Associations Between Sedentary Behavior, Physical Activity, and Out-of-Pocket Health Care Expenditure: Evidence From Chinese Older Adults.
This study examined the associations between sedentary behavior, physical activity, and health care expenditures among Chinese older adults. METHOD: We conducted a survey on 4,165 older men and women living in major cities in China. Sedentary behavior and physical activity were measured by the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) questionnaire. Healthcare costs were assessed by self-reported out-of-pocket health care expenditures across outpatient care, inpatient care, medication, and formal caregiver expenses. RESULTS: Sedentary behavior was associated with an increase in annual out-of-pocket health care...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - June 13, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Inter-day Reliability of the IDEEA Activity Monitor for Measuring Movement and Non-Movement Behaviors in Older Adults.
Authors: de la Cámara MÁ, Higueras-Fresnillo S, Martinez-Gomez D, Veiga OL Abstract The inter-day reliability of the Intelligent Device for Energy Expenditure and Activity (IDEEA) has not been studied to date. The study purpose was to examine the inter-day variability and reliability on two consecutive days collected with the IDEEA, as well as to predict the number of days needed to provide a reliable estimate of several movement (walking and climbing stairs) and non-movement behaviors (lying, reclining, sitting) and standing in older adults. The sample included 126 older adults (74 women) who wore th...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 30, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Cross-Sectional and Prospective Relationship Between Low-to-Moderate-Intensity Physical Activity and Chronic Diseases in Older Adults From 13 European Countries.
CONCLUSION: Engaging in LMPA is associated with reduced risk for chronic diseases in European older men and women. Even the practice of LMPA once a week seems to be enough to diminish the risk of having chronic diseases. PMID: 29809087 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 30, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Melatonin Affects Postural Control in Community-Dwelling Older Adults While Dual-Tasking: A Randomized Observation Study.
Authors: Lui MFG, Chow HKD, Wong WMK, Tsang WNW Abstract The effects of a single 3mg dose of melatonin on the postural control and cognitive performance of community-dwelling older adults were documented. The testing involved stepping down while performing a cognitive task (a Stroop test). Thirty-four older adults were recruited. Immediately before and one hour after taking a dose of melatonin, they completed a single-leg standing task after stepping down with and without a simultaneous Stroop test, and a double-leg standing task. The findings indicated a statistically significant increase in sway area under the du...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 30, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Effects of Age, Power Output, and Cadence on Energy Cost and Lower Limb Antagonist Muscle Co-Activation during Cycling.
Authors: Buddhadev HH, Martin PE Abstract It is unknown if higher antagonist muscle co-activation is a factor contributing to higher energy cost of cycling in older adults. We determined how age, power output, and cadence affect metabolic cost and lower extremity antagonist muscle co-activation during submaximal cycling. Thirteen young and 12 older male cyclists completed 6-minute trials at four power output-cadence conditions (75W-60rpm, 75W-90rpm, 125W-60rpm, and 125W-90rpm) while electromyography (EMG) and oxygen consumption were measured. Knee and ankle co-activation indices were calculated using vastus lateral...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 30, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Age-Related Changes in Achilles Tendon Stiffness and Impact on Functional Activities: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Delabastita T, Bogaerts S, Vanwanseele B Abstract Achilles tendon stiffness determines calf muscle functioning during functional activities. However, contrasting evidence was found in studies comparing Achilles tendon stiffness in older and younger adults. Therefore, this systematic review compares Achilles tendon stiffness and elastic modulus in older and younger adults and reviews functional implications. Studies revealed by systematic bibliographic searches were included if healthy older adults were investigated and if Achilles tendon stiffness was measured using ultrasound and dynamometry. Meta-analyse...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 4, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

A Life Course Examination of Women's Team Sport Participation in Late Adulthood.
