Obstructive sleep apnea in children with marfan syndrome: relationships between three-dimensional palatal morphology and apnea-hypopnea index
To evaluate the relationship between the severity degree of OSA (apnea/hypopnea index AHI>1) and palatal area and volume, measured by 3D analysis of digital casts in Marfan children. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: V. Paoloni, E. Cretella Lombardo, F. Placidi, G. Ruvolo, P. Cozza, G. Lagan à Source Type: research

Hyperacusis in children: The Edinburgh experience
This study aimed to determine the factors associated with hyperacusis in children referred to an audiology-led paediatric hyperacusis clinic in a Paediatric tertiary centre. It also aimed to identify current management strategies in paediatric hyperacusis and their outcomes. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ida Amir, Dawn Lamerton, Mary-Louise Montague Source Type: research

Electrical dynamic range is only weakly associated with auditory performance and speech recognition in long-term users of cochlear implants
The electrical dynamic range (EDR) has been suggested to be related to auditory performance in cochlear implant (CI) users. However, few reports have evaluated postlingual CI users who have used CIs for long periods in comparison with prelingual CI users. Here, we evaluated auditory perception and speech performance in terms of the EDR in long-term CI users. The EDR, and auditory and speech performances, were compared between pre- and post-lingual CI users. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: So Young Kim, Seul-Ki Jeon, Seung Ha Oh, Jun Ho Lee, Myung-Whan Suh, Sang-Yub Lee, Hyun-Jung Lim, Moo Kyun Park Source Type: research

A review of pediatric middle ear tumors and analysis of the demographics, management, and survival of pediatric rhabdomyosarcomas of the middle ear
To examine the types of pediatric middle ear tumors and review the demographics, management, and survival of pediatric patients with rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) of the middle ear. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tyler A. Janz, P.Ryan Camilon, Anthony Y. Cheung, Shaun A. Nguyen, David R. White, Peter C. Weber Source Type: research

Linguistic and behavioral performance of bilingual children with hearing loss
To compare the English and non-English language performance of deaf or hard-of-hearing (DHH) children raised in homes where English was not the primary language to their typically hearing peers from similar language backgrounds. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Neelaysh Vukkadala, Danielle Perez, Sara Cabala, Cimeran Kapur, Dylan K. Chan Source Type: research

Incidence and associated risk factors for platinum-induced ototoxicity in pediatric patients
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the incidence of platinum-induced ototoxicity in children and analyze potential risk factors. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sofia Waissbluth, Álvaro Del Valle, Angela Chuang, Ana Becker Source Type: research

Wet and Wounded: Pediatric Facial Trauma from Swimming and Diving
Swimming has been reported as the most common recreational activity among American youths, while diving remains a popular youth activity as well. We characterize the most common facial injuries occurring during these activities and evaluate facial fracture mechanisms and demographic trends, as this information may be helpful in preventative counseling as well as diagnosis. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 9, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Nicholas P. Guys, Ahsan Mir, Peter F. Svider, Anthony Sheyn Source Type: research

Turkish Adaptation of the Pediatric Voice Related Quality Of Life Survey: A Validity and Reliability Study
Childhood voice disorders have increased in recent years reduce not only communication of the child, but also; the quality of life by affecting the socio-emotional state. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Rah şan Çinar, Çağıl Gökdoğan, Yusuf Kemal Kemaloğlu, Metin Yılmaz Source Type: research

The Sinus and Nasal Quality of Life Survey (SN-5) in the Management of Pediatric Chronic Rhinosinusitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a prevalent condition with quality of life (QoL) impacts that are seldom reported in the literature. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on studies using the Sinus and Nasal Quality of Life Survey (SN-5), the only validated symptom questionnaire in pediatric CRS. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jonathan S. Ni, Anvesh R. Kompelli, Shaun A. Nguyen, Rodney J. Schlosser, Clarice Clemmens, Zachary M. Soler Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Identification of Key Genes in Cleft Lip with or without Cleft Palate Regulated by miR-199a-5p
In this study, we employed a systematic bioinformatics analysis of target genes regulated by miR-199a-5p which may be involved in CL/P. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 7, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Gang Chen, Meng-Xue Li, Heng-Xue Wang, Jia-Wei Hong, Jun-Yu Shen, Qi Wang, Qiao-Mei Shi, Xing Ge, Zhen Ding, Jin-Peng Zhang, Li-Chun Xu Source Type: research

