Individual and Obstetric Risk Factors of Preeclampsia among Singleton Pregnancy in Hospitals of Southern Ethiopia.
Conclusion: Primary relatives with a history of chronic hypertension and no pregnancy interval were identified as risk factors of preeclampsia, while having a normal body mass index was found to be a protective factor of preeclampsia occurrence. To improve early detection and timely management of preeclampsia, the clinician should give attention to women who have no previous childbirth and whose close relatives had a history of chronic hypertension, as well as working on the protective factor is recommended. PMID: 33575039 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - February 14, 2021 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Higher Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) and Oxygen Desaturation Index (ODI) Were Independently Associated with Increased Risks of Hypertension in Patients with T2DM: A Cross-Sectional Study.
This study recruited 316 T2DM patients. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the independent association of apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and oxygen desaturation index (ODI) with hypertension with adjustment for potential confounders. Results: Among 316 patients, 130 (41.1%) and 204 (64.6%) had hypertension and OSAS, respectively. T2DM patients with hypertension showed significantly increased levels of AHI ((median (interquartile range)): 17.2 (5.7-34.9) vs. 5.7 (2.1-17.3) events/hour, p 
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - February 9, 2021 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Analyzing Trio-Anthropometric Predictors of Hypertension: Determining the Susceptibility of Blood Pressure to Sexual Dimorphism in Body Stature.
Authors: Kenneth EU, Chinedu UG, Christian AO, Ezeonu PO, Obaje SG Abstract Background: Several studies had suggested that complex body stature could be a risk factor of hypertension. Objectives: We aim to correlate body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-height ratio (WHtR) of rural dwellers in Afikpo community, Ebonyi State, Nigeria, with blood pressure parameters. Furthermore, we aim to ascertain how each of the anthropometric variables affects blood pressure in men and women, respectively. Materials and Methods: A sample of 400 (200 males and 200 females) adults aged 18-89 years were sel...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - February 5, 2021 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

May Measurement Month 2017-2019: A Community-Wide Opportunistic Blood Pressure Screening Campaign in Hong Kong.
Conclusion: A high number of cases can be identified with untreated, or treated but uncontrolled, hypertension from MMM. Citizens should be encouraged to check BP regularly and take follow-up actions if hypertension is suspected. PMID: 33532095 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - February 5, 2021 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Hypertension in the Adult Population of the Marmara Region, Turkey: A Descriptive Field Study.
Conclusion: Since individual and environmental factors affect the etiology of hypertension, it is recommended that family physicians address these factors first as part of a holistic approach for hypertension prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up. PMID: 33520303 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - February 2, 2021 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Assessment of Plasma Sodium to Potassium Ratio, Renal Function, Markers of Oxidative Stress, Inflammation, and Endothelial Dysfunction in Nigerian Hypertensive Patients.
This study investigated plasma sodium/potassium ratio, markers of oxidative stress, renal function, and endothelial dysfunction in hypertensive Nigerians. Materials and Methods: Five hundred forty-nine volunteers consisting of three hundred and twenty-four hypertensive and two hundred twenty-five controls participated in this study. Blood samples were collected from the participants and were analyzed for electrolytes, markers of oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, renal function, and inflammation, using ion-selective electrodes, spectrophotometric, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay methods, respectively. ...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - January 26, 2021 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Effects of L-/N-Type Calcium Channel Blockers on Angiotensin II-Renin Feedback in Hypertensive Patients.
In this study, we hypothesized that cilnidipine might exert a renoprotective effect by suppressing the RAS. Methods: A total of 25 hypertensive patients receiving a RAS inhibitor were randomly assigned to a cilnidipine (n = 12) or amlodipine (n = 13) group. The effects of cilnidipine on proteinuria and angiotensin II-renin feedback were assessed. Results: After 6 months of treatment, both systolic and diastolic blood pressures were significantly reduced to a similar extent in both groups. The urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio was significantly lower in the cilnidipine group (p
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - January 26, 2021 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Arterial Hypertension as a Risk Comorbidity Associated with COVID-19 Pathology.
Authors: Kamyshnyi A, Krynytska I, Matskevych V, Marushchak M, Lushchak O Abstract Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the novel coronavirus severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), is an ongoing global public health challenge. Current clinical data suggest that, in COVID-19 patients, arterial hypertension (AH) is one of the most common cardiovascular comorbidities; it can worsen outcomes and increase the risk of admission to intensive care unit (ICU). The exact mechanisms through which AH contributes to the poor prognosis in COVID-19 are not yet clear. The putative relationship betw...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - January 26, 2021 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Long-Term Risk of Progression to Sustained Hypertension in White-Coat Hypertension with Normal Night-Time Blood Pressure Values.
