The Impact of Individual and Institutional Factors on Turnover Intent Among Taiwanese Correctional Staff
The existing literature on turnover intent among correctional staff conducted in Western societies focuses on the impact of individual-level factors; the possible effects of institutional contexts have been largely overlooked. Moreover, the relationships of various multidimensional conceptualizations of both job satisfaction and organizational commitment to turnover intent are still largely unknown. Using data collected by a self-reported survey of 676 custody staff employed in 22 Taiwanese correctional facilities during April of 2011, the present study expands upon theoretical models developed in Western societies and exa...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - November 24, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Lai, Y.-L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Extending Recidivism Monitoring for Drug Courts: Methods Issues and Policy Implications
In this study, we examine which demographic and programmatic/legal factors influence program disposition and recidivism rates of participants (both graduates and those unsuccessfully discharged) across the 5 years following their discharge from a drug treatment court program located in a suburban city in the Midwest. The study sample consists of 249 (N = 249) male participants who have been out of the program for more than 5 years. Results from the univariate and multivariate analyses are provided, as well as policy implications, directions for future research, and study limitations. (Source: International Journal of Offen...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - November 24, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: DeVall, K. E., Gregory, P. D., Hartmann, D. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Applying Positive Psychology to Illuminate the Needs of Adolescent Males Transitioning Out of Juvenile Detention
Reducing the recidivism of young offenders is a critical research issue, not only to enhance the future outcomes for the young person but also to reduce the future risk to the community. Navigating the immediate transition from detention back into the community is positioned as a critical milestone. This small qualitative study describes how young offenders participating in a formal mentoring program in Australia experienced the transition from detention to the community and the intrinsic drivers of their behaviour throughout this transition. Perspectives of their mentors and caseworker were also solicited. Importantly, th...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - November 24, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Tracey, D., Hanham, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Personal Values and Moral Disengagement Promote Aggressive and Rule-Breaking Behaviours in Adolescents With Disruptive Behaviour Disorders: A Pilot Study
The pilot study presented in this article investigated the role of moral-cognitive features in understanding aggressive and rule-breaking behaviours in adolescents with Disruptive Behaviour Disorder (DBD). We collected two samples. The community sample was composed of 85 adolescents, whereas the DBD sample was composed of 30 adolescents. Compared with a community sample, adolescents with DBD are more inclined to use moral disengagement (MD) to legitimize their aggressive and rule-breaking behaviours. Moreover, regression models showed that self-enhancement values and MD foster externalizing behaviours taking into account b...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - November 24, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Paciello, M., Muratori, P., Ruglioni, L., Milone, A., Buonanno, C., Capo, R., Lochman, J. E., Barcaccia, B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Governance and Regional Variation of Homicide Rates: Evidence From Cross-National Data
Criminological theories of cross-national studies of homicide have underestimated the effects of quality governance of liberal democracy and region. Data sets from several sources are combined and a comprehensive model of homicide is proposed. Results of the spatial regression model, which controls for the effect of spatial autocorrelation, show that quality governance, human development, economic inequality, and ethnic heterogeneity are statistically significant in predicting homicide. In addition, regions of Latin America and non-Muslim Sub-Saharan Africa have significantly higher rates of homicides ceteris paribus while...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - November 24, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Cao, L., Zhang, Y. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Offspring-Perpetrated Familicide: Examining Family Homicides Involving Parents as Victims
This study used the National Incident-Based Reporting System, which currently contains arrest data for about 25% of the U.S. population, to examine familicide incidents perpetrated by adult and juvenile offenders over the 20-year period from 1991 to 2010. Fourteen cases of familicide involving two different family victim types were identified. None of these cases involved multiple offenders. Frequencies reported include victim, offender, and incident characteristics. The typical familicide offender was a White male approximately 26 years of age. Firearms predominated as murder weapons in these incidents; however, when a bi...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - November 24, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Fegadel, A. R., Heide, K. M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

A Message from the Editor-in-Chief
(Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology)
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - November 24, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Palermo, M. T. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Defining Probability in Sex Offender Risk Assessment
