Triaxial Accelerometry-Based Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity in Older Adults Using Four Different Methods
This study examined variability in four different methods of calculating moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among older adults, as well as lifestyle correlates of physical activity. The MVPA data were captured (n = 111; Mage = 70.3 years, SDage = 6.3) using waist-worn ActiGraph wGT3X-BT monitors and examined using 10-min bouted versus sporadic methods, and with cut points calibrated to older and younger adults. The sample, on average, did not meet national guidelines of 150 min/week of MVPA when using bouted methods, irrespective of cut point used. This was not the case for sporadic MVPA. More physical activity ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 22, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Anna Hall Madisen Hillebrant-Openshaw Sierra Baca-Zeff Irene van Woerden Source Type: research

Associations of Vigorous Gardening With Cardiometabolic Risk Markers for Middle-Aged and Older Adults
This study investigates the associations of vigorous-intensity gardening time with cardiometabolic health risk markers. This cross-sectional study (AusDiab) analyzed 2011-2012 data of 3,664 adults (55% women, mean [range], age = 59.3 [34-94] years) in Australia. Multiple linear regression models examined associations of time spent participating in vigorous gardening (0,
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 22, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Jonathan Kingsley Nyssa Hadgraft Neville Owen Takemi Sugiyama David W Dunstan Manoj Chandrabose Source Type: research

Association Between Inspiratory Muscle Function and Balance Ability in Older People: A Pooled Data Analysis Before and After Inspiratory Muscle Training
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 16:1-13. doi: 10.1123/japa.2020-0507. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTInspiratory muscle training (IMT) improved balance ability and respiratory muscle function in healthy older adults. The current study is a retrospective analysis to explore the relationship between inspiratory muscle function, balance ability, and adaptation to IMT. All participants (total = 129; IMT = 60; age range = 65-85 years) performed inspiratory and balance assessments, including the mini-balance evaluation system test, maximal inspiratory pressure, and peak inspiratory flow tests. Baseline inspiratory muscle function was ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 16, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Francesco V Ferraro James P Gavin Thomas W Wainwright Alison K McConnell Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial Evaluating a Resistance Training Intervention With Frail Older Adults in Residential Care: The Keeping Active in Residential Elderly Trial
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-25. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0130. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFrailty is associated with negative health outcomes, disability, and mortality. Physical activity is an effective intervention to improve functional health status. However, the effect of resistance training on multidimensional health in frail older adults remains unclear. This randomized controlled trial was conducted in a U.K. residential care home to assess feasibility with limited efficacy testing on health and functional outcomes and to inform a future definitive randomized controlled trial. Eleven frail older adults (>65 ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bridgitte Swales Gemma C Ryde Anna C Whittaker Source Type: research

Influence of Different Dual-Task Conditions During Straight or Curved Walking on Gait Performance of Physically Active Older Women With Cognitive Decline
This study aims to evaluate the effect of dual tasking on spatiotemporal gait parameters of older adults. Participants were asked to perform a primary complex single-walking task, consisting of a fast-paced linear and a curved gait. Primary task was performed separately and simultaneously with different motor and cognitive secondary tasks. Spatiotemporal gait parameters, walk ratio, and walk stability ratio were measured. Apart from stride length, which stood relatively unchanged, gait speed and cadence were strongly affected by cognitive dual tasking. Cadence seems to be the most impacted by dual tasking during curved gai...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Luiz Fernado Biazus-Sehn Rafael Reimann Baptista R égis Gemerasca Mestriner Bianca Pacheco Loss Daniela Aldabe Felipe de Souza Stigger Source Type: research

The Acute Effects of Fast-Paced Walking on Isometric Peak Torque and Rate of Torque Development in Regularly Exercising and Inactive Older Women
This study aimed to examine the acute effects of fast-paced walking on isometric peak torque and rate of torque development (RTD) in regular exercising and inactive older women. Ten regular exercising (67 ± 4 years) and 10 inactive (68 ± 4 years) older women performed three isometric knee extension contractions before and after a control condition (quiet resting) and an experimental condition of fast-paced walking for 6 min. Peak torque and early (RTD100), late (RTD200), and maximum (peak RTD) RTD measurements were obtained from each contraction. Results showed no significant changes in peak torque, peak RTD,...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Ty B Palmer Jarrod Blinch Ahalee C Farrow Chinonye C Agu-Udemba Ethan A Mitchell Source Type: research

