Water and health seminar and special issue highlight ideas that will change the field
Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2021 Feb 24;234:113716. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113716. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33639583 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113716 (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 27, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: David Holcomb Laura Palli Karen Setty Sital Uprety Source Type: research

Prenatal particulate matter exposure and Intrauterine Fetal Death
CONCLUSIONS: In this retrospective cohort an association was found between PM2.5 levels and IUFD among Jewish women only. These results strengthen the importance of addressing this effect modifier when studying air pollution effects on human health.PMID:33639584 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113720 (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 27, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tamar Wainstock Israel Yoles Ruslan Sergienko Itai Kloog Eyal Sheiner Source Type: research

Corrigendum to The special vulnerability of children [Int. J. Hyg Environ. Health 227C (June 2020)]
Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2021 Feb 24;234:113714. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113714. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:33639585 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113714 (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 27, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ruth A Etzel Source Type: research

Lead contamination among Paris Fire Brigade firefighters who fought the Notre Dame Cathedral fire in Paris
CONCLUSIONS: The fire at Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, resulted in moderate lead contamination among firefighters. Individual and collective protection measures probably helped to limit the contamination. Nevertheless, an effort could be made to improve the working conditions by rethinking the respiratory protection.PMID:33631659 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113707 (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 25, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Alexandre Allonneau Samuel Mercier Olga Maurin Fabien Robardet Anne Menguy-Fleuriot Say-Chong Luu Catherine Louyot Nicole Jacques Romain Jouffroy Bertrand Prunet Source Type: research

Lead contamination among Paris Fire Brigade firefighters who fought the Notre Dame Cathedral fire in Paris
CONCLUSIONS: The fire at Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, resulted in moderate lead contamination among firefighters. Individual and collective protection measures probably helped to limit the contamination. Nevertheless, an effort could be made to improve the working conditions by rethinking the respiratory protection.PMID:33631659 | DOI:10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113707 (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 25, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Alexandre Allonneau Samuel Mercier Olga Maurin Fabien Robardet Anne Menguy-Fleuriot Say-Chong Luu Catherine Louyot Nicole Jacques Romain Jouffroy Bertrand Prunet Source Type: research

Development and validation of a biomonitoring method to measure As, Cr, and Ni in human urine samples by ICP-UCT-MS
We present our rigorous validation of the method selectivity and accuracy using National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Standard Reference Materials (SRM), precision using in-house prepared quality control materials, and a discussion of the use of a modified UCT, a BioUCell, to address an ion transmission phenomenon we observed on the NexION 300 platform when using higher elemental concentrations and high cell gas pressures. The rugged method detection limits, calculated from measurements in more than 60 runs, for As, Cr, and Ni are 0.23 μg L-1, 0.19 μg L-1, and 0.31 μg L-1, respectively.PMID:3362186...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 23, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Deanna R Jones Jeffery M Jarrett Danielle Stukes Adam Baer Megan McMichael Kristen Wallon Ge Xiao Robert L Jones Source Type: research

Development and validation of a biomonitoring method to measure As, Cr, and Ni in human urine samples by ICP-UCT-MS
We present our rigorous validation of the method selectivity and accuracy using National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Standard Reference Materials (SRM), precision using in-house prepared quality control materials, and a discussion of the use of a modified UCT, a BioUCell, to address an ion transmission phenomenon we observed on the NexION 300 platform when using higher elemental concentrations and high cell gas pressures. The rugged method detection limits, calculated from measurements in more than 60 runs, for As, Cr, and Ni are 0.23 μg L-1, 0.19 μg L-1, and 0.31 μg L-1, respectively.PMID:3362186...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 23, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Deanna R Jones Jeffery M Jarrett Danielle Stukes Adam Baer Megan McMichael Kristen Wallon Ge Xiao Robert L Jones Source Type: research