There is ongoing debate and confusion over using actuarial scales to predict individuals’ risk of sexual recidivism. Much of the debate comes from not distinguishing Frequentist from Bayesian definitions of probability. Much of the confusion comes from applying Frequentist probability to individuals’ risk. By definition, only Bayesian probability can be applied to the single case. The Bayesian concept of probability resolves most of the confusion and much of the debate in sex offender risk assessment. Although Bayesian probability is well accepted in risk assessment generally, it has not been widely used to ass...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - October 19, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Elwood, R. W. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Is the Development of Offenders Related to Crime Scene Behaviors for Burglary? Including Situational Influences in Developmental and Life-Course Theories of Crime
This study aims to address these issues by developing typologies of burglars based on developmental and situational characteristics to help identify the various criminal career paths of the offenders, and how these different criminal careers may relate to the commission of offenses. Results of this study indicate that there are five different criminal career paths among the sampled burglars and four different styles of committing the same offense, and that burglars with certain criminal career features tend to commit a specific style of burglary. Through this research, we aim to extend DLC theories to create a more practic...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - October 19, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Fox, B. H., Farrington, D. P. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Treatment Engagement From the Perspective of the Offender: Reasons for Noncompletion and Completion of Treatment--A Systematic Review
A systematic review of the reasons why detained adult offenders fail to attend or successfully complete treatment programme(s) was conducted. An initial search of the literature identified 2,827 articles, which following evaluation against explicit inclusion/exclusion criteria and a quality assessment was reduced to 13 studies. Extracted data from the 13 studies were synthesised using a qualitative approach. Despite the 13 studies being heterogeneous in design, there was consensus on the reasons offenders gave for completion/noncompletion of treatment. The majority were consistent with the factors outlined in the Multifact...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - October 19, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Sturgess, D., Woodhams, J., Tonkin, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Antisocial Process Screening Device: Self-Report Among Incarcerated Male Juvenile Offenders
The main aim of the present study was to examine the factor structure, internal consistency, and some additional psychometric properties of the Antisocial Process Screening Device–Self-Report (APSD-SR) among a large forensic sample of incarcerated male juvenile offenders (N = 438). The results, based on this forensic sample, support the use of the APSD-SR in terms of its factor structure, and internal consistency despite the fact an item had to be removed from the callous-unemotional (CU) dimension. Statistically significant positive associations were found with measures of psychopathic traits, CU traits, narcissism,...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - October 19, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Pechorro, P., Hidalgo, V., Nunes, C., Jimenez, L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Longitudinal Relation Between General Well-Being and Self-Esteem: Testing Differences for Adolescents Admitted to Secure Residential Care and After Discharge
This study investigated the longitudinal relation between general well-being and self-esteem of male adolescents with severe psychiatric disorders. Moreover, the transition out of secure residential care was studied. Adolescents (N = 172) were assessed three times with 6 months between each assessment. The sample comprised adolescents who were admitted throughout the entire study (n = 116) and who had been discharged at 6/12 months follow-up (n = 56). General well-being and self-esteem were stable concepts over time. The relation between general well-being and self-esteem differed for both groups. Among the admitted group ...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - October 19, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Barendregt, C. S., van der Laan, A. M., Bongers, I. L., van Nieuwenhuizen, C. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

An Evaluation of the Impact of Goal Setting and Cell Phone Calls on Juvenile Rearrests
Using a sample of 256 juvenile offenders who were randomly assigned to treatment or control groups, this study evaluates a cognitive-behavioral program that combines cognitive training, goal setting, and a phone-coach follow-up. The training involved six classroom sessions where participants received instruction and help in creating individualized goals. After attending the classes, participants received automated phone calls twice a day for up to a year. During the year following the program, the treatment and control groups were not significantly different in whether or not they were rearrested or in total rearrests. How...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - October 19, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Bahr, S. J., Cherrington, D. J., Erickson, L. D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

A Message From the Editor-in-Chief
(Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology)
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - October 19, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Palermo, G. B. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Desistance From Crime Without Reintegration: A Longitudinal Study of the Social Context and Life Course Path to Desistance in a Sample of Adults Convicted of a Sex Crime
