Optimising opioid substitution therapy in the prison environment.
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to examine the current provision of opioid substitution therapy (OST) during and immediately following release from detention in prisons in England and Wales. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A group of experts was convened to comment on current practices and to make recommendations for improving OST management in prison. Current practices were previously assessed using an online survey and a focus group with experience of OST in prison (Webster, 2017). FINDINGS: Disruption to the management of addiction and reduced treatment choice for OST adversely influences ...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - September 19, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Alam F, Wright N, Roberts P, Dhadley S, Townley J, Webster R Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Problem gambling and support preferences among Finnish prisoners: a pilot study in an adult correctional population.
This study provides a deeper understanding of problem gambling in prisons. Problem gambling is associated with crime and also seems to be linked with serving a previous sentence. Early detection and tailored interventions for problem gambling may help to reduce reoffending rates. PMID: 31532340 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health)
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - September 19, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Lind K, Salonen AH, Järvinen-Tassopoulos J, Alho H, Castrén S Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Access to a quality healthcare among prisoners - perspectives of health providers of a prison infirmary, Ghana.
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to explore the influence of health system factors on access to a quality healthcare among prisoners in Ghana. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Data were gathered using different qualitative methods (interviews and participant observation) with staff of the James Camp Prison, Accra. Findings were analyzed using a framework method for the thematic analysis of the semi-structured interview data; and interpreted with the theoretical perspective of health systems thinking and innovation. FINDINGS: The study concludes that health system factors such as inadequate fund...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - September 19, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Baffoe-Bonnie T, Ntow SK, Awuah-Werekoh K, Adomah-Afari A Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Posttraumatic stress, panic disorder, violence, and recidivism among local jail detainees.
Abstract PURPOSE: Most research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and offending has been conducted with special populations (e.g. veterans and female inmates) and generally overlooks the additive effect of panic disorder (PD) in offending patterns. The purpose of this paper is to assess the prevalence of PTSD and PD among jail inmates, while simultaneously examining the relationships between these disorders, offending types and frequency. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A random sample of adults recently booked into a local county jail participated in the Comprehensive Addictions and Psychological Evaluati...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - September 19, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Combs E, Guston K, Kopak A, Raggio A, Hoffmann NG Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Prisoners' ambivalent sexism and domestic violence: a narrative study.
Abstract PURPOSE: Gender inequality and sexism are often at the root of domestic violence against women and children, with both serving to justify male domination. This runs in parallel with mother-blaming bias, which constitutes a pervasive common sense and scientific error derived from the myth of the good and the bad mother, characterising a large part of studies on deviance. The purpose of this paper is to consider the possible role of sexism in prisoners' deviant biographies; for this, the authors considered the role of the mother in the biographies of prisoners, and the results lend support to the idea that ...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - September 19, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Testoni I, Branciforti G, Zamperini A, Zuliani L, Nava FA Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

A model for sustainable laser tattoo removal services for adult probationers.
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to describe a sustainable free laser tattoo removal clinic for economically disadvantaged adult probationers. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: This paper describes the partnerships, methods and challenges/lessons learned from the implementation of a free monthly laser tattoo removal program for adult probationers within a medical school setting in California. FINDINGS: Possible patients are identified via a collaboration with the county's Probation Department. Founded in 2016, this monthly program has provided tattoo removal services to>37 adult patient proba...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - September 19, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Ojeda VD, Romero L, Ortiz A Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Quality of prison life, violence and mental health in Dubrava prison.
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to explore the association between the quality of prison life and mental health among prisoners and the occurrence of violence. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: In total, 203 prisoners from Dubrava Correctional Center in Kosovo participated. Data on background characteristics of the prisoners, quality of prison life, mental health symptoms and exposure to physical, psychological and sexual violence were collected through interviewer-administered questionnaires. Data were analyzed using general linear models (GLM) and manual backwards model search with step-wise exclu...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - July 24, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Skar M, Lokdam N, Liebling A, Muriqi A, Haliti D, Rushiti F, Modvig J Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

