In memory of Arild Vaktskjold MPH, DrScient (1962-2019).
Authors: Odland JO, Nieboer E PMID: 31858888 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Health care utilisation changes among Alaska Native adults after participation in an indigenous community programme to address adverse life experiences: a propensity score-matched analysis.
Authors: Ray L, Outten B, Gottlieb K Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate whether participation in Family Wellness Warriors Initiative (FWWI), an Alaska Native program that addresses adverse life experiences, is associated with changes in health care utilisation. The study method was a propensity score-matched cohort analysis using retrospective electronic health record data from Southcentral Foundation, a tribal health care system, from 2012 to 2017. Ninety p\articipants in FWWI trainings were identified as the intervention cohort and were propensity matched with 90 people who participated in other em...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Impact of sunshine on the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in primiparous women.
Authors: Laine MK, Kautiainen H, Gissler M, Pennanen P, Eriksson JG Abstract There is a lack of data about the influence of sunshine hours on the prevalence for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the prevalence of GDM varied according to hours of daily sunshine during the first trimester. The study cohort (N = 6189) consists of all primiparous women with a Finnish background who delivered between 2009 and 2015 living in Vantaa city, Finland. Data on births and maternal characteristics were obtained from National Health Registers. Data on sunshine hours were obtained f...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

No association between early maternal HbA1c and offspring birthweight among women without pre-existing diabetes in Greenland.
Authors: Rasmussen KV, Nielsen KK, Pedersen ML Abstract Studies of the association between maternal blood glucose measured by glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) during pregnancy and the offspring's birthweight have been heterogeneous. The aim of this study was to examine the association between maternal HbA1c level before gestational week 20 and the offspring's birthweight among predominantly indigenous women in Greenland. A retrospective cohort study including all women (n = 503) and their offspring delivered from September 2015 to September 2016 at Queen Ingrid's Hospital in Nuuk was conducted. Data were obtained from ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

List of Reviewers.
Authors: PMID: 31809688 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Johnson RM PMID: 31809689 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Susceptibility patterns in Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Nuuk, Greenland, 2015-2018: a short communication.
In conclusion no ceftriaxone resistance has been found in Nuuk to date. Continued easy access to diagnostics and treatment combined with increased and more systematic surveillance of antimicrobial susceptibility in Nuuk is recommended. Further, it is advisable to investigate the possibilities for intermittent sampling in Greenland outside of Nuuk, if obstacles in relation to sending sampling material to Nuuk can be bypassed. PMID: 31809690 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

In memory of Arild Vaktskjold MPH, DrScient (1962-2019).
Authors: Odland JO, Nieboer E PMID: 31809691 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Notice of Correction.
Authors: PMID: 31809692 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Correction Notice.
Authors: PMID: 31795912 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Self-rated health and socio-economic status among older adults in Northern Iceland.
Authors: Sigurdardottir AK, Kristófersson GK, Gústafsdóttir SS, Sigurdsson SB, Arnadottir SA, Steingrimsson JA, Gunnarsdóttir ED Abstract Little is known about self-rated health (SRH) of older people living in more remote and Arctic areas. Iceland is a high-income country with one of the lowest rates of income inequality in the world, which may influence SRH. The research aim was to study factors affecting SRH, in such a population living in Northern Iceland. Stratified random sample according to the place of residency, age and gender was used and data collected via face-to-face intervie...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

The north is not all the same: comparing health system performance in 18 northern regions of Canada.
We examined the variation in 24 indicators across regions and factors that might explain such variation. The 18 regions vary in population size and various measures of socioeconomic status, health-care delivery, and health status. The worst performing health systems generally include Nunavut and the northern regions of Québec, Manitoba and Saskatchewan where indigenous people constitute the overwhelming majority of the population, ranging from 70% to 90%, and where they also fare worst in terms of adverse social determinants. All northern regions perform worse than Canada nationally in hospitalisations for ambulator...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - November 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

