONS: Generally there exists a scarcity of published articles on the effect of MET in chronic MLBP. However, the analysis of the retrieved articles showed that the MET procedure is a favourable intervention that is safe (i.e. no adverse effects) and can be effective as a standalone treatment or in combination with other treatment strategies for patients with chronic MLBP with the potential to provide numerous physical and psychosocial benefits. PMID: 33164923 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 12, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Can scoliosis lead to spinal cord ischaemia? Early diagnosis and rehabilitation: A paradigmatic case report and literature review.
DISCUSSION: Early detection and management of spinal curvature disorders are essential in preventing long-term complications of scoliosis. Although the aetiology of spinal cord ischaemia in severe scoliosis should be better clarified, this rare case report suggests that scoliosis might be involved in its pathogenesis. Thus, we recommend early diagnosis of spinal curvature disorders and adequate rehabilitative treatment in order to prevent potential subsequent neurological complications. PMID: 33164924 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - November 12, 2020 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research