A cross-sectional evaluation of opt-in testing for sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections in three Canadian provincial correctional facilities: a missed opportunity for public health?
This study found high rates of STBBI in correctional facilities and showed that only a small proportion of the population was tested using an opt-in strategy. Shifting to an "opt-out" strategy may be warranted. PMID: 31329036 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health)
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - July 24, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Gratrix J, Smyczek P, Bertholet L, Lee MC, Pyne D, Woods D, Courtney K, Ahmed R Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Exploring HIV infection in a UK vulnerable prisoner population in response to newly identified cases.
Abstract PURPOSE: Prison populations are considered at elevated risk of blood borne virus (BBV) transmission. Between December 2015 and February 2016, four new cases of HIV infection were diagnosed across two male vulnerable prisoner (VP) custodial units in Wales, UK. Cases were identified through routine BBV testing. The paper aims to discuss these issues. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: As a result of identifying four new HIV cases, targeted BBV testing across the VP units using dried blood spot testing for HIV, Hepatitis C (HCV) and Hepatitis B was undertaken. FINDINGS: A total of 617 men were offered te...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - July 24, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Perrett SE, Waite TD Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Polypharmacy and drug-drug interactions among older and younger male prisoners in Switzerland.
s M Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to determine the prevalence of polypharmacy and drug-drug interactions (DDIs) in older and younger prisoners, and compared if age group is associated with risks of polypharmacy and DDIs. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: For 380 prisoners from Switzerland (190 were 49 years and younger; 190 were 50 years and older), data concerning their medication use were gathered. MediQ identified if interactions of two or more substances could lead to potentially adverse DDI. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and generalised linear mixed models. FINDINGS: On...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - July 24, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Annaheim B, Wangmo T, Bretschneider W, Handtke V, Elger BS, Belardi A, Meyer AH, Hösli R, Lutters M Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

