Effectiveness of a Treadmill Training Programme in Improving the Postural Balance on Institutionalized Older Adults.
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of a treadmill walking workout program on the postural balance of institutionalized older adults. Methods: Postural balance was assessed by the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), gait speed, and Timed Up and Go Test (TUG) on 37 institutionalized older adults (23 in the intervention group and 14 in the control group). Training consisted of a 20-minute treadmill walking workout carried out twice a week for 10 weeks. Measurements were obtained before and after 10 weeks and with 1 month of follow-up for the intervention group. For the c...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - March 11, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Functional Autonomy Affects Elderly Spatial Perception in Body-Centered Coordinates.
In conclusion, the individual functional autonomy of elderly individuals, which is strongly influenced by motor resources and efficiency, modulates how the surrounding space is represented, but only when the distance judgment implies an agent body, thus providing new relevant data for recent embodied cognition models of aging. PMID: 32148961 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - March 11, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Vitamin K Concentration and Cognitive Status in Elderly Patients on Anticoagulant Therapy: A Pilot Study.
Conclusions: The study shows a positive association between vitamin K1 concentration and cognitive status in elderly patients (≥75 years) on OAT. The relationship between vitamin K1 concentration and MODA scores is described by a linear model. Cognitive status is not influenced by the duration of OAT but by the years of education. PMID: 32148962 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - March 11, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Management of Dynapenia, Sarcopenia, and Frailty: The Role of Physical Exercise.
Authors: Sampaio RAC, Sewo Sampaio PY, Uchida MC, Arai H PMID: 32089882 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - February 25, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Tube Feeding in Individuals with Advanced Dementia: A Review of Its Burdens and Perceived Benefits.
Conclusion: Tube feeding neither stops dementia disease progression nor prevents imminent death. Each decision for feeding tube placement in individuals with advanced dementia should be made on a case-by-case basis and involve a multidisciplinary team comprising experienced physicians, nurses, family surrogates, and the relevant allied health professionals. Careful considerations of the benefit-harm ratio should be discussed and checked with surrogate families if they would be consistent with the wishes of the demented person. Further research is required to establish whether tube feeding of individuals with advanced demen...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - January 15, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

"There's More to Frail than That": Older New Zealanders and Health Professionals Talk about Frailty.
"There's More to Frail than That": Older New Zealanders and Health Professionals Talk about Frailty. J Aging Res. 2019;2019:2573239 Authors: Gee SB, Cheung G, Bergler U, Jamieson H Abstract There is general agreement that frailty is common and important in later life, but there is less agreement about what frailty is. Little is known about the extent to which practicing health professionals and older people hold a mutual understanding of frailty. Focus groups were held to engage older people and health professionals in discussion about what made them think that someone was frail. Eighteen old...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - January 11, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Motivational Strategies to Prevent Frailty in Older Adults with Diabetes: A Focused Review.
Authors: Vaccaro JA, Gaillard T, Huffman FG, Vieira ER Abstract The prevalence of diabetes among Americans aged 65 years and older is greater than 25%. Medical expenditures for persons with diabetes are more than twice as high as those for patients without diabetes. Diabetes in older adults often times coexists with frailty, resulting in reduced quality of life and increased health-care use. Many older adults with type 2 diabetes have mobility impairments and experience falls, which contributes to increased frailty. Exercise has a protective effect for frailty and falls, yet less than half of persons with diabetes ...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - January 1, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Young Coconut Juice Reduces Some Histopathological Changes Associated with Alzheimer's Disease through the Modulation of Estrogen Receptors in Orchidectomized Rat Brains.
Conclusion. It could be concluded that YCJ is effective as EB in reducing AD pathology, probably by being selective estrogen receptor modulators. PMID: 31885921 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - January 1, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

The Effects of Lutein and Zeaxanthin Supplementation on Brain Morphology in Older Adults: A Randomized, Controlled Trial.
Authors: Mewborn CM, Lindbergh CA, Hammond BR, Renzi-Hammond LM, Miller LS Abstract A growing literature emphasizes the importance of lifestyle factors such as nutrition in successful aging. The current study examined if one year of supplementation with lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z), two nutrients with known antioxidative properties and cognitive benefits, impacted structural brain outcomes in older adults using a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial design. Community-dwelling older adults (20 males and 27 females) aged 65-87 years (M = 71.8 years, SD = 6.04 years) were ran...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - December 26, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

The Efficacy of Functional and Traditional Exercise on the Body Composition and Determinants of Physical Fitness of Older Women: A Randomized Crossover Trial.
