Childhood violence and mental health among indigenous Sami and non-Sami populations in Norway: a SAMINOR 2 questionnaire study.
CONCLUSION: A positive association between childhood violence and adult mental distress was found for both Sami and Norwegian adults. More mental problems were found among the Sami. Childhood violence may have mediated some of the ethnic differences. PMID: 30112962 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - August 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Sociodemographic characteristics, sexual behaviour and knowledge about cervical cancer prevention as risk factors for high-risk human papillomavirus infection in Arkhangelsk, North-West Russia.
This study explored the HR-HPV infection positivity in relation to sociodemographic, sexual behavior characteristics and knowledge about HPV and CC prevention among women who visited the Arkhangelsk clinical maternity hospital named after Samoylova, Russia. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of Arkhangelsk, Northwest Russia. Women who consulted a gynecologist for any reason between 1 January 2015 and 30 April 2015 were residents of Arkhangelsk, 25-65 years of age were included. The Mann-Whitney and Pearson's χ2 tests were used. To determine the HR-HPV status, we used the Amplisens HPV-D...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - July 25, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Comparing health care workforce in circumpolar regions: patterns, trends and challenges.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite efforts and standardisation of definitions by international organisations such as OECD, it is difficult to obtain an accurate and comparable estimate of the health workforce even in the basic categories of physicians, dentists and nurses . The use of head counts is particularly problematic in jurisdictions that rely on short-term visiting staff. Comparing statistics also needs to take into account the health care system, especially where primary health care is nurse-based. List of Abbreviations ADA: American Dental Association; AHRF: Area Health Resource File; AMA: American Medical Association; AO: Aut...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - July 5, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Wrist malpractice claims in Northern Norway 2005-2014. Lessons to be learned.
Authors: Norum J, Balteskard L, Thomsen MW, Kvernmo HD Abstract Rough weather conditions in the subarctic areas of Norway may influence on the risk of wrist fracture. We implemented data from the Norwegian System of Patient Injury Compensation (NPE). All claims due to wrist surgery, performed at the public hospitals in Northern Norway, during 2005-2014 were analyzed. We employed the ICD-10 classification codes S52.5 (fracture of distal end of radius) and S52.6 (fracture of distal end of radius and ulna). Treatment was defined by NCSP codes. 84 patients (0.3%) complained. Females complained four times more often tha...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Do Norwegian Sami and non-indigenous individuals understand questions about mental health similarly? A SAMINOR 2 study.
Authors: Sørlie T, Hansen KL, Friborg O Abstract The Western culturally developed Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL-10) is a self-report measure of mental distress widely used for both clinical and epidemiological purposes - also in the multiethnic epidemiological SAMINOR studies in Northern Norway, but without any proper cross-cultural validation. Our objective was to test invariance of the HSCL-10 measurements among Sami and the non-indigenous majority population in Northern Norway (participants in the SAMINOR 2 study) and whether the previously used HSCL-10 cut-off level (1.85) fits the Sami subgroups in th...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 7, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

"The prayer circles in the air": a qualitative study about traditional healer profiles and practice in Northern Norway.
"The prayer circles in the air": a qualitative study about traditional healer profiles and practice in Northern Norway. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2018 Dec;77(1):1476638 Authors: Langås-Larsen A, Salamonsen A, Kristoffersen AE, Stub T Abstract In Northern Norway, traditional healing has been preserved by passing down the knowledge through generations. Religious prayers of healing (reading) and Sami rituals (curing) are examples of methods that are used. We have examined traditional healers' understanding of traditional healing, the healing process and their own practice, as well as what ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 2, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Blood and hair mercury concentrations among Cree First Nations of Eeyou Istchee (Quebec, Canada): time trends, prenatal exposure and links to local fish consumption.
Authors: Ripley S, Robinson E, Johnson-Down L, Andermann A, Ayotte P, Lucas M, Nieboer E Abstract To describe exposure to methylmercury among Cree, focusing on women of childbearing age, we used data from 2 studies. Multiple regression was employed to examine associations between blood and hair mercury concentrations and consumption of locally harvested fish. Approximately 9.9% of non-pregnant women aged 15-44 y and 3.9% of pregnant women required follow-up according to Health Canada's blood mercury guidance value of 40 nmol/L. 8% of hair mercury observations in the non-pregnant women and 2.5% among pregnant w...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Rabies in Alaska, from the past to an uncertain future.