Physical Function and Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Adults With or at Risk of Mobility Disability Post-discharge: 8-Month Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Trial
The objective of this study was to evaluate physical function and health-related quality of life 4 months after the cessation of a 4-month exercise intervention in 89 older adults after discharge from hospital. Linear mixed regression models were used to evaluate between-group differences. Data were analyzed according to the intention-to-treat principle. There was no statistically significant between-group difference in the Short Physical Performance Battery (mean difference 0.5 points, 95% confidence interval [-0.6, 1.5], p = .378). There was a statistically significant difference in favor of the intervention group in fun...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Sylvia Sunde Karin Hesseberg Dawn A Skelton Anette H Ranhoff Are H Pripp Marit Aar ønæs Therese Brovold Source Type: research

Effects of a Brief Stair-Climbing Intervention on Cognitive Functioning and Mood States in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-11. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0125. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDespite an abundance of evidence that exercise benefits cognition and mood, physical activity levels among older adults remain low, with time and inaccessibility posing major barriers. Interval stair climbing is an accessible time-efficient form of physical activity demonstrated to benefit cognition and mood in young adults, but effectiveness in older adults remains unknown. To address this, 28 older adults (Mage = 69.78 years, 16 females) undertook cognitive and mood assessments twice, 1 week apart, once preceded by interval sta...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Neda Nasrollahi Jordan Quensell Liana Machado Source Type: research

Changes in Health-Related Quality of Life and Physical Activity Among Older Adults in the First-Wave COVID-19 Outbreak: A Longitudinal Analysis
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-8. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0104. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe current study aimed to follow the effects of social/physical distancing strategies on health-related daily physical activity and quality of life among older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Seventy-two older adults who were enrolled in a University-Community program in March 2020 (age = 66.8 ± 4.82 years, ♀59) answered five phone-based surveys up to 120 days after the COVID-19 outbreak (from April to August 2020). The Short Form 6D and international physical activity (short version) questionnaires were applied. A ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Rosiane Jesus do Nascimento Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho Cassiano Ricardo Rech Rafaela Batista Brasil Renato Campos Junior In ês Amanda Streit Ewertton de Souza Bezerra Source Type: research

Effects of Self-Selected Passive Recovery Time in Interval Exercise on Perceptual and Heart Rate Responses in Older Women: A Promissory Approach
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-11. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0086. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of passive recovery with self-selected time on affect, ratings of perceived exertion, and heart rate in self-selected interval exercises (SSIE). Fifteen older women (68.1 ± 3.8 years), weekly practitioners of functional activities participated in three SSIE with self-selected recovery time (SSRT) and one self-selected continuous exercise session, all at 24 min approximately. The SSIE had the following configurations: 1'/SSRT, 1.5'/SSRT, and 2'/SSRT. The results showed...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Lucas Eduardo Rodrigues Santos Andr é Dos Santos Costa Eduardo Caldas Costa Vinicius Oliveira Damasceno Zhaojing Chen Izaildo Alves de Oliveira Karla Kristine Dames Fl ávio Oliveira Pires Tony Meireles Santos Source Type: research

Training Session and Detraining Duration Affect Lower Limb Muscle Strength Maintenance in Middle-Aged and Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-15. doi: 10.1123/japa.2020-0493. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMuscle strength after detraining is still higher than the level before training, which is an important issue for middle-aged and older adults. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of detraining duration (DD), resistance training duration (RTD), and intensity on the maintenance of resistance training (RT) benefits after detraining in middle-aged and older adults. A systematic search yielded 15 randomized control trails (n = 383) eligible for inclusion. The results showed that RTD ≥ 24 weeks and DD ≥ RT...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Yong Yang Shu-Chen Chen Chiao-Nan Chen Chihw-Wen Hsu Wen-Sheng Zhou Kuei-Yu Chien Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial Evaluating a Resistance Training Intervention With Frail Older Adults in Residential Care: The Keeping Active in Residential Elderly Trial
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-25. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0130. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFrailty is associated with negative health outcomes, disability, and mortality. Physical activity is an effective intervention to improve functional health status. However, the effect of resistance training on multidimensional health in frail older adults remains unclear. This randomized controlled trial was conducted in a U.K. residential care home to assess feasibility with limited efficacy testing on health and functional outcomes and to inform a future definitive randomized controlled trial. Eleven frail older adults (>65 ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bridgitte Swales Gemma C Ryde Anna C Whittaker Source Type: research

