Does mindfulness improve inhibitory control in psychotic disorders? A randomized controlled clinical trial
Publication date: Available online 28 July 2020Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): Emilio López-Navarro, Cristina Del Canto, Antoni Mayol, Ovidio Fernández-Alonso, Josep Reig, Enric Munar (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - July 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Social status and friendship in peer victimization trajectories
Publication date: Available online 28 July 2020Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): Eva M. Romera, Carmen Jiménez, Ana Bravo, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - July 30, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Efficacy of stress management program for depressive patients with advanced head and neck cancer: A single-center pilot study
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2020Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): Kanako Ichikura, Nao Nakayama, Shiho Matsuoka, Yosuke Ariizumi, Takuro Sumi, Taro Sugimoto, Yuko Fukase, Norio Murayama, Hirokuni Tagaya, Takahiro Asakage, Eisuke Matsushima (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - July 4, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of Spanish version of the Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer Scale
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2020Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): Caterina Calderon, Urbano Lorenzo-Seva, Pere Joan Ferrando, David Gómez-Sánchez, Estrella Ferreira, Laura Ciria-Suarez, Marta Oporto-Alonso, Marina Fernández-Andujar, Paula Jiménez-Fonseca (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - July 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Predicting adaptive and maladaptive responses to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak: A prospective longitudinal study
Publication date: Available online 28 June 2020Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): Julia Brailovskaia, Jürgen Margraf (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - June 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Combined cognitive-behavioral therapy for fibromyalgia: Effects on polysomnographic parameters and perceived sleep quality
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2020Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): Germán Prados, Elena Miró, M. Pilar Martínez, Ana. I. Sánchez, M. José Lami, Rafael Cáliz (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - June 1, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Associations between self-rated health and the assessments of anchoring vignettes in cardiovascular patients
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2020Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): Andreas Hinz, Jan Karoff, Jörg Kittel, Elmar Brähler, Markus Zenger, Bjarne Schmalbach, Rüya-Daniela Kocalevent (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - May 29, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Measuring stress in clinical and nonclinical subjects using a German adaptation of the Perceived Stress Scale
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2020Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): Eva Elisa Schneider, Sandra Schönfelder, Mila Domke-Wolf, Michèle Wessa (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - May 24, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cyberbullying victimization and somatic complaints: A prospective examination of cognitive emotion regulation strategies as mediators
Publication date: Available online 20 May 2020Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): Lourdes Rey, Felix Neto, Natalio Extremera (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - May 21, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A comparison between American and Chinese college students on suicide-related behavior parameters
Publication date: Available online 12 May 2020Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): Bob Lew, Augustine Osman, Jenny Mei Yiu Huen, Ching Sin Siau, Mansor Abu Talib, Jia Cunxian, Caryn Mei Hsien Chan, Angel Nga Man Leung (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - May 12, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Spanish validation of the Parental Acceptance Questionnaire (6-PAQ)
Publication date: Available online 16 April 2020Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): Juan M. Flujas-Contreras, Azucena García-Palacios, Inmaculada Gómez (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - April 18, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Physical activity, screen time and subjective well-being among children
Publication date: Available online 12 April 2020Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): Antonio García-Hermoso, Ignacio Hormazábal-Aguayo, Omar Fernández-Vergara, Pedro R. Olivares, Xavier Oriol-Granado (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - April 14, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Negative emotions and quality of life among adolescents: A moderated mediation model
Publication date: Available online 31 March 2020Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): Yaoguo Geng, Jingjing Gu, Xueli Zhu, Minqi Yang, Dan Shi, Jing Shang, Fengqing Zhao (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - April 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Spanish adaptation of the Personal Meaning Profile-Brief: Meaning in life, psychological well-being, and distress
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): David F. Carreno, Nikolett Eisenbeck, Adolfo J. Cangas, José M. García-Montes, Laura G. Del Vas, Alejandro T. María (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - February 27, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The everyday lives of in- and outpatients when beginning therapy: The importance of values-consistent behavior
Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): Jeanette Villanueva, Andrea H. Meyer, Marcia T.B. Rinner, Victoria J. Block, Charles Benoy, Sandra Brogli, Maria Karekla, Marc Walter, Andrew T. Gloster (Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - February 25, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Factor structure and measurement invariance of the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI-18) in cancer patients