Development and validation of a biomonitoring method to measure As, Cr, and Ni in human urine samples by ICP-UCT-MS
We present our rigorous validation of the method selectivity and accuracy using National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Standard Reference Materials (SRM), precision using in-house prepared quality control materials, and a discussion of the use of a modified UCT, a BioUCell, to address an ion transmission phenomenon we observed on the NexION 300 platform when using higher elemental concentrations and high cell gas pressures. The rugged method detection limits, calculated from measurements in more than 60 runs, for As, Cr, and Ni are 0.23 μg L-1, 0.19 μg L-1, and 0.31 μg L-1, respectively.PMID:3362186...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 23, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Deanna R Jones Jeffery M Jarrett Danielle Stukes Adam Baer Megan McMichael Kristen Wallon Ge Xiao Robert L Jones Source Type: research

Mass dose rates of particle-bound organic pollutants in the human respiratory tract: Implications for inhalation exposure and risk estimations
Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2021 Feb 19;234:113710. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113710. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTo date, little is known about the effective doses of airborne particulate matter (PM) and PM-bound hazardous organic components to the human respiratory tract (HRT). In the light of this, here we provide particle mass dose rates (dose per hour of exposure) of PM and a suite of PM-bound hazardous organic compounds in the HRT for two population age groups (adults & children). More specifically, the mass dose rates of PM and PM-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), nitrated-PAH (NPAHs), polychlorinat...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 22, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Aristeidis Voliotis Spyridon Bezantakos Athanasios Besis Yunqi Shao Constantini Samara Source Type: research

A cohort study on adult hematological malignancies and brain tumors in relation to magnetic fields from indoor transformer stations
Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2021 Feb 15;233:113712. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113712. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTExtremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields (MF) have been classified as possibly carcinogenic. This classification was mainly based on studies indicating increased risk of leukemia in children living near power lines. Increased risks of adult hematological malignancies and brain tumors have also been reported, but the results are mixed. We assessed incidence of adult hematological malignancies and brain tumors associated with residential MF exposure. All cohort members had lived in buildings with indoor tran...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Muhammad Waseem Khan Jukka Juutilainen Anssi Auvinen Jonne Naarala Eero Pukkala P äivi Roivainen Source Type: research

Health, work performance, and risk of infection in office-like environments: The role of indoor temperature, air humidity, and ventilation
Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2021 Feb 15;233:113709. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113709. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTEpidemiological and experimental studies have revealed the effects of the room temperature, indoor air humidity, and ventilation on human health, work and cognitive performance, and risk of infection. In this overview, we integrate the influence of these important microclimatic parameters and assess their influence in offices based on literature searches. The dose-effect curves of the temperature describe a concave shape. Low temperature increases the risk of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and elevated...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 18, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Peder Wolkoff Kenichi Azuma Paolo Carrer Source Type: research

Epidemiological surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 by genome quantification in wastewater applied to a city in the northeast of France: Comparison of ultrafiltration- and protein precipitation-based methods
Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2021 Jan 31;233:113692. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113692. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe aim of the present study was to develop a simple, sensitive, and specific approach to quantifying the SARS-CoV-2 genome in wastewater and to evaluate this approach as a means of epidemiological surveillance. Twelve wastewater samples were collected from a metropolitan area in north-eastern France during April and May 2020. In addition to the quantification of the SARS-CoV-2 genome, F-specific RNA phages of genogroup II (FRNAPH GGII), naturally present in wastewater, were used as an internal process control ...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 16, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Isabelle Bertrand Julie Challant H élène Jeulin C édric Hartard Laurence Mathieu S éverine Lopez Scientific Interest Group Ob épine Evelyne Schvoerer Sophie Courtois Christophe Gantzer Source Type: research

Exposure profiles of workers from indium tin oxide target manufacturing and recycling factories in Taiwan
Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2021 Feb 12;233:113708. doi: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2021.113708. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIndium tin oxide exposure poses a potential health risk, but the exposure assessment in occupational setting remains incomplete and continues to be a significant challenge. To this end, we investigated the association of work type, airborne indium concentration, respirable fraction of total indium, and cumulative indium exposure index (CEI) with the levels of plasma indium (P-In) and urinary indium (U-In) among 302 indium tin oxide target manufacturing and recycling workers in Taiwan. We observed that recycling...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 15, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yuan-Ting Hsu Ting-Yao Su Chang-Yuh Chen Hui-Yi Liao Yu-Chieh Kuo Wei-Te Wu Lih-Ann Li Ching-Huang Lai Saou-Hsing Liou Source Type: research