The contribution of decentralised nursing education to social responsibility in rural Arctic Norway.
This study explores and analyses decentralised nursing education in Finnmark County, Northern Norway, from 1991 to 2018. The study may have relevance for educational policy discussions and strategic planning. Our research question has been how decentralised nursing education can contribute to social responsibility by educating nurses rurally. The data collection includes documentation of 15 decentralised classes. The decentralised nursing education programme has been completed in nine rural communities in Finnmark County over 28 years and has resulted in 191 graduated nurses. Educating nurses locally influences recrui...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - November 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Greenlandic women ´s lifestyle and diet during pregnancy and child risk for asthma, eczema and allergy: an ACCEPT-substudy.
Greenlandic women´s lifestyle and diet during pregnancy and child risk for asthma, eczema and allergy: an ACCEPT-substudy. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2019 Dec;78(1):1682421 Authors: Haugaard Rasmussen IM, Bonefeld-Jørgensen EC, Long M Abstract Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are environmental chemicals bio-accumulating through the food chain. POPs can affect the foetal development of the immune, the neural and the reproductive system. POPs are endocrine disruptors and shown to interfere with child vaccination responses. Our hypothesis is that POPs interfere with the immune system incre...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - October 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Diabetes in Greenland - how to deliver diabetes care in a country with a geographically dispersed population.
Authors: Koch A PMID: 31564227 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

In memory of Arild Vaktskjold MPH, DrScient (1962-2019).
Authors: Odland JO, Nieboer E PMID: 31453764 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - August 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Towards estimating the indigenous population in circumpolar regions.
Authors: Young TK, Bjerregaard P Abstract Despite the importance of indigenous people in the Arctic, there is no accurate estimate of their size and distribution. We defined indigenous people as those groups represented by the "permanent participants" of the Arctic Council. The census in Canada, Russia and the United States records status as an indigenous person. In Greenland, a proxy measure is place of birth supplemented by other information. For the Nordic countries we utilized a variety of sources including registered voters' lists of the various Sami parliaments and research studies that established ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - August 25, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Knowledge about heart failure and self-care persists following outpatient programme- a prospective cohort study from the Faroe Islands.
Authors: Róin T, Á Lakjuni K, Kyhl K, Thomsen J, Veyhe AS, Róin Á, Jan R, Marin S Abstract Objectives: Longer life expectancies imply increased prevalence of heart failure. Blittle is known about the maintenance of disease specific knowledge following patient education. Our aim was to investigate if self-care and heart failure knowledge persists at 9 month follow up among patients with heart failure after an outpatient programme in the Faroe Islands. Methods: A prospective cohort study with patients recently diagnosed with heart failure were recruited and evaluated by questionnaire ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - August 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of markers of hepatitis C virus exposure and associated factors in adults aged 18-39 years in the Arctic Russian city of Arkhangelsk: a cross-sectional study.
Authors: Balaeva T, Grjibovski AM, Samodova O, Sannikov A, Klouman E Abstract Hepatitis C, caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV), is a major public health issue in Russia. The aim of our study was to assess the seroprevalence of markers of HCV exposure and factors associated with HCV seropositivity among the general population aged 18-39 years in the city of Arkhangelsk, Northwest Russia. A social research agency applied a quota sampling method to recruit study participants using cell phone numbers. All participants (n = 1243) completed a self-administered questionnaire and provided a blood sample. Sixty-five parti...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - August 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

