Hepatitis B Virus Infection and Its Determinants among Pregnant Women in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Conclusions: HBV infection among pregnant women is a common public health problem in Ethiopia. Multiple sexual partners, abortion history, blood transfusion history, and body tattoo were significantly associated with HBV infection. Policies and strategies should focus on factors identified in this study to improve the prevention of HBV among pregnant women. PMID: 32577077 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - June 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Detection of Ureaplasma Biovars and Subtyping of Ureaplasma parvum among Women Referring to a University Hospital in Morocco.
Authors: Karim S, Bouchikhi C, Banani A, Fatemi HEL, Souho T, Erraghay S, Bennani B Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Ureaplasma biovars and Ureaplasma parvum (U. parvum) serovars, their associated risk factors, and genital STI-related symptoms. Methods: DNA obtained from cervical samples of 1053 women attending the department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the laboratory of pathological anatomy of Hassan II university hospital of Fez, Morocco, was used to detect Ureaplasma biovars (U. urealyticum and U. parvum) and to subtype U. parvum by polymerase chain reaction ...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - June 24, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

The Role of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) on Interleukin 17A (IL-17A) in Normotensive and Preeclamptic Black South African Women.
Conclusion: The study demonstrates that IL-17A is involved in the pathophysiology of PE and that in the presence of HIV infection, chronic HAART administration predisposes women to the development of EOPE. PMID: 32550763 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - June 21, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

A Need for Standardization of the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Pilot Study in an Outpatient Clinic in Quito, Ecuador.
Conclusions: No standardized methods of diagnosis or treatment were identifiable. These findings highlight the need for standardization of the diagnosis and treatment of PID attributed to chlamydial and gonococcal infections. PMID: 32454581 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - May 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

HIV Screening During Pregnancy in a U.S. HIV Epicenter.
Conclusion: Despite 99.8% of women having at least one HIV screening test during pregnancy, there is room for improvement in routine prenatal screening in both early pregnancy and third trimester prior to onset of labor in this high-risk population. PMID: 32454582 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - May 28, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Antenatal Influenza Vaccination in a Medically Underserved Population.
The objective of this study was to evaluate clinical and demographic factors associated with antenatal influenza vaccination in a medically underserved population of women. We conducted a retrospective cohort study at Grady Memorial Hospital, a large safety-net hospital in Atlanta, Georgia, from July 1, 2016, to June 30, 2018. Demographic and clinical characteristics were abstracted from the electronic medical record. The Kotelchuck index was used to assess prenatal care adequacy. Relative risks and 95% confidence intervals for associations between receipt of influenza vaccine and prenatal care adequacy, demographic charac...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - May 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Phase I Study in Healthy Women of a Novel Antimycotic Vaginal Ovule Combining Econazole and Benzydamine.
Conclusion: The tested fixed-dose combination showed a good safety profile consistently with the known tolerability of both active substances. In addition, the confirmed low bioavailability of the drugs excludes the possibility of any accumulation effects and limits the risk of undesired systemic effects. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov with the identifier NCT02720783 last updated on 07 February 2017. PMID: 32410819 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - May 16, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Does Aerobic Vaginitis Have Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes? Prospective Observational Study.
Conclusion: AV is common in late pregnancy and is linked to a diversity of adversative pregnancy outcomes including preterm birth, PROM, and neonatal ICU admission. Moreover, the incidence of PTB and PROM might further increase with the severity of AV. Clinicians should pay more consideration to vaginal microbiota assessment during pregnancy. PMID: 32395067 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - May 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Bacteriuria in Pregnancy in a Danish Contemporary Cohort of Women.