Authors: Faria J, Mesquita Bastos J, Bertoquini S, Silva J, Polónia J Abstract Background: The long-term prognosis and transition towards sustained ambulatory hypertension (SHT) of white-coat hypertension (WCHT) remain uncertain particularly in those with both normal nighttime and daytime blood pressure (BP) values. Different classification criteria and the use of antihypertensive drugs may contribute to conflicting results. Patients and Methods. We prospectively evaluated for a 7.1 year transition to SHT in 899 nondiabetic subjects free from cardiovascular (CV) events: normotensive (NT) (n = 3...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - January 26, 2021 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

p38/JNK Is Required for the Proliferation and Phenotype Changes of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Induced by L3MBTL4 in Essential Hypertension.
Conclusions: Our findings pinpointed that p38 and JNK were required for the proliferation and phenotype changes of VSMCs induced by L3MBTL4 in hypertension. These novel findings yield new insights into the genetic and biological basis of hypertension and are fundamental for further studies to explore the intervention strategies targeting L3MBTL4 and p38/JNK to counteract the progression of hypertension. PMID: 33381308 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - January 2, 2021 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Adherence to Antihypertensive Treatment and Associated Factors in Central Ethiopia.
This study aimed to assess adherence to antihypertensive treatment and factors associated with it in Central Ethiopia. Method: This is an institution-based cross-sectional study conducted in 4 public hospitals in Central Ethiopia from December 4, 2016, to September 25, 2017. The Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) was used to assess the level of adherence. The Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R) was used to assess illness perception. The MMAS-8 score ranges from 0 to 8, a score of 8 reflects high adherence, 6 to 7 medium adherence, and
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - November 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Renin-Angiotensin System Inhibitors in COVID-19: Current Concepts.
Authors: Mahajan K, Chand Negi P, Ganju N, Sondhi S, Gaur N, Somendra R Abstract The functional receptor to SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, is angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE-2), the same enzyme that physiologically counters the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activation. Some researchers have questioned RAS inhibitors' safety in COVID-19 patients since these drugs have demonstrated an increase in ACE-2 expression in preclinical studies; therefore, they may facilitate viral invasion. On the contrary, others have hypothesized a protective role of RAS inhibi...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - November 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Polymorphism of MTHFR C677T Gene and the Associations with the Severity of Essential Hypertension in Northern Chinese Population.
Authors: Song J, Hou J, Zhao Q, Liu X, Guo Q, Yin D, Song Y, Li X, Wang S, Wang X, Duan J Abstract Objective: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a key enzyme of homocysteine metabolism and is closely related to the occurrence of hypertension. The aim of this study was to investigate the polymorphism of the (MTHFR) C677T and the factors influencing the severity of hypertension. Material and Methods. A total of 985 subjects were enrolled to analyze the polymorphisms of the MTHFR C677T gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). 306 people with essential hypertension were selected from 985 subjects to estimat...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - November 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Combination of Exercise Training and SOD Mimetic Tempol Enhances Upregulation of Nitric Oxide Synthase in the Kidney of Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats.
Authors: Cao P, Ito O, Ito D, Rong R, Zheng Y, Kohzuki M Abstract Both exercise training (Ex) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic tempol have antihypertensive and renal protective effects in rodent models of several hypertensions. We recently reported that Ex increases nitric oxide (NO) production and the expression levels of endothelial and neuronal NO synthase (eNOS and nNOS) in the kidney and aorta of the spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). We also found that endogenous hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) upregulates the expression levels of eNOS and nNOS in SHR. To elucidate ...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - November 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Effect of Different Blood-Pressure-Lowering Regimens on the Blood Pressure Control among Hypertensive Patients Treated in Hospital Conditions.
Conclusion: During their hospital stay, vast majority of patients (65.19%) achieved normal values of blood pressure, mostly owing to combined treatment with several hypertensive drugs. Efficacy of the most frequently used combinations of hypertensive drugs in normalizing arterial pressure varies. PMID: 33145106 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - November 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Hypertension Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice in Adult Hypertensive Patients at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Sri Lanka.
