Dynamic changes in circulating levels of metabolites in the portal ‐drained viscera of finishing pigs receiving acute administration of l‐arginine
In this study, we examined the effects of acute intravenous administration ofl‐arginine on circulating levels of metabolites in the portal‐drained viscera (PDV) of 12 barrows surgically fitted with chronic catheters in the portal vein. At day 14 post‐surgery, the pigs were fasted for 12 hr and then randomly allocated to one of three groups to receive administration of normal saline,l‐alanine [103 mg/kg body weight (BW), isonitrogenous control] orl‐arginine‐HCl (61 mg/kg BW), via the portal vein. Blood samples were obtained from the carotid artery before and at 30‐min intervals for 5 hr aft...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 31, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Jianying Yang, Bi ’e Tan, Qinghua He, Yulong Yin, Guoyao Wu, Xiangfeng Kong Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Dietary guanidinoacetic acid improves the growth performance and skeletal muscle development of finishing pigs through changing myogenic gene expression and myofibre characteristics
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of dietary guanidine acetic acid (GAA) supplementation on growth performance, carcass traits and the expression of muscle growth ‐related genes in finishing pigs. A total of 128(81.03  ± 1.09 kg body weight) crossbred pigs (Duroc × Landrace ×Yorkshire) were blocked by body weight and allotted to 16 pens (eight pigs per pen), and pens were randomly assigned within blocks to one of five dietary treatments, with a basal diet (control group) or a basal diet supplemented with 0.03%, 0.06% and 0.09% GAA respectively. During the 60‐day trial,...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 31, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Yafei Lu, Tiande Zou, Zirui Wang, Jin Yang, Lanhai Li, Xiaobo Guo, Qin He, Liling Chen, Jinming You Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Productive performance, lipid profile and caecum microbial counts of growing rabbits treated with humic acid
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a humic acid (HA) ‐supplemented diet on productive performance and some physiological parameters of growing rabbits. A total of 80 weaned V‐line rabbits at an age of 4 weeks were randomly divided into four groups. Rabbits of groups 2, 3 and 4 were fed diet containing 35 (HA35), 70 (HA70) and 105 (HA105) mg Humic acid/kg diet while the first group served as control (HA0). Body weight gain was positively affected by HA treatment. HA105 rabbits had the improved feed conversion value. HA treatments had significantly reduced plasma cholesterol concentra...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 26, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Shimaa Abdl Razek Mohmed Mohmed, Azza Elsebai, Osama A. Elghalid, Ahmed M. Abd El ‐Hady Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Dietary Clostridium butyricum supplementation modifies significantly the liver transcriptomic profile in weaned piglets
AbstractThe addition of probiotics in swine nutrition is known to positively influence both health and growth. The current study investigates differences in the hepatic transcriptome profiles between weaned piglets supplemented withClostridium butyricum (C.  butyricum) and control animals that received no probiotic. The liver is an important metabolic organ that plays a critical role in oxidizing triglycerides for energy production, lipid synthesis and degradation, as well as immune regulation in animals. RNA ‐Seq analysis was carried out on total RNA harvested from the liver of piglets fed with (n = 3) or...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 25, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Jiayun Qiao, Haihua Li, Yupeng Li Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effect of dry medicinal plants (wormwood, chamomile, fumitory and mallow) on in vitro ruminal antioxidant capacity and fermentation patterns of sheep
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of dry medicinal plants (wormwood, chamomile, fumitory and mallow) and dietary substrates containing a mix of the plants on the end products of in vitro ruminal and intestinal fermentation, rumen protozoan population and ruminal antioxidant capacity of sheep. The experiment consisted of fermentations with the four plants used individually as the sole substrate and fermentation of a mix of medicinal plants (Plants): meadow hay:barley grain (MH:B), 700/300 w/w and Plants:MH:B, 100/600/300 w/w/w. The experiment was conducted using the in vitro gas production technique (I...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 24, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Daniel Petri č, Dominika Mravčáková, Katarína Kucková, Klaudia Čobanová, Svetlana Kišidayová, Adam Cieslak, Sylwester Ślusarczyk, Zora Váradyová Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of Azolla spp. as feed ingredient on the growth performance and nutrient digestibility of broiler chicken
AbstractThe feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effect ofAzolla spp. inclusion in feed ingredient of broiler chickens. Two hundred of day ‐old broiler chicks were raised in Farm 15, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia. The birds were individually wing banded, weighed and allocated into four treatment groups (control: 0% ofAzolla spp., T1: 5% ofAzolla spp., T2: 10% ofAzolla spp. and T3: 15% ofAzolla spp.). Each group has five replicates and ten birds per pen. All the birds were fed ad libitum during the feeding trial, which lasted 42  days. During the end of the starter and finisher phase, tw...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 23, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Fadzlin A. A. Samad, Lokman H. Idris, Hasliza Abu Hassim, Yong Meng Goh, Teck Chwen Loh Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