"It's all interconnected … like a spider web": a qualitative study of the meanings of food and healthy eating in an Indigenous community.
"It's all interconnected… like a spider web": a qualitative study of the meanings of food and healthy eating in an Indigenous community. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2019 Dec;78(1):1648969 Authors: Goettke E, Reynolds J Abstract Canadian Indigenous populations are disproportionately affected by rising rates of diet-related chronic disease and have been experiencing rapid lifestyle changes affecting diet. In recognition of these issues, this study aimed to obtain greater understanding of attitudes and meanings around healthy eating in a semi-remote community in Eeyou Istchee. A qualitative...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - August 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Environmental chemical exposures among Greenlandic children in relation to diet and residence.
In conclusion, area is a likely proxy for a traditional marine diet, and together area and diet constitute the most important predictors of exposure to methylmercury, PCBs and PFASs among Greenlandic children. PMID: 31339476 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - July 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Rural-urban differences in health among youth in northern Sweden: an outcome-wide epidemiological approach.
In conclusion, the findings from this study indicate that for youths - particularly young women - the rural setting may imply an increased risk of poor general health and lifestyle behaviours, while simultaneously playing a partially protective role for mental health. PMID: 31282296 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - July 11, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Somatic health in the Indigenous Sami population - a systematic review.
The objective of this systematic review was to survey the current scientific knowledge regarding the state of somatic health among situation of the Indigenous Sami people in Norway, Finland, Sweden and the Kola Peninsula in Russia; and assess the quality of the identified studies. A systematic search in the databases Pubmed, EBSCOhost (AMED, Medline, Cinahl) and Svemed was conducted from January 2000, through December 2017. This systematic search identified 399 articles. After screening abstracts, 93 articles were reviewed in full text, 32 of which met the inclusion criteria. The scientific quality of the evidence was rate...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - July 3, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Invasive breast cancer among Alaska Native women in Alaska.
This study provides a comprehensive description of breast cancer among AN women, providing new and updated information on clinical and demographic factors, cancer incidence trends, regional variations and breast cancer survival. Abbreviations: AIAN: American Indian/Alaska Native; AN: Alaska Native; ANMC: Alaska Native Medical Center; ANTR: Alaska Native Tumor Registry; CI: Confidence Interval; HR: Hazard Ratio; ICD-O-3: International Classification of Diseases for Oncology - Third Edition; NHW - Non-Hispanic Whites; SEER: Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results. PMID: 31234738 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Internat...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 28, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Rural360: incubating socially accountable research in the Canadian North.
Authors: Asghari S, Heeley T, Walsh A, Rourke J, Bethune C, Graham W Abstract People in Northern Newfoundland and Coastal Labrador (NNCL), Canada, face major challenges obtaining accessible and contextually-relevant healthcare. Rural360 is a socially accountable research incubator that provides funding for NNCL physicians to research solutions to these issues. NNCL graduates of the adjoined 6for6 research training program for rural physicians are invited to submit the research project they have conceptualised as part of that initiative as a letter of intent, and subsequently as a research proposal, to Rural360. The...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

The social determinants of healthy ageing in the Canadian Arctic.
This study aims to identify SDH associated with healthy ageing. Using the 2006 Aboriginal Peoples Survey (n = 850 Inuit aged ≥50 years), we created a holistic indicator including multiple dimensions of health and identified three groups of participants: those in 1) good 2) intermediate and 3) poor health. Sex and age-adjusted multinomial regression models were applied to assess the associations between this indicator and SDH measured at the individual, household and community scales. In comparison to APS respondents in the "Poor health" profile, those in the "Good health" profile were more likely to ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 26, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Mental health services in the Northwest Territories: a scoping review.
Authors: Elman A, Etter M, Fairman K, Chatwood S Abstract The impacts of colonization have had significant impacts on the mental health and community wellness Indigenous peoples in the Northwest Territories (NWT). It is important that all communities in the NWT have access to key services in a culturally relevant way in achieving mental and community wellness. A scoping review was conducted to identify mental health services available in the NWT. To guide the understanding of the landscape of mental health services in the NWT, the information on health services gathered was organized using the First Nations Mental ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Season of birth, stillbirths, and neonatal mortality in Sweden: the Sami and non-Sami population, 1800-1899.
In this study, we compared how season of birth affected the neonatal and stillbirth risk among the Sami and non-Sami in Swedish Sápmi during the nineteenth century. Using digitised parish records from the Demographic Data Base at Umeå University, we applied logistic regression models for estimating the association of season of birth with stillbirths and neonatal mortality, respectively. Higher neonatal mortality was found among the winter- and autumn-born Sami, compared to summer-born infants. Stillbirth risk was higher during autumn compared to summer among the Sami, whereas we found no seasonal differences i...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

