Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, Control, and Related Factors of Hypertension among Tajik Nomads Living in Pamirs at High Altitude.
Conclusions: There is a considerable prevalence of hypertension with low awareness, treatment, and control rates among Tajik nomads in Pamirs, where health programs improving the hypertension status are urgently needed, with the excess weight loss as a strategy. PMID: 32733702 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - August 2, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Hypertension among Mississippi Workers by Sociodemographic Characteristics and Occupation, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.
Authors: Mendy VL, Vargas R, Ogungbe O, Zhang L Abstract In 2017, Mississippi had the third highest age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension in the United States. We estimated the prevalence of hypertension by sociodemographic characteristics and occupation and examined the association between hypertension with occupation and sociodemographic characteristics among Mississippi workers. We calculated adjusted prevalence and adjusted prevalence ratios (APRs) by sociodemographic characteristics and occupation among Mississippi adult workers. We analyzed combined 2013, 2015, and 2017 data from the Mississippi Behavioral ...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - July 30, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Blood Pressure Control among Hypertensive Diabetic Patients on Follow-Up at Chronic Clinic of Nekemte Referral Hospital in West Ethiopia.
Authors: Dedefo MG, Gemechu DB, Fekadu G, Tekle Dibessa T Abstract Background: Hypertension is a prevalent comorbid condition in diabetes, affecting ∼20-60% of patients with diabetes, depending on obesity, ethnicity, and age. Adults with diabetes historically have two or three times higher rate of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than adults without diabetes. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess blood pressure (BP) control and its predictors among hypertensive diabetic patients on follow-up at the chronic clinic of Nekemte Referral Hospital (NRH) in West Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study ...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - July 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Prevalence and Determinants of Hypertension Awareness, Treatment, and Control in Botswana: A Nationally Representative Population-Based Survey.
Authors: Tapela NM, Clifton L, Tshisimogo G, Gaborone M, Madidimalo T, Letsatsi V, Masupe T, Mosepele M, Makhema J, Lockman S, Hunter DJ Abstract Introduction: Hypertension is a leading risk factor for cardiovascular mortality and an emerging public health concern in sub-Saharan Africa. Few studies have examined performance on the management of hypertension in this region, where the context may be distinct from other developing regions. Objectives: We aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of hypertension, awareness, treatment, and control among adults in Botswana, a middle-income African country unde...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - June 20, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Cross-Sectional Relationship between Carotid-Femoral Pulse Wave Velocity and Biomarkers in Vascular-Related Diseases.
Authors: Liu J, Wang K, Liu H, Zhao H, Huang W, Zhao N, Li L, Wang H Abstract Objectives: The present study was done to investigate the relationship between carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (CFPWV) and biomarkers such as homocysteine (Hcy), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and urine albumin (microalbumin) (UAE) in vascular-related diseases. Methods: 656 subjects were enrolled into our study. There were 377 patients with hypertension, 231 with coronary heart disease, 154 with diabetes mellitus, and 186 healthy subjects. They were divided into four groups according to the number of suffere...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - June 17, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Childhood Hypertension in Urban-Rural Areas of China: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusions: The prevalence of childhood hypertension is significant in the Southwest of China and alarming in rural areas, which requires community intervention. Children living in rural areas combined with obesity, low social economic status, dietary imbalance, and abnormal lipid metabolism were associated with an increased risk of hypertension, and routine care programs should be conducted to prevent childhood hypertension. PMID: 32454994 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 28, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Prevalence of Albuminuria in Cardiology and Endocrinology Departments and Its Influencing Factors: A Multicenter, Real-World Evidence Study in China.
Authors: Ren Q, Ma C, Wang J, Guo X, Ji L Abstract Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of albuminuria and compare its risk factors in diabetic and hypertensive patients. Methods: This was an observational, cross-sectional, multicenter registry across China. Consecutive patients were registered with the Cardiology and Endocrine departments in 40 centers. Clinical characteristics were collected, and urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) was measured using the immunochemical method. Results: Of the 2510 patients enrolled in the study, 1515 underwent UACR testing and were included in the present analysis. The...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 21, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Do N-Terminal Pro-C-Type Natriuretic Peptide Levels Relate to Severity of Preeclampsia?
Conclusion: Our data indicate that the plasma concentration of the N-terminal pro-C-type natriuretic peptide is significantly increased in patients with severe preeclampsia, but not in patients with mild preeclampsia. The severity of preeclampsia may be related to the circulating levels of the N-terminal pro-C-type natriuretic peptide concentrations. PMID: 32411439 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 17, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase C677T Gene Polymorphism as a Risk Factor for Hypertension in a Rural Population.