A conceptual model on reintegration after prison in Norway.
aring;rd A Abstract PURPOSE: Many offenders struggle when attempting to reintegrate into society after release from prison, and the conditions they face after release often lead to reoffending. The purpose of this paper is to present a conceptual model on reintegration after prison. The model has the potential to guide practitioners in their understanding of the relationships between welfare services and the agency of the offender. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The model was developed from a small-scale study in the Norwegian Criminal Justice system, which is well known for its emphasis on rehabilitation and c...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - July 24, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Larsen BK, Hean S, Ødegård A Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Behind prison walls: HIV vulnerability of female Filipino prisoners.
This study was based on a Qualitative Descriptive Design. In total, 18 semi-structured interviews were conducted with prisoners and NGO directors. Data were analysed through Framework Analysis, using the individual, social and community categories of the Modified Socio-Ecological Model. FINDINGS: Results from this study suggest that the prison environment and management practices maximise the HIV vulnerability in the sample. This vulnerability is shaped by low HIV knowledge, combined with the existence of multiple social vulnerabilities prior to incarceration. SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS: HIV care in Filipino prisons nee...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - July 24, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Palma DM, Parr J Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Animal-assisted therapy in a Canadian psychiatric prison.
Abstract PURPOSE: Prison-based animal programs are becoming increasingly common in North America. The majority focus on community and animal well-being, with less explicit therapeutic goals for human participants. The purpose of this paper is to measure the objectives of a canine animal-assisted therapy (AAT) program in a Canadian psychiatric prison and examine whether the program supports inmates' correctional plans. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A modified instrumental case study design was applied with three inmates over a 24-AAT-session program. Quantitative and qualitative AAT session data were collected ...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - July 24, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Dell C, Chalmers D, Stobbe M, Rohr B, Husband A Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Comparing health status, disability, and access to care in older and younger inmates in the New South Wales corrections system.
This study provides an important first step towards that goal. PMID: 31172851 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health)
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - June 9, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Field C, Archer V Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Comparative study between prison- and community-based treatment satisfaction for opioid use disorder in Lebanon.
The objective was to measure the difference in the patients' general perception and satisfaction of the treatments available. OUD was diagnosed using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th Edition criteria and the level of satisfaction was measured by "Treatment Perceptions Questionnaire (TPQ)." FINDINGS: The prison group reported significantly lower satisfaction when compared to the community group (total TPQ mean scores: M=34.73, SD =4.12 and M=16.67, SD =4.78, respectively, with t (56.76) =15.68, p=0.000). Furthermore, age, marital status, education level and elapsed time in treatme...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - June 9, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Khalaf D, Hayek M, Bakhos JJ, Abou-Mrad F Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Offenders' perceptions of the UK prison smoking ban.
Abstract PURPOSE: Despite overall reductions in levels of smoking in the UK, rates of offender smoking remain high. In 2016, it was announced that prisons in England and Wales would gradually introduce a smoking ban. The purpose of this paper is to explore offenders' perceptions around the upcoming smoking ban. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A total of eight focus groups were conducted in four prisons across the North of England. Both smoking and non-smoking offenders participated in the focus groups, and thematic analysis was used to explore the findings. FINDINGS: Themes generated from the data were &quo...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - June 9, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Dugdale S, Semper H, Povey R, Elison-Davies S, Davies G, Ward J Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Promoting gender responsive support for women inmates: a case study from inside a prison.
Abstract PURPOSE: Most women who serve time in prison will eventually be released and expected to reintegrate back into society. To maximize the chances of success, careful support is usually required. An example of this support work was the Healthy Relationships Program (HRP, 2016) offered to women inmates of the Adelaide Women's Prison (South Australia) pre-release. The content of the HRP was influenced by a gender-responsive framework and constructed as a social work program. The purpose of this paper is to report on a small qualitative study that used semi-structured interviews pre- and post-program to explore...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - June 9, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Wendt S, Fraser H Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Trends in addiction treatment in Irish prisons using national surveillance data, 2009-2014.
This study can help policy development and service planning in addiction treatment in prison as it provides an insight into the potential needs of incarcerated populations. It also provides a baseline from which to measure any changes in provision of treatment in prison over time. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: This is the first study to analyse treatment episodes in prison using routine surveillance data in Ireland. Analysis of these data can provide useful information, not currently available elsewhere. PMID: 31172855 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health)
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - June 9, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Cannon A, Nally F, Collins A, Fay R, Lyons S Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Changes in subjective wellbeing of prisoners on remand.
Abstract PURPOSE: Low levels of subjective wellbeing in prisoners may relate to mental health problems and difficulties in reintegration after imprisonment. The development of subjective wellbeing during imprisonment is mostly unclear. The purpose of this paper is to explore this development in a longitudinal study in association with mental disorders and socioeconomic factors. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Subjective wellbeing was assessed via a visual analogue scale and retrieved at admission to remand prison and then again after four and eight weeks. Changes in subjective wellbeing between time-points were ...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - June 9, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Bloem O, Bulten E, Verkes RJ Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of low self-reported physical health status among prisoners in New South Wales, Australia.
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to examine the prevalence and predictors of low self-reported physical health status among NSW prison inmates. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Cross-sectional random sample of 1,098 adult male and female prisoners, interviewed as part of the 2015 Justice Health and Forensic Mental Health Network Patient Health Survey. FINDINGS: Almost a quarter of participants had "low self-reported physical health status". Independent predictors of "low health status" were having been in out of home care before the age of 16 years, being illiterate, smoking...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - June 9, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Ross J, Field C, Kaye S, Bowman J Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Effect of age, time spent in prison and level of education on the perceived health and quality of life of elderly prisoners.
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to assess the level of perceived health and quality of life of elderly prisoners in France, and to see whether there is a link between aging, time spent in prison and level of education and scores for perceived health and quality of life. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The authors' recruited 138 male prisoners aged 50 and over in seven French prisons. The research protocol comprised a semi-structured interview and two scales. FINDINGS: The results revealed low levels of perceived health and quality of life among the elderly inmates. They also showed that age w...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - June 9, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Combalbert N, Pennequin V, Ferrand C, Keita M, Geffray B Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C in prisons: a prevalence study.
This study included 180 prisoners from the Buca F-Type Closed Prison, and 180 prisoners from the Foça Open Prison in Turkey. After the training seminars, serum levels of HBsAg, anti HBs, anti HBc total and anti HCV in the prisoners were assessed using the MICROELISA method. FINDINGS: All the prisoners were male. The mean age was 40(21-73) years. According to the results of 360 prisoners from both prisons, 17 (4.7 percent) prisoners were HBsAg positive and were diagnosed as HBV. Isolated anti HBs was positive in 33 (9.1 percent) prisoners who had been previously vaccinated. In 25 (6.9 percent) prisoners isolated...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - June 9, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Kose S, Adar P, Gozaydin A, Kuzucu L, Akkoclu G Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Quality of prison life, violence and mental health in Dubrava prison
International Journal of Prisoner Health, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the association between the quality of prison life and mental health among prisoners and the occurrence of violence. Design/methodology/approach In total, 203 prisoners from Dubrava Correctional Center in Kosovo participated. Data on background characteristics of the prisoners, quality of prison life, mental health symptoms and exposure to physical, psychological and sexual violence were collected through interviewer-administered questionnaires. Data were analyzed using general linear models (GLM) and manual backwards ...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - May 31, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

