Overimitation of Children With Cochlear Implants or Hearing Aids in Comparison With Children With Normal Hearing
This study evaluated overimitation within children with hearing impairments (who had either a cochlear implant or a hearing aid) in relation to those with normal hearing. A total of seventy-two 4-year-old children were shown how to operate novel objects using a series of causally irrelevant actions, followed by causally relevant action. We measured the degree to which children reproduced the irrelevant actions as an indicator of imitative fidelity. Children with either hearing impairments or normal hearing replicated the irrelevant actions at rates above the baseline. However, imitative fidelity of the former group was sig...
Source: Infants and Young Children - December 3, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Impact of Child Characteristics and Mother's Educational Level on Child Engagement Levels
This study looked at the effect of mother's educational level, child emotional difficulties, peer interactions, age, and gender on children's sophistication level of engagement. Eighty-six randomly selected children, aged between 36 and 72 months, and 20 teachers from 5 early childhood education centers in Valencia, Spain, participated in the study. Teachers reported on children's sophistication levels of engagement, interaction with peers, and emotional difficulties. Mothers reported on their highest educational level. The results indicated a direct effect of age, emotional difficulties, peer interactions, and mother's ed...
Source: Infants and Young Children - December 3, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

A Review of Problem Solving and Reflection as Caregiver Coaching Strategies in Early Intervention
An increasing number of researchers are examining the benefits and outcomes of caregiver-implemented interventions for young children with delays or disabilities. Most report the incorporation of multiple coaching strategies within their approach; however, definitions and descriptions of coaching strategies and processes continue to be limited. This scoping review examined the use of various coaching strategies across models of caregiver coaching in early intervention, with a specific focus on problem solving and reflection coaching strategies occurring in the literature between 2011 and 2018. Problem solving and reflectio...
Source: Infants and Young Children - December 3, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Implementation of Developmental Screening by Childcare Providers
Early identification of young children at developmental risk is important for linkage to needed services. Yet, despite guidelines for developmental screening, many pediatricians do not systematically use screening tools. Because many young children spend time in childcare settings, conducting screening in these settings may improve rates of early identification. Surveys were sent to 356 childcare providers who attended brief developmental screening training to determine practices and perceptions related to implementation of screening in the childcare setting. A 51.7% useable response rate was obtained. A majority of respon...
Source: Infants and Young Children - December 3, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Developmental Outcomes of Preschool Special Education
The purpose of this secondary analysis of state-collected data was to investigate developmental outcomes of preschool special education (PSE) services in a statewide cohort of participating children (n = 17,828). In line with federal performance indicators for Individuals with Disabilities Education Act early childhood programs, the outcome of interest in this study was the percentage of children who demonstrated age-expected functioning in all 5 major domains of development—communication, cognitive, motor, personal–social, and adaptive—at the time they exited the PSE program. The study also investigated ...
Source: Infants and Young Children - December 3, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

From the Editor
No abstract available (Source: Infants and Young Children)
Source: Infants and Young Children - December 3, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: From the Editor Source Type: research

Finding a Common Lens: Competencies Across Professional Disciplines Providing Early Childhood Intervention
The Early Childhood Personnel Center (ECPC) was funded by the Office of Special Education Programs at the U.S. Department of Education to provide technical assistance to State Systems of Early Childhood Intervention and Institutions of Higher Education on issues related to personnel development. One initiative of the ECPC has been to collaborate with professional organizations to identify core cross-disciplinary competencies for all personnel serving infants and young children aged birth through 5 years with disabilities and their families. Seven national organizations representing disciplines providing services in early c...
Source: Infants and Young Children - August 28, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Preparing Occupational Therapists for Effective Family-Centered Best Practice in Early Intervention
This article describes a family partnership experience (FPE), which is part of SUNY Downstate's advanced training in EI. This article outlines the evolution of our FPE through 3 advanced training programs. In these FPEs, the OT students spend time with families who receive EI during their daily lives. Students complete assignments to identify the families' priorities and concerns, understand roles and routines, and assist families to access community resources. Through this FPE, students learn about the family's perspective. This article presents quantitative and qualitative data of the FPE through students' report in cour...
Source: Infants and Young Children - August 28, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

