The determinants of handwashing behaviour in domestic settings: An integrative systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: This review demonstrates that our understanding of behavioural determinants remains sub-optimal. We found that there are limitations in the way behavioural determinants are conceptualised and measured and that research is biased towards exploring a narrow range of behavioural determinants. Hygiene promotion programmes are likely to be most successful if they use multi-modal approaches, combining infrastructural improvement with 'soft' hygiene promotion which addresses a range of determinants rather than just education about disease transmission. PMID: 32220763 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: ...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - March 25, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: White S, Thorseth AH, Dreibelbis R, Curtis V Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

The methylisothiazolinone and methylchloroisothiazolinone metabolite N-methylmalonamic acid (NMMA) in urine of children and adolescents in Germany - Human biomonitoring results of the German Environmental Survey 2014-2017 (GerES V).
Abstract Mixtures of methylisothiazolinone and methylchloroisothiazolinone are used as biocides in cosmetics, cleaning agents, and water-based paint. A biomonitoring method to evaluate exposure to these compounds was developed using N-methylmalonamic acid (NMMA), the main metabolite of both, methylisothiazolinone and methylchloroisothiazolinone, as the exposure biomarker. First-morning void urine samples (N = 2078) of 3- to 17-year-old children and adolescents living in Germany were analysed for concentrations of NMMA in the population representative German Environmental Survey for Children and Adolescen...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - March 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Murawski A, Schmied-Tobies MIH, Rucic E, Schettgen T, Bertram J, Conrad A, Kolossa-Gehring M Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Human metabolism and urinary excretion kinetics of the UV filter Uvinul A plus ® after a single oral or dermal dosage.
In conclusion, a very low systemic exposure to DHHB was observed with regard to the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) as an established threshold for chronic uptake. PMID: 32174481 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - March 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Stoeckelhuber M, Scherer M, Peschel O, Leibold E, Bracher F, Scherer G, Pluym N Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Biomonitoring data on young adults from the Environmental Specimen Bank suggest a decrease in the exposure to the fragrance chemical 7-hydroxycitronellal in Germany from 2000 to 2018.
Abstract 7-Hydroxy-3,7-dimethyl-1-octanal, also known as 7-hydroxycitronellal (7-HC, CAS No. 107-75-5) is a synthetic fragrance widely used in cosmetic and hygiene products. Because of its wide spread use and its known sensitizing properties, 7-HC was selected as one of 50 chemicals within the frame of the cooperation project between the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) and the German Chemical Industry Association (VCI) to develop a suitable human biomonitoring (HBM) method in order to assess the exposure of the general population in Germany. Within this sco...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - March 12, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pluym N, Petreanu W, Weber T, Scherer G, Scherer M, Kolossa-Gehring M Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Exposure to glycol ethers among 6-year-old children in France.
Chevrier C Abstract Glycol ethers are an oxygenated solvent family widely present in consumer products. Some of them are recognized reproductive, developmental or hematological toxicants. Although several glycol ether biomonitoring studies have been performed on adults from working or general populations, no studies have hitherto been carried out on children. The aim of our study was to explore the detection of glycol ether metabolites in the urinary samples of 6-year-old children, and if any were found, to describe them. The PELAGIE mother-child cohort included 3421 pregnant women from the general population of ...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - March 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Garlantézec R, Warembourg C, Le Gléau F, Montfort C, Rouget F, Multigner L, Cordier S, Chevrier C Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Mechanisms underlying nontoxic indoor air health problems: A review.
Abstract Indoor air health problems of the type non-specific building-related symptoms (NBRS; formally called "sick-building syndrome") and chemical intolerance (CI; e.g. multiple chemical sensitivity) can in severe cases lead to significant disability and poor quality of life. Apart from suffering of the afflicted individuals, the productivity loss ascribed to environmental intolerances of this kind is very costly for society. Preventive measures and appropriate treatment call for understanding of the mechanism underlying NBRS and CI. Considerable similarities between NBRS and CI suggest that the two co...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - March 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nordin S Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Association between diesel engine exhaust exposure and lung function in Australian gold miners.