A cross-sectional evaluation of opt-in testing for sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections in three Canadian provincial correctional facilities: a missed opportunity for public health?
This study found high rates of STBBI in correctional facilities and showed that only a small proportion of the population was tested using an opt-in strategy. Shifting to an “opt-out” strategy may be warranted. (Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health)
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - May 31, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

A conceptual model on reintegration after prison in Norway
International Journal of Prisoner Health, Ahead of Print. Purpose Many offenders struggle when attempting to reintegrate into society after release from prison, and the conditions they face after release often lead to reoffending. The purpose of this paper is to present a conceptual model on reintegration after prison. The model has the potential to guide practitioners in their understanding of the relationships between welfare services and the agency of the offender. Design/methodology/approach The model was developed from a small-scale study in the Norwegian Criminal Justice system, which is well known for its emphasis o...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - May 31, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Quality of prison life, violence and mental health in Dubrava prison
International Journal of Prisoner Health, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the association between the quality of prison life and mental health among prisoners and the occurrence of violence. Design/methodology/approach In total, 203 prisoners from Dubrava Correctional Center in Kosovo participated. Data on background characteristics of the prisoners, quality of prison life, mental health symptoms and exposure to physical, psychological and sexual violence were collected through interviewer-administered questionnaires. Data were analyzed using general linear models (GLM) and manual backwards ...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - May 31, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

A cross-sectional evaluation of opt-in testing for sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections in three Canadian provincial correctional facilities: a missed opportunity for public health?
This study found high rates of STBBI in correctional facilities and showed that only a small proportion of the population was tested using an opt-in strategy. Shifting to an “opt-out” strategy may be warranted. (Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health)
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - May 31, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

