Imaging of lumbar spinal surgery complications
Abstract Lumbar spine surgery for spinal stenosis is a frequently performed procedure and was the fastest growing type of surgery in the US from 1980 to 2000. With increasing surgical invasiveness, postoperative complications also tend to be higher. Cross-sectional imaging techniques (CT and MRI) are more sensitive than radiographs and play an increasingly important role in evaluation of patients with lumbar spine surgery. Their use in patients with metallic implants is somewhat limited by artefacts, which can obscure pathology and decrease accuracy and reader confidence. Metal artefact reduction techniques have ...
Source: Insights into Imaging - October 2, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

The consequences of the economic crisis in radiology
Abstract The effects of the economic crisis have led to complex problems in radiology. The crisis has led to a reduction in the turnover of imaging equipment. This reflects on the quantity and quality of output, an aspect which is worsened by the contraction of the radiology market, late payments on supplies, and competitive procurement of medical goods centralized on a regional or national level. Many local and national institutions have operated with significant reductions of reimbursement for procedures, forcing a reorganization of facilities, manpower, and equipment. The reduction in operating margins of the ...
Source: Insights into Imaging - October 1, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Social media for radiologists: an introduction
Abstract Social media, which can be defined as dynamic and interactive online communication forums, are becoming increasingly popular, not only for the general public but also for radiologists. In addition to assisting radiologists in finding useful profession-related information and interactive educational material in all kinds of formats, they can also contribute towards improving communication with peers, clinicians, and patients. The growing use of social networking in healthcare also has an impact on the visibility and engagement of radiologists in the online virtual community. Although many radiologists are...
Source: Insights into Imaging - September 22, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Giant colonic diverticulum: radiographic and MDCT characteristics
Abstract Giant colonic diverticulum (GCD), defined as a diverticulum larger than 4 cm, is a rare entity that is generally a manifestation of colonic diverticular disease. Because of its rarity and its variable and non-specific presentation, the diagnosis of GCD depends mainly on imaging findings. Knowledge of the spectrum of radiographic and CT features of the GCD is important in making the correct diagnosis and potentially preventing complications. This review focuses on imaging findings characteristic of GCD as well as its complications and radiographic mimics. Teaching points ...
Source: Insights into Imaging - September 19, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Pitfalls in Interpreting mp-MRI of the Prostate: A Pictorial Review with Pathologic Correlation
Conclusion mp-MRI imaging of the prostate often leads to interpreting doubts and misdiagnosis due to the many interpretative pitfalls that a tissue, whether healthy or treated, may cause. These “false-positive” findings may occur in each stage of the disease history, from the primary diagnosis and staging, to the post-treatment stage, and whether they are caused by the tissue itself or are iatrogenic, their recognition is critical for proper treatment and management. Knowledge of these known pitfalls and their interpretation in the anatomical-radiological context can help radiologists avoid misdiagnos...
Source: Insights into Imaging - September 18, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Haemangioma, an uncommon cause of an extradural or intradural extramedullary mass: case series with radiological pathological correlation
Abstract Haemangiomas of the vertebrae, usually regarded as having little or no consequence, may display aggressive features, including extension into the extradural space, and cause significant neurological symptoms and signs necessitating treatment. Extraosseous haemangiomas in an extradural or intradural extramedullary location are a rare entity. Here we review our radiologic and pathologic experience of osseous haemangiomas with extradural extension and primary extradural and intradural extramedullary haemangiomas. Magnetic resonance imaging plays a pivotal role in the characterisation of spinal haemangiomas,...
Source: Insights into Imaging - September 18, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Sonographic images of hepato-pancreatico-biliary and intestinal ascariasis: A pictorial review
We present an imaging spectrum of hepato-pancreatico-biliary and intestinal ascariasis. Main messages • Ascariasis refer to infestation by the round worm ascaris lumbricoides. • Ascaris eggs are excreted in faeces and are infective to humans. • Eggs hatch to larva, travel to the lungs and mature to adult worms. • Intestinal obstruction can be caused by multiple ascariasis forming bag of worms. (Source: Insights into Imaging)
Source: Insights into Imaging - September 16, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Inferior vena cava anomalies and variations: imaging and rare clinical findings
Conclusions IVC anomalies should be suspected in patients presenting with pulmonary emboli, chronic pain, and deep vein thrombosis. To correctly characterize and classify IVC anomalies and variations is of crucial importance for proper planning of surgical interventions and thus for avoiding serious complications. Key Points • IVC anomalies should be suspected in patients with pulmonary emboli, pain, and venous thrombosis. • Awareness of IVC anomalies and variations is crucial for clinical and surgical procedures. • ...
Source: Insights into Imaging - September 15, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Chest CT examinations in patients presenting with acute chest pain: a pictorial review
Abstract Acute chest pain (ACP) is one of the most common presenting symptoms at the emergency department. The differential diagnosis is vast. To exclude life-threatening causes, radiologists encounter an increasing amount of thoracic computed tomography (CT) examinations including CT angiography of the heart and great vessels. The dual- and triple-rule CT examinations are currently implemented in clinical practice. We retrospectively identified chest CT examinations in the setting of acute chest pain in our hospitals and collected a variety of common and uncommon cases. In this pictorial essay, we present the mos...
Source: Insights into Imaging - September 15, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Spectrum of hepatofugal collateral pathways in portal hypertension: an illustrated radiological review
Abstract The purpose of this article is to describe the various portosystemic collateral pathways pertinent to portal hypertension on multi-detector row computed tomography (MDCT) and their clinical relevance, with special emphasis on the uncommon ones. The knowledge and understanding of the various patterns of portosystemic collateral channels has important implications both for the clinician and the interventionist. MDCT with its advanced post processing capabilities can exquisitely demonstrate these vascular pathways to help in therapeutic decision making. Teaching points ...
