Investigating the status of accident precursor management in East Azarbaijan Province Gas Company.
Conclusion. It was suggested that policy-makers should improve the accident precursor reporting system. Changes to the current reporting system are essential to help in the prevention of future unpleasant accidents. PMID: 32627710 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - July 7, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders among endoscopic transsphenoidal surgeons: a systematic review of prevalence and ergonomic interventions.
This article performs a systematic review to identify the work-related musculoskeletal disorders among transsphenoidal neurosurgeons, their prevalence and the ergonomic interventions proposed to reduce risk factors and prevent disorders. The results show that the ergonomics of transsphenoidal neurosurgeons is an under-investigated topic. Indeed, specific prevalence data are not available. In addition, only a few papers suggest interventions and guidelines, but without objective assessment of the outcomes to confirm the ergonomic benefit. Based on these gaps in the literature, a future research agenda is proposed. PMID:...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - July 3, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Epidemiology of respiratory diseases and associated factors among female textile workers in Pakistan.
Conclusion. Regulating working hours and ensuring employees' compliance with the safety standards are expected to mitigate the health problems of female workers. PMID: 32602797 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - July 2, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Does firefighters' physical fitness influence their cardiac parasympathetic reactivation? Analysis with post-exercise heart rate variability and ultra-short-term measures.
Conclusions. Fitness was associated with firefighters' performances but not with parasympathetic reactivation in the firefighting intervention. The ultra-short-term measures do not seem to be a suitable post-exercise LnRMSSD analysis because of the low sensitivity to reveal differences among exercise conditions. PMID: 32586212 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 28, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Investigating the influence of experiential training on the ability to anticipate risks of caught in accidents.
Authors: Tseng YC, Hsu HT Abstract Caught in accidents are the most common types of occupational accidents in Taiwan's manufacturing industry. Although the law stipulates that as a control measure, specific machinery and equipment must comply with safety standards before leaving the factory, caught in accidents are still reported. Therefore, education and training are important. We referred to Kirkpatrick's four-level model for analysis and chose a film manufacturer as the study subject. Workers were divided into three groups to evaluate the effectiveness of different training methods: (1) without safety/health edu...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 26, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Age-related differences in bimanual coordination performance.
Conclusion. The tracking mode is of great importance for the quality of performance in motor coordination tasks, while the performance of tasks with imposed speed is much more strongly age-sensitive than performance with a freely chosen speed. PMID: 32576085 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 26, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Study on the Influence of Underground Low-light Environment on Human Safety Behavior.
Authors: Li J, Wang Z, Qin Y, Qi R, Fu G, Li B, Yang L Abstract In order to research the impact that coal mine lighting environment has on human safety behavior in the underground coal mine, we built a coal mine lighting simulation experiment system, where there is both general lighting and local lighting, divided into 6 different illumination gradients, namely, 0 lm/m2 (lx), 10 lx, 30 lx, 50 lx, 75 lx, 100 lx to test and analyze the effects of general illumination gradients have on human fatigue, attention, reaction, and eye-hand coordination with SPSS Version 22.0 software. Results show that illuminance has a sig...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 23, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Assessing potential trade-offs between the lower back and shoulders: influence of lift training intervention on joint demands.
This study focused on the influence of lift training on resultant joint moments and muscular demand trade-offs between the lower back and shoulders during MMH tasks. Methods. Three recommended lifting techniques (straddle lift, pivot technique and tripod lift) were compared to a priori (untrained) self-selected lifting techniques. Results. Mean and cumulative resultant moments indicated that using the lifting techniques evaluated in this investigation protected the shoulders more than the lower back. Mean and peak shoulder muscle activity also decreased following training (p 0.05), there was a significant decrease i...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 23, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Whole-Body Vibration Exposure of HEMM Operators in Surface Coal Mines - A Comparative Assessment of Transport and Non-Transport Earthmoving Equipment Operators.
