Proper Sit-stand Work Schedule to Reduce the Negative Outcomes of Sedentary Behavior: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
Conclusions: TR2 had a positive effect on the office workers' energy expenditure, blood parameters, depression, fatigue, and productivity. PMID: 31603033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - October 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Analysis of selected mechanical parameters for foamed materials with non-Newtonian liquid characteristics in terms of their use in aspects of protective helmets.
Authors: Jachowicz M, Owczarek G Abstract The paper presents the results of the measurements of mechanical parameters for foamed materials with non-Newtonian liquid characteristics (energy suppressed in the sample, the force transferred to the anvil during the dynamic tests). In dynamic studies, the following characteristics were determined: the pressure forces exerted on the anvil as a function of the sample deflection during the impact, the energy suppressed in the sample depending on the temperature and the energy suppressed in the sample depending on the sample density. Foamed materials with non-Newtonian chara...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - October 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Personal Noise Exposure Assessment of Kuwaiti Printing Industry Workers.
In this study, 104 workers wore personal noise dosimeters for one full shift. Computer-to-plate operators experienced noise exposures of 75 dB(A) on average and were rarely exposed to noise levels greater than 85 dB(A). Noise exposure in excess of 85 dB(A) was still common among offset printer operators. In fact, all workers operating web-fed offset machines spent more than half the shift experiencing noise levels greater than 85 dB(A). We found that the 5 min rolling SD of noise levels accurately reflected the impulsivity observed in the noise level profile. PMID: 31594479 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: ...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - October 10, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Work ability, functional exercise capacity and prevalence of obesity in peri- and post-menopausal women with non-manual employment.
Conclusion: Work ability correlates positively to functional exercise capacity, which correlates negatively to adipose tissue accumulation in perimenopausal women with non-manual employment, but not in post-menopausal cases. PMID: 31584355 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - October 6, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Biochemical changes among municipal solid waste sorting workers: implications for personal protective equipment availability and use.
Conclusions: Elevated biomarkers of allergy and inflammation herald preclinical disease risks that should be included in basic health surveillance. The use of PPE should be emphasized by workers involved in solid waste sorting to effectively protect their health. PMID: 31570081 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - October 3, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Evaluation of work-related musculoskeletal disorder issue among sonographers in general hospitals in Guangdong province of China.
Conclusion: Less workload, more regular rest break and good ergonomics of working condition is encouraged to alleviate WMSDs among sonographers in Guangdong province. PMID: 31547782 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - September 26, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Predicting the probability of occupational fall incident: A Bayesian network model for oil industry.
CONCLUSION: Bayesian Network's features including graphical representation, easy belief updating, performance testing, and sensitivity analysis facilitate the process of predicting occupational incident probability including fall events. Proposed approach is a step toward quantitative risk analysis of occupational incidents. PMID: 31538862 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - September 22, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Oxygen Deficiency Hazard in confined spaces in steel industry: assessment through predictive models.
Conclusions. ODH assessments in confined spaces of steel firms allow the identification of the most critical parameters from an O2 depletion perspective, focusing on which data need careful measurement, and help to establish controls compatible with the operations conducted into these areas. PMID: 31530255 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - September 19, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Is "Invisible Gorilla" self-reportedly measurable? Development and validation of a new questionnaire for measuring cognitive unsafe behaviors of front-line industrial workers.
This study aimed at development and validation of a new questionnaire for measuring cognitive unsafe behaviors of front-line industrial workers. A new questionnaire with 61 items was developed and the main measurement characteristics (validity and reliability) were analyzed. Content validity analysis showed that 61 items had excellent content validity index ( 0.42). The good internal consistency (Cronbach's α = 0.95) and stability (Intra-class Correlation Coefficient = 0.98) were found for the new instrument. The result of confirmatory factor analysis represented that the selected model wa...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - September 13, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

More than an apple: Better lunch enhances bus drivers' work performance and well-being.