Criminological theories suggest that desistance from crime cannot be considered outside its social context. Few studies, however, have examined the social context and its importance for individuals convicted of a sex offense. Their unique experience during community reentry warrants specific attention to this group. Using prospective longitudinal data, the current study examined desistance from general offending in a sample of 500 adult males convicted of at least one sex offense. Cox proportional hazards models showed that, although desistance is associated with the presence of prosocial social influences, these differenc...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - October 4, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Lussier, P., McCuish, E. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

"While This Does Not in Any Way Excuse My Conduct . . . ": The Role of Treatment and Neutralizations in Desistance From Sexual Offending
This article explores the role of neutralizations in desistance from sexual offending. The project involved interviews with 15 men convicted of a sexual offence against a child and living in the community for between 1 and 15 years following a period of incarceration. The majority had undertaken sex offender treatment and highlighted its utility. Participants less than 9 years post-release tended to neutralize their offending via the technique of "denial of responsibility," while those 9 years plus post-release displayed less evidence of neutralizations. Treatment programmes may exclude those with high levels of ...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - October 4, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Hulley, J. L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Sex Offending and Situational Motivation: Findings From a Qualitative Analysis of Desistance From Sexual Offending
Sex offending is typically understood from a pathology perspective with the origin of the behavior thought to be within the offending individual. Such a perspective may not be beneficial for those seeking to desist from sexual offending and reintegrate into mainstream society. A thematic analysis of 32 self-narratives of men convicted of sexual offences against children suggests that such individuals typically explain their pasts utilizing a script consistent with routine activity theory, emphasizing the role of circumstantial changes in both the onset of and desistance from sexual offending. It is argued that the self-fra...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - October 4, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Farmer, M., McAlinden, A.-M., Maruna, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Pathways to Desistance Among Men Convicted of Sexual Offenses: Linking Post Hoc Accounts of Offending Behavior and Outcomes
Within many sexual offender–specific treatment programs, clients and their therapists devote considerable time to understanding "cycles" or "pathways" to sexual offending, and clients often need to fit their stories into existing offending paradigms. Although this post hoc processing of offending behaviors may assist clients in understanding their individual pathway toward crime, we know little about how they situate this information within their lives moving forward. Relying on in-depth interview data, the current study examined accounts of the sexually related crimes that brought 28 men to priso...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - October 4, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Kras, K. R., Blasko, B. L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

A Descriptive Model of Desistance From Sexual Offending: Examining the Narratives of Men Released From Custody
This study examines the narratives of 60 men interviewed in the community, who were incarcerated for sexual offenses and released. Recent findings from this research conclude that men desist from sexual offending, but they seldom follow the processes described by traditional criminology. In many cases, in fact, they desist in spite of their inability to pursue Sampson and Laub’s "informal social controls" or Giordano et al.’s "hooks for change." The relentless impact of current public policies such as community notification and electronic monitoring further impedes their likelihood of experi...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - October 4, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Harris, D. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Desistance From Sexual Offending: A Policy and Research Agenda Whose Time Has Come
For the past three decades or so, criminal justice policies have been enacted under the assumption that individuals who have been convicted of a sex offense are life course persistent sex offenders. In that context, research has been heavily focused on the assessment of risk and the prediction of sexual recidivism.Simultaneously, little to no attention has been given to the majority of individuals convicted of sex offenses who are not arrested or convicted again.Researchers have witnessed a growing gap between scientific knowledge and the sociolegal response to sexual violence and abuse. The current legal landscapecarries ...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - October 4, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Lussier, P., Harris, D. A., McAlinden, A.-M. Tags: Introduction Source Type: research

What Makes Them More Vulnerable Than Others? Obesity, Negative Emotions, and Peer Bullying Victimization
Discussion is offered regarding these findings and suggestions for future research in this area. (Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology)
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - August 22, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Jeong, S., Davis, J., Rodriguez, J., Han, Y. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Chromis Experience: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of Participants Experiences of the Chromis Programme