Authors: Greve VH, Greve T, Helmig RB Abstract Introduction: The purpose of this study is to describe bacteriuria with regard to the uropathogens found in relation to the frequency of urine culture tests in a contemporary cohort of pregnant Danish women. Methods: A historical cohort study of 24,817 pregnant women registered in the Danish Fetal Medicine Database at Aarhus University Hospital, from 2010 to 2014. Social security numbers were linked to the microbiological database with the registration of 17,233 urine cultures in 8,807 women. Bacteriuria was defined as 1 × 105 CFU/ml, with a maximum of t...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - May 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Urinary Tract Infections among Indonesian Pregnant Women and Its Susceptibility Pattern.
Authors: Rosana Y, Ocviyanti D, Halim M, Harlinda FY, Amran R, Akbar W, Billy M, Akhmad SRP Abstract Pregnant women are usually at risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs) such as asymptomatic bacteriuria. In the current multidrug-resistance era, appropriate diagnosis and treatment should be provided to avoid complications in pregnant women in developing countries, which have limited facilities, such as Indonesia. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro susceptibility tests. Urinary isolates were collected from 715 pregnant women who visited eight Community Health Centers in Jakarta, Indonesia, between 2015 a...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - May 8, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Phenotypic and Genotypic Characterization of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamases Produced by Escherichia coli Colonizing Pregnant Women.
Conclusion: In conclusion, this study showed that Lebanon has a high prevalence of ESBL carriage in pregnant women. Further studies that include a continuous screening of pregnant women and follow up of their newborn clinical status should be conducted to foresee the risk of transmission. PMID: 32327921 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - April 26, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Influence of Sexually Transmitted Infections in Pregnant Adolescents on Preterm Birth and Chorioamnionitis.
We examined the prevalence and impact of STIs (gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomonas) on PTB and chorioamnionitis in pregnant adolescents. Methods: This retrospective cohort study utilized the first pregnancy delivered at an urban hospital among patients ≤ 19 years old over a 5-year period. Poisson regression with robust standard errors was used to estimate prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of the association between STIs and PTB (
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - April 12, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Cervical Cancer Screening Uptake: Implications for the Health of Women in Jordan.
Conclusion: Cervical cancer screening uptake among Jordanian women is significantly low; determining factors for the decision to undergo screening include encouragement from the healthcare provider, the number of years of marriage, and use of the private healthcare sector. To improve uptake, structured screening programmes need to be implemented in collaboration with national partners and institutions to decrease the incidence of cervical cancer in Jordan. PMID: 32256030 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - April 9, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Prevalence of Congenital Malaria in Kisangani, A Stable Malaria Transmission Area in Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Conclusion: Congenital malaria remains a major problem in stable malaria transmission area like Kisangani, and it is grafted by major perinatal complications, particularly low birth weight and perinatal mortality. We recommend an extended study to clarify the relationship between the outcome of pregnancy and the intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy with Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine. PMID: 32158176 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - March 13, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

A Retrospective Review of Neonatal Sepsis among GBS-Colonized Women Undergoing Planned Cesarean Section after Labor Onset or Rupture of Membranes.
Conclusion: This study suggests that neonates of GBS-colonized women having a planned cesarean section after onset of labor or rupture of membranes are at increased risk of having a sepsis diagnosis. This finding suggest the need for additional studies to assess the risk of sepsis among neonates of women in this group. PMID: 32148387 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - March 10, 2020 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Assisted Reproductive Technology as a Transcutaneous Route for Bacterial Contamination of Ovarian Endometrioma with Coagulase-Negative Staphylococcus: Case Report and Review of the Literature.
Authors: Edelstein S, Ben Shachar I, Ben-Amram H, Biswas S, Marcus N Abstract Tubo-ovarian abscess may develop in women with endometrioma following assisted reproductive technology (ART). The infection, though rare, is typically late in onset and may present several months after the procedure, and in pregnancy-with the risks of abortion and premature labor. It is thought that transcutaneous oocyte retrieval during ART is the route for bacterial contamination resulting in infection of the endometrioma. Pathogens reported in the literature include Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Group B streptococcus (GBS) but Staphyl...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 26, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Emergence of Vulvovaginal Candidiasis among Lebanese Pregnant Women: Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Species Distribution.
