Severe reverse amblyopia with atropine penalization
(Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 14, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Abdelrahman M. Elhusseiny, Carolyn Wu, Sarah MacKinnon, David G. Hunter Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Sympathetic ophthalmitis after scleral perforation during strabismus surgery
We report the case of a 24-year-old woman who experienced sympathetic ophthalmitis after scleral perforation during strabismus surgery. She presented postoperatively with distorted vision and was successfully treated with intravenous and oral steroids. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 14, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Anju Bhari, Vinod Agarwal, Swati Phuljhele, Pradeep Sharma Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Heavy eye syndrome precipitated by superotemporal Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation in a woman with axial high myopia
A 56-year-old woman with pseudophakia and glaucoma was referred because of left eye hypotropia and esotropia noted following superotemporal Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation in that eye. Examination suggested left heavy eye syndrome, and it was confirmed the patient had high axial myopia before her cataract surgeries. Both nasal displacement of the left superior rectus muscle and inferior displacement of the left lateral rectus muscle were noted intraoperatively. Removal of the glaucoma drainage device, posterior loop myopexy of the superior rectus muscle to the lateral rectus muscle, and implantation of a new glaucoma dra...
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 14, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Arif O. Khan, James Bacon Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Positive predictive value and screening performance of GoCheck Kids in a primary care university clinic
To determine the positive predictive value (PPV) of GoCheck Kids, a smartphone-based photoscreener, to detect refractive amblyopia risk factors (ARFs) in children 3-48 months of age. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 12, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Megan X. Law, Mariana Flores Pimentel, Catherine E. Oldenburg, Alejandra G. de Alba Campomanes Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Pediatric diabetic retinopathy telescreening
To describe the role of telemedicine screening for pediatric diabetic retinopathy (DR) and to identify risk factors for pediatric DR. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 12, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Sasha Strul, Yuxi Zheng, Sapna Gangaputra, Karishma Datye, Qingxia Chen, Laura Maynard, Eric Pittel, William Russell, Sean Donahue Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Reply to: Khan AO, Considerations in multi-gene panel testing in pediatric
(Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 11, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Amy E. Turriff, Catherine A. Cukras, Brian P. Brooks, Laryssa A. Huryn Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Congenital corneal blood staining secondary to hemorrhagic persistent fetal vasculature
(Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 11, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Sarah Avila, Grace Huang, Joel Pakett, Robin Ginsburg, Douglas Fredrick Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Personalized pediatric ophthalmology: a case report
(Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 11, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Joshua Paul Harvey Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Longitudinal visual acuity development in ZIKV-exposed children
To follow the visual acuity development of children exposed to or infected with the Zika virus (ZIKV) during gestation and to relate potential visual acuity deficits to their clinical condition. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 8, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Diego da Silva Lima, Luiz Claudio Portnoi Baran, Russell David Hamer, Marcelo Fernandes da Costa, Kallene Summer Vidal, Francisco Max Damico, Mirella Telles Salgueiro Barboni, Valtenice de C ássia Rodrigues de Matos França, Cristiane Maria Gomes Martins Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Differences of megalopapilla and normal sized disk with age —an optical coherence tomography analysis
To compare the optic disks of children and adults with megalopapilla using optical coherence tomography (OCT). (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 8, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Rita Gama, Catarina Relha, Sylvia Gaspar, Carina Esteves, F ábio Nascimento Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Comparison of photoscreening and autorefractive screening for the detection of amblyopia risk factors in children under 3 years of age
To evaluate the effectiveness of photoscreening and autorefractive screening for the detection of amblyopia risk factors (ARFs) in a cohort of preterm and term-born children (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 8, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Caner Kara, İkbal Seza Petriçli Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