A conceptual model on reintegration after prison in Norway
International Journal of Prisoner Health, Ahead of Print. Purpose Many offenders struggle when attempting to reintegrate into society after release from prison, and the conditions they face after release often lead to reoffending. The purpose of this paper is to present a conceptual model on reintegration after prison. The model has the potential to guide practitioners in their understanding of the relationships between welfare services and the agency of the offender. Design/methodology/approach The model was developed from a small-scale study in the Norwegian Criminal Justice system, which is well known for its emphasis o...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - May 31, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Polypharmacy and drug-drug interactions among older and younger male prisoners in Switzerland
International Journal of Prisoner Health, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to determine the prevalence of polypharmacy and drug –drug interactions (DDIs) in older and younger prisoners, and compared if age group is associated with risks of polypharmacy and DDIs. Design/methodology/approach For 380 prisoners from Switzerland (190 were 49 years and younger; 190 were 50 years and older), data concerning their medication use were gathered. MediQ identified if interactions of two or more substances could lead to potentially adverse DDI. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and generalised li...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 15, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Effect of age, time spent in prison and level of education on the perceived health and quality of life of elderly prisoners
International Journal of Prisoner Health, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to assess the level of perceived health and quality of life of elderly prisoners in France, and to see whether there is a link between aging, time spent in prison and level of education and scores for perceived health and quality of life. Design/methodology/approach The authors ’ recruited 138 male prisoners aged 50 and over in seven French prisons. The research protocol comprised a semi-structured interview and two scales. Findings The results revealed low levels of perceived health and quality of life among the elderly in...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 12, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of low self-reported physical health status among prisoners in New South Wales, Australia
International Journal of Prisoner Health, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the prevalence and predictors of low self-reported physical health status among NSW prison inmates. Design/methodology/approach Cross-sectional random sample of 1,098 adult male and female prisoners, interviewed as part of the 2015 Justice Health and Forensic Mental Health Network Patient Health Survey. Findings Almost a quarter of participants had “low self-reported physical health status”. Independent predictors of “low health status” were having been in out of home care before the age of 16 y...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 12, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Effect of age, time spent in prison and level of education on the perceived health and quality of life of elderly prisoners
International Journal of Prisoner Health, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to assess the level of perceived health and quality of life of elderly prisoners in France, and to see whether there is a link between aging, time spent in prison and level of education and scores for perceived health and quality of life. Design/methodology/approach The authors ’ recruited 138 male prisoners aged 50 and over in seven French prisons. The research protocol comprised a semi-structured interview and two scales. Findings The results revealed low levels of perceived health and quality of life among the elderly in...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 12, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of low self-reported physical health status among prisoners in New South Wales, Australia
International Journal of Prisoner Health, Ahead of Print. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the prevalence and predictors of low self-reported physical health status among NSW prison inmates. Design/methodology/approach Cross-sectional random sample of 1,098 adult male and female prisoners, interviewed as part of the 2015 Justice Health and Forensic Mental Health Network Patient Health Survey. Findings Almost a quarter of participants had “low self-reported physical health status”. Independent predictors of “low health status” were having been in out of home care before the age of 16 y...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 12, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Comparing health status, disability, and access to care in older and younger inmates in the New South Wales corrections system
This study provides an important first step towards that goal. (Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health)
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 11, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Changes in subjective wellbeing of prisoners on remand
International Journal of Prisoner Health, Ahead of Print. Purpose Low levels of subjective wellbeing in prisoners may relate to mental health problems and difficulties in reintegration after imprisonment. The development of subjective wellbeing during imprisonment is mostly unclear. The purpose of this paper is to explore this development in a longitudinal study in association with mental disorders and socioeconomic factors. Design/methodology/approach Subjective wellbeing was assessed via a visual analogue scale and retrieved at admission to remand prison and then again after four and eight weeks. Changes in subjective we...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 11, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Comparing health status, disability, and access to care in older and younger inmates in the New South Wales corrections system
This study provides an important first step towards that goal. (Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health)
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 11, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Changes in subjective wellbeing of prisoners on remand
International Journal of Prisoner Health, Ahead of Print. Purpose Low levels of subjective wellbeing in prisoners may relate to mental health problems and difficulties in reintegration after imprisonment. The development of subjective wellbeing during imprisonment is mostly unclear. The purpose of this paper is to explore this development in a longitudinal study in association with mental disorders and socioeconomic factors. Design/methodology/approach Subjective wellbeing was assessed via a visual analogue scale and retrieved at admission to remand prison and then again after four and eight weeks. Changes in subjective we...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 11, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Mental healthcare interfaces in a regional Irish prison.
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to study the demographic, clinical characteristics and outcomes for those prisoners referred to secondary mental healthcare in a regional Irish prison and the proportion of individuals diverted subsequently from prison to psychiatric settings. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The authors conducted a retrospective review of 130 successive psychiatric assessment case records at a regional mixed gender prison serving six southern Irish counties. The authors analysed demographics, clinical characteristics and outcomes. Where diversion out of prison was undertaken, Danger...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 5, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Gulati G, Otuokpaikhian K, Crowley M, Pradeep V, Meagher D, Dunne CP Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Constructing positive narrative identities in a forensic setting: a single case evaluation of phototherapy.
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the use of a phototherapeutic technique called "Talking Pictures" within the forensic setting. This approach involves the use of a set of photographs to facilitate clients' disclosure, self-growth and promote the development of positive self-narratives. The use of art therapies and the construction of adaptive identity narratives have been proven to support desistance and increase resocialization in the prison population. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A 42-year-old Italian male offender was met for six therapy sessions and invited to talk abo...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 5, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Saita E, Accordini M, Loewenthal D Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

High frequency of HBV in HIV-infected prisoners in Mozambique.
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) among 448 HIV-infected prisoners from 32 prisons in Mozambique. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: All HIV seropositive prisoners were screened for HBV. FINDINGS: Of the 448 HIV seropositive prisoners, 51 (11.4 percent, 95%CI: 9.3-13.9 percent) were HBsAg-positive and was significantly higher in prisoners aged
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 5, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Augusto A, Augusto O, Taquibo A, Nhachigule C, Siyawadya N, Gudo ES Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Mental health and wellbeing benefits from a prisons horticultural programme.
Abstract PURPOSE: In the context of current prison safety and reform, the purpose of this paper is to discuss findings of an impact evaluation of a horticultural programme delivered in 12 prisons in North West England. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The programme was evaluated using quantitative and qualitative methods, including Green Gym© questionnaires, the Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS) and Biographic-Narrative Interpretive Method interviews. FINDINGS: Against a backdrop of high rates of suicide, self-harm and poor mental health, the horticultural programme studied proved benefi...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 5, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Farrier A, Baybutt M, Dooris M Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

