Influence of different storage temperatures on the mechanical properties of NiTi, Cu-NiTi and SS orthodontic archwires: An in vitro study
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Luca Friedli, Prasad Nalabothu, Carles Bosch, Carlalberta Verna, Markus Steineck, Michel Dalstra (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - June 19, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparison of the force decay over time of four different brands of elastomeric chains (elongated to 25 mm grey/transparent and closed/open): An in-vitro study
Publication date: Available online 11 June 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Chadi Antoine Kassir, Maha Daou, Maher Abboud (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - June 12, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The influence of cigarette smoke on colour stability and friction property of aesthetic orthodontic wires—In vitro study
Publication date: Available online 10 June 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Flávio Mendonça Copello, Lincoln Issamu Nojima, Margareth Maria Gomes Souza, Matheus Melo Pithon, Antônio Carlos Oliveira Ruellas, Amanda Cunha Regal Castro, Matilde Cunha Gonçalves Nojima (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - June 11, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Early class III treatment with hybrid rapid palatal expander combined with facemask
Publication date: Available online 10 June 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Luca Lombardo, Paolo Albertini, Francesca Cervinara, Luca Brucculeri, Giuseppe Siciliani (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - June 11, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Root changes in buccal versus palatal maxillary impacted canines of adults: A longitudinal and retrospective 3-dimensional study before and after orthodontic traction
Publication date: Available online 6 June 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Yalil Augusto Rodríguez-Cárdenas, Luis Ernesto Arriola-Guillén, Gustavo Armando Ruíz-Mora, Aron Aliaga-Del Castillo, Mariana Boessio-Vizzotto, Heraldo Luis Dias-Da Silveira (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - June 6, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

2D–3D comparison of the temporomandibular joint in skeletal Class II versus Class I adults: A retrospective study
Publication date: Available online 6 June 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Rosaura García-Díaz, Luis Ernesto Arriola-Guillén, Aron Aliaga-Del Castillo, Ana María Agudelo-Botero, Gustavo Adolfo Fiori-Chincaro (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - June 6, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

In vitro evaluation of enamel surface roughness and morphology after orthodontic debonding: Traditional cleanup systems versus polymer bur
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Karen Christina Soares Tenório, Murilo Fernando Neupmann Feres, Caio Junji Tanaka, Mayara Karolyne Mello Augusto, José Augusto Rodrigues, Hélio Doyle Pereira da Silva, Victor Elias Arana-Chavez, Marina Guimarães Roscoe (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - June 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Interception and early treatment with rapid maxillary expansion for the impacted maxillary permanent central incisor in children: Two cases report with 5-years follow-up
Publication date: Available online 31 May 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Renato Barcellos Rédua, Danielle Delboni Nascimento, Evelin Scarabelli Minchio, Laila Salomão dos Santos (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - June 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

European College of Orthodontics. Commission of Titularisation. Clinical case No. 191101
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Aurélie Pic (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - May 30, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

In vitro evaluation of shear bond strength of orthodontic metal brackets to aged composite using a self-adhesive composite: Effect of surface conditioning and different bonding agents
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Sara Valizadeh, Golnoosh Alimohammadi, Tahereh Hosseinzadeh Nik, Ardavan Etemadi, Behrad Tanbakuchi (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - May 24, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Combined orthodontic and surgical treatment supported by virtual planning in a severe mandibular asymmetry: A case report
Publication date: Available online 14 May 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Alberto De Stefani, Giovanni Bruno, Giorgia Crivellin, Laura Siviero, Francesca Zalunardo, Ugo Baciliero, Antonio Gracco (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - May 15, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Flexural strength and surface microhardness of materials used for temporary dental disocclusion submitted to thermal cycling: An in vitro study
Publication date: Available online 13 May 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Tamires Borges de Lima, José Guilherme Neves, Ana Paula Terossi de Godoi, Ana Rosa Costa, Viviane Veroni Degan, Américo Bortolazzo Correr, Heloisa Cristina Valdrighi (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - May 14, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: June 2020Source: International Orthodontics, Volume 18, Issue 2Author(s): (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - May 12, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The ideal insertion angle after immediate loading in Jeil, Storm, and Thunder miniscrews: A 3D-FEM study
