Type 1 diabetes mellitus in Gabon: A study of epidemiological aspects
ConclusionT1D prevalence is constantly increasing worldwide, but at slower pace in Africa in comparison to developed countries. Difficulties to access to high standard care and population poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa, represents a major independent factor of poor therapeutic observance. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Fetal Case of Diphtheria Reported to CDC Emergency Operations
Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Saeed Altoom, Omar AlzomorAbstractUnreported cases of diphtheria are still present in developing countries. A 9-year-old incompletely vaccinated girl was admitted with pharyngotonsillitis caused by diphtheria. On day 9 of her illness, renal and cardiac failure occurred. Unfortunately, she died within hours of admission to intensive care with cardiogenic shock despite the vigorous supportive care delivered to her and the administration of antibiotics and diphtheria antitoxin. The suboptimal dose of...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - October 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Skin in the game: Video-game–related cutaneous pathologies in adolescents
ConclusionsThe universal use and pervasive popularity of video games for recreational purposes present an emerging dermatological concern. As videogames become increasingly advanced and immersive, various cutaneous conditions arising from intensive gaming will likely become common over time. Consequently, it is critical that dermatologists consider video games with a high index of suspicion when encountering dermatological ailments in underage patients engaging in persistent gaming behavior. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - September 24, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Clinical Significance of IgM Deposition in Pediatric Minimal Change Disease
ConclusionsOur study showed that IgM deposition in MCD showed statistical association with hypertension by the time the patient presented to our institute, development of steroid dependence, and CKD. IgM may play a role in MCD. However, we recommend a prospective study to verify the role of IgM in MCD outcomes. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - September 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Viral infections in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) in a tertiary care center in Saudi Arabia
ConclusionViral infections contributed to the increase in morbidity and mortality of CF patients in our population, and rhinovirus was the most common causative agent. Viral infections and viral recurrence increased the prevalence of bacterial infection of specific pathogens such as H. influenza and S. aureus. Physicians should be aware to prevent progressive lung damage in CF patients by treating the concomitant viral and bacterial infections. Viral infection may be associated with some common CFTR mutations. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - September 14, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Skin to the game: Video-game–related cutaneous pathologies in adolescents
ConclusionsThe universal use and pervasive popularity of video games for recreational purposes present an emerging dermatological concern. As videogames become increasingly advanced and immersive, various cutaneous conditions arising from intensive gaming will likely become common over time. Consequently, it is critical that dermatologists consider video games with a high index of suspicion when encountering dermatological ailments in underage patients engaging in persistent gaming behavior. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - September 7, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Anthropometric Measurements of Singleton Live Full-Term Newborns in Aden, Yemen
This study showed significant sex differences in all the anthropometric measurements principally in the birth weight (3187.66 versus 3039.04) and crown-heel length CHL (49.28 versus 48.53). (P
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - September 5, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Improving Clinical Outcomes Of Very Low Birth Weight Infants : Implementation of Standardised Management Guidelines in Tertiary Care hospital in Haryana
CONCLUSIONImplementing structured approach to above mentioned interventions in the form of standardized management guidelines for preterm VLBW neonates was associated with significant reduction in culture proven sepsis and mechanical ventilation days without affecting mortality or other co-morbidities. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - August 23, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Self-reported smoking among adolescents: how accurate is it with the urine cotinine strip test?
