Aldose reductase inhibitory potential of different fractions of Houttuynia cordata Thunb
Conclusion These findings indicated that, AQ fraction of H. cordata exhibited significant inhibitory effect on AR in a non-competitive manner, which may be attributed to the presence of high phenolic and flavonoid contents. Thus, the plant H. cordata may act as a promising source in the treatment of secondary complications like cataract associated with diabetes. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Acute diarrhea in HIV infected patient receiving antiretroviral therapy: is there any role of microscopic stool examination at present?
Conclusions Based on our setting, it seems that there is diagnostic role of using microscopic stool examination for determining possible parasitic infestation in HIV infected patients receiving standard antiretroviral therapy who present with acute diarrhea. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

HPTLC evaluation of oleanolic acid and ursolic acid from the methanol extract of Wattakaka volubilis
Conclusion For conclusion, above study scientifically validated as a useful traditional medicine with the identification of bioactive secondary metabolites. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Acute poisoning in children; changes over the years, data of pediatric clinic department of toxicology
Conclusion In our study drugs and house cleaning products are the most frequent agents causing accidental poisoning in children less than 5 years-old, this age of children is the most susceptible in terms of morbidity. Compared with the previous studies in Pediatric Clinic of Pristina, drugs are still the most frequent cause of acute poisoning in children; the number of poisoning with pesticides has fallen but has increased the number of poisoning with cleaning products. All preventive measures against poisoning should be taken including preventive strategies of education at national level especially in drug and household ...
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Prevalence rate and epidemiological determinants of animal bite in Ahvaz County, Khuzestan Province, Southwestern Iran
Conclusions The dogs were the major attacker animal, affecting mostly the age group 10–19 years old and men. Therefore, we should pay more attention about controlling this problem. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Evaluation of anticonvulsant activity of hydroalcoholic extract of Mussaenda philippica on animals
Publication date: 2014 Source:Journal of Acute Disease, Volume 3, Issue 1 Author(s): DM Kar , SK Rout , L Moharana , S Majumdar Objective To evaluate the anticonvulsant activity of hydroalcoholic extracts of leaves and sepals of Mussaenda philippica (M. Philippica) and its fractions (methanol, dioxin and aqueous) against pentylene tetrazole (PTZ), maximal electroshock (MES), Strychnine (STR), Picrotoxin induced convulsions at different dose levels. Methods The anticonvulsant effect of extracts was studied by the MES, PTZ, STR and Picrotoxin-induced seizure. Results The extract at 100 and 200 mg/kg, produced a significa...
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Surgical treatment of hydrocephalus and spinal dysraphism
Conclusions Shant meningitis due to infection or eventual reduction in immune intervention, was warned to 5 patients; Hematoma bilateral subdural due to excessive absorption of the system is evidenced in 1 patient. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

In-vivo and ex-vivo inhibition of intestinal glucose uptake: A scope for antihyperglycemia
Conclusions The kinetic studies on the glucose transport inhibition across the intestinal membrane by the plant extract was a non competitive type of inhibition of the intestinal glucose transporter protein (GLUT2 and SGLT1) revealing the probable mechanism of hypoglycaemic effect of the aqueous leaf extract of P. amarus . (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Cardiac arrest – cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Conclusions All survivors from cardiac arrest have received appropriate medical assistance within 10 min from attack, which implies that if cardiac arrest occurs near an institution health care (with an opportunity to provide the emergent health care) the rate of survival is higher. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Animal bite incidence in the County of Shush, Iran
Conclusions Because the cost of prevention after biting for the health system is high, so, preventive programs must be concentrated on public health instruction, particularly in villagers, students, farmers and the owners of the domestic animals. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of the methanol leaves extract of Clinacanthus nutans on the activity of acetylcholinesterase in male mice
Conclusion In conclusion, 14 d oral administration of C. nutans was able to modulate cholinergic neurotransmission by activating AChE activity in mice kidney, liver and heart. Compounds that responsible for the induction of AChE activity in mice liver, heart and kidney and its mechanism needs to be elucidated. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Lagenaria siceraria ameliorates atheromatous lesions by modulating HMG–CoA reductase and lipoprotein lipase enzymes activity in hypercholesterolemic rats
Conclusion It can be concluded that ethanolic extract of fruits of L. siceraria contains active components which ameliorates the atheromatous lesions in rat aorta and lowers the risk of atherosclerosis in hypercholesterolemic rats. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Gender-Differences in aortic dissection
Conclusion Female AD patients are ten-year older in age than male, and have more common neurologic symptoms in presentations, and female AD patient have 2-fold mortality rate than male AD patients. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Attitude and perception of junior resident doctors' regarding antibiotic resistance – A pilot study
Conclusions Most of the junior residents believe that antibiotic resistance is an emerging problem in their hospital as also nationally. There is a large unmet need of providing education to these residents. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

The value of C-reactive protein in emergency medicine
Publication date: 2014 Source:Journal of Acute Disease, Volume 3, Issue 1 Author(s): Yu-Jang Su C-reactive protein (CRP) is a commonly used tool in emergency department (ED), especially in febrile and infectious patients. It was identified in 1930 and was subsequently classified into an “acute phase protein”, an early indicator of infectious or inflammatory situations in the ED, CRP must be a diagnostic reference and no single value can be indicated to rule in or rule out a specific diagnosis or disease. CRP is a comprehensively assisted tool for evaluation and diagnosis of tissue damage (rheumatologic diseas...
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Acute anaphylaxis after red fire ant bite
Publication date: 2014 Source:Journal of Acute Disease, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): Sora Yasri , Viroj Wiwanitkit (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Acute reaction after administration of nimotuzumab: a concern
Publication date: 2014 Source:Journal of Acute Disease, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): Kamon Chaiyasit , Viroj Wiwanitkit (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Acute natural disaster relief by role of military medicine
Publication date: 2014 Source:Journal of Acute Disease, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): Beuy Joob , Viroj Wiwanitkit (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

