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The chemistry, function and (patho)physiology of stratum corneum barrier ceramides
Abstract Research on understanding of the chemistry, function and (patho)physiology of stratum corneum (SC) lipids and especially ceramides has evolved over the last two decades. This has been made successful through the application of separation techniques that have become increasingly more sophisticated, and it has become increasingly evident that our understanding of these molecules remains in its infancy. Thirteen classes of ceramides with over 300 and possibly up to 1000 distinct ceramide species have been identified suggesting an exquisitely subtle relationship between the types of ceramides and physical and chemical...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - May 18, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: D. J. Moore, A. V. Rawlings Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Polygonum multiflorum Radix extract protects human foreskin melanocytes from oxidative stress in  vitro and potentiates hair follicle pigmentation ex vivo
ConclusionPolygonum multiflorum Radix extract protects in vitro primary human foreskin melanocytes from the deleterious effects of H2O2 exposure and improves pigmentation within ex vivo human hair follicles, demonstrating the utility of Polygonum multiflorum Radix extract as a potential active ingredient for the protection of melanocytes against premature death. This data provides in vitro mechanistic evidence consistent with existing in vivo studies for the use of Polygonum multiflorum Radix extract as a strategy for the prevention of oxidative stress‐induced hair greying, in line with traditional Polygonum multiflo...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - April 27, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: P. Sextius, R. Betts, I. Benkhalifa, S. Commo, J. Eilstein, M. Massironi, P. Wang, J. ‐F. Michelet, J. Qiu, X. Tan, S. Jeulin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Fractionated aliphatic alcohols as synthetic precursors of ultra long chain monoacylglycerols for cosmetic applications
ConclusionsPerformacol 425 can be a potential source of fatty alcohols to synthesize monoacylglycerols that can improve the occlusive behavior of phospholipid‐structured emulsions.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - April 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Bianca P érez, Bjørn S. Hansen, Pallav A. Bulsara, Anthony Vincent Rawlings, Martyn J. Clarke, Zheng Guo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Terminalia ferdinandiana Exell. extracts inhibit the growth of body odour forming bacteria
ConclusionThe low toxicity of the T. ferdinandiana leaf extracts and their potent growth inhibition of axillary and plantar malodour producing bacteria indicate their potential as deodorant components.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - April 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Kane McManus, Aiden Wood, Mitchell Henry Wright, Ben Matthews, Anthony Carlson Greene, Ian Edwin Cock Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Towards satisfying performance of an O/W cosmetic emulsion: screening of reformulation factors on textural and rheological properties using general experimental design
ConclusionThe study showed that the established approach which combines a general experimental design and instrumental, rheological and textural measurements could be appropriate, more objective, repeatable and time and money‐saving step towards developing cosmetic emulsions with satisfying, improved or unchanged, consumer‐acceptable performance during the reformulation.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - April 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: M. Filipovic, M. Lukic, S. Djordjevic, V. Krstonosic, I. Pantelic, G. Vuleta, S. Savic Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

New test method for the evaluation of the preservation efficacy of soaps at very alkaline pH made by saponification
ConclusionThis study enabled the development of a test method to evaluate the efficacy of preservation using a specific bacterium, Nesterenkonia lacusekhoensis, responsible for the contamination of very alkaline soaps made by saponification and identify an appropriate preservative system.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - April 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: S. T émoin‐Fardini, J. Servant, S. Sellam Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A Dissociation in judgments of confidence in people with dandruff based on self ‐reports compared to reports from other observers
ConclusionsThese findings reveal a difference between explicit and implicit measures of self‐esteem in men compared to women with dandruff.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - April 1, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Amanda Godbehere, Lorraine McDonald, Fiona Baines, Clare A. M. Sutherland, Timothy J. Andrews Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Wetting and adhesion evaluation of cosmetic ingredients and products: correlation of in vitro –in vivo contact angle measurements
ConclusionSystematic study carried out by evaluating the wettability of single cosmetic ingredients on different substrates allowed to find correlations between the use of certain ingredients and the final performance of a cosmetic product. Résumé ObjectifsLe but de ce travail est d'utiliser la mesure de l'angle de contact afin de prédire le comportement des ingrédients et des produits cosmétiques finis sur la peau pour améliorer le toucher et la texture du produit. MéthodeDifférentes classes d'ingrédients et de formulations cosmétiques ont été évaluées. Les mesures des angles de contact ont été effectuée...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 28, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: P. Capra, G. Musitelli, P. Perugini Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The chemistry, function & (patho)physiology of stratum corneum barrier ceramides
