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Reflections on a year of transition.
Authors: Johnson RM PMID: 29353525 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - January 24, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Disproportionately higher unintentional injury mortality among Alaska Native people, 2006-2015.
Authors: Day G, Holck P, Strayer H, Koller K, Thomas T Abstract We compared rates of unintentional injury (UI) deaths (total and by injury category) among Alaska Native (AN) people to rates of U.S. White (USW) and Alaska White (AKW) populations during 2006-2015. The mortality data for AN and AKW populations were obtained from Alaska Bureau of Vital Statistics and USW mortality data were obtained from WISQARS, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention online injury data program. AN and AKW rates were age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 Standard Population and rate ratios (RR) were calculated. AN people had higher age-...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - January 21, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

A scoping review of traditional food security in Alaska.
Authors: Walch A, Bersamin A, Loring P, Johnson R, Tholl M Abstract Food insecurity is a public health concern. Food security includes the pillars of food access, availability and utilisation. For some indigenous peoples, this may also include traditional foods. To conduct a scoping review on traditional foods and food security in Alaska. Google Scholar and the High North Research Documents were used to search for relevant primary research using the following terms: "traditional foods", "food security", "access", "availability", "utilisation", "Alaska", &q...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - January 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

A photovoice study of school belongingness among high school students in Norway.
Authors: Lieblein VSD, Warne M, Huot S, Laliberte Rudman D, Raanaas RK Abstract Although high school graduation is important for living conditions and health throughout life, many students do not complete. In Norway's northern most county, Finnmark, up to 45% of students do not complete high school. Contrary to prior research that has primarily focused on causes for dropout, this study's aim was to deepen understanding of factors that support high school attendance. A strengths-based participatory approach using photovoice addressed attendance factors as perceived by seven participating students from one high schoo...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - January 3, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Outpatient clinics treating substance use disorders in Northwest Russia and Northern Norway: a descriptive comparative study.
This study will describe and compare outpatient clinics treating substance use disorders in Arkhangelsk in Northwest Russia and in Bodø and Tromsø in Northern Norway on availability, accessibility and treated prevalence (patients treated in one year). The managers (N=3) of the outpatient clinics (N=3) were interviewed with the European Service Mapping Schedule (ESMS) and the International Classification of Mental Health Care (ICMHC). The interviews were supplemented by e-mail and phone calls. The treatment in Arkhangelsk was mainly biologically oriented (medical), while a greater variety of methods was availa...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 17, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Secondary sex ratio in relation to exposures to polychlorinated biphenyls, dichlorodiphenyl dichloroethylene and methylmercury.
In conclusion, maternal exposure to ΣPCB, DDE and methylmercury was associated with a slightly increased secondary sex ratio. The impact of paternal exposures could not be taken into account and deserves attention. PMID: 29195489 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 4, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Store owners as potential agents of change: energy drinks in the interior of Alaska.
This study reports preliminary evidence from rural Alaska and from other Arctic communities that store workers may effectively improve community health status by limiting or promoting specific products. Storeowners or workers may be helpful partners in the fight against childhood obesity as they are present at the point of sale of high-risk beverages to Alaska Native youth. PMID: 29157188 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - November 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Patient involvement in healthcare professional practice - a question about knowledge.
This article builds on a study of chronically ill patients' perspectives on healthcare practice in Greenland. It discusses the significance of including in healthcare practice knowledge of patients' everyday lives with illness and their own views on their situations. Research was qualitative and ethnographic. Participants were followed with participant observations and qualitative interviews for 2.5 years during hospital stay in the capital Nuuk and in their homes in towns and settlements during 2010-2013. Results show that patients are concerned about how to manage their life with illness on a daily basis. Their ever...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - November 23, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Hearing impairment is common among Saami adults in Northern Finland.
The objective was to investigate the presence and type of HI among Saami adults, aged 49-77 years (median age 61 years), living in northern Finland. In addition, the presence of self-reported hearing difficulties, difficulties to hear in background noise and tinnitus were studied. An epidemiological, cross-sectional study encompassing a structured interview, otological examination and audiometry was performed. Bilateral HI was present in 42.9% of men and 29.4% of women, when HI was defined as a pure tone average (PTA) of at least 20 dB hearing level (HL) or more at the frequencies of 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 kHz. In one o...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - November 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

