Investigation of bovine abortion and stillbirth/perinatal mortality - similar diagnostic challenges, different approaches
AbstractThis pracademic paper reviews current bovine foetopathy (abortion and stillbirth) case definitions, reporting and triage, and causes and time-of-death and proposes veterinary practitioner-focused investigative standard operating procedures (SOPs). Issues of under- and over-triage and intra-institutional SOP harmonisation are also discussed. It is proposed that an ‘observable abortion’ (120–260 days of gestation) is a more practitioner-friendly definition of abortion for reporting and benchmarking purposes and that the term ‘peristillbirth’ can replace stillbirth and perinatal mo...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - September 4, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Triple nostrils in a calf
ConclusionsTo the best of our knowledge, this represents the first description of a calf with triple nostrils. The use of imaging modalities is necessary for investigating the etiology of triple nostrils. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - August 27, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Johne ’s disease in Irish dairy herds: considerations for an effective national control programme
AbstractThe Irish dairy industry has established a reputation for the production of safe and healthy dairy products and is seeking to further expand its export market for high value dairy products. To support its reputation, stakeholders aim to control Johne ’s disease. To assist decision-makers determine the most appropriate design for an Irish programme, a narrative review of the scientific literature on the epidemiology of Johne’s disease, and selected control programmes throughout the world was undertaken. Two modelling studies specifically comm issioned by Animal Health Ireland to assess testing methods us...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - August 14, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Changes of plasma fibronectin and fibronectin-fibrin complexes in dams of stillborn dairy calves
ConclusionsThe observed low FN concentration and occurrence of supramolecular FN-fibrin complexes (1000  kDa and more) in the maternal plasma comparing to cows in lactation might have been associated with periparturient changes in tissues. The presence in maternal plasma of high-molecular FN-fibrin complexes (1300–1900 kDa) arouse the question if this is the consequence of calf perinatal mortali ty. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - August 9, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Flock health survey of Irish Texel society breeders and larynx examination in Texel sheep
ConclusionsMild laryngeal pathology was noted in animals with no overt clinical signs of respiratory disease. Future research should examine whether significant associations between laryngeal measurements and laryngeal pathology identified in the current study can be measured ante mortem, and whether such ante mortem measurements will allow early identification of sheep at risk of developing laryngeal chondritis. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - August 7, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Doppler evaluation of maternal vessels in normal gestation and threatened abortion in canines
ConclusionsDoppler evaluation of uteroplacental and umbilical arteries is recommended as a diagnostic tool to monitor high risk pregnancy during 40 to 50 and 51 to 60  days of gestation in canines. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - August 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Epidemiological study on calf diarrhea and coccidiosis in dairy farms in Bahir Dar, North West Ethiopia
AbstractBackgroundA longitudinal prospective study was conducted from October 2017 to April 2018 on calf diarrhea and coccidiosis in dairy farms in Bahir Dar, North West Ethiopia with the objectives of determining the incidence of calf diarrhea and calf coccidiosis from diarrheic calves, assessing the major risk factors associated with calf diarrhea and coccidiosis and identifying the existingEimeria species. A total of 237 calves, 86 calves from 52 smallholder dairy farms and 151 calves from 8 large dairy farms, were used for this study. Fresh fecal samples were collected from 86 diarrheic calves for identification ofEime...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - July 21, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Use of adrenaline continuous infusion to treat hypotension during general anaesthesia in a cow and a calf
ConclusionsMaintenance of normotension is important during bovine anaesthesia to prevent the development of post-anaesthetic complications. In the cases described here, adrenaline was effective as an additional treatment of anaesthetic related hypotension. Further research is required to establish the recommended infusion rates, cardiovascular effects and possible side effects of adrenaline infusion administration as a treatment for hypotension in bovines. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - July 2, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Anthelmintic resistance among gastrointestinal nematodes of cattle on dairy calf to beef farms in Ireland
ConclusionsAnthelmintic resistance was widespread on the sampled dairy calf to beef farms in Ireland with resistance to benzimidazole, levamisole, ivermectin and moxidectin detected. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - July 1, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Current antimicrobial use in farm animals in the Republic of Ireland
AbstractAntimicrobial resistance has been recognised as one of the most difficult challenges facing human and animal health in recent decades. The surveillance of antimicrobial use in animal health plays a major role in dealing with the growing issue of resistance. This paper reviews current data available on antimicrobial use in farmed animals in the Republic of Ireland, including each of the major livestock production sectors; pigs, poultry, dairy, beef and sheep. A systematic literature search was conducted to identify relevant published literature, and ongoing research was identified through the network of authors and ...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - June 26, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Competence perceptions of veterinary nursing students and registered veterinary nurses in Ireland: a mixed methods explanatory study