This study examined male prisoners’ experiences of participating in the Chromis programme, which aims to address violent behaviour in offenders with high levels of psychopathic traits. Four men who had completed Chromis and moved to new locations were purposefully sampled. This provided the opportunity for men to discuss their experiences after participating in the full programme and away from any influences of the treatment environment. Interview schedules were designed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). Interview transcripts were analysed independently by two researchers using IPA who then compar...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - August 22, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Tew, J., Bennett, A. L., Dixon, L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Accountability in Juvenile Justice: A Framework to Assess Client Outcomes
This article describes the development of an assessment protocol for use with juvenile justice clients that can be used to assess needs in a manner that not only informs the development of case plans but also allows for the assessment of change over the course of a service contact. The youth justice assessment tool supports case needs identification and analysis as well as screening for mental health concerns, risk of harm to self or others, and risk of reoffending. Initial validation of the case needs component has been undertaken and although further validation is required, preliminary data reported in this article sugge...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - August 22, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Casey, S., Day, A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Parental Low Self-Control, Family Environments, and Juvenile Delinquency
Research consistently finds that low self-control is significantly correlated with delinquency. Only recently, however, have researchers started to examine associations between parental low self-control, family environments, and child antisocial behavior. Adding to this emerging area of research, the current study examines associations between parental low self-control, aspects of the family environment, and officially recoded juvenile delinquency among a sample (N = 101) of juveniles processed through a juvenile justice assessment facility located in the Southeastern United States. Furthermore, it considers whether aspect...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - August 22, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Meldrum, R. C., Connolly, G. M., Flexon, J., Guerette, R. T. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

First Delinquent Behavior Among Pre-Pubescent Children: A Development Paradigm Alongside Family SES
The present study investigated what explains and accounts for first pre-pubescent delinquent behaviors among children. This was based on the notion that a developmental paradigm (e.g., self-control) alongside family socio-economic status (SES) can provide a passable explanation for the first and early delinquent behavior. A nationally representative sample of eighth graders (N = 3,449, 50% boys) from the Korea Youth Panel Survey (KYPS) was reviewed in terms of first delinquent behaviors. Results revealed that pre-pubescent boys started to drink at an earlier age than girls, whereas pre-pubescent girls engaged in relational...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - August 22, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: F, J.-, Yu, J. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Influence of Rehabilitative and Punishment Ideology on Correctional Officers Perceptions of Informal Bases of Power
Maintaining order is a key goal for prison managers. Much of the research on order maintenance focuses, however, on disruptions of order, even when order is more common. Examining factors related to perceptions on how officers get inmates to comply is, therefore, an important consideration. Using a survey of correctional officers from a Mid-Atlantic state, this study considers three dimensions of French and Raven’s theory on the bases of power. The focus is to examine correctional orientation and compliance regarding three dimensions of power that rely on informal control and relationships. The results indicate that ...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - August 22, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Gordon, J. A., Stichman, A. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Effects of Low Self-Control and Delinquent Peers on Alcohol, Tobacco, and Drug Use in a Sample of Saudi Arabian Youth
A considerable amount of research has examined patterns of substance use and the potential explanations of it among samples from the United States and other industrialized nations. To date, however, no research has explored these issues in a sample of Saudi Arabian youth. The current study addressed this gap in the literature and examined the lifetime use of drugs, alcohol, and tobacco among Saudi Arabian youth. We also examined whether key measures from social learning theory and low self-control theory were able to account for patterns of usage. Data drawn from a sample of nearly 500 youth residing in Jeddah, Saudi Arabi...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - August 17, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Beaver, K. M., Al-Ghamdi, M. S., Kobeisy, A. N., Alqurashi, F. H., Schwartz, J. A., Connolly, E. J., Gajos, J. M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Neighborhood Disadvantage and Parenting: Behavioral Genetics Evidence of Child Effects
The criminological literature has a long tradition of emphasizing the socialization effects that parents have on children. By contrast, evidence from behavioral genetics research gives precedence to child effects on parental management techniques over parental effects on children’s outcomes. Considering these diverging lines of scholarship and literature, the current study explores a novel hypothesis that child effects on parenting may be conditioned by the level of the disadvantage of the neighborhood in which the child’s family resides. By using measures of perceived parenting as dependent variables, the rese...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - August 17, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Yun, I., Lee, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Associations Between Long-Term Gang Membership and Informal Social Control Processes, Drug Use, and Delinquent Behavior Among Mexican American Youth
