Loneliness Relates to Functional Mobility in Older Adults with Type 2 Diabetes: The Look AHEAD Study.
Authors: McCaffery JM, Anderson A, Coday M, Espeland MA, Gorin AA, Johnson KC, Knowler WC, Myers CA, Rejeski WJ, Steinberg HO, Steptoe A, Wing RR Abstract Objective: Little is known about the impact of loneliness on physical health among elderly individuals with diabetes. Here, we examined the relationship of loneliness with disability, objective physical function, and other health outcomes in older individuals with type 2 diabetes and overweight or obesity. Method: Data are drawn from the Look AHEAD study, a diverse cohort of individuals (ages 61-92) with overweight or obesity and type 2 diabetes measured 5-6&...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - November 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Differences in Physical Activity between Patients with Peripheral Artery Disease and Healthy Subjects.
Conclusions: PAD patients limit the amount of their physical activity, especially light and moderate intensities. Our study highlights the importance of spending more time walking in daily life. PMID: 33145111 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - November 6, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Fall Risk Reduction Program Paired with a Transportation Program in an Underserved, Urban Minority Community: A Qualitative Evaluation".
Corrigendum to "Fall Risk Reduction Program Paired with a Transportation Program in an Underserved, Urban Minority Community: A Qualitative Evaluation". J Aging Res. 2020;2020:4721683 Authors: Mielenz TJ, Durbin L, Hertzberg F, Noble-Hernandez D, Sorensen JA Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2019/2719290.]. PMID: 33123382 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - November 1, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Association of Vitamin D with the TaqI Polymorphism of the VDR Gene in Older Women Attending the Basic Health Unit of the Federal District, DF (Brazil).
Authors: de Souza Freitas R, Fratelli CF, de Souza Silva CM, de Lima LR, Stival MM, da Silva ICR, Schwerz Funghetto S Abstract Aging is accompanied by various functional modifications determined by their environment, lifestyle, nutrition, and genetics. Based on these factors, it is essential to verify the vitamin deficiency in the elderly population. Hypovitaminosis D is commonly present in human aging, increasing the chances of developing noncommunicable chronic diseases. The VDR gene TaqI polymorphism may modify the vitamin D metabolic pathway by altering the interaction between the vitamin D receptor and the act...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - October 9, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Multicomponent Exercise Training Improves Gait Ability of Older Women Rather than Strength Training: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Conclusion: Strength training should be considered to increase muscle function and dynamic balance in older women, whereas multicomponent training should be considered to increase functional capacity and gait ability in this population. PMID: 33014466 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - October 6, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Effects of the Intervention "Reflective STRENGTH-Giving Dialogues" for Older Adults Living with Long-Term Pain: A Pilot Study.
Effects of the Intervention "Reflective STRENGTH-Giving Dialogues" for Older Adults Living with Long-Term Pain: A Pilot Study. J Aging Res. 2020;2020:7597524 Authors: Hedén L, Berglund M, Gillsjö C Abstract Background: Long-term musculoskeletal pain is a major, often undertreated, disabling health problem among an increasing number of older adults. Reflective STRENGTH-giving dialogues (STRENGTH) may be a tool to support older adults living with long-term pain. The main aim of this pilot study was to investigate the immediate and longitudinal effect of the intervention STRENGTH on ...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - September 22, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Using Augmented Reality with Older Adults in the Community to Select Design Features for an Age-Friendly Park: A Pilot Study.
The objectives of this pilot study were to evaluate (1) the effects of wearing augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) glasses on balance; (2) the effects of different virtual walls separating the walking trail from the roadway on older adults' gait, and (3) the preferences of the participants regarding wall design and other features. The participants were ten older adults (68 ± 5 years) who lived within two miles from the park. Balance and gait were assessed using a force plate and an instrumented mat. It was feasible to use AR with older adults in the park to evaluate features for redesign. M...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - September 22, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Logistic Regression Model in a Machine Learning Application to Predict Elderly Kidney Transplant Recipients with Worse Renal Function One Year after Kidney Transplant: Elderly KTbot.