ConclusionsIrish RVNs and veterinary nursing students perceive competence differently, similar to previous findings from the nursing profession. Educators and regulators should provide explicit descriptions of terms such as ‘competence’ to avoid confusion and possible disillusionment amongst veterinary nursing stakeholders. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - June 17, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Combination of intramuscular alfaxalone, butorphanol, and midazolam as a novel immobilization protocol in 3 ring-tailed lemurs ( Lemur catta )
ConclusionsThe combination of intramuscular alfaxalone, butorphanol and midazolam provided a clinically useful sedation/immobilization in ring-tailed lemurs with only minor complications such as mild hypothermia, hypotension, hypoventilation and bradycardia. This protocol could be considered in ring-tailed lemurs that need to be immobilized for minor procedures, or as a pre-anaesthetic premedication, especially if a full pre-anaesthetic clinical exam is not possible. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - June 16, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of oxidant/antioxidant status, metabolic profile and milk production in cows with metritis
AbstractBackgroundThe aim of the study was to evaluate oxidant/antioxidant status in 21 Holstein dairy cows with metritis compared to 8 healthy controls. Blood samples were taken during the first 21  days postpartum. Malondialdehyde (MDA), a marker of oxidative stress, total antioxidant status (TAS) and antioxidant parameters such as glutathione peroxidase (GPx), selenium (Se), vitamins A and E and beta-carotene were determined from all cows. The differences in beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), non -esterified fatty acids (NEFA), calcium, bilirubin concentrations and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity were also mon...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - May 27, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Use of autologous fascia lata graft to repair a complex corneal ulcer in a mare
ConclusionAlthough the graft actually failed from the point of view of tissue integration, fascia lata appears to be a readily available, effective and affordable autografting material and we believe this technique has potential for short term physical and structural support of severe malacic or other complex corneal ulcers. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - May 5, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Hepatitis E virus seroprevalence in pets in the Netherlands and the permissiveness of canine liver cells to the infection
In this study, we found the sero-positive rates of HEV-specific antibodies in pet dogs, cats and horses of 18.52% (30/162), 14.89% (7/47) and 18.18% (4/22) in the Netherlands. Although HEV viral RNA was not detected in these animals, we have demonstrated that dog liver cells are susceptible to HEV infection in vitro. These results call more attention to address the potential role of pets in the zoonotic transmission of HEV. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - April 2, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Spontaneous hemispheric ventricular collapse and subarachnoid haemorrhages in a dog with congenital hydrocephalus internus
ConclusionsCollapse of the hemispheres can occur spontaneously in dogs with hydrocephalus internus. Removal of the haemorrhage can improve clinical signs. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - March 25, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Impacts of drainage beds covered with sand and wood shavings on the comfort behaviour of dairy buffalo in a temperate climate
AbstractBackgroundComfortable beds play an important role in increasing the ruminant and milk production efficiency of dairy buffalo. In loose housing systems, cow lying comfort depends on both the bedding materials and bed base.ResultsBuffaloes spent more lying time on sand beds at depth of 15 and 20  cm (S-15 and S-20) than on beds of 10 cm (S-10a) beds or in the feed alley in Exp1 (P 
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - March 2, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

A pilot study using environmental screening to determine the prevalence of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Irish cattle herds
ConclusionsThe results highlight the importance of monitoring farm environments for Johne ’s disease. This disease is a growing concern for dairy and beef producers in Ireland, and sampling the farm environment may offer a useful means to rapidly screen for the presence of MAP. Non-pathogenic common enteric commensal and multiple-drug-resistantE. coli may contribute to AMR acting as a reservoir and transferring resistance to other species/pathogens in the environment. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - February 15, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

European perspectives on efforts to reduce antimicrobial usage in food animal production
AbstractNew regulations on veterinary medicines and medicated feed will substantially influence antimicrobial prescribing and usage throughout Europe into the future. These regulations have been informed by a very large body of work, including the substantial progress towards reduced antimicrobial usage in food animal production in a number of member states of the European Union (EU). This paper seeks to summarise European perspectives on efforts to reduce antimicrobial usage in food animal production. Work within the EU is informed by the global action plan of the World Health Organization, which includes a strategic obje...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - January 27, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Using examination performance data and focus groups to inform teaching – a case study from final year students of veterinary medicine
