Low or Declining Gait Speed is Associated With Risk of Developing Dementia Over 5 Years Among People Aged 85 Years and Over.
Authors: Öhlin J, Gustafson Y, Littbrand H, Olofsson B, Toots A Abstract Improving dementia screening procedures beyond simple assessment of current cognitive performance is timely given the ongoing phenomenon of population aging. A slow or declining gait speed (GS) is a potential early indicator of cognitive decline scarcely investigated in very old people. Here, we investigated the 5-year associations of baseline GS, change in GS, and cognitive function with subsequent dementia development in people aged 85 years and older (n = 296) without dementia at baseline. Declining and a slow baseline GS were associat...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - January 11, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Association of Perceived Environment and Physical Activity in Older Adults After the Great East Japan Earthquake.
Authors: Moriyama N, Iwasa H, Yasumura S Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the association between perceived environment and physical activity among older adults in Fukushima Prefecture after the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and the impact of evacuation. Questionnaires were distributed to individuals aged 65 years and older from October to November 2018. Perceived environment was assessed using a five-item questionnaire on home fitness equipment, access to facilities, neighborhood safety, enjoyable scenery, and frequency of observing others exercising. Physical activity, assessed via the Physical Ac...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - January 9, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Associations of Light, Moderate to Vigorous, and Total Physical Activity With the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in 4,652 Community-Dwelling 70-Year-Olds: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study.
Authors: Ballin M, Nordström P, Nordström A Abstract In this cross-sectional study, the authors investigated the associations of objectively measured physical activity (PA) with the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in older adults. Accelerometer-derived light-intensity PA, moderate to vigorous PA, and steps per day were measured in (N = 4,652) 70-year-olds in Umeå, Sweden, during May 2012-November 2019. The MetS was assessed according to the American Heart Association/ National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute criteria. The prevalence of MetS was 49.3%. Compared with the reference, the odds ra...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - January 8, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Experiences and Strategies Influencing Older Adults to Continue Playing Walking Football.
This study explored the experiences of walking football maintenance in 55- to 75-year-old players. Semistructured interviews were conducted, with 17 older adults maintaining walking football play over 6 months. The inductive analysis revealed five higher-order themes representing maintenance influences and two higher-order themes relating to maintenance mechanisms (i.e., the conscious process by which players maintain). Influences when maintaining walking football included individual- and culture-level influences (e.g., perceived benefits of maintenance and ability acceptance). Maintenance mechanisms included cog...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - January 8, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Are Changes in Walking for Transportation in Brazilian Older Adults Associated With Attributes of the Neighborhood Environment?
This study aims to examine the association between neighborhood environment attributes and changes in walking for transportation among older adults. Longitudinal analysis was performed considering a population-based study (EpiFloripa Idoso), carried out in 2009-2010 with follow-up in 2013-2014. Changes in walking, obtained with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire during both waves were associated with data from the environment perception, evaluated using individual items from the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (baseline only) performing multinomial logistic regression. A total of 1,162 older adult...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - January 8, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Exploring Feelings of Pleasure and Purpose Associated With Older People's Activities Using Ecological Momentary Analysis: An Observational Study.
Authors: Hancock KE, Downward P, Sherar LB Abstract Momentary feelings of pleasure and purpose can be sources of intrinsic motivation, but momentary purpose is rarely studied. Activities, contexts, and feelings of retired/semiretired adults (n = 67, aged 50-78 years) were captured using ecological momentary assessment. Participants provided 2,065 valid responses to six daily smartphone surveys for 7 days. Physical activity was measured by waist-worn ActiGraph accelerometer. Pleasure (measured by affective happiness) and purpose outcomes were regressed on activities, context, and potential confounding variables. Int...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - January 5, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Adherence to the Class-Based Component of a Tai Chi Exercise Intervention for People Living With Dementia and Their Informal Carers.
The objective of this study was to understand the experiences of people living with dementia and their informal carers' taking part together (in dyads) in Tai Chi classes and the aspects influencing their adherence. Dyads' experiences of taking part in Tai Chi classes for 20 weeks within the TACIT Trial were explored through class observations (n = 22 dyads), home-interviews (n = 15 dyads), and feedback. Data were inductively coded following thematic analysis. Tai Chi classes designed for people with dementia and their informal carers were enjoyable and its movements, easy to learn. Facilitators of participants' adherence ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - January 5, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Influence of Cardiorespiratory Fitness on Risk of Dementia and Dementia Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies.