“The Constant by Our Side”—Mothers' Experiences of Early Intervention Therapy Services for Infants With Emerging Signs of Complex Neurodevelopmental Difficulties
This study was designed to explore parents' perceptions of EI therapy for infants with complex emerging neurodevelopmental difficulties. Using a descriptive qualitative approach, interviews were conducted with 6 mothers whose infants had been admitted to a neonatal unit and were receiving EI therapy services for their child. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed and then thematically analyzed. Four key themes emerged articulating the parent experiences during their evolving relationship with therapy providers in the neonatal unit and following discharge: (a) a vulnerable start—adjusting to the unexpected; (b...
Source: Infants and Young Children - August 28, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Building Professional Capacity to Strengthen Parent/Professional Relationships in Early Intervention: The FAN Approach
This article describes a successful pilot project to strengthen parent/professional relationships for families with children with disabilities living in a high-poverty urban area. Early intervention (EI) providers were trained to use the FAN (Facilitating Attuned Interactions) approach to increase their attunement to parent concerns and capacity to collaborate with parents during early intervention therapy sessions. Over the pilot project, the providers felt more empathic with parents, more collaborative, and more effective and satisfied in their roles. FAN is a promising approach and practical tool to strengthen relations...
Source: Infants and Young Children - August 28, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

State Variability in Diagnosed Conditions for IDEA Part C Eligibility
An infant or toddler can begin the process of receiving Part C early intervention services by having a diagnosed condition with a high probability of developmental delay (Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act, 2004). How states define those diagnosed conditions that begin the initiation process varies widely. Lists of diagnosed conditions were collected from state Part C websites and Part C coordinators for a descriptive analysis. Across 49 states, the District of Columbia, and 4 territories, a final list of 620 unique conditions was compiled. No single condition was listed by all jurisdictions. Hearing i...
Source: Infants and Young Children - August 28, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

From the Editor
No abstract available (Source: Infants and Young Children)
Source: Infants and Young Children - August 28, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: From the Editor Source Type: research

Utility of the Early Delay and Disabilities Code Set for Exploring the Linkage Between ICF-CY and Assessment Reports for Children With Developmental Delay
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) offers a universal language of codes to document childhood functioning. The ICF-CY Code Set for Infants with Early Delay and Disabilities (EDD Code Set) has been developed to facilitate the practical application of the ICF for children. The purpose of this study was to examine the utility of the EDD Code Set by exploring the linkage between ICF and children's assessment reports. We reviewed 30 Comprehensive Assessment Reports (CAR) for children with developmental delay (DD), aged 9–34 months in a joint evaluation center. Meaningful concepts ...
Source: Infants and Young Children - May 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Construct, Convergent, and Discriminant Validity of the Beach Center Family Quality of Life Scale for Singapore
This study sought to understand the psychometric properties and construct validity of the Beach Center FQoL (BCFQoL) scale in Singapore. Data from 307 caregivers of children in an early intervention program were used. These caregivers completed the BCFQoL scale and external validity measures of family outcomes, psychological distress, and life situation. Confirmatory factor analysis and correlations were used to examine the factor structure and convergent and discriminant validity of the BCFQoL scale. Results indicated support for 5 FQoL dimensions and a higher-order FQoL factor. External convergent and discriminant validi...
Source: Infants and Young Children - May 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Family Outcomes for Families of 4–5-Year-Old Children on the Autism Spectrum Who Have Received Early Childhood Intervention in Australia
Early childhood intervention (ECI) services for children on the autism spectrum commonly espouse a family-centered approach but outcomes studies often focus solely upon the child. Mothers of 96 children on the spectrum (aged 4–5 years) completed a measure of access to ECI and the Family Outcomes Survey—Revised. Family outcomes after ECI were generally positive, although a notable proportion of mothers rated that their child still did not participate in social, recreational, or religious activities that they would want to (15.6%) and that as parents, they did not know about post-ECI options (14.6%). Family outco...
Source: Infants and Young Children - May 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

“We Weren't Prepared for This”: Parents' Experiences of Information and Support Following the Premature Birth of Their Infant
This article reports on a mixed-methods study that explored the information and support needed by and available to parents following preterm birth in England and the effect of this on their emotional well-being. The findings suggest that support systems do not always provide timely or helpful emotional or practical support to parents, and this has the potential to place additional stress on family interactional patterns, especially where parents were unprepared for the possibility of preterm birth. (Source: Infants and Young Children)
Source: Infants and Young Children - May 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