AbstractBackgroundStudent feedback has played an important role in the maintenance of quality and standards in higher education. Perhaps the most commonly used method to capture feedback is a series of questions or statements where students indicate their degree of satisfaction or agreement. Focus groups offer an alternative means of capturing ‘richer’ qualitative data relating to students’ thoughts on course structure. Aside from student evaluations, student examination performance has been used as a method to evaluate the efficacy of curriculum changes at programme level. However, this data is utilised ...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - January 10, 2020 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Aminorex identified in horse urine following consumption of Barbarea vulgaris; a preliminary report
ConclusionsAminorex has been identified in post administration urine samples from horses fed freshly harvested flowering KentuckyBarbarea vulgaris, colloquially “Yellow Rocket”. These identifications are consistent with occasional low concentration identifications of Aminorex in equine samples submitted for drug testing. The source of these Aminorex identifications is believed to be the chemically related Barbarin, found as its precursor GlucoBarbarin i n KentuckyBarbarea vulgaris and related Brassicaceae plants worldwide. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - December 23, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Heart to spine measurements to detect left atrial enlargement in dogs with mitral insufficiency
The objective of this study was to assess the clinical usefulness of 2 new radiographic measurements to detect and quantify left atrial enlargement (LAE) compared to RLAD and using left atrium to aortic root (LA/Ao) ratio as gold standard. These new measurements, bronchus-to-spine (Br-Spine) and RLAD-to-spine (RLAD-Spine) may be more precise in cases were LA boundaries are not well defined. Fifty dogs, 25 with and 25 without LAE were recruited. Reference LA/Ao ratio was assessed by 2D echocardiography and LAE was considered if LA/Ao  >  1.6. Br-spine was measured as a straight vertical line from the main s...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - November 20, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Canine cutaneous and renal glomerular vasculopathy in the Republic of Ireland: a description of three cases
ConclusionsCRGV occurs in dogs residing in the Republic of Ireland and is a differential for cases presenting with skin lesions and azotaemia. The histopathological lesions of CRGV can also affect the brain leading to neurological signs such as seizures. Owners and veterinarians should be aware that this condition can occur in dogs in Ireland. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - November 16, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

MRI signal changes and their association with intervertebral disc disease in canine vertebral endplates
This study was undertaken to determine the relationship between intervertebral endplate changes and intervertebral disc disease. This study was designed as a cross-sectional, observational study. Two hundred thirteen canine MRI scans performed between 2007 and 2014 were retrieved from a digital image archive. Scans which included any sagittal sections of the vertebral column from C1 to S1 were assessed for morphological changes to the vertebral endplate.ResultsThere was found to be a significant association between vertebral endplate changes and intervertebral disc disease of the adjacent disc (P = 0.021). Th...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - October 31, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of influenza D virus in selected sample groups of Irish cattle, sheep and pigs
This study suggests that IDV is widespread in Irish cattle. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - October 29, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Blood lactate, pH, base excess and pCO 2 as prognostic indicators in caesarean-born kids from goats with pregnancy toxaemia
This study involved 10 PT goats, in which a caesarean surgery was performed. Twenty-five kids were born after caesarean surgery of which 16 survived. A blood sample was collected from the jugular vein of the 10 goats and from the kids immediately after caesarean surgery (within 15  min). There were differences between the kids that survived and the kids that did not survive concerning the blood levels of pH (7.22 vs 7.00), base excess (− 9 vs − 18 mmol/L), pCO2 (46 vs 62  mmHg) and L-lactate (5.6 vs 16 mmol/L). Maternal ketoacidosis due to PT has a negative impact on th...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - October 14, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Schmallenberg virus: a systematic international literature review (2011-2019) from an Irish perspective
AbstractIn Autumn 2011, nonspecific clinical signs of pyrexia, diarrhoea, and drop in milk yield were observed in dairy cattle near the German town of Schmallenberg at the Dutch/German border. Targeted veterinary diagnostic investigations for classical endemic and emerging viruses could not identify a causal agent. Blood samples were collected from animals with clinical signs and subjected to metagenomic analysis; a novel orthobunyavirus was identified and named Schmallenberg virus (SBV). In late 2011/early 2012, an epidemic of abortions and congenital malformations in calves, lambs and goat kids, characterised by arthrogr...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - October 9, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Detection of antibodies against hepatitis E virus in pet veterinarians and pet dogs in South Korea
AbstractHepatitis E virus (HEV) is a zoonotic pathogen commonly considered an important foodborne virus. Pet dogs are important reservoirs of zoonotic agents. In the present study, the seroprevalence of HEV in pet dogs and pet veterinarians were found to be 28.2 and 5.0%, respectively. It remains unclear whether pet veterinarians are at higher risk of HEV transmission. However, pet animals and individuals who have contact with infected animals must be continually monitored for public health concerns. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - July 22, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Identification and epidemiological analysis of Perostrongylus falciformis infestation in Irish badgers