Publication date: Available online 6 May 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Mauro Cozzani, Ludovica Nucci, Daniela Lupini, Hedieh Dolatshahizand, Delaram Fazeli, Esmaeil Barzkar, Ehsan Naeini, Abdolreza Jamilian (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - May 7, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

European College of Orthodontics. Commission of titularisation. Case no: 191055
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Florence Roussarie (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - May 4, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Treatment of an adult skeletal class II patient with a modified surgery-first approach
Publication date: Available online 27 April 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Sinem Ince-Bingol, Ayca Arman-Ozcirpici (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - April 28, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effects of orthodontic forces on bone turnover biomarkers in peri-miniscrew crevicular fluid: A systematic review
Publication date: Available online 22 April 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Eleftherios G. Kaklamanos, Evangelia Gousopoulou, Lazaros Tsalikis (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - April 24, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Inter-premolar width changes related to the orthodontic traction of maxillary impacted canines in adolescents and young adults: A retrospective CBCT study
Publication date: Available online 22 April 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Luis Ernesto Arriola-Guillén, Yalil Augusto Rodríguez-Cárdenas, Aron Aliaga-Del Castillo, Gustavo Armando Ruíz-Mora, Heraldo Luis Dias-Da Silveira (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - April 24, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparation of three methods for measuring the Edge Bevel Radius of rectangular orthodontic wires: An in-vitro study
Publication date: Available online 21 April 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Ricardo Nunes, José Guilherme Neves, Milton Santamaria-Jr, Rafael Yagüe Ballester, Ana Rosa Costa, Silvia Amélia Scudeler Vedovello, Mário Vedovello Filho (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - April 22, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparison of the dentoskeletal and soft tissue changes with the cervical headgear and Jones Jig followed by fixed appliances in Class II malocclusion patients: A retrospective study
Publication date: Available online 8 April 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Fernanda Pinelli Henriques Fontes, Silvio Augusto Bellini-Pereira, Aron Aliaga-Del-Castillo, Mayara Paim Patel, Marcos Roberto de Freitas, José Fernando Castanha Henriques, Guilherme Janson (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - April 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Long term skeletal and dental changes between tooth-anchored versus Dresden bone-anchored rapid maxillary expansion using CBCT images in adolescents: Randomized clinical trial
Publication date: Available online 31 March 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Kamran Davami, Elissa Talma, Winfried Harzer, Manuel O. Lagravère (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - April 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effect of bleaching with carbamide peroxide on shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets: A meta-analysis of in vitro studies
Publication date: Available online 30 March 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Fatemeh Azizi, Kiana Bahrami, Mohammad Moslem Imani, Amin Golshah, Roya Safari-Faramani (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - March 31, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The origin and evolution of the Hawley retainer for the effectiveness to maintain tooth position after fixed orthodontic treatment compare to vacuum-formed retainer: A systematic review of RCTs
Publication date: Available online 19 March 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Souvannasing Outhaisavanh, Yang Liu, Jinlin Song (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - March 21, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Upper airways evaluation in young adults with an anterior open bite: A CBCT retrospective controlled and cross-sectional study
Publication date: Available online 18 March 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Patricia Aurora Vidal-Manyari, Luis Ernesto Arriola-Guillén, Ludy Marileidy Jimenez-Valdivia, Heraldo Luis Dias-Da Silveira, Mariana Boessio-Vizzotto (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - March 19, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effects of 6 different chemical treatments on force kinetics of memory elastic chains versus conventional chains: An in vitro study
Publication date: Available online 17 March 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Sepideh Dadgar, Farhad Sobouti, Mehran Armin, Parisa Ebrahiminasab, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Vahid Rakhshan (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - March 18, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

3-Dimensional prediction of pre-surgical decompensation after atypical extractions and soft tissue simulation for ortho-surgical management of skeletal Class III malocclusion: A case report