Source: Insights into Imaging - September 4, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Do hereditary syndrome-related gynecologic cancers have any specific features?
Abstract Hereditary syndromes are responsible for 10 % of gynaecologic cancers, among which hereditary breast-ovarian cancer and hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer syndromes, known as HBOC and Lynch syndromes respectively, present the highest relative risk. The latter predisposes to endometrial cancer and both contribute to ovarian cancer. Cowden syndrome-related endometrial cancer and the increased risk of ovarian, uterine and cervical cancers associated with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, are also demonstrated, while Li-Fraumeni syndrome patients are prone to develop ovarian and endometrial cancers. Despite th...
Source: Insights into Imaging - September 4, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Extracutaneous melanomas: a primer for the radiologist
Conclusion Extracutaneous melanomas are clinically and biologically distinct from their more common cutaneous counterpart with higher frequency of metastatic disease and poorer overall prognosis. Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice whenever possible; systemic therapy in the form of conventional chemotherapeutic agents as well as novel targeted agents is used for advanced/ metastatic disease. Multiple imaging modalities including US, CT, MRI and FDG-PET/CT play important roles in the evaluation of the primary tumour, assessment of metastatic disease and monitoring response to treatment. Radiologi...
Source: Insights into Imaging - September 3, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging findings of the orbital and intracranial complications of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis
Abstract In patients with acute bacterial rhinosinusitis severe orbital and intracranial complications can occur. This review will illustrate the anatomic relationship between the paranasal sinuses and the orbital and intracranial compartments. Subsequently, the spectrum of orbital and intracranial complications of rhinosinusitis and related imaging findings will be discussed and illustrated by case material from daily practice. Teaching Points • Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis can cause severe orbital and intracranial complications. ...
Source: Insights into Imaging - August 8, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Revisiting the risks of MRI with Gadolinium based contrast agents—review of literature and guidelines
We present a review of published literature and a brief overview of practice recommendations, guidelines and manuals on contrast safety to aide everyday imaging practice. Teaching Points • Low risk gadolinium based contrast agents should be the choice in renal insufficiency. • Higher doses have been linked to NSF development. Doses should be as low as possible. • Clear documentation of date, dose and type of formulation used should be noted. • Post-scan dialysis should be arranged as soon as poss...
Source: Insights into Imaging - August 8, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Cardiovascular imaging in children and adults following Kawasaki disease
(Source: Insights into Imaging)
Source: Insights into Imaging - July 27, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Role of neuroimaging in multidisciplinary approach towards Non-Alzheimer’s dementia
Abstract Dementia is defined as chronic deterioration of intellectual function and cognitive skills significant enough to interfere with the ability to perform daily activities. Recent advances in the treatment of dementia have renewed interest in the use of various neuroimaging techniques that can assist in the diagnosis and differentiation of various subtypes. Neuroimaging and computational techniques have helped the radiological community to monitor disease progression of various neurodegenerative conditions presenting with dementia, such as Alzheimer disease, frontotemporal lobe dementia (FTLD), progressive su...
Source: Insights into Imaging - July 24, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Let’s face it – 13 unusual causes of facial masses in children
Abstract Facial swelling is commonly encountered in paediatric patients and is typically related to an underlying infection. The spectrum of possible causes, however, is wide, and includes traumatic, inflammatory, nutritional and neoplastic aetiologies. In this pictorial essay we present 13 examples of rare conditions selected from a total of 136 MRI examinations performed at our institution between April 2007 and May 2013. These include HIV-associated malignancies such as a case of plasmablastic lymphoma, parotid gland tumours including a parotid hamartoma, rare congenital lesions such as a thyroid fetiform tera...
Source: Insights into Imaging - July 19, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Chemotherapy-related complications in the kidneys and collecting system: an imaging perspective
Abstract Nephrotoxicity is a common adverse effect of many chemotherapeutic agents. The agents most commonly associated with chemotherapy-associated nephrotoxicity are methotrexate, semustine, streptozocin, mithramycin, and cisplatin. Certain chemotherapeutic agents have adverse effects on the kidneys and urothelium that can be visualized radiographically, including cystic change, interstitial nephritis, papillary necrosis, urothelial changes, haemorrhagic cystitis, acute tubular necrosis, and infarction. This review focuses on imaging features identifying complications of chemotherapy in the kidneys and collecti...
Source: Insights into Imaging - July 11, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Primary fallopian tube carcinoma: review of MR imaging findings
Conclusions Primary fallopian tube carcinoma has a constellation of clinical symptoms and magnetic resonance imaging features, which may be diagnostic. Although these findings are not present together in the majority of cases, radiologists who are aware of them may include the diagnosis of primary fallopian tube cancer in their report more frequently and with more confidence. Teaching Points • PFTC may be more frequent than previously thought • PFTC has specific clinical and MRI characteristics ...
Source: Insights into Imaging - July 7, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Spectrum of Imaging Findings in Paget’s Disease of the Breast—A Pictorial Review
Conclusion The surgical management of Paget’s disease includes mastectomy with or without axillary dissection, though breast conservation surgery in the form of wide local excision can also be done in a selected group of patients. Management should be based on both clinical and imaging findings, including mammography and ultrasound, with MRI playing a crucial role in defining the extent of involvement. Teaching Points • To differentiate Paget’s disease from other chronic skin conditions. • Mammographic and ultrasound finding...
Source: Insights into Imaging - July 5, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