Authors: Candrasatria RM, Adiarto S, Sukmawan R Abstract Hypertension remains a public health burden despite advances in its management. Hence, the search for further risk stratification tools and prevention and new treatment approaches continues. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism is associated with hypertension. Interestingly, riboflavin, as a cofactor of MTHFR, may control blood pressure in patients with mutant MTHFR variants. These double benefits of a risk stratification tool and treatment approach make it interesting. Because this polymorphism depends on ethnicity and geographic re...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 17, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Practices of Adults in a Periurban Community of the Ho Municipality on Prevention of Hypertension.
Conclusion: Education on hypertension should be intensified, and emphasis should be laid on regular exercised and strict dietary restrictions that ensure reduction in hypertension risk. Healthcare authorities should engage hypertensive clients to desist from the intake of herbal medications whose actual composition has not been scientifically determined. PMID: 32395336 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 14, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Atenolol's Inferior Ability to Reduce Central vs Peripheral Blood Pressure Can Be Explained by the Combination of Its Heart Rate-Dependent and Heart Rate-Independent Effects.
Conclusion: The findings of our trial with a mechanistic approach to the topic imply that the inferior ability of atenolol to reduce central vs peripheral BP can be explained by the combination of its heart rate-dependent and -independent effects. This trial is registered with NCT03245996. PMID: 32395337 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 14, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Blood Pressure Indices and Associated Risk Factors in a Rural West African Adult Population: Insights from an AWI-Gen Substudy in Ghana.
Authors: Agongo G, Nonterah EA, Amenga-Etego L, Debpuur C, Kaburise MB, Ali SA, Crowther NJ, Ramsay M, Oduro AR Abstract Systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) are commonly used for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk prediction, and pulse pressure (PP) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) can provide additional information. It is therefore important to understand the factors associated with these cardiovascular risk markers. This cross-sectional study involved 1839 men and women aged 40-60 years. Data on SBP, DBP, MAP, PP, sociodemography, lifestyle, anthropometry, and lipids were collected. Gender-stra...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 14, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Knowledge on Hypertension and Self-Care Practice among Adult Hypertensive Patients at University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia, 2019.
Conclusions: In this study, knowledge on hypertension was low, while self-care practice was moderate on the self-care interventions. Hence, increasing patients' awareness and intervention on medication adherence, low salt diet consumption, physical activity, weight management, cigarette smoking cessation, and alcohol consumption reduction is important. PMID: 32373351 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 8, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Longitudinal Average Glucose Levels and Variance and Risk of Stroke: A Chinese Cohort Study.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that higher average glucose levels (126-139.9 mg/dl) and variance may be risk factors for stroke, even among people without diabetes diagnosis. PMID: 32373352 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 8, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension and Its Associated Risk Factors: Results from Baseline Survey of SWADES Family Cohort Study.
Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension in Kerala is high. Although awareness is quite high, there is a need to improve the number of persons with hypertension taking treatment. PMID: 32351729 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - May 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Hypertension Subtypes among Thai Hypertensives: An Analysis of Telehealth-Assisted Instrument in Home Blood Pressure Monitoring Nationwide Pilot Project.
Authors: Montrivade S, Chattranukulchai P, Siwamogsatham S, Vorasettakarnkij Y, Naeowong W, Boonchayaanant P, Sakulsupsiri A, Ariyachaipanich A, Lertsuwunseri V, Rungpradubvong V, Satitthummanid S, Puwanant S, Prechawat S, Srimahachota S, Chaipromprasit J, Buddhari W, Boonyaratavej S, Sitthisook S, Buranakitjaroen P, Sukonthasarn A, Sangwatanaroj S Abstract Background: White-coat hypertension (HT), masked HT, HT with white-coat effect, and masked uncontrolled HT are well-recognized problems of over- and undertreatment of high blood pressure in real-life practice. However, little is known about the true prevalence i...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - April 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

The Predictors of High Dietary Salt Intake among Hypertensive Patients in Iran.
