Vitamin D status and supplementation in Antarctica: a systematic review and meta- analysis
In conclusion, VD status significantly worsens after inhabiting Antarctica, particularly when over-wintering. VD supplementation can prevent worsening of VD status and should be considered in this population.PMID:33983101 | DOI:10.1080/22423982.2021.1926133 (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Carolina Cabal ín Carolina Iturriaga Guillermo P érez-Mateluna Denise Echeverr ía Carlos A Camargo Arturo Borzutzky Source Type: research

Activities and participation of 65-91-year-old adults: population-based study among residents of a sparsely populated and remote area in Iceland
This study´s aim was to investigate activities and participation in this population, using a descriptive cross-sectional population-based design. The participants were 129 community-dwelling residents, 65-91 years old. The Late Life Function and Disability Instrument was used to measure participants' activities and participation. It provides interval scale scores where a higher score means less difficulties in activities, more frequent participation, and fewer participation restrictions. Participants had most difficulties in Advanced Lower Extremity functioning and least in Upper Extremity functioning and scored lowe...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Margret Brynjolfsdottir Gudrun Palmadottir Solveig A Arnadottir Source Type: research

Vitamin D status and supplementation in Antarctica: a systematic review and meta- analysis
In conclusion, VD status significantly worsens after inhabiting Antarctica, particularly when over-wintering. VD supplementation can prevent worsening of VD status and should be considered in this population.PMID:33983101 | DOI:10.1080/22423982.2021.1926133 (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Carolina Cabal ín Carolina Iturriaga Guillermo P érez-Mateluna Denise Echeverr ía Carlos A Camargo Arturo Borzutzky Source Type: research

Activities and participation of 65-91-year-old adults: population-based study among residents of a sparsely populated and remote area in Iceland
This study´s aim was to investigate activities and participation in this population, using a descriptive cross-sectional population-based design. The participants were 129 community-dwelling residents, 65-91 years old. The Late Life Function and Disability Instrument was used to measure participants' activities and participation. It provides interval scale scores where a higher score means less difficulties in activities, more frequent participation, and fewer participation restrictions. Participants had most difficulties in Advanced Lower Extremity functioning and least in Upper Extremity functioning and scored lowe...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 13, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Margret Brynjolfsdottir Gudrun Palmadottir Solveig A Arnadottir Source Type: research

Satisfaction of young ENT surgeons with their work. A Finnish national study
The objective was to investigate work satisfaction among recently graduated otorhinolaryngologist - head and neck surgeons - (ENT surgeons). An electronic questionnaire was sent to all ENT surgeons graduated in Finland during a ten-year period. Answers about work satisfaction were analyzed in detail with regards to age, gender, university of specialist training, experience, place of work and further education.Altogether 125/129 (96.9%) responded. The majority (87.8%) of the respondents enjoyed their current main occupation. The older age group (≥40 vs
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 10, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elina Penttil ä Samuli Hannula Jura Numminen Heikki Irjala Tuomas Selander Piitu Parmanne Antti M äkitie Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in added sugar or sugar sweetened beverage intake in Alaska native communities: an exploratory study
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1920779. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1920779.ABSTRACTExcess added sugar intake contributes to tooth decay risk in Alaska Native communities. The goal of this exploratory study was to determine if there is seasonal variation in total added sugar intake or in the leading sources of added sugars in a Yup'ik population. Data were collected in spring and winter from 2008-2010 using self-reported intake data measured by 24-hour recall and by hair biomarker (carbon and nitrogen stable isotope). Seventy Yup'ik participants ages 14-70 years were recruited from two communities and data were co...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 29, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Courtney Hill Sarah H Nash Andrea Bersamin Scarlett E Hopkins Bert B Boyer Diane M O'Brien Donald L Chi Source Type: research

Use of psychiatric medication in three Arctic nursing homes: association with dementia and psychiatric symptoms
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1920252. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1920252.ABSTRACTAs more people reaches advanced age, more people experience cognitive impairment and dementia. Dementia is a degenerative disease in which behavioural and psychological symptoms frequently occur, resulting in admissions to nursing homes (NHs), where the most common treatment has been medical treatment. The aim was to compare three rural Arctic NHs in Iceland in their use of psychiatric medication, type of dementia among residents, level of cognitive impairment and selected quality indicators, as well as considering national data, f...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sigurveig Gisladottir Arun K Sigurdardottir Ingibj örg Hjaltadottir Source Type: research

