Adaptation of Perturbation to Postural Control in Individuals with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy.
The objective of this study was to analyze differences of postural characteristics between diabetics with peripheral neuropathy and diabetics without peripheral neuropathy. A learning effect of perturbation was found for diabetic peripheral neuropathy group in the posterior direction of perturbation during the first phase, which may indicate that it could be possible to design a postural control program for those people. PMID: 29996729 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - July 14, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

The association between wet-bulb globe temperature and other thermal indices (DI, MDI, PMV, PPD, PHS, PSI and PSIhr): a field study.
Authors: Zare S, Hasheminejad N, Bateni M, Baneshi MR, Shirvan HE, Hemmatjo R Abstract The current study aimed at comparing the correlation coefficients between wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT) and a number of parameters, including the discomfort index (DI), modified discomfort index (MDI), predicted mean vote (PMV), predicted percentage of dissatisfaction (PPD), predicted heat strain (PHS), physiological strain index (PSI) and physiological strain index heart rate (PSIhr). In total, 30 workers of a pelletizing factory participated in this study. Environmental parameters and workers' physiological parameters were ...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - July 13, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Occupational noise induced hearing loss in South African large-scale mines: Exploring Hearing Conservation Programmes as Complex Interventions embedded in a Realist Approach.
CONCLUSION: The success of HCPs in the mining sector depend on conducting contextually evidence-based evaluations such as realist reviews which can provide policymakers with contextual evidence why certain programmes or do not work in certain settings. PMID: 29987970 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - July 11, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Promoting evidence-based practice - perceived knowledge, behaviours and attitudes of polish nurses: a cross-sectional validation study.
PROMOTING EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE - PERCEIVED KNOWLEDGE, BEHAVIOURS AND ATTITUDES OF POLISH NURSES: A CROSS-SECTIONAL VALIDATION STUDY. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2018 Jun 28;:1-25 Authors: Belowska J, Panczyk M, Zarzeka A, Iwanow L, Cieślak I, Gotlib J Abstract PURPOSE: Evidence-based practice (EBP) is recognized by the healthcare community as the gold standard for the provision of safe and compassionate healthcare. The aim was to describe nurses' knowledge, behaviours and attitudes regarding EBP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional approach was conducted during specialty state examinations in Po...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 30, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

A pre-post evaluation of fatigue, stress and vigilance amongst commercially licensed truck drivers performing a prolonged driving task.
Authors: Cardoso M, Fulton F, Callaghan JP, Johnson M, Albert WJ Abstract PURPOSE: The main purpose of this research study was to evaluate changes in fatigue, stress and vigilance amongst commercially licensed truck drivers involved in a prolonged driving task. The secondary purpose was to determine if a new ergonomic seat could help reduce both physical and cognitive fatigue during a prolonged driving task. Two different truck seats were evaluated: industrial standard seat and a new truck seat prototype. METHODS: Twenty male truck drivers were recruited to attend two testing sessions, on two separate days with...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 30, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Efficiency improvement by navigated safety inspection involving visual clutter based on the random search model.
Authors: Sun X, Chong HY, Liao PC Abstract Navigated inspection seeks to improve hazard identification (HI) accuracy. With tight inspection schedule, HI also requires efficiency. However, lacking quantification of HI efficiency, navigated inspection strategies cannot be comprehensively assessed. This work aims to determine inspection efficiency in navigated safety inspection, controlling for the HI accuracy. Based on a cognitive method of the random search model (RSM), an experiment was conducted to observe the HI efficiency in navigation, for a variety of visual clutter (VC) scenarios, while using eye-tracking dev...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 29, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Application of Pythagorean fuzzy AHP and VIKOR methods in occupational health and safety risk assessment: The case of a gun and rifle barrel external surface oxidation and colouring unit.
In this study, a new approach is proposed for risk assessment in the field of OHS. It integrates the Pythagorean fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (PFAHP) and the fuzzy VlseKriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje (FVIKOR) into a risk assessment process. PFAHP is used in weighting the risk parameters. FVIKOR is then applied to prioritize the hazards. To demonstrate the applicability and validity of the proposed approach, a case study of a barrel external surface oxidation and colouring unit of a gun and rifle production facility is performed. A comparison is also provided between the proposed approach and intuitioni...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Comparison of the Safety Cultures of Turkish Aviation and Maritime Transportation Workers.
In this study, a questionnaire survey was conducted among 318 Turkish people who work in different positions in the aviation and maritime industries. The perceptions of safety culture within different occupations and occupational groups were compared. Statistically significant differences were found between the aviation and maritime sectors. PMID: 29927710 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 23, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Design for Occupational Safety and Health of Workers in Construction in Developing Countries: A Study of Architects in Nigeria.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings are thus symptomatic of the prevalence of influential DfS implementation barriers within the construction sector. Industry stakeholders should seek to raise the profile of DfS practice within the sector. Furthermore, similar empirical studies in the construction sector of other developing countries would be useful in shedding light on the status of DfS in these countries. PMID: 29902120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 16, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Work-related musculoskeletal injuries in Prosthetists and Orthotists in Australia.
This study aims to determine the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in prosthetists/orthotists working in Australia. Secondary to this, the relationship between work-related hazards and work-related musculoskeletal disorders will be examined. METHODS: In 2012 a self-report survey was conducted with the prosthetist/orthotist workforce in Australia (N=139, 56% response rate). Data on workplace physical and psychosocial hazards, job satisfaction, work life balance and musculoskeletal discomfort were collected. Predictors of work-related musculoskeletal disorders were assessed using logistic regression an...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 14, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

