Log in to search using one of your social media accounts:

 

Persistent organic pollutants and haematological markers in Greenlandic pregnant women: the ACCEPT sub-study.
In conclusion, exposure to POPs influenced several haematological markers, especially cell count parameters, suggesting immunosuppressive potential of POPs in Greenlandic pregnant women. The data need further investigations. PMID: 29595373 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Sami yoik, Sami history, Sami health: a narrative review.
Authors: Hämäläinen S, Musial F, Salamonsen A, Graff O, Olsen TA Abstract Music as a possible health-promoting agent has attained increasing academic and scientific interest over the last decades. Nonetheless, possible connections between indigenous singing traditions and health beyond traditional ceremonial healing practices are still under-researched worldwide. The Sami, the indigenous people living in Northern Fennoscandia, have a distinct ancient vocal music tradition called "yoik" practiced from immemorial times. The Sami share a history of assimilation with many indigenous people. Dur...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of and factors associated with dental anxiety among medical and dental students of the Northern State Medical University, Arkhangelsk, North-West Russia.
The objective was to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with dental anxiety (DA) in medical and dental students in North-West Russia. This cross-sectional study included 422 medical and 285 dental undergraduate Russian students aged 18-25 years from the Northern State Medical University in Arkhangelsk. Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) was applied to measure DA. Information on socio-demographic and socioeconomic factors, oral health behaviour and general and oral health was obtained from a structured, self-administered questionnaire. A clinical examination was performed to assess caries experience, Simpl...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

S ámi youth health, the role of climate change, and unique health-seeking behaviour.
Sámi youth health, the role of climate change, and unique health-seeking behaviour. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2018 Dec;77(1):1454785 Authors: Kowalczewski E, Klein J Abstract The goal of this cross-sectional qualitative study was to assess the impact of climate change on Sámi youth health, health care access, and health-seeking behaviour. Indigenous research methodology served as the basis of the investigation which utilised focus groups of youths and one-on-one interviews of adult community leaders using a semi-structured, open-ended questions. The results of the focus groups and intervi...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Key indicators of obstetric and neonatal care in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
Authors: Burtseva TE, Odland JØ, Douglas NI, Grigoreva AN, Pavlova TY, Chichahov DA, Afanasieva LN, Baisheva NS, Rad YG, Tomsky MI, Postoev VA Abstract In the absence of a medical birth registry, the official statistics are the only sources of information about pregnancy outcomes in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) (RS). We analysed the official statistical data about birth rate, fertility, infant and maternal mortality in the RS in the period 2003-2014. Compared with all-Russian data, the RS had a higher birth rate, especially in rural districts. Maternal and infant mortality were also higher compared with a...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Active commuting to school in Finland, the potential for physical activity increase in different seasons.
Conclusions When planning interventions to promote ACS, one is encouraged to acknowledge and evaluate the potential in the selected target schools in different seasons. The potential varies largely between schools and seasons and is highly dependent on students' commuting distances. PMID: 29516792 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Exposure to whole-body vibration in open-cast mines in the Barents region.
Conclusions Exposure to WBV among operators of mining vehicles may be a serious health and safety problem in the mines studied. The employers ought, therefore, take active steps to reduce exposure in accordance with the European vibration directive. Moreover, since some groups of drivers are exposed to vibration that is close to or exceeds the exposure limit values, the employer should take immediate action to reduce exposure below these values. PMID: 29516793 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Children in Greenland: disease patterns and contacts to the health care system.
Conclusions In this first study of its kind, the health care contact pattern in Greenlandic children showed a relatively high hospitalisation rate and duration per admission, and a low primary health care contact rate. The overall contact rate and disease pattern resembled those in Denmark, except for tuberculosis screening. Adherence to the vaccination programme was low. These findings may be helpful for the organisation and dimensioning of the Greenlandic health care system for children. PMID: 29516794 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Adherence to health regimens among frequent attenders of Finnish healthcare.
Conclusion FAs in Finland adhere well to health regimens and exceptionally well to medication. Variables that predict the best adherence of FAs to health regimens are carrying out self-care, receiving medical care and feeling responsible for self-care. PMID: 29516795 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Alcohol and suicide in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug and Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia.
Authors: Sumarokov YA, Brenn T, Kudryavtsev AV, Sidorenkov O, Nilssen O Abstract Background High suicide rates in the Russian North are coupled with high alcohol consumption in the described populations. Objective To investigate the potential role of alcohol consumption on suicides in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug (NAO) in 2002-2012 and to compare this information with corresponding data from the neighboring Arkhangelsk Oblast (AO). Design Retrospective population-based mortality study. Methods Data from autopsy reports were used to identify 252 cases of suicide in the NAO and 1,198 cases in the AO in the period 2002...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Staying healthy "under the sheets": Inuit youth experiences of access to sexual and reproductive health and rights in Arviat, Nunavut, Canada.
Conclusions The locally specific ways these themes emerged revealed important structural factors at play in the community, which seem to persistently work against youths' abilities to achieve good SRHR outcomes. To address poor micro-level health outcomes in Arviat, it thus appears that locally authored programming must take into account broader structural factors at the root of SRHR access barriers. PMID: 29516797 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Creating exclusive breastfeeding knowledge translation tools with First Nations mothers in Northwest Territories, Canada.
Conclusion There are a myriad of influences on breastfeeding for women living in remote locations. Ultimately, society informs the choice of infant feeding for the new mother, since mothers' feeding choices are based on contextual realities and circumstances in their lives that are out of their control. As health care providers, it is imperative that we recognize the realities of women's lives and the overlapping social determinants of health that may limit a mother's ability or choice to breastfeed. Further health promotion efforts, grounded in community-based research and a social determinants framework, are needed to im...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