High ‐density diet improves growth performance and beef yield but affects negatively on serum metabolism and visceral morphology of Holstein steers
This study gives comprehensive r elationship between productivity and animal health and suggests that a proper diet should be adopted for fattening Holstein steers in consideration of both beef quality and quantity and animal health. (Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 20, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Qinghua Qiu, Xinjun Qiu, Chaoyu Gao, Aziz ur Rahman Muhammad, Binghai Cao, Huawei Su Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Dietary grape seed procyanidins suppressed weaning stress by improving antioxidant enzyme activity and mRNA expression in weanling piglets
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of grape seed procyanidins (GSP) on growth performance, digestive enzyme activity, antioxidant enzyme activity and mRNA expression in weanling piglets. A total of 96 piglets (Pietrain  × Large White) with an average initial body weight (BW) of 8.4 ± 1.7 kg were weaned at 28 days, and randomly divided into 4 groups. Four groups of animals were fed with a basic diet supplemented with various doses of GSP (0, 40, 70 and 100 mg/kg respectively) during the 28‐day treatment period. The results showed that the group receiving 40&n...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 19, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Luoyun Fang, Mingyue Li, Luyv Zhao, Siyv Han, Yi Li, Benhai Xiong, Linshu Jiang Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE ARTICLE Source Type: research

Furosemide administration results in a transient alteration in calcium balance in mature horses
This study hypothesized that furosemide's impact on calcium would return to control values before 7 days post‐administration. Ten mature geldings were assigned to either control (CON,n = 5) or treatment (FUR,n = 5) for the first of two 8‐day total collections in crossover design. Treatment horses received one administration of furosemide (1 mg/kg, IV). A 10% sample of pooled faeces and urine from each day was kept. Calcium concentrations in hay, faeces and urine were determined by an atomic absorpti on spectrophotometer. Data were analysed using mixed‐model‐repeated measures ANOVA to d...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 19, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Abby Pritchard, Brian D. Nielsen, Cara Robison, Holly Spooner Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of Eucommia ulmoides leaf extracts on growth performance, antioxidant capacity and intestinal function in weaned piglets
This study was conducted to determine the effects of dietaryEucommia ulmoides leaf extracts (ELE) on growth performance, antioxidant capacity and intestinal function of weaned piglets. Two hundred crossbred (Duroc  × Landrace × Yorkshire) piglets with an average initial weight of 12.96 ± 0.28 kg were randomly allotted to five treatments: C0 (basal diet), C1 (basal diet + antibiotics) and basal diet supplemented with increasing levels of ELE (0.2, 0.3 or 0.4 g/kg of feed). The results showed that ELE or antibiotics supplementation remarkably decreased diar...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 18, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Haoxuan Ding, Aizhi Cao, Haiyun Li, Yang Zhao, Jie Feng Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE ARTICLE Source Type: research

Increasing dietary sodium chloride promotes urine dilution and decreases struvite and calcium oxalate relative supersaturation in healthy dogs and cats
The objective of this study was to compare the short ‐term effect of four diets differing only in NaCl content (base diet with 0.3% sodium and diets with added NaCl to achieve 0.7, 1.0 and 1.3% sodium as fed) on urinary ion concentrations and relative supersaturation (RSS) of struvite and calcium oxalate in dogs and cats. In both species, there was a significant increase in water intake and urine volume as dietary NaCl increased. Urine sodium concentration increased with increasing dietary NaCl. The highest sodium diet increased urinary calcium excretion in dogs only, while decreasing urinary calcium concentration. Calci...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 18, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Yann Queau, Esther S. Bijsmans, Alexandre Feugier, Vincent C. Biourge Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, Volume 104, Issue 2, Page i-iv, March 2020. (Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 18, 2020 Category: Zoology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Combined effects of aflatoxin B1 and deoxynivalenol on the expression of glutathione redox system regulatory genes in common carp
