Factors associated with 30-day all-cause hospital readmission after tracheotomy in pediatric patients
To determine factors associated with post-tracheotomy hospital readmission within 30 days of discharge. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Helena Yu, Mary Rose Mamey, Christopher J. Russell Source Type: research

Castillo Morales Appliance Therapy in the treatment of drooling children
To evaluate the efficacy of Castillo Morales Appliance Therapy (CMAT) in reducing the severity and frequency of problematic drooling in children. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Silvia Marinone, Wanda Gaynor, James Johnston, Murali Mahadevan Source Type: research

Targeted next generation sequencing identified a novel mutation in MYO7A causing Usher syndrome type 1 in an Iranian consanguineous pedigree
In this study, we introduce a pedigree with two affected members with USH type 1 and represent a cost and time effective approach for genetic diagnosis of USH as a genetically heterogeneous disorder. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Daniz Kooshavar, Masoumeh Razipour, Morteza Movasat, Mohammad Keramatipour Source Type: research

Incidence and factors associated with revision adenoidectomy: A retrospective study
Adenoidectomy is one of the most commonly performed pediatric operations worldwide. There are a proportion of children who require revision adenoidectomy. Yet there is little in the literature about the incidence, associated factors and etiology of adenoidal regrowth. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to determine incidence and factors associated with revision adenoidectomy. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: James Johnston, Murali Mahadevan, Richard G. Douglas Source Type: research

Epidemiological characteristics of pediatric epistaxis presenting to the emergency department
Investigate the epidemiological characteristics of pediatric epistaxis in the emergency department setting. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sophie Shay, Nina L. Shapiro, Neil Bhattacharyya Source Type: research

Pediatric tinnitus: Incidence of imaging anomalies and the impact of hearing loss
Guidelines exist for evaluation and management of tinnitus in adults; however lack of evidence in children limits applicability of these guidelines to pediatric patients. Objective of this study is to determine the incidence of inner ear anomalies detected on imaging studies within the pediatric population with tinnitus and evaluate if presence of hearing loss increases the rate of detection of anomalies in comparison to normal hearing patients. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Rhorie Kerr, Elise Kang, Brandon Hopkins, Samantha Anne Source Type: research

Audiological findings in a de novo mutation of ANKRD11 gene in KBG syndrome: Report of a case and review of the literature
We report a de novo mutation of ANKRD11 gene in a 7-years old girl, affected by KBG syndrome with bilateral conductive hearing loss. The aim of this article was to review the audiological findings of this syndrome. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 11, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Pier Marco Bianchi, Alessandra Bianchi, Maria Cristina Digilio, Filippo Maria Tucci, Emanuela Sitzia, Giovanni Carlo De Vincentiis Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Resolution of vocal fold immobility in preterm infants
Vocal fold immobility (VFI) is an important sequela of preterm birth due to patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation and invasive ventilation. A minority of these patients experience VFI resolution. The purpose of this study is to determine factors associated with VFI resolution in preterm infants. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 10, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jad Jabbour, Thomas Robey Source Type: research

Reproducing severe acute subglottic stenosis in a rabbit model
The objectives of this study were to develop an animal model with consistent, severe SGS, and to develop the timeline needed for intervention to limit rabbit mortality. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 10, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Wesley R. McIlwain, Paul R. Wistermayer, Tyler P. Swiss, Shannon T. Marko, Nicholas M. Ieronimakis, Derek J. Rogers Source Type: research

Blood transfusion in children with sickle cell disease undergoing tonsillectomy
Tonsillectomy is the second most common surgery in children with sickle cell disease. These children are at an increased risk of perioperative complications due to vaso-occlusive events. Although controversial, preoperative blood transfusions are sometimes given in an effort to prevent such complications. The purpose of this study is to analyze trends in the use of blood transfusion for management of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) undergoing tonsillectomy in a national database. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 10, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Carlyn M. Atwood, Sharon H. Gnagi, Ronald J. Teufel, Shaun A. Nguyen, David R. White Source Type: research

