Correlations Between the Genetic Variations in the COL1A1, COL5A1, COL12A1, and β-fibrinogen Genes and Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury in Chinese Patientsa.
Correlations Between the Genetic Variations in the COL1A1, COL5A1, COL12A1, and β-fibrinogen Genes and Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury in Chinese Patientsa. J Athl Train. 2020 Apr 02;: Authors: Zhao D, Zhang Q, Lu Q, Hong C, Luo T, Duan Q, Shu S, Lv J, Zhao W Abstract CONTEXT: A variety of factors have been linked to the occurrence of anterior cruciate ligament injury (ACLI), including sex, familial factors, and genetic variations. OBJECTIVE: To find the genetic loci associated with ACLI and explore the genetic mechanism of ACLI in order to provide a genetic basis for the diagnosis, progno...
Source: J Athl Train - April 2, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Zhao D, Zhang Q, Lu Q, Hong C, Luo T, Duan Q, Shu S, Lv J, Zhao W Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Defining Athletic Training in the Military Setting: A Survey Investigation Into Professional Characteristics, Preparation, and Barriers in Clinical Practice.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, ATs working in the military setting were well-qualified practitioners who were very satisfied with their current positions, yet they also reported barriers, such as working within the military culture and lack of recognition of their skill set. Although ATs indicated a neutral belief that professional degree preparation was sufficient for this clinical practice setting, the qualitative themes provided additional career-preparation advice for individuals interested in this setting. PMID: 32239964 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - April 2, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Radzak KN, Sedory EJ, Hooper M, Kasamatsu TM Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Eccentric Training and Biceps Femoris Architecture and Strength: A Systematic Review With Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: In healthy adults, an eccentric strength-training program produced architectural adaptations of the long head of the biceps femoris muscle and increased eccentric hamstrings strength. PMID: 32216654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - March 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Gérard R, Gojon L, Decleve P, Van Cant J Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Single-Legged Hop and Single-Legged Squat Balance Performance in Recreational Athletes With a History of Concussion.
CONCLUSIONS: Lingering dynamic balance-control deficits after concussion may contribute to an increased musculoskeletal injury risk. Given our findings, we suggest that neuromuscular deficits currently not assessed after concussion may linger. Time to stabilization is a clinically applicable measure that has been used to distinguish patients with various pathologic conditions, such as chronic ankle instability and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, from healthy control participants. Whereas the single-legged squat may not sufficiently challenge balance control, future study of the more dynamic single-legged hop is ...
Source: J Athl Train - March 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Lynall RC, Campbell KR, Mauntel TC, Blackburn JT, Mihalik JP Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Devising a Pace-Based Definition for "The Wall": An Observational Analysis of Marathoners' Subjective Experiences of Fatigue.
CONCLUSIONS: These pace-based criteria could be valuable to researchers evaluating HTW prevalence in cohorts for whom they lack subjective questionnaire data. PMID: 32216656 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - March 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Doherty C, Keogh A, Smith B, Megyesi P, Caulfield B Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

An Examination of Athletic Trainers' Occupational Recovery Experiences During Time After Work.
Abstract CONTEXT: Although researchers have directed scholars toward investigating the effectiveness of the nonwork personal time of athletic trainers (ATs), no one has characterized the occupational recovery experiences of ATs. OBJECTIVE: To examine the reliability and validity of the Recovery Experience Questionnaire (REQ) for use in AT populations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Web-based survey. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 144 ATs (71 men, 73 women) working in a variety of National Collegiate Athletic Association sports across all levels of competition. MAIN OUT...
Source: J Athl Train - March 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Gnacinski SL, Nai M, Brady M, Meyer BB, Newman N Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Balance Markers and Saccadic Eye-Movement Measures in Adolescents With Postconcussion Syndrome.
CONCLUSIONS: Performing dual-task balance conditions for which the secondary task involves a gaze-shifting component or both a gaze-shifting component and a high cognitive load resulted in greater sway amplitude in adolescents with concussion. However, these larger amounts of postural sway were not associated with increased saccadic eye movements. PMID: 32216658 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - March 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Rochefort C, Legace E, Boulay C, Macartney G, Goulet K, Zemek R, Sveistrup H Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Concussion-Prevention Strategies Used in National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I and II Women's Soccer.