Abstract Previous studies have reported that miners (and other workers) exposed to high levels of diesel engine exhaust (DEE) have an increased risk of lung function decline. The main objective of this study was to evaluate associations between exposure to different components associated with DEE in relation to lung function across a 12-h working shift. Eighty underground gold miners and twenty surface miners completed spirometry and questionnaires at the beginning and end of their 12 h work shift. Personal exposure to elemental carbon (EC), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particle ...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - March 8, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Du M, Hall GL, Franklin P, Musk AB, Mullins BJ, de Klerk N, Elliott NSJ, Sodhi-Berry N, Brims F, Reid A Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Inequality in access to improved drinking water sources and childhood diarrhoea in low- and middle-income countries.
This study adds knowledge towards understanding the state of sustainable development goal achievements in terms of accessing IDWS. The knowledge may be helpful in designing country-specific, achievable, short- and long-term strategies. The non-decisive relation between access to IDWS and ICD indicates the adoption of additional measures in the modelling mechanism. PMID: 32155581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - March 7, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hasan MM, Alam K Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

DNA-based nanobiosensors for monitoring of water quality.
mé L Abstract Water pollution is a global concern for human and environmental health. As technology and industries have developed over the past decades, increasingly more complex and diverse pollutants are found even in treated waters. For better management of water resources, continuous and efficient monitoring is needed to detect the broad range of contaminants. Biosensors have the potential to meet this challenge and to overcome the limitations of the conventional methods used for water analysis. They combine a biological recognition element to a transducer in a sensitive and robust device, capable of sp...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - March 2, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Soukarié D, Ecochard V, Salomé L Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Human fecal contamination of water, soil, and surfaces in households sharing poor-quality sanitation facilities in Maputo, Mozambique.
rt JR Abstract Identifying the origin of fecal contamination can support more effective interventions to interrupt enteric pathogen transmission. Microbial source tracking (MST) assays may help to identify environmental routes of pathogen transmission although these assays have performed poorly in highly contaminated domestic settings, highlighting the importance of both diagnostic validation and understanding the context-specific ecological, physical, and sociodemographic factors driving the spread of fecal contamination. We assessed fecal contamination of compounds (clusters of 2-10 households that share sanitat...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - March 2, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Holcomb DA, Knee J, Sumner T, Adriano Z, de Bruijn E, Nalá R, Cumming O, Brown J, Stewart JR Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Antimicrobial susceptibility of plastic-associated bacteria isolated from the ocean to novel antibiotics (delafloxacin, meropenem/vaborbactam, ceftolozane/tazobactam, ceftobiprole) - Can environmental bacteria be predictors of persistence of antibiotic activity in clinical pathogens?
PMID: 32120248 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Moore RE, Millar BC, Moore JE Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Relationship between time-varying exposure to occupational noise and incident hypertension: A prospective cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study refined the exposure assessment by integrating time-varying exposures to occupational noise and taking work history into consideration. Our findings suggested that workers exposed to noise levels between 82 and 106 dBA for 3-17 years may increase the risk of hypertension with a non-linear exposure-response pattern. We further provided evidence that workers wearing PPE could effectively reduce noise exposure and avoid the development of hypertension. PMID: 32120249 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lin YT, Chen TW, Chang YC, Chen ML, Hwang BF Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Exposures and urinary biomonitoring of aliphatic isocyanates in construction metal structure coating.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Isocyanates are highly reactive chemicals used widely in metal structure coating applications in construction. Isocyanates are potent respiratory and skin sensitizers and a leading cause of occupational asthma. At present, there is no cure for isocyanate asthma and no biomarkers of early disease. Exposure reduction is considered the most effective preventive strategy. To date, limited data are available on isocyanate exposures and work practices in construction trades using isocyanates, including metal structure coatings. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives of this work were: i) to charact...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bello A, Xue Y, Gore R, Woskie S, Bello D Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

What drives antibiotic use in the community? A systematic review of determinants in the human outpatient sector.
Abstract Inadequate and excessive use of antibiotics in humans, animals, and plants has been identified among the key drivers of antibiotic resistance (ABR). In human medicine, the great majority of antibiotics are prescribed in the outpatient sector with profound differences in antibiotic consumption across various geographical scales and between health care sectors; raising questions around the underlying drivers. Moving beyond individual patient-related determinants, determinants of antibiotic use in the outpatient sector were categorized as compositional, contextual and collective, enabling an analysis of pote...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Schmiege D, Evers M, Kistemann T, Falkenberg T Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and its association with heavy metals in children from northern Chile.
CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggest that exposure of children to lead and inorganic arsenic was associated with ADHD. This study provides additional evidence to existing literature regarding the potential role of toxic metals such as lead and arsenic in children's behavior. However, our findings should be interpreted with caution due to the limitations of the study. PMID: 32106053 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Muñoz MP, Rubilar P, Valdés M, Muñoz-Quezada MT, Gómez A, Saavedra M, Iglesias V Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Assessment of microbial risks by characterization of Escherichia coli presence to analyze the public health risks from poor water quality in Nepal.
Abstract The combination of natural disasters and inadequate infrastructure introduce unique challenges in providing safe drinking water in low-income countries. For example, Nepal faces several challenges in managing sporadic diarrheal outbreaks across the country, given its complex geographic terrain, and its susceptibility to extreme natural events like earthquakes, floods, and landslides. To assess the risks of diarrheal diseases caused by fecal contamination in several water sources in different geographical regions of Nepal, we conducted a two months cross-sectional study throughout 37 out of 75 districts in...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 22, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Uprety S, Dangol B, Nakarmi P, Dhakal I, Sherchan SP, Shisler JL, Jutla A, Amarasiri M, Sano D, Nguyen TH Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in urine of children and adolescents in Germany - human biomonitoring results of the German Environmental Survey 2014-2017 (GerES V).
Abstract Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) mainly originate from incomplete combustion of organic materials and are, among other sources, found in traffic emissions, smoked or barbecued food, leafy vegetables, and tobacco smoke. Some PAH or their metabolites are hazardous for health and classified as carcinogenic, mutagenic, or toxic to reproduction. Urine samples from 3- to 17-year-old children and adolescents living in Germany were analysed for concentrations of metabolites of the PAH fluorene, naphthalene, phenanthrene, and pyrene in the population-representative German Environmental Survey for Children an...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 21, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Murawski A, Roth A, Schwedler G, Schmied-Tobies MIH, Rucic E, Pluym N, Scherer M, Scherer G, Conrad A, Kolossa-Gehring M Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Smoking causes induction of micronuclei and other nuclear anomalies in cervical cells.
CONCLUSIONS: Smoking increased chromosomal instability, cytotoxicity and induced cell divisions in cervical mucosa cells of pre- and post-menopausal women. The effects were more pronounced in the latter group indicating a higher risk for diseases (including cancer) that are causally related to DNA damage. PMID: 32088596 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Nersesyan A, Muradyan R, Kundi M, Fenech M, Bolognesi C, Knasmueller S Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Are asthmatics more sensitive to irritants?
Abstract Asthma is a heterogeneous inflammatory disease characterized by increased airway hyper-responsiveness to external stimuli such as irritants. One may speculate that asthmatics are more sensitive to irritants in the air than healthy subjects, i.e. react at lower concentrations. We reviewed the scientific support for this speculation and investigated to what extent asthma is considered when setting exposure limits and guidance values. We found that the experimental studies comparing healthy and asthmatic subjects are often inconclusive. Still, the available studies are underused, by expert committees and ind...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Johanson G Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

First respiratory transmitted food borne outbreak?
Abstract The world is faced with a remarkable coronavirus outbreak with epicentre in Wuhan, China. Altogether 40554 cases have been confirmed globally with novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) until February 10, 2020. Rigorous surveillance in other countries is required to prevent further global expansion of the outbreak, but resolving the exact mechanism of the initial transmission events is crucial. Most initial cases had visited Huanan South Seafood Market in Wuhan selling also various exotic live animals. Based on the limited initial human-to-human transmission and timely clustering of cases in Huanan market among e...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jalava K Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Answers to "Comment on "Cardiovascular disease and long-term occupational exposure to ultrafine particles: A cohort study of airport workers" by M øller KL et al., 2019".
Answers to "Comment on "Cardiovascular disease and long-term occupational exposure to ultrafine particles: A cohort study of airport workers" by Møller KL et al., 2019". Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2020 Feb 19;:113477 Authors: Møller KL, Brauer C, Mikkelsen S, Bonde JP, Helweg-Larsen K, Thygesen LC PMID: 32088127 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 19, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Møller KL, Brauer C, Mikkelsen S, Bonde JP, Helweg-Larsen K, Thygesen LC Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Prenatal pesticide exposure and childhood leukemia - A California statewide case-control study.
