Three-Dimensional Echocardiography in Evaluating LA Volumes and Functions in Diabetic Normotensive Patients without Symptomatic Cardiovascular Disease.
Conclusion: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have an increased LA volume with impaired compliance and contractility, while patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus have only impaired contractility compared to nondiabetic subjects. PMID: 32922998 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - September 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Serum Endothelin-1 Correlates with Myocardial Injury and Independently Predicts Adverse Cardiac Events in Non-ST-Elevation Acute Myocardial Infarction.
Conclusion: Increased serum endothelin-1 on-admission correlated with increased troponin-I and independently predicted in-hospital adverse cardiac events in patients with Non-STEMI. PMID: 32832158 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - August 26, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

The Impact of Coexistence of Smoking and Diabetes on the Coronary Artery Severity and Outcomes following Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: Results from the 1ST Jordanian PCI Registry.
Conclusions: In this analysis of a completed prospective Middle Eastern PCI registry, the majority of the diabetic-nonsmoker (and not the diabetic-smokers) patients (73%) presented with ACS. This group was the highest at risk for in-hospital PCI complications as well as the worst in outcomes after one year of follow-up. Those patients were more likely to be older, female, and have the worst cardiovascular baseline features, highlighting the importance of other risk factors (age, gender, metabolic syndrome, and comorbidities) and not only smoking in predisposing for CAD. Thus, more sufficient education about controlling CVD...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - July 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Atherosclerotic Extension of Carotid Arteries: An Insertion in Clinical Practice.
Conclusion: Therefore, our study proposes an improvement in the clinical approach of patients with PAD for both the carotid and coronary territory, not using only 2 factors traditional risk factors, for the extension study and to consider the PAD that has 10% dependence alone, as effect and projection of the carotid atherosclerotic plaque. PMID: 32655952 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - July 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Experience in the Management of Patients with Chronic Vascular Ulcers of the Lower Limbs Using Negatively Charged Polystyrene Microspheres.
Authors: Teresa Cacua Sánchez M Abstract Background: Chronic ulcers of the lower limbs are a socioeconomic health problem, having a high incidence in the adult population. Despite a correct etiological treatment, in addition to the multiple lesion management options available, healing percentage and speed remain low, which makes it a great therapeutic challenge. Objective: To describe the outcome and effectiveness of the use of PolyHeal® Micro in the granulation and epithelialization of chronic ulcers of the lower limbs. Methods: Descriptive observational case series of 19 patients with diagnosis...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - May 17, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Lipoprotein Particle Predictors of Arterial Stiffness after 17 Years of Follow Up: The Malm ö Diet and Cancer Study.
Conclusions: The development of central arterial stiffness previously associated with combined dyslipidemia may be mediated in part by LDL particles, particularly the very small-, small-, and medium-sized LDL particles. PMID: 32411471 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - May 17, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Mechanical Occlusion Chemically Assisted Ablation (MOCA) for Saphenous Vein Insufficiency: A Meta-Analysis of a Randomized Trial.
Conclusion: MOCA offered fewer major complications but lesser anatomical success at the period of more than 6 months but less than 1-year follow-up than thermal ablation. Trial Registration. This trial is registered with UMIN Clinical Trial Registry (UMIN ID 000036727). PMID: 32411472 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - May 17, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