ConclusionInfestation was widely distributed throughout the Republic of Ireland, with a trend towards higher infestation risk in western versus eastern counties. In addition males were at a higher risk of infestation than females and juveniles were at a significantly higher risk than adult badgers. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - July 9, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Comparison of T1wFLAIR and T1wTSE sequences in imaging the brain of small animals using high-field MRI
ConclusionsT1wFLAIR provides better CNR with better WM-GM and WM-CSF definition both pre- and post-contrast compared to T1wTSE albeit with a higher degree of noise; this was confirmed both quantitatively and qualitatively. Our results also suggest that T1wFLAIR is better for lesion detection and margination pre-contrast administration and sequences are relatively equivocal post-gadolinium administration although further research is required to determine the benefit that inversion recovery sequences make when investigating brain lesions in small animal MRI. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - July 6, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Tamoxifen in horses: pharmacokinetics and safety study
ConclusionsTamoxifen has moderate oral bioavailability and a large volume of distribution, with three main metabolites in horses. Additionally, oral TAM administration over a 7-day treatment period demonstrated to be clinically safe, without adverse effects on clinical, hematological or serum biochemical parameters. These data could contribute to the continued research into this drug ’s potential for the treatment of different inflammatory conditions in equine species. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - June 20, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Ivermectin treatment failure on four Irish dairy farms
This study highlights the urgent need for Irish producers to reappraise their parasite control practices. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - May 15, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Can bovine TB be eradicated from the Republic of Ireland? Could this be achieved by 2030?
ConclusionBased on current knowledge, it will not be possible to eradicate TB by 2030 with current control strategies plus national badger vaccination. Additional measures will be needed if Ireland is to eradicate TB within a reasonable time frame. Decisions made now will have long-term implications both  in terms of time-to-eradication and cumulative programme costs. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - April 25, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Cervical vertebral malformations in 9 dogs: radiological findings, treatment options and outcomes
ConclusionCervical vertebral malformations are rare, or alternatively, being underdiagnosed in veterinary medicine. Patients diagnosed with Klippel-Feil-like Syndrome had a successful medium and long-term outcome with conservative management. Surgical treatment was often indicated for the other conditions presented in this study due to spinal instability and/or myelopathy. Stabilisations via ventral approaches were revealed to be safe. Multicentre and prospective studies are necessary in veterinary medicine to better characterise clinical outcomes in cervical vertebral malformations. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - April 23, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Exploring the understanding of best practice approaches to common dog behaviour problems by veterinary professionals in Ireland
This study aimed to explore veterinary professionals ’ understanding of training and treatment options for frequently encountered dog behaviour problems, and to help support the development of competences in VBM in Ireland.MethodsAn online survey was developed, including a pre-test evaluation by a pilot group of veterinary professionals, on SurveyMonkey ®. The link to the online survey was distributed via third-party professional associations and social media. The survey contained twelve vignettes illustrating advice from veterinary professionals on common behaviour scenarios. Using a Likert Scale, respondents we...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - March 21, 2019 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Comparative study to evaluate the voluntary acceptance of two liquid oral formulations of ciclosporin in dogs
ConclusionThere was no significant difference in acceptance of the two oral ciclosporin solutions, the investigational Atopica ® oral solution (Elanco) and Cyclavance® (Virbac) for dogs. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - December 29, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Effects of midazolam on cardiovascular responses and isoflurane requirement during elective ovariohysterectomy in dogs
ConclusionNo significant effect on cardiovascular parameters could be observed with administration of midazolam, but a modest (14.3%) isoflurane-sparing effect was detected. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - December 17, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

A radiographic measurement of left atrial size in dogs
ConclusionRLAD appears to be a clinically useful radiographic measurement for evaluating left atrial dimensions. RLAD would provide clinicians with a simple and cost-effective tool for evaluating and monitoring LAE. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - December 17, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

The bovine tuberculosis cluster in north County Sligo during 2014 –16
ConclusionThis paper describes a substantial outbreak in north County Sligo over a 3-year period. A coordinated area-based approach was a key feature of the outbreak, and substantial resources were applied to bring the outbreak under control. No definitive source was identified, nor reasons why a substantial number of herds were infected over a relatively short period. A coordinated regional approach was taken, and a number of lessons were learned including the need for urgency, for a team-based approach, for a consistent message when dealing with the public, for an area-based approach, for a degree of flexibility for the ...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - November 28, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Development of superficial lung lesions monitored on farm by serial ultrasonographic examination in sheep with lesions confirmed as ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma at necropsy
