Self-Guided Internet–Delivered Cognitive Behavior Therapy (ICBT) for Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Publication date: Available online 4 July 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Bethany M. Wootton, Eyal Karin, Nick Titov, Blake F. DearAbstractInternet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (ICBT) for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) has been demonstrated to be efficacious across multiple clinical trials. However, most of these interventions include clinician support, and many individuals with OCD prefer to manage their own symptoms. Self-guided ICBT overcomes this problem, but to date the efficacy of self-guided interventions has only been studied in uncontrolled trials. The present study aims to examine ...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - July 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reassurance Seeking in the Anxiety Disorders and OCD: Construct Validation, Clinical Correlates and CBT Treatment Response
ConclusionReassurance seeking appears to be a common factor across anxiety disorders though the themes of the reassurance may differ. Further, reduction in excessive reassurance seeking may be an important component in treatment outcome. (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - June 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Changes in post-event processing during cognitive behavioural therapy for social anxiety disorder: A longitudinal analysis using post-session measurement and experience sampling methodology
ConclusionThe results of the study demonstrate that momentary experiences of PEP can be influenced by treatment, and can in turn impact treatment outcome. The findings have significant clinical and theoretical implications. (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - June 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: June 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Volume 65Author(s): (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - June 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence and Correlates of Generalized Anxiety Disorder in Singapore: Results from the Second Singapore Mental Health Study
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Sherilyn Chang, Edimansyah Abdin, Saleha Shafie, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Stefan Ma, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily SubramaniamAbstractThe aim of this paper is to report findings on the epidemiology of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) using data from the Singapore Mental Health Study (SMHS) 2016, and draw comparisons with results from the first SMHS in 2010. Singapore residents aged 18 years and above participated in the household survey where the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview 3.0 was administere...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sex Differences in the Etiology of Disgust Sensitivity: A Preliminary Behavioral Genetic Analysis
Publication date: Available online 27 May 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Bunmi O. Olatunji, Steven Taylor, David ZaldAbstractEvidence suggests that Disgust Sensitivity (DS) is a personality trait that may confer risk for the development of some anxiety-related disorders. To examine the origins of this trait we administered the DS subscale of the Disgust Propensity and Sensitivity Scale-Revised to 90 monozygotic and 90 dizygotic twin pairs, of which 55% were women. The DS subscale consists of two dimensions; Somatic Disgust and Ruminative Disgust. Biometrical modeling techniques were used to estimate her...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - May 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

“Fear guides the eyes of the beholder”: Assessing gaze avoidance in social anxiety disorder via covert eye tracking of dynamic social stimuli
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Justin W. Weeks, Ashley N. Howell, Akanksha Srivastav, Philippe R. GoldinAbstractGaze avoidance is an important feature of social anxiety disorder (SAD) and may serve as a biobehavioral marker of SAD. The purpose of the present study was to replicate and extend findings on gaze avoidance in SAD via eye tracking during a computerized social simulation. Patients with SAD (n = 27) and a (sub)sample of demographically-matched healthy controls (HC; n = 22) completed a computerized, dynamic social simulation task involving video clips of...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - May 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prospective Associations between Disgust Proneness and OCD Symptoms: Specificity to Excessive Washing Compulsions
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Bunmi O. Olatunji, Jingu Kim, Rebecca C. Cox, Chad EbesutaniAbstractAlthough considerable evidence has linked disgust proneness (DP) to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), few studies have examined the extent to which DP predicts OCD symptoms over time. Further, it remains unclear if DP is a risk factor for the contamination subtype of OCD specifically or if it is prospectively associated with other OCD symptom subtypes. The present study sought to address these gaps in the literature with a large sample of unselected community pa...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - May 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Childhood adversities and psychopathology among military veterans in the US: the mediating role of social networks
Publication date: Available online 18 May 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): M. McLafferty, J. Ross, B. Waterhouse-Bradley, C. ArmourAbstractChildhood adversities can impact negatively on psychological health across the lifespan. Many military veterans have a history of adverse childhood experiences, which when combined with deployment related traumas, can lead to high levels of psychopathology. Social networks can however be protective. The current study aimed to identify typologies of childhood adversity in U.S. military veterans (n = 3,092) and explore relationships between the adversity ty...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - May 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Impact of Negative Attributions on the Link Between Observed Partner Social Support and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Severity
We examined negative attributions about partner-provided support as a moderator of the expected relation between observed support during couple discussions and PTSD symptom severity. Participants included 128 individuals from 64 heterosexual married or cohabitating couples. Per clinician-administered interview, 72 (56%) participants met subthreshold or diagnostic criteria for PTSD. Receipt of relatively more partner support was modestly associated with lower PTSD symptom severity. Negative causal attributions about partner support were not associated with the amount of support received, but were associated with higher PTSD...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Post-traumatic stress and cancer: Findings from a cross-sectional nationally representative sample