This study contributes to the fields of aging and physical activity by applying the key principles of the life course perspective to investigate women's team sport participation experience in late adulthood. Through focus groups, data were collected from six competitive softball teams of women (N=64) ranging from 55 to 79 years old. Data were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed for themes related to the life course principles of historical context and place, social embeddedness, agency, as well as trajectories and timing. A key study finding was that the women experienced cultural lag and age-related barrier...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 4, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Kilocalorie Expenditure and All-Cause Mortality in Older Male Veterans and Non-Veterans.
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of self-reported leisure-time physical activity, converted to kilocalorie expenditure and expressed as average daily expenditure, on all-cause mortality among older males 65 years of age and older in the (SOUTH). Mean age of participants was 75.4 years. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models evaluated the predictors of overall survival. Kilocalorie expenditure (p = 0.01), black race (p = 0.02), young age (p
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 4, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of 8-item Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale in Chinese Population.
This study examined the psychometric properties of the 8-item Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES) in Hong Kong older adults. Study 1 assessed the scale's factor validity and test-retest reliability, whereas Study 2 examined its convergent validity in Hong Kong older adults. A total of 168 (Study 1) older adults completed the PACES twice over a 2-week interval, and 57 (Study 2) older adults completed both the 8-item PACES and a measure of quality of life. The results of both studies showed that the 8-item PACES had a high degree of internal consistency. Both the composite reliability and average variance extracted of ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 4, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Exploring the Mediating role Of Social Support and Fall Efficacy on the Association of Falls on Physical Activity: A Cross-Sectional Study in an Assisted-Living Population.
We examined the relationship between falls and the Social-Support-Questionnaire, the Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale, and physical activity simultaneously in 81 older adults (66-94 years) using structural equation modeling (SEM). The SEM model revealed that being older was associated with lower falls efficacy and a higher number of falls. Similarly, a higher number of falls was related to lower social support, and higher falls efficacy to a higher number of steps per day. The development of a SEM illustrating the mediating effects of social support and falls efficacy on the relationship between falls and physi...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - March 17, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Psychological Connection to Pickleball: Assessing Motives and Participation in Older Adults.
Authors: Casper JM, Jeon JH Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine psychological connection to the sport of pickleball by investigating active older adults (55 years and older) in relation to behavioral involvement and motives for participation. Data were collected via an online survey of a representative sample of active pickleball players in North Carolina (N = 690). The Psychological Continuum Model (PCM: Funk, 2008) categorized players into four distinct connection levels of Awareness, Attraction, Attachment, and Allegiance. Participants on each PCM level were analyzed based on playing length, play f...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - March 17, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Physical Activity Level and Risk of Falling in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Soares WJS, Lopes AD, Nogueira E, Candido V, Moraes SA, Perracini MR Abstract This systematic review examines the association between physical activity (PA) level and risk of falling in community-dwelling older adults. A search of PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, Sport Discus, and Web of Science was performed in January 2017. Four prospective cohort studies investigating the incidence of falls in a period of at least 12 months and its association with the level of PA in people 60-plus years old were reviewed and pooled for meta-analysis. The pooled risk ratio for being a recurrent faller (2,420 participants) was 39...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - March 17, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

The Effects of Poi on Physical and Cognitive Function in Healthy Older Adults.
This study investigated the effects of poi (a weight on the end of a cord which is swung in circular patterns around the body) compared to Tai Chi on physical and cognitive function in healthy older adults. Seventy-nine participants (60 - 86 years) were randomly allocated to the poi or Tai Chi group. Physical and cognitive function were measured one month before, immediately before, immediately after, and one month after the intervention (2 lessons a week for 4 weeks). Immediately post intervention both groups improved postural stability, upper limb strength, and simple attention. Tai Chi also improved systolic blood press...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - March 17, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Age Does Not Attenuate Maximal Velocity Adaptations in the Ipsilateral and Contralateral Limbs During Unilateral Resistance Training.
