Risk of hepatitis B when migrating from low to high endemic areas.
Authors: Krarup HB, Rex KF, Andersen S Abstract Prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections varies markedly with geography and is endemic in the Arctic. Travel and migration have increased markedly while the influence of migration to high endemic areas remains unknown. We surveyed subjects migrating from an area with a low prevalence of chronic HBV infection (Denmark, 0.01%) to an endemic HBV area (West- and East Greenland, 3% and 29%) in order to describe the prevalence of HBV exposure among migrants. We included 198 Caucasian Danes that had migrated to Greenland and repeated the cross-sectional investigation...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - September 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Disparities amidst plenty: a health portrait of Indigenous peoples in circumpolar regions.
Authors: Young TK, Broderstad AR, Sumarokov YA, Bjerregaard P Abstract This paper describes the extent and variation in health disparities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people within Alaska, Greenland and the northern regions of Canada, Russia and the Nordic countries. We accessed official health statistics and reviewed research studies. We selected a few indicators of health status, health determinants and health care to demonstrate the health disparities that exist. For a large number of health indicators Indigenous people fare worse than non-Indigenous people in the same region or nationally, with the ex...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - September 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Alcohol in Greenland 1950-2018: consumption, drinking patterns, and consequences.
Authors: Bjerregaard P, Larsen CVL, Sørensen IK, Tolstrup JS Abstract Alcohol is the single most important public health challenge in Greenland. We provide an overview of alcohol consumption, drinking patterns, and consequences of excessive use of alcohol in Greenland since 1950 through a synthesis of published results and analyses of population-based interview surveys. The import of alcohol fluctuated over the last 70 years with a peak in the 1980s at 22 litres 100% alcohol per person per year. In 1950 and 2015, the import of alcohol was similar at 8 litres. Several explanations have been put forward t...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - September 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Wood smoke black carbon from Indigenous traditional cultural activities in a subarctic Cree community.
Authors: Moriarity RJ, Wilton MJ, Liberda EN, Tsuji LJS, Peltier RE Abstract Indoor concentrations of black carbon (BC) were measured when wood was burned for traditional cultural activities in a study in a Cree community located in subarctic Canada. The study also included an intervention using a propane-fuelled heater to mitigate in situ BC. Mass concentrations of BC were measured in a game-smoking tent for 39 days and in hunting cabins on the west coast of James Bay, Canada, for 8 days. Five-minute averaged BC mass concentration (N = 12,319) data were recorded and assessed using optimised noise-re...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - August 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

The impact of a national caries strategy in Greenland 10 years after implementation. A failure or a success?
Authors: Ekstrand KR, Abreu-Placeres N Abstract Aims 1) to describe the dental health goals and the single financial goal defined in 2008 with a new national caries strategy in Greenland (CSG) and the progress made during the subsequent 10-year period; 2) to describe the CSG initiatives; and 3) to report caries outcome data for 3-year-old children as well as 9-year-old children in 2012 and 2018; for 6-year-old children as well as 12-year-old children in 2015 and 2018 and for 15-year-old children in 2018, and to compare the data with the baseline data from 2008. Only 6 of the 20 dental health goals were close to bei...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - August 19, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Persistent pain associated with socioeconomic and personal factors in a Sami and Non-Sami population in Norway: an analysis of SAMINOR 2 survey data.
In this study, we found only minor ethnic differences in persistent pain. Similar living conditions and cultural features may explain these findings. PMID: 32780007 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Burden of respiratory infections and otitis media in the Inuit population of Nunavik, Quebec, Canada.
CONCLUSION: Results suggest a lower LRTI and OM risk associated with PCV use in this high-risk population but respiratory disease risk remains high compared with the general population in Quebec. PMID: 32730119 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - July 31, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

It's about being the good parent: exploring attitudes and beliefs towards active school transportation.
Authors: Forsberg H, Rutberg S, Mikaelsson K, Lindqvist AK Abstract In recent decades, there has been a decline in active school transportation (AST). Parents play an important role as the key decision-makers of children's AST, and there is a need of more knowledge about the decision-making process and parents' beliefs towards AST. The overall aim of this study was to explore parents' attitudes and beliefs towards AST in the northern part of Sweden. Twenty parents participated in semi-structured interviews, which was based on the theory of planned behaviour. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the inte...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - July 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