Research has found that among juveniles weak ties to informal social control entities such as parents, school, and conventional peers increase the probability of the initiation and continuation of deviant behaviors such as drug use and crime. Given the weak ties of formal social control mechanisms in highly disadvantaged communities, informal social control mechanisms are often an important deterrent that reduce or moderate engagement in deviant behaviors among serious and persistent offenders. This analysis examines the association between long-term gang membership and adolescent informal social control processes, drug us...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - August 17, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Cepeda, A., Saint Onge, J. M., Nowotny, K. M., Valdez, A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Understanding and Preventing Financial Fraud Against Older Citizens in Chinese Society: Results of a Focus Group Study
This study examines the public discourse on financial fraud against older citizens in Chinese society using six focus groups with 45 stakeholders comprising social workers, police officers, caregivers, nurses, community representatives, and insurance and banking personnel. This study uses qualitative data to describe the patterns and social features that facilitate this specific type of crime in Hong Kong. The narratives of the community stakeholders reveal several specific social features of Hong Kong that contribute to financial fraud against older persons, such as traditional Chinese values and ideologies, increasing cr...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - August 17, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Li, J. C. M., Yu (Yolanda), M., Wong, G. T. W., Ngan, R. M. H. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Reentry Programming for High-Risk Offenders: Insights From Participants
This study highlights the importance of providing employment opportunities, social support, and fair and respectful delivery of services to assist incarcerated individuals transitioning to the community. (Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology)
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - August 17, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Bender, K. A., Cobbina, J. E., McGarrell, E. F. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Book Review: Crime classification manual: A standard system for investigating and classifying violent crime
(Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology)
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - July 15, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Kocsis, R. N. Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Life Strain, Social Control, Social Learning, and Delinquency: The Effects of Gender, Age, and Family SES Among Chinese Adolescents
This article explores the effects of gender, age, and family socioeconomic status (SES) in an integrated model of strain, social control, social learning, and delinquency among a sample of Chinese adolescents. ANOVA is used to check for significant differences between categories of demographic groups on the variables in the integrated model, and the differential effects of causal factors in the theoretical path models are examined. Further tests of interaction effects are conducted to compare path coefficients between "high-risk" youths (i.e., male, mid-teen, and low family SES adolescents) and other subgroups. T...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - July 15, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Bao, W.-N., Haas, A., Xie, Y. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Changing Criminal Attitudes Among Incarcerated Offenders: Initial Examination of a Structured Treatment Program
The present study investigated the effect of a criminal attitude treatment program to changes on measured criminal attitudes and postprogram recidivism. The criminal attitude program (CAP) is a standardized therapeutic curriculum consisting of 15 modules offering 44 hr of therapeutic time. It was delivered by trained facilitators to a total of 113 male offenders incarcerated in one of five state correctional institutions. Pretreatment and posttreatment comparisons were made on standardized measures of criminal attitudes, response bias, and motivation for lifestyle changes. Results found statistically significant lower crim...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - July 15, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Simourd, D. J., Olver, M. E., Brandenburg, B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Measuring Public Support for Prisoner Reentry Options
Few topics have been discussed more extensively or feverishly within correctional academic and professional circles in the past few decades than prisoner reentry. Although program and policy evaluations have been conducted, a lack of public support for prisoner reentry initiatives could undermine the sustainability of prisoner reentry as a large-scale movement. Interestingly, no multivariate, explanatory analyses of the correlates of support for prisoner reentry policies could be found in the literature. This omission is due in part to the absence of clear psychometric measures to assess support. The current study examines...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - July 15, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Garland, B., Wodahl, E., Cota, L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

A Review of Questionnaire Measures for Assessing the Social Climate in Prisons and Forensic Psychiatric Hospitals