Authors: Elihimas Júnior UF, Couto JP, Pereira W, Barros de Oliveira Sá MP, Tenório de França EE, Aguiar FC, Cabral DBC, Alencar SBV, Feitosa SJDC, Claizoni Dos Santos TO, Dos Santos Elihimas HC, Alves EP, José de Carvalho Lima M, Branco Cavalcanti FC, Schwingel PA Abstract Background: Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is a public health problem worldwide. Kidney transplantation (KT) is the best treatment for elderly patients' longevity and quality of life. Objectives: The primary endpoint was to compare elderly versus younger KT recipients by analyzing the risk covariables invo...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - September 16, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Morale in Old Age and Its Association with Sociodemographic, Social, and Health-Related Factors in Different Age Groups.
Authors: Näsman M, Niklasson J, Saarela J, Nygård M, Olofsson B, Gustafson Y, Nyqvist F Abstract Morale can be viewed as a future-oriented optimism or pessimism regarding challenges associated with aging and is closely related to subjective well-being. Promoting morale in old age could be considered to have important implications for aging well, and increased knowledge about morale in different stages of old age is needed. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with morale in different age groups among old people. Data were derived from a survey conducted in 2016, as a part of...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - August 19, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Insulin-Like Growth Factor I Prevents Cellular Aging via Activation of Mitophagy.
Authors: Hou X, Li Z, Higashi Y, Delafontaine P, Sukhanov S Abstract Mitochondrial dysfunction is a hallmark of cellular aging. Mitophagy is a critical mitochondrial quality control mechanism that removes dysfunctional mitochondria and contributes to cell survival. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) promotes survival of smooth muscle cells (SMCs), but its potential effect on cellular aging is unknown yet. We found that IGF-1 decreased cell senescence, prevented DNA telomere shortening, increased mitochondrial membrane potential, activated cytochrome C oxidase, and reduced mitochondrial DNA damage in long-term cul...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - August 19, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Young and Older Adults Differ in Integration of Sensory Cues for Vertical Perception.
Conclusions: Older adults have balanced otolithic input in an upright position. Increased reliance on visual cues may begin at ages younger than what is considered elderly. Increased alignment times for older adults may create a broader time window for integration of relevant and irrelevant sensory information, thus enhancing their multisensory integration. In parallel with the elderly, older adults may differ from young adults in their integration of sensory cues for visual vertical perception. PMID: 32802506 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - August 19, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

High Burden among Older Family Caregivers is Associated with High Prevalence of Symptoms: Data from the Swedish Study "Good Aging in Sk åne (GÅS)".
Conclusion: Depressive and tension-related symptoms were more common in caregivers, especially in high-burden caregivers. High-burden caregivers might be at a risk of adverse mental health, and this highlights the need to offer proper support to these groups. PMID: 32774920 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - August 13, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Physical Frailty and Fall Risk in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: The frailty group had the highest fall risk in this cohort of older adults living in a community-dwelling facility. Therefore, it is important to assess the frailty status among older adults as it can be a predictor for fall risk. This assessment will therefore lead to a reduction in the rate of disability and death in the community. PMID: 32714612 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 28, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Frailty and Nutritional Status among Urban Older Adults in South India.
Authors: Shalini T, Chitra PS, Kumar BN, Madhavi G, Reddy GB Abstract The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of frailty and nutritional status among older adults. This population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 163 subjects aged 60-88 years, from Hyderabad City, South India. Data were obtained on sociodemographic details and anthropometry and biochemical parameters. Dietary intake was assessed by a three-day 24 h dietary recall, and the probability of adequacy (PA) was calculated using the estimated average requirements. Frailty indicators were as follows: handgrip strength was m...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 24, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Frailty and the Risk of Polypharmacy in the Older Person: Enabling and Preventative Approaches.
Authors: Nwadiugwu MC Abstract Frail older people have an inherent risk of polypharmacy due to the need to treat multiple comorbidities, thus leading to various negative effects on their health due to the adverse actions from the drugs. This issue was discussed from a person-centered perspective, highlighting the category of frail older adults who are at a higher risk. Appropriate medication reconciliation in this population with useful prescribing tools (Beers and START/STOPP criteria) to minimize polypharmacy and to provide alternative prescriptive intervention could go alongside primary care to reduce the extent...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Clinical Conditions of Hospitalized Older Adult Patients and Their Outcomes in a Regional Referral Hospital in Southwestern Uganda.
Conclusions: The high proportion of mortality in this group is worrying and requires further investigations. PMID: 32676210 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

A Qualitative Study of Nursing Students' Experiences in Fall Prevention for Older Home Care Clients.