From rural to urban living - migration from Sami core areas to cities in Norway. Study design and sample characteristics.
Authors: Melhus M, Eliassen BM, Broderstad AR Abstract The Indigenous Sami population have inhabited rural northern areas of Norway, Sweden, Finland and the Kola Peninsula in Russia for thousands of years. Today, many Sami live in cities. No large quantitative studies have investigated the health and life of urban Sami in Norway. As a basis for further research, this paper describes the background, methods, participation and sample characteristics of the survey From Rural to Urban Living, conducted in 2014. The unique sampling design is based on internal migration records. Those invited were everyone born 1950-1975...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - July 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

"When I feel well all over, I study and learn better" - experiences of good conditions for health and learning in schools in the Arctic region of Sweden.
"When I feel well all over, I study and learn better" - experiences of good conditions for health and learning in schools in the Arctic region of Sweden. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2020 Dec;79(1):1788339 Authors: Kostenius C, Nyström L Abstract A challenge facing the Arctic region is the disengagement of both education and work among its youth. Only by supporting young people who are struggling with mental and physical health challenges can we begin to address this societal challenge. Education, mental health and social inclusion are prominent factors for future employment, income and ind...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - July 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Actual causes of death in Alaska.
Authors: Cueva K, Fenaughty A Abstract We estimated 2011-2015 Alaska mortality from modifiable behavioural risk factors using relative risks, hazard ratios, and population attributable fraction estimates from a comprehensive review of peer-reviewed literature; prevalence estimates from government reports; as well as data from the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation for 2011-2015. To identify the number of deaths attributable to specified risk factors, we used mortality data from the Alaska Division of Public Health, Health Analytics & Vital Records Section. Data included actual reported deaths of Al...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

The effect of structural and functional social relations on smoking among adolescents - data from HBSC Greenland 2018.
Authors: Hansen SK, Holm LAB, Niclasen BV, Schnohr C Abstract The prevalence of adolescent smoking in Greenland is relatively high and remains an important topic to study. The present study reports the prevalence of smoking among Greenlandic adolescents in 2018 and the association between smoking and social relations. The study was based on HBSC Greenland 2018, using a theoretical framework proposed by Due and colleagues, which divides social relations into structural and functional relations. The study showed a statistically significant gender difference in smoking, as 11.4% of the girls reported to smoke compared...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

A review of health and wellness studies involving Inuit of Manitoba and Nunavut.
Authors: Hayward A, Cidro J, Dutton R, Passey K Abstract The purpose of this review is to summarise past Inuit health and wellness studies in Manitoba and the Kivalliq region of Nunavut to provide a snapshot of the types of studies available and identify the gaps in knowledge. Research to date has largely been disease-based and often provides comparisons between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people. Distinct Inuit experiences are rarely written about from an Inuit perspective. However, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami, the national organisation of Inuit in Canada, and Pauktuutit Inuit Women of Canada have been leaders in st...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