AbstractThe purpose of the present study was to evaluate the short ‐term effects of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and deoxynivalenol (DON) exposure on the expression of the genes encoding the glutathione redox system glutathione peroxidase 4a (gpx4a), glutathione peroxidase 4b (gpx4b), glutathione synthetase (gss) and glutathione reductase (gsr) and the oxidative stress response ‐related transcription factors Kelch‐like ECH‐associated protein 1 (keap1) and nuclear factor ‐erythroid 2 p45‐related factor 2 (nrf2) in liver, kidney and spleen of common carp. During the 24 ‐hr long experiment, three different doses (5 ...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 18, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Benjamin K övesi, Csilla Pelyhe, Erika Zándoki, Miklós Mézes, Krisztián Balogh Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effect of dietary tannins on milk yield and composition, nitrogen partitioning and nitrogen use efficiency of lactating dairy cows: A meta ‐analysis
AbstractTannins are secondary plant compounds which have been extensively studied in order to improve the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) of ruminants. A meta ‐analysis was performed of 58 in vivo experiments comparing milk yield, composition and nitrogen metabolism of lactating dairy cows fed diets with or without tannins. The meta‐analysis shows that tannins have no impact on corrected milk yield, fat and protein content or NUE (p >  .05). However, tannins reduce ruminal ammoniacal nitrogen (N) production by 16% (from 10.95 to 8.47 mg/dl on average), milk urea by 9% (from 15.82 to 14.03 mg/dl) an...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 18, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Sophie Herremans, Fr édéric Vanwindekens, Virginie Decruyenaere, Yves Beckers, Eric Froidmont Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Requirements of metabolizable protein by Dorper  × thin‐tailed Han crossbred ewe lambs
AbstractThe requirement of net protein (NP) and metabolizable protein (MP) by Dorper crossbred ewe lambs grown from 35 to 50  kg of body weight (BW) was assessed by comparative slaughter experiment. Thirty‐five ewe lambs (33.5 ± 0.6 kg BW) of F1 crosses of Dorper  × thin‐tailed Han sheep were used: 7 lambs were slaughtered as reference animals at the start of the trial, and the remaining 28 lambs were randomly divided into 4 groups of 7 lambs each. Three of the 4 groups were fed a pelleted mixed diet (concentrate/roughage = 44:56, dry matter basis) fo r ad libitum in...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 18, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Kai ‐Dong Deng, Tao Ma, Cheng‐Gang Jiang, Yan Tu, Nai‐Feng Zhang, Jie Liu, Yi‐Guang Zhao, Gui‐Shan Xu, Qi‐Yu Diao Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Mineral profiling of muscle and hepatic tissues of Australian Merino, Damara and Dorper lambs: Effect of weight loss
AbstractSeasonal weight loss (SWL) is a major constraint to extensive animal production systems. The Australian sheep production is based on merino sheep, a European breed not tolerant to SWL. Tolerant alternative breeds such as the fat ‐tailed Damara and the Dorper have been increasingly used in Australia and elsewhere, due to their robustness. The aim of this study was to understand the mineral profile of muscle and liver tissues of Australian Merino, Damara and Dorper, when subjected to SWL in order to understand SWL‐toleran ce physiology. Twenty‐four lambs were divided randomly between growing (control) and nutri...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 18, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: David Miguel Ribeiro, Tim Scanlon, Tanya Kilminster, C átia Falcão Martins, Johan Greeff, John Milton, Chris Oldham, João P. B. Freire, Miguel P. Mourato, André Martinho Almeida Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Lycopene supplementation regulates the gene expression profile and fat metabolism of breeding hens
This study investigated the effects of lycopene on the gene expression profile and expression of genes related to fat metabolism of Xinghua breeding hens. Seven hundred and twenty healthy breeding hens were randomly assigned to four treatments; each treatment was replicated six times with 30 hens each. Broken rice and soybean meal were adopted for the basal diet and added with 0 (control group), 20, 40 and 80  mg/kg lycopene respectively. Gene expression profile of the liver induced by lycopene and expression of genes related to fat metabolism in hens liver and intestine were analysed after 42‐day feeding trial incl...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 18, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Hanchen Tian, Guangbin Liu, Yongqing Guo, Yaokun Li, Ming Deng, Dewu Liu, Baoli Sun Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of excessive or restricted phosphorus and calcium intake during early life on markers of bone architecture and composition in pigs
AbstractSufficient supply of pigs with calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) is essential for animal health and welfare during the growth period. However, the P content in animal manure is considered as a cause of massive environmental problems in soil and aquatic ecosystems. To complement previous findings, the objective of this study is the investigation of effects of a reduced and increased Ca and P supplementation on bone mineralization and bone structure compared with the current dietary recommendation. Another aim is to find possible serum markers that would allow the assessment of adequacy of P supply for bone health duri...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 18, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Christian Gerlinger, Michael Oster, Henry Reyer, Christian Polley, Brigitte Vollmar, Eduard Mur áni, Klaus Wimmers, Petra Wolf Tags: SUPPLEMENT ARTICLE Source Type: research

Lycopene supplementation regulates the gene expression profile and fat metabolism of breeding hens