An evaluation of Take Home Naloxone program implementation in British Columbian correctional facilities.
Abstract PURPOSE: To understand how the Take Home Naloxone (THN) program is implemented in two pilot correctional facilities in British Columbia (BC), Canada, in order to identify areas for program improvement and inform the expansion of the program to other Canadian correctional facilities The paper aims to discuss these issues. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Two focus groups and one interview were conducted with healthcare staff at two pilot correctional facilities. Sessions were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and divergent and convergent experiences within and between the facilities were explored in an...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 5, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Pearce LA, Mathany L, Rothon D, Kuo M, Buxton JA Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Challenges to mothering while incarcerated: preliminary study of two women's prisons in Java, Indonesia.
This study contributes to the limited research on incarcerated women in Indonesia, broadly, and on mothering and incarceration, in particular, and suggests that women's needs as mothers have not been taken into consideration by prisons and the criminal justice system. PMID: 30827161 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health)
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 5, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Mustofa M, West BS, Sri Supadmi M, Sari H Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Measuring the quality of life of incarcerated individuals.
Abstract PURPOSE: Measuring quality of life (QoL) under incarceration can be used to track successful rehabilitation and risk of re-offending. However, few studies have measured QoL among general incarcerated populations, and it is important to use psychometrically strong measures that pose minimal burdens to respondents and administrators. The paper aims to discuss these issues. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The aim of this analysis was to explore the utility of a short generic tool measuring overall QoL, the QOL5, in an incarcerated population. The authors drew data from the Norwegian Offender Mental Health ...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 5, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Muller AE, Bukten A Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Identification of service development needs for incarcerated adults with autism spectrum disorders in an Australian prison system.
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to identify and deliberate the service development needs required for the improvement of service provision for incarcerated adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in NSW, Australia. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Consultation groups were conducted to bring together n=5 key stakeholders from heath and correctional-based services in the prison system. A facilitated asynchronous e-mail-based discussion occurred amongst group members between consultation group meetings. FINDINGS: Two main themes were identified: detecting persons with ASD and providing appropr...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 5, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Newman C, Cashin A, Graham I Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

The psychiatric management of prisoners on hunger strike: developing a management algorithm using the Delphi technique.
This study outlines a management algorithm for the psychiatric assessment and management of prisoners on a hunger strike, a subject about which there is limited guidance to date. Although written from an Irish perspective, this study outlines key considerations for psychiatrists in keeping with international guidance and therefore may be generalisable to other jurisdictions. PMID: 30827164 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health)
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 5, 2019 Category: Criminology Authors: Gulati G, Kelly BD, O'Neill C, O'Connell P, Linehan S, Spain E, Meagher D, Dunne CP Tags: Int J Prison Health Source Type: research

Mental health and wellbeing benefits from a prisons horticultural programme
International Journal of Prisoner Health,Volume 15, Issue 1, Page 91-104, March 2019. Purpose In the context of current prison safety and reform, the purpose of this paper is to discuss findings of an impact evaluation of a horticultural programme delivered in 12 prisons in North West England. Design/methodology/approach The programme was evaluated using quantitative and qualitative methods, including Green Gym © questionnaires, the Warwick Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS) and Biographic-Narrative Interpretive Method interviews. Findings Against a backdrop of high rates of suicide, self-harm and poor mental h...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 4, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

Constructing positive narrative identities in a forensic setting: a single case evaluation of phototherapy
International Journal of Prisoner Health,Volume 15, Issue 1, Page 76-90, March 2019. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the use of a phototherapeutic technique called “Talking Pictures” within the forensic setting. This approach involves the use of a set of photographs to facilitate clients’ disclosure, self-growth and promote the development of positive self-narratives. The use of art therapies and the construction of adaptive identity narratives have been proven to support desistance and increase resocialization in the prison population. Design/methodology/approach A 42-year-old Italian ma...
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 4, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research

High frequency of HBV in HIV-infected prisoners in Mozambique
International Journal of Prisoner Health,Volume 15, Issue 1, Page 58-65, March 2019. Purpose The purpose of this paper is to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) among 448 HIV-infected prisoners from 32 prisons in Mozambique. Design/methodology/approach All HIV seropositive prisoners were screened for HBV. Findings Of the 448 HIV seropositive prisoners, 51 (11.4 percent, 95%CI: 9.3 –13.9 percent) were HBsAg-positive and was significantly higher in prisoners aged
Source: International Journal of Prisoner Health - March 4, 2019 Category: Criminology Source Type: research