Conclusion: The programs used are equally effective in increasing physical fitness for daily activities in physically active older women, and therefore, they may be complementary to combat some of the deleterious effects of senescence. PMID: 31871788 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - December 26, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Effects of Physical Exercise Programs on Sarcopenia Management, Dynapenia, and Physical Performance in the Elderly: A Systematic Review of Randomized Clinical Trials.
Conclusion: Heterogeneity among trials and small number of RCTs limited robust conclusions and data meta-analysis. However, resistance training protocols can improve muscle strength and physical performance in elders previously diagnosed with sarcopenia, although its effect size and clinical impact are barely relevant. PMID: 31827927 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - December 13, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

The Underpinnings of Ageism: Multiple Mediational Model of Epistemological Style, Social Dominance Orientation, Right-Wing Authoritarianism, and Ageist Attitudes.
This study seeks to understand the psychological factors that may contribute to the development and endorsement of ageist belief systems. Dual process theory is used to examine how one's worldview, beliefs in social hierarchy, authoritarian aggression, authoritarian submission, and conventionalism predict ageist attitudes. Participants living in the United States (n = 407) in 49 states and territories were recruited through this online national study and completed surveys of their ageist beliefs, epistemological style, social dominance orientation (SDO), and right-wing authoritarianism (RWA). RWA, SDO, and na...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - November 30, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Handgrip Strength Cut-Off Values for the Undernutrition Risk Screening among Elderly Men and Women in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Authors: Račić M, Pavlović J, Ivković N Abstract Objectives: To determine the optimal cut-off points of handgrip strength (HGS) to identify the undernutrition risk among individuals older than 65 years of age in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Towns of Sarajevo, Foca, Rogatica, and Pale in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Participants: 300 community-dwelling older adults and 146 nursing home residents. Comprehensive Geriatric multidimensional assessment (CGA) was carried out to evaluate general health, functional, and cognitive capabilities. Nutritional status and undernutriti...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - November 30, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Exercise Snacking to Improve Muscle Function in Healthy Older Adults: A Pilot Study.
Authors: Perkin OJ, McGuigan PM, Stokes KA Abstract Loss of muscle mass and strength are seemingly accepted as part of the ageing process, despite ultimately leading to the loss of independence. Resistance exercise is considered to be primary defence against loss of muscle function in older age, but it typically requires access to exercise equipment often in a gym environment. This pilot study aimed at examining the effect of a 28-day, unsupervised home-based exercise intervention on indices of leg strength and muscle size in healthy older adults. Twenty participants were randomly assigned to either maintain their ...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - November 8, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Cognitive and Functional Performance in Indigenous Older Adults of Nari ño, Colombia.
Conclusion: These results provide strong evidence about the complex relationships among demographics, medical conditions, and psychosocial factors and their influence on global cognition and functional performance in Colombian indigenous elderly population. PMID: 31662909 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - October 31, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Prevalence of Systemic Arterial Hypertension Diagnosed, Undiagnosed, and Uncontrolled in Elderly Population: SABE Study.
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of hypertension in the elderly and to analyze factors associated with diagnosed, undiagnosed, and uncontrolled hypertension. This is a cross-sectional study of data from the SABE study-Health, Well-Being, and Aging Survey-a multiple-cohort study, obtained in 2010, composed of a probabilistic sample representative of the population of the São Paulo city aged ≥60 years. Hypertension was self-reported or defined by increased blood pressure. Multinomial regression assessed factors associated with diagnosis and lack of diagnosis of hypertension (reference: no hyperten...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - October 2, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Twelve-Month Retention in and Impact of Enhance ®Fitness on Older Adults in Hawai'i.
Conclusions: Long-term participants in Enhance®Fitness initially improved and then maintained physical performance. Future research is needed to identify strategies to maintain enrollment of older adults in the exercise programs over time. PMID: 31565435 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - October 2, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Study of the Immune Response in the Elderly: Is It Necessary to Develop a Vaccine against Neisseria meningitidis for the Aged?