Functional septorhinoplasty in the pediatric and adolescent patient
To describe pediatric and adolescent patients undergoing functional septorhinoplasty and to analyze both subjective and objective outcomes. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 5, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jennifer C. Fuller, Patricia A. Levesque, Robin W. Lindsay Source Type: research

Pediatric recurrent acute mastoiditis: risk factors and insights into pathogenesis
Recurrent acute mastoiditis is repeatedly reported in the literature, but data to understand the pathogenesis, update treatment recommendations and inform future trials are sparse due to the infrequency of the disease. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 5, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J ózef Mierzwiński, Justyna Tyra, Karolina Haber, Maria Drela, Anna Sinkiewicz, Michael David Puricelli Source Type: research

Improving universal newborn hearing screening outcomes by conducting it with thyroid screening
One of the most important factors that can improve hearing screening indicators is testing infants after 48  h of birth. The neonatal thyroid screening program is done during the third to fifth day after birth in many countries. So this screening is done at the appropriate time for hearing screening. The aim of the present study was to evaluate hearing screening outcomes (the referral rate, false positi ve rate, and positive predictive value) conducted with the thyroid screening at the healthcare centers and compare the results with hospital before discharge the infant. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 5, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Rahimi Vida, Ghassem Mohammadkhani, Farzaneh Javadi Source Type: research

Title: Functional Septorhinoplasty in the Pediatric and Adolescent Patient
To describe pediatric and adolescent patients undergoing functional septorhinoplasty and to analyze both subjective and objective outcomes. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 5, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jennifer C. Fuller, Patricia A. Levesque, Robin W. Lindsay Source Type: research

Airway Evaluation in Children with Single Ventricle Cardiac Physiology
Children with single ventricle cardiac physiology (SVC) often require airway procedures as an adjunct to their care. Descriptive analysis with a focus on outcomes of airway procedures in SVC patients have not been fully described in the literature. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 5, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jose Ting, Soham Roy, Sriram Navuluri, Robert Hanfland, Lauren Mulcahy, Sancak Yuksel, Zhen Huang, Zi Yang Jiang Source Type: research

Auditory brainstem response in very preterm, moderately preterm and late preterm infants
Preterm birth is one of the most significant events in perinatology. Infants born before 37 weeks of gestational age are termed as preterm. Preterm infants are classified into three groups based on the gestation age [1]. Infants born (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 5, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jayashree Seethapathy, Prakash Boominathan, Ajith Kumar Uppunda, Binu Ninan Source Type: research

Clinical Significance of Spontaneous Nystagmus in Pediatric Patients
To analyze spontaneous nystagmus recorded in pediatric patients and determine its diagnostic value. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - June 5, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Guangwei Zhou, Cassandra Goutos, Sophie Lipson, Jacob Brodsky Source Type: research

Adenotonsillectomy in Children with Sickle Cell Disease and Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is prevalent and may be more severe in children with Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) compared to the general pediatric population. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 31, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Annie N. Farrell, Steven L. Goudy, Marianne M. Yee, Roberta M. Leu, April M. Landry Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes following Cochlear ™ BIA300 bone anchored hearing aid implantation in children
Bone anchored hearing implants (BAHI) have been in use for over 30 years, and are commonly implanted in children for a range of indications. The Cochlear ™ BIA300 system was launched in 2010 and used at The Birmingham Children's Hospital from 2011. Here we report the long-term outcomes of children implanted with the Cochlear™ BIA300 BAHI system in our centre. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 30, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jonathan Mark Fussey, Emilie Harterink, Jaspreet Gill, Anne Child-Hymas, Ann-louise McDermott Source Type: research

