Self-Efficacy for Physical Activity-A Question of Item Framing and Age?
This study examined whether older adults compared with younger adults also respond differently to positively and negatively framed questionnaire items. Participants (N = 275; age = 18-81 years) were randomly assigned to a positively or negatively framed version of a self-efficacy for physical activity questionnaire. Self-efficacy, physical activity intentions, and planned physical activity in the following week were regressed on experimental group and age, controlling for baseline physical activity and covariates. A significant Age × Frame interaction showed that item framing made a difference in planned physical act...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - November 14, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Meeting Physical Activity Guidelines by Walking in Older Adults From Three Middle-Income Countries: A Cross-Sectional Analysis From the International Mobility in Aging Study.
Authors: Davis CMA, Sentell TL, de Souza Barbosa JF, Ylli A, Curcio CL, Pirkle CM Abstract Physical activity (PA) among older adults is understudied in middle-income countries. The authors examined the associations of factors across levels of the social ecological model (individual, interpersonal, organizational, and community) with older adults meeting guidelines of 150 min of moderate- to vigorous-intensity PA per week through walking in three middle-income countries: Albania (n = 387), Colombia (n = 404), and Brazil (n = 402). Using 2012 International Mobility in Aging Study data, multivariate logistic regr...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - November 14, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Perceived Health Care Climate of Older People Attending an Exercise Program: Validation of the German Short Version of the Health Care Climate Questionnaire.
Authors: Heissel A, Pietrek A, Rapp MA, Heinzel S, Williams G Abstract The role of perceived need support from exercise professionals in improving mental health was examined in a sample of older adults, thereby validating the short Health Care Climate Questionnaire. A total of 491 older people (M = 72.68 years; SD = 5.47) attending a health exercise program participated in this study. Cronbach's alpha was found to be high (α = .90). Satisfaction with the exercise professional correlated moderately with the short Health Care Climate Questionnaire mean value (r = .38; p
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - November 13, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Comparing Two Moderate-to-Vigorous Physical Activity Accelerometer Cut Points in Older Adults With Neck and Back Disabilities Undergoing Exercise and Spinal Manipulation Interventions.
Authors: Malone Q, Passmore S, Maiers M Abstract Different techniques used to analyze and reduce accelerometer data may impact its interpretation. To determine which variables were impacted by changing analysis parameters, the authors performed a secondary analysis of data gained from a clinical trial conducted on older adults (aged ≥65 years; M = 71.1 and SD = 5.3; n = 100) with neck and back disabilities and compared the effects of two different cut- point sets (Matthews and Freedson sets) commonly used to analyze older adult accelerometry data. The Matthews set was found to assign significantly greater m...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - November 13, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Physical Activity in Older Cancer Survivors: What Role Do Multimorbidity and Perceived Disability Play?
Authors: Bluethmann SM, Foo W, Winkels RM, Mama SK, Schmitz KH Abstract PURPOSE: (a) To describe the relationship of multimorbidity and physical activity (PA) in cancer survivors and (b) to explore perceived disability and PA in middle-aged and older survivors. METHODS: The authors analyzed the data from cancer survivors (N = 566), identified using the Pennsylvania Cancer Registry, who responded to a Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System-derived questionnaire. They created age groups (e.g., 45-54 years, 55-64 years, 65-74 years, and 75 years and older) and calculated a composite score of eig...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - November 8, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Associations of Local Social Engagement and Environmental Attributes With Walking and Sitting Among Japanese Older Adults.
Authors: Kubota A, Carver A, Sugiyama T Abstract This cross-sectional study examined associations of local social engagement with walking and sitting, and whether these associations were modified by local environmental attributes. Older residents (aged 65-84 years, n = 849), recruited from a regional city in Japan, reported walking frequency, sitting time, local social engagement, and local environmental attributes. Walk Score® was also used as an environmental measure. Analysis of data from 705 participants found that engaging in community activities was significantly associated with more frequent walking, but...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Examining the Motivation and Perceived Benefits of Pickleball Participation in Older Adults.