Authors: Lee J Abstract The purpose of this meta-analysis was to investigate the influence of cardiorespiratory fitness (CF) levels on dementia risk and dementia mortality. MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were used to search for eligible studies from January 1990 to September 2019. To be included, the study was required to be a prospective cohort study that provided CF measurements and indicated relative risk and confidence intervals for the associations between CF and dementia risk and mortality. A total of six studies were selected for this meta-analysis. Low-level CF was associated with nearly three times greater r...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - January 5, 2021 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

High-Speed Bodyweight Resistance Training Improves Functional Performance Through Maximal Velocity in Older Females.
Authors: Jaque C, Véliz P, Ramirez-Campillo R, Moran J, Gentil P, Cancino J Abstract The authors compared the effects of bodyweight resistance training at moderate- or high-speed conditions on muscle power, velocity of movement, and functional performance in older females. In a randomized, single-blinded noncontrolled trial, participants completed 12 weeks (three sessions/week) of bodyweight resistance training at high (n = 14; age = 70.6 ± 4.3 years) or moderate (n = 12; age = 72.8 ± 4.2 years) speeds. Data were analyzed with an analysis of variance (Group × Time) with α level set at
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

The Efficacy of a Multicomponent Functional Fitness Program Based on Exergaming on Cognitive Functioning of Healthy Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
This study aimed to investigate the effect of a physical exercise multicomponent training based on exergames on cognitive functioning (CF) in older adults. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial included older adults aged 61-78. Participants were randomly allocated to an intervention group (IG; n = 15) or active control group (CG; n = 16). The IG was exposed to a combined training with traditional exercise and exergaming, twice a week over a period of 12 weeks. The CG performed only traditional sessions. CF was assessed by the Cognitive Telephone Screening Instrument. The time points for assessme...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Test-Retest Reliability of Plantar Flexion Torque Generation During a Functional Knee Extended Position in Older and Younger Men.
In conclusion, older men demonstrated greater variability for maximal torque output, but lesser for rapid torque. PMID: 33361497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Feasibility, Reliability, and Validity of the MotionWatch 8 to Evaluate Physical Activity Among Older Adults With and Without Cognitive Impairment in Assisted Living Settings.
This study tested the feasibility, reliability, and validity of the MotionWatch 8 among assisted living residents with and without cognitive impairment. Data from the Dissemination and Implementation of Function Focused Care in Assisted Living Using the Evidence Integration Triangle study were used. The sample included 781 individuals from 85 facilities with a mean age of 89.48 (SD = 7.43) years. The majority were female (71%), White (97%), and overall (44%) had cognitive impairment. A total of 70% were willing to wear the MotionWatch 8. Reliability was supported as there was no difference in time spent in activity ac...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Correlates of Domain-Specific Physical Activity Among Older Adults in Six Low- to Middle-Income Countries: Analysis of Nationally Representative Samples From Study of Global Aging and Adult Health (SAGE) (Wave 1).
Authors: Luo M, Phongsavan P, Bauman A, Negin J, Zhang Z, Ding D Abstract The correlates of physical activity differ across domains. The authors explored the contribution of domain-specific physical activity to total physical activity and examined how different sociodemographic and social capital-related variables are associated with different physical activity domains in older adults, using nationally representative samples from six low- to middle-income countries. Activity at work and home combined plays an important role in contributing to total physical activity, while leisure-time physical activity accounted f...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of Nigerian (Igbo) Version of the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly.
CONCLUSION: The I-PASE is a valid, reliable, and culturally specific tool for assessing PA among Igbo older adults. PMID: 33361501 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Translating a Functional Exercise Program for Fall Prevention Among Diverse Older Adults in Urban Medically Underserved Areas: A Mixed Methods Study.