Authors: Reyhani P, Azabdaftari F, Ebrahimi-Mamagani M, Asghari-Jafarabadi M, Shokrvash B Abstract Background: Hypertension and its complications are among the major health problems all over the world, particularly in developing countries. The aims of this study were to show that, weather the hypertensive patients follow the expertise recommendations and differences between men and women in their levels of knowledge and behavior in salt taking. Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among all hypertensive patients in rural health centers of Tabriz, Iran, in Feb-May; 2016. Data were collected b...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - April 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Relationship between Accessory Renal Artery and Clinical Characteristics of Middle-Aged Patients with Primary Hypertension.
Authors: Kang K, Ma Y, Jia C, Cheng Y, Yang Y, Wang L, Jiang Y, Lu Y Abstract Objectives: The association between accessory renal artery (ARA) and hypertension remains not fully understood. We observed the association between ARA and clinical characteristics among middle-aged patients with primary hypertension. Methods: One hundred and sixty-two middle-aged (mean 39.82 ± 10.25 years, 58.0% male) patients with primary hypertension were enrolled, and patients underwent Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) of renal arteries, ambulatory blood pressure monitor (ABPM), echocardiography, physical...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - April 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity Predicts New-Onset Hypertension and the Modifying Effect of Blood Pressure in a Chinese Community-Based Population.
This study included 1849 non-hypertensive Chinese subjects from Shougang cohort study during December 2011 to July 2014. BaPWV was obtained using an Omron Colin BP-203RPE III device. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to evaluate associations of baPWV and outcomes. During a mean follow-up time of 2.36 years, 248 (13.41%) developed hypertension. BaPWV independently and gradably predicted the risk of incident hypertension and the SBP level at revisit (odds ratio or β (95% confidence interval) for participants with baPWV in quartile 4 vs. quartile 1: 2.72 (1.54, 4.78) for incident hypertension and 5.92 (4....
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - April 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Secular Trends of the Impact of Overweight and Obesity on Hypertension in Yi People: Yi Migrant Study, 1996-2015.
Conclusions: During the past two decades, there was a significant increase in the association between overweight/obesity and hypertension in Yi people, whereas the increasing trend has leveled off in more recent years. These findings suggest that overweight/obesity and hypertension are becoming more epidemic comorbidity over time. Interventions to prevent hypertension should focus not only on the overweight/obese population, but also on those with normal weight. PMID: 32292597 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - April 17, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Elevated Lipoprotein-Associated Phospholipase A2 Independently Affects Age-Related Increases in Systolic Blood Pressure: A Nested Case-Control Study in a Prospective Korean Cohort.
Authors: Yoo HJ, Kim M, Lee SH, Lee JH Abstract Inflammatory markers are susceptible to changes over time. Thus, we observed changes in inflammatory markers correlating with age-related increases in blood pressure (BP) through a prospective study. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in inflammatory markers that correlate with age-related increases in BP. The study included 1,500 nondiabetic and normotensive healthy subjects at baseline. Of these, 121 individuals who developed hypertension (defined as systolic BP ≥ 140 mmHg or diastolic BP ≥ 90 mmHg) after...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - April 17, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

The Association of Health Literacy with High-Quality Home Blood Pressure Monitoring for Hypertensive Patients in Outpatient Settings.
Conclusion. Patients' educational level and literacy were not the limiting factors to acquire high-quality HBPM. High-quality HBPM could be achieved by the structured educational intervention. The quality and amount of evidence on this topic are limited. Therefore, further studies are warranted. PMID: 32292599 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - April 17, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

High-Serum Angiopoietin-Like Protein 3 Levels Associated with Cardiovascular Outcome in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease.
This study aims to investigate whether ANGPTL3 levels can be used to predict the future occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with CAD. Methods: Overall, 90 patients with CAD were enrolled between January and December 2012. The study's primary endpoint was incidence of MACEs. Patient follow-up was completed on June 30, 2017. Results: Following a median follow-up period of 54 months, 33 MACEs had occurred. Patients reporting MACEs had lower statin use (P=0.022) and higher serum C-reactive protein (P
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - April 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

The Effects of Salt and Glucose Intake on Angiotensin II and Aldosterone in Obese and Nonobese Patients with Essential Hypertension.
This study investigates the effects of oral intake of glucose with and without NaCl on angiotensin II (AngII) and aldosterone in obese and nonobese patients with essential hypertension. Methods: Twenty newly diagnosed untreated essential hypertensive patients and 15 normotensive control subjects matched for age, gender, and BMI were studied. Participants fasted overnight (8-10 hrs), and then each subject took 75 gm glucose alone and with 3 gm NaCl, each dissolved in 250 ml. Subjects were monitored for 2 hours. Half hourly BP, plasma glucose (PG), serum Na+, K+, insulin, AngII, and aldosteron...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - April 8, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Association between Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Cardiovascular Developmental Critical Genes and Hypertension: A Propensity Score Matching Analysis.