A longitudinal follow-up study of a type 2 diabetes "lost to follow-up" cohort - positive effect on glycaemic control after changes in medication.
A longitudinal follow-up study of a type 2 diabetes "lost to follow-up" cohort - positive effect on glycaemic control after changes in medication. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2020 Jan 01;79(1):1773127 Authors: Kauppila T, Laine MK, Honkasalo M, Raina M, Eriksson JG Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate whether patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who had stopped attending their diabetes treatment system (referred to as "lost to follow-up", LTF) but who succeeded in improving their glycaemic control after returning to the diabetes treatment system had changes in their diabetes ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Prevalence of problems with alcohol, marijuana and gambling among patients in a Regional Hospital in Northern Greenland: investigating the potential for brief interventions in a hospital setting.
This study explored the prevalences of problems with alcohol, marijuana and gambling in a hospital and the potential for the use of a hospital as a setting for screening for alcohol, substance and gambling problems. Patients from the Northern Ilulissat Hospital filled in a self-administered questionnaire regarding their behaviour related to alcohol, marijuana and gambling. Data were weighted and compared to the nationally representative 2018 Health Survey. In the Ilulissat Survey, a large proportion were abstainers but there were still problems related to alcohol, marijuana and gambling indicating a potential for screening...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - June 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Microelement composition of serum in Dolgans, indigenous inhabitants of the Russian Arctic, in the conditions of industrial development of territories.
Authors: Sivtseva AI, Sivtseva EN, Shadrina SS, Melnikov VN, Boyakova SI, Dokhunaeva AM Abstract The geochemical conditions of landscapes are the content in the environment of certain chemical elements and their compounds, the lack or excess of which causes deviations in the state of human health. This problem has arisen in connection with the extraction of alluvial diamonds and the forthcoming development of the Tomtor deposit of rare-earth metals in the territories where the indigenous peoples of the North live. The study included 107 indigenous people of the North, belonging to the ethnic group of Dolgans living...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 28, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Perspectives of Nunavut patients and families on their cancer and end of life care experiences.
Authors: Galloway T, Horlick S, Cherba M, Cole M, Woodgate RL, Healey Akearok G Abstract The present study arose from a recognition among service providers that Nunavut patients and families could be better supported during their care journeys by improved understanding of people's experiences of the health-care system. Using a summative approach to content analysis informed by the Piliriqatigiinniq Model for Community Health Research, we conducted in-depth interviews with 10 patients and family members living in Nunavut communities who experienced cancer or end of life care. Results included the following themes: d...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Response to the letter.
Authors: Nash SH, Day G, Hiratsuka VY, Zimpelman GL, Koller KR PMID: 32449642 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Methodological issues on agreement between self-reported and central cancer registry-recorded prevalence of cancer in the Alaska EARTH study.
Authors: Naderi M, Sabour S PMID: 32449646 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 26, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Food frequency questionnaire assessing traditional food consumption in Dene/M étis communities, Northwest Territories, Canada.
The objective of this project was to refine and implement an FFQ to estimate the consumption of traditional locally harvested foods for Dene/Métis in the Northwest Territories, Canada. The strategy consisted of: 1) refining the FFQ through three focus groups and, 2) implementing the FFQ in Indigenous communities. Participants were asked to complete the FFQ using an iPad to document the types of traditional foods consumed over the past 12 months, as well as the consumption frequency, the portion size, and the preparation methods. Focus groups supported the refinement of the FFQ on the format, the list of foods, ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

The implementation of rifapentine and isoniazid (3HP) in two remote Arctic communities with a predominantly Inuit population, the Taima TB 3HP study.
Conclusions: The present study supports the feasibility and safety profile of 3HP for the treatment of LTBI in Nunavut. PMID: 32379538 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - May 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Suicide among reindeer herding S ámi in Sweden, 1961-2017.
This study analyses suicides amongst reindeer herding Sámi in Sweden using information from the database of the National Board of Forensic Medicine. Suicides were identified using registers (39 suicides from 1961-2000) and key informants (11 suicides from 2001-2017). A great majority of cases were males (43 males, 7 females), and 50% occurred in the northernmost region. The mean age was 37.4 years with a peak in the group 20-29 years of age. Shooting was the most common (56%) method, followed by hanging. Blood alcohol concentration measures available from 1993 were above 0.2 g/l in 76% of the cases. T...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 22, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Manifestations of cold sensitivity - a case series.
Conclusions: Physical examination and thermal QST offered little aid in diagnosing cold sensitivity, which challenges the neurosensory pathophysiological hypothesis. LASCA indicated disturbances in microvascular regulation and could prove a useful tool in future studies on cold sensitivity. PMID: 32264773 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - April 9, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Feasibility and ethical issues: experiences and concerns of healthcare workers regarding a new RSV prophylaxis programme in Nunavik, Quebec.
Conclusion: The study revealed significant feasibility and acceptability issues. The programme was highly resource consuming. To address HCWs' concerns, evidence-based data regarding palivizumab effectiveness in HFT infants, as well as consultation and involvement of Inuit population are warranted. PMID: 32191589 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Is there a seasonal variation of survival after systemic chemotherapy for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer in a rural part of North Norway?
Authors: Nieder C, Dalhaug A, Haukland E Abstract The winter darkness or polar night induces endocrine and metabolic mechanisms, which might reduce the efficacy of cancer treatment and thus contribute to shorter survival. Moreover, season-and weather-related treatment delays and irregularities might also cause reduced efficacy of anti-cancer drugs. Therefore, this study evaluated the prognostic impact of timing of chemotherapy (start during winter darkness or outside of this season), in terms of overall survival, in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (MCRPC) who received oncology care at ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 20, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