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 24, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: David J. Moore, Anthony V. Rawlings Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

How a working day induced ‐tiredness may alter some facial signs in differently‐aged Caucasian women
ConclusionA normal working day induces, in the studied women, slight but detectable changes in some facial signs that vary (location, intensity) according to age.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 14, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Flament Frederic, Pierre Julien, Delhommeau Karine, Adam Anne ‐Sophie Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Lipid ‐based submicron capsules as a strategy to include high concentrations of a hydrophobic lightening agent in a hydrogel
ConclusionLipid‐based capsules (LNC), an encapsulation system useful for the epidermal delivery of hydrophobic compounds, were adapted to the encapsulation of a commercial lightening agent. The encapsulation permits the dispersion in a stable manner of a very high concentration of a hydrophobic active molecule in a hydrogel while maintaining the physicochemical and sensory properties of the gel.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 14, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: HTP Nguyen, M Souc é, X Perse, F Vial, T. Perrier, F Yvergnaux, I Chourpa, E Munnier Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Development and validation of an ultraviolet –visible spectrophotometric method for determination of phenylethyl resorcinol in new topical nanoemulsions
ConclusionThis developed method was confirmed to be rapid, simple, cost‐effective, specific, precise, accurate and suitable for determination of PR content in nanoemulsions and entrapment efficiencies. Résumé ObjectifDévelopper une méthode spectrophotométrique ultraviolette‐visible (UV‐Vis) rapide, simple et efficace pour la quantification du phényléthylrésorcinol (PR), un puissant agent éclaircissant pour la peau, incorporé dans de nouvelles nanoémulsions topiques et pour valider cette méthode selon Directives de la Commission internationale de l'harmonisation (ICH). MethodesLa méthode spectrophotomét...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 9, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: L. Hong, D. Han, M. ‐X. Li, P. Zhang, C.‐G. Liu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Skin delivery of hydrophilic molecules from liposomes and polysaccharide ‐coated liposomes
In conclusion, polysaccharide coating of liposomes allows for better protection of their integrity without compromising the skin bioavailability of the active molecules that they convoy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 6, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Nabila Belhaj, Elmira Arab ‐Tehrany, Estelle Loing, Carine Bézivin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Free radical scavenging properties of mannitol and its role as a constituent of hyaluronic acid fillers: a literature review
Abstract Mannitol has both hydrating and antioxidant properties that make it an ideal excipient for use with hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers. This review examines the role of reactive oxygen species in the ageing process and their effects on both endogenous HA and HA products developed for aesthetic use. Evidence is presented to show that the free radical scavenging properties of mannitol provide it with a two‐fold mechanism of action when combined with HA fillers: reducing the inflammation and swelling associated with the injection procedure itself, and preventing the degradation of the injected HA by free radicals. Mannit...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 16, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: P. Andr é, F. Villain Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The perplexing dilemma of measuring sun protection factors
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 31, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Marc Pissavini, Brian Diffey, Olivier Doucet Tags: Research Communication Source Type: research

The effect of additives on release and in vitro skin retention of flavonoids from emulsion and gel semisolid formulations
ConclusionThe proper choice of the solvent added to the semisolid base is crucial for enhanced skin delivery of the tested flavonoids. PG is more efficient absorption promoter than PEG 400 of both chrysin and quercetin.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 31, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Renata Dyja, Andrzej Jankowski Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Development and Clinical Validation of a Novel Photography ‐based Skin Erythema Evaluation System: A Comparison with the Calculated Consensus of Dermatologists
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 31, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: M. Cho, D ‐H. Lee, E. J. Doh, Y. Kim, J. H. Chung, H. C. Kim, S. Kim Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A robust sebum, oil, and particulate pollution model for assessing cleansing efficacy of human skin
Abstract With increasing concerns over the rise of atmospheric particulate pollution globally and its impact on systemic health and skin ageing, we have developed a pollution model to mimic particulate matter trapped in sebum and oils creating a robust (difficult to remove) surrogate for dirty, polluted skin. ObjectiveTo evaluate the cleansing efficacy/protective effect of a sonic brush vs. manual cleansing against particulate pollution (trapped in grease/oil typical of human sebum). MethodsThe pollution model (Sebollution; sebum pollution model; SPM) consists of atmospheric particulate matter/pollution combined with greas...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 30, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: G. Peterson, S. Rapaka, N. Koski, M. Kearney, K. Ortblad, L. Tadlock Tags: Research communication Source Type: research

Hexamidine salts – applications in skin health and personal care products