Authors: Turjamaa R, Äijö M, Tervo-Heikkinen T, Silén-Lipponen M Abstract The aim of this study was to describe the experiences of nursing students in fall prevention during clinical practice in the context of older home care clients. This was a qualitative focus group study of nursing students (n = 9) who had completed clinical practice in older clients' home care. The data were analysed using inductive content analysis. The nursing students described their experiences regarding falls and fall prevention in older clients' home care from two perspectives: evaluation of falls at older ...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Understanding Health Deterioration and the Dynamic Relationship between Physical Ability and Cognition among a Cohort of Danish Nonagenarians.
This study aims to determine how demographics, socioeconomic characteristics, and lifestyle affect physical and cognitive health transitions among nonagenarians, whether these transitions follow the same patterns, and how each dimension affects the transitions of the other. We applied a multistate model for panel data to 2262 individuals over a 2-year follow-up period from the 1905 Danish Cohort survey. Within two years from baseline, the transition probability from good to bad physical health-ability to stand up from a chair-was higher than dying directly (29% vs. 25%), while this was not observed for cognition (24% vs. 2...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

A Cross-Sectional Examination of Patterns of Sedentary Behavior and Cardiometabolic Risk in Community-Dwelling Adults Aged 55 Years and Older.
Conclusion: Sitting for prolonged periods of time without interruption is unfavorably associated with DBP and HDL cholesterol. Prospective studies should identify causal relationships and observe specific changes in cardiometabolic profiles in older populations. PMID: 32566296 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - June 24, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Effects of Exercise on Cognitive Performance in Older Adults: A Narrative Review of the Evidence, Possible Biological Mechanisms, and Recommendations for Exercise Prescription.
Authors: Quigley A, MacKay-Lyons M, Eskes G Abstract Physical activity and exercise have emerged as potential methods to improve brain health among older adults. However, there are currently no physical activity guidelines aimed at improving cognitive function, and the mechanisms underlying these cognitive benefits are poorly understood. The purpose of this narrative review is to present the current evidence regarding the effects of physical activity and exercise on cognition in older adults without cognitive impairment, identify potential mechanisms underlying these effects, and make recommendations for exercise p...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - June 10, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Elderly Care: A Study on Community Care Services in Sleman, DIY, Indonesia.
This study discusses the emergence of home care services in response to the increase in elderly population. By taking the case of community home care services in Sleman, this study found the pattern and process of the emergence of local initiatives in home care services. This study also revealed an important factor affecting the implementation of community home care services, that is, leadership. PMID: 32455018 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - May 28, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Urinary Incontinence in Frail Elderly Females.
Conclusion. Urinary incontinence is prevalent in frail elderly females. Mixed UI, compared with other types, has a significant negative impact on all domains of quality of life. PMID: 32399294 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - May 15, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Influence of 8-Week Aerobic Training on the Skin Microcirculation in Patients with Ischaemic Heart Disease.
Conclusions: 8 weeks of systematic aerobic training provides a significant improvement of endothelium functioning, expressed by reactivity improvement in skin microcirculation in patients suffering from ischaemic heart disease. It points to aerobic training as a nonpharmacological effective cardioprotective factor. The improvement effects of skin vascular bed functioning in the group of patients with IHD are impermanent, and they disappear after the period in which patients did not exercise physical activity. PMID: 32399295 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - May 15, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Consumption of Nuts at Midlife and Healthy Aging in Women.
Conclusions: Women consuming nuts at midlife have a greater likelihood of overall health and well-being at older ages. Nut consumption may represent a simple intervention to explore and promote healthy aging. PMID: 32399296 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - May 15, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Low Vitamin D and Its Association with Cognitive Impairment and Dementia.
Authors: Sultan S, Taimuri U, Basnan SA, Ai-Orabi WK, Awadallah A, Almowald F, Hazazi A Abstract Vitamin D is a neurosteroid hormone that regulates neurotransmitters and neurotrophins. It has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and neuroprotective properties. It increases neurotrophic factors such as nerve growth factor which further promotes brain health. Moreover, it is also helpful in the prevention of amyloid accumulation and promotes amyloid clearance. Emerging evidence suggests its role in the reduction of Alzheimer's disease hallmarks such as amyloid-beta and phosphorylated tau. Many preclinical studies have sup...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - May 15, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Functional Capacity and Inflammatory Mediators in Elderly Residents of Counties with Different Human Development Index.
