Dietary thiamin requirement of fingerling major carp Catla catla (Hamilton)
AbstractDietary thiamin requirement of fingerlingCatla catla (3.5  ± 0.15 g) was evaluated by feeding casein–gelatin-based iso-nitrogenous (350 g/kg crude protein) and iso-caloric (16.72 kJ/g GE) diets containing six graded levels of thiamin (0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, 1.6 and 3.2 mg/kg dry diet) for 12 weeks. Significantly (p  
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 21, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Younis Mohd Khan, Mukhtar A. Khan Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effect of selected natural and synthetic substances on rabbit reproduction –A mini review
AbstractNumerous natural and synthetic substances have effects on reproduction through several mechanisms. This review aims to summarize the impact of green tea (GT),yucca schidigera (YS) extract,curcuma longa (CL), adenosine 3 ′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and isobutyl-1-methyl-xanthine (IBMX) stimulators on rabbit reproduction performance. To obtain a comprehensive overview of this topic, the keywords “reproduction,” “substances,” “spermatogenesis,” “embryogenesis,”hormonal profil“, “green tea” , “yucca schidigera” were searched ...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 20, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Andrea Svoradov á, Andrej Baláži, Peter Chrenek Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

Diets containing processed barley grain as a potential rumen bypass starch source enhance productive responses of lactating Holstein dairy cows
AbstractEffect of diets containing untreated or processed barley grain [treated with sugar beet pulp extract (SBPE) or double sulphate of aluminium and potassium (ALUM)] and different levels of rumen undegradable crude protein (RUP) on production, rumen fermentation and blood metabolites of lactating Holstein cows were investigated. Untreated soybean meal (SBM) or xylose protected ‘Yasminomax soy® (YAS) ’ was included to represent a low (LR, 4.2% DM) and high (HR, 5.4% DM) RUP diets, respectively. Experimental diet was as follows: (a) untreated barley grains with high RUP (HRCON); (b) untreated barley grain...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 16, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Reza Naseroleslami, Mohsen Danesh Mesgaran, Abdolmansour Tahmasbi, Alireza Vakili, Sadjad Danesh Mesgaran Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Modulation of broiler plasma metabolic spectrum by the addition of lysine residue to the diet
In this study, we evaluated the relationship between the variation of lysine residue addition and the slaughter performance and meat quality of broilers, which decreased with the addition of lysine residues but improved the meat quality of the broilers. 10% lysine residue addition was the most beneficial for reducing feed cost and improving meat quality. Meanwhile, the plasma metabolites of broilers fed increasing concentrations of lysine residue supplemented feeds were analysed using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least square discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA)...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 16, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Juan Zhang, Weizhen Wang, Ying Wang, Honghong Hu, Baojun Yu, Zihang Zhou, Ju Guo, Yaling Gu, Zhengyun Cai, Guosheng Xin Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Serum creatinine is a poor marker of a predicted change in muscle mass in lactating sows
This study set out to investigate the potential of SCr to indicate a loss in sow muscle mass over lactation, validated against 3  methyl histidine (3MH) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN), markers of dietary and/or body protein breakdown. A total of 40 sows were allocated to four treatment groups aimed to induce body weight changes by restrictively feeding sows using a stepwise percentage reduction model. Data were pooled and re allocated into three groups representing the 25th, 50th and 75th percentiles based on body weight change over lactation in the range −22.3 to −4.1% (treatment 25), −4.0 to 6....