A non-destructive single plate method for measurement of thermal resistance of polymer sheets and fabrics.
Authors: Dolezal I, Hes L, Bal K Abstract Measurement of the thermal resistance of polymer sheets and fibrous layers is important in various applications including those within the engineering, ergonomics, clothing design and personal protective equipment fields. Standard methods of measurement of the thermal resistance of plain materials are generally time consuming, expensive and often require the sample to be cut. Moreover, the temperature difference between the surfaces of both plates surrounding the sample must be known, as well as the sample thickness. In this paper, a new measuring device named Thermoscope i...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 14, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Musculoskeletal Disorder (MSD) Prevalence among Women Weavers Working With Handlooms in Samarinda, Indonesia.
Authors: Muhamad Ramdan I, Candra KP, Rahma Fitri A PMID: 29889000 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 13, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Effect of hand postures and object properties on forearm muscles activities using surface electromyography.
This study provides basic information about the specific activities of the forearm muscles and the effects of the hand postures and object properties on those activities. PMID: 29889649 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 13, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Terrorism vulnerability: Organizations' ambiguous expectations and employees' conflicting priorities.
This study demonstrates how field employees' perceived threat of terrorism (PTT) is magnified by the incompatibility between role demand (travel and work outdoors) and resource (terrorism endangered environment). With a foundation in the conservation of resource perspective and transactional theory of stress, a theoretical framework was proposed to test the mediating effect of role ambiguity (RA) and role conflict (RC) in the relationship between PTT and emotional exhaustion (EE). An approach involving confirmatory factor analysis and the structural equation was used for analysis. Data from 432 pharmaceutical sales represe...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 10, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Occupational safety and health management in developing countries: a study of construction companies in malawi.
CONCLUSIONS: OSH management improvement efforts would need to focus on the elements with particularly low implementation of practices as well as include initiatives that focus on helping micro enterprises to improve their OSH management. Association between business characteristics and OSH management may be more evident with certain elements such as the organising element. Furthermore, certification to Standard No. OHSAS 1800:2007 may not necessarily translate into greater implementation of OSH management practices, especially in developing countries. PMID: 29846152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Internat...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 3, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Hazard Function Deployment: a QFD based tool for the assessment of working tasks - A practical study in the construction industry.
Authors: Fargnoli M, Lombardi M, Haber N, Guadagno F Abstract Despite the efforts made, the number of accidents has not significantly decreased in the construction industry. The main reasons can be found in the peculiarities of working activities in this sector, where hazard analysis and safety management result in being more difficult than in other industries. To deal with these problems, a comprehensive approach for hazard analysis is needed, focusing on the activities in which a working task is articulated since they are characterized by different types of hazards and thus risk levels. The study proposes a metho...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 3, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