Infection rates of MRSA in complicated pediatric rhinosinusitis: An up to date review
Published studies have reported a rise in MRSA isolates in head and neck infections, but the microbiology of complicated pediatric rhinosinusitis is unclear. One study of such patients showed that MRSA isolates were seen only in the last three years of data collection, suggesting a possible recent increased prevalence. Given the public health concerns of increasing rates of antimicrobial resistance, the goal of this study was to investigate the microbiologic patterns and outcomes of complicated pediatric rhinosinusitis. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 10, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Chelsea S. Hamill, Kevin J. Sykes, Christopher J. Harrison, Robert A. Weatherly Source Type: research

Revision repair of type IV laryngotracheoesophageal cleft using multiple long tapered engaging grafts
An 8 year-old female with esophageal atresia and a type IV laryngotracheoesophageal cleft underwent tracheostomy, gastric pull-up and fundoplication with G-tube insertion at birth. She remained nil per os due to aspiration. The trachealis was separated from the esophagus that was reapproximated and clavicular periosteum was placed. A long posterior costal cartilage graft that engaged behind the cricoid plate and tapered inferiorly was inserted. A second thin cartilage graft was sutured to it distally to extend the length of the repair. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 9, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Evan J. Propst Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Direct tracheobronchopexy via left lateral thoracotomy for severe tracheobronchomalacia
An infant with pulmonary atresia/ventricular septal defect/major aortopulmonary collateral arteries underwent unifocalization, ventriculoseptal defect closure and placement of a right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit via median sternotomy. Aortopexy and pulmonary arteriopexy via redo sternotomy were insufficient to allow weaning of continuous positive airway pressure and he required direct tracheobronchopexy via left lateral thoracotomy to alleviate posterior trachealis intrusion along the length of the trachea and left main bronchus. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 7, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Evan J. Propst, Faisal Zawawi, Roxanne E. Kirsch, Osami Honjo Source Type: research

Supraglottoplasty for laryngomalacia: The experience from Concepcion, Chile
To review the clinical manifestations and outcomes of supraglottoplasty in patients with moderate to severe laryngomalacia at Guillermo Grant Benavente Hospital between January 2015 and January 2017. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 7, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sahba Sedaghat, Felipe Fredes, Mario Tapia Source Type: research

Pain control following tonsillectomy in children: A survey of patients
This prospective study aimed to survey pediatric patients and their parents after tonsillectomy to assess their pain management utilization and satisfaction. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 7, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Philip Persino, Lena Saleh, David Walner Source Type: research

Reversible profound sensorineural hearing loss due to propranolol sensitive hemangioma in an infant with PHACE syndrome
We present a case of reversible profound sensorineural hearing loss due to a cerebellopontine angle infantile hemangioma that was successfully treated with propranolol. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 6, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: John N. Bangiyev, Richard Gurgel, Sheryll L. Vanderhooft, J. Fredrik Grimmer Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Post-tonsillectomy dietary advice and haemorrhage risk: Systematic review
Tonsillectomy remains one of the commonest operations performed in children. Post-operative diet may affect post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage rate, although post-operative dietary advice varies. We undertook a systematic review of the published literature to assess if and how different post-operative diets were associated with differences in PTH rates following paediatric tonsillectomy, to provide an evidence base to inform individual otorhinolaryngologists' practice and for future guideline development. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 6, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Miles Bannister, Chris Thompson Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Prof ılactıc role of simvastatin and mitomycın C ın tracheal stenosıs after tracheal damage: Study in rats
We aimed to investigate the prophylactic effect simvastatin of and mitomycin C (MMC) on laryngeal and tracheal stenosis in tracheotomised rats by histopathological evaluation of laryngotracheal segment. Randomized prospective single-blind. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 5, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Adnan Ekinci, Sema Koc, Ahmet Serhat Erdo ğan, Hakan kesici Source Type: research