A survey of knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards skin and soft tissue infections in rural Alaska.
Conclusions These findings can be used to help guide public health strategic planning and identify appropriate evidence-based interventions tailored to the specific needs of the region. PMID: 29516799 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

What is missing? Addressing the complex issues surrounding sexual and reproductive health in the circumpolar north.
Authors: Jessen C, Leston J, Simons B, Rink E PMID: 29516800 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Ethical and methodological issues in research with Sami experiencing disability.
Conclusion The knowledge generated from this study has the potential to benefit future health research, specifically of Norwegian Sami people experiencing disability, as well as health research concerning indigenous people in general, providing scientific-based insight into important ethical and methodological issues in research with indigenous people experiencing disability. PMID: 29516801 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Methods and background characteristics of the TOHNN study: a population-based study of oral health conditions in northern Norway.
This article provides an overview of the background of the study and a description of the sample characteristics and methods employed in data collection. Study design Cross-sectional population-based study including a questionnaire and clinical dental examination. Methods A randomly selected sample of 2,909 individuals (20-79 years old) drawn from the population register was invited to participate in the study. The data were collected between October 2013 and November 2014 in Troms County in northern Norway. The questionnaire focused on oral health-related behaviours and attitudes, oral health-related quality of life, sens...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Conducting rigorous research with subgroups of at-risk youth: lessons learned from a teen pregnancy prevention project in Alaska.
Authors: Hohman-Billmeier K, Nye M, Martin S Abstract In 2010, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services (DHSS) received federal funding to test an evidence-based teen pregnancy prevention program. The grant required a major modification to an existing program and a randomized control trial (RCT) to test its effectiveness. As the major modifications, Alaska used peer educators instead of adults to deliver the program to youth aged 14-19 instead of the original curriculum intended age range of 12-14. Cultural and approach adaptations were included as well. After 4 years of implementation and data collection, t...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Erythema nodosum and the risk of tuberculosis in a high incidence setting.
Conclusion This study documents a high EN incidence in a TB endemic region. EN occurred only in individuals with MTI, and predominantly among BCG-unvaccinated individuals. EN was significantly associated with a TB diagnosis within 1 month of diagnosis. PMID: 29516804 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