Conclusion: The prevalence of VVC in pregnant women is an increasing trend in our community. Therefore, routine medical examination and regular screening for candidiasis in the antenatal care program is highly recommended to manage the disease and its complications. PMID: 31467477 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - September 1, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Accuracy of Curable Sexually Transmitted Infections and Genital Mycoplasmas Screening by Multiplex Real-Time PCR Using a Self-Collected Veil among Adult Women in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Conclusions: Veil-based self-collection of female genital secretions constitutes a convenient tool to collect in gentle way cervicovaginal secretions for accurate molecular detection of genital bacteria. Such sampling procedure could be easily implemented in STIs clinics in sub-Saharan Africa. PMID: 31379424 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 7, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Tubo-Ovarian Abscesses: Epidemiology and Predictors for Failed Response to Medical Management in an Asian Population.
Authors: Chan GMF, Fong YF, Ng KL Abstract Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) complicated by tubo-ovarian abscesses (TOA) has long-term sequelae in women of reproductive age. Consensus on the optimal treatment of TOA remains lacking. Most clinicians utilize antibiotics as a first-line conservative approach, failing which invasive intervention is adopted. Our aim is to identify risk factors predicting failed response to conservative medical management for TOA in an Asian population. A retrospective cohort study of 136 patients admitted to a tertiary hospital in Singapore for TOA between July 2013 and December 2017 wa...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - July 6, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Asymptomatic Bacterial Vaginosis in Pregnancy and Missed Opportunities for Treatment: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study.
Conclusion: There is a high burden of primarily asymptomatic BV in HIV uninfected pregnant women in this periurban setting. Both the sensitivity and specificity of vaginal pH testing are superior to the symptomatic diagnosis of BV but not good enough to be used as a screening tool. PMID: 31186607 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - June 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

HIV Status and Other Risk Factors for Prevalent and Incident Sexually Transmitted Infection during Pregnancy (2000-2014).
Authors: Dionne-Odom J, Khan MJ, Jauk VC, Szychowski J, Long DM, Wallace S, Neely C, Fry K, Marrazzo J, Crain M, Tita ATN Abstract Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are associated with adverse birth outcomes. Current prenatal STI screening guidelines define "risk" without explicit consideration of HIV status. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that HIV status is associated with bacterial STI in pregnant women. Methods: We designed a retrospective cohort study to identify pregnant women with HIV who delivered at our facility during 2000-2014. HIV+ women were compared to HIV- wome...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - May 7, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection in Early Pregnancy: Prevalence and Implications.
Conclusion: The prevalence of genital HPV infection is high during pregnancy (around 40%) and was associated with higher incidence of PPROM. PMID: 31019362 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - April 27, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

The Impact of Plasmodium Infection on Placental Histomorphology: A Stereological Preliminary Study.
Conclusion: This preliminary result indicates that placental malaria may cause significant increase in the syncytial knots but not foetal capillaries, intervillous spaces, or syncytial necrosis. This finding signifies early maturation of the placenta and may be crucial in understanding perinatal outcomes. PMID: 30940990 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - April 5, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Profiling of the Causative Bacteria in Infected Lymphocysts after Lymphadenectomy for Gynecologic Cancer by Pyrosequencing the 16S Ribosomal RNA Gene Using Next-Generation Sequencing Technology.
Conclusions. NGS revealed that the causative bacteria in lymphocele infection are normally a single strain, such as a surface Gram-positive coccus or enteric bacteria. Antibiotics should be chosen as appropriate for elimination of these respective bacteria. PMID: 30914831 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - March 28, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Challenges in the Contemporary Management of Syphilis among Pregnant Women in New Orleans, LA.
Conclusion: With rising rates of CS, strict adherence to the 2015 CDC guidelines for treatment of syphilis must be maintained. PMID: 30894787 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - March 23, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

HIV Care Continuum among Postpartum Women Living with HIV in Atlanta.