Significant time and resources are devoted to the monitoring of social climate in secure settings. However, if these efforts are to help (rather than hinder) attempts to improve the functioning of such units, the monitoring of social climate must be based on sound psychometric methods. The aim of this review was to determine what questionnaires exist to measure the social climate in secure settings and what evidence exists regarding their psychometric properties. Twelve questionnaire-based measures of social climate were identified. The Essen Climate Evaluation Schema has received the most consistent empirical support, but...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - July 15, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Tonkin, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Prison Meditation Movements and Mass Incarceration
By some estimates, more than half of inmates held in jails and prisons in the United States have a substance use disorder. Treatments involving the teaching of meditation and other contemplative practices have been developed for a variety of physical and mental disorders, including drug and alcohol addiction. At the same time, an expanding volunteer movement across the country has been bringing meditation and yoga into jails and prisons. This review first examines the experimental research on one such approach—mindfulness meditation as a treatment for drug and alcohol addiction, as well as the research on mindfulness...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - July 15, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Lyons, T., Cantrell, W. D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Book Review: Offender release and supervision: The role of courts and the use of discretion
(Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology)
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - June 21, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: von Mandach, L. Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

New Horizons: The Obstacles to Space Exploration and Disentangling Criminal Profiling
(Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology)
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - June 21, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Kocsis, R. N., Palermo, G. B. Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Readiness for Independent Living Among Youth on the Verge of Leaving Juvenile Correctional Facilities
A growing body of literature has documented the dismal outcomes of youth placed in juvenile correctional facilities (JCFs) upon their return to the community. However, very little is known as to how well equipped are the youth with the necessary skills for reintegration. In the current study, the authors examine self-reports of readiness for independent living among adolescents in correctional settings on the verge of leaving care, and explore how individual, placement, and social support characteristics predict such perceived readiness. A sample of 116 adolescents (aged 15-20) placed in Israeli JCFs responded to structure...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - June 21, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Melkman, E., Refaeli, T., Bibi, B., Benbenishty, R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Low Self-Control Among South Korean Adolescents: A Test of Gottfredson and Hirschis Generality Hypothesis
Theoretical propositions and empirical tests of Gottfredson and Hirschi’s general theory continue to permeate the criminological literature. Nevertheless, the vast majority of studies have been conducted in North America and some European countries. Only a handful of empirical works have been conducted in East Asia. To further test the generality assertion of Gottfredson and Hirschi, the current study examines low self-control’s efficacy in predicting the involvement of South Korean adolescents in typical delinquency, drinking, smoking, Internet addiction, and smartphone addiction. The presented findings largel...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - June 21, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Yun, I., Kim, S.-G., Kwon, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Aftercare for Juvenile and Young Adult Offenders
This study examined the New Perspectives Aftercare Program (NPAP) for serious juvenile and young adult offenders in The Netherlands. Participants (n = 127) were randomly assigned to NPAP (n = 66) or existing aftercare services ("treatment as usual" [TAU], n = 61). The aim was to determine whether NPAP was effective in decreasing cognitive distortions and criminal thinking patterns and increasing prosocial skills of the juveniles compared with TAU. No direct intervention effects were found on any of the outcome measures. Moderator analyses, however, showed several interaction effects of ethnicity and coping skills...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - June 21, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: James, C., Asscher, J. J., Stams, G. J. J. M., van der Laan, P. H. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Community Protection Policies and Repeat Sexual Offenses in Florida
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of sexual offender management policies on sex crime repeat arrest rates in Florida. Aggregate data for the period 1990 to 2010 were provided by the Florida Department of Law Enforcement. The repeat offense rate was defined as the proportion of arrests each year that were committed by individuals with a previous conviction in the same crime category. The average yearly repeat offense rate for sex crimes was 6.5%, which was consistently and significantly lower than rates for other crimes: 8.3% for non-sex assaults, 15.1% for robbery, 29.8% for drug offenses, and 11.6% f...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - June 21, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Levenson, J. S., Zgoba, K. M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Thief With a Thousand Faces and the Victim With None: Identifying Determinants for Online Identity Theft Victimization With Routine Activity Theory