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 16, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Tracy L. Muller, John R. Pluske, Kate J. Plush, Darryl N. D'Souza, David W. Miller, Robert J. Barneveld Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of malic or citric acid on the fermentation quality, proteolysis and lipolysis of alfalfa silage ensiled at two dry matter contents
This study evaluated the effects of two organic acids on the fermentation of alfalfa silages at different dry matter (DM) contents. Alfalfa was wilted to DM contents of 30% (moderately low) and 38% (normal) and ensiled without additives (control) or treated with 0.6% fresh matter DL-malic acid (MA) or 0.6% fresh matter citric acid (CA) for 60  days. After ensiling, silages with a normal DM were higher in pH, water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC) and DM loss (p 
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 14, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Wencan Ke, Zitong Ding, Fuhou Li, Dongmei Xu, Jie Bai, Ishaq Muhammad, Yixin Zhang, Liansheng Zhao, Xusheng Guo Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of zinc dosage and particle size on gut morphology, tight junctions and TNF ‐α expression in broiler breeder hens
This study was performed to evaluate the effects of different amounts and particle size of zinc oxide (ZnO) on villus height (VH), villus width (VW), crypt depth (CD) and VH to CD ratio (VH: CD), and expression of zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), occludin (OC) and tumour necrosis factor- α (TNF-α) in broiler breeders. A total of 350 (Ross 308) broiler breeder hens of 54 weeks randomly assigned to seven treatments, included control basal diet (C) without added Zn, C+ 100, and 130 mg Zn per kg of diet from Large (L) (100–1000 nm) and Small (S) (
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 13, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Masoud Barzegar, Mojtaba Zaghari, Mehdi Zhandi, Mostafa Sadeghi Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Age ‐related changes in thyroid hormones, some serum oxidative biomarkers and trace elements and their relationships in healthy Saanen goat kids during the first three month of age
This study was conducted to investigate the age-related changes of thyroid hormones, some serum oxidative biomarkers and trace elements in healthy Saanen goat kids.MethodsNineteen newborn healthy Saanen goat kids (14 females and five males) were studied longitudinally from birth until three months of age. Blood sampling was performed 24 –48 h after birth and was repeated on 10 ± 2, 28 ± 2, 56 ± 2 and 84 ± 2 days of age. The serum levels of thyroid hormones, malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), ...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 12, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Elham Valavi, Mahdieh Zaeemi, Mehrdad Mohri Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

The effects of dietary medium ‐chain fatty acids on ruminal methanogenesis and fermentation in vitro and in vivo: A meta‐analysis
AbstractThe efficacy of methane (CH4) suppression using medium-chain fatty acids (MCFA) remains inconclusive, despite a number of studies on this topic are available. We thus carried out a meta-analysis to integrate the published data on different concentrations and types of MCFA such as lauric acid and myristic acid, which investigated ruminal methanogenesis and fermentation in in vitro and in vivo experiments. In vitro MCFA sources were classified either as pure MCFA (lauric acid, myristic acid and their combinations) or as natural MCFA-rich oils (canola oil enriched with lauric acids, coconut oil, krabok oil and palm ke...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 9, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Yulianri Rizki Yanza, Ma łgorzata Szumacher‐Strabel, Anuraga Jayanegara, Andre Meiditama Kasenta, Min Gao, Haihao Huang, Amlan Kumar Patra, Ewelina Warzych, Adam Cieślak Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Corrigendum
(Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 9, 2021 Category: Zoology Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 9, 2021 Category: Zoology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Improving the reproductive, immunity and health status of rabbit does using honey bee venom
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to investigate the long-term effect of using bee venom (BV) on the reproductive performance, immune, and health status of rabbit does and its effect on their litters. Sixty mature does, from Spanish V-line rabbit stock, were randomly assigned to four homogeneous groups with 15 does each. The 1st, 2nd and 3rd groups were injected twice weekly under the neck skin with 0.1  ml solution contains 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 mg BV/rabbit respectively. The 4th group served as a control group. From the results, litter size at birth, litter weight and survival rate at weaning age as well as m...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 9, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Alaa Elkomy, Ali El ‐Hanoun, Mohamed Abdella, Karim El‐Sabrout Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Growth performance, tissue precipitation, metallothionein and cytokine transcript expression and economics in response to different dietary zinc sources in growing rabbits