Conclusion: Our patients were well aware of the importance of regular follow-ups and also knowledgeable about the complications related to HTN. Almost 75% of the patients had optimum drug compliance. It was revealed that forgetfulness was the frequent cause for poor drug compliance. PMID: 33145107 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - November 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

An Assessment of Usual Salt Intake among Older Normotensive Adults in Atonsu, a Suburb of Kumasi in the Ashanti Region of Ghana.
Conclusion: The participants who can be described as quite old and normotensive were high salt consumers, indicated by their dietary assessment and urinary sodium excretion, even though they had normal blood pressure. PMID: 33145108 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - November 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Aliskiren Reduces the Adrenal Zona Glomerulosa Apoptosis and Autophagy in Wistar Rats with 2K1C Hypertension.
Authors: de Matos VS, do Nascimento ALR, Pereira PG, Rabelo K, Andrade CBV, Moraes ACN, Salata C, Araújo VHVO, Ciambarella BT, Bonfim Vieira A, Alves LL, da Silva JFR, de Carvalho JJ Abstract Hypertension is a disease classified as primary or secondary, manifested not only by elevation of blood pressure but also involved in structural and functional changes of target organs. Renal artery stenosis is a leading factor of secondary hypertension, and its progress is associated with overactivation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). Aliskiren is a renin inhibiting drug that suppresses RAAS and cul...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - November 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Assessing Barriers to and Level of Adherence to Hypertension Therapy among Palestinians Living in the Gaza Strip: A Chance for Policy Innovation.
Conclusion: Overall adherence to medication in Gaza was surprisingly good in patients with a diagnosis of hypertension for at least one year. However, adherence to lifestyle advice or dietary regimes remains poor. A combination of interventions using low-cost mobile technology, combined with face-to-face interventions by healthcare professionals, can be applied to improve adherence to hypertension treatment regimens in order to reduce the consequences of uncontrolled blood pressure. PMID: 33062318 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - October 21, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

The Effect of Exercise on the Older Adult's Blood Pressure Suffering Hypertension: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis on Clinical Trial Studies.
Authors: Kazeminia M, Daneshkhah A, Jalali R, Vaisi-Raygani A, Salari N, Mohammadi M Abstract Background: Senescence refers to spontaneous and progressive irreversible degenerative changes in which both the physical and psychological power diminish significantly. Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disease in the elderly. Several studies have been conducted regarding the effect of exercise on reducing the blood pressure of the elderly, which have found contradictory results. One of the uses of meta-analysis study is responding to these assumptions and resolving the discrepancies. Accordingly, the aim of ...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - October 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Prevalence of Hypertension and Its Associated Factors among Indonesian Adolescents.
Authors: Kurnianto A, Kurniadi Sunjaya D, Ruluwedrata Rinawan F, Hilmanto D Abstract Background: Given that hypertension in adulthood has its onset in childhood, it is not surprising that the prevalence of hypertension among adolescents has also increased in recent years. However, there are limited data on the prevalence of hypertension and also the new AAP guideline has not yet been applied to the Indonesian adolescent population. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of hypertension using the new AAP guideline and to assess the occurrence of its associated factors among Indonesian adolescents. Met...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - October 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Magnesium Lithospermate B Downregulates the Levels of Blood Pressure, Inflammation, and Oxidative Stress in Pregnant Rats with Hypertension.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that pretreatment with MLB decreased MAP, inflammation, and oxidative stress in rats with gestational hypertension. PMID: 33014451 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - October 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Addition of the Electronic Educational Material to Doctor's Face-to-Face Education Has No Additive Effects on Hypertension Control: A Randomized Single Blind Study.
Conclusion: There were no additive effects in the combination of the doctor's face-to-face education and the electronic educational material over the cell phone. PMID: 33014452 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - October 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Characterizing Patients with Uncontrolled Blood Pressure at an Urban Hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam.
This study explored the rate of uncontrolled hypertension in patients with hypertension managed in an urban hospital of Vietnam and identified associated factors. A cross-sectional survey was performed from August to October 2019 among hypertensive patients at an urban hospital in Hanoi, Vietnam. Blood pressure was evaluated at the time of medical examination. Demographic, clinical, and behavioral characteristics were also collected. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify the factors related to uncontrolled hypertension. Among 220 patients, the rate of uncontrolled hypertension was 40.5%. Females had a lower...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - October 3, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

The Role of Lifestyle Factors in Controlling Blood Pressure among Hypertensive Patients in Two Health Facilities in Urban Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: The study concludes that increased physical activity, abstaining from alcohol and smoking, increased intake of fruits and vegetables, and reduced intake of carbohydrates, meat, and fat have a positive influence on blood pressure control. Lifestyle modifying factors have a key role in complementing pharmacotherapy in hypertension control. PMID: 33005451 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - October 3, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension among Young and Middle-Aged Adults: Results from a Community-Based Survey in Rural Tanzania.