The Use of Peer Mediation and Educator Facilitation to Promote Turn Taking in Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder in Inclusive Childcare
A multiple-probe design across participants was used to investigate the effect of a peer-mediated intervention on the turn-taking behavior of 3 children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) attending inclusive childcare centers. An educator trained peers to support the child with a disability to take turns playing a game on an iPad. The educator was also available to provide coaching for the peer when needed. An intervention effect was demonstrated for each of the children, and 2 were able to demonstrate maintenance of the skill when the training and coaching procedures were not implemented by the educator. Although some el...
Source: Infants and Young Children - May 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

From the Editor
No abstract available (Source: Infants and Young Children)
Source: Infants and Young Children - May 21, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: From the Editor Source Type: research

Strengths and Challenges of Service Coordination in Eight States
A survey was distributed in 8 states to learn about perceived strengths and challenges of service coordination from those working in early intervention (EI) programs under Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Survey responses from 769 service coordinators and other EI personnel in 8 states provide an overview of state systems and the implementation of service coordination activities within these state EI systems. Respondents suggested that service coordinators experience the following needs: (1) balancing the workload by reducing the number of families served per service coordinator and decreasing the...
Source: Infants and Young Children - February 26, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Parent–Child Relationships and Preschoolers' Social-Emotional Functioning Among Low-Income Families: The Moderating Role of Parental Nativity
This study examined the relations between parent–child relationships and preschool-aged children's social-emotional functioning in the context of low-income families in the United States. We also explored how the relations between the two were moderated by parental nativity, specifically focusing on parents born in the United States and those who were born in Mexico and emigrated to the United States. The sample included 199 preschool children enrolled in Educare/Head Start programs and their parents, with 134 of the parents born in the United States and 65 born in Mexico. Parents reported parent–child closenes...
Source: Infants and Young Children - February 26, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Effects of Cumulative Adversity on Preschool Self-Regulation and Student–Teacher Relationships in a Highly Dense Hispanic Community: A Pilot Study
Young Hispanic children make up an increasing percentage of children enrolled in preschools; however, little is known about the effects of adversity on their preschool outcomes. This pilot study uses descriptive, correlational, and hierarchical multiple regression analyses to explore the relationship between cumulative adversity, teacher-rated and observed measures of self-regulation, and student–teacher conflict in a predominately Hispanic preschool sample. More than 50% of preschoolers in the study had experienced at least one type of adversity. Results suggest that preschooler's exposure to cumulative adversities ...
Source: Infants and Young Children - February 26, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Assessing Toddlers and Preschool Children Using the Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder
Brief, clinically feasible instruments are needed to assess autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in toddlers and preschoolers so that children can access early evidence-based intervention. Study purposes were to (1) compare scores on the 30-item Checklist for Autism Spectrum Disorder (CASD) and 6-item CASD-Short Form (CASD-SF) for toddlers and preschoolers and older children with ASD to determine whether scores differed by age and (2) establish sensitivity and specificity for the CASD and CASD-SF for toddlers and preschoolers. Samples were 1,266 children with ASD 1–17 years of age, 97 toddlers and preschoolers with diagnos...
Source: Infants and Young Children - February 26, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Factors Predicting the Development of Children With Mild Disabilities in Inclusive Preschools
This study compared the developmental gains of preschool children with disabilities (CWD) and children without disabilities (CWOD) during a year they spent in preschools and examined the predictors of development in both groups (60 CWD and 57 CWOD) of children. Data on the social skills, problem behaviors, school adjustment level, student–teacher relationship, and the developmental functions of children were collected from the mothers and teachers, whereas trained assistants assessed the development of children. Analyses indicated that although all of the children made developmental gains, the psychomotor, language, ...
Source: Infants and Young Children - February 26, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

From the Editor
No abstract available (Source: Infants and Young Children)
Source: Infants and Young Children - February 26, 2019 Category: Child Development Tags: From the Editor Source Type: research