Evaluation of speech reception threshold in noise in young Cochlear ™ Nucleus® system 6 implant recipients using two different digital remote microphone technologies and a speech enhancement sound processing algorithm
Children affected by hearing loss can experience difficulties in challenging and noisy environments even when deafness is corrected by Cochlear implant (CI) devices. These patients have a selective attention deficit in multiple listening conditions. At present, the most effective ways to improve the performance of speech recognition in noise consists of providing CI processors with noise reduction algorithms and of providing patients with bilateral CIs.The aim of this study was to compare speech performances in noise, across increasing noise levels, in CI recipients using two kinds of wireless remote-microphone radio syste...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 5, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Sergio Razza, Monica Zaccone, Aannalisa Meli, Eliana Cristofari Source Type: research

Parental knowledge and attitudes to childhood hearing loss and hearing services in the Solomon Islands
An understanding of parental knowledge and attitudes towards childhood hearing loss is essential to the successful implementation of audiology services. The present study aimed to investigate parental knowledge and attitudes among parents in the Solomon Islands. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 5, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Annette Kaspar, Obiga Newton, Joseph Kei, Carlie Driscoll, De Wet Swanepoel, Helen Goulios Source Type: research

Outcomes of tympanoplasty in children with down syndrome
The prevalence of chronic otitis media with effusion (COME), and Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) is high in Down syndrome (DS) patients. This often necessitates multiple tympanostomy tube (TT) placements resulting in a higher rate of persistent tympanic membrane (TM) perforation requiring tympanoplasty for repair. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 5, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Saied Ghadersohi, Jonathan B. Ida, Bharat Bhushan, Kathleen R. Billings Source Type: research

Spontaneous regression of laryngeal carcinoma in 10 year old boy: A case report and review of literature
In this report we present an extraordinary case of a 10 year old patient with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma that underwent spontaneous regression. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 5, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Virgilijus Uloza, Nora Ulozaite, Saulius Vaitkus, Valdas Sarauskas Source Type: research

Tonsillectomy or tonsillotomy? A systematic review for paediatric sleep-disordered breathing
Recent evidence has challenged the practice of tonsillectomy in children with sleep-disordered breathing. Tonsillotomy (subtotal/partial/intracapsular tonsillectomy) has been proposed as an alternative with equivalent effectiveness and decreased post-operative morbidity, thus improving cost-effectiveness. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 5, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Lai-Ying Zhang, Laurie Zhong, Michael David, Anders Cervin Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Pre- and post-operative application of acoustic rhinometry in children with otitis media with effusion and with or without adenoid hypertrophy-a retrospective analysis
There is no standardized scheme for preoperative evaluation of adenoid hypertrophy or a consensus on surgical indications for adenoidectomy in children with otitis media with effusion (OME), especially for young children intolerant to nasal endoscopic assessment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and reliability of acoustic rhinometry (AR) in evaluating benefits from adenoidectomy in children with OME. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - October 5, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Dan Lai, Gang Qin, Junmei Pu, Lu Liu, Yiying Yang Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Mentees
In 2016, the International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology launched a Reviewer Mentorship Program to provide guidance on reviewing techniques to promising new researchers and clinicians in the field. Participants are nominated based on their achievements and standing in their training programs, and participate for one year. The Editors sincerely thank the following mentees for their work and dedication over the past year, and hope that they will continue to use their experience and expertise to help advance the field of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology by continuing to act as reviewers in the field. (Source: Internat...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Australian children with cleft palate achieve age-appropriate speech by 5 years of age
The objective of this study was to examine the phonetic and phonological speech skills of children with cleft palate at ages 3 and 5. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Antonia Chacon, Melissa Parkin, Kate Broome, Alison Purcell Source Type: research