Authors: Hueffer K, Murphy M Abstract Rabies is a serious zoonotic disease with significant public health consequences in the circumpolar North. Recent studies have advanced our understanding of the disease ecology in Alaska. In this paper, we review historical records of rabies in Alaska ranging from the late nineteenth century to the present, analyse the public health impact in the state and review studies on disease ecology before assessing challenges and anticipated altered disease dynamics in the face of a rapidly changing North. Rabies is a disease that has been present in Alaska continuously for over 100&nbs...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Factors associated with drinking and being satisfied with tap water in Indigenous communities in Saskatchewan, Canada.
This study undertaken with members of 8 Indigenous communities in Saskatchewan, Canada, and identified factors associated with both the decision to drink tap water at home and being satisfied with its quality. We examined the importance of factors such as individual attributes, experiences, attitudes, household and community-based variables. Less than one-quarter of participants (23.4%) drank tap water and were satisfied with its quality. Individuals who did not boil tap water (odds ratio [OR] = 5.76, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.68-19.8), those who did not experience tap water odour (OR = ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus among Sami and non-Sami men and women in Northern Norway - The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey.
Authors: Naseribafrouei A, Eliassen BM, Melhus M, Svartberg J, Broderstad AR Abstract The aim of this study was to determine and compare the prevalence of pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among Sami and non-Sami men and women of rural districts in Northern Norway. The SAMINOR 2 Clinical Survey is a cross-sectional population-based study performed in 2012-2014 in 10 municipalities of Northern Norway. A total of 12,455 Sami and non-Sami inhabitants aged 40-79 years were invited to participate and 5878 were included in the analyses. Participants with self-reported T2DM and/or a glycated haemoglobi...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Exploring coping strategies and mental health support systems among female youth in the Northwest Territories using body mapping.
This study explores the self-identified strategies that female youth in the NWT use to cope with mental health issues. The arts-based qualitative method of body mapping and a trauma-informed, strengths-based approach grounded in social ecological theory was used to collect data during in-depth semi-structured interviews. Forty-one participants (aged 13-17 years) attended FOXY body mapping workshops in six NWT communities in 2013 then completed interviews regarding the content of their body maps. Thematic analysis was used to identify five themes related to coping strategies: grounding via nature, strength through Indi...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 28, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

The impact of changes in leisure time physical activity on changes in cardiovascular risk factors: results from The Finnmark 3 Study and SAMINOR 1, 1987-2003.
Authors: Hermansen R, Broderstad AR, Jacobsen BK, Mähönen M, Wilsgaard T, Morseth B Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the associations between changes in leisure time physical activity and changes in cardiovascular risk factors over 16 years and whether they differ between two ethnic groups in Norway. METHODS: Data were extracted from two population-based studies. Altogether, 3671 men and women participated in both surveys, and 30% reported being of Sami ethnicity. Leisure time physical activity was self-reported, and cardiovascular risk factors were measured. ANCOVA analysis wa...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Persistent organic pollutants and haematological markers in Greenlandic pregnant women: the ACCEPT sub-study.
In conclusion, exposure to POPs influenced several haematological markers, especially cell count parameters, suggesting immunosuppressive potential of POPs in Greenlandic pregnant women. The data need further investigations. PMID: 29595373 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Sami yoik, Sami history, Sami health: a narrative review.
Authors: Hämäläinen S, Musial F, Salamonsen A, Graff O, Olsen TA Abstract Music as a possible health-promoting agent has attained increasing academic and scientific interest over the last decades. Nonetheless, possible connections between indigenous singing traditions and health beyond traditional ceremonial healing practices are still under-researched worldwide. The Sami, the indigenous people living in Northern Fennoscandia, have a distinct ancient vocal music tradition called "yoik" practiced from immemorial times. The Sami share a history of assimilation with many indigenous people. Dur...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 29, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of and factors associated with dental anxiety among medical and dental students of the Northern State Medical University, Arkhangelsk, North-West Russia.
The objective was to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with dental anxiety (DA) in medical and dental students in North-West Russia. This cross-sectional study included 422 medical and 285 dental undergraduate Russian students aged 18-25 years from the Northern State Medical University in Arkhangelsk. Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) was applied to measure DA. Information on socio-demographic and socioeconomic factors, oral health behaviour and general and oral health was obtained from a structured, self-administered questionnaire. A clinical examination was performed to assess caries experience, Simpl...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

S ámi youth health, the role of climate change, and unique health-seeking behaviour.