Authors: Trzewikoswki de Lima G, De Gaspari E Abstract Literature reports the association between aging and decline in the immune system function. The elderly have a higher risk of developing infectious diseases and are often less responsive to vaccines that are effective in the young. The case fatality rate of invasive meningococcal disease is higher in the elderly; therefore, vaccination for this population should be evaluated. Although new vaccines have been developed against Neisseria meningitidis, there is still a need to evaluate a vaccine for those older than 60 years, as the currently licensed vaccin...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - September 20, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Fall Risk Reduction Program Paired with a Transportation Program in an Underserved, Urban Minority Community: A Qualitative Evaluation.
This study sought to evaluate A Matter of Balance/Volunteer Lay Leaders (AMOB/VLL) fall prevention curriculum in combination with a "door-through-door" program: Coordinated Older-Adult Senior Transportation Services (COASTS) for older adults living in an urban, underserved community. AMOB/VLL participants were offered eight 2-hour classes as part of the training program. Focus groups were conducted with older adult participants, COASTS mobility facilitators, and AMOB/VLL master trainers. A thematic analysis was conducted, and primary themes relating to curriculum content, cultural relevancy, and outcomes were exa...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 31, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Reliability of a Test for Assessment of Isometric Trunk Muscle Strength in Elderly Women.
Conclusion: It is concluded that the test of maximum isometric strength of the trunk in healthy and trained elderly people presents high reliability. These values proved to be reliable if performed in at least two evaluation sessions, which confirms the hypothesis of the authors by the consistency of the measurement test. PMID: 31354997 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 31, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Exploring the Perspectives of Older People on the Concept of Home.
Discussion. For the participants in this study remaining at home enabled a sense of independence and freedom, self-worth and identity, comfort, and an ongoing active role in the community. However, some aspects of home could be renegotiated despite changes to living location, with new social connections able to be forged and personal comforts being transferrable. This holds important implications for supporting older persons to both sustain living at home and to adjust to changing circumstances, suggesting the importance of drawing on the experiences of older persons themselves in developing strategies to promote successfu...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 19, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Examining the Association between Life-Space Mobility and Cognitive Function in Older Adults: A Systematic Review.
Conclusion: This review examined the association between life-space mobility and cognitive function in older adults. The results suggest that a moderate relationship between life-space mobility and cognition exists, whether adjusted or unadjusted for covariates such as sociodemographics, mental health, functional capacity, and comorbidities. PMID: 31275650 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 7, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Rehabilitation for People Living with Dementia: A Scoping Review of Processes and Outcomes.
Conclusion: Person-centredness appears in most rehabilitation interventions for people living with dementia. Other processes and outcomes are heterogeneously described in the research literature. Rehabilitation programmes can be home-based or take place at a centre. Although not exclusive, the organisation of rehabilitation can be multidisciplinary. Fewer than half of the intervention studies measure the impact on activities of daily living and quality of life. Future guidelines must take into account the weak evidence regarding these aspects. PMID: 31275651 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 7, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Osteoarthritis, Exercise, and Tissue Engineering: A Stimulating Triad for Health Professionals.
Authors: Morouço P, Fernandes C, Santos-Rocha R Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease, promoted by abnormal chronic mechanical loading over the joint, for instance, due to excessive body mass. Patients frequently report pain, fatigue, and limitations in specific functional daily activities. Regarding the treatment of OA, two nonpharmacological options are available. However, it is not clear which type and intensity of exercise have better outcomes in treatment and how tissue engineering can be a promising field due to the mechanical load implants will suffer. The aims of this work were to in...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - June 15, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Evaluation of Person-Centredness in Rehabilitation for People Living with Dementia Is Needed: A Review of the Literature.
Conclusion: Evaluations of person-centred practice in rehabilitation for people living with dementia in peer-reviewed literature are lacking. Evaluations are needed to identify effective strategies to pursue and uphold person-centred care. Given the dearth of research on evaluations of person-centredness in rehabilitation, this article included research in person-centred dementia care in the discussion, which potentially can inspire practice and research of rehabilitation for people living with dementia. To understand the complex nature of person-centredness, a variety of research methodologies of qualitative and quantitat...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - June 15, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Effects of Subjective Memory Complaints (SMCs) and Social Capital on Self-Rated Health (SRH) in a Semirural Malaysian Population.