This study aims to seek affordable solutions to help bus drivers reach their health goals and improve work performance. Guided by Hertzberg's motivation theory and self-determination theory, it investigates the ways of reducing the psychological risks bus drivers faced by conducting an experiment among them in Shenzhen, China. During the experiment, a serving of fresh fruit (e.g., an apple or a banana) was added to their lunch for three weeks. The enhanced lunch helped improve work performance and well-being. Specifically, eating an extra apple or banana was found to reduce depression, improve self-efficacy and traffic saf...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - September 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

The Relationships Between the Use of Smart Mobile Technology, Safety Knowledge, and Propensity to Follow Safe Practices at Work.
Authors: Olak AJ, Hejduk I, Karwowski W, Tomczyk P, Fazlagić J, Gac P, Hejduk H, Sobolewska S, Çakıt E, Alrehaili OA Abstract The main objective of this study was to investigate the relationships between the use of smart technology (mobile phones) and the implicit (tacit) and explicit safety knowledge of employees and their propensity to follow safe practices at work. A survey with seven constructs, including 1) use of mobile technology, 2) tacit safety knowledge, 3) explicit safety knowledge of unsafe behaviors, 4) attitudes toward safety: emotional aspects, 5) safety culture: behavioral and psychological...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - September 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Comparison of two methods of sorting recyclable materials on posture among trash sorters in Brazil - a cross-sectional study.
Conclusion: The conveyor belt method showed lower angular velocities during the manual sorting of recyclable materials compared to a fixed work surface. PMID: 31476986 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - September 6, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Comparison of Estimated OHS Costs with Actual Costs in Maintenance and Repair Projects of Public Buildings.
Authors: Yilmaz M, Uğur LO Abstract Public building stock in Turkey is getting older and more funds are transferred for repairs and maintenance of these public buildings. Parallel to this growth, a significant increase is observed in the number of occupational accidents occurring in the Turkish construction sector. This case study focuses on compulsory investments of small or middle scale repairs and maintenance projects of public buildings. In the determination of OHS costs which are an integral part of the project costs, a model combining risk-based activity analysis and activity-based cost analysis is utilized ...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - August 30, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

An investigation of instructional practices which promote occupational safety and health.
Authors: Threeton MD, Kwon K, Fleck JA, Ketchem B, Farzam L Abstract In order to promote insight on providing secure teaching and learning environments within schools, this study sought to: (a) explore instructional practices utilized by educators to promote occupational safety and health (OSH) and hearing protection within career and technical education (CTE) programs; and (b) identify what barriers may exist, which prevent instructors from teaching OSH and hearing protection. Utilizing a focus group methodology, this research examined automotive and diesel technology instructors within an Eastern U.S. State. Upon...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - August 24, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

The effects of combined exposure to noise and heat on human salivary cortisol and blood pressure.
Conclusions. Combined exposure to noise and heat could affect the saliva cortisol and blood pressure in both male and female groups. Further studies are recommended to capture other combinations of physical hazardous agents especially in the field. PMID: 31438779 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - August 24, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Respiratory symptoms and lung's functional impairments associated with occupational exposure to poultry house pollutants.
Authors: Ebrahimi A, Soleimani E, Neghab M Abstract The aim was to assess respiratory symptoms and pulmonary function test (PFT) in poultry workers. Eighty-nine poultry workers and 100 unexposed referent employees were studied. The prevalence of respiratory symptoms was assessed using the European standardized respiratory symptom questionnaire. Airborne concentrations of total and repairable dusts exceeded the threshold limit values. Gram-positive cocci and Cladosporium were the dominant genera of bacteria and fungi, respectively.‏ The prevalence of respiratory symptoms were significantly higher in the exposed ...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - August 22, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

A novel approach recommendation for hazard analysis.