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that in rural areas of California exposure to certain pesticides or pesticide classes during pregnancy due to residential proximity to agricultural applications may increase the risk of childhood ALL and AML. Future studies into the mechanisms of carcinogenicity of these pesticides may be beneficial. PMID: 32087503 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 19, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Park AS, Ritz B, Yu F, Cockburn M, Heck JE Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Distributions of enterococci and human-specific bacteriophages of enterococci in a tropical watershed.
In conclusion, this study provides insightful information that could lead to effective water quality management and public health risk reduction from exposure to faecally-contaminated water. PMID: 32087504 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 19, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chyerochana N, Kongprajug A, Somnark P, Leelapanang Kamphaengthong P, Mongkolsuk S, Sirikanchana K Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Impact of an intervention to improve pit latrine emptying practices in low income urban neighborhoods of Maputo, Mozambique.
own J Abstract Safe fecal sludge management (FSM) - the hygienic emptying, transport, and treatment for reuse or disposal of fecal sludge - is an essential part of safely managed sanitation, especially in towns and cities in low- and middle-income countries with limited sewer coverage. The need for safe and affordable FSM services has become more acute as cities grow and densify. Hygienic pit-emptying uses equipment that limits direct human exposure with fecal sludge and hygienic transport conveys fecal sludge offsite for treatment. We evaluated whether a program of on-site sanitation infrastructure upgrades and F...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Capone D, Buxton H, Cumming O, Dreibelbis R, Knee J, Nalá R, Ross I, Brown J Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Low-cost bio-based sustainable removal of lead and cadmium using a polyphenolic bioactive Indian curry leaf (Murraya koengii) powder.
Abstract There is an increasing trend of developing various low-cost biogenic sorbents for the efficient and economical removal of noxious metals . Curry leaf powder (CLP), a promising non-toxic biosorbent containing several bioactive compounds was prepared by the pulverization of the dried leaves for the effective removal of Lead (Pb) and Cadmium (Cd). Various batch sorption experiments were carried out under constant temperature (25 °C), different pH (4.5-10.5), initial concentrations (50-200 mg L-1), adsorbent dosages (0.10-0.40 g) and contact times (0-60 min) to understand the opti...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 17, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mukherjee S, Kumari D, Joshi M, An AK, Kumar M Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Prenatal pesticide exposure and respiratory health outcomes in the first year of life: Results from the infants' Environmental Health (ISA) study.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that exposure to mancozeb/ETU during the first half of pregnancy may be associated with respiratory outcomes in the first year of life. PMID: 32066110 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mora AM, Hoppin JA, Córdoba L, Cano JC, Soto-Martínez M, Eskenazi B, Lindh CH, van Wendel de Joode B Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Prenatal organophosphate pesticide exposure and reproductive hormones in cord blood in Shandong, China.
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest the potential impacts of prenatal OP exposure on fetal reproductive hormones, and that sex-related differences may exist. PMID: 32062593 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Qin K, Zhang Y, Wang Y, Shi R, Pan R, Yao Q, Tian Y, Gao Y Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Comment on "Cardiovascular disease and long-term occupational exposure to ultrafine particles: A cohort study of airport workers" by M øller KL et al., 2019.
Comment on "Cardiovascular disease and long-term occupational exposure to ultrafine particles: A cohort study of airport workers" by Møller KL et al., 2019. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2020 Feb 11;:113476 Authors: Gianicolo EAL, Riccetti N, Merzenich H PMID: 32057683 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gianicolo EAL, Riccetti N, Merzenich H Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Associations of maternal ambient temperature exposures during pregnancy with the risk of preterm birth and the effect modification of birth order during the new baby boom: A birth cohort study in Guangzhou, China.
We examined a birth cohort of 4928 pregnant women beginning in 2016 in Guangzhou, China. An inverse distance weighted method was used to estimate the temperature exposure at each individual residential address. A distribution lag non-linear model incorporating a Cox proportional hazard model was employed to estimate the effects of temperature exposure on PTB and test the effects modification of birth order related to the new baby boom. A total of 4101 pregnant women were included, of which 234 (5.7%) experienced PTB. Compared with the mean temperature (23.0 °C), we found a significantly higher risks of PTB associa...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liu X, Xiao J, Sun X, Chen Q, Yao Z, Feng B, Cao G, Guo L, He G, Hu J, Zeng W, Rong Z, Wang Q, Zhang B, Dong M, Wang J, Chen D, Ma W, Liu T Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Human biomonitoring of metals in workers at the waste-to-energy incinerator of Turin: An Italian longitudinal study.