This study investigated the effects of lycopene on the gene expression profile and expression of genes related to fat metabolism of Xinghua breeding hens. Seven hundred and twenty healthy breeding hens were randomly assigned to four treatments; each treatment was replicated six times with 30 hens each. Broken rice and soybean meal were adopted for the basal diet and added with 0 (control group), 20, 40 and 80  mg/kg lycopene respectively. Gene expression profile of the liver induced by lycopene and expression of genes related to fat metabolism in hens liver and intestine were analysed after 42‐day feeding trial incl...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 14, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Hanchen Tian, Guangbin Liu, Yongqing Guo, Yaokun Li, Ming Deng, Dewu Liu, Baoli Sun Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Combined effects of aflatoxin B1 and deoxynivalenol on the expression of glutathione redox system regulatory genes in common carp
AbstractThe purpose of the present study was to evaluate the short ‐term effects of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and deoxynivalenol (DON) exposure on the expression of the genes encoding the glutathione redox system glutathione peroxidase 4a (gpx4a), glutathione peroxidase 4b (gpx4b), glutathione synthetase (gss) and glutathione reductase (gsr) and the oxidative stress response ‐related transcription factors Kelch‐like ECH‐associated protein 1 (keap1) and nuclear factor ‐erythroid 2 p45‐related factor 2 (nrf2) in liver, kidney and spleen of common carp. During the 24 ‐hr long experiment, three different doses (5 ...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 13, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Benjamin K övesi, Csilla Pelyhe, Erika Zándoki, Miklós Mézes, Krisztián Balogh Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effect of dietary tannins on milk yield and composition, nitrogen partitioning and nitrogen use efficiency of lactating dairy cows: A meta ‐analysis
AbstractTannins are secondary plant compounds which have been extensively studied in order to improve the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) of ruminants. A meta ‐analysis was performed of 58 in vivo experiments comparing milk yield, composition and nitrogen metabolism of lactating dairy cows fed diets with or without tannins. The meta‐analysis shows that tannins have no impact on corrected milk yield, fat and protein content or NUE (p >  .05). However, tannins reduce ruminal ammoniacal nitrogen (N) production by 16% (from 10.95 to 8.47 mg/dl on average), milk urea by 9% (from 15.82 to 14.03 mg/dl) an...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 13, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Sophie Herremans, Fr édéric Vanwindekens, Virginie Decruyenaere, Yves Beckers, Eric Froidmont Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Requirements of metabolizable protein by Dorper  × thin‐tailed Han crossbred ewe lambs
AbstractThe requirement of net protein (NP) and metabolizable protein (MP) by Dorper crossbred ewe lambs grown from 35 to 50  kg of body weight (BW) was assessed by comparative slaughter experiment. Thirty‐five ewe lambs (33.5 ± 0.6 kg BW) of F1 crosses of Dorper  × thin‐tailed Han sheep were used: 7 lambs were slaughtered as reference animals at the start of the trial, and the remaining 28 lambs were randomly divided into 4 groups of 7 lambs each. Three of the 4 groups were fed a pelleted mixed diet (concentrate/roughage = 44:56, dry matter basis) fo r ad libitum in...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 13, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Kai ‐Dong Deng, Tao Ma, Cheng‐Gang Jiang, Yan Tu, Nai‐Feng Zhang, Jie Liu, Yi‐Guang Zhao, Gui‐Shan Xu, Qi‐Yu Diao Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Mineral profiling of muscle and hepatic tissues of Australian Merino, Damara and Dorper lambs: Effect of weight loss
AbstractSeasonal weight loss (SWL) is a major constraint to extensive animal production systems. The Australian sheep production is based on merino sheep, a European breed not tolerant to SWL. Tolerant alternative breeds such as the fat ‐tailed Damara and the Dorper have been increasingly used in Australia and elsewhere, due to their robustness. The aim of this study was to understand the mineral profile of muscle and liver tissues of Australian Merino, Damara and Dorper, when subjected to SWL in order to understand SWL‐toleran ce physiology. Twenty‐four lambs were divided randomly between growing (control) and nutri...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 13, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: David Miguel Ribeiro, Tim Scanlon, Tanya Kilminster, C átia Falcão Martins, Johan Greeff, John Milton, Chris Oldham, João P. B. Freire, Miguel P. Mourato, André Martinho Almeida Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Issue Information
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, Volume 104, Issue 2, Page i-iv, March 2020. (Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 12, 2020 Category: Zoology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Increasing dietary sodium chloride promotes urine dilution and decreases struvite and calcium oxalate relative supersaturation in healthy dogs and cats