Authors: Yap KH, Mohan D, Stephan BCM, Warren N, Allotey P, Reidpath DD Abstract Subjective memory complaints (SMCs) and social capital were known to be related to self-rated health (SRH). Despite this, no studies have examined the potential interaction of SMC and social capital on SRH. Using data from a cross-sectional health survey of men and women aged 56 years and above (n = 6,421), we examined how SMCs and social capital explained SRH in a population of community-dwelling older adults in a semirural area in Malaysia. We also evaluated whether SRH's relationship with SMCs is moderated by so...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - May 18, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Inadequate Protein Intake at Specific Meals Is Associated with Higher Risk of Impaired Functionality in Middle to Older Aged Mexican Adults.
Authors: Gaytán-González A, Ocampo-Alfaro MJ, Arroniz-Rivera M, Torres-Naranjo F, González-Mendoza RG, Gil-Barreiro M, López-Taylor JR Abstract Purpose: To describe the proportions of inadequate protein intake (IPI) per day and per meal and their association with functionality in middle to older aged Mexican adults. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional design, we evaluated the protein intake and functionality of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and activities of daily living (ADL) of 190 middle to older aged Mexican adults. IPI was considered as any protein intake:
Source: Journal of Aging Research - May 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

The Swallowing Clinical Assessment Score in Parkinson's Disease (SCAS-PD) Is a Valid and Low-Cost Tool for Evaluation of Dysphagia: A Gold-Standard Comparison Study.
The objective of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of the SCAS-PD. Methods: SCAS-PD was applied to 31 patients with PD, and VFSS was conducted concurrently. This clinical assessment uses different volumes and viscosities to identify signs of swallowing impairments. For validation purposes, the interclass correlation coefficient and the weighted kappa were calculated. The AUC of the ROC curve, sensitivity, and specificity values for detection of penetration/aspiration (PA) were assessed. Internal consistency was calculated by Cronbach's alpha. Results: Fifty-one percent of patients were classifie...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - April 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Obesity, Physical Function, and Training Success in Community-Dwelling Nonsarcopenic Old Adults.
Authors: Geirsdottir OG, Chang M, Jonsson PV, Thorsdottir I, Ramel A Abstract Objectives: Obesity-related physiological changes can limit improvements of obese subjects after training. The aim was to investigate obesity, muscular strength, and physical function in community-dwelling nonsarcopenic old adults. Methods: Nonsarcopenic subjects (N=229, 73.7 ± 5.7 years; 21% normal weight, 42% overweight, and 37% obese based on body mass index (BMI)) participated in a 12-week resistance exercise program. Leisure time physical activity (LTPA), body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), q...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - March 26, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Morbidity and Mortality following Surgery for Hip Fractures in Elderly Patients.
Conclusions: The POSSUM system had high specificity for predicting survivors (97.3%) but failed to predict mortality (sensitivity = 5.6%). The major risks for 6-month mortality are intensive care unit admission and lack of ambulation. PMID: 30867965 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - March 16, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Acupuncture Treatment in Elderly People with Sarcopenia: Effects on the Strength and Inflammatory Mediators.
Authors: Soares Mendes Damasceno G, Teixeira THMM, de Souza VC, Neiva TS, Prudente Pereira K, Teles Landim MF, de Melo GF, Romão JFFE, Tolêdo Nóbrega O, de Azevedo Carvalho G Abstract Introduction: Sarcopenia is defined as the progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass, associated with aging. A multidisciplinary approach has been increasingly prioritized in elderly care. A technique that has been widely used by the seniors is acupuncture. Objectives: To analyse the effects of acupuncture in muscle strength and in inflammatory markers of older people with sarcopenia. Methods: The sample was...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - March 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Tomato Powder Modulates NF- κB, mTOR, and Nrf2 Pathways during Aging in Healthy Rats.
Tomato Powder Modulates NF-κB, mTOR, and Nrf2 Pathways during Aging in Healthy Rats. J Aging Res. 2019;2019:1643243 Authors: Sahin K, Orhan C, Tuzcu M, Tastan H, Bilir B, Sahin N, Oner DA, Kucuk O Abstract Purpose: In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of tomato powder (TP) on glucose and lipid metabolism, as well as oxidative stress and the NF-κB, mTOR, and Nrf2 pathways during the aging process in healthy rats. Methods and Results: Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to four groups as follows: (i) Control group 1 (n=15, 3-week old): rats were fed standard diet ...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - February 7, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Relating Sensory, Cognitive, and Neural Factors to Older Persons' Perceptions about Happiness: An Exploratory Study.