This study is one of the few focusing on workers with a longitudinal design (the first in Italy). Eighteen metals in urine and lead in blood were determined by sector field inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Information on participant habits and other characteristics that could potentially affect metals concentrations were collected via a structured questionnaire. Subjects were classified according to their work role at the facility: administrative staff workers (AW); plant workers (PW). Nonparametric methods were used to evaluate the changes in metals concentration over time. Comparison of the metals concentrat...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bena A, Orengia M, Gandini M, Bocca B, Ruggieri F, Pino A, Alimonti A, Ghione F, Farina E Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

How to assess respiratory sensitization of low molecular weight chemicals?
Abstract There are no validated and regulatory accepted (animal) models to test for respiratory sensitization of low molecular weight (LMW) chemicals. Since several decades such chemicals are classified as respiratory sensitizers almost exclusively based on observations in workers. However, both respiratory allergens (in which process the immune system is involved) as well as asthmagens (no involvement of the immune system) may induce the same type of respiratory symptoms. Correct classification is very important from a health's perspective point of view. On the other hand, over-classification is not preferable in...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Arts J Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Community water service and incidence of respiratory, skin, and gastrointestinal infections in rural Alaska, 2013-2015.
CONCLUSIONS: Higher levels of water service coverage were associated with lower incidence rates of visits for several infectious disease categories. These associations were more pronounced for communities with piped water service compared to vehicle-hauled water service. PMID: 32058938 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mosites E, Lefferts B, Seeman S, January G, Dobson J, Fuente D, Bruce M, Thomas T, Hennessy T Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Phthalate metabolites in urine of children and adolescents in Germany. Human biomonitoring results of the German Environmental Survey GerES V, 2014-2017.
hring M Abstract During the population representative German Environmental Survey of Children and Adolescents (GerES V, 2014-2017) 2256 first-morning void urine samples from 3 to 17 years old children and adolescents were analysed for 21 metabolites of 11 different phthalates (di-methyl phthalate (DMP), di-ethyl phthalate (DEP), butylbenzyl phthalate (BBzP), di-iso-butyl phthalate (DiBP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), di-cyclohexyl phthalate (DCHP), di-n-pentyl phthalate (DnPeP), di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), di-iso-nonyl phthalate (DiNP), di-iso-decyl phthalate (DiDP) and di-n-octyl phthalate (DnOP)). Metabo...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 11, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Schwedler G, Rucic E, Lange R, Conrad A, Koch HM, Pälmke C, Brüning T, Schulz C, Schmied-Tobies MIH, Daniels A, Kolossa-Gehring M Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Assessment of the future mesothelioma disease burden from past exposure to asbestos in ship recycling yards in India.
Abstract The recycling of end-of-life vessels is a complex activity that generates an enormous amount of hazardous waste, including asbestos-containing materials (ACM). Efforts by the Government of India to comply with national and international regulations and improved standard operating procedures are expected to lower the exposure risk of the workforce to hazardous substances, including asbestos. The current workers are likely to face lesser risks than did those exposed in the past. The present study assesses the health risks from past exposure of asbestos for those workers engaged in handling and removing ACM ...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Singh R, Cherrie JW, Rao B, Asolekar SR Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Risk assessment concepts and approaches for indoor air chemicals in Japan.
Abstract Individuals living in general indoor environments are exposed to a greater variety of chemical pollutants, albeit at lower concentrations, compared with industrial workers in occupational environments. These pollutants can result in a variety of adverse health effects, including those affecting the respiratory, neurological, reproductive, dermatologic, and cardiovascular systems. In Japan, indoor air quality guidelines have been established for 13 chemicals since 1997, and these developments have continued on the basis of scientific discussions in the Committee on Indoor Air Pollution (CIAP) that was set ...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Azuma K, Jinno H, Tanaka-Kagawa T, Sakai S Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Indoor air chemistry: Terpene reaction products and airway effects.