Authors: Meade CM, Badell M, Hackett S, Mehta CC, Haddad LB, Camacho-Gonzalez A, Ford J, Holstad MM, Armstrong WS, Sheth AN Abstract Introduction: While increased healthcare engagement and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence occurs during pregnancy, women living with HIV (WLWH) are often lost to follow-up after delivery. We sought to evaluate postpartum retention in care and viral suppression and to identify associated factors among WLWH in a large public hospital in Atlanta, Georgia. Methods: Data from the time of entry into prenatal care until 24 months postpartum were collected by chart review from WLWH w...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - March 23, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) Colonization and Disease among Pregnant Women: A Historical Cohort Study.
Authors: Edwards JM, Watson N, Focht C, Wynn C, Todd CA, Walter EB, Heine RP, Swamy GK Abstract Background: Maternal GBS colonization is associated with early-onset neonatal sepsis and extensive efforts are directed to preventing this complication. Less is known about maternal risks of GBS colonization. We seek to provide a modern estimate of the incidence and impact of maternal GBS colonization and invasive GBS disease. Methods: A single center historical cohort study of all births between 2003 and 2015 was performed. Data was collected via electronic health record abstraction using an institutional specific t...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - March 13, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Total and Free 25-Hydroxy-Vitamin D and Bacterial Vaginosis in Pregnant African American Women.
Conclusion: The change in measures of vitamin D status from early to later pregnancy is associated with the occurrence of BV in pregnancy. Further research is needed to examine the association between the change in vitamin D status over pregnancy and the occurrence of BV and other measures of vaginal microbial composition as well as to identify factors that influence change in vitamin D status over pregnancy. PMID: 30692844 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - January 31, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Importance of High-Risk Human Papillomavirus Infection Detection in Female Renal Transplant Recipients in the First Year after Transplantation.
Conclusions: From the obtained data, it follows that it is very important to carefully monitor patients receiving immunosuppression therapy on progression of HR-HPV. PMID: 30631242 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - January 12, 2019 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Molecular Antimicrobial Resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae in a Moroccan Area.
Conclusion: Resistance to penicillin, tetracycline, and ciprofloxacin among NG samples positives remained at high levels in Morocco as determined by molecular profile. So, the use of molecular tools for NG antimicrobial resistance detection can help in the management and spread limitation of this infection. PMID: 30584266 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 27, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Perceived Barriers to Antepartum HIV Medication Adherence in HIV Infected Pregnant Women.
Conclusion: Overall, women who were diagnosed with HIV during the current pregnancy, those with planned pregnancies, and those who were on medications prior to pregnancy were more likely to report daily ART adherence. Detectable viral load at delivery is the greatest risk factor for perinatal transmission; therefore strategies to increase ART adherence are needed. PMID: 30410301 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - November 10, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections among Married Women in Rural Nepal.
Conclusion: We observed high prevalence of HPV infection followed by trichomoniasis, while other STIs were rare among women in rural Nepal. There was no association between genitourinary symptoms and laboratory-confirmed STIs. PMID: 30224859 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - September 20, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Low Prevalence of Active Tuberculosis among High-Risk Pregnant and Postpartum Women in Sweden: A Retrospective Epidemiological Cohort Study Using and Evaluating TST as Screening Method.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that TST screening of high-risk women may not be an effective strategy, since the prevalence of active TB is low. Investigating pregnant and postpartum women with TB symptoms instead of TST for screening could be an option in low TB prevalence areas. The criteria for diagnosing and treating LTBI should be clearly stated. PMID: 30154639 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 31, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Periodontal Disease, Inflammatory Cytokines, and PGE2 in Pregnant Patients at Risk of Preterm Delivery: A Pilot Study.
Conclusion. Periodontal disease can increase the systemic inflammatory response as well as the levels of PGE 2 and inflammatory cytokines in pregnant patients. PMID: 30154640 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 31, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

The Role of Polymorphonuclear Leukocyte Counts from Urethra, Cervix, and Vaginal Wet Mount in Diagnosis of Nongonococcal Lower Genital Tract Infection.