ConclusionSelf-reporting can be used to assess smoking status but should be used with care among adolescents. Urine cotinine strip test validation of self-reporting enables the measurement of the true prevalence of smoking among adolescents. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - August 10, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Pediatric pneumonia: An analysis of cost & outcome influencers in the United States
ConclusionThis nationwide study provides a unique preview of the cost associated with care for pediatric pneumonia. Such information is essential in developing strategies to improve health outcomes and resources allocation. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - July 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Child Maltreatment Prevention Readiness in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries
The objective of this study is to assess CMP readiness to implement large-scale evidence-based CMP programs in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries.MethodsThis cross-sectional study (n=244) was conducted in the GCC countries. Participants were key decision makers and senior managers in the field of CM. The Readiness Assessment for the Prevention of Child Maltreatment (RAP-CM) was used to assess 10 dimensions of CMP readiness.ResultsThe key informants gave CMP readiness scores of 47.8 out of 100. Four of the dimensions (knowledge of CMP; legislation, mandates, and policies; institutional resources and links; and informa...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - July 23, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Treatment of Speech Sound Disorders in children: Nonspeech Oral Exercises
ConclusionGenerally, oral training that does not involve speech production should be considered carefully with respect to a client’s speech needs. Thus, further research is needed to examine the clinical value of using nonspeech oral exercises to treat speech sound disorders in children. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - July 19, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Utility of serum ferritin and soluble interleukin-2 receptor as markers of disease activity in childhood systemic lupus erythematosus
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Nora Almutairi, Alwaleed Aljaser, Abdulaziz Almutairi, Manal Alshaikh, Abdelmoneim Eldali, Sulaiman Al-MayoufAbstractObjectiveTo assess the usefulness of serum ferritin and soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2r) levels as markers of disease activity in childhood systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE) and their role in screen for subclinical macrophage activation syndrome (MAS).Patients and methodsThis is a cross-sectional analysis of prospectively collected data. Consecutive children who met the System...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - July 17, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Outcome of children with systemic rheumatic diseases admitted to pediatric intensive care unit: an experience of a tertiary hospital
ConclusionOur data showed that children with rheumatic diseases, particularly SLE are mostly admitted to PICU with serious disease exacerbation or severe infection. To improve the outcome, early diagnosis of critical condition and proper intervention are fundamental in reducing mortality. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - July 10, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Technology Dependent Children
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Krishna Mohan Gulla, Tanushree Sahoo, Anil SachdevAbstractIn recent past, revolution in medical technology resulted in improved survival rates and outcomes of critically ill children. Unfortunately, it’s impact relating to morbidity is not well documented. Though survival rates of these critically ill children who are medically fragile and technology-dependent have improved, we as health professionals are still in learning curve to improve the quality of these children at home. Factors such as ...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - July 10, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Nonsuicidal Self-Injury Among Adolescents In South Eastern Serbia
ConclusionThe results may have practical implications when it comes to taking preventive and therapeutic measures in the vulnerable adolescent population. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - July 5, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Vertically transmitted chikungunya, Zika and dengue virus infections: The pathogenesis from mother to fetus and the implications of co-infections and vaccine development
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Tracy Evans-GilbertAbstractChikungunya (CHIKV), Zika (ZIKV), and Dengue viruses (DENV) exhibit similar epidemiological and clinical patterns but have different pathophysiological mechanisms of disease manifestations. Differences occur in the severity of clinical presentations with the highest mortality in the general population attributed to DENV and neurological morbidity due to ZIKV. ZIKV and DENV infections can cause fetal loss with ZIKV exhibiting teratogenesis. CHIKV is associated with severe com...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - July 4, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Evaluation of poisoning cases admitted to pediatric emergency department
ConclusionIn order to avoid childhood poisonings that may have such widespread and serious consequences, such products should be sold with locked covers and kept in places where children cannot reach them. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - July 4, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Experience of an endocrine clinic in a tunisian tertiary care hospital
Publication date: Available online 4 July 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Leïla Essaddam, Wafa Kallali, Emna Cherifi, Rahma Guedri, Nadia Mattoussi, Zohra Fitouri, Saayda Ben Becher (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - July 4, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Analysis of births, abortions and maternal mortality in adolescents in Ecuador from 2013 to 2016
Publication date: Available online 4 July 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): María Luciana Armijos Acurio, Mónica García, Ruth Jimbo Sotomayor, Xavier Sanchez, Susana GuijarroAbstractIntroductionAdolescent pregnancy is associated to school desertion, violence, termination of pregnancy under suboptimal conditions, obstetric complications and other consequences that can put the woman’s quality of life at risk and of those that surround her (2). The purpose of this study is to describe the situation and tendencies of adolescent pregnancies, abortions an...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - July 4, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Spontaneous Neonatal Renal Vein Thrombosis, a known Pathology without Clear Management guidelines. An overview.
Publication date: Available online 3 July 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): S. Kayemba-Kay’sAbstractRenal vein thrombosis (RVT) was first described in 1837 by Rayer. Although tremendous progress has been achieved in the comprehension of its pathophysiology, its management remains a matter of debate over 20 decades later. Therapeutic modalities vary from supportive measures alone to the utilization of thrombolytic agents whose protocols are derived from adult medicine. This review aims at showing how difficult the treatment of RVT still is, especially with regard to the ...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - July 4, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Pediatric appendectomy in the developing countries. How does it differ from the international experience?