A cohort study on adult hematological malignancies and brain tumors in relation to magnetic fields from indoor transformer stations.
Abstract Extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields (MF) have been classified as possibly carcinogenic. This classification was mainly based on studies indicating increased risk of leukemia in children living near power lines. Increased risks of adult hematological malignancies and brain tumors have also been reported, but the results are mixed. We assessed incidence of adult hematological malignancies and brain tumors associated with residential MF exposure. All cohort members had lived in buildings with indoor transformer stations (TS). MF exposure was assessed based on apartment location. Out of the 256,372 ...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 15, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Khan MW, Juutilainen J, Auvinen A, Naarala J, Pukkala E, Roivainen P Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Health, work performance, and risk of infection in office-like environments: The role of indoor temperature, air humidity, and ventilation.
Abstract Epidemiological and experimental studies have revealed the effects of the room temperature, indoor air humidity, and ventilation on human health, work and cognitive performance, and risk of infection. In this overview, we integrate the influence of these important microclimatic parameters and assess their influence in offices based on literature searches. The dose-effect curves of the temperature describe a concave shape. Low temperature increases the risk of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and elevated temperature increases the risk of acute non-specific symptoms, e.g., dry eyes, and respiratory ...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 15, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wolkoff P, Azuma K, Carrer P Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Exposure profiles of workers from indium tin oxide target manufacturing and recycling factories in Taiwan.
Abstract Indium tin oxide exposure poses a potential health risk, but the exposure assessment in occupational setting remains incomplete and continues to be a significant challenge. To this end, we investigated the association of work type, airborne indium concentration, respirable fraction of total indium, and cumulative indium exposure index (CEI) with the levels of plasma indium (P-In) and urinary indium (U-In) among 302 indium tin oxide target manufacturing and recycling workers in Taiwan. We observed that recycling-crushing produced the highest concentrations of total indium (area: 2084.8 μg/m3; perso...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 12, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hsu YT, Su TY, Chen CY, Liao HY, Kuo YC, Wu WT, Li LA, Lai CH, Liou SH Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Association between prenatal exposure to polybrominated diphenyl ethers and anogenital distance in girls at ages 0-4 years.
We examined the associations between prenatal PBDE exposure and AGD in girls at ages 0-4 years in the Shanghai-Minhang Birth Cohort Study. We measured PBDE in cord plasma collected from 148 girls at birth. Of them, two AGD metrics (AGDAC: from the anterior surface of the clitoral hood to the center of the anus; AGDAF: from the posterior end of the fourchette to the center of the anus) were measured in 142, 114, 104 and 120 of girls at birth, 6, 12, and 48 months of age, respectively. Linear regression models and linear mixed models were used to evaluate the associations between PBDE exposure and AGD at ages 0-4 years. We f...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 11, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Luan M, Ji H, Miao M, Liang H, Wang Z, Chen Y, Chen A, Cao W, Yuan W Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