The Comparison of Nailfold Capillaroscopy between Juvenile Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Healthy Controls: Correlation with Laboratory and Clinical Parameters.
Authors: Raeeskarami SR, Namazi N, Assari R, Najafizadeh SR, Hassannejad Z, Ziaee V Abstract Background: Nailfold capillaroscopy is a noninvasive technique to recognize peripheral microangiopathy, which is an important feature in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aims of the present study were to investigate the prevalence of nailfold capillaroscopy (NFC) changes in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE), find out patterns of these changes, and correlate findings with clinical and laboratory parameters. Methods: Forty-nine patients with SLE, all meeting the 1997 revised ACR criteria for SLE classifi...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - May 14, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Is Nonmicronized Diosmin 600  mg as Effective as Micronized Diosmin 900 mg plus Hesperidin 100 mg on Chronic Venous Disease Symptoms? Results of a Noninferiority Study.
Is Nonmicronized Diosmin 600 mg as Effective as Micronized Diosmin 900 mg plus Hesperidin 100 mg on Chronic Venous Disease Symptoms? Results of a Noninferiority Study. Int J Vasc Med. 2020;2020:4237204 Authors: Steinbruch M, Nunes C, Gama R, Kaufman R, Gama G, Suchmacher Neto M, Nigri R, Cytrynbaum N, Brauer Oliveira L, Bertaina I, Verrière F, Geller M Abstract Background: Phlebotonics have beneficial effects on some symptoms related to chronic venous disease (CVD) of the lower limbs. The most commonly used one is diosmin, available in a pure semisynthetic form or as a micro...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - March 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Systematic Review and Meta: Analysis of Aortic Graft Infections following Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair.
Discussion. In situ replacement is the preferred method of treatment as it had lower rates of occlusion. Further strong evidence is required, such as a multicentre trial to establish a management pathway for the condition. PMID: 32206352 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - March 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Effect of Acute Myocardial Infarction on a Disintegrin and Metalloprotease with Thrombospondin Motif 13 and Von Willebrand Factor and Their Relationship with Markers of Inflammation.
Authors: Al-Masri AA, Habib SS, Hersi A, Al Zamil H Abstract Objectives: Coagulation mechanisms and fibrinolytic assembly are important components role players of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) progression. Our study objective was to see the serial variations in the levels of Von Willebrand factor (VWF) and A Disintegrin and Metalloprotease with ThromboSpondin motif (ADAMTS13) over the course of AMI and to determine their relationship with the cardiovascular risk markers and the patient's clinical characteristics. Methods: This project was done at the departments of Emergency Medicine, Physiology and Cardiac...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - February 27, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Effects of Vitamin C on the Prevention of Ischemia-Reperfusion Brain Injury: Experimental Study in Rats.
Conclusion: In the present study, vitamin C was associated with behavioral and motor preservation as well as decreased cerebral MDA levels after induced cerebral ischemia in rats. PMID: 32089885 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - February 26, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Caffeine's Vascular Mechanisms of Action".
Corrigendum to "Caffeine's Vascular Mechanisms of Action". Int J Vasc Med. 2019;2019:7480780 Authors: Echeverri D, Montes FR, Cabrera M, Galán A, Prieto A Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2010/834060.]. PMID: 32089886 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - February 26, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Safety and Outcomes of Permanent and Retrievable Inferior Vena Cava Filters in the Oncology Population.
Conclusions: The role for IVC filters in cancer patients remains unclear as recurrent VTE is common and time from filter placement to death is short. Filter placement is costly and has a clinically significant complication rate, especially for retrievable filters. More data from prospective, randomized trials are needed to determine the utility of IVC filters in cancer patients. PMID: 32089887 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - February 26, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

The Relationship between Military Combat and Cardiovascular Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Boos CJ, De Villiers N, Dyball D, McConnell A, Bennett AN Abstract Background and Objectives: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death among military veterans with several reports suggesting a link between combat and related traumatic injury (TI) to an increased CVD risk. The aim of this paper is to conduct a widespread systematic review and meta-analysis of the relationship between military combat ± TI to CVD and its associated risk factors. Methods: PubMed, EmbaseProQuest, Cinahl databases and Cochrane Reviews were examined for all published observational studies ...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - January 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Short Term Outcome of Adjunct Foam Sclerotherapy for Varicose Veins in Patients Subjected to RFA at Dhulikhel Hospital, Nepal.
Conclusions: Adjunct sclerotherapy showed complication rate of roughly one tenth and one fifth of the treated cases in immediate and early postoperative follow-up. PMID: 31687213 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - November 8, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Effect of Transcriptional Regulator ID3 on Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension and Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia.
Authors: Avecilla V Abstract Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) can be discovered in patients who have a loss of function mutation of activin A receptor-like type 1 (ACVRL1) gene, a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) type 1 receptor. Additionally, ACVRL1 mutations can lead to hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), also known as Rendu-Osler-Weber disease, an autosomal dominant inherited disease that results in mucocutaneous telangiectasia and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Transcriptional regulator Inhibitor of DNA-Binding/Differentiation-3 (ID3) has been demonstrated to be involved in both PAH and HTT; ...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - August 7, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

