The Definition and Categories of Positive Solitude: Older and Younger Adults' Perspectives on Spending Time by Themselves.
Authors: Ost Mor S, Palgi Y, Segel-Karpas D Abstract This paper attempts to develop a better understanding of the positive solitude (PS) phenomenon and its meaning among age groups, as well as formulate a unanimous definition for PS. A qualitative study (N = 124) was conducted. Participants were gerontology professionals and laypeople. Interviews were conducted and content was analyzed in order to understand the essence of PS, themes, and subthemes. Two major categories were found: the essence and the components of the PS experience. Seven PS content categories and three meta-themes were raised: (1) PS is a matter ...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - September 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Trajectories of Depression and Their Predictors in a Population-Based Study of Korean Older Adults.
Authors: Lim HJ, Cheng Y, Kabir R, Thorpe L Abstract The aim of this study was to determine trajectories of depression in older adults and to identify predictors of membership in the different trajectory groups. A total of 3983 individuals aged 65 or older were included. Latent class growth models were used to identify trajectory groups. Of 3983 individuals, 2269 (57%) were females, with a mean baseline age of 72.4 years (SD = 6 years). Four depression trajectories were identified across 8 years of follow-up: "low-flat" (n = 3636; 86.6%), "low-to-middle" (n = 214; 9.2%), "low-to-high" ...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - August 25, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Location Matters: Disparities in the Likelihood of Receiving Services in Late Life.
Authors: Weaver RH, Roberto KA Abstract Moving beyond typical dichotomous rural-urban categorizations, this study examines older adults' likelihood of receiving home- and community-based services. Data from 1608 individuals aged 60+ who requested assistance from Area Agencies on Aging in Virginia in 2014-2015 were analyzed; 88% of individuals received at least one service. Receiving services was associated with geographic-based factors. Individuals living in completely rural areas were significantly less likely to receive any service compared to individuals in mostly rural (OR = 2.46, p = .003) and mostly urban (OR...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - August 25, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Assessment of Anxiety in Long-Term Care Residents: Issues and Strategies.
Authors: Pifer MA, Segal DL, Jester DJ, Molinari V Abstract The experience of clinically significant anxiety and anxiety disorders represent significant and often debilitating problems for many residents in long-term care (LTC) settings. However, anxiety problems often go undetected and untreated in this growing population. The purposes of this paper are to examine the prevalence and impact of anxiety problems among residents in LTC facilities, describe the efficacy of the current instruments that are used to detect anxiety in these settings, and provide clinical guidance for the thorough assessment of anxiety. Reg...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - August 15, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Linking Lives in Ethnically Diverse Families: The Interconnectedness of Home Leaving and Retirement Transitions.
Authors: Mitchell BA, Wister AV, Li G, Wu Z Abstract Drawing from a sociocultural life course perspective, this study examines the linkages between two age-related family transitions: young adult children leaving home and parental retirement. A sample of 580 ethnically diverse parents aged 50+ with at least one adult child aged 19-35 living in Metro Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, was used in this study based on four cultural groups: British-, Chinese-, Persian/Iranian-, or South Asian-Canadian. Separate survival analyses are used to predict the timing of, and associations between children's leaving home and p...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - August 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Couples Facing Skin Cancer in Old Age: A Dyadic Investigation of Partner Support and Quality of Life.
This study investigated perceived support received by partners and its association with quality of life (QOL) in older couples facing skin cancer. Thirty couples (n = 60; M Age = 70) in which one partner had a skin cancer diagnosis (PwSC) completed either online or paper surveys about their skin cancer diagnosis, perceived partner support, and overall QOL. Actor-partner interdependence models revealed that when PwSCs reported overprotection from their healthy partners (HPs), they were more likely to report lower QOL. Protective buffering received by HPs was negatively associated with their QOL as well as their PwSCs QOL. A...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - July 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Innovation in Later Life: A Study of Grandmothers and Facebook.
Authors: Yachin M, Nimrod G Abstract Relying on the Innovation theory of successful aging, this study aims at exploring how grandmothers around the world perceive and use Facebook. Twenty-seven focus groups were set up in seven countries: Canada, Colombia, Israel, Italy, Peru, Romania, and Spain. Participants consisted of 184 grandmothers aged 65 and over who use information and communication technology to some extent. Data were analyzed according to hybrid thematic analysis principles and findings pointed to substantial ambivalence regarding Facebook. Grandmothers who used it reported rather restrained use that wa...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - July 25, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Validation of Short Form of Preferences for Routines Scale: Norms in Older Adults.
Authors: Bergua V, Edjolo A, Bouisson J, Meillon C, Pérès K, Amieva H Abstract High level of preferences for routines is an indicator of psychological vulnerability in older adults. However, the psychometric properties of the Preferences for Routines Scale (PRS) initially validated in a small selected sample of older adults revealed a low Cronbach's α (.50) in the general elderly population. The present study aims to improve the PRS using the data from the "AMI" and "PAQUID" population-based studies. Among 718 older persons, the most discriminative items are identified using ...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - July 25, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