AbstractThe impact of different dietary zinc sources on the growth, serum metabolites, tissue zinc content, economics and relative expression of cytokine and metallothionein genes was evaluated in this study. A total of 120 35-day-old male New Zealand White (NZW) rabbits were randomly distributed into four dietary experimental groups with 10 replicates per group and 3 animals per replicate. The control group was fed basal diet with a Zn-free vitamin –mineral premix; the other three groups received control basal diet supplemented with 50 mg/kg level with zinc oxide (ZnO; as inorganic source), Zn-methionine (Zn-Me...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 9, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Fardos A. M. Hassan, Asmaa T. Y. Kishawy, Amira Moustafa, Elshimaa M. Roushdy Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Carbohydrates molecular structure profiles in relation to nutritional characteristics of newly developed low and normal tannin faba bean varieties in dairy cows analysed by using standard methods and the vibrational molecular spectroscopy (Ft/IR ‐ATR)
AbstractTo our knowledge, there was no study on interactive relationship between CHO molecular structure spectral profiles of newly developed cool-season adapted faba bean and nutritional characteristics in ruminants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of genotypes and tannin levels on the physicochemical and nutritional characteristics of faba bean as an alternative protein and energy source for ruminants and its relation to CHO molecular structure spectral profiles using vibrational molecular spectroscopy (Ft/IR-ATR). Eight genotypes with two tannin levels (low and normal) grown at three different locations...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 9, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Mar ía E. Rodríguez‐Espinosa, Víctor H. Guevara‐Oquendo, Peiqiang Yu Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Corrigendum
(Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 9, 2021 Category: Zoology Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 9, 2021 Category: Zoology Tags: ISSUE INFORMATION Source Type: research

Dietary lysine supplementation improves growth performance and skeletal muscle development in rabbits fed a low protein diet
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the effects on growth of Lysine (Lys) supplementation in a low protein diet. We also investigated the gene or protein expression related to skeletal muscle development and intestinal amino acid transporters, and determined the major signalling associated with Lys-regulating skeletal muscle development. 1000  healthy, weights averaging 938.6 ± 6.54 g weaned rabbits were randomly divided into five groups (five replicates in each group and 40 rabbits in each replicate). These groups consisted of the normal protein group (NP group, consuming a diet...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 9, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Mengqi Liu, Chenyang Li, Haojia Tang, Maohua Gong, Zhengkai Yue, Man Zhao, Lei Liu, Fuchang Li Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Roles of plant ‐based ingredients and phytonutrients in canine nutrition and health
AbstractDogs possess the ability to obtain essential nutrients, established by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO), from both animal- and plant-based ingredients. There has been a recent increase in the popularity of diets that limit or completely exclude certain plant-based ingredients. Examples of these diets include ‘ancestral’ or ‘evolutionary’ diets, raw meat-based diets and grain-free diets. As compared to animal sources, plant-derived ingredients (including vegetables, fruits, grains, legumes, nuts and seeds) provide many non-essential phytonutrients with some data sugg...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 8, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Jirayu Tanprasertsuk, Devon E. Tate, Justin Shmalberg Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Effects of zearalenone on liver development, antioxidant capacity and inflammatory factors of prepubertal gilts
AbstractZearalenone (ZEA) is a kind of mycotoxin that pose great threat to the liver of human and livestock due to its toxicity to eukaryotic cells, however, its toxicity mechanism on prepubertal gilts liver development and function is not known. The study aimed to examine the effects of ZEA on liver development, antioxidant capacity and inflammatory factors of prepubertal gilts. Forty-eight prepubertal gilts (Landrace ×Yorkshire) were randomly divided into four groups: three treatment (T1, T2 and T3) groups and a control group. Prepubertal gilts in the control group were fed with basal diet, and those in T1, T2 and ...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 8, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Fengyang Wu, Jia Cui, Xinyu Yang, Baojiang Chen Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Differences in proteomic profiles between yak and three cattle strains provide insights into molecular mechanisms underlying high ‐altitude adaptation