In conclusion, our findings suggest that rs3025010 may play a role in the pathogenesis of hypertension, which may be a potential target for individualized prevention and treatment of hypertension. PMID: 32257424 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - April 8, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Behavioural Risk Factors, Hypertension Knowledge, and Hypertension in Rural India.
This study aimed at assessing the association of behavioural risk factors with hypertension knowledge and hypertension among rural population. The present study focused on a south-western state of India from which a taluk with one of the lowest socioeconomic ratings was selected. A total of 263 participants were selected by using a multistage random sampling technique. Data were collected by in-person interview using behavioural risk factors questionnaire, hypertension knowledge questionnaire, and physical measurement. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, chi square, Pearson correlation and binary logistic regr...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - April 3, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Association of Epoxide Hydrolase 2 Gene Arg287Gln with the Risk for Primary Hypertension in Chinese.
Conclusions: We provide evidence that R287Q mutation in EPHX2 gene was associated with reduced risk of primary hypertension and low activity of soluble epoxide hydrolase.EPHX2) gene coding for soluble epoxide hydrolase is a potential candidate in the pathogenesis of hypertension. PMID: 32181010 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - March 19, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

High Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio Predicts Hemorrhagic Transformation in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients Treated with Intravenous Thrombolysis.
This study assessed whether high NLR is associated with HT in this population. Methods: Data were prospectively collected for continuous patients with AIS treated with IVT and retrospectively analyzed. Clinical variables included age, sex, vascular risk factors, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, onset-to-treatment time, and initial hematologic and neuroimaging findings. HT was confirmed by imaging performed within 3 days after IVT. Symptomatic HT (sHT) was defined as NIHSS score increased by 4 points compared with that on admission according to previously published criteria. The NLR value was ba...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - March 19, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Genetic Predisposition and Salt Sensitivity in a Chinese Han Population: The EpiSS Study.
Conclusion: The 42 investigated SNPs were jointly and significantly associated with SS, especially in the normotensive Chinese population. These findings may provide genetic evidence for identifying target populations that would benefit from salt restriction policies. PMID: 32128261 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - March 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Modification of Platelet Count on the Association between Homocysteine and Blood Pressure: A Moderation Analysis in Chinese Hypertensive Patients.
Authors: Zhang J, Li J, Chen S, Gao L, Yan X, Zhang M, Yu J, Wang F, Peng H Abstract Background: Platelet consumption followed by homocysteine-induced endothelial injury suggests a crosstalk between platelet activation and homocysteine on hypertension. Platelet count has been found to modify the effect of folic acid on vascular health. However, whether platelet count could modify the contribution of homocysteine to blood pressure (BP) remains unclear. Methods: Leveraging a community-based cross-sectional survey in 30,369 Chinese hypertensive patients (mean age 62 years, 52% female), we examined the moderation o...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - March 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Analysis of Association of Occupational Physical Activity, Leisure-Time Physical Activity, and Sedentary Lifestyle with Hypertension according to the Adherence with Aerobic Activity in Women Using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2016-2017 Data.
Conclusions: In the aerobic activity adherence group, further research is needed to identify the influence of occupational physical activity. In the aerobic activity nonadherence group, decreasing sitting hours and increasing endurance exercise may be helpful. PMID: 32110448 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - March 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Morphological and Functional Characteristics of Animal Models of Myocardial Fibrosis Induced by Pressure Overload.
Authors: Ding Y, Wang Y, Jia Q, Wang X, Lu Y, Zhang A, Lv S, Zhang J Abstract Myocardial fibrosis is characterized by excessive deposition of myocardial interstitial collagen, abnormal distribution, and excessive proliferation of fibroblasts. According to the researches in recent years, myocardial fibrosis, as the pathological basis of various cardiovascular diseases, has been proven to be a core determinant in ventricular remodeling. Pressure load is one of the causes of myocardial fibrosis. In experimental models of pressure-overload-induced myocardial fibrosis, significant increase in left ventricular parameters...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - February 28, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Association between Plasma Urotensin II and Risk of Hypertension: Findings from a Prospective Study.