Authors: Efe B, Kurt M Abstract Hazard evaluation generally deals to define the ranking of the hazards in the work environment and it ignores the interaction of hazards. This paper aims to overcome this drawback so that fuzzy cognitive map (FCM) approach is used to analyze the interaction of hazards related with sheathing tasks in a construction firm. FCM approach can be insufficient for hazard evaluation in long period due to certain budget and time allocated by the firm. When the firm allocates more time and budget for a process, the firm must limit allocated time and budget for the other processes. This paper ai...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - August 3, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

List of referees - 2019.
Authors: PMID: 31362611 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - August 2, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Prevalence of musculoskeletal problems in laboratory technicians.
CONCLUSIONS: Due to this, it is necessary to implement plans to train in the specific risks according to the activities done by these professionals. PMID: 31343392 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - July 27, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Multi-criteria ranking of the influential factors of safety as criteria for the development of occupational safety and health climate.
Authors: Stefanović V, Urošević S, Stević Ž, Mladenović-Ranisavljević I Abstract The research in this paper aimed at determining the importance of the occupational safety and health (OSH) factors at work as criteria for the development of the OSH climate. Based on the views of the 28 responsible persons of the OSH management system, the significance of the criteria was determined using the rough step-wise weight assessment ratio analysis (R-SWARA) method. The obtained results show that the development of the OSH climate in organizations primarily depends on the factors of the work environment and the c...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - July 24, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Chemical mismanagement and skin burns among hospitalized and outpatient door (OPD) patients.
This study suggests that management's effective supervision and governmental regulations may help to prevent chemical skin burns at work, and can further be controlled by hiring professional workers alongside providing training to them in chemical handling as well as using protective equipment and developing appropriate management policies to improve victim's wellbeing and quality of life. Findings will help the workers, doctors, hospitals, industries, government, and other stakeholders to understand and control chemical hazards at-site to minimize the risks of chemical skin burn incidents. PMID: 31251122 [PubMed - as ...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - July 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Examination of a new functional firefighter fitness test.
This study compares the demands of a new firefighting-specific tasks test, with an existing laboratory test Thirty-five male subjects were tested. In both tests, the subjects wore a complete firefighting outfit including a breathing apparatus, but not the usual facemask. Test durations were 8 min (existing test) vs ≈ 10 min (new test). Peak oxygen uptake was similar in the tests, ≈ 45 ml × kg-1 × min-1. Time with an oxygen uptake above 35 ml × kg-1 × min-1 was longer in the new test, 6.4 vs 4.7 min. The results suggest that the new test is as demanding as the traditional test and offers ...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 21, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Role of ergonomics in re-designing job design in call centres.
Conclusion It was concluded that the issues related to these factors should be addressed, to improve job designs at workplace. PMID: 31190632 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 16, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Whole body vibration exposures of roller compactors: Characteristics and effect of waste rubber in damping the vibration.
Authors: Madhavie MKJ, De Silva GHMJS Abstract Whole body vibration (WBV) exposures of twelve roller compactor operators were measured to investigate the characteristics of WBV vibration transmitted to roller compactor operators and to assess their level of exposure to WBV. All the subjects were in the seated position and vibration transmission at the interface between the operator and seat was measured. Operators showed a dominant WBV transmission in vertical direction. Eight-hour exposure (A (8)) and vibration dose value (VDV) were used to assess operators' exposure to WBV. 75% of operators were found with high o...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 14, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Evaluation of Safety Climate Differences among Employees' Demographic Variables: A Cross-sectional Study in Two Different-sized Manufacturing Industries in Malaysia.
Conclusion. Improving organization and group levels safety climate are recommended to improve employees' level of safety climate and control their personal factors. PMID: 31131712 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Commuting Accidents of Spanish Professional Drivers: When Occupational Risk Exceeds the Workplace.
Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that commuting accidents involving professional drivers differ in demographic and situational issues from general and on-duty professional driverś traffic crashes. Also, and since in Spain commuting crashes are occupational accidents, more numerous and better actions should be taken in this regard, especially considering the association of professional drivers' accidents with fatigue and shift-working. PMID: 31132927 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Predictive factors for return to work after lumbar discectomy.