Authors: Hu YL, Keglovits M, Somerville E, Snyder M, Stark S Abstract The Lifestyle-integrated Functional Exercise Program (LiFE) is proven to have high adherence rates and can significantly reduce falls, but it has not yet been implemented for diverse older adults residing in urban medically underserved (MU) areas. An exploratory sequential mixed methods study was conducted to adapt LiFE and test the adapted program's preliminary feasibility. Focus groups with MU older adults and service providers were conducted to identify modifications. The new adapted program, Diverse Older Adults Doing LiFE (DO LiFE), was then...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

A Qualitative Exploration of Perceptions of a Digital Intervention to Promote Physical Activity in Older Adults.
CONCLUSION: This study illustrates how using the person-based approach has enabled the identification and implementation of features that older adults appreciate. PMID: 33348316 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 23, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

The Feasibility of Collecting Longitudinal Cardiovascular and Fitness Outcomes From a Neighborhood Park-Based Fitness Program in Ethnically Diverse Older Adults: A Proof-of-Concept Study.
Authors: Kling HE, D'Agostino EM, Booth J, Hansen E, Hawver E, Mathew MS, Messiah SE Abstract This proof-of-concept study examined feasibility of assessing longitudinal changes in body mass index, strength, mobility, and cardiovascular health outcomes in older, racial/ethnic minority adults participating in a park-based physical activity program. Study feasibility was based on follow-through data collection procedures and ability to manage and implement data collection, enrollment, and repeated measures data collection in older adults (≥50 years; n = 380; 45% Hispanic, 41% non-Hispanic Black) over a 28-mont...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 23, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Is Physical Activity Associated With Loneliness or Social Isolation in Older Adults? Results of a Longitudinal Analysis Using the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing.
This study uses a path analysis to investigate the longitudinal association between loneliness and social isolation with PA using the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing. Higher levels of social isolation measured using the Berkman-Syme Social Network Index were directly and indirectly associated with lower levels of walking, moderate PA, and vigorous PA over 6 years. Additionally, higher levels of walking were associated with lower levels of loneliness measured using a modified version of the University of California, Los Angeles loneliness scale over a 3-year period. Future interventions should target individuals who are ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 23, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Outdoor Walking Test With a Global Positioning System Device as an Additional Tool for Functional Assessment of Older Women.
Authors: Kulik A, Rosłoniec E, Madejski P, Spannbauer A, Zguczyński L, Mika P, Pilecka D Abstract The primary aim was to assess the test-retest reliability of an outdoor walking test with a global positioning system device in older women in a community setting. In addition, correlations between the suggested test and various tests recommended to evaluate muscle strength, walking speed, and self-perceived health status in older adults were studied. The study included 40 women aged 68 (SD = 5) years. The primary outcomes were total walked distance and mean walking speed. The secondary outcomes were lower-body stren...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 19, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Perceived Neighborhood Environment Associated With Older Adults' Walking and Positive Affect: Results From the Health and Retirement Study.
Authors: Lee S Abstract The current study examined how a perceived neighborhood environment was associated with older adults' walking activity and the experience of positive affect. Study sample comprised 10,700 older adults, aged 65+, sampled from the Health and Retirement Study 2014-2015 in the United States. Results indicated that neighborhood social cohesion was significantly predicting older adults' walking and positive affect. It was also revealed that walking engagement significantly contributed to the measure of positive affect. However, perceived neighborhood physical disorder did not account for additiona...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 19, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Comparing Methods to Identify Wear-Time Intervals for Physical Activity With the Fitbit Charge 2.
This study aims to develop a standardized approach to defining valid wear time for use in future interventions and analyses. Sixteen African American women (mean age = 62.1 years and mean body mass index = 35.5 kg/m2) wore the Fitbit Charge 2 for 20 days. Method 1 defined a valid day as ≥10-hr wear time with heart rate data. Method 2 removed minutes without heart rate data, minutes with heart rate ≤ mean - 2 SDs below mean and ≤2 steps, and nighttime. Linear regression modeled steps per day per week change. Using Method 1 (n = 292 person-days), participants had 20.5 (SD = 4.3) hr wear time per day compar...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Concurrent Validity Between Electronically Administered Physical Activity Questionnaires and Objectively Measured Physical Activity in Danish Community-Dwelling Older Adults.