Abstract Reactive chemistry is ubiquitous indoors with a wealth of complex oxidation reactions; some of these are initiated by both homogeneous and heterogeneous reaction of ozone with unsaturated organic compounds and subsequent the hydroxyl radical, either in the gas-phase or on reactive surfaces. One major focus has been the reaction of common and abundant terpene-based fragrances in indoor air emitted from many wood-based materials, a variety of consumer products, and citrus fruits and flowers. Inhalation of the terpenes themselves are generally not considered a health concern (both acute and long-term) due to...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 7, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wolkoff P Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Reference values for heavy metals in the urine and blood of Saudi women derived from two human biomonitoring studies.
Abstract We previously assessed the exposure of Saudi women to mercury, cadmium and lead based on reference values (RVs) established for other populations experiencing differences in environmental exposure, diet and lifestyle as an indicator of background exposure to pollutants. The present study aimed to (1) calculate RV95 for mercury, cadmium and lead in blood and urine from Saudi women based on the 95th percentile of the metal and its corresponding 95% confidence interval (95%CI) as defined by the German Human Biomonitoring Commission, and (2) compare with RV95s established in other countries. RV95s were derive...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 7, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Al-Saleh I Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

State of knowledge on the occupational exposure to carbon nanotube.
Abstract Carbon nanotubes (CNT) trigger fascination as well as anxiety, given their unique physical and chemical properties, and continuing concerns around their possible health effects. CNT exposure assessment is an integral component of occupational and environmental epidemiology, risk assessment, and management. We conducted a systematic review to analyze the quality of CNT occupational exposure assessments in field studies and to assess the relevance of available quantitative data from occupational hygiene and epidemiological perspectives. PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for the period 2000-2018. To ...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 5, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Guseva Canu I, Batsungnoen K, Maynard A, Hopf NB Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

PCB in air, dust and surface wipes in 73 Danish homes.
Abstract As part of an investigation of the total indoor exposure of residents in PCB contaminated apartments in a building estate in Denmark, 73 homes were visited. Samples of air, vacuum cleaner dust and surface wipes were taken and analysed for 15 PCB congeners. The 53 apartments located in high-rise buildings with indoor PCB containing sealants showed significant elevated total concentrations of PCB in air, dust and surface wipes compared to 20 reference homes. The average concentration in exposed homes was 2330 ng PCBtotal/m3 in air, 12.000 ng PCBsum15/g in dust and for surface wipes 529 ng PCB...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - January 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Andersen HV, Gunnarsen L, Knudsen LE, Frederiksen M Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Where are we at with lead? Current levels, time trend, and determinants of blood lead in New Zealand children and adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Although significant reductions in New Zealanders' BLL have been achieved in the past decades, this study identified several additional opportunities to reduce further background exposure to lead. In particular, consideration needs to be given to reducing lead levels in New Zealand roof water supplies. PMID: 32007778 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - January 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mannetje A', Coakley J, Douwes J Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Occurrence of pollen season at the end of the first trimester predicts clinical atopic diseases in the offspring: A Finnish population-based study.
a P Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between potential exposure to different pollen concentrations at the 11th fetal week and subsequent clinical atopic diseases. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Parents of 1- to 4-year-old children (N = 3035) returned a questionnaire regarding physician-diagnosed atopic diseases. The children were born between 2001 and 2005 in the province of South Karelia, Finland. Results of allergy tests were collected from patient records in the area. RESULTS: The prevalence of atopic diseases with sensitisation was higher in children whose 11th fetal week occurred...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - January 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pyrhönen K, Kulmala P Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor: Water safety plans and risk assessment: A novel procedure applied to treated water turbidity and gastrointestinal diseases.
PMID: 31992522 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - January 25, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Muoio R, Caretti C, Rossi L, Santianni D, Lubello C Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Association between maternal exposure to ambient PM10 and neural tube defects: A case-control study in Liaoning Province, China.
CONCLUSIONS: Maternal exposure to PM10 is positively associated with NTDs during the critical period of fetal neural tube development. However, due to the limitation of the exposure assessment as well as potential residual confounding, further research is warranted to confirm our findings. PMID: 31986338 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - January 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Zhang JY, Wu QJ, Huang YH, Li J, Liu S, Chen YL, Li LL, Jiang CZ, Chen ZJ Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Regional variations in human chemical exposures in Canada: A case study using biomonitoring data from the Canadian Health Measures Survey for the provinces of Quebec and Ontario.
