2019 Outstanding Manuscript Awards.
Authors: Abstract Congratulations to the winners of the 2019 Outstanding Manuscript Awards, as determined by the Editorial Board and the Editors of the Journal of Athletic Training. PMID: 32433904 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - May 22, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Implications for Early Postoperative Care After Quadriceps Tendon Autograft for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Technical Note.
Authors: Hunnicutt JL, Slone HS, Xerogeanes JW Abstract The quadriceps tendon (QT) has become increasingly used by orthopaedic surgeons as an alternative autograft choice in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. As its use increases, athletic trainers and other rehabilitation clinicians will treat a greater number of patients with this autograft type. The recently developed, minimally invasive technique for harvest of the all-soft tissue autograft has many benefits, including versatility, decreased donor-site morbidity, and enhanced cosmesis. Early clinical trials revealed that the QT autograft resulted in dec...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - May 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Clinical Decision Algorithm Associated With Return to Sport After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.
CONCLUSIONS: Athletes who had more quadriceps strength tended to return to sport at any level more quickly. even with less-than-expected psychological readiness. Regarding a return at the preinjury level, psychological readiness was the most important factor in not returning, followed by a better agonist:antagonist ratio and better balance. PMID: 32396470 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - May 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Burnout and Substance Use in Collegiate Athletic Trainers.
Authors: Oglesby LW, Gallucci AR, Wynveen CJ, Ylitalo KR, Benson NF Abstract CONTEXT: The Smith Cognitive-Affective Model of Athletic Burnout suggests that athletic trainers (ATs) suffering from burnout may engage in substance use as a coping behavior. Increases in self-reported burnout symptoms are often associated with increases in heavy episodic drinking and tobacco use among various health care providers. However, this relationship has not been examined thoroughly. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of substance use in ATs and identify relationships between symptoms of burnout and substance use among ...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - May 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Exploring Health Demographics of Female Collegiate Rowers.
Authors: Walsh M, Crowell N, Merenstein D Abstract CONTEXT: Limited information exists about health patterns among female rowers at the collegiate level. Furthermore, the element of weight class (lightweights classified as
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - May 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Concussion History and Neuromechanical Responsiveness Asymmetry.
CONCLUSIONS: Asymmetry in whole-body reactive movement capabilities may be a manifestation of a subtle abnormality in the functional connectivity of brain networks that might be relevant to previously reported associations between sport-related concussion history and musculoskeletal injury occurrence. PMID: 32396473 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - May 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Sports Medicine Staffing Across National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I, II, and III Schools: Evidence for the Medical Model.
CONCLUSIONS: In many health care settings, clinician:patient ratios are associated with patient health outcomes. We found systematic variations in clinician:patient ratios across National Collegiate Athletic Association divisions of competition and across medical versus athletics organizational models, raising the possibility that athletes' health outcomes vary across these contexts. Future researchers should evaluate the relationships between clinician-patient ratios and athletes' access to care, care provision, health care costs, health outcomes, and clinician job satisfaction. PMID: 32364760 [PubMed - as supplied by...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - May 5, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Current Clinical Concepts: Conservative Management of Achilles Tendinopathy.
Authors: Silbernagel KG, Hanlon S, Sprague A Abstract Achilles tendinopathy is a painful overuse injury that is extremely common in athletes, especially those who participate in running and jumping sports. In addition to pain, Achilles tendinopathy is accompanied by alterations in the tendon's structure and mechanical properties, altered lower extremity function, and fear of movement. Cumulatively, these impairments limit sport participation and performance. A thorough evaluation and comprehensive treatment plan, centered on progressive tendon loading, is required to ensure full recovery of tendon health and to min...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - April 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Trauma Exposure and Functional Movement Characteristics of Male Tactical Athletes.
Authors: Taylor MK, Hernández LM, Sessoms P, Kawamura C, Fraser JJ Abstract CONTEXT: Tactical athletes commonly experience high levels of physical stress, which may increase their risk of musculoskeletal injury. It is critical to understand psychological predictors of functional movement (FM), which may help prevent musculoskeletal injury in this population. OBJECTIVE: To determine the associations of combat and trauma exposure with FM characteristics of male tactical athletes. Secondary objectives were to explore confounding influences of age and physical injury history as well as the mediating role of ...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - February 15, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Commentary on Point-of-Care Clinical Trials in Sports Medicine Research: Identifying Effective Treatment Interventions Through Real-World Evidence.
Authors: Sutherlin MA PMID: 32058799 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - February 15, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Quadriceps Muscle Strength, Size, and Activation and Physical Function After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.