CONCLUSION: The concurrent validity is low, as the scores did not reflect objectively measured daily steps. PMID: 33310928 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 16, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Outdoor Exercise Parks on Health Outcomes in Older Adults-A Mixed-Methods Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
The objective of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of outdoor exercise park equipment on physical activity levels, physical function, psychosocial outcomes, and quality of life of older adults living in the community and to evaluate the evidence of older adults' use of outdoor exercise park equipment. A search strategy was conducted from seven databases. Nine articles met the inclusion criteria. The study quality results were varied. Meta-analyses were undertaken for two physical performance tests: 30-s chair stand test and single-leg stance. The meta-analysis results were not statistically significan...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 16, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Aging and Recovery After Resistance-Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage: Current Evidence and Implications for Future Research.
Authors: Fernandes JFT, Lamb KL, Norris JP, Moran J, Drury B, Borges NR, Twist C Abstract Aging is anecdotally associated with a prolonged recovery from resistance training, though current literature remains equivocal. This brief review considers the effects of resistance training on indirect markers of muscle damage and recovery (i.e., muscle soreness, blood markers, and muscle strength) in older males. With no date restrictions, four databases were searched for articles relating to aging, muscle damage, and recovery. Data from 11 studies were extracted for review. Of these, four reported worse symptoms in ol...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 9, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

"It's Better Together": A Nested Longitudinal Study Examining the Benefits of Walking Regularly With Peers Versus Primarily Alone in Older Adults.
"It's Better Together": A Nested Longitudinal Study Examining the Benefits of Walking Regularly With Peers Versus Primarily Alone in Older Adults. J Aging Phys Act. 2020 Dec 04;:1-11 Authors: Kritz M, Thøgersen-Ntoumani C, Mullan B, Stathi A, Ntoumanis N Abstract The authors examined whether purposeful walking with peers at least once a week contributes to better behavioral and health outcomes in older adults than primarily walking alone. The authors used a longitudinal cohort design and recruited participants aged 60 years and older (N = 136) at the start of a 16-week walking interven...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 6, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Stand Up Now: A Sedentary Behavior Intervention in Older Adults of Moderate to Low Physical Function.
Authors: Thralls Butte K, Levy SS Abstract OBJECTIVES: To examine the efficacy of an the intervention Stand Up Now (SUN) to reduce sedentary behavior (SB) and improve physical function and mobility. METHODS: SUN included two groups: (a) focused on reducing total SB (SUNSL) and (b) focused on increasing sit-to-stand (STS) transitions (SUNSTS). The participants (N = 71; Mage = 87 ± 7 years) had 12 weekly health coaching sessions. SB, physical function, and mobility were measured at the baseline, 6, and 12 weeks via the activPAL, Short Physical Performance Battery, and the 8-foot up and go, respec...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 5, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Additional Functional Performance Gains After 24-Week Unstable Strength Training With Cognitive Training in Community-Dwelling Healthy Older Adults: A Randomized Trial.
Authors: de Oliveira VMA, Pirauá ALT, Cavalcante BR, Beltrão NB, de Farias WM, Pitangui ACR, de Araújo RC Abstract The authors investigated the effects of unstable strength training (UST) without or with cognitive training (C+UST) on functional performance in community-dwelling older adults. A total of 50 participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to either 24 weeks of thrice-weekly UST (n = 25) or C+UST (n = 25). All participants performed moderate-intensity strength exercises using unstable surfaces, and C+UST participants simultaneously received cognitive training in addition to UST. Primary ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 5, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Few Structural Brain Changes Associated With Moderate-Intensity Interval Training and Low-Intensity Continuous Training in a Randomized Trial of Fitness and Older Adults.
This study utilized a randomized control trial to examine whether structural changes in the precuneus, insula, caudate, hippocampus, and putamen were related to exercise. A total of 197 healthy older adults with no evidence of dementia participated in moderate-intensity interval training or low-intensity continuous training for 16 weeks. Size decreased in the right hippocampus such that the effect of time was significant but the interaction with condition was not. For the left hippocampus, size decreased in the low-intensity continuous training condition but increased in the moderate-intensity continuous training plus inte...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 5, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Exergaming as a Community Program for Older Adults: The Effects of Social Interaction and Competitive Information.