Conclusion: Transport equipment operators are more vulnerable to vibration hazards than its counterpart as it is evident from the vibration magnitude as well as from the symptoms of lower back pain. PMID: 32552567 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 20, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Occupational Hazard and Risk among Commercial Motorcyclist in Peri-Urban City of Lagos, Nigeria.
Authors: Dada OT, Fasina SO, Agbabiaka HI, Salisu UO, Ogunseye NO, Olanipekun AO Abstract Although a significant proportion of road hazards and its associated health risks in Nigeria involves motorcycles, relatively little research explores whether commercial motorcyclists have unique seasonal accident experiences. This paper analyses survey data from 241 commercial motorcyclists in selected terminals in Ifo, Nigeria, to explore how road hazards and health risks experienced differ from one season to another. The study established that seasonality of motorcycle hazards and health risks cannot be assumed across the t...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 20, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Analysis of occupational accidents among nurses working in hospitals based on safety climate and safety performance: A Bayesian Network analysis.
Conclusion: The effect of safety participation on occupational accidents among nurses was higher than that of safety compliance. Among safety climate dimensions, supervisors' attitude to safety and safety training had the highest effects on both nurses' safety performance and occupational accidents. PMID: 32508274 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 10, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Do older workers suffer more workplace injuries? A Systematic Review.
This study examines the prevalence of fatal and non-fatal work-related injuries between young (under 45) and older workers (45 and above). A systematic literature review was used aimed at examining studies comparing safety outcomes, namely fatal and non-fatal injuries, between older and younger workers. Results show that 50% of the reviewed papers suggest that fatal injuries are suffered mainly by older workers, while the remaining 50% show no differences between older and younger workers. Regarding non-fatal injuries, 49% of the reviewed papers found no relationship between workers' age; 31% found increased age as a prote...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 6, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Causes and prevention of mobile crane-related accidents in South Korea.
Authors: Lee J, Phillips I, Lynch Z Abstract Mobile cranes account for a considerable proportion of crane-related accidents in South Korea. The authors used descriptive and non-parametric statistics to analyse 245 fatal accidents in South Korea from 2007 to 2016. The results showed that human error and crane problems were the main cause of accidents; riggers accounted for the largest number of deaths. To reduce the number of mobile crane fatalities, the authors made recommendations in four areas: educational aspects, mobile crane aspects, technical aspects and other issues. Firstly, business owners need to establis...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

A critical review of the literature on comfort of hearing protection devices: Analysis of the comfort measurement variability.
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the current state of knowledge and in order to decrease comfort measurements variability, it is advised to (i) use a multidimensional construct of comfort and derive a comfort index for each comfort dimensions, (ii) use exhaustive and valid questionnaires, (iii) quantify as much as triad characteristics as possible and use them as independent or control variables, and (iv) assess the quality of the earplug fitting and the attenuation efficiency. PMID: 32436466 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 23, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Cognitive functions of shift workers: paramedics and firefighters. An EEG study.
Conclusions: The results suggest that paramedics experiences problems with sustained attention. Paramedics process visual stimuli in a different way; after a night shift, performing the tasks required more engagement of cognitive resources. In firefighters, a decrease in the visual attention functions and cognitive inhibition was observed. PMID: 32436781 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 23, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Investigation of Abrasive Saw Kickback.
Authors: Burcat S, Yue B, Slocum A, Cohen T Abstract Saw kickback can cause fatal injuries, but only woodcutting saws have regulations and assessment methodologies for kickback. These regulations do not apply to abrasive cutting saws, as their cutting mechanism and dominant kickback mode differ from those of woodcutting saws. This work combines theoretical and experimental tools to investigate abrasive saw kickback. A theoretical model based on frictional engagement during a pinch-based kickback event is shown to predict resultant kickback energy in good agreement with experimental measurements. These measurements ...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 20, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Approach to analyse hazardous situations tied to recurrent production dysfunctions, by observing work situation.