CONCLUSIONS: Return to work after discectomy is seen in more than two-thirds of patients and is related to factors such as pain intensity and body mass index. However, return to previous versus the modified job is a multi-factorial issue. PMID: 31112066 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 22, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Using visual aids to influence manual lifting techniques - Acute effects of viewing static images on spine motion.
Conclusions: Acute changes in lifting mechanics can be elicited via visual observation of pictured techniques. However, if using pictures to attenuate peak lumbar flexion displacements and velocities when lifting, auxiliary instruction may be needed to direct observers' attention to the spine curvature displayed. PMID: 31112070 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 22, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Evaluation of Hazard Distances Related to Toxic Releases in a Gas Refinery: Comparison of Chemical Exposure Index and Consequence Modeling Approaches.
Authors: Cheraghi M, Bagherian-Sahlavani A, Noori H, Mohammad-Fam I Abstract The release of toxic chemicals is an important hazard of chemical plants. The purpose of this study is to compare Chemical Exposure Index (CEI) and a consequence modeling to determine the hazard distance of toxic chemical release, utilizing a gas refinery as the case study. The CEI was utilized and considerable release scenarios were determined. The PHAST model was performed for consequence modeling of the scenarios with highest airborne quantity. In the case of toxic chemical release based on both CEI and consequence modeling, the sludge ...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 18, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Development and psychometric properties of the Polish basic version of the SDM Questionnaire for measuring bullying.
CONCLUSION: The SDM questionnaire is an accurate and reliable psychometric tool for measuring workplace bullying in Polish conditions. PMID: 31079558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 15, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Partitioning the total seatback reaction force amongst the lumbar spine motion segments during simulated rear impact collisions.
Authors: Zehr JD, Fewster KM, Gooyers CE, Parkinson RJ, Callaghan JP Abstract Purpose: To determine how the seatback force is distributed across lumbar spine motion segments during a simulated low-velocity rear impact collision with and without the application of mechanical lumbar support. Methods: A ferroresistive pressure sensing system during simulated rear impact collisions (ΔV = 7.66 km/h). Total seatback reaction force was derived from pressure recordings as the product of calibrated pressure outputs and sensel areas. The 3-dimensional position of the pressure mat and the lumbar...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Validation of Energy Balance Approach for Design of Vertical Lifeline Systems.
Authors: Lim WC, Tashrif SM, Goh YM, Koh SJA Abstract To ensure that vertical lifeline systems (VLLS) are well-designed, calculation methods are required to estimate the extension of personal energy absorber (PEA) (xPEA) and total fall distance (hTFD). Thus, the authors conducted 28 tests to validate the accuracy of the energy-balance approach for estimating xPEA and hTFD of VLLS and propose suitable correction factors to improve the accuracy and safety of estimated xPEA and hTFD. For 9 out of 19 tests with PEA, the difference between the theorical xPEA and empirical xPEA was 25% or higher, indicating that energy b...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Semi-Quantitative Health Risk Assessment of Exposure to Chemicals in an Aluminum Rolling Mill.
Authors: Sanjari A, Saeedi R, Khaloo SS Abstract The main goal of this study was to evaluate the health risks resulting from occupational exposure to chemicals in an aluminium rolling mill to propose effective control measures. The exposure of workers to chemicals was assessed based on the Singapore Health Department's methodology. The health risks of exposure to the identified chemicals as well as the relative risk of developing cancer due to exposure to benzene were assessed. According to the results, the risk level of exposure to sulfuric acid in the washing line, and manganese in the manufacturing unit were hig...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 11, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Predictive power of selected factors on driver stress at work.
In conclusion, driver stress can be predicted by certain variables. This study contributes to a better understanding of driver stress and promotes safety at the wheel, thus helping to prevent traffic accidents. PMID: 31043142 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 4, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

The importance of the individual predictors and the psychosocial working conditions in assessing the Work Ability Index of people with low vision.