Conclusion: Including microscopic criteria for the diagnosis of LGTI gives better indication for presumptive antibiotic treatment than anamnestic and clinical diagnosis alone. PMID: 30147292 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 28, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Benzoyl Peroxide Inhibits Quorum Sensing and Biofilm Formation by Gardnerella vaginalis 14018.
In this study, we evaluated the antimicrobial, antibiofilm, and quorum sensing inhibitory effects of benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid against Gardnerella vaginalis ATCC 14018, the predominant pathogen of bacterial vaginosis. While the highest tested concentrations of 250 and 125 μg/mL for both compounds were not sufficient in completely inhibiting the growth of G. vaginalis ATCC 14018, they did prevent biofilm formation by inhibiting the bacterial quorum sensing system in the pathogen. To our knowledge, this report is the first evidence that benzoyl peroxide can have a quorum sensing-mediated biofilm controlling effe...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 1, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Prevalence and Clinical Significance of Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis (Groups C or G Streptococci) Colonization in Pregnant Women: A Retrospective Cohort Study.
Conclusions: Streptococcus G or C colonization is associated with postpartum endometritis. More research is needed to clarify if antibiotic prophylaxis is reasonable for this group during delivery. PMID: 29973773 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - July 7, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Acceptability and Feasibility of Integrating Point-of-Care Diagnostic Testing of Sexually Transmitted Infections into a South African Antenatal Care Program for HIV-Infected Pregnant Women.
Conclusions: Integration of POC diagnostic STI screening into first-visit antenatal care services was feasible and highly acceptable for HIV-infected pregnant women. PMID: 29861622 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - June 5, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Hepatitis B Virus Testing and Care among Pregnant Women Using Commercial Claims Data, United States, 2011-2014.
Authors: Harris AM, Isenhour C, Schillie S, Vellozzi C Abstract Introduction: Pregnant women should receive hepatitis B virus (HBV) testing with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), but it is unclear whether HBV-infected pregnant women are linked to care. Methods: We analyzed MarketScan™ commercial insurance claims. We included pregnant women, aged 10-50 years, with 42 weeks of continuous enrollment before (predelivery) and 6 months after (postdelivery) the first delivery claim for each unique pregnancy between 1/1/2011 and 6/30/2014. We identified claims for HBsAg testing by CPT code and described the ca...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - May 30, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Universal Rapid Human Immunodeficiency Virus Screening at Delivery: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.
Authors: Scott RK, Crochet S, Huang CC Abstract Objective: To determine the cost-effectiveness of universal maternal HIV screening at time of delivery to decrease mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), by comparing the cost and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) of universal rapid HIV screening at time of delivery to two current standards of care for prenatal HIV screening in the United States. Study Design: We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis to compare the cost and QALY of universal intrapartum rapid HIV screening with two current standards of care: (I) opt-out rapid HIV testing limited to patients with...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - May 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Time-Kill Kinetics of Rezafungin (CD101) in Vagina-Simulative Medium for Fluconazole-Susceptible and Fluconazole-Resistant Candida albicans and Non-albicans Candida Species.
Conclusion: Rezafungin retained anti-Candida activity and fungicidal activity under in vitro conditions relevant to VVC. PMID: 29681727 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - April 25, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Evolution of Knowledge, Awareness, and Practices regarding Zika Virus from 2016 to 2017.
Conclusions: Our results provide novel insight into the transformation of knowledge, attitudes, and practice of community members and healthcare providers regarding Zika virus since its declaration as a public health emergency of international concern in 2016. PMID: 29348707 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - January 21, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Genital Tract Infections in an Isolated Community: 100 Women of the Pr íncipe Island.