When pediatric acute acquired comitant esotropia is not caused by a neurological disease
Acute acquired comitant esotropia (AACE) is a relatively rare type of pediatric strabismus, often described as a possible presentation of intracranial pathology. The risk of having neurological disease in isolated AACE is not clear, because many previously published cases had other neurological or ophthalmological abnormalities. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence of neurological abnormalities in children presenting with AACE and otherwise normal neurological and ophthalmological evaluations. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 7, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Gad Dotan, Yariv Keshet, Hanya M. Qureshi, Ronit Friling, Claudia Yahalom Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Incidence and outcome of suprachoroidal hemorrhage associated with pediatric glaucoma surgery
To report the incidence and outcomes of suprachoroidal hemorrhage (SCH) associated with pediatric glaucoma surgery. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 7, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Ashwaq Al-Abeeri, Sameer Ahmad, Abdulrahman Al-Gaeed, Abeer Ahmed, Rizwan Malik Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Validation of a novel strabismus surgery 3D-printed silicone eye model for simulation training
To demonstrate the validity of a new 3D-printed silicone model for practicing strabismus surgery, compared with the rabbit head, in terms of simulator fidelity. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 7, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Lisa Jagan, Will Turk, Christian Petropolis, Rylan Egan, Nicholas Cofie, Kenneth W. Wright, Yi Ning J. Strube Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Longitudinal changes in binocular coordination of smooth pursuit in patients with intermittent exotropia after strabismus surgery
To observe the change in horizontal smooth pursuit in patients with intermittent exotropia before and after strabismus surgery. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 7, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Miharu Mihara, Atsushi Hayashi, Ken Kakeue, Ryoi Tamura Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Macular thickness in children aged 3-6 years born preterm
To determine macular thickness in 3- to 6-year-old children who were born preterm compared with age-matched controls born at term. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 7, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Ozge Yabas Kiziloglu, Yesim Coskun, Nezaket Ezgi Guven, Okan Toygar Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the iPhone GoCheck Kids smartphone vision screener in detecting amblyopia risk factors
The recently released GoCheck Kids iPhone photoscreening app is designed to detect amblyopia risk factors (ARFs) in young children and includes remote review of images captured by smartphone. We aimed to evaluate the system ’s accuracy in detecting AAPOS guidelines ARFs. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - January 2, 2020 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Mollianna Walker, Alba Duvall, Mackenzie Daniels, Mailynh Doan, Luke E. Edmondson, Edward W. Cheeseman, M. Edward Wilson, Rupal H. Trivedi, Mae Millicent W. Peterseim Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Comparison of different tendon transposition techniques for the treatment of monocular elevation deficiency type 2
To compare results of three different tendon transposition techniques (Knapp procedure and two modified techniques) for the treatment of type 2 monocular elevation deficiency (MED) patients. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - December 31, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Osman Bulut Ocak, Asli Inal, Ebru Demet Aygit, Selcen Celik, Serap Yurttaser Ocak, Ceren Gurez, Isil Basgil Pasaoglu, Birsen Gokyigit Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

A novel test for predicting fusional potential in patients with torsional diplopia
(Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - December 9, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Worawalun Honglertnapakul, Charlotte Tibi, Hilda Capo, Kara M. Cavuoto, Craig A. McKeown Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Isolated orbital amyloidosis causing internal and external ophthalmoplegia
(Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - December 9, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Mary-Magdalene Ugo Dodd, Natalie Wolkow, Mary Elizabeth Cunnane, Lina Ma, Thaddeus P. Dryja, David Hunter Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Infantile simple dacryops: clinicopathological correlation and immunocharacterization
(Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - December 7, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Anuradha Pradhan, Devjyoti Tripathy, Ruchi Mittal Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Lateral rectus belly transposition without tenotomy for acquired inferior rectus weakness: a case series
(Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - December 6, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Weiyi Xia, Wen Wen, Xiying Wang, Chao Jiang, Lianqun Wu, Ling Ling, Jing Yao, Chen Zhao Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Conservative management of congenital upper eyelid eversion
(Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - December 6, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Peter Daniel, Martin Cogen Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Information for readers
(Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - December 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Augmented medial transposition of split lateral rectus in the management of synergistic divergence
We describe 3 cases of synergistic divergence a technique of medial transposition of split lateral rectus augmented with equatorial fixation sutures in 3 children. Postoperatively the synergistic divergence disappeared, and eyes were aligned in the straight-ahead gaze with improved adduction and convergence in all 3 cases. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - November 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Pradeep Sharma, Rohit Saxena, Karthika Bhaskaran, Rebika Dhiman, Anin Sethi, Hameed Obedulla Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Temporal transposition of the split medial rectus muscle when the medial rectus is the sole functioning rectus muscle
We report 2 cases in which a combination of multiple palsies resulted in paralytic esotropia with the medial rectus being the sole functioning rectus muscle. Both cases were treated with temporal transposition of split medial rectus. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - November 19, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Chong-Bin Tsai, Chien-Liang Fang, Ming-Shan Chen Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Kurt Alden Simons
, PhD, a respected investigator in children ’s eye care, with a special interest in vision screening, died on October 3, 2019. He was 78 years old. Dr. Simons had served as director of the Pediatric Vision Laboratory at the Wilmer Institute for nearly 30 years. He is widely known for his extensive and meticulously prepared reviews of amblyo pia and vision screening. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - November 14, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Michael X. Repka Tags: In Memoriam Source Type: research