How Do Older Adults Recruited Using MTurk Differ From Those in a National Probability Sample?
Authors: Ogletree AM, Katz B Abstract A growing number of studies within the field of gerontology have included samples recruited from Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk), an online crowdsourcing portal. While some research has examined how younger adult participants recruited through other means may differ from those recruited using MTurk, little work has addressed this question with older adults specifically. In the present study, we examined how older adults recruited via MTurk might differ from those recruited via a national probability sample, the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), on a battery of outcomes relate...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - July 22, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

The Bidirectional Association Between Physical and Cognitive Function Among Chinese Older Adults: A Mediation Analysis.
This study investigated the bidirectional association between physical and cognitive function in later life and examined the mechanisms underlying the interrelationship. We employed cross-lagged panel models to analyze a sample of 4232 unique participants aged 65 years and older from three waves of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. Physical activity and social participation were tested as potential mediators between physical and cognitive function. Our findings revealed a reciprocal relationship between physical and cognitive function and a reciprocal relationship between physical and cognitive decline. Mo...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - July 19, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Best Practices for Educating the Next Generation to Work With Older Adults.
Authors: Ebert AR, Nehrkorn-Bailey A, Carney AK, Patrick JH PMID: 32638627 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development)
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - July 9, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Memory Strategy Training Can Enhance Psychoeducation Outcomes for Dementia Family Caregivers: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
This study investigated caregiver outcomes when a psychoeducation program for older people with dementia and caregivers is modified to extend practice in memory strategies. Moderation effects of increased memory strategy use were also explored. Fifty-six care dyads participated in the multicenter, randomized controlled trial comparing psychoeducation (active control) with psychoeducation and memory strategy practice (intervention). Primary outcome was memory strategy use; secondary outcome was caregiver emotional reactivity (burden, depression, and anxiety). Results showed memory strategy use significantly increased follow...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - July 8, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Resilience in Very Advanced Ages: A Study With Centenarians.
This study intends to assess the relationship between resilience in extremely long-lived individuals and sociodemographic, cognitive and health status variables, and significant life events. A selected sample of 48 centenarians (mean age = 100.8 years, SD = 1.2; 83.3% female) from two centenarian studies was considered. A resilience score covering five items (aging and usefulness, hopefulness, worryness, loneliness, and control) was considered. Multivariable linear regression analyses were conducted in order to identify predictors of resilience. No significant differences in the resilience score regarding sociodemographic ...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - June 2, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Make Your Pitch: A Flexible Assignment for Engaging Students in Aging.
This article discusses a novel "elevator pitch" assignment that could be implemented in a number of ways to fit a variety of pedagogical methods and courses and further tailored to serve the needs of diverse student populations. For those working to actively and successfully recruit, train, and retain students in fields that serve older adults, such flexibility of assignments and delivery are likely to be acutely important as institutions, instructors, and students continue to adapt to rapidly changing developments such as those imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic. PMID: 32460524 [PubMed - as supplied by publish...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - May 30, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Attitudes Toward Retirement Drive the Effects of Retirement Preparation on Psychological and Physical Well-Being of Hong Kong Chinese Retirees Over Time.
Authors: Chan MCH, Chung EKH, Yeung DY Abstract Recent findings on retirement preparation found a positive impact on the psychological and physical well-being of retirees. However, the types of mental resources that are driving the relationship, such as attitudes toward retirement, only received limited attention. Reasoning from previous findings, we posit that attitudes toward retirement would explain the relationship between retirement preparation and well-being over time after retirement. A three-wave study was conducted in a sample of 130 Hong Kong Chinese retirees over a period of 1.5 years. Data were collecte...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - May 30, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Life-Span Lessons: The Importance of Age-Related Knowledge for Aging Into Any Career.
Authors: Graf AS, Bartlett RM Abstract Demand to meet the needs of a rapidly aging population is high. Students outside of gerontology programs, however, remain resistant to enrolling in aging coursework, which are often electives within or outside their degree programs. A life-span development course, however, is likely to be a requirement in many disciplines. In a multigenerational workforce spanning five generations and with intergenerational conflict making media headlines, students must understand how to navigate age-diverse climates. We advocate that a course in life-span development can serve as both a recru...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - May 30, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Narrative Gerontology in Practice: Students' Experiences With Conducting Autoethnography.
This study examines the benefits of introducing autoethnographic writing as part of an ageism intervention to familiarize students with the life course. In this mixed-methods study, 186 graduate and undergraduate students conducted interviews with a grandparent or older adult and subsequently assumed the identity of the grandparent to write introductions of themselves as if they were that grandparent, using "I" statements in an online discussion forum. Most assumed grandparents were women (78.0%), and White (63.8%) with an average age of 77.3 (SD = 12.3). Emerging themes were categorized into three levels: struct...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - May 27, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Emphasize Aging: Teaching Lifespan Developmental Psychology From an Intersectional Perspective.
Authors: Keener E Abstract Instructors of lifespan developmental psychology courses are faced with the impossible task of covering the entire lifespan. As such, aging can get neglected. The current paper advocates for approaches that emphasize aging throughout the course. One way to emphasize aging in lifespan courses is to approach the course from an intersectional perspective. Intersectionality advocates for simultaneous consideration of multiply marginalized people. Encouraging intersectional discussions of developmental topics will enrich course discussions and students will develop the habit of critically eval...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - May 16, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Flipping Out and Digging in: Combining the Flipped Class and Project-Based Learning to Teach Adult Development.
This article outlines a novel approach to teaching-combining the flipped classroom with project-based learning-that not only fosters deep learning but also fosters the development of skills applicable to real life. This article describes how to turn traditional lectures into online lectures to "flip" the classroom and also provides a guide for setting up project-based learning, providing suggestions for group formation, project topics, and examples of project contracts and evaluation sheets. When employed together, these powerful teaching tools can provide students with an active, participatory, class experience ...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - May 13, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

