Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition This is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader or to display this data on your own website or blog.
Growth performance, nutrient digestion, rumen fermentation and blood biochemistry in response to partially replacing cottonseed cake with sesame meal in a lamb feedlot diet
AbstractRecently, it is necessary to formulate high-quality, balanced and low-cost rations for ruminants from nontraditional sources. The present study conducted to investigate the impact of partially replacing corticated cottonseed (CS) cake with sesame meal (SM) in a lamb feedlot diet on growth performance, nutrient digestion, rumen fermentation and blood biochemistry. Fifteen growing lambs with an initial body weight of 27.4 ± 1.2 kg (6–7 months old) were randomly assigned into three equal groups (n = 5). Lambs in control group (CS) fed a basal diet, while 8% and 16% SM were used to replace an equal porti...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 26, 2023 Category: Zoology Authors: Mahmoud A. M. Abdullah, Walaa M. S. Gomaa, Rasha I. M. Hassan, Mohamed Y. Elaref Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Organic selenium and vitamin E for gilts and sows bred in equatorial climate
AbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate the dietary supplementation of organic selenium (Se) and vitamin E for sows from 1st and 2nd parity order, without adiabatic cooling on physiological parameters, reproductive performance, milk composition, litter performance and blood concentrations of antioxidant enzymes. A total of 96 sows were allotted in a 4 × 2 completely factorial design, with 4 experimental groups and 2 parity orders (1st and 2nd). The experimental groups consisted of: ACCon—sows receiving adiabatic cooling and no dietary supplementation of organic Se and vitamin E; WACCon—sows without adiabati...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 24, 2023 Category: Zoology Authors: Tiago Silva Andrade, Pedro Henrique Watanabe, Ingrid Barbosa Mendon ça, Eloisa Helena Mendes Vieira, Gabriel Gobira Alcântara Araújo, Deborah Marrocos Sampaio Vasconcelos, Bruno Urach, Bruno Alexander Nunes Silva, Ednardo Rodrigues Freitas Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Pinecone oil supplemented to multiparous sows from 107 days prenatal to 21 days postpartum improves reproductive performance and milk composition and affects serum parameters
In conclusion, supplementation of 400 mg/kg PO during late gestation and lactation contributed to greater offspring growth performance, possibly by enhanced milk quality and alleviated maternal stress. (Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 12, 2023 Category: Zoology Authors: Qianqian Zhang, Sungbo Cho, Baeyoung Kim, In Ho Kim Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
In ovo feeding of vitamins in broilers: A comprehensive meta ‐analysis of hatchability and growth performance
AbstractIn ovo feeding has been introduced as a cost-effective method to improve hatchability and broiler performance. Specifically, several studies have focused on the impact of vitamins. However, due to variations in experimental conditions across all trials, drawing general conclusions appears challenging. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis of 17 published papers, including a maximum of 134 sample size to evaluate the potential effects ofin ovo feeding of vitamins in broilers. Studies were retrieved by consulting scientific repositories such as Pubmed, Scopus, Scielo, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. A binary lo...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 12, 2023 Category: Zoology Authors: Chris Major Ncho, Allah Bakhsh, Akshat Goel Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Supplemental impact of silymarin in growing pig diet on the growth performance, total tract digestibility, faecal microflora, faecal noxious gas emission and absorption rate in blood
AbstractThe research was done to examine the impact of dietary silymarin on growth performance, total tract digestibility, faecal microbial, faecal gas emission and absorption rate in blood of growing pigs. Experiment 1: a total of 140 growing pigs (24.47 ± 2.49 kg) were used in a 6-week trial. There were four dietary treatment groups (seven replicate pens/treatment, five pigs/pen) and treatment diets composed of corn, soybean meal (SBM), distille rs dried grains with solubles (DDGS), and rapeseed meal-based basal diets with 0%, 0.025%, 0.050% and 0.10% of micelle silymarin respectively. Experiment 2: A total o...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 11, 2023 Category: Zoology Authors: Md Mortuza Hossain, Hyung Suk Hwang, Se Yeon Jang, Sungu Yu, In Ho Kim Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
(Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 8, 2023 Category: Zoology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research
Tert ‐butylhydroquinone attenuates LPS‐induced pyroptosis of IPEC‐J2 cells via downregulating HMGB1/TLR4/NF‐κB axis
AbstractInflammatory response induced by biological stress usually occurs in weaning piglets, it reduces the production performance of piglets and even causes death. Tert-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ) is a food additive that has the effect of anti-inflammation and anti-oxidation. However, there are few reports related to the protective mechanisms of TBHQ on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced injury in intestinal porcine epithelial (IPEC-J2) cells. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis, respectively, detected the mRNA levels and protein expressions related to pyroptosis, tight junction (TJ) pro...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 8, 2023 Category: Zoology Authors: Wenyue Qiu, Xinting Zhang, Xiaoyue Pang, Jianjia Huang, Shuilian Zhou, Ruixia Wu, Rongmei Wang, Zhaoxin Tang, Rongsheng Su Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) increase caecal calcium absorption at increasing dietary calcium levels
AbstractHindgut fermenting herbivores from different vertebrate taxa, including tortoises, and among mammals some afrotheria, perissodactyla incl. equids, several rodents as well as lagomorphs absorb more calcium (Ca) from the digesta than they require, and excrete the surplus via urine. Both proximate and ultimate causes are elusive. It was suggested that this mechanism might ensure phosphorus availability for the hindgut microbiome by removing potentially complex-building Ca from the digesta. Here we use Ussing chamber experiments to show that rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) maintained on four different diets (six animal...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 5, 2023 Category: Zoology Authors: Annette Liesegang, Bettina Burger, Th érèse Vries de Heekelingen, Corinne Schroeter‐Vogt, Jean‐Michel Hatt, Mariusz P. Kowalewski, Marcus Clauss Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Prevention of aflatoxin B1 toxicity by pomegranate peel extract and its effects on growth, blood biochemical changes, oxidative stress and histopathological alterations
AbstractContamination of animal feeds with mycotoxins is one of the most serious issues in the world of animal nutrition. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of pomegranate peel extract (PPE) versus oxytetracycline (OXY) in reducing aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) toxicity in rabbits fed contaminated diets. This experiment was done on 48 weaned NZW, four groups (n = 12). The first (AF) served as the control group feed on an infected diet by AFB1 between 0.02 and 0.03 mg/kg BW; second (AF + OXY) received an infected diet by AFB1 and was treated with OXY 200 mg/kg BW/day; third (AF + PPE) received a...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - August 28, 2023 Category: Zoology Authors: Tharwat A. Imbabi, Abdelkarim I. M. El ‐Sayed, Ahmed A. Radwan, Ali Osman, Asmaa M. Abdel‐Samad Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Egg mineral levels, hatching results and bone properties in embryos and chicks obtained from broiler breeders at different ages
AbstractIt is inevitable to obtain chicks from breeders of different ages in broiler fattening. However, breeder age has an effect on eggs. There is no detailed study on the changes in mineral levels in eggs and bones of these effects. Therefore, the aim of this study examines how mineral levels of shell, albumen, egg yolk, and bone, embryonic development and bone characteristics change according to the breeder age. A total of 370 fresh hatching eggs were obtained from Ross-308 breeders at 2 different ages (25 to 60-week-old). Egg, embryo, yolk sac and chick characteristics were determined. Morphometric parameters of bones...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - August 23, 2023 Category: Zoology Authors: Özlem Varol Avcılar, Esin Ebru Onbaşılar, Sakine Yalçın, Hanife Akça, Umut Can Gündoğar Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Effects of carotenoid supplementation on colour, growth and physiological function of the endemic dwarf chameleon fish (Badis badis)