HIV/AIDS related deaths from three district hospitals of West Bengal: An observation
Publication date: 2014 Source:Journal of Acute Disease, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): MK Bhattacharya , MK Saha , PS Chakraborty , A Sinha , A Bhattacharya , KK Dutta Data on HIV/AIDS incidence or deaths are limited in poor-resource country like India and non-existent in state of West Bengal. These data are essential for formulating policies for HIV intervention strategies to curb HIV epidemic. In present study, a descriptive analysis of all registered cases from three district hospitals (Maldah, North 24 Parganas and Darjeeling) during July 2006-December 2007 was conducted. HIV/AIDS related deaths were found to be higher...
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Acute anaphylactic reaction to expired chlorpheniramine injection
In this report, the authors present a case of acute anaphylactic reaction to expired chlorpheniramine injection. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

An insidious presentation of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura: A case report and brief literature review
Conclusion: Emergency physicians should keep TTP in mind when approaching cases of thrombocytopenia with mild anemia, even if an alternative diagnosis exists. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Surveillance of multidrug resistant suppurative infection causing bacteria in hospitalized patients in an Indian tertiary care hospital
Conclusions Of these S. aureus, particularly the methicillin resistant strain predominates, followed by strains of S. pyogenes and P. aeruginosa that were in the higher proportions of multidrug resistance. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Standardization and phytochemical investigation of antilithiatic polyphyto dispersible tablets
Conclusions Data reveals that phytotherapeutic agents could be useful as either an alternative or a complementary therapy in the management of urolithiasis. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Evaluation of anti-parkinson's activity of gentisic acid in different animal models
Conclusions Results shows that the Gentisic acid produced dose dependent neuroprotective activity in different animal models of PD. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

To evaluate anti-anxiety activity of thymol
Conclusions Thymol (20 mg/kg) produced significant anti-anxiety effect as compared to vehicle (0.01% ethanol) treated mice in both EPM and LDT behavioral models. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Hypolipidemic activity of Piper betel in high fat diet induced hyperlipidemic rat
Conclusion It could be said that the methanolic leaf extract of P. betel exhibited a significant hypolipidemic effect. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Evaluation of yield, quality and antioxidant activity of essential oil of in vitro propagated Kaempferia galanga Linn.
Conclusions As IVP rhizomes had better oil yield, those could be used for a large scale commercial propagation for sustainable use of essential oil. The principal chemical in the essential oil, ethyl p-methoxy cinnamate could help apothecary, for several ailments. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

The ameliorative effects of Averroha carambola on humoral response to sheep erythrocytes in non-treated and cyclophosphamide-immunocompromised mice
Conclusions Immunomodulators are being used as an adjuvant in conditions of immunodeficiency in cancer and to a limited extent in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The results obtained in this study indicate that A. carambola possesses potential immunomodulatory and antioxidant activity. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Neuroprotective and antioxidant role of Phoenix dactylifera in permanent bilateral common carotid occlusion in rats
Conclusions These results confirmed the protective role of P. dactylifera in ischemia hypoperfusion and thereby it's beneficial role in cerebrovascular insufficiency states and related complications. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic properties of aqueous root extract of Icacina senegalensis in alloxan induced diabetic rats
Conclusions The results suggest that the root extract of I. senegalensis possesses antidiabetic and hypolipidemic properties, which might be a potential source for isolation of new orally active agent in the treatment of diabetes and its associated complications. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Laboratory diagnosis, clinical manifestations, epidemiological situation and public health importance of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Shushtar County, Southwestern Iran
Conclusions Analyzing of the composed results revealed that this area could be considered as one of the endemic foci of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by L. major. In view of the high prevalence rate and distribution of leishmaniasis in Iran, it is in necessity of data gathering about vectors and reservoirs of each district for prevention. Designing control programs play prominent role in this case. With respect to the increased prevalence of CL in Shushtar districts, health care observers should pay further attention on preventing. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Submersion and acute respiratory failure
Conclusions Submersion patients who are hypothermic on arrival of emergency department (ED) are risky to respiratory failure and older, more hypothermic, longer hospital stay in suicidal submersion patients. (Source: Journal of Acute Disease)
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

A review on some poisonous plants and their medicinal values
Publication date: 2014 Source:Journal of Acute Disease, Volume 3, Issue 2 Author(s): Narayanaswamy Tamilselvan , Thirunavukkarasu Thirumalai , Prabakar Shyamala , Ernest David The aim of this review is to provide a report on poisonous medicinal plants using for various treatments. Medicinal plants have been used for centuries, and numerous cultures still rely on indigenous medicinal plants for their primary health care needs. Poisonous medicinal plants are used for various ailments such as Antidiabetic, Anticancer, Antibacterial, Antifungal, and Cytogenetic effect. The review reveals that wide numbers of phytochemical co...
Source: Journal of Acute Disease - November 2, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research