Influence of Different Dual-Task Conditions During Straight or Curved Walking on Gait Performance of Physically Active Older Women With Cognitive Decline
This study aims to evaluate the effect of dual tasking on spatiotemporal gait parameters of older adults. Participants were asked to perform a primary complex single-walking task, consisting of a fast-paced linear and a curved gait. Primary task was performed separately and simultaneously with different motor and cognitive secondary tasks. Spatiotemporal gait parameters, walk ratio, and walk stability ratio were measured. Apart from stride length, which stood relatively unchanged, gait speed and cadence were strongly affected by cognitive dual tasking. Cadence seems to be the most impacted by dual tasking during curved gai...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Luiz Fernado Biazus-Sehn Rafael Reimann Baptista R égis Gemerasca Mestriner Bianca Pacheco Loss Daniela Aldabe Felipe de Souza Stigger Source Type: research

The Acute Effects of Fast-Paced Walking on Isometric Peak Torque and Rate of Torque Development in Regularly Exercising and Inactive Older Women
This study aimed to examine the acute effects of fast-paced walking on isometric peak torque and rate of torque development (RTD) in regular exercising and inactive older women. Ten regular exercising (67 ± 4 years) and 10 inactive (68 ± 4 years) older women performed three isometric knee extension contractions before and after a control condition (quiet resting) and an experimental condition of fast-paced walking for 6 min. Peak torque and early (RTD100), late (RTD200), and maximum (peak RTD) RTD measurements were obtained from each contraction. Results showed no significant changes in peak torque, peak RTD,...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Ty B Palmer Jarrod Blinch Ahalee C Farrow Chinonye C Agu-Udemba Ethan A Mitchell Source Type: research

Physical Function and Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Adults With or at Risk of Mobility Disability Post-discharge: 8-Month Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Trial
The objective of this study was to evaluate physical function and health-related quality of life 4 months after the cessation of a 4-month exercise intervention in 89 older adults after discharge from hospital. Linear mixed regression models were used to evaluate between-group differences. Data were analyzed according to the intention-to-treat principle. There was no statistically significant between-group difference in the Short Physical Performance Battery (mean difference 0.5 points, 95% confidence interval [-0.6, 1.5], p = .378). There was a statistically significant difference in favor of the intervention group in fun...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Sylvia Sunde Karin Hesseberg Dawn A Skelton Anette H Ranhoff Are H Pripp Marit Aar ønæs Therese Brovold Source Type: research

Effects of a Brief Stair-Climbing Intervention on Cognitive Functioning and Mood States in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-11. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0125. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDespite an abundance of evidence that exercise benefits cognition and mood, physical activity levels among older adults remain low, with time and inaccessibility posing major barriers. Interval stair climbing is an accessible time-efficient form of physical activity demonstrated to benefit cognition and mood in young adults, but effectiveness in older adults remains unknown. To address this, 28 older adults (Mage = 69.78 years, 16 females) undertook cognitive and mood assessments twice, 1 week apart, once preceded by interval sta...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Neda Nasrollahi Jordan Quensell Liana Machado Source Type: research

Changes in Health-Related Quality of Life and Physical Activity Among Older Adults in the First-Wave COVID-19 Outbreak: A Longitudinal Analysis
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-8. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0104. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe current study aimed to follow the effects of social/physical distancing strategies on health-related daily physical activity and quality of life among older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Seventy-two older adults who were enrolled in a University-Community program in March 2020 (age = 66.8 ± 4.82 years, ♀59) answered five phone-based surveys up to 120 days after the COVID-19 outbreak (from April to August 2020). The Short Form 6D and international physical activity (short version) questionnaires were applied. A ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Rosiane Jesus do Nascimento Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho Cassiano Ricardo Rech Rafaela Batista Brasil Renato Campos Junior In ês Amanda Streit Ewertton de Souza Bezerra Source Type: research

Effects of Self-Selected Passive Recovery Time in Interval Exercise on Perceptual and Heart Rate Responses in Older Women: A Promissory Approach
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-11. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0086. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of passive recovery with self-selected time on affect, ratings of perceived exertion, and heart rate in self-selected interval exercises (SSIE). Fifteen older women (68.1 ± 3.8 years), weekly practitioners of functional activities participated in three SSIE with self-selected recovery time (SSRT) and one self-selected continuous exercise session, all at 24 min approximately. The SSIE had the following configurations: 1'/SSRT, 1.5'/SSRT, and 2'/SSRT. The results showed...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Lucas Eduardo Rodrigues Santos Andr é Dos Santos Costa Eduardo Caldas Costa Vinicius Oliveira Damasceno Zhaojing Chen Izaildo Alves de Oliveira Karla Kristine Dames Fl ávio Oliveira Pires Tony Meireles Santos Source Type: research