Conclusions: The study confirmed the tridimensional structure of the BSI-18 and invariance across age, sex, and tumor localization. We recommend using this instrument to measure anxiety, depression, and somatization in epidemiological research and clinical practice.ResumenAntecedentes/Objetivo: El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar las propiedades psicométricas del Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI-18), la invarianza con respecto al sexo, edad y localización del tumor, y analizar la asociación con el apoyo social y variables sociodemográficas y clínicas. Método: Se realiz&oacu...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - January 15, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive flexibility and response inhibition in patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder
ConclusionsCognitive flexibility could be included treatment in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoEl objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las diferencias en flexibilidad cognitiva e inhibición de respuestas teniendo en cuenta algunas variables que pueden influir en los resultados (razonamiento no verbal, depresión, ansiedad, intolerancia a la incertidumbre, comorbilidad, consumo de fármacos).MétodoLos participantes fueron 95 adultos de edades comprendidas entre 17-61 años (M = 33,48; DT = 11,13)...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - January 2, 2020 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Humor as a protective factor against anxiety and depression
ConclusionsHumor is a tool of everyday life and it can act for or against an individual’s mental health.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivosSi bien el humor es algo que forma parte de la vida cotidiana, en los últimos 40 años la Psicología ha empezado a discernir su impacto en la salud mental. El objetivo de este estudio explora el papel que los tipos de humor pueden tener como protectores de la ansiedad y la depresión y su relación con el optimismo.MétodoSe empleó una muestra de 804 participantes (M = 39.28; DT = 14.71) para analizar los usos del humor, el optimismo y los s&...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - December 31, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

A randomized clinical trial of group and individual Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy approaches for Social Anxiety Disorder
Publication date: Available online 24 December 2019Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health PsychologyAuthor(s): Carmem Beatriz Neufeld, Priscila C. Palma, Kátia A.S. Caetano, Priscila G. Brust-Renck, Joshua Curtiss, Stefan G. HofmannAbstractTo compare the effectiveness of two Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) interventions—an individual and a group intervention—in Social Anxiety Disorder therapy. We compared the two treatment groups against a waitlist condition in a randomized clinical trial with 86 young adults. The individual CBT intervention was Trial-Based Cognitive Therapy (TBCT) devel...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - December 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Prevalence and treatment of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and co-morbid severe health anxiety
This study sought to identify the prevalence and impact of health anxiety (HA) in CFS/ME and evaluate the effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for HA in CFS/ME. Cross-sectional questionnaire methods and case-series design were used to achieve study aims. Analysis indicated that 41.9% of the CFS/ME clinic sample experienced threshold levels of health anxiety, which was associated with elevated symptom severity across several dimensions. Stepwise multiple regression indicated physical functioning and depression accounted for 23.8% of variance in fatigue; depression, fatigue and HA, accounted for 32.9% of variance i...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - December 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Implicit processing of emotional words by children with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: An fMRI investigation
ConclusionsThese results may reflect a deficit in executive functioning for emotionally laden stimuli, perhaps induced as a by-product of their traumatic experiences.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoEn la última década, la violencia socio-política en Colombia, ha propiciado un ambiente generador de situaciones de estrés crónico/extremo. El presente estudio empleó resonancia magnética funcional, junto con tareas conductuales, para medir posibles déficits en el funcionamiento ejecutivo en una tarea de palabras con contenido emocional en una muestra de niños colombiano...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - December 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale in women with breast cancer
Conclusions: The CD-RISC 10© has satisfactory psychometric properties and is a suitable tool for measuring resilience in patients with cancer. The instrument is quick and easy to apply and may be used in both clinical and research contexts.ResumenAntecedentes/Objetivo:El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar las propiedades psicométricas de la versión de 10 ítems de la Escala de Resiliencia Connor-Davidson (CD-RISC 10©) en pacientes con cáncer de mama. Método: Una muestra de 169 mujeres españolas que se habían sometido a cirugía por cáncer de mama com...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - December 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Salutogenic constructs across Pakistan and Germany: A cross sectional study