Authors: Xie H, Wang X, He Y, Huang D, Qu X, Jiang Y, An Y, Zhang S, Zhang M Abstract Up to date, human urotensin II (UII) is the most potent vasoconstrictor in mammalian animals. To explore whether UII played an important role in the development of hypertension, we conducted a prospective study in Changshu city, China. The baseline investigation was carried out in 2007, and the first follow-up investigation was conducted in 2013. From the participants, we randomly obtained 2000 normotensive subjects aged 40 years and older without any severe disease at baseline and examined plasma UII and endothelin-1 (ET-1) with ...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - February 28, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Resveratrol Supplementation Prevents Hypertension in Hypertensive Pregnant Rats by Increasing Sodium Excretion and Serum Nitric Oxide Level.
This study was designed to study the blood pressure-lowering effect of resveratrol (RES) in a salt-induced hypertensive pregnant rat model. Methods: Forty female Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomized into 4 groups: Normal Preg (0.9% salt diet), Normal Preg + RES (0.9% salt diet plus daily oral RES for 4 weeks), Salt Preg (8% salt diet), and Salt Preg + RES (8% salt diet plus daily oral RES for 4 weeks). Noninvasive blood pressure was recorded on gestational days 7 and 14. On the gestational day 19, foetuses were weighed, and blood and urine samples were harvested for electrolytes and bioc...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - February 28, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Association of Lactate Dehydrogenase with In-Hospital Mortality in Patients with Acute Aortic Dissection: A Retrospective Observational Study.
Conclusions: The relationship between LDH and in-hospital mortality in AAD patients is nonlinear. LDH was positively related with in-hospital mortality when LDH is more than 557. PMID: 31969993 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - January 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Hypertension in HIV-Infected Patients Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy in Northeast Ethiopia.
Conclusions: Hypertension is highly prevalent among HIV-infected patients on ART attending our clinic in Northeast Ethiopia but is mostly undiagnosed. These findings highlight the need for integrating hypertension management into routine HIV care to prevent adverse outcomes and improve health of people living with HIV on ART. PMID: 31929895 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - January 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Hypertension in a Typical State-Level Poverty-Stricken County in China and Evaluation of a Whole Population Health Prevention Project Intervention.
Conclusions: The overall prevalence of hypertension in the studied area was lower than the national average of rural areas. The health management model of "government-led joint efforts of three levels of medical institutions (village, town, and county) with active participation of local village communities" improved the management outcomes of hypertensive patients and fulfilled the latest advocacy of the prevention and control of chronic diseases by the United Nations. This model can be considered an effective model for healthcare management practice in similar situations. PMID: 31929896 [PubMed] (Source: Int...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - January 15, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Azilsartan: Current Evidence and Perspectives in Management of Hypertension.
Authors: Pradhan A, Tiwari A, Sethi R Abstract Hypertension continues to be global pandemic with huge mortality, morbidity, and financial burden on the health system. Unfortunately, most patients with hypertension would eventually require two or more drugs in combination to achieve their target blood pressure (BP). To this end, emergence of more potent antihypertensive drugs is a welcome sign. Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are cornerstones of hypertension management in daily practice. Among all ARBs, azilsartan is proven to be more potent in most of the head-to-head trials till date. Azilsartan is the latest...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - January 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Visit-to-Visit Variability of Blood Pressure Measured as Part of Routine Clinical Care among Patients Attending Cardiology Outpatient Department of a Tertiary Care Centre in Northern Sri Lanka.
In conclusion, we recommend simple practical measures to achieve sustainable BP control among hypertensive patients with DM and CKD to minimize the VVV and improve their cardiovascular outcome. PMID: 31885898 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - January 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

The Effect of Hypertension Duration and the Age of Onset on CV Risk Factors Expression in Perimenopausal Women.
Conclusion: Hypertension onset at the time around menopause appears together with abdominal obesity and may be a driving force for CV risk factor accumulation in postmenopausal women. PMID: 31885899 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - January 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Patterns of Raised Blood Pressure in Vietnam: Findings from the WHO STEPS Survey 2015.
This study aims to describe the prevalence of raised blood pressure and the situation of management for raised blood pressure among the adult population in Vietnam. It also aims to examine the association between diversified socioeconomic and behavioral factors of raised blood pressure and awareness of raised blood pressure. Data were obtained from the STEPS survey conducted in Vietnam in 2015. Survey sample was nationally representative with a total of 3,856 people aged 18-69 years old. The study outcomes included raised blood pressure and awareness of and control of raised blood pressure. Multiple logistic regression was...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - December 26, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Association between Cyclothymic Affective Temperament and Age of Onset of Hypertension.