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Rezkalla Akkary, Smart Zeidan, Reva Matta, Chantal Lakis, Nabil Diab (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - July 2, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Universal screening program for lipid disorders in 2–10 years old Lebanese children: A new approach
ConclusionsIt is preferable to review the latest pediatric dyslipidemia screening guidelines by performing a universal screening program since a third of our dyslipidemic Lebanese children will be missed. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - June 29, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

School bullying: an increasingly recognized etiology for psychogenic non-epileptic seizures: report of two cases
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Laila Alhafez, Amira MasriAbstractPsychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are seizure-like episodes that are not associated with changes on electroencephalogram. They are the result of a wide range of possible psychological stressors including being a victim of bullying. Currently, reports regarding PNES in bullied patients are lacking. In this case report, we describe two cases; the first is a 10-year-old boy who presented to the emergency room once for visual loss and another for inability to walk...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - June 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Spontaneous Bilateral Corneal Perforation in Neonate, A case Report
This report is important to gain more information about corneal perforation clinical presentation in neonates, Investigation, and management. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - June 20, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Stigmatisation among Parents of Autism Spectrum Disorder Children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Publication date: Available online 17 June 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Kahlid Alshaigi, Reema Albraheem, Khalid Alsaleem, Moneer Zakaria, Aman Jobeir, Hesham AldhalaanAbstractBackgroundThe autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosed children have social and cognitive disabilities. For parents, these behaviors can lead to humiliation, social exclusion and isolation. Stigma is a problem that not only may affect the individual with high functioning autism, but has the potential to extend to their family as well. Indeed, research indicates that the parents of children with dis...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - June 19, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Association between body fat mass and cardiometabolic risk in children and adolescents in Bucaramanga, Colombia
ConclusionsIncrease in percentage body fat is significantly associated to cardiometabolic risk factors in children and adolescents in Bucaramanga. Early identification and intervention of this population at risk is fundamental. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - June 19, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Severity of Salmonella infection among sickle cell diseases pediatric patients: description of the infection pattern:
ConclusionsMultiple site of infection ,sever osteomylitis, and delay in fever response consolidated the fact of high virulence of salmonella in SCD patients. We do not encounter significant resistant rate to both quinolone and cephalosporin. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - June 16, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The prevalence of childhood asthma in Saudi Arabia
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Turki S. Alahmadi, Maysaa A. Banjari, Adel S. AlharbiAbstractAsthma is considered one of the most important health issues worldwide. However, few epidemiological studies have been conducted in Saudi Arabia to assess the prevalence of asthma among children, and their results are highly variable. Thus, in this study, we investigated the prevalence of childhood asthma in Saudi Arabia. Previous studies of the prevalence of childhood asthma in Saudi Arabia were reviewed and 12 were included in this review...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - June 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Phenotypic Variability in a Series of Four Pediatric Patients With Andersen-Tawil Syndrome: A Saudi Experience
We describe our experience with ATS in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia by presenting a case series involving four patients in the pediatric cardiology clinic confirmed to have ATS. Despite the diversity in the phenotypes and clinical course among the four cases, all patients had bidirectional ventricular tachycardia, and all were confirmed to have ATS by genetic testing. In this case series, we identified one novel and three previously described KCNJ2 mutations. We also confirmed the beneficial effect of AAI pacing in one of our patients, together with medical therapy with ß-blockers and flecainide. In Saudi Arabia, there is a ...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - June 15, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Management of asthma exacerbation in the emergency departments
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Abdullah Al-Shamrani, Adel S. Al-Harbi, Khalid Bagais, Ayed Alenazi, Mansour Alqwaiee (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - June 4, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Universal Screening Program for Lipid Disorders in Two to Ten Years Old Lebanese Children: a New Approach.