This study examined the effects of unilateral resistance training (RT) on maximal velocity parameters in the ipsilateral and contralateral legs in young and older males. Young (n = 22; age = 21.55 ± 2.23 yrs) and older (n = 20; age = 65.10 ± 9.65 yrs) males were assigned to training or control groups. Unilateral isokinetic RT of the knee extensors was performed for 4 weeks. Peak velocity (PV) and acceleration were identified during a dynamic maximal voluntary contraction before, at week 2, and after week 4 (POST) of RT. Age independent increases in PV (1.5%) and acceleration (4.5%) were demonstrated at POST f...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - March 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Physical Activity in Relation to Sleep Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in China.
Authors: Li J, Yang B, Varrasse M, Ji X, Wu M, Li M, Li K Abstract This cross-sectional study was conducted to describe physical activity and sleep in 290 community-dwelling Chinese older adults and to examine the association between physical activity and poor sleep outcomes. Almost half of the sample were poor sleepers. The majority of the sample regularly participated in walking, some household activity and light sports; yet, only a small portion were involved in work-related activity or in strenuous sports. A greater level of overall physical activity [Odds Ratio (OR) =0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) = (0.73,...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - March 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Feasibility of an Outdoor Mindful Walking Program for Reducing Negative Affect in Older Adults.
This study evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, sustainability, and preliminary efficacy of a mindful walking program for reducing negative affect in older adults. Community-dwelling older adults (n = 29) completed a one-month, outdoor mindful walking program distributed across eight 30-minute sessions. Responses from the post-program and the follow-up questionnaires revealed that mindful walking was well-accepted, highly-valued, and maintained after the program ended. Analysis from the pre-walk and post-walk surveys also suggested the preliminary efficacy of mindful walking program for reducing negative affect. Posit...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - March 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Effects of Corrective Training on Drop Landing Ground Reaction Force Characteristics and Lower Limb Kinematics in Older Adults With Genu Valgus: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Authors: Jafarnezhadgero A, Madadi-Shad M, McCrum C, Karamanidis K Abstract The aim of this study was to identify the effects of a corrective exercise program on landing ground reaction force characteristics and lower limb kinematics in older adults with genu valgus. Twenty six older male adults with genu valgus were randomized into two groups. An experimental group conducted a 14- week corrective exercise program, while a control group did not perform any exercise. The experimental group displayed lower peak vertical, peak anterior and posterior, and peak medial ground reaction force components during the post-tes...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - March 1, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Self-Paced Cycling Improves Cognition on Institutionalized Older Adults Without Known Cognitive Impairment: A 15-Month Randomized Controlled Trial.
This study aimed at identifying the effects of self-paced cycling on the cognitive and functional status and fall risk on institutionalized older adults without cognitive impairment. Thirty-nine individuals were randomly assigned to an exercise (EG) or to a control (CG) group. The EG participants cycled at their self-selected intensity at least for 15 minutes daily during 15 months. The CG participants performed recreational activities. The Mini-Mental State Examination, Fuld Object Memory Evaluation, and Symbol Digit Modality Test were used for cognitive assessments. The Katz Index, the Timed Up & Go Test and the Worl...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - February 14, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Four Square Step Test With Foam is More Accurate Than Those Without Foam for Discriminating Between Older Adults With and Without Fall History.
CONCLUSION: FSST+foam could be used as an alternative assessment for discriminating between adults, faller and non-faller older adults. PMID: 29431557 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - February 14, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Effects of Resistance Training of Peripheral Muscles versus Respiratory Muscles in Institutionalized Older Adults with Sarcopenia: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
This study compares the effects of two resistance training programs in peripheral and respiratory musculature on muscle mass and strength and physical performance, and identify the appropriate muscle mass parameter for assessing the intervention effects. Thirty-seven institutionalized older Spanish adults with sarcopenia were analyzed: Control Group (n=17), Respiratory Muscle Training Group (n=9) and Peripheral Muscle Training Group (n=11). Pre and post-intervention, participants were assessed for Appendicular Skeletal Mass (ASM/height2; ASM/weight; ASM/BMI), isometric knee-extension, arm-flexion and handgrip strength, Ins...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - February 14, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

World Records in Half-Marathon Running by Sex and Age.