This study examined how different types of social interaction and competitive information in exergaming affect older adults' motivation and attitude toward playing exergames. A 2 (time: pre- vs. posttest) × 3 (social interaction: play alone vs. play with peer vs. play with youth) × 2 (competition: competition informed vs. noncompetition informed) mixed experiment was conducted with 319 Singaporean older adults over 6 weeks through a three-way analysis of variance. Social interaction was found to significantly affect the changes of extrinsic motivation over time, while competitive information affected intrinsic ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 30, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Exercise Interventions for Community-Dwelling Older Adults Following an Emergency Department Consultation for a Minor Injury.
This study compared effects of exercise-based interventions with usual care on functional decline, physical performance, and health-related quality of life (12-item Short-Form health survey) at 3 and 6 months after minor injuries, in older adults discharged from emergency departments. Participants were randomized either to the intervention or control groups. The interventions consisted of 12-week exercise programs available in their communities. Groups were compared on cumulative incidences of functional decline, physical performances, and 12-item Short-Form health survey scores at all time points. Functional decline incid...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Compliance of the Physical Activity Guidelines Accumulated in Bouts ≥10 Min and Nonbouts and Its Association With Body Composition and Physical Function: A Cross-Sectional Study in Brazilian Older Adults.
This study aimed to investigate the association between compliance with the guidelines of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) accumulated in bouts of ≥10 min or nonbouts with body composition and physical function in older adults. The authors evaluated 230 noninstitutionalized older adults. Body composition was estimated using bioimpedance, and physical function was assessed using four physical tests. Physical activities were monitored for 7 days using an accelerometer. Older adults who were physically active according to MVPA in bouts of ≥10 min were less likely to have low appendicular skel...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 23, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Physical Activity Among Urban-Living Middle-Aged and Older Japanese During the Build-Up to the Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games: A Population Study.
Authors: Annear M, Kidokoro T, Shimizu Y Abstract This research examines physical activity (PA) parameters among urban-living middle-aged and older Japanese during the Tokyo Olympic build-up period. Population sampling was employed, and an online survey was administered with 4,000 adults across Japan's five largest cities. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form constituted the main outcome variable, with auxiliary measures of Olympic interest and engagement, readiness for PA behavior change, perceived environmental barriers, and demographic information. Despite interest in the Olympics (>60...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 23, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Effect of Age and Acute Exercise on Circulating Angioregulatory Factors.
Authors: Luttrell MJ, Mardis BR, Bock JM, Iwamoto E, Hanada S, Ueda K, Feider AJ, Temperly K, Casey D Abstract The balance of angiogenic factors, including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and angiostatic factors, like thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) and endostatin, controls striated muscle angiogenic responses to exercise training. The effect of age on circulating levels of these factors following a bout of exercise is unclear. The authors hypothesized that older adults would have lower circulating VEGF but higher TSP-1 and endostatin after exercise compared with young adults. Ten young and nine older participa...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 23, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Immersive Virtual Tasks With Motor and Cognitive Components: A Feasibility Study With Young and Older Adults.
CONCLUSION: All three tasks were feasible for young adults. All participants, except for one, had cybersickness. The symptoms were mostly mild and subsided once the interaction was complete. PMID: 33091873 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 23, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Perceived Neighborhood and Walking Among Older Brazilian Adults Living in Urban Areas: A National Study (ELSI-Brazil).
Authors: Moreira BS, Andrade ACS, Braga LS, Bastone AC, Torres JL, Lima-Costa MFF, Caiaffa WT Abstract The study goal was to examine the association between perceived neighborhood characteristics and walking in urban older adults in Brazil. A cross-sectional study including 4,027 older adults from the baseline of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSI-Brazil) was performed. Walking was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Neighborhood characteristics were questions about physical disorder, noise pollution, safety, violence, social cohesion, services, concerns with community mob...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 23, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Psychological Factors Predicting Sedentary Behavior of Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study in Brazil.