ConclusionsThe results indicate that these scales could be recommended for the meaningful comparison of latent means across cultures. Understanding these differences would further advance our knowledge about the mechanism underlying positive mental health.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoLos factores de protección son relevantes para la salud mental en general. Sin embargo, la universalidad de los instrumentos ha sido raramente probada. Por lo tanto, el presente estudio tiene como objetivo examinar las propiedades psicométricas y la invariabilidad de las mediciones interculturales de constructos salutogénic...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - November 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Validation of the Interpersonal Exchange Model of Sexual Satisfaction Questionnaire in adults with a same-sex partner
Conclusions: The IEMSSQ makes it possible to compare the sexual satisfaction between homosexual/heterosexual men and women, presenting good psychometric properties in homosexual population, constituting an useful instrument in the clinical and research field.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoEl Interpersonal Exchange Model of Sexual Satisfaction Questionnaire (IEMSSQ) es uno de los escasos instrumentos que evalúan la satisfacción sexual desde un modelo teórico y ha sido validado con éxito en población española heterosexual. El objetivo de este estudio es adaptar y examinar sus propiedade...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - November 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Sleep among presentations of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Analysis of objective and subjective measures
Conclusions: Children with ADHD may suffer from sleep breathing problems and daytime sleepiness, as reported by their parents, even when their total sleep time and sleep efficiency are not affected. It seems that sleep in this population does not largely vary as a function of the ADHD presentation. Sleep in children with ADHD evolves with age.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoExaminar los patrones de sueño subjetivos y objetivos de niños con diferentes presentaciones del Trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad (TDAH). Método: Se evaluaron 92 niños (29 TDAH-inatento [TDAH-I)], ...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - October 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Assessment of Person-Centered Care in Gerontology Services: A new tool for healthcare professionals
Conclusions: The new instrument allows healthcare professionals to assess the level of person-centered care provided by gerontology centers with excellent reliability and validity.ResumenAntecedentes/Objetivo: Las residencias y otros servicios gerontológicos son frecuentemente criticados por su falta de flexibilización y personalización en la atención, conduciendo a un trato uniforme que dificulta el control sobre sus vidas. El objetivo del trabajo es desarrollar y validar el primer instrumento de medida español que permite a los profesionales de la salud evaluar en qué medida se l...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - August 24, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Reliability and validity of the Basic Depression Questionnaire
Conclusions: The Basic Depression Questionnaire has adequate psychometric properties. The absence of differential item functioning and the invariance by sex are guarantees of an adequate use to diagnose depression for men and women. So, its clinical use can help to differentiate between the specific diagnoses for depressive disorders and anxiety disorders.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoLos trastornos depresivos tienen una elevada prevalencia a nivel mundial. Presentan una gran comorbilidad con otros trastornos como la ansiedad, lo que hace muy difícil su diagnóstico diferencial. El Cuestionario Básico de ...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - August 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Sexual well-being and perceived stress in couples transitioning to parenthood: A dyadic analysis
ConclusionsThis study highlights the association between sexual well-being and couples’ postpartum stress, suggesting that more positive sexual experiences are linked to lower perceptions of stress across this vulnerable period. Couples’ sexual well-being may be an important target for interventions aimed at helping postpartum couples cope with stress.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoLa transición a la paternidad implica cambios psicológicos y relacionales que pueden contribuir a niveles de estrés postparto de las parejas. Aunque son comunes en el periodo de posparto, los cambios a nivel sexual ...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - August 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Predictive factors of quality of life in acquired brain injury
Conclusions: These findings provide knowledge for the development of programs aimed at reducing the negative impact of ABI on QoL.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoLas secuelas, discapacidad y dependencia que siguen al daño cerebral adquirido (DCA) pueden resultar en una reducción significativa en la calidad de vida (CV) de los afectados. El objetivo fue evaluar la CV de una muestra española con DCA y analizar la influencia de variables sociodemográficas y relacionadas con la lesión en su CV. Método: La muestra comprendió 421 adultos (60% hombre; Medad = 53,12; DT = 14,87)...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - August 11, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and executive dysfunction among children and adolescents: A Latent Profile Analysis
ConclusionsThis LPA study shed light on the relationship between PTSD and executive dysfunction symptoms in children and adolescents. The correlation between PTSD and executive dysfunction was maintained after individual differences were taken into consideration. Our findings provide a new view on how PTSD relates to executive dysfunction and several suggestions for treating child and adolescent PTSD patients.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoSe plantea examinar la relación entre síntomas del Trastorno de Estrés Postraumático (TEPT) y disfunción ejecutiva en niños y adolescentes despu&ea...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - August 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Childhood obesity and parental reflective functioning: Is there a relation?