This study investigated the relationship between half-marathon race times and age in 1-year intervals by using the world singe age records in half-marathon running and the sex difference in performance from 5-91 years in men and 5-93 years in women. We found a 4th order-polynomial relationship between age and race time for both women and men. Women achieve their best half-marathon race time earlier in life than men, 23.89 years compared with 28.13, but when using a non-linear regression analysis, the age of the fastest race time does not differ between men and women with 26.62 years in women and 26.80 years in men. Moreove...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - February 14, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Physical Activity in Advanced Age: Physical Activity, Function, and Mortality in Advanced Age: A Longitudinal Follow Up (LiLACS NZ).
Authors: Mace Firebaugh C, Moyes S, Jatrana S, Rolleston A, Kerse N Abstract The relationship between physical activity, function, and mortality is not established in advanced age. Physical activity, function, and mortality were followed in a cohort of Māori and non-Māori adults living in advanced age for a period of six years. Generalised Linear regression models were used to analyse the association between physical activity and NEADL while Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and Cox-proportional hazard models were used to assess the association between the physical activity and mortality. The Hazard Ratio for morta...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - January 20, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

"I just roll over, pick myself up, and carry on!" Exploring the Fall-Risk Experience of Canadian Masters Athletes.
DISCUSSION: Findings indicate that masters athletes accept the risk for falls and injuries in sport, find ways to adapt, and continue to compete because it is self-fulfilling. Sharing their experiences might inspire other older adults to get active as a rewarding means of remaining independent. PMID: 29345519 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - January 20, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Correlates of Physical Activity Among Middle-aged and Older Adults with Hazardous Drinking Habits in Six Low- and Middle-Income Countries.
Authors: Vancampfort D, Stubbs B, Hallgren M, Lundin A, Mugisha J, Koyanagi A Abstract We investigated physical activity (PA) correlates among middle-aged and older adults (aged ≥50 years) with hazardous drinking patterns in six low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs). Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health. Hazardous drinking was defined as consuming>7 (females) or>14 (males) standard drinks per week. Participants were dichotomized into low (i.e. not meeting 150 minutes of moderate PA / week) and moderate-to-high physically active gr...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - January 20, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Differential Gait Patterns by Falls History and knee pain status in Healthy Older Adults: Results From the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging.
Authors: Ko SU, Jerome GJ, Simonsick EM, Studenski S, Ferrucci L Abstract Consideration of knee pain can be crucial for identifying fall-related gait patterns. Gait parameters while walking at usual speed were examined in persons with different falls and knee pain status. Study participants were 439 adults aged 60 to 92 years. Persons with a falls history had a wider stride width (p = 0.036) and longer double support time (p = 0.034) than non-fallers. In the absence of knee pain, fallers had longer double support time than non-fallers (p = 0.012), but no differences in double support time by fall history was observ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - January 20, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Daily Bicycling in Older Adults May Be Effective to Reduce Fall Risks - A Case Control Study.
Authors: Batcir S, Melzer I Abstract Older adults gain many health benefits from riding bicycles regularly. We aimed to explore whether older persons who ride bicycles regularly have better balance than controls. Balance control and voluntary stepping were assessed in 20 older adults aged 65 to 85 who live in an agricultural community village who regularly ride bicycles (BR), and 30 age- and gender-matched non-bicycle riders (NBR). Self-reported function and fear of fall were also assessed. Bicycle riders showed significantly better balance, faster voluntary stepping, and better self-reported advanced lower extremi...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - January 20, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Physical Activity and Sitting Time are Specifically Associated With Multiple Chronic Diseases and Medicine Intake in Brazilian Older Adults.