Authors: de Oliveira DV, do Nascimento MA, Branco BHM, de Oliveira RV, do Nascimento Júnior JRA, Freire GLM, Bertolini SMMG Abstract This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the psychological factors that might predict the sedentary behavior of 654 older adults from the South Region of Brazil. The participants were evaluated by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire; Mini-Mental State Exam; Geriatric Anxiety Scale; and the scales Geriatric Depression, Purpose in Life, Perceived Stress, Rosenberg Self-Esteem, and Satisfaction with Life. Data analysis was conducted through Pearson correlation...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 23, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Measuring Physical Activity Levels in People With Mild Cognitive Impairment or Mild Dementia.
Authors: van der Wardt V, Hancox JE, Burgon C, Bajwa R, Goldberg S, Harwood RH Abstract Measuring physical activity (PA) in people with mild cognitive impairment or dementia can be difficult. The aim was to investigate the validity and acceptability of three different PA measurement methods. The mixed-method analysis included 49 participants with mild cognitive impairment or dementia, who completed a daily calendar recording PA, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam PA Questionnaire, and those who wore a Misfit Shine accelerometer. The quantitative analysis sh...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Examining Multilevel Environmental Correlates of Physical Activity Among Older Adults With Multiple Sclerosis.
This study provides guidance for researchers and practitioners on relevant targets for tailoring interventions for older adults with multiple sclerosis and supports an emphasis on self-efficacy as a primary predictor of health behavior change. PMID: 33049698 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Influence of Badminton Practice on Age-Related Changes in Patellar and Achilles Tendons.
Authors: Bravo-Sánchez A, Abián P, Sousa F, Jimenez F, Abián-Vicén J Abstract Regular sport practice could prevent age-related changes in tendinous tissues. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of regular badminton practice on patellar and Achilles tendon mechanical properties in senior competitive badminton players (>35 years old) and to compare the results with physically active people matched by age. One hundred ninety-two badminton players and 193 physically active people were divided by age into four groups, between 35 and 44 (U45), between 45 and 54 (U55),...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Greater Semantic Memory Activation After Exercise Training Cessation in Older Endurance-Trained Athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings demonstrate that even a relatively short period without exercise training alters the functional activation patterns of semantic memory-related neural networks. Increased semantic memory activation after training cessation may indicate reduced neural efficiency during successful memory retrieval. PMID: 33049700 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Levels of Physical Activity Among Older Adults in the European Union.
Authors: Clemente Remón ÁL, Jiménez Díaz-Benito V, Jiménez Beatty JE, Santacruz Lozano JA Abstract The study aimed to ascertain the levels of older European people's physical activity according to sociodemographic variables. The sample size was 7,893 citizens aged 65 and over from the European Union. The participants were classified as physically inactive, adequately active, or highly active, according to the World Health Organization. The total metabolic equivalents of task minutes per week were also calculated. In the results, 55.5% of older people were adequately active, and 43...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 9, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

The Consequences of Glaucoma on Mobility and Balance Control in the Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Authors: Zwierko T, Jedziniak W, Florkiewicz B, Ceylan Hİ, Lesiakowski P, Śliwiak M, Kirkiewicz M, Lubiński W Abstract The aim of the study was to explore the functional impairments and related factors in older adults with moderate to advanced stages of glaucoma. Nineteen patients with glaucoma and 19 participants with no ocular disease performed step test and balance control tasks with analysis of overall stability index and fall risk index. Monocular and binocular Humphrey Visual Field tests were used to estimate visual field defect severity. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used to measur...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - October 1, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Overspeed Stimulus Provided by Assisted Jumping Encourages Rapid Increases in Strength and Power Performance of Older Adults.
Authors: Vetrovsky T, Omcirk D, Malecek J, Stastny P, Steffl M, Tufano JJ Abstract Following a 4-week control period, 24 older men and women (55-91 years) attended a 4-week progressive jumping program to determine whether assisted jumping could be safely and effectively implemented as a novel stimulus in healthy older adults. Bodyweight countermovement jump performance, isometric and isokinetic strength, postural stability, and exercise enjoyment were assessed before the control period, before the training intervention, and after the training intervention. Following the 4-week intervention, eccentric quadricep...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Exercise Spaces in Parks for Older Adults: A Qualitative Investigation.