ConclusionsLow maternal PRF could be an important target for intervention strategies, highlighting the need to consider parental responses to children's emotions in the treatment of childhood obesity, particularly in parents with low SES and high BMI.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoEn las últimas décadas la prevalencia de la obesidad infantil ha aumentad, teniendo implicaciones relevantes por la salud pública, pero hay todavía poca comprensión de los factores que contribuyen a la misma. La finalidad del estudio es investigar el papel de la función reflectiva parental (PRF) en la obesid...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - July 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Family involvement and treatment for young children with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Randomized control study
ConclusionsThe most efficient condition was that including a greater number of family members even when there was high family accommodation. The direct involvement of the child in the psychological treatment was important in achieving better results.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoEl objetivo fue analizar la eficacia diferencial de un tratamiento cognitivo-conductual para la reducción de obsesiones y compulsions y otras medidas secundarias en niños menores de 8 años con Trastorno Obsesivo-Compulsivo (TOC). Las tres condiciones de tratamiento fueron: (a) Tratamiento a los padres y al niño, (b) Tratam...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The relationship between childhood abuse and depression in a sample of Chinese people who use methamphetamine
This study aims to examine the prevalence of childhood abuse or neglect and its correlation with depression among a sample of Chinese people who use methamphetamine.MethodPeople who use methamphetamine (MA) (N = 1,173) were recruited from government-operated drug rehabilitation centres in Anhui province, China. Participants were assessed using the short form of Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and the Beck Depression Inventory-II for childhood abuse or neglect and depression symptoms.ResultsA total of 44.6% of people who use MA reported moderate/severe childhood abuse or neglect, and 56.9% of this sample were diagnosed w...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - July 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Can a before-school physical activity program decrease bullying victimization in disadvantaged children? The Active-Start Study
ConclusionsParticipation in an 8-week before-school physical activity intervention implemented in schools located in a disadvantaged district in Santiago (Chile) resulted in lower levels of bullying victimization among study participants. The Active-Start program may be a feasible and potentially scalable intervention option to improve the climate and pro-sociality environment at schools.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoEvaluar la efectividad de un programa de actividad física antes de la escuela de ocho semanas para reducir el bullying en niños en desventaja social del estudio Active-Start.MétodoSe realiz&...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - June 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Treatment impact on recidivism of family only vs. generally violent partner violence perpetrators
ConclusionsImplications of these findings for one size fits all interventions in IPV are discussed with specific reference to the need to develop different interventions for GV and FO perpetrators.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoóEl resultado de un programa de intervencin para una muestra de agresores masculinos en libertad condicional por violencia contra su pareja intima (VPI) fue evaluado con particular referencia al impacto diferencial en agresores de familia solamente (AF) y agresores generalmente violentos (GV).MètodoLas tasas oficiales de reincidencia durante tres años después de la terminaci...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - June 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The Spanish validation of the Short Health Anxiety Inventory: Psychometric properties and clinical utility
ConclusionsThe SHAI is an adequate screening instrument to measure health anxiety in Spanish-speaking community adults.ResumenIntroducción/ObjetivoEl Inventario Breve de Ansiedad por la Salud (SHAI, por sus iniciales en inglés) es un autoinforme ampliamente empleado para evaluar ansiedad por la salud. El objetivo es evaluar la estructura factorial del SHAI, sus propiedades psicométricas, y exactitud diferenciando entre población española no clínica y pacientes con hipocondría.MétodoUn total de 342 participantes extraídos de la población general (66% muje...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - June 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Parenting practices and adolescent social anxiety: A direct or indirect relationship?