Authors: Lustosa LP, Xavier DR, Ribeiro-Samora GA, Pereira DS, Parentoni AN, Thomasini RL, Pereira LSM Abstract A number of studies have indicated that certain factors, including socioeconomic status and education, are associated with the functional health status of the elderly. Another relevant factor in aging is chronic subliminal inflammation, with increased levels of circulating inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (sTNFR-1), commonly seen in the elderly. High levels of these inflammatory mediators could im...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - May 15, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Circulating miR-34a and Bone Mineral Density of Brazilian Very-Old Adults.
Authors: Nóbrega OT, Morais-Junior GS, Viana NI, Reis ST, Perez DIV, Freitas WM, Sposito AC, Leite KRM, Srougi M Abstract The human aging is marked by several body changes, including in bone mineral density (BMD). Research shows that microRNAs are important modulators of bone metabolism. The present research aims to analyze the whole blood concentration of 10 selected microRNAs (miRs) and their association with absolute and relative scores of BMD in specific osseous site of Brazilian very-old adults. Forty noninstitutionalized and apparently healthy, very old (≥80 years) outpatients were eligible for rese...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - May 8, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Age- and Organ-Specific Differences in Mitochondrial Bioenergetics in Brown Norway Rats.
Authors: Pandya JD, Valdez M, Royland JE, MacPhail RC, Sullivan PG, Kodavanti PRS Abstract Mitochondria play a central role in energy homeostasis and act as regulatory checkpoints for downstream metabolic responses and cell senescence processes during an entire life span. Acute or chronic environmental toxicant exposures have shown deleterious organ-specific human health issues at various life stages. Since mitochondria are a prime target for ensuing cellular bioenergetics responses and senescence, it is essential to understand mitochondrial bioenergetic responses in different organs over multiple life stages. Ther...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - April 24, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Association of Race and Major Adverse Cardiac Events (MACE): The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Cohort.
Authors: Franey EG, Kritz-Silverstein D, Richard EL, Alcaraz JE, Nievergelt CM, Shaffer RA, Bhatnagar V Abstract Background and Aims: To evaluate the association of self-reported race with major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and modification of this association by paraoxonase gene (PON1, PON2, and PON3) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Methods: Included in this longitudinal study were 12,770 black or white participants from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) cohort who completed a baseline visit (1987-1989) with PON genotyping. Demographic, behavioral, and health information was obtained at b...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - April 15, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Bone Mass Loss and Sarcopenia in Ecuadorian Patients.
Authors: Intriago M, Maldonado G, Guerrero R, Messina OD, Rios C Abstract Objective: To study the association between osteoporosis and sarcopenia and determine the prevalence of osteosarcopenia in patients who attended a rheumatology center in Ecuador. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a population of patients who had a densitometric study. The diagnosis of sarcopenia was determined by the DXA standard gold test, screening, and conventional methods (bioimpedance, anthropometric measurements, SARC-F, muscle function, and gait test). Results: A total of 92 patients were studied. The median age...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - April 8, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a Treadmill Training Programme in Improving the Postural Balance on Institutionalized Older Adults.
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of a treadmill walking workout program on the postural balance of institutionalized older adults. Methods: Postural balance was assessed by the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), gait speed, and Timed Up and Go Test (TUG) on 37 institutionalized older adults (23 in the intervention group and 14 in the control group). Training consisted of a 20-minute treadmill walking workout carried out twice a week for 10 weeks. Measurements were obtained before and after 10 weeks and with 1 month of follow-up for the intervention group. For the c...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - March 11, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Functional Autonomy Affects Elderly Spatial Perception in Body-Centered Coordinates.
In conclusion, the individual functional autonomy of elderly individuals, which is strongly influenced by motor resources and efficiency, modulates how the surrounding space is represented, but only when the distance judgment implies an agent body, thus providing new relevant data for recent embodied cognition models of aging. PMID: 32148961 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - March 11, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Vitamin K Concentration and Cognitive Status in Elderly Patients on Anticoagulant Therapy: A Pilot Study.
Conclusions: The study shows a positive association between vitamin K1 concentration and cognitive status in elderly patients (≥75 years) on OAT. The relationship between vitamin K1 concentration and MODA scores is described by a linear model. Cognitive status is not influenced by the duration of OAT but by the years of education. PMID: 32148962 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - March 11, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Management of Dynapenia, Sarcopenia, and Frailty: The Role of Physical Exercise.