In memory of Arild Vaktskjold MPH, DrScient (1962-2019).
Authors: Odland JO, Nieboer E PMID: 32124681 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Healthy ageing in the far North: perspectives and prescriptions.
This study captured factors integral to healthy ageing in central Alaska. To date, conceptual models fail to meaningfully address how healthy ageing is impacted by location and context, particularly in remote or sparsely populated areas. The way "healthy", or "successful", ageing is defined in an extreme environment, and how that contrasts with global definitions of healthy ageing, has yet to be examined.Method: Residents of central Alaska aged 60 and older completed background demographics and several measures of personality and well-being and then engaged in a guided discussion.Results: Themes identif...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - March 3, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

School personnel and community members' perspectives in implementing PAX good behaviour game in first nations grade 1 classrooms.
This study examines the use of PAX-GBG in First Nations Grade 1 classrooms in Manitoba. Researchers collected qualitative data via interviews and focus groups from 23 participants from Swampy Cree Tribal Council (SCTC) communities. Participants reported both positive effects and challenges of implementing PAX-GBG in their classrooms. PAX-GBG created a positive environment where children felt included, recognised, and empowered. Children were calmer, more on-task, and understood the behaviours that are expected of them. However, for many reasons, PAX-GBG is not being used consistently across SCTC schools. Participants descr...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - February 29, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Adult outcomes of childhood bronchiectasis.
Authors: Sibanda D, Singleton R, Clark J, Desnoyers C, Hodges E, Day G, Redding G Abstract Recent literature has highlighted the importance of transition from paediatric to adult care for children with chronic conditions. Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis is an important cause of respiratory morbidity in low-income countries and in indigenous children from affluent countries; however, there is little information about adult outcomes of childhood bronchiectasis. We reviewed the clinical course of 31 Alaska Native adults 20-40 years of age from Alaska's Yukon Kuskokwim Delta with childhood bronchiectasis. In pa...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Symposium report: emerging threats for human health - impact of socioeconomic and climate change on zooanthroponosis in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Russia.
Authors: Huber I, Potapova K, Ammosova E, Beyer W, Blagodatskiy S, Desyatkin R, Hoelzle LE, Ignateva M, Kokolova L, Lemke S, Neustroev M, Nyukkanov A, Protodyakonova G, Reshetnikov A, Romig T, Shadrin V, Samoilova I, Semenov S, Stepanov K, Tarabukina N, Vinokurova L, Zakharova R, Nifontov K Abstract Population growth, socio-cultural and economic changes as well as technological progress have an immediate impact on the environment and human health in particular. Our steadily rising needs of resources increase the pressure on the environment and narrow down untainted habitats for plants and wild animals. Balance and ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - February 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