Authors: Hunnicutt JL, McLeod MM, Slone HS, Gregory CM Abstract CONTEXT: Persistent neuromuscular deficits in the surgical limb after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) have been repeatedly described in the literature, yet little is known regarding their association with physical performance and patient-reported function. OBJECTIVE: To describe (1) interlimb differences in neuromuscular and functional outcomes and (2) the associations of neuromuscular outcomes with measures of physical and knee-related patient-reported function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Laboratory. PATIE...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - January 30, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Injury Profile in a Brazilian First-Division Youth Soccer Team: A Prospective Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Muscle injury incidence rates observed among Brazilian soccer athletes under 20 years old were similar to those reported in professional players. Preventive measures are recommended to reduce injury rates. Additionally, the number of injuries incurred during training was high compared with match play, and training programs need to be assessed so that injury prevention can be improved. PMID: 31967863 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - January 23, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Sex Differences in Ultrasound-Based Muscle Size and Mechanical Properties of the Cervical-Flexor and -Extensor Muscles.
CONCLUSIONS: The only sex difference was in SCM thickness. However, smaller SCMs in women did not result in less SCM SWE stiffness. We provided normative values for US-based imaging of the cervical-flexor and -extensor muscles in young and athletic men and women. PMID: 31967864 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - January 23, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Swim-Training Volume and Shoulder Pain Across the Life Span of the Competitive Swimmer: A Systematic Review.
Authors: Feijen S, Tate A, Kuppens K, Claes A, Struyf F Abstract BACKGROUND: Competitive swimmers are exposed to enormous volumes of swim training that may overload the soft tissue structures and contribute to shoulder pain. An understanding of training factors associated with the injury is needed before practice guidelines can be developed. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between swim-training volume and shoulder pain and to determine swim-training volume and shoulder pain prevalence across the life span of the competitive swimmer. DATA SOURCES: Relevant studies within PubMed, Web of Science, a...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - January 16, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Erratum.
Authors: PMID: 31935143 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - January 16, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Baseline Performance of High School Rugby Players on the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5.
CONCLUSIONS: The 10-word list option in the memory section reduced the likelihood of a ceiling effect. A player's sex may be an important consideration when interpreting the SCAT5 after concussion. PMID: 31917599 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - January 10, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Non-Time-Loss and Time-Loss Softball Injuries in Secondary School Athletes: A Report From the National Athletic Treatment, Injury and Outcomes Network (NATION).
CONCLUSIONS: Secondary school softball players sustained a larger proportion of NTL injuries than TL injuries. Although NTL injuries may be less severe, they are numerous. Efforts are needed to ensure that injury-prevention programs are incorporated into the care of softball athletes to promote health and reduce injury occurrence. PMID: 31913657 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - January 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Lower Limb Joint Kinetics During a Side-Cutting Task in Participants With or Without Chronic Ankle Instability.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that altered ankle-joint kinetics and increased hip-joint stiffness were associated when individuals with CAI performed a side-cutting task. These lower limb kinetic changes may contribute to an increased risk of recurrent lateral ankle sprains in people with CAI. Clinicians and practitioners can use these findings to develop rehabilitation programs for improving maladaptive movement mechanics in individuals with CAI. PMID: 31895591 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - January 3, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Foot Injuries Using National Collegiate Athletic Association Data From the 2009-2010 Through 2014-2015 Seasons.
CONCLUSIONS: Important differences were present among sports in terms of injury rates, the most common foot injuries, and the risk (combination of frequency and severity) of injury. These differences warrant further study to determine the mechanisms of injury and target intervention efforts. PMID: 31895592 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - January 3, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Descriptive Epidemiology of Injuries in Professional Ultimate Frisbee Athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first epidemiologic study of professional ultimate injuries. Injury rates were comparable with those of similar collegiate- and professional-level sports. PMID: 31895593 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - January 3, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Ultrasound Imaging of the Gluteal Muscles During the Y-Balance Test in Individuals With or Without Chronic Ankle Instability.
CONCLUSIONS: The CAI group demonstrated YBT reach deficits and alterations in proximal muscle activation. Increased reliance on the gluteus maximus during dynamic conditions may contribute to distal joint dysfunction in this population. PMID: 31876453 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - December 27, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Functional Performance of Firefighters After Exposure to Environmental Conditions and Exercise.
CONCLUSIONS: A bout of exercise in a hot, humid environment increased rectal temperature in a similar way to that reported in the physically active population and negatively affected measures of functional balance. Rather than independently affecting balance, the factors of exercise and heat stress appeared to combine, leading to an increased likelihood of slips, trips, and falls. PMID: 31876454 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - December 27, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Single-Session Video and Electromyography Feedback in Overhead Athletes With Scapular Dyskinesis and Impingement Syndrome.