The objective of this study was to compare the short ‐term effect of four diets differing only in NaCl content (base diet with 0.3% sodium and diets with added NaCl to achieve 0.7, 1.0 and 1.3% sodium as fed) on urinary ion concentrations and relative supersaturation (RSS) of struvite and calcium oxalate in dogs and cats. In both species, there was a significant increase in water intake and urine volume as dietary NaCl increased. Urine sodium concentration increased with increasing dietary NaCl. The highest sodium diet increased urinary calcium excretion in dogs only, while decreasing urinary calcium concentration. Calci...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 12, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Yann Queau, Esther S. Bijsmans, Alexandre Feugier, Vincent C. Biourge Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of Eucommia ulmoides leaf extracts on growth performance, antioxidant capacity and intestinal function in weaned piglets
This study was conducted to determine the effects of dietaryEucommia ulmoides leaf extracts (ELE) on growth performance, antioxidant capacity and intestinal function of weaned piglets. Two hundred crossbred (Duroc  × Landrace × Yorkshire) piglets with an average initial weight of 12.96 ± 0.28 kg were randomly allotted to five treatments: C0 (basal diet), C1 (basal diet + antibiotics) and basal diet supplemented with increasing levels of ELE (0.2, 0.3 or 0.4 g/kg of feed). The results showed that ELE or antibiotics supplementation remarkably decreased diar...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 10, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Haoxuan Ding, Aizhi Cao, Haiyun Li, Yang Zhao, Jie Feng Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE ARTICLE Source Type: research

Performance of an Escherichia coli phytase expressed in Lactococcus lactis on nutrient retention, bone traits and intestinal morphology in broiler chickens
In this study, the efficacy of a recombinant probiotic,Lactococcus lactis (L.  lactis), with a potential of phytase production was evaluated in broiler chickens. To this aim, 360 one ‐day‐old male broiler Cobb 500 were divided into six treatments with six replicates and reared to 42 days of age. The experimental treatments included positive control diet containing adequate phosphorus (PC), negative control diet containing reduced available phosphorus (NC), negative control diet involving recombinantL.  lactis (RLL), negative control diet containing both recombinantL.  lactis andLactobacillus salivar...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 9, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Masoud Mohammadi Ziarat, Hassan Kermanshahi, Hassan Nasiri Mogaddam, Reza Majidzadeh Heravi Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of dietary amylose/amylopectin ratio and amylase on growth performance, energy and starch digestibility, and digestive enzymes in broilers
In conclusion, dietary 0.23–0.35 AM/AP ratio was suggested to maintain a higher growth performance in broilers and high AM/AP ratio diets reduced energy and starch digestibility and serum insulin concentration, which was reversed by dietary amylase. (Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 9, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Jie Ma, Tai Yang, Mei Yang, Zhaoming Yan, Lei Zhao, Linglong Yao, Jiashun Chen, Qinghua Chen, Bie Tan, Tiejun Li, Jie Yin, Yulong Yin Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Performance of an Escherichia coli phytase expressed in Lactococcus lactis on nutrient retention, bone traits and intestinal morphology in broiler chickens
In this study, the efficacy of a recombinant probiotic,Lactococcus lactis (L.  lactis), with a potential of phytase production was evaluated in broiler chickens. To this aim, 360 one ‐day‐old male broiler Cobb 500 were divided into six treatments with six replicates and reared to 42 days of age. The experimental treatments included positive control diet containing adequate phosphorus (PC), negative control diet containing reduced available phosphorus (NC), negative control diet involving recombinantL.  lactis (RLL), negative control diet containing both recombinantL.  lactis andLactobacillus salivar...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 4, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Masoud Mohammadi Ziarat, Hassan Kermanshahi, Hassan Nasiri Mogaddam, Reza Majidzadeh Heravi Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effect of inclusion of HMBi in the ration of goats on feed intake, nutrient digestibility, rumen bacteria community and blood serum parameters
The objective of this experiment was to test the effect of supplementation of analogues of methionine 2 ‐hydroxy‐4‐methylthio butanoic acid isopropyl ester (HMBi) on growth, digestibility, antioxidant index, abundance and composition of rumen bacterial community in Xiangdong Black Goats. Thirty‐six growing Xiangdong Black Goats were divided into four groups in such a way that each group had th ree replicate and each replicate had three animals. Experimental groups were assigned four levels of HMBi in basal diet: 0% HMBi (on dietary DM basis); 0.05% HMBi; 0.10% HMBi and 0.20% HMBi. Goats fed 0.10% HMBi in basal diet...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 4, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Dong Chen, Jingcai Yan, Weijun Shen, Yang Song, Xinyi Lan, Kangle Yi, Aziz ur Rahman Muhammad Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE ARTICLE Source Type: research

Evaluation of whey protein sources on performance, liver antioxidants and immune responses of broiler chickens challenged with ethanol
