Quantifying Activity Levels After Sport-Related Concussion Using Actigraph and Mobile (mHealth) Technologies.
Authors: Huber DL, Thomas DG, Danduran M, Meier TB, McCrea MA, Nelson LD Abstract CONTEXT: Interest in identifying the effects of physical and mental activity on recovery after sport-related concussion is growing. Clinical studies of concussed athletes' activities require well-validated methods for tracking their intensity and timing. OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a novel multimodal approach to monitoring activity postconcussion using mobile (mHealth) technologies. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Translational research unit. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 40 high school and collegiat...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - August 15, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Athletic Trainers' Practice Patterns Regarding Medical Documentation.
CONCLUSIONS: We were able to evaluate the generalizability of previous research while adding to the understanding of the behaviors toward, barriers to, and perceptions about medical documentation. We confirmed that time and patient load affected the ability to perform high-quality medical documentation. PMID: 31386576 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - August 8, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Basal Hormones and Biochemical Markers as Predictors of Overtraining Syndrome in Male Athletes: The EROS-BASAL Study.
Authors: Cadegiani FA, Kater CE Abstract CONTEXT: Overtraining syndrome (OTS) and related conditions cause decreased training performance and fatigue through an imbalance among training volume, nutrition, and recovery time. No definitive biochemical markers of OTS currently exist. OBJECTIVE: To compare muscular, hormonal, and inflammatory parameters among OTS-affected athletes, healthy athletes, and sedentary controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-one men aged 18 to 50 years (14 OTS-affected athletes [OTS group], 25 healthy athletes [ATL g...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - August 8, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Low Back Pain Treatment by Athletic Trainers and Athletic Therapists: Biomedical or Biopsychosocial Orientation?
Authors: MacDougall HL, George SZ, Dover GC Abstract CONTEXT: Low back pain (LBP) remains a societal burden due to consistently high rates of recurrence and chronicity. Recent evidence suggested that a provider's treatment orientation influences patient beliefs, theclinical approach, and subsequently, rehabilitation outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To characterize American athletic trainer (AT) and Canadian athletic therapist (C-AT) treatment orientations toward LBP. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Online survey. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 273 ATs (response rate =13.3%) and 382 C-ATs (re...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - August 8, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Identifying Meaningful Patient Outcomes After Lower Extremity Injury, Part 1: Patient Experiences During Recovery.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate the importance of caring for the whole person. Athletic trainers must broaden their focus to provide the best patient care and consider the person's activities and life demands outside of athletic participation. The themes identified in this study provide a basis for selecting appropriate health markers and outcome measures. PMID: 31386579 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - August 8, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

ACL Research Retreat VIII March 14-16, 2019 Greensboro, NC.
Authors: PMID: 31386580 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - August 8, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Identifying Meaningful Patient Outcomes After Lower Extremity Injury, Part 2: Linking Outcomes to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health.
CONCLUSIONS: The ICF provided a common language for describing health and disability, as all outcomes reported by our collegiate athletes after LE injury were linked with the ICF classification. Athletic trainers should use the results of this study for assessing and monitoring collegiate athletes' health and function after an LE injury. PMID: 31386581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - August 8, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Altered Strength Profile in Achilles Tendinopathy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with AT demonstrated strength deficits compared with the uninjured side or with asymptomatic control participants. Deficits were reported across the strength spectrum for maximal, reactive, and explosive strength. Clinicians and researchers may need to adapt their assessment of Achilles tendon function, which may ultimately help to optimize rehabilitation outcomes. PMID: 31386582 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - August 8, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Core-Muscle Training and Neuromuscular Control of Lower Limb and Trunk.
CONCLUSIONS: A consecutive 8-week core-muscle-training program improved lower limb and trunk biomechanics. These altered biomechanical patterns could be favorable to preventing sport-related injuries. PMID: 31386583 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - August 8, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Ten-Year Epidemiology of Ankle Injuries in Men's and Women's Collegiate Soccer Players.