ESGAR 2015 Book of Abstracts
(Source: Insights into Imaging)
Source: Insights into Imaging - June 24, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Multidetector CT imaging of complications after laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery
Conclusions Multidetector CT allows precise assessment of the surgical resection site; detection of pneumoperitoneum and subcutaneous emphysema; quantification of retroperitoneal blood; and identification of active bleeding, pseudoaneurysms, arterio-venous fistulas, abscess collections and extravasated urine. Teaching Points • Laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) is increasingly performed to treat renal lesions. • Radiologists are increasingly requested to investigate suspected post-surgical NSS complications. ...
Source: Insights into Imaging - June 24, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging body composition in cancer patients: visceral obesity, sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity may impact on clinical outcome
Abstract In recent years, there has been increasing interest in the influence of body composition on oncological patient outcomes. Visceral obesity, sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity have been identified as adverse factors in cancer patients. Imaging quantification of body composition such as lean muscle mass and fat distribution is a potentially valuable tool. This review describes the following imaging techniques that may be used to assess body composition: dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). CT and MRI are acquired as part of oncological patien...
Source: Insights into Imaging - June 13, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Summary of the European Directive 2013/59/Euratom: essentials for health professionals in radiology
Abstract The aspects of the new European Directive 2013/59/Euratom most relevant to diagnostic imaging and intervention are summarised. The Directive, laying down basic safety standards for protection against the dangers from exposure to ionising radiation, emphasises the need for justification of medical exposure (including asymptomatic individuals), introduces requirements concerning patient information and strengthens those for recording and reporting doses from radiological procedures, the use of diagnostic reference levels, the availability of dose-indicating devices and the improved role and support of the M...
Source: Insights into Imaging - May 27, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