Conclusions: Parental education practices seem to act as a family asset which either promotes or hinders the development of basic attitudes and competencies such as self-esteem or emotional regulation and, by doing this, either encourages or prevents the emergence of problems such as social anxiety.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoLa evidencia previa ha demostrado una modesta relación entre las prácticas educativas parentales y la ansiedad social. No se ha explorado, sin embargo, la posibilidad de que dicha relación sea indirecta y se encuentre mediada por factores individuales como la autoestima o la regul...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Interrater agreement on behavioral executive function measures in adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Conclusions: Agreement between all raters was low. Parents, teachers and adolescents agreed on the absence of deficits in behavioral EF in the control group, and on the presence of deficits in the group with ADHD, although they did not agree on the frequency of these deficits.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoAunque muchos adolescentes con Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad (TDAH) muestran dificultades en las funciones ejecutivas (FE) conductuales, pocos estudios han analizado el acuerdo entre informantes en estas medidas. Objetivo: Analizar el acuerdo entre informantes en la valoración de ...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - May 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychometric properties and measurement invariance of the Weight Self-Stigma Questionnaire and Weight Bias Internalization Scale in children and adolescents
Conclusions:WSSQ and WBIS were both valid to assess the internalization of weight bias. However, the two instruments demonstrated different properties and should be applied in different situations.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoDadas las consecuencias negativas del sesgo de peso, incluyendo el estigma de peso internalizado, sobre los resultados de salud, se han desarrollado dos instrumentos -el Weight Self-Stigma Questionnaire (WSSQ) y la Weight Bias Internalization Scale (WBIS)-. Método:Los participantes de 8 a 12 años de edad (N = 287; 153 varones) completaron el WSSQ y la WBIS, y fueron clasificados...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - April 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Association between bullying victimization and physical fitness among children and adolescents
Conclusions:CRF is related with lower risk for experiencing traditional bullying in Latino youths with and without obesity, thus emphasizing the role of fitness even among youth with excess of adiposity.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoEl objetivo del estudio fue analizar la relación entre el bullying y la condición física, y determinar si un nivel físico saludable está relacionado con menor nivel de victimización en niños y adolescentes con sobrepeso y obesidad en comparación con sus compañeros con sobrepeso u obesidad no aptos. Método:Se incluyó un t...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - April 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Positive mental health, positive affect and suicide ideation
ConclusionsThe protective influence of PMH against suicide ideation is due to heightened positive affect: If positive mental health translates into positive affect, then suicide ideation becomes less likely.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoSe ha demostrado que la salud mental positiva (SMP) confiere resistencia contra la ideación de suicidio. Sin embargo, los mecanismos subyacentes al efecto positivo de la SPM en la ideación/comportamiento suicida son en gran medida desconocidos. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar si el efecto positivo media la asociación entre el SPM y la ideación suici...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - April 19, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of therapy group in women with localized breast cancer
ConclusionsThe results show that the psychological intervention group is efficient to improve emotional state and quality of life of women with breast cancer.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoEl cáncer de mama provoca niveles altos de ansiedad y depresión, empeorando la calidad de vida (CV) de las pacientes. En numerosos estudios se ha visto que la terapia grupal reduce la depresión y ansiedad además de mejorar la CV. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la efectividad de la intervención de la terapia grupal en el estado emocional y la CV de mujeres con cáncer de mama localizado al fi...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - March 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The cross-cultural and transdiagnostic nature of unwanted mental intrusions
ConclusionsUMIs are a common phenomenon across different cultural contexts and operate transdiagnostically across clinically different disorders.ResumenIntroducción/ObjetivoLas intrusiones mentales no deseadas (IM), clásicamente estudiadas en relación con el trastorno obsesivo-compulsivo (TOC), tienen una prevalencia elevada independientemente de la nacionalidad, religión, y/o el contexto cultural. Las investigaciones muestran que también es habitual experimentar IM sobre contenidos relacionados con el trastorno dismórfico corporal (TDC), la ansiedad por la enfermedad/hipocondr&iac...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - March 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Cognitive rigidity in patients with depression and fibromyalgia