Medial rectus plication for consecutive exotropia in a patient with stretched scar syndrome
We report a case of stretched scar syndrome in a 12-year-old girl with consecutive exotropia who had previously been treated with bilateral medial rectus muscle recessions. Stretched scar syndrome was confirmed intraoperatively, and bilateral medial rectus muscle plication was performed, successfully restoring normal alignment. Use of plication rather than resection of rectus muscles (stretched scar) can reduce the risk of a lost or slipped muscle and reduce surgical trauma and bleeding. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - November 13, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Sara L. Hojjatie, Amy K. Hutchinson Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Corneal ectasia and high ametropia in an infant with microcephaly associated with presumed Zika virus congenital infection: new ocular findings
We report the first case of a corneal ocular ectasia in an infant with Zika virus congenital infection (CZS). We suspect that the ocular embryology and neurotropism of the Zika virus could account for the corneal involvement. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - November 7, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Galton Carvalho Vasconcelos, Carolina Milagres Macedo Pereira, Cristina Helena Toledo de Paula, Pamela de Souza Haueisen Barbosa, Davi Machado de Souza, Let ícia Maria Coelho Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Combined surgical strategy for management of unilateral exotropic Duane retraction syndrome associated with limitation of abduction
To report the effect of asymmetrical bilateral lateral rectus recession combined with augmented partial vertical rectus transposition (VRT) in the management of exotropia, head turn, limited abduction, and anomalous vertical movements associated with unilateral exotropic Duane retraction syndrome (XT-DRS). (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - November 2, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Mohamed F. Farid Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Anomalous superior oblique muscles and tendons in congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles
To evaluate the finding of anomalous superior oblique muscles in congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles (CFEOM), a feature not previously emphasized in this condition. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - November 2, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Talia N. Shoshany, Caroline Robson, David G. Hunter Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Pharmacologic mydriasis in an infant following parental use of topical glycopyrronium tosylate
(Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - November 1, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Steven Seto, Alison A. Teo, Ryan D. Walsh Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Quality of life and mental health in amblyopic children treated with and without occlusion therapy
To assess the long-term ( ≥1 year) psychosocial effects of occlusion therapy in children with refractive amblyopia and their caregivers. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 31, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Sandra Guimaraes, Andr é Alves Carção, Mariana Ramos Carvalho, Maria João Vieira, Cristina Freitas, Pedro Morgado Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Orbital conjunctival epithelial cyst mimicking cyst with microphthalmos
We report a 15-year-old girl with a large orbitopalpebral cyst in the absence of associated microphthalmos. The patient presented with a massive swelling involving the left lower eyelid overhanging the left cheek and occupying much of the left orbital cavity. The globe was not visible on clinical examination. No history of trauma or surgery preceding the development of the cyst was reported by the patient or her father. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 31, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Ruchi Mittal, Devjyoti Tripathy Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

