Massive intraperitoneal free air induced by pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum
ConclusionWe herein described a case of PP that occurred after mechanical ventilation in a patient with multiple injuries, but which did not originate from perforation of the gastrointestinal tract. It is most likely that the PP had an intrathoracic cause. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Paget-Schroetter syndrome as a result of 1st rib stress fracture due to gym activity presenting with Urschel’s sign – A case report and review of literature
ConclusionIn addition to the unusual location in the left upper extremity in our case, the absence of common etiologic factors makes our case of Paget-Schroetter Syndrome a very unique one. This case report aims to discuss the common causes of PSS in order to raise a high index of suspicion in certain groups of patients. This will allow early identification and avoidance of catastrophic outcomes such as pulmonary embolism and stroke. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Laparoscopic treatment of an infected urachalcyst and diverticulum in a young adult: Presentation of a case and review of the literature
ConclusionUrachal anomalies in adulthood are rare, with a nonspecific presentation. However, identifying a urachal anomaly is important because of the increased risk for infection and neoplastic differentiation. The laparoscopic approach is safe and patients recover rapidly. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Neuroendocrine carcinoma arising in a tailgut cyst
DiscussionThis condition can be found at any age, but occurs especially among middle-aged women. Not only is it frequently misdiagnosed, but also several complications associated to the cyst have been reported such as infection and malignant transformation. This is why complete surgical excision of the tailgut cyst is currently recommended. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in mesenteric leiomyosarcoma: A case report
ConclusionPatient’s symptoms disappeared after resection of the tumor, suggesting a renin production cessation. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A rare case of pelvic pain caused by Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich Syndrome in an adult: A case report
ConclusionRarely, HWWs causes an acute pelvic pain with secondary cystic mass finding. Surgery aimed to release obstruction will improve this symptom. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: 2018Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, Volume 48Author(s): (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Neoadjuvant crizotinib in ALK-rearranged inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the urinary bladder: A case report
ConclusionNeoadjuvant crizotinib therapy may be effective for large, locally advanced, and difficult to resect tumors. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Pancreaticoduodenal arcades as salvage route for transarterial embolization of life-threatening hepatic hemorrhage in patients with severe celiac axis stenosis: Case series
ConclusionEndovascular management of massive hepatic hemorrhage in cases of inaccessibility to hepatic arteries through CA is a highly challenging situation in which the technical success depends on the operator experience, choice of the material and anatomical knowledge of hepatic arterial collateral supply. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Laparoscopic surgery for a Bochdalek hernia triggered by pregnancy in an adult woman: A case report
ConclusionLaparoscopic surgery can be safely performed on adults with BH without complications. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

An enigmatic case presentation of Budd-Chiari syndrome with pulmonary embolism: An unusual syndrome with an uncommon complication
ConclusionAdding pulmonary embolism to the list of complications associated with Budd–Chiari syndrome is highly suggested, regardless of having predisposing condition(s). (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Bilateral breast calciphylaxis in a patient who survived earlier extensive tissue necrosis 5 years previously: A case report
ConclusionA multidisciplinary treatment approach including hyperparathyroidectomy, modified hemodialysis and wound treatment is recommended. There is limited evidence for surgical intervention. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Liver resection for metastases of tracheal adenoid cystic carcinoma: Report of two cases
Publication date: 2018Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, Volume 48Author(s): Shintaro Hashimoto, Yorihisa Sumida, Shuichi Tobinaga, Hideo Wada, Kouki Wakata, Takashi Nonaka, Masaki Kunizaki, Shigekazu Hidaka, Naoe Kinoshita, Terumitsu Sawai, Takeshi NagayasuAbstractIntroductionTracheal adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is rare and accounts for
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Primary lymphoma of appendix presenting as acute appendicitis: A case report
ConclusionPrimary appendiceal lymphoma is rare and there are no clear guidelines for therapy. Primary surgical resection followed by post-operative chemotherapy showed high efficacy. The histopathological examination of all appendectomy is essential. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Congenital diaphragmatic disease: An unusual presentation in adulthood. Case report
ConclusionThe correct development of the diaphragm is essential for the neighboring organs. The observed clinical pattern could be related to a partial modification of neural crest cell detachment or migration, which could be responsible for bowel and diaphragm defects, even though it was not included in typical neural crest cell syndromes. Further researches should be performed in order to define the sporadic or syndromic source of these multiorgan defects. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

High-voltage electrical injury complicated by compartment syndrome and acute kidney injury with successful limb salvage: A case report and review of the literature
ConclusionPatients with electrical injuries have several unique acute manifestations that differ from other burns. Prognosticating outcomes is difficult, as the full scale of damage is seldom immediately evident. Multiple organ systems are often affected, which makes the treatment of such patients exceptionally challenging, multi-disciplinary and resource-intensive. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Late presentation of ectopia vesica with malignant transformation. A case report and review
