Novel ZBTB24 Mutation Associated with Immunodeficiency, Centromere Instability, and Facial Anomalies Type-2 Syndrome Identified in a Patient with Very Early Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Conclusion: This describes the first case of inflammatory bowel disease associated with immunodeficiency, centromere instability, and facial anomalies type-2 syndrome in a child with a novel disease-causing mutation in ZBTB24 found on whole-exome sequencing. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Real-world Experience of Anti–tumor Necrosis Factor Therapy for Internal Fistulas in Crohn's Disease: A Retrospective Multicenter Cohort Study
Conclusions: In the present retrospective cohort study, approximately half of patients with internal fistulas avoided surgery for long periods. It may be reasonable to treat quiescent single internal fistulas with anti-TNF agents soon after the diagnosis of internal fistulas. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Impact of Histological and Endoscopic Remissions on Clinical Recurrence and Recurrence-free Time in Ulcerative Colitis
Conclusion: The presence of histological activity represents an independent predictive factor of recurrence and time to recurrence, which was not verified with MSe 0 to 1. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Subcutaneous Golimumab in Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis: Pharmacokinetics and Clinical Benefit
We report a multicenter, open-label study of golimumab with a pharmacokinetics phase (week 0–14). Patients had moderately-to-severely active UC and were naive to anti-tumor necrosis factor treatment. At weeks 0 and 2, patients received golimumab induction dosed by weight ( (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Bone Mass Development from Childhood into Young Adulthood in Patients with Childhood-onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Conclusions: Male patients with childhood-onset IBD seem to have an increased risk of compromised BMD in young adulthood. Both female and male patients with IBD seem to increase their BMD beyond the age for expected peak bone mass (see Video abstract, Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/IBD/B648). (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Metronidazole or Rifaximin for Treatment of Clostridium difficile in Pediatric Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Conclusions: Metronidazole and rifaximin were similarly effective treatments for CDI in pediatric patients with IBD. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Antibodies Toward Vedolizumab Appear from the First Infusion Onward and Disappear Over Time
Conclusions: AVA appear from the first VDZ infusion onward and disappear over time. The low prevalence of AVA suggests that immunogenicity does not influence response to treatment. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Surgical Outcomes in Vedolizumab-Treated Patients with Ulcerative Colitis
Conclusions: Vedolizumab patients had significantly increased rates of superficial SSI, but not overall infectious complications. Among ileal pouch anal anastomosis patients, peripouch abscess rates were increased among vedolizumab-treated patients, but this did not reach statistical significance. Vedolizumab seems safe in the perioperative period for patients with UC. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Minority Pediatric Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease Demonstrate an Increased Length of Stay
Background: Genetic and other biological factors may lead to differences in disease behavior among children with inflammatory bowel disease of different races, which may be further modified by disparities in care delivery. Using the Kids' Inpatient Database, we aimed to evaluate differences in the management of pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease by race, focusing on length of stay (LOS). Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using 2000 to 2012 data from the Kids' Inpatient Database, a nationally representative database. We identified pediatric patients (≤18 years of age) with discharge di...
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Lasting Impact of Clostridium difficile Infection in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis
Background: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease are at an increased risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), but the impact of CDI on disease severity is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of CDI on long-term disease outcome in a matched cohort of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Methods: Patients who tested positive for infection formed the CDI-positive group. We generated a 1:2 propensity matched case to control cohort based on risk factors for CDI in the year before infection. Health care utilization data (emergency department use, hospitalizations, and telephone encounte...
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Tissue Drug Concentrations of Anti-tumor Necrosis Factor Agents Are Associated with the Long-term Outcome of Patients with Crohn's Disease
Conclusions: Concentrations of anti-TNF agents in the noninflamed tissue can reflect sustained remission and may be a useful biomarker for monitoring therapeutic intensity in patients with Crohn's disease treated with anti-TNF agents (see Video Abstract, Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/IBD/B623). (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Serum Hepcidin in Children with Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Conclusions: In our study, serum hepcidin concentration was significantly decreased in IBD children compared with controls. Hepcidin correlated positively with ferritin, but not with any of inflammatory markers. It may suggest that in our cohort, hepcidin was regulated predominantly by iron storage level. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Phenotype and Management of Infantile-onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Experience from a Tertiary Care Center in China
Conclusions: Patients with infantile-onset IBD had severe phenotype and early onset. Medical, surgical interventions with supportive care are essential. High-throughput sequencing ensures appropriate treatment. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can be performed in selected patients with IL10RA mutations (see Video Abstract, Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/IBD/B657). (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Impact of Prostate Cancer and Its Treatment on the Outcomes of Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis
Conclusions: The risk of pouch failure may be increased after the diagnosis of prostate cancer with or without treatment. However, for those with retained pouches, their pouch function and QOL did not seem to be adversely affected. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Obese Patients Undergoing Ileal Pouch–Anal Anastomosis: Short-and Long-term Surgical Outcomes
Background: Ileal pouch–anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the preferred surgical treatment for patients with chronic ulcerative colitis. Little is known about the impact of obesity on operative characteristics, short-term postoperative complications and long-term functional outcomes after IPAA. Methods: A retrospective review of all patients undergoing IPAA for chronic ulcerative colitis at a single tertiary referral center between January 2002 and August 2013 was performed. Thirty-day postoperative complications and long-term functional outcomes were analyzed according to body mass index. Results: Nine hundred nine...
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Expression and Clinical Significance of Elafin in Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Conclusions: Elafin decreased in active patients with IBD and was negatively correlated with disease activity, suggesting that elafin may play a protective role and could be used as an index to evaluate disease activity in IBD. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Basic Science Articles Source Type: research