AbstractThe global ornamental fish trade is expanding in response to increased demand for indigenous fish on the global market, while exogenous carotenoids can improve colouration. The 60-day trial investigated the effect of carotenoid supplementation, viaArtemia, on colouration, growth and immunophysiology ofBadis badis (dwarf chameleon fish). Carotenoid was enriched at 40 ppm (T1), 80 ppm (T2) and 120 ppm (T3) and compared with controls, C1 (unenriched) and C2 (oil-enriched). Fish larvae (average weight 0.12 g) were fed enriched–unenrichedArtemia in triplicates (5 × 3) in aquarium tanks (15 L). C1 and ...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - August 23, 2023 Category: Zoology Authors: Pradyut Biswas, Soibam Khogen Singh, Reshmi Debbarma, Abhipsha Dey, Gusheinzed Waikhom, Suparna Deb, Arun Bhai Patel Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Characteristics of glucolipid metabolism and oxidative stress in breeding pigeons (Columba livia) during lactation
In conclusion, our study systematically revealed the different metabolic characteristics of male and female breeding pigeons during lactation. This is useful for precision feeding of pigeons and applicable in n utritional interventions for improved production. (Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - August 23, 2023 Category: Zoology Authors: Jie Peng, Weiying Huang, Menglin Yang, Hongyan Gao, Yantao Lv, Zhongyong Gou, Ziying Wang, Wei Wang, Yanhua Huang Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Stimulatory effect of dietary alpha ‐lipoic acid on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, liver enzymes, immunity and protection of African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (B.), Edwardsiella tarda infection
AbstractEdwardsiella tarda is one of the most common causes of fish diseases that hinder aquaculture. Oxidative stress in farm animals can induce a number of pathological disorders, production and general animal welfare. The use of exogenous dietary nonenzymatic antioxidants such as alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) can stop a pro-oxidant state and thus appears to have the potential to modulate the immune system and protect fish from bacterial infection. Thus, this study investigates the stimulat ory effect of dietary ALA on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, liver enzymes, immunity and protection of African catfish,Claria...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - August 23, 2023 Category: Zoology Authors: Ibrahim Adeshina, Bilal Ahamad Paray, Eijaz Ahmed Bhat, Aishat D. Ibrahim, Lateef O. Tiamiyu Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Autumn grass treated with a hydrolysable tannin extract versus lactic acid bacteria inoculant: Effects on silage fermentation characteristics and nutritional value and on performance of lactating dairy cows
In this study, two small bunker silos were filled with autumn grass. One was treated with 20 g/kg DM HT extract (TAN) (TannoSan-L), the other with 8 mg/kg DM inoculant containing lactic acid bacteria (INO) (Bonsilage Fit G). Secondly, micro-silos (2.75 L) were filled wi th four treatments; (1) grass without additive (CON) (n = 5); (2) TAN (n = 5); (3) INO (n = 5); and (4) TAN + INO (n = 5). The bunker silos were used in a cross-over feeding experiment with periods of 4 weeks involving 22 lactating Holstein cows (average ± SD: 183 ± 36.3 days in milk, 665 ± 71.0 kg body weight, and...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - August 22, 2023 Category: Zoology Authors: Tine Van den Bossche, Karen Goossens, Geert Haesaert, Eva Wambacq, Leen Vandaele, Johan L. De Boever Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Effect of endo ‐1,4‐beta‐xylanase supplementation to low‐energy diets on performance, blood constituents, nutrient digestibility, and gene expressions related growth of broiler chickens
AbstractThe presence of soluble and insoluble non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) was reported to reduce nutrient utilisation, and adversely impact the broilers ’ growth performance; accordingly, NSP-degrading enzymes are essential supplements to cereal-based diets. Therefore, the current trial was conducted to characterise the impacts of supplemental xylanase (Xyl) to diets with low-ME levels on performance, carcass traits, blood parameters, nutrient dig estibility and some genes expressions in broiler chickens. A total of 600 1-day-old Ross 308 male broiler chicks were randomly assigned to 6 treatments with 10 replication...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - August 17, 2023 Category: Zoology Authors: Ahmed Ali Saleh, Ahmed Mousa, Khairy Amber, Nemat Badwi, Mostafa Shoukry, Medhat Khairy, Basheer Nusairat, Nasser Odetallah, Yun ‐mei Amy Lin, Shaimaa Selim Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research