Training Session and Detraining Duration Affect Lower Limb Muscle Strength Maintenance in Middle-Aged and Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-15. doi: 10.1123/japa.2020-0493. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMuscle strength after detraining is still higher than the level before training, which is an important issue for middle-aged and older adults. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of detraining duration (DD), resistance training duration (RTD), and intensity on the maintenance of resistance training (RT) benefits after detraining in middle-aged and older adults. A systematic search yielded 15 randomized control trails (n = 383) eligible for inclusion. The results showed that RTD ≥ 24 weeks and DD ≥ RT...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Yong Yang Shu-Chen Chen Chiao-Nan Chen Chihw-Wen Hsu Wen-Sheng Zhou Kuei-Yu Chien Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial Evaluating a Resistance Training Intervention With Frail Older Adults in Residential Care: The Keeping Active in Residential Elderly Trial
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-25. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0130. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFrailty is associated with negative health outcomes, disability, and mortality. Physical activity is an effective intervention to improve functional health status. However, the effect of resistance training on multidimensional health in frail older adults remains unclear. This randomized controlled trial was conducted in a U.K. residential care home to assess feasibility with limited efficacy testing on health and functional outcomes and to inform a future definitive randomized controlled trial. Eleven frail older adults (>65 ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bridgitte Swales Gemma C Ryde Anna C Whittaker Source Type: research

Influence of Different Dual-Task Conditions During Straight or Curved Walking on Gait Performance of Physically Active Older Women With Cognitive Decline
This study aims to evaluate the effect of dual tasking on spatiotemporal gait parameters of older adults. Participants were asked to perform a primary complex single-walking task, consisting of a fast-paced linear and a curved gait. Primary task was performed separately and simultaneously with different motor and cognitive secondary tasks. Spatiotemporal gait parameters, walk ratio, and walk stability ratio were measured. Apart from stride length, which stood relatively unchanged, gait speed and cadence were strongly affected by cognitive dual tasking. Cadence seems to be the most impacted by dual tasking during curved gai...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Luiz Fernado Biazus-Sehn Rafael Reimann Baptista R égis Gemerasca Mestriner Bianca Pacheco Loss Daniela Aldabe Felipe de Souza Stigger Source Type: research

The Acute Effects of Fast-Paced Walking on Isometric Peak Torque and Rate of Torque Development in Regularly Exercising and Inactive Older Women
This study aimed to examine the acute effects of fast-paced walking on isometric peak torque and rate of torque development (RTD) in regular exercising and inactive older women. Ten regular exercising (67 ± 4 years) and 10 inactive (68 ± 4 years) older women performed three isometric knee extension contractions before and after a control condition (quiet resting) and an experimental condition of fast-paced walking for 6 min. Peak torque and early (RTD100), late (RTD200), and maximum (peak RTD) RTD measurements were obtained from each contraction. Results showed no significant changes in peak torque, peak RTD,...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Ty B Palmer Jarrod Blinch Ahalee C Farrow Chinonye C Agu-Udemba Ethan A Mitchell Source Type: research

Physical Function and Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Adults With or at Risk of Mobility Disability Post-discharge: 8-Month Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Trial
The objective of this study was to evaluate physical function and health-related quality of life 4 months after the cessation of a 4-month exercise intervention in 89 older adults after discharge from hospital. Linear mixed regression models were used to evaluate between-group differences. Data were analyzed according to the intention-to-treat principle. There was no statistically significant between-group difference in the Short Physical Performance Battery (mean difference 0.5 points, 95% confidence interval [-0.6, 1.5], p = .378). There was a statistically significant difference in favor of the intervention group in fun...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Sylvia Sunde Karin Hesseberg Dawn A Skelton Anette H Ranhoff Are H Pripp Marit Aar ønæs Therese Brovold Source Type: research

Effects of a Brief Stair-Climbing Intervention on Cognitive Functioning and Mood States in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-11. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0125. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDespite an abundance of evidence that exercise benefits cognition and mood, physical activity levels among older adults remain low, with time and inaccessibility posing major barriers. Interval stair climbing is an accessible time-efficient form of physical activity demonstrated to benefit cognition and mood in young adults, but effectiveness in older adults remains unknown. To address this, 28 older adults (Mage = 69.78 years, 16 females) undertook cognitive and mood assessments twice, 1 week apart, once preceded by interval sta...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Neda Nasrollahi Jordan Quensell Liana Machado Source Type: research