Authors: Pascal L, Nellie P Abstract When using a machine or automated system, dysfunctions such as the jamming of a part can occur and disturb the normal production process. To solve this dysfunction, the operator may place himself in a hazardous situation. We propose an approach to identify these potentially hazardous situations by observing the work situation. The feasibility of this approach was tested on an oil pump assembly line. The approach is composed of two phases: a detection phase of both the dysfunction and the response of the operator to solve it, followed by an analysis phase aimed at envisaging haza...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 16, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Job mobility and job performance: Beliefs about social and occupational (dis-)advantages as mediators.
CONCLUSIONS: Not all types of job mobility are an impairment and extraorganizational stress. Rather, the evaluation and perception of occupational and social (dis-)advantages is crucial for the effects of different types of job mobility on organizational relevant outcomes. PMID: 32366188 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 7, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

On accident causation models, safety training and virtual reality.
In this study, we have done a comprehensive literature review on different ACMs and safety training practices. The limitations of the existing models and practices are identified. A VR-ACM model is proposed comprising three modules: VR based modelling and simulation, accident causation, and safety training. Several research issues for VR-ACM are highlighted. An experimental study with 22 crane operators is presented, showing the applicability of the proposed model. The proposed VR-ACM serves as a medium for analysis of potential underlying causes of accidents, 3D perspective of visual analysis, real-time user interactions,...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 7, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Effects of Risk Factors Related to Computer Use on Musculoskeletal Pain in Office Workers.
Authors: Calik BB, Yagci N, Oztop M, Caglar D Abstract PURPOSE: In recent years, work-related musculoskeletal disorders(MSDs) are increasing due to overuse of desktop computer. This investigation was planned to examine musculoskeletal pain in office workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 362 participants(female:50.8%; male:49.2%; mean age:37.35 ± 8.43years) were included. Sociodemographic factors were recorded. Participants were questioned for their daily working time, computer usage time and years, whether musculoskeletal pain was related to their job or whether pain disturbed their activities of...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 7, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Effects of clothing size and air ventilation rate on cooling performance of air ventilation clothing in a warm condition.
Authors: Yang J, Wang F, Song G, Li R, Udayraj Abstract Effects of clothing size and air ventilation rate on cooling performance of three air ventilation jackets (size: S, M and L) were investigated. Two ventilation rates were chosen: low ventilation (LV, 12 L/min) and high ventilation (HV, 20 L/min). A significant difference in the dry heat loss at UBody (i.e., upper body excluding the head and hands) was noted among three sizes (p 
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 1, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Experimental Validation of Energy Balance Approach for Design of Horizontal Lifeline Systems.
Authors: Tashrif SM, Lim WC, Goh YM, Hu X, Koh SJA Abstract The energy balance approach is one of the design approaches approved in fall protection standards Z359.6, Z259.16 and SS607 to ensure that horizontal lifeline systems (HLLSs) are adequately designed. However, this study found that theoretical calculations predicting total fall distance and maximum arrest load using an energy balance approach need to be corrected before they can be used safely. Based on the data from 48 drop tests, the authors determined that energy balance calculations differ significantly from empirical total fall distance (hTFD) and maxi...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 1, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Causes of Construction Injuries: Review.
Authors: Birhane GE, Yang L, Geng J, Zhu J Abstract The aim of this paper is to identify the causes of construction injuries (CIs), to summarize them into categories, to provide input in a concise form for reference and recommend possible solutions. A total of 967 peer-reviewed papers were retrieved and after identification, 42 papers were finally identified and analyzed in detail. The causes of CIs were categorized into four major factors; management commitment factors, behavioral factors, psychological factors, and demographic factors, then each reviewed separately.The main finding of the study is that management...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Participatory ergonomics for the reduction of musculoskeletal exposure of maintenance workers.
Authors: Capodaglio EM Abstract Exposure to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) is prevalent risk among those working for the maintenance of machinery and equipment in industry. Participatory ergonomics (PE) at the workplace embodies a solid strategy for the implementation of MSDs prevention programs. This practical case describes a participatory ergonomics project implemented to improve MSDs prevention strategies for the safety of maintenance workers. Experienced workers and maintenance workers employed in an Italian company for the industrial processing of wool have been actively involved in the risk assessment, in ...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Relationship Between Safety Measures and Human Error in the Construction Industry: Working at Heights.