The Clinical Rationale for the Sentry Bioconvertible Inferior Vena Cava Filter for the Prevention of Pulmonary Embolism.
Authors: Dake MD, Ansel GM, Johnson MS, Mendes R, Smouse HB Abstract The Sentry inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is designed to provide temporary protection against pulmonary embolism (PE) during transient high-risk periods and then to bioconvert after 60 days after implantation. At the time of bioconversion, the device's nitinol arms retract from the filtering position into the caval wall. Subsequently, the stable stent-like nitinol frame is endothelialized. The Sentry bioconvertible IVC filter has been evaluated in a multicenter investigational-device-exemption pivotal trial (NCT01975090) of 129 patients with docu...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - July 4, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Response to: Comment on "Effect of Exercise Intervention on Flow-Mediated Dilation in Overweight and Obese Adults: Meta-Analysis".
Response to: Comment on "Effect of Exercise Intervention on Flow-Mediated Dilation in Overweight and Obese Adults: Meta-Analysis". Int J Vasc Med. 2019;2019:2470581 Authors: Son Y, Kang M, Park Y PMID: 30867966 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - March 16, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Evaluation of Arterial Stiffness Using Pulse Wave Velocity and Augmentation Index in Patients with Chronic Venous Insufficiency.
Conclusions: PWV and Aix are the most commonly used, easy, reproducible, reliable methods in the clinic to assess arterial stiffness. Logistic regression analysis showed that PWV and Aix were the independent predictors of CVI. PWV has the sensitivity of 88.9 % and specificity of 71.4 % to detect the presence of CVI. PMID: 30631600 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - January 13, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Comparative Study of Protein Expression Levels of Five Plaque Biomarkers and Relation with Carotid Plaque Type Classification in Patients after Carotid Endarterectomy.
Authors: Kyriakidis K, Antoniadis P, Choksy S, Papi RM Abstract Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process resulting in local plaque deposition in the vessel wall of arteries with symptoms to various areas of vascular tree. Identification of patients with progressive advanced atherosclerotic disease is mainly based on the known characteristics of the vulnerable or recently ruptured plaque. Molecular and cellular features associated with the vulnerable plaque are considered potential diagnostic markers for plaque rupture and thrombosis. Here, protein expression levels of the metalloproteases MMP-1, MMP-9, osteoponti...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - December 27, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Comparison of 15-20  mmHg versus 20-30 mmHg Compression Stockings in Reducing Occupational Oedema in Standing and Seated Healthy Individuals.
Comparison of 15-20 mmHg versus 20-30 mmHg Compression Stockings in Reducing Occupational Oedema in Standing and Seated Healthy Individuals. Int J Vasc Med. 2018;2018:2053985 Authors: Quilici Belczak CE, Pereira de Godoy JM, Seidel AC, Belczak S, Neves Ramos R, Caffaro RA Abstract Background: Elastic compression stockings (ECS) are effective in preventing and reducing occupational edema (OE), but the optimal pressure according to the prevalent working position during the day is still controversial. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of ECS with different pressures (15-20 m...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - October 28, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Vascular Protective Effects of Morinda citrifolia Leaf Extract on Postmenopausal Rats Fed with Thermoxidized Palm Oil Diet: Evidence at Microscopic Level.
This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of Morinda citrifolia leaf extract (MCLE) treatment at histological and ultrastructural level, comparing it with Simvastatin. Thirty-eight female Sprague Dawley rats were divided into five groups: Sham (Sham), ovariectomized (OVX), ovariectomized with Simvastatin 10 mg/kg (OVX+ST), ovariectomized with low dose MC 500 mg/kg (OVX+MCLD), and ovariectomized with high dose MC 1000 mg/kg (OVX+MCHD). Atherosclerosis was induced by producing oestrogen deficiency through ovariectomy and feeding with thermoxidized palm oil (TPO) diet for 12 weeks along with the t...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - September 28, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