In conclusion, this is the first study where biomonitoring data from multiple cycles of CHMS were combined in order to generate robust estimates for subsets of the Canadian population. Such assessments can contribute to a regional-level prioritization of control measures to reduce the exposure of Canadians to chemicals in their environment. PMID: 31972364 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - January 20, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Valcke M, Karthikeyan S, Walker M, Gagné M, Copes R, St-Amand A Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Ten-year temporal trends (2006-2015) and seasonal-differences in urinary metabolite concentrations of novel, hygiene-used pyrethroids in Japanese children.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIM: Metofluthrin, profluthrin, tefluthrin, and transfluthrin are pyrethroid (PYR) insecticides increasingly used to control mosquitoes, flies, and moths in households and public places (hygiene-PYRs). Currently, there is limited data available concerning exposure to these novel hygiene-PYRs. The goal of this study was to monitor exposure to these hygiene-PYRs by analysing their urinary metabolites and to investigate the temporal and seasonal trends in the concentrations of these metabolites. METHODS: First morning urine samples were obtained from 50 Japanese children (four-six years o...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - January 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hamada R, Ueda Y, Wada K, Saito I, Nomura H, Kamijima M, Nakane K, Nagata C, Kondo T, Ueyama J Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Multi-exposures to suspected endocrine disruptors in electronic waste recycling workers: Associations with thyroid and reproductive hormones.
grave;che F Abstract Electronic waste recycling (e-recycling) exposes workers to substances such as flame retardants and metals. Some of them are known or suspected endocrine disruptors that could affect hormonal homeostasis and eventually result in adverse health outcomes. Our aim was to measure biological concentrations of organophosphate ester (OPE) metabolites, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), mercury, lead and cadmium in e-recycling workers, and to explore associations with thyroid and sexual hormones. In a cross-sectional study, end-of-shift blood and urine spot samples were collected from 23 women an...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - January 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gravel S, Lavoué J, Bakhiyi B, Lavoie J, Roberge B, Patry L, Bouchard MF, Verner MA, Zayed J, Labrèche F Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Microbial indicators and molecular markers used to differentiate the source of faecal pollution in the Bogot á River (Colombia).
Microbial indicators and molecular markers used to differentiate the source of faecal pollution in the Bogotá River (Colombia). Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2020 Jan 09;225:113450 Authors: Sánchez-Alfonso AC, Venegas C, Díez H, Méndez J, Blanch AR, Jofre J, Campos C Abstract Intestinal pathogenic microorganisms are introduced into the water by means of faecal contamination, thus creating a threat to public health and to the environment. Detecting these contaminants has been difficult due to such an analysis being costly and time-intensive; as an alternative, microbiological in...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - January 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sánchez-Alfonso AC, Venegas C, Díez H, Méndez J, Blanch AR, Jofre J, Campos C Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Water safety plans and risk assessment: A novel procedure applied to treated water turbidity and gastrointestinal diseases.
PMID: 31882293 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - December 24, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Setty K, Bartram J, De Roos AJ, Beaudeau P Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Phthalate exposure increased the risk of early renal impairment in Taiwanese without type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Abstract Studies have suggested that phthalates may be a risk factor for microalbuminuria, whereas little is known regarding their nephrotoxic effects on adults. We enrolled 311 participants (≥18 y, N = 241;
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - November 26, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chang JW, Liao KW, Huang CY, Huang HB, Chang WT, Jaakkola JJK, Hsu CC, Chen PC, Huang PC Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Probabilistic health risk assessment of heavy metals at wastewater discharge points within the Vaal River Basin, South Africa.
This study focused on assessing potential health risks for humans exposed to concentrations of heavy metals in river systems that receive effluents from wastewater treatment plants in the Maluti-a-Phofung municipality. Untreated influents and treated effluents from two plants, one in the town of Phuthaditjhaba, the other in the town of Harrismith, were analysed for heavy metals. Water samples were also collected from the Elands and the Wilge Rivers, which receive effluents from the treatment plants in Phuthaditjhaba and Harrismith, respectively. All samples were analysed for heavy metals; Iron (Fe), Magnesium (Mg), Mangane...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - November 26, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Moloi M, Ogbeide O, Voua Otomo P Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research