A review, simple meta-analysis, and future directions of safety climate research in manufacturing organisations.
This study identifies several conceptual and methodological limitations associated with developing safety climate measurements, such as the lack of a rigorous validation process, problematic sample sizes, and composition. Within the reviewed studies, several factors were used to measure safety climate. Management's commitment to safety and associated training and procedures were the most common, followed by workers' attitudes and commitment. The most frequently used factors should reflect that prevention of work-related accidents and injuries depends on both the organisation's and workers' actions. Most studies made no att...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - June 3, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

The model of professional satisfaction of nursing staff in Poland - brief communication.
Authors: Kunecka D, Skowron Ł Abstract The aim of this study was to create an empirical model that would help understand how to obtain the optimal level of professional satisfaction among Polish nurses. The study was performed using a standardized questionnaire among 1066 nurses. Descriptive and explanatory methods have been used in the statistical analysis of path-analytic approaches. The simulations showed that the model that achieved the highest measure of fit was a simple one that included 15 thematic areas, determining the varying degrees of job satisfaction of Polish nurses. The modeling approach to the proc...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Physical ergonomics awareness in an offshore processing platform among Malaysian oil and gas workers.
CONCLUSION: This study provides an overview of Malaysian O&G workers' outlook towards the physical ergonomics issues in an offshore workplace. These data could be further analyzed in future as relevant aspects of designing an offshore facility. PMID: 29792568 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

A model for predicting the risk of musculoskeletal disorders among computer professionals.
The objective of this study was to develop a model for predicting the risk of musculoskeletal disorders among computer professionals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A preliminary study with a modified Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire was conducted to identify the risk in different body parts of the professionals during their work. A discrete postural evaluation of the dynamic postures involved in the work was assessed using rapid upper limb assessment. The postural, physiological and work-related factors were considered as the attributes of the model. The model was developed using various machine learning algorithms, which...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 25, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Effects of organizational safety on employees' proactivity safety behaviors and occupational health and safety management system in Chinese high-risk small scale enterprises.
This study proposed a structural equation model and examined the relationships of perceived organization support for safety (POSS), person-organization safety fit (POSF), and proactivity safety behaviors with safety management, safety procedures and safety hazards identification. Data was collected from 503 employees of 105 Chinese high-risk small scale enterprises over six months. The results showed that both POSS and POSF were positively related to improvement in safety management, safety procedures and safety hazards identification through proactivity safety behaviors. Our findings provide a new perspective on organizat...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 20, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Human errors and occupational injuries of older female workers in the residential healthcare facilities for the elderly.
Authors: Kim JS, Jeong BY Abstract The study aimed to describe the characteristics of occupational injuries of female workers in the residential healthcare facilities for the elderly, and analyze human errors as causes of accidents. From the national industrial accident compensation data, 506 female injuries were analyzed by age and occupation. The results showed that medical service worker was the most prevalent (54.1%), followed by social welfare worker (20.4%). Among injuries, 55.7% were
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 4, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Effect of neck posture on cervicothoracic loads in overhead crane operators.
Authors: Afshari D, Mazloumi A, Nourollahi-Darabad M, Nasl Saraji G, Rahimi Foroushani A PMID: 29708058 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 3, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Impact of Safety Training and Interventions on Training-Transfer: Targeting Migrant Construction Workers.
Authors: Hussain R, Pedro A, Lee DY, Pham HC, Park CS Abstract Despite substantial efforts to improve construction safety training, the accident rate of migrant workers is still high. One of the primary factors contributing to the inefficacy of training includes information delivery gaps during training sessions (knowledge-transfer). In addition, there is insufficient evidence that these training programs alone are effective enough to enable migrant workers to transfer their skills to jobsite (training-transfer). This research attempts to identify and evaluate additional interventions to improve the transfer of acq...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - May 3, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