Sámi youth health, the role of climate change, and unique health-seeking behaviour. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2018 Dec;77(1):1454785 Authors: Kowalczewski E, Klein J Abstract The goal of this cross-sectional qualitative study was to assess the impact of climate change on Sámi youth health, health care access, and health-seeking behaviour. Indigenous research methodology served as the basis of the investigation which utilised focus groups of youths and one-on-one interviews of adult community leaders using a semi-structured, open-ended questions. The results of the focus groups and intervi...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Key indicators of obstetric and neonatal care in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
Authors: Burtseva TE, Odland JØ, Douglas NI, Grigoreva AN, Pavlova TY, Chichahov DA, Afanasieva LN, Baisheva NS, Rad YG, Tomsky MI, Postoev VA Abstract In the absence of a medical birth registry, the official statistics are the only sources of information about pregnancy outcomes in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) (RS). We analysed the official statistical data about birth rate, fertility, infant and maternal mortality in the RS in the period 2003-2014. Compared with all-Russian data, the RS had a higher birth rate, especially in rural districts. Maternal and infant mortality were also higher compared with a...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Active commuting to school in Finland, the potential for physical activity increase in different seasons.
Conclusions When planning interventions to promote ACS, one is encouraged to acknowledge and evaluate the potential in the selected target schools in different seasons. The potential varies largely between schools and seasons and is highly dependent on students' commuting distances. PMID: 29516792 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Exposure to whole-body vibration in open-cast mines in the Barents region.
Conclusions Exposure to WBV among operators of mining vehicles may be a serious health and safety problem in the mines studied. The employers ought, therefore, take active steps to reduce exposure in accordance with the European vibration directive. Moreover, since some groups of drivers are exposed to vibration that is close to or exceeds the exposure limit values, the employer should take immediate action to reduce exposure below these values. PMID: 29516793 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Children in Greenland: disease patterns and contacts to the health care system.
Conclusions In this first study of its kind, the health care contact pattern in Greenlandic children showed a relatively high hospitalisation rate and duration per admission, and a low primary health care contact rate. The overall contact rate and disease pattern resembled those in Denmark, except for tuberculosis screening. Adherence to the vaccination programme was low. These findings may be helpful for the organisation and dimensioning of the Greenlandic health care system for children. PMID: 29516794 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Adherence to health regimens among frequent attenders of Finnish healthcare.
Conclusion FAs in Finland adhere well to health regimens and exceptionally well to medication. Variables that predict the best adherence of FAs to health regimens are carrying out self-care, receiving medical care and feeling responsible for self-care. PMID: 29516795 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Alcohol and suicide in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug and Arkhangelsk Oblast, Russia.
Authors: Sumarokov YA, Brenn T, Kudryavtsev AV, Sidorenkov O, Nilssen O Abstract Background High suicide rates in the Russian North are coupled with high alcohol consumption in the described populations. Objective To investigate the potential role of alcohol consumption on suicides in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug (NAO) in 2002-2012 and to compare this information with corresponding data from the neighboring Arkhangelsk Oblast (AO). Design Retrospective population-based mortality study. Methods Data from autopsy reports were used to identify 252 cases of suicide in the NAO and 1,198 cases in the AO in the period 2002...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Staying healthy "under the sheets": Inuit youth experiences of access to sexual and reproductive health and rights in Arviat, Nunavut, Canada.
Conclusions The locally specific ways these themes emerged revealed important structural factors at play in the community, which seem to persistently work against youths' abilities to achieve good SRHR outcomes. To address poor micro-level health outcomes in Arviat, it thus appears that locally authored programming must take into account broader structural factors at the root of SRHR access barriers. PMID: 29516797 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Creating exclusive breastfeeding knowledge translation tools with First Nations mothers in Northwest Territories, Canada.
Conclusion There are a myriad of influences on breastfeeding for women living in remote locations. Ultimately, society informs the choice of infant feeding for the new mother, since mothers' feeding choices are based on contextual realities and circumstances in their lives that are out of their control. As health care providers, it is imperative that we recognize the realities of women's lives and the overlapping social determinants of health that may limit a mother's ability or choice to breastfeed. Further health promotion efforts, grounded in community-based research and a social determinants framework, are needed to im...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

A survey of knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards skin and soft tissue infections in rural Alaska.
Conclusions These findings can be used to help guide public health strategic planning and identify appropriate evidence-based interventions tailored to the specific needs of the region. PMID: 29516799 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

What is missing? Addressing the complex issues surrounding sexual and reproductive health in the circumpolar north.