Increased anti- EBV VCA IgG antibody levels are associated with need for surgery in patients developing upper respiratory tract complications
In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between these antibodies and the need for surgery due to complications such as severe AH and COME. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 30, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Hande Arslan, Tuba Çandar, Özge Vural Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes following CochlearTM BIA300 bone anchored hearing aid implantation in children
Bone anchored hearing implants (BAHI) have been in use for over 30 years, and are commonly implanted in children for a range of indications. The CochlearTM BIA300 system was launched in 2010 and used at The Birmingham Children's Hospital from 2011. Here we report the long-term outcomes of children implanted with the CochlearTM BIA300 BAHI system in our centre. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 30, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jonathan Mark Fussey, Emilie Harterink, Jaspreet Gill, Anne Child-Hymas, Ann-louise McDermott Source Type: research

Posterior cricoid-graft mismatch in laryngotracheal reconstruction
In laryngotracheal reconstruction (LTR) with sutureless posterior cricoid grafting (PCG), the inset graft's thickness may not precisely approximate the anterior-posterior depth of the divided posterior cricoid plate. This case series highlights this phenomenon and describes the clinical profiles and airway characteristics of children with similar subglottic stenosis grades undergoing LTR with PCG with varying degrees of graft-cricoid mismatch. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 29, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Derek Wu, Jordan Virbalas, Andrew Lee, John Bent Source Type: research

Reducing the Exposure of the Tonsillar Fossa does not Impact Postoperative Pain Levels in Children Undergoing Tonsillectomy: A Double-blind Randomized Controlled Trial
It is not established whether reducing the exposure of the tonsillar fossa would be an effective strategy for postoperative pain relief among the pediatric population submitted to tonsillectomy. We assessed the impact of closing this region using absorbable sutures on pain, on the resumption of normal diet and on the healing process until seven days after surgery. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 26, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Marco Aur élio Fornazieri, Edson Satoshi Miyazato, Henrique Massamiti Yamamoto, Paulo de Lima Navarro, Fábio de Rezende Pinna, Richard Louis Voegels Source Type: research

Understanding Sociodemographic Factors Related to Health Outcomes in Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea
(1) To examine relationships between socioeconomic status (SES) and successful treatment of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with adenotonsillectomy (T&A)(2) To explore sociodemographic factors and medical comorbidities that separate OSA and refractory OSA populations in children (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 25, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Deborah X. Xie, Ray Y. Wang, Edward B. Penn, Sivakumar Chinnadurai, Chevis N. Shannon, Christopher T. Wootten Source Type: research

Evaluating the impact of translated written discharge instructions for patients with limited English language proficiency
Patients with limited English language proficiency have indicated that they believe providing post-operative written instructions in their native language will improve comprehension, but the effect of this has not been previously studied. We hypothesize that providing written discharge instructions in Spanish for native Spanish speakers will improve comprehension regarding post-operative care after routine otolaryngologic procedures when compared to written instructions in English. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 25, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Minyoung Jang, Michal J. Plocienniczak, Kian Mehrazarin, Wasif Bala, Kevin Wong, Jessica R. Levi Source Type: research

Supraglottoplasty surgery types 1 –3: A practical classification system for laryngomalacia surgery
The objective of this study is to review the published literature on supraglottoplasty techniques for correcting laryngomalacia, and to subsequently provide a standardized classification system. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 24, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Michael Del Do, Sungjin A. Song, Nicholas B. Nesbitt, Mark C. Spaw, Edward T. Chang, Bryan J. Liming, Benjamin B. Cable, Macario Camacho Source Type: research

Supraglottoplasty Surgery Types 1-3: A Practical Classification System for Laryngomalacia Surgery
The objective of this study is to review the published literature on supraglottoplasty techniques for correcting laryngomalacia, and to subsequently provide a standardized classification system. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 24, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Michael Del Do, Sungjin A. Song, Nicholas B. Nesbitt, Mark C. Spaw, Edward T. Chang, Bryan J. Liming, Benjamin B. Cable, Macario Camacho Source Type: research