Authors: Buzzelli AA, Draper JA Abstract Pickleball, a paddle sport that combines aspects of tennis, badminton, and table tennis, is one of the fastest growing sports in America. The sport is especially popular with older adults as it provides a means for both competition and exercise. Limited research is available on the motivation and perceived benefits of participants in this unique and growing community. A total of 3,012 participants completed a survey instrument that included items from the Sport Motivation Scale, the Task and Ego Orientation in Sport Questionnaire, and the Quality and Importance of Recreation...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Digit Force Controls and Corresponding Brain Activities in Finger Pressing Performance: A Comparison Between Older Adults and Young Individuals.
This study aims toward an investigation and comparison of the digital force control and the brain activities of older adults and young groups during digital pressing tasks. A total of 15 young and 15 older adults were asked to perform force ramp tasks at different force levels with a custom pressing system. Near-infrared spectroscopy was used to collect the brain activities in the prefrontal cortex and primary motor area. The results showed that the force independence and hand function of the older adults were worse than that of the young adults. The cortical activations in the older adults were higher than those in the yo...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Effects of Home- and Center-Based Exercise Programs on the Strength, Function, and Gait of Prefrail Older Women: A Randomized Control Trial.
Authors: Costa SN, Vieira ER, Bento PCB Abstract The aims of this study were to compare the effects of a multicomponent exercise program provided at a center (CB) versus done part at home and part at a center (H+CB) on frailty status, strength, physical function, and gait of prefrail older women. Twenty-five women were randomly allocated into the CB (n = 14; 69 ± 6 years) and the H+CB (n = 11; 69 ± 7 years) groups. Both groups completed an exercise program including strengthening, balance, and gait exercises. The program was 12 weeks long, done three times per week, for 60 min per session. Frailt...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Comparison of Linear and Nonlinear HRV Dynamics Across Exercise Intensities After Menopause.
Authors: Orri JC, Hughes EM, Mistry DG, Scala A Abstract The authors compared the linear and nonlinear heart rate variability dynamics from rest through maximal exercise in postmenopausal women who trained at either moderate or high intensities. The outcome variables included the RR triangular index, TINN, SD1, SD2, SD1/SD2, DFA α1, DFA α2, and α1/α2. Maximal exercise reduced SD1, SD2, DFA α1, DFA α2, α1/α2, RRTri, and TINN in both groups and increased SD1/SD2 (p
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Physical Exercise Training Improves Quality of Life in Healthy Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Raafs BM, Karssemeijer EGA, Van der Horst L, Aaronson JA, Olde Rikkert MGM, Kessels RPC Abstract The current meta-analysis first aimed to quantify the overall effect of physical exercise training on the quality of life (QoL) in healthy older adults. Second, the effects on the social, physical, and psychological QoL were assessed. In total, 16 randomized controlled trials were included. The primary analysis showed a medium effect of physical exercise training on QoL in healthy older adults (standard mean difference [SMD] = 0.38, confidence interval, CI, [0.18, 0.59], p
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Age-Friendly Environments, Active Lives? Associations Between the Local Physical and Social Environment and Physical Activity Among Adults Aged 55 and Older in Ireland.
This study examined associations between the local social and built environment and physical activity of older adults to identify age-friendly factors that support physical activity among the aging population. Data were from the population-representative Healthy and Positive Ageing Initiative Age-Friendly City and Counties Survey (N = 10,540). Physical activity was measured using a short-form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Mixed-effects negative binomial regression models were adjusted for known health and sociodemographic correlates of physical activity. Results are reported as unstandardized beta c...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Contrasting Age Effects on Complexity of Tracking Force and Force Fluctuations During Monorhythmic Contraction.
This study contrasted the stochastic force component between young and older adults, who performed pursuit tracking/compensatory tracking by exerting in-phase/antiphase forces to match a sinusoidal target. Tracking force was decomposed into the force component containing the target frequency and the nontarget force fluctuations (stochastic component). Older adults with inferior task performance had higher complexity (entropy across time; p = .005) in total force. For older adults, task errors were negatively correlated with force fluctuation complexity (pursuit tracking: r = -.527 to -.551; compensatory tracking: r = -.626...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Understanding the Relationship Between Pet Ownership and Physical Activity Among Older Community-Dwelling Adults-A Mixed Methods Study.