Accumulation of HLA-DR4 in Colonic Epithelial Cells Causes Severe Colitis in Homozygous HLA-DR4 Transgenic Mice
Conclusions: The pathogenesis of the colitis observed in the homozygous tgm was likely due to endoplasmic reticulum stress, resulting in goblet cell damage and compromised mucus production in the colonic epithelial cells in which HLA-DR4/I-Ed molecules were heavily accumulated. Commensal bacteria seemed to be involved in the accumulation of HLA-DR4/I-Ed, leading to development of the colitis. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Basic Science Articles Source Type: research

Targeted Gene Panel Sequencing for Early-onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Chronic Diarrhea
Conclusions: Targeted gene panel sequencing is a fast and effective screening method for monogenic causes of eoIBD that should be routinely established in national referral centers. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Basic Science Articles Source Type: research

Rapid Infliximab Infusion in Children with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Multicenter North American Experience
Conclusions: In children with inflammatory bowel disease, rapid IFX infusion administered over 60 minutes is safe and well-tolerated. Antihistamine premedications may reduce frequency of IRs (see Video Abstract, Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/IBD/B632). (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Future Directions and Methods for IBD Research Source Type: research

Findings of Retrograde Contrast Study Through Double-balloon Enteroscopy Predict the Risk of Bowel Resections in Patients with Crohn's Disease with Small Bowel Stenosis
This study aimed to examine whether a retrograde contrast study through DBE could be used as a predictor of subsequent surgery in patients with CD with small intestinal strictures. Methods: The findings of DBE with retrograde contrast in 48 patients CD with small bowel strictures were examined. Results: Of the 48 patients, 14 (29%) underwent surgery for small intestinal strictures during a median observation period of 2.4 years (interquartile range: 1.4–3.7 yr). According to the results of the multivariate analysis, a maximum length of strictures ≥20 mm and the ratio of the maximum diameter of prestenotic di...
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Future Directions and Methods for IBD Research Source Type: research

Indirect Costs and Family Burden of Pediatric Crohn's Disease in the United States
Background: Crohn's disease (CD) negatively impacts patient quality of life and results in greater healthcare utilization. For pediatric CD patients, the burden also extends to their caregivers. We aimed to estimate work loss and productivity costs among caregivers of pediatric CD patients. Methods: Data were from Truven MarketScan databases (2000–2012). Patients were (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: IBD LIVE Articles Source Type: research

Infliximab Therapeutic Drug Monitoring Changes Clinical Decisions in a Virtual Biologics Clinic for Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Background: Virtual biologics clinics are often used to review patients with inflammatory bowel disease receiving biological therapy, with decisions whether to continue, switch, or stop therapy made based on review of symptoms, disease history, and investigations. We aimed to investigate whether therapeutic drug monitoring of infliximab (IFX) trough levels and anti-drug antibodies influences decision making within a virtual biologics clinic. Methods: For all patients with inflammatory bowel disease receiving IFX maintenance therapy, 2 decisions were recorded in a preset format. The first decision was based on assessme...
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: IBD LIVE Articles Source Type: research

Dietary Polyphenols in the Aetiology of Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis—A Multicenter European Prospective Cohort Study (EPIC)
Conclusions: The data supports a potential role of flavones and resveratrol in the risk of developing CD; future aetiological studies should investigate these dietary components and further examine the potential for residual confounding. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: IBD LIVE Articles Source Type: research

Improving the Reproducibility and Quality of Reporting for Animal Studies in Inflammatory Bowel Disease
No abstract available (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - December 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Editors' Commentary Source Type: research