This study aims to explore their experiences of using these spaces and their perspectives on these spaces by using a qualitative descriptive research design. In-depth interviews were conducted with 32 users in three Hong Kong parks with low, medium, and high area-based socioeconomic statuses. The findings highlight that exercise spaces in parks can cultivate a positive environment allowing older adults with varying physical abilities and health statuses to remain active together as well as to support each other socially and emotionally in a natural outdoor setting. The participants' perspectives on the exercise space discu...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

"Someone's Got My Back": Older People's Experience of the Coaching for Healthy Ageing Program for Promoting Physical Activity and Preventing Falls.
"Someone's Got My Back": Older People's Experience of the Coaching for Healthy Ageing Program for Promoting Physical Activity and Preventing Falls. J Aging Phys Act. 2020 Sep 09;:1-12 Authors: Haynes A, Sherrington C, Wallbank G, Lester D, Tong A, Merom D, Rissel C, Tiedemann A Abstract The Coaching for Healthy Ageing trial evaluated the impact on physical activity (PA) and falls based on a year-long intervention in which participants aged 60+ receive a home visit, regular health coaching by physiotherapists, and a free activity monitor. This interview study describes the participants' experi...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 13, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Promoting Physical Activity in Older Adults With Knee Osteoarthritis and Hypertension: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Authors: Schlenk EA, Fitzgerald GK, Rogers JC, Kwoh CK, Sereika SM Abstract A 6-month self-efficacy intervention was compared with attention-control intervention on physical activity, clinical outcomes, and mediators immediate postintervention and 6-month postintervention in 182 older adults with knee osteoarthritis and hypertension using a randomized controlled trial design. The intervention group received six weekly individual physical therapy sessions for lower-extremity exercise and fitness walking and nine biweekly nurse telephone counseling sessions. The attention-control group received six weekly and nine bi...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 7, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Effect of Resistance Training Intensity on Blood Pressure in Older Women.
This study aimed to compare the effects of resistance training performed with low versus moderate loads on systemic resting blood pressure (BP) in older women. A total of 29 women (72.6 ± 5.1 years) were randomized into two groups: low load (LOW, n = 15) and moderate load (MOD, n = 14). An 8-week whole-body resistance training program was carried out 3 days/week (eight exercises, three sets, 10 or 15 repetition maximum). The LOW and MOD groups trained with a relative load of 15 and 10 repetition maximum, respectively. Outcome measures included resting systolic and diastolic BP. After 8 weeks, both groups presen...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - September 7, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Tai Chi for the Prevention of Falls Among Older Adults: A Critical Analysis of the Evidence.
Authors: Nyman SR Abstract Despite interest as to the benefits of Tai Chi, there remains a controversy over its effectiveness as an exercise intervention for preventing falls among older adults. This review synthesizes the evidence base with a focus on meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials with community-dwelling older adults. It provides a critical lens on the evidence and quality of the trials. High-quality evidence suggests that Tai Chi is an effective intervention for preventing falls in community settings; however, there is unclear evidence for long-term care facilities and an absence of evidence for ...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - August 27, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Acute Effects of Single- Versus Double-Leg Postactivation Potentiation on Postural Balance of Older Women: An Age-Matched Controlled Study.
CONCLUSIONS: The single-leg group showed improved balance outcomes due to postactivation potentiation, while the double-leg group showed worsened balance consistent with muscle fatigue. PMID: 32820137 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity)
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - August 22, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

Exploring Fear of Falling and Exercise Self-Efficacy in Older Women With Vertebral Fractures.
Authors: Ponzano M, Gibbs JC, Adachi JD, Ashe MC, Cheung AM, Hill KD, Kendler D, Khan AA, McArthur C, Papaioannou A, Thabane L, Wark JD, Giangregorio LM Abstract Fear of falling is a common issue among older adults, which decreases quality of life and leads to an avoidance of activities they are still able to do. The goal of this secondary data analysis was to explore the relationship between fear of falling and exercise self-efficacy in 141 women with at least one nontraumatic Genant Grade 2 vertebral fracture. Fear of falling, exercise self-efficacy, history of falling, the number of falls, the use of assisting d...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - August 22, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research