Exploring Continuities Between Family Engagement and Well-Being in Aboriginal Head Start Programs in Canada: A Qualitative Inquiry
Children and families receive maximum benefits from early childhood programs when families are actively engaged. “Parental involvement” is an established feature of Aboriginal Head Start in Urban and Northern Communities (AHSUNC) in Canada, and there is interest in increasing the knowledge on how AHSUNC sites engage with parents and families. This qualitative study generated knowledge and insights into the nature of family engagement in AHSUNC programs. From May to November 2016, semistructured interviews were undertaken with 26 participants in AHSUNC programs across British Columbia. Participants included pare...
Source: Infants and Young Children - December 4, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Integrating Connection: A Mixed-Methods Exploration of Sensory Processing and Attachment
Attachment is considered a fundamental aspect of social and emotional development in children. Attachment is established, in part, through sensory processes, yet many children have unique sensory needs. The present study explores the association between sensory processing disorder and attachment by examining primary caregivers' perception of the attachment relationship with their children with SPD. Following a mixed-methods design, 24 self-identified primary caregivers completed 3 questionnaires: a demographic profile, a sensory processing profile, and an attachment-related questionnaire. Of those 24, 12 also completed a s...
Source: Infants and Young Children - December 4, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Sensory-Processing Patterns of Preterm Children at 6 Years of Age
The purpose of this study was to compare the sensory-processing patterns of preterm and term children at 6 years of age. The sensory profile (SP; W. Dunn, 1999) was used to evaluate sensory-processing patterns. We compared the section and factor SP scores of 118 preterm children with those of 158 term children at 6 years of age. Preterm children were significantly different from their term peers in all section and factor scores except the sedentary factor. Birth weight, gestational age, and days spent in the neonatal intensive care unit were correlated with sensory-processing issues. The sensory-processing abilities of pre...
Source: Infants and Young Children - December 4, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Factors Influencing Acceptance Into Part C Early Intervention Among Low-Risk Graduates of Neonatal Intensive Care Units
This study aimed to identify the degree to which sociodemographic and medical factors contribute to low-risk NICU graduates being accepted into Part C early intervention services. Family sociodemographic and child medical factors were examined for 3,826 low-risk graduates of NICUs in 1 Midwestern state. These NICU graduates were compared with the general population of children birth to age 3 years in the state for rates of enrollment in Part C programs. Low-risk NICU graduates had significantly higher early intervention acceptance rates than children in the general population. Neonatal intensive care unit graduates residin...
Source: Infants and Young Children - December 4, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Early Childhood Special Education Teachers' Use of Embedded Learning Opportunities Within Classroom Routines and Activities
In this study, we used quantitative and qualitative methods to analyze 8 early childhood special education teachers' use of embedded learning opportunities during the usual conditions of typical classroom activities. We analyzed video-recorded 10-min segments of adult-directed, child-directed, and routine activities for each teacher's use of embedded learning opportunities to address their children's individualized education plan goals. In addition, we gathered qualitative data on teachers' perceptions, barriers, and needed supports regarding embedded learning opportunities. Teachers used embedded learning opportunities in...
Source: Infants and Young Children - December 4, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

From the Editor
No abstract available (Source: Infants and Young Children)
Source: Infants and Young Children - December 4, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: From the Editor Source Type: research