The prevalence of helminthiases in North-Western Siberia rural indigenous and long-term resident people in 1988-89 and 2018-19
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1917270. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1917270.ABSTRACTThe aim of this work was to compare the prevalence of opisthorchiasis, diphyllobothriasis, and ascariasis among the rural indigenous and long-term resident people of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (KMAO) in the years 1988-89 and 2018-19. Helminth infections were identified by faecal microscopic examinations conducted during health check-ups. We analysed 399 medical records for years 1988-89 and 549 records for 2018-19. There were found a decrease in the prevalence of ascariasis among the indigenous people, but the region remains a h...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Andrey Kozlov Galina Vershubskaya Source Type: research

Use of psychiatric medication in three Arctic nursing homes: association with dementia and psychiatric symptoms
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1920252. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1920252.ABSTRACTAs more people reaches advanced age, more people experience cognitive impairment and dementia. Dementia is a degenerative disease in which behavioural and psychological symptoms frequently occur, resulting in admissions to nursing homes (NHs), where the most common treatment has been medical treatment. The aim was to compare three rural Arctic NHs in Iceland in their use of psychiatric medication, type of dementia among residents, level of cognitive impairment and selected quality indicators, as well as considering national data, f...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sigurveig Gisladottir Arun K Sigurdardottir Ingibj örg Hjaltadottir Source Type: research

The prevalence of helminthiases in North-Western Siberia rural indigenous and long-term resident people in 1988-89 and 2018-19
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1917270. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1917270.ABSTRACTThe aim of this work was to compare the prevalence of opisthorchiasis, diphyllobothriasis, and ascariasis among the rural indigenous and long-term resident people of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (KMAO) in the years 1988-89 and 2018-19. Helminth infections were identified by faecal microscopic examinations conducted during health check-ups. We analysed 399 medical records for years 1988-89 and 549 records for 2018-19. There were found a decrease in the prevalence of ascariasis among the indigenous people, but the region remains a h...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Andrey Kozlov Galina Vershubskaya Source Type: research

Use of psychiatric medication in three Arctic nursing homes: association with dementia and psychiatric symptoms
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1920252. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1920252.ABSTRACTAs more people reaches advanced age, more people experience cognitive impairment and dementia. Dementia is a degenerative disease in which behavioural and psychological symptoms frequently occur, resulting in admissions to nursing homes (NHs), where the most common treatment has been medical treatment. The aim was to compare three rural Arctic NHs in Iceland in their use of psychiatric medication, type of dementia among residents, level of cognitive impairment and selected quality indicators, as well as considering national data, f...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sigurveig Gisladottir Arun K Sigurdardottir Ingibj örg Hjaltadottir Source Type: research

The prevalence of helminthiases in North-Western Siberia rural indigenous and long-term resident people in 1988-89 and 2018-19
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1917270. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1917270.ABSTRACTThe aim of this work was to compare the prevalence of opisthorchiasis, diphyllobothriasis, and ascariasis among the rural indigenous and long-term resident people of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (KMAO) in the years 1988-89 and 2018-19. Helminth infections were identified by faecal microscopic examinations conducted during health check-ups. We analysed 399 medical records for years 1988-89 and 549 records for 2018-19. There were found a decrease in the prevalence of ascariasis among the indigenous people, but the region remains a h...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 26, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Andrey Kozlov Galina Vershubskaya Source Type: research

Seasonal affective disorder and engagement in physical activities among adults in Alaska
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1906058. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1906058.ABSTRACTSeasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression in which symptoms occur during a particular season. While physical activity has been shown to improve symptoms for depression in general populations, the relationships between physical activity and experiences of seasonality and SAD remain underexplored. We conducted a survey with adult members of a recreational gym in Fairbanks, Alaska. The survey collected self-report data on sociodemographics, health behaviours, and elements of the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnair...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elaine M Drew Bridget L Hanson Kevin Huo Source Type: research

Prevalence of patients treated with antidepressant medicine in Greenland and Denmark: a cross-sectional study
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1912540. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1912540.ABSTRACTDepression is a mental illness affecting more than 260 million people worldwide. In Greenland, the prevalence of patients treated with antidepressant medicine (antidepressants) has not previously been investigated. The aim of this study was to estimate and compare the age- and gender-specific prevalence of patients treated with antidepressants in Greenland and Denmark. The study was a cross-sectional register study using data from population and medical registers in Greenland and Denmark. Included was 1,573 Greenlandic patients and...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tukummeq Nykj ær Ingemann Marie Balslev Backe Eva C Bonefeld-J ørgensen Nils Skovgaard Michael Lynge Pedersen Source Type: research