False positive and false negative diagnoses of prostate cancer at multi-parametric prostate MRI in active surveillance
Abstract MP-MRI is a critical component in active surveillance (AS) of prostate cancer (PCa) because of a high negative predictive value for clinically significant tumours. This review illustrates pitfalls of MP-MRI and how to recognise and avoid them. The anterior fibromuscular stroma and central zone are low signal on T2W-MRI/apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), resembling PCa. Location, progressive enhancement and low signal on b ≥1000 mm²/s echo-planar images (EPI) are differentiating features. BPH can mimic PCa. Glandular BPH shows increased T2W/ADC signal, cystic change and progressive ...
Source: Insights into Imaging - May 23, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

ESR Position Paper on Imaging Biobanks
Abstract In March 2014 the European Society of Radiology (ESR) established a dedicated working group (ESR WG on Imaging Biobanks) aimed at monitoring the existing imaging biobanks in Europe, promoting the federation of imaging biobanks and communication of their findings in a white paper. The WG provided the following statements: (1) Imaging biobanks can be defined as “organised databases of medical images and associated imaging biomarkers (radiology and beyond) shared among multiple researchers, and linked to other biorepositories”. (2) The immediate purpose of imaging biobanks should be to allow the ...
Source: Insights into Imaging - May 21, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging patients with renal colic—consider ultrasound first
Abstract Renal colic is a common disease in Europe and a common cause of visit to the Emergency Department. Clinical diagnosis is usually confirmed by imaging modalities. Unenhanced computed tomography (CT) is considered the best diagnostic test due to its excellent accuracy detecting ureteral stones. However, ultrasound (US) should be considered as the primary imaging technique. It is a reproducible, non-invasive and non-expensive imaging technique, achieving accurate diagnosis in most cases without the need for radiation. Diagnosis is based on the presence of ureteral stones, but indirect findings such as the a...
Source: Insights into Imaging - May 21, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Activity-based cost analysis of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) related to the diagnostic impact in focal liver lesion characterisation
Conclusions CEUS determined a change in the diagnostic and therapeutic workup in the characterisation of focal liver lesions and reduced the full costs of the diagnostic process. Main messages: • CEUS allows a correct diagnosis in more than 80 % of focal liver lesions. • CEUS has a significant impact on the diagnosis of focal liver lesions. • CEUS examination of focal liver lesions reduces total costs. • Dynamic MR with hepato-specific contrast med...
Source: Insights into Imaging - May 9, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Dual-energy CT after radiofrequency ablation of liver, kidney, and lung lesions: a review of features
Abstract Early detection of residual tumour and local tumour progression (LTP) after radiofrequency (RF) ablation is crucial in the decision whether or not to re-ablate. In general, standard contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) is used to evaluate the technique effectiveness; however, it is difficult to differentiate post-treatment changes from residual tumour. Dual-energy CT (DECT) is a relatively new technique that enables more specific tissue characterisation of iodine-enhanced structures because of the isolation of iodine in the imaging data. Necrotic post-ablation zones can be depicted as avascular regi...
Source: Insights into Imaging - May 5, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Fibromuscular dysplasia: what the radiologist should know: a pictorial review
Abstract Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is an idiopathic, segmentary, non-inflammatory and non-atherosclerotic disease that can affect all layers of both small- and medium-calibre arteries. The prevalence of FMD is estimated between 4 and 6 % in the renal arteries and between 0.3 and 3 % in the cervico-encephalic arteries. FMD most frequently affects the renal, carotid and vertebral arteries, but it can theoretically affect any artery. Radiologists play an important role in the diagnosis of FMD, and good knowledge of FMD’s signs will certainly help reduce the delay between the first symptoms and di...
Source: Insights into Imaging - April 30, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Beyond PET/CT in Hodgkin lymphoma: a comprehensive review of the role of imaging at initial presentation, during follow-up and for assessment of treatment-related complications
Abstract Objective The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of the role of imaging modalities other than PET/CT in the management of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). PET/CT is the imaging modality of choice in the management of Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL). However, imaging modalities other than PET/CT such as plain radiographs, ultrasound, CT, MRI and nuclear imaging can help in various stages of clinical management of HL, including the initial workup and post-treatment surveillance. Both CT and MRI help in detecting recurrences, treatment-related pulmonary, cardiovascular and ...
Source: Insights into Imaging - April 27, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