"You never know who are Sami or speak Sami" Clinicians' experiences with language-appropriate care to Sami-speaking patients in outpatient mental health clinics in Northern Norway.
Conclusion Findings indicate that clinicians are not aware of patients' language needs prior to admission and that they deal with identification of language data and offer of language-appropriate care ad hoc when patients arrive. Sami-speaking participants reported always offering language choice and found more profound understanding of patients' experiences when Sami language was used. Whatever language Sami-speaking patients may choose, they are found to switch between languages during therapy. Most non-Sami-speaking participants reported offering Sami-speaking services, but the patients chose to speak Norwegian. However...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Ethnic difference in the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus in regions with Sami and non-Sami populations in Norway - the SAMINOR1 study.
Conclusion We observed a heterogeneity in the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus in different geographical regions both within and between different ethnic groups. PMID: 29516806 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Descriptive review of tuberculosis surveillance systems across the circumpolar regions.
Conclusion This review successfully establishes baseline knowledge on similarities and differences among circumpolar tuberculosis surveillance systems. The similarity in case definitions will allow for description of the epidemiology of TB based on surveillance data in circumpolar regions, further study of tuberculosis trends across regions, and recommendation of best practices to improve surveillance activities. PMID: 29516807 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Changing housework, changing health? A longitudinal analysis of how changes in housework are associated with functional somatic symptoms.
Conclusions The gendered division of housework means that women are particularly exposed to a heavy workload. Women's responsibility for and performance of housework increase between ages 30 and 42 and this threatens to be embodied in the form FSS. We conclude that housework should be considered an important source of stress in addition to that from waged work and that a deeper understanding of the links between housework and health requires a gender theoretical analysis. PMID: 29516808 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Indigenous people should decide on matters of access to archival information.
Authors: Moran R PMID: 29516809 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

New approaches in human health risk assessment.
Authors: Abass K, Carlsen A, Rautio A Abstract Studies on the precise impact of environmental pollutants on human health are difficult to undertake and interpret, because many genetic and environmental factors influence health at the same time and to varying degrees. Our chapter in the AMAP report was based on new approaches to describe risks and future needs. In this paper, we will introduce the issues associated with risk assessment of single chemicals, and present suggestions for future studies as well as a summary of lessons learned during the health-related parts of the European Union-funded FP7 project ArcRis...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Reflections on ethical challenges encountered in Indigenous health research using archival records.
Authors: Abonyi S, Hackett P, Dyck R PMID: 29516811 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Use of archival data on Indian residential schools.
Authors: Galloway T, Johnson R PMID: 29516812 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Levels and trends of contaminants in humans of the Arctic.
Authors: Gibson J, Adlard B, Olafsdottir K, Sandanger TM, Odland JØ Abstract The Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) is one of the six working groups established under the Arctic Council. AMAP is tasked with monitoring the levels of contaminants present in the Arctic environment and people as well as assessing their effects on a continuous basis, and reporting these results regularly. Most of the presented data have been collected over the last 20 years and are from all eight Arctic countries. Levels of contaminants appear to be declining in some of the monitored Arctic populations, but it is n...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Overview of human health in the Arctic: conclusions and recommendations.
This article is intended to provide an overview of the key conclusions, knowledge gaps and key recommendations based on the recent 2015 Arctic human health assessment under the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program. This assessment was based primarily on data from human health monitoring and research studies and peer-reviewed literature published since the last assessment in 2009. PMID: 29516814 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Cancer among circumpolar populations: an emerging public health concern.
Conclusions Cancer among certain indigenous people in the Arctic is an increasing public health concern, especially lung and colorectal cancer. PMID: 29516815 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Beverage consumption in an Alaska Native village: a mixed-methods study of behaviour, attitudes and access.
Conclusion Alaska Native children and adults living in the Interior Alaska consume high amounts of SSBs including energy drinks and insufficient amounts of water. Interventions targeting beverage consumption are urgently needed for the Alaska Native population in rural Alaska. PMID: 29516816 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Anthropometric indices of First Nations children and youth on first entry to Manitoba/Saskatchewan residential schools-1919 to 1953.
Conclusions A large majority of First Nations children and youth exhibited normal anthropometric indices on first entering residential schools in Manitoba and Saskatchewan from 1919 to 1953. These historical findings provide an important context to the current epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes and suggest that the nutritional conditions in these First Nations children's communities were satisfactory during the residential school era. PMID: 29516817 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Adapting a model of response to child abuse to the conditions in the circumpolar north.
Authors: Søbjerg LM, Thams AF PMID: 29516818 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