The use of honey in cochlear implant associated wounds in pediatric patients
We present our experience using TheraHoney gel, a medical grade honey, for the successful treatment of cochlear implant associated skin breakdown. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 24, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Anya Costeloe, Nathan Douglas Vandjelovic, Michel Anthony Evans, Sonal S. Saraiya Source Type: research

Otoacoustic emission suppression in children diagnosed with central auditory processing disorder and speech in noise perception deficits
The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that medial olivocochlear system functionality is associated with speech recognition in babble performance in children diagnosed with central auditory processing disorder. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 24, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Vasiliki (Vivian) Iliadou, Jeffrey Weihing, Gail D. Chermak, Doris Eva Bamiou Source Type: research

Vertigo in children; a narrative review of the various causes and their management
Vertigo is a not an uncommon symptom in children, but often the treating doctors are unsure of the diagnosis and the management of these cases. This narrative review of the literature discusses the brief etiopathology, the clinical manifestations and the management algorithm of most of the conditions causing vertigo in children. The relevant information has been condensed into a table for the perusal of the readers, which would assist in the appropriate management of these children. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 23, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: K. Devaraja Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Utilization of Diagnostic Testing for Pediatric Sensorineural Hearing Loss
This study ’s aim was to assess the utilization of diagnostic testing for SNHL and determine the yield of each test. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 22, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Carissa J. Wentland, Evette A. Ronner, Razan A. Basonbul, Sandeep Pinnapureddy, Leila Mankarious, Donald Keamy, Daniel J. Lee, Michael S. Cohen Source Type: research

A Novel Use of Coblation in the Treatment of Subglottic Stenosis
We describe a novel use of coblation technology, in which a coblation needle was used to submucosally ablate subglottic stenosis in a 9 month-old girl with grade II subglottic stenosis who had previously undergone multiple balloon dilations. This technique spared the overlying mucosa, similar to that utilized in coblation turbinoplasty. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 19, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Craig A. Bollig, Eliav Gov-Ari Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Internationally adopted children with cleft lip and/or cleft palate: Middle ear findings and hearing during childhood
Adopted children with cleft lip and/or palate form a diverse group of patients. Due to increased age at palatal repair, adopted children have a higher risk of velopharyngeal insuffiency and poor speech outcome. Delayed palate repair may also lead to longer lasting Eustachian tube dysfunction. Decreased function of the Eustachian tube causes otitis media with effusion and recurrent acute otitis media, which can lead to other middle ear problems and hearing loss. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 18, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: C.L. Werker, M.T.A. van den Aardweg, S. Coenraad, A.B. Mink van der Molen, C.C. Breugem Source Type: research

Implementing a standardised discharge analgesia guideline to reduce paediatric post tonsillectomy pain
To reduce readmission for pain control post-paediatric tonsillectomy. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 18, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Fenella RM. Shelton, Hirotaka Ishii, Sophie Mella, Dylan Chew, Jemma Winterbottom, Hussein Walijee, Rachel Brown, Edward J. Chisholm Source Type: research

Prevalence of otitis media and risk-factors for sensorineural hearing loss among infants attending Child Welfare Clinics in the Solomon Islands
The present study aimed to assess the prevalence of otitis media and risk-factors for sensorineural hearing loss among infants in the Solomon Islands, in order to recommend an Infant Ear and Hearing Program that would be suitable to the Pacific Island context. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 18, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Annette Kaspar, Obiga Newton, Joseph Kei, Carlie Driscoll, De Wet Swanepoel, Helen Goulios Source Type: research

Screening for hearing loss among school going children
Hearing loss results from a deviation in the perception of sounds in one's environment. A child may have hearing loss at a hearing threshold of ≥16 dB. Hearing loss is among the frequent disorders and affects lots of people globally. Hearing loss negatively affects many areas needed for classroom learning, language development, academic performance, and social development. These consequences can be reduced by early detection with approp riate audiological and speech therapy interventions. In developing countries like Ghana, there is no such laid down formal hearing screening programs for early detection of any signs o...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Abraham Owusu Osei, Phillips Atsu Larnyo, Anthony Azaglo, Theresa M. Sedzro, Eric Lawer Torgbenu Source Type: research