ConclusionDespite the plethora of congenital malformation and advanced malignancy, surgical excision and diversion with adjuvant chemo-radiation provided a good palliation for this patient. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Open surgery for aneurysms of the splenic artery at the hilum of the spleen: Report of three cases
ConclusionSurgical excision and splenectomy, through a short subcostal incision, remains a viable option of treatment for hilar SAA. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Presentation of a large jejunal artery aneurysm: Management and review of the literature
ConclusionJAAs are extremely rare and constitute only 1% of all visceral aneurysms. They are a life-threatening condition. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Giant siliconoma mimicking locally advanced breast cancer: A case report and review of literature
ConclusionSiliconomas develop as a result of implant rupture and present with many of the signs and symptoms of breast cancer. The majority of patients should undergo surgery for symptom relief or to rule out cancer. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Squamous cell carcinoma of the bladder presented with spontaneous intraperitoneal bladder rupture: A case report
Conclusionhigh index of clinical suspicion and the timely diagnosis can lead to a more favorable outcome. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A gastrointestinal stromal tumor of the jejunum presenting with an intratumoral abscess: A case report and a literature review
This report describes a patient with a small intestinal GIST developing a giant intratumoral abscess, in whom emergency surgery was performed.Presentation of caseA 56-year-old woman presented with worsening abdominal pain. Computed tomography scan showed an approximately 9.5 cm × 9 cm tumor bearing a thick and hypervascularized wall with an internal air-fluid level. Emergency laparotomy revealed the tumor originated from the jejunum, and partial resection of the jejunum was performed. A large amount of pus was contained inside the tumor. Immunohistochemically, the tumor was diagnosed as a high risk GIST of th...
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Bilateral intra-abdominal testicular tumor: Case report
ConclusionSurgical exploration and adjuvant chemotherapy seems as a reasonable treatment option in the setting of bilateral intra-abdominal testis tumor in an adult patient. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Treatment of late identified iatrogenic injuries of the right and left hepatic duct after laparoscopic cholecystectomy without transhepatic stent and Witzel drainage: Case report
ConclusionOur case indicates that this approach can be successfully used for surgical repair of iatrogenic lesion of both hepatic ducts. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Massive splenomegaly due to B-cell lymphoma: A case report
ConclusionOur aim with this case report is to present splenectomy in conjuction with chemotherapy as a safe option of treatment for massive splenomegaly due to B-cell lymphoma infiltration. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Dyspnoea, thoracic pain and fever in a young caucasian female: A case report
ConclusionsMediastinal masses with an aggressive behavior, should always be considered to be potentially malignant. Surgical biopsy, sometimes, can be the only way to correctly diagnose the pathological process, especially in the case of Hodgkin’s lymphoma in which few diagnostic cells (Reed-Sternberg cells) are generally embedded in an abundant inflammatory background tissue. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A forgotten retained drain inside a knee for 10 years: A case report
ConclusionBy reporting this case of a forgotten drain retained inside a knee for approximately 10 years, we aim to illustrate the potential risk of leaving a drain inside the joint following an arthroscopic procedure. Furthermore, we advise that surgeons maintain a high index of suspicion for iatrogenic complications when a patient continues to complain about unexplained pain at the surgical site. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Five-decade-delayed closed flexor tendon rupture due to Galeazzi dislocation fracture associated with Behçet syndrome: A case report
ConclusionReportedly, metalloproteases weaken tendon structure by acting as a collagenase in patients with Behçet syndrome. Also, vasculitis next to a tendon and steroid intake are considered to impede the tendon repair process. Hence, even minor trauma may lead to complete tendon rupture. Although an injury seems slight, we should take into account the possible history of bone and joint trauma. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Multiple primary tumors: Colorectal carcinoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
ConclusionWhen CRC and NHL are present, all the different disease patterns must be considered in a multidisciplinary and patient-oriented fashion, in order to decide the best therapeutic strategy for each individual. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation with epilepsy mimicking a presentation of brain tumor: A case report and review of the literature
ConclusionCAA-ri should be considered among the differential diagnoses for causes of unprovoked seizure onset in elderly individuals, when associated with petechial hemorrhages on T2*-GRE and SWI sequences on MRI. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Application of chitosan-covered gauze in combination with intrauterine balloon tamponade for postpartum hemorrhage treatment – Case report of a novel “uterine sandwich” approach
ConclusionThis novel “uterine sandwich” approach can be a useful method for fertility preserving management of PPH. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Small intestinal metastases from esophageal carcinoma presenting as a perforation: A case report and review of the literature
ConclusionPhysicians should keep in mind the possibility of small intestinal metastasis when patients with a history of oesophageal cancer have abdominal symptoms. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Successful treatment of massive hemothorax with class IV shock using aortography with transcatheter embolization of actively bleeding posterior left intercostal arteries after penetrating left chest trauma: A case for the hybrid OR
ConclusionMassive hemothorax from intercostal arterial bleeding is a rare complication after penetrating chest injury (Aoki et al., 2003). Selective, catheter-based embolization is a useful therapeutic option for hemorrhage control and can be expeditiously employed if a hybrid operating room is available. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Spilled gallstones simulating peritoneal carcinomatosis: A case report and literature review