A comparison of individual-level vs. hypothetically pooled mercury biomonitoring data from the Maternal Organics Monitoring Study (MOMS), Alaska, 1999-2012.
Authors: Mosites E, Rodriguez E, Caudill SP, Hennessy TW, Berner J Abstract Biomonitoring for heavy metals is important to assess health risks, especially in Arctic communities where rural residents rely on locally harvested foods. However, laboratory testing for blood contaminants is expensive and might not be sustainable for long-term monitoring. We assessed whether pooled specimen biomonitoring could be a part of a plan for blood contaminant surveillance among pregnant women in rural Alaska using existing blood mercury level data from three cross sectional studies of pregnant women. We applied a hypothetical poo...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - February 12, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Coverage rates of the children vaccination programme in Greenland.
Authors: Albertsen N, Lynge AR, Skovgaard N, Olesen JS, Pedersen ML Abstract In order to estimate the current coverage rate among all children in Greenland, we conducted an observational cross-sectional study identifying all children in Greenland eligible for a vaccination between 1 March 2018 and 16 June 2019. we found an overall national coverage of 85.4%. The national coverage for the vaccinations given at birth was 97.1%, dropping to 94.3%, 87.7% and 83.6% at ages 3, 5 and 12 months. Among children eligible for the Measles, Mumps and Rubella-vaccinations, the national coverage was 76.9% for children aged 15 mon...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - February 2, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Diabetes care in the dispersed population of Greenland. A new model based on continued monitoring, analysis and adjustment of initiatives taken.
Authors: Pedersen ML Abstract Diabetes used to be a rare condition among Inuit in Greenland. However, research in recent decades has shown a high prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes. Addressing diabetes in the geographically dispersed population of Greenland presents a challenge to the health care system. In 2008, a new model of diabetes care was introduced in Greenland that included continual monitoring, analysis, and adjustment of initiatives taken. The overall aim of this review was to review the feasibility of the monitoring of an ongoing national diabetes care programme. After ten years of observation it was cl...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - February 1, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Sekuwe (My House): building health equity through Dene First Nations housing designs.
Authors: Larcombe L, Coar L, Singer M, Denechezhe L, Yassie E, Powderhorn T, Antsanen J, Avery Kinew K, Orr P Abstract The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada determined that the Dene people, among other Indigenous groups, experienced cultural genocide through policies that separated them from their lands and resources, and from their families, languages, cultures, and by forcibly sending children to Indian Residential Schools. The resultant social inequity is manifested in conditions of social injustice including inadequate housing. The Dene healthy housing research was a continuing partnership between t...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - January 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Employment status of young otorhinolaryngologists in Finland during a 10-year period.
Authors: Penttilä E, Hannula S, Numminen J, Irjala H, Selander T, Parmanne P, Mäkitie A Abstract We determined the employment status of recently graduated otorhinolaryngologist-head and neck surgeons (ENT doctors) in Finland during the past 10 years. We also investigated the job vacancy rate of the Departments of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (Department of ORL-HNS). An electronic questionnaire was sent to all ENT doctors who had graduated during 2007-2017 and to chief physicians of all Departments of ORL-HNS. Chi-square and Fisher's test were used in the analyses. Altogether 129 ENT doctors h...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - January 23, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Maternal hypothermia from environmental exposure in the third trimester.
Authors: Rosenthal M, Poliquin V, Yu A Abstract A primigravida at 32 weeks gestation developed hypothermia after prolonged exposure to the elements at -30.0°C. Her core temperature dropped to 29.8°C with associated foetal bradycardia. Passive rewarming was undertaken with forced warm air blankets and warmed IV fluids. The foetal heart rate normalised once normothermia was achieved. Serial foetal assessments showed appropriate growth and normal Doppler studies. She went to on deliver a healthy term infant. This case highlights conservative management and prioritising of maternal well-being with a good matern...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - January 6, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

In memory of Arild Vaktskjold MPH, DrScient (1962-2019).
Authors: Odland JO, Nieboer E PMID: 31858888 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Health care utilisation changes among Alaska Native adults after participation in an indigenous community programme to address adverse life experiences: a propensity score-matched analysis.
Authors: Ray L, Outten B, Gottlieb K Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate whether participation in Family Wellness Warriors Initiative (FWWI), an Alaska Native program that addresses adverse life experiences, is associated with changes in health care utilisation. The study method was a propensity score-matched cohort analysis using retrospective electronic health record data from Southcentral Foundation, a tribal health care system, from 2012 to 2017. Ninety p\articipants in FWWI trainings were identified as the intervention cohort and were propensity matched with 90 people who participated in other em...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 22, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Impact of sunshine on the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus in primiparous women.
Authors: Laine MK, Kautiainen H, Gissler M, Pennanen P, Eriksson JG Abstract There is a lack of data about the influence of sunshine hours on the prevalence for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the prevalence of GDM varied according to hours of daily sunshine during the first trimester. The study cohort (N = 6189) consists of all primiparous women with a Finnish background who delivered between 2009 and 2015 living in Vantaa city, Finland. Data on births and maternal characteristics were obtained from National Health Registers. Data on sunshine hours were obtained f...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 14, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