ELF-MF Occupational Exposure in Die-casting and Electroplating Workers in Korea.
This study suggests that ELF-MF exposure levels should be taken into consideration when providing dormitories for workers to minimize the levels of residential ELF-MF exposure due to emission from plants. The study recommends that blue-collar workers should be made aware of measures to minimize their exposure to environmental agents such as ELF-MF and electromagnetic field (EMF) during work, such as maintaining a safe distance between machines and avoiding undesirable behavior with equipment. PMID: 29697306 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 28, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Upper Extremity Postures and Muscle Activity During IV Pole Interaction.
Authors: Forman G, Breitner V, Shivpaul R, Murczek D, Holmes MWR PMID: 29667514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 20, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Safety Challenges and Improvement Strategies of Ethnic Minority Construction Workers: A Case Study in Hong Kong.
This study aims to identify the major barriers faced by ethnic minority workers from their own perspectives and determine potential strategies to enhance safety climate of construction projects, thus ultimately improve their safety performance. A survey with modified Nordic safety climate questionnaire was conducted in a certain sub-contractor in Hong Kong. In-depth interviews, status quo description, major challenge investigation and safety knowledge tests were carried as well. The top three most important safety challenges identified are improper stereotypes from the whole industry, lack of opportunities for job assignme...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 20, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Designing a neurofeedback device to quantify the attention levels using coffee as a reward system.
CONCLUSION: This simple and cost-effective prototype has the potential to enable everyone to know their immediate attention level and predict the possible correlation to the mental state. PMID: 29658406 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Proactive prevention in occupational safety and health: how to identify tomorrow's prevention priorities and preventive measures.
Authors: Hauke A, Flaspöler E, Reinert D Abstract INTRODUCTION: Global trends such as digitalisation, globalisation and demographic change are changing workplaces, and accordingly occupational safety and health (OSH) needs. To better prepare for the future and to foster proactive prevention, the German Social Accident Insurance (DGUV) established an OSH risk observatory (RO OSH). METHODS: The RO OSH relies on an online survey and calls upon the expertise of labour inspectors. 398 labour inspectors participated in the first RO OSH enquiry. They rated developments with regard to their sector-specific relevan...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 18, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Strategic Accident Reduction in an Energy Company and Its Resulting Financial Benefits.
This study provides a case example of an energy company that prioritised occupational safety and health and accident reduction as long-term, strategic development targets. Furthermore, this study describes the monetary benefits of this strategic decision. Company-specific accident indicators and monetary costs and benefits are evaluated. During the observation period (2010-2016), strategic investments in occupational safety and health cost the company EUR 0.8 million. However, EUR 1.8 million were saved in the same period, resulting in a 2.20 cost-benefit ratio. The trend in cost savings is strongly positive. Annual accide...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 15, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Introduction to Human Factors and Ergonomics.
Authors: Kędzior K PMID: 29635972 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 15, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Grip strength of occupational workers in relation with carpal tunnel syndrome and individual factors.
Authors: Singh GK, Srivastava S Abstract The main objective of the present work was to determine the association of grip strength with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) for occupational workers exposed to the risk of CTS. Experiments were performed on sixty workers, fifteen from each occupation. Grip strength was measured using hand dynamometer. Electrophysiological experiments were conducted to measure CTS. Three levels of CTS were identified on the basis of latency value and motor nerve conduction velocity, viz., mild, moderate, and severe. Statistical results suggest that workers having CTS lose their grip strength, ...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 15, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

