Association Between E-cigarette Use and Depression in US Adults
Conclusion: In a representative sample of adults in the United States e-cigarette use is associated with depression, predominantly in widowed/divorced/separated, unemployed and people who use marijuana. This association was independent of potential cofounders. (Source: Journal of Addiction Medicine)
Source: Journal of Addiction Medicine - September 1, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Executive Summary of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) Clinical Practice Guideline on Alcohol Withdrawal Management
The American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) Clinical Practice Guideline on Alcohol Withdrawal Management provides guidance on the identification and management of alcohol withdrawal in adults with varying degrees of syndrome severity. The guideline addresses both ambulatory and inpatient care and considers special patient populations. The Guideline was primarily developed following the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method (RAM), a process to determine the appropriateness of a set of clinical procedures. This process included a review of gray and empirical literature published between January 2012 and October 2017. Ninete...
Source: Journal of Addiction Medicine - September 1, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Clinical Practice Guidelines Source Type: research

Overlapping Mechanisms of Recovery Between Professional Psychotherapies and Alcoholics Anonymous
Conclusions: In caring for patients with addiction, practicing clinicians will find it useful to be aware of overlapping analogous elements found in the AA program and professional psychotherapies and how they can complement one another. (Source: Journal of Addiction Medicine)
Source: Journal of Addiction Medicine - September 1, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Review Source Type: research

COVID-19 as a Frying Pan: The Promise and Perils of Pandemic-driven Reform
The imposition of new regulations can send industries scrambling to comply, fostering innovation in doing so. How we police and treat people with opioid use disorder (OUD), with recent widespread social unrest in reaction to police violence and systemic racism bringing the need for lasting structural changes to our justice system and social services into especially acute relief. Arbitrary laws and counterproductive policies previously subject to only incremental reform have given way to sweeping changes: people convicted of nonviolent drug crimes have been released from jails and prisons, the enforcement of drug laws has b...
Source: Journal of Addiction Medicine - September 1, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Commentaries Source Type: research

Calls for Access to Safe Injecting Supplies as a Critical Public Health Measure During the COVID-19 Pandemic
More than 3 decades of research has provided compelling evidence regarding the effectiveness, safety, and cost-effectiveness of needle and syringe programs in reducing syringe-sharing and transmission of HIV, HCV, and other bloodborne infections. However, repressive drug policies and drug law enforcement practices around the world continue to undermine their operations and scale-up, as well as access to harm reduction among people who inject drugs. The COVID-19 pandemic has heightened access barriers to needle and syringe programs, raising concerns about unsafe injecting practices due to inadequate access to safe injecting...
Source: Journal of Addiction Medicine - September 1, 2020 Category: Addiction Tags: Commentaries Source Type: research