This study estimated the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension among young and middle-aged adults in rural Morogoro, Tanzania. Furthermore, it explored factors associated with both prevalence and awareness of hypertension. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted as part of the cluster randomized controlled study of community health workers (CHWs) interventions for reduction of blood pressure in a randomly selected sample of young and middle-aged population in rural Morogoro. Sociodemographics, lifestyle-related factors, history of diagnosis, and treatment for hypertension were collected ...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - September 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Blood Pressure Variability during Angiography in Patients with Ischemic Stroke and Intracranial Artery Stenosis.
Authors: Pan H, Zhao R, Liu FD, Wu YL, Li GF, Shi YH, Liu YS, Zhao Y, Zhuang MT, Hou TY, Zhang QT, Yao Q, Qiao Y, Huang RJ, Chen LN, Zhu YM, Shu L, Su JJ, Fang J, Tang XM, Wang S, Cui GH, Wang DZ, Liu JR Abstract Our aim was to investigate factors predicting blood pressure (BP) variability during diagnostic cerebral angiography and associations between BP variability and clinical outcomes in patients with acute and subacute ischemic stroke and intracranial artery stenosis. 114 patients with ischemic stroke and intracranial artery stenosis (stenosis rate>50%) were recruited. Patients who underwent cerebral angiog...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - September 22, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

High Efficiency and Problems of Chemiluminescence Assay-Detected Aldosterone-To-Renin Ratio in Practical Primary Aldosteronism Screening.
In this study, we want to evaluate its efficiency in practical work. We used this ratio to continuously screen 238 patients, and 58 patients were finally diagnosed with primary aldosteronism. We found it had 86.13% accuracy rate in the upright position compared with the final clinical diagnosis. False negative and positive rates were 13.79% and 13.89%. Diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were 86.21% and 86.11%, which are slightly different from results in our previous study. False negative rate can be improved by combining the aldosterone-to-renin ratio with aldosterone concentration. We also found impaired glucose tole...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - September 12, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Prevalence of Hypertension and Associated Factors among the Outpatient Department in Akaki Kality Subcity Health Centers, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Conclusion: The prevalence of patients with hypertension was 14%. Alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, khat chewing, body mass index ≥25 kg/m2, and age ≥44 years old are major determinants identified by this study. Hence, appropriate management of patients focusing on the relevant associated factors would be of great benefit in controlling hypertension. PMID: 32908691 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - September 12, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

How Much Hypertension is Attributed to Overweight, Obesity, and Hyperglycemia Using Adjusted Population Attributable Risk in Adults?
Conclusions: Our findings indicate that how much the prevalence of HBP attributes to obesity and HBG in middle-age and older population. It seems that the prevention programs should be administered in the general population, and excess body weight prevention programs should also be implemented in childhood. PMID: 32855819 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - August 30, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

The Role and Regulation of Pulmonary Artery Smooth Muscle Cells in Pulmonary Hypertension.
Authors: He S, Zhu T, Fang Z Abstract Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is one of the most devastating cardiovascular diseases worldwide and it draws much attention from numerous scientists. As an indispensable part of pulmonary artery, smooth muscle cells are worthy of being carefully investigated. To elucidate the pathogenesis of PH, several theories focusing on pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMC), such as hyperproliferation, resistance to apoptosis, and cancer theory, have been proposed and widely studied. Here, we tried to summarize the studies, concentrating on the role of PASMC in the development of PH, fe...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - August 29, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study on Knowledge, Awareness, and Adherence to Medication among Hypertensive Patients at a Tertiary Care Centre in Colombo District, Sri Lanka.
Conclusions: The knowledge about hypertension among majority of patients was reasonable. But, they were unaware about their disease status and their diagnosis, target, and recent blood pressure values. Most of patients had adequate knowledge about the risk factors and complications of hypertension. However, they were unaware about their target organ damage due to hypertension. The drug compliance was reasonable among them. The forgetfulness was common reason for nonadherence. Therefore, healthcare professionals should implement individualized educational programmes to increase the awareness of disease status, appropriate b...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - August 26, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Knowledge and Practices towards Prevention and Early Detection of Chronic Kidney Disease and Associated Factors among Hypertensive Patients in Gondar Town, North West Ethiopia.