Authors: Peacock M, Netto J, Yeung P, McVeigh J, Hill AM Abstract Pet ownership is associated with increased levels of physical activity (PA) in older adults. Studies have mainly focused on the association between PA and dog walking; however, broader aspects of pet ownership may influence PA. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between pet ownership and incidental and purposeful PA using a mixed methods approach. Participants' (N = 15) PA was measured for 7 days using accelerometers and diaries. Semistructured interviews explored participants' perspectives regarding pet-related activities. Part...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Decreased Serum Levels of C-Terminal Agrin in Postmenopausal Women Following Resistance Training.
This study sought to determine if resistance training (RT) impacted the serum levels of CAF in perimenopausal (PERI-M) and postmenopausal (POST-M) women. A total of 35 women, either PERI-M or POST-M, participated in 10 weeks of RT. Body composition, muscle strength, and serum estradiol and CAF were determined before and after the RT. The data were analyzed with two-way analysis of variance (p ≤ .05). Upper body and lower body strength was significantly increased, by 81% and 73% and 86% and 79% for the PERI-M and POST-M participants, respectively; however, there were no significant changes in body composition. Estradiol ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Effects of Whole-Body Vibration on Functional Mobility, Balance, Gait Strength, and Quality of Life in Institutionalized Older People: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
Authors: Alvarez-Barbosa F, Del Pozo-Cruz J, Del Pozo-Cruz B, García-Hermoso A, Alfonso-Rosa RM Abstract The aim of this study was to quantify the effect of whole-body vibration on balance, functional mobility, gait, functional performance, and quality of life in institutionalized older people. Eight databases were systematically reviewed, as recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration. This systematic review was designed to answer the acronym set by the participants, interventions, comparators, and outcomes (PICO)-model. Ten randomized controlled trials were included in the meta-analysis. The analysis of the ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

It's Not Just Physical: Exercise Physiologist-Led Exercise Program Promotes Functional and Psychosocial Health Outcomes in Aged Care.
Authors: Raynor AJ, Iredale F, Crowther R, White J, Dare J Abstract Regular physical activity has multiple benefits for older adults, including improved physical, cognitive, and psychosocial health. This exploratory study investigated the benefits of a 12-week exercise program for older adults (n = 11 control and n = 13 intervention) living in a residential aged care facility in Perth, Western Australia. The program, prescribed and delivered by an accredited exercise physiologist, aimed to maintain or improve participants' physical capacity. It comprised one-on-one exercise sessions (1 hr × 2 days/w...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 21, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Perceived Facilitators and Barriers to Exercise Among Older Adults With Mild Cognitive Impairment and Early Dementia.
This study explored the barriers, facilitators, and preferences for exercise among persons living with MCI/early dementia. The authors conducted 2 focus groups among persons living with MCI/early dementia (n = 4, 6 participants) and 2 focus groups among care partners (n = 3, 4 participants). The transcripts were analyzed using thematic analysis, guided by the social-ecological model. Three themes emerged, reinforcing motivation to exercise, managing changes to cognitive and physical health, and variable perceptions of dementia, each with influences from individual, care partner, and community levels. Low intrinsic motivati...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 19, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Muscle Mass and Muscle Strength Relationships to Balance: The Role of Age and Physical Activity.
Authors: Gouveia ÉR, Ihle A, Gouveia BR, Kliegel M, Marques A, Freitas DL Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relations of balance to muscle mass (MM) and muscle strength (MS), depending on age and physical activity, which is of particular importance to functional independence in older people. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 802 volunteers (69.82 ± 5.60 years). The Fullerton Advanced Balance scale was used to assess balance and a composite score, including arm curl and chair stand tests for assessing MS. MM was estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and physical activity by ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 5, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Validity and Reliability of a Single Question for Leisure-Time Physical Activity Assessment in Middle-Aged Women.
CONCLUSIONS: SR-PA L7 and C3 demonstrated limited validity and reasonable repeatability. PMID: 31585436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 5, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

The Potential of Optometrists' Referrals of Older Patients to Community-Based Exercise Programs: Findings From a Mixed-Methods Study.