This study found that human error can occur as a result of psychological distress and therefore provides a foundation for future research to explore whether proper implementation of psychological safety measures could decrease the occurrence of human failures and accidents when working at heights. PMID: 32338156 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 29, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

The role of physical exercise as a personal resource against job stress.
Conclusions. This study enriches our knowledge about occupational health prevention. It points to a pressing topic for the near future, i.e., how work conditions (e.g., job stress) and leisure time (e.g., physical exercise) can be successfully combined to keep individuals' job stress to a minimum and to prevent burnout symptoms. PMID: 32326847 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 26, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Analysis of a catastrophic commercial coach crash based on an improved accident causation model (ACM): Causes classification and lessons learned.
Conclusion. The work and rest system, as well as the dynamic monitoring system for drivers should be perfected strictly according to the regulations. Additionally, external factors regarding deficiencies in the design and management of the expressway and the supervision for the transportation company also had great impacts on this crash. In summary, more efforts should be taken on root causes at the organizational level, no matter for internal or external factors. PMID: 32321377 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 24, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Evaluation of Scapular Dyskinesis and Ergonomic Risk Level in Office Workers.
Conclusion: These results indicate that patients with scapular dyskinesis have a high ergonomic risk level. We believe that our work will serve as a foundation for intervention studies assessing ergonomic risk management. PMID: 32306852 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 21, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Estimating the injury rates and causes of fatalities in the Japanese mining industry, 1924-2014.
This article investigates the trends in injury rates and causes of fatalities in the Japanese mining industry. Accident data were collected from the Japan Statistics Yearbooks released by the Bureau of the Prime Minister. These data were analyzed to estimate the injury rates and accident causes in the Japanese mining industry. In Japan, the median injury, severe injury and fatality rates were 129.25, 5.44 and 2.99/1000 workers, respectively. A collapsing roof in an underground mine was the principal cause of fatal accidents, accounting for a median value of 21/1000 worker deaths during the entire period under study. In com...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 17, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Multidimensional prediction of work traffic crashes among Spanish professional drivers in cargo and passenger transportation.
Authors: Useche SA, Cendales B, Alonso F, Montoro L Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the effect of different environmental, mechanical and individual factors associated with fatalities and serious injuries caused by work traffic accidents among cargo and passenger transport drivers (CPTD) in Spain. For this cross-sectional study, national data on work traffic accidents collected in Spain during the last 3 years were analyzed through a regression modeling approach, in order to predict the severity of traffic crashes involving CPTD. Using binary logistic regression analyses, it was found that the type of...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 13, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Analysis, comparison and representation of occupational exposure to a static magnetic field in a 3-T MRI site.
Authors: Hartwig V, Biagini C, De Marchi D, Flori A, Gabellieri C, Virgili G, Ferrante Vero LF, Landini L, Vanello N, Giovannetti G Abstract The purpose of this study is to analyze exposure to the time-varying magnetic field caused by worker movements in a 3-T clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner. Measurements of the static magnetic field (B) in the proximity of the MRI scanner were performed to create a detailed map of the spatial gradient of B, in order to indicate the areas at high risk of exposure. Moreover, a personal exposure recording system was used in order to analyze and compare exposure to t...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 13, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Design and evaluation of cooling workwear for miners in hot underground mines using PCMs with different temperatures.
Authors: Zheng Q, Ke Y, Wang H Abstract Cooling workwear using phase change materials (PCMs) was designed for miners in hot underground mines. A new arrangement of PCM packs was introduced that used 15 °C PCMs as the inner layer and 23 °C PCMs as the outer layer (15&23). Its performance was investigated using thermal manikin and human subject tests by comparison with clothing without PCMs (CON), with 15 °C PCMs (15&15) and with melted PCMs (mPCM) in a climate chamber (30 °C, 80% relative humidity). The PCM cooling workwear significantly increased the manikin heat loss, attenuated the rise of...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 13, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Comparing learning during the familiarization phase with a slanted mouse and a vertical mouse when performing a repeated pointing-clicking task.