An evaluation of the interaction of place and community-based participatory research as a research methodology in the implementation of a sexually transmitted infection intervention for Greenlandic youth.
This article presents a reflection on the extent to which place influenced the use of community-based participatory research (CBPR) as a research methodology in the implementation of an intervention to address sexually transmitted infections in Greenland. An evaluation of the interaction between place and CBPR suggests that the physicality of place influenced the intervention's successes and challenges. Future research that uses CBPR as a research methodology in sexual and reproductive health research in the Arctic warrants situating the research design, implementation and outcomes within the context of place. PMID: 29...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Cancer incidence and mortality among the M étis population of Alberta, Canada.
Conclusions Overall incidence and mortality associated with cancer were not higher among Métis people compared with non-Métis people. However, special efforts should be considered to decrease the higher incidence of bronchus/lung cancer in Métis men. Further development and maintenance of new and existing institutional collaborations are necessary to continue cancer research and health status surveillance in Métis population. PMID: 29516820 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Improving health in the Arctic region through safe and affordable access to household running water and sewer services: an Arctic Council initiative.
Authors: Hennessy TW, Bressler JM Abstract Important health disparities have been documented among the peoples of the Arctic and subarctic, including those related to limited access to in-home improved drinking water and sanitation services. Although improving water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) has been a focus of the United Nations for decades, the Arctic region has received little attention in this regard. A growing body of evidence highlights inequalities across the region for the availability of in-home drinking WASH services and for health indicators associated with these services. In this review, we highlig...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Abstracts from the 16th International Congress on Circumpolar Health.
Authors: PMID: 29516822 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Childhood violence and adult chronic pain among indigenous Sami and non-Sami populations in Norway: a SAMINOR 2 questionnaire study.
Conclusion Respondents exposed to childhood violence reported more chronic pain in several parts of the body, increased number of chronic pain sites and more intense pain in adulthood than respondents reporting no childhood violence. However, among Sami men, this association was weaker and also not significant for increased number of chronic pain sites and higher pain intensity. PMID: 29516823 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Glove and mitten protection in extreme cold weather: an Antarctic study.
Conclusions Coverings that maintained finger temperatures within a comfortable and safe range (at or above 59°F/15°C) included the heated gloves and mittens (including some with the power off) and mittens with liners. Mittens without liners (shell) generally performed better than unheated gloves. Better results generally paralleled the item's cost. Inserting chemical heat warmers at the wrist increased heat loss, possibly through the exposed area around the warmer. PMID: 29516824 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Assessing clinical support and inter-professional interactions among front-line primary care providers in remote communities in northern Canada: a pilot study.
Conclusions Important lessons were learnt from the pilot study, especially in better engagement of providers in planning and dissemination. The questionnaire design and the online method of delivery were acceptable. Although important issues were identified, a larger definitive survey is needed to investigate them in the future. PMID: 29516825 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