The Association between Earlobe Crease (Frank's Sign) and Abnormal Ankle-Brachial Index Determination Is Related to Age: A Population-Based Study.
Conclusions: The association between ELC and abnormal ABI determinations is probably attenuated by the high prevalence of both conditions in older persons. ELC might not be useful for identifying candidates for ABI determination. PMID: 30245883 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - September 26, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Dilating Vascular Diseases: Pathophysiology and Clinical Aspects.
Authors: Yetkin E, Ozturk S Abstract Atherosclerotic disease of the vessels is a significant problem affecting mortality and morbidity all over the world. However, dilatation of the vessels either in the arterial system or in the venous territory is another vessel disease. Varicocele, pelvic, and peripheral varicose veins and hemorrhoids are aneurysms of the venous vascular regions and have been defined as dilating venous disease, recently. Coronary artery ectasia, intracranial aneurysm, and abdominal aortic aneurysm are examples of arterial dilating vascular diseases. Mostly, they have been defined as variants of ...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - September 19, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Risk and Outcome after Simultaneous Carotid Surgery and Cardiac Surgery: Single Centre Experience.
Conclusion: Simultaneous carotid artery surgery and open-heart surgery have low risk. The underlying cardiac disease influences outcome. PMID: 30186634 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - September 8, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Association between Carotid Wall Shear Rate and Arterial Stiffness in Patients with Hypertension and Atherosclerosis of Peripheral Arteries.
Conclusion: In patients with HTN and atherosclerotic lesions of peripheral arteries, it is registered that the carotid WSR decreased with increasing severity of atherosclerosis. Decreased carotid WSR is associated with increased local carotid stiffness, regional vascular stiffness of muscular, and elastic vessels. PMID: 30155305 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - August 30, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Clinical Arterial Peripheral Vascular Pathology Does Not Impact Short- or Long-Term Survival after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.
Conclusion: This study gives evidence to suggest that patients with a comorbid clinical peripheral arterial pathology at the time of TAVR do not have a statistically significant increase in mortality out to 2 years after TAVR and no increase in procedural complications. These results affirm the safety and feasibility of TAVR in patients with AAA, CAS, and/or PAD. PMID: 30112212 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - August 17, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Sentry Bioconvertible Inferior Vena Cava Filter: Study of Stages of Incorporation in an Experimental Ovine Model.
Conclusions. Through 180 days, there were no filter-related complications, and the study devices were all bioconverted and stably incorporated, leaving all IVCs patent. PMID: 30112213 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - August 17, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Appropriateness of Pharmacologic Prophylaxis against Deep Vein Thrombosis in Medical Wards of an Ethiopian Referral Hospital.
Conclusion: There is underutilization of pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis in medical ward patients. Physicians working there should be aware of risk factors for DVT and indications for pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis and should adhere to guideline recommendations. PMID: 30105097 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - August 16, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Comment on "Effect of Exercise Intervention on Flow-Mediated Dilation in Overweight and Obese Adults: Meta-Analysis".
Comment on "Effect of Exercise Intervention on Flow-Mediated Dilation in Overweight and Obese Adults: Meta-Analysis". Int J Vasc Med. 2018;2018:5082903 Authors: Alwardat M PMID: 29973991 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - July 7, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Treatment of Aortic and Iliac Artery Aneurysms with Multilayer Flow Modulator: Single Centre Experiences.
Conclusion: MFM can be preferred as an alternative approach in the treatment of aorta and iliac artery aneurysms including major lateral branches. The present results should be confirmed with additional future studies conducted with larger patient groups for longer periods. PMID: 29955396 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - July 1, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Effect of N-Acetylcysteine on Dyslipidemia and Carbohydrate Metabolism in STZ-Induced Diabetic Rats.
Authors: Kaga AK, Barbanera PO, do Carmo NOL, Rosa LRO, Fernandes AAH Abstract Background: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is characterized by insulin-deficient production leading to hyperglycemia, which is associated with diabetic complications such as cardiovascular diseases. Antioxidants have been proving a good alternative to diabetic complications, with N-acetylcysteine (NAC) having antioxidant characteristics. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of NAC on the lipid profile and the atherogenic index (AI) in streptozotocin- (STZ-) induced diabetic rats. Method: 32 male Wistar rats (60 days of age...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - May 30, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