This study used a mixed-method, cross-sectional design. In focus groups, optometry patients (N = 42) discussed the acceptability of an optometrist's prescription for exercise programs. The vast majority of optometry patients (90%) indicated that they would follow such a prescription for exercise from their optometrists. Texas optometrists (N = 268) were surveyed about the potential for exercise program prescriptions, and 97% indicated a willingness to prescribe exercise programs to their patients. The results suggest that there is an opportunity for community-clinical partnerships to prevent falls and to improve the health...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 27, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

The Effects of Virtual Kayak Paddling Exercise on Postural Balance, Muscle Performance, and Cognitive Function in Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
This study aimed to determine whether a virtual kayak paddling (VKP) exercise could improve postural balance, muscle performance, and cognitive function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment. Sixty participants were randomly assigned to the VKP (n = 30) or control group (n = 30). Participants in the VKP group performed the paddling exercise in a virtual environment for 60 min twice a week for 6 weeks, whereas those in the control group performed home exercises. Postural balance (p 
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - June 13, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Associations Between Social and Physical Environments and Older Adults' Walking for Transportation and Recreation.
This study examined the associations between physical environment, social environment, and walking for transportation and recreation among older adults in Hong Kong. Cross-sectional data from 450 older adults (79 years or younger [71.9%], female [79.7%]) from 18 districts in Hong Kong were used. The participants' perceptions of their physical and social environments were collected and their walking behaviors were self-reported. The results revealed that positive physical environment-facilitators and social environments were associated with increased total walking. Only positive physical environment-facilitators were associ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - June 13, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

The Role of Self Determination in Changing Physical Activity Behaviour in People Diagnosed With Bowel Polyps: A Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial.
Authors: Lewis LS, Shaw B, Banerjee S, Dieguez P, Hernon J, Belshaw N, Saxton JM Abstract BACKGROUND: This non-blinded randomised controlled trial investigated the efficacy of a physical activity (PA) intervention underpinned by Self-Determination Theory (SDT). METHODS: Participants (n=31, mean age 69y [SD= 4.9]) diagnosed with bowel polyps were randomised to active lifestyle programme (ALP; N= 17) or standard care (SC, N=14). ALP received supervised exercise and counselling for 6 months. Both groups were followed-up at 12 months. Outcomes were change in PA and behavioural regulation. Data were analysed with in...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - June 13, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Fall Prevention Exercises With or Without Behavior Change Support for Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Two-Year Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Trial.
This study investigates the effectiveness of two fall prevention exercise interventions targeting physical performance, activity level, fall-related self-efficacy, health-related quality of life, and falls: the Otago Exercise Programme (OEP) with and the OEP without behavior change support. In this randomized controlled trial (RCT), 175 participants were randomised into two intervention groups and one control group. A total of 124 community-dwelling older adults over the age of 75 who needed walking aids or home support participated in the two-year follow-up. The OEP with and the OEP without support for behavior change dis...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - June 13, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

7 'A's of Active Aging: Older Men's Suggestions for Physical Activity Programs.
Authors: Deneau J, Horton S, van Wyk PM Abstract In an attempt to offset the widespread anticipated impact of aging populations, active aging programs have become nearly ubiquitous in Western society. Nonetheless, older adults tend to remain relatively inactive. The perspectives of older adults constitute a key resource to help guide active aging efforts. Moreover, gender-sensitized and ecological approaches to physical activity programming may contribute markedly to the efficacy and inclusiveness of such initiatives. Considering the paucity of research regarding older men's suggestions for physical activity progra...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - June 13, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

The Constituent Year Effect in European Track and Field Masters Athletes: Evidence of Participation and Performance Advantages.
Authors: Helsen WF, Medic N, Starkes JL, Williams AM Abstract Inequalities in relative age distribution have previously been demonstrated to influence participation and performance achievements in Masters athletes. The purpose of the present study was to examine the participation- and performance-related constituent year effect among Masters athletes (n = 2474) from the European Masters Track and Field Championships across sub disciplines and age. The results indicated that a participation-related constituent year effect was observed. The likelihood of participating was significantly higher for athletes in their fi...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - June 13, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Mobility Improvements Are Found in Older Veterans After 6 Months of Gerofit Regardless of Body Mass Index Classification.
Authors: Addison O, Serra MC, Katzel L, Giffuni J, Lee CC, Castle S, Valencia WM, Kopp T, Cammarata H, McDonald M, Oursler KA, Jain C, Bettger JP, Pearson M, Manning KM, Intrator O, Veazie P, Sloane R, Li J, Morey MC Abstract Veterans represent a unique population of older adults, as they are more likely to self-report a disability and be overweight or obese compared with the general population. We sought to compare changes in mobility function across the obesity spectrum in older veterans participating in 6 months of Gerofit, a clinical exercise program. A total of 270 veterans (mean age: 74 years) completed basel...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - June 7, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Increasing the Propulsive Demands of Walking to their Maximum Elucidates Functionally Limiting Impairments in Older Adult Gait.