"There are more things in heaven and earth!" How knowledge about traditional healing affects clinical practice: interviews with conventional health personnel.
"There are more things in heaven and earth!" How knowledge about traditional healing affects clinical practice: interviews with conventional health personnel. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2017;76(1):1398010 Authors: Langås-Larsen A, Salamonsen A, Kristoffersen AE, Hamran T, Evjen B, Stub T Abstract People with Sami and Norwegian background are frequent users of traditional folk medicine (TM). Traditional healing, such as religious prayers of healing (reading) and the laying on of hands, are examples of commonly used modalities. The global aim of this study is to examine whether health pers...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - November 15, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

High tobacco use prevalence with significant regional and sex differences in smokeless tobacco use among Western Alaska Native people: the WATCH study.
Authors: Koller KR, Flanagan CA, Day GE, Patten C, Umans JG, Austin MA, Hopkins SE, Raindl C, B Boyer B Abstract Tobacco use prevalence among Alaska Native (AN) people living in Alaska is greater than the general population prevalence statewide and nationally. Better understanding of regional tobacco use is needed to improve cessation efforts and reduce prevalence. Using self-reported baseline data from the Western Alaska Tribal Collaborative for Health study, we describe tobacco use patterns among AN people in two western Alaska regions. Data were stratified by age group and sex. Dual- and multi-product use in the...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - November 15, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

A non-randomised pragmatic trial of a school-based group cognitive-behavioural programme for preventing depression in girls.
Authors: Zetterström Dahlqvist H, Landstedt E, Almqvist YB, Gillander Gådin K Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the DISA-programme in preventing depressive symptoms (DS) in adolescent girls, as implemented in a real-world school setting, accounting for baseline socioeconomic and psychosocial factors, and to investigate whether the effects of these baseline variables on DS differed between intervention participants and non-participants. In this non-randomised pragmatic trial, an electronic questionnaire was disseminated in 2011 (baseline) and 2012 (follow-up) in school...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - November 9, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Health challenges in long-distance dog sled racing: A systematic review of literature.
Authors: Calogiuri G, Weydahl A Abstract Long-distance dog sled races, e.g. Iditarod (Alaska) and Finnmarksløpet (Northern Norway), are extremely demanding sporting events that might expose mushers, handlers and a large number of organisers and volunteers to risks for their health. The purpose of this systematic literature review (PROSPERO registration n. CRD42017069136) was to identify and summarise all available scientific literature relative to health issues connected to participating in these races. Using a literature search strategy in line with PRISMA guidelines, 117 scientific studies, sought through ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - November 5, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Treatment of acute myocardial infarction in the sub-arctic region of Norway. Do we offer an equal quality of care?
In conclusion, significant variations in the AMI rate and an unequal service within the region was revealed. PMID: 29069984 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - October 28, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Adult idiopathic cholestasis: a condition more common in the Canadian Inuit?
Authors: Minuk GY, Pollock G, Uhanova J Abstract Despite extensive investigations, some patients have no identifiable cause for their cholestatic liver enzyme abnormalities. The aim of this study was to document the clinical, laboratory, radiologic and histologic features of adult patients with idiopathic cholestasis (AIC). A computerised database of referred patients to a tertiary care hospital outpatient department for assessment of hepatobiliary disorders between 2005 and 2015 was employed to identify and describe features associated with AIC. Of 6,560 patient referrals, sufficient documentation to warrant a dia...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - October 17, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