CONCLUSION: Learning speed appeared slower with the vertical mouse than with the slanted mouse. In light of these findings and those of previous studies, decision makers and employees should consider the slanted mouse rather than the vertical mouse. PMID: 32270750 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 11, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Correction.
Authors: PMID: 32237954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 4, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Respiratory outcomes among plant processing workers in Durban, South Africa.
Authors: Shezi B, Mathee A, Alfers L, Dobson R, Ndlovu P, Reddy T, Street RA Abstract Plant products used by informal traditional medicine traders go through various methods of manual processing to yield a final single or multi-concoction product; however, the prevalence of potentially associated respiratory outcomes has yet to be established. The aim of this study was to describe respiratory outcomes associated with processing plants among informal traditional medicine traders. Questionnaires related to the preparation of plant products and respiratory outcomes were administered to study participants by trained re...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 30, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Assessment of work-related fatigue in Polish physiotherapists and its effect on their diagnostic accuracy and physiotherapy planning.
Conclusions. The study showed that the work of physiotherapists negatively affects the levels of activity, motivation and physical strength. Diagnostic accuracy and physiotherapy planning was worse after a day's work. The occupation of a physiotherapists was categorised as psychologically burdening. PMID: 32183605 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 20, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Association between duration of coal dust exposure and respiratory impairment in coal miners of West Bengal, India.
This study was designed to assess the prevalence of lung function impairment and to find whether there is any correlation between dust exposure duration and lung function indices.Materials and Methods: Two hundred thirty (230) underground coal dust exposed workers and one hundred thirty (130) age matched nonexposed workers were recruited from an underground mine of West Bengal, India. Spirometry test was performed for lung function test and also basic information on personnel dust exposure, smoking and respiratory morbidity were collected. Student's t test, Pearson's correlation coefficient (r), uncorrected Pearson's Chi s...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 18, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

The Effect of Cooling Vests on Physiological and Perceptual responses: A systematic review.
This study aimed to assess the effects of using cooling vests (CVs) on physiological and perceptual responses at workplace. Three main databases were searched using subject headings and appropriate Mesh terms. The article has been written according to the PRISMA checklist. A total of 23,837 studies were identified for screening and 63 studies were eligible for data extraction. A statistically significant difference was observed in body temperature among hybrid cooling garments (HBCGs), phase-change materials (PCMs) and air-cooled garments (ACGs)) at 31.56-37 °C (60% RH), evaporative cooling garments (ECGs) at 25.8-28.1...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 15, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Guidelines for exploring construction sites in virtual reality environments for hazard identification.
Authors: Lucena AFE, Saffaro FA Abstract The use of virtual reality devices for exploring construction sites is a promising alternative to anticipate problems and reduce the occurrence of work-related accidents. The present study drew comparisons between different ways of performing virtual exploration to improve workers' safety on construction sites. These comparisons allowed the proposal of guidelines for modelling and exploring construction site simulations using low-cost immersive virtual reality devices. Eight construction managers participated in two virtual reality simulations in which they had to identify h...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 14, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Correlation Analysis of Safety Climate and Construction Productivity in South Korea.
Conclusions. As a result of regression analysis, we concluded that there is a significant relationship between safety climate and productivity. In the future, our findings can be used as a reference for developing a construction productivity prediction model as influenced by the safety climate. PMID: 32156197 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 12, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Employee Safety Productivity: An Empirical Study in an OHSAS 18001-certified organisation.
Conclusion: It is suggested for organisational managers wishing to increase employee safety productivity to focus particularly on training regarding the safety knowledge, skills, motivation, and compliance of employees. PMID: 32148176 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 11, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Chainsaw operators' exposure to occupational risk factors and incidence of professional diseases specific to forestry field.
Conclusions. The analysis of the levels of exposure to the risk factors, the typology and the incidence of occupational diseases require the need to adopt new preventive measures. PMID: 32126935 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 5, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

The Relationship between Ethical Leadership, Organizational Commitment and the Zero Accident Vision (ZAV) Implementation in the Defense Industry.