Conclusion: The prevalence of NG, CT, TV, and HR-HPV was according to expected, while that of HR-AVF was higher. The surprisingly low prevalence of HPV16 and HPV18 must be considered in the design of programs for prevention and vaccination; this setting can be useful as a model for postvaccination scenarios. PMID: 29259388 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 22, 2017 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Retracted: Induction of Heat Shock Protein Expression in Cervical Epithelial Cells by Human Semen.
Authors: In Obstetrics And Gynecology ID Abstract [This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/S1064744999000046.]. PMID: 29259389 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 22, 2017 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Candida Chorioamnionitis Leads to Preterm Birth and Adverse Fetal-Neonatal Outcome.
Authors: Maki Y, Fujisaki M, Sato Y, Sameshima H Abstract Candida chorioamnionitis is rare but can lead to neonatal infection, high mortality, and neurodevelopmental impairment. We aimed to investigate maternal clinical features and perinatal outcomes and discuss future management strategies. We reviewed the medical records of women with Candida chorioamnionitis at our hospital over a 10-year period (n = 9) and previous published case reports and case series. The most prevalent Candida species was C. albicans (71.3% of the all cases). The most prevalent predisposing condition was preterm premature rupture of membra...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - December 2, 2017 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Pubic Hair Shaving Is Correlated to Vulvar Dysplasia and Inflammation: A Case-Control Study.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that partial or complete pubic hair shaving using a razor is correlated with and could be a potential risk factor for the development of genital inflammation, vulvar dysplasia, and malignancies. These results need to be confirmed in larger studies. HPV status and genital inflammation should be documented by medical personnel. PMID: 29104417 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - November 7, 2017 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Women Living with HIV over Age of 65: Cervical Cancer Screening in a Unique and Growing Population.
CONCLUSION: The majority of women had negative and low-grade Pap smears. Questions remain regarding the utility of continued Pap screening and the added value of HPV testing in this unique population of older women living with HIV. PMID: 29075090 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 28, 2017 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Knowledge of Human Cytomegalovirus Infection and Prevention in Pregnant Women: A Baseline, Operational Survey.
Authors: Mazzitelli M, Micieli M, Votino C, Visconti F, Quaresima P, Strazzulla A, Torti C, Zullo F Abstract Currently, the only efficient way to prevent human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in pregnancy is primary prophylaxis through hygienic measures. So, we evaluated knowledge of HCMV and its prevention in a group of pregnant women. An anonymous questionnaire with multiple-choice answers was administered to all pregnant women who were followed up at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit of "Pugliese-Ciaccio Hospital," a third-level hospital in Catanzaro (Southern Italy), from November 2015 to March 2016...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 25, 2017 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Dual Method Use among Postpartum HIV-Infected and HIV-Uninfected Malawian Women: A Prospective Cohort Study.
Authors: Kopp DM, Tang JH, Stuart GS, Miller WC, O'Shea MS, Hosseinipour MC, Bonongwe P, Mwale M, Rosenberg NE Abstract Dual method use, use of condoms plus another effective contraceptive method, is important in settings with high rates of unintended pregnancy and HIV infection. We evaluated the association of HIV status with dual method use in a cohort of postpartum women. Women completed baseline surveys in the postpartum ward and telephone surveys about contraceptive use 3, 6, and 12 months later. Nonpregnant women who completed at least one follow-up survey were eligible for this secondary analysis. Prevalence...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - August 15, 2017 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Prevalence of High-Risk Genotypes of Human Papillomavirus: Women Diagnosed with Premalignant and Malignant Pap Smear Tests in Southern Ecuador.
Authors: Dalgo Aguilar P, Loján González C, Córdova Rodríguez A, Acurio Páez K, Arévalo AP, Bobokova J Abstract Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the primary infectious agent for the development of cervical cancer, although the presence of the virus alone is insufficient for viral development and proliferation; this can be attributed to the increase in potential oncogenic risk, along with other risk factors. In the present investigation, the prevalence of high-risk HPV was determined from samples of premalignant or malignant cervical cytology in women from the southern region o...
Source: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology - July 21, 2017 Category: OBGYN Tags: Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research