The mediating role of lung function on air pollution-induced cardiopulmonary mortality in elderly women: The SALIA cohort study with 22-year mortality follow-up.
chikowski T Abstract BACKGROUND: Air pollution exposure is associated with reduced lung function and increased cardio-pulmonary mortality (CPM). OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the potential mediating effect of reduced lung function on the association between air pollution exposure and CPM. METHODS: We used data from the German SALIA cohort including 2527 elderly women (aged 51-56 years at baseline 1985-1994) with 22-year follow-up to CPM. Exposures to PM10, PM2.5, PM2.5 absorbance, NO2 and NOx were assessed by land-use regression modelling and back-extrapolated to estimate exposures at baseline. Lung ...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 11, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Dalecká A, Wigmann C, Kress S, Altug H, Jiřík V, Heinrich J, Abramson MJ, Schikowski T Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Prenatal PM2.5 exposure and neurodevelopment at 2 years of age in a birth cohort from Mexico city.
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that language development up to 24 months of age may be particularly sensitive to PM2.5 exposure during pregnancy. PMID: 33582606 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 11, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hurtado-Díaz M, Riojas-Rodríguez H, Rothenberg SJ, Schnaas-Arrieta L, Kloog I, Just A, Hernández-Bonilla D, Wright RO, Téllez-Rojo MM Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Modelling faecal pathogen flows and health risks in urban Bangladesh: Implications for sanitation decision making.
This study aimed to develop, apply and validate a systems modelling approach to inform sanitation infrastructure and service decision-making in urban environments by examining enteric pathogen inputs, transport and reduction by various sanitation systems, and estimating corresponding exposure and public health impacts. The health effects of eight sanitation options were assessed in a low-income area in Dhaka, Bangladesh, with a focus on five target pathogens (Shigella, Vibrio cholerae, Salmonella Typhi, norovirus GII and Giardia). Relative to the sanitation base case in the study site (24% septic tanks, 5% holding tanks an...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 9, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Foster T, Falletta J, Amin N, Rahman M, Liu P, Raj S, Mills F, Petterson S, Norman G, Moe C, Willetts J Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Household mold, pesticide use, and childhood asthma: A nationwide study in the U.S.
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations of household mold and pesticide use with risk of childhood asthma and examine the potential effect modification by child's sex at a national level in the U.S. METHODS: Nationally representative data were drawn from the cross-sectional 2017 and 2018 National Surveys of Children's Health. Household mold and pesticide exposures during the past 12 months and physician-diagnosed childhood asthma were assessed by standard questionnaires administered to primary caregivers. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to calculate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) f...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 6, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xiao S, Ngo AL, Mendola P, Bates MN, Barcellos AL, Ferrara A, Zhu Y Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Blood lead and mercury levels are associated with low resting heart rate in community adolescent boys.
Abstract While the neurotoxic effects of heavy metals at even low levels have been well-studied, few studies have examined the cardiovascular effects of heavy metals on resting heart rate and these have focused on adult populations. The present study aimed to examine the association between low-level environmental lead and mercury exposure and resting heart rate in community adolescents. As part of the China Jintan Cohort Study, 532 adolescents aged 12 years (SD = 0.6) were tested for blood levels of lead (BLL) and mercury (BML) and resting heart rate (RHR). Generalized linear models were conducted to te...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - February 5, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Liu J, Portnoy J, Um P, Cui N, Rudo-Hutt A, Yan C, Raine A, Chen A Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Extreme weather events in europe and their health consequences - A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Evidence from most of the included studies showed that extreme heat and cold events, droughts, wildfires and floods in Europe have negative impacts on human health including mental health, although some of the associations are not conclusive. Additional high-quality studies are needed to confirm our results and further studies regarding the effects of other extreme weather events in Europe are to be expected. PMID: 33530011 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - January 30, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Weilnhammer V, Schmid J, Mittermeier I, Schreiber F, Jiang L, Pastuhovic V, Herr C, Heinze S Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Urinary phthalates and body mass index in preschool children: The MIREC Child Development Plus study.
We examined the association between urinary concentrations of phthalate metabolites and concurrently measured body mass index (BMI) and skinfolds among children between the ages of two and five years. We collected anthropometric measures and biomonitoring data on approximately 200 children enrolled in the Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals Child Development Plus study. We measured 22 phthalate metabolites in children's urine and used the 19 metabolites detected in at least 40% of samples. Our primary outcome was BMI z-scores calculated using the World Health Organization growth standards. Skinfold z-scores...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - January 11, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ashley-Martin J, Dodds L, Arbuckle TE, Lanphear B, Muckle G, Foster WG, Ayotte P, Zidek A, Asztalos E, Bouchard MF, Kuhle S Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Exposures in nail salons to trace elements in nail polish from impurities or pigment ingredients - A pilot study.
Abstract Nail polishes have evolved considerably. Toxic elements, such as lead, have been found in nail polish, and it is unclear if new finishes using metallic effect pigments may be contributing to metals exposure in nail technicians. We characterized concentrations of trace elements in 40 nail polishes, 9 technicians' urine, and 20 technicians' toenail clippings from 8 nail salons in the Boston area in 2017. We also collected 24 salon surface wipes from 3 of the salons. Antimony was not disclosed as a nail polish ingredient, yet concentrations (
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - January 11, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ceballos DM, Young AS, Allen JG, Specht AJ, Nguyen VT, Craig JA, Miller M, Webster TF Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Utilization of greenhouse effect for the treatment of COVID-19 contaminated disposable waste - A simple technology for developing countries.
We present a mathematical model for predication of maximum temperature at different positions inside the container and their relation to different ambient air temperature scenarios. The mathematical formulas used are based on the conservation laws and a good agreement of a full month of field measurements were obtained. Even in winter conditions in many of developing countries air temperature can maintain levels above 20 °C, which will produce temperature around 30 °C and viruses can reach levels below detection limit in maximum 3 h. PMID: 33434878 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: In...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - January 8, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Maher OA, Kamal SA, Newir A, Persson KM Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Proximity to traffic and exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in relation to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and conduct disorder in U.S. children.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Traffic related air pollution (TRAP) and its component polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) may be neurotoxic in children. There is limited research on postnatal exposure to TRAP and PAHs and child neurodevelopment. METHODS: We linked data from the U.S. NHANES 2001-2004 with the National Highway Planning Network 2005 to examine the proximity to major roads (highway or urban/rural principal arterials), urinary PAH metabolites, and diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Conduct Disorder (CD) based on Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (C-DISC) in 1253 ch...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - January 8, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kim SS, Vuong AM, Dietrich KN, Chen A Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