When do "the dark personalities" become less counterproductive? the moderating role of job control and social support.
The objective of the study is to examine how job resources modify the relationship between Dark Triad (DT) and counterproductive work behavior (CWB). Specifically the study examined (1) the direct link between DT and CWB, (2) the moderation effects of two kinds of job resources (job control and social support), and (3) the moderated moderation effect of the job resources (job control x social support) on the DT-CWB link. Moreover, the effect of social approval on CWB was controlled. METHOD: Data were collected among 659 white- and blue-collar workers. The hypotheses were tested by means of the PROCESS method. RESUL...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 15, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Characteristics and Potential Human Health Hazards of Charged Aerosols Generated by High-voltage Power Lines.
Authors: Jung JS, Lee JW, Rajitha Kawshalya MAD, Park DS, Hong SC Abstract We investigated the characteristics of charged aerosols produced by high-voltage power lines (HVPLs) to explore the effects on respiratory disease incidence among those who handle HVPLs. Charged aerosol currents (fA) and charged aerosol concentrations were measured over 24 hours at 12 sites. Aerosol currents effective levels were 2.7 times higher compared to exposed and control site. This pattern of relative enhancement at exposed sites was seen consistently in all measurements and differences was 1.7 higher at exposed sites. Correlation ana...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Effect of Unifocal versus Multifocal Lenses on Cervical Spine Posture in Patients with Presbyopia.
Authors: Abbas RL, Houri MT, Rayyan MM, Hamada HA, Saab IM Abstract SIGNIFICANCE: There are many environmental considerations which may or may not lead to the development of faulty cervical mechanics. The design of near vision lenses could contribute to the development of such cervical dysfunction and consequently neck pain. Decision making regarding proper type of lens prescription seems important for presbyopic individuals. PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of unifocal and multifocal lenses on cervical posture. METHODS: Thirty subjects (18 females and 12 males) participated in the study with an age range...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - April 5, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

The impacts of rest breaks and stretching exercises on low back pain among commercial truck drivers in Iran.
The objective of this paper aimed to determine the impacts of rest breaks and stretching exercises on low back pain (LBP) in commercial truck drivers. METHODS: This quasi-experiment was carried out on 92 truck drivers suffering from chronic LBP. Subjects were categorized into 3 groups (stretching exercises and rest breaks, rest breaks only, and reference). Pain severity and related disability were measured at the beginning of the survey and after 6 and 12 weeks. The latter was assessed using the Oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire (OLBPDQ) and the Roland Morris questionnaire (RMQ). RESULTS: At the end o...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 31, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

The Effect of Nurses' Empowerment Perceptions on Job Safety Behaviors: A Research Study in Turkey.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings reveal that empowerment is a valuable tool for nurses' positive job safety behaviours. PMID: 29595097 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 31, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders among Handicraft Workers.
CONCLUSION: The handicraft workers are at high risk of developing WMSDs. Further research, preferably longitudinal studies, with more emphasis on work-related factors should now be undertaken to thoroughly investigate WMSDs in this occupational group. PMID: 29595378 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 31, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Development and performance assessment of electrically heating gloves with smart temperature control function.
Authors: Ma N, Lu Y, Xu F, Dai H Abstract A pair of lightweight electrically heating gloves (EHG) with smart temperature control function was developed. To evaluate thermoregulation properties of EHG, human trials were conducted in a climate chamber (2.5 °C, 60% RH). The changes in skin temperature of all fingers and opisthenar and the subjective thermal sensation were recorded in 60 min. The effects of two air velocities (i.e., 0.17 m/s and 0.50 m/s) on the cold protective performance of EHG in scenarios of heating and control were also investigated. For heating scenarios, skin temperature and thermal sensatio...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 29, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Developing a fatigue questionnaire for Chinese civil aviation pilots.
CONCLUSIONS: The fatigue questionnaire can be used to measure Chinese civil aviation pilots' fatigue, which provided a reference for fatigue risk management system to civil aviation pilots. PMID: 29570043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 28, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Evaluation of a new ballistic vest design for compliance with Standard No. PN-V-87000:2011 using physiological tests.
Authors: Marszałek A, Grabowska G, Łężak K, Secret Study Group Abstract Research into newly developed ballistic vests to be worn by police officers under clothing was carried out with air temperature conditions of +20°C. A ballistic vest should incorporate protective features, comfort and ergonomics. The thermal strain on users who wore the vests was evaluated as an average (A) and individually (I), after they had been conditioned in high (+50°C), low (-40°C) or neutral (+20°C) air temperatures, while performing various occupational activities. Research involved six police officers aged 36-42, w...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 28, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