The opinions of ambulance personnel regarding using a heated mattress for patients being cared for in a cold climate - An intervention study in ambulance care.
This study was an intervention study with pre- and post-evaluation. Evaluations of the opinions of personnel regarding the standard unheated mattress were conducted initially. After the intervention with new heated mattresses, follow-up evaluations were conducted. Ambulance personnel (n=64) from an ambulance station in northern Sweden took part in the study, which ran from October 2014 until February 2016. There were differences in opinions regarding the standard unheated mattress and the new heated mattress. The evaluation of the proxy ratings by the personnel showed that the heated mattress was warmer than the standard m...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - October 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Task-dependent cold stress during expeditions in Antarctic environments.
This study seeks to understand the degree of body cooling, cold perception and physical discomfort during Antarctic tour excursions. Eight experienced expedition leaders across three Antarctic cruise voyages were monitored during occupational tasks: kayaking, snorkelling and zodiac outings. Subjective cold perception and discomfort were recorded using a thermal comfort assessment and skin temperature was recorded using a portable data logger. Indoor cabin temperature and outdoor temperature with wind velocity were used as measures of environmental stress. Physical activity level and clothing insulation were estimated using...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - October 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Tracking sources of Clostridium botulinum type E contamination in seal meat.
The objective was to identify meat handling practices presenting a risk of contamination of seal meat with C. botulinum. Potential sources of contamination were assessed through interviews with igunaq producers from five communities of Nunavik. These sources were verified by detection and isolation of C. botulinum from igunaq prepared in the field from seal carcasses. Interviews indicated practices presenting a risk for contamination included: placing meat or fat on coastal rocks, using seawater for rinsing, and ageing meat in inverted seal skin pouches. Although the presence of C. b...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - October 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Societal costs and effects of implementing population-based mammography screening in Greenland.
Authors: Christensen MK, Niclasen BV, Iburg KM Abstract With a low breast cancer incidence and low population density, Greenland is geographically and organisationally challenged in implementing a cost effective breast cancer screening programme where a large proportion of the Greenlandic women will have to travel far to attend. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the cost effectiveness and cost utility of different strategies for implementing population-based breast cancer screening in Greenland. Two strategies were evaluated: Centralised screening in the capital Nuuk and decentralised screening in the five munic...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - September 24, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Participation and support - associations with Swedish pupils' positive health.
Authors: Warne M, Snyder K, Gillander Gådin K Abstract From the perspective of salutogenesis, schools have opportunities to create supportive environments for health and well-being, but there is a need for more knowledge about positive health determinants in the school setting. The aim of this study was to analyse adolescents' self-reported positive health and its association with supportive factors in the school environment. Data was derived from a cross-sectional study in which pupils were aged 12-16 (n=1527). A positive health scale was used to examine the association of positive health with the following ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - September 17, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

The perceptions of first nation participants in a community oral health initiative.
In conclusion, a local, community-based oral health prevention programme is perceived as having a beneficial effect on children and caregivers' oral health knowledge and behaviours. However, oral health preventive messages need to be further integrated into traditional Aboriginal holistic models of wellness. PMID: 28859556 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - September 3, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Under-reporting of major birth defects in Northwest Russia: a registry-based study.
This study demonstrates that birth registry data improved case ascertainment and official prevalence assessments and reduced the potential of under-reporting by physicians. The direct linkage of the two registries revealed that hypospadias cases were the most prevalent among the major birth defects in Murmansk County. ABBREVIATIONS: ICD-10, International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision; MCBR, Murmansk County Birth Registry; MRCDR, Murmansk Regional Congenital Defects Registry; MGC, Murmansk Genetics Center. PMID: 28853333 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - August 31, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

The Argentinian mother-and-child contaminant study: a cross-sectional study among delivering women in the cities of Ushuaia and Salta.
Authors: Økland I, Odland JØ, Matiocevich S, Alvarez MV, Aarsland T, Nieboer E, Hansen S Abstract Several ongoing international multidisciplinary projects have examined linkages between environmental chemicals and health. In contrast to Arctic regions, information for the Southern Hemisphere is scarce. Because of the inherent practice of pesticide utilisation and mismanagement, food security is potentially threatened. The most vulnerable period in human life occurs during pregnancy and early childhood, thus a focus on the body burdens of PTS in pregnant or delivering women is warranted. The current st...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - August 30, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Connecting remote populations to public health: the case for a digital immunisation information system in Nunavut.
Authors: Wilson LA, Pakes B, Murphy MSQ, Atkinson KM, Bell C, Wilson K Abstract Despite the best efforts of local healthcare workers and health officials, Nunavut, a large geographical region in Northern Canada, has struggled with outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases (VPD). We contend that the implementation of an immunisation information system (IIS) could strengthen prevention and response efforts to this and future outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases. Developing an IIS in Nunavut that builds on the existing CANImmunize infrastructure would reduce the cost and complexity of developing a new IIS, and al...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - August 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Lower pain and higher muscular strength in immigrant women with vitamin D deficiency following vitamin D treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: A moderate dose of vitamin D normalized l vitamin D levels, improved muscular strength and reduced pain in this group of vitamin D deficient immigrant women. PMID: 28774221 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - August 5, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Social justice, access and quality of healthcare in an age of austerity: users' perspective from rural Iceland.
Authors: Gustafsdottir SS, Fenger K, Halldorsdottir S, Bjarnason T Abstract Iceland is sparsely populated but social justice and equity has been emphasised within healthcare. The aim of the study is to examine healthcare services in Fjallabyggð, in rural northern Iceland, from users' perspective and evaluate social justice, access and quality of healthcare in an age of austerity. Mixed-method approach with transformative design was used. First, data were collected with questionnaires (response rate of 53% [N=732] in 2009 and 30% [N=415] in 2012), and analysed statistically, followed by 10 interviews with health...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - August 2, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