The effect of patient compliance on remission rates in pediatric noninfectious uveitis
To identify barriers to compliance in pediatric noninfectious uveitis, and to examine its association with achieving steroid-free remission. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 31, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Noy Ashkenazy, Ujwala S. Saboo, Zachary M. Robertson, Jennifer Cao Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Extraocular muscle biopsy during surgery for strabismus of unknown etiology
We present 2 cases, one with euthyroid Graves ’ orbitopathy and the other with amyloid light-chain amyloidosis, in which extraocular muscle biopsy performed intraoperatively allowed histopathologic confirmation of a clinical diagnosis. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 31, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Jed H. Assam, Aaron M. Miller, Patricia Chevez-Barrios, Andrew G. Lee Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Sudden-onset trochlear nerve palsy: clinical characteristics and treatment implications
To identify clinical characteristics, etiologies, and treatment implications of sudden-onset, acquired cases of superior oblique palsy. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 31, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Jinali R. Diora, David A. Plager Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Ophthalmologic disorders and risk factors in children with autism spectrum disorder
To report the results of our review of all children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who underwent complete pediatric ophthalmologic examination at our institution over a 10-year period. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 29, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Melinda Y. Chang, Nandini Gandhi, Mary O ’Hara Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Treatment of non –type 1 retinopathy of prematurity in the Postnatal Growth and Retinopathy of Prematurity (G-ROP) study
To determine the prevalence and characteristics of eyes treated for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) not meeting currently recommended early treatment (type 1) criteria. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 26, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tianyu Liu, Lauren A. Tomlinson, Gui-shuang Ying, Michael B. Yang, Gil Binenbaum, G-ROP Study Group Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Impaired fine motor skills in children following extraction of a dense congenital or infantile unilateral cataract
To evaluate fine motor ability in children treated for unilateral congenital or infantile cataract. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 24, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Krista R. Kelly, Sarah E. Morale, Serena X. Wang, David R. Stager, Eileen E. Birch Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Long-term visual outcomes following abusive head trauma with retinal hemorrhage
To report the rates of vision loss and select ocular findings after abusive head trauma (AHT) with retinal hemorrhages at a single center. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 23, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Eric Weldy, Angela Shimoda, Jennifer Patnaik, Jennifer Jung, Jasleen Singh Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Test-retest reliability of the revised diplopia questionnaire
To evaluate misclassification of diplopia “success” when using a standardized diplopia questionnaire (DQ), and to report test-retest reliability of the DQ. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 23, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Sasha A. Mansukhani, Sarah R. Hatt, David A. Leske, Jonathan M. Holmes Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Different surgical outcomes in infantile exotropia according to onset time
To determine whether age of onset influences surgical outcomes in infantile exotropia. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 22, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Kun-Hoo Na, Seung-Hyun Kim Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

John T. Flynn
Our profession lost one of its greatest lights with the passing of John T. Flynn, MD, on March 18, 2019. John was a graduate of Notre Dame University and received his MD from Northwestern University. He served his residency at Cornell, where he first met Dr. Ed Norton, who eventually recruited him to Miami. In 1965, following training with Dr. C üppers and others in Europe, John joined Drs. Norton, Victor Curtin, Don Gass, and J. Lawton Smith as the fifth of the “founding five” of the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute (BPEI). (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 18, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: R. Michael Siatkowski Tags: In Memoriam Source Type: research

Long-term visual and anatomic outcomes following early surgery for persistent fetal vasculature: a single-center, 20-year review
We report the visual and anatomic outcomes in a large cohort of patients who underwent early surgery for PFV. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 17, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Bashar M. Bata, Hannah H. Chiu, Kamiar Mireskandari, Asim Ali, Wai-Ching Lam, Michael J. Wan Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

John Little
Dr. John Milton Little passed away in June 2018, just over 35  years since we crossed paths when he accepted me to work in his department at the Montreal Children's Hospital for my final year of residency. He was to become a lifelong friend and supporter of my career in his home town of Halifax, Canada. Indeed “JML,” as he was known to his closest colleag ues, moved from Halifax to McGill university for his medical and ophthalmology studies before spending three years at University of Florida, where he worked under icons like Kaufman and Flynn to become a pediatric ophthalmologist with a subspecialty in re...
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 15, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: G. Robert La Roche Tags: In Memoriam Source Type: research

Clinical findings and surgical outcomes of patients with traumatic isolated inferior rectus muscle paresis
To evaluate clinical findings and surgical outcomes of patients with traumatic isolated inferior rectus muscle paresis. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 15, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Mohammad Reza Akbari, Mohammad Mehrpour, Mohsen Karimian, Arash Mirmohammadsadeghi Tags: Major Article Source Type: research

Accuracy of online health information on amblyopia and strabismus
(Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 11, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Sunju Park, Carly Moskowitz, Jee-Young Moon, Brooke Geddie, Erin Walsh, Jamie B. Rosenberg Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

A possible clinical sign for orbital cellulitis
We examined photographs from several ophthalmology units of individuals with orbital and preseptal cellulitis. (Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 9, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Clinical Pearls Source Type: research

Neonatal bilateral acute retinal necrosis in a neonate with a history of severe intrauterine growth restriction
(Source: Journal of AAPOS)
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 8, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Liliana Mar ía Zuluaga Gómez, Yuliana Llano Naranjo, Diana Carolina Montoya, Álvaro Hoyos Orrego Tags: Short Report Source Type: research