Conclusion: More than half of the participants had good knowledge about chronic kidney disease and its risk factors. However, the level of preventive practice among participants was low. The educational status, residence, and duration of hypertension were significantly associated variables with knowledge and practice scores in multivariate logistic regression. PMID: 32832145 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - August 26, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Comparison of Effects of ACEIs and ARBs on Albuminuria and Hyperkalemia in Indonesian Hypertensive Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients.
Authors: Agustina PS, Yunir E, Prawiroharjo P, Damanik J, Sauriasari R Abstract Purpose: Due to economic consideration, Indonesia's formulary restrictions are at odds with the treatment guidelines of the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8). ADA and JNC 8 equally recommend the prescription of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) or angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) for hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with overt proteinuria (urine albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥ 300 mg/g creatinine). However, since...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - August 19, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Blood Pressure Variability and Severity of Early Prognosis in Patients with Acute Pontine Infarction.
Conclusion: In conclusion, increased 24-hour (BP) variability, NIHSS scores, and paramedian pontine were associated with early poor prognosis in patients with acute pontine infarction. PMID: 32765904 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - August 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

New Biomarkers of Hypertension and Related Vascular Disorders.
Authors: Peng H, Li C, Li C PMID: 32765905 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - August 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Gender-Specific Longitudinal Association of Sleep Duration with Blood Pressure among Children: Evidence from CHNS 2004-2015.
Authors: Huang L, Lyu J, Long Z, Xia Y, Chen Y, Ye X, Li S Abstract Purpose: We conducted this study to add the evidence regarding the gender-specific association between sleep duration and blood pressure (BP) in children. Methods: A secondary analysis was performed among 1000 children aged 7-13 years, who had at least two rounds of survey records in China Health and Nutrition Survey through 2004-2015. Generalized estimating equation was used to explore the gender-specific association of sleep duration with BP. The subgroup analysis was applied in those participants with normal weight. Results: The time tre...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - August 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Efficacy of Diltiazem for the Control of Blood Pressure in Puerperal Patients with Severe Preeclampsia: A Randomized, Single-Blind, Controlled Trial.
Conclusions: Diltiazem controlled arterial hypertension in a more effective and uniform manner in patients under study than nifedipine. Patients treated with diltiazem had fewer collateral effects and spent less time in the hospital. This trial is registered with NCT04222855. PMID: 32774912 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - August 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, Control, and Related Factors of Hypertension among Tajik Nomads Living in Pamirs at High Altitude.
Conclusions: There is a considerable prevalence of hypertension with low awareness, treatment, and control rates among Tajik nomads in Pamirs, where health programs improving the hypertension status are urgently needed, with the excess weight loss as a strategy. PMID: 32733702 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - August 2, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Hypertension among Mississippi Workers by Sociodemographic Characteristics and Occupation, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.
Authors: Mendy VL, Vargas R, Ogungbe O, Zhang L Abstract In 2017, Mississippi had the third highest age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension in the United States. We estimated the prevalence of hypertension by sociodemographic characteristics and occupation and examined the association between hypertension with occupation and sociodemographic characteristics among Mississippi workers. We calculated adjusted prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios (APRs) by sociodemographic characteristics and occupation among Mississippi adult workers. We analyzed combined 2013, 2015, and 2017 data from the Mississippi Behavioral ...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - July 30, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Blood Pressure Control among Hypertensive Diabetic Patients on Follow-Up at Chronic Clinic of Nekemte Referral Hospital in West Ethiopia.
Authors: Dedefo MG, Gemechu DB, Fekadu G, Tekle Dibessa T Abstract Background: Hypertension is a prevalent comorbid condition in diabetes, affecting ∼20-60% of patients with diabetes, depending on obesity, ethnicity, and age. Adults with diabetes historically have two or three times higher rate of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than adults without diabetes. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess blood pressure (BP) control and its predictors among hypertensive diabetic patients on follow-up at the chronic clinic of Nekemte Referral Hospital (NRH) in West Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study ...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - July 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Prevalence and Determinants of Hypertension Awareness, Treatment, and Control in Botswana: A Nationally Representative Population-Based Survey.
Authors: Tapela NM, Clifton L, Tshisimogo G, Gaborone M, Madidimalo T, Letsatsi V, Masupe T, Mosepele M, Makhema J, Lockman S, Hunter DJ Abstract Introduction: Hypertension is a leading risk factor for cardiovascular mortality and an emerging public health concern in sub-Saharan Africa. Few studies have examined performance on the management of hypertension in this region, where the context may be distinct from other developing regions. Objectives: We aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of hypertension, awareness, treatment, and control among adults in Botswana, a middle-income African country unde...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - June 20, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Cross-Sectional Relationship between Carotid-Femoral Pulse Wave Velocity and Biomarkers in Vascular-Related Diseases.