Newborn hearing screening failure and maternal factors during pregnancy
Temporary conductive hearing loss due to amniotic fluid accumulation in the middle ear cavity may lead to failure (false positive) in newborn hearing screening tests.The aim of this study was to identify whether amniotic fluid index has association with failure of the initial newborn otoacoustic emission (OAE) screening test. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yehuda Schwarz, Gabriel N. Kaufman, Sam J. Daniel Source Type: research

Cranial MRI in a young child with cochlear implants after bilateral magnet removal
A young bilateral cochlear implant (CI) user required magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine the cause of hydrocephalus. The images obtained with the CIs in place were not diagnostically useful due to large artefacts generated by the CI magnets. We obtained useful images by bilaterally explanting the CI-magnets and replacing them with non-magnetic placeholder dummies then conducted the imaging. The artefact in the new images was greatly reduced and the images were diagnostically useful. Lastly, we explanted the dummies and reimplanted the CI-magnets. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Silke Helbig, Timo St över, Iris Burck, Sabine Kramer Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Novel PAX3 mutations causing Waardenburg syndrome type 1 in Tunisian patients
Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is an auditory-pigmentary disease characterized by a clinical and genetic variability. WS is classified into four types depending on the presence or absence of additional symptoms: WS1, WS2, WS3 and WS4. Type 1 and 3 are mostly caused by PAX3 mutations, while type 2 and type 4 are genetically heterogeneous.The aims of this study are to confirm the diagnostic of WS1 by the sequencing of PAX3 gene and to evaluate the genotype phenotype correlation.A clinical classification was established for 14 patients WS, as proposed by the Waardenburg Consortium, and noted a predominance of type 1 and type 2 wit...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mediha Trabelsi, Malek Nouira, Faouzi Maazoul, Lilia Kraoua, Rim Meddeb, Ines Ouertani, Imen Chelly, Val érie Benoit, Ghazi Besbes, Ridha Mrad Source Type: research

Australian children with cleft palate achieve age-appropriate speech by 5 years-of-age
The objective of this study was to examine the phonetic and phonological speech skills of children with cleft palate at ages 3 and 5. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Antonia Chacon, Melissa Parkin, Kate Broome, Alison Purcell Source Type: research

Lugol's solution eradicates Staphylococcus aureus biofilm in  vitro
The aim of the study was to evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of Lugol's solution, acetic acid, and boric acid against Staphylococcus aureus biofilm. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Torstein Gr ønseth, Lene K. Vestby, Live L. Nesse, Even Thoen, Olivier Habimana, Magnus von Unge, Juha T. Silvola Source Type: research

Check-list for the assessment of functional impairment in children with congenital aural atresia
Congenital Aural Atresia (CAA) is a deformity of the external ear and it is commonly associated with malformations of middle and inner ear and, in some cases, with other facial deformities.Very few assessment measures exist for evaluating the functional impairment in children with CAA. Purpose of this study is to introduce and describe an assessment Checklist, (nominated FOS Checklist) that covers feeding abilities (F), oralmotor skills (O), communication/language development (S) in children with CAA. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Silvia Montino, Anna Agostinelli, Patrizia Trevisi, Alessandro Martini, Sara Ghiselli Source Type: research

Lugol's solution eradicates Staphylococcus aureus biofilm in vitro
The aim of the study was to evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of Lugol's solution, acetic acid, and boric acid against Staphylococcus aureus biofilm. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Torstein Gr ønseth, Lene K. Vestby, Live L. Nesse, Even Thoen, Olivier Habimana, Magnus von Unge, Juha T. Silvola Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life in children with dysphonia and validation of the French Pediatric Voice Handicap Index
Objective: voice disorders are common in the pediatric population and can negatively affect children's quality of life. The pediatric voice handicap Index (pVHI) is a valid instrument to assess parental perception of their children voice but it is not translated into French language. The aim of the present study was to adapt a French version of the pVHI and to evaluate its psychometric properties including construct validity, reliability, and some aspects of external validity.Patients and Method: we performed a cross sectional study including 32 dysphonic children and 60 children with no history of voice problems between 3...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: P.A. Oddon, M. Boucekine, L. Boyer, J.M. Triglia, R. Nicollas Source Type: research