Changes in Health-Related Quality of Life and Physical Activity Among Older Adults in the First-Wave COVID-19 Outbreak: A Longitudinal Analysis
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-8. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0104. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe current study aimed to follow the effects of social/physical distancing strategies on health-related daily physical activity and quality of life among older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Seventy-two older adults who were enrolled in a University-Community program in March 2020 (age = 66.8 ± 4.82 years, ♀59) answered five phone-based surveys up to 120 days after the COVID-19 outbreak (from April to August 2020). The Short Form 6D and international physical activity (short version) questionnaires were applied. A ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Rosiane Jesus do Nascimento Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho Cassiano Ricardo Rech Rafaela Batista Brasil Renato Campos Junior In ês Amanda Streit Ewertton de Souza Bezerra Source Type: research

Effects of Self-Selected Passive Recovery Time in Interval Exercise on Perceptual and Heart Rate Responses in Older Women: A Promissory Approach
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-11. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0086. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of passive recovery with self-selected time on affect, ratings of perceived exertion, and heart rate in self-selected interval exercises (SSIE). Fifteen older women (68.1 ± 3.8 years), weekly practitioners of functional activities participated in three SSIE with self-selected recovery time (SSRT) and one self-selected continuous exercise session, all at 24 min approximately. The SSIE had the following configurations: 1'/SSRT, 1.5'/SSRT, and 2'/SSRT. The results showed...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Lucas Eduardo Rodrigues Santos Andr é Dos Santos Costa Eduardo Caldas Costa Vinicius Oliveira Damasceno Zhaojing Chen Izaildo Alves de Oliveira Karla Kristine Dames Fl ávio Oliveira Pires Tony Meireles Santos Source Type: research

Training Session and Detraining Duration Affect Lower Limb Muscle Strength Maintenance in Middle-Aged and Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-15. doi: 10.1123/japa.2020-0493. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMuscle strength after detraining is still higher than the level before training, which is an important issue for middle-aged and older adults. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of detraining duration (DD), resistance training duration (RTD), and intensity on the maintenance of resistance training (RT) benefits after detraining in middle-aged and older adults. A systematic search yielded 15 randomized control trails (n = 383) eligible for inclusion. The results showed that RTD ≥ 24 weeks and DD ≥ RT...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Yong Yang Shu-Chen Chen Chiao-Nan Chen Chihw-Wen Hsu Wen-Sheng Zhou Kuei-Yu Chien Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial Evaluating a Resistance Training Intervention With Frail Older Adults in Residential Care: The Keeping Active in Residential Elderly Trial
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-25. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0130. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFrailty is associated with negative health outcomes, disability, and mortality. Physical activity is an effective intervention to improve functional health status. However, the effect of resistance training on multidimensional health in frail older adults remains unclear. This randomized controlled trial was conducted in a U.K. residential care home to assess feasibility with limited efficacy testing on health and functional outcomes and to inform a future definitive randomized controlled trial. Eleven frail older adults (>65 ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bridgitte Swales Gemma C Ryde Anna C Whittaker Source Type: research

Influence of Different Dual-Task Conditions During Straight or Curved Walking on Gait Performance of Physically Active Older Women With Cognitive Decline
This study aims to evaluate the effect of dual tasking on spatiotemporal gait parameters of older adults. Participants were asked to perform a primary complex single-walking task, consisting of a fast-paced linear and a curved gait. Primary task was performed separately and simultaneously with different motor and cognitive secondary tasks. Spatiotemporal gait parameters, walk ratio, and walk stability ratio were measured. Apart from stride length, which stood relatively unchanged, gait speed and cadence were strongly affected by cognitive dual tasking. Cadence seems to be the most impacted by dual tasking during curved gai...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Luiz Fernado Biazus-Sehn Rafael Reimann Baptista R égis Gemerasca Mestriner Bianca Pacheco Loss Daniela Aldabe Felipe de Souza Stigger Source Type: research

The Acute Effects of Fast-Paced Walking on Isometric Peak Torque and Rate of Torque Development in Regularly Exercising and Inactive Older Women
This study aimed to examine the acute effects of fast-paced walking on isometric peak torque and rate of torque development (RTD) in regular exercising and inactive older women. Ten regular exercising (67 ± 4 years) and 10 inactive (68 ± 4 years) older women performed three isometric knee extension contractions before and after a control condition (quiet resting) and an experimental condition of fast-paced walking for 6 min. Peak torque and early (RTD100), late (RTD200), and maximum (peak RTD) RTD measurements were obtained from each contraction. Results showed no significant changes in peak torque, peak RTD,...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Ty B Palmer Jarrod Blinch Ahalee C Farrow Chinonye C Agu-Udemba Ethan A Mitchell Source Type: research