Publication date: Available online 11 March 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Nameksh Raj Bhupali, Satinder Pal Singh, Sanjeev Verma, Vidya Rattan, Vinay Kumar, Raj Kumar Verma (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - March 12, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Colour change of ceramic brackets with the use of coloured beverages in adolescent patients: A randomized clinical trial
Publication date: Available online 5 March 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Adnan M. Shibani, Marwa Sameh Shamaa, Mona A. Montasser (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - March 6, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Assessment of the cortical bone thickness by CT-scan and its association with orthodontic implant position in a young adult Eastern Mediterranean population: A cross sectional study
Publication date: Available online 5 March 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Nada Nashee Al-Hafidh, Ali R. Al-Khatib, Nashee Nafi Al-Hafidh (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - March 6, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A meta-analysis and meta-regression of association between MTHFR A1298C polymorphism and nonsyndromic cleft lip/palate risk: An evaluation based on five genetic models
Publication date: Available online 4 March 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Mohammad Moslem Imani, Farzad Rezaei, Hosna Mire, Mohadeseh Delavarian, Masoud Sadeghi, Mohsen Safaei, Hamid Reza Mozaffari (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - March 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: March 2020Source: International Orthodontics, Volume 18, Issue 1Author(s): (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - February 28, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparison of treatment outcomes with crowned and banded mandibular anterior repositioning appliance (MARA) in Class II pubertal subjects: A retrospective cohort study
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Thikriat Al-Jewair, Mohammadreza Ghorbaniparvar, Lorenzo Franchi, Carlos Flores-Mir (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - February 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effects of one-step orthodontic adhesive on microleakage and bracket bond strength: An in vitro comparative study
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Handan Bayar Bilen, Serpil Çokakoğlu (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - February 27, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

An in vitro evaluation of the effects of nanoparticles on shear bond strength and antimicrobial properties of orthodontic adhesives: A systematic review and meta-analysis study
ConclusionsAdding ≤ 5 wt% antimicrobial nanoparticles to an orthodontic adhesive is less conducive to microbial growth than unmodified adhesive and does not influence bracket-enamel bond strength. (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - February 20, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effect of Low Intensity Laser Therapy (LILT) on MMP-9 expression in gingival crevicular fluid and rate of orthodontic tooth movement in patients undergoing canine retraction: A randomized controlled trial
ConclusionsLILT increases the rate of tooth movement. LILT also has an effect of bio-stimulation as depicted by rise in MMP-9 concentrations in GCF. However, this bio-stimulatory effect is restricted to the initial part of the tooth movement. (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - February 18, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Dentoskeletal and soft-tissue changes comparison between the Jasper Jumper and Twin Force Bite Corrector in Class II malocclusion patients: A retrospective study
ConclusionThe Jasper Jumper and Twin Force associated to fixed appliances were effective in correcting Class II malocclusion with a combination of skeletal and dentoalveolar changes. However, the TF seems to provide more skeletal effects with greater maxillary growth restriction and mandibular length increase when compared to the JJ. (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - February 14, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparison of force delivery of thermally activated aesthetic and non-aesthetic Ni-Ti wires: An in-vitro study
ConclusionIt is concluded that during the unloading phase at a temperature of 36 °C, the orthodontic archwires analyzed did not show significant difference in force between thermally activated wires with aesthetic coating and their non-aesthetic equivalents at most displacement points analysed, except for the deflection of 2.5 mm, which showed higher values. (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - February 11, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Transverse, vertical, and anterior-posterior changes between tooth-anchored versus Dresden bone-anchored rapid maxillary expansion 6 months post-expansion: A CBCT randomized controlled clinical trial
Publication date: Available online 10 February 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Manuel O. Lagravère, Connie P. Ling, Jeffrey Woo, Winfried Harzer, Paul W. Major, Jason P. CareySummaryObjectiveThe main aim of this randomized clinical trial was to determine 3 dimensional skeletal and dental changes six months after the use of bone-anchored versus tooth-anchored rapid maxillary expanders in adolescents. The secondary aim was to determine the symmetrical or asymmetrical expansion pattern between both appliances.Materials and methodsFifty adolescents with skeletally constricted maxilla (mean age 13–...