Authors: Liu J, Wang K, Liu H, Zhao H, Huang W, Zhao N, Li L, Wang H Abstract Objectives: The present study was done to investigate the relationship between carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (CFPWV) and biomarkers such as homocysteine (Hcy), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and urine albumin (microalbumin) (UAE) in vascular-related diseases. Methods: 656 subjects were enrolled into our study. There were 377 patients with hypertension, 231 with coronary heart disease, 154 with diabetes mellitus, and 186 healthy subjects. They were divided into four groups according to the number of suffere...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - June 17, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Childhood Hypertension in Urban-Rural Areas of China: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusions: The prevalence of childhood hypertension is significant in the Southwest of China and alarming in rural areas, which requires community intervention. Children living in rural areas combined with obesity, low social economic status, dietary imbalance, and abnormal lipid metabolism were associated with an increased risk of hypertension, and routine care programs should be conducted to prevent childhood hypertension. PMID: 32454994 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 28, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Prevalence of Albuminuria in Cardiology and Endocrinology Departments and Its Influencing Factors: A Multicenter, Real-World Evidence Study in China.
Authors: Ren Q, Ma C, Wang J, Guo X, Ji L Abstract Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of albuminuria and compare its risk factors in diabetic and hypertensive patients. Methods: This was an observational, cross-sectional, multicenter registry across China. Consecutive patients were registered with the Cardiology and Endocrine departments in 40 centers. Clinical characteristics were collected, and urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) was measured using the immunochemical method. Results: Of the 2510 patients enrolled in the study, 1515 underwent UACR testing and were included in the present analysis. The...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 21, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Do N-Terminal Pro-C-Type Natriuretic Peptide Levels Relate to Severity of Preeclampsia?
Conclusion: Our data indicate that the plasma concentration of the N-terminal pro-C-type natriuretic peptide is significantly increased in patients with severe preeclampsia, but not in patients with mild preeclampsia. The severity of preeclampsia may be related to the circulating levels of the N-terminal pro-C-type natriuretic peptide concentrations. PMID: 32411439 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 17, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase C677T Gene Polymorphism as a Risk Factor for Hypertension in a Rural Population.
Authors: Candrasatria RM, Adiarto S, Sukmawan R Abstract Hypertension remains a public health burden despite advances in its management. Hence, the search for further risk stratification tools and prevention and new treatment approaches continues. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism is associated with hypertension. Interestingly, riboflavin, as a cofactor of MTHFR, may control blood pressure in patients with mutant MTHFR variants. These double benefits of a risk stratification tool and treatment approach make it interesting. Because this polymorphism depends on ethnicity and geographic re...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 17, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Practices of Adults in a Periurban Community of the Ho Municipality on Prevention of Hypertension.
Conclusion: Education on hypertension should be intensified, and emphasis should be laid on regular exercised and strict dietary restrictions that ensure reduction in hypertension risk. Healthcare authorities should engage hypertensive clients to desist from the intake of herbal medications whose actual composition has not been scientifically determined. PMID: 32395336 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 14, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Atenolol's Inferior Ability to Reduce Central vs Peripheral Blood Pressure Can Be Explained by the Combination of Its Heart Rate-Dependent and Heart Rate-Independent Effects.
Conclusion: The findings of our trial with a mechanistic approach to the topic imply that the inferior ability of atenolol to reduce central vs peripheral BP can be explained by the combination of its heart rate-dependent and -independent effects. This trial is registered with NCT03245996. PMID: 32395337 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 14, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Blood Pressure Indices and Associated Risk Factors in a Rural West African Adult Population: Insights from an AWI-Gen Substudy in Ghana.
Authors: Agongo G, Nonterah EA, Amenga-Etego L, Debpuur C, Kaburise MB, Ali SA, Crowther NJ, Ramsay M, Oduro AR Abstract Systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) are commonly used for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk prediction, and pulse pressure (PP) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) can provide additional information. It is therefore important to understand the factors associated with these cardiovascular risk markers. This cross-sectional study involved 1839 men and women aged 40-60 years. Data on SBP, DBP, MAP, PP, sociodemography, lifestyle, anthropometry, and lipids were collected. Gender-stra...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 14, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research