A comparison of socioeconomic status and mental health among inner-city Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women.
Authors: Hamdullahpur K, Jacobs KWJ, Gill KJ Abstract Aboriginal women in urban areas have been reported to experience high rates of poverty, homelessness, interpersonal violence, and health problems. However, there are few prior ethnocultural comparisons of urban women from similar socioeconomic backgrounds. The current study explored the mental and physical health of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women accessing social services agencies and shelters. Half of the sample (n=172) was Aboriginal (48.3%). The lifetime rate of physical abuse was significantly higher in Aboriginal women, and they were more likely to hav...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - July 29, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Gonorrhoea in Greenland, incidence and previous preventive measures: a review to improve future strategies.
Authors: Berntsen S, Karlsen APH, Pedersen ML, Mulvad G Abstract Gonorrhoea continues to be a significant health challenge in Greenland. The aim of this study was to describe the development of gonorrhoea in Greenland through time including incidence rates and previous measures taken to address the challenge. A systematic literature search in PubMed, Embase and The Cochrane Library was conducted. Furthermore, local archives were searched in the Health Clinic in Nuuk for relevant literature. From the 1940s the incidence of gonorrhoea increased steadily with a steep incline around 1970, possibly as a consequence of c...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - July 28, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Greenlandic patients with colorectal cancer: symptomatology, primary investigations and differences in diagnostic intervals between Nuuk and the rest of the country.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with CRC presented classic symptomatology of CRC. Primary care interval and diagnostic interval were significantly longer for patients from "the Coast" compared with Nuuk. Women tended to have longer primary care interval. A more standardised examination should be implemented and a national CRC screening programme should be considered to reduce the difference in diagnostic interval and ensure timely referral. PMID: 28705121 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - July 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Participatory methods for Inuit public health promotion and programme evaluation in Nunatsiavut, Canada.
The objectives of this thesis research were to use participatory methods to: (1) co-develop and evaluate a whiteboard video for use as a public health promotion tool in Rigolet, Nunatsiavut, and (2) develop and validate a framework for participatory evaluation of Inuit public health initiatives in Nunatsiavut, Labrador. Data collection tools included interactive workshops, community events, interviews, focus-group discussions and surveys. Results indicated the whiteboard video was an engaging and suitable medium for sharing public health messaging due to its contextually relevant elements. Participants identified 4 foundat...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - July 12, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Forty years of research concerning children and youth in Greenland: a mapping review.
CONCLUSIONS: The result reflects a consistent objectivity and quantitative methodology in health research in Greenland since 1991.The health research thus represents a united research community with a shared methodological research approach, while the local participatory action research projects all appear differentiated. While health research covers a spectrum of psychology related objectives, the methodology traditions reveal a specific kind of knowledge, which has come to determine how the mental health of the Greenlandic children is perceived. We believe that more qualitative and locally grounded approaches need to be ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - July 1, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Diabetes-related weight change in a Canadian First Nation cohort.
In this study, we sought to describe weight change in a First Nation cohort according to diabetes status and management. Study data were from two diabetes screening studies in Sandy Bay First Nation in Manitoba, Canada, collected in 2002/2003 (baseline) and 2011/2012 (follow-up). The cohort was composed of respondents to both screening studies (n=171). Fasting blood samples, anthropometric, health and demographic data were collected. At baseline, 24.8% (n=41) of the cohort members had diabetes. At follow-up, an additional 20.6% (n=34) developed diabetes. Among all participants with diabetes (long-term and incident cases), ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 25, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Associations between omega-3 fatty acids and 25(OH)D and psychological distress among Inuit in Canada.
CONCLUSION: In this cross-sectional analysis, low levels of 25(OH)D and long-chain n-3 FAs were associated with higher odds ratios for SPD, which highlights the potential impact of traditional foods on mental health and wellbeing. Cultural practices are also important for mental health and it may be that the biomarkers serve as proxies for cultural activities related to food collection, sharing and consumption that increase both biomarker levels and psychological well-being. ABBREVIATIONS: n-3 FAs: omega-3 fatty acids; PUFAs: polyunsaturated fatty acids; 25(OH)D: 25-hydroxyvitamin D; IPY: International Polar Year; IHS ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Water quality and Inuit health: an examination of drinking water consumption, perceptions, and contamination in Rigolet, Canada.
Authors: Wright C Abstract Canadian Inuit have often reported concerns about the quality of their municipal drinking water; research has also shown that some Inuit communities experience some of the highest incidence rates of self-reported acute gastrointestinal illness (AGI) in Canada and globally. The goal of this thesis research was to investigate drinking water perceptions and consumption patterns, as well as water contamination and potential associations with AGI in the Inuit community of Rigolet, Canada. Three census cross-sectional surveys captured data on AGI, drinking water, and water storage (2012-2014); ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 16, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Cancer mortality in Yukon 1999-2013: elevated mortality rates and a unique cancer profile.
CONCLUSIONS: Yukon cancer mortality rates were elevated compared with national, provincial, urban, and southern-rural jurisdictions. More research is required to elucidate these differences. PMID: 28598269 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 11, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