Authors: Ribeiro AS, Pereira LC, Silva DRP, Dos Santos L, Schoenfeld BJ, Teixeira DC, Cyrino ES, Guedes DP Abstract The purpose of the study was to clarify the independent association between sedentary behavior and physical activity with multiple chronic diseases and medicine intake in older individuals. Sedentary behavior and physical activity were measured by questionnaires. Diseases and medication use were self-reported. Poisson's regression was adopted for main analysis, through crude and adjusted prevalence ratio and confidence interval of 95%. For men, sedentary time>4 h/d presented a 76% higher prevalence...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - January 20, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

'Shall We Dance'? Older Adults' Perspectives on the Feasibility of a Dance Intervention for Cognitive Function.
Authors: Thøgersen-Ntoumani C, Papathomas A, Foster J, Quested E, Ntoumanis N Abstract We explored perceptions of social dance as a possible intervention to improve cognitive functioning in older adults with subjective memory complaints. Thirty participants (19 female; M age = 72.6; SD=8.2) took part in the study. This included 21 participants who had self-reported subjective memory complaints and 9 spouses who noticed spousal memory loss. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and thematic analysis was used to analyze the data. Three main themes were constructed: 1) dance seen as a means of promoting soc...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 30, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Dietary and Physical Activity Outcomes Determine Energy Balance in U.S. Adults Aged 50-74.
This study identified which energy expenditure (EE) and dietary intake outcomes determine EE from doubly-labeled water (DLW) in U.S. older adults (n=681; 45.9% male; mean age 63.2). A secondary data analysis using baseline data from The Interactive Diet and Activity Tracking in AARP (IDATA) study was conducted. Stepwise linear regressions identified predictor outcomes of EE from DLW within sexes. Outcomes included data from ActiGraph accelerometers, Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors (CHAMPS) self-report activity questionnaire, Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall, Dietary History Question...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 30, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Physical Activity Preferences among Older Adults: A Systematic Review.
The objective of this study was to identify preferences for physical activity among adults aged 65 years and over. A systematic review was conducted. A search strategy without language and date restriction (up until March 31st, 2017) was developed for PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ERIC, and SPORTDiscus. Study selection and data extraction were performed independently by two reviewers. A total of 21 independent primary studies were included in the systematic review. Irrespective of the methodologies used and samples, a majority of older adults prefer to walk and engage in physical activity continuously for about 30 minutes. The...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 30, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Acting One's Age in Physical Exercise: Do Perceived Age Norms Explain Autonomous Motivation among Older Adults?
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that SIA and SDT can be meaningfully integrated. PMID: 29252069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 20, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Older Adults' Needs and Preferences for Open Space and Physical Activity In and Near Parks: A Systematic Review.
This study conducted a systematic review on older adults, open space, and physical activity to identify their needs and preferences in and near parks. We identified 48 peer-reviewed journal articles. All articles focused on older adults but not necessarily exclusively. Most studies were descriptive and correlational. Findings suggest that older adults have specific open space and physical activity needs in and near parks that partly overlap with younger people. Framed by the biopsychosocial framework, open space and physical activity in and near parks can benefit older adults' physical health and psychologically well-being...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 20, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Sedentary Behaviour in Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis Before and After Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSION: Currently there is insufficient evidence which suggests that SB time improves following TKA. Detailed assessments of SB after TKA are needed. PMID: 29252080 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 20, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

The Mediating Effects of Resilience, Morale, and Sense of Coherence Between Physical Activity and Perceived Physical/Mental Health Among Japanese Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Authors: Kukihara H, Yamawaki N, Ando M, Tamura Y, Arita K, Nakashima E Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the mediating effects of resilience, morale, and sense of coherence (SOC) on the relationship between physical activity and respondents' perceived physical/mental health and depression among community-dwelling older adults in Japan. There were a total of 369 participants with an average age of 74 from Kasuishimohara District in Fukuoka prefecture, Japan. They completed a survey that included the Resilience Scale, the Sense of Coherence Scale, the Medical Outcomes Short Form 8, Philadelphia Geriatric...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 20, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Associations Between Bicycling and Fall Related Physical Performance in Older Adults.