Authors: Horne AJ, Chiew KS, Zhuang J, George LK, Adcock RA, Potter GG, Lad EM, Cousins SW, Lin FR, Mamo SK, Chen NK, Maciejewski AJ, Duong Fernandez X, Whitson HE Abstract Despite increased rates of disease, disability, and social losses with aging, seniors consistently report higher levels of subjective well-being (SWB), a construct closely related to happiness, than younger adults. In this exploratory study, we utilized an available dataset to investigate how aspects of health commonly deteriorating with age, including sensory (i.e., vision and hearing) and cognitive status, relate to variability in self-describ...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - January 18, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Caregivers' Experience of Decision-Making regarding Diagnostic Assessment following Cognitive Screening of Older Adults.
The objective of this study was to explore the caregivers' decision-making process regarding uptake of diagnostic assessment following positive screening results. A qualitative design was employed, and interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to analyze the data. Three major themes in caregiver decision-making were identified: gathering information, protecting the patient, and balancing obligation and convenience in caregiving. These findings suggest that the decision-making process involved effort to process information through observations of the patient and that caregivers emphasized quality of life. PMID: ...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - January 12, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Positive Mental Attitude Associated with Lower 35-Year Mortality: The Leisure World Cohort Study.
Conclusions: Our study suggests that persons with negative attitude have an increased risk of death even after many years of follow-up. Research into strategies to improve mental outlook may help improve the quantity as well as the quality of life. PMID: 30595919 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - January 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Perspectives of Older Adults on Aging Well: A Focus Group Study.
Conclusion: This study contributes to get a better insight concerning older adults' perspectives on aging well. Enhancing physically active lifestyle, participation in social and leisure activities, healthy eating habits, having a purpose in life, and being intellectually engaged are all contributing factors to aging well. Vital factors are to be considered in developing strategic health and rehabilitative plans for promoting aging well among older adults. PMID: 30533224 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - December 14, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Effects of Resistance Training on Immunoinflammatory Response, TNF-Alpha Gene Expression, and Body Composition in Elderly Women.
Authors: Macêdo Santiago LÂ, Neto LGL, Borges Pereira G, Leite RD, Mostarda CT, de Oliveira Brito Monzani J, Sousa WR, Rodrigues Pinheiro AJM, Navarro F Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the effects of resistance training on the immunologic response, body composition, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene expression obtained from blood leukocytes, and the cytokines interleukin-6, TNF-alpha, and C-reactive protein (CRP), in the elderly women (mean age 63 ± 2 y). A randomized controlled trial was performed using a bi-set training method for eight weeks in n...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - December 6, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Evaluation of Potential Drug-Drug Interactions with Medications Prescribed to Geriatric Patients in a Tertiary Care Hospital.
Conclusion: A significant number of potential drug-drug interactions were seen in the prescriptions of elderly patients. Increasing age and polypharmacy were identified as the predictors of potential drug interactions. PMID: 30402286 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - November 9, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Sleep Environment and Insomnia in Elderly Persons Living at Home.
Authors: Desaulniers J, Desjardins S, Lapierre S, Desgagné A Abstract The aim of this study was to draw a portrait of the sleep environment of elderly persons living in private households and to determine its relationship with the presence of insomnia. A sample of 599 individuals aged 70 years and older responded to questions about the comfort of their pillow and mattress and the noise level and brightness of their bedroom at night and in the morning. They were also asked whether or not they shared their bed or bedroom with a sleep partner. The Insomnia Severity Index was used to assess insomnia severity. Ov...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - October 28, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Age-Dependent Loss of Mitochondrial Function in Epithelial Tissue Can Be Reversed by Coenzyme Q10.
In conclusion, an age-related decrease in mitochondrial respiration and ATP production was confirmed. Likewise, an increase in the respiratory parameters by the addition of coenzyme Q10 could also be shown. The fact that there is a significant effect of administered coenzyme Q10 on the respiratory parameters leads to the assumption that this is mainly caused by an increase in the electron transport chain. This method offers the possibility of testing age-dependent effects of various substances and their influence on the mitochondrial respiration parameters in human epithelial tissue. PMID: 30254763 [PubMed] (Source: Jo...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - September 28, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Patient-Reported and Performance Outcomes Significantly Improved in Elderly Patients with Vestibular Impairment following Rehabilitation: A Retrospective Study.