CONCLUSIONS: Although ATs believed that cervical strengthening could help prevent concussions, few had implemented this strategy. However, the ATs whose teams used headgear outnumbered those who believed that headgear was an effective prevention strategy. Based on our findings, we saw a disconnect among the current use of concussion-prevention strategies, ATs' beliefs, and the available evidence. PMID: 32216659 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - March 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Jeffries KK, Girouard TJ, Tandy RD, Radzak KN Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Collegiate Athletic Trainers' Experiences With External Pressures Faced During Decision Making.
CONCLUSIONS: External pressure regarding medical decisions was an anticipated occurrence for our sample. Such pressure was described as a natural part of the position, not negative but rather a product of the culture and environment of the Division I FBS setting. Athletic trainers who frequently face pressure from coaches and administration should use the aforementioned strategies to improve the workplace dynamic and foster an environment that focuses on patient-centered care. PMID: 32196378 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - March 20, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Pike Lacy AM, Singe SM, Bowman TG Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Morphology and Anabolic Response of Skeletal Muscles Subjected to Eccentrically or Concentrically Biased Exercise.
CONCLUSIONS: Incorporating eccentric exercise is a simple, universally available therapeutic intervention for promoting muscle recovery. A single 15-minute dose of eccentric exercise to a novice muscle can better exert an anabolic effect than a comparable dose of concentric exercise, with very limited evidence of fiber damage. PMID: 32196379 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - March 20, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Lepley LK, Davi SM, Hunt ER, Burland JP, White MS, McCormick GY, Butterfield TA Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Athletic Trainer Burnout: A Systematic Review of the Literature.
CONCLUSIONS: Burnout was observed in all studied subsets of the population (ie, students, graduate assistants, staff, faculty), and multiple causes of burnout were reported. Suggested causes of burnout in ATs included work-life conflict and organizational factors such as poor salaries, long hours, and difficulties dealing with the "politics and bureaucracy" of athletics. Effects of burnout in ATs included physical, emotional, and behavioral concerns (eg, intention to leave the job or profession). PMID: 32196380 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - March 20, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Oglesby LW, Gallucci AR, Wynveen CJ Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Movement Demands and Injury Characteristics in Under-20-Years University Rugby Union Players.
Abstract CONTEXT: Rugby union is a field-based collision sport with high injury rates. Associations between injury characteristics and global positioning system-derived movement demands in rugby union athletes are yet to be investigated. OBJECTIVE: To investigate associations between match injuries and movement demands, anthropometrics, and physical performance in under-20-years university-level rugby union players. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING: Competition season. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Rugby union players (n = 34, age = 19.3 ± 0.6 years) from a university cl...
Source: J Athl Train - March 11, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Ball S, Halaki M, Orr R Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Cryotherapy Models and Timing-Sequence Recovery of Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage in Middle- and Long-Distance Runners.
Abstract CONTEXT: Among sports-recovery methods, cold-water immersion (CWI), contrast-water therapy (CWT), and whole-body cryotherapy (WBC) have been applied widely to enhance recovery after strenuous exercise. However, the different timing effects in exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) after these recovery protocols remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of CWI, CWT, and WBC on the timing-sequence recovery of EIMD through different indicator responses. DESIGN: Crossover study. SETTING: Laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Twelve male middle- and long-distance runners from t...
Source: J Athl Train - March 11, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Qu C, Wu Z, Xu M, Qin F, Dong Y, Wang Z, Zhao J Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Awareness of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury-Preventive Training Programs Among Female Collegiate Athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: Although 89% of respondents expressed interest in performing daily ACL PTPs, only 15% had performed such programs, and only 33% were familiar with the concept of ACL PTPs. PMID: 32160059 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - March 11, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Tanaka MJ, Jones LC, Forman JM Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Incorporation of the Kinetic Chain Into Shoulder-Elevation Exercises: Does It Affect Scapular Muscle Activity?