ConclusionTraumatic exposure and PTSD appear to be associated with cancer. The comorbid relationship between traumatic exposure, PTSD and cancer differs by cancer type and sex. (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - May 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: May 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Volume 64Author(s): (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - May 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Pupil dilation to emotional expressions in adolescent social anxiety disorder is related to treatment outcome
Publication date: Available online 24 April 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Johan Lundin Kleberg, Cornelia Hanqvist, Eva Serlachius, Jens HögströmAbstractAtypical attention to potential social threats, such as emotional faces, may be one of the core mechanisms underlying social anxiety disorder (SAD). Pupil dilation is an index of locus coreuleus-noradrenergic activity, and closely linked to attention. In the present study, pupil dilation was studied in adolescents with SAD (N = 26; 22 Female) before the onset of a 12-week cognitive behavioral treatment, and in healthy controls (N = 23). Stimul...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - April 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Self- and Other-Perceptions of Interpersonal Problems: Effects of Generalized Anxiety, Social Anxiety, and Depression
Publication date: Available online 22 April 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Ki Eun Shin, Michelle G. NewmanAbstractDespite attention on overlap and distinction between generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social anxiety disorder (SAD), and major depressive disorder (MDD), interpersonal specificity (distinct, prototypical interpersonal features) between the disorders has been understudied. There is emerging evidence for such specificity (e.g., Erickson et al., 2016), but most studies relied on self-report, and not all studies controlled for shared variance between the disorders, complicating interpretation...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - April 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

An integrative review of the vigilance-avoidance model in pediatric anxiety disorders: Are we looking in the wrong place?
Publication date: Available online 19 April 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Dana Rosen, Rebecca B. Price, Jennifer S. SilkAbstractEnduring cognitive models of anxiety posit that negative biases in information processing are implicated in the etiology, maintenance, and recurrence of anxiety disorders in youth and adults. Specifically, the vigilance-avoidance model of attention is an influential hypothesis proposed to explain anxious individuals’ attentional patterns. The vigilance-avoidance model posits that anxious individuals, relative to nonanxious individuals, initially orient more quickly to th...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - April 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Therapist-led and self-led one-session virtual reality exposure therapy for public speaking anxiety with consumer hardware and software: A randomized controlled trial” [J. Anxiety Disord. 61 (2) (2019) 45–54]
Publication date: Available online 17 April 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Philip Lindner, Alexander Miloff, Simon Fagernäs, Joel Andersen, Martin Sigeman, Gerhard Andersson, Tomas Furmark, Per Carlbring (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - April 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Do Men and Women Arrive, Stay, and Respond Differently to Cognitive Behavior Group Therapy for Social Anxiety Disorder?
Publication date: Available online 5 April 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Idan Aderka (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - April 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Measuring treatment outcome in patients with anxiety disorders: A comparison of the responsiveness of generic and disorder-specific instruments
Discussion/conclusionsFor most anxiety disorder groups (i.e., SP, PD and OCD), the MASQ or BSI was equally suited as disorder-specific instruments to detect change at group level. Exceptions are GAD and PTSD. These findings suggest limited incremental information value of disorder-specific instruments over the MASQ and BSI for measuring change. (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - April 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

External validation of the International Risk Prediction Algorithm for the onset of generalized anxiety and/or panic syndromes (The Predict A) in the US general population
The objective of this study was to validate the PredictA algorithm for new onset of anxiety and/or panic disorders in the US general population.MethodsLongitudinal study design was conducted with approximate 2-year follow-up data from a total of 24,626 individuals who participated in Wave 1 and 2 of the US National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) and who did not have generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and panic disorder in the past year at Wave 1. The PredictA algorithm was directly applied to the selected participants.ResultsAmong the participants, 5.4% developed GAD and/or panic disorder o...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - April 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Early Interventions to Prevent Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Survivors of Life-Threatening Medical Events: A Systematic Review
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Jeffrey L. Birk, Jennifer A. Sumner, Mytra Haerizadeh, Reuben Heyman-Kantor, Louise Falzon, Christopher Gonzalez, Liliya Gershengoren, Peter Shapiro, Donald Edmondson, Ian M. KronishAbstractPost-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) induced by life-threatening medical events has been associated with adverse physical and mental health outcomes, but it is unclear whether early interventions to prevent the onset of PTSD after these events are efficacious. We conducted a systematic review to address this need. We searched six biomedical e...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - March 21, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: April 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Volume 63Author(s): (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - March 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Safety Behaviors, Experiential Avoidance, and Anxiety: A Path Analysis Approach