Authors: Sampaio RAC, Sewo Sampaio PY, Uchida MC, Arai H PMID: 32089882 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - February 25, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Tube Feeding in Individuals with Advanced Dementia: A Review of Its Burdens and Perceived Benefits.
Conclusion: Tube feeding neither stops dementia disease progression nor prevents imminent death. Each decision for feeding tube placement in individuals with advanced dementia should be made on a case-by-case basis and involve a multidisciplinary team comprising experienced physicians, nurses, family surrogates, and the relevant allied health professionals. Careful considerations of the benefit-harm ratio should be discussed and checked with surrogate families if they would be consistent with the wishes of the demented person. Further research is required to establish whether tube feeding of individuals with advanced demen...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - January 15, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

"There's More to Frail than That": Older New Zealanders and Health Professionals Talk about Frailty.
"There's More to Frail than That": Older New Zealanders and Health Professionals Talk about Frailty. J Aging Res. 2019;2019:2573239 Authors: Gee SB, Cheung G, Bergler U, Jamieson H Abstract There is general agreement that frailty is common and important in later life, but there is less agreement about what frailty is. Little is known about the extent to which practicing health professionals and older people hold a mutual understanding of frailty. Focus groups were held to engage older people and health professionals in discussion about what made them think that someone was frail. Eighteen old...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - January 11, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Motivational Strategies to Prevent Frailty in Older Adults with Diabetes: A Focused Review.
Authors: Vaccaro JA, Gaillard T, Huffman FG, Vieira ER Abstract The prevalence of diabetes among Americans aged 65 years and older is greater than 25%. Medical expenditures for persons with diabetes are more than twice as high as those for patients without diabetes. Diabetes in older adults often times coexists with frailty, resulting in reduced quality of life and increased health-care use. Many older adults with type 2 diabetes have mobility impairments and experience falls, which contributes to increased frailty. Exercise has a protective effect for frailty and falls, yet less than half of persons with diabetes ...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - January 1, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Young Coconut Juice Reduces Some Histopathological Changes Associated with Alzheimer's Disease through the Modulation of Estrogen Receptors in Orchidectomized Rat Brains.
Conclusion. It could be concluded that YCJ is effective as EB in reducing AD pathology, probably by being selective estrogen receptor modulators. PMID: 31885921 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - January 1, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

The Effects of Lutein and Zeaxanthin Supplementation on Brain Morphology in Older Adults: A Randomized, Controlled Trial.
Authors: Mewborn CM, Lindbergh CA, Hammond BR, Renzi-Hammond LM, Miller LS Abstract A growing literature emphasizes the importance of lifestyle factors such as nutrition in successful aging. The current study examined if one year of supplementation with lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z), two nutrients with known antioxidative properties and cognitive benefits, impacted structural brain outcomes in older adults using a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial design. Community-dwelling older adults (20 males and 27 females) aged 65-87 years (M = 71.8 years, SD = 6.04 years) were ran...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - December 26, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

The Efficacy of Functional and Traditional Exercise on the Body Composition and Determinants of Physical Fitness of Older Women: A Randomized Crossover Trial.
Conclusion: The programs used are equally effective in increasing physical fitness for daily activities in physically active older women, and therefore, they may be complementary to combat some of the deleterious effects of senescence. PMID: 31871788 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - December 26, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Effects of Physical Exercise Programs on Sarcopenia Management, Dynapenia, and Physical Performance in the Elderly: A Systematic Review of Randomized Clinical Trials.
Conclusion: Heterogeneity among trials and small number of RCTs limited robust conclusions and data meta-analysis. However, resistance training protocols can improve muscle strength and physical performance in elders previously diagnosed with sarcopenia, although its effect size and clinical impact are barely relevant. PMID: 31827927 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - December 13, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

The Underpinnings of Ageism: Multiple Mediational Model of Epistemological Style, Social Dominance Orientation, Right-Wing Authoritarianism, and Ageist Attitudes.