Seasonal affective disorder and engagement in physical activities among adults in Alaska
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1906058. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1906058.ABSTRACTSeasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression in which symptoms occur during a particular season. While physical activity has been shown to improve symptoms for depression in general populations, the relationships between physical activity and experiences of seasonality and SAD remain underexplored. We conducted a survey with adult members of a recreational gym in Fairbanks, Alaska. The survey collected self-report data on sociodemographics, health behaviours, and elements of the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnair...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elaine M Drew Bridget L Hanson Kevin Huo Source Type: research

Prevalence of patients treated with antidepressant medicine in Greenland and Denmark: a cross-sectional study
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1912540. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1912540.ABSTRACTDepression is a mental illness affecting more than 260 million people worldwide. In Greenland, the prevalence of patients treated with antidepressant medicine (antidepressants) has not previously been investigated. The aim of this study was to estimate and compare the age- and gender-specific prevalence of patients treated with antidepressants in Greenland and Denmark. The study was a cross-sectional register study using data from population and medical registers in Greenland and Denmark. Included was 1,573 Greenlandic patients and...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tukummeq Nykj ær Ingemann Marie Balslev Backe Eva C Bonefeld-J ørgensen Nils Skovgaard Michael Lynge Pedersen Source Type: research

Seasonal affective disorder and engagement in physical activities among adults in Alaska
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1906058. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1906058.ABSTRACTSeasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression in which symptoms occur during a particular season. While physical activity has been shown to improve symptoms for depression in general populations, the relationships between physical activity and experiences of seasonality and SAD remain underexplored. We conducted a survey with adult members of a recreational gym in Fairbanks, Alaska. The survey collected self-report data on sociodemographics, health behaviours, and elements of the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnair...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elaine M Drew Bridget L Hanson Kevin Huo Source Type: research

Prevalence of patients treated with antidepressant medicine in Greenland and Denmark: a cross-sectional study
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1912540. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1912540.ABSTRACTDepression is a mental illness affecting more than 260 million people worldwide. In Greenland, the prevalence of patients treated with antidepressant medicine (antidepressants) has not previously been investigated. The aim of this study was to estimate and compare the age- and gender-specific prevalence of patients treated with antidepressants in Greenland and Denmark. The study was a cross-sectional register study using data from population and medical registers in Greenland and Denmark. Included was 1,573 Greenlandic patients and...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tukummeq Nykj ær Ingemann Marie Balslev Backe Eva C Bonefeld-J ørgensen Nils Skovgaard Michael Lynge Pedersen Source Type: research

Seasonal affective disorder and engagement in physical activities among adults in Alaska
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1906058. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1906058.ABSTRACTSeasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression in which symptoms occur during a particular season. While physical activity has been shown to improve symptoms for depression in general populations, the relationships between physical activity and experiences of seasonality and SAD remain underexplored. We conducted a survey with adult members of a recreational gym in Fairbanks, Alaska. The survey collected self-report data on sociodemographics, health behaviours, and elements of the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnair...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elaine M Drew Bridget L Hanson Kevin Huo Source Type: research

Prevalence of patients treated with antidepressant medicine in Greenland and Denmark: a cross-sectional study
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1912540. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1912540.ABSTRACTDepression is a mental illness affecting more than 260 million people worldwide. In Greenland, the prevalence of patients treated with antidepressant medicine (antidepressants) has not previously been investigated. The aim of this study was to estimate and compare the age- and gender-specific prevalence of patients treated with antidepressants in Greenland and Denmark. The study was a cross-sectional register study using data from population and medical registers in Greenland and Denmark. Included was 1,573 Greenlandic patients and...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tukummeq Nykj ær Ingemann Marie Balslev Backe Eva C Bonefeld-J ørgensen Nils Skovgaard Michael Lynge Pedersen Source Type: research

Seasonal affective disorder and engagement in physical activities among adults in Alaska
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1906058. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1906058.ABSTRACTSeasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression in which symptoms occur during a particular season. While physical activity has been shown to improve symptoms for depression in general populations, the relationships between physical activity and experiences of seasonality and SAD remain underexplored. We conducted a survey with adult members of a recreational gym in Fairbanks, Alaska. The survey collected self-report data on sociodemographics, health behaviours, and elements of the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnair...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elaine M Drew Bridget L Hanson Kevin Huo Source Type: research