Authors: Conway KA, Franz JR Abstract We elucidated functional limitations in older adult gait by increasing horizontal impeding forces and walking speed to their maximums compared to dynamometry and to data from their young counterparts. Specifically, we investigated which determinants of push-off intensity represent genuine functionally limiting impairments in older adult gait versus biomechanical changes that do not directly limit walking performance. We found that older adults walked at their preferred speed with hallmark deficits in push-off intensity. These subjects were fully capable of overcoming deficits i...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 31, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Systematic Review of the Effects of Cognitive and Behavioural Interventions on Fall-Related Psychological Concerns in Older Adults.
Authors: Papadimitriou A, Perry M Abstract This systematic review aims to evaluate the efficacy of cognitive and behavioural interventions for improving falls-related psychological concerns. A systematic search yielded 8 randomised controlled trials eligible for inclusion. All studies compared a cognitive and behavioural intervention to a control. Meta-analysis showed that cognitive and behavioural treatments had beneficial effects on fear of falling outcomes [lower score better] immediately after treatment [random effects standardised mean difference (SMD): -0.3 (95% CI: -0.50 to -0.10)] and at longer term follow ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 31, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

An Investigation of Short-Term Longitudinal Associations Between Handgrip Strength and Cardiovascular Disease Biomarkers Among Middle-Aged to Older Adults: A Project FRONTIER Study.
Authors: Kim Y, Gonzales JU, Reddy PH Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine short-term longitudinal relationships between handgrip strength (HGS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) biomarkers in middle-aged to older adults living in rural areas (N=138). The association between HGS and CVD biomarkers was examined at baseline, with HGS as a predictor of the annual change in biomarkers, and in a parallel fashion between the annual change in HGS and CVD biomarkers over an average of 2.8 follow-up years. The results showed HGS to cross-sectionally associate with waist circumference and diastolic blood pressure...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 31, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Replacing Sedentary Time with Light or Moderate-Vigorous Physical Activity Across Levels of Frailty.
Authors: Godin J, Blodgett JM, Rockwood K, Theou O Abstract We sought to examine how much sedentary times needs to be replaced by light or moderate-vigorous physical activity in order to reduce frailty and protect against mortality. We built isotemporal substitution models to assess the theoretical effect of replacing sedentary behavior with and equal amount of light or moderate-vigorous activity on frailty and mortality in community-based adults aged 50 years and older. Controlling for age, sex, body mass index, marital status, race, education, employment status, and National Health and Nutrition Examination Study...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 31, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Physical Activity Intensity and Biopsychosocial Correlates in Chinese Middle-Aged and Older Adults With Chronic Kidney Disease.
CONCLUSION.: The higher the intensity of regular PA, the less likely older adults with CKD were to participate; Practitioners could consider the psychosocial characteristics of the older adults with CKD and facilitate their participation in PA. PMID: 31141443 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 31, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Barriers and Motivators of Physical Activity Participation in Middle-aged and Older-adults - A Systematic Review.
Authors: Spiteri K, Broom D, Bekhet AH, de Caro JX, Laventure B, Grafton K Abstract Identifying the difference in barriers and motivators between middle-age and older adults could contribute toward the development of age-specific health promotion interventions. The aim of this review was to synthesize the literature on barriers and motivators for physical activity in middle-aged (50-64 years) and older adults (65-70 years). The review examined qualitative and quantitative studies using the theoretical domain framework as the guiding theory. The search generated 9400 results from seven databases. A total of fifty-fi...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 31, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Effects of a Judo Training on Functional Fitness, Anthropometric, and Psychological Variables in Old Novice Practitioners.
This study aimed to investigate the effects of a four-month judo training (1-hr session, bi-weekly) on physical and mental health of older adults (69.7±4.2 years). Participants (N=30) were assigned to a judo novice practitioners group (JG=16) or a control group (CG=14), which did not receive any training. Before and after the programme, they underwent anthropometric (Body Mass Index, waist and hip circumferences), functional fitness (upper and lower body flexibility and strength, coordination), and psychological assessments (perceived physical and mental health, body image, and fear of falling). The JG showed reduct...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

The Impact of Physical Activity and Function on Falls in Assisted Living Residents.