Examining the Technical Adequacy of the Ages & Stages Questionnaires: INVENTORY
This study presents preliminary evidence for the technical adequacy of the ASQ:I. (Source: Infants and Young Children)
Source: Infants and Young Children - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Changes in Symptoms of Problematic Eating Over 6 Months in Infants and Young Children
The purpose of this article is to describe changes in problematic eating symptoms across 6 months in children seen in an outpatient feeding clinic and explore child characteristics associated with symptom changes. Participants were 58 parents of children aged 6 months to 7 years of age who were seen in an outpatient feeding clinic. Parents completed an online survey at 3 time points: enrollment and 3 and 6 months later. The survey consisted of the Pediatric Eating Assessment Tool (PediEAT) and a set of questions assessing demographic information, child's medical and feeding history, medical diagnoses, gastrointestinal func...
Source: Infants and Young Children - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Understanding Congenital Syphilis
The incidence of infants with congenital syphilis (CS) has been accelerating in the United States and remains an issue of global concern. Infants with CS often experience poor birth, health, and developmental outcomes. These poor outcomes (e.g., prematurity, bone changes, neurodevelopmental impairment) may be exacerbated by social vulnerabilities (e.g., housing instability, incarceration) experienced by their mothers and families. As such, infants with CS may benefit from neurodevelopmental assessments offered early in life, comprehensive in scope, and repeated over time; developmental intervention, as well as family suppo...
Source: Infants and Young Children - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Acceptability and Cost Comparison of a Telehealth Intervention for Families of Children With Autism
Intervention services positively impact outcomes of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their families. However, families face many burdens when accessing high-quality intervention services such as availability of providers, time, and cost; these burdens are often magnified for underserved families. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the acceptability (n = 17) and cost-effectiveness (n = 18) of a 12-week telehealth intervention among families of young children with ASD. To understand the acceptability of the intervention, caregivers completed a questionnaire about the process and content o...
Source: Infants and Young Children - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Physical Therapists' Perspectives on Importance of the Early Intervention Competencies to Physical Therapy Practice
The purpose of this study was to examine perspectives of physical therapists on the level of importance of the early intervention competencies to practice in early intervention and differences in perspectives based on demographic factors. A web-based survey was disseminated to physical therapists who worked in early intervention or with children birth to 3 years of age by nonprobability sampling techniques. Of 288 surveys, 80.4% of responses on the importance level of the early intervention competencies were within “extremely important (5.0)” or “very important (4.0)” categories, with a mean score o...
Source: Infants and Young Children - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

From the Editor
No abstract available (Source: Infants and Young Children)
Source: Infants and Young Children - September 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: From the Editor Source Type: research

Internal Consistency and Factor Structure of the 3M Preschool Routines Functioning Scale
This article presents a pilot study of the 3M Preschool Routines Functioning Scale (3M) with Spanish children. Twenty teachers and 285 children, from 6 early childhood education centers in Valencia, Spain, participated. The teachers completed one 3M scale on each child in their classrooms. We studied the internal consistency of the scores of the scale items, the factor structure, and the sensitivity of the scale to identify differences on children's functioning level in relationship to their age. The 3M produced scores with strong internal consistency and an exploratory factor analysis resulted in 4 factors: Sophisticated ...
Source: Infants and Young Children - May 31, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

The Outcomes of Professional Development on AAC Use in Preschool Classrooms: A Qualitative Investigation
The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe early childhood special education service providers' perceptions of the use of alternative and augmentative communication (AAC) in their preschool classrooms as a result of participation in MELD (Multimodal Early Language Development) AAC professional development. MELD is a multicounty project that provides professional development to support service providers to meet the needs of preschool children with complex communication needs. Results indicate, in general, that the service providers felt the professional development met their individual needs to be successful in e...
Source: Infants and Young Children - May 31, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Using Practice-Based Coaching to Increase Use of Language Facilitation Strategies in Early Head Start and Community Partners
This article describes how practice-based coaching was used with Early Head Start infant and toddler teachers to support their use of evidence-based language facilitation strategies. Video-based self-reflection and focused feedback allowed teachers to recognize what they were already doing well and increased the fidelity of evidence-based practices. Observational data show changes that took place over the course of the 3 monthly coaching cycles and 6-month follow-up. Teachers increased their use of encouraging back-and-forth exchanges and parallel talk to varying extents. Goal setting was associated with infant–toddl...
Source: Infants and Young Children - May 31, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

“I'm a Different Coach With Every Family”: Early Interventionists' Beliefs and Practices
Discussion of EI provider perceptions, limitations, recommendations, implications, and future research directions are presented. (Source: Infants and Young Children)
Source: Infants and Young Children - May 31, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Early Intervention Outcomes for Toddlers With Autism Spectrum Disorder and Their Families
This study evaluated the impact of EI for toddlers with ASD (n = 193) and other disabilities (n = 129) and their families, using measures that included federal Part C outcome indicators. Children with ASD showed reduced maladaptive behaviors and improved social and communication skills on the PDD Behavior Inventory; some also made progress on the Part C child outcome indicators. Families of children with ASD reported that EI helped them achieve many outcomes identified as important to families participating in EI. Results provide a rich description of outcomes experienced by children with ASD and their families in one of t...
Source: Infants and Young Children - May 31, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

From the Editor
No abstract available (Source: Infants and Young Children)
Source: Infants and Young Children - May 31, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: From the Editor Source Type: research