A Cultural Comparison of Personality Profiles of U.S. and Japanese Centenarians.
Authors: da Rosa GD, Martin P, Kim J, Russell D, Abraham WT, Gondo Y, Hirose N, Masui Y, Poon LW Abstract The purpose of this study was a cross-cultural examination of centenarians' personality through a person-centered approach to examine if there is a "resilient" personality profile consistent across cultures. Proxy reports information was obtained from family and close friends of 239 U.S. centenarians from the Georgia Centenarians Study and 272 Japanese centenarians from the Tokyo Centenarian Study. Latent profile analyses were conducted to identify personality profiles in centenarians from the United ...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - May 13, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

The Influence of Caregiving on the Relation Between Marital Status and Psychological Health in a Grandparent Sample.
Authors: Provenzano AM, Stearns MA, Nadorff DK Abstract Grandparent caregivers report poorer psychological and physical health, but relationship status has been shown to influence burden. The current study investigated depressive symptoms of 3288 grandparents who completed the third wave of the National Survey of Families and Households. The study found that those who are unmarried were more likely to be grandparent caregivers, and female participants reported higher depressive symptoms. Marital status and caregiving status were comparable predictors of depression, but marital status did not buffer the effects of c...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - May 9, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Gratitude as a Mediator of the Effects of Savoring on Positive Adjustment to Aging.
Authors: Bryant FB, Osowski KA, Smith JL Abstract We extended the previous experimental work with older adults by testing mediating variables through which savoring valuable "life lessons" improves attitudes toward aging and boosts well-being. A sample of 202 adults aged 65 or older were randomly assigned to either an experimental condition (in which they reflected on important lessons life had taught them) or a control condition (in which they reflected on their typical morning routine). Contemplating life lessons increased feelings of gratitude, which in turn boosted positive attitudes toward aging, lif...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - May 7, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Positive, but Not Negative, Self-Perceptions of Aging Predict Cognitive Function Among Older Adults.
Authors: Brown KE, Kim J, Stewart T, Fulton E, McCarrey AC Abstract Self-perceptions of aging (SPA) refer to attitudes about one's aging process and are linked to physical health and longevity. How SPA correlates with cognitive function in older adulthood is less well known. 136 older adults were administered a multifaceted SPA measure, The Brief Ageing Perceptions Questionnaire (B-APQ), in addition to a demographic form and a comprehensive neuropsychological battery. Positive and negative subscales of the B-APQ were correlated with aspects of cognitive function. Regression analyses revealed that only the positive ...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - May 3, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