"They take care of their own": healthcare professionals' constructions of Sami persons with dementia and their families' reluctance to seek and accept help through attributions to multiple contexts.
CONCLUSIONS: Local healthcare professionals are at the front line for providing and assessing service users' needs for healthcare services. Consequently, their perceptions of service users' needs are pivotal for achieving equity in healthcare. The established opinion that Sami "take care of their own" and are reluctant to seek and accept help may lead to omissions or neglect. Healthcare professionals' awareness about how present encounters in healthcare settings are framed and shaped by the service users' previous and prevailing experiences of marginalisation and subordination is crucial to avoid omissions or neg...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 9, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Increased incidence of gonorrhoea and chlamydia in Greenland 1990-2012.
CONCLUSION: Overall, the incidence of chlamydia in Greenland increased during the study period, whereas the incidence of gonorrhoea decreased until 1995 but increased thereafter. Young adults aged 15-24 years were at highest risk of infection. The increase in incidence rates was independent of changes in case definitions, whereas an observed increase in chlamydia incidence in 2005 coincided with a change in diagnostic test. None of the STI interventions launched after 1995 seemed to coincide with decreasing national incidence rates. PMID: 28570206 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 2, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Improving access to specialists in remote communities: a cross-sectional study and cost analysis of the use of eConsult in Nunavut.
CONCLUSIONS: The eConsult service provided patients in Nunavut's remote communities with prompt access to specialist advice. The service's chief advantage in Canada's northern communities is its ability to offer electronic access to a breadth of specialties far greater than could be supported locally. Our findings suggest that a territory-wide adoption of eConsult would generate enormous savings. PMID: 28570207 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 2, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Dental caries and weight among children in Nuuk, Greenland, at school entry.
CONCLUSIONS: Increasing prevalence of caries with increasing weight class was observed in this study. A linear trend could not be confirmed statistically. The high prevalence of caries and overweight indicate the need for continued focus on preventative initiatives and monitoring. A combined strategy targeting both caries and overweight may be considered. PMID: 28537792 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Chronotype and response to training during the polar night: a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: In an environment with no outdoor daylight, it seems that the response to 8 weeks of aerobic training is larger in the E- than in the M-types, although the M-types showed a larger improvement in strength. PMID: 28523961 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 20, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Indigenous Peoples of Northern Russia: Anthropology and Health.
Authors: Kozlov A, Vershubsky G, Kozlova M PMID: 28506120 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