ConclusionSpilled gallstones are associated with uncommon, but significant complications, and even the diagnosis of such a condition can cause serious difficulties. Serious effort must be made to prevent gallbladder perforation, and accidental stone spillage should be promptly recognized and properly managed. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas presenting as recurrent acute pancreatitis: A case report
ConclusionIt is important to be keep in mind that there is a possibility of ITPN after diagnosis of idiopathic acute pancreatitis. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Pancreatobiliary fistula associated with intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma accompanying obstructive jaundice: A case report
ConclusionsSurgical resection should be considered, if possible, in patients with pancreatobiliary fistulas associated with IPMNs. A better prognosis is expected with prevention of obstructive jaundice or cholangitis. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Surgical treatment of postoperative laparostomy and pyloroduodenostomy—Case report
ConclusionThe patient was discharged at the 60th postoperative day, asymptomatic and with a weight gain of 10 kg. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A French hernia in Dubai: A case report
ConclusionDe Garengeot hernia is a rare hernia to encounter. Imaging modalities are a major tool in early diagnosis and early prompt surgery is crucial in preventing major complications that may lead to unnecessary morbidity and mortality. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A case of large deep fibrolipoma in the left subclavicular region that compromised the branchial plexus and thoracic duct: A case report
ConclusionThe purpose of this case report is to highlight an unusually large tumor of this type in a dangerous area that caused thoracic outlet syndrome-like symptoms. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Characteristics and outcomes of laparoscopic surgery in patients with large hiatal hernia. A single center study
ConclusionResults from multiple studies are similar, with shorter hospital stay and less morbidity resulting from the minimally invasive approach. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A rare occurrence of viability of both small and large bowel in ileosigmoid knotting: A case report
ConclusionThe management of a patient who has both viable loops of bowel on exploration is a contentious issue. Traditional teaching dictates that untying of the knot should be coupled with resection of the sigmoid colon to negate the risk of a recurrence. Some case reports suggest that resection may not be necessary as the risk of recurrence is believed to be low. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Cervical Sympathetic Chain Schwannoma Masquerading as a Vagus Nerve Schwannoma Complicated by Postoperative Horner’s Syndrome and Facial Pain: A Case Report
CONCLUSIONThis case report examines postoperative outcomes and improves clinician awareness of the potential for misdiagnosis of a rare neoplasm and the recently improved diagnostic measures, providing for higher quality preoperative counseling. Future research is recommended to confirm and improve diagnostic guidelines and accuracy. Additional studies may focus on evaluating the effects of incorrect preoperative diagnosis on postoperative complication rates. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion for a morbidly obese patient with situs inversus totalis: Case report
ConclusionThis case report demonstrates that biliopancreatic diversion can be done safely in morbidly obese patients with situs inversus by an experienced bariatric surgeon in a specialized well-equipped center. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Karakousis’s abdominoinguinal approach for the treatment of a primary retroperitoneal parasitic leiomyoma with inguinal extension. A case report
ConclusionsPRPL is a rare extrauterine entity probably derived from remnant embryogenic cells. The absence of clinical guidelines recommend an individualized treatment of these patients. Karakousis’s abdominoinguinal approach should be present in any surgeon’s armamentarium as the resectability-rate of tumors of the lower quadrant of the abdomen increases up to 95%. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Case report of an uncommon case of drain-site hernia after colorectal surgery
Conclusionswaiting for further studies, the lesson to be learnt from this case report is that, even if the free space after drain positioning is minimal, drain should not be positioned through the 10 mm trocar to allow the closure of fascial defect in order to avoid any herniation. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Handlebar hernia - A rare complication from blunt trauma
ConclusionDespite being a rare entity, handlebar hernias should be suspected when significant blunt force is applied to the abdominal wall from a handle bar injury. They may not be obvious on physical examination and therefore further imaging is often important. Management involves prompt surgical repair to prevent complications. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Controversial case: Revascularization of a popliteal vascular injury of poor prognosis
ConclusionOur results suggest the need to revisit and improve the predicting indicators scores for amputation prognosis that should include a preoperative and transoperative analysis. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Hypersensitivity to Orthopaedic Implant Manifested as Erythroderma: Timing of implant removal
ConclusionDespite the concerns regarding implant survival in hypersensitivity cases, the decision whether the implant should be removed or replaced should be based on the time and condition of the fracture healing process. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Colonic intussusception caused by a sigmoidal lipoma: A Case Report
ConclusionColo-colonic intussusception is a very rare complication of lipoma. It is determined that the treatment is surgical due to the risk of malignancy. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Laparoscopic management of refractory chylous ascites using fluorescence navigation with indocyanine green: A case report
Conclusionwe reported successful laparoscopic management of refractory chylous ascites using fluorescence navigation with indocyanine green. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - July 6, 2018 Category: Surgery Source Type: research