Failure Rate in Pediatric Cochlear Implantation and Hearing Results Following Revision Surgery
In a discussion of the risks and benefits of pediatric cochlear implantation, device failure and the need for revision surgery is often overlooked. The failure rate has not been investigated extensively for this population of patients. Hearing results are under-reported following revision surgery as well. We will review our experience with cochlear implant failure, revision, and hearing results when available to better guide the preoperative counseling of families considering cochlear implantation. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 15, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Philip A. Gardner, Robyn Shanley, Brian P. Perry Source Type: research

Dichotic training in children with auditory processing disorder
Several test batteries have been suggested for auditory processing disorder (APD) diagnosis. One of the important tests is dichotic listening tests. Significant ear asymmetry (usually right ear advantage) can be indicative of (APD). Two main trainings have been suggested for dichotic listening disorders: Differential Interaural Intensity Difference (DIID) and Dichotic Offset Training (DOT). The aim of the present study was comparing the efficacy of these two trainings in resolving dichotic listening disorders. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Maryam Delphi, Farzaneh Zamiri Abdollahi Source Type: research

Congenital Complete Absence Of Tracheal Rings With Trifurcate Carina: Case Report Of A Rare Clinical And Endoscopic Presentation
We describe the case of a child with isolated absence of cartilaginous tracheal rings and a trifurcate carina. At 6 months of age, the patient presented to our multidisciplinary airway clinic with stridor and recurrent severe respiratory infections requiring hospitalization. Radiographs showed airway narrowing. Exam demonstrated biphasic stridor. Flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy demonstrated only mild laryngomalacia. Operative bronchoscopy demonstrated severe tracheomalacia with absence of any visible tracheal rings and a trifurcate carina. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Isaac E. Schwartz, Edward R. Utz, Philip A. Gaudreau Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Pediatric anosmia: A case series
Little is known about the etiology of olfactory dysfunction in the pediatric population. The aim of this study is to characterize the etiology and clinical features of anosmia and to explore evaluation options in a pediatric population. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Leah J. Hauser, Emily L. Jensen, David M. Mirsky, Kenny H. Chan Source Type: research

Title: Dichotic training in children with auditory processing disorder
Central auditory processing disorder (APD) is defined as a deficit in auditory performances such as sound localization and lateralization, auditory temporal processing, auditory discrimination, auditory performance in presence of noise, or comprehension of degraded signals (1). Therefore, this term can refer to a wide variety of auditory functional deficits (2). One of the complaints of these patients is listening difficulty in noisy environments which can lead to academic failure in children and can affect the quality of life in elderly (1, 3, 4). (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Maryam Delphi, Farzaneh Zamiri Abdollahi Source Type: research

Intracranial complications of acute sinusitis in children: The role of endoscopic sinus surgery
Up to 24% of hospitalized patients with acute rhinosinusitis have an intracranial complication including meningitis, cavernous or sagittal sinus thrombosis, intraparenchymal and epidural abscesses, or subdural empyema [1,2]. In pediatric admissions, there is a 3% incidence of intracranial complications from acute rhinosinusitis [3]. Mortality rates range from 0% to 7%. Prolonged complications have been described in 10 –25% of patients, more commonly neurologic sequelae such as seizures, followed by dysphasia and focal paresis [4–6]. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yann-Fuu Kou, Daniel Killeen, Brett Whittemore, Zainab Farzal, Tim Booth, Dale Swift, Eric Berg, Ron Mitchell, Gopi Shah Source Type: research

Pediatric septoplasty and functional septorhinoplasty: A quality of life outcome study
This study assessed disease-specific quality-of-life outcomes among pediatric patients undergoing septoplasty or functional septorhinoplasty. The Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) score was obtained pre- and post-operatively. Additional analyses determined whether demographics, nasal trauma, prior nasal surgery, or allergic rhinitis history affected NOSE scores. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 11, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Alexander Manteghi, Hena Din, Nour Bundogji, Shelby C. Leuin Source Type: research