ConclusionLesions involving the visceral pleura, with sonographic changes consistent with previous published findings of early OPA, developed over 40 –120 days to large masses in 10 of 17 Group 1 sheep with the provisional sonographic diagnosis confirmed histologically at necropsy. While it is possible that atalectic lung could have caused some of the minor sonographic changes there was no microscopic evidence of pathologies other than OPA in nine of 10 Group 1 sheep. We conclude that some small tumours progress to large tumours within 3 months questioning the assumption that OPA is a slow growing tumour in...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - November 5, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Tamoxifen inhibits chemokinesis in equine neutrophils
AbstractNeutrophils are terminally differentiated innate effector cells at the first line of host defense. Neutrophil migration within tissues is complex and involves several steps, during which these cells must be able to interpret a variety of chemical and physical signals. Exacerbated neutrophil activity can be harmful to surrounding tissues; this is important in a range of diseases, including equine asthma. Tamoxifen (TX) is a non-steroidal estrogen receptor modulator with effects on cell growth and survival. Previous studies showed that TX treatment in horses with induced acute pulmonary inflammation promoted early ap...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - October 23, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Association between left-displaced abomasum corrected with 2-step laparoscopic abomasopexy and milk production in a commercial dairy farm in Italy
ConclusionsIn the present study cows with left displacement of the abomasum corrected with 2-step laparoscopic abomasopexy produced less milk than their control herdmates. Each case and control pair in the present study came from the same farm in order to eliminate farm to farm differences in management, housing, season, etc. However, this limits the validity of our data to the specific situation described here. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - October 9, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Effect of l-theanine tablets in reducing stress-related emotional signs in cats: an open-label field study
AbstractBackgroundL-theanine is an aminoacid found in tea leaves which has relaxing effects in humans and animals. It is a structural analogue of glutamate which can bind glutamate receptors. Although the relaxing action of L-theanine has been shown in humans, laboratory animals and dogs, it has never been published in cats. The goal of this open-label, multicentre and prospective trial was to determine whether an L-theanine based oral supplement (Anxitane ®, Virbac, France) could attenuate manifestations of stress in cats under field conditions.Case presentationThirty-three privately owned cats presenting signs associ...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - October 9, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

The evaluation of three treatment protocols using oral prednisone and oral meloxicam for therapy of canine idiopathic lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis: a pilot study
AbstractBackgroundIdiopathic lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis (LPR) is a common inflammatory disorder of the nasal cavity in dogs due to unknown etiology. It is characterised by non-specific clinical signs, including nasal discharge, epistaxis and breathing problems. Diagnosis is usually based on the histopathologic identification of infiltrating plasmocytes and lymphocytes in the nasal mucosa and the exclusion of other underlying diseases. Treatment strategies include glucocorticoids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics and antifungal medications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of various ther...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - October 3, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

A visual representation of cattle movement in Ireland during 2016
AbstractThe aim of this study was to create a clear visual representation of the live movements of cattle in the Republic of Ireland over the course of the year 2016. The animation created can be viewed online:https://youtu.be/PTCdPMnenBw This animation was created to be a communication tool to enable stakeholders to appreciate the extent of high risk cattle movements (farm to farm, farm to market to farm) in the Republic of Ireland and to highlight the potential role that these movements may play in the spread of infectious diseases of cattle in Ireland from one farm to another. (Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - September 7, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Selected feline abstracts from the Companion Animal Genetic Health conference 2018 (CAGH 2018): Irish Veterinary Journal
(Source: Irish Veterinary Journal)
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - August 29, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Effect of dietary oridonin supplementation on growth performance, gut health, and immune response of broilers infected with Salmonella pullorum
AbstractBackgroundThe effects of dietary supplementation of oridonin (ORI) on growth performance, cecal microbiota, epithelium development and antioxidant and immune parameters of broilers infected withS. pullorum were studied. A total of 300 1-d-old male chicks were selected and divided into 5 trial groups (6 replicates of 10 chickens): 1) nonchallenge control chicks (CON), 2) chicks treated with Salmonella Challenged Control (SCC), 3) chicks treated withS. pullorum challenge and 50  mg/kg ORI (O1), 4) chicks treated withS. pullorum challenge and 80  mg/kg ORI (O2), and 5) chicks treated withS. pullorum challeng...
Source: Irish Veterinary Journal - July 31, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research