Authors: Du WY, Huang TS, Chiu YC, Mao SJ, Hung LW, Liu MF, Yang JL, Lin JJ Abstract CONTEXT: Subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS) is associated with scapular dyskinesis, or imbalanced scapular muscle activity. Evidence has shown that feedback can improve scapular control in patients with SIS. However, it is unknown whether real-time video feedback or electromyography (EMG) biofeedback is optimal for improving scapular kinematics and muscle activity during a functional task. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of video and EMG feedback sessions on absolute muscle activity (upper trapezius [UT], lower trapezius ...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - December 27, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Concussion Recovery Timeline of High School Athletes Using A Stepwise Return-to-Play Protocol: Age and Sex Effects.
Authors: Tamura K, Furutani T, Oshiro R, Oba Y, Ling A, Murata N Abstract CONTEXT: Implementation of a stepwise return-to-play (RTP) protocol has become the standard management strategy for high school athletes to ensure a safe RTP after concussion. The detailed characteristics of the recovery timeline throughout the steps of an RTP protocol have not been delineated among the adolescent population. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the days spent in each step of the stepwise RTP protocol in an adolescent population and examine the effects of age and sex on recovery time. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: ...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - December 27, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Athletic Trainers' Concussion-Assessment and -Management Practices: An Update.
Authors: Lempke LB, Schmidt JD, Lynall RC Abstract CONTEXT: Athletic trainers (ATs) are often the first health care providers to conduct concussion assessments and carry out postinjury management. Best practices for concussion evaluation and management have changed rapidly in recent years, outdating previous reports of ATs' concussion practices. OBJECTIVE: To examine ATs' current concussion-assessment and -management techniques. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Web-based survey. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A random convenience sample of 8777 ATs (response rate = 15.0% [n = 1307]; years ce...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - December 20, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Wobble-Board Balance Intervention to Decrease Symptoms and Prevent Reinjury in Athletes with Chronic Ankle Instability: An Exploration Case Series.
Authors: Wright CJ, Nauman SL, Bosh JC Abstract Controlled research has shown that a single-exercise wobble-board intervention is effective at reducing symptoms and increasing function in patients with chronic ankle instability. However, the effectiveness of this protocol has not been documented in a realistic intercollegiate athletics environment. Eight intercollegiate athletes with chronic ankle instability participated in an 8-week (3 sessions/wk) wobble-board intervention. In a realistic environment, this simple intervention was feasible to implement and resulted in meaningful improvements in patient-reported s...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - December 20, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Foam Rolling and Muscle and Joint Proprioception After Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage.
CONCLUSIONS: Foam rolling postexercise diminished delayed-onset muscle soreness and improved recovery of muscle strength and joint proprioception. These results suggested that FR enhanced recovery from exercise-induced damage. PMID: 31855077 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - December 20, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Reporting of Concussion-Like Symptoms After Cycling Crashes: A Survey of Competitive and Recreational Cyclists.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that a standardized concussion assessment is needed for cyclists who experience major trauma. PMID: 31855078 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - December 20, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Humeral Retroversion and Participation Age in Professional Baseball Pitchers by Geographic Region.
CONCLUSIONS: Latin American players had greater HR but started playing baseball at an older age. These findings contradict current thinking that HR would be more pronounced if baseball was started at a younger age. Additional research is required to better understand HR and the genetic, environmental, and nutritional factors that contribute to its development. PMID: 31794240 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - December 4, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Tandem Gait Test-Retest Reliability Among Healthy Child and Adolescent Athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: Tandem gait outcome measures demonstrated high test-retest reliability in both the single- and dual-task conditions. The overall reliability was within the acceptable range for clinical practice, but improvements across tests suggested a moderate practice effect. Tandem gait represents a reliable, dynamic, postural-control test that requires minimal space, cost, and time. PMID: 31657636 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 30, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Cooling of Lower Extremity Muscles According to Subcutaneous Tissue Thickness.
CONCLUSIONS: Lower extremity muscles seemed to cool similarly based on the recommended cooling times for subcutaneous tissue thickness. Clinicians should move away from standardized treatment times and adjust the amount of cooling time by ice-bag application based on subcutaneous tissue thickness. PMID: 31657637 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 30, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Sports Medicine Delivery Models: Legal Risks.