CONCLUSIONS: The WAI of people with low vision is both positively and negatively impacted via different intensities associated with complex correlations, including gender; age; profession; stress propensity; quantitative, qualitative, and emotional demands of work; specificity of work, professional education; and the presence of stressors. PMID: 31038396 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 2, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Work-related discomfort among floor-sitting sedge weavers: a cross-sectional survey.
CONCLUSIONS: A majority of sedge weavers experienced work-related discomfort. Taking regular exercise, having sufficient sleep and sitting on a cushion may reduce the discomfort experienced by these sedge-weavers. PMID: 31025606 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 28, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Associations Between Lower Back Pain and Job Types in South Korean Male Firefighters.
Authors: Kim MG, Ahn YS Abstract The aims of this study were to (1) compare the prevalence of LBP in firefighters according to job type and (2) identify the risk factors of LBP. A random sample of 277 male firefighters and 72 hospital office workers completed questionnaires and underwent lumbar spine MRI. The prevalence of LBP in firefighters (85.1%) was higher than in controls (54.5%). The odds ratio (OR) of LBP and severe insomnia (3.84, 95% CI [1.17, 12.06]) was statistically higher than LBP without insomnia. The OR of LBP and herniated lumbar disc 4-5 (1.86, 95% CI [1.03, 3.35]) was statistically higher than th...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 17, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Cross-Cultural Comparison of Firefighters' Perception of Mobility and Occupational Injury Risks Associated with Personal Protective Equipment.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggested that PPE design for U.S. firefighters should consider a balance in weight distribution of SCBA and overall interface of turnout gear and equipment. For Chinese firefighters' PPE, flexibility of materials for boots should be emphasized to increase mobility and reduce the risks of MSDs. PMID: 30975043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 14, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Worker safety perception analysis of South Korean construction sites.
CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms that the seventh dimension showed the highest safety perception amongst all dimensions in South Korea. In the future, these findings can be utilized to develop an evaluation tool for the safety climate of the construction industry in South Korea. PMID: 30966995 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 12, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Informal sector occupational hazards: an observational workplace assessment of the traditional medicine trade (South Africa).
Authors: Shezi B, Naidoo R, Muttoo S, Mathee A, Alfers L, Dobson R, Ndlovu P, Street R Abstract Informal traditional medicine markets are trading and processing hubs for a range of plant, animal and mineral materials; however, little is known regarding the occupational risks associated with the processing and handling of these products. The aim of this study was to identify the workplace hazards of the traditional medicine trade. A walk-through observation of the workplace was conducted by two independent observers with formal training in workplace risk evaluation. Ergonomic, physical, chemical, biological and envi...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 11, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

An investigation on the relationship between demographic variables, driving behaviour and crash involvement risk of bus drivers: A case study from Iran.
Authors: Tavakoli Kashani A, Besharati MM Abstract The aim was to model the bus drivers' crash involvement risk as a function of their demographic factors and driving behaviour. 177 bus drivers completed a questionnaire containing the BDRI questionnaire. 19.2% of respondents had at least been involved in one at-fault crash during the past three years. In addition, age-group and having a second job were found to affect crash involvement rate. Smoker drivers reported significantly lower scores in Patient driving and Anxious driving factors. Results also indicated that vehicle ownership could improve hazard monitoring...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 10, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Occupational accidents in Swedish construction trades.
Authors: Berglund L, Johansson M, Nygren M, Samuelson B, Stenberg M, Johansson J Abstract The purpose of this study is to anazlye accidents occurring in the Swedish construction industry focusing specifically on the situation in the individual trades. The article includes all occupational accidents with at least one day of absence from work that were reported to the Swedish Social Insurance Agency for the year of 2016. The results, focusing on accident cause, injured body parts, as well as accidents per weekday, month and age, show that although the trades share commonalities regarding occupational accidents a numb...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Lifetime Vibration Dose (LVD) Correlates with Severity of Neurological Component of HAVS among Tyre Shop Workers in Kelantan, Malaysia.