The application of MBSR in a stress management intervention in a study of a mining sector company.
Authors: Molek-Winiarska D, Żołnierczyk-Zreda D Abstract PURPOSE: The aim of the article was to check if mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) is an effective intervention in reducing work-related stress in the case of workers of a copper mine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 66 employees were randomized to the experimental group (32 participants) or to the control group (34 participants). Work-related stress was measured using Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) (Karasek, 1979) and mental health was measured using General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) (Goldberg, 1990). Experimental manipulation was 40-hour-long MBSR t...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 28, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Psychosocial risks in small enterprises: The mediating role of perceived working conditions in the relationship between enterprise size and workers' anxious or depressive episodes.
Conclusion This study highlights perceived working conditions as an explanation of the effects of enterprise size. PMID: 29557281 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 22, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Application of fuzzy fault tree analysis based on modified fuzzy AHP and fuzzy TOPSIS for fire and explosion in process industry.
This study aimed at establishing fault tree analysis (FTA) using expert opinion to compute the probability of an event. Thus, in order to find the probability of the top event (TE), all probabilities of the basic events (BEs) should be available when FTA is drawn for an event. In this case, employing expert judgment can be used as an alternative to failure data in an awkward situation. The fuzzy analytical hierarchy process (FAHP) as a standard technique is used to give a specific weight to each expert, and fuzzy set theory is engaged for aggregating expert opinion. In this regards, the probability of BEs will be computed ...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 22, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Analysis of human and organizational factors that influence mining accidents based on Bayesian network.
CONCLUSION: The results of the present study could provide guidance to help safety and health management by adopting proper intervention strategies to reduce mining accidents. PMID: 29560801 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 22, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Impact of music type on motor coordination task performance among the introverted and extroverted students.
CONCLUSION: Listening to the music would enhance the speed of performance. The music with a higher tempo such as pop music, increased the speed more. PMID: 29560806 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 22, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Muscular activity and acceleration of box vibration in manual holding tasks : Effects of load and height of the load's center of gravity.
This study recruited 14 participants to examine the effects of load and height of load's center of gravity (COG) on muscular activities of brachioradialis, biceps brachii, and erector spinae, and on box vibration acceleration (g) in manual holding tasks. Each participant was asked to hold a box in twelve conditions (four loads × three heights of the load's COG). The results showed that the muscular activities of brachioradialis, biceps brachii, and erector spinae significantly increased with load; however, they were not affected by the height of load's COG. In addition, box vibration acceleration increased with load,...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 21, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Workplace Injuries, Safety Climate and Behaviors: Application of Artificial Neural Network.
This article proposes and tests a model of the interaction effect of organizational safety climate and behaviors on workplace injuries. Using artificial neural network and survey data from 306 metal casting industry employees in central Anatolia, we found that organizational safety climate mitigates workplace injuries, and safety behaviors enforces the strength of the negative impact of safety climate on workplace injuries. The results suggest a complex relationship between organizational safety climate, safety behavior, and workplace injuries. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed in light of decreasing wor...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 21, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Ergonomic study on wrist posture when using laparoscopic tools in four different techniques regarding minimally invasive surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: The outcomes proved that the surgical technique which is most beneficial for the patient imposes the greatest strain on the surgeon's wrist. PMID: 29553920 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 21, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research

Application of a TiO2 nanocomposite in earplugs, a case study of noise reduction.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study showed that samples containing nanoparticles of TiO2 had more noticeable noise reduction abilities at higher frequencies in comparison with samples without the nanoparticles. PMID: 29533144 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics)
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - March 15, 2018 Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research