Publication date: Available online 5 March 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Alex Kirk, Johanna M. Meyer, Mark A. Whisman, Brett J. Deacon, Joanna J. ArchAbstractAvoidance has long been viewed as an etiological mechanism of anxiety disorders. Of more recent focus within this literature is the distinction between avoidance that is trait-based (experiential avoidance) versus contextual (safety behaviors). Whereas both experiential avoidance and safety behaviors have been studied within anxiety research, no known studies have evaluated the direct and indirect relationships of these forms of avoidance in predi...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - March 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Heart rate variability in patients with agoraphobia with or without panic disorder remains stable during CBT but increases following in-vivo exposure
Publication date: Available online 4 March 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Jennifer Lara Maria Mumm, Lena Pyrkosch, Jens Plag, Patrick Nagel, Moritz Bruno Petzold, Sophie Bischoff, Lydia Fehm, Thomas Fydrich, Andreas StröhleAbstractPatients with anxiety disorders have a lower heart rate variability (HRV) than healthy controls. Low HRV is associated with cardiovascular disease and dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). The aim of the present study was to investigate if HRV in patients with agoraphobia with or without panic disorder can be influenced by cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). ...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - March 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Fear Extinction Learning as a Predictor of Response to Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Pediatric Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
ConclusionsWhile the small sample size makes conclusions tentative, this study supports an emerging literature that differential fear extinction may be an important factor underlying clinical correlates of pediatric OCD, including CBT response. (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - March 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Enhanced cognitive control over task-irrelevant emotional distractors in generalized anxiety disorder versus obsessive-compulsive disorder
Publication date: Available online 28 February 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Lauren S. Hallion, David F. Tolin, Gretchen J. DiefenbachAbstractGeneralized anxiety disorder (GAD) is defined in part by excessive and uncontrollable worry. However, little is known about cognitive control abilities in adults with GAD. The present study examined cognitive control over negative and neutral material in a mixed clinical sample of adults with GAD and/or obsessive-compulsive disorder and a comparison healthy control sample. Participants completed a novel emotional variant of the AX-CPT (eAX-CPT) to index proactive...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - February 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Trial of Prolonged Exposure Therapy Versus Relaxation Training for Older Veterans with Military-Related PTSD
ConclusionsPE and RT are well-tolerated, feasible, and effective for older adults, though treatment gains were not maintained at follow-up. (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - February 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Preference Trial of Internet-delivered Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Comparing Standard Weekly Versus Optional Weekly Therapist Support
This study demonstrates the potential of optional therapist support to meet the needs and preferences of patients and to also reduce therapist costs in routine care. (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - February 22, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Examining the Nonresponse Phenomenon: Factors Associated with Treatment Response in a National Sample of Veterans undergoing Residential PTSD Treatment
ConclusionsThese findings highlight factors that place individuals at risk of poor treatment response. Treatment modifications may be needed in order to optimize response for subgroups who are less likely to benefit from residential PTSD treatment. (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - February 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The efficacy of interventions for test-anxious university students: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Publication date: Available online 6 February 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Christopher HuntleyAbstract. (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - February 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: March 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Volume 62Author(s): (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - February 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Efficacy of virtual reality exposure therapy for the treatment of dental phobia in adults: A randomized controlled trial
Publication date: March 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Volume 62Author(s): Kumar Raghav Gujjar, Arjen van Wijk, Ratika Kumar, Ad de JonghAbstractBackgroundAlthough Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy (VRET) has proven to be effective in the treatment of various subtypes of specific phobia, there is limited evidence of its role in the treatment of dental phobia.MethodA single-blind RCT was conducted among 30 randomized patients with dental phobia to either VRET or informational pamphlet (IP) condition. Primary outcome anxiety measures (VAS-A, MDAS and DFS) were evaluated at baseline, pre- and post-intervention, 1-we...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - February 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Inverse Reasoning Processes in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Replication in a Clinical Sample
Publication date: Available online 29 January 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Shiu F. Wong, Frederick Aardema, Jessica R. GrishamAbstractThe inference-based approach (IBA) is one cognitive model that aims to explain the aetiology and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). IBA theory suggests that certain reasoning processes lead an individual with OCD to confuse imagined possibilities with actual probabilities, a process termed inferential confusion. One such reasoning process is inverse reasoning, where hypothetical causes form the basis of conclusions about reality. Recently, we developed ...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - January 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

An Initial Review of Residual Symptoms after Empirically Supported Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Psychological Treatment
ConclusionsResults suggest a need for focused research attention to and clinical assessment of individual residual symptoms following empirically supported treatment for PTSD to determine whether further treatment sessions are warranted. (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - January 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mapping the Frequency and Severity of Anxiety Behaviors in Preschool-Aged Children