Authors: Harvey S, Rissel C, Pijnappels M Abstract Falls among older adults remains a significant public health issue. Bicycling positively influences falls risk factors including reduced balance, muscle weakness, and low self-perceived confidence in maintaining balance. However, this association has not been systematically examined. We recruited 107 community-dwelling participants aged 65 and over in the Netherlands to determine the relationship between bicycling and fall risk factors. Participants completed 3 questionnaires on cycling behaviour and balance confidence, and undertook 5 fall related physical perform...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - November 30, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Modified Social Environment Questionnaire (SEQ-C) in Chinese Older Adults.
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the 24-item Social Environment Questionnaire (SEQ-C) (Clark & Scott, 2013). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to examine the factor validity and measurement invariance (MI) (purpose 1) of the SEQ-C in 453 older adults in Hong Kong. Convergent validity (purpose 2) and test-retest reliability (purpose 3) were also measured. The results of the CFA and MI supported the four-factor structure (representing companionship, encouragement, neighborhood social cohesion, and role models) of the SEQ-C, in a 15-item model that closely fitted the data....
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - November 30, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Effects of Single Set Resistance Training With Different Frequencies on a Cellular Health Indicator in Older Women.
Authors: Ribeiro AS, Nascimento MA, Schoenfeld BJ, Nunes JP, Aguiar AF, Cavalcante EF, Silva AM, Sardinha LB, Fleck SJ, Cyrino ES Abstract The main purpose of this study was compare the effects of resistance training (RT) performed two versus three times per week on phase angle (a cellular health indicator) in older women. Thirty-nine women (69.1±5.5 years) were randomly assigned to perform a RT program two (G2X) or three (G3X) days per week for 12 weeks. The RT was a whole-body program (8 exercises, 1 set, 10-15 repetitions). Phase angle, resistance, reactance, and total body water were assessed by bioimped...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - November 30, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Conflating Time and Energy: Views from Older Adults in Lower Socioeconomic Status Areas on Physical Activity.
Authors: Devereux-Fitzgerald A, Powell R, French DP Abstract Perceptions of time and energy and their role in physical activity engagement were examined in older adults living in lower SES areas. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 participants aged 67-94 years. A thematic framework analysis identified four themes: Time is Energy (older adults conflate time and energy in relation to physical activity); Reduced Day (engaging in activities outside a certain timeframe is deemed unacceptable); Being Given Enough Time (need for time to socialise and go at own pace); and Seasonal Impact (seasonal difference...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - November 17, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

A Typology of Factors Influencing Seniors' Participation in Strength Training in Gyms and Fitness Centers.
Authors: Pettigrew S, Burton E, Farrier K, Hill AM, Bainbridge L, Lewin G, Lewin P, Hill K Abstract Older people are less likely to engage in strength training than their younger counterparts, despite the substantial benefits of this form of exercise for preventing and addressing age-related physical decline. In many countries, strength training programs are available for older people, yet are undersubscribed. The aim of the present study was to identify the factors influencing older people's participation in strength training at gyms and fitness centers to provide insights into potentially effective recruitment an...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - November 3, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Factors Associated With the Setting of Function-Related Goals Among Community-Dwelling Older People.
This study aimed to summarise the function-related goals set by older people and to explore gender differences in goal selection, and associations between balance-related goals and fall history, self-rated balance and fear of falling. We included community-dwelling people aged 60+ participating in two randomised controlled trials. Participants nominated two function-related goals, which were summarised into components of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Chi-square analyses were used to explore associations between goal types and participant characteristics. Goals related to recr...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - November 3, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

The Longitudinal Association Between Age Identity and Physical Functioning Among Urban Chinese Older Adults.
This study provides new cross-cultural and longitudinal evidence of the protective function of youthful age identity in later life. PMID: 29091521 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - November 3, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Comparing Class-based and Home-based Exercise for Older Adults with Chronic Health Conditions: 12-month Follow-up of a Randomized Clinical Trial.
