Prospective longitudinal study investigating predictors of childhood injuries from Growing Up in New Zealand cohort: study protocol
This study will investigate injuries among children from the prospective Growing Up in NZ birth cohort of 6853 children and their families. The primary outcome of interest is injury events where medical treatment was sought. The data sources include parental reports of child injury and Accident Compensation Corporation—NZ’s no-fault injury compensation system—injury claims. The linked datasets will be utilised to examine the distribution of life course exposures and outcome data using descriptive statistics. A temporal multilevel model will then be developed to examine relationships between neighbourhood,...
Source: Injury Prevention - March 21, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Ghebreab, L., Kool, B., Lee, A., Morton, S. Tags: Protocol Source Type: research

Access to advanced-level hospital care: differences in prehospital times calculated using incident locations compared with patients usual residence
Studies estimate that 84% of the USA and New Zealand’s (NZ) resident populations have timely access (within 60 min) to advanced-level hospital care. Our aim was to assess whether usual residence (ie, home address) is a suitable proxy for location of injury incidence. In this observational study, injury fatalities registered in NZ’s Mortality Collection during 2008–2012 were linked to Coronial files. Estimated access times via emergency medical services were calculated using locations of incident and home. Using incident locations, 73% (n=4445/6104) had timely access to care compared with 77% when using ho...
Source: Injury Prevention - March 21, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Davie, G., Lilley, R., de Graaf, B., Dicker, B., Branas, C., Ameratunga, S., Civil, I., Reid, P., Kool, B. Tags: Brief report Source Type: research

Drowning risk and climate change: a state-of-the-art review
Drowning and climate change are both significant global health threats, yet little research links climate change to drowning risk. Research into the epidemiology, risk factors and preventive strategies for unintentional drowning in high-income and in low-income and middle-income countries has expanded understanding, but understanding of disaster and extreme weather-related drowning needs research focus. As nation states and researchers call for action on climate change, its impact on drowning has been largely ignored. This state-of-the-art review considers existing literature on climate change as a contributor to changes i...
Source: Injury Prevention - March 21, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Sindall, R., Mecrow, T., Queiroga, A. C., Boyer, C., Koon, W., Peden, A. E. Tags: Open access, Editor's choice State of the art review Source Type: research

Occupational injury among paramedics: a systematic review
Conclusion This review highlights the increased risk of occupational injury among paramedics and provides further insight into their overall injury profile. (Source: Injury Prevention)
Source: Injury Prevention - March 21, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kearney, J., Muir, C., Smith, K. Tags: Systematic review Source Type: research

Systematic review of occupational hazards at postharvest grain operations
Conclusions The creation of standardised internationals can collaborate to reduce occupational risks in grain storage units. It is suggested the development of monitoring technologies to obtain real-time information on noise, dust, gases and heat in postharvest operations and equipment. The use of intelligent algorithms can create prevention mechanisms for possible occupational risks and avoid injuries to employees. (Source: Injury Prevention)
Source: Injury Prevention - March 21, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Bellochio, S. D. C., Coradi, P. C. Tags: Systematic review Source Type: research

Missing cases of injury death: use of quantitative methods and case reviews to inform future improvements in case definition
Conclusion There is variation in rates of mismatch between PDx of injury and UCoD of NI. While legitimate reasons exist for mismatches in certain groups, a material number of injury deaths are not captured using UCoD alone; a new operational definition of injury death is needed. Early solutions are proposed. Further work is needed to investigate operational definitions with acceptable false positive and negative detection rates. (Source: Injury Prevention)
Source: Injury Prevention - March 21, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Cryer, C., Gulliver, P., Davie, G., Samaranayaka, A., Fowler, C. Tags: Methodology Source Type: research