Iron deficiency anemia and hearing loss
We read with great interest the article published in your prestigious journal entitled: “Protein energy malnutrition associates with different types of hearing impairments in toddlers: Anemia increases cochlear dysfunction” by Kamel TB et al. [1]. The authors describe their experience on the early detection of hearing impairment in toddlers with protein energy malnutrition (PEM) a nd neuro-cognitive effect of PEM in relation to hemoglobin blood level. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 23, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Slobodanka Lemaji ć-Komazec, Ludovico Abenavoli Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Audio-visual speech perception in prelingually deafened Japanese children following sequential bilateral cochlear implantation
In this study, we investigated AV integration in children with Bi-CIs. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 23, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ryosuke Yamamoto, Yasushi Naito, Keizo Fujiwara, Shogo Shinohara, Shinji Takebayashi, Masahiro Kikuchi, Tetsuhiko Michida, Kazuki Hayashi, Koji Saida, Keisuke Mizuno Source Type: research

Iron deficiency anemia and hearing loss
We read with great interest the article published in your prestigious journal entitled: “Protein energy malnutrition associates with different types of hearing impairments in toddlers: Anemia increases cochlear dysfunction” by Kamel TB et al. [1]. The authors describe their experience on the early detection of hearing impairment in toddlers with protein energy malnutrition (PEM) an d neuro-cognitive effect of PEM in relation to hemoglobin blood level. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 23, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Slobodanka Lemaji ć-Komazec, Ludovico Abenavoli Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Benign Rolandic epilepsy presenting like paradoxical vocal fold motion
Paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) is characterized by vocal fold adduction during respiration. Benign Rolandic epilepsy (BRE) is the most common childhood epilepsy and can cause oropharyngolaryngeal or facial manifestations. A 9-year-old male presented with intermittent apnea lasting 30 –60 seconds and presumed PVFM. The patient's physical and fiberoptic exam were normal. He was admitted and found to have episodes of oxygen desaturation, neck twitching, and tongue burning. An EEG revealed focal epilepsy. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 22, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jennifer H. Gross, Mary Bertrand, Keiko Hirose Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis in the setting of fucosidosis, a rare lysosomal storage disorder
We present the case of an affected female in the second decade of life with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) including recalcitrant polypoid inflammation, which has not been previously reported in the literature. With the advancement of life-prolonging measures, children with lysosomal storage disorders may suffer increasingly from CRS due to the lymphohistiocytic and macrophage infiltrate of the paranasal sinus mucosa that resembles severe polypoid inflammation. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 21, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tiffany Peng, Vikash K. Modi, Aaron N. Pearlman Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Robotic epiglottopexy for severe epiglottic prolapse limiting decannulation
Surgical management of supraglottic collapse at the level of the epiglottis limiting decannulation has historically consisted of placement of epiglottopexy sutures which are technically challenging and often unsuccessful. Herein we describe the use of robotic technology to assist with epiglottopexy for a case of a 9 year old child with severe epiglottic petiole prolapse limiting capping and decannulation. Postoperatively the patient is tolerating capping during waking hours. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 21, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: C. Alessandra Colaianni, Sarah N. Bowe, Heather A. Osborn, Derrick T. Lin, Jeremy D. Richmon, Christopher J. Hartnick Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Laryngotracheal reconstruction and swallowing: A review
Significant advances in laryngotracheal reconstruction over the last few decades have revolutionised the management of paediatric patients with complex congenital or acquired airway stenosis. The primary aim of laryngotracheal reconstruction has focused primarily on airway and surgery specific outcomes, often at the expense of voice, as well as swallowing function, which are all intricately related. There is currently a paucity of data on swallowing outcome. The goal of this paper is to review and discuss the existing research on the impact of laryngotracheal on swallowing. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 20, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jennifer F. Ha, Lynn Driver, David A. Zopf Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Readability of online patient education materials for velopharyngeal insufficiency
Evaluate the readability of online and mobile application health information about velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 20, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Deborah X. Xie, Ray Y. Wang, Siva Chinnadurai Source Type: research