Authors: Jessen C, Leston J, Simons B, Rink E PMID: 29516800 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Ethical and methodological issues in research with Sami experiencing disability.
Conclusion The knowledge generated from this study has the potential to benefit future health research, specifically of Norwegian Sami people experiencing disability, as well as health research concerning indigenous people in general, providing scientific-based insight into important ethical and methodological issues in research with indigenous people experiencing disability. PMID: 29516801 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Methods and background characteristics of the TOHNN study: a population-based study of oral health conditions in northern Norway.
This article provides an overview of the background of the study and a description of the sample characteristics and methods employed in data collection. Study design Cross-sectional population-based study including a questionnaire and clinical dental examination. Methods A randomly selected sample of 2,909 individuals (20-79 years old) drawn from the population register was invited to participate in the study. The data were collected between October 2013 and November 2014 in Troms County in northern Norway. The questionnaire focused on oral health-related behaviours and attitudes, oral health-related quality of life, sens...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Conducting rigorous research with subgroups of at-risk youth: lessons learned from a teen pregnancy prevention project in Alaska.
Authors: Hohman-Billmeier K, Nye M, Martin S Abstract In 2010, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services (DHSS) received federal funding to test an evidence-based teen pregnancy prevention program. The grant required a major modification to an existing program and a randomized control trial (RCT) to test its effectiveness. As the major modifications, Alaska used peer educators instead of adults to deliver the program to youth aged 14-19 instead of the original curriculum intended age range of 12-14. Cultural and approach adaptations were included as well. After 4 years of implementation and data collection, t...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Erythema nodosum and the risk of tuberculosis in a high incidence setting.
Conclusion This study documents a high EN incidence in a TB endemic region. EN occurred only in individuals with MTI, and predominantly among BCG-unvaccinated individuals. EN was significantly associated with a TB diagnosis within 1 month of diagnosis. PMID: 29516804 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

"You never know who are Sami or speak Sami" Clinicians' experiences with language-appropriate care to Sami-speaking patients in outpatient mental health clinics in Northern Norway.
Conclusion Findings indicate that clinicians are not aware of patients' language needs prior to admission and that they deal with identification of language data and offer of language-appropriate care ad hoc when patients arrive. Sami-speaking participants reported always offering language choice and found more profound understanding of patients' experiences when Sami language was used. Whatever language Sami-speaking patients may choose, they are found to switch between languages during therapy. Most non-Sami-speaking participants reported offering Sami-speaking services, but the patients chose to speak Norwegian. However...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Ethnic difference in the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus in regions with Sami and non-Sami populations in Norway - the SAMINOR1 study.
Conclusion We observed a heterogeneity in the prevalence of pre-diabetes and diabetes mellitus in different geographical regions both within and between different ethnic groups. PMID: 29516806 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Descriptive review of tuberculosis surveillance systems across the circumpolar regions.
Conclusion This review successfully establishes baseline knowledge on similarities and differences among circumpolar tuberculosis surveillance systems. The similarity in case definitions will allow for description of the epidemiology of TB based on surveillance data in circumpolar regions, further study of tuberculosis trends across regions, and recommendation of best practices to improve surveillance activities. PMID: 29516807 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Changing housework, changing health? A longitudinal analysis of how changes in housework are associated with functional somatic symptoms.
Conclusions The gendered division of housework means that women are particularly exposed to a heavy workload. Women's responsibility for and performance of housework increase between ages 30 and 42 and this threatens to be embodied in the form FSS. We conclude that housework should be considered an important source of stress in addition to that from waged work and that a deeper understanding of the links between housework and health requires a gender theoretical analysis. PMID: 29516808 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Indigenous people should decide on matters of access to archival information.
Authors: Moran R PMID: 29516809 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

New approaches in human health risk assessment.
Authors: Abass K, Carlsen A, Rautio A Abstract Studies on the precise impact of environmental pollutants on human health are difficult to undertake and interpret, because many genetic and environmental factors influence health at the same time and to varying degrees. Our chapter in the AMAP report was based on new approaches to describe risks and future needs. In this paper, we will introduce the issues associated with risk assessment of single chemicals, and present suggestions for future studies as well as a summary of lessons learned during the health-related parts of the European Union-funded FP7 project ArcRis...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Reflections on ethical challenges encountered in Indigenous health research using archival records.
Authors: Abonyi S, Hackett P, Dyck R PMID: 29516811 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Use of archival data on Indian residential schools.
Authors: Galloway T, Johnson R PMID: 29516812 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Levels and trends of contaminants in humans of the Arctic.