This study was conducted on the basis of a completely randomized design in a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement with dietary supplemental WP sources (no WP; 2% WP and 2% whey protein co ncentrate (WPC)) and ethanol (zero and 6%) into drinking water. Birds were challenged with ethanol 6% from 10 to 24 days of age. Growth performance, immune responses, intestinal morphology and antioxidant enzymes were assessed in both challenged and non‐challenged groups. There was a significant interaction between ethanol and WP sources for growth performance, so that weight gain (WG), feed intake (FI) and feed conversion r...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 4, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Marzieh Afkhami, Hassan Kermanshahi, Reza Majidzadeh Heravi Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effect of dietary supplementation of whey powder and Bacillus subtilis on growth performance, gut and hepatic function, and muscle antioxidant capacity of Japanese quail
AbstractThis experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of whey powder (WP),Bacillus subtilis (BAS), and their combination (MIX) on growth performance, intestinal morphology, caecal microflora, hepatic gene expression, blood metabolites, and skeletal muscle antioxidant capacity in Japanese quails. A total of 400 one ‐day‐old Japanese quails were randomly distributed to 20‐floor pens (4 dietary treatments, 5 replications per treatment, 20 birds per pen). The birds were fed a basal diet (control, CON) or the basal diet supplemented with 40 g/kg WP, 1 g/kg BAS probiotic or 40&n...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 4, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Vahid Jazi, Majid Farahi, Fariborz Khajali, Shaymma Abousaad, Peter Ferket, Elham Assadi Soumeh Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Safety of Algal Oil Containing EPA and DHA in cats during gestation, lactation and growth
AbstractAlgal Oil Containing EPA and DHA (AOCED) at approximately 50% was developed as a sustainable n −3 fatty acid source. AOCED was incorporated in diets at dose levels of 0%, 0.75%, 1.5% and 3.0% (w/w) and administered to healthy domestic shorthair female cats starting two weeks before mating, then during mating, gestation, lactation and to their kittens until they reached 32 weeks of age. T he diets were made isocaloric and met the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) nutrient requirements of cats for growth and reproduction. Dietary AOCED treatment did not affect the overall hea...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 4, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Anna Vuorinen, Eileen Bailey ‐Hall, Alexios Karagiannis, Shiguang Yu, Franz Roos, Erin Sylvester, Jon Wilson, Irina Dahms Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of calcium carbonate, magnesium oxide and encapsulated sodium bicarbonate on measures of post ‐ruminal fermentation
AbstractEvidence suggests that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) absorbed from the large intestine may contribute to the inflammatory response to high starch feeding in dairy cows. This work evaluated the impact of buffers or alkalinizing agents with expected large intestinal activity on faecal indicators of intestinal fermentation and LPS. Ten late ‐lactation cows were used in a replicated 5 × 5 Latin square design with 7‐day periods. Cows were fed a diet containing 265 g/kg dry matter of starch and were abomasally infused with 1 g/kg body weight cornstarch daily. Treatments were control (CON), ration...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 4, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Kayla P. Neiderfer, Amanda M. Barnard, Kassandra Z. Moyer, Alexis M. Trench, Ashley E. Taylor, Shane K. Cronin, Tanya F. Gressley Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Down ‐regulation of miR‐383‐5p suppresses apoptosis in oxidative stress rat hepatocytes by targeting Bcl2
AbstractmiRNAs are a class of small non ‐coding RNAs that are involved in various biological processes. In the preliminary work of the laboratory, found that miR‐383‐5p was down‐regulated in the liver tissue of acute cold stress rats and has been shown to be an important regulatory factor in tumour proliferation, but there are ver y few studies involving the mediation of cold stress in rat liver tissues. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of miR‐383‐5p on the livers of cold stress rats by simulating the cold stress state of rat liver tissues in vitro using H2O2 to induce rat hepato...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 4, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Bin Xu, Shu ‐Cheng Zang, Li‐min Lang, Shuai Lian, Jingjing Lu, Shi‐Ze Li, Huan‐Min Yang, Li Zhen Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Physical exercise prepartum to support metabolic adaptation in the transition period of dairy cattle: A proof of concept
AbstractIn dairy cattle, the hormonal changes around calving induce large metabolic changes to support milk production. Mobilization of adipose reserves is one of the changes involved, imposing a metabolic load on the liver. We hypothesized that the risk for excessive lipolysis and hepatic lipidosis postpartum can be reduced by starting fat mobilization and processing during the prepartum period by physical exercise, especially in cows with a high body condition score (BCS). As a proof of concept, 32 pregnant Holstein ‐Friesian dairy cows were selected for a 2 × 2 experimental design. Sixteen cows had a BCS 
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 4, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Roselinde M. A. Goselink, Jan Thomas Schonewille, Gert Duinkerken, Wouter H. Hendriks Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Photoperiodic effect on the testicular transcriptome in broiler roosters