Novel ZBTB24 Mutation Associated with Immunodeficiency, Centromere Instability, and Facial Anomalies Type-2 Syndrome Identified in a Patient with Very Early Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Conclusion: This describes the first case of inflammatory bowel disease associated with immunodeficiency, centromere instability, and facial anomalies type-2 syndrome in a child with a novel disease-causing mutation in ZBTB24 found on whole-exome sequencing. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Real-world Experience of Anti–tumor Necrosis Factor Therapy for Internal Fistulas in Crohn's Disease: A Retrospective Multicenter Cohort Study
Conclusions: In the present retrospective cohort study, approximately half of patients with internal fistulas avoided surgery for long periods. It may be reasonable to treat quiescent single internal fistulas with anti-TNF agents soon after the diagnosis of internal fistulas. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Impact of Histological and Endoscopic Remissions on Clinical Recurrence and Recurrence-free Time in Ulcerative Colitis
Conclusion: The presence of histological activity represents an independent predictive factor of recurrence and time to recurrence, which was not verified with MSe 0 to 1. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Subcutaneous Golimumab in Pediatric Ulcerative Colitis: Pharmacokinetics and Clinical Benefit
We report a multicenter, open-label study of golimumab with a pharmacokinetics phase (week 0–14). Patients had moderately-to-severely active UC and were naive to anti-tumor necrosis factor treatment. At weeks 0 and 2, patients received golimumab induction dosed by weight ( (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Bone Mass Development from Childhood into Young Adulthood in Patients with Childhood-onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Conclusions: Male patients with childhood-onset IBD seem to have an increased risk of compromised BMD in young adulthood. Both female and male patients with IBD seem to increase their BMD beyond the age for expected peak bone mass (see Video abstract, Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/IBD/B648). (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Metronidazole or Rifaximin for Treatment of Clostridium difficile in Pediatric Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial
Conclusions: Metronidazole and rifaximin were similarly effective treatments for CDI in pediatric patients with IBD. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Antibodies Toward Vedolizumab Appear from the First Infusion Onward and Disappear Over Time
Conclusions: AVA appear from the first VDZ infusion onward and disappear over time. The low prevalence of AVA suggests that immunogenicity does not influence response to treatment. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Surgical Outcomes in Vedolizumab-Treated Patients with Ulcerative Colitis
Conclusions: Vedolizumab patients had significantly increased rates of superficial SSI, but not overall infectious complications. Among ileal pouch anal anastomosis patients, peripouch abscess rates were increased among vedolizumab-treated patients, but this did not reach statistical significance. Vedolizumab seems safe in the perioperative period for patients with UC. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Minority Pediatric Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease Demonstrate an Increased Length of Stay
Background: Genetic and other biological factors may lead to differences in disease behavior among children with inflammatory bowel disease of different races, which may be further modified by disparities in care delivery. Using the Kids' Inpatient Database, we aimed to evaluate differences in the management of pediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease by race, focusing on length of stay (LOS). Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using 2000 to 2012 data from the Kids' Inpatient Database, a nationally representative database. We identified pediatric patients (≤18 years of age) with discharge di...
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Lasting Impact of Clostridium difficile Infection in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis
Background: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease are at an increased risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), but the impact of CDI on disease severity is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of CDI on long-term disease outcome in a matched cohort of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Methods: Patients who tested positive for infection formed the CDI-positive group. We generated a 1:2 propensity matched case to control cohort based on risk factors for CDI in the year before infection. Health care utilization data (emergency department use, hospitalizations, and telephone encounte...
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Tissue Drug Concentrations of Anti-tumor Necrosis Factor Agents Are Associated with the Long-term Outcome of Patients with Crohn's Disease
Conclusions: Concentrations of anti-TNF agents in the noninflamed tissue can reflect sustained remission and may be a useful biomarker for monitoring therapeutic intensity in patients with Crohn's disease treated with anti-TNF agents (see Video Abstract, Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/IBD/B623). (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Serum Hepcidin in Children with Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Conclusions: In our study, serum hepcidin concentration was significantly decreased in IBD children compared with controls. Hepcidin correlated positively with ferritin, but not with any of inflammatory markers. It may suggest that in our cohort, hepcidin was regulated predominantly by iron storage level. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Phenotype and Management of Infantile-onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Experience from a Tertiary Care Center in China
Conclusions: Patients with infantile-onset IBD had severe phenotype and early onset. Medical, surgical interventions with supportive care are essential. High-throughput sequencing ensures appropriate treatment. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can be performed in selected patients with IL10RA mutations (see Video Abstract, Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/IBD/B657). (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Impact of Prostate Cancer and Its Treatment on the Outcomes of Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis
Conclusions: The risk of pouch failure may be increased after the diagnosis of prostate cancer with or without treatment. However, for those with retained pouches, their pouch function and QOL did not seem to be adversely affected. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Obese Patients Undergoing Ileal Pouch–Anal Anastomosis: Short-and Long-term Surgical Outcomes
Background: Ileal pouch–anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the preferred surgical treatment for patients with chronic ulcerative colitis. Little is known about the impact of obesity on operative characteristics, short-term postoperative complications and long-term functional outcomes after IPAA. Methods: A retrospective review of all patients undergoing IPAA for chronic ulcerative colitis at a single tertiary referral center between January 2002 and August 2013 was performed. Thirty-day postoperative complications and long-term functional outcomes were analyzed according to body mass index. Results: Nine hundred nine...
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Clinical Articles Source Type: research