Source: International Orthodontics - February 11, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

CBCT assessment of posterior cranial base and surrounding structures in orthodontically treated adolescents
ConclusionsThe studied landmarks in the posterior cranial base and surrounding area showed minor clinically insignificant changes over the study period. The observed changes could be attributed to measurement error. The posterior cranial base is deemed to be stable in all three dimensions of study during the adolescent growth period studied. (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - February 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effects of cold chemical (glutaraldehyde) versus autoclaving sterilization on the rate of coating loss of aesthetic archwires: A double-blind randomized clinical trial
ConclusionsWithin the limitations of this 1-month clinical trial limited to 4 coated NiTi archwire brands only, the average coating removal of examined brands might not differ much, amounting to about 26% within a month. Glutaraldehyde and autoclave sterilization might not affect the average speed of coating loss in all brands, although each sterilization method might be favourable for certain brands.RésuméObjectifL’effet de la stérilisation, quelque-soit la méthode (chimique à froid ou à la chaleur) sur l’élimination du film enduit sur les arcs orthodontiques es...
Source: International Orthodontics - February 7, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Skeletal open bite cranial base characteristics in young Latin-American individuals with class I, II and III malocclusions: An observational study
This study aimed to compare cranial base linear and angular measurements between individuals with skeletal open bite and different sagittal skeletal relationships.Materials and methodsThis observational and cross-sectional study included 101 lateral radiographs of young Latin-American individuals with skeletal open bite that met the inclusion criteria and were collected from a private radiological centre. Three groups were formed. Groups 1, 2 and 3 included individuals with skeletal open bite (negative overbite and FMA > 30°) and Class I (n = 31), II (n = 35) and III (n = 35) ...
Source: International Orthodontics - February 7, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Coated nickel titanium archwires and their uncoated counterparts: In-vitro contemporary comparison of unloading forces
Publication date: Available online 6 February 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Célia Regina Maio Pinzan-Vercelino, Júlio de Araújo Gurgel, Fausto Silva Bramante, Thalita Fonseca Pessoa, Silvia Américo Albertin, Melissa Proença Nogueira Fialho, Arnaldo PinzanSummaryObjectiveTo compare the unloading forces between aesthetic nickel titanium (NiTi) wires coated with rhodium and epoxy resin, as well as their uncoated equivalents. Additionally, intragroup comparisons between the different deactivation forces were evaluated, and the inner alloy cores were determined.Material and ...
Source: International Orthodontics - February 7, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Reliability of cephalograms derived of cone beam computed tomography versus lateral cephalograms to estimate cervical vertebrae maturity in a Peruvian population: A retrospective study
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2020Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Gustavo Echevarría-Sánchez, Luis Ernesto Arriola-Guillén, Violeta Malpartida-Carrillo, Pedro Luis Tinedo-López, Ricardo Palti-Menendez, Maria Eugenia GuerreroSummaryObjectiveCone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images can be useful for estimating cervical vertebrae maturity (CVM). The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of cephalograms derived from CBCT versus lateral cephalograms (LC) to estimate the CVM in a Peruvian population.Material and methodsThe sample evaluated consisted of 40 ce...
Source: International Orthodontics - February 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Maxillary molar distalization in treatment of angle class II malocclusion growing patients: Uncontrolled clinical trial
This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical effectiveness treatment effects of a simple buccal technique for maxillary molar distalization using direct buccal skeletal anchorage.Materials and methodsAfter sample size calculation, fourteen female patients with bilateral Class II molar relationship (age 11–14 years) were selected from the clinic of the Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Mansoura University, Egypt. After the application of the eligibility criteria, only eleven patients remained to final evaluation. The criteria included: erupted second maxillary molars, mild to moderate maxillary cr...