This study used baseline data from 393 participants from the first two cohorts in the Function Focused Care in Assisted Living Using the Evidence Integration Triangle (FFC-AL-EIT) study. The majority of participants were female (N=276, 70%) and white (N=383, 97%) with a mean age of 87 (SD=7). Controlling for age, cognition, gender, setting, and function, time spent in moderate or vigorous levels of physical activity was associated with having a fall in the prior four months. Those who engaged in more moderate physical activity were .6% less likely to have a fall (OR=.994, Wald statistic = 5.54, p=.02) and those who engaged...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Effects of Eccentric-Focused Versus Conventional Training on Lower Limb Muscular Strength in Older People: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Molinari T, Steffens T, Roncada C, Rodrigues R, Dias CP Abstract Eccentric-focused training promotes greater gains in muscle strength compared to other types of training in adults. However, for older people, these findings are still not well understood. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed using manuscripts that performed eccentric-focused (ET) and conventional resistance training (CT) at least four weeks and evaluated maximum muscle strength through tests of maximum repetitions in weight machine exercises (knee extension and leg press exercises). Five studies were included (n=138). Increas...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Virtual Kayak Paddling Exercise Improves Postural Balance, Muscle Performance, and Cognitive Function in Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
This study aimed to determine whether a virtual kayak paddling (VKP) exercise could improve postural balance, muscle performance, and cognitive function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment. Sixty participants were randomly assigned to the VKP (n = 30) or control group (n = 30). Participants in the VKP group performed the paddling exercise in a virtual environment for 60 min twice a week for 6 weeks, while those in the control group performed home exercises. Postural balance (p
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Low-Volume High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) versus Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Body Composition, Cardiometabolic Profile and Physical Capacity in Older Women.
Authors: Boukabous I, Marcotte-Chénard A, Amamou T, Boulay P, Brochu M, Tessier D, Dionne I, Riesco E Abstract OBJECTIVES: To compare the effect of low-volume HIIT to moderate-intensity aerobic training (MICT) on fat mass, cardiometabolic profile and physical capacity and confirm its feasibility in older women. METHODS: Inactive older women (60-75 years) were randomly assigned to 8 weeks of either HIIT (75 min/week; n=9) or MICT (150 min/week; n=9). Body composition, fasting metabolic profile, cardiovascular risk (Framingham score), and physical capacity (senior fitness test, VO2peak) were assessed befor...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

The Effects of Low Intensity Resistance Exercise on Cardiac Autonomic Function and Muscle Strength in Obese Postmenopausal Women.
Authors: Wong A, Figueroa A Abstract The present study examined the effects of a 12-week low intensity resistance exercise training (LIRET) regimen on heart rate variability (HRV), strength and body composition in obese postmenopausal women. Participants were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of either LIRET (n= 10) or non-exercising control group (n= 10). HRV, leg muscle strength and body composition were measured before and after 12 weeks. There were significant decreases (P
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

The Two Minute Walk Test Overground and on a Self-Paced Treadmill Detects Dual Task Deficits in Individuals With Parkinson's Disease.
Authors: Rosenfeldt AB, Penko AL, Bazyk AS, Streicher MC, Dey T, Alberts JL Abstract The aim of this project was to 1) evaluate the potential of the Two Minute Walk Test (2MWT) to detect declines in gait velocity under dual task conditions, and 2) compare gait velocity overground and on a self-paced treadmill in Parkinson's disease (PD). Twenty-three individuals with PD completed the 2MWT under single and dual task (serial 7s) conditions overground and on a self-paced treadmill. There was a significant decrease in gait velocity from single to dual task conditions overground (1.32±.22 m/sec to 1.10±.25 m/sec, p
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Cognitive Functioning as a Moderator in the Relationship Between the Perceived Neighborhood Physical Environment and Physical Activity in Belgian Older Adults.
DISCUSSION: Living in traffic safe neighborhoods with short and many alternative routes might motivate older adults with lower cognitive functioning to be active. As such, the increase in PA might improve their cognitive abilities. This knowledge is crucial for health practitioners to develop effective PA promotion initiatives. PMID: 31034319 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior at the End of the Human Lifespan.