A rare case of Waardenburg syndrome with unilateral hearing loss caused by nonsense variant c.772C > T (p.Arg259*) in the MITF gene in Yakut patient from the Eastern Siberia (Sakha Republic, Russia).
A rare case of Waardenburg syndrome with unilateral hearing loss caused by nonsense variant c.772C>T (p.Arg259*) in the MITF gene in Yakut patient from the Eastern Siberia (Sakha Republic, Russia). Int J Circumpolar Health. 2019 Dec;78(1):1630219 Authors: Barashkov NA, Romanov GP, Borisova UP, Solovyev AV, Pshennikova VG, Teryutin FM, Bondar AA, Morozov IV, Khusnutdinova EK, Posukh OL, Burtseva TE, Odland JØ, Fedorova SA Abstract Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is an orphan genetic disease with autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance characterised by varying degrees of hearing loss accompani...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 21, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Listening to First Nations women' expressions of heart health: mite achimowin digital storytelling study.
The objective was to identify concepts, language, and experiences of heart health among FN women. Six women created five digital stories; four are available publically online. Themes addressed by the storytellers include: changes to diet and lifestyle, related health conditions, experiences with healthcare system, residential schools, and relationships with children and grandchildren. The intersection of Western and FN knowledges heard in the women's stories suggests heart health knowledge and care is embedded within historical and social contexts. Insights into the non-dichotomous relationship between FN and biomedical kn...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

"See one, do one - or sometimes just do one". An ethnological analysis of the work practices of healthcare professional within the Greenlandic healthcare system.
"See one, do one - or sometimes just do one". An ethnological analysis of the work practices of healthcare professional within the Greenlandic healthcare system. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2018 Dec;77(1):1513292 Authors: Loop L Abstract Many healthcare professionals working in Greenland are employed on temporary contracts. This is a pressing issue within the Greenlandic healthcare system. The present thesis aims to explore the impact that the many temporarily employed persons have on the everyday work practices in the healthcare system. Special attention is devoted to the informants' own perce...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Johnson RM PMID: 31148520 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 4, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Weight among children born 2005-2011 in Nuuk at the time of school entry.
Authors: Sandager Budtz AE, Lynge AR, Budtz CS, Pedersen ML Abstract The aim of this study was to explore weight status among children born between 2005-2011 at the time of their school entry in Nuuk, and separately to compare weight status between Nuuk and the rest of Greenland among children born in 2011. Study method was an observational study based on data from the electronic medical records (EMR). All children born between 2005-2011 with an address in Nuuk, and registered weight and height were included. For children born in 2011 two study populations were used: children living in Nuuk, and...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Behavioural risk factors of arterial hypertension in the Evenk population of the Russian Arctic.
Authors: Shadrina SS, Sivtseva AI, Sivtseva EN, Donskaya AA, Ivanova ON Abstract The urgency of the problem under study is determined by the high prevalence of arterial hypertension among the indigenous minorities of the North in modern socio-economic conditions. The following article is aimed to evaluate the prevalence of behavioural arterial hypertension risk factors according to the results of single-step epidemiological research of Evenk people in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russian Federation. The leading approach to the study of this problem was the questioning of the population using the international q...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 23, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