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 27, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Nicola Parisi, Paul J. Matts, Rebecca Lever, Jonathan Hadgraft, Majella E. Lane Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Polygonum multiflorum Radix extract protects human foreskin melanocytes from oxidative stress in vitro and potentiates hair follicle pigmentation ex vivo
ConclusionPolygonum multiflorum Radix extract protects in vitro primary human foreskin melanocytes from the deleterious effects of H2O2‐exposure and improves pigmentation within ex vivo human hair follicles, demonstrating the utility of Polygonum multiflorum Radix extract as a potential active ingredient for the protection of melanocytes against premature death. This data provides in vitro mechanistic evidence consistent with existing in vivo studies for the use of Polygonum multiflorum Radix extract as a strategy for the prevention of oxidative‐stress induced hair greying, in line with traditional Polygonum multifloru...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 21, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Peggy Sextius, Richard Betts, Ishak Benkhalifa, St éphane Commo, Joan Eilstein, Marco Massironi, Ping Wang, Jean‐Francois Michelet, Jie Qiu, Xuezhu Tan, Severine Jeulin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Climbazole Boosts Activity of Retinoids in Skin
ConclusionClimbazole boosted retinoid activity both in the SE model, after a combined topic treatment with either retinol or retinyl propionate, and in vivo, in combination with a low level of retinol. Based upon the evidence presented here, we suggest that the topical skin application of climbazole in combination with retinoids, could deliver skin aging benefits more than a less robust retinoid alone.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 19, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Jean Adamus, Li Feng, Stacy Hawkins, Kristopher Kalleberg, Jian ‐ming Lee Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Synthesis and Antioxidant Properties of Caffeic Acid Corn Bran Arabinoxylan Esters
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 17, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Yanli Li, Yuanbo Zhu, Rong Liang, Cheng Yang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Editorial
(Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 9, 2017 Category: Dermatology Authors: Karl Lintner, Majella E. Lane Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

A highly resistant structure between cuticle and cortex of human hair
ConclusionThis study proposed the presence of a membrane‐like structure, which is highly resistant against chemical treatment, at the region between cuticle and cortex of human hair. This may protect cortex from external stimuli more firmly than the surface part of cuticle. Résumé ObjectifClarifier la présence et les propriétés d'une structure unique située entre la cuticule et le cortex des cheveux humains MéthodesDes fibres de cheveux entières et des cheveux fendus longitudinalement ont été utilisés. Traité avec un mélange d'urée, réducteur et alcalin, les cheveux ont été divisés à l'interface entre...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 3, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: T. Takahashi, S. Yoshida Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Wetting and adhesion evaluation of cosmetic ingredients and products: correlation of in vitro – in vivo contact angle measurements
ConclusionSystematic study carried out by evaluating the wettability of single cosmetic ingredients on different substrates allowed to find correlations between the use of certain ingredients and the final performance of a cosmetic product.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 30, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: P. Capra, G. Musitelli, P. Perugini Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Simultaneous Separation and Determination of 15 Organic UV Filters in Sunscreen Cosmetics by HPLC ‐ESI‐MS/MS
ConclusionThe experimental results demonstrated that the developed method was accurate, rapid, sensitive, and can be used for the analytical control of sunscreen cosmetics.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 30, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Xianshuang Meng, Qiang Ma, Hua Bai, Ziming Wang, Chao Han, Chuanxian Wang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Free ‐radical scavenging properties of mannitol and its role as a constituent of hyaluronic acid fillers: a literature review
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 30, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: P. Andr é, F. Villain Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Texture ‐based characterization of subskin features by specified laser speckle effects at λ = 650 nm region for more accurate parametric ‘skin age’ modelling
ConclusionThe method introduced here is non‐invasive, low cost and capable of operating in real time; having the potential to compete against high‐cost instrumentation such as confocal microscopy or similar imaging devices used for skin age identification purposes. Résumé ObjectifLa structure texturale des composants sous‐cutanés liée à l’”âge de la peau” nous permet d'identifier et d'analyser leurs caractéristiques uniques, faisant ainsi des progrès substantiels vers l’établissement d'un modèle précis de l’âge de la peau. MéthodesCeci est réalisé par un processus en deux étapes. Tout d'abo...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 28, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: A. B. Orun, H. Seker, V. Uslan, E. Goodyer, G. Smith Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Grifolin derivatives from Albatrellus ovinus as TRPV1 receptor blockers for cosmetic applications
ConclusionGrifolin derivatives from Albatrellus ovinus are able to serve as fungal derived TRPV1 receptor blockers with capability to serve as a cosmetic active ingredient on sensitive skin.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 25, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Stefan Hettwer, Stefan B änziger, Brigit Suter, Barbara Obermayer Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

How long does the volumizing effect of a zingiber officinale ‐based lip plumper last?