This study aims to objectively assess physical activity (PA) levels and sedentary behavior (SB) in a cohort of Spanish centenarians and their nonagenarian peers. PA and SB patterns were objectively measured by an ActiGraph GT3X accelerometer in centenarians [n=18; 83% women; 100.8±0.8 (100-103) years] and nonagenarians [n=11; 91% women; 93.3±2.5 (90-98) years]. Centenarians showed less counts per minute (17.6±7.1 vs 46.1±23.7, P=0.003, d=1.851) and steps per day (455±237 vs 1,249±776, P=0.007, d=1.587) than nonagenarians. The daily number of sedentary breaks was also lower in the f...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - May 1, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Physical Impairments Disrupt the Association Between Physical Activity and Loneliness: A Longitudinal Study.
This study explores the association between physical activity (PA), loneliness and the presence of physical chronic impairments among single older adults. METHODS:: A longitudinal study (N = 575; mean age 76 ± 8 years) was conducted. The association between self-reported weekly minutes of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA), loneliness and presence of physical impairments was assessed with multilevel analyses at baseline, 3 months and 6 months. RESULTS:: Improvements in MVPA were associated with decreases in loneliness (B = - 0.09; SE = 0.04; p = 0.020): this association became non-significant when including the ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - March 14, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Clustering of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior associated to Risk for Metabolic Syndrome in Older Adults.
This study aimed to investigate the clustering patterns of physical activity (PA), sedentary time (ST), and breaks in sedentary time (BST) and the association between the identified clusters with risk for metabolic syndrome associated with obesity in older adults. Participants included 212 users of community health centers (CHC) in Brazil. A questionnaire about sociodemographic characteristics was used to describe the sample, and PA, ST and BST were evaluated using accelerometers. Waist circumference was measured as an indicator of the risk for metabolic syndrome. A two-step cluster and logistic regression analysis was con...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - March 14, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

The Social Context of Sedentary Behaviors and their Relationships with Health in Later Life.
This study examined sedentary behaviors among older adults and explored associations with social context and health measures using cross-sectional data from the National Health and Aging Trends Study (N=1,687). Multivariate models were estimated to explore associations of time in six sedentary behaviors (i.e. television watching, sitting and talking, hobbies, computer use, driving, and resting) with sociodemographic characteristics and level of social engagement, and with health status. Results indicated substantial variability in sedentary behaviors, with television being the most frequent, and resting the least frequent ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - March 14, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Nutritional and Pharmacological Interventions to Expedite Recovery Following Muscle Damaging Exercise in Older Adults: A Narrative Review of the Literature.
Authors: Clifford T Abstract Exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) manifests as muscle soreness, inflammation, and reductions in force generating capacity that can last for several days after exercise. The ability to recover and repair damaged tissues following EIMD is impaired with age, with older adults (≥50 years old) experiencing a slower rate of recovery than their younger counterparts do for the equivalent exercise bout. This narrative review discusses the literature examining the effect of nutritional or pharmacological supplements taken to counter the potentially debilitating effects of EIMD in older adu...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - March 14, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Factors Associated With Ongoing Participation in Structured Exercise Among People Aged 50 Years and Over.
This study aimed to document the characteristics of participants aged 50+ in a local government group exercise program (Strong Seniors), to investigate the motivators and barriers to ongoing exercise, and to identify factors associated with more frequent exercise class attendance. Ninety-three participants completed a survey about exercise class attendance, motivators and barriers to participation, exercise perceptions and self-reported exercise. We conducted a mixed-methods study involving both quantitative and qualitative analyses. Personal benefits of exercise and social influences were the most common motivators for re...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - March 14, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

There is Still Time to be Active. Self-Perceptions of Aging, Physical Activity, and the Role of Perceived Residual Lifetime Among Older Adults.
DISCUSSION:: Results emphasize the importance of perceived residual lifetime in health promotion interventions targeting physical activity in older adults. PMID: 30859900 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - March 14, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Association of Physical Activity With Urinary Incontinence in Older Women: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS:: Sedentary lifestyle is at risk of urinary incontinence, and walking, moderate and vigorous physical activity are associated with prevent of urinary incontinence. PMID: 30859902 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - March 14, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research