Authors: Körösi B, Vecsey-Nagy M, Kolossváry M, Nemcsik-Bencze Z, Szilveszter B, László A, Batta D, Gonda X, Merkely B, Rihmer Z, Maurovich-Horvat P, Eörsi D, Torzsa P, Nemcsik J Abstract Affective temperaments represent a biologically stable core of emotional reactivity and have previously been associated with hypertension and arterial stiffening. The age, when hypertension is initiated, is influenced by different factors, but the role of personality traits in this regard is not clarified yet. Our aim was to study the association between affective temperaments and the age at ons...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - December 13, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Systematic Review with Network Meta-Analysis: Comparative Efficacy and Safety of Combination Therapy with Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers and Amlodipine in Asian Hypertensive Patients.
Conclusion: This study suggests that all ARB-AML CTs compared favorably to AML monotherapy regarding short-term treatment response in uncomplicated HTN patients of Asian origin. AZL-AML prompted the most favorable treatment response. Safety profiles among the ARB-AML CTs were largely comparable. Due to the limited study size and small number of trials (direct evidence), our findings should best be interpreted as an exploratory effort importance to inform future research direction. PMID: 31827918 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - December 13, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control and Related Factors of Hypertension in Multiethnic Agriculture, Stock-Raising, and Urban Xinjiang, Northwest China: A Cross-Sectional Screening for 47000 Adults.
Conclusions: Disparities in hypertension control among regions and ethnic groups suggested inadequate screening and treatment, especially in stock-raising regions and Kazakh populations. Control of alcohol intake, smoking, and obesity should be at high priority of health promotion. PMID: 31781382 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - November 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Association between Age at Menarche and Hypertension among Females in Southern China: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusions: AAM was positively associated with hypertension and blood pressure, especially among females in early adulthood from southern China. PMID: 31781383 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - November 30, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Erratum to "Nonpharmacologic Interventions in Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension".
Erratum to "Nonpharmacologic Interventions in Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension". Int J Hypertens. 2019;2019:2907675 Authors: Erejuwa OO, Gan SH, Romani AMP, Kamal MA, Nammi S Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2019/6709817.]. PMID: 31737360 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - November 19, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Role of Socioeconomic Status in Hypertension among Chinese Middle-Aged and Elderly Individuals.
Authors: Wu X, Wang Z Abstract Hypertension is an important global health concern. The relationship between hypertension and socioeconomic status (SES) has been extensively studied. However, the role of SES in hypertension is still controversial, and this kind of study is sorely lacking among Chinese middle-aged and elderly individuals. The data of this study come from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey (CHARLS) released in May 2017. A total of 21,126 people from all around China, with ages older than 45 years, were enrolled in the questionnaire survey. Hypertension was determined according to the ...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - November 19, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Adipokines and Endothelium Dysfunction Markers in Pregnant Women with Gestational Hypertension.
Conclusions: The higher levels of leptin in pregnant women with gestational hypertension may be suggestive of the role of leptin in GH development. As the patients in the GH group had higher BMI, hyperleptinemia may link obesity with gestational hypertension. The significance of leptin as the predictive marker of GH development could be implied. It could be postulated that the higher levels of sICAM-1 in the GH patients, although not statistically significant, could reflect some impairment of the endothelium function occurring in GH regardless of BMI. The comparable adiponectin levels in GH and healthy pregnant patients an...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - November 19, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Prevalence of Hypertension in the Middle Belt of Ghana: A Community-Based Screening Study.
The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence, awareness, treatment, control, and risk factors of hypertension in the middle part of Ghana. Methods: A total of 2,555 participants aged ≥18 years (mean age of 43 years; 60.5% female) were enrolled using a two-stage sampling method. The World Health Organization STEPwise approach to chronic disease risk factor Surveillance-Instrument v2.1 was used for data collection. Blood pressure and anthropometric measurements were assessed. Blood glucose and lipids were also measured using blood samples collected after an overnight fast. Results: Prevalence of h...
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - November 8, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research

Effect of Nebivolol and Olmesartan on 24-Hour Brachial and Aortic Blood Pressure in the Acute Stage of Ischemic Stroke.
Conclusion: This study suggests that during the acute phase of ischemic stroke, nebivolol is equally effective with olmesartan in improving 24-hour aortic pressure and arterial stiffness indices. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier number: NCT03655964. PMID: 31687205 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Hypertension)
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - November 8, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research