What do we know about health-related knowledge translation in the Circumpolar North? Results from a scoping review.
Conclusions This review synthesized a small but burgeoning area of research. Community engagement was important for successful KT; however, more discussion and discourse on the tensions, challenges and opportunities for improvement are necessary. PMID: 29516826 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Results of interferon-based treatments in Alaska Native and American Indian population with chronic hepatitis C.
Authors: Livingston SE, Townshend-Bulson LJ, Bruden DJT, Homan CE, Gove JE, Plotnik JN, Simons BC, Spradling PR, McMahon BJ Abstract Background There have been few reports of hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment results with interferon-based regimens in indigenous populations. Objective To determine interferon-based treatment outcome among Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) population. Design In an outcomes study of 1,379 AN/AI persons with chronic HCV infection from 1995 through 2013, we examined treatment results of 189 persons treated with standard interferon, interferon plus ribavirin, pegylated interferon ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Spirometry in Greenland: a cross-sectional study on patients treated with medication targeting obstructive pulmonary disease.
Conclusion The use of medication targeting obstructive pulmonary disease among patients over 50 years old is common in Greenland. About one third of the patients had a spirometry performed within 2 years. To further increase spirometry performance, it is recommended to explore possible barriers in health care professionals' usage of spirometry in different health care settings in Greenland. PMID: 29516828 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Social correlates of term small for gestational age babies in a Russian Arctic setting.
Conclusions Maternal low education, unemployment, unmarried status, smoking, evidence of alcohol abuse and underweight increased the risk of term SGA births in a Russian Arctic setting. This emphasizes the importance of both social and lifestyle factors for pregnancy outcomes. Public health efforts to reduce smoking, alcohol consumption and underweight of pregnant women may therefore promote a decrease in the prevalence of SGA births. PMID: 29516829 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Gestational diabetes mellitus in Greenland: a national study of prevalence and testing efficacy.
Conclusion In conclusion, the prevalence of GDM seems quite low in Greenland. Although diagnostic testing activity has improved within the last 6 years, still around one-third of all pregnant women in all Greenland fulfilling the testing criteria were not tested. Universal testing for GDM may be needed to improve testing of GDM in Greenland. PMID: 29516830 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Occupational skin diseases from 1997 to 2004 at the Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Northern Norway (UNN): an investigation into the course and treatment of occupational skin disease 10-15 years after first consultations with a dermatologist.
Conclusions Our investigation into patients with occupational skin disease documented that the majority of patients who had received professional dermatological consultation and intervention offers were still in the labour market and had good control of their skin disease 10-15 years later. We discovered that 71% of the patients were still employed. 13% had remained in work until they became old age pensioners. Only 16% dropped out of work because of disability. These high percentages may indicate that our intervention has contributed positively to patients' work conditions and the course of their skin disease. PMID: 2...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Performance indicators for maternity care in a circumpolar context: a scoping review.
Conclusions This review demonstrates that, although most circumpolar health systems engage in performance reporting for maternity care, efforts to capture local priorities and values are limited in most regions. Future work in this area should involve northern stakeholders in the process of indicator selection and development. PMID: 29516832 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Food insecurity, vitamin D insufficiency and respiratory infections among Inuit children.
Conclusions Using a large cross-sectional survey of Inuit children, we found that household crowding, but not food security or vitamin D levels, was associated with adverse respiratory outcomes. Further studies are warranted to examine the impact of decreasing household crowding on the respiratory health of these children. PMID: 29516833 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Laboratory characterization of invasive Haemophilus influenzae isolates from Nunavut, Canada, 2000-2012.
Conclusion During the period of 2000-2012, Hia was the predominant serotype causing invasive disease in Nunavut. This presents a public health concern due to an emerging clone of Hia as a cause of invasive H. influenzae disease and the lack of published guidelines for the prophylaxis of contacts. The clonal nature of Hia could be the result of spread within an isolated population, and/or unique characteristics of this strain to cause invasive disease. Further study of Hia in other populations may provide important information on this emerging pathogen. No antibiotic resistance was detected among Hia isolates; a small propo...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Youth perspectives on sexually transmitted infections and sexual health in Northern Canada and implications for public health practice.
Authors: Healey G Abstract Objective High rates of sexually transmitted infections in the Arctic have been a focus of recent research, and youth are believed to be at greatest risk of infection. Little research has focused on understanding youth perspectives on sexual health. The goal of this study was to collect the perspectives of youth in Nunavut on sexual health and relationships with the intent of informing public health practice. Method This qualitative research study was conducted within an Indigenous knowledge framework with a focus on Inuit ways of knowing. Data were collected through face-to-face intervie...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Challenges and barriers to health care and overall health in older residents of Alaska: evidence from a national survey.
Conclusions Given the growth rate of Alaskan seniors and inherent health care challenges this vulnerable population faces, future research should examine the specific pathways through which these disparities occur and inform policies to ensure that all US seniors, regardless of geographical location, have access to high-quality health services. PMID: 29516836 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research