Authors: Rapp GC, Ingersoll CD Abstract Educational institutions sponsoring competitive athletics may use an athletics model, academic model, or medical model for delivery of sports medicine to student-athletes. Four types of legal risk are considered for these 3 models: litigation, contract, regulatory, and structural. The athletics model presents the greatest legal risk to institutions, whereas the medical model presents the least legal risk. Institutional administrators should consider these risks when selecting or maintaining a delivery model for sports medicine. PMID: 31642711 [PubMed - as supplied by publ...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 24, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Moving a Field Forward: What Are the "Big" Research Questions in Sport Specialization?
Moving a Field Forward: What Are the "Big" Research Questions in Sport Specialization? J Athl Train. 2019 Oct;54(10):1009-1010 Authors: Bell DR, Stracciolini A PMID: 31633406 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Sport Specialization, Club Sport Participation, Quality of Life, and Injury History Among High School Athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: Although no injury-history differences were found among the sport-specialization groups, a higher proportion of club sport athletes than nonclub sport athletes reported a history of injury. Club sports are generally seen as more competitive, and the higher number of injuries seen in this setting could be related to a higher level of play among club sport athletes. PMID: 31633407 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

A Comparison of Emergency Preparedness Between High School Coaches and Club Sport Coaches.
Authors: Post EG, Schaefer DA, Biese KM, Cadmus-Bertram LA, Watson AM, McGuine TA, Brooks MA, Bell DR Abstract CONTEXT: Recent studies suggested that a large population of high school-aged athletes participate on club sport teams. Despite attempts to document emergency preparedness in high school athletics, the adherence to emergency and medical coverage standards among club sport teams is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine if differences in emergency preparedness and training existed between coaches of high school teams and coaches of high school-aged club teams. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: ...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Sport Specialization and Overuse Injuries in Adolescent Throwing Athletes: A Narrative Review.
Authors: Zaremski JL, Zeppieri G, Tripp BL Abstract A significant number of adolescent athletes throughout the world participate in various throwing-dominant sports, including but not limited to baseball, cricket, handball, softball, track and field throwing events, and water polo. Due to the unique stresses placed on the throwing arm and entire body in these sports, a robust volume of literature has highlighted concerns about sport specialization in these athletes and an associated increased risk of injury, particularly to the dominant shoulder and elbow, with sport specialization. This review will highlight the e...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Evaluating a Commonly Used Tool for Measuring Sport Specialization in Young Athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: The commonly used specialization survey misclassified a substantial number of highly specialized athletes as moderately specialized. Researchers should consider adding a fourth survey question, "Have you only ever played 1 sport?" to identify and better study this unique subset of misclassified athletes. PMID: 31633410 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

The Public Health Consequences of Sport Specialization.
Authors: Bell DR, DiStefano L, Pandya NK, McGuine TA Abstract Sport specialization was thought to affect a relatively small number of elite athletes, but it is now a common practice in youth sport culture. Recent research in the field of sport specialization has led to a better understanding of the influence this issue is having on youth (ie, younger than 19 years of age) today. This review focuses on sport specialization from a public health perspective to elucidate the effect that this practice is having within the United States. The specific goals of this review are to describe (1) the prevalence of sport specia...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Sport Specialization and Single-Legged-Squat Performance Among Youth Baseball and Softball Athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: These results agree with the principle of specific adaptation to imposed demands. Surprisingly, athletes who spent 8 months or more playing a unilateral sport showed no differences in SLS performance. Clinicians should emphasize that neuromuscular adaptations of the lumbopelvic-hip complex for dynamic movement, such as an SLS, may be achieved through training instead of strict sport participation. Future researchers should consider how much of the training protocol is actually specialized for sport training. PMID: 31633412 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Previous High School Participation in Varsity Sport and Jump-Landing Biomechanics in Adult Recreational Athletes.
Authors: Herman DC, Riveros D, Jacobs K, Harris A, Massengill C, Vincent HK Abstract CONTEXT: Early sports sampling is associated with superior biomechanics in youth athletes; however, the effect of multisport participation on adult biomechanics is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare jump-landing biomechanics between adult recreational athletes who previously participated in 0, 1, or 2 or more select high school varsity sports (VSs; basketball, lacrosse, soccer, volleyball) that feature landing and cutting tasks. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. SETTING: University community setting. PATIENTS OR OTH...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Sport Specialization and Fitness and Functional Task Performance Among Youth Competitive Gymnasts.