CONCLUSIONS: Incorporating the kinetic chain during shoulder elevation exercises influenced scapular muscle activity and ratios. In particular, incorporating the lower limb resulted in more UT activity, whereas the open-hand position increased MT and LT activity. PMID: 32160060 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - March 11, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Borms D, Maenhout A, Cools A Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

The Self-Assessment Corner for Shoulder Strength: Reliability, Validity, and Correlations With Upper Extremity Physical Performance Tests.
CONCLUSIONS: The SAC is a clinically applicable and standardized protocol for self-assessing rotational strength in young healthy adults without pathologic conditions. Performance on the SMBT and CKCUEST may be valuable as a screening tool to further assess shoulder strength. PMID: 32053404 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - February 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Decleve P, Van Cant J, De Buck E, Van Doren J, Verkouille J, Cools AM Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Understanding the Athletic Trainer's Role in the Return-to-Learn Process at National Collegiate Athletic Association Division II and III Institutions.
CONCLUSIONS: For the development and implementation of a successful RTL policy, strong communication and interprofessional practice must extend beyond health care professionals. Members of the health care team must establish a network with academic partners to develop a policy that is appropriate for the institution's available resources and the needs of its student-athletes. PMID: 32053405 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - February 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Runyon LM, Welch Bacon CE, Neil ER, Eberman LE Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Patient-Reported Outcome Measures in Sports Medicine: A Concise Resource for Clinicians and Researchers.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of assessing patient outcomes during patient care, current evidence suggests relatively limited use of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) by athletic trainers (ATs). Major barriers to PROM use include lack of knowledge, navigating the intricate process of assessing a wide variety of PROMs, and selecting the most appropriate PROM to use for care. A concise resource for ATs to consult when selecting and implementing PROMs may help facilitate the use of PROMs in athletic health care. OBJECTIVE: To review the instrument essentials and clinical utility of PROMs us...
Source: J Athl Train - February 7, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Lam KC, Marshall AN, Valier ARS Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Concussion-Symptom Rating Correlation Between Pediatric Patients and Their Parents.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings may help to set expectations regarding concussion-symptom durations and return-to-play timing for pediatric patients and their families. Given the patient-parent correlations in our sample, substantial reporting discrepancies between patients and their parents may be a relevant factor for clinicians to investigate further during concussion evaluations. PMID: 32031884 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - February 7, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Patsimas T, Howell DR, Potter MN, Provance AJ, Kirkwood MW, Wilson JC Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Early Sport Specialization and Subjective Hip and Groin Dysfunction in Collegiate Ice Hockey Athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: Collegiate ice hockey athletes who were highly specialized before high school reported greater current hip and groin pain, symptoms, dysfunction during activities of daily living and sport and recreation, and lower current hip- and groin-related quality of life compared with low-specialization ice hockey athletes. Early ice hockey specialization may be detrimental to hip and groin function in collegiate ice hockey athletes. PMID: 32031885 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - February 7, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Sheppard M, Nicknair J, Goetschius J Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Challenges Faced by Collegiate Athletic Trainers, Part I: Organizational Conflict and Clinical Decision Making.
Abstract CONTEXT: Organizational conflict, particularly between coaches and medical professionals, has been reported in collegiate athletics. Different values create room for conflict between coaches and athletic trainers (ATs); however, ATs' experiences when making medical decisions are not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of organizational conflict regarding medical decision making and determine if differences exist across athletic affiliations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Collegiate athletics (National Collegiate Athletic Association [NCAA], National Associatio...
Source: J Athl Train - January 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Lacy AMP, Bowman TG, Singe SM Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

When Should a Heat-Tolerance Test Be Scheduled After Clinical Recovery From an Exertional Heat Illness?
Abstract OBJECTIVE: Researchers have produced a hypothesis of transient heat intolerance (HI) after exertional heat stroke (EHS). Based on this hypothesis, heat-tolerance testing (HTT) has been postponed until weeks 6 to 8 after EHS and other types of exertional heat illness (EHI). We compared the HTT results of participants after either EHS or other EHI who were tested earlier (6-week group) to verify the hypothesis. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Data obtained from records of military athletes who experienced EHS or EHI. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: All participants who underwent HTT after EHI ...