A Review of Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty in Hemodialysis Fistula.
Authors: Bountouris I, Kritikou G, Degermetzoglou N, Avgerinos KI Abstract The number of patients in dialysis increases every year. In this review, we will evaluate the role of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) according to patency of arteriovenous fistula and grafts. The main indication of PΤΑ is stenosis> 50% or obstruction of the vascular lumen of an arteriovenous fistula and graft. It is usually performed under local anesthesia. The infection rate is as low as the number of complications. Fistula can be used in dialysis in the same day without the need for a central venous catheter. Prima...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - May 24, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Swirling Flow and Wall Shear: Evaluating the BioMimics 3D Helical Centerline Stent for the Femoropopliteal Segment.
Authors: Sullivan TM, Zeller T, Nakamura M, Caro CG, Lichtenberg M Abstract The BioMimics 3D self-expanding nitinol stent represents a strategy for femoropopliteal intervention that is alternative or complementary to deployment of drug-coated stents or balloons. Whereas conventional straight stents reduce arterial curvature and disturb blood flow, creating areas of low wall shear, where neointimal hyperplasia predominantly develops, the helical centerline geometry of the BioMimics 3D maintains or imparts arterial curvature, promotes laminar swirling blood flow, and elevates wall shear to protect against atheroscler...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - April 25, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Circulating Angiogenic Growth Factors in Diabetes Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease and Exertional Leg Pain in Ghana.
Conclusion: Diabetes patients with PAD and exertional leg pain have imbalance in angiogenic growth factors, indicating impaired angiogenesis. In patients with exertional leg pains, Ang-2 may be an important biomarker. PMID: 29445546 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - February 17, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Relationship of Common Vascular Anatomy to Cannulated Catheters.
Authors: Gagne P, Sharma K Abstract Superficial veins of the upper extremity are the primary location for placement of peripheral IV catheters (PIVC). It is believed that a significant portion of PIVCs placed may cross or abut valves and branching veins or occlude a significant portion of the vein, limiting the ability to aspirate blood from the PIVC. Two separate clinical investigations using ultrasound were performed to understand the potential interaction between PIVCs and the vein lumen and the venous valves and branches of the superficial veins of the upper extremity. One study with 35 adult volunteers interro...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - February 9, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Identification of Factors Influencing Cumulative Long-Term Radiation Exposure in Patients Undergoing EVAR.
Authors: Kalender G, Lisy M, Stock UA, Endisch A, Kornberger A Abstract Patients who undergo endovascular repair of aortic aneurysms (EVAR) require life-long surveillance because complications including, in particular, endoleaks, aneurysm rupture, and graft dislocation are diagnosed in a certain share of the patient population and may occur at any time after the original procedure. Radiation exposure in patients undergoing EVAR and post-EVAR surveillance has been investigated by previous authors. Arriving at realistic exposure data is essential because radiation doses resulting from CT were shown to be not irreleva...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - December 19, 2017 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Effect of Exercise Intervention on Flow-Mediated Dilation in Overweight and Obese Adults: Meta-Analysis.
The objective of this meta-analysis is to summarize the effect of exercise intervention on flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) in overweight and obese adults. We searched four electronic databases (PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and CINAHL) through June 2016 for relevant studies pertaining to the effectiveness of exercise intervention on FMD. Seventeen of the 91 studies identified met the inclusion criteria. Comprehensive Meta-Analysis software (version 3) was used to compute the standardized mean difference effect size (ES) and 95% CI using a random effects model. We calculated 34 ESs. We found that exercise intervention had medium a...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - November 5, 2017 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Impact of Modified Transesophageal Echocardiography on Mortality and Stroke after Cardiac Surgery: A Large Cohort Study.
Authors: Jansen Klomp WW, Moons CGM, Nierich AP, Brandon Bravo Bruinsma GJ, Van't Hof AWJ, Grandjean JG, Peelen LM Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of perioperative screening with modified transesophageal echocardiography (A-View method). We compared, in consecutive patients who underwent cardiac surgery between 2006 and 2014, 30-day mortality and in-hospital stroke incidence, operated either with perioperative modified TEE screening (intervention group) or only with conventional TEE screening (control group). Of the 8,605 study patients, modified TEE was applied in 1,391 patients (16.2%...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - November 2, 2017 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

A Simple Blood Test, Such as Complete Blood Count, Can Predict Calcification Grade of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrate that biomarkers such as MCV and MCH could have potential important information about AAA calcification progression and could be useful to discriminate between those patients that should undergo a rapid imaging, thus allowing prompt initiation of treatment of suspicious patients that do not need imaging repetition. PMID: 28948050 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - September 29, 2017 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