ConclusionsIt is preferable to review the latest pediatric dyslipidemia screening guidelines by performing a universal screening program since a third of our dyslipidemic Lebanese children will be missed. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - June 1, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Vertically transmitted Chikunugunya, Zika and Dengue Virus infections. The pathogenesis from mother to fetus and the implications of co-infections and vaccine development
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Tracy Evans-GilbertAbstractChikungunya (CHIKV), Zika (ZIKV), and Dengue viruses (DENV) exhibit similar ecological, evolutionary, and epidemiological patterns but have different pathophysiological mechanisms of disease manifestations. Clinical presentations overlap and can be asymptomatic. Differences occur in the severity of clinical presentations with the highest mortality in the general population attributed to DENV and neurological morbidity due to ZIKV. ZIKV and DENV infections can cause fetal los...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - May 31, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Pediatric diabetes in Saudi Arabia: Challenges and potential solutions. A review article
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Aqeel A. AlaqeelAbstractDiabetes in children has increased globally, and the World Health Organization ranks Saudi Arabia 7th in prevalence and 5th in incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Type 2 diabetes (T2D) in children and adolescents has been identified in Saudi Arabia but its prevalence is still unknown. Despite advances in diabetes management including new insulins, insulin delivery systems, glucose monitoring and easy access to media for disease awareness, diabetes in children continues to be ch...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Incidence and outcome of group B streptococcal invasive disease in Omani infants
In this study we aim to identify the incidence of GBS sepsis in Omani infants less than 3 months of age who were born at Royal Hospital and who presented with clinical sepsis and positive culture. In addition, we aim to describe the clinical presentation and complications noted on admission and then on follow-up visit.MethodsThis is an observational retrospective chart review study. It included all Omani infants (0-3 months) who were diagnosed to have GBS sepsis/meningitis from 2006 to 2016 at the Royal Hospital, Muscat, Sultanate of OmanResultsThere were 83,000 live births in the Royal Hospital over a period of ten years....
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - May 29, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

School Bullying :an Increasingly Recognized Etiology for Psychogenic Non- Epileptic Seizures- Report of Two Cases
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Laila Alhafez, Amira MasriAbstractPsychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) are seizure-like episodes that are not associated with changes on electroencephalogram. They are the result of a wide range of possible psychological stressors including being a victim of bullying. Currently, reports regarding PNES in bullied patients are lacking. In this case report, we describe two cases; the first is a 10 years old boy who presented to the emergency room once for visual loss and another for inability to wal...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - May 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Right middle cerebral artery infarct after minor head trauma in an infant: case report and literature review
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Md. Tauseef Khalid, Derrick Ws Chan, Enrica Ek Tan, Seow Wan Tew, NG Lee Ping, David Cy Low, Sharon Yy LowABSTRACTIshaemic stroke (IS) in the paediatric population is extremely rare. In this age group, the occurrence of IS often concurs with underlying congenital heart disease, haematological, metabolic or immunological conditions. In contrast, the association between IS and minor head injury in children has been sparse in current literature. The authors report a case of a healthy 9-month-old male who...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - May 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Massive Recurrent Post-Tonsillectomy Bleedings Revealing a Transient Factor XIII deficiency in a 10-year-old boy. A case report.
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): M. Jankovic, M.L. Choucair, B. Hallak, E. Hernandez, M. Russo, J. Llor, S. Kayemba-Kay’sAbstractA previously healthy 10-year-old boy was hospitalized for a left cervical abscess associated with massive tonsillar hypertrophy. He underwent abscess drainage and bilateral tonsillectomy. At H36 post-surgery, he presented with tonsillar hemorrhage requiring surgical revision. Hemorrhage relapsed 2 days later, with a total of 7 episodes, 5 of which required surgical revisions. Laboratory investigations...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - May 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Pediatric Pneumonia: An Analysis of Cost & Outcome Influencers in the United States.