Source: J Athl Train - January 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Schermann H, Hazut-Krauthammer S, Weksler Y, Spitzer S, Epstein Y, Kalmanovich G, Yanovich R Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Challenges Faced by Collegiate Athletic Trainers, Part II: Treating Concussed Student-Athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on our findings, we recommend continued efforts to improve the culture surrounding concussion in collegiate athletes. Athletic trainers should include key stakeholders such as coaches, student-athletes, parents, faculty, and other educational administrators in their educational efforts to improve the policies and culture surrounding concussion treatment. PMID: 31986101 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - January 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Bowman TG, Singe SM, Lacy AMP, Register-Mihalik JK Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Relative Scapular-Muscle Ratios During Maximal Isokinetic Shoulder-Girdle Strength Performance in Elite Field Hockey Players.
CONCLUSIONS: Compared with nonathletes, elite field hockey players had altered intramuscular (within the trapezius) and intermuscular (between the trapezius and SA) balance ratios during maximal shoulder-girdle contractions, with relatively more MT and LT activity. This may reflect a sport-specific adaptation to optimize coordinated activity of the scapulothoracic muscles, meeting the specific demands of field hockey movements and simultaneously better protecting the shoulder against injury. Our results can assist in optimizing high-performance training and in supporting injury-prevention programs, which are key to both su...
Source: J Athl Train - January 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Vanderstukken F, Borms D, Berckmans K, Spanhove V, Cools AM Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Visual Biofeedback and Changes in Lower Extremity Kinematics in Individuals With Medial Knee Displacement.
CONCLUSIONS: Real-time visual biofeedback immediately improved faulty lower extremity kinematics related to knee-injury risk. Individuals with medial knee displacement adjusted their movement patterns after a single training session and reduced their medial knee motion during a dynamic task. PMID: 31986103 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - January 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Marshall AN, Hertel J, Hart JM, Russell S, Saliba SA Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Quadriceps Muscle Size, Quality, and Strength and Self-Reported Function in Individuals With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.
Abstract CONTEXT: Ultrasound imaging provides a cost-effective method of measuring quadriceps morphology, which may be related to self-reported function after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). OBJECTIVE: To compare quadriceps morphology and strength between limbs in individuals with ACLR and matched control limbs and determine their associations with self-reported function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two individuals with ACLR (females = 66%; age = 21.8 ± 2.6 years; time since ACLR = 50.5 ± 29.4...
Source: J Athl Train - January 17, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Garcia SA, Moffit TJ, Vakula MN, Holmes SC, Montgomery MM, Pamukoff DN Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Ankle-Joint Self-Mobilization and CrossFit Training in Patients With Chronic Ankle Instability: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
acute;n A, Kim KM Abstract CONTEXT: Ankle-joint mobilization and neuromuscular and strength training have been deemed beneficial in the management of patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI). CrossFit training is a sport modality that involves these techniques. OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the influence of adding self-mobilization of the ankle joint to CrossFit training versus CrossFit alone or no intervention in patients with CAI. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Research laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Seventy recreational athletes with CAI were r...
Source: J Athl Train - January 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Cruz-Díaz D, Hita-Contreras F, Martínez-Amat A, Aibar-Almazán A, Kim KM Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Running a Marathon-Its Influence on Achilles Tendon Structure.
Abstract CONTEXT: Several studies have been conducted to better understand the effect of load on the Achilles tendon structure. However, the effect of a high cumulative load consisting of repetitive cyclic movements, such as those that occur during the running of a marathon, on Achilles tendon structure is not yet clear. Clinicians, coaches, and athletes will benefit from knowledge about the effects of a marathon on the structure of the Achilles tendon. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the short-term response of the Achilles tendon structure to running a marathon. DESIGN: Case series (prospective). SETTING...
Source: J Athl Train - January 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Rabello LM, Albers IS, van Ark M, Diercks RL, van den Akker-Scheek I, Zwerver J Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Baseline Postural Control and Lower Extremity Injury Incidence Among Those With a History of Concussion.
Abstract CONTEXT: Lower extremity musculoskeletal (LEMSK) injury may be more prevalent among those with a history of sport-related concussion (SRC). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between baseline postural control metrics and the LEMSK injury incidence in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I student-athletes with a history of SRC. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I athletes. DESIGN: Cohort study. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Of 84 total athletes (62 males), 42 had been previously diagnosed with an SRC, and 42 were matched controls based on...