No association between early maternal HbA1c and offspring birthweight among women without pre-existing diabetes in Greenland.
Authors: Rasmussen KV, Nielsen KK, Pedersen ML Abstract Studies of the association between maternal blood glucose measured by glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) during pregnancy and the offspring's birthweight have been heterogeneous. The aim of this study was to examine the association between maternal HbA1c level before gestational week 20 and the offspring's birthweight among predominantly indigenous women in Greenland. A retrospective cohort study including all women (n = 503) and their offspring delivered from September 2015 to September 2016 at Queen Ingrid's Hospital in Nuuk was conducted. Data were obtained from ...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 13, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

List of Reviewers.
Authors: PMID: 31809688 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Editorial.
Authors: Johnson RM PMID: 31809689 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Susceptibility patterns in Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Nuuk, Greenland, 2015-2018: a short communication.
In conclusion no ceftriaxone resistance has been found in Nuuk to date. Continued easy access to diagnostics and treatment combined with increased and more systematic surveillance of antimicrobial susceptibility in Nuuk is recommended. Further, it is advisable to investigate the possibilities for intermittent sampling in Greenland outside of Nuuk, if obstacles in relation to sending sampling material to Nuuk can be bypassed. PMID: 31809690 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

In memory of Arild Vaktskjold MPH, DrScient (1962-2019).
Authors: Odland JO, Nieboer E PMID: 31809691 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Notice of Correction.
Authors: PMID: 31809692 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 7, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Correction Notice.
Authors: PMID: 31795912 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health)
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 6, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Self-rated health and socio-economic status among older adults in Northern Iceland.
Authors: Sigurdardottir AK, Kristófersson GK, Gústafsdóttir SS, Sigurdsson SB, Arnadottir SA, Steingrimsson JA, Gunnarsdóttir ED Abstract Little is known about self-rated health (SRH) of older people living in more remote and Arctic areas. Iceland is a high-income country with one of the lowest rates of income inequality in the world, which may influence SRH. The research aim was to study factors affecting SRH, in such a population living in Northern Iceland. Stratified random sample according to the place of residency, age and gender was used and data collected via face-to-face intervie...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - December 2, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

The north is not all the same: comparing health system performance in 18 northern regions of Canada.
We examined the variation in 24 indicators across regions and factors that might explain such variation. The 18 regions vary in population size and various measures of socioeconomic status, health-care delivery, and health status. The worst performing health systems generally include Nunavut and the northern regions of Québec, Manitoba and Saskatchewan where indigenous people constitute the overwhelming majority of the population, ranging from 70% to 90%, and where they also fare worst in terms of adverse social determinants. All northern regions perform worse than Canada nationally in hospitalisations for ambulator...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - November 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

The contribution of decentralised nursing education to social responsibility in rural Arctic Norway.
This study explores and analyses decentralised nursing education in Finnmark County, Northern Norway, from 1991 to 2018. The study may have relevance for educational policy discussions and strategic planning. Our research question has been how decentralised nursing education can contribute to social responsibility by educating nurses rurally. The data collection includes documentation of 15 decentralised classes. The decentralised nursing education programme has been completed in nine rural communities in Finnmark County over 28 years and has resulted in 191 graduated nurses. Educating nurses locally influences recrui...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - November 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research

Greenlandic women ´s lifestyle and diet during pregnancy and child risk for asthma, eczema and allergy: an ACCEPT-substudy.
Greenlandic women´s lifestyle and diet during pregnancy and child risk for asthma, eczema and allergy: an ACCEPT-substudy. Int J Circumpolar Health. 2019 Dec;78(1):1682421 Authors: Haugaard Rasmussen IM, Bonefeld-Jørgensen EC, Long M Abstract Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are environmental chemicals bio-accumulating through the food chain. POPs can affect the foetal development of the immune, the neural and the reproductive system. POPs are endocrine disruptors and shown to interfere with child vaccination responses. Our hypothesis is that POPs interfere with the immune system incre...
Source: International Journal of Circumpolar Health - October 24, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Int J Circumpolar Health Source Type: research