The Role of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Cardiovascular Disease and Exercise.
Authors: Hong J, Kim K, Kim JH, Park Y Abstract Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, which is highly associated with cardiovascular disease, is triggered by a disturbance in ER function because of protein misfolding or an increase in protein secretion. Prolonged disruption of ER causes ER stress and activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR) and leads to various diseases. Eukaryotic cells respond to ER stress via three major sensors that are bound to the ER membrane: activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6), inositol-requiring protein 1α (IRE1α), and protein kinase RNA-like ER kinase (PERK). Chroni...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - September 8, 2017 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

A Protocol for Diagnosis and Management of Aortic Atherosclerosis in Cardiac Surgery Patients.
Authors: Jansen Klomp WW, Brandon Bravo Bruinsma GJ, Van 't Hof AWJ, Grandjean JG, Nierich AP Abstract In patients undergoing cardiac surgery, use of perioperative screening for aortic atherosclerosis with modified TEE (A-View method) was associated with lower postoperative mortality, but not stroke, as compared to patients operated on without such screening. At the time of clinical implementation and validation, we did not yet standardize the indications for modified TEE and the changes in patient management in the presence of aortic atherosclerosis. Therefore, we designed a protocol, which combined the diagnosis ...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - September 1, 2017 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Maintenance of the Results of Stage II Lower Limb Lymphedema Treatment after Normalization of Leg Size.
CONCLUSION: Higher compression of elastic stockings is better than lower compression but the inelastic grosgrain stocking is even better than both to maintain the results. PMID: 28835857 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - August 26, 2017 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

ABO Gene Polymorphism and Thrombomodulin -33G > A Polymorphism Were Not Risk Factors for Myocardial Infarction in Javanese Men.
ABO Gene Polymorphism and Thrombomodulin -33G>A Polymorphism Were Not Risk Factors for Myocardial Infarction in Javanese Men. Int J Vasc Med. 2017;2017:2943467 Authors: Lukitasari M, Sadewa AH, Rohman MS Abstract Genetic factors contribute to about a half of coronary artery diseases. During the last several decades, some studies suggested that non-O blood group and thrombomodulin polymorphism -33G>A are the risk factors of coronary artery disease especially in Asia. There was no prior study in Indonesia regarding this issue. Hence, this study was designed to investigate the correlation of ABO pol...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - August 17, 2017 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Polygamy and Risk of Coronary Artery Disease in Men Undergoing Angiography: An Observational Study.
In conclusion, among married men undergoing coronary angiography for clinical indications, polygamy is associated with the presence of significant CAD, MVD, and LMD. PMID: 28250991 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - March 4, 2017 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Dyslipidemia in Patients with a Cardiovascular Risk and Disease at the University Teaching Hospital of Yaound é, Cameroon.
Conclusion. Low levels of HDL cholesterol and hypertriglyceridemia are more prevalent in our study population. More studies are needed to confirm this finding in our environment. PMID: 28163932 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - February 7, 2017 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Predictors of Improved Walking after a Supervised Walking Exercise Program in Men and Women with Peripheral Artery Disease.
Authors: Gardner AW, Parker DE, Montgomery PS Abstract We compared the changes in ambulatory outcomes between men and women with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) following completion of a supervised, on-site, treadmill exercise program, and we determined whether exercise training variables and baseline clinical characteristics were predictive of changes in ambulatory outcomes in men and women. Twenty-three men and 25 women completed the supervised exercise program, consisting of intermittent walking to mild-to-moderate claudication pain for three months. Men and women significantly increased claudicati...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - January 25, 2017 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Venous Adventitial Cystic Disease: A Review of 45 Cases Treated Since 1963.
Conclusion. Venous ACD most commonly affects the common femoral vein. When unilateral leg swelling occurs with or without a noticeable mass, ACD should be considered. It is best confirmed with CT venography and the treatment of choice is transluminal cyst evacuation and excision. PMID: 27885342 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - November 26, 2016 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research

Endothelial Dysfunction of Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease Measured by Peripheral Arterial Tonometry.
Conclusion. This study showed a significant correlation between RHI and ABI. The PAT test is a useful tool for evaluating not only endothelial dysfunction but also the hemodynamical state in patients with PAD. PMID: 27853624 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - November 19, 2016 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Vasc Med Source Type: research