Tympanostomy Tube Placement and Ear Drops: Evidence-Based Cost Saving Models
Tympanostomy tube placement is the most common surgical procedure in the pediatric population with important financial implications to our healthcare institutions. Nearly 700,000 cases are performed in the United States per year on patients under 15 years of age[1]. Otorrhea can occur after tube insertion and both intra- and post-operative instillation of antimicrobial otic drops is common practice. Prior research supports the benefits of various eardrops, including antibiotic-steroid combination formulations, in reducing the rate of otorrhea after tube insertion[2-5]. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Gabriel Gomez, Philip G. Chen Source Type: research

The Swedish grommet register – Hearing results and adherence to guidelines
The insertion of grommets is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures in children. The underlying reason might be otitis media with effusion (OME) with concomitant hearing loss, recurrent acute otitis media (rAOM) or a combination of the two. Sweden has a national quality register for children receiving grommets with the purpose of evaluating how treatment guidelines are followed, and if surgery confers good quality health care. The purpose of this study was to investigate the circumstances during which Swedish children receive grommets and to examine how doctors follow the guidelines for grommet surgery. (So...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Marie Gisselsson-Solen, the Reference group for the National Quality Register for Tympanic Membrane Ventilation Tubes Source Type: research

Infection of the spheno-occipital synchondrosis: A morbid complication following adenoidectomy
Two 2-year-old males presented post-operatively following adenoidectomy with persistent fever and neck stiffness. After multiple office visits, both patients were admitted and found to have a widened spheno-occipital synchondrosis and other imaging findings indicative of skull base osteomyelitis. Treatment with antibiotics allowed for recovery with good long-term outcomes. Infection involving the spheno-occiptal synchondrosis is rare and its circuitous presentation of these two children no doubt led to delayed diagnosis. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Amy E. Wagenaar, David M. Mirsky, Nicholas V. Stence, Todd M. Wine, Kenny H. Chan Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Idiopathic cervical tracheal stenosis in an 11-year-old male
We report on an 11-year-old male who developed progressive dyspnea and stridor. Bronchoscopy revealed 90% stenosis of the cervical trachea. He underwent serial balloon dilation with steroid injection; stenosis decreased to 20%. He had no history of intubation or trauma. Histologic and laboratory workup for autoimmune disease was negative. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 10, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Matthew R. Hoffman, Katrina M. Thompson, Jessica Van Beek-King Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Oral lesions as presenting feature of childhood Sj ögren syndrome
We read the recent article Pediatric primary Sj ögren syndrome presenting with bilateral ranulas: A case report and systematic review of the literature [1] with great interest. This case prompted us to review two somewhat similar cases, which we present here to support the notion of oral lesions as presenting features of Sjögren syndrome in chi ldren. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 9, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Scott M. Lieberman, Annamaria Lu, Monica M. McGill Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Tonsillar antimicrobial peptide (AMP) expression profiles of periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, cervical adenitis (PFAPA) patients
PFAPA (periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis and cervical adenitis) is the most frequent non-infectious cause of high fever observed among the European child population. While its cause is still not yet fully identified, PFAPA patients were previously shown to have altered tonsillar microbiome composition. Our study hypothesized that this is associated with a change in antimicrobial peptide (AMP) expression levels, as in the case of Crohn's disease which is another autoinflammatory disorder. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Umut Gazi, Martha Emmanuel Agada, Hanife Ozkayalar, Ceyhun Dalkan, Burcin Sanlidag, Mustafa As ım Safak, Gamze Mocan, Nerin Onder Bahceciler Source Type: research

Management of pediatric orbital cellulitis: A systematic review
Orbital complications account for 74 –85% of all complications from acute sinusitis, more often affect the pediatric population, and can result in devastating consequences. Therefore these patients require prompt diagnosis and proper management. We review and summarize the current literature to determine the appropriate management of each stage of pediatric orbital cellulitis and offer a new comprehensive literature-based algorithm. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - May 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Stephanie J. Wong, Jessica Levi Tags: Review Article Source Type: research