VALIDA: A Validation Therapy-Training Program for Staff of a Residential Care Facility.
This article reports the design, implementation, and evaluation of a Validation Therapy pilot-training program (VALIDA) for staff members of a residential care facility in Aveiro, Portugal. This pilot study involved 22 members of the staff, including qualified professionals and nonqualified direct care workers, who were involved in the design. The pilot-training program comprises two components: training sessions in group and individual monitoring between those sessions. The evaluation indicates that the structure of the pilot-program was well accepted, and participants reported positive impacts in professional (better ski...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - April 30, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Teaching Aging Through Intersectionality for MSTEM and Other Disciplines.
This article will provide a model for a broad range of students how to understand and effectively work with and on behalf of older adults, through content on the normative, major issues and experiences with a critical focus on the diversity of the population and the multiple intersections of age with other identities. PMID: 32321278 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development)
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - April 25, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Dialogical Integration of Life Experiences and Successful Aging.
This article examines the hypothesis that the dialogical integration of life experiences is related to successful aging. Life story interviews with 93 older Czech adults were sorted into categories characterized by specific patterns of life experience integration: (i) without dialogical processes, (ii) with differentiated I-positions, (iii) with dialogical relationships, (iv) partially integrated, and (v) completely integrated. The results indicated that the categories were ordered, yielding low-level correlations with scales of successful aging in predicted directions. A comparison of the categories revealed that they wer...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - April 16, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

When I'm 75: College Students' Self Perceptions of the Challenges of Aging.
We examined college students' self-perceptions of the challenges of aging using essays from a "When I'm 75" assignment implemented at the beginning and end of the semester in an introductory gerontology course. Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis was used to analyze 24 students' perceptions of their own aging at age 75. The superordinate theme, challenges of aging, was identified along with five subordinate themes: deterioration, age-related impairments, mental health, loneliness and loss, and experiencing ageism. Findings suggest that after completing the course, students both demonstrated an understanding of...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - April 3, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

The Perils of Leading a Democracy.
Authors: Rathee S, Mishra H, Mishra A Abstract Environmental characteristics can influence aging. Democracy results in higher life expectancy for its members. However, there is a lack of research that indicates the influence of democracy on its leaders. Specifically, we examine how the nature of democracy affects the perceived aging of its leaders. In this paper, we capture perceived aging via face perception. We suggest that leaders in a democracy are perceived to age more compared to those in an autocracy. Counter to the common belief that democracies are less stressful, we find that the stress of being a leader ...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - April 3, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Look Who's Talking: Mediums of Contact Among Mid-to Later-Life Siblings.
Authors: Hill MS, Jensen AC, Coyne SM, Yorgason JB Abstract Adult siblings maintain contact and remain close to one another. The current study used participants recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk (n = 491) to conduct regression analyses examining five methods of contact (in person, telephone, email, texting, and social media) predicting sibling closeness and conflict. Further, two- and three-way interactions assessed the role of sibling dyad composition (e.g., women with a sister and women with a brother). Results suggested that as contact in person, through social media, the telephone, or email increased, siblin...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - April 2, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

"The Ugly Face of Old Age": Elders' Unmet Expectations for Care and Support in Rural Ethiopia.
"The Ugly Face of Old Age": Elders' Unmet Expectations for Care and Support in Rural Ethiopia. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2020 Mar 30;:91415020911900 Authors: Zelalem A, Gebremariam Kotecho M, Adamek ME Abstract As migration, urbanization, and aging accelerate in developing nations, traditional family supports for elders are diminishing. With these trends in mind, hermeneutic phenomenology was used to examine the experiences of 10 rural Ethiopian elders of age 70 and older. Narrative data from in-depth interviews revealed three prominent themes: the "good old days," drained happiness, wor...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - April 2, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Novel Approaches to Teaching Aging and Disability: Active Learning Through Design and Exploration.
This article describes a hack-a-thon approach for active learning in the classroom setting. PMID: 32207315 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development)
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - March 26, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