Authors: Gulbrandsen M, Hartigan DE, Patel K, Makovicka J, Tummala S, Chhabra A Abstract CONTEXT: Data from the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance Program (ISP) has indicated that ankle injuries are the most common injuries among NCAA soccer players. OBJECTIVE: To review 10 years of NCAA-ISP data for soccer players' ankle injuries to understand how the time period (2004-2005 through 2008-2009 versus 2009-2010 through 2013-2014), anatomical structure injured, and sex of the athlete affected the injury rate, mechanism, and prognoses. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. ...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - August 8, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Anatomic Magnetic Resonance Imaging Measurements in First-Time Patellar Dislocators by Sex and Age.
CONCLUSIONS: Patellar height and trochlear morphology did not differ by sex or age among patients whose first-time patellar dislocations resulted in an MPFL tear. In addition, the location of the tear did not appear to vary by sex or age. PMID: 31355669 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - July 31, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Prolonged Rest, Long-Term Dynamic Balance, and Gait in a Mouse Ankle-Sprain Model.
Authors: Wikstrom EA, Hubbard-Turner T, Duncan A, Cline J, Turner MJ Abstract CONTEXT: Lateral ankle sprains (LASs) result in short- and long-term adaptations in the sensorimotor system that are thought to contribute to the development of chronic ankle instability and posttraumatic ankle osteoarthritis. Debate continues as to the appropriateness of rapid return to sport after LASs given the prevalence of long-term consequences. OBJECTIVE: To examine the short- and long-term effects of prolonged rest, as a model of immobilization, on dynamic balance and gait outcomes after a severe LAS in a mouse model. DESI...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - July 26, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Abnormal Motor Response Associated With Concussive Injuries: Biomechanical Comparison Between Impact Seizures and Loss of Consciousness.
CONCLUSIONS: A lower SR in certain brain regions helps to explain why motor function is preserved and can be observed in patients with impact seizures versus LOC from concussive injuries. PMID: 31343274 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - July 26, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Compliance With the National Athletic Trainers' Association Inter-Association Task Force Preseason Heat-Acclimatization Guidelines in High School Football.
CONCLUSIONS: Although full compliance with NATA-IATF guidelines remained low, many HS football programs complied with ≥10 guidelines. PMID: 31343275 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - July 26, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Precooling, Hyperthermia, and Postexercise Cooling Rates in Humans Wearing American Football Uniforms.
Authors: Taylor J, Miller KC Abstract CONTEXT: Exertional heatstroke is one of the leading causes of death in American football players. Precooling (PC) with whole-body cold-water immersion (CWI) may prevent severe hyperthermia and, possibly, exertional heatstroke. However, it is unknown how much PC delays severe hyperthermia when participants wear American football uniforms during exercise in the heat. Does PC alter the effectiveness of CWI once participants become hyperthermic or affect perceptual variables during exercise? OBJECTIVES: We asked 3 questions: (1) Does PC affect how quickly participants become h...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - July 26, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization: A Systematic Review and Effect-Size Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The current literature provides support for IASTM in improving ROM in uninjured individuals as well as pain and patient-reported function (or both) in injured patients. More high-quality research involving a larger variety of patients and products is needed to further substantiate and allow for generalization of these findings. PMID: 31322903 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - July 21, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Risk by Season Period and Competition Segment: An Analysis of National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Data.
CONCLUSIONS: The ACL injury incidence was higher in the early part of the regular season, particularly among lacrosse athletes. Although the injury incidences before and after halftime were similar, further analyses of player time and time of injury within each half are necessary. Coaches and practitioners should be cognizant of the elevated injury incidence during the early season among lacrosse athletes. Future authors should consider more specific analyses to further elucidate the potential role of fatigue development in exacerbating the incidence of ACL injury in collegiate athletes both within games and across the sea...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - July 21, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

The International Ankle Consortium: Promoting Long-Term Stability in Ankle-Sprain Research.
Authors: Gribble PA, Delahunt E PMID: 31238014 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - June 28, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

These Are the Sprains of Our Lives. . .
Authors: Hertel J, Kaminski TW PMID: 31238015 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - June 28, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Surgical Management of Lateral Ankle Instability in Athletes.