AbstractYaks display unique properties of the lung and heart, enabling their adaptation to high-altitude environments, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are still largely unknown. In the present study, the proteome differences in lung and heart tissues were compared between yak (Bos grunniens) and three cattle strains (Bos taurus, Holstein, Sanjiang and Tibetan cattle) using the sequential window acquisition of all theoretical mass spectra/data-independent acquisition (SWATH/DIA) proteomic method. In total, 51,755 peptides and 7215 proteins were identified. In the lung tissue, there were 162, 310 and 118 differential...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 8, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Jin ‐Wei Xin, Zhi‐Xin Chai, Cheng‐Fu Zhang, Qiang Zhang, Yong Zhu, Han‐Wen Cao, Cidan YangJi, Xiao‐Ying Chen, Hui Jiang, Jin‐Cheng Zhong, Qiu‐Mei Ji Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Roles of plant ‐based ingredients and phytonutrients in canine nutrition and health
AbstractDogs possess the ability to obtain essential nutrients, established by the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO), from both animal- and plant-based ingredients. There has been a recent increase in the popularity of diets that limit or completely exclude certain plant-based ingredients. Examples of these diets include ‘ancestral’ or ‘evolutionary’ diets, raw meat-based diets and grain-free diets. As compared to animal sources, plant-derived ingredients (including vegetables, fruits, grains, legumes, nuts and seeds) provide many non-essential phytonutrients with some data sugg...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 8, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Jirayu Tanprasertsuk, Devon E. Tate, Justin Shmalberg Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Mechanism of action and the uses betaine in pig production
AbstractBetaine, the trimethyl derivative of glycine, is a good methyl group donor, and an important component in pig production. However, betaine has not been extensively studied in this field. Therefore, in this study, we reviewed the effects of betaine in pig production performance, meat quality and reproductive performance, as well as its mechanisms, to provide a theoretical basis for the optimal use and development of this compound. (Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 7, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Rong Fu, Qin Wang, Caihua Kong, Kena Liu, Huaxin Si, Shiyan Sui Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Effects of ecotrofin ™ on milk yield, milk quality and serum biochemistry in lactating goats
AbstractA nutritional supplement (Ecotrofin ™, by Vetoquinol Italia S.r.l) recommended in ruminants feeding to strengthen the physiological condition and improve digestive performance was tested in 20 pluriparae grazing goats divided in two groups (control and treated) to assess its possible effects on milk yield and quality and to assess e ventual adverse effects. Animals from both groups also received 400 g/day of corn meal, and the treated group was supplemented with 20 g/head/day of the nutritional supplement. At the doses suggested by the manufacturer, despite a transient increase after 30 days of...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - September 1, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Nadia Musco, Valeria Maria Morittu, Vincenzo Mastellone, Anna Antonella Spina, Giuseppe Vassalotti, Biagio D ’Aniello, Raffaella Tudisco, Federico Infascelli, Pietro Lombardi Tags: SUPPLEMENT ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of dietary citrus extract on growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of pigs
This study investigated the effects of citrus extract on growth, carcass and meat quality of Duroc  × Landrace × Large White pigs. One hundred and eight pigs (54 barrows, 54 females) were assigned to one of three dietary treatments for 138 days. The dietary treatments were (1) basic diet; (2) basic diet supplemented with 75 mg/kg chlortetracycline; and (3) basic diet supplemented with ci trus extract (0.25 ml/kg during 56–112 days of age and 0.20 ml/kg during 113–194 days of age). No significant differences among treatments were found for growth...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - August 27, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Yi ‐Yan Cui, Zhi‐Mei Tian, Dun Deng, Zhi‐Chang Liu, Gang Wang, Wei‐Dong Chen, Xian‐Yong Ma Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Chemical and nutritional characteristics of Cannabis sativa L. co ‐products