An environmental scan of emergency response systems and services in remote First Nations communities in Northern Ontario.
CONCLUSIONS: Existing first response, paramedical, and ambulance service models do not meet the unique geographical, epidemiological and cultural needs in most NAN communities. Sustainable, context-appropriate, and culturally relevant emergency care systems are needed. PMID: 28494638 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Ethnic identity negotiation among Sami youth living in a majority Sami community in Norway.
CONCLUSION: Ethnic pride seemed to be strong among youth in this majority Sami context. Denial of recognition by one's own ethnic group did not negatively influence ethnic pride or openness about ones' ethnic background, but was related to youth experience of intra-ethnic discrimination and poorer well-being. As Sami language was found to be a strong ethnic identity marker, effective language programmes for Norwegian-speaking Sami and newcomers should be provided. Language skills and competence would serve as an inclusive factor and improve students' well-being and health. Raising awareness about the diversity of Sami iden...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 4, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Effect of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on nasopharyngeal carriage by respiratory pathogens among Greenlandic children.
CONCLUSION: PCV-13 introduction in Greenland is associated with significant changes in nasopharyngeal bacterial carriage. Continued surveillance is warranted to clarify whether these changes are persistent, and affect the pattern of respiratory and invasive diseases in Greenland. PMID: 28467237 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 4, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

25(OH)D levels in trained versus sedentary university students at 64 ° north.
25(OH)D levels in trained versus sedentary university students at 64° north. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2017;76(1):1314414 Authors: Jerome SP, Sticka KD, Schnurr TM, Mangum SJ, Reynolds AJ, Dunlap KL Abstract PURPOSE: 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) deficiency is associated with compromised bone mineralisation, fatigue, suppressed immune function and unsatisfactory skeletal muscle recovery. We investigated the risk of 25(OH)D insufficiency or deficiency in endurance athletes compared to sedentary non-athletes living at 64° north. METHODS: University student-athletes (TS) and sedentary students...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 30, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

A new treatment for frostbite sequelae; Botulinum toxin.
Authors: Norheim AJ, Mercer J, Musial F, de Weerd L Abstract Frostbite sequelae are a relevant occupational injury outcome for soldiers in arctic environments. A Caucasian male soldier suffered frostbite to both hands during a military winter exercise. He developed sensory-motor disturbances and cold hypersensitivity. Angiography and thermography revealed impaired blood flow while Quantitative Sensory Testing indicated impaired somato-sensory nerve function. Two years after the initial event, he received an off label treatment with Botulinum toxin distributed around the neurovascular bundles of each finger. After t...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 30, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Yoik experiences and possible positive health outcomes: an explorative pilot study.
CONCLUSION: Yoik may be considered an important marker of social and cultural belonging for many Sami people. Yoik seems to have an underresearched potential as an intervention in culture sensitive healthcare and health promotion work that deserves to be further investigated. PMID: 28452679 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 30, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Contemporary radiooncological management of bone metastases from breast cancer: factors associated with prescription of different fractionation regimens (short or long course) in a rural part of North Norway with long travel distance.
Authors: Nieder C, Dalhaug A, Haukland E, Mannsåker B, Pawinski A Abstract The aim of this study was to reduce barriers that prevent implementation of evidence-based recommendations about single-fraction palliative radiotherapy (PRT) and to demonstrate that single-fraction PRT yields similar outcomes as long-course treatment (≥10 fractions) in patients with bone metastases from breast cancer. This retrospective study (2007-2014) included 118 Norwegian female patients. All patients received guideline-conform systemic therapy including bone-targeting agents. Median survival was 12.7 months. Long-course PRT w...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 30, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

The effect of vernal solar UV radiation on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration depends on the baseline level: observations from a high latitude in Finland.
Authors: Karppinen T, Ala-Houhala M, Ylianttila L, Kautiainen H, Lakkala K, Hannula HR, Turunen E, Viljakainen H, Reunala T, Snellman E Abstract Humans obtain vitamin D from conversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol in the skin by ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation or from dietary sources. As the radiation level is insufficient in winter, vitamin D deficiency is common at higher latitudes. We assessed whether vernal solar UVB radiation at latitudes 61°N and 67°N in Finland has an impact on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [S-25(OH)D] concentrations. Twenty-seven healthy volunteers participated in outdoor activities in snow-co...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 30, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

"Int J Circumpolar Health"[ta]; +122 new citations
122 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: "Int J Circumpolar Health"[ta] These pubmed results were generated on 2017/04/21PubMed comprises more than millions of citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 21, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Report Source Type: research