Source: J Athl Train - January 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Murray N, Belson E, Szekely B, Islas A, Cipriani D, Lynall RC, Buckley TA, Powell DW, Munkasy B Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

History of Sport-Related Concussion and Long-Term Clinical Cognitive Health Outcomes in Retired Athletes: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSIONS: Evidence of poorer cognitive health among retired athletes with a history of concussion and head-impact exposure is evolving. Our results suggest that a history of SRC may more greatly affect the cognitive domains of memory, executive function, and psychomotor function. Retired athletes appeared to have increased self-reported cognitive difficulties, but the paucity of high-quality, prospective studies limited the conclusions that could be drawn regarding a cause-and-effect relationship between concussion and long-term health outcomes. Future researchers should consider a range of cognitive health outcomes, as...
Source: J Athl Train - January 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Cunningham J, Broglio SP, O'Grady M, Wilson F Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Research at the Point-of-Care: Using Electronic Medical Record Systems to Generate Clinically Meaningful Evidence.
Abstract CONTEXT: Health care leaders have recommended the use of health information technology to improve the quality of patient care. In athletic training, using informatics, such as electronic medical records (EMRs), would support practice-based decisions about patient care. However, athletic trainers (ATs) may lack the knowledge to effectively participate in point-of-care clinical research using EMRs. OBJECTIVES: To discuss the role of EMRs in athletic training and identify methodologic approaches to conducting clinical research at the point of care. DESCRIPTION: The 2020 Commission on Accreditation ...
Source: J Athl Train - January 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Marshall AN, Lam KC Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Attenuated Cardiovascular Responses to the Cold Pressor Test in Concussed Collegiate Athletes.
Abstract CONTEXT: Cardiovascular responses to the cold pressor test (CPT) provide information regarding sympathetic function. OBJECTIVE: To determine if recently concussed collegiate athletes had blunted cardiovascular responses during the CPT. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 10 symptomatic concussed collegiate athletes with (5 men, 5 women; age = 20 ± 2 years) who were within 7 days of diagnosis and 10 healthy control individuals (5 men, 5 women; age = 24 ± 4 years). INTERVENTION(S): The participants' right hands...
Source: J Athl Train - January 7, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Johnson BD, Sackett JR, Schlader ZJ, Leddy JJ Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Emergency Action Plans in Secondary Schools: Barriers to and Facilitators and Social Determinants of Implementation.
CONCLUSIONS: Certain social determinants (eg, school enrollment) may affect EAP adoption, but not every proposed determinant significantly affected adoption. Perceived barriers to EAP adoption suggest that ATs and ADs need to be educated so they can provide further information on the low cost of EAP adoption. Further, ADs described state mandates as facilitators to improve EAP adoption; therefore, efforts to educate state leaders about the need for mandated policies may be warranted. PMID: 31756132 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - November 22, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Scarneo-Miller SE, DiStefano LJ, Mazerolle SM, Register-Mihalik JK, Stearns RL, Casa DJ Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Vitamin D Practice Patterns in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Collegiate Athletics Programs.
CONCLUSIONS: A great deal of variability was present in vitamin D-related clinical practices among NCAA Division I athletics programs, which reflects existing contradictions and uncertainty in research, recommendations, and guidelines. Knowledge of current practice patterns is important in evaluating and establishing best practices, policies, and procedures for sports medicine and sports nutrition professionals in the collegiate setting. PMID: 31729892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - November 15, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Rockwell M, Hulver M, Eugene E Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Newly Credentialed Athletic Trainers' Perceptions of Their Transition to Practice.
Abstract CONTEXT: Newly credentialed athletic trainers (ATs) have reported stress and role ambiguity during the transition to practice. Previous researchers focused on their qualitative experiences, yet no investigators have explored how characteristics such as the setting or type of educational program affect the transition to practice. OBJECTIVE: To determine how newly credentialed ATs perceived their transition to practice. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Online survey. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Of 1835 newly credentialed ATs (18%) certified and employed between January and Sep...
Source: J Athl Train - November 12, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Thrasher AB, Walker SE Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Access to Athletic Trainer Services in California Secondary Schools.