This study seeks to understand the psychological factors that may contribute to the development and endorsement of ageist belief systems. Dual process theory is used to examine how one's worldview, beliefs in social hierarchy, authoritarian aggression, authoritarian submission, and conventionalism predict ageist attitudes. Participants living in the United States (n = 407) in 49 states and territories were recruited through this online national study and completed surveys of their ageist beliefs, epistemological style, social dominance orientation (SDO), and right-wing authoritarianism (RWA). RWA, SDO, and na...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - November 30, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Handgrip Strength Cut-Off Values for the Undernutrition Risk Screening among Elderly Men and Women in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Authors: Račić M, Pavlović J, Ivković N Abstract Objectives: To determine the optimal cut-off points of handgrip strength (HGS) to identify the undernutrition risk among individuals older than 65 years of age in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Towns of Sarajevo, Foca, Rogatica, and Pale in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Participants: 300 community-dwelling older adults and 146 nursing home residents. Comprehensive Geriatric multidimensional assessment (CGA) was carried out to evaluate general health, functional, and cognitive capabilities. Nutritional status and undernutriti...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - November 30, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Exercise Snacking to Improve Muscle Function in Healthy Older Adults: A Pilot Study.
Authors: Perkin OJ, McGuigan PM, Stokes KA Abstract Loss of muscle mass and strength are seemingly accepted as part of the ageing process, despite ultimately leading to the loss of independence. Resistance exercise is considered to be primary defence against loss of muscle function in older age, but it typically requires access to exercise equipment often in a gym environment. This pilot study aimed at examining the effect of a 28-day, unsupervised home-based exercise intervention on indices of leg strength and muscle size in healthy older adults. Twenty participants were randomly assigned to either maintain their ...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - November 8, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Cognitive and Functional Performance in Indigenous Older Adults of Nari ño, Colombia.
Conclusion: These results provide strong evidence about the complex relationships among demographics, medical conditions, and psychosocial factors and their influence on global cognition and functional performance in Colombian indigenous elderly population. PMID: 31662909 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - October 31, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Prevalence of Systemic Arterial Hypertension Diagnosed, Undiagnosed, and Uncontrolled in Elderly Population: SABE Study.
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of hypertension in the elderly and to analyze factors associated with diagnosed, undiagnosed, and uncontrolled hypertension. This is a cross-sectional study of data from the SABE study-Health, Well-Being, and Aging Survey-a multiple-cohort study, obtained in 2010, composed of a probabilistic sample representative of the population of the São Paulo city aged ≥60 years. Hypertension was self-reported or defined by increased blood pressure. Multinomial regression assessed factors associated with diagnosis and lack of diagnosis of hypertension (reference: no hyperten...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - October 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Twelve-Month Retention in and Impact of Enhance ®Fitness on Older Adults in Hawai'i.
Conclusions: Long-term participants in Enhance®Fitness initially improved and then maintained physical performance. Future research is needed to identify strategies to maintain enrollment of older adults in the exercise programs over time. PMID: 31565435 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - October 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Study of the Immune Response in the Elderly: Is It Necessary to Develop a Vaccine against Neisseria meningitidis for the Aged?
Authors: Trzewikoswki de Lima G, De Gaspari E Abstract Literature reports the association between aging and decline in the immune system function. The elderly have a higher risk of developing infectious diseases and are often less responsive to vaccines that are effective in the young. The case fatality rate of invasive meningococcal disease is higher in the elderly; therefore, vaccination for this population should be evaluated. Although new vaccines have been developed against Neisseria meningitidis, there is still a need to evaluate a vaccine for those older than 60 years, as the currently licensed vaccin...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - September 20, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Fall Risk Reduction Program Paired with a Transportation Program in an Underserved, Urban Minority Community: A Qualitative Evaluation.
This study sought to evaluate A Matter of Balance/Volunteer Lay Leaders (AMOB/VLL) fall prevention curriculum in combination with a "door-through-door" program: Coordinated Older-Adult Senior Transportation Services (COASTS) for older adults living in an urban, underserved community. AMOB/VLL participants were offered eight 2-hour classes as part of the training program. Focus groups were conducted with older adult participants, COASTS mobility facilitators, and AMOB/VLL master trainers. A thematic analysis was conducted, and primary themes relating to curriculum content, cultural relevancy, and outcomes were exa...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 31, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Reliability of a Test for Assessment of Isometric Trunk Muscle Strength in Elderly Women.
Conclusion: It is concluded that the test of maximum isometric strength of the trunk in healthy and trained elderly people presents high reliability. These values proved to be reliable if performed in at least two evaluation sessions, which confirms the hypothesis of the authors by the consistency of the measurement test. PMID: 31354997 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 31, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research