Publication date: Available online 19 January 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Sara J. Bufferd, Lea R. Dougherty, Thomas M. OlinoAbstractAlthough anxiety can be early-emerging, impairing, and persistent, behaviors relevant to anxiety mirror typical development in early childhood. To better understand the spectrum of typical to problematic behavior, this study characterizes the range of frequency and severity of separation and social anxiety behaviors and associated impairment in preschool-aged children using a novel daily diary method. Primary caregivers of 291 3-5-year-old children reported the frequency...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - January 20, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Family Accommodation Mediates Nightmares and Sleep-Related Problems in Anxious Children
We examined associations between nightmares, maternal reports of family accommodation, and sleep-related problems in clinically anxious children. We also examined a hypothesized mediational pathway linking nightmares to other sleep-related problems, through increased family accommodation using structural equation modeling. Participants were 277 clinically anxious children (ages 6-17), and their mothers. Nightmares were reported in over three quarters of the children and were linked to higher mother-rated accommodation and to sleep-related problems. Fit indices for the structural equation model were excellent, and data supp...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - January 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: January 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Volume 61Author(s): (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - January 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Combat and Operational Risk Factors for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Criteria Among United States Air Force Remotely Piloted Aircraft “Drone” Warfighters
Publication date: Available online 11 January 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Wayne Chappelle, Tanya Goodman, Laura Reardon, Lillian PrinceAbstractThe prevalence and expression of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among United States Air Force remotely piloted aircraft (RPA; commonly referred to as “drones”) warfighters exposed to battlefield trauma via remote, electronic warfare is relevant and critical to the effective delivery of mental health care for this population. RPA warfighters (n = 715) with real-time exposure to at least one traumatic event participated ...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - January 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

An Investigation of the Effect of Trauma Script Exposure on Risk-Taking among Patients with Substance Use Disorders and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
This study examined whether SUD patients with current PTSD, compared to those without a history of PTSD, are more likely to exhibit risk-taking on a laboratory-based risk-taking task, the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), following exposure to a personalized trauma script versus a neutral script. The sample consisted of 122 trauma-exposed SUD patients with and without PTSD. Participants were administered a series of diagnostic interviews and personalized trauma scripts were created. On separate days, participants were exposed to a neutral or trauma script, followed by the IGT. Contrary to expectations, PTSD-SUD patients exhibited ...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - January 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Role of Intolerance of Uncertainty in Current and Remitted Internalizing and Externalizing Psychopathology
Publication date: Available online 3 January 2019Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Kelly A. Correa, Huiting Liu, Stewart A. ShankmanAbstractIntolerance of uncertainty (IU) is a putative key, transdiagnostic factor in internalizing psychopathologies. However, it is unclear if elevated levels of IU, as measured by the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale, short form (IUS-12) and its subscales (prospective and inhibitory IU), persist into remission of internalizing psychopathologies (or particular types of internalizing psychopathologies; e.g., fear vs. distress-misery disorders). It is also unknown if IU is specific...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - January 3, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Immersive 3D exposure-based treatment for spider fear: A randomized controlled trial
Publication date: Available online 21 December 2018Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Sean Minns, Andrew Levihn-Coon, Emily Carl, Jasper A.J. Smits, Wayne Miller, Don Howard, Santiago Papini, Simon Quiroz, Eunjung Lee-Furman, Michael Telch, Per Carlbring, Drew Xanthopoulos, Mark B. PowersAbstractStereoscopic 3D gives the viewer the same shape, size, perspective and depth they would experience viewing the real world and could mimic the perceptual threat cues present in real life. This is the first study to investigate whether an immersive stereoscopic 3D video exposure-based treatment would be effective in reduc...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - December 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Intolerance of uncertainty and DSM-5 PTSD symptoms: Associations among a treatment seeking veteran sample
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2018Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Amanda M. Raines, Mary E. Oglesby, Jessica L. Walton, Gala True, C. Laurel FranklinAbstractIntolerance of uncertainty (IU), defined as an inability to tolerate the unpleasant response triggered by the observed absence of information, has received increased empirical attention in recent years. The contribution of this cognitive behavioral construct to the etiology and maintenance of various anxiety disorders has become increasingly recognized. However, the relationship between IU and other affective disorders, including posttra...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - December 13, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The relationship between anxiety symptom severity and problematic smartphone use: A review of the literature and conceptual frameworks
We present our own theoretical model of how PSU is specifically related to anxiety. We discuss and review mental health constructs associated with PSU severity, based on prior literature. Next, we systematically review the research on PSU severity in relation to anxiety symptoms, given the recent growth of studies on this research question. Finally, we offer implications and recommendations for future research in this area. (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - December 1, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Which Patients Initiate Cognitive Processing Therapy and Prolonged Exposure in Department of Veterans Affairs PTSD Clinics?