Physical Function and Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Adults With or at Risk of Mobility Disability Post-discharge: 8-Month Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Trial
The objective of this study was to evaluate physical function and health-related quality of life 4 months after the cessation of a 4-month exercise intervention in 89 older adults after discharge from hospital. Linear mixed regression models were used to evaluate between-group differences. Data were analyzed according to the intention-to-treat principle. There was no statistically significant between-group difference in the Short Physical Performance Battery (mean difference 0.5 points, 95% confidence interval [-0.6, 1.5], p = .378). There was a statistically significant difference in favor of the intervention group in fun...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Sylvia Sunde Karin Hesseberg Dawn A Skelton Anette H Ranhoff Are H Pripp Marit Aar ønæs Therese Brovold Source Type: research

Effects of a Brief Stair-Climbing Intervention on Cognitive Functioning and Mood States in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-11. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0125. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDespite an abundance of evidence that exercise benefits cognition and mood, physical activity levels among older adults remain low, with time and inaccessibility posing major barriers. Interval stair climbing is an accessible time-efficient form of physical activity demonstrated to benefit cognition and mood in young adults, but effectiveness in older adults remains unknown. To address this, 28 older adults (Mage = 69.78 years, 16 females) undertook cognitive and mood assessments twice, 1 week apart, once preceded by interval sta...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Neda Nasrollahi Jordan Quensell Liana Machado Source Type: research

Changes in Health-Related Quality of Life and Physical Activity Among Older Adults in the First-Wave COVID-19 Outbreak: A Longitudinal Analysis
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-8. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0104. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe current study aimed to follow the effects of social/physical distancing strategies on health-related daily physical activity and quality of life among older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Seventy-two older adults who were enrolled in a University-Community program in March 2020 (age = 66.8 ± 4.82 years, ♀59) answered five phone-based surveys up to 120 days after the COVID-19 outbreak (from April to August 2020). The Short Form 6D and international physical activity (short version) questionnaires were applied. A ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Rosiane Jesus do Nascimento Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho Cassiano Ricardo Rech Rafaela Batista Brasil Renato Campos Junior In ês Amanda Streit Ewertton de Souza Bezerra Source Type: research

Effects of Self-Selected Passive Recovery Time in Interval Exercise on Perceptual and Heart Rate Responses in Older Women: A Promissory Approach
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-11. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0086. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of passive recovery with self-selected time on affect, ratings of perceived exertion, and heart rate in self-selected interval exercises (SSIE). Fifteen older women (68.1 ± 3.8 years), weekly practitioners of functional activities participated in three SSIE with self-selected recovery time (SSRT) and one self-selected continuous exercise session, all at 24 min approximately. The SSIE had the following configurations: 1'/SSRT, 1.5'/SSRT, and 2'/SSRT. The results showed...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Lucas Eduardo Rodrigues Santos Andr é Dos Santos Costa Eduardo Caldas Costa Vinicius Oliveira Damasceno Zhaojing Chen Izaildo Alves de Oliveira Karla Kristine Dames Fl ávio Oliveira Pires Tony Meireles Santos Source Type: research

Training Session and Detraining Duration Affect Lower Limb Muscle Strength Maintenance in Middle-Aged and Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-15. doi: 10.1123/japa.2020-0493. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMuscle strength after detraining is still higher than the level before training, which is an important issue for middle-aged and older adults. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of detraining duration (DD), resistance training duration (RTD), and intensity on the maintenance of resistance training (RT) benefits after detraining in middle-aged and older adults. A systematic search yielded 15 randomized control trails (n = 383) eligible for inclusion. The results showed that RTD ≥ 24 weeks and DD ≥ RT...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Yong Yang Shu-Chen Chen Chiao-Nan Chen Chihw-Wen Hsu Wen-Sheng Zhou Kuei-Yu Chien Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial Evaluating a Resistance Training Intervention With Frail Older Adults in Residential Care: The Keeping Active in Residential Elderly Trial
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-25. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0130. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFrailty is associated with negative health outcomes, disability, and mortality. Physical activity is an effective intervention to improve functional health status. However, the effect of resistance training on multidimensional health in frail older adults remains unclear. This randomized controlled trial was conducted in a U.K. residential care home to assess feasibility with limited efficacy testing on health and functional outcomes and to inform a future definitive randomized controlled trial. Eleven frail older adults (>65 ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bridgitte Swales Gemma C Ryde Anna C Whittaker Source Type: research