Authors: Gibson J, Adlard B, Olafsdottir K, Sandanger TM, Odland JØ Abstract The Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP) is one of the six working groups established under the Arctic Council. AMAP is tasked with monitoring the levels of contaminants present in the Arctic environment and people as well as assessing their effects on a continuous basis, and reporting these results regularly. Most of the presented data have been collected over the last 20 years and are from all eight Arctic countries. Levels of contaminants appear to be declining in some of the monitored Arctic populations, but it is n...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Overview of human health in the Arctic: conclusions and recommendations.
This article is intended to provide an overview of the key conclusions, knowledge gaps and key recommendations based on the recent 2015 Arctic human health assessment under the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program. This assessment was based primarily on data from human health monitoring and research studies and peer-reviewed literature published since the last assessment in 2009. PMID: 29516814 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Cancer among circumpolar populations: an emerging public health concern.
Conclusions Cancer among certain indigenous people in the Arctic is an increasing public health concern, especially lung and colorectal cancer. PMID: 29516815 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Beverage consumption in an Alaska Native village: a mixed-methods study of behaviour, attitudes and access.
Conclusion Alaska Native children and adults living in the Interior Alaska consume high amounts of SSBs including energy drinks and insufficient amounts of water. Interventions targeting beverage consumption are urgently needed for the Alaska Native population in rural Alaska. PMID: 29516816 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Anthropometric indices of First Nations children and youth on first entry to Manitoba/Saskatchewan residential schools-1919 to 1953.
Conclusions A large majority of First Nations children and youth exhibited normal anthropometric indices on first entering residential schools in Manitoba and Saskatchewan from 1919 to 1953. These historical findings provide an important context to the current epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes and suggest that the nutritional conditions in these First Nations children's communities were satisfactory during the residential school era. PMID: 29516817 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Adapting a model of response to child abuse to the conditions in the circumpolar north.
Authors: Søbjerg LM, Thams AF PMID: 29516818 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

An evaluation of the interaction of place and community-based participatory research as a research methodology in the implementation of a sexually transmitted infection intervention for Greenlandic youth.
This article presents a reflection on the extent to which place influenced the use of community-based participatory research (CBPR) as a research methodology in the implementation of an intervention to address sexually transmitted infections in Greenland. An evaluation of the interaction between place and CBPR suggests that the physicality of place influenced the intervention's successes and challenges. Future research that uses CBPR as a research methodology in sexual and reproductive health research in the Arctic warrants situating the research design, implementation and outcomes within the context of place. PMID: 29...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Cancer incidence and mortality among the M étis population of Alberta, Canada.
Conclusions Overall incidence and mortality associated with cancer were not higher among Métis people compared with non-Métis people. However, special efforts should be considered to decrease the higher incidence of bronchus/lung cancer in Métis men. Further development and maintenance of new and existing institutional collaborations are necessary to continue cancer research and health status surveillance in Métis population. PMID: 29516820 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Improving health in the Arctic region through safe and affordable access to household running water and sewer services: an Arctic Council initiative.
Authors: Hennessy TW, Bressler JM Abstract Important health disparities have been documented among the peoples of the Arctic and subarctic, including those related to limited access to in-home improved drinking water and sanitation services. Although improving water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) has been a focus of the United Nations for decades, the Arctic region has received little attention in this regard. A growing body of evidence highlights inequalities across the region for the availability of in-home drinking WASH services and for health indicators associated with these services. In this review, we highlig...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Abstracts from the 16th International Congress on Circumpolar Health.
Authors: PMID: 29516822 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Childhood violence and adult chronic pain among indigenous Sami and non-Sami populations in Norway: a SAMINOR 2 questionnaire study.
Conclusion Respondents exposed to childhood violence reported more chronic pain in several parts of the body, increased number of chronic pain sites and more intense pain in adulthood than respondents reporting no childhood violence. However, among Sami men, this association was weaker and also not significant for increased number of chronic pain sites and higher pain intensity. PMID: 29516823 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Glove and mitten protection in extreme cold weather: an Antarctic study.
Conclusions Coverings that maintained finger temperatures within a comfortable and safe range (at or above 59°F/15°C) included the heated gloves and mittens (including some with the power off) and mittens with liners. Mittens without liners (shell) generally performed better than unheated gloves. Better results generally paralleled the item's cost. Inserting chemical heat warmers at the wrist increased heat loss, possibly through the exposed area around the warmer. PMID: 29516824 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 10, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research