CONCLUSION:: Cumulative lifetime exposure to hand-transmitted vibration is likely to be related to neurological severity of HAVS and therefore must be considered when assessing workers exposure to hand-arm vibration. PMID: 30940001 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Alcohol and Substance Misuse in the Construction Industry.
Authors: Flannery J, Ajayi SO, Oyegoke AS Abstract The study investigates the factors contributing to the menace of Alcohol and Substance Misuse (ASM) in the construction industry, and its mitigation. Sequential exploratory mixed method design, involving interview and questionnaire were used for collecting data that were subsequently analysed using thematic analysis, factor analysis and Kruskal-Wallis test. Findings suggest that the problem of ASM is largely caused and exacerbated by mental strain, site working conditions, male dominance and ineffective HR management. Screening and educational approaches were confi...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 4, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Occupational Safety and Health at Shared Workplaces According to Workplace Inspection Reports.
Authors: Kekkonen P, Reiman A, Väyrynen S, Rajala HK Abstract The aim of this study was to create a holistic view of shared workplaces and the ways in which these 'special situations' for organising work take place in practice. The characteristics of shared workplaces and the associated phenomena and challenges were also points of interest. Occupational safety and health inspection reports (N = 200) from the Regional State Administrative Agency of Finland were analysed to obtain information on the deficiencies observed at shared workplaces. The observations were categorised, and the categories we...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 2, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

The effect of two types of maximal voluntary contraction and two electrode positions in field recordings of forearm extensor muscle activity during hotel room cleaning.
CONCLUSIONS: Problems associated with poorly activated forearm extensors can be overcome by using resisted wrist extension as reference. PMID: 30932748 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 2, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Prioritization of the Lower Back Pain Risk Factors Among Industrial Workers Using Best-Worst Method.
Authors: Khan NZ, Shihab SK, Attri R, Siddiquee AN, Khan ZA Abstract Although lower back pain (LBP) is reported to be the most prevalent musculoskeletal disorder related to the work (WMSD) amongst the workers, little systematic effort has been made to identify the factors and to determine their priority for the onset of LBP. In this paper, an attempt has been made to determine priority of LBP risk factors using a relatively new, simple and effective multi criteria decision making (MCDM) method i.e. Best-Worst method (BWM). BWM has been used in this research as it (1) makes use of relatively fewer data for compariso...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 29, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Constructing Active Health and Safety Performance Questionnaire in the Food Manufacturing Industry.
Authors: Cheng SY, Lin KP, Liou YW, Hsiao CH, Liu YJ Abstract To design a comprehensive health and safety management performance system, extant literature on the health and safety performance indicators of and management systems for the application of occupational health and safety management systems was reviewed; additionally, the provisions of occupational health and safety laws were examined with a total of three main categories, including 28 active safety and health management performance categories. In the present study, health and safety management performance was evaluated by food manufacturing industry empl...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 5, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Obesity effects on muscular activity during lifting and lowering tasks.
This study aims to analyze and compare the muscular activity in subjects with different obesity levels, using surface electromyography (EMG), during predefined VHT. Six different VHT (combining 5, 10 and 15 kg loads with two task styles) were performed. EMG data normalization was based on the percentage of Maximum Contraction during each Task (MCT%). The results show that obesity influences MCT%, which in turn increases the muscular effort during VHT. The current investigation demonstrates that obesity is a relevant musculoskeletal risk factor regarding VHT. The engineering analysis and design implications of this w...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 1, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

A fuzzy causal relational mapping and rough set based model for context-specific human error rate estimation.
This study discusses a fuzzy rule-based causal relational mapping approach to investigate the variability of human error rate with context. Different contexts are mapped onto human error rate estimated from the reported accident cases. This mapping develops a causal relational diagram which can be used for predicting human error rate in any context. Such information is useful to identify problems of areas and to develop safety countermeasures. PMID: 30775954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - February 20, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research