AbstractCannabis sativa L. is an annual herbaceous plant. It was used for centuries to obtain different products. In the last century, hemp cultivation was forbidden due to the psychoactive effects of tetrahydrocannabinol acid (THCA). In the last years, new strains, characterized by high cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) and low THCA level, were developed renewing the interest in hemp cultivation to obtain food or to extract essential oils from flowers. All these processes produce many residues with different chemical –physical characteristics. In order to evaluate their potential use also in animal nutrition, some hemp co-p...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - August 27, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Alessandro Vastolo, Serena Calabr ò, Severina Pacifico, Bossima Ivan Koura, Monica Isabella Cutrignelli Tags: SUPPLEMENT ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effects of supplementation of graded level of glutamic acid to crude protein reduced diets on the performance of growing pigs
In conclusion, the growth performance parameters as well as ca rcass traits with Lys: Glu ratio 1: 2.71 were very close with the mean values of CON diet indicating that 6.8 g Glu when supplemented to 2% CP reduced diet could achieve the comparable growth performance and carcass trait as that of standard basal diet. (Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - August 24, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Santi Devi Upadhaya, Sang Seon Lee, Young Hwa Kim, Zhenlong Wu, In Ho Kim Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Black soldier fly and yellow mealworm live larvae for broiler chickens: Effects on bird performance and health status
AbstractThe commercial broiler chicken strains are the result of successful selection programmes. Most of the problems related to welfare arise from the high growth rate and body weight. The use of environmental enrichments in intensive farming could have a positive effect on birds by increasing animal welfare. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects ofHermetia illucens (HI) andTenebriomolitor (TM) live larvae in the diets of broiler chickens on growth performance, carcass yield and health status. A total of 180  four-day-old male broiler chickens (Ross 308) were randomly allotted to 18 pens. Each pen wa...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - August 17, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Sara Bellezza Oddon, Ilaria Biasato, Arianna Imarisio, Miha Pipan, Dominik Dekleva, Elena Colombino, Maria Teresa Capucchio, Marco Meneguz, Bergagna Stefania, Raffaella Barbero, Marta Gariglio, Sihem Dabbou, Edoardo Fiorilla, Laura Gasco, Ac Tags: SUPPLEMENT ARTICLE Source Type: research

Rooibos (Aspalathus linearis) influence on health and ovarian functions
AbstractThis paper reviews provenance, processing and properties of rooibos (Aspalathus linearis, Brum.f) and its numerous biologically active constituents, as well as the currently available knowledge concerning their physiological and medicinal effects and their possible extra- and intracellular mechanisms of action. Search for literature was performed in agreement with the preferred reporting items for systematic review criteria in Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science and SCOPUS databases between the years 2000 and 2021. The limited number of in vitro studies suggests an influence of rooibos on basic ovarian cell fu...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - August 17, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Alexander V. Sirotkin Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

Microbiome and fermentation parameters in the rumen of dairy buffalo in response to ingestion associated with a diet supplemented with cysteamine and hemp seed oil
In this study, high-throughput gene amplicon sequencing was used to investigate the effects of 6 treatments [2  levels of hemp seed oil (HSO) × 3 levels of cysteamine (CS)] on bacterial and fungal communities in the rumen of 30 crossbred dairy buffalo. Our results indicate that the total numbers of bacterial and fungal taxa were unaffected regardless of diet (p >  0.05), while the total number of archaea was affected (p 
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - August 16, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Xiaokang Zhou, Nanji Zhang, Jie Zhang, Qichao Gu, Canjuan Dong, Bo Lin, Caixia Zou Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Impacts of different antioxidants sources on semen quality and sperm fertilizing ability of Muscovy ducks under high ambient temperature
AbstractThe potentiality of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), D-Aspartic acids (D-Asp), Maca or vitamin C, as antioxidant agents, to reduce negative impacts of high ambient temperature on semen quality, oxidative capacity and fertility of Muscovy ducks was investigated. Seventy-five Muscovy males (34-wk of age) were distributed randomly into five experimental groups of fifteen ducks each. The first group was fed a basal diet without supplementation and served as a control. The other four groups were fed a basal diet supplemented with 400  mg CoQ10, 400 mg D-Asp, 500 mg Maca and 200 mg vitamin C (ascorbic acid) per ...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - August 7, 2021 Category: Zoology Authors: Sara F. Fouda, Ahmed A.A. Khattab, Mohammed F.M. El Basuini, Ibrahim T. El ‐Ratel Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research