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 23, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Vittorio Mazzarello, Giuliana Solinas, Pasquale Bandiera, Valeria Pomponi, Gabriella Piu, Marco Ferrari, Andrea Montella Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Editorial IJCS
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 22, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Karl Lintner, Majella Eileen Lane Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Not only age but also tactile perception influences the preference for cosmetic creams applied to the forearm
ConclusionAge and tactile perceptual abilities have additive effects on the acceptance of creams with different textures when applied to the forearm.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 16, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: M Trautmann, V Wendel, D Prinz, B Primmel, G Willging, E Nagorsen, A Suckert, S Gehm, M Brandt, P Ballay, B Godde Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Elastin structure and its involvement in skin photoageing
Abstract Skin aging is a complex process that may be caused by factors that are intrinsic and extrinsic to the body. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation represents one of the main sources of skin damage over the years and characterizes a process known as photoaging. Among the changes that affect cutaneous tissue with age, the loss of elastic properties caused by changes in elastin production, increased degradation and/or processing produces a substantial impact on tissue esthetics and health. The occurrence of solar elastosis is one of the main markers of cutaneous photoaging and is characterized by disorganized and non‐functiona...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 10, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: A. C. Weihermann, M. Lorencini, C. A. Brohem, C. M. Carvalho Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Effects of seasonality and a daily photo ‐protection upon some facial signs of Chinese women
ConclusionThe shift from winter to summer exposure is confirmed in altering some facial pigmented signs among Chinese women. Such changes appear much alleviated by a daily strong photo‐protective regimen. Résumé ObjectifsL'étude avait un double but. En premier lieu, évaluer les modifications potentielles de 31 signes ou altérations du visage engendrées l'été par rapport à l'hiver dans un groupe de 43 femmes chinoises. Dans un second temps, appréhender les effets préventifs apportés par l'application quotidienne d'un produit solaire de haute‐protection tout au long de l'étude (6mois) sur un groupe comparab...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 1, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: F. Flament, H. Qiu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Structure ‐function relationship of phenolic antioxidants in topical skin health products
ConclusionBased on the presented findings, it is possible to predict the antioxidative performance of a phenol‐based molecule and its stability and oxidation resistance within a cosmetic formulation. This is essential for antioxidant containing dermal formulations designed to combat skin ageing. Résumé ObjectifsLe présent travail a analysé l'activité anti‐oxydante des antioxydants à base de phénol en utilisant une méthode de Résonance du Spin Electronique pour prédire l'activité et la stabilité de ces antioxydants dans les produits cosmétiques. MethodesLa méthode de la puissance anti‐oxydante (AP) a é...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - October 17, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: K. Jung, R. J. C. Everson, B. Joshi, P. A. Bulsara, R. Upasani, M. J. Clarke Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Elastin structure and its involvement in skin photoaging
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - October 11, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: A C Weihermann, M Lorencini, C A Brohem, C M Carvalho Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Relationships between Transepidermal Water Loss, Cutaneous Microcirculatory Function and Autonomic Nervous Activity
ConclusionThese results indicate that skin barrier function, cutaneous microcirculatory function and autonomic nervous activity are mutually associated in healthy adults.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - October 11, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Tomoko Nomura, Yasuko Yoshida ‐Amano, Kenichiro Yoshida, Akihiko Fujii, Masanori Tanahashi, Yoshinori Sugiyama, Kayoko Iwata, Takatoshi Murase Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Development and validation of an Ultraviolet –visible (UV‐Vis) spectrophotometric method for determination of phenylethyl resorcinol in new topical nanoemulsions
ConclusionThis developed method was confirmed to be rapid, simple, cost effective, specific, precise, accurate, and suitable for determination of PR content in nanoemulsions and entrapment efficiencies.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 30, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Liang Hong, Dan Han, Ming ‐Xin Li, Pei Zhang, Chen‐Guang Liu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A highly ‐resistant structure between cuticle and cortex of human hair
ConclusionThis study proposed the presence of a membrane‐like structure, which is highly resistant against chemical treatment, at the region between cuticle and cortex of human hair. This may protect cortex from external stimuli more firmly than the surface part of cuticle.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 30, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Toshie Takahashi, Satoshi Yoshida Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Texture based characterization of sub ‐skin features by specified laser speckle effects at λ=650nm region for more accurate parametric “skin age” modelling