Authors: Igić D, Vuković M, Urošević S, Mladenović-Ranisavljević I, Voza D Abstract The main aim of this research was to measure workers' perceptions of the four crucial success factors (commitment to safety, safety communication, the safety climate and learning from incidents) for the Zero Accident Vision (ZAV) implementation by conducting a survey using a questionnaire given to four production plants in the Serbian military industrial complex. Almost 500 respondents participated in this survey with the response rate of 90 percent. A possible influence of Ethical Leadership at Work (ELW) and Organizati...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - February 26, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Properties of thin coatings deposited by pvd on safety helmets.
PROPERTIES OF THIN COATINGS DEPOSITED BY PVD ON SAFETY HELMETS. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2020 Jan 21;:1-16 Authors: Jachowicz M Abstract The article presents a research on new solution for industrial helmets improving mechanical, and physical properties (temperature resistance and reflection of infrared radiation). The application of known technology in a new PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) area has been described in order to increase their level of safety and comfort of use. In this work we have studied the effect of selected magnetron sputtering coating method onto polymer substrates, such as ABS (...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - January 23, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

An empirical comparison of OWAS, RULA and REBA based on self-reported discomfort.
This study aimed to compare three observational techniques of Ovako Working posture Analysis System (OWAS), Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA) and Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) based on whole-body discomfort. Fifteen college students participated in the experiment measuring discomfort. Hand height and distance, and external load were used as independent variables. The results showed that while just two independent variables of the hand height and distance significantly affected the OWAS action category, all three independent variables including external load were significant on the discomfort, RULA grand, and REBA sc...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - January 18, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Analysis of occupational injuries and the risk management of automobile parts manufacturing work.
Conclusion: Using the findings of this study, effective preventative measures to reduce occupational injuries according to the risk level are suggested and discussed for automobile parts manufacturing works. PMID: 31928161 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - January 15, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Interactive ergonomic risk mapping: A practical approach for visual management of workplace ergonomics.
In this study, a new tool for visualization of ergonomic practices in the workplace is proposed. For developing this tool, an interactive Ergonomic Risk Mapping (intERM) methodology is introduced consisting of five steps while integrating company's strategic vision and helping to accommodate the impacts of changes in policy and regulatory context, economic and demographic environment, technology and employment context. The proposed systematic and practical methodology is demonstrated on a real-life example. This visual and interactive tool enables prompt identification of and reaction to ergonomic risks, anticipating chang...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - January 15, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Construction Glass and Glazing Job Description - A Qualitative Case Study.
This study was aimed to develop a detailed job description that includes the CGG definition, tasks, activities, and work conditions. A qualitative case study was conducted, and data were collected through CGG workers' interviews and observations. This information is not currently available in government publications, published research, or job training materials for CGG workers and contractors. The results of this study can help facilitate the ergonomics analysis in future studies to eliminate or reduce the risk of WRMSDs in CGG work. PMID: 31914889 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of ...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - January 11, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Body Volume Estimation Equation for Male Laborers in Taiwan.
Authors: Tu HH, Lo VEW, Liu CW, Liu YP, Yu CY, Chen CY, Liu LW Abstract The purpose of this study was to develop a body volume (BV) estimation equation for male laborers in Taiwan with body weight (W) and stature height (H) as initial estimators. A 3D body scanner and 3D foot scanner were used to measure the 3D range data of 100 male laborers in this study. Subjects' BV was extracted from the 3D body model, and H and W were used as independent variables in regression analysis. The results show that the final BV estimation equation is BV = 1122.927 × W0.972 with R2 equal to 0.949. Thirty extra ma...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - January 4, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Application and modification of the Tripod Beta method for analyzing the causes of oil and gas industries accidents.
Conclusions: The results of the present study added to the knowledge of the causes of the accident. These results can help increase the capabilities of the Tripod Beta method for analyzing accident causes such as supervision factors and unsafe condition, which have been ignored in the analysis performed using Tripod Beta method. PMID: 31872789 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - December 26, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research