AbstractInformation about the effects of photoperiod on the testicular transcriptome of broiler roosters is limited. The aim of the present study was to explore the effect of different photoperiodic regimes on gene expression in the testes of broiler breeder roosters. One hundred and twenty Arbor Acres broiler breeder roosters aged 20  weeks were assigned to one of three groups (n = 40) and subjected to different photoperiodic regimes: control (CTR; 12.5 L:11.5 D), short day (SD; 8 L:16 D) and long day (LD; 16 L:8 D). After 4 weeks, the testes of 10 randomly selected birds from each group were dissected...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 4, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Lei Sun, Lewei Guo, Jun Wang, Meng Li, Michael Osei Appiah, Hongyu Liu, Jing Zhao, Lianyu Yang, Wenfa Lu Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Reproductive tract development and histomorphometric analysis of testes in neonatal Zaraibi kids raised on milk replacer supplemented with sodium butyrate
This study aimed to determine the effect of sodium butyrate (SB) on reproductive tract development and histomorphometric analysis of testes in neonatal kids, as well as on their growth, antioxidant status and some blood metabolites. Thirty ‐six neonatal Zaraibi kids were divided immediately after 4–5 days from birth into three equal groups (12 kids/ each). The first group (G1) received milk replacer (MR) at a rate of 10% of the body weight until the weaning. The second group (G2) received 9.7% MR supplemented with 0.3% SB. The th ird group (G3) received whole milk and served as a control. The results revealed ...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - March 4, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Mahmoud Yassin Mohamed, Fatma E. Saba, Abdelhameed A. A. I. Gomaa, Ahmed L. I. Desoky, Ayman A. Almwafy, Omnia M. AbdEl ‐Salam, Eid M. M. Ibrahim Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Physical exercise prepartum to support metabolic adaptation in the transition period of dairy cattle: A proof of concept
AbstractIn dairy cattle, the hormonal changes around calving induce large metabolic changes to support milk production. Mobilization of adipose reserves is one of the changes involved, imposing a metabolic load on the liver. We hypothesized that the risk for excessive lipolysis and hepatic lipidosis postpartum can be reduced by starting fat mobilization and processing during the prepartum period by physical exercise, especially in cows with a high body condition score (BCS). As a proof of concept, 32 pregnant Holstein ‐Friesian dairy cows were selected for a 2 × 2 experimental design. Sixteen cows had a BCS 
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - February 26, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Roselinde M. A. Goselink, Jan Thomas Schonewille, Gert Duinkerken, Wouter H. Hendriks Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Photoperiodic effect on the testicular transcriptome in broiler roosters
AbstractInformation about the effects of photoperiod on the testicular transcriptome of broiler roosters is limited. The aim of the present study was to explore the effect of different photoperiodic regimes on gene expression in the testes of broiler breeder roosters. One hundred and twenty Arbor Acres broiler breeder roosters aged 20  weeks were assigned to one of three groups (n = 40) and subjected to different photoperiodic regimes: control (CTR; 12.5 L:11.5 D), short day (SD; 8 L:16 D) and long day (LD; 16 L:8 D). After 4 weeks, the testes of 10 randomly selected birds from each group were dissected...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - February 26, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Lei Sun, Lewei Guo, Jun Wang, Meng Li, Michael Osei Appiah, Hongyu Liu, Jing Zhao, Lianyu Yang, Wenfa Lu Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Down ‐regulation of miR‐383‐5p suppresses apoptosis in oxidative stress rat hepatocytes by targeting Bcl2
AbstractmiRNAs are a class of small non ‐coding RNAs that are involved in various biological processes. In the preliminary work of the laboratory, found that miR‐383‐5p was down‐regulated in the liver tissue of acute cold stress rats and has been shown to be an important regulatory factor in tumour proliferation, but there are ver y few studies involving the mediation of cold stress in rat liver tissues. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of miR‐383‐5p on the livers of cold stress rats by simulating the cold stress state of rat liver tissues in vitro using H2O2 to induce rat hepato...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - February 25, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Bin Xu, Shu ‐Cheng Zang, Li‐min Lang, Shuai Lian, Jingjing Lu, Shi‐Ze Li, Huan‐Min Yang, Li Zhen Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of calcium carbonate, magnesium oxide and encapsulated sodium bicarbonate on measures of post ‐ruminal fermentation