Influence of Different Dual-Task Conditions During Straight or Curved Walking on Gait Performance of Physically Active Older Women With Cognitive Decline
This study aims to evaluate the effect of dual tasking on spatiotemporal gait parameters of older adults. Participants were asked to perform a primary complex single-walking task, consisting of a fast-paced linear and a curved gait. Primary task was performed separately and simultaneously with different motor and cognitive secondary tasks. Spatiotemporal gait parameters, walk ratio, and walk stability ratio were measured. Apart from stride length, which stood relatively unchanged, gait speed and cadence were strongly affected by cognitive dual tasking. Cadence seems to be the most impacted by dual tasking during curved gai...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Luiz Fernado Biazus-Sehn Rafael Reimann Baptista R égis Gemerasca Mestriner Bianca Pacheco Loss Daniela Aldabe Felipe de Souza Stigger Source Type: research

The Acute Effects of Fast-Paced Walking on Isometric Peak Torque and Rate of Torque Development in Regularly Exercising and Inactive Older Women
This study aimed to examine the acute effects of fast-paced walking on isometric peak torque and rate of torque development (RTD) in regular exercising and inactive older women. Ten regular exercising (67 ± 4 years) and 10 inactive (68 ± 4 years) older women performed three isometric knee extension contractions before and after a control condition (quiet resting) and an experimental condition of fast-paced walking for 6 min. Peak torque and early (RTD100), late (RTD200), and maximum (peak RTD) RTD measurements were obtained from each contraction. Results showed no significant changes in peak torque, peak RTD,...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Ty B Palmer Jarrod Blinch Ahalee C Farrow Chinonye C Agu-Udemba Ethan A Mitchell Source Type: research

Physical Function and Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Adults With or at Risk of Mobility Disability Post-discharge: 8-Month Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Trial
The objective of this study was to evaluate physical function and health-related quality of life 4 months after the cessation of a 4-month exercise intervention in 89 older adults after discharge from hospital. Linear mixed regression models were used to evaluate between-group differences. Data were analyzed according to the intention-to-treat principle. There was no statistically significant between-group difference in the Short Physical Performance Battery (mean difference 0.5 points, 95% confidence interval [-0.6, 1.5], p = .378). There was a statistically significant difference in favor of the intervention group in fun...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Sylvia Sunde Karin Hesseberg Dawn A Skelton Anette H Ranhoff Are H Pripp Marit Aar ønæs Therese Brovold Source Type: research

Effects of a Brief Stair-Climbing Intervention on Cognitive Functioning and Mood States in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-11. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0125. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDespite an abundance of evidence that exercise benefits cognition and mood, physical activity levels among older adults remain low, with time and inaccessibility posing major barriers. Interval stair climbing is an accessible time-efficient form of physical activity demonstrated to benefit cognition and mood in young adults, but effectiveness in older adults remains unknown. To address this, 28 older adults (Mage = 69.78 years, 16 females) undertook cognitive and mood assessments twice, 1 week apart, once preceded by interval sta...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Neda Nasrollahi Jordan Quensell Liana Machado Source Type: research

Changes in Health-Related Quality of Life and Physical Activity Among Older Adults in the First-Wave COVID-19 Outbreak: A Longitudinal Analysis
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-8. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0104. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe current study aimed to follow the effects of social/physical distancing strategies on health-related daily physical activity and quality of life among older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Seventy-two older adults who were enrolled in a University-Community program in March 2020 (age = 66.8 ± 4.82 years, ♀59) answered five phone-based surveys up to 120 days after the COVID-19 outbreak (from April to August 2020). The Short Form 6D and international physical activity (short version) questionnaires were applied. A ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Rosiane Jesus do Nascimento Valter Cordeiro Barbosa Filho Cassiano Ricardo Rech Rafaela Batista Brasil Renato Campos Junior In ês Amanda Streit Ewertton de Souza Bezerra Source Type: research

Effects of Self-Selected Passive Recovery Time in Interval Exercise on Perceptual and Heart Rate Responses in Older Women: A Promissory Approach
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-11. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0086. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of passive recovery with self-selected time on affect, ratings of perceived exertion, and heart rate in self-selected interval exercises (SSIE). Fifteen older women (68.1 ± 3.8 years), weekly practitioners of functional activities participated in three SSIE with self-selected recovery time (SSRT) and one self-selected continuous exercise session, all at 24 min approximately. The SSIE had the following configurations: 1'/SSRT, 1.5'/SSRT, and 2'/SSRT. The results showed...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Lucas Eduardo Rodrigues Santos Andr é Dos Santos Costa Eduardo Caldas Costa Vinicius Oliveira Damasceno Zhaojing Chen Izaildo Alves de Oliveira Karla Kristine Dames Fl ávio Oliveira Pires Tony Meireles Santos Source Type: research