The joints in juvenile idiopathic arthritis
The objective of this review is to discuss the role of imaging in JIA, describe the typical findings on different modalities and highlight the challenges we face regarding the reliability and accuracy of the different methods for imaging the joints in children with JIA. Key Points • Imaging is an important supplement to the clinical examination in JIA. • Ultrasound is more sensitive for detecting synovitis than clinical examination alone. • MRI can depict all relevant structures in joint inflammation. • The diff...
Source: Insights into Imaging - April 23, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Morphological MR imaging of the articular cartilage of the knee at 3 T—comparison of standard and novel 3D sequences
Conclusions Cartilage imaging of the knee at 3 T can be reliably performed using 3D TSE, showing high accuracy when compared to standard sequences. Although UTE depicts signal from the deep cartilage layer, further studies are needed to establish its role for assessment of cartilage. Main Messages • MRI is the best available imaging method for assessment of knee cartilage. • Cartilage imaging can be reliably performed using 3D TSE. • UTE cannot be used as a single sequence to assess cartilage. (Source: Insights into Imaging)
Source: Insights into Imaging - April 8, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Indications and selection of MR enterography vs. MR enteroclysis with emphasis on patients who need small bowel MRI and general anaesthesia: results of a survey
Conclusion Views were variable. Requests for MRE under GA are not uncommon. Presently most opinion leaders suggest standard abdominal MRI when GA is required. Main messages • Experts are using MRE for various indications. • Requests for MRE under general anaesthesia are not uncommon. • Some radiologists employ MREc under general anaesthesia; others do not distend the small bowel. (Source: Insights into Imaging)
Source: Insights into Imaging - April 8, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

The role of MRI in axillary lymph node imaging in breast cancer patients: a systematic review
Conclusions The diagnostic performance of some MRI protocols for excluding axillary lymph node metastases approaches the NPV needed to replace SLNB. However, current observations are based on studies with heterogeneous study designs and limited populations. Main Messages • Some axillary MRI protocols approach the NPV of an SLNB procedure. • Dedicated axillary MRI is more accurate than protocols also covering the breast. • T1w/T2w protocols combined with USPIO-enhanced sequences are ...
Source: Insights into Imaging - March 23, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Magnetic Resonance Fingerprinting - a promising new approach to obtain standardized imaging biomarkers from MRI
Abstract Current routine MRI examinations rely on the acquisition of qualitative images that have a contrast “weighted” for a mixture of (magnetic) tissue properties. Recently, a novel approach was introduced, namely MR Fingerprinting (MRF) with a completely different approach to data acquisition, post-processing and visualization. Instead of using a repeated, serial acquisition of data for the characterization of individual parameters of interest, MRF uses a pseudo randomized acquisition that causes the signals from different tissues to have a unique signal evolution or ‘fingerprint’ that ...
Source: Insights into Imaging - March 23, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Erratum to: Neuroendocrine tumours of the female genital tract: a case-based imaging review with pathological correlation
(Source: Insights into Imaging)
Source: Insights into Imaging - March 23, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Magnetic resonance imaging of sellar and juxtasellar abnormalities in the paediatric population: an imaging review
This article aims to provide an overview of the imaging characteristics of developmental/congenital and acquired disease processes which affect the sellar and juxtasellar region in the paediatric population. Main Messages • The sellar region is anatomically complex and covers a wide pathology spectrum. • MRI is the key imaging modality to assess sellar and juxtasellar pathology. • Numerous developmental anomalies may not be discovered until adulthood. • Knowledge of pathology alerts and guides the clinician t...
Source: Insights into Imaging - March 21, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Current updates on the molecular genetics and magnetic resonance imaging of focal nodular hyperplasia and hepatocellular adenoma
Abstract Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) and hepatocellular adenomas (HCAs) constitute benign hepatic neoplasms in adults. HCAs are monoclonal neoplasms characterised by an increased predilection to haemorrhage and also malignant transformation. On the other hand, FNH is a polyclonal tumour-like lesion that occurs in response to increased perfusion and has an uneventful clinical course. Recent advances in molecular genetics and genotype-phenotype correlation in these hepatocellular neoplasms have enabled a new classification system. FNHs are classified into the typical and atypical types based on histomorphologic...
Source: Insights into Imaging - March 20, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