Expression and Clinical Significance of Elafin in Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Conclusions: Elafin decreased in active patients with IBD and was negatively correlated with disease activity, suggesting that elafin may play a protective role and could be used as an index to evaluate disease activity in IBD. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Basic Science Articles Source Type: research

Accumulation of HLA-DR4 in Colonic Epithelial Cells Causes Severe Colitis in Homozygous HLA-DR4 Transgenic Mice
Conclusions: The pathogenesis of the colitis observed in the homozygous tgm was likely due to endoplasmic reticulum stress, resulting in goblet cell damage and compromised mucus production in the colonic epithelial cells in which HLA-DR4/I-Ed molecules were heavily accumulated. Commensal bacteria seemed to be involved in the accumulation of HLA-DR4/I-Ed, leading to development of the colitis. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Basic Science Articles Source Type: research

Targeted Gene Panel Sequencing for Early-onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Chronic Diarrhea
Conclusions: Targeted gene panel sequencing is a fast and effective screening method for monogenic causes of eoIBD that should be routinely established in national referral centers. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Basic Science Articles Source Type: research

Rapid Infliximab Infusion in Children with Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Multicenter North American Experience
Conclusions: In children with inflammatory bowel disease, rapid IFX infusion administered over 60 minutes is safe and well-tolerated. Antihistamine premedications may reduce frequency of IRs (see Video Abstract, Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/IBD/B632). (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Future Directions and Methods for IBD Research Source Type: research

Findings of Retrograde Contrast Study Through Double-balloon Enteroscopy Predict the Risk of Bowel Resections in Patients with Crohn's Disease with Small Bowel Stenosis
This study aimed to examine whether a retrograde contrast study through DBE could be used as a predictor of subsequent surgery in patients with CD with small intestinal strictures. Methods: The findings of DBE with retrograde contrast in 48 patients CD with small bowel strictures were examined. Results: Of the 48 patients, 14 (29%) underwent surgery for small intestinal strictures during a median observation period of 2.4 years (interquartile range: 1.4–3.7 yr). According to the results of the multivariate analysis, a maximum length of strictures ≥20 mm and the ratio of the maximum diameter of prestenotic di...
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Future Directions and Methods for IBD Research Source Type: research

Indirect Costs and Family Burden of Pediatric Crohn's Disease in the United States
Background: Crohn's disease (CD) negatively impacts patient quality of life and results in greater healthcare utilization. For pediatric CD patients, the burden also extends to their caregivers. We aimed to estimate work loss and productivity costs among caregivers of pediatric CD patients. Methods: Data were from Truven MarketScan databases (2000–2012). Patients were (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: IBD LIVE Articles Source Type: research

Infliximab Therapeutic Drug Monitoring Changes Clinical Decisions in a Virtual Biologics Clinic for Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Background: Virtual biologics clinics are often used to review patients with inflammatory bowel disease receiving biological therapy, with decisions whether to continue, switch, or stop therapy made based on review of symptoms, disease history, and investigations. We aimed to investigate whether therapeutic drug monitoring of infliximab (IFX) trough levels and anti-drug antibodies influences decision making within a virtual biologics clinic. Methods: For all patients with inflammatory bowel disease receiving IFX maintenance therapy, 2 decisions were recorded in a preset format. The first decision was based on assessme...
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: IBD LIVE Articles Source Type: research

Dietary Polyphenols in the Aetiology of Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis—A Multicenter European Prospective Cohort Study (EPIC)
Conclusions: The data supports a potential role of flavones and resveratrol in the risk of developing CD; future aetiological studies should investigate these dietary components and further examine the potential for residual confounding. (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: IBD LIVE Articles Source Type: research

Improving the Reproducibility and Quality of Reporting for Animal Studies in Inflammatory Bowel Disease
No abstract available (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 29, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Editors' Commentary Source Type: research

IBD LIVE Series—Case 8: Treatment Options for Refractory Esophageal Crohn’s Disease and Hidradenitis Suppurativa: ERRATUM
No abstract available (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

How to Avoid Primary Nonresponders to Infliximab in Crohn's Disease
No abstract available (Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases)
Source: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases - November 1, 2017 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Online Only: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research