Training Session and Detraining Duration Affect Lower Limb Muscle Strength Maintenance in Middle-Aged and Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-15. doi: 10.1123/japa.2020-0493. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMuscle strength after detraining is still higher than the level before training, which is an important issue for middle-aged and older adults. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of detraining duration (DD), resistance training duration (RTD), and intensity on the maintenance of resistance training (RT) benefits after detraining in middle-aged and older adults. A systematic search yielded 15 randomized control trails (n = 383) eligible for inclusion. The results showed that RTD ≥ 24 weeks and DD ≥ RT...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Yong Yang Shu-Chen Chen Chiao-Nan Chen Chihw-Wen Hsu Wen-Sheng Zhou Kuei-Yu Chien Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial Evaluating a Resistance Training Intervention With Frail Older Adults in Residential Care: The Keeping Active in Residential Elderly Trial
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-25. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0130. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTFrailty is associated with negative health outcomes, disability, and mortality. Physical activity is an effective intervention to improve functional health status. However, the effect of resistance training on multidimensional health in frail older adults remains unclear. This randomized controlled trial was conducted in a U.K. residential care home to assess feasibility with limited efficacy testing on health and functional outcomes and to inform a future definitive randomized controlled trial. Eleven frail older adults (>65 ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bridgitte Swales Gemma C Ryde Anna C Whittaker Source Type: research

Influence of Different Dual-Task Conditions During Straight or Curved Walking on Gait Performance of Physically Active Older Women With Cognitive Decline
This study aims to evaluate the effect of dual tasking on spatiotemporal gait parameters of older adults. Participants were asked to perform a primary complex single-walking task, consisting of a fast-paced linear and a curved gait. Primary task was performed separately and simultaneously with different motor and cognitive secondary tasks. Spatiotemporal gait parameters, walk ratio, and walk stability ratio were measured. Apart from stride length, which stood relatively unchanged, gait speed and cadence were strongly affected by cognitive dual tasking. Cadence seems to be the most impacted by dual tasking during curved gai...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Luiz Fernado Biazus-Sehn Rafael Reimann Baptista R égis Gemerasca Mestriner Bianca Pacheco Loss Daniela Aldabe Felipe de Souza Stigger Source Type: research

The Acute Effects of Fast-Paced Walking on Isometric Peak Torque and Rate of Torque Development in Regularly Exercising and Inactive Older Women
This study aimed to examine the acute effects of fast-paced walking on isometric peak torque and rate of torque development (RTD) in regular exercising and inactive older women. Ten regular exercising (67 ± 4 years) and 10 inactive (68 ± 4 years) older women performed three isometric knee extension contractions before and after a control condition (quiet resting) and an experimental condition of fast-paced walking for 6 min. Peak torque and early (RTD100), late (RTD200), and maximum (peak RTD) RTD measurements were obtained from each contraction. Results showed no significant changes in peak torque, peak RTD,...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Ty B Palmer Jarrod Blinch Ahalee C Farrow Chinonye C Agu-Udemba Ethan A Mitchell Source Type: research

Physical Function and Health-Related Quality of Life in Older Adults With or at Risk of Mobility Disability Post-discharge: 8-Month Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Trial
The objective of this study was to evaluate physical function and health-related quality of life 4 months after the cessation of a 4-month exercise intervention in 89 older adults after discharge from hospital. Linear mixed regression models were used to evaluate between-group differences. Data were analyzed according to the intention-to-treat principle. There was no statistically significant between-group difference in the Short Physical Performance Battery (mean difference 0.5 points, 95% confidence interval [-0.6, 1.5], p = .378). There was a statistically significant difference in favor of the intervention group in fun...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Sylvia Sunde Karin Hesseberg Dawn A Skelton Anette H Ranhoff Are H Pripp Marit Aar ønæs Therese Brovold Source Type: research

Effects of a Brief Stair-Climbing Intervention on Cognitive Functioning and Mood States in Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial
J Aging Phys Act. 2021 Sep 11:1-11. doi: 10.1123/japa.2021-0125. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTDespite an abundance of evidence that exercise benefits cognition and mood, physical activity levels among older adults remain low, with time and inaccessibility posing major barriers. Interval stair climbing is an accessible time-efficient form of physical activity demonstrated to benefit cognition and mood in young adults, but effectiveness in older adults remains unknown. To address this, 28 older adults (Mage = 69.78 years, 16 females) undertook cognitive and mood assessments twice, 1 week apart, once preceded by interval sta...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 12, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Neda Nasrollahi Jordan Quensell Liana Machado Source Type: research