The ESR Patient Advisory Group (ESR-PAG)
Abstract The European Society of Radiology (ESR) Patient Advisory Group addresses the issue of communication among radiologists, radiographers and their patients. Initiated in 2013, the group represents many patient groups, working together with the ESR to raise awareness of medical imaging amongst patients, improve patient knowledge about imaging procedures, liaise on policy issues of common interest, involve patient representatives in strategic decisions regarding medical imaging and ensure that a patient-centred, “human” approach is embedded in the structure of the ESR. The ESR strongly believes th...
Source: Insights into Imaging - March 17, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Medical imaging in personalised medicine: a white paper of the research committee of the European Society of Radiology (ESR)
Abstract The future of medicine lies in early diagnosis and individually tailored treatments, a concept that has been designated ‘personalised medicine’ (PM), which aims to deliver the right treatment to the right patient at the right time. Medical imaging has always been personalised and is fundamental to almost all aspects of PM. It is instrumental in solving clinical differential diagnoses. Imaging procedures are tailored to the clinical problem and patient characteristics. Screening for preclinical disease is done with imaging. Stratification based on imaging biomarkers can help identify individual...
Source: Insights into Imaging - March 12, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Research education in Europe: an opinion paper by the European Society of Radiology
Abstract Research is a major positive driver for radiology. Therefore, research education needs to be a major topic for the radiology leadership, including the research committee of the ESR. Professional (radiological and non-radiological) and scientific publications as well as Research Committee questionnaires provide the basis for this opinion paper. Although radiology is well-positioned to deal with current and future challenges, there are still some gaps, such as the presence of radiology in basic research, radiology-specific research versus research services for other disciplines, need of adaptation to new re...
Source: Insights into Imaging - March 12, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Thyroid nodule ultrasound: technical advances and future horizons
Abstract Thyroid nodules are extremely common and the vast majority are non-malignant; therefore the accurate discrimination of a benign lesion from malignancy is challenging. Ultrasound (US) characterisation has become the key component of many thyroid nodule guidelines and is primarily based on the detection of key features by high-resolution US. The thyroid imager should be familiar with the strengths and limitations of this modality and understand the technical factors that create and alter the imaging characteristics. Specific advances in high-resolution US are discussed with reference to individual fea...
Source: Insights into Imaging - March 5, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Cross-sectional imaging of common and unusual complications after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
Abstract Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is currently a primarily therapeutic procedure that is extensively employed to treat several biliopancreatic disorders. Although widely considered a safe procedure, ERCP is associated with a non-negligible morbidity and occasional mortality. Due to the number and complexity of operative ERCPs performed, radiologists are increasingly faced with urgent requests for investigation of suspected post-procedural complications, which often have similar clinical and laboratory manifestations. This pictorial essay reviews the usual post-procedural CT findings, t...
Source: Insights into Imaging - February 26, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

ECR 2015 Book of Abstracts - A - Postgraduate Educational Programme
(Source: Insights into Imaging)
Source: Insights into Imaging - February 24, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

ECR 2015 Book of Abstracts - E - Authors’ Index
(Source: Insights into Imaging)
Source: Insights into Imaging - February 24, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

ECR 2015 Book of Abstracts - B - Scientific Sessions and Late-Breaking Clinical Trials
(Source: Insights into Imaging)
Source: Insights into Imaging - February 24, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

ECR 2015 Book of Abstracts - F - List of Authors & Co-Authors
(Source: Insights into Imaging)
Source: Insights into Imaging - February 24, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

ECR 2015 Book of Abstracts - D - Satellite Symposia
(Source: Insights into Imaging)
Source: Insights into Imaging - February 24, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

ECR 2015 Book of Abstracts - G - List of Moderators
(Source: Insights into Imaging)
Source: Insights into Imaging - February 24, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research