A Phased Approach for preparation and organization of human biomonitoring studies.
CONCLUSIONS: The separation of the planning and conduct of human biomonitoring studies into different phases creates the basis for a structured procedure and facilitates a step-by-step approach reducing costs, warranting high participation rates and increasing quality of conduct. Emphasis is put on a comprehensive scoping phase ensuring high quality of the study design, which is indispensable for reliable results. PMID: 33373963 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - December 26, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Fiddicke U, Pack LK, Tolonen H, Sepai O, López ME, Castaño A, Schoeters G, Kolossa-Gehring M Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Cost effectiveness of community led total sanitation in Ethiopia and Ghana.
Abstract We conducted cost effectiveness analyses of four different CLTS interventions implemented in Ethiopia and Ghana. In each country, a pilot approach in which additional local actors were trained in CLTS facilitation was compared to the conventional approach. Data were collected using bottom-up costing, household surveys, and observations. We assessed variability of cost effectiveness from a societal perspective for latrine ownership and latrine use outcomes in different contexts. Cost effectiveness ranged from $34-$1897 per household ($5.85-$563 per person) gaining access to a private latrine or stopping op...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - December 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Crocker J, Fuente D, Bartram J Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Environmental conditions in maternity wards: Evidence from rural healthcare facilities in 14 low- and middle-income countries.
We described patterns and availability of essential environmental conditions, and a regression model was developed to explore predictive factors. 73% of HCFs offering maternal and neonatal health (MNH) services did not meet the guidelines for the World Health Organization 'six cleans' (clean perineum, clean bed surface, clean hands, clean blade, clean cord tie, and clean towels to wrap the baby and mother). The items with the lowest availability were clean towels (40%). In a multivariable logistic regression model, HCFs that provided maternity services were more likely to have all 'six cleans' available if they: had at lea...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - December 24, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cronk R, Guo A, Folz C, Hynes P, Labat A, Liang K, Bartram J Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substance plasma concentrations and metabolomic markers of type 2 diabetes in the Diabetes Prevention Program trial.
CONCLUSIONS: PFAS concentrations are associated with metabolites linked to type 2 diabetes (particularly amino acid, glycerolipid and glycerophospholipid pathways). Further prospective research is needed to test whether these metabolites mediate associations of PFAS and type 2 diabetes. PMID: 33348273 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - December 18, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mitro SD, Liu J, Jaacks LM, Fleisch AF, Williams PL, Knowler WC, Laferrère B, Perng W, Bray GA, Wallia A, Hivert MF, Oken E, James-Todd TM, Temprosa M Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Risk assessment for irritating chemicals - Derivation of extrapolation factors.
k M Abstract Irritation of the eyes and the upper respiratory tract are important endpoints for setting guide values for chemicals. To optimize the use of the often-limited data, we analysed controlled human exposure studies (CHS) with 1-4 h inhalation of the test substance, repeated dose inhalation studies in rodents, and Alarie-Tests and derived extrapolation factors (EF) for exposure duration, inter- and intraspecies differences. For the endpoint irritating effects in the respiratory tract in rodents, geometric mean (GM) values of 1.9 were obtained for the EF for subacute→subchronic (n = 16)...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - December 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mangelsdorf I, Schröder K, Escher SE, Kolossa-Gehring M, Debiak M Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Fate of faecal pathogen indicators during faecal sludge composting with different bulking agents in tropical climate.
This study investigated the influence of different locally available bulking agents on the inactivation efficiency of composting by tracking the fate of four key indicator organisms (E. coli, Salmonella spp., Enterococci spp., and viable helminth eggs). Dewatered FS was mixed with different bulking agents - i.e. Sawdust (SD), Coffee husks (CH) and Brewery waste (BW). Compost piles of FS:SD, FS:CH, and FS:BW in a volumetric ratio of 1:2 were set-up in duplicate (3 m3 each), composted on a pilot scale and monitored weekly for the survival of pathogen indicators for a period of 15 weeks. The study findings suggest that t...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - December 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Manga M, Camargo-Valero MA, Anthonj C, Evans BE Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Estimating plasma half-lives of dioxin like and non-dioxin like polychlorinated biphenyls after occupational exposure in the German HELPcB cohort.