Conclusion: The functional outcome measures reported, including TUG, gait speed, and DHI, reflect statistically significant improvements in elderly patients after vestibular rehabilitation; the DHI improvements are clinically relevant. PMID: 30225142 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - September 20, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Participant Perspectives of Cognitive Rehabilitation for Type 2 Diabetes: Expectations and Impact.
Conclusions: While the participants did not initially tie their cognitive complaints to diabetes, they were able to show how and why they might use cognitive strategies to improve diabetes self-management activities. By adapting those strategies for diabetes, quality of life can improve as well as potentially glycemic control. PMID: 30210872 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - September 15, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in Subjects with Subclinical Cerebral White Matter Lesions.
Conclusions: WML is associated with age and is common in the elderly population. Mild WML is subclinical, with no obvious neurological and urinary symptoms. Our cohort did not demonstrate a relationship between WML and lower urinary tract symptoms. PMID: 30155303 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - August 30, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Diagnosis and Prognosis of Prostate Cancer from Circulating Matrix Metalloproteinases and Inhibitors.
Authors: El-Chaer WK, Moraes CF, Nóbrega OT Abstract Although prostate cancer (PCa) is the sixth most common type of neoplasm in the world and the second in prevalence among men (10% of all cases), there is shortage of studies focused on primary prevention of the disorder as well as little understanding on its pathophysiology. Currently, the PCa screening tools are the prostate specific antigen (PSA) dosage conjugated to rectal examination and confirmed by prostate biopsy. Despite the name, the PSA presents reduced specificity, being necessary the identification of new biomarkers that allow an earlier and mo...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - August 21, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Hypertension, Sarcopenia, and Global Cognitive Function in Community-Dwelling Older Women: A Preliminary Study.
In conclusion, data of the current study indicate that the sarcopenic state might interfere in the association among hypertension and poor cognitive status, once a higher frequency of hypertensive patients with low lower limb muscle function (i.e., SPPB and sit-to-stand) and muscle mass index (i.e., Janssen index) was observed in the
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 31, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Matrix Metalloproteinase-1 Gene Polymorphism Associated with Ultrasound-Assessed Carotid Thickness among Older Adults.
Conclusion: Carriers of the allele associated with lower MMP1 expression (allele A) presented greater carotid thickness. We suggest that the phenomenon can be explained by impaired remodeling of the arterial wall (poor degradation of collagen fibers in this scenario), yielding carotid wall thickening and a greater intrinsic risk for cerebrovascular events. PMID: 30034880 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 25, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Activation, Inhibition, or Something Else: An Exploratory Study on Response Priming Using Moving Dots as Primes in Middle-Aged and Old Adults.
Authors: Bermeitinger C, Kappes C Abstract Response priming refers to the finding that a prime stimulus preceding a target stimulus influences the response to the following target stimulus. With young subjects, using moving dot stimuli as primes indicated faster responses to compatible targets (i.e., prime and target are associated with the same response) with short stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs). In contrast, with longer SOAs, participants responded faster to incompatible targets. In the present study, we extended the evidence by comparing middle-aged (50-65 years) and old (66-87 years) adults. With two differ...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 20, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Correlates of Falls among Community-Dwelling Elderly in Thailand.
This study examines demographic, health, and environmental correlates of falling among community-dwelling Thai elderly. Data were collected from a sample of 406 adults aged 60-69. Significant (p
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 13, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Effects of Strength Training on Muscle Properties, Physical Function, and Physical Activity among Frail Older People: A Pilot Study.
Authors: Saeterbakken AH, Bårdstu HB, Brudeseth A, Andersen V Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the effects of a 10-week strength training intervention on isometric strength, rate of force development (RFD), physical function (stair climbing, rising from a chair, and preferred and maximal walking speed), and physical activity among frail elderly people receiving home-care services. Thirty participants were randomly assigned (by sex) to a control group (CON) or a strength training group (ST) performing a supervised training programme using elastic bands, box-lifting, and body weight exercises twi...
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 11, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research

Feasibility and Safety of Perilla Seed Oil as an Additional Antioxidative Therapy in Patients with Mild to Moderate Dementia.
In conclusion, perilla seed oil was feasible and safe to add on with standard treatment in patients with mild to moderate dementia. Further study is needed to confirm its benefit to use as additional antioxidative therapy in patients with dementia. PMID: 29973990 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Aging Research)
Source: Journal of Aging Research - July 7, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Res Source Type: research