AbstractEvidence suggests that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) absorbed from the large intestine may contribute to the inflammatory response to high starch feeding in dairy cows. This work evaluated the impact of buffers or alkalinizing agents with expected large intestinal activity on faecal indicators of intestinal fermentation and LPS. Ten late ‐lactation cows were used in a replicated 5 × 5 Latin square design with 7‐day periods. Cows were fed a diet containing 265 g/kg dry matter of starch and were abomasally infused with 1 g/kg body weight cornstarch daily. Treatments were control (CON), ration...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - February 22, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Kayla P. Neiderfer, Amanda M. Barnard, Kassandra Z. Moyer, Alexis M. Trench, Ashley E. Taylor, Shane K. Cronin, Tanya F. Gressley Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effect of inclusion of HMBi in the ration of goats on feed intake, nutrient digestibility, rumen bacteria community and blood serum parameters
The objective of this experiment was to test the effect of supplementation of analogues of methionine 2 ‐hydroxy‐4‐methylthio butanoic acid isopropyl ester (HMBi) on growth, digestibility, antioxidant index, abundance and composition of rumen bacterial community in Xiangdong Black Goats. Thirty‐six growing Xiangdong Black Goats were divided into four groups in such a way that each group had th ree replicate and each replicate had three animals. Experimental groups were assigned four levels of HMBi in basal diet: 0% HMBi (on dietary DM basis); 0.05% HMBi; 0.10% HMBi and 0.20% HMBi. Goats fed 0.10% HMBi in basal diet...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - February 19, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Dong Chen, Jingcai Yan, Weijun Shen, Yang Song, Xinyi Lan, Kangle Yi, Aziz ur Rahman Muhammad Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE ARTICLE Source Type: research

Evaluation of whey protein sources on performance, liver antioxidants and immune responses of broiler chickens challenged with ethanol
This study was conducted on the basis of a completely randomized design in a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement with dietary supplemental WP sources (no WP; 2% WP and 2% whey protein co ncentrate (WPC)) and ethanol (zero and 6%) into drinking water. Birds were challenged with ethanol 6% from 10 to 24 days of age. Growth performance, immune responses, intestinal morphology and antioxidant enzymes were assessed in both challenged and non‐challenged groups. There was a significant interaction between ethanol and WP sources for growth performance, so that weight gain (WG), feed intake (FI) and feed conversion r...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - February 19, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Marzieh Afkhami, Hassan Kermanshahi, Reza Majidzadeh Heravi Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effect of dietary supplementation of whey powder and Bacillus subtilis on growth performance, gut and hepatic function, and muscle antioxidant capacity of Japanese quail
AbstractThis experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of whey powder (WP),Bacillus subtilis (BAS), and their combination (MIX) on growth performance, intestinal morphology, caecal microflora, hepatic gene expression, blood metabolites, and skeletal muscle antioxidant capacity in Japanese quails. A total of 400 one ‐day‐old Japanese quails were randomly distributed to 20‐floor pens (4 dietary treatments, 5 replications per treatment, 20 birds per pen). The birds were fed a basal diet (control, CON) or the basal diet supplemented with 40 g/kg WP, 1 g/kg BAS probiotic or 40&n...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - February 19, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Vahid Jazi, Majid Farahi, Fariborz Khajali, Shaymma Abousaad, Peter Ferket, Elham Assadi Soumeh Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Safety of Algal Oil Containing EPA and DHA in cats during gestation, lactation and growth
AbstractAlgal Oil Containing EPA and DHA (AOCED) at approximately 50% was developed as a sustainable n −3 fatty acid source. AOCED was incorporated in diets at dose levels of 0%, 0.75%, 1.5% and 3.0% (w/w) and administered to healthy domestic shorthair female cats starting two weeks before mating, then during mating, gestation, lactation and to their kittens until they reached 32 weeks of age. T he diets were made isocaloric and met the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) nutrient requirements of cats for growth and reproduction. Dietary AOCED treatment did not affect the overall hea...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - February 19, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Anna Vuorinen, Eileen Bailey ‐Hall, Alexios Karagiannis, Shiguang Yu, Franz Roos, Erin Sylvester, Jon Wilson, Irina Dahms Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effect of air temperature on growth performance, apparent digestibilities, rumen fermentation and serum metabolites in Altay and Hu lambs
AbstractFat ‐tailed Altay sheep are indigenous to the Altay prefecture and well adapted to severe cold and sparse pasture of poor quality. Hu sheep were introduced to this region in the 1970s and are raised mainly in feedlots. We hypothesized that the dietary energy utilization would differ between breeds and predicted that Altay sheep would be more efficient than Hu sheep, in particular at a low air temperature. To test this prediction, we examined growth performance, apparent digestibilities, rumen fermentation and serum metabolites in Altay (32 ± 2.6 kg) and Hu sheep (31 ± 2.7&nb...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - February 15, 2020 Category: Zoology Authors: Jianwei Zhou, Kaixi Ji, Hu Liu, Yunsheng Zhang, Abraham Allan Degen, Dan Jiao, Wenqiang Wang, Zhongkui Xie, Xinhua Wang, Ping Zhou, Guo Yang Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research