Abstract Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are carcinogenic persistent organic pollutants that have been used as mixtures in transformers, electrical capacitors or hydraulic oils in underground mining until their ban in the late 1980s in Germany. The widespread use of PCBs has led to an age-dependent body burden in the general population. In order to determine the human half-lives of different PCB-congeners, we have used data collected between 2010 and 2017 from the prospective investigation of the German HELPcB-cohort with high initial occupational exposure to PCBs from a transformer recycling company. PCBs were q...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - December 8, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Esser A, Ziegler P, Kaifie-Pechmann A, Kraus T, Schettgen T Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Effects of perinatal dioxin exposure on neonatal electroencephalography (EEG) activity of the quiet sleep stage in the most contaminated area from Agent Orange in Vietnam.
CONCLUSION: Perinatal dioxin exposure influences neuronal activity in the quiet sleep stage, leading to poor communication ability indicated by gaze behavior in early childhood. PMID: 33296778 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - December 6, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Pham NT, Nishijo M, Nghiem TTG, Pham TT, Tran NN, Le VQ, Vu TH, Tran HA, Phan HAV, Do Q, Takiguchi T, Nishino Y, Nishijo H Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Manuscript title: Long ─term residential exposure to environmental/transportation noise and the incidence of myocardial infarction.
CONCLUSIONS: These associations suggest that exposure to total environmental noise at current urban levels may be related to the incidence of MI. Additional studies with more accurate road noise estimates are needed to explain the counterintuitive associations with road noise and specific transportation sources. PMID: 33296779 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - December 6, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yankoty LI, Gamache P, Plante C, Goudreau S, Blais C, Perron S, Fournier M, Ragettli MS, Fallah-Shorshani M, Hatzopoulou M, Liu Y, Smargiassi A Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Long-term time trend of lead exposure in young German adults - Evaluation of more than 35  Years of data of the German Environmental Specimen Bank.
Long-term time trend of lead exposure in young German adults - Evaluation of more than 35 Years of data of the German Environmental Specimen Bank. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2020 Nov 19;231:113665 Authors: Lermen D, Weber T, Göen T, Bartel-Steinbach M, Gwinner F, Mueller SC, Conrad A, Rüther M, von Briesen H, Kolossa-Gehring M Abstract Lead is a ubiquitous pollutant with well-known effects on human health. As there is no lower toxicological threshold for lead in blood and since data gaps on lead exposure still exist in many European countries, HBM data on lead is of high importance. To a...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - November 19, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lermen D, Weber T, Göen T, Bartel-Steinbach M, Gwinner F, Mueller SC, Conrad A, Rüther M, von Briesen H, Kolossa-Gehring M Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Association between estimated whole-brain radiofrequency electromagnetic fields dose and cognitive function in preadolescents and adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that higher brain exposure to RF-EMF is related to lower non-verbal intelligence but not to other cognitive function outcomes. Given the cross-sectional nature of the study, the small effect sizes, and the unknown biological mechanisms, we cannot discard that our resultsare due to chance finding or reverse causality. Longitudinal studies on RF-EMF brain exposure and cognitive function are needed. PMID: 33221634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - November 19, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cabré-Riera A, van Wel L, Liorni I, Thielens A, Birks LE, Pierotti L, Joseph W, González-Safont L, Ibarluzea J, Ferrero A, Huss A, Wiart J, Santa-Marina L, Torrent M, Vrijkotte T, Capstick M, Vermeulen R, Vrijheid M, Cardis E, Röösli M, Guxens M Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Assessing the efficiency of constructed wetlands in removing PPCPs from treated wastewater and mitigating the ecotoxicological impacts.