ConclusionsThe results might inform future treatments to address the cognitive structure of these patients.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoLa comorbilidad de la depresión y la fibromialgia ha sido bien documentada en la literatura. Sin embargo, la estructura cognitiva de estos pacientes no ha sido evaluada. Estudios previos muestran variabilidad en medidas de rigidez cognitiva en pacientes con depresión. Los síndromes físicos crónicos podrían ser una variable clave para explicar esta variabilidad presente en estudios previos. El presente estudio explora y compara la rigidez y la difere...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - March 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Does experienced pain affects local brain volumes? Insights from a clinical acute pain model
Conclusions:The relationships of regional brain volumes and subcortical nuclei shapes with pain scores seemed to be unsteady, as they changed with the patient's actual pain stage.ResumenAntecedentes/Objetivo:Se trata de determinar la asociación entre dolor percibido y morfometría cerebral en tres etapas postquirúrgicas (anestesia, dolor y analgesia), en un modelo de dolor agudo. Método:Se obtuvo una imagen cerebral estructural de alta resolución y posteriormente se extrajeron los terceros molares mandibulares impactados. Se realizó un análisis morfométrico para determ...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - March 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The relationship between acceptance, fatigue, and subjective cognitive impairment in hematologic cancer survivors
Conclusions: Acceptance is strongly associated with fatigue and subjective cognitive impairment. ACT may be useful to reduce symptoms of fatigue and subjective cognitive impairment in cancer survivors.ResumenAntecedentes/Objetivo: El cáncer y su tratamiento pueden tener un impacto perjudicial sobre el bienestar psicológico. La aceptación, base de la terapia de aceptación y compromiso (ACT), ha mostrado efectos beneficiosos sobre la depresión y la ansiedad. Sin embargo, su relación con la fatiga y el deterioro cognitivo no ha sido investigada. Un efecto protector de la aceptaci&oacu...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - January 17, 2019 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Empathy in informal dementia caregivers and its relationship with depression, anxiety, and burden
Conclusions: While caregivers and non-caregivers had the same amount of empathy, the relationships between empathy and depression and anxiety differed between the groups. Interventions for informal caregivers could aim to heighten cognitive empathy and to lower affective empathy to diminish depression and anxiety symptoms.ResumenAntecedentes/Objetivo: Intervenciones recientes tienen como objetivo aumentar los niveles de empatía de cuidadores informales suponiendo que ello mejorará el bienestar. Estudios previos que han explorado las asociaciones lineales entre empatía y bienestar mostraron resultados i...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - December 8, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Longitudinal associations between mindfulness and well-being in people with multiple sclerosis
Conclusions: In both approaches dispositional mindfulness is a protective factor against depression, anxiety, fatigue, and sleep in people with MS.ResumenAntecedentes/Objetivo: La depresión, la ansiedad, la fatiga y los problemas para dormir son condiciones típicas en personas con esclerosis múltiple (EM), que a menudo conllevan una reducción de su calidad de vida (CV). El mindfulness es una construcción compleja y multifacética que ha sido cada vez más explorada por su correlación con el bienestar. Sin embargo, los datos longitudinales sobre el impacto del mindfulnes...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - December 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The role of vital exhaustion in predicting the recurrence of vascular events: A longitudinal study
ConclusionsThese results suggest that despite the partial conceptual overlap with several similar constructs, vital exhaustion is a distinct phenomenon that deserves consideration when planning and implementing interventions to reduce the risk of vascular diseases.ResumenAntecedentes/objetivoEl objetivo de este estudio fue examinar el papel del agotamiento vital en la predicción de la recurrencia de eventos vasculares.MétodoLa muestra estaba compuesta por 816 sujetos (65,3% mujeres, Medad = 43,20 años; DT = 14,70 años), 395 (48,40%) de los cuales tuvieron tratamiento para la ...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - December 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Role of social skills training in adolescents with social anxiety disorder
Conclusions: The use of SST reduces the dropout rate of treated adolescents and increases the effectiveness of the Intervention Program for Adolescents with Social Phobia.ResumenAntecedentes/Objetivo: El entrenamiento en habilidades sociales (EHS) se incluye frecuentemente en el tratamiento del trastorno por ansiedad social (TAS) tanto en niños como en adolescentes, pese a que no existe evidencia empírica que lo respalde. En consecuencia, nuestro objetivo es estudiar el papel y los efectos que produce el EHS en el tratamiento de una muestra de adolescentes con TAS. Método: Un total de 108 adolescentes ...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - December 6, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research