Clinical variables determining the success of adenotonsillectomy in children with Down syndrome
To evaluate the evolution of polysomnographic parameters of children with Down syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome submitted to adenotonsillectomy and the interaction of comorbidities on therapeutic outcome. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 20, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ma íra da Rocha, Renata Caroline Monteiro Ferraz, Vitor Guo Chen, Gustavo Antonio Moreira, Reginaldo Raimundo Fujita Source Type: research

Next-generation sequencing identifies three novel missense variants in ILDR1 and MYO6 genes in an Iranian family with hearing loss with review of the literature
Hearing impairment is the most common sensorineural disorder and is genetically heterogeneous. Identification of the pathogenic mutations underlying hearing impairment is difficult, since causative mutations in 127 different genes have so far been reported. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 20, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Farah Talebi, Farideh Ghanbari Mardasi, Javad Mohammadi Asl, Masoomeh Sayahi Source Type: research

The use of CT-scan in foreign body aspiration in children: A 6 years' experience
A foreign body aspiration is a risky situation, common in pediatric emergency. The “gold standard” to rule out a foreign body or proceed to its extraction, is rigid bronchoscopy (RB) under general anesthesia. However, RB is an intrusive exam with possible complications. Depending on authors, RB in emergency is a procedure at risk of complications in 4–17% of cases. Advances in radiology allow CT-scanners of fast acquisition and high definition, which could be used as an alternative to RB. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 18, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Vincent Pitiot, Margaux Grall, Dominique Ploin, Eric Truy, Sonia Ayari Khalfallah Source Type: research

Evaluating the sinus and Nasal Quality of Life Survey in the pediatric cystic fibrosis patient population
The Sinus and Nasal Quality of Life Survey (SN-5) is a validated quality of life (QOL) questionnaire for chronic rhinosinusitis in patients age 2 –12. Its utility in the cystic fibrosis (CF) has been studied, but not yet validated. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the SN-5 for evaluation of sinonasal symptoms in the pediatric CF population. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 18, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Deborah X. Xie, Jeffanie Wu, Katherine Kelly, Rebekah F. Brown, Chevis Shannon, Frank W. Virgin Source Type: research

An investigation of operative outcomes: Pediatric invasive fungal sinusitis
Invasive fungal sinusitis is an uncommon entity among children. Early recognition is crucial for facilitating successful treatment with minimal morbidity. The goal of this analysis was to identify patient characteristics associated with high-risk surgical disease through a population-based examination into this rare and deadly disease process. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 15, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Curtis Hanba, Peter F. Svider, Wanda Lai, S. Naweed Raza, Anthony Sheyn, Jean Anderson Eloy, Adam J. Folbe Source Type: research

Impact of socioeconomic factors on paediatric cochlear implant outcomes
The study was aimed at evaluating the impact of certain socioeconomic factors such as family income, level of parents' education, distance between the child's home and auditory verbal therapy clinic, and age of the child at implantation on postoperative cochlear implant outcomes. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 15, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Shalabh Sharma, Khyati Bhatia, Satinder Singh, Asish Kumar Lahiri, Asha Aggarwal Source Type: research

GJB2 mutations: Genotypic and phenotypic correlation in a cohort of 690 hearing-impaired patients, toward a new mutation?
To analyze the clinical features of hearing impairment and to search for correlations with the genotype in patients with GJB2 mutations. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - September 15, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jean-Christophe Lecl ère, Marie-Suzanne Le Gac, Cedric Le Maréchal, Claude Ferec, Rémi Marianowski Source Type: research