The Examination of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living and Perceived Adulthood in Emerging Adults.
We examined how the ability to perform activities related to independent living (i.e., instrumental activities of daily living [IADLs]) was associated with perceived adulthood. Data were collected from 236 emerging adults in college. Results suggested that IADL scores were positively related to perceived adulthood and achieved criteria of adulthood even after controlling for race, year in school, age, and sex. Results are discussed in terms of the development and importance of IADLs during emerging adulthood. PMID: 32156149 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development)
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - March 13, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

A Matter of Life and Death: Teaching Undergraduates About the End of Life.
Authors: Lemaster P, Moyer E Abstract As the population ages, the number of careers that intersect with aging is expected to grow. However, many young people lack an interest in working with aging populations. As previous work has shown, though, students' interest in aging careers may be stimulated by coursework and experiential activities related to aging. Despite being a normative developmental process, anxiety about death and dying may be particular barriers to students developing interest in aging, and these topics may be particularly difficult subjects to teach in the college classroom. Here, strategies and ac...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - March 4, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Mobile Social Media Use and Trailing Parents' Life Satisfaction: Social Capital and Social Integration Perspective.
Authors: Zhao L, Liang C, Gu D Abstract In recent years, a special group of elderly migrants emerged in some developing countries, namely "trailing parents," who migrated with adult children in their later years. Lots of developing countries such as China have an increasing number of old people using mobile social media for social interaction, information, and entertainment. Based on social capital theory, we developed a research model and investigated the relationship between mobile social media use (MSMU) and social capital, social integration, and life satisfaction of trailing parents. We completed an ...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - February 28, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