Epidemiology of paediatric drowning hospitalisations in the USA: a population-based study
Conclusions Hospitalisations and CFRs for drowning among children ≤5 years old have decreased from 2000 to 2016. Two years old are at the highest risk of both fatal and non-fatal drowning. Disparities exist for Black children in both the relative reduction in drowning hospitalisation incidence and case fatality. Interventions should focus on providing equitable preventative care measures to this population. (Source: Injury Prevention)
Source: Injury Prevention - March 21, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Theodorou, C. M., Rajasekar, G., McFadden, N. R., Brown, E. G., Nuno, M. Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Health conditions and the risk of home injury in French adults: results from a prospective study of the MAVIE cohort
Conclusion Our results suggest that adults with musculoskeletal disorders and vertigo or dizziness symptoms have a higher risk of HI, regardless of age. (Source: Injury Prevention)
Source: Injury Prevention - March 21, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Rojas Castro, M. Y., Avalos, M., Contrand, B., Dupuy, M., Sztal-Kutas, C., Orriols, L., Lagarde, E. Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Mental health and other factors associated with work productivity after injury in the UK: multicentre cohort study
Conclusions Unintentional injury results in substantial productivity loss. Females, those with preinjury psychiatric conditions and those with post-traumatic stress avoidance symptoms experience greater productivity loss and may require additional support to enable successful RTW. (Source: Injury Prevention)
Source: Injury Prevention - March 21, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Kellezi, B., Dhiman, P., Coupland, C., Whitehead, J., Morriss, R., Joseph, S., Beckett, K., Sleney, J., Barnes, J., Kendrick, D. Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Model-based economic evaluation of ice cleat distribution programmes for the prevention of outdoor falls among adults from a Swedish societal perspective
Conclusion The benefits of distributing ice cleats to older adults appear to outweigh the costs from a Swedish societal perspective. (Source: Injury Prevention)
Source: Injury Prevention - March 21, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Bonander, C., Holmberg, R., Gustavsson, J., Svensson, M. Tags: Open access Original research Source Type: research

Demographic and epidemiological decomposition analysis of global changes in suicide rates and numbers over the period 1990-2019
Conclusion More support and resources should be deployed for suicide prevention to the low-income and middle-income regions in order to achieve the reduction goal. Moreover, suicide prevention among older adults is increasingly critical given the world’s rapidly ageing populations in all income level regions. (Source: Injury Prevention)
Source: Injury Prevention - March 21, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Yip, P. S. F., Zheng, Y., Wong, C. Tags: Press releases Original research Source Type: research

Longitudinal cohort study of injury type, settings, treatment and costs in British Columbia youth, 2003-2013
Conclusions The occurence and health cost of common injuries to youth and young adults are underestimated in this study but are nevertheless substantial. Ongoing surveillence, awareness raising, and prevention efforts may be needed to reduce these costs. (Source: Injury Prevention)
Source: Injury Prevention - March 21, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Leadbeater, B., Contreras, A., Rajabali, F., Zheng, A., Beaulieu, E., Pike, I. Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Impact of Floridas prescription drug monitoring program on drug- related fatal vehicle crashes: a difference-in-differences approach
Conclusions The implementation of PDMPs in Florida provided important benefits for traffic safety, reducing the rates of prescription opioid-related vehicle crashes. (Source: Injury Prevention)
Source: Injury Prevention - March 21, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tatar, M., Jalali, M. S., Tak, H. J., Chen, L.-W., Araz, O. M., Wilson, F. A. Tags: Original research Source Type: research

Lessons for injury epidemiology and control learned from the COVID-19 pandemic
In October 2021, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development organised a virtual event on ‘Priority setting and coordination of research agendas: lessons learnt from the COVID-19 pandemic’.1 Over 4 days, the event addressed key issues around data collection, development of an evidence base, coordination and preparedness for crises. Other international or national public health agencies (eg, see reference 2 for France) have taken similar initiatives. Many of the issues raised during the workshops question the ability of national and international public health systems to tackle acute catastrophic ...
Source: Injury Prevention - March 21, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Salmi, L.-R. Tags: COVID-19 Editorial Source Type: research

Dancing Against falls iN Community-dwElling older adults (DANCE): a study protocol of a stratified, block-randomised trial
This study will include 180 older adults: 90 healthy patients and 90 patients with osteoporosis. Participants will be allocated randomly in either of the groups, stratified according to age. Training groups will receive 2 weekly 1-hour training sessions, continuously through 6 months. Participants will be tested at baseline and 6 and 18 months post baseline. Primary outcome will be number of falls and secondary outcomes include bone mineral density, body composition, pain evaluation, weekly physical activity, single-task and dual-task gait patterns, balance, Fullerton Functional Fitness Test and assessment of the mini-BEST...
Source: Injury Prevention - January 21, 2022 Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Thomsen, M. J., Liston, M., Christensen, M. G., Vestergaard, P., Hirata, R. P. Tags: Open access Protocol Source Type: research