In this study, the effectiveness of a full scale constructed wetlands treatment system (CCWTs) in removing the 36 PPCPs was investigated. The load mass of PPCPs discharged by the wastewater treatment plant into the CCWTs was calculated. Removal efficiencies of PPCPs were evaluated based on physico-chemical properties such as octanol-water partition coefficient (Log kow), molecular weight (MW, g mol-1) and the acid dissociation constant (pKa). The CCWTs are especially efficient in removing azithromycin, sertraline, tolfenamic acid, and diphenhydramine with removing efficiency>88%. However, the removal efficiencies of PPC...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - November 16, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bayati M, Ho TL, Vu DC, Wang F, Rogers E, Cuvellier C, Huebotter S, Inniss EC, Udawatta R, Jose S, Lin CH Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Lead exposure and its association with cardiovascular disease and diabetic kidney disease in middle-aged and elderly diabetic patients.
Abstract AIMS: Previous studies have suggested that a high blood lead level (BLL) is associated with cardiovascular outcomes and impaired renal function in the general population; however, studies investigating the effect of a high BLL on diabetic vascular complications have been limited. We aimed to investigate whether a higher BLL is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetic kidney disease (DKD). METHODS: We analyzed 4234 individuals out of 4813 diabetic participants enrolled from seven communities in China in 2018 in this cross-sectional study. Macrovascular measurements, including assessme...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - November 16, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wan H, Chen S, Cai Y, Chen Y, Wang Y, Zhang W, Chen C, Wang N, Guo Y, Lu Y Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Daily changes in household water access and quality in urban slums undermine global safe water monitoring programmes.
This study provides the first empirical evidence that water quality, water access, and related health risks in urban slums change at much finer (daily) temporal scales than is conventionally monitored and reported globally. Our findings underscore that to advance progress towards Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Target 6.1, it is necessary for global water monitoring initiatives to consider short-term changes in access and quality. PMID: 33202361 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - November 14, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Price HD, Adams EA, Nkwanda PD, Mkandawire TW, Quilliam RS Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Increase in aflatoxin exposure in two populations residing in East and West Texas, United States.
In this study, two populations from East and West Texas, known for their high risk of liver cancer, were examined for their AF exposure at three different time periods from 2004 to 2014. Serum samples (n = 1124) were collected from participants recruited for various studies from Bexar County and Lubbock County, TX, over the span of 2004 through 2014. The exposure biomarker, serum AFB1-lysine adduct, was analyzed by HPLC-FLD and confirmed by LC-MS. Both populations showed a significant increase in detection rate, as well as median levels of serum AFB1-lysine adduct over time, from 2.35 to 4.34 pg/mg albumin i...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - November 13, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Xue KS, Tang L, Shen CL, Pollock BH, Guerra F, Phillips TD, Wang JS Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substance mixtures and gestational weight gain among mothers in the Health Outcomes and Measures of the Environment study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are environmentally persistent chemicals commonly used in the production of household and consumer goods. While exposure to PFAS has been associated with greater adiposity in children and adults, less is known about associations with gestational weight gain (GWG). METHODS: We quantified using mass spectrometry perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS), perfluorohexanesulfanoate (PFHxS) and perfluorononanoate (PFNA) in maternal serum from 18 ± 5 weeks' gestation (mean ± standard deviation (std)) i...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - November 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Romano ME, Gallagher LG, Eliot MN, Calafat AM, Chen A, Yolton K, Lanphear B, Braun JM Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Revalue associations of short-term exposure to air pollution with respiratory hospital admissions in Lanzhou, China after the control and treatment of current pollution.
Abstract Significant progress has been made in air pollution control Lanzhou, China recently, however, there was only one study so far on the assessment on health gains from air quality improvement after adopting strict air pollution control measures. The present study aimed to estimate the short-term effects of six criteria air pollutants including PM2.5, PM10, NO2, SO2, CO and O3 on respiratory admissions in Lanzhou, China, then compare the results of our study with those earlier studies conducted in Lanzhou before the implementation of air pollution control measures. Data on daily hospital admissions from the t...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - November 7, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Dong J, Liu Y, Bao H Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Association of hospital admission for bronchiectasis with air pollution: A province-wide time-series study in southern China.