Authors: Fisher KL, Reeder BA, Harrison EL, Bruner BG, Ashworth NL, Pahwa P, Sari N, Sheppard MS, Shields CA, Chad KE Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess the maintenance of physical activity (PA) and health gains among participants in a class-based (CB) or home-based (HB) PA intervention over a 12-month study period. METHODS: 172 adults over age 50 were randomly allocated to either a CB or HB intervention, each involving an intensive 3-month phase with 9 months follow-up. Measures at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months included: self-reported PA and health, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), blood pressure, ca...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - November 3, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Systemic IL-6 and Myoglobin Response to Three Different Resistance Exercise Intensities in Older Men.
Authors: Cornish SM, Chase JE, Bugera EM, Giesbrecht GG Abstract The purpose of this research was to identify if three different intensities of resistance exercise would acutely and differentially effect the systemic release of IL-6 and myoglobin in older men (≥65 years). Eleven older men performed isovolume resistance exercise on six different apparatus at three different intensities (144 reps at 60%, 120 reps at 72% and 108 reps at 80% of 1-repetition maximum), with intensity order randomly allocated, to determine the systemic release of IL-6 and myoglobin in the blood. Blood samples were collected at 6 time p...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - November 3, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

The association of sitting time with sarcopenia status and physical performance at baseline and 18-month follow up in the residential aged care setting.
This study investigated the association of sitting time with sarcopenia and physical performance in Residential Aged Care (RAC) residents at baseline and 18-month follow-up. Measures included the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (sitting time), European Working Group definition of sarcopenia, and the Short Physical Performance Battery (physical performance). Logistic regression and linear regression analyses were used to investigate associations. For each hour of sitting the unadjusted odds ratio of sarcopenia was 1.16 (0.98 - 1.37). Linear regression showed that each hour of sitting was significantly associat...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 18, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Text Messages Promoting Mental Imagery Increase Self-Reported Physical Activity in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Study.
CONCLUSION: Electronic messages were effective at increasing minutes of APA. PMID: 29032698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 18, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Relationship Between Muscle Strength Asymmetry and Body Sway in Older Adults.
Authors: Koda H, Kai Y, Murata S, Osugi H, Anami K, Fukumoto T, Imagita H Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between muscle strength asymmetry and body sway while walking. We studied sixty-three older adult women. Strong side and weak side of knee extension strength, toe grip strength, hand grip strength, and body sway while walking were measured. The relationship between muscle strength asymmetry for each muscle and body sway while walking was evaluated using Pearson's correlation coefficient. Regarding the muscles recognized to have significant correlation with body sway, the a...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 18, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Curling for Confidence: Psychophysical Benefits of Curling for Older Adults.
Authors: Stone RC, Rakhamilova Z, Gage WH, Baker J Abstract While physical activity is increasingly promoted for older adults, there is a paucity of sport promotion, which has distinct benefits from exercise and remains stereotypically associated with younger age. Curling is a moderately intense and safe sport that continues to gain popularity; however, no research has investigated psychophysical benefits of curling for older adults. The present study compares high-experience (20+ years; n=63) and low-experience (
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 28, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Gait Coordination Deteriorates in Independent Old-Old Adults.
This study explicitly shows that bilateral coordination of walking modified by gait speed, and deteriorates only at a very old age. PMID: 28952849 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 28, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Increasing Public Access to Sports Venues to Promote Physical Activity Among Older Adults in China.
Authors: Gao W, Cao KQ PMID: 28952851 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 28, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Variability in Individual Response to Aerobic Exercise Interventions Among Older Adults.
Authors: Whipple MO, Schorr EN, Talley KMC, Lindquist R, Bronas UG, Treat-Jacobson D Abstract Although a plethora of evidence supports the benefits of exercise among older adults, a majority of studies have emphasized group differences, while giving little, if any, attention to individual differences. Given the lack of data on variability in response, the present review examined how nonresponse to aerobic exercise has been defined in older adult populations and characteristics associated with nonresponse among older adults. The results of this review suggest that inter-individual variability in response of maximal ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 28, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research