Prevalence of patients treated with antidepressant medicine in Greenland and Denmark: a cross-sectional study
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1912540. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1912540.ABSTRACTDepression is a mental illness affecting more than 260 million people worldwide. In Greenland, the prevalence of patients treated with antidepressant medicine (antidepressants) has not previously been investigated. The aim of this study was to estimate and compare the age- and gender-specific prevalence of patients treated with antidepressants in Greenland and Denmark. The study was a cross-sectional register study using data from population and medical registers in Greenland and Denmark. Included was 1,573 Greenlandic patients and...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tukummeq Nykj ær Ingemann Marie Balslev Backe Eva C Bonefeld-J ørgensen Nils Skovgaard Michael Lynge Pedersen Source Type: research

Seasonal affective disorder and engagement in physical activities among adults in Alaska
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1906058. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1906058.ABSTRACTSeasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of depression in which symptoms occur during a particular season. While physical activity has been shown to improve symptoms for depression in general populations, the relationships between physical activity and experiences of seasonality and SAD remain underexplored. We conducted a survey with adult members of a recreational gym in Fairbanks, Alaska. The survey collected self-report data on sociodemographics, health behaviours, and elements of the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnair...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Elaine M Drew Bridget L Hanson Kevin Huo Source Type: research

Prevalence of patients treated with antidepressant medicine in Greenland and Denmark: a cross-sectional study
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1912540. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1912540.ABSTRACTDepression is a mental illness affecting more than 260 million people worldwide. In Greenland, the prevalence of patients treated with antidepressant medicine (antidepressants) has not previously been investigated. The aim of this study was to estimate and compare the age- and gender-specific prevalence of patients treated with antidepressants in Greenland and Denmark. The study was a cross-sectional register study using data from population and medical registers in Greenland and Denmark. Included was 1,573 Greenlandic patients and...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 19, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tukummeq Nykj ær Ingemann Marie Balslev Backe Eva C Bonefeld-J ørgensen Nils Skovgaard Michael Lynge Pedersen Source Type: research

Factors predicting 31-year survival among a population cohort in Northern Finland
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2021 Dec;80(1):1909334. doi: 10.1080/22423982.2021.1909334.ABSTRACTWe evaluated the survival of a subarctic population and the significance of traditional risk factors for mortality, causes of death and their seasonal variation from the period of 1984-2014. By the end of 2014 (follow-up), 644 (34.4% from 1,869) participants had died (42.1% of cardiovascular causes, 22.4% of neoplastic diseases). The average age at death±SD was 74.6±11.4 years for women (n=284) and 70.2±12.0 years for men (n=360). After adjusting for baseline age, the major risk factors predicting death were ma...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 16, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Yrj ö Perkkiö Juha Auvinen Markku Timonen Jari Jokelainen Nihkolas Valkeap ää Markku Koiranen Juha Saltevo Sirkka Kein änen-Kiukaanniemi Source Type: research

Socio-demographic, psychosocial and environmental factors associated with suicidal behaviour in Indigenous Sami and Greenlandic Inuit adolescents; the WBYG and NAAHS studies
Conclusion. To Sami and Greenlandic Inuit, family and peer relations are important factors of suicidal behaviour. Prevention programmes should be sensitive to gender and bereavement.PMID:33856268 | DOI:10.1080/22423982.2021.1913939 (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 15, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Ida Pauline H øilo Granheim Anne Silviken Christina Viskum Lytken Larsen Siv Kvernmo Source Type: research

Patient healthcare experiences in the Northwest Territories, Canada: an analysis of news media articles
The objective of this study was to examine the characteristics of patient healthcare experiences as reported through news media in the Northwest Territories. We used a case series design to examine patient healthcare experiences reported in news media articles. We conducted a systematic search for articles published between 2008 and 2017 in the online database of a media outlet in the Northwest Territories. We used descriptive statistics to summarise the article characteristics and thematic analysis to understand patient experiences in 128 articles related to 71 cases. Most often, cases involved women, concerned mental hea...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 18, 2021 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Rhiannon Cooper Nathaniel J Pollock Zander Affleck Laura Bain Nanna Lund Hansen Kelsey Robertson Susan Chatwood Source Type: research