ConclusionThe method introduced here is non‐invasive, low‐cost and capable of operating in real‐time; having the potential to compete against high‐cost instrumentation such as confocal microscopy or similar imaging devices used for skin age identification purposes.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 30, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: A. B Orun, H. Seker, V. Uslan, E. Goodyer, G. Smith Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A Robust Skin Particulate Sebum, Oil, and Pollution for Assessing Cleansing Efficacy
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 30, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: G Peterson, S Rapaka, N Koski, M Kearney, K Ortblad, L Tadlock Tags: Research Communication Source Type: research

Factors affecting SPF in vitro measurement and correlation with in vivo results
ConclusionIn our investigation we demonstrated that it is possible for a single laboratory to optimize internal methods and protocols to achieve repeatable and predictive in vitro results, but it is extremely difficult to develop methods reproducible and equally reliable in different laboratories, probably due to “external variables” (eg. environmental, operator), which are difficult to control.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 30, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Aleksandra Dimitrovska Cvetkovska, Stefano Manfredini, Paola Ziosi, Sonia Molesini, Valeria Dissette, Ilenia Magri, Chiara Scapoli, Alberto Carrieri, Elisa Durini, Silvia Vertuani Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Self ‐preserving personal care products
ConclusionSelf‐preserving personal care / cosmetic products can be developed which are as efficacious as preserved products by a prudent selection of multi‐functional actives, antioxidants, and chelators as a part of the formulation.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 30, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Meenakshi Narayanan, P. Sekar, M. Pasupathi, T. Mukhopadhyay Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Electron microscopic investigation and elemental analysis of titanium dioxide in sun lotion
ConclusionA novel defatting method for sample preparation of titanium dioxide nanoparticles used in sun cosmetics was developed. This method was applied to six different sun lotions with SPF between 30 and 50+. TiO2 particles were found in only five sunscreens. The sizes of the primary particles were below 100 nm and according to the EU Cosmetic Regulation have to be listed on the package with the term “nano”.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 30, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Marina Sysoltseva, Richard Winterhalter, Angela S. Wochnik, Christina Scheu, Hermann Fromme Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A plant oil ‐containing pH 4 emulsion improves epidermal barrier structure and enhances ceramide levels in aged skin
ConclusionIn summary, topical application of a pH 4.0 product containing plant oils improves epidermal barrier formation and SC lipid ordering and ratio in aged dry skin.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 30, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: J. Blaak, D. D ähnhardt, S. Dähnhardt‐Pfeiffer, S. Bielfeldt, K.‐P. Wilhelm, R. Wohlfart, P. Staib Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Structural and component mining of nails using Bioengineering techniques
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 30, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Purva Thatai, Bharti Sapra Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Screening Sunscreens: Protecting the Biomechanical Barrier Function of Skin from Solar Ultraviolet Radiation Damage
ConclusionIn vitro thin film mechanics techniques can readily characterize the effects of SC's exposure to UV radiation. The methods used in this study demonstrated commercial sunscreens were able to preserve the biomechanical properties of SC during UV exposure, thus indicating the barrier function of SC was also maintained.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 30, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Christopher Berkey, Krysta Biniek, Reinhold H. Dauskardt Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effects of seasonality and a daily sun ‐protection upon some facial signs of Chinese women
ConclusionThe shift from winter to summer exposure is confirmed in altering some facial pigmented signs among Chinese women. Such changes appear much alleviated by a daily strong photo‐protective regimen.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 28, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Frederic Flament, Huixia Qiu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

4 ‐n‐butylresorcinol enhances proteolytic degradation of tyrosinase in B16F10 melanoma cells
Conclusion4‐n‐butylresorcinol inhibits melanogenesis by enhancing proteolytic degradation of tyrosinase as well as competitive binding to tyrosinase. These findings will help to develop new, effective, and safe chemicals for the treatment of hyperpigmentation disorders.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 26, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: Seok ‐Jin Lee, Young Hoon Son, Ki Back Lee, Jin‐Haeng Lee, Hyo‐Jun Kim, Eui Man Jeong, Sang Chul Park, In‐Gyu Kim Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Dynamics of glycerine and water transport across human skin from binary mixtures
ConclusionThese studies confirm that glycerine enters HSC in substantial quantities and has a long residence time therein. The coupling between bulk water and glycerine transport projected from binary solution data suggests the net effect of glycerine is to slow water loss from the skin. The data support the concept of glycerine as a humectant with an excellent balance of skin penetration and retention characteristics; however, they do not rule out the possibility of an additional biological effect on skin barrier homoeostasis. Résumé ObjectifLes propriétés de transport transcutané de la glycérine et de l'eau à par...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 25, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: S. A. Ventura, G. B. Kasting Tags: Original Article Source Type: research