Abstract CONTEXT: California is currently the only state that does not regulate who can and cannot call themselves athletic trainers (ATs). Therefore, previous national or state-specific investigations may not have provided an accurate representation of AT availability at the secondary school level in California. Similarly, it is unknown whether the factors that influence AT availability in California, such as socioeconomic status, are similar to or different from those identified in previous studies. OBJECTIVE: To describe the availability of ATs certified by the Board of Certification in California secondar...
Source: J Athl Train - November 12, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Post EG, Roos KG, Rivas S, Kasamatsu TM, Bennett J Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Exploring Predictors of Moral Disengagement in Collegiate Athletic Trainers.
Abstract CONTEXT: Considering recent high-profile reports of malpractice and negligence by National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) athletic trainers (ATs), it is prudent to investigate the psychological mechanisms that may influence ATs' ability to justify unethical behaviors. When treating injured student-athletes, ATs may undergo a cognitive process known as moral disengagement, which involves convincing oneself that ethical standards do not apply in a particular context. OBJECTIVE: To explore the psychological factors and traits among ATs that may predict moral disengagement pertaining to allowing ...
Source: J Athl Train - November 12, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Budziszewski R, Graupensperger SA, Vierimaa M Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Point-of-Care Clinical Trials in Sports Medicine Research: Identifying Effective Treatment Interventions Through Comparative Effectiveness Research.
Abstract CONTEXT: Recently, calls to conduct comparative effectiveness research (CER) in athletic training to better support patient care decisions have been circulated. Traditional research methods (eg, randomized controlled trials [RCTs], observational studies) may be ill-suited for CER. Thus, innovative research methods are needed to support CER efforts. OBJECTIVES: To discuss the limitations of traditional research designs in CER studies, describe a novel methodologic approach called the point-of-care clinical trial (POC-CT), and highlight components of the POC-CT (eg, incorporation of an electronic medic...
Source: J Athl Train - October 16, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Lam KC, Bacon CEW, Sauers EL, Bay RC Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

King-Devick Test Reliability in National Collegiate Athletic Association Athletes: A National Collegiate Athletic Association-Department of Defense Concussion Assessment, Research and Education Report.
Abstract CONTEXT: The King-Devick (KD) test has received considerable attention in the literature as an emerging concussion assessment. However, important test psychometric properties remain to be addressed in large-scale independent studies. OBJECTIVE: To assess (1) test-retest reliability between trials, (2) test-retest reliability between years 1 and 2, and (3) reliability of the 2 administration modes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Collegiate athletic training facilities. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 3248 intercollegiate student-athletes participated in year 1 (male ...
Source: J Athl Train - October 16, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Breedlove KM, Ortega JD, Kaminski TW, Harmon KG, Schmidt JD, Kontos AP, Clugston JR, Chrisman SP, McCrea M, McAllister TW, Broglio SP, Buckley TA Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Hop Stabilization Training and Landing Biomechanics in Athletes With Chronic Ankle Instability: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Abstract CONTEXT: Hopping exercises are recommended as a functional training tool to prevent lower limb injury, but their effects on lower extremity biomechanics in those with chronic ankle instability (CAI) are unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine if jump-landing biomechanics change after a hop-stabilization intervention. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Research laboratory. PATIENTS: Twenty-eight male collegiate basketball players with CAI were divided into 2 groups: hop-training group (age = 22.78 ± 3.09 years, mass = 82.59 ± 9.51 kg, height = 187.96 ± ...
Source: J Athl Train - October 16, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Ardakani MK, Wikstrom EA, Minoonejad H, Rajabi R, Sharifnezhad A Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Measures of Agility and Single-Legged Balance as Clinical Assessments in Patients With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction and Healthy Individuals.
CONCLUSIONS: The ACLR group demonstrated slower bipedal agility times and decreased postural stability when assessed in an SL bent-knee position compared with the control group. PMID: 31618074 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - October 16, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Bodkin SG, Kirsch AN, Saliba SA, Hart JM Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

World Federation of Athletic Training and Therapy World Congress 2019 Peer-Reviewed Track Abstracts May 11-12, 2019 Makuhari Messe, Chiba, Japan.