Source: International Orthodontics - January 21, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparison of bone thickness in infrazygomatic crest area at various miniscrew insertion angles in Dravidian population – A cone beam computed tomography study
ConclusionsThe best possible site for miniscrew insertion is 12 to 17 mm above the occlusal plane at an angle of 65° to 70°, with no injury to the adjacent anatomical structures, no mucosal irritation and adequate stability for the miniscrew. The ideal infrazygomatic crest screw length for Dravidian population is 9 to 11 mm.RésuméIntroductionLes mini-vis insérées au niveau de la crête infrazygomatique représentent une avancée importante dans le domaine de l’orthodontie en matière de renforcement d’ancrage. La taille des mini-vis et le site...
Source: International Orthodontics - January 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Decalcification and bond failure rate in resin modified glass ionomer cement versus conventional composite for orthodontic bonding: A systematic review & meta-analysis
ConclusionsDue to the limited number of studies and studies with high risk of bias, no strong conclusion can be drawn. More studies need to be done to reasonably conclude that RMGIC is beneficial in reducing the occurrence of DWSLs and have comparable bond failure rate. The protocol was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42019125386) prior to the commencement of the systematic review.RésuméIntroductionLes lésions de déminéralisation de type tâche blanche (DWSLs) sont un des effets néfastes du traitement orthodontique. Le ciment verre ionomère modifié par adjonction de r...
Source: International Orthodontics - December 25, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effects of clear aligner therapy for Class II malocclusion on upper airway morphology and daytime sleepiness in adults: A case series
This study was conducted from August 2017 to February 2019. Inclusion criteria were healthy adults ≥ 18 years old, Angle Class II division 1 malocclusion, first-molar relationship of end-to-end or greater, overjet 
Source: International Orthodontics - December 25, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Comparison of anchorage loss between conventional and self-ligating brackets during canine retraction – A systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionThis systematic review and meta-analysis found insufficient evidence to suggest a significant difference in anchorage loss between the CB and SLB groups. The scarcity of current evidence dictates that further studies are needed to canonically establish the clinical superiority of one over the other.Review registrationPROSPERO 2019 CRD42019133217.RésuméIntroductionL’ancrage est défini comme une résistance à un mouvement dentaire indésirable. En orthodontie, une perte d’ancrage peut être un effet négatif du traitement. Les partisans des attaches aut...
Source: International Orthodontics - December 21, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Difficulty of palatal impacted canine treatment in different sagittal and vertical skeletal malocclusions: A retrospective 3D evaluation
Publication date: Available online 4 December 2019Source: International OrthodonticsAuthor(s): Shabnam Ajami, Shoaleh Shahidi, Niloofar Azadeh, Heshmatollah Nasr Jalali, Mehdi ZareSummaryObjectiveTo evaluate the difficulty of impacted canine treatment in different kinds of sagittal and vertical malocclusion using the KPG index, a novel 3D classification system for canine impaction.Materials and methodsIn this cross-sectional study, 74 cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of subjects with palatally impacted canines were collected from one dental radiographic clinic. Impacted canines were assessed and KPG index of dif...
Source: International Orthodontics - December 5, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effectiveness of antimicrobial gels on gingivitis during fixed orthodontic treatment: A systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsThe use of antioxidant-essential oil gel, amine fluoride gel, 0.4% stannous fluoride gel (98% availability of Sn+2) and 2% chlorhexidine gel resulted in significant improvement in gingivitis. However, probing depth in follow-up visits showed no significant difference between antimicrobial gel and control group.RésuméObjectifCette étude a pour but d’évaluer l’efficacité des gels antiseptiques en parallèle du brossage pour améliorer la santé gingivale des patients porteurs d’un appareil orthodontique fixe.Matériels et méthodesT...
Source: International Orthodontics - November 23, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: December 2019Source: International Orthodontics, Volume 17, Issue 4Author(s): (Source: International Orthodontics)
Source: International Orthodontics - November 17, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research