Authors: Camacho LD, Roward ZT, Deng Y, Latt LD Abstract Ankle sprains are common injuries involving the lateral ankle ligaments and affect athletes of all levels. Most patients heal uneventfully, but those with symptoms persisting past 3 months should be evaluated for chronic ankle instability and its associated conditions as well as for the presence of varus malalignment. Chronic ankle instability is initially treated nonoperatively, with surgical management reserved for those who have failed to improve after 3 to 6 months of bracing and functional rehabilitation. Anatomic repair using a modification of the Brost...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - June 28, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Supplement.
Authors: PMID: 31204865 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - June 19, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

2018 JAT Manuscript Awards.
Authors: Abstract Congratulations to the winners of the 2018 Outstanding Manuscript Awards, as determined by the Editorial Board and the Editors of the Journal of Athletic Training. PMID: 31207200 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - June 19, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Altered Movement Biomechanics in Chronic Ankle Instability, Coper, and Control Groups: Energy Absorption and Distribution Implications.
CONCLUSIONS: The CAI group demonstrated altered neuromechanics, redistributing energy absorption from the distal (ankle) to the proximal (knee and hip) joints, which coincided with decreased ankle and knee stiffness during landing. Our data suggested that although the coper and control groups showed similar landing and cutting strategies, the CAI group used altered strategies to modulate impact forces during the task. PMID: 31184955 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - June 12, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Characterization of Multiple Movement Strategies in Participants With Chronic Ankle Instability.
CONCLUSIONS: The participants with CAI demonstrated 6 distinct movement strategies, indicating that CAI could be characterized by multiple distinct movement alterations. Clinicians should carefully evaluate patients with CAI for sensorimotor deficits and quality of movement to determine the appropriate interventions for treatment. PMID: 31184956 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - June 12, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

The Ankle-Joint Complex: A Kinesiologic Approach to Lateral Ankle Sprains.
Authors: McKeon JMM, Hoch MC Abstract Copious research exists regarding ankle instability, yet lateral ankle sprains (LASs) persist in being among the most common recurrent musculoskeletal injuries. Key anatomical structures of the ankle include a triform articulating structure that includes the inferior tibiofibular, talocrural, and subtalar joints. Functionally, force absorption and propulsion through the ankle complex are necessary for any task that occurs in weight bearing. For optimal ankle performance and avoidance of injury, an intricate balance between stability and mobility is necessary to ensure that appr...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - June 12, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Cortical Measures of Motor Planning and Balance Training in Patients With Chronic Ankle Instability.
Authors: Burcal CJ, Jeon H, Gonzales JM, Faust ME, Thomas AC, Hubbard-Turner TJ, Wikstrom EA Abstract CONTEXT: Motor planning, a prerequisite for goal-driven movement, is a complex process that occurs in the cortex. Evidence has suggested that motor planning is altered in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI). We know balance training can improve balance, but we do not know if it also improves motor planning. Such changes in cortical activity can be assessed using electroencephalography. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in cortical measures of motor planning after balance training in patients with CAI. ...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - June 12, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Pain in People With Chronic Ankle Instability: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: Pain was present in a large proportion of people who had CAI, but pain levels were low. Information about the effects of pain was not reported, so researchers should examine the association between pain and function, balance, or other activities in people with CAI. PMID: 31184959 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - June 12, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Prevention of Lateral Ankle Sprains.
CONCLUSIONS: External prophylactic supports and preventive exercise programs are effective for reducing the risk of ankle sprains in both uninjured and previously injured populations. Ankle bracing appears to offer the best outcomes in terms of cost and risk reduction. However, there remains a paucity of well-designed, prospective randomized controlled trials relevant to the primary prevention of lateral ankle sprains, especially across a range of sport settings. PMID: 31116041 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - May 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Passive Stiffness and Maximal and Explosive Strength Responses After an Acute Bout of Constant-Tension Stretching.
CONCLUSIONS: A short bout of SLR CT passive stretching may effectively reduce passive stiffness without negatively influencing maximal and explosive hamstrings strength. PMID: 31116042 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - May 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Lack of Medical Treatment From a Medical Professional After an Ankle Sprain.