Available evidence suggests that identity theft is a growing problem that has significant consequences for victims, not the least of which is billions of dollars in financial losses. However, very little is known about the correlates or causes of identity theft victimization. Utilizing a nationally representative sample of individuals from the Canadian General Social Survey, the current study attempts to address this deficiency by examining the link between victims’ online routine activities and their online identity theft victimization. It was found that certain routine activities directly influence the likelihood o...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - June 21, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Reyns, B. W., Henson, B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Attentional Bias in Psychopathy: An Examination of the Emotional Dot-Probe Task in Male Jail Inmates
Numerous studies have identified differences in the identification of emotional displays between psychopaths and non-psychopaths; however, results have been equivocal regarding the nature of these differences. The present study investigated an alternative approach to examining the association between psychopathy and emotion processing by examining attentional bias to emotional faces; we used a modified dot-probe task to measure attentional bias toward emotional faces in comparison with neutral faces, among a sample of male jail inmates assessed using the Psychopathy Checklist–Revised (PCL-R). Results indicated a posi...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - June 20, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Edalati, H., Walsh, Z., Kosson, D. S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Gender Differences in the Routine Activities Associated With Risks for Larceny in South Korea
The present research uses data from the 2010 Korean National Criminal Victimization Survey to examine gender differences in larceny victimization and in predictors of victimization (i.e., target attractiveness, exposure to potential offenders, target hardening, guardianship, and proximity to crime and social disorder) identified by routine activity theory. The findings show no significant gender difference in general larceny victimization, suggesting that Korean females are just as likely to be victims of theft of personal belongings as males. Consistent with the theory, physical proximity to crime and social disorder are ...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - June 20, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Moon, B., Morash, M., Jeong, S., Yoon, H.-S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Adaptation of the Texas Implementation Medication Algorithm for Bipolar Disorder in Adult Female Offenders
The objective of the present study was to evaluate effectiveness of algorithm (Texas Implementation of Medication Algorithm [TIMA])-driven treatment of bipolar disorder (BD) compared with Treatment as Usual (TAU) in the correctional environment. A total of 61 women inmates with BD were randomized to TIMA (n = 30) or TAU (n = 31) and treated over a 12-week period. The outcome measures included measures of BD symptoms, comorbid symptomatology, quality of life, and psychotropic medication utilization. In comparison with TAU, TIMA-driven treatment reduced polypharmacy, decreased overall psychotropic medication utilization, and...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - June 20, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Kamath, J., Wakai, S., Zhang, W., Kesten, K., Shelton, D., Trestman, R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

A Strengths-Based Approach to Prisoner Reentry: The Fresh Start Prisoner Reentry Program
Scholars have called for a strengths-based approach to prisoner reentry, yet there are few available program models that outline how to integrate this approach into the current reentry program landscape. The present article highlights a strengths-based prisoner reentry program that provided services to men both pre- and post-release from prison to the community in the United States. Qualitative findings from focus groups provide preliminary support for the strengths-based approach and highlight men’s strengths and needs as well as challenges related to the program’s implementation. The reentry program then drew...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - June 20, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Hunter, B. A., Lanza, A. S., Lawlor, M., Dyson, W., Gordon, D. M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Subjective Experiences of Firesetting by Men With Mild Intellectual Disabilities Detained in a Secure Hospital
This article explores the lived experiences of men with mild intellectual disabilities who have deliberately set a fire and are detained in a secure hospital. Semi-structured interviews were used to explore the subjective experiential claims of seven male firesetters with mild intellectual disabilities residing in a forensic intellectual disability hospital. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used to interpret participants’ meaning making of their firesetting. Five super-ordinate themes emerged from the analysis: (a) "the importance of the first fire," (b) "firesetting to escape distress,&quo...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - June 20, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Rose, J., Lees-Warley, G., Thrift, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Correlation of Hope and Self-Efficacy With Job Satisfaction, Job Stress, and Organizational Commitment for Correctional Officers in the Taiwan Prison System
The aim of this study was to explore the correlation of hope and self-efficacy with job satisfaction, job stress, and organizational commitment for correctional officers in the Taiwan prison system while controlling for the shared effects of the nature of the institution (i.e., for male or female inmates) and personal characteristics of the officers (i.e., gender, age, and years of work experience). Hope in the context of this study refers to a cognitive set and motivational state that involves reciprocal interaction between goal-directed energy (agency) and planned pathways to meet the goals (pathway). It is a personality...
Source: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology - June 20, 2016 Category: Criminology Authors: Law, F. M., Guo, G. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research