A Parent-to-Parent Program in Taiwan
This study examined the implementation and effects of a Parent-to-Parent Program in Taiwan that supported 3 families of youngsters with special needs. Based on the individual family's needs and the availability of local resources, these families were supported by 2 trained and experienced mothers of children with special needs, the staff of the family-centered early intervention center as well as the self-help parent group, and a researcher. Notwithstanding the myriad of criteria considered when matching the families before the program implementation, the fitness of the match would ultimately be determined on the basis of ...
Source: Infants and Young Children - March 8, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Knowledge Translation: Supports, Challenges, and Opportunities for Change in Early Intervention
Knowledge translation (KT) provides a lens to examine the process of moving research-informed knowledge into early intervention practice (P. Sudsawad, 2007). The process of KT entails cognitive, affective, and behavioral stages that are mediated by factors intrinsic and extrinsic to the practitioner. Facilitators and barriers to this process may exist at the level of the practitioner, practice environment, or research evidence (P. J. Manns, A. V. Norton, & J. Darrah, 2015). The conceptual framework described in this article utilized the Diffusions of Innovations Theory and the Ottawa Model of Research Use concurrently ...
Source: Infants and Young Children - March 8, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Parent and Professional Perceptions of Inclusion in Childcare: A Literature Review
Many families seek quality, inclusive care for their young children with disabilities. A key to successful inclusion is understanding the needs of families and professionals who serve them. This review examined literature about the inclusion of young children with disabilities in childcare programs and collaboration among early childhood professionals from the perspectives of parents and professionals. Twenty-five studies were selected through searches of online databases, leading researchers, and journals on the topic. Study participants included childcare providers across all program types, special educators, specialized...
Source: Infants and Young Children - March 8, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Childcare Type and Quality Among Subsidy Recipients With and Without Special Needs
Low-income children, particularly those with special needs, may have limited access to high-quality early care experiences. Childcare subsidies are intended to increase families' access to quality care, but little is known about subsidy use by children with special needs. Using a nationally representative sample of 4,000 young children who participated in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study—Birth Cohort, we examined the types and quality of childcare received by children with and without special needs who came from subsidy eligible families. We also investigated the extent to which subsidy use and child and family...
Source: Infants and Young Children - March 8, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Teacher Decision Factors That Lead to Preschool Expulsion: Scale Development and Preliminary Validation of the Preschool Expulsion Risk Measure
This article presents results of the development and validation of the Preschool Expulsion Risk Measure (PERM). In a 2-phase analysis of the study, we provide evidence for the PERM's reliability and validity in a sample of 352 preschoolers from 88 sites in a New England state. The PERM yielded 4 factors (classroom disruption, fear of accountability, hopelessness, and teacher stress) and demonstrated good internal consistency. The PERM correlated with standardized assessments of children's behavior problems and predicted intervention status (target child vs. random peer) and the probability of expulsion (child considered fo...
Source: Infants and Young Children - March 8, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

From the Editor
No abstract available (Source: Infants and Young Children)
Source: Infants and Young Children - March 8, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: From the Editor Source Type: research

Developmental Assessment With Young Children: A Systematic Review of Battelle Studies
Developmental assessment scales are important tools for determining developmental delays and planning preventive interventions. One broad assessment scale used to evaluate child development is the Battelle Developmental Inventories (BDIs). The BDI-2 has a standardized version in English with good psychometric properties and a translated version in Spanish; however, despite widespread clinical use, there has been limited early childhood development research focused on this assessment tool in the past 10 years. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the literature about the BDIs and their screening test and an...
Source: Infants and Young Children - January 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research

Assessing Early Intervention Provider Needs: Insights From One State
A statewide needs assessment was conducted with early interventionists to gather information on perceived professional development (PD) needs. Across 3 years, 4,455 early interventionists responded to an online survey. Data were analyzed for reported needs on PD topics in seven broad areas related to early intervention processes and content. Differences were found on the basis of participants' geographical location, years of experience working in early intervention, and professional discipline. Results revealed that respondents in one geographical location of the state, and respondents with fewer years of early interventio...
Source: Infants and Young Children - January 1, 2018 Category: Child Development Tags: Original Research/Study Source Type: research