CONCLUSIONS: It is not surprising that those who did not seek medical treatment for their LASs had worse subjective function, more ankle sprains, and more incidences of the ankle giving way. The public needs to be educated on the significance of ankle sprains and the need for medical attention to provide appropriate management. However, we also need to continue to evaluate initial management and rehabilitation to ensure that those who seek treatment receive the best care in order to reduce reinjury rates. PMID: 31116568 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - May 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Sex Comparisons of In Vivo Anterior Cruciate Ligament Morphometry.
Authors: Wang HM, Shultz SJ, Ross SE, Henson RA, Perrin DH, Kraft RA, Schmitz RJ Abstract CONTEXT: Females have consistently higher anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury rates than males. The reasons for this disparity are not fully understood. Whereas ACL morphometric characteristics are associated with injury risk and females have smaller absolute ACL size, comprehensive sex comparisons that adequately account for sex differences in body mass index (BMI) have been limited. OBJECTIVE: To investigate sex differences among in vivo ACL morphometric measures before and after controlling for femoral notch width a...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - May 7, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Knowledge and Belief Toward Heat Safety and Hydration Strategies Among Runners: A Preliminary Evaluation.
Authors: Hosokawa Y, Johnson EN, Jardine JF, Stearns RL, Casa DJ Abstract CONTEXT: Little is known about how educating runners may correct common misconceptions surrounding heat safety and hydration strategies. OBJECTIVE: To investigate (1) beliefs and knowledge about heat safety and hydration strategies among recreational runners and (2) the effectiveness of an educational video in optimizing performance in the heat. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Survey. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 2091 (25.1%) of 8319 runners registered for the 2017 Falmouth Road Race completed at least 1 ...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - May 7, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

2018 Reviewer Acknowledgment.
Authors: PMID: 31021681 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - April 26, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Deficits in Quadriceps Force Control After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Potential Central Mechanisms.
CONCLUSIONS: Quadriceps force control was impaired bilaterally after recent ACL injury but was not associated with selected measures of cortical excitability. The findings highlight a need to incorporate submaximal-force control tasks into rehabilitation and "prehabilitation," as the deficits were present before surgery. PMID: 31009232 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - April 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Risk in Sport: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Injury Incidence by Sex and Sport Classification.
Authors: Montalvo AM, Schneider DK, Webster KE, Yut L, Galloway MT, Heidt RS, Kaeding CC, Kremcheck TE, Magnussen RA, Parikh SN, Stanfield D, Wall EJ, Myer GD Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate sex differences in incidence rates (IRs) of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury by sport type (collision, contact, limited contact, and noncontact). DATA SOURCES: A systematic review was performed using the electronic databases PubMed (1969-January 20, 2017) and EBSCOhost (CINAHL, SPORTDiscus; 1969-January 20, 2017) and the search terms anterior cruciate ligament AND injury AND (incidence OR prevalence OR epidemiology)....
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - April 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

The Intersection of Athletic Training and Public Health.
Authors: Hoffman MA, Johnson ST, Norcross MF PMID: 30951382 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - April 6, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Girls' Softball (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Women's Softball (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014).
CONCLUSIONS: Injury rates were greater in collegiate versus high school softball and in competitions versus practices. These findings highlight the need for injury-prevention interventions, including strength-training and prevention programs to reduce ankle sprains and provide protection for batters from pitches and fielders from batted balls. PMID: 30951383 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - April 6, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Implementation Science: Lessons Learned From Evaluating Practice Recommendations for the Care of Patients With Spine Injuries.
Authors: Valier ARS, Bacon CEW, Kucera KL, Williams RM Abstract Health care providers are encouraged to provide care according to practice recommendations because these suggestions should improve patient care and promote optimal patient outcomes. The goals of these practice recommendations are to improve patient care and promote optimal patient outcomes. However, without integration into clinical practice, the value of practice recommendations in supporting patient care is lost. Unfortunately, little is known about the success of integrating practice recommendations into clinical practice, and targeted efforts to p...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - April 6, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Baseball (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Baseball (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014).