2017 Reviewers (Asterisks indicate reviewers who completed more than 1 review).
Authors: PMID: 31094665 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Risk factors observed in health care system 6 months prior completed suicide.
Authors: Grundsøe TL, Pedersen ML Abstract Ten percent of all deaths in Greenland are caused by suicide. The aim of this study was to explore if applicable risk factors could be identified among the suicide victims within the health care system up to 6 months prior to the suicide. The study was performed as an age- and gender-matched case control study including all suicides in Greenland from 2012 to 2015, based on review of medical records for risk factors including suicide ideation, suicide attempts, incidence of alcohol intoxication, incidence of violence and treatment for psychiatric illness within the 6...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 17, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Exploring why and how encounters with the Norwegian health-care system can be considered culturally unsafe by North Sami-speaking patients and relatives: A qualitative study based on 11 interviews.
CONCLUSION: Culturally safe practices at the institutional, group and individual levels are essential to the well-being of Sami people. An engagement in culturally safe practices will facilitate (or) fulfil political and jurisdictional promises made to the Sami people, consequently improving positive impact of healthcare. PMID: 31072273 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Research governance in NunatuKavut: engagement, expectations and evolution.
Authors: Bull J, Hudson A Abstract Some of the world's most southern Inuit populations live along central and the southeastern coast of Labrador in the territory of NunatuKavut and are represented by the NunatuKavut Community Council (NCC). Southern Inuit and NCC staff have been actively collaborating with researchers and research ethics boards since 2006 on research ethics and the governance of research in NunatuKavut. As self-determining peoples, Southern Inuit, like many Indigenous communities, are reclaiming control of research through a number of highly effective community consent contracts and ethical review ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Buffering effects of social support for Indigenous males and females living with historical trauma and loss in 2 First Nation communities.
Authors: Bernards S, Wells S, Morton-Ninomiya M, Plain S, George T, Linklater R, Mushquash C, George J Abstract Globally, Indigenous mental health research has increasingly focused on strengths-based theory to understand how positive factors influence wellness. However, few studies have examined how social support buffers the effects of trauma and stress on the mental health of Indigenous people. Using survey data from 207 males and 279 females in 2 Ontario First Nations we examined whether social support diminished the negative effects of perceived racism, historical trauma and loss on depression and/or anxiety. A...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Structures last longer than intentions: creation of Ongomiizwin - Indigenous Institute of Health and Healing at the University of Manitoba.
Authors: Cook C, MacKinnon M, Anderson M, Whetter I Abstract Ongomiizwin - Indigenous Institute of Health and Healing at the University of Manitoba's Rady Faculty of Health Sciences (RFHS) was launched in June of 2017 with a mandate to provide leadership and advance excellence in research, education and health services to achieve health and wellness for Indigenous peoples and to implement the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada's Calls to Action within the Faculty. The RFHS Reconciliation Action Plan has five broad themes: (1) Honoring traditional knowledge systems and practices, (2) Safe learning environ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Improving access to Indigenous medicine for patients in hospital-based settings: a challenge for health systems in northern Canada.
Authors: Redvers N, Marianayagam J, Blondin B Abstract In this commentary, we argue that Indigenous patients in the Northwest Territories (NWT) have a right to access traditional medicine and related practitioners as a part of the continuum of medical care. Indigenous people make up over half of the NWT population, spread over vast geographic areas with representation from First Nations, Inuit and Métis (FNIM) people. Ensuring barrier-free access to traditional medicine and providers in a culturally respectful environment is a challenge that requires structural transformation in the territorial health system...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Enhancing access to care in northern rural communities via telehealth.
Authors: Jong M, Mendez I, Jong R Abstract The cost of providing health care in northern Canada is higher than the rest of Canada. Telehealth has the potential to reduce health care expenditures. Yet this is still underutilised in Canada and globally. This paper describes the services provided through telehealth in some northern regions of Canada. It provides recommendations on the requirements for setting up real presence telehealth and how utilisation can be enhanced. Telehealth offers potential benefits for health outcomes by increasing access to healthcare, and reducing expenditures. PMID: 31066652 [PubMed ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