The Role of Social Networks on Depressive Symptoms: A Comparison of Older Koreans in Three Geographic Areas.
Authors: Park NS, Jang Y, Chiriboga DA, Chung S Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the correlates of depressive symptoms among older Korean adults in three geographic locations with varying densities of the Korean population: mainland Korea (mostly Koreans), New York metropolitan area (high Korean density), and west central Florida (low Korean density). The study focused on the role of family and friend networks. Data were drawn from three sources: (1) a multistage national sample of Koreans in South Korea (n = 403); (2) a survey conducted in the western/central Florida area that used a variety of cu...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - February 16, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Age Differences and Similarities in Associated Stressors and Outcomes Among Young, Midlife, and Older Adult Family Caregivers.
This study examined age differences in associations among primary stressors (caregiver burden which includes hours of provided care and number of activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living performed), secondary stressors (financial and employment strains), and caregiver outcomes (emotional strain and physical strain). RESEARCH DESIGN: Using Pearlin's Stress Process Model (1990) and the Caregiving in the United States 2015 dataset, 1,156 caregivers were identified (including 278 young adults aged 18-39 years, 464 midlife adults aged 40-59 years, and 414 older adults aged 60-80 years). RES...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - February 16, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Age-Related Differences in Intentional Forgetting of Prospective Memory.
This study investigated age-related differences in intentional forgetting (IF) of prospective memory (memory for actions to be performed in the future) in young (19-30 years) and late-midlife adults (LMA; 57-75 years). Prospective memory (PM) performance was examined by using the Virtual Week (VW) Task. An IF procedure was embedded into the VW task and the participants were instructed to forget some of the PM tasks that they were to remember and execute later on a virtual day. The study compared performances of the young and the LMA participants in the context of event- or time-based regular and irregular tasks. The result...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - January 30, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Don't Risk It. Older Adults Perceive Fewer Future Opportunities and Avoid Social Risk Taking.
Authors: Delaney RK, Strough J, Shook NJ, Ford CG, Lemaster P Abstract Drawing from life-span psychology, we conducted two studies to test perceptions of time left in the future as an underlying mechanism for age differences in self-reported social risk taking. Study 1 included 120 younger (25-35 years) and 119 older (60-91 years) community-dwelling adults. Study 2 included 439 participants (18-85 years) mostly recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk. In both studies, older age was associated with rating a lower likelihood of social risk taking (e.g., speaking about an unpopular issue) and perceiving the future as ho...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - January 24, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Productive Activity Patterns and Functional Health: A Comparison of Urban and Rural Chinese Older Adults.
This study examines the association between productive activity patterns and functional health trajectories of Chinese older adults and whether this association varies by urban/rural residence. Using three waves of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study from a sample of 7,503 older adults, we first performed latent class analysis (LCA) to identify productive activity patterns based on four activities (work, caregiving, informal help, and formal volunteering). Next, multilevel regression analyses were conducted to assess the association between the identified productive activity patterns and functional health tr...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - January 21, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Gender Difference in the Relationship Among Family Function, Health Behavior, and Stress in Midlife.
This study investigated whether there are gender-based differences in the process wherein family functions influence stress through various health behaviors in midlife adults. A cross-sectional study was done using a convenience sample of 250 middle-aged Koreans. Data on the family APGAR index, four health behaviors (i.e., seeking health information, physical activity, healthy diet, and social interaction), and stress were collected by a self-administered survey and analyzed using hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses and a PROCESS macro for SPSS. The study results showed that an indirect effect of family functi...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - January 10, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Relationships Among Executive Dysfunction, Constructive Worrying, and Worry Responses in Older Adults.
Authors: Granier KL, Segal DL, Coolidge FL Abstract Worry is a ubiquitous human experience and core symptom of anxiety. The present study examined the extent to which specific aspects of worry are related to perceived executive dysfunction in older adults. A total of 100 older adult participants (M age = 68.82 years; range = 65-79 years) completed the Worry Behaviors Inventory, the Coolidge Axis II Inventory Executive Dysfunctions Scale, and the Constructive and Unconstructive Worry Questionnaire. Multiple regression analyses found that worry constructiveness and response behaviors were predictive of executive dysf...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - January 4, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Future-Directed Thinking and Its Relationship to Subjective Well-Being in Older Adults.
Authors: Corlett H, MacLeod AK Abstract Age-related changes in future-directed thinking may be important for well-being. Older and younger adults generated idiographic anticipated experiences for the next week, the next year, and the next 5-10 years, using an adapted fluency measure. Relative to younger adults, older adults maintained a focus on the immediate future but frequency of anticipated events declined for the medium and longer term. The presence of negative thoughts for those two more distant time periods was related to lower life satisfaction in older adults. Content differences in thoughts illustrated th...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - January 4, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Social Support and Life Satisfaction of Ethnic Minority Elderly in China.
Authors: Chen L, Guo W, Perez C Abstract Previous studies indicate that Han and ethnic minority groups in China are not homogeneous. However, little research has examined potential heterogeneity in the association between social support and life satisfaction across Han and ethnic minority elderly. Based on data from the 2014 China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey, this study uses ordered logit models with interaction terms to examine the relationship between social support and the life satisfaction of ethnic minority elderly and of elderly Han Chinese. We find that support from families and friends has a stronger a...
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - January 2, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Influences of Work and Family Spillover on Filial and Sandwiched Caregivers' Psychological Well-Being.
Authors: Hodgdon BT, Wong JD PMID: 31814418 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development)
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - December 11, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Music Training Improves Depressed Mood Symptoms in Elderly People: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Authors: Biasutti M, Mangiacotti A PMID: 31814419 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development)
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - December 11, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

2020 Vision: Editor's Report.
Authors: Patrick JH, Marello MM, Clark MS, Bernstein LE PMID: 31773966 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development)
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - November 28, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Designing Retrospective Measures on Childhood for Older African American Adults.
Authors: Greenfield EA PMID: 31760756 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development)
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - November 27, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Social Support, Basic Psychological Needs, and Social Well-Being Among Older Cancer Survivors.
Authors: Leow K, Lynch MF, Lee J PMID: 31718228 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development)
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - November 15, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

Subjective Age in Older Korean Americans: The Impact of Functional Disability Mediated by Attitudes Toward Aging.
Authors: Choi EY, Jang Y PMID: 31718235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development)
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - November 15, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research

First-Time Grandparents' Role Satisfaction and Its Determinants.
Authors: Condon J, Luszcz M, McKee I PMID: 31646888 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development)
Source: International Journal of Aging and Human Development - October 27, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Int J Aging Hum Dev Source Type: research