CONCLUSIONS: Injury rates were greater in collegiate versus high school baseball and in competition versus practice. These findings highlight the need for injury-prevention interventions focused on reducing the incidence of upper extremity injuries and protecting batters from pitches and fielders from batted balls. PMID: 30951387 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - April 6, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Infographic for "Improving concussion-reporting behavior in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I football players: evidence for the applicability of the socioecological model for athletic trainers".
Infographic for "Improving concussion-reporting behavior in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I football players: evidence for the applicability of the socioecological model for athletic trainers". J Athl Train. 2019 Jan;54(1):21a Authors: PMID: 30855174 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - March 13, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Girls' Lacrosse (2008-2009 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Women's Lacrosse (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014).
CONCLUSIONS: Rates of injury were higher in college versus high school female lacrosse players and in competitions versus practices. Injury-prevention strategies are essential to decrease the incidence and severity of concussions and ligament sprains. PMID: 30848952 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - March 10, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Lacrosse (2008-2009 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Lacrosse (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014).
CONCLUSIONS: Rates of time-loss injury were higher in college versus high school and in competitions versus practices. Attention to preventing common lower leg injuries and concussions, especially at the high school level, is essential to decrease their incidence and severity. PMID: 30848953 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - March 10, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Concerns in the Collegiate and University Settings: Part II. Athletic Trainers' Perceptions About Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Patients.
CONCLUSIONS:: Although differences existed among demographic groups, ATs had a generally positive view of treating LGBTQ patient student-athletes and wanted more training and education on the specific needs of this population. PMID: 30741562 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - February 13, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Disablement in the Physically Active Scale and Preliminary Testing of Short-Form Versions: A Calibration and Validation Study.
CONCLUSIONS:: The DPA SF-8 and SF-10 are psychometrically sound alternatives to the DPA Scale. PMID: 30741563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - February 13, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Ice Hockey (2008-2009 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's and Women's Ice Hockey (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014).
CONCLUSIONS: Injury rates varied across sports but were consistently higher in competitions than in practices. In competitions, concussions were common injuries, highlighting the need for continued development of injury-prevention strategies. PMID: 30721630 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - February 7, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Wrestling (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Wrestling (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014).
CONCLUSIONS: Injury rates were higher in collegiate than in high school players, and the types of injuries sustained most often differed. Based on these results, continued study of primary and secondary prevention of injury in wrestlers across levels of competition is warranted. PMID: 30721631 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - February 7, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Boys' Basketball (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Men's Basketball (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014).
CONCLUSIONS: Injury rates were greater among collegiate players compared with high school players and were greater during competitions than practices at both levels. Distributions of injuries by body part, diagnoses, and mechanisms of injury were similar, suggesting that athletes at both levels may benefit from similar injury-prevention strategies. PMID: 30715912 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - February 5, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

The First Decade of Web-Based Sports Injury Surveillance: Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in US High School Girls' Basketball (2005-2006 Through 2013-2014) and National Collegiate Athletic Association Women's Basketball (2004-2005 Through 2013-2014).
CONCLUSIONS: Injury rates were higher in collegiate than in high school athletes and in competitions than in practices. Similarities in distributions of injuries by body parts, specific diagnoses, and mechanisms of injury suggest that both levels may benefit from similar injury-prevention strategies. PMID: 30715913 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - February 5, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Emergency Action Planning in Secondary-School Athletics: A Comprehensive Evaluation of Current Adoption of Best Practice Standards.
CONCLUSIONS: Although a majority of SSs had EAPs, the EAPs were often incomplete and lacked the necessary components for full compliance with the NATA position statement. These findings demonstrate the need for efforts to promote the adoption and implementation of comprehensive EAPs in SS athletics. PMID: 30676786 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - January 25, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Changes in Patient-Reported Outcome Measures From the Time of Injury to Return to Play in Adolescent Athletes at Secondary Schools With an Athletic Trainer.
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescent athletes who were injured at a high school with an athletic trainer may have shown improvement in patient-reported outcomes over time, but when they returned to play, their outcome scores remained lower than norms from comparable athlete groups. PMID: 30668134 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - January 24, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research