CONCLUSIONS: Gymnasts reported high proportions of moderate to high specialization, and many exceeded guidelines for hours participating in gymnastics per week. We did not observe clinically meaningful group differences among specialization status and fitness or functional movement tasks, indicating no clear benefit of gymnastics training to the exclusion of other sports for increased performance. PMID: 31633414 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Early Single Sport Specialization in a High-Achieving US Athlete Population: Comparing National Collegiate Athletic Association Student-Athletes and Undergraduate Students.
Authors: DiFiori JP, Quitiquit C, Gray A, Kimlin EJ, Baker R Abstract CONTEXT: Early single-sport specialization and the relative age effect are often cited as improving the chances of sport success. Both concepts suggest that genetics and the environment have little influence on sport success. OBJECTIVE: To compare National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I student-athletes (SAs) with their undergraduate nonathlete peers (NAs) in terms of birth month, age of sport initiation, and age of single-sport specialization. A family history of sport participation was examined as a potential marker for genetic ...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Exploring Coaches' Perceptions of Youth Sport Specialization: A Comparison of High School and Club Sport Contexts.
Authors: DiSanti JS, Post EG, Bell DR, Schaefer DA, Brooks MA, McGuine TA, Erickson K Abstract CONTEXT: Previous researchers have identified sport specialization as being associated with various negative outcomes (eg, overuse injuries and adverse psychosocial outcomes). However, little is known regarding how the underlying attitudes, beliefs, and values of sport stakeholders may be shaping this trend. OBJECTIVE: To examine the perceptions of coaches in the high school versus club sport setting and compare their attitudes and behaviors toward sport specialization. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. PATIENTS...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Sport Specialization and Increased Injury Frequency in Youth Baseball Players: A Prospective Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Sport specialization was associated with throwing-related arm injuries in a small cohort of youth baseball players. It is concerning that 57.9% of parents and specialized players were unaware of the athletes' status. Larger studies with longer follow-up periods are needed to further evaluate injury-risk profiles in physically developing youth populations. PMID: 31633417 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Sport Specialization and Coordination Differences in Multisport Adolescent Female Basketball, Soccer, and Volleyball Athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: Sport specialization was associated with increased variability of critical hip- and knee-joint couplings responsible for effective landing during the DVJ. Altered coordination strategies that involve the hip and knee joints may underlie unstable landings, inefficient force-absorption strategies, or greater contact forces that can place the lower extremities at risk for injury (or a combination of these). PMID: 31633418 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Health Consequences of Youth Sport Specialization.
The objective of this article was to perform a narrative review of the currently available evidence and sports medicine organizational recommendations regarding sport specialization and its effects on health to guide athletic trainers and sports medicine providers. To accomplish this goal, we conducted a narrative review of articles and position statements on sport specialization published from 1990 through 2018. Injury, overuse injury, serious overuse injury, and lower extremity injury were likely associated with higher degrees of sport specialization in various populations. Sports medicine organizations in general recomm...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Early Sport Specialization: Shifting Societal Norms.
Authors: Hainline B PMID: 31633422 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 23, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Ultrasonography of Gluteal and Fibularis Muscles During Exercises in Individuals With A History of Lateral Ankle Sprain.
CONCLUSIONS: All groups had increased fibularis CSA with resisted eversion. In side-lying hip abduction, individuals with CAI had greater GMax thickness than GMed thickness. Ultrasound imaging of fibularis CSA and gluteal muscle thickness may be clinically useful in assessing and treating patients with LAS or CAI. PMID: 31584853 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 6, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Relationship Between the King-Devick Test and Commonly Used Concussion Tests at Baseline.
Authors: Clugston JR, Houck ZM, Asken BM, Boone JK, Kontos AP, Buckley TA, Schmidt JD, Chrisman SPD, Hoffman NL, Harmon KG, Kaminski TW, Collins MW, McAllister TW, McCrea MA, Broglio SP, Ortega JD Abstract CONTEXT: Comprehensive assessments are recommended to evaluate sport-related concussion (SRC). The degree to which the King-Devick (KD) test adds novel information to an SRC evaluation is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To describe relationships at baseline among the KD and other SRC assessments and explore whether the KD provides unique information to a multimodal baseline concussion assessment. DESIGN: Cross-sectio...
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 6, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Serratus Anterior and Upper Trapezius Electromyographic Analysis of the Push-Up Plus Exercise: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The standard PUP exercise elicited high EMG activity of the SA. Participants generated higher SA and lower UT EMG activity when they performed the PUP exercise on a stable surface in full elbow extension, with the hands placed shoulder-width apart, shoulder-flexion angles of 110° or 120°, and the ipsilateral lower extremity lifted. PMID: 31584855 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Athletic Training)
Source: Journal of Athletic Training - October 6, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research