The need for community-led, integrated and innovative monitoring programmes when responding to the health impacts of climate change.
Authors: Kipp A, Cunsolo A, Gillis D, Sawatzky A, Harper SL Abstract In Northern Canada, climate change has led to many acute and interrelated health and environmental impacts experienced among Inuit populations. Community-based monitoring, in which community members participate in monitoring initiatives using various forms of technology, is a key strategy increasingly used to detect, monitor and respond to climate change impacts. To better understand the landscape of existing environmental and health monitoring programmes mobilising different technologies and operating in the North we conducted a review ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Collaborative approaches to wellness and health equity in the Circumpolar North: Introduction to the Special Issue.
Authors: Pollock N, Cunsolo A Abstract This special issue brings together a series of papers that were presented at the Northern, Rural, and Remote Health Conference in Labrador, Canada. In this collection, scholars and community leaders use local examples to explore some of the most pressing issues in Circumpolar health: Indigenous self-determination in health care and health research; access to traditional medicines; language and identity; youth engagement; mental health; climate change; and health technology. Recognizing the dynamic ways that these topics were raised at the conference, we've included a diverse s...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Building on strengths in Naujaat: the process of engaging Inuit youth in suicide prevention.
Authors: Anang P, Naujaat Elder EH, Gordon E, Gottlieb N, Bronson M Abstract Death by suicide and attempted suicide among Inuit youth is now considered a public health emergency of epidemic proportion, with rates among the highest worldwide. A strong sense of cultural identity and pride, as well as social capital, has been identified as being protective against suicide. The Canadian Institute for Health Research (CIHR) Guidelines for Health Research Involving Aboriginal People call for communities to be included in the conception, planning and implementation of research. The authors took first steps towards sharing...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 10, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Association between dog ownership and type 2 diabetes in later life: the Helsinki birth cohort study.
Authors: Laine MK, Wasenius NS, Lohi H, Simonen M, Tiira K, Eriksson JG, Salonen MK Abstract Dog ownership has been reported to have beneficial effects on physical activity and emotional well-being, both known to reduce the risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between dog ownership during the whole life course and having T2D in later life. The study subjects consisted of 731 people (307 men and 424 women) from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study. We assessed dog ownership with questionnaires, for every decade of life as well as current dog ownership. We investigated the ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Multimorbidity prevalence in Canada: a comparison of Northern Territories with Provinces, 2013/14.
Authors: Basham CA, Karim ME Abstract Rapid social, economic, and environmental changes in the northern territories of Canada have raised concerns about potentially increasing levels of chronic disease. This concern prompted us to compare multimorbidity prevalence in Canada between the territories and provinces. We analyzed Canadian Community Health Survey data for 2013/14. We defined multimorbidity, the outcome, as having 3 or more chronic conditions and used survey-weighted multivariable logistic regression for comparisons between territories and provinces. We found a prevalence of multimorbidity in Canada of 14....
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

"Catching a Child": giving birth under nomadic conditions. The methods of pre- and postnatal care of the Nenets mothers and babies.
CONCLUSIONS: The Tundra Nenets women are in possession of unique knowledge of pre and postnatal care. This is a system that can be categorised as IKS - indigenous knowledge system. This research area shows the efficiency of the IKS, especially in conditions of climatic changes, which are affecting the infrastructure, transportation and general health-care system in the Arctic. PMID: 31043137 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

A serological survey of echinococcosis, toxocariasis and trichinellosis among rural inhabitants of Central Yakutia.
In conclusion, only echinococcosis and trichinellosis appeared to be in Yakutia as health threats among the 3 investigated zoonoses. PMID: 31046654 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 5, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Disease and injury statistics of Japanese Antarctic research expeditions during the wintering period: evaluation of 6837 cases in the 1st-56th parties - Antarctic health report in 1956-2016.
This study aimed to evaluate disease and injury trends among wintering members of the Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition. Obtained information is indispensable to the advancement of medical system and research. Summation was performed based on medical records of reports prepared by each expedition over the period 1956-2016. The clinical department's classification methods of the names of injuries and diseases varied among expeditions, but the names were integrated following the same classification. Of 1734 members (29 women), 6837 disease or injury cases (4 cases/person) were recorded. The rates of cases were as follow...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research