This study strengthens the importance of reducing adverse impact on respiratory health of air pollution to protect vulnerable populations. PMID: 33157415 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - November 3, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wang Z, Zhou Y, Zhang Y, Huang X, Duan X, Ou Y, Liu S, Hu W, Liao C, Zheng Y, Wang L, Xie M, Yang H, Xiao S, Luo M, Tang L, Zheng J, Liu S, Wu F, Deng Z, Tian H, Peng J, Wang X, Zhong N, Ran P Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Is direct-drinking water safe for children? An analysis of direct-drinking water quality and its risk factors in Shanghai elementary and middle schools.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Drinking water quality for children should be higher than adults due to both behavioral and physiological factors. Thus, to provide enough, safe, and easily accessible drinking water for children at schools, the Shanghai Municipal Government initiated a direct-drinking water project in 2013. However, there has been no study so far to assess the quality of direct-drinking water or to investigate its risk factors in Shanghai elementary and middle schools. METHODS: In the present study, we selected direct-drinking water equipment from 183 elementary and middle schools (17% of total) in Shang...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - November 2, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hu F, Yang J, Li P, Qiu W, Hou X, Wei X, Wang H, Kauffman AE, Xiao S, Liao Z, Kimura SY, Zheng W, Lin J, Zhu S Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Human experimental exposure to glyphosate and biomonitoring of young Swedish adults.
dh CH Abstract Glyphosate (GLY), N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine, is the most widely used herbicide in the world. It is a broad-spectrum herbicide, also used in crop desiccation. Agricultural workers may be occupationally exposed and general populations may be exposed to GLY mainly through diet. We studied the kinetics of GLY by measuring the parent compound and its metabolite aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) in urine samples of three volunteers after an experimental oral exposure. We further examined GLY exposure by measuring GLY and AMPA in spot urine samples of 197 young adults in the general population in Scania,...
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - October 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Faniband MH, Norén E, Littorin M, Lindh CH Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Joint and interactive effects between health comorbidities and environmental exposures in predicting amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
CONCLUSIONS: This study is one of the first attempts to evaluate joint and interactive effects of multiple risk factors on ALS, identifying potential synergistic and antagonistic mechanisms. PMID: 33130429 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - October 30, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bellavia A, Dickerson AS, Rotem RS, Hansen J, Gredal O, Weisskopf MG Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Proximity to livestock farms and exposure to livestock-related particulate matter are associated with lower probability of medication dispensing for obstructive airway diseases.
CONCLUSIONS: The results show that the probability of dispensing medication for asthma or COPD is inversely associated with proximity to livestock farms and modelled exposure to livestock-related PM10 in multiple regions within the Netherlands. This finding implies a notable prevented risk: under the assumption of absence of livestock farms in the Netherlands, an estimated 2%-5% more persons (an increase in tens of thousands) in rural areas would receive asthma or COPD medication. PMID: 33129168 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - October 28, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Post PM, Houthuijs D, Sterk HAM, Marra M, van de Kassteele J, van Pul A, Smit LAM, van der Hoek W, Lebret E, Hogerwerf L Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Transportation noise and gestational diabetes mellitus: A nationwide cohort study from Denmark.
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, this nationwide study suggests that railway noise but not road traffic noise might be associated with GDM. PMID: 33126026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - October 27, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Thacher JD, Roswall N, Damm P, Hvidtfeldt UA, Poulsen AH, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Ketzel M, Jensen SS, Frohn LM, Valencia VH, Münzel T, Sørensen M Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research