Authors: PMID: 31604023 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - October 11, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Osteoarthritis Prevalence in Retired National Football League Players With a History of Ankle Injuries and Surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: Among former NFL players, a history of ankle injury increased the prevalence of OA. More ankle injuries increased the probability that OA negatively affected daily activities. Future prospective research is needed to better determine the influence of surgical intervention at the ankle or foot on OA. PMID: 31553650 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - September 25, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Song K, Wikstrom EA, Tennant JN, Guskiewicz KM, Marshall SW, Kerr ZY Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Statistical Methods for Handling Observation Clustering in Sports Injury Surveillance.
CONCLUSIONS: We urge investigators to carefully consider observation clustering and adapt analytical methods to accommodate the evolving sophistication of surveillance. PMID: 31553651 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - September 25, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Chandran A, Brown D, Nedimyer AK, Kerr ZY Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Injuries Sustained by Elite Under-18 Rugby Players.
ó JC Abstract CONTEXT: The physical nature of rugby is responsible for the high incidence of injuries, but no researchers have examined the epidemiology of injuries sustained by elite under-18 rugby players. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of injuries sustained by players on the Spain-AAA national under-18 rugby team during their participation in 4 European championships (2014-2017) and the types of play in which they occurred. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: European rugby championships. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-eight under-18 rugby players. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUR...
Source: J Athl Train - September 25, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Solis-Mencia C, Ramos-Álvarez JJ, Murias-Lozano R, Aramberri M, Saló JC Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Legislators' Perceptions and Knowledge of the Athletic Training Profession: Specific Considerations for Secondary Schools.
CONCLUSIONS: Legislators demonstrated limited knowledge of the AT profession. When legislator knowledge of AT qualifications and responsibilities was high, value of the AT profession also significantly improved. Future efforts should focus on enhancing legislators' knowledge to increase the value placed on the AT profession and improve health and safety for secondary school athletes. PMID: 31553653 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - September 25, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Pike AM, Eason CM, Stearns RL, Tosakoon S, Casa DJ Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Negative Emotion and Joint-Stiffness Regulation Strategies After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury.
Abstract CONTEXT: Fear of reinjury after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) may be associated with persistent deficits in knee function and subsequent injury. However, the effects of negative emotion on neuromuscular-control strategies after an ACL injury has remained unclear. OBJECTIVE: To identify how negative emotional stimuli affect neural processing in the brain and muscle coordination in patients after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction compared with healthy control participants. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Neuromechanics laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHE...
Source: J Athl Train - September 25, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: An YW, Lobacz AD, Baumeister J, Rose WC, Higginson JS, Rosen J, Swanik CB Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

The Psychosocial Implications of Sport Specialization in Pediatric Athletes.
Abstract Data on the psychosocial implications of sport specialization in pediatric athletes are lacking. Sport specialization often requires increased training hours and may predispose young athletes to social isolation, poor academic performance, increased anxiety, greater stress, inadequate sleep, decreased family time, and burnout. Sport specialization often introduces multiple stressors that could be expected to adversely affect mental health and function in young athletes and may increase the risk for burnout. This may be confounded by altered sleep duration and quality, increased drive for elite status, and...
Source: J Athl Train - September 18, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Brenner JS, LaBotz M, Sugimoto D, Stracciolini A Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Motion Sickness Susceptibility and Baseline Vestibular and Ocular-Motor Performance in Adolescent Athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: Motion sickness should be considered a preexisting risk factor that might influence specific domains of the baseline concussion assessment and postinjury management. PMID: 31454287 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - August 27, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Elbin RJ, Kontos AP, Sufrinko A, McElroy M, Stephenson-Brown K, Mohler S, D'Amico NR, Collins MW Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research

Upper Extremity Musculoskeletal Characteristics and the Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic Questionnaire Score in Collegiate Baseball Athletes.
CONCLUSIONS: The link between a history of UE musculoskeletal injuries and the KJOC score highlights the need for continued focus on self-perceived pain and function after UE musculoskeletal injury. PMID: 31454288 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: J Athl Train)
Source: J Athl Train - August 27, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Faherty MS, Plata A, Chasse P, Zarzour R, Sell TC Tags: J Athl Train Source Type: research