Publication date: Available online 20 November 2018Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Craig S. Rosen, Nancy C. Bernardy, Kathleen M. Chard, Barbara Clothier, Joan M. Cook, Jill Crowley, Afsoon Eftekhari, Shannon M. Kehle-Forbes, David C. Mohr, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Robert J. Orazem, Josef I. Ruzek, Paula P. Schnurr, Brandy N. Smith, Nina A. SayerAbstractThe United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) and Prolonged Exposure therapy (PE) for PTSD at all of its facilities, but little is known about systematic differences between patients who do and do not initiate t...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - November 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Symptom severity in PTSD and comorbid psychopathology: A latent profile analysis among traumatized veterans
In conclusion, general symptom severity was found to be an important diagnostic characteristic in this population. Integrated treatments targeting the broad spectrum of mental health problems may be of importance in treating patients that show low therapeutic recovery. (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - November 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: December 2018Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Volume 60Author(s): (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - November 18, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A systematic review of the role of parents in the development of anxious cognitions in children
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Lisa-Marie Emerson, Claire Ogielda, Georgina RowseAbstractAnxious cognitions and parental behavior are important in the development of child anxiety. The current review aims to appraise the literature on the relationship between parental factors and chid anxious cognitions. Online database searches of PsycInfo, Scopus, ProQuest Dissertations and Web of Science were systematically searched using key terms related to ‘parent’, ‘child’, ‘anxiety’ and ‘cognitions’. Included studies (...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - November 17, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Electrophysiology of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: a Systematic Review of the Electroencephalographic Literature
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2018Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): M. Prabhavi N. Perera, Neil W. Bailey, Sally E. Herring, Paul B. FitzgeraldAbstractObsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic disease that causes significant decline in the quality of life of those affected. Due to our limited understanding of the underlying pathophysiology of OCD, successful treatment remains elusive. Although many have studied the pathophysiology of OCD through electroencephalography (EEG), limited attempts have been made to synthesize and interpret their findings. To bridge this gap, we conducted a co...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - November 15, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: October 2018Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Volume 59Author(s): (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - November 14, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

When Translational Neuroscience Fails in the Clinic: Dexamethasone Prior to Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy Increases Drop-Out Rates
Publication date: Available online 29 October 2018Source: Journal of Anxiety DisordersAuthor(s): Jessica Maples-Keller, Tanja Jovanovic, Boadie W. Dunlop, Sheila Rauch, Carly Yasinski, Vasiliki Michopoulos, Callan Coghlan, Seth Norrholm, Albert Skip Rizzo, Kerry Ressler, Barbara O. RothbaumAbstractPosttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by exaggerated expression of fear responses to danger and safety cues. Translational research suggests that dexamethasone facilitates fear extinction in animal and human fear conditioning models. For this randomized, placebo-controlled trial (N = 27), we aimed to...
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

PTSD Symptoms are Differentially Associated with General Distress and Physiological Arousal: Implications for the Conceptualization and Measurement of PTSD
ConclusionsResults offer support, with caveats, for viewing PTSD as a distress disorder. Findings are not consistent with the position that PTSD is a hybrid disorder with some features reflecting hyperarousal and others indicative of general distress. Results have implications for the conceptualization and measurement of PTSD. (Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders)
Source: Journal of Anxiety Disorders - October 30, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research