ConclusionThis nationwide study provides a unique preview of the cost associated with care for pediatric pneumonia. Such information is essential in developing strategies to improve health outcomes and resources allocation. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - April 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Life threatening hyperkalemia treated with prolonged continuous insulin infusion
We report a case of 4-month old infant with Pseudohypoaldosteronism (PHA) who had cardiac arrest secondary to severe hyperkalemia of 12.3mmol/l. It was refractory to anti hyperkalemic medications that necessitated the transfer of the patient to a tertiary hospital for dialysis. The potassium level has dropped gradually to a normal level with continuous insulin infusion and dextrose for almost 12 hours that waved the need of the dialysis. This case highlights the effectiveness of prolonged continuous insulin infusion in treating life-threatening hyperkalemia especially in hospitals where there are no dialysis services avail...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - April 17, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Current concepts in Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease; IL10/IL10R colitis as a model disease
Publication date: Available online 12 March 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Yousef Almana, Reem MohammedAbstractInflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a heterogeneous group of disorders composed mainly of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) and undetermined IBD. The peak incidence of occurrence is mainly beyond the pediatric age group. Recent knowledge about genetic factors had been strongly linked to pediatric IBD (PIBD). Recent advances in genomic technologies have prompted the identification of genetic defects underlying rare, very early-onset IBD (VEO-IBD) as ...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - March 21, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

A Controlled Trial of Gomco Versus Plastibell for neonatal circumcisions in Saudi Arabia
Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Osama A. BawazirAbstractBackgroundGomco or Plastibell devices are the most widely used method for Circumcision. The present work was aimed to assess the incidence of complications in infants of ages up to 6 months in two used methods.MethodsIt was a prospective randomizes study conducted at pediatric surgery clinic in 3 hospitals in Jeddah Saudi Arabia. Eight hundred and five children, their ages were less than 6 months were enrolled for the present work. Children were randomized into two groups. Gr...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - March 21, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Management of Asthma Exacerbation in Emergency Departments
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Abdullah Al-Shamrani, Adel S. Al-Harbi, Khalid Bagais, Ayed Alenazi, Mansour Alqwaiee (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - March 16, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Wheezing in children: approaches to diagnosis and management
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Abdullah Al-Shamrani, Khalid Bagais, Ayed Alenazi, Mansour Alqwaiee, Adel S. Al-Harbi (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - March 16, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Pre and Postnatal Diagnosis of Congenital Portosystemic Shunt: Impact of Interventional Therapy
ConclusionCPSS can result in significant complications in children. Interventional therapy is feasible at any age group, but long-term follow-up is warranted. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - March 16, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease review and IL10/IL10R colitis as a model disease to identify the journey to understand immune homeostasis and immunedysregulation.
Publication date: Available online 12 March 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Yousef Almana, Reem MohammedAbstractInflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a heterogeneous group of disorders composed mainly of Ulcerative Colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD) and Undetermined IBD. The peak incidence of occurrence is mainly beyond the pediatric age group. Recent knowledge about genetic factors had been strongly linked to pediatric IBD (PIBD). Recent advances in genomic technologies have prompted the identification of genetic defects underlying rare, very early‐onset IBD (VEO...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - March 13, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Stressful life events, gender and obesity: A prospective, population-based study of adolescents in British Columbia
ConclusionsResults suggest that the frequency of major life events may be an important social stressor associated with obesity in adolescents, particularly for young men. However, findings should be replicated in larger samples using measured anthropometry to inform future obesity prevention strategies. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - March 11, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Community-acquired Urinary Tract Infections in Children: Resistance Patterns of Uropathogens in a Tertiary Care Centre in Saudi Arabia
ConclusionE. coli is the predominant uropathogen causing UTIs in children, yet there is a high rate of multidrug-resistant organisms. For children admitted for a community-acquired UTI, a third-generation cephalosporin remains an appropriate empiric antibiotic. Our study and the work of others emphasize the importance of choosing empiric antibiotics for paediatric UTIs based on local resistance patterns. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - March 9, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Type 1 diabetes mellitus in Gabon. A study of epidemiological aspects
ConclusionT1D prevalence is constantly increasing worldwide, but at slower pace in Africa in comparison to developed countries. Difficulties to access to high standard care and population poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa, represents a major independent factor of poor therapeutic observance. (Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - February 28, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Screening of Egyptian Obese Children and Adolescents for Insertion/Deletion (I/D) Polymorphism in Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Gene
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2019Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent MedicineAuthor(s): Zeinab A. El-Kabbany, Rasha T. Hamza, Dina M. Shinkar, Tarek M. Kamal, Reham Ibrahim, Mina S. Said, Mennatullah I. Abdel-HamidABSTRACTBackground/aims: The role of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) gene polymorphism in the development of obesity and hypertension in children has not been widely studied. We aimed to screen Egyptian obese children and adolescents for